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ARKANSAS CITY TRAVELER
[From Wednesday, February 21, 1877, through December 26, 1877.]

NOTE: ON PREVIOUS DISK COVERED AN ARTICLE THAT APPEARED

ON THE FRONT PAGE OF FEBRUARY 21ST EDITION AND

ON THE FRONT PAGE & PAGE 4 OF FEBRUARY 28TH EDITION.]

[EDITORIAL COLUMNS: C. M. SCOTT, EDITOR.]

Arkansas City Traveler, Wednesday, February 21, 1877.

LEGISLATIVE.
Nothing of special importance has transpired in the Legislature of late. L. J. Webb has been recognized and exceedingly favored on several Committees. The Senate passed a concurrent resolution asking Congress to give Kansas the fort buildings and reservation at Fort Harker, the State to relinquish all claims on account of the Price and Indian raids. It was stated that the object was to make a reform school at Harker. About a dozen resolutions instructing Congress on various subjects, were then passed. Among these: The Senate concurrent resolution asking Congress to organize a Territorial Government in the Indian Territory was passed. On the third reading the bill to allow the school fund to be invested in school bonds was lost, but left in a shape to be brought up again. A resolution asking Congress to organize a Territorial Government in the Indian Territory was adopted.

[INDIAN DEPREDATIONS: BLACK HILLS.]

Arkansas City Traveler, February 21, 1877.

Deadwood, Feb. 15. During the last week a number of reports of Indian depredations have been coming in from small towns adjacent here. Today these rumors assumed an alarming aspect, and substantiated news of the simultaneous attacks in different directions leads to the belief that the Indians are surrounding this vicinity. Nolen's large cattle train was captured entire near Bear Butte yesterday.

Fletcher's herd of mules was also captured in the same vicinity. Montana ranche, a short distance from here, was attacked about the same time, the Indians capturing all the stock. Wigginton's herd of horses, near Crook City, were all captured, Wigginton wounded, and his assistant killed. Considerable stock in the vicinity of Spearfish were also run off.

[FROM WINFIELD: OFFICERS FOR CHAPTER NO. 51, MASONS, INSTALLED.]

Arkansas City Traveler, February 21, 1877.

WINFIELD, KAS. Jan. 23, 1877.
This is a list of officers of Winfield Chapter No. 51, Royal Arch Masons, installed at their hall on Monday evening, January 22nd, 1877, for the ensuing year.

John D. Pryor, High Priest.

M. L. Read, King.

Jas. A. Simpson, Scribe.

W. C. Robinson, Captain of the Hosts.

A. Howland, Principal Sojourner.

W. G. Graham, Royal Arch Captain.

J. W. Johnson, Commander of the Second Vail.

S. H. Myton, Commander of the First Vail.

Frank Gallotti, Treasurer.

C. C. Black, Secretary.

N. C. McCulloch, Sentinel.

Past High Priest Hargis, of Wichita, Acting Chief Marshal.

Rev. Rushbridge, though not a member, was Acting Chaplain, he being an invited guest.

The rites were witnessed by the wives and sweethearts of the members, also Prof. G. W. Robinson, Principal of the Winfield schools. The ladies saw those that are near and dear to them clothed in the beautiful robes of the Order, and assigned to stations that are alike responsible and honorable. The Chapter then called "off" to the Central Hotel, where we were all made happy by the commodious and comfortable rooms, and the bounteous repast which we found weary in waiting for those that hunger and thirst, and to which we did ample justice, and went away feeling that it was good for us to be there. JUST A LOCAL.

[COMMUNICATION FROM "HUGO SANDERS"DEXTER.]

Arkansas City Traveler, February 21, 1877.

DEXTER, KAS., Feb. 13, 1877.
We have had some beautiful weather in this part for several days past, until yesterday, when we were visited by a storm of sleet and snow, which is about two inches in depth today. We suppose most all the young grasshoppers that had hatched out will perish, and the farmers are not sorry.

The wheat is coming out nicely. A number of our farmers have begun plowing for spring crops. There will be a third, if not one-half more corn put in on Grouse valley this season than ever before.

Dexter is still holding her own, notwithstanding the hard times. Trade is pretty good, and building is going on to some extent. Dr. Wagner has just completed a neat and attractive dwelling on the edge of town, and James Harden is finishing a large and commodious dwelling just north of town.

John Graham has made an addition to his wagon and blacksmith shop, and Hoyt & Bro. are building a harness and shoe shop.

A. A. Wiley, of Maple City, I understand, is going into the merchandise business in Dexter.

The Dexter mills have changed hands. A Mr. Stump, of Winfield, is the present owner, and we hope he will stump us all in the way of good flour, good turn-outs, etc. Yes, Mr. TRAVELER man, if you were a married man, and had your wife to look scissors and three legged stools at you on account of dark looking bread, when you had visitors, you would feel interested in having a good miller, too. HUGO SANDERS.

[PERSONALS.]

Arkansas City Traveler, February 21, 1877.

EGGS eight cents per dozen.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 21, 1877.

CADDO squaws ride on side saddles.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 21, 1877.

WINFIELD is to have a literary society.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 21, 1877.

A. C. WELLS is on his way back to this place.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 21, 1877.

JUDGE CHRISTIAN has some very nice imported hogs.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 21, 1877.

WM. SLEETH returned from a visit to Ohio, last Friday.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 21, 1877.

MR. MANTOR is on his feet again, and enjoying the fresh air.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 21, 1877.

The chances are we shall have a railroad before another year.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 21, 1877.

DR. SHEPARD will appear in a newly painted buggy next week.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 21, 1877.

DURING the dull times Monday, H. & Mc. sold $400 worth of dry goods.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 21, 1877.

A new store is to be opened at Salt City next week with a full stock of goods.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 21, 1877.

GEO. F. HOWELL, chief clerk of Pawnee Agency, and Agent Burgess' son are here.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 21, 1877.

MR. WM. COOMBS has been disabled for several days from an old sprain in the back.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 21, 1877.

GEO. A. EDDY, brother of our fellow townsman, spent a few days in this place last week.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 21, 1877. DURING a storm, the Wichita Indians take off everything of red color, such as flannel, ribbon, etc.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 21, 1877.

The Emporia Ledger will have an interesting communication from Prof. Norton next week.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 21, 1877.

COL. HUNTER, of South Haven, paid us a visit this week. Glad to see you Colonel; come again.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 21, 1877.

The good people of Hutchinson presented Rev. Swarts with a new suit of clothes lately.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 21, 1877.

RECT DAVIS tells of a lively occurrence that took place at Kiowa, last week, in the way of a coon hunt.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 21, 1877.

THE LEGISLATURE passed a resolution protesting against the removal of the Sioux to the Indian Territory.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 21, 1877.

The dance at Bland's schoolhouse is to be on Friday, the 23rd, instead of the 22nd, as announced last week.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 21, 1877.

MR. A. CHAMBERLAIN arrived from Wisconsin, Monday evening. He reports snow two feet deep in the north.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 21, 1877.

DURING the bad state of the roads, a buckboard was put on the mail route from Wichita, in place of the stage.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 21, 1877.

PONCA, OSAGE, PAWNEE, AND KAW INDIANS were all represented at the Central Avenue dining table one day this week.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 21, 1877.

For the able management of the paper during our absence, we are indebted to Ed. Gray and the boys of the office.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 21, 1877.

The number of men at Fort Sill has been reduced to two companies of infantry and two of cavalry. Gen. Hatch is in command.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 21, 1877.

FIVE FAMILIES of newcomers from Illinois came in last week, bringing some of the best horses we have seen in the State.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 21, 1877.

MR. SKINNER's brother in Quincy, Illinois, was thrown from a buggy and killed, the day after he left him, on his recent visit.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 21, 1877.

THE M. E. SOCIAL will be held at Pearson's Hall, as usual, on next Thursday. All who fail to attend will miss a good time.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 21, 1877.

MR. TRISSELL, the Rose Hill Nurseryman, has moved his family to this place, and expects to be a continual resident among us.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 21, 1877.

Arkansas City boasts of a cheese factory; but it isn't running this winter. Ex.

No, the cheese isn't running, but the factory is.

[PONCA INDIANS FROM DAKOTA TERRITORY.]

Arkansas City Traveler, February 21, 1877.

PONCA INDIANS.
A party of eleven Ponca Indians from Dakota Territory arrived at this place on Saturday afternoon of last week from the Kaw Agency, in charge of Agent J. Lawrence, of Dakota, Colonel E. C. Kemble, of Washington, D. C., and Rev. S. D. Hinman, of Nebraska. They came via Independence, Kansas, and visited the Osage and Kaw Agencies on their way, the whole time occupying eleven days. The Indians with them are the representative men of their tribe, and are as fine looking and intelligent red men we have seen. All are large and powerful men, and apparently intelligent. The Ponca tribe numbers 730 people, who have advanced considerably in farming and agricultural pursuits. Their reserve is in Dakota Territory, on the Missouri River. Owing to the frequency with which the grasshoppers visit them and the frequent raids of the Sioux, they have become discouraged and expressed a desire to remove to a warmer climate, remote from wild Indians, where they could live in peace, farm, and raise cattle; and for this purpose, have come to see the Indian Territory. Before arriving here they were tired out and homesick, and it is doubtful if they can be suited in a location. The old Kickapoo reserve is the choicest locality in the Territory; and if they consent to remove at all, they will probably choose it for themselves.

The names of those with the company are: Wan-ni-di-sha, Ta-tan-ka-in-agin, Tou-ani- toucan, Wich-te-el-cera, Heboka-ton-ka, Maten-lojia, Wiearay-olape, Frank Le Flesche, Xota-kaga, Xdya-u-ka-la, Chas. Le Clair.

The Ponca Indians claim to have been members of the Osage tribe many years ago, and speak nearly the same language. At their recent visit to the Agency, they claim the Osages treated them very coldly, and reported the country they were going to see as bad land, so as to discourage them from coming. The meaning of their names published above is White Eagle, Standing Buffalo, Big Elk, Long Chief, Sitting Bear, White Swan, "The Chief," Smoke Maker, Standing Bear, and Little Picker.

[CORRESPONDENCE TO SCOTT FROM "WILD CAT" AT GUELPH.]

Arkansas City Traveler, February 21, 1877.

"WILD CAT" writes us from Guelph, under date of February 18th, that there is a man in that vicinity who openly boasts that he "intends making it warm for someone about the TRAVELER Office," and that "some fine day this week he is going down to put a head on the editor." "Wild Cat" kindly gives us the name of the party, but out of charity we withhold it from the public.

Now, if the gentleman could realize how it shocks our mental and physical constitution, he surely would not speak so rashly. Ever since we first made our abode in the beautiful and verdant county of Cowley, we have had to undergo the tortures of threats of being shot, waylaid at midnight, and finally a new head is to be put on our person.

The thought of it is terrible! But what is, must be. Our fighting weight is just 127-1/2 pounds; time for fracases, twenty-five minutes of 12, at noon, as that is the time we feel most hungry and savage.

If the gentleman desires "deadly weapons," we can furnish them, as we like to be accommodating. Our choice is shot guns, at long range. We will not quarrel about the distance. The bluff north of town and Dr. Leonard's fence would suit us nicely for stations. Our second will be Jim Hueyhe can't run. Now if these arrangements are satisfactory, the gentleman can name the day, and we will endeavor to have a friend there to explain the cause of our absence; otherwise, he will have to take the perilous chances of standing in front of our accident shot gun, that goes off without provocation, or being demolished with a hair space.

[SHOOTING AFFAIR AT CALDWELL: CHARLEY LYONS AND HIRAM JONES.]

Arkansas City Traveler, February 21, 1877.

SHOOTING AFFAIR.
One week from yesterday a slight quarrel ensued between Charley Lyons and Hiram Jones in a saloon at Caldwell, finally resulting in the shooting of Lyons. The circumstances as near as we could obtain them were as follows.

Hiram Jones had left a pistol and belt with the saloon keeper, and Lyons had taken them. Hiram asked Charley for them, and was refused. He then watched his opportunity, and as Charley was walking down the street, Hiram stepped up behind him and grabbed the pistol, presented it to the face of Lyons, remarking, "Now, give me the belt." Lyons refused to give it up, and no more was said until Jones got Lyons' coat. Both agreed then that each should go to the saloon and leave the property of the other, which was done; but as Hiram reached for the belt, Charley grabbed the pistol, and during the scuffle it went off, the ball striking Lyons on the cap of the knee and causing him to fall. Hiram, becoming frightened, fled, but was soon brought back under arrest, and tried for the offense. The jury returned a verdict of not guilty, which seemed to be the sentiment of most of those who were acquainted with the facts. Lyons was taken to Wellington and his leg amputated, but his recovery is pronounced doubtful. Both parties are well known in this vicinity.

LATER. Charles Lyons died from his pistol wound in his knee, at Wellington, last Friday. His career has been a varied and excited one.

[FALSE STORY STARTED DURING INDIAN EXCITEMENT.]

Arkansas City Traveler, February 21, 1877.

Since the Indian excitement of last week has subsided, it is now easy to see how a story can be started without any foundation whatever. The report was that two of our citizens had been killed, scalped, and cut to pieces, but as the parties came in shortly after, it was proven entirely groundless. Such reports are a detriment to the peace and prosperity of any border settlement, and the parties originating them should be rigidly dealt with and punished by the law.

[MORE PERSONALS.]

Arkansas City Traveler, February 21, 1877.

Has anybody captured a young grasshopper in order to try his powers of endurance under a low thermometer? Ledger.

Yes, verily. We have the animile in our possession that has stood the wind, rain, and storm, been chilled to a degree that not a muscle could be stirred, and yet placed in the sun, soon evinced its usual activity. Fire and water is all that will get away with them, although we do not fear that they will remain long enough to do any material damage.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 21, 1877.

If you are troubled with headache, dullness, incapacity to keep the mind on any subject, dizzy, sleepy, or nervous feelings, irritability of temper, or a bad taste in the mouth, palpitation, unsteady appetite, pains in the side, or any such symptoms of liver complaint and constipation of the bowels, go to your physician and get a bottle of quinine with a little spirits fermenti mixed with it. Take the latter, leave the quinine, and rub the bottle on your neck, and you will feel as if you had taken something.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 21, 1877.

CALLED.
WM. CONNER, well known in this vicinity, and the Territory, as the most intelligent Osage Indian in the Territory, made us a call last week to renew acquaintances. "Bill" was on his way west, as a guide to the party of Ponca Indians inspecting the country west of the Arkansas. Since leaving this place some years ago, Wm. Conner has donned citizens' clothes and has a farm of 107 acres on the Cana River, with a number of ponies and hogs.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 21, 1877.

CALDWELL MAIL.
Mail service between Arkansas City and Caldwell has been increased to three times a week instead of two as heretofore. Time of arrival Mondays, Wednesday, and Fridays at 12 m., and leave the same days one hour after arrival. The increase will prove very beneficial to the people of this place as well as Guelph, South Haven, Caldwell, and vicinity. Henry Schultz is the carrier and Mr. Draper, of St. Louis, the contractor.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 21, 1877.

MAD DOG.
A mad dog was seen running at large on the Arkansas, in the vicinity of Geiser's last Sunday. On its mad career it bit a dog and a calf belonging to Mr. Passmore, also Mr. Geiser's dog. A party started in pursuit of the canine, headed by Capt. Geiser, and considerable excitement prevailed. We have not yet learned whether the animal was overtaken or not, but at last accounts they were on its trail.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 21, 1877.

FIRE.
On last Wednesday afternoon, while Mrs. A. O. Hoyt was absent from her rooms at the Central Avenue, a spark escaped from the stove and caught fire in the carpet. One of the girls at the house smelled something burning and went in just in time to prevent the flames from spreading. The affair made some excitement with the household, and might have proven very serious.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 21, 1877.

RUNAWAY.
A lively runaway took place in front of our office last Thursday, creating a little stir for a short time. The team belonged to R. A. Houghton, and took fright while standing alone, untied, running around Houghton & McLaughlin's store, and striking the hub of another wagon as they passed. A number of persons followed them yelling whoa, whoa. No material damage was done.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 21, 1877.

The Literary Society that has met at Hartsock's schoolhouse for some time will meet hereafter at Parker's. A meeting will be held tomorrow evening, when the usual dialogues, declamations, and the reading of the paper, will be performed.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 21, 1877.

NEW GROCERY.
Mr. Berry, of the firm of Berry Brothers, of Pulaska Co., Ill., has arrived and will open a large and fresh stock of groceries, queensware, and glassware, in Pearson's building in about two weeks. The young men are enterprising and accommodating and will soon meet the favor of all who patronize them.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 21, 1877.

LAZETTE, 21st, 1877.
All quiet on the Grouse except the railroad excitement, which is running high. The people are at a loss to know whether they will build the depot in Lazette or on Ben Clover's farm. The general opinion is that Ben will get the switch and depot both.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 21, 1877.

DIED. Harriet Matilta, wife of George Egbert, died at the residence of Mr. John Splawn, February 5th. She came from Missouri to this county in December last for her health. She leaves a husband and six children. Her husband arrived here a few days after she was buried.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 21, 1877.

At the Lyceum at Salt City, last Friday, the question of debate was "Resolved that a man should be worth $1,000 before he could be married by law." It was decided by the ladies that he should not. Question for next Friday: Resolved that women should have the right of suffrage.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 21, 1877.

LEADS, the Government (?) inspector for the different Indian Agencies in the Territory, evinced so much smartness during his recent visit that his services were dispensed with when he returned to New York. His main errand was to work against western contractors.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 21, 1877.

CAPTAIN VANN, of the Cherokees, once had a steamboat built in Cincinnati, Ohio. The boat was called Lucy Walker, and said to be the finest of olden times. Herald.

Wonder if he ever tried to bring it up the Arkansas?

Arkansas City Traveler, February 21, 1877.

MR. S. MATLACK, of Pawnee Agency, paid us a call this week. Mr. Matlack has been with the Pawnees seven years, and for three years last past a trader among them. See his notice in another column relative to whites trading with the Indians. [Appeared earlier.]

Arkansas City Traveler, February 21, 1877.

MR. WILKES, OF FORT SILL, owns that well imported stock farm just south of Caldwell. It is one of the best in Sumner County, having the advantage of being adjacent to the State line, with good water and plenty of stables for stock. It is for rent.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 21, 1877.

The Lady Washington Tea Party meets at Pearson's Hall tomorrow evening, to have an old fashioned supper, and general good time. Admittance ten cents. Supper, including oysters 50 cents.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 21, 1877.

In dry weather the best route for freighters is by the "cut off," or the regular road from this place. After a heavy rain the Caldwell route would prove best, as the ruts are not as deep as those on the Fort Sill trail from this place.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 21, 1877.

The sermon of Rev. S. D. Hinman, of Nebraska, on the subject of religious work among the Indians, was received with considerable interest. The house was crowded to overflowing.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 21, 1877.

In the grave of Pat Hennessey, on the trail from Caldwell to Jones' Ranch, is buried a copy of the TRAVELER, probably the only orthodox literature that could be obtained at the time.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 21, 1877.

J. LINDSEY STUBBS was Acting Agent during Mr. Beede's recent absence. The compliment to our friend, J. L., is a high one, and evidenced good judgment on the part of the Agent.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 21, 1877.

MR. JOHNSON, of Elk Falls, and Mr. Lewis, the parties who are to erect the grist and saw mill near the mouth of Grouse Creek, are on the grounds and are ready for work.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 21, 1877.

It is said that water is so scarce at Cedar Vale that even the dumb animals have taken to drinking whiskey, and the animals that are not dumb, soon become so after drinking it.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 21, 1877.

MR. LETTS received a letter from Todd & Royal of Wichita, that they would resume boring for coal at Salt City in a few days. The gentlemen surely have pluck.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 21, 1877.

PECULIAR. The gentleman (?) who has been "living with his sister" in the vicinity of Eads' schoolhouse, Sumner County, had an addition to his household last week.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 21, 1877.

THE PONCA INDIANS all had their photographs taken at Bonsall's yesterday, dressed in the most attractive manner. He will have a number for sale in a few days.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 21, 1877.

AGENT HAWORTH, of the Kiowa and Comanche Agency, has sufficiently recovered from his prolonged illness to be able to attend to his official duties.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 21, 1877.

The Sac & Fox Indians are said to be the best tanners in the Territory. Herald.

The Caddos can shame any Indians in the Nation on tanning.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 21, 1877.

The Democratic pole of this place has been constructed into a hitching rack at Benedict's store, and the jacks and mules are tied to it as before.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 21, 1877.

The Waco Indians, numbering 47 men, left Wichita Agency Oct. 5th and returned January 1st, with 683 buffalo hides and over 300 wolf skins.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 21, 1877.

DIED. Monday, February 19th, an infant of Mr. and Mrs. Kouns. Aged one year. A subscription had to be raised to buy a coffin for it.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 21, 1877.

EDWARD N. STEBBINS, of New Jersey, has been appointed a member of the board of Indian commissioners.

[PARDON BY KANSAS GOVERNOR/INVOLVES COWLEY COUNTY.]

Arkansas City Traveler, February 21, 1877.

The following is a list of the pardons granted by Governor Osborn for the year ending November 30, 1876, with the names of the persons pardoned, the crimes, and the counties where they were convicted. [Listing party in Cowley County only.]

James Dall, Grand larceny, Cowley County.

[ITEMS FROM THE INDIAN HERALD.]

Arkansas City Traveler, February 21, 1877.

The last census of the Pawnee tribe foots up 1,667.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 21, 1877.

Wild turkeys are not so plentiful in the Territory as formerly.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 21, 1877.

Indian Agent Burgess and family are hunting on Cimarron River.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 21, 1877.

The Pawnee ferry boat is run in the Arkansas River by contract.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 21, 1877.

The Pawhuska school for Indian children contains 119 pupils.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 21, 1877.

Immense number of buffalo are being slaughtered in the Territory.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 21, 1877.

Quapaws sprinkle ashes around their huts to keep ghosts from choking them to death while sleeping.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 21, 1877.

The Shawnees recently cut a hole in a coffin lid, over the face of the corpse, for the escape of the spirit. They then burnt a living dog to prevent the return of the spirit to the body.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 21, 1877.

Six Kaw Indians passed through this place the other day en route for their Agency west. For two months previous they had amused the inhabitants of the principle cities of Kansas and Missouri with the contortions of the mazy scalp dance, and now go home to rest.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 21, 1877.

[Item from the Indian Herald.]
Acting Agent Stubbs has shown us a telegram stating that Indian Inspector Kemble and a delegation of Ponca Sioux, are on their way to this place. The Osages are ordered to meet them in council, and before our next issue, big speech making will be the order of the day.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 21, 1877.

The Pawnee scouts, now being employed by the Government in the Sioux war, are wintering at Sidney, Nebraska. These scouts, under the leadership of Major Frank North, have rendered efficient service in the campaign just closed, and have received high commendations from the principal officers with whom they have come in contact. They now have one hundred fine ponies, captured from the Sioux. They came out of every battle and skirmish unscathed, not having lost one of their number. They have done but little in the business of scalping, this winter, and have but one such trophy to show: a white man having stolen the only other one taken. Most of them talk a little English, write to their people in the Territory nearly every week, are in good heart, and seem to enjoy soldiering. Indian Herald.

[EDITORIAL COLUMNS: C. M. SCOTT, EDITOR.]

Arkansas City Traveler, February 28, 1877.

The House passed a bill removing the boundaries of the Texas cattle grazing ground to the west line of Comanche County, about one hundred miles west of Wichita. This practically opens up for agricultural purposes the counties of Barber, Harper, Comanche, and the west half of Sedgwick, which are at present within the range of the "long horns."

The bill is being vigorously opposed by the delegation from Sedgwick County, rein- forced by a large lobby from Wichita, and the officers of the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe railroad company.

The effect of the bill, if it passes the Senate and becomes a law, will be to compel the extension of the railroad to Arkansas City, or Caldwell, or some other point on the line of the Indian Territory, to which the cattle can come without let or hindrance, for the Santa Fe folks will not surrender the cattle trade to the Kansas Pacific rather than build sixty miles of road through a level county.

Mr. Hubbard deserves well of his people for the untiring efforts for this bill, which resulted in its passage by a large majority. Journal of Commerce.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 28, 1877.

Legislative Summary.
WE neglected to state yesterday that the House passed the bill removing the Texas cattle dead line ninety miles west of where it is now.

The Senate yesterday adopted a resolution calling on the proper authorities to tell what they know about Sam Lappin and his securities. It passed, on third reading, several bills; one enfranchising some fifty persons, and one giving the rights of majority to some minors, which could have been done by the courts.

The bill to amend the herd law so that counties that wish to repeal it was lost.

The bill to repeal the law for funding the Territorial debt was carried.

The concurrent resolution providing for the opening of the Indian Territory and its apportionment among the different tribes, was adopted by a vote of 63 to 21. In the afternoon Speaker Wood entered a protest against the passage of the above resolution, on the ground that it would be the means of depleting the population of Kansas.

[PROGRAMME OF LADY WASHINGTON'S TEA PARTY.]

Arkansas City Traveler, February 28, 1877.

PROGRAMME of proceedings at Lady Washington's tea party, held in the interest of the Ladies' Society of the M. E. Church of Arkansas City.

Martha Washington - Mrs. Dr. Alexander.

George Washington - C. Swarts.

Columbia - Miss Josie Howe.

INVITED GUESTS.
Gen. Lafayette - F. York.

Gen. Knox - C. B. Wolf.

Lady Knox - Miss K. Beach.

Gen. Francis Marion - M. A. Felton.

Widow Hamilton - Miss Myres.

Friend Penn (widow of Wm. Penn) - Mrs. Gray.

Mother Washington - Mrs. Bailey.

Widow Warren - Mrs. Cramer.

Miss Cathrine - Mrs. Bonsall.

Red Jacket, Indian chief - Wm. York.

Mother Washington's working maids:

Peggy Jane - Miss Ida Grimes.

Sally Ann - Miss Nelly Porter.

Bridget and little daughter - Mrs. Fitch and daughter.

Irish character - Mrs. Gibby, assisted by mother McGuire.

[PERSONALS.]

Arkansas City Traveler, February 28, 1877.

The Arkansas river is full to its banks again.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 28, 1877.

TELL WALTON, Deputy County surveyor, called yesterday.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 28, 1877.

REVS. PLATTER and FLEMING exchanged pulpits last Sunday.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 28, 1877.

BERKEY has a Post Office at last, at Salt City. That is, he has one in his store.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 28, 1877.

ARKANSAS CITY needs a silversmith and tailor. Either of the above would do well here.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 28, 1877.

DIED. On Sunday, February 25th, of consumption, Melissa Beeson; aged 21 years.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 28, 1877.

A harness maker from Cedar Vale will locate here as soon as a room can be prepared.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 28, 1877.

CHAS. PARKER has laid the foundation for a new house near T. H. McLaughlin's residence.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 28, 1877.

MR. FARRAR, father of H. P. Farrar, returned to his home in Phillips, Maine, yesterday.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 28, 1877.

A lamp exploded in the hands of a little girl at Oxford last Friday, and burned her terribly.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 28, 1877.

MRS. FITCH will remove her stock of millinery to the building just vacated by Mr. Newton.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 28, 1877.

CAPT. BIRD sold 80 acres of land three miles north of town to H. C. Merrick, last week, for $800.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 28, 1877.

It costs a newspaper publisher about twenty cents a year postage on each paper sent out of the county.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 28, 1877.

HOUGHTON & McLAUGHLIN will continue the grocery trade in their old store building after they remove to Newman's brick.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 28, 1877.

SOLD OUT. Esquire Coburn sold his farm to Mr. Warren for $1,900. Mr. Warren also bought McFadden's and Reed's places.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 28, 1877.

DR. HOLLAND and a number of others expect to start to the Black Hills in April. They have their own teams and will go by land.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 28, 1877.

FOUR NEW STORES are to be opened at this place within the next six weeks: two dry goods, one grocery, and one drug store. Business.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 28, 1877.

SOME thief or thieves stole a rope from Theo. Houghton's oxen, and appropriated two of A. A. Newman's poorest ponies last week.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 28, 1877.

There are more preachers to the square mile about Arkansas City than any other town in the state, and new ones coming in every week.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 28, 1877.

PONY RACE.
A race took place between Tom Boner's horse and Parr's two-year-old colt, on Grouse Creek last Saturday. The colt won the races.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 28, 1877.

On next Friday evening, March 2nd, at the First Presbyterian Church in this city, that celebrated poem, Enoch Arden, by Tennyson, will be read by Rev. J. C. Rushbridge, for the benefit of Rev. J. J. Wingar of this place. It is well known to the good people of this vicinity that Rev. Wingar has labored here earnestly and effectually for the last two years, with but a small pittance for a support. He is about to leave us, with hardly means sufficient to even get to Wichita. Now is the time for the people to show their appreciation of him by coming out to hear read what will be highly interesting and instructive.

Rev. Rushbridge has deservedly a high reputation as a reader, having read this poem several times in England and Scotland, and in the Eastern States.

Tickets 25 cents; for sale at both drug stores.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 28, 1877.

There were two funerals last Monday at Parker's schoolhouse. Isaac Stanbury died on the 25th inst.; born July 13, 1805, in Green County, Tennessee; removed to McLean County, Illinois, in 1836; was connected and united with the M. E. Church in 1839, of which he has been an honored member ever since. Deceased has recently moved to this place from Illinois with his family, was much loved by them and all who knew him, and leaves many to mourn his loss.

Also, on the same day, Malissa, daughter of Wm. and Sarah Beeson, aged 21 years. She was a member of the M. E. Church, and lived and died in full faith and trust in her Redeemer, expressing a desire to depart and be with Christ. Funeral services conducted by Rev. J. J. Wingar, pastor M. E. Church.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 28, 1877.

LOOK OUT.
Last week two ponies were stolen from A. A. Newman's pasture, and a bridle taken from E. B. Kager. Monday evening Charles Roseberry's mules were loosened rather suspiciously, and a saddle and bridle was found near the rock ford of the Arkansas. Parties have been seen loitering about, with no apparent business, and a few evenings since, someone tried to break into Journey Breene's house. Dr. Jones took up a pony that was wandering about his place, lately, which had evidently escaped from the rider as the bridle and saddle found near the ford indicate. It is rather early for horse stealing yet, but as soon as the grass is sufficient to afford feed, it will be well enough to keep a look out.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 28, 1877.

The Courier publishes a shameful and slanderous attack against Rev. J. L. Rushbridge, of the M. E. Church of Winfield, because the gentleman expressed sentiments contrary to those of the editor. It seems to be the disposition of the Courier to arraign everyone who differs with them. All are entitled to their own opinion and the privilege of expressing them, and as an editor has the opportunity of reaching the ears and attention of a multitude of readers, it is undue advantage to constantly assault everyone because they think and reason differently.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 28, 1877.

FAREWELL.
REV. WINGAR preached his farewell sermon to a crowded house last Sunday evening. The Conference will be held at Wichita this week, and an effort made to have him returned. Arkansas City owes the present flourishing condition of the church and Sabbath school to him, and the united feeling of the members. A new church building is now underway, owing to his untiring energy, and it seems to have a stranger in his place would only be to abandon what has already begun, for no one can be sent to satisfactorily fill his place.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 28, 1877.

The entertainment at Pearson's Hall last week was well worth seeing. Besides the plays, songs, etc., there were the old fashioned characters of Washington, Lafayette, etc. Supper was served in the room below, and general enjoyment prevailed. The receipts were nearly $60. The proceeds will be devoted to building the new church.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 28, 1877.

THE PONCA INDIANS at the Central Avenue last week, thinking that the Agent intended taking them to Washington, started on foot to their reservation in Dakota, at about twelve o'clock at night. The distance is probably not less than 400 miles. The Otoe Indians of Nebraska are their friends, and they expect to obtain ponies from them.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 28, 1877.

DIED. On Sunday morning, February 25, Mr. Stansburry, father-in-law of Mr. Jasper Hartsock. The old gentleman had just experienced a severe attack of pneumonia, and his system was so prostrated that he could not recover. Aged 71 years.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 28, 1877.

MAP OF COWLEY COUNTY.
We present our readers this week a small map of Cowley County, with description of the same, the abstract assessment roll of 1876, official vote of the county, calendar of 1877, tax law, and other valuable reference matters. It is given as an additional inducement to the patrons of the TRAVELER, and will be given to subscribers only.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 28, 1877.

THE LOTTERY DRAWING OF CLARK AND WILLIAMS took place at Williams' schoolhouse last Thursday, before a number of people. As but one-tenth of the tickets were sold, very little of the property advertised was put in, the largest prize being a team and buggy, drawn by some party living in Winfield. The other prizes were of minor importance, such as lead pencils, beer, etc.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 28, 1877.

The number of prescriptions filled by Eddy's Drug Store since the beginning of Arkansas City is _____. Dr. Kellogg issued the first prescription, being "Five Compound Cathartic pills, to be taken at one dose." If we could just find out the man who took the pills, now, we could make it a matter of history for future generations.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 28, 1877.

ON THE 17TH DAY OF MARCH, 1877, at 4 o'clock p.m., at Parker's schoolhouse, there will be a meeting of the members of the Prairie View Cemetery to prepare means for fencing the grounds, and such other business as may come before the house. All who are interested are requested to attend. G. H. SHEARER, Sec'y.

Feb. 26th, 1877.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 28, 1877.

We notice by the Telegram of last week that John D. Pryor and Miss Jennie Greenlee were married by Revs. Platter and Rigsby, on Wednesday, the 21st past. Mr. Pryor is a young man of considerable distinction, and has secured one of the most estimable ladies of Winfield's society.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 28, 1877.

The cornerstone of the new Methodist Church will be laid with Masonic ceremonies on Friday, March 2nd, at 4 o'clock p.m. All Masons in good standing are invited to be present and assist in the ceremony. Members of the order will please meet at the Hall at one o'clock.

H. P. FARRAR, Secretary.
Arkansas City Traveler, February 28, 1877.

W. S. HUNT announces himself ready to attend to all matters pertaining to real estate, and will buy and sell land, pay taxes, execute transfer papers, etc. Mr. Hunt has been a long time resident of Cowley County, and is familiar with every portion of it. Give him a call at Bonsall's Gallery.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 28, 1877.

S. M. JARVIS has purchased the Cedar Vale Blade of W. M. Allison. Mr. Jarvis was formerly of Tisdale, this county, and while he is a new hand at the wheel, we know him to possess the required energy and tact that will make the Blade an interesting and readable county paper.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 28, 1877.

WORK ON THE NEW M. E. CHURCH goes steadily forward. The brick are laid above the window sill, and the frames will be put in in a day or two. Go around and look at it, and then lend your encouragement by sending a man around to work or leave something with them.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 28, 1877.

PONCAS.
THE PONCA INDIANS that left this place last week, without the knowledge or consent of the Agent, are stopping at the Richie House in Wichita. A number of the Pawnees have gone up with ponies and pack horses to help them reach their reservation.

[BUSINESS NOTICES.]

Arkansas City Traveler, February 28, 1877.

THE OFFICE OF COUNTY SUPERINTENDENT will be open, until further notice, on Saturday of every week, in the courthouse.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 28, 1877.

STRAYED. From the premises of Thos. Baird, in Bolton Township, on or about January 20th, one large black and white brood sow, in thin order. Anyone having or hearing of the same, will please address the undersigned at this office. THOS. BAIRD.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 28, 1877.

FOUND. Three desk keys tied together with twisted twine.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 28, 1877.

FULL-BLOOD BERKSHIRE PIGS for sale cheap, for cash. R. A. THOMPSON.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 28, 1877.

MULES FOR SALE. Team, wagon, and harness. W. S. HUNT.

[MORE PERSONALS.]

Arkansas City Traveler, February 28, 1877.

NEW STORE.
Mr. Wilson, of Leavenworth, has been spending several days at this place, to make arrangements to open a dry goods store. He has secured the building south of Gardner's, and as soon as it can be made ready, will open a new stock of goods.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 28, 1877.

The cornerstone of the M. E. Church will be laid by the Masonic Fraternity, in due and ancient form, next Friday afternoon at two o'clock. A copy of the TRAVELER, history of the church, and other matters, will be deposited beneath the stone.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 28, 1877.

MR. BERKEY traded his farm to Houghton & McLaughlin for $2,200 worth of dry goods and will open a store in Salt City this week. His stock will be about a $3,000 one, and will be a great benefit to the residents of Salt City.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 28, 1877.

CAUGHT AT LAST.
Monroe and Magee, the illicit whiskey distillers whom Sheriff Walter frightened out of this county, were arrested near Elgin, Kansas, last week, by a detective, and are now at Topeka awaiting trial.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 28, 1877.

J. L. HUEY will in a week or ten days open a real estate office in this city, where all kinds of notary work will be attended to such as drawing deeds, mortgages, etc., and any other business in that line.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 28, 1877.

BORN. On Friday, February 23rd, to Mr. and Mrs. Mussleman, a son. Weight eight pounds. It is two pounds below the average, but is a bright, sparkling boy. This makes nine for Mr. Mussleman.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 28, 1877.

ALLEN & SPEERS have entered into partnership and will hereafter be ready to give estimates and take contracts for all kinds of painting. Both are well known, and reliable men.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 28, 1877.

PASSMORE shot his dog that was bitten by the mad dog last week, but is keeping the calf and hog to await developments. The dog that was mad was not Joseph Hoyt's.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 28, 1877.

RACE.
A race of three hundred yards will take place seven miles east of Caldwell, next Saturday, between "Gray Cow," and Murdock's "Sleepy Jack," for $400 a side.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 28, 1877.

MR. WM. NEWTON takes up his residence at Winfield this week. He is a man of whom we have great respect, and our wish is that he may prosper in his new location.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 28, 1877.

GEO. O. SWEET, of Alleghany, Pennsylvania, made a stay of a few days in this place last week. He represents a leather and hide firm of the Keystone State.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 28, 1877.

MR. ADDISON STUBBS has gone south to dispose of some of the celebrated Hamilton Corn Shellers, and will probably accept the position of Issuing Clerk at the Cheyenne and Arapaho Indian Agency, tendered him by Agent Miles. A more competent or exemplary young man Agent Miles might search for a long time in vain. Emporia Ledger.

[INDIAN HERALD ITEMS.]

Arkansas City Traveler, February 28, 1877.

Indian ponies are dying of starvation.

Dr. Payne, of the Cherokees, is dead.

The Osage delegation is yet in Washington.

More than 60,000 Indians live in this Territory.

Myriads of grasshoppers, small as wheat grains, bask in the sun.

An old Indian battle ground is plainly marked on this reservation.

A herd of about 20 deer graze in the south part of this reservation.

A bill appropriating $100,000 for the Osages has passed the House.

The Star-Vindicator is the organ for the Baptist church in Oklahoma.

Governor Overton, of the Chickasaw nation, has gone to Washington.

There is no probability of the Sioux being removed to this Territory now.

There is a church membership of more than 6,000 persons in the tribes of this Territory.

The wheat crop in some portions of the Indian Territory is a failure.

Denison (Texas) News.

Yesterday an Indian carried a polecat in his blanket, and today his wife feasts her little ones on soup.

We have seen a living grass root and a swelling elm bud, and next week Kansas editors will talk "spring" to us.

Stock of all kinds in the Indian Territory has been on the decrease from year to year ever since the war. Star Vindicator.

An old Pawnee woman is said to be dancing herself to death because her son, who is now in the Black Hills country, has killed three Sioux.

The big "Indian scare" in Arkansas City the other day reminds us of similar occurrences in former days. There are no Osages out and the whole thing is a farce. Kansas had better talk of war with the grasshoppers this year than death from Osages.

[COMMUNICATION FROM "RED BUD"MAPLE TOWNSHIP.]

Arkansas City Traveler, February 28, 1877.

The M. E. Church held a festival at the Centennial school house, which was a financial success, the net proceeds amounting to $42.00. The money was immediately handed to Rev. Jones, preacher in charge. A cake was voted to one of our handsomest young ladies.

The Good Templar Lodge, Red Bud, No. 41, is still flourishing, increasing in numbers and interest.

The P. of H. Grand Prairie Grange No. 881 is alive and active in carrying out the principles of the Order. This Grange boasts of several members who have not bought five dollars worth of goods or groceries on credit during the past five years.

Gustavus Locker recently sold his farm to John Walck, Auglaize county, Ohio, for $2,075. Mr. Walck bought this farm for a homestead, and it is the fifth quarter section he has bought in this township.

The Lyceum at the Star Valley school house meets weekly to discuss questions of political and social economy. The first was, Resolved, That every young man should acquire property to the amount of $1,000, before taking unto himself a wife, and was decided in the affirmative. The second, Resolved, That Cowley county vote bonds to aid in the construction of a railroad through the county, was negative. Capt. Siverd and Mr. Lane were the chief disputants. Tough, isn't it? We do pity you Arkansas City chaps, but as we are 25 miles nearer the kingdom, we will try to stand it. RED BUD.

February 19, 1877.

[MISCELLANEOUS.]

Arkansas City Traveler, February 28, 1877.

A resolution, protesting against the removal of the Sioux to the Indian Territory, passed the Arkansas Legislature without a dissenting voice. Star Vindicator.

[COMMUNICATION/"OLD GROWLER"PLEASANT VALLEY TOWNSHIP.]

Arkansas City Traveler, March 7, 1877. Front Page.

PLEASANT VALLEY, KANS., February 26, 1877.
Your correspondents need not poke us with their essays on `hoppers, and charge it to our sins. We have good reasons to believe that the laws of nature govern all `hoppers. When they are drouthed out of our great Northwest, they ride with the most available winds to green fields. When God created anything, he created a law to govern it for all time to come. When he made the `hopper, the chinch bug, the army worm, the Colorado nettle, the weed seed, etc., they cannot suppose the Creator expected to pay especial attention to each individual bug or seed of the weed, while it was in his power to make what we call the natural law that governs all. Neither need our county papers come to us and go to our friends at a distance, telling the astounding stories that "grasshoppers are hatching out on the Arkansas," or "a few miles above town." Is there a person living so benighted as to suppose God had ever made such a mistake as to make the `hopper before he made the grass to feed him on? Bosh. On general principles, the same balmy wind and sun that sprouts the grass hatches the `hopper; otherwise, the job would be a bad one.

Wheat is growing fast; prospect for a good crop if the `hoppers spare it.

Please don't send us too many railroads. Tell your citizens to drive slow, as we farmers are not going to build a road until we see money in it. Pleasant Valley has no corner lots in Arkansas City or Winfield, and our city friends need not come at us with oil on their tongues and spice on their breath. We are awake, and if we go a nickel on a railroad, we want to know when and how we will make five cents out of the investment. In other words, farmers must look to their own interests, and let those who are interested in city real estate look after it. We want no such thing as a majority bond law.

South Bend Grange has "broke ground" for a Grange hall on Granger Jo Hill's farm near Posey Creek, he donating 2-1/2 acres. Building, 24 x 28 x 10.

School District No. 10 has a base ball club. They have penalties attached to all swear talk, improper words, and to wallowing on Ed. Chapin's hay stacks. They have just ordered a McNeale & Urban safe for the use of the treasurer. They also have a Lyceum, and will discuss female suffrage next Friday night at the Holland schoolhouse; after that they will correct matters at Washington, etc. OLD GROWLER.

[THE PONCA INDIANS: INDIAN HERALD.]

Arkansas City Traveler, March 7, 1877. Front Page.

The Ponca Indians.
Inspector E. C. Kemble, of the U. S. Indian Service, James Lawrence, U. S. Agent for the Poncas, White Eagle, Standing Buffalo, Big Elk, The Chief, Standing Bear, Smoke Maker, White Swan, Lone Chief, Hard Walker, and Little Picker, head chiefs of the Poncas, and United States Interpreter Charlie, are now stopping at the residence of Agent Beede and at the De Larue House.

They are here on a tour of inspection, having agreed to cede their Dakota lands to the government of the United States, and accept a home in this Territory where all Northern Indians will ultimately come for the preservation of their tribes and protection against encroachments by whites.

A larger framed and nobler set of men it has never been our fortune to see. Their language is strikingly similar to the Osage, many words of the same meaning being pronounced alike by both tribes. This, together with a tradition which has been transmitted from their ancestors to the present generation, makes us believe that they were once a part and parcel of the Osage Nation.

From this place they go west to the valley of the Ne-shu-tsa (Arkansas) and probably to the Chicaska River also before returning to their kindred in the north.

Their present reservation contains 96,000 acres and is located in the southeast part of the Dakota Territory, on the Missouri River, where they claim to have lived for more than one hundred years. In the rear of their Agent's residence is an old grass and tree grown fort, which they say was built by and for the protection of their ancestors from the murderous attacks of the Sioux, for whom they yet cherish no feeling save that of hatred and revenge.

The tribe now numbers 742 souls, and, notwithstanding the loss of those who fall victims to the war parties of the Northern Sioux that continue to raid upon them during spring and summer, they have slowly and steadily increased in numbers during the last six years.

We are informed by Agent Lawrence that they cultivated 600 acres last year without the aid of white labor. They have a day school with an average attendance of 75 pupils. He also informs us that scrofula and consumption are most prevalent among them, and that the word "ague" is unknown to the Poncas.

The Poncas stopping here are all dressed as citizens first, and then covered with finely beaded blankets. When at home they have substantial log cabins to live in and none of the tribe now acknowledge the lodge or wickiup as home; and when they first came on this reservation and saw the cone-like lodges of the Osages made of United States flags stretched over poles, they were disappointed in their own people.

The Poncas all have fields in which they grow corn, wheat, potatoes, pumpkins, etc. The men of this tribe do the roughest of outdoor work, and in weight and muscular strength are far above that of whites.

Some three years since, the Rev. J. Owen Dorsey, an Episcopalian Missionary, was sent to labor among these people, and at the close of the first year twenty of the tribe were admitted to church membership. They now have a neat chapel in which from 150 to 200 Poncas assemble every Sabbath and quietly listen to instructions given by May, a teacher, in the absence of an ordained minister. This is an index to the moral and intellectual condition of this tribe; but yet ignorant and evil designing people continue to proclaim the impracticability of the Peace Policy among Indians. Indian Herald.

[PONCA INDIANS USED "SUN DANCE"INDIAN HERALD.]

Arkansas City Traveler, March 7, 1877. Front Page.

The Sun Dance.
During the years of long ago, before Episcopalian Missionaries commenced their labor of love among the Ponca Indians, the "Sun dance" was their mode of worshiping the Great Spirit.

A plot of ground was enclosed by a high wall leaning toward a still higher post, which stood in the center of the enclosure. This post was firmly planted, and from its top was suspended a half dozen lariats. The ground here was now sacred; and the preparation for worship complete.

The pious Poncas, in buckskin shirts, extending from the waist to the ankle, leaving their chest and arms to display the gaudiness of paint, then entered, formed a half circle, and were seated, facing the center post. A red stone pipe of peculiar finish was next passed from one to another, and each whiffed upward the blue curls as an invocation to the Great Spirit. After this they arose, sounded their bone whistles, and commenced dancing, when two to five of these religious devotees broke ranks and gathered at the center post, where they were joined by "medicine men" who commenced the work of "trying their souls."

This they did by making four perpendicular incisions, two parallel with each other and near each nipple. The skin between the incisions on each breast was separated from the flesh beneath it and a wooden cylinder, long enough to reach from one side of the chest to the other, was then inserted. To this piece of wood and immediately over the sternum (or breast bone) was tied a lariat suspending from the top of the post, and while the blood oozed from their wounds, they blew whistles and danced, swinging to and fro until the pieces of wood were actually torn from their bodies.

The ring dancers gazed steadily upon the sun from the commencement of the ceremony until it sank behind the grass covered hills of the west, and thus the name "Sun dance." Indian Herald.

[BRIDGE ACROSS DUTCH CREEKCOWLEY COUNTY.]

Arkansas City Traveler, March 7, 1877. Front Page.

The Township board will be petitioned to appropriate a sum of money not exceeding $360.00 to be used in repairing of the bridge across Dutch Creek, just above town. It is now proposed to raise the piers and put in an iron bridgewhich can be done at the cost of something over $800.00the gentlemen proposing to erect it agreeing to take the subscriptions already raised for pay as far as they go. Telegram.

[CRITICISM IN EDITORIAL OF E. C. MANNING.]

Arkansas City Traveler, March 7, 1877.

PRETTY GOOD.
The Courier of last week gives an exceedingly complimentary notice of the editor himself, for the wonderful influence he exerted in securing the passage of the new bond law bill requiring a majority vote only, and says:

"The friends of a railroad have reason to thank Col. Manning, Leland J. Webb, and R. L. Walker for their untiring efforts in their behalf. Leland J. Webb, solitary and alone, aided by Col. Manning's fertile brain and Dick Walker's splendid tact, wins the fight and the people are again triumphant."

The facts are that the two gentlemen spoken of, not members of the Legislature, learned at Winfield that the law was about to pass, as we learned here, and immediately hurried away to share the supposed glory of its success. The matter was all understood before the gentlemen left Winfield, and they barely arrived to see the result of it, notwithstanding credit is given to the gentleman of "fertile brain" notoriety.

Mr. Webb worked earnestly for the bill, and with the assistance of Prof. Kellogg, of Lyon, and members from the Western counties, secured its passage, while the Winfield gentlemen were eagerly hunting over the papers to learn the result.

[CHANGE OF BOND LAW: SENATE BILL NO. 74.]

Arkansas City Traveler, March 7, 1877.

Senate Bill No. 74, by Mr. Savage.
An act to amend an act entitled "An act to enable counties, townships, and cities to aid in the construction of railroads, and to repeal section eight of chapter thirty-nine of the laws of 1874," approved Feb. 25, 1875.

Be it enacted by the Legislature of the State of Kansas:

Section 1. That section five of the act to which this is amendatory be amended so as to read as follows:

Section 5. If a majority of the qualified electors voting at such election shall vote for such subscription or loan, the board of county commissioners for and on behalf of such county or township, or the mayor and council for and on behalf of such city, shall order the county or city clerk, as the case may be, to make such subscription or loan in the name of such county, township, or city, and shall cause such bonds with coupons attached, as may be required by the terms of said proposition, to be issued in the name of such county, township, or city, which bonds when issued for such county or township shall be signed by the chairman of the board of county commissioners and attested by the county clerk under the seal of such county, and when issued for such city shall be signed by the mayor and attested by the city clerk under the seal of said city: Provided, No such bonds shall be issued until the railroad to which the subscription or loan is proposed to be made shall be completed and in operation through the county, township, or city, voting such bonds, or to such point in such county, township, or city as may be specified in the proposition set forth in the petition required in the first section of this act.

Sec. 2. That section five of the act to which the amendatory be and the same is hereby repealed.

Sec. 3. This act shall take affect and be in force from and after its publication in the Weekly Commonwealth.

The above bill passed the Senate on a vote of 21 for and 7 against, and the House, by a majority of three.

[TIME TABLE: A. T. & S. F. RAILWAY.]

Arkansas City Traveler, March 7, 1877.

Time Table.
A. T. & S. F. RAILWAY.
Express and mail, arrives at Wichita daily.

Leaves daily, at 3:40 a.m.

Freight and accommodation arrives daily at 4:45 p.m.

Through freight and stock express leaves daily at 9:00 a.m.

Trains leave Newton for the westexpress, 10:25 p.m., freight, 2:15 p.m., 11:45 p.m., and 1:35 p.m.

Trains connect at Wichita with Southwestern Stage Company, for Augusta, Douglass, Winfield, Arkansas City, Oxford, Belle Plaine, Sumner City, Wellington, Pond Creek, Cheyenne Agency, Wichita Agency, and Fort Sill.

[PERSONALS.]

Arkansas City Traveler, March 7, 1877.

WINFIELD has a milk wagon.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 7, 1877.

A slight snow fell last Sunday.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 7, 1877.

ED. FINNEY and JOE SHERBURNE have returned from Osage Agency.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 7, 1877.

SID MAJOR has refurnished his furniture at the Central Hotel in Winfield.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 7, 1877.

H. O. MEIGS is contemplating building a handsome residence in Wichita.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 7, 1877.

The schoolhouse seems to be an inducement for the increase in population on the north side.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 7, 1877.

THE WALNUT RIVER BRIDGE is to be built of iron and wood, and to be completed June 2, 1877.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 7, 1877.

MR. BEAN, a silversmith from Iowa, has opened a shop in the post office building, and is ready for work.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 7, 1877.

BORN. On last Saturday morning Mr. James Benedict was made the happy recipient of a ten-pound boy.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 7, 1877.

BORN. To Mr. and Mrs. James Hughes, on Saturday, March 3rd, a son. Dr. Alexander had charge of ceremonies.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 7, 1877.

Another jewelry swindler "took in" a lot of the unwary last Monday. Tom Boner lost $16 and David Bright a small sum.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 7, 1877.

J. L. KELLOGG, ex-Treasurer of Sumner County, and relative of Dr. Kellogg, has been spending several days at this place.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 7, 1877.

A special meeting of Crescent Lodge will be held at Benedict's Hall this Wednesday evening.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 7, 1877.

The grass northwest of town was set fire Monday evening, and many acres burned over.

If the grass is allowed to remain until the grasshoppers are hatched, it would serve a good purpose.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 7, 1877.

It is rumored that Miles, Agent of the Cheyenne and Arapaho Agency, intends to place a guard over the timber in the Indian Territory, with a view to arresting and prosecuting parties who go there for wood.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 7, 1877.

BERRY BROTHERS' stock of groceries began coming in last Monday. The teams were all well loaded, and there were a number of them. Call up and examine themstore opposite the Cowley County Bank, in J. H. Sherburne's old stand.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 7, 1877.

LAYING THE CORNERSTONE.
The ceremony of laying the cornerstone of the M. E. Church building at this place was conducted in due and ancient form by the members of Crescent Lodge No. 132, Ancient Free and Accepted Masons, on last Friday afternoon. Deputy Right Worshipful Master, M. L. Read, of Winfield, had charge of ceremonies, assisted by Rev. Rushbridge and Wingar.

The members of Crescent Lodge were well represented, as well as members of the fraternity from adjacent Lodges, and the residents of this vicinity. The procession was headed by the Arkansas City Brass Band, followed by the Stewarts, Entered Apprentices, Fellowcrafts, Master Masons, Senior and Junior Deacons, Senior and Junior Wardens, and Past Masters. At the proper time a sealed tin box, containing a sketch of the Lodge, history of the M. E. Church and Arkansas City from their beginning, two copies of the TRAVELER, with statistics of Cowley County, inducements to emigrants, and a number of coins, were placed in the rock, and the stone lowered to its place, after which the assembly dispersed.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 7, 1877.

WALNUT RIVER BRIDGE.
A contract was made last Friday by T. McIntire, Trustee; Wyard Gooch, Treasurer; and W. D. Mowry, Clerk of Creswell Township, with Mr. J. A. Bullene, agent of the Missouri Valley Bridge Co., of Leavenworth, for a wrought iron arch span of 100 feet, and a combination Queen Truss span of 50 feet, over the Walnut River at Newman's mill, to be completed on or before the second day of June, 1877. The bridge is to be 150 feet long, built in two spans, and have one roadway twelve feet wide in the clear, to be constructed on the Arch and Queen Truss bridge plan, for which the Township Trustee, for and on behalf of Creswell township, agrees to pay $2,000 in ten years, ten percent, township bonds, and $200 in township warrants payable: one-half on February 1st, 1878, and one-half February 1st, 1879; binding themselves in the penal sum of $1,000 for the faithful performance of every article of agreement.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 7, 1877.

MR. WM. COOMBS has some extra fine Brahma chickens on his place, and being desirous of introducing the breed more extensively in this section, he offers the eggs for sale, for setting purposes. These chickens were brought from the East, and are of superior quality. Our farmers could not do a better thing than invest in a few of these eggs, and raise first class poultry.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 7, 1877.

They carry the mail between Winfield and Arkansas City in a lumber wagon. Courier.

Everyone cognizant with the facts knows the above to be an unmitigated lie. The mails on any route to this place have not been carried in a lumber wagon for several years.

[PLASTER PARISEAST OF SOUTH HAVEN.]

Arkansas City Traveler, March 7, 1877.

One day last week we were shown a sample of plaster paris, manufactured five miles east of South Haven, in this county, by Messrs. Lloyd and Illingsworth, from the gypsum found in inexhaustible deposits in that locality. The plaster exhibited is said by competent judges to be of excellent quality, and it took the various tests to which it was submitted in our presence, handsomely. This firm is also manufacturing water lime and cement from stone found in the same locality. The manufacture of the articles promises to become a very important industry in Sumner county. Press.

[MORE PERSONALS.]

Arkansas City Traveler, March 7, 1877.

The grist and saw mill of McClaskey & Spencer, located on the Shawkuska River, within one-half mile of the Territory, is now ready for work.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 7, 1877.

300 POUNDS OF FISH.
MR. HARTSOCK seined out 300 pounds of fish from the Walnut last Wednesday, and among the rest a shovel catfish, with a beak a foot and a half long.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 7, 1877.

PARTIES at Wichita are endeavoring to have Dr. Hughes remove to that place. The Doctor has a wide reputation and extensive practice at this place that he cannot well afford to abandon.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 7, 1877.

MARRIED. MR. FRANK GALLOTTI and MISS ELEN ROSS, both of Winfield, were married by Rev. Platter, on the evening of February 22nd. The many friends of Mr. Gallotti rejoice in his good fortune.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 7, 1877.

LAMP EXPLOSION.
A lamp exploded at Poke Steven's house last Tuesday evening, after most of the family had retired. The fire caught a dress that was hanging up, and came near setting the house on fire.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 7, 1877.

A resident of Winfield, with whom we conversed the other day, remarked "The attack of the editor of the Courier on Rev. Rushbridge will just about play him out entirely in Winfield. It was the last kick of his death stroke."

[REPORT OF WHITE MAN TAKING ON LARGE BAND OF SIOUX INDIANS.]

Arkansas City Traveler, March 7, 1877.

A White Man, Single-Handed,
Repulses a Large Band of Sioux.
By Mr. Henry Tilley, of Ness County, says the Hays City (Kan.) Sentinel, we learn the particulars of an Indian fight which occurred about four weeks ago, in what is known as the "Cone," at the mouth of Sand Creek, about 65 miles west of Ness post office, in which Dr. Tichenor killed four Sioux Indians, and was himself wounded.

The Doctor and a man named Dickenson were out in that section of the country poisoning wolves, and had built a temporary dug-out in which to store their skins and provisions. A few days previous to the fight, Dickenson had taken their team and gone into the settlement after provisions, leaving the Doctor to run the camp.

The Doctor was asleep in their dug-out on the morning of the third day of Dickenson's departure, when he was awakened by a slight noise at the door. Thinking the intruder was a wolf or a skunk, he took up his gun and opened the door, to be confronted by a man, and that man was a Sioux brave, but at that time it was so dark that he could distinguish little more than the outlines. He demanded his business, when the brave turned and fled; and as the Doctor stepped outside to get a shot at him, he was greeted with a volley, which drove him back into the dug-out. Barricading the door as best he could, he awaited daylight.

In the meantime, the Indians, numbering about forty, as near as he could tell, had moved further up the creek; but with daylight, one of them whom Tichenor thinks was the chief, from his dress, came to the dug-out carrying a white rag, and in broken English, demanded his surrender. Tichenor told him there were three men in the dug-out well armed and prepared to fight, and refused to surrender. The chief commenced to threaten, and told the valiant Doctor he would have his scalp. This the Doctor thought to be a declaration of war and shot the red man dead in his tracks, and at the very door of the dug-out. The entire band then rushed in, but were driven back by several well directed shots. The next maneuver by the assailants was an attempt to smoke him out by burning buffalo chips and the wood-work of the dug-out. From his position in the dug-out he could not see the Indian who was superintending the conflagration department, and knowing that if a stop was not put to it, he was a "goner." He made a dash for the outside, kicking the buffalo chips aside, and exchanged shots with the head fireman, who was making tracks for his comrades, killing him instantly, and received a bullet through the lower part of his person. This man fell within five feet of his dug-out door.

Then commenced a long ranged shooting match, in which the Doctor is confident he killed two or more and wounded one. This was kept up during the day, but toward nightfall a terrible snow and wind storm came up, driving the red men to the south and snowing the brave man in. Had it not been for this, they would evidently have got him, for his wound though not dangerous, incapacitated him for fighting. He lay in bed for three days, suffering severely. At the expiration of sixteen days the weather moderated, and he started on foot for the settlements, reaching them in safety, and bringing trophies of one of the most remarkable fights on record. Though wounded but once, the Doctor received several bullets through his clothing, and during his subsequent stay, picked forty bullets out of the wall of the dug-out.

[MISCELLANEOUS.]

Arkansas City Traveler, March 7, 1877.

The Chetopa Herald says Miss Lucella Neale is "the prettiest girl in Dexter." Pass her round.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 7, 1877.

Senator Ingalls has reported from the Committee on Indian Affairs his new bill for citizenizing the Indians.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 7, 1877.

There is considerable anxiety on the subject of opening up the Indian Territory. Congress is doing nothing now but attending to the Presidential matter, and nothing else will be done outside of appropriations before next December.

[WM. C. BRIANT RECEIVES LETTER FROM THE BLACK HILLS.]

Arkansas City Traveler, March 14, 1877. Front Page.

From the Black Hills.
[From the Cowley County Telegram.]
The following letter, from the Black Hills, we are allowed to publish through the courtesy of the gentleman to whom it was addressed.

DEADWOOD, Feb. 15th, 1877.
WM. C. BRIANT: I received yours, of December, and laid it by, as I had not time to answer it at that time, and it has got misplaced; and in consequence, will have to answer your many questions from memory. If I do not answer all, do not think that I did not want to do so. The first, if I remember, was, would it pay you to come out in the spring? That would be a hard question for me to answerbut I will just say that if I was there, I would not come

you can do as you please.

2d. You could not get anything to do at this time. I think wages will be from $2 to $3 per day.

3d. Green hands have done as well as old miners, so far.

4th. Board is from $3 to $16 per week.

5th. Shoe making and carpentering is over done here, the worst of any place I ever saw.

6th. I would not advise anyone to come; but if they are bound to do so, I would say, come with a team and leave the railroad at Sidney.

7th. If I was coming with a wagon, I would bring flour, bacon, sugar, and coffee.

8th. That would depend on how you were coming. If you come by wagon, I would start by the first of Aprilif by rail and stage, you can start as soon as you please, as the stage comes in three times a week.

9th. There is a paper printed here and I have been sending it to the New Salem Free Press, in care of C. P. all winter. Let me know if they have been receiving them. I will send you a copy. Yes, send me all the reading matter you can, for we don't get much here.

Now if I have omitted any question you asked, just write again and I will try and save it until I answer. Now, let me say a wordthe mines are not half as extensive as the papers report them. We have a very small mining country. There was nothing discovered last summer or this winter in the shape of gulch or placer diggings. There has been some quartz lodes discovered here that I think are tolerably good but nothing extra.

* * * * *
Send along the papers. I will be thankful for them. Respectfully, etc., SAMUEL TULL.

[ASSESSORS' ANNUAL MEETING.]

Arkansas City Traveler, March 14, 1877. Front Page.

The various township assessors met at the Courthouse on Monday last, for the purpose of adopting a uniform personal property valuation list. Every township in the county was represented by its assessor except one. The meeting was organized by electing Capt. J. S. Hunt Chairman and S. S. Moore Secretary. On motion the following grades and appraise- ments were adopted for the present year.

HORSES. Stallions and fast horses, from $150 to $500; work horses, 1st grade, from $75 to $150; 2nd grade, from $35 to $75; ponies and colts, from $10 to $35.

NEAT CATTLE. 1st grade, bulls and four-year-old fat cattle, and over, from $30 to $45; 2nd grade, bulls and all fat steers less than 4 years old, $20 to $30; Cows1st grade, from $20 to $30; 2nd grade, from $10 to $20. Steersthree-year-old, from $15 to $30; two-year- old, and heifers, from $8 to $15; yearlings, from $3 to $8. Twenty percent off for Texas cattle.

WORK CATTLE. 1st grade, from $70 to $100; 2nd grade, from $40 to $75.

MULES. 1st grade, per pair, from $200 to $250; 2nd grade, per pair, from $75 to $200; young mules, from $25 to $75; asses, from $20 to $250.

SHEEP. Fine wool bucks, from $7 to $13; common, from $1.50 to $5.

HOGS. From $2 to $25.

GOATS. From $1 to $3.

AGRICULTURAL IMPLEMENTS. First class headers, harvesters, and threshing machines; 50 percent off from first cost; reapers, mowers, and wagons, 30 percent off from first cost; all other farming implements left to the judgment of the assessor.

Motion made and carried that all grain be assessed at its cash value at the bin and crib.

Motion made and carried that the papers in Winfield and Arkansas City be requested to print this basis gratuitously. S. S. MOORE, Secretary.

[EDITORIAL COLUMNS.]

Arkansas City Traveler, March 14, 1877.

A proposition has been made, and accepted by a steamboat man, for the bringing of the "General Wiles" from Little Rock, Arkansas, to this place.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 14, 1877.

The citizens of Butler and Cowley counties are invited to meet at Douglass, March 17, 1871, at 11 a.m., to consider a proposition to vote county bonds to a narrow gauge railroad.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 14, 1877.

STEAMBOAT.
Mr. Graverock, an engineer of Kansas City, of some reputation, has accepted the proposition of the Boat Company of this place to bring the steamboat "Gen. Wiles," from Little Rock to this place, and says it is only a question of time when he will reach here. He owns one small boat that was built for, and is being used, on the Neosho River for carrying rock for bridge purposes, and intends to bring it up also.

[PERSONALS.]

Arkansas City Traveler, March 14, 1877.

FLOCKS of geese are flying north.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 14, 1877.

TOM CALLAHAN has taken up a stray mule.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 14, 1877.

The farmers are jubilant over the present prospects of a railroad.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 14, 1877.

SALE. B. F. Nesmite will sell horses, hogs, and corn on April 2nd.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 14, 1877.

A very large prairie fire extended for miles east of the Walnut Monday night.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 14, 1877.

BORN. To Mr. and Mrs. Isaac Maurer, of Beaver Township, February 20th, a son.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 14, 1877.

Some parties at Maple City have tried blue grass on the prairie, and find it grows well.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 14, 1877.

The sign "Bashaw Livery," has been painted over as it did not answer well for a millinery sign.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 14, 1877.

The butchers killed a hog the other day raised by Wm. Randall, that weighed 576 pounds, live weight.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 14, 1877.

A couple of our citizens visited Winfield last Saturday, and the brewery gave out, as a matter of consequence.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 14, 1877.

MR. AND MRS. HENRY PRUDEN arrived from Dayton, Ohio, last week, having enjoyed a very pleasant visit.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 14, 1877.

M. A. FELTON and MR. YORK attended the M. E. Conference at Wichita, with a view of being ordained ministers of the gospel.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 14, 1877.

The Followers of Christ church organization that began with three members in Bolton Township one year ago, now number 51 members.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 14, 1877.

Total number of prescriptions filled at the "People's Drug Store," 6,419; number filled by Kellogg & Hoyt in fifteen months, 2,790; number filled in September, 1876, 677.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 14, 1877.

McGEE and MONROE, who were arrested a few weeks since at Elgin, were confined nine days in jail at Independence, and finally released for want of sufficient evidence.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 14, 1877.

BORN. To Mr. and Mrs. Purdy, on last Wednesday, a ten-pound boy; as fine a young fellow as the attending physician ever looked upon. Dr. Alexander was the attendant.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 14, 1877.

A NEW BOARDING HOUSE AND RESTAURANT is to be opened by H. Godehard this week, in the building opposite the City Bakery. Hermann will feed his patrons on the fat of the land.

The office owes its thanks to Hermann for a treat to oranges and apples. The oranges are the first of this spring's market, and are delicious, and the apples genuine Michigan fruit. Fifty cents will buy a dozen oranges.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 14, 1877.

At church Sunday evening the dogs took quite a prominent part, and for awhile it was a question which would be heard. The owners of the animals should consider the feelings of the congregation, and leave their canines at home.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 14, 1877.

A CHASE.
Sunday evening of last week a man riding a jaded horse supposed to be stolen, stopped at the City Livery. After he had left the next morning, a Colt's improved revolver was missing. The constable and Ed. Finney went in pursuit, following up the Arkansas to Oxford, thence to Nenescah, where they learned their game had passed during the afternoon.

Near Winfield, at about 10 o'clock at night, they found the house he stopped at, and riding up to the door, shouted, "Hello." Presently the man of the house came to the door and inquired what they wanted. He was told, and requested to tell the stranger to come out. The stranger declined, asking the boys to "come in." The boys insisted that he should come out, and he finally did so, when they told him what had been found missing. He simply remarked, "You've barked up the wrong tree this time, gentlemen. It won't take two minutes to go through my baggage." They examined him and found nothing stolen, and soon came back, as they had no authority to detain him for the supposed stolen horse.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 14, 1877.

HORRIBLE DEATH BY FREEZING.
On last Wednesday evening, George Tolles, a dwarf, aged 54 years, left Mr. Blendins, near Maple City, and started for his home on Grouse Creek. As all will remember, a cold, windy hail storm began about 9 o'clock, during which Tolles was out, only a few miles from home. Not being a man of sound mind, he soon lost his way, and instead of going southwest, went southeast; then back almost to where he left the road, and southwest again. He then left the road and went southeast, until he reached the Territory, where he laid down and died. When he came back to the road a second time, he was within one mile and a half of Mr. Musselman's house. Not hearing anything of him, a party started in pursuit a day afterwards, and after following his tracks many miles, finally came to where he lay dead and stiff. Some animal had eaten a portion of his face, and his appearance was sad and horrible. The day following the neighbors carried him to a resting place, where his remains lay unmarked, except by the new made earth.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 14, 1877.

FIRE.
On last Wednesday morning, while Dr. Alexander was smoking some meat in an apartment just back of his house, the flames caught fire to the floor and extended to his building, and had it not been for the timely discovery of one of the neighbors, would have burned the entire buildings. The doctor made a thanks offering by giving one-half of the meat to the poor, after he discovered his danger.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 14, 1877.

McGEE AT LIBERTY.
On the 27th of February, McGee was arraigned before the court at Independence, Kansas, charged with illicit distilling, and making spirituous liquors without a license. There being no evidence against him, he was released. He then entered suit against the parties that arrested him for $1,000, for false imprisonment, and finally compromised by them paying him $200. F. M.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 14, 1877.

ALL WHO SERVED IN THE MEXICAN WAR, who reside in the Arkansas Valley, are requested to meet at Eagle Hall, in Wichita, on the afternoon of March 24th, for the purpose of creating and perfecting an organization of the old veterans, the object of which will be explained at the meeting. It is hoped that all who possibly can will attend.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 14, 1877.

SIMMS' HORSE, "Sleepy Jack," won the race with Jim Moreland's "Gray Cow," last Saturday, by seven feet. It was a close race, but the owners of the winning horse are ready to put up $1,000 on a 500 yard race with anyone that wants to run. The distance ran was 200 yards.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 14, 1877.

That herd of cows driven through town last Monday was won at the horse race near Caldwell, last Saturday. The pig in the wagon was also won, but as it was a pet, and the wife and children made such a fuss over it, we thought we wouldn't mention it.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 14, 1877.

LAND AGENTS. AMOS WALTON and RUDOLPH HOFFMASTER have entered into partnership for the sale of real estate. They are old residents and know every foot of land in Cowley and Sumner counties, and parties desiring to buy will be conveyed to all parts of the county free of charge. Legal documents executed at reasonable rates, and titles and abstracts carefully looked after. We can recommend them as perfectly responsible men.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 14, 1877.

NEW STORE. In another column appears the advertisement of A. W. Berkey, who has recently opened a large stock of goods at Salt City. We have examined his stock and find it to be one of the best, and would suggest that the people of Salt City and vicinity give them a liberal patronage, as they propose to sell as cheap as any house south of Wichita.

AD: NEW GOODS! A. W. BERKEY. AT SALT CITY, SUMNER COUNTY, KAN SAS....DRY GOODS, NOTIONS, CLOTHING, BOOTS AND SHOES, HATS AND CAPS. ALSO A FULL LINE OF GROCERIES, NAILS, ETC. All we ask is an examination before buying elsewhere.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 14, 1877.

REVIVAL. Revs. Taylor, a Baptist, Broadbent of the Christian Church, and McCue of the United Brethren have been holding a series of meetings for three weeks at the Theaker schoolhouse, with good successfifteen having embraced the faith.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 14, 1877.

MILKS had his hand severely hurt by his team running away at Wichita. They took fright at the cars, and Milks intends to stay at home now until the cars come here, and then he will get them used to the engine.

[COMMUNICATION FROM *** AT WINFIELD.]

Arkansas City Traveler, March 14, 1877.

Hon. L. J. Webb returned from his labors (which, by the way, have been much for this place) on the 8th, and will resume the practice of law.

The "Philomathic," a society organized among the enterprising portion of the community for literary purposes, meets every Friday evening. The programme for tonight consists of music by the string band, essays, and debate. The topic for discussion tonight is, "Resolved, That man is a creature of circumstances." In connection with the exercises, they answer all scientific and historical questions.

Our new church buildings are progressing finely, and will soon be completed. It is the wish of the community that Rev. Rushbridge should be returned to this charge, for which he has been laboring unceasingly.

Platter's and Williams' building will be pushed as rapidly as possible until completed. W. H. Maris is refitting his store building with a new front, when it will be occupied by T. E. Gilleland's boot and shoe store. The same gentleman will soon begin to build a stone store building, 25 x 100 feet, on the same block, opposite the Central Hotel. As soon as completed, it will be occupied by J. B. Lynn. Mr. Wm. Newton, from Arkansas City, has opened a harness shop in Mullen's old stand, where he keeps a full supply of goods in his line. A new store is being opened in Boyle's old stand by a firm from Council Grove.

The above are only a few of the improvements taking place in our little city.

The repeal of the bond law is discussed often and long, and yet some are not convinced it is for the best. "And still we have no railroad." ***

P.S. Since writing, or rather, while writing, the jubilee began, and the enthusiastic ones are making things lively by firing anvils, building bonfires, making speeches, etc.

[PUBLIC NOTICES.]

Arkansas City Traveler, March 14, 1877.

Notice. Persons having cattle to herd would do well to drop Wm. Allen a note. He will herd them for 20 cents per month, and furnish salt. Herd ground 4 miles west of Arkansas City, on State line.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 14, 1877.

Cattle Herded. I have a range of 4 miles on the Arkansas River and Territory line, with timber and good water, and will herd cattle for 20 cents per month and colts at 25 cents, and be responsible for the stock. A good Durham bull with the herd. M. Chambers, 9 miles southeast of Arkansas City.

[AD: WALTON & HOFFMASTER.]

Arkansas City Traveler, March 14, 1877.

LAND FOR SALE!
WALTON & HOFFMASTER.
Will sell your lands. We keep a team constantly on hand to show lands, and have all the requisites of a first-class Real Estate Office. Call and see us, in the Benedict building, corner of Summit Street and Central Avenue, Arkansas City.

[A GHOST? MULFORD FAMILY.]

Arkansas City Traveler, March 14, 1877.

A GHOST.
Its Perambulations in Cowley County.
Ever since the creation of the world, it has been the custom to tell ghost stories, and of the rattling of chains, etc. But our story is of a milder nature.

About two miles and a half northeast of Tisdale, in Cowley County, lives a family by the name of Mulford. They came from Iowa about two years ago. They are all consistent members of the Methodist church, and have never believed in spiritualism or in the many ghost stories so often told.

But about three weeks ago, after returning from evening service, Mrs. Mulford says she was unable to go to sleep, and, from some unknown reason, she had laid awake until the clock was just striking twelve, when the door opened softly, and by the light of the moon, she saw a most beautiful woman with dark eyes, pale face, dressed in a loose flowing robe, and her hair falling down over her shoulders in dark, rich folds. She says at first she was so surprised that she knew not what to do or say; but after a little reflection, she felt sure of the protection of Providence, and determined to speak to the object, let it be woman, devil, or ghost.

She spoke and asked the mission of the strange being. And the lady in black approached her, walking softly and majestically, and said about twenty-three years ago, my husband and I were returning from California, and we were pursued and captured by Indians, but we escaped and traveled night and day, leaving the regular trail, expecting to elude them, but were finally overtaken on a certain high point on the Mulford farm. She described it so minutely that Mrs. Mulford very readily recognized it.

The woman said that when they saw that they would be overtaken, they buried a pot of gold on the top of the hill, and placed a stone over the top of it. After saying this, she gently departed. And the next night at exactly the same time, she returned again as before, and the next, until she had appeared three nights in succession.

Mrs. Mulford was so strongly impressed of the truthfulness of the spirit that she wrote to a spiritual medium in Iowa, asking him if the lady in black would injure her in any way if they searched for the gold.

At last accounts, she had not received any answer. The circumstance has created quite an excitement in the neighborhood. Cedarvale Blade.

[MORE PERSONALS.]

Arkansas City Traveler, March 14, 1877.

Fence posts eight cents each.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 14, 1877.

A. K. JENKINS died of pneumonia last week, after lingering but a short time.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 14, 1877.

The trade in hides and furs at this place is much more extensive than people would believe.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 14, 1877.

The first hogshead of sugar ever at Arkansas City came in for Berry Brothers, last week.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 14, 1877.

BERRY BROTHERS give seven inches of smoke for five cents. Their long horn cigars measure over half a foot.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 14, 1877.

Mrs. Tyner, who is staying at Rudolph Hoffmaster's, drank some vitral by mistake, last week, and is now suffering from the effects of it.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 14, 1877.

One of Godfrey's horses fell from the little bridge near Newman's mill last week. The harness was cut and the animal dropped into the creek, and it made its way out.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 14, 1877.

DICK WILSON came in town again last week, looking up the grocery interests of this place. Dick is one of our old time commercial men.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 14, 1877.

Why would not a beef packing establishment be just the thing for this place? We believe it would be a good investment. Beacon.

It would be. There is a pork packing establishment here that does very well.

[ITEMS FROM INDIAN HERALD.]

Arkansas City Traveler, March 14, 1877.

Be easy, neighbors of the border. The Sioux are not coming to the Territory. You will be left free to fight grasshoppers and chintz bugs this year and have no big Indian scares. This, however, may be sad news, for it is a nice thing to be employed as militia men at public expense in the time of a western famine, and especially so when the Indians are known to be at home. Indian Herald.

Yes, those that Capt. Tucker caught in Barbour County are "at home" in a warmer climate than ever Sunny Kansas.

Letters from the Pawnee scouts informs us that they have taken 15 Cheyenne and Sioux scalps, instead of two, as reported in the Herald last week. They have had several fights, but all have escaped without a scratch: this causes them to believe that God is "on their side" and aids them in battle. They are now at Sidney barracks and number one hundred. Herald.

[NOTE: DO NOT BELIEVE SCOTT HANDLED PREVIOUS REPORT FROM HERALD

PERTAINING TO FIGHT MENTIONED ABOVE! HE WAS GONE FOR

AWHILE AND PROBABLY DID NOT HAVE ANY ROOM FOR THIS.]

[COMMUNICATION RE STEAMBOAT FROM "W. M. BERKEY" - SALT CITY.]

Arkansas City Traveler, March 21, 1877. Front Page.

From Salt City.
SALT CITY, March 15, 1877.
Editor Traveler:

DEAR SIR: Shortly after the 7th of November last, we started up the Arkansas River on the steamer Gen. Wiles for Washington, to look after the post office at your city. After traveling for several weeks, with prospects the brightest, on nearing an island opposite Big Bend, we saw an armed force, and supposed they were friends, but afterwards found them to be enemies, strongly fortified. They ordered us not to attempt to pass. We finally laid siege, and after several weeks of most bitter struggling, they sent out a flag of truce with the following: "You can't take an eight spot with a seven." They went back and opened out on us with all vengeance, and we soon finding ourselves overpowered by numbers, dropped back, and off to the left to the mouth of Salt water. In order to save ourselves, we ran up Salt water some distance, and on examination found the water was getting hot. Fearing some evil ahead, we dropped back and made for land, and on nearing land we were met by friends, who welcomed us among them, even offering us the post office of this city. Now that the struggle is over, we feel safe, happy, and contented. The country is lovely, with good lands and cheap homes for all that may wish to come among us. W. M. BERKEY.

[EDITORIAL COLUMNS.]

Arkansas City Traveler, Wednesday, March 21, 1877.

 

If the people of Cowley County want a railroad, now is the time to secure it.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 21, 1877.

Leland J. Webb, of Winfield, will be appointed Register of Wichita Land Office in place of H. L. Taylor, present incumbent. W. V. Times.

While we have no objections to Mr. Taylor, we should be gratified to see Mr. Webb so well favored.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 21, 1877.

The survey of the Arkansas City and Independence State road, will begin at this place April 2nd. I. H. Bonsall is one of the commissioners. It is a road that has been long needed, and the people of the county can thank Bob Mitchell for its location.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 21, 1877.

A party of citizens from this place visited Winfield last Thursday, in company with Gov. Eskridge and J. K. Finley, to talk over railroad matters, and take steps to bring the matter before the people of the county. The proposition asked aid to the amount of $4,000 per mile, and agreed to complete the road in eighteen months from Kansas City to Arkansas City. No meeting was held, but a number of the people of Winfield were conversed with, who evinced a desire to let the matter alone until they could hear from an east and west project. The importance of bringing the matter at once before the people was urged, but not coincided with, so the gentlemen were compelled to leave without any definite understanding.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 21, 1877.

ON PAGE 1 SCOTT GAVE PROPOSITION OF THE KANSAS CITY, EMPORIA & SOUTHERN RAILWAY COMPANY...READY TO FURNISH A RAILWAY, IF THE PEOPLE VOTED $4,000 A MILE TO GET THE NARROW GAUGE ROAD CONSTRUCTED TO THE SOUTH LINE OF THE STATE WITHIN 18 MONTHS. SCOTT MENTIONS THIS IN AN EDITORIAL ALSO: "Petitions will be circulated throughout the county asking that an election be called."

THE PETITION WAS PRINTED BY SCOTT. IT STATED THAT MORE THAN TWO-FIFTHS OF THE RESIDENT TAXPAYERS OF COWLEY WERE BACKING THE PETITION FOR KANSAS CITY, EMPORIA & SOUTHERN RAILROAD COMPANY. [GAUGE TO BE THREE FEET, DEFINITELY MAKING IT A NARROW GAUGE.]

[I GATHER THIS ROAD DID NOT MEET WITH APPROVAL!]

[PERSONALS.]

Arkansas City Traveler, March 21, 1877.

WINDY DAYS. STORMY NIGHTS. EGGS ARE PLENTY. BUTTER IS SCARCE. THE R. R. IS COMING.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 21, 1877.

SALT CITY has a new doctor.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 21, 1877.

W. H. WALKER has returned.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 21, 1877.

BOWEN has rhubarb ten inches long.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 21, 1877.

MR. BILSON, of Elk Falls, is missing.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 21, 1877.

The narrow gauge is the farmer's railroad.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 21, 1877.

Planting garden seeds is now fashionable.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 21, 1877.

The prospect for a fine peach crop is good.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 21, 1877.

More people should engage in sheep husbandry.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 21, 1877.

Rev. Wingar entertained a full house last Sunday.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 21, 1877.

COL. McMULLEN returned from Emporia last week.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 21, 1877.

CORN COBS are selling at $1 per load at Independence.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 21, 1877.

SHERB HUNT will sell his household goods on the 31st.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 21, 1877.

FIVE CARPENTERS all busy finishing Newman's store room.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 21, 1877.

OSAGE ORANGE SEED $6.50 per bushel. Five pounds for $1.00.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 21, 1877.

AL MOWRY bought a fine large span of horses at Wichita last week.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 21, 1877.

S. P. CHANNELL has been appointed a Notary Public for Cowley County.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 21, 1877.

JOHN D. MILES, Indian Agent at the Cheyenne Agency, Indian Territory, is at Topeka.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 21, 1877.

A large fire was raging in Bolton Township Monday night, but did no material damage.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 21, 1877.

DISTRICT COURT convenes on Monday, May 7tth. Wm. P. Campbell, Judge of District.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 21, 1877.

An immersion was made last Sunday at Nipp's ford, by the resident minister at Pleasant Valley Township.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 21, 1877.

REV. SWARTS declined an appointment by the M. E. Conference, and will return to his farm for the next year.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 21, 1877.

Someone stole 40 bushels of wheat from Henry Mowry, last Thursday night. It was in his claim house, across the Arkansas.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 21, 1877.

The following are the appointments in this vicinity of M. E. ministers.

Wichita, J. Kirby.

El Paso, K. Jones.

Wellington, H. J. Walker.

Oxford, J. Stewart.

Belle Plaine, A. Cameron.

South Haven, E. A. Abbott.

Arkansas City, J. J. Wingar.

Winfield, Rev. Rushbridge.

Lazette, C. A. Stine.

Tisdale, S. S. Steele.

Dexter, To be supplied.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 21, 1877.

While Jas. Hanson, of Maple City, was temporarily absent from home last Wednesday, his house caught fire from the cook stove, and was burned to the ground. The bedding and furniture was mostly saved. The house was recently built of pine lumber, lathed and plastered, and they feel their loss most keenly. His neighbors are now contributing quite liberally to help him rebuild.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 21, 1877.

NO SCHOOL FUNDS. From R. C. Story, our efficient County Superintendent of Public Instruction, we learn that the apportionment of State Funds for Cowley County for this month is $2,685.75, or 73 cents per head for every child of school age reported in the county. Thirty-two districts made no report for the year ending July 31, 1876, and of course get no State fund.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 21, 1877.

LAST Friday night someone cut the halter of Frank Speers' horse, and stole his saddle. He evidently meant to take the horse. The day before a man was at the house, looking at the animal and inquiring if the dog would bite. As soon as grass comes, look out for horse thieves.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 21, 1877.

DROPPED SENSELESS. Last Friday while Frank Wintin was loading hay, he suddenly dropped senseless and did not speak intelligently for several days. Drs. Shepard and Kellogg were called, who pronounced the singular occurrence as being similar to spotted fever.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 21, 1877.

REV. WINGAR returned from the M. E. Conference at Wichita last week. His station will be at this place one year more. An effort was made to place him at Newton, but at the earnest request of the members at this place, he was permitted to return, and we are glad of it.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 21, 1877.

JUDGE McINTIRE, our Assessor, called last week with his blank statement of personal property. Every year the same blanks come to be filled, and every year the tax has to be paid. Death and taxes, candidates and hell, are four things we never can escape.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 21, 1877.

W. B. TRISSELL respectfully solicits the patrons of Rose Hill nursery to call at his delivering ground in Arkansas City on Thursday, March 22nd, and on Monday, March 26th, and get their nursery stock, as Mr. Bowen desires his lots for planting.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 21, 1877.

THE P. M. AT WINFIELD sports a plug hat, but his hair is growing gray. The anxiety of the late campaign tells on him. However, he gives satisfaction and has a sure lease for four long years. May he enjoy peace and prosperity.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 21, 1877.

A SUIT was held before Justice Hunt last week between Houghton & McLaughlin and Pittman, for an amount due on account. The first parties gained the suit. C. R. Mitchell was attorney for plaintiff, and E. B. Kager, for defendant.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 21, 1877.

The attendance at the Bell Ringers exhibition last Saturday night at the First Church was not very large, owing to the short notice that was given. The music of the bells was excellent.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 21, 1877.

BENEDICT & BRO. are repairing the building south of Gardner's new house for Mr. Wilson, the dry goods man of Leavenworth. They are also laying a brick sidewalk in front of it.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 21, 1877.

MR. HARVEY DWYER has sold his farm and is going to California. B. F. Nesmite will accompany him. W. S. Hunt, of this place, also expects to start in a few weeks.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 21, 1877.

A. A. DAVIS now has his house near Wintin's. It was built first in Sumner County, then placed on the sand hill near the Arkansas, and is now a town residence.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 21, 1877.

FIRE. MR. HOWARD, living east of town, lost 200 bushels of corn by fire on Friday last. The fire originated from some ashes that had been thrown out while still hot.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 21, 1877.

COL. J. C. McMULLEN, of Arkansas City, was in town this week. He reports a deep interest in the narrow gauge enterprise in Cowley County. Emporia News.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 21, 1877.

MAJOR SLEETH and T. H. McLAUGHLIN visited Elk County last week on matters pertaining to the narrow gauge railway from Kansas City.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 21, 1877.

CLOVER seed 20 cents per pound. $10 per bushel. Timothy ten cents per pound. Alfalfa 40 cents per pound. Blue grass $2.25 per bushel.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 21, 1877.

SALT CITY held a railroad meeting last week in the interests of the east and west railway. We are glad to notice them so wide awake.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 21, 1877.

BASE BALL soon. CROQUET will soon be resumed.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 21, 1877.

MRS. NEWMAN is visiting friends in Emporia.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 21, 1877.

CHARLES ROSEBERRY planted potatoes last week.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 21, 1877.

MR. MUMMERT will resume cheese making this summer on his farm at the spring cave.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 21, 1877.

A subscription was raised last week to get provisions for Jim Barr, who has been sick for two or three weeks, and was reported nearly destitute.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 21, 1877.

Real Estate agents have loomed up like mushrooms within the last two weeks. Mitchell & Channell, Walton & Hoffmaster, W. S. Hunt, J. L. Huey, and some others have expressed the determination to engage in the business. It is a branch of business that has been somewhat neglected heretofore, and we are glad to see the institution well represented.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 21, 1877.

Winfield Telegram: On Thursday night of last week Mr. Cleveland's house, three miles northwest of Wellington, caught fire and was burned, consuming all the furniture, relics, and clothing of the family.

[EDITORIAL COLUMNS.]

Arkansas City Traveler, March 28, 1877.

The Committee from Winfield, who were delegated to look after an east and west road, returned last Saturday with no definite proposition whatever.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 28, 1877.

CITY ELECTION. On next Tuesday the election of officers for the government of Arkansas City, for one year, will be held. The main issue will be whether a retail liquor license shall be granted or not, and the contest will be close.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 28, 1877.

The petition to call an election on the proposition of the Kansas City, Emporia and Southern Railway, has received the requisite signatures of two-fifths of the taxpayers of Cowley County and will be presented to the Board of Commissioners at their meeting on April 9th, and a vote taken on the proposition.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 28, 1877.

The editor of the Telegram does not support the K. C. E. & S. railway proposition, as offered by the agents who recently visited this county to bring the matter before the people, and cites his reasons therefore, saying the narrow gauge would be his last choice. He favors an east and west project, stating that the Emporia scheme should be laid to rest for awhile.

[BIDS FOR BREAKING AT PAWNEE AGENCY.]

Arkansas City Traveler, March 28, 1877.

Bids received March 26, 1877, for breaking 800 acres of prairie at Pawnee Agency, Indian Territory, to be completed by the 15th of June.

L. C. LONGSHORE, 800 ACRES AT $2.50.

A. W. PATTERSON, 200 ACRES AT $2.75.

FRANK WARD, 200 ACRES AT $2.50.

BERRY BROS., 200 ACRES AT $2.74.

BERRY BROS., 200 ACRES AT $2.65.

BERRY BROS., 200 ACRES AT $2.50.

THEODORE MOORE, 200 ACRES AT $3.00.

M. E. GARNER, 200 ACRES AT $2.50.

WALTER DOLBY, 200 ACRES AT $3.00.

R. A. HOUGHTON, 200 ACRES AT $2.50.

T. R. HOUGHTON, 200 ACRES AT $2.50.

HOUGHTON & McLAUGHLIN, 200 OR 400 ACRES AT $2.89.

DAVID JAY, 150 ACRES AT $2.60.

W. D. SHOW, 100 ACRES AT $5.60.

J. REED, 150 ACRES AT $2.60.

Several others from Cowley County had previously offered to break at $3.00 per acre.

Breaking to be done in a good and workmanlike manner, and as such accepted by the agent, who will present duly certified vouchers for payment to the Commissioner of Indian Affairs.

The work was awarded to the lowest bidders, in the order of the bids, except the bid of Mr. LONGSHORE, who did not wish to contract for a part only.

Frank Ward, 200 acres.

M. E. Garner, 200 acres.

R. A. Houghton, 200 acres.

T. R. Houghton, 200 acres.

[Note: Paper had Long Shore....believe this should be Longshore and changed it.]

[AN EXHIBITION: SCHOLARS OF DISTRICT NO. 33.]

Arkansas City Traveler, March 28, 1877.

The scholars of District No. 33, two miles east of Parker's schoolhouse, will given an exhibition on Wednesday evening, March 28, 1877.

Participants: Risdon Gilstrap, Emma Gilstrap, Frank Lewis, Lizzie West, Anna Hyde, J. O. Wilkinson, Mary Shoemaker, Frankie Hyde, Erastus West, Fred Lewis.

The whole to be sandwiched with tableaux, charades, etc. The best of music has been engaged for the occasion, led by Prof. E. J. Hoyt, long known as the best musician in Kansas. A small fee of 20 cents will be charged to pay contingent expenses.

[ITEM FROM THE INDIAN HERALD.]

Arkansas City Traveler, March 28, 1877.

There are three saw mills on this reservation, but the demand for lumber is so much greater than the supply that half-breed Osages are building houses of lumber manufactured in the Cherokee nation. Indian Herald.

[MORE ITEMS FROM THE INDIAN HERALD.]

Arkansas City Traveler, March 28, 1877.

Kansas hogs are dying of cholera.

Heavy mortality among the Kaws.

The streets are covered with Indians.

Kaw Indians are building new houses.

The Kaw Agency sawmill is running again.

Osages on Cana are dying of pneumonia.

Indians look lean and say they are hungry.

Pawhuska has been full of visitors this week.

Kaws will plant more corn this year than ever before.

On the 12th inst., six Kaws had died during the month.

50 Kaw Indian children are now in school at their Agency.

Young Strike Axe is now the leading spirit among the Little Osages.

The artichoke is known as the "Indian potato" by the natives of this Territory.

A blanket Osage will give some white man a good pony for the building of a log cabin.

A Little Osage offers an average pony for the breaking of twelve acres of corn ground.

Mrs. Pat Rodgers, of the Osages, is crazy and the nation has neither a hospital or an asylum.

Osage women plant corn before breakfast to prevent insects from destroying the young plant.

Kaw Indians want to purchase farm implements with their money instead of expending it for white labor.

Uriah Spray has tendered his resignation as Superintendent of Kaw Agency on account of poor health.

Augusta Captain discovered a white wolf the other day large enough to kill a mule or "pack a man."

The half breed band is constantly increasing in numbers. The little fellows come onto this reservation two at a time.

Gesso Choteau was in today, and from his chat a stranger might think he knew of an inexhaustible mine of goldin the Territory.

Leading Kaws propose to quite the dress and habits of Indians and follow in the wake of whites, if the Government will help them into new houses.

Osage squaw patches are made in the brush on water courses, and if a tree in the patch is struck by lightning before the corn is harvested, the whole crop is abandoned.

Two Pawnee Indians, "Medicine Men," were recently employed to treat a case of enlarged spleen in an Osage, but he died. The Osages think they busted his gizzard.

The Osages say that the artichoke grows in this Territory and at this season constitutes the principal part of their living, especially among those who live in the valley of Cana River.

[PERSONALS.]

Arkansas City Traveler, Wednesday, March 28, 1877.

PAWNEES in town.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 28, 1877.

ANYTHING FOR A RAILROAD!

Arkansas City Traveler, March 28, 1877.

FISHING parties are in vogue now.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 28, 1877.

BONE's boy's name on Grouse Creek is Napoleon Ponepart.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 28, 1877.

PASSMORE's calf that the dog bit has gone mad, and died.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 28, 1877.

MR. WM. COOMBS lost a fine large mare on the road to Wichita last week.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 28, 1877.

JAMES BARE is lying very low with consumption, and not expected to live.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 28, 1877.

WILL ALEXANDER returned last week, having abandoned his Black Hills expedition.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 28, 1877.

The editor contemplates a visit to Pawnee Agency before many weeks, to look after male matter.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 28, 1877.

W. T. YORK began his first school, at Pleasant Grove schoolhouse, on Grouse Creek, March 19th.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 28, 1877.

REV. THOMPSON's house on a claim east of the Walnut was burned by the prairie fire Monday night.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 28, 1877.

BORN. To Mr. and Mrs. Bone, on February 28th, a daughter, weight ten pounds. Grouse Creek still ahead.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 28, 1877.

A new house is being erected east of E. D. Eddy's, and the stone for the foundation of one, northeast of the schoolhouse.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 28, 1877.

A crystal wedding was held at Mr. L. McLaughlin's, last Monday evening, at which many of our prominent citizens attended.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 28, 1877.

A child of Nathaniel Arnett swallowed a pin last Saturday, and regardless of its perilous situation, it is apparently as happy as a lark.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 28, 1877.

This week closes the time for catching fish with a seine or net in the rivers of Kansas. April, May, and June are the months it is prohibited.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 28, 1877.

A prairie fire on Grouse Creek last Thursday burned 200 bushels of corn belonging to Mr. Cattrell, besides doing considerable other damage.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 28, 1877.

MR. MUSSLEMAN has a cat nursing two young squirrels. He caught the squirrels and put them with the cat, after taking two of her kittens away from her.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 28, 1877.

BITTEN BY A MAD DOG. Two little boys, aged six and twelve years, the children of Wm. Morgan, of Otto, Kansas, were bitten by their own dog and not until after it was known that he had bitten chickens, hogs, dogs, cattle, and even horses, did it occur to Mr. Morgan and his family that the dog was rabid, actually suffering, hydrophobia.

The gravity of the case shocked and made the family and neighbors heartsick, and for the time they wished that they had never seen a dog, but we are informed by J. W. Blair, a brother-in-law of Mr. Morgan's, that all the stock bitten are still alive and being cared for as though they had never been bitten. Unless the people of Southern Kansas are in possession of an antidote for hydrophobia, unknown to the United States Pharmacopeia, and which is infallible in its effects, we do not see why cause for great mortality is so improperly attended to in a supposed to be wide-awake community.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 28, 1877.

RUNAWAY. Last Sunday as Mr. McMasters, of Winfield, was riding with Miss Pittman, near Wyard Gooch's farm, east of the Walnut, one rein of the harness broke and the teams ran away, throwing both parties from the buggy, breaking the arm of the gentleman and dislocating the shoulders of the lady.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 28, 1877.

AGENT BURGESS, of the Pawnee Agency, was in town this week. Mr. Burgess has a host of friends at this place, as well as along the entire border. He has sent in his resignation to the Department, as agent of the Pawnee Indians, but it was not accepted. We should be sorry to have him leave the Pawnees.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 28, 1877.

The city schools closed last Friday for a week's vacation. The attendance during the term was good, notwithstanding the prevalence of sickness. Miss Lizzie Ela will take charge of the Intermediate department for the summer term.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 28, 1877.

FRANK LORRY has just purchased 225 four-year-old trees from Mr. Trissell. He wants a fruit and grain farm, now that he will be able to get them to market on the railroad.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 28, 1877.

REV. SWARTS and family returned from Hutchinson last week, after an absence of about one year. They have many friends who are glad to welcome them back.

[COMMUNICATION FROM "C. C. H."BOLTON TOWNSHIP.]

Arkansas City Traveler, March 28, 1877.

BOLTON, March 22, 1877.
Revs. Kerr, McCuean, Taylor, and McCue, assisted by Revs. Broadbent and Herbert, have been holding a protracted meeting in the Theaker schoolhouse during the last four weeks. There were over twenty converts.

Grasshoppers have not made their appearance on the prairie yet, but are daily looked for and expected, although we do not expect a very great number owing to the last cold spell.

We understand that Frank Lorry is canvassing the northern part of the county with a petition asking the County Commissioners to call a railroad election, to give us an oppor- tunity to vote against the narrow gauge road from Emporia to the south line of the State.

Mr. McGuire had a well built on his farm one day last week. Mr. Will Thompson was contractor and builder. Mr. James Sample is going to have one built by the same party.

Mat Gainey started to Chautauqua County. "Wonder if he will fetch her back?"

Mr. and Mrs. DeMott have just returned from visiting a brother of Mr. DeMott in the northern part of the State. They were gone about three weeks, had a pleasant visit, and Mr. DeMott's health is improved some.

Mr. Ed. Burnett succeeded in conquering the Black Hills fever and has resolved to try what virtue there is in a claim. Ed and family moved west to Sumner County about two weeks ago.

Many of our farmers are contemplating breaking prairie this season. They are not discouraged yet, nor will they be so long as the prospects for a railroad are as flattering as they are with us at present.

Master Fred Houser reports the prairie covered with flowers and the grass from two to six inches long in the Nation, 72 miles south of Arkansas City.

Mr. Winslow has rented and moved on Mr. Major's farm in West Bolton. Mr. Sample formerly occupied the farm. He moved to Prof. Wilkinson's farm.

The prospects for a good wheat crop were never more flattering, should the hoppers stay away. The peach crop is all right as yet. We expect a heavy yield this year.

No marriages, births, or deaths in our township of late. C. C. H.

[COMMUNICATION FROM "D. M. PATTON"CEDAR TOWNSHIP.]

Arkansas City Traveler, March 28, 1877.

CEDAR TOWNSHIP, March 17.
A daughter was born to Mr. and Mrs. Sanford Day on the 13th inst., and to Mr. and Mrs. Graham on the 9th.

Our wheat prospect is not as good as could be expected in this neighborhood. Farming is going on in good earnest. We will have any quantity of peaches this year.

A number of newcomers have taken claims and made their residences among us. Mr. A. T. Hackett is our school teacher, and has given satisfaction. School closes in one week.

D. M. PATTON.
[BUSINESS NOTICES.]

Arkansas City Traveler, March 28, 1877.

100 Bushels of Corn for sale by F. M. Vaughn, 3 miles east of town.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 28, 1877.

Choice dried fruit, California dried Pears, California dried Nectarines, California dried Peaches, California alden dried apples at H. Godehard.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 28, 1877.

All unsettled accounts of R. A. Houghton & Co., not settled by April 20th will be placed in the hands of the Justice of the Peace for collection. We mean business and must have money.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 28, 1877.

Horse Bills. We have a horse and jack cut and are prepared to execute horse bills in a workmanlike manner, and on reasonable terms.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 28, 1877.

AUCTION. I will sell at my residence in Arkansas City, at 10 o'clock a.m., on Saturday, March 31st, 1877, my household effects, consisting of furniture, stoves, dishes, etc.

W. S. HUNT.
Arkansas City Traveler, March 28, 1877.

A GOOD TEAM, harness and wagon, for sale for cash, on time, on first mortgage security. R. A. HOUGHTON.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 28, 1877.

45 acres of good corn ground for rent on liberal terms. J. H. SHERBURNE.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 28, 1877.

LAND FOR SALE OR RENT. The undersigned has five quarter sections of land at his disposal which he will sell or rent on favorable terms. Three of the above tracts have houses on them. For further particulars, apply to Rev. David Thompson, of this city.

[MORE PERSONALS.]

Arkansas City Traveler, March 28, 1877.

THE CENTRAL AVENUE has a parrot. It can say almost anything.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 28, 1877.

A great many red birds are found in the timber near this place.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 28, 1877.

A Creek Indian lives in a $8,000 house and has 2,000 head of cattle.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 28, 1877.

The new head of the Indian Herald does not improve it. It looks too much like a Sunday School paper.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 28, 1877.

A new mail route is to be established from Eureka, by Grouse Creek, Lazette, Dexter, and Cabin Valley to Arkansas City.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 28, 1877.

The Osages were in town last week, again, and arrangements were made with them to give a war dance at this place next 4th of July.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 28, 1877.

The young man who murdered the old stock man on Turkey Creek, Indian Territory, last fall, has been found. An account of the murder was published in the TRAVELER.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 28, 1877.

AL MOWRY lost one of his fine gray mares last Wednesday, within twelve hours from the time he arrived with them. The animal was cut open and a hole found in its bowels, eaten by botts.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 28, 1877.

We are sorry to learn that Ed. Finney is soon to return to Osage Agency, to take his former place in Florer & Rankin's store. His older brother will take his place in the Livery here. Ed. has a host of acquaintances and warm friends at this place, as he deserves to have.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 28, 1877.

JACK BEAL has returned from Arkansas, where he went to buy mules. Jacob is one of those old fashioned, hardy, good natured mountaineers that we are always glad to meet; as genial as the noonday sun. Once a friend, always a friend, slow to wrath but quick to resent an injury.

[AD: ROSE HILL NURSERY.]

Arkansas City Traveler, March 28, 1877.

LOOK OUT! MEN FOUND ALIVE!
W. B. Trissell, agent of Rose Hill Nursery, Chetopa, Kansas, has a sample of the most thrifty and best assortment of Nursery Stock, Ornamental Trees, Hedge, etc., that we have ever seen in Southern Kansas or elsewhere. Their sales of last spring have given entire satisfaction. They have established a

NURSERY 3-1/2 MILES EAST OF ARKANSAS CITY,
On the farm of S. E. Maxwell, and will continue to deal out justice to the patrons of ROSE HILL NURSERY.

Time until Oct. 1, 1877, will be given to good parties. Call and examine their prices and stock. Satisfaction guaranteed. The agent can be found at the City Hotel, in Winfield, or Central Avenue Hotel, Arkansas City.

LEWIS WILLIAMS, Chetopa,
S. E. MAXWELL, Arkansas City, PROPRIETORS.

W. B. TRISSELL, AGENT.

[NARROW GAUGE RAILROAD.]

Arkansas City Traveler, April 3, 1877. Front Page.

[Much attention on the front page was given to the strong possibility that Arkansas City would see a Narrow Gauge Railroad come to pass in this vicinity. I skipped all of this. MAW]

REV. S. D. HINMAN: LABORS AMONG INDIANS.]

Arkansas City Traveler, April 3, 1877. Front Page.

Following comment made by Editor C. M. Scott.

[As many of our readers remember Rev. Hinman, who accompanied the Sioux to this place and delivered a sermon not long since, we publish the following account of his labors among Indians taken from the Indian Herald published at Osage Agency, Indian Territory.]

Rev. S. D. Hinman.
In a glance at the daily papers, we see "The Treacherous Redskins" in bold capitals, and if these partisan sheets afforded us our only means of obtaining a knowledge of Indians, we should feel more excusable in believing them to be untrustworthy, but while the Iape Oaye, Indian Herald, and similar publications are contained as disseminators of truth among impartial thinkers, "The Treacherous Red Skins," as such, will never be known to any save the treacherous and untrustworthy whites; and while such hearts beat as the one which throbs in the bosom of the man whose name heads this article, there can always be shown a better side, than is represented by political tricksters.

More than twenty years ago the Rev. Mr. Hinman went, alone and unprotected by any save He who touches with a finger of love, tenders and softens the hardest hearts, to the lodges of the Indians on the Minnesota River, where he commenced camp life as one of their own number, and when they were satisfied of his good intentions, he commenced the work of instruction of the children and their mothers, and through them he reached the wild and war-like fathers.

In the Indian war of 1861, Mr. Hinman was warned of impending danger by his Indian friends in time to take them to a military post for protection, and after the storm was over, they were removed to Dakota Territory where many of them died of starvation during the first winter. Here they built a chapel and also established three stations or outposts. The work of civilizing and christianizing Sioux Indians had a small beginning, but it has been blessed and continuous to advance.

Four Indian clergymen, two of whom are full blood Sioux, are now engaged on the proof sheets of a bible and common prayer book which are being printed in their own language. They now have several publications of their own and among which is the "Gospel among the Dakotas" which we think would interest any of our readers. Nine of the tribe became ministers and preach the gospel to their own people and in their own language, often at the risk of their lives.

One of these pioneers of the gospel was waylaid and killed by a brother in ambush, and another froze to death. Meetings for religious worship are attended by Indians from every quarter of the reservation; they have a full blood organist and a full blood choir.

[EDITORIAL COLUMNS.]

Arkansas City Traveler, April 3, 1877.

A committee composed of Wm. Allison, Cliff. Wood, Frank Williams, Rev. Platter, E. C. Manning, and Dr. Mansfield from Winfield visited this place Tuesday, March 27, for the purpose of combining an east and west railroad proposition with the Walnut Valley project. A meeting was held in Pearson's Hall in the afternoon, and a committee of seven elected to meet and confer with them, composed of Amos Walton, James Benedict, Frank Lorry, S. P. Channell, C. R. Mitchell, J. C. McMullen, and C. M. Scott.

The committee from this place agreed to unite the two propositions if they could be voted on at the same time on the same ballot, and if it was not legal to vote for both on the same ballot, then they wanted the Winfield people to vote for the Walnut Valley project first, and our people would give them every reasonable assurance and pledges that they would support the proposition offered, or any definite project from the east.

No positive agreement could be made and the matter was adjourned.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 3, 1877.

Railroad Meeting.
A meeting was held at Pearson's Hall on Tuesday, March 27th, to consult with a delegation from Winfield on railroad matters. S. P. Channell was elected chairman and I. H. Bonsall, secretary.

Rev. Platter requested Col. Manning to address the meeting, and explain a proposition he had with him for an east and west road; also to inform our citizens of the actions of meetings held at Winfield on railroad matters. He said that Winfield wished to avoid a clash, if possible, and to come to some understanding with this part of the county in regard to railroads. Mr. Millington and himself were sent by the people of Winfield to the eastern part of the State, to see what the prospects were for an east and west line. They went to Fredonia first, and found things too uncertain there to make it worthwhile to wait on the uncertainty; from thence to Parsons, where they found the people holding a conference with Eastern contractors; from there they proceeded to Oswego, and found the situation such as to give no hope of help from that quarter. They then returned to Parsons, and had a full conference with the Parsons men, and found as good prospects for a road from that point as from Emporia.

Col. Manning admitted that a proposition he read for the Parsons road had not been accepted by the railroad company, but that he would make the company accept it.

They returned by the Parsons route proposed, and in their estimation found a good route. The franchise is being worked up as far as the east line of Elk County.

In Elk County the petition had been signed by a sufficient number, but they preferred to change the proposition from township bonds to county bonds, as the recent change in the railroad law made it possible to carry county bonds.

Winfield feels that an election for railroad bonds at this time would be premature, and prefers to wait until the other counties have voted and secured a line to Cowley County.

Rev. Platter thought Col. Manning had given a true version of the case as it now stood, and said that Mr. Hamilton, a civil engineer, wanted Winfield to call an election for the Parsons road. He believed that the present proposition of the Emporia road was such as would not be sustained at all, there being clauses which, in his estimation, could not be changed to suit at all.

He said Winfield wanted an east and west proposition submitted at the same time that the north and south proposition was submitted, and that if Arkansas City wanted a north and south road, she must consent to an east and west road to secure the support of Winfield.

C. M. Scott moved to appoint a committee of seven to confer with the Winfield delega- tion, and see if a compromise could not be agreed upon. After considerable discussion, the motion was seconded, and the following committee appointed: Frank Lorry, of Bolton, Amos Walton, C. R. Mitchell, S. P. Channell, James Benedict, C. M. Scott, and Col. McMullen.

On motion meeting adjourned, to give the committees time to confer.

S. P. CHANNELL, Chairman.
I. H. BONSALL, Secretary.

[Note: The paragraph wherein Winfield would not back a north/south road unless Arkansas City went along at the same time with an east/west road to Winfield. Other papers picked up on this movement by the Winfield people and objected!]

[FIRE: CEDAR VALE.]

Arkansas City Traveler, April 3, 1877.

An Exciting Day in Cedar Vale.
On Thursday, the 22nd inst., about half past nine a.m., the cry of fire! fire! rang out shrill and clear upon the morning air.

A large crowd soon gathered at the scene, and they found a barn and haystacks belonging to Mr. Davis all ablaze. The barn was situated between his dwelling and store, and the first efforts were to put out the fire. But they found it impossible, and then turned their attention to protecting the store, and a large corn crib which was contiguous.

By strong and effective work on behalf of the citizens, the fire was kept away from the store. The corn crib, containing several hundred bushels of corn, twice caught fire, but was each time put out. The loss is estimated at from $500 to $800.

The fire is supposed to have originated from sparks flying from the flue of his dwelling. It was a very windy dayblowing a perfect gale, and sparks were seen dropping near the barn. There were numerous people from the country who assisted in putting out the fire. Otherwise, the whole town would, doubtless, have been laid in ruins.

After the fire was entirely subdued, the cry of fire again startled the citizens. This time the fire originated in the building known as the Titus house, occupied by Mr. Cox and the editor's family. This fire also was caused by a defective flue. Citizens again answered the call and this fire was soon extinguished, doing but very little damage. Blade.

[INDIAN HERALD ITEMS.]

Arkansas City Traveler, April 3, 1877.

White people must get off of this reservation.

The atmosphere was laden with the fragrance of the deaddogs.

David Finney will quit the Osages and try his hand in Arkansas City.

Governor Florer is studying botany. He has the largest garden of our knowledge.

[PERSONALS.]

Arkansas City Traveler, April 3, 1877.

ELMS are in bloom.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 3, 1877.

JOE DISSER has a jour.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 3, 1877.

PEACH trees are in bloom.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 3, 1877.

BEES are gathering pollen.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 3, 1877.

NEW AWNING in front of Hartsock's.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 3, 1877.

NEWMAN wants all the wheat he can buy.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 3, 1877.

KICKAPOOS are coming in from the hunt.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 3, 1877.

OSAGES say the eagle is not the king of birds.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 3, 1877.

We must have more dwelling houses in town.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 3, 1877.

MR. SAMUEL HOYT left this morning for Canada.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 3, 1877.

JOHN SMALLEY has returned to the land of promise.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 3, 1877.

OSAGES think the sun sets in a hole in the ground.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 3, 1877.

THOS. E. BERRY purchased A. O. Porter's house yesterday.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 3, 1877.

MISS MATTIE MITCHELL has recovered sufficiently to sit up in bed.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 3, 1877.

JAMES I. MITCHELL sold seventeen sets of harness to the Osages this week.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 3, 1877.

BERRY BROS. sold over $200 worth of groceries to the Pawnees last week.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 3, 1877.

ESQUIRE COBURN and Samuel Jay leave for Colorado next week, by wagon.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 3, 1877.

CAPT. NORTH, of Emporia, made his regular visit to this place last week.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 3, 1877.

HENRY PRUDEN, the enterprising farmer of Salt City, has forty acres of corn planted.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 3, 1877.

A printer by the name of Norton called this week. He was on his spring's wandering tour.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 3, 1877.

MR. FINLEY, who bought a part of the Wilson farm north of town, last fall, will be here this week.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 3, 1877.

The survey of the Arkansas City and Independence State road began at this place late today.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 3, 1877.

The fire last week in South Bend destroyed full grown hedges, several stables, and a quantity of corn.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 3, 1877.

H. P. STANDLEY made a trip to Wichita this week to "prove up" on his 80 acre claim, near Grouse Creek.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 3, 1877.

SHERB HUNT's house came very near being destroyed by fire last Friday. It caught from the stove pipe.

[CITY ELECTION.]

Arkansas City Traveler, April 3, 1877.

CITY ELECTION. The election of city officers took place last Monday, quietly and peaceably, with the following result.

Mayor: Dr. Kellogg.

Police Judge: Jas. Christian.

Councilmen: James Benedict, H. P. Farrar, James I. Mitchell, H. Godehard, I. H. Bonsall.

There was another ticket in the field, composed of Wm. Sleeth for Mayor, Judge Christian for Police Judge, and A. A. Newman, O. P. Houghton, E. D. Eddy, J. A. Loomis, and J. T. Shepard, for Councilmen; but as one was composed of, or was generally understood to be "license" men, the issue was made "license" and "anti-license," and the vote stood 70 for the former and 41 for the latter. Both tickets were composed of the best men of the community.

[MORE PERSONALS.]

Arkansas City Traveler, April 3, 1877.

MARRIED. At the residence of the bride's father, on Wednesday, March 28th, by Rev. S. B. Fleming, MR. WILLIAM N. WRIGHT and MISS XINA COWLES, both of this county.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 3, 1877.

MR. ABNER LEMERT, OF CEDARVALE, AND I. H. BONSALL, OF ARKANSAS CITY, appointed Road Commissioners to locate State Road from Arkansas City, in Cowley County, to Independence, Montgomery County, met at Arkansas City, Monday, April 2nd, and elected J. S. Cotton to fill the vacancy occasioned by I. H. Pugh's absence. After being sworn in, Mr. Lemert was elected Chairman and I. H. Bonsall, secretary.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 3, 1877.

NEW ARRIVALS. On the night of the 29th of March, at the residences of two of our citizens, Judge Christian and J. M. Holloway, each of said families have two additional mouths to provide for. The youngsters are all pert and lively. With this kind of immigration, Cowley will soon take rank with the most populous counties in the State.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 3, 1877.

CORN is worth more at this place than at Wichita. Here it is held at 30 cents, and at Wichita it is but 26; and the farmers ask 30 cents for corn in the crib in this vicinity. Very little wheat is being hauled to Wichita, and buyers say it is the dullest time they have had for a long time.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 3, 1877.

MR. TRISSELL, the invincible tree agent, has closed out about all of his trees, hedge, small fruit, etc., at this city. Parties that ordered stock increased their orders from one-third to one-half, claiming the stock to be better than represented. Such a gentleman is worthy of patronage.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 3, 1877.

We notice by the Indian Herald that our friend, James G. Chatham, of the Kansas City Times, had his leg broken while on his way to the Osage Agency. We are sorry for Jim, but then he is fearful tough and can stand it.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 3, 1877.

PONY SALE. Thirty head of ponies were sold at Cheyenne Agency last Saturday, being the property of Richard Wanamaker, who was murdered by Dick Simpson near Cheyenne Agency on November 24th, 1876.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 3, 1877.

DIED. Of consumption, on Saturday, March 31st, after many weeks of painful suffering, James Barr, aged 25 years. He leaves a wife and three children. The burial ceremony was performed on last Sunday.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 3, 1877.

In the race for Mayor last Monday, H. D. Kellogg received 72 votes, Major Sleeth 40, and Rev. Thompson 1.

For Police Judge, James Christian received 112 votes, and Rev. David Thompson 1.

For Councilmen, Jas. Benedict received 72, E. P. Farrar 72, Jas. I. Mitchell 72, H. Godehard 71, I. H. Bonsall 71, A. A. Newman 40, O. P. Houghton 40, E. D. Eddy 40, J. A. Loomis 40, Dr. J. T. Shepard 40, Rev. Wingar 1, Rev. Swarts 1, Rev. Will York 1, L. C. Norton 1, J. C. Topliff 3, Sherb Hunt 1.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 3, 1877.

The employees on the Arkansas City and Independence State road are John Myrtle, surveyor; J. C. Evans and Marshal Evans, chainmen; P. Lorry, flagman, W. J. Gray, marksman; Chas. Balcom, cook; Jas. Jordon and a man from Cedar Vale, teamsters, and the three Commissioners, I. H. Bonsall, J. S. Cotton, of Montgomery County, and A. Lemert of Chautauqua County.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 3, 1877.

BADLY BURNED. MR. COLLINS, living near Flat Station, set fire to the grass Monday evening, while his two little children were close by, and the flames caught the clothes of his little girl, and before they could be subdued, burned her so badly that it is doubtful if she will recover, and even is she should, it is thought her arm would have to be amputated.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 3, 1877.

WINFIELD CITY OFFICERS. The election of city officers at Winfield last Monday resulted in the following vote: For MayorR. L. Walker, 119, Dr. Davis, 82. Police JudgeJ. W. Curns, 197. CouncilmenWilson, 201; Jachon, 195; Baird, 197; S. C. Smith 122; Cliff Wood, 106; Charles Black, 88; S. H. Myton, 89. The first five were elected.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 3, 1877.

A PROPOSITION to include the road from town to the Arkansas River bridge, into this road district, has been suggested by Judge McIntire and meets with general favor. By that means the road tax of this district could be used to good advantage in making it a passable road. Heretofore all the road tax has not been expended.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 3, 1877.

A meeting of the board of Creswell and Bolton Townships will be held at the bridge Friday morning at ten o'clock to examine the Arkansas River bridge and decide upon repairing it.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 3, 1877.

AGENT BEEDE, wife and daughter were here yesterday. Also, Mr. Hopkins, of Osage Agency. It is a pleasure to see such representatives of the peace commissioners as Mr. Beede.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 3, 1877.

CHARLES McINTIRE, who has been in Arkansas for several months, returned last week. Will Leonard, who went with him, remained there. Charley don't go much on that region.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 3, 1877.

MR. CRIM left for Colorado yesterday. Nesmite, Dwyer, Sherb. Hunt, John Grimes, and A. O. Porter start for California and Oregon soon, and Austin Bailey has left for Emporia.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 3, 1877.

RUNAWAY. A team belonging to Mr. Stansburry, ran with a wagon a distance of six miles yesterday. They started up the Arkansas and ran into town before they were stopped.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 3, 1877.

WAGA-res-sa-gab-ha, (Ed. Finney), is visiting Osage Agency this week. The above is his Indian name, and means "make write," or the man that writes.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 3, 1877.

BUB. WILSON killed a rattlesnake with seventeen rattles and a button on its tail. A. O. Hoyt purchased it and sent it with his father to Canada.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 3, 1877.

MISS MINNIE HOUGHTON returned to her home in Weld, Maine, last Monday, in company with T. H. McLaughlin.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 3, 1877.

JUDGE CHRISTIAN's twins are doing finely. The little fellows are as pert as crickets, and as playful as kittens.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 3, 1877.

BORN. To Mr. and Mrs. McCormick a nine pound girl, Tuesday evening. Dr. Holland, general superintendent.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 3, 1877.

DIED. On the 28th inst., Albert G., son of Mr. and Mrs. Lafayette Goodrich. Age 3 years and 8 months.

[BUSINESS NOTICES.]

Arkansas City Traveler, April 3, 1877.

1,000 LADIES WANTED. To examine my New and Elegant Stock of Millinery. Ladies' Furnishing and Fancy Goods. Prices to suit all. Goods as cheap as the cheapest. Berlin Patterns of every style. Room corner Central Avenue and Summit Streets, Arkansas City.

MRS. D. B. HARTSOCK.
Arkansas City Traveler, April 3, 1877.

NOTICE. I will be absent some two or three weeks on business. All work due can be had by calling at the house. I. H. BONSALL.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 3, 1877.

FOUND at the church Wednesday evening, a lady's handkerchief.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 3, 1877.

100 Bushels of corn for sale by F. M. Vaughn, 3 miles east of town.

[RETAIL MARKET.]

Arkansas City Traveler, April 3, 1877.

Retail Market.
Prints, 8-1/4 cents

Flour, $3.50 @ $4.00

Bacon, 16 cents

Lard, 12 cents

Butter, 18 @ 20 cents

Eggs, 8 cents

Molasses, 60 @ $1.25

Sugar from, 6 to 8 lbs. for $1

Dried Apples, 10 @ 12 cents

Peaches, 15 cents

Currants, 12-1/2 cents

Prunes, 10 cents

Blackberries, 15 cents

Salt, $1.75 @ $2.00 cwt.

Rope, 15 cents

Potatoes, $1.00 bu.

Tea from, 40 @ $1.25

Coffee from, 25 to 40 cents

Coal Oil, 50 cents

Flooring from, $2.50 @ $4.00

Common Boards, $3.50

Siding, $2.70

Lathes, per 1,000, $5.50

Native Lumber, $2.15 @ $2.50

Pine Shingles, $4.00

SKINS PER PIECE.
Skunk and pole cat, 10 to 25 cents

Kitten, 25 cents

Opossum, 60 cents

Coon, 25 to 50 cents

Wild cat, 20 cents

Badger, 10 to 20 cents

Mink, 60 cents

Wolf, 40 to 75 cents

Beaver, 75 cents to $1.25 per lb.

[BRIDGE NOTICE.]

Arkansas City Traveler, April 3, 1877.

NOTICE. Notice is hereby given that the Board of Creswell Township will issue to the Missouri Valley Bridge Co. on the 1st day of May, A. D. 1877, bonds to the amount of two thousand dollars ($2,000), for the purpose of building a bridge over the Walnut River near Newman's mill.

Signed, T. McINTIRE, Trustee,

WYARD E. GOOCH, Treasurer,

W. D. MOWRY, Clerk.

[SALT CITY ITEMS.]

Arkansas City Traveler, April 3, 1877.

SALT CITY, March 30, 1877.
A mining party leaves here next week for the San Juan mines. Among the number are J. J. Letts, Dr. Covell, Jno. Reynolds, Will and Hugh Walker.

While Dr. Covell was out hunting geese, his gun bursted, and a piece of the barrel struck him in the face. He is doing well.

An entertainment was given by the Salt City Literary Society last Thursday evening. It was a grand success.

A great many grasshoppers were hatched out previous to the last rain storm; from appearances most of them were destroyed.

Born to Mr. and Mrs. O. J. Palmer, on the 18th inst., a boy, weight 10-1/2 pounds, all doing well.

[MORE PERSONALS.]

Arkansas City Traveler, April 3, 1877.

Trees are leafing out; Geese are flying north.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 3, 1877.

Prairie fires can be seen every night.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 3, 1877.

The Kaw Indians are dying at a fearful rate.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 3, 1877.

While some of the leaders of Winfield oppose the present offer of a railroad, all the mechanics and laboring men know it will be for their interests, and will vote for it.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 3, 1877.

A shower of rain fell last Wednesday night, during which thunder and lightning prevailed, and the chimney of Thos. Baker's restaurant was struck, cracking the chimney, but doing no serious damage.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 3, 1877.

A tenant house belonging to Rev. D. Thompson, near the Parker schoolhouse, with forty bushels of corn belonging to his tenant, W. H. Sims, was burned on the night of the 26th, through the recklessness of some persons who set fire to the grass near said dwelling.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 3, 1877.

The following teachers received certificates at the examination at Winfield, Friday and Saturday, March 23rd and 24th.

Misses Emma Burden, Sallie Levering, Sarah E. Davis, Jennie Hanse, Ida Roberts, Arvilla Elliott, Mary Tucker, Effie Randall, Mary Lynn Emma Saint, Dora Winslow.

Mrs. M. S. Tucker, Mr. S. J. Hospell, Mrs. A. R. Houser, Mrs. Adelia Baird.

Sixteen received certificates. Whole number of applicants thirty-seven. The first three received first grades. Many who failed have been teaching in the county two and three years.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 3, 1877.

WINFIELD CITY OFFICERS.

Mayor, D. A. Millington.

Police Judge, J. W. Curns.

Members of the Council: M. G. Troup, C. A. Bliss, H. Brotherton, T. B. Myers.

Clerk, B. F. Baldwin.

City Attorney, J. E. Allen.

Marshal, Walter Dening.

Examining Surgeon U. S. Pensioners: W. Q. Mansfield.

TOWNSHIP OFFICERS.

Trustee, J. S. Hunt.

Treasurer, B. F. Baldwin.

Clerk, E. S. Bedillion.

Justices of the Peace: Wm. M. Boyer; J. W. Carns.

Constables: Ed. Evans; Burt Covert.

[RAILROAD REJECTED.]

Arkansas City Traveler, April 3, 1877.

The County to be Deprived of a Railroad
On Account of Local Jealousies.
The following letter from the representatives of the Kansas City, Emporia and Southern Railway, to the committee who were sent from this place to overtake and confer with them, explains itself, and it is plain to all under the present disposition of some parties who claim to represent communities, if their course of action is not changed, the county will be deprived of a railroad.

HOWARD CITY, KAS., March 17th, 1877.
Messrs. W. M. Sleeth and T. H. McLaughlin:

GENTLEMEN: As representatives of the company proposing to construct the Kansas City, Emporia and Southern R. R., we thought it unadvisable to submit the matter to the further consideration of the people of your county, owing to divisions arising from local jealousies. In this view we may be mistaken. As you desire, however, to have an expression of your county, we will say that if you act promptly and favorably upon the proposition, the company will build the road. (Signed) C. V. ESKRIDGE. AND J. K. FINLEY.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 3, 1877.

At a railroad meeting, called at Winfield on the 14th inst., to take in consideration a proposition from the representatives from the Kansas City, Emporia and Southern railroad company to extend their contemplated line of narrow gauge road down the Walnut Valley, in consideration of certain aid to be furnished by the county, the proposition was, by vote, rejected, thus giving the company to understand that the people of Winfield are no narrow gauge men, especially when that gauge is not exclusively in the interest of that city.

Oxford Independent.

[SOME FIGURES RE NARROW/STANDARD GAUGE RAILROADS.]

Arkansas City Traveler, April 11, 1877. Front Page.

RECAP OF LONG ARTICLE.

STANDARD GAUGE (4 FEET 8-1/2 INCHES). Iron laid on standard gauge roads is usually 56 pounds or 60 pounds to the yard; the cost laid down in Kansas would be about $48 per ton, or from $4,224 to $4,524 per mile.

NARROW GAUGE (3 FEET). Iron laid on narrow gauge roads weighs 30 pounds to the yard; the cost laid down in Kansas would be about _________ [not given in this article.]

COMPARATIVE COST PER MILE OF STANDARD AND NARROW GAUGE:

Engineering: Standard $1,500; Narrow $900.

Grading: Standard $1,350; Narrow $900.

Spikes: Standard $300; Narrow $200.

Fish-plates: Standard $250; Narrow $140.

Bolts: Standard $75; Narrow $50.

Ties, 2,640 to the mile: Standard $870; Narrow $580.

Iron, 56 pounds to the yard: Standard $4,824; Narrow $2,356.

Bridging and Culverts: Standard $550; Narrow $300.

Right-of-way, assuming that a large portion would be donated: Standard $275; Narrow $200.

Station houses, water stations, etc.: Standard $400; Narrow $300.

Sundries: Standard $300; Narrow $150.

Fencing: Standard $400; Narrow $400.

Track laying and surfacing: Standard $500; Narrow $225.

Standard Gauge. Cost of road per mile: $9,944.

Narrow Gauge. Cost of road per mile: $5,951.

Rolling stock for a moderate equipment: Standard $4,800; Narrow $3,500.

Cost of road and equipment per mile: Standard $14,444; Narrow $8,451.

[Facts obtained from the Chicago InterOcean.]

Arkansas City Traveler, April 11, 1877.

Fight Between the Comanches and White Hunters.
From a gentleman who has just returned from Fort Sill, we learn that a fight took place between eight hunters and a band of 250 Quahada Comanche renegade Indians known as Mauwa's band, who have been absent from the Agency some time, in the Pan Handle of Texas, about 200 miles west of the Kiowa and Comanche Agency, not far from Double Mountain. The whites had lost some ponies and followed the trail until they came upon them in a ravine, when one man held the horses while the seven went to fight. Finding more Indians than they expected, the man left had to tie the horses, in order to help. The Indians seeing the horses tied ran upon them and stampeded them. The hunters finally had to beat a retreat, following a creek all day, in order to keep out of sight. The Indians, thinking that there were a number of whites, did not push them, so that by several days hard travel they reached a trading post and were safe. In the fight "Spotted Jack," a half-breed darkey, was wounded in the left thigh. D. Cairns, who came up the road with a load of buffalo meat, last week, had been with Marshall Sewell, of Missouri, who had been killed a few days before the fight took place. There are about 500 buffalo hunters in the Pan Handle, and a company of 100 men was organized and started in pursuit of the band that murdered Sewell, from Charley Rath's ranche. Also a company of soldiers from Fort Griffin, Texas, and two from Fort Sill, Indian Territory, and two from Fort Elliot, Texas.

The above report comes direct from Mr. N. A. Haight, and we believe will be substantiated.

["A. W." LASHES OUT AT EDITOR E. C. MANNING.]

Arkansas City Traveler, April 11, 1877. Editorial Item.

CLEAR THE DECKS!
Nail Down the Hatchways!
Prepare for Action.
This is the language of the heading of an unfair article in the Courier of March 29. If it means anything, it means a deadly, bitter fight; and it would be well if all the fair and impartial citizens of Cowley County would honestly consider what this man, who thus pretends to represent the city and citizens of Winfield and the people of Cowley County, is determined to fight in such a bitter way. Surely the city of Winfield must be in great danger to thus have to prepare her decks for action. What is it? you ask. Well it is simply this: Certain gentlemen of known wealth and reputation, having secured the confidence and franchises of Lyon County, proposed to build a road of three feet gauge to and through the city of Winfield. The Courier man has said himself that the men who are backing the road are able to build it.

Then flows an enumeration of Winfield objections to the proposition of the company, which is characterized as an arbitrary provision. Now will the people of Cowley County go back on the record a few years and test the sincerity of the citizens of Winfield, and of the writer of the article, "Clear the Decks." He and they not only advocated such a proposition before, but he, the aforesaid writer, was very anxious to have the escrow part fulfilled. He hankered more after crow a year or two ago than he does now. Then it was perfectly proper and safe; now it is dangerous. Now, again, go back on the record a little over a year ago, when the writer of "Clear the Decks," was anxious to form a local company and build a narrow gauge road from Emporia. If this gentleman and one or two others who were intimately connected with him will refresh their memories, they will find that they stated over and over again that $150,000 was not enough for building through the county.

You see it makes some difference who is to handle the bonds as to how much the county ought to giveaccording to some people's notions. Now we will make a quotation to show the unfairness of this article, and the evident determination of the writer, whose malignant feeling toward Arkansas City is shown in every line. We quote:

"Without coming to any agreement, the gentlemen went to Arkansas City, and soon thereafter we find men in every township in the county from Arkansas City, circulating petitions."

An omission of the writer makes a lie and a misstatement in the above as much so as though he had put it into words. He should have been sworn to tell the whole truth.

He forgot to tell the people of Cowley County that the gentlemen representing the road returned to Winfield, and with them a deputation of the best citizens of Arkansas City, and that they stayed all day; and that the citizens of Winfield would not even get together in a room and state what modifications they wanted, nor listen to any terms of agreement, but treated the citizens of their neighboring city with such marked disrespect as to amount almost to insult; that they said, in effect, "Winfield controls the countywhen we get ready to say the word, Arkansas City and the country townships can walk up to the trough and drink, and not until then."

After this, in the same article, comes a statement in regard to a committee from Winfield visiting Arkansas City, and again the writer's memory proves treacherous, and he only states that their committee offered to put in $100,000 each for an east and west and a north and south roadforgetting entirely to state that they offered to give $120,000 to a north and south road, and take just enough to bring an east and west road to the city of Winfield, and no further.

He forgot, also, to state that they had no reliable, reasonable project to present at Arkansas City, or anywhere else, in regard to a road from the east.

To conclude this article, I would make this one observation in the shape of an appeal to all fair minded citizens, and especially to the farmers and producers of the county: There is in the article referred to a feeling of malignity exhibited against a thriving village in your midst, in which you cannot share. It may be only the members of a bitter political controversy, only existing in the mind of one man, and it may be the feeling of property holders in the city of Winfield, who think that they will be largely benefitted by anything which will destroy the growth of a sister town. But neither reason applies to the large majority of the citizens of the county. Every dollar of taxable property added to either city helps the county so much towards lightening the burden of taxation, and is an aid to them. A. W.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 11, 1877. Editorial Item.

Railroad Matters.
The committee who went from this place to Augusta, learning that Mr. Young and Gov. Eskridge intended going to Winfield to confer with the people of that place, at the urgent request of one of the citizens and a member of the Railroad Committee of Winfield, sent word for a delegation to come up to agree to a new proposition. A number went, but upon their arrival, found that no agreement could be made, as the Committee of Winfield had stated they could not entertain any proposition from the north, as they had one from the east. Mr. Young and Gov. Eskridge then came to this place and submitted the proposition to Creswell Township to build their road down the west side of the Walnut by Township aid. The same proposition will be submitted to Rock, Nennescah, Vernon, Beaver, Creswell, Bolton, and probably Pleasant Valley Townships, and if the aid is rendered, the road will be built.

In the evening a large and enthusiastic meeting was held at the church, during which a stirring speech was made by Mr. Eskridge, and remarks by Mr. Young, Rev. Fleming, Judge Christian, Amos Walton, Mr. Channell, and others, after which a committee of eleven were appointed as follows, as Managing Committee, with power to appoint Finance, Canvassing, and Sub-Committees: Dr. Hughes, O. P. Houghton, C. M. Scott, A. A. Newman, James Christian, J. C. McMullen, S. B. Fleming, M. R. Leonard, Amos Walton, R. C. Haywood and S. P. Channell.

The Committee then elected Dr. Hughes, President, J. C. McMullen, Vice President, Amos Walton, Secretary, and R. C. Haywood, Treasurer. The hour being late, the Committee then adjourned.

[COMMUNICATION FROM "L" TO SCOTT.]

Arkansas City Traveler, April 11, 1877.

A Farmer's Opinion of the Railroad.
FLORAL P. O., March 25, 1877.
MR. SCOTT: Although not a constant reader of your paper, I see it occasionally, through the friendship of my old Kentucky friend, James Christian, of your place. I see your people are advocating a railroad down the Walnut valley, and I saw your petition and signed it last week, but at the time I told Mr. Christian that I would vote against it. But as I have been considering the matter over in my own mind, and have come to the conclusion to vote for the bonds.

Nearly all the people in my neighborhood favored an east and west road, and we are still in favor of one of that kind if we could get it; but I see no hopes of one soon. I am an old man, and have lived here on Timber Creek six years. I am getting tired waiting for a railroad, and will now favor this one, the first tangible proposition that I have seen, and shall advise my neighbors to do likewise.

Cowley is a big county, and all cannot have a road to their door yard. I find that by an examination of the little maps that Mr. Christian gave me that not a man in ranges 3, 4 and 5 (the best half of the county) will be more than 10 miles from some point on that road. This is near enough in all conscience for any of us. We can start from home in the morning with a load; go to the railroad, and be back home before night to do our chores, feed our stock, etc., as no farmer ought to be away from home after night if possible.

I am a Republican, and a believer in "the greatest good to the greatest number." I further find from that little map that in the three ranges the west half of the county contains 7,401 population, while the three east ranges contain only 2,720a little over one-third of the population of the county. So that the proposed road down the Walnut valley will accommo date two-thirds of the present and prospective population of the county.

I am now fourteen miles northwest of Winfield, but eight miles will take me to Little Dutch P. O., on the line of the road, and I have no doubt but we will have a station at that point or near it; so you see we will not be badly injured if we do not get an east and west road, provided we get one up and down the valley. What first put us in the notion of an east and west road was that nearly all the surveys that were made run up and down our creek. Two of them run across my land. But I am not so selfish as to contend for a road by my own door, to the injury of any neighbors. A road east from Winfield must run up our creek to the head of Grouse in order to cross what is called the flint hills, leaving all the balance of the Grouse Creek valley out in the cold, for we cannot have two east roads in our day.

Therefore, let us be generous and accord the greatest good to the greatest number by going in heart and soul for the Walnut valley road. It takes us five days to make the trip to Wichita and back, and live like hogs while on the road at that. Yours Respectfully, L.

[STORY ABOUT BENDER FAMILY.]

Arkansas City Traveler, April 11, 1877.

Little Rock, April 5. The Kansas detectives passed through Fort Smith yesterday, en route for Kansas with the supposed Bender family, arrested in Crawford County on Tuesday. The family went by the name of Keafor. They were arrested by a Mr. Beard, of Kansas, a private detective, on a requisition from the Governor of Kansas. Beard is the man who discovered the bodies of the murdered York and others, on the Bender's place in Kansas, in 1872. He followed the family down the Atlantic and Pacific road to Pierce City, Mo., and thence to Fairville, in this State. The family separated at Fairville, but reunited at the house of a son of old man Bender, on Cedar Creek, where they engaged in agricultural pursuits.

After satisfying himself as to the identity of the family, the detective, Beard, proceeded to Kansas. The Governor offered a reward of $2,500 and a requisition for George Keafor, alias John Bender, Mrs. Keafor, alias Mrs. Bender, Lena Keafor, alias Kate Bender, and Philip Keafor, alias John Bender, Jr. The arrest was made quietly by the Sheriff, the only resistance being by Kate, who drew a shovel on the detective and attempted to get a pistol, but was prevented from doing anything.

The whole party deny they are the Benders. All the circumstances are so strong that everyone in the locality where the arrests were made believe they are the real Bender family. Keafor made a good citizen, but rested under suspicion ever since his residence in the country. He came into the country on foot, like all the family, one at a time. But the old man soon commenced buying farms and agricultural implements, always having plenty of money to pay his way. Since they left Kansas, Kate has become the mother of two children.

[COWLEY COUNTY DIVIDED: RAILROADS.}

Arkansas City Traveler, April 11, 1877.

Cowley County is divided on her railroad projects. Arkansas City and the north part of the county are in favor of the Kansas City, Emporia & Southern road, while Winfield is opposed to it and wants only an east and west road. If this road cannot get through Cowley, it will have to go round it and into Sumner, where the people are ready and anxious to get it and will doubtless vote the requisite aid. Emporia News.

[COMMUNICATION FROM "ROBINSON CRUSOE" - RED FORK RANCH, I. T.]

Arkansas City Traveler, April 11, 1877.

RED FORK RANCH, INDIAN TERRITORY, April 5th, 1877.
Spring is here again. Grass is growing fine but needs rain. Cattlemen are on the move. A good drive is anticipated this summer.

Most of the Cheyennes and Arapahos are in from their winter buffalo hunt, which has been quite a success. Tanning robes is the squaws' occupation now. A sale of the Warne- makers ponies was made at the Agency on last Saturday. Advertisement has been made for the relatives of the murdered man, but none has yet been found.

The Cheyenne and Arapaho children are just emerging from a siege of the measles and whooping cough.

In company with some parties, a few evenings ago we visited the camping grounds to witness one of their balls. Making our way to one of the lodges which was lighted up, and by the noise and general racket indicated that that was the place of mirth, entering we seated ourselves preparatory to witness the dance. The music eased. The music consisted of two drums, from which, it seemed to me, two Indians were getting all the racket it was possible to be made, and singing (howling) at the top of their voices. Soon one Indian says: "Go John," and pointed to the opening of the lodge, "papoose sick," pointing to a child that was lying on a pallet. "Heap sick, make medicine." We passed out, the racket of the drum and howling commenced.

Well, the general exclamation of the visitors was measles, small-pox, or yellow fever, would be preferable to the making of that medicine.

On last Monday we saw four teams plowing, being handled by the Indian school boys in stirring old ground for corn. Today twelve or fourteen older Cheyennes and Arapahos passed up on their way to Wichita after wagons for the Agency. Some had their wives with them.

Imagine an old bachelor cooking a meal and a lot of ladies looking on. Stumbling around the stove, a dishrag under each arm, burning his fingers, spilling the coffee, dropping the frying pan of meat, a cat on each corner of the table, an old dog and pup fighting over a bone, chickens scratching in the corner, mule looking in at the door, and after you have invited them to be seated at the tableOh! must it be toldhave forgotten to bake bread.

ROBINSON CRUSOE.
[PROPOSALS FOR INDIAN SUPPLIES, GOODS, AND TRANSPORTATION.]

Arkansas City Traveler, April 11, 1877.

DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR,
OFFICE OF INDIAN AFFAIRS,
WASHINGTON, March 30, 1877.
SEALED PROPOSALS, indorsed Proposals for "Beef," Flour, Clothing, Transportation (as the case may be), and directed to the COMMISSIONER OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, No. 40 Leonard St., New York, will be received until 12 m. of TUESDAY, MAY 8, 1877, for fur nishing the following Supplies, Goods, and Transportation required for the Indian Service for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1878:

Beef on the hoof, 34,838,000 pounds.

Flour, 5,764,500 pounds.

Bacon, 879,400 pounds.

Hard-bread, 90,000 pounds.

Corn, 2,464,500 pounds.

Lard, 14,000 pounds.

Mess-pork, 790 barrels.

Coffee, 453,900 pounds.

Sugar, 896,600 pounds.

Tobacco, 59,350 pounds.

Soda, 16,750 pounds.

Baking Powder, 28,340 pounds.

Rice, 83,000 pounds.

Tea, 6,580 pounds.

Beans, 184,500 pounds.

Soap, 118,420 pounds.

Hominy, 153,000 pounds.

ALSO,

Blankets, Clothing, Woolen and Cotton Goods, Hardware, Notions, and Medical Supplies.

ALSO,

Transportation for such of the above supplies as may not be contracted to be delivered at the several Indian Agencies.

Schedules, showing in details the quantities and kinds of goods and supplies required for each Agency, transportation routes, time and place of delivery, conditions to be observed by bidders, and terms of contract and payment, together with blank proposals and forms of contract and bond, will be furnished upon application to this Office (in Washington or at No. 40 Leonard St., New York); to E. M. Kingsley, 30 Clinton Place, New York; to Wm. Nicholson, Superintendent of Indian Affairs, Lawrence, Kansas; to the Commissaries of Subsistence, U. S. A., at St. Louis, Chicago, Sioux City, St. Paul, Leavenworth, Omaha, and Cheyenne; or to the several Indian Agents. J. Q. SMITH, Commissioner.

[PERSONALS.]

Arkansas City Traveler, April 11, 1877.

C. R. MITCHELL is at Topeka.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 11, 1877.

BEAN the jeweler has vacated his stand.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 11, 1877.

GARDNER & CO.'s new drug store will be opened next week.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 11, 1877.

CATTLE now grace on the prairies. Grass is green and abundant.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 11, 1877.

O. P. HOUGHTON had about eighty rods of fence destroyed by the prairie fire east of the Walnut, last Thursday.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 11, 1877.

W. W. WALTON has been tendered a position as clerk in the office of State Superinten dent of Public Instruction.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 11, 1877.

WILL MOWRY has severed his connection with E. D. Eddy, after five years steady application, on account of his health.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 11, 1877.

CORN AND OATS. Bids will be received at Fort Leavenworth, until May 8th, for corn and oats, to be delivered at Fort Gibson, Reno, and Sill, and elsewhere.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 11, 1877.

THOS. CALLAHAN circulated a petition last week asking the Township Trustee to call out a force of men to destroy the festive grasshopper, under the law of last winter.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 11, 1877.

M. E. WELCH, the contractor and superintendent of the stone work upon the M. E. Church building in this place, is a well skilled mechanic and is executing tip-top work in hand. When completed, it will be a credit to him as well as to the city. Courier.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 11, 1877.

The officers of the east and west railroad from Cherokee are Matthewson and L. S. Hamilton of Parsons, J. McCune, of Crawford County, Col. Wilson, of Fort Scott, G. W. Brown, I. W. Lucas, J. N. Dennis, of Cherokee, backed by Mr. Kimball, of New York.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 11, 1877.

MR. JAMES WILSON, of Leavenworth, wrote E. D. Eddy that he would ship his stock of dry goods to this place on Monday, and that he and his family would reach here about Saturday. The church of which he is a member in Leavenworth gave a party in honor of his departure last week.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 11, 1877.

CHEAP LANDS. In another column will be seen a long list of lands advertised by the Arkansas City Bank, that are offered at very reasonable rates, for cash or on time. Any man with a few hundred dollars could make a purchase from the list that would pay him fifty percent on the money invested when the railroad comes.

ONLY GIVING SOME OF THOSE LISTED...

West ½ of Section 36, Township 34, south of Range 3 East; 230 acres, joining Arkansas City; all bottom land; plenty of water and timber. One hundred acres in cultivation. This is a very desirable tract of land; price $3,000. As soon as a railroad reaches here, this place will be worth double this sum.

South ½ of southeast 1/4 of sec. 5, tp. 34, south of range 3 east. This tract is in the finest portion of the Arkansas River Valley; known as the Sweet land; price $600.

N W 1/4 sec 31, tp 33, S R 3 E; very fine bottom land; plenty of timber and water; price $4 per acre; known as the McLane tract.

SE 1/4 sec 22, tp 34, S R 4 E; seventy acres in cultivation; good house, plenty of water; price $1,300; 3-1/2 miles east of Arkansas City; known as the Kerr place.

SW 1/4 sec 22, tp 34, S R 4 E; 135 acres broken; fair house and spring of good water; three miles east of Arkansas City; price $1,400; known as the Huff place.

SE 1/4 sec 23, tp 34, S R 4 E; very fine stock farm, five miles east of Arkansas City; price $1,000; known as the Cave Spring farm.

Lot 2, block 89; lot 25, block 132; lots 5 and 6, block 17; lots 9 and 10, block 150; and five acres of timber land on Arkansas River, near Max Fawcett's farm.

SE 1/4 sec 7, tp 35, S R 4 E; 8 acres in cultivation, three miles south of Arkansas City; plenty of water and some timber. Price $500; known as the Cary farm.

[KANSAS STATE MILITIA.]

Arkansas City Traveler, April 11, 1877.

Kansas State Militia.
From the Military Signal published at Columbus, Ohio, we clip the following, which at this date is rather amusing:

Governor Anthony, Commander in Chief, Topeka.

H. T. Beman, Adjt. Gen., Topeka.

Maj. Gen. Sam'l Walker, Commanding Division, Lawrence.

Brig. Gen. F. H. Dernning, Commanding 1st Brigade, Wathena.

Brig. Gen. T. T. Taylor, Commanding 2nd Brigade, Hutchinson.

Brig. Gen. Percy Daniels, Commanding 3rd Brigade, Girard.

Brig. Gen. H. C. Snyder, Commanding 4th Brigade, Glasco.

Col. G. H. Norton, Arkansas City.

Capt. A. D. Keith, Arkansas City.

Capt. J. R. Musgrove, South Haven.

Capt. R. Hoffmaster, Arkansas City.

Capt. E. R. Evans, Winfield.

Lieut. Geo. Wagstaff, Guelph.

Capt. E. B. Kager, Winfield.

Capt. T. J. Riley, Wellington.

Capt. W. S. Coburn, Arkansas City.

Capt. R. W. McNown, Maple City.

Capt. E. M. Hewins, Cedarvale.

Capt. C. W. Rambo, Elk Falls.

Capt. J. W. Vannoy, Elgin.

Lieut. Jno. Moseley, Medicine Lodge.

Lieut. H. E. Vantrees, Sun City.

Capt. L. C. Smith, Stockton.

Capt. Chas. Schaefer, Ledgwick [? Sedgwick ?].

Capt. Chas. Collins, Hutchinson.

Lieut. Jas. M. Worster, Langdon.

Capt. S. M. Tucker, Wichita.

[WINFIELD CITY ELECTION RESULTS.]

Arkansas City Traveler, April 18, 1877.

The city election Monday resulted in the choice of the following officers for the ensuing year: For Mayor, R. L. Walker; for Councilmen, A. G. Wilson, S. C. Smith, A. E. Baird, C. M. Wood, and H. Jochems; for Police Judge, John W. Curns. Courier.

[BIG AD: WILSON'S CENTRAL STORE.]

Arkansas City Traveler, April 18, 1877.

WILSON'S CENTRAL STORE
FROM LEAVENWORTH, KANSAS,
SECOND DOOR SOUTH OF BENEDICT'S.
I have this day opened an excellent assortment of Spring and Summer Dry Goods, Ready-Made Clothing, Boots and Shoes, Fancy Goods and Notions, Which I will sell at the very lowest possible rates FOR CASH! You are respectfully invited to call and examine the goods. As I have come to stay, I shall use every honest effort to make WILSON'S CEN- TRAL STORE Known all over this beautiful new country for Fair Dealing, Low Prices and First-Class Goods. Respectfully,

A. WILSON.
[ITEMS FROM THE WELLINGTON PRESS.]

Arkansas City Traveler, April 18, 1877.

Mr. S. S. Sisson sold one of his carriage horses to an Indian chief at Cheyenne Agency last week. The Indian was a good judge of horse flesh.

Winfield, desirous of being a railroad terminus, snubs Arkansas City, which is affected by the same laudable ambition. Either is willing, however, to dispense with a railroad, rather than let the other have one. Meanwhile, the farmers, who are most interested, are compelled to haul their wheat fifty miles to market. `Twas ever thus since the earliest settlement of Cowley.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 18, 1877.

Railroad Matters in Cowley.
We understand that the Commissioners of Cowley County, last Monday, submitted a proposition to the people of that county to vote aid to the Memphis, Parsons & Ellsworth R. R., Western branch. According to the terms of the proposition, the road is to be terminated at Winfield. At the same time the petition praying the Commissioners to submit a proposition to aid in the construction of the Kansas City, Emporia & Southern Railway (north and south) was rejected.

This action, as we understand it, precipitates a square fight between Winfield and Arkansas City, and will unite almost solidly, the western and southern portions of the county in fierce and concentrated opposition to the proposition submitted. The proposition being gotten up and submitted in the interests of Winfield, utterly ignores the interests of the people of the largest, and by far the better half, of the entire county; and it remains to be seen whether they will submit to the imposition of being taxed enormously and for years to come merely for the benefit of the politicians and property owners of Winfield.

In the meantime, petitions are in circulation, praying for the submission of a proposition to vote township aid for the north and south road, on a line west of the Walnut, to terminate at Arkansas City.

The people are warming up to the work, and between fighting the festive grasshopper, circulating petitions, and canvassing for votes, are likely to be actively employed for the next six weeks to come. Wellington Press.

[PERSONALS.]

Arkansas City Traveler, April 18, 1877.

FINE rain Sunday evening.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 18, 1877.

RAILROAD is all the talk now.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 18, 1877.

PEACH trees are full of fruit buds.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 18, 1877.

Our Uncle Jim is Mayor of Akron.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 18, 1877.

A lot of strolling Kaw Indians are in town.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 18, 1877.

WM. SPEERS repaired the boiler of his engine this week.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 18, 1877.

Mr. A. Wilson, of Leavenworth, is here and ready for business.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 18, 1877.

GEORGE NEWMAN wrote the locals for the Emporia News last week.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 18, 1877.

WINFIELD continues to play dog-in-the-manger on railroad matters.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 18, 1877.

W. B. SKINNER intends to move to his farm in Bolton Township this week.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 18, 1877.

SHERIFF DICK WALKER is Mayor of Winfield, and John Allen, City Attorney.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 18, 1877.

MR. CARDER left us some specimens of green wheat twenty-five inches high.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 18, 1877.

The call for the election on the Cherokee east and west road is to be May 22nd.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 18, 1877.

SOME PARTIES FROM KENTUCKY are here for the purpose of engaging in the saloon business.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 18, 1877.

THOS. BAKER has removed his barber shop to the basement of the City Hotel building.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 18, 1877.

DEXTER goes back on the Parsons project. Some of her people have been over to Independence.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 18, 1877.

A continuous brick sidewalk and awning is to be built from Mr. Wilson's store room to Benedict's corner.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 18, 1877.

A large prairie fire extended over the cemetery and a great portion of the country west of it Monday evening.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 18, 1877.

JAMES MITCHELL has prepared for a large sale of harness, collars, and horse fixtures, by laying in a supply early in the season.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 18, 1877.

A meeting was held at Mercer's schoolhouse Monday evening, at which it was decided every man should take care of his own grasshoppers.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 18, 1877.

The Memphis road leaves Tisdale out in the cold. We don't see the object of it exactly, unless Winfield still entertains fears of losing the county seat.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 18, 1877.

Two prominent and extensive farmers of Creswell and Bolton Townships, M. R. Leonard and Frank Lorry, are enthusiastic for the Kansas City railroad.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 18, 1877.

The parties that passed through this place with a wagon, carpet sack, and camping outfit, were Col. E. H. Topping and Hon. Ed. Smith, of Miami County, and Hon. T. P. Connard, of Lincoln, Nebraska, commissioners appointed by the Secretary of the Interior to appraise fifty miles square of the Indian Territory, in pursuance of the treaty of 1866 made with the Cherokee Indians. They had a cook, teamster, and secretary. The work will take about four months, for which each commissioner gets eight dollars per day and expenses.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 18, 1877.

On Saturday and Sunday the Central Hotel was well patronized by "location seekers," attracted to this point no doubt by the various railroad projects that are engaging the attention of our citizens. Knowing that our conspicuously located situation cannot long remain unoccupied and unobserved by businessmen and railroad projects.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 18, 1877.

The increase of intemperance is more apparent every day. The record of last week shows five men all "how-come-you-so?" at one time, and one perfectly helpless lying on the sidewalk at full length, entirely insensibleand still we have no saloon.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 18, 1877.

MR. LEANDER FINLEY, an old and esteemed citizen, having resided in this county over twenty years, moved westward, Wednesday, and will settle at Arkansas City, Kansas. He took with him a lot of fine stock, which will be a valuable importation to that section. Monmouth (Ill.) Atlas.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 18, 1877.

COL. YOUNG, after carefully looking up a line for his road on the west side of the Walnut, expressed himself as highly pleased with the route, and stated that the road could be built much cheaper on that line than on the east side, crossing at Winfield.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 18, 1877.

A meeting of the Union Stock Protective Association will be held at Bland's schoolhouse next Saturday evening, at 7 o'clock, April 21st. All members are requested to be present. By order of R. HOFFMASTER, Captain.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 18, 1877.

A dispatch from Fort Smith says the Keafor family, arrested on the charge of being the Kansas Benders, after an examination before United States Judge Parker, were released. The parties from Kansas failed to identify them.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 18, 1877.

Two gentlemen from Elk City and Longton report that it will be impossible to carry any bonds for the Parsons narrow gauge road from east to west, for the reason that there are none but standard gauge roads to connect with.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 18, 1877.

The County Commissioners called the election for the Parsons road May 22nd, instead of the 15th, as we were informed last week. The election proclamation was ordered published in but one paper in the county.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 18, 1877.

M. E. CHURCH NEWS. By a decision of Bishop Simpson, the present Presiding Elder of this district will occupy Emporia station, and Rev. A. H. Walter takes his place as Elder of this district.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 18, 1877.

ICE CREAM social at Pearson's Hall tonight by the M. E. Society. Admission fifteen cents. The proceeds go toward paying for the building of the new church and should be well patronized.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 18, 1877.

MR. P. F. ENDICOTT, road overseer, has declared war with the grasshoppers, and called out the hands and gone to driving and burning them, and we hope all overseers will do likewise.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 18, 1877.

BORN to Mr. and Mrs. Orin Wilkinson, Friday evening, April 13th, a daughter. By special request we withhold the name of attending physician and weight of the new comer.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 18, 1877.

Six families and thirty persons live in one house at Thomasville, all from Indiana. They are representative farmers who will add to the prosperity of the country.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 18, 1877.

PLANT PEANUTS. One pound of seed will produce eight bushels of nuts, worth $2.00 per bushel. Raw peanuts are worth fifteen cents per pound.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 18, 1877.

The County Commissioners met last Monday to act on the railroad petitions of Rock, Nennescah, Beaver, Creswell, and Bolton Townships.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 18, 1877.

FIVE PETITIONS for saloon licenses are in circulation, and one man offers to give $500 for the exclusive privilege to retail liquors.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 18, 1877.

ONE MAN near Winfield killed all the hoppers on his corn ground by harrowing them with a brush harrow heavily loaded.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 18, 1877.

SOME PARTIES are smoking seed corn before planting to prevent the gophers from destroying it, and others are soaking it in coal oil.

[BUSINESS NOTICES.]

Arkansas City Traveler, April 18, 1877.

50 pieces jeans and cassimiers that must be sold cheap. 36 pieces cottonades and ducks, brown and bleached muslins, etc., at Wilson's Central Store.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 18, 1877.

SALE. A. O. Porter will sell at his residence in Arkansas City, on Saturday, April 21, 1877, his household goods, consisting of furniture, carpets, charter oak stove nearly new, two heating stoves, etc.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 18, 1877.

A GENTLEMAN in Dayton, Ohio, proposes to bring a distillery from that point. Any parties having capital and a desirable location for the same, should address Martin Eichelberger, Dayton, Ohio.

[FROM THE SEDAN JOURNAL.]

Arkansas City Traveler, April 18, 1877.

Col. Vliet, R. R. engineer, favored us with a call last week. He is looking over the proposed railroad route. Col. Vliet is confirmed in his opinion, from an intimate knowledge of railroad affairs, that we, by proper work, may secure a road during the present year.

The local directors of the railroad company met and perfected their organization on Tuesday last. The eastern point of beginning was changed from Oswego to Independence, and the number of directors raised to eleven. The next meeting of the directors will be held in Sedan on Saturday, April 28th, when a full attendance is desired.

Mayor S. P. Channell, and J. H. Sherburne, of Arkansas City, were in town on Tuesday to attend the meeting of the railroad directors. They report Arkansas City and the Southern part of Cowley County as being in full sympathy with us, and ready to cooperate for an east and west road.

[PETITION FOR SPECIAL ELECTION.]

Arkansas City Traveler, April 18, 1877.

WE, the undersigned, being more than two-fifths of the resident taxpayers of the municipal township of CRESWELL, in the county of Cowley, . . . .

[Recap: Above pertains to asking for a special election to be held not later than May 22, 1877, for a proposition to subscribe to the capital stock of the Kansas City, Emporia & Southern Railroad Company. Amount: $26,500, payable in 30 years at 10% interest. Road to be built from Douglass, in Butler County, to Arkansas City. Entire railroad to be a narrow gauge (3 feet 6 inches), which would run from Kansas City to Emporia; thence to Eureka; and from Eureka to Augusta and Douglass; and thence to Arkansas City.]

[ARTICLE BY JAMES CHRISTIAN RE NARROW GAUGE RAILROAD.]

Arkansas City Traveler, April 25, 1877. Front Page.

To the Citizens of Cowley County.
A FEW FACTS ON RAILROAD.
Citizens of Cowley County, let us reason together. Do you really and sincerely want a railroad into or through our beautiful county? If you do, act like sensible men. Come out in your might and crush the hired minions that are trying to deceive you by false propositions and bogus companies, not worth a dollar. Men who may mean well enough, but who could not raise a dollar for any such purpose to save their necks from the halter.

I do not wish to impugn the motives of any man, but when I see men act as some are acting in this county, I am constrained to believe that they are dishonest, for no honest man will sail under false colors. No honest man will be untruthful; these men are not deceived as to the ability of the men comprising the Parsons Narrow Gauge Company, commonly termed the East and West route. Several of them are good fair men, but they do not pretend to be capitalists or have a dollar to put into railroads, and should they ever get to Parsons, there is no evidence that they will build a narrow gauge any father. Then where are you? Where is Parsons, pray? A station on the M. K. & T. R. R., at the junction of the L. L. & G., thirty-five miles southwest of Fort Scott, in Labette County, one hundred and forty miles from Kansas City, the market town of Kansas and the New West.

But to resume, Cowley County is comprised of twenty-two municipal townships, and a population of over ten thousand five hundred souls, if everyone has a soul, which seems doubtful by their act. Seven thousand five hundred of the population is in the Walnut Valley. A road up and down the valley would accommodate two thirds of our present and prospective resident taxpayers and build up two prosperous towns where the comforts and conveniences of civilization would center for the benefit of the great farming and producing class of the country as well as the improvement of our species.

All these benefits must be thwarted to gratify a hell engendered spirit of revenge of a few sore head politicians and disappointed office seekers whose principles are rule or ruin. Citizens of Winfield and Cowley County, the day is coming, and is not far distant, when you will curse in your bitter wrath the memory of the men that are now plotting your destruction under the false and delusive pretense of being your friends.

Take down the map of your county, examine it closely, see where its best lands lay, see for yourselves if you are not blinded by local prejudices or actuated by the most vindictive hate to a sister village of your own county, that can in no shape or manner be a rival to your commercial and financial prosperity where the bulk of our popula- tion lays. Don't let passion subjugate your judgment, you have the County Seat, the public offices, and a favorable location for a thriving business town.

Without descending to particulars and statistical information on the comparative cost of broad and narrow gauge railroads, we will state the cost per mile for what is termed standard and three feet gauge over the same character of country; the former costing $9,944, the latter $5,951, or in about the proportion of five to nine, a little over half. The cost of equipments of the two roads would be a little more in the proportion of three and a half to four and a half. The cost of standard gauge being $9,944 per mile, and thirty miles through our county, amounts to $298,320, while a three feet gauge would only cost $178,530, leaving a balance of $119,790, near $120,000 for the road alone without equipments or rolling stock, this $120,000 would be dead capital that we would have to pay interest on in the shape of passage and freight, money that the farmers and traders have to pay the railroad, for all freight and passage money is intended as interest on the capital invested. The more that is invested in the road, the more is to be paid by the producer and trader. The buyer and seller in this, as in all business transactions, will invariably look for the consumer to pay the tariff, and the mass of mankind are consumers. Do not then tarnish your good name by such a suicidal course, such a dog in the manger policy.

Abandon your trumped up East & West company, you know that it is a myth, an iguis pat-n-us, a jack-nith o lantern.

Unite with the friends of Cowley County in putting through a proposition that will accommodate the great bulk of our citizens. As I said before, two-thirds of our voters and taxpayers reside in the Walnut Valley. This section of our county, as you all know, is the great wheat and grain producing region. East of the Walnut it is more broken and better adapted to stock raising, a species of farming that does not so early need a railroad, but which it will have in due season. . . . Signed: JAMES CHRISTIAN.

[COMMUNICATION FROM "SAMUEL THOMPSON"TISDALE.]

Arkansas City Traveler, April 25, 1877. Front Page.

No Parsons Narrow Gauge for Tisdale.
TISDALE, April 16, 1877.
Editor Traveler:

A meeting was held in Tisdale on Saturday, the 14th inst., to take an expression of the people with reference to voting bonds on the Parsons east and west railroad.

With the exception of two individuals, whom we were informed at the time, were promised a station at their doors, the meeting was unanimous against the bonds.

Many speeches were made, and many who were never known to make a public speech in their lives, gave vent to their feelings on this occasion, and held the floor for some time.

On the same evening a meeting was held in the Jarvis schoolhouse in the north part of Sheridan Township. The floor was held the greater part of the evening by a man named Thomas. This man Thomas lives near Mount Contention, and whether he spoiled the Mount or the Mount spoiled him, we were unable to tell; but one thing we do knowhe was very contentious. From the amount of information we could obtain, even as far north as that locality, the greater part were against the humbug.

It is the full opinion of the community, as far as I have heard, that the company is not a responsible one, that their man never was worth anything in his life, and is reported to be worth nothing now, and is a mere railroad adventurer.

The matter is hurried upon us without giving us any opportunity of judging for or against it, and this is done for a purpose.

Never were truer remarks penned by man, than those of Rev. Platter, of Winfield, in writing from Philadelphia last summer to the Winfield Courier. He stated that eastern capitalists and railroad companies looked upon the people of Kansas as a people who wished to make their living by their wits, and not by solid industry. So it is at the present time. Some sharpers wish to make a pile by their wits, and not by any honest principle.

As we have no confidence in the company; as we have no certainty that the road would be built even if the bonds were voted, but perhaps bring us into a disagreeable litigation without any return; and as the whole matter seems to be rotten, let us by all means vote it down, and when the time comes to vote bonds for a road, let them at least have a better appearance of value than the present proposition. SAMUEL THOMPSON.

[MORE ON BENDERS/MISTAKE BY THOMAS BEERS IN IDENTIFYING THEM.]

Arkansas City Traveler, April 25, 1877.

The Emporia News sayswell, we will let it tell its own story.

Thomas Beers, of this city, formerly jailer of the county, was deputy sheriff of Labette County at the time of the terrible Bender murders. He knew the Benders well. He stayed at a hotel where the notorious Kate worked for some time. He was the man who discovered the body of Dr. York. He has always believed he could find them, and was at one time close upon their track. Owing to circumstances he could not control, and because other detectives were favored above him, he gave up the chase until the administration changed.

As soon as Governor Anthony took the reins, Beers renewed his efforts, and urged an appropriation for the purpose of capturing the worst set of murderers who have stained the annals of crime. He finally received such encouragement from Governor Anthony as to go in search of the criminals himself. He claimed all the time that he knew where they were, because he had formerly lived in the same section of Arkansas where the criminals are now residing.

It would seem that Mr. Beers made a mistake, and did not know the Benders as well as he thought he did.

[COMMUNICATION TO TRAVELER: SOURCE NOT GIVEN.]

Arkansas City Traveler, April 25, 1877. Front Page.

The Struggle.
Had an impartial observer happened to be at the county seat of Cowley County, on Monday and Tuesday last, he would have thought that the right of the people of Bolton, Creswell, Beaver, and Rock Townships to peacefully petition the Commissioners on a matter entirely concerning themselves, was denied by prominent citizens of Winfield, who were in full force, to say that no railroad proposition should be entertained, unless the citizens of Winfield were consulted, and allowed to fix the route.

Not only that, but the citizens of Winfield insisted and did fix the day upon which the petitioners should vote, although every petitioner had asked for a different day, giving as their reason that they did not want to lose two days in the busy season.

Yet Manning, Millington & Co. insisted upon fixing the time, and carried the day. But after the two days' struggle, the elections were ordered. The people of four of the largest townships in the county are now permitted to say whether they want a railroad or not.

Winfield will graciously permit them to vote if she cannot help it. She will allow them to market their grain at their very doors if she cannot force them to come to her. She will allow them to have stations, depots, and towns in their midst, if she cannot defeat the railroad, which is to build to them. It now remains to be seen whether a selfish policy, which would grasp everything in Cowley County, can succeed. If so, Winfield will be ahead.

[ANOTHER RAILROAD ITEM: AUTHOR UNKNOWN.]

Arkansas City Traveler, April 25, 1877. Front Page.

Railroad Items.
A narrow gauge road six miles in the township will give on its road bed $42,000 valuation with a proportion of the selling stock of the road. The station and a few stores will add $2,000 more taxable valuation, and it will also bring every man in the township within three miles of a shipping point. A township can very easily stand a larger tax when you raise the taxable valuation $100,000.

There was a man in Winfield who thought a majority of the votes in Rock was not equal to two fifths of the resident taxpayers.

Winfield, after driving away a live prospect from the practical railroad men, and leaving Rock, Tisdale, Dexter, and other townships out in the cold, is now crying out, "Thou canst not say I did it." But the deed is done; the townships east and west propose to build their own roads and enjoy them at home.

Howard City and Elk City having united in the support of the Emporia narrow gauge road wraps the binding sheet around the Parsons, Winfield, Ellsworth, and Puget Sound road.

In justice to the feelings of Winfield, it should be "laid away tenderly, buried with care; fashioned so slenderly, young and so fair."

[ANOTHER BENDER ARTICLE.]

Arkansas City Traveler, April 25, 1877. Front Page.

The Kansas City Journal says that its article about the lynching of the Benders was based upon the confession of one of the lynching party, as alleged. It adds:

The fact that Gov. Osborn denies any knowledge of the affair does not disprove the lynching. Detective Baird saw the Benders in New Mexico just as he saw them in Arkansas, but he didn't get them, and never will. They have crossed to the other shore, and are citizens of a foreign realm and a hotter climatea place where sharp detectives sometimes venture, but where extradition treaties are of no account.

It has Baird in a tight place, that is certain. The story which we published was similar to the one in the Journal, but came to us from a different source.

The fact that the two stories came from entirely different sources, both pretending to reveal the facts of the death of the Benders by lynching, is significant, to say the least. If true, it is very strange the authorities knew nothing of it. It is absolutely certain that Gov. Osborn did not.

[EDITORIAL COLUMNS.]

Arkansas City Traveler, Wednesday, April 25, 1877.

Don't Be Fooled.
Every day we learn that St. Louis men in Southern Kansas are at work to prevent the people from aiding in the construction of railroads leading to Kansas City, and urging them to throw away their money on the St. Louis narrow gauge. Away out in Sumner and Cowley counties, they are urging them to vote for an "east and west road," on the assurance that St. Louis is going to build to them.

Now, let us have a few sensible words with those peoplejust a little common sense. It is five hundred miles from St. Louis to those countiesand not a foot of the proposed road has been built, not a dollar subscribed or voted for it, and not even a company organized. And if everything was ready to commence, it would be five years before it could be built, as the three last years have proved Kansas City would still be the better market.

Why then begin way out in the buffalo country by a few township subscriptions to build a road that St. Louis has not and cannot even commence? It merely puts a debt on the people without a benefit.

Now, turn this way. One hundred and fifty miles of road will connect the most remote corner of those counties with Kansas City. And when here, there are two roads and a navigable river leading to St. Louis; three roads to Chicago, and one road to Toledo, and one to St. Paul.

Here are four first-class markets available, instead of one, and at a saving of two-thirds of the distance, nine-tenths the cost, and four-fifths the time.

To us the matter is so plain that we only wonder anybody can doubt for a moment, or be deceived by any smooth told tale. The matter is as plain as a prairie. But, after all, is it not a very little business for St. Louis to be engaged in? Journal of Commerce.

[K. C., E. & S. R. R.: KANSAS CITY, EMPORIA & SOUTHERN RAILROAD]

Arkansas City Traveler, April 25, 1877.

[Correspondence K. C. Journal of Commerce.]
EMPORIA, KAN., April 14, 1877.
An encouraging sign for the return of an era of prosperity is the revival of railroad building throughout the country. For four years this industry has been practically paralyzed. The panic found Kansas in a fever of excitement over lines of road projecting in every direction, for which they were voting bonds most lavishly, although in many cases there could be given only the most vague and suspicious reasons for their construction.

The banks failed, the crash came, and the chimerical schemes vanished. Then the mania relapsed into the greatest revulsion against anything that ran on a track. Candidates for United States Senator even disdained to ride on the cars, and meandered to Topeka in farm wagons. This was the memorable "hay seed" era, and no man was considered available for office unless he could establish beyond controversy his opposition to railroads from infancy. It may be remarked this was no difficult task for the average Kansas politician.

So from one extreme, the people went to the other, and instead of being all in favor of railroads, they were nearly all opposed to them.

The panic gave men time to cogitate, if not the opportunity to look about them and get their bearings. Now after four years of observation and study, during which time the State is well nigh restored to financial health, they are prepared to act more intelligently and support a sounder policy.

[Then comes a pitch for railroads to go to Kansas City and not to St. Louis.]

[NARROW GAUGE PROSPECTS: EMPORIA NEWS.]

Arkansas City Traveler, April 25, 1877.

Narrow Gauge Prospects.
We have seen several prominent gentlemen from along the line of the K. C., E. & S. railroad this week, and all report much interest felt in its success by the people.

The A. T. & S. F. company is taking an active part against the narrow gauge. Of all things they do not want a competing line through Southwestern Kansas, and especially do they dislike the idea of competing with a narrow gauge. They have their agents and bummers at work circulating all sorts of stories in regard to the narrow gauge proposition.

Among other things, they took the pains to send to Chicago to pry into the private affairs of the gentlemen who propose to invest in the narrow gauge, and are now circulating stories to the effect that the company has no money. That is an old dodge, and was played on the Santa Fe company when they were talking of building that line. Such stories are not worth a moment's attention.

We have seen the most emphatic and satisfactory statements from the leading bankers of Chicago that the narrow gauge company is entirely able to undertake the enterprise. We urge the people not to be turned aside by stories told by parties interested in other projects. Emporia News.

[ITEMS FROM THE TELEGRAM.]

Arkansas City Traveler, April 25, 1877.

Capt. Hunt ordered out the grasshopper brigade this week. They went out with cornet band and flying banners.

Messrs. Channell, Walton, Houghton, and others, of Arkansas City, represented that city before the Board of County Commissioners, in the North & South Railroad matter.

We call attention to Mr. Newton's harness advertisement, which appears in this week's issue of our paper. Mr. Newton is himself a first-class harness maker, and employing none but good hands, using none but good stock, he is turning out the best of work, which he offers at reasonable rates. Give him a call.

The following extract, from a postal card to the editor, from R. W. McNown, of Maple City, may be of interest: "There are no grasshoppers on this prairie. The people in this part of the county say that if they do not get a railroad to run through this county, they will go to Cedar Vale to do their trading. The new State road has been laid out directly by my place, and gives good satisfaction, so far."

[PERSONALS.]

Arkansas City Traveler, April 25, 1877.

The State road surveyors returned last Saturday.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 25, 1877.

The mill on Grouse Creek has been abandoned.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 25, 1877.

We are sorry to learn of the death of Capt. J. B. Nipp's wife.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 25, 1877.

Mr. Chamberlain traded for Mr. Burkey's brick house this week.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 25, 1877.

Dr. Kellogg started for Iowa, last Monday, to make a short visit.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 25, 1877.

Thomas Henderson starts for the lead mines of Joplin, Mo., this week.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 25, 1877.

LUMBER. MR. SILAS PARKER will open a lumber yard at this place next week.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 25, 1877.

JACK McCLOSKY sold his interest in the Sha-was-cos-pa mill to B. B. Spencer.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 25, 1877.

DIED. On Friday evening, of consumption, Mrs. Olds, aged about forty years.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 25, 1877.

THE WALNUT has been raging for several days, and the necessity of the bridge realized.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 25, 1877.

During the absence of His Honor, H. D. Kellogg, James Benedict will act as City Father.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 25, 1877.

Two calves belonging to Mr. Simms were carried down the Walnut last week by the high water.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 25, 1877.

RUDOLPH HOFFMASTER intends going to the mountains soon, and proposes to sell everything he has.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 25, 1877.

The freighters who went into the Territory loaded with corn, got to racing, and had a general smash up.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 25, 1877.

Dr. Shepard returned from St. Louis Monday evening. While there he purchased the drugs for L. H. Gardner's store.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 25, 1877.

Mr. Lewis tried the ford at Murdock's after Mr. Rhodes went downstream, and returned home to tell his friends he got wet.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 25, 1877.

If Standley hadn't made the shore when he was plunged from his horse into the mighty Walnut, he would have been cold meat by this time.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 25, 1877.

Mr. Smith, one of the Commissioners to appraise the Indian lands, made us a pleasant call Monday. His camp at present will be on Bodoc Creek, sixteen miles south of this place.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 25, 1877.

CAPT. O. C. SMITH, who left this place about three years ago to accept a position on a Lake Erie boat, returned last week. The Captain is an old-time resident of Cowley County.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 25, 1877.

Agent Burgess, at Pawnee Agency, expects his successor to arrive every day. Mr. Burgess' health did not permit him to stay with the Indians, and they all express regret that he is compelled to leave them.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 25, 1877.

NARROW ESCAPE. While H. P. Standley was attempting to cross the Walnut at Harmon's ford, last Sunday, his horse went down and he was compelled to leave him and swim ashore in order to save himself. After struggling a few minutes, the horse came to the surface, turned about and made its way to the bank. Mr. Standley did not see the animal until he came back in a boat, and had thought it was drowned. Being a good swimmer is all that saved him from a watery grave.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 25, 1877.

MR. RHODES, with Mr. Ela's team, was washed down the Walnut last Friday evening, as he was crossing at Murdock's ford. The team and wagon landed on an island a short distance below the ford. Mr. Rhodes complains that there was no water gauge to indicate the depth of the water. Road overseers should see that every stream of any importance has sign posts showing the depth of the water. The law imposes a heavy fine for the neglect of it.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 25, 1877.

DIED. Of consumption, March 30th, after two years of almost continuous confinement, Mrs. Matilda A. Mouser, of Beaver Township. She leaves a husband and three children to mourn her loss, besides a large circle of relatives and friends. She was a member of the church, and for many years lived a consistent Christian life. Her brother, E. G. Brown, died four days later, of heart disease, at Santa Rosa, Sonoma County, California. F. BROWN.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 25, 1877.

The Commissioners appointed to appraise the fifty mile strip of the Cherokee land in the Indian Territory, have their camp at present on Shilocco. They expect a company of soldiers to join them before they start west. The object of the appraisement of the lands is to locate and sell it to friendly Indians, according to the treaty of 1866. Many Pawnees are already occupying a portion of the reserve.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 25, 1877.

A company of soldiers arrived here this week to accompany the Commissioners in the Territory. Their work begins on the west side of the Arkansas River at this place, thence west to Colorado on the north line, and to the Pan Handle of Texas on the south line, including a strip nearly 300 miles long by fifty-four in breadth, and is for the purpose of locating friendly Indians on it.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 25, 1877.

MARRIED. On Thursday, April 19th, by Rev. Platter, John M. Reid and Miss Lizzie Ross, both of Winfield.

On the same evening, by Rev. Rushbridge, James Vance, of Wichita, and Miss Jennie McGahy, of Winfield.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 25, 1877.

T. H. McLAUGHLIN returned from his Eastern trip last Saturday, having found the market to suit him in New York and Boston. He made a large purchase just in the nick of time, before the late advance caused by the European war, and promises to sell lower then ever. The goods will be here by next week.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 25, 1877.

The City Council met and organized last Saturday. Wm. Sleeth was appointed Treasurer and I. H. Bonsall City Clerk. No Marshal or Street Commissioner was appointed. The officers are: Mayor, H. H. Kellogg; Police Judge, Jas. Christian; Councilmen: James Benedict, H. P. Farrar, J. I. Mitchell, H. Godehard, and I. H. Bonsall.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 25, 1877.

READ the railroad propositions to the townships of Rock Creek, Beaver, Creswell, and Bolton, and see if they are not the best that have ever been offered to the peopleespecially those of Rock Creek and Beaver Townships. Nennescah and Vernon are determined to have similar ones, and the line will then be complete.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 25, 1877.

SILVER. Great excitement prevails east of Lazette from the discovery of silver ore on the Flint Hills. A specimen was sent to St. Louis to be assayed, and the assayist wrote that he would come immediately to the place where it was discovered, as it was of an extraordinary quality.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 25, 1877.

DICK WALKER, MAYOR OF WINFIELD AND SHERIFF OF THIS COUNTY, was in town yesterday with his deputy, Burt Covert, in search of John Barber, who attempted to rape his half sister at Dexter last week, and was shot in the head by her brother, the ball striking about the ear and coming out alongside of the nose. Barber was lying in bed, unable to be up, as all supposed, until last Sunday when he heard that he was to be tried for the murder of four soldiers in Texas. He then got up and left. When last seen Monday noon, he was riding a poor pony, coming from Harmon's ford, with a bandage about his head. Parties are in pursuit of him.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 25, 1877.

ANOTHER RAILROAD. A meeting will be held in Neosho Falls, Kansas, on May 2, 1877, in the interest of a narrow gauge railroad from Kansas City, by way of Paola, Garnett, Neosho Falls, Yates Center, Toronto, and Eureka, through Cowley and Sumner counties, in the direction of Santa Fe, New Mexico. By direction of G. A. Colton and others.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 25, 1877.

THE M. E. CHURCH OF THIS CITY, now in course of erection, is 56 feet long by thirty in breadth; height of wall 15 feet. It is now rapidly approaching completion, and is a fine specimen of architecture, and will be large enough to accommodate any audience ordinarily assembling in Southern Kansas.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 25, 1877.

LIEUTENANT O. T. WIETING, of the 23rd U. S. Infantry, from Fort Riley, Kansas, with fifteen men, camped south of town last night. The men are picked soldiers, and as gentlemanly fellows as any we have met on the border. They are to accompany the Commissioners in the Indian Territory.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 25, 1877.

There is a particular spot near Wyard Gooch's place that the lightning strikes almost every storm. During the last month it has set the prairie grass on fire twice. Just as like as not there is a silver mine there, or some other mineral.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 25, 1877.

SOME PARTIES are reporting that the object of appraising the Indian land south of us is to open it for settlement. The statement is entirely false and will prove a detriment to the county if it is not properly understood.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 25, 1877.

FROM JUDGE McINTIRE, OUR TRUSTEE, we learn that there are 1,052 inhabitants in Creswell Township. In 1875 there were but 720, showing an increase of 332. Number of families exclusive of old bachelors and maids: 206.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 25, 1877.

THE COWLEY COUNTY BANK has just purchased one of the latest improved "time locks," at a cost of about $400. These locks are set by a clock, and cannot be opened until the time arrives that they are set to.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 25, 1877.

PROF. HOYT is teaching the El Dorado boys to blow. No man in the southwest is more capable to teach fine music than Joe. It is a treat to hear him render the Whippoorwill solo and Arkansas Traveler.

[STATE ROAD FROM ARKANSAS CITY TO INDEPENDENCE.]

Arkansas City Traveler, April 25, 1877.

The commissioners to locate the State road from Arkansas City to Independence met at the former place on Monday last and commenced the work. The length of the road to be established is about 80 miles, and to do the work properly will take some time. The commissioners cannot expect to please every individual or every locality, and hence they should not start in with that idea. A road over good ground, though it be a few miles longer, may be a shorter route in fact than it would be on a more direct line but worse ground. A road too, through a thickly settled community, would be preferable to one through a district sparsely settled, but the commissioners will consider all these things before making the final location. Chautauqua Journal.

[ACCIDENTAL DROWNING AT WINFIELD: MISS BELLE WREN.]

Arkansas City Traveler, April 25, 1877.

Accidental Drowning at Winfield.
[From our special correspondent.]
On Saturday morning, April 21st, while attempting to cross the Walnut River at what is known as Tunnel Mill Ford, south of Winfield, Miss Belle Wren was drowned. The facts as disclosed at the coroner's inquest are as follows.

Miss Wren, in company with John Boylan (a cousin), started to see about a school south of Arkansas City. When they came to the ford, the river was swollen by recent rains above, and it is supposed there was about seven or eight feet of water in the ford. The gentleman objected to driving in, but she insisted, saying she had crossed there the day before and there was no danger. Driving in, before they had gone 15 feet from the shore, the horses began to swim, and undoubtedly would have succeeded in crossing; but under excitement, they tried to turn around and make for the shore they had left. The buggy upset in turning, and threw both parties into the river.

He caught some willows with one hand, the bit of one of the horses with the other, and tried to turn them to the shore, but the current proved to be stronger than he, and he had to release his hold, and was able to reach the shore in safety. In the meantime she caught on the harness of one of the horses and was carried downstream, crying for help, until about 75 yards above the Tunnel Mill, when she and the horses, buggy and all, disappeared and were not seen anymore. Mr. Stump, the miller hearing her cries, started to help, and just as he got outside of the mill, he saw her disappear. Mr. Stump arrived in time to prevent Mr. Boylan from springing in to help her.

The alarm was raised, and the people instantly commenced searching for the body, which was kept up until 4:30 p.m. when the body was found opposite the mill some 75 or 100 yards below where she disappeared, having lain in the water some nine or ten hours. The body was removed to town, and the coroner summoned a jury, whose verdict was that the deceased came to her death by accidental drowning. Her brother-in-law, Mr. Crane, then took charge of the body. No blame is attached to Mr. Boylan, and he deserves praise for his manly efforts in trying to save the lady. The horses were found the next morning near the same place in a drift of logs and brush. The team belonged to Mr. Wm. Robinson, a livery man of this place.

[BUSINESS NOTICES.]

Arkansas City Traveler, April 25, 1877.

THOSE wishing the chains for the Marsh Harvesters can get the same by calling on me. And anyone wishing repairs for Harvesting Machines, must give their orders now, in order to be sure of them by harvest time. R. C. HAYWOOD.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 25, 1877.

CASH FOR GROCERIES. On and after April 30th, we will give no credit for groceries. Will take all kinds of country produce in exchange. HOUGHTON & McLAUGHLIN.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 25, 1877.

STRAYED. A sorrel horse, 6 years old, star and snip, collar marked. Had a leather halter on. Supposed to be in the Territory as he went toward Pawnee Agency. Anyone returning him will be liberally rewarded. D. LOGAN.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 25, 1877.

SIR ARCHIE stallion will be at this place Thursday, Friday, and Saturday.

[SAMPLE OF TOWNSHIP PROPOSITIONS: BOLTON TOWNSHIP.]

Arkansas City Traveler, April 25, 1877.

RECAP: April 17, 1877, Cowley County Board of Commissioners responded to petition of Frank Lorry et al for special election to be held for the purpose of voting aid to a certain railway company therein named: KANSAS CITY, EMPORIA, & SOUTHERN RAILROAD COMPANY. Amount: $21,500, 10% interest. For construction, operation, and maintenance of said railroad through said township within 12 months. After 20 miles of said road are completed, and trains running thereon from Emporia in the direction of Greenwood County, Kansas. Gauge three feet 3 inches. From Kansas City to Emporia; to Eureka; to Augusta; to Douglass; to Arkansas City, within 21 months from the beginning of the work from Emporia.

[MORE PERSONALS.]

Arkansas City Traveler, April 25, 1877.

A freight wagon, bound for Fort Sill, was labeled: "C. B. & Q. R. R., 1877, B.C."

Arkansas City Traveler, April 25, 1877.

CLARENCE HARRIS, one of the main helps in the printing office, has recovered from his sickness, and is up again.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 25, 1877.

We have learned that the commissioners appointed to appraise land in the Territory have warned the whites from taking timber therefrom under penalty of the law, which makes it a penitentiary offense.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 25, 1877.

Arkansas City licenses no saloons. The drug stores supply the demand for "firewater" for the thirsty "Arkansawians," while the sturdy farmers wend their way to the city of Winfield for their little refreshments. Telegram.

William, you know better than that. The drug stores didn't supply you when you were here last, because you hadn't a prescription.

[SALT CITY, SUMNER COUNTY, NEWS.]

Arkansas City Traveler, April 25, 1877.

Salt City, Sumner Co., April 16, 1877.

Robert Thompson was married to Miss Ora Belknap on Tuesday evening.

Born to Mr. and Mrs. Thos. Mills, on Sunday the 7th, a daughter: weight 9½ lbs.

Salt City is favored with a saloon and drug store.

Crops are looking well and farmers are busy. B.

[MORE PERSONALS.]

Arkansas City Traveler, April 25, 1877.

FIRE. On last Wednesday night, at about 12 o'clock, during the rain, flames were seen in the direction of Judge McIntire's house, and a rush was made for the scene by those who chanced to be up at the time. On arriving at the fire, it was found to be the one just vacated by the widow of Jas. Barr, and owned by David T. Thompson. Mrs. Barr had moved out of the building in the morning, and no fire had been left, and no one was seen about in the evening until it was in a blaze. No cause can be assigned for the fire, except that it was the work of an incendiary. It was burned so completely that not a shingle or scrap of board could be seen afterwards.

[OPPOSITION TO CHANGING THE BOND LAW.]

Arkansas City Traveler, April 25, 1877.

Regret the Change.
If ever the truth was spoken, it is expressed in the following item from the Cowley County Telegram, the editor of which opposed the change of the law, as did the TRAV ELER, citing the disadvantages of a change at the time.

"There are a few men in this county who strongly favored the change of the bond law from a two-thirds vote to a majority vote, who now curse the day the law was changed. They see they ran their necks square into a noose, and now that it is being slowly but surely tightened, they have awakened to a sense of their danger and wish themselves well out of the scrape. If it should lead to the building of a railroad around Winfield, the citizens of Winfield will then heap bitter curses upon them, and the devilish tricks by which the law was changed.

[COMMUNICATION FROM JAMES CHRISTIAN.]

Arkansas City Traveler, May 2, 1877. Front Page.

Be Sure You're Right, Then Go Ahead.
Citizens and voters of Cowley County, I am a railroad man in favor of a narrow gauge up and down the most densely populated portion of our county: the Walnut Valley, the wheat growing region of our county. But I must confess I was forcibly struck with the remark of a gentleman in the northeastern part of our county a few weeks ago.

"My friend, I have taxes enough to pay now. I sell all I can raise here at home. This county is emphatically a stock raising country; we don't need a railroad. I make more money in raising cattle and hogs than I can in raising wheat to sell. Enough to bread myself, and family is all I want, and my stock can walk to market. I am perhaps the largest taxpayer in my township, but I find no difficulty in getting along without a railroad. The distance to market don't bother me, and I have as much to sell as any of my neighbors. My experience is that the man who has nothing to sell is the furthest from market. My neighbor across the creek is just the man for you to call upon. He has nothing to sell, neither grain nor stock, but he is crazy for a railroad."

These remarks took me back, as they were too true.

I remember, when a boy in my native land, of seeing a tavern sign called "The Four `Alls.'" It was the picture of four men, each rigged out in the toggery of his respective calling. One had a crown on his head, and under him the words, "The king rules all;" another had a gun on his shoulder, and under him the words, "The soldier fights for all;" the third had a big book in his hand, and under him the words, "The preacher prays for all;" while the fourth fellow was represented as wearing a long-tailed coat and bearing in his hands a bag of money, with under him the words, "The farmer pays for all." Yes, my farmer friends of Cowley County, in this land of civil and religious liberty; in this land of freedom, as well as in monarchical old England, you have the inestimable privilege of "paying for all."

If there is any railroad built through your county by the aid of railroad bonds, you will have it to pay for. Then exercise your prerogative, and say where it shall run to do the greatest good to the greatest number, and also what description of road you want. Don't let a few town lot speculators bulldoze you out of what your sense of right and justice demands. Demand that the road, if built, shall run where it will do the most good to the farmer, the produce raiser for and life sustainer of all. JAMES CHRISTIAN.

[COMMUNICATION FROM "REM TENEMUS" TO EDITOR SCOTT.]

Arkansas City Traveler, May 2, 1877. Front Page.

On the morning of April 16, in company with a fellow townsman, we found ourselves eastward bound, to see what was to be seen and learn what was to be learned. What we learned of the Flint ridges, etc., does not concern us now. What we learned while in Elk, pertaining to railroad matters, may interest your readers as much as anything else.

One of the first things we learned was that COWLEY COUNTY was a unit on the narrow gauge east and west. Prominent gentlemen from Winfield had represented to citizens of Elk County that Cowley would "go solid" for the M. P. & W. R. R. narrow gauge. This was new to the unenlightened, and hard to reconcile with what we knew to be a factthat a very respectable proportion of the citizens of Cowley County regarded the east and west proposition as a wild project to defeat a more substantial proposition, which would now have been before the county, had it not been for the dictatorial attitude of the city of Winfield.

The only plausible and possible explanation that we could give was that these prominent gentlemen either supposed they were Cowley County, or that they carried Cowley County in their pockets, as heretofore asserted.

Another thing we learned was that ELK COUNTY was not united on railroad matters. We did not find a single man who preferred a narrow gauge to a standard gauge east and west. They said: "The standard gauge is what we want; but if we cannot get the standard, we want the narrow gauge, rather than no road at all."

We learned also that a proposition was likely to be submitted soon to build a STAN DARD GAUGE from Independence westward to Cowley County. Independence gentlemen expressed themselves as favorable to extending the line of the L. L. & G. railroad westward to save to the city of Independence and to that road the amount of trade already tributary to it, as well as to tap the trade in Cowley and Sumner counties, now tributary to the A. T. & S. F. railroad.

In short, Mr. Editor, from what we could learn, we are candidly of the opinion that the standard gauge from Independence is the only east and west road that will be built for many years to come.

Is it then the part of wisdom for Cowley County to commit itself for eighteen months or more to a project that never had any existence than in the brain of a few scheming, selfish men? REM TENEMUS.

[EDITORIAL COLUMN: ATTACK ON E. C. MANNING.]

Arkansas City Traveler, May 2, 1877.

The COURIER SAYS:

"The Arkansas City TRAVELER of April 25th contained six columns of opposition to an east and west railroad into Cowley County. That is a good paper to lay away for future reference. It may be that the TRAVELER and Arkansas City can afford to fight a railroad proposition that proposes to come to Cowley County, and it may be that they cannot."

We shall take pleasure in having that paper laid away for reference. Place it with the one of 1873, where we opposed the issue of the $200,000 bonds to the Kansas & Nebraska Company, when the editor of the Courier endeavored to have the Commis-sioners issue them after it was known they had defrauded Marion County and did not expect to build any portion of the road from the beginning to the terminus.

The people of Arkansas City favor any responsible east and west road, as the record of the Secretary will show at the meeting of March 27th, when the Committee of this place met the Railroad Committee of Winfield at the Central Avenue hotel at this place. Lay it away so that the people of Cowley County can see that we oppose every bogus proposition.

[COMMUNICATION FROM "VOTER"TISDALE.]

Arkansas City Traveler, May 2, 1877.

Railroad Talk from Tisdale.
TISDALE, April 23rd, 1877.
In view of the election called by the Commissioners of this county on the 22nd of May, for the purpose of voting bonds for an east and west railroad, these facts suggest themselves.

Is it right for the producers of this county to support a proposition so evidently one sided; or in other words, to assume a large debt with only a prospective benefit, for the purpose of forwarding the interests of the town of Winfield? You will find that the men who are prominent in urging this road are the same who by combination in fixing the lowest tariff or prices, have in times past bought your wheat, wood, and other products at rates that insured your continued poverty. They hold mortgages on three-fourths of your farms, to secure money loaned at the most usurious interest, and they now ask you to assume an additional debt, for purposes for which they chiefly will be gainers.

It is very doubtful, in principle, whether any railroad should be built except by the unassisted efforts of its own corporators. With us at this juncture, with the possible ravages of the grasshoppers, the assumption of such a burden is of questionable expediency. It cannot be that the terminus of this road at Winfield is for the interest of the county at large.

Its extension to Arkansas City would furnish us with an additional market for our products, while it would enable us to make purchases of goods at from five to ten percent less than sold for at Winfield.

As for the additional claim, urged by those who are representatives of that place, viz.: that the wealth, intelligence, and moral character of the county are centered there, and that the counties should support these virtuesthis all may be so. Of the versatility of its citizens, there is little doubt. When you find professional men engaged in trade, public educators as peddlers, and even divines ready, not only to heal the bruised spirit, but to loan money at 30 percent, it must, indeed, be a carping mind that would deny their liberality.

Finally, previous to casting his vote, let each voter ask himself, "Which can I do the easierpay this additional tax, or haul my produce to Wichita at a time of year when I have nothing else to do?"

Do not delude yourselves with the idea that what you consume will cost less. Freight now is carried cheaper by team than any railroad can transport it. Increased taxation in the United States has always meant a cessation of immigration and a decline in the value of real estate.

VOTER.
[SOUTH KANSAS & WESTERN RAILROAD.]

Arkansas City Traveler, May 2, 1877.

South Kansas & Western Railroad.
In pursuance to adjournment of a previous meeting, the Directors of the South Kansas & Western Railroad Company met at Sedan, Saturday the 24th of April, and proceeded to organize by electing Wm. Floyd, Chairman, and H. B. Kelley, Secretary.

PRESENT: Thomas Kelo, Wm. Floyd, S. P. Moore, E. B. Hibbard, A. B. Kelly, C. M. Scott, and S. P. Channell, by proxy.

On motion of C. M. Scott, it was moved that the officers of the local company should consist of a President, Vice President, Treasurer, and Secretary.

Mr. E. B. Hibbard then nominated Mr. Channell for President. On motion of H. B. Kelley, S. P. Moore was nominated Vice President, and E. B. Hibbard Secretary. S. P. Channell, C. M. Scott, S. P. Moore, and H. B. Kelley were appointed as committee to draft constitution and by-laws. On motion of Mr. Hibbard, Dr. Wagner, of Dexter Township, was appointed to fill the vacancy if Mr. Miles failed to qualify. After discussing matters of general interest, the meeting adjourned to meet at Sedan, May 12th, 1877, at which time it is expected a proposition will be made to the people of Chautauqua and Cowley counties for the speedy construction of a standard gauge road from Independence, Kansas, to Arkansas City. WM. FLOYD, Chairman. H. B. KELLEY, Secretary.

[PERSONALS.]

NOTE: SOME OF THESE PERSONALS WERE CHOPPED OFF...HAD TO SKIP!

Arkansas City Traveler, May 2, 1877.

CORN 40 cents per bushel.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 2, 1877.

STREETS lined with teams.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 2, 1877.

NEWCOMERS in town every day now.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 2, 1877.

PAWNEES in town with robes to trade.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 2, 1877.

New stage driver in Tommy Young's place.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 2, 1877.

Walker's bay "Spray" team travels lively.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 2, 1877.

The railroad bonds have carried in Butler County.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 2, 1877.

Greenwood County is to have the K. C. R. & S. F. R.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 2, 1877.

Coyote wolves are becoming numerous north of town.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 2, 1877.

JOHN EVANS is going to apply for a city license to sell beer.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 2, 1877.

WHEAT $1.50 per bushel in Arkansas City and $1.70 in Wichita.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 2, 1877.

MR. RANDALL is erecting a new house north of his present location.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 2, 1877.

School began in Theaker's schoolhouse Monday. Mrs. Houser is teaching.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 2, 1877.

A. THOMPSON sold his south 80 acres to Gardner Mott for a team worth $300.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 2, 1877.

BARBER CAUGHT. Before leaving this place last Tuesday week, Sheriff Walker deputized A. W. Patterson, and offered him a bonus of fifteen dollars if he would capture John Barber, who had escaped from the authorities at Dexter two days before. Mr. Patterson secured the assistance of Constable Gray, and the two started in pursuit. Before going far, they learned he had gone up the Walnut, and immediately followed. After hunting the most of the night, they abandoned the pursuit until next morning.

In the morning Patterson and George Walker found the trail of the criminal and followed it until they came to the house of Robert White, where it stopped. Alighting from the buggy both went into the house and found the man lying in bed asleep, with a Colt's improved revolver and Bowie knife hanging in their sheaths on the bed post near his head. These were taken possession of by the officers, and a gun and pistol aimed at his head while they took hold of his leg to awaken him. As soon as he opened his eyes, Patterson said to him, "You are my prisoner." He realized his situation at once, and coolly remarked, "Where are you going to take me?" He was told that he would have to go to Winfield, and he readily assented to it, as his wound needed careful treatment. He told the officers he did not want to go back to Elk County for fear his father and brother would mob him.

In conversation afterwards he told the officers if he had not been wounded, they could not have taken him. In reply to a question of killing the soldiers in Texas, he stated he had heard of it and that it was a man by the same name as his own, but not him. He is now in jail at Winfield, awaiting trial. From all accounts, his father and brother are not as worthy people as they might be, as the father of the culprit, it is said, sent his son to shoot the half brother, saying he had $6,000 to clear him with.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 2, 1877.

BRAKE DOWN AND UPSET. On last Friday morning Judge Christian and the editor of this paper started for Tisdale and Howard County in a light spring buggy. After traveling some fifteen miles, the spring of the buggy was broken by a sudden jar, and they were compelled to return for repairs. While returning on the east bank of the Walnut, the wheel slipped somewhat, throwing the weight on the broken spring, which was in front, causing the buggy to instantly capsize. Mr. Christian was thrown a considerable distance, striking the ground on the back of his head and shoulders, but soon recovered himself. The editor went with the buggy and alighted very easy. The horses did not make much of an effort to run, and in a few minutes the buggy was arighted, and they came into town balancing the vehicle by both sitting on the same side. This made the second fall Scott has received on the east bank of the Walnut within the last year, and the second upset Judge Christian has experienced within the past few months.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 2, 1877.

We have just received "The Black Hills, and American Wonderland," by H. N. Maguire, who has spent twelve years in the Hills and Yellowstone region. The latest, fullest, and only truthful accounts of gold and silver prospects, agricultural and grazing resources, climate, hunting and fishing, the Indians, and settlers adventures and conflicts with them; mining and wild Western life, and the grand natural wonders of this most remarkable countrythe waterfalls, boiling geysers, noble scenery, immense gorges, etc. Illustrated with 27 fine engravings and a new map. Price only ten cents; sold by all newsdealers, or sent, postpaid, for twelve cents, by Donnelly, Loyd & Co., publishers, Chicago, Illinois.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 2, 1877.

STREET PREACHING. Rev. Phillips writes us he will preach on the streets of this place Saturday, May 12th, at 1 o'clock p.m., if there are no objections by those in authority. Mr. Phillips is a member of what is known as the Free Methodists, and will give a plain sermon on facts, treating on different topics, regardless of sectarianism and orthodox doctrines.

Many who do not attend church can have an opportunity of hearing the gospel preached without leaning their backs against a seat, or being compelled to wait until church is out to go home. The idea strikes us a novel way of reaching sinners, and we should like to see the experiment tried.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 2, 1877.

J. L. STUBBS and Miss GERTRUDE FINNEY are to be married by Rev. Fleming, at Osage Agency tomorrow. We have not the pleasure of the acquaintance of the lady of Lindsey's choice, but know she is of one of the best families of Lawrence. What we could say in behalf of our friend could not add more to his credit, as he is, and always has been recognized as one of the most gentlemanly young men that ever graced the Kansas border. May peace, prosperity, and long life attend them.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 2, 1877.

HORSE RACE. Arrangements have been made to try the speed of "Sleepy Jack," owned by Hodge Murdock, and "Gray Cow," owned by Jim Moreland, on the second Saturday in June, next, for $500 a side, with $50 forfeit, on the track seven miles east of Caldwell.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 2, 1877.

MARRIED. At Winfield, on Thursday, April 26th, by Rev. Platter, Mr. JOSEPH DISSER and Miss KATIE BIRDZELL, both of this county. The lonely and dismal surroundings of a bachelor's life were too much for the genial and lively disposition of Joseph, and hence he has acted upon the wise and noble example of his forefathers, and taken unto himself a partner for life. Keeping "batch," mending breeches, and living alone no longer is

Not for Joe, Oh, no, no,

If he knows it, not for Joseph.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 2, 1877.

IN THE AIR. A marriage contagion surely pervades the atmosphere at Osage Agency. Tomorrow J. L. Stubbs is to be married. Next week Ed. Finney will do likewise, and the week following Mr. Furguson, of the same place, will unite himself. Bachelors from Kaw and the neighboring Agencies fear to remain long while on business at Pawhuska's fair capitol on account of the prevalence. The trader from Kaw made a visit there last week and nearly killed a horse getting home, so great was his fright.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 2, 1877.

A saloon firm in Cedar Vale advertises thusly:

HO, YE THAT THIRST
COME AND DRINK.
We wish to announce to our many friends, as well as the strangers, that we keep constantly on hand the poorest brands of Cigars, and meanest Wines, Whiskies, Brandies, etc., this side of the Rocky Mountains. We shall be glad to serve you, if you have the Cash; we keep no slate.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 2, 1877.

The County Commissioners of Elk County have ordered a special election to vote county bonds to the tune of $120,000 in aid of the construction of the M. & E. narrow gauge.

It is generally believed the bonds will be defeated, owing to the want of confidence in the parties who are to build the road.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 2, 1877.

STEAMBOAT COMING.
MR. GRAVEROCK, who has contracted to bring the "General Wiles" steamboat, belonging to the company at this place, from Little Rock, says he will make the start in about thirty days. He asked for more time so as to allow him to finish erecting a bridge in Neosho County that he has the contract for.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 2, 1877.

HOLTON ARGUS. We have received one of the first numbers of the Argus, published at Holton, Kansas, by J. C. Lillie, formerly of this place. Holton is the terminus of the Leavenworth narrow gauge railway, and deserves just such a paper as Mr. Lillie will make them if he has half a chance, or half patronage.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 2, 1877.

TOMMY YOUNG has been a driver on Tisdale's stage line for seven years. Within the past few months he has not enjoyed very good health, and has taken a "lay-off" of a few months to recruit.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 2, 1877.

ARKANSAS CITY's prospects for becoming the terminus of two railroads are becoming more apparent every day, and many people are seeking locations in the town in consequence of it.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 2, 1877.

The editor and Judge Christian made a visit to Chautauqua County last week, going by the way of Silverdale, Maple City, Otto, and Cedar Vale to Sedan. They were absent three days.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 2, 1877.

THE TRAVELER OFFICE ATTACHES furnish a local each week now. Last Sunday week Standley navigated the Walnut, and a few days after the editor measured his length in the clay banks.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 2, 1877.

McBEA, OF HOWARD CITY, says emphatically that the Parsons road will be defeated without a doubt, and that the proposition is only laughing stock for the people of Elk County.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 2, 1877.

BENEDICT and GARDNER are going to build another building between their stores on Summit street, and erect a new tin shop in place of the old one.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 2, 1877.

FIRE. DR. SHEPARD'S dwelling took fire from the flue last Saturday evening, but it was discovered and extinguished before much damage was done.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 2, 1877.

Now that we have sold all our wheat and flour, it is thought flour will have to be shipped in before harvest. It will be the same with bacon.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 2, 1877.

JAMES HUEY goes to the county seat to make a numerical index of the land titles of Cowley County, by order of the Commissioners.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 2, 1877.

Mayor's Proclamation!
NOTICE TO DOG OWNERS: On and after the 1st day of May, A. D. 1877, all dogs found running at large, within the city of Arkansas City, not having a proper check as provided by ordinance, will be liable to be killed by the City Marshal, and the owners of such dog or dogs, will be liable to arrest, and upon conviction before the Police Judge, fined in sums not less than $5.00 nor more than $10.00 for each offense.

Arkansas City, May 1st, A. D. 1877.

I. H. BONSALL, JAS. BENEDICT,

City Clerk. Acting Mayor.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 2, 1877.

Sedan Journal, 20th: The heaviest hail storm ever witnessed in this county occurred on Tuesday afternoon at this place. The stones averaged about the size of Minnie balls, and completely covered the ground.

[COMMUNICATION FROM "RED BUD"MAPLE TOWNSHIP.]

Arkansas City Traveler, May 2, 1877.

MAPLE TOWNSHIP, April 23, 1877.
No bonds in ours is the present sentiment of the people of Maple Township.

The residents of school District No. 72, have hedged in their Centennial schoolhouse and planted the lot with shade trees.

Grasshoppers in this township are doing very little damage on the prairie, and not much on the bottom lands.

The present prospect for a full crop of wheat and oats is good.

Corn is not up yet.

The usual amount of hedge, grove, and orchard planting has been made.

Preaching at the Centennial schoolhouse each alternate Sabbath by the Rev. Jones, pastor of M. E. Church.

A resident of this vicinity recently sold his farm and had his pocket picked of the purchase money in a saloon in Wichita. No clue to the thief. Moral: never get tight.

RED BUD.
[COMMUNICATION FROM BOLTON TOWNSHIP: AUTHOR NOT GIVEN.]

Arkansas City Traveler, May 2, 1877.

The farmers are all busy planting corn. Mr. Bowen has thirty acres up and looking well, but the grasshoppers have begun work on it. Wheat never looked better, and if the grasshoppers but mind their business, the farmers will be all right.

Mrs. Stauffer's health has improved so much that she has returned to her home in Sumner County.

John Myrtle has returned from his surveying trip. The people are at a loss to know where he spent Sunday evening.

Polk Stevens has moved off of the State line. It is a good thing for the people, as they need what little State line he left to tie that iron horse, when it comes down on the narrow gauge.

[COMMUNICATION RE RAILROADS FROM "L"AT THE CAPITOL.]

Arkansas City Traveler, May 9, 1877. Front Page.

WINFIELD, APRIL 30TH, 1877.
FRIEND SCOTT: As it may be of interest to some of your readers to know what is going on at the capitol, I send you the following items.

Everywhere, on the streets or in the stores, where two or more are congregated, you will find if you listen that their main topic is "railroad." There is not a man in this city that really believes that if the east and west proposition should be carried at the coming election that the road would be built. It is simply gotten up to kill the north and south proposition, and to fill the pockets of a few corner lot men in the city of Winfield.

I am a resident of this city, but do not think that the good, square farmers and taxpayers of this county should be bulldozed in any such manner. We need a railroad, and must have one, but let's not tie our county up in aid of a road that will never reach us.

In conversation with one of the ring leaders of this east and west humbug, last week, I asked him why could they not compromise with Arkansas City. He said that "there was no use as they would hear to nothing," simply pointing to the escrow clause as the main objection, stating that bonds placed in escrow were liable to be stolen; and another prominent gentleman and corner lot man of this city said, "Let Arkansas City go to h__l. We have no faith in the east and west proposition, but when we want a railroad, we can get it without the assistance of Arkansas City."

This, you understand, is not the feeling of all, but of a great many who are ignorant of the fact that this is a rotten affair gotten up to fill the pockets of a few, and deprive the people of the benefit of a railroad for years to come, and who allow themselves to be led about by such men as above mentioned.

Winfield has a street preacher who preaches on the streets every Saturday.

Everyone has the measles, mumps, or railroad fever.

Jo. Disser stopped with his bride at the Central Hotel Sunday night. M.

[COMMUNICATION FROM JOHN McLAYBOULDER COUNTY, COLORADO.]

Arkansas City Traveler, May 9, 1877. Front Page.

Letter from an Old MinerGrasshoppers
In the MountainsNarrow Gauge.
MAGNOLIA, BOULDER COUNTY, COLORADO, April 26th, 1877.
Friend Scott:

A thought just struck me that you would like to hear direct from Colorado, and from me, Jack, once more. In the first place I must let you know all about the grasshopper crop in the Rocky Mountains at present. About four days ago they were hatched out by the millions, about the size of a grain of rice, and everything looked favorable for the hopper. But "there is many a slip, etc." Monday, the 22nd, it commenced snowing and it is still snowing. Snow two feet, four inches deep at present, and good indications for another foot. Now, I would like to know how the grasshoppers are going to live until their blanket of snow wears off of them. But perhaps the grasshopper commissioners may explain that for me, as they are paid for such work, but I have my doubts about their ability to settle that question, as there are hundreds of men in these mountains who say that this snow will not injure the `hopper at all. Well, we will see what we will see.

I see by your paper that you are having quite a lively time on the railroad question, standard gauge vs. narrow gauge. I also see in your paper some well written pieces concerning the different gauges of railroads, but I think the narrow gauge has the best of itthat is as far as my experience goes, and I think I have had quite an experience, if you call riding on a narrow gauge any experience. I always pay great attention to it for it is my favorite railroad, and I think it will just suit Cowley County. I would like you to ask your many readers if they can cite a case of a bankrupt narrow gauge railroad. Of course, there are not many in this country yet; but all that are built, pay well, so that speaks well for the narrow gauge railroad.

I see that your old enemy, Winfield, has broken out in a fresh place. It appears that they want the terminus of a railroad, and will not be satisfied with anything short of that. Now it seems strange to me that Arkansas City and its surroundings will be bulldozed so long by Manning & Co. You have got the fort, now hold it. Make no compromises, for you are in the right and the right wrongs no man, and I hope you will succeed in voting the necessary bonds to build the road.

You know that I have taken your paper ever since I left Arkansas City, something over two years ago, and in that time I have shown it to some hundreds of people. They read the paper and say, "Well, Jack, that must be a great country, but what caused you to leave it?" "Well, it is sixty miles to a railroad point." "Ah! that is it. Well, I don't want any of it in mine." Now that is the prevailing opinion with everyone that I have come in contact with, that is, if they want to farm. For myself, with a railroad, I can go on my claim and make money, or salt, but without one, it is no earthly account to me.

I see by your paper that quite a number of men are coming to Colorado from Salt City, to go into the mining business, but they will find that it is not all gold that glitters. They will find that there is quite a lot of base metal mixed with itat least, I have found it so, and I am an old miner. I suppose they will not be contented, however, until they give it a trial. They will find, also, that it is quite different in a man working for himself or for someone else, especially in these bad times; for when a man hires another, he takes the worth of his money of him. They will find that there is quite a sprinkling of the "slave driver" in the employer in mining districts. JOHN McLAY.

[COWLEY COUNTY TRIAL DOCKET.]

Arkansas City Traveler, May 9, 1877. Front Page.

The following is a list of cases that will stand for trial at the May term of the District Court, of Cowley County, to be begun and held on the first Monday, 7th day of May, A. D. 1877, and have been placed on the Trial docket in the following order.

FIRST DAYCRIMINAL DOCKET.
State versus Andrew H. Horneman.

" " Martin Barber.

" " Jacob G. Titus.

" " Zebulon Foster.

" " John W. Barber.

SECOND DAYCIVIL DOCKET.
Nathan K. Jeffries vs. Martin L. Read.

Oliver Sparkman vs. Wm. Thurman.

Francis Black vs. Edward Patton et al.

Henry F. Ford vs. Nathan Robertson.

Brettun Crapster vs. Stephen D. Williams.

John Rief vs. Gertrude Rief.

Barclay Hockett vs. R. R. Turner.

M. L. Read vs. Enoch G. Willett.

Albert Covert et al vs. Rufus B. Waite.

David Rodocker vs. James Jordon.

William A. Sharp vs. R. L. Walker.

Geo. W. Ballou vs. Rufus B. Waite.

R. B. Waite vs. Geo. W. Ballou.

Robert Hudson vs. Francis R. Hudson.

James C. Hix vs. Joseph Stewart et al.

Elisha S. Torrance vs. Samuel Greer et al.

Wm. R. Warner vs. M. G. Troup Adr.

Arkansas City vs. Jas. L. Huey, Treas.

THIRD DAY.
A. G. Wilson vs. Henry F. Ford.

R. L. McDonald & Co. vs. Henry F. Ford et al.

Challis Bros. & Co. vs. Henry F. Ford et al.

Charles P. Kellogg & Co. vs. Henry F. Ford et al.

Ben Wood & Co. vs. Henry F. Ford et al.

L. Kiper & Sons vs. Henry F. Ford et al.

A. Cuddington vs. A. D. Lee.

Buck McCunes & Patterson vs. Henry F. Ford et al.

James J. Hood vs. Zumri W. Hoge et al.

Lewis Hart vs. Edward L. Walker et al.

Susan J. Ford vs. E. R. Evans.

Martha E. Quimby vs. J. Frederick.

Andrew Dawson vs. John W. Funk.

Andrew Dawson vs. Wm. Brown.

A. G. Wilson vs. Wm. B. Doty et al.

Emily J. Houston vs. Philena Darrah et al.

FOURTH DAY.
Emily Houston vs. Thomas M. Carder et al.

Frank Akers vs. A. H. Green.

Neosho County Bank vs. A. Stoddard.

Albert Minnich vs. Henry F. Ford et al.

M. H. Kenworthy vs. Henry F. Ford et al.

B. W. Sitter vs. Heirs of Tho. F. Lent deceased.

Robert Hudson vs. Francis R. Hudson.

W. S. Paul vs. Benj. H. Bodwell et al.

Sol Nawman vs. C. C. Pierce.

Stephen Brown vs. E. B. Kager.

Thomas Sampson vs. George Walker.

Cynthia Payne vs. Travis Payne.

James Z. McKee vs. Wm. H. Farney.

M. L. Read vs. S. A. Smith et al.

M. L. Read vs. Armstrong Menor et al.

M. L. Read vs. Armstrong Menor et al.

Arthur Graham vs. James H. Tullis et al.

E. A. Graham vs. Robert Corkins.

FIFTH DAY.
Samuel Pitt vs. Elizabeth Pitt.

Nancy McMannes vs. J. S. Harmon et al.

M. L. Read vs. Oscar O. Menor.

Royal H. Tucker vs. Mary L. Tucker.

Drury Warren vs. Tice Saulsberry.

R. B. Waite vs. A. A. Jackson et al.

Wheeler & Wilson Mfg. Co. vs. S. E. Smith et al.

M. J. Thompson vs. S. W. Greer et al.

W. H. Berryman vs. Wm. Bartlow et al.

John Dunstan vs. L. M. Brown et al.

G. J. Gross vs. Leanah Funk.

New Eng. Loan Co. vs. E. G. Willett et al.

Sarah E. Parker vs. Seymour Tarrant.

Desier A. Clapp vs. T. M. Carder et al.

E. V. Blue vs. R. C. Seehorn et al.

John W. Brown vs. L. A. Packard et al.

Frederick McReynolds vs. S. W. Greer.

Geo. O. Sweet vs. Sumner Oaks.

SIXTH DAY.
Sarah A. Bartlow vs. Wm. Bartlow.

E. V. Blue vs. John W. Taylor.

A. H. Green vs. Emily J. Houston.

C. C. Harris vs. Wm. Bartlow et al.

Nancy A. Rogers vs. J. B. Williams et al.

S. L. Brettun vs. Henry F. Ford et al.

S. L. Brettun vs. Wm. Frederick.

Wm. Fritch vs. Wm. S. Hoff.

Abel D. Bent vs. H. D. Gans.

James Hanlin vs. J. B. Baxter et al.

Cornelius Perry vs. L. Lippman et al.

Mercy M. Funk vs. Heirs of Zimri Stubbs.

W. H. Hitchcock et al vs. J. N. Yerger et al.

M. M. Wells vs. Wm. W. Anderson et al.

James D. Hanlin vs. John Baxter et al.

Peter Yount vs. John D. Headrick Adr.

E. S. BEDILION, Clerk.
[MARTIN BARBER, OF DEXTER, SHOOTS & WOUNDS HALF BROTHER, J. W.]

Arkansas City Traveler, May 9, 1877. Front Page.

A Young Man Shoots His Brother.
Martin Barber, of Dexter, Cowley County, shot and severely wounded his half brother, J. W. Barber, on Friday, the 20th inst.

The circumstances, as we learn them are as follows.

J. W. Barber is rather a dangerous and dissipated man who has been in Texas and on the frontier for eight years previous to last December, when he came to his father's place near the head of Grouse Creek in Cowley County, where he has remained until a short time ago. Two or three weeks ago he attempted to perpetrate an outrage upon his half sister, and has conducted himself generally in an outrageous and scandalous manner, threatening to shoot the whole family.

On Sunday, the 14th inst., he came to Howard City, where his father was staying and got in a quarrel with him, threatening to shoot him, etc., but finally agreed that for $125 he would leave the country forever. To this, the old gentleman, Leander Barber, consented and paid him the money, and the young man went back to the home of the family on Grouse Creek, where he remained for several days, when he went to Dexter.

About this time, Martin Barber, who is a man of exemplary character, about 23 years of age, returned from Emporia, and was told what had occurred; also, that his brother, J. W., had gone to Lazette and left word for Martin to come and see him. Martin started immediately, and not finding him at Lazette, went on to Dexter and found him. After having a few words together, Martin drew a revolver and fired at J. W., the ball taking effect just below his right ear and coming out under his right eye; inflicting a dangerous but not necessarily fatal wound.

Martin Barber then gave himself up to the authorities of Cowley County, and was taken to Winfield, where he waived a preliminary examination and gave bonds in the sum of $2,000 for his appearance at the next term of the District Court.

J. W. Barber, on Sunday night, after having been wounded on Friday, left Dexter, avowedly for the Indian Nation. He is said to have remarked on leaving that he would yet come back to Howard City and "wake them up," meaning his father and sister.

There seems to be some old grudge existing between J. W. Barber and his father, Leander Barber; what it is we have not heard.

Leander Barber moved to this country some two or three years ago from Bath County, Kentucky.

Martin Barber, the man who did the shooting, has always borne a good character where he was known, and we are convinced that the deed was committed, as he conscientiously believed, in the defense of the lives of his father and sister. Elk County Ledger.

[COAL AT SALT CITY.]

Arkansas City Traveler, May 9, 1877. Front Page.

Coal at Salt City.
SALT CITY, KAS., April 28, 1877.
At a meeting called for the purpose of taking action with regard to the organization of a coal company at this place. On motion Mr. L. Small was elected Chairman and W. E. Chenoweth, Secretary.

A letter was read by Mr. Wm. Berkey, from Todd & Royal, with regard to their proposition, on the shaft already begun. Short speeches were made by the following named persons, concerning the past, present, and future goal prospects: Messrs. Foster, Broadbent, Acton, Mills, Ward, Berry, Chenoweth, Berkey, Reynolds, and Lewis. A lively time was had.

On motion of Mr. Wm. Berkey, an election of five directors for a coal company was ordered. This resulted in the selection of the following gentlemen: George Reynolds, I. H. Hudson, Robert Mills, L. Small, and Wm. Berkey.

Moved and seconded that H. B. Pruden be the Treasurer of the company. On motion, W. E. Chenoweth was chosen Secretary.

Messrs. Berkey and Mills were instructed to confer with Todd & Royal and make arrangements with them on a proposition to proceed with the old shaft.

Motion made by Mr. Lewis that the two men who confer with Todd & Royal meet the Board of Directors on Saturday, May 5th, 1877, at 10 o'clock a.m., and give their report of the result of the conference, and that they invite Todd & Royal to meet the board at that time in the schoolhouse at Salt City.

Motion carried that there be a meeting of the citizens of the vicinity, and all interested parties, at 2 o'clock p.m., at the same place, May 5th, 1877.

Moved and carried that the Arkansas City TRAVELER, Winfield Courier, and Oxford Independent be requested to publish these minutes.

On motion the meeting adjourned. L. SMALL, Chairman.

W. E. CHENOWETH, Secretary.

[EDITORIAL COLUMNS.]

Arkansas City Traveler, May 9, 1877.

RAILROAD MEETING. A railroad meeting will be held at this place in Pearson's Hall, Wednesday, May 14th, at one o'clock, to consider the railway interests of Cowley County. All are invited to be present. Endeavors will be made to have prominent railway men address the meeting.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 9, 1877.

A correspondent of the Coffeyville Journal, from Muskogee, Indian Territory, under date of April 18th, 1877, says:

John Dean, late of Cowley County, Kansas, who was reported drowned in the Arkansas river, near We-a-lar-ka; Creek Nation, July 1876, circumstantial evidence and partial admission is that he was murdered. The officers of the law are at work.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 9, 1877.

Did the Representatives of the K. C., E. & S. R. R.
Offer to go Through Winfield?
Letter from Gov. Eskridge.
EMPORIA, KAN., April 30th, 1877.
S. P. Channell, Esq.

DEAR SIR: Your letter of the 27th inst., with copy of Cowley County Telegram, containing a statement of the R. R. committee, of Winfield, came to hand this morning.

You call my attention to the statement of the committee and suggest whether a reply would not be appropriate. I answer, respectfully, no. The high regard I have for the committee forbids a dispute with reference to details merely. It is enough for the people of your county to know that after four different efforts by Mr. Young, and others, to secure the cooperation of the people of Winfield in the construction of the Kansas City, Emporia & Southern railroad, we failed to accomplish the object.

It is sufficient to say that upon the last visit made by Mr. Young and myself, the railroad committee, through its chairman, Mr. Smith, informed Mr. Young that they had one railroad proposition before them (the east and west road) and they did not at that time wish to entertain any other. As near as I can remember, those are his exact words.

The provisions of the modified proposition may have still been objectionable to the committee, but its rejection by the committee, so far as we knew, was on the ground solely that they did not wish to entertain it. The committee did not even invite us to its room to hear its conclusions, but sent its chairman to us at the hotel to inform us (if he reported truly, and I have no doubt he did) that they didn't wish to entertain it.

Mr. Young thanked the chairman for his prompt answer, and in a short time thereafter we left town. It is no use to multiply words. Those who have been acting for the people of Winfield know very well why a proposition to aid this road via that place was not agreed upon.

Say to the people of the townships, in which the propositions are now pending, if they want the road, vote the aid and they will get it. Greenwood County has carried the proposition and the survey will commence this week, and then work for the construction will be prepared as fast as possible.

The truth will do to stand by. Mr. Young will be here Wednesday next to commence the location of the route. Truly yours, C. V. ESKRIDGE.

[RAILROAD MATTERS IN BUTLER COUNTY.]

Arkansas City Traveler, May 9, 1877.

Railroad Matters in Butler Co.
AUGUSTA, May 2nd, 1877.
R. C. Haywood, Esq.

DEAR SIR: Replying to your letter of the 27th ult., I have to say that the people of the several townships in Butler County, in which propositions are submitted to vote bonds to the Kansas City, Emporia & Southern Railroad Company are generally wide awake and are deeply interested in the result. We shall vote on the propositions in a few days, and shall then know the result beyond any peradventure. But we feel confident that all the townships will vote the necessary aid to this most important enterprise, and that there will be no questions about the road being built to the south line of this county, from Kansas City, Mo., within 18 months from the time the aid is secured along the whole route to Arkansas City. But should your people fail to vote the aid, I am of the opinion the enterprise will either stop entirely, or seek an outlet in Sumner County. I have seen a number of Sumner County people within the last ten days who are very anxious to have the road built through their county.

It is a good route for the people of Southwestern Kansas, giving us easy access to the capital of our State and other Kansas cities, and brings us into close competition with Chicago, St. Louis, Baltimore, and other Eastern cities, at Kansas City, which is now the focus of railways in the West.

We have no doubt whatever of the financial standing of the men who are backing the project, nor of their good faith in the matter. If the people vote the aid along the proposed line, the railroad will be built on time and there is no question. We are as certain of that as we can be of anything that is not a finality.

It is possible one township in this county may reject the proposition; but if that should be the case, it is also as certain that the proposition will be resubmitted and carried.

Maj. E. P. Bancroft, of Emporia, is in the several townships explaining the facts to the people. He meets with great success, carrying conviction to the minds of the people. They have great confidence in his integrity as a man.

Hoping that you will be successful in your efforts to procure the aid proposed, I remain, respectfully, yours, E. L. AKIN.

[COMMUNICATION "TIMOTHY GOURD SEED."]

Arkansas City Traveler, May 9, 1877.

From the San Juan Mines.
LAKE CITY, COLORADO, April 26.
Editor Traveler:

Supposing that some of my old friends would like to know what I am doing, I will ask for room in your columns to explain. I am mining red hot, but my partner being on the sick report this evening, I have to stay in. I have a one-fourth interest in twelve mines, and have been offered five thousand dollars for some of them, but think I can do better. I think I can stick to the Mountains one year more and then leave satisfied. I have not done much this winter but prepare for the summer. My prospects now are flattering, but boys, take my advice, and don't come out here strapped.

A man coming out here dead broke, knowing nothing about the country or mining, and a regular tenderfoot (as we call `em out here), will be in a bad row of stumps, for I have tried it. But a man can do well here if he has a little money, and if he has property there, such as land or town property, or any kind of stock, he can trade for mines. You can trade anything you have there for mines, but grasshoppersanything from a Nova Scotia gentleman cow to a South American sea crab, for their real value.

Lake City is a red hot little town of two years, and about fifteen hundred inhabitants. Has good churches, good schools, good society, and about seventy-five business houses. It is situated on the Gunnison River at the junction of the Gunnison and Henson Rivers, between two large mountains on the east and west side, river running north. There is one smelter in the edge of town and one a mile up the Gunnison River, that is all there are in this camp, but I think one year more will bring lots of them. There is a lively little paper in Lake City called the Silver World, and it is just such another as the TRAVELER, all the time getting off something.

Please accept my compliments, and don't forget old Bill Wilson.

Yours truly, TIMOTHY GOURD SEED.

[COMMUNICATION FROM "ROBINSON CRUSOE"RED FORK RANCHE, I.T.]

Arkansas City Traveler, May 9, 1877.

RED FORK RANCHE, INDIAN TERRITORY, April 1st, 1877.
Twelve hundred head of cattle belonging to Mr. Buckley passed up the trail last Friday. The first herd were wintered in the Territory, and were to be driven to the Red Cloud Agency, Nebraska. Four hundred ponies passed up Saturday, for Great Bend, Kansas. Nine hundred and fifty through cattle passed up yesterday.

L. A. E. Hodge, Agency physician, reports a number of deaths among the Cheyenne and Arapaho Indians.

Several hundred acres of prairie breaking is to be let to the lowest bidder to be broken in various places. Each Indian to receive as many acres of breaking as he will break for himself.

Loafers and horse thieves stand but little show in this country now. A man found without a pass, who cannot give a pretty good account of himself, stands a pretty good chance of spending a few nights in the guard house. Thus the peace of the country is preserved.

ROBINSON CRUSOE.
[TEACHER CERTIFICATES.]

Arkansas City Traveler, May 9, 1877.

The following parties received certificates at the examination held in Winfield on the fourth and fifth instant.

First Grade: Miss Lena Bartlett, Miss M. E. Saint, Winfield; Mr. W. E. Ketcham, Maple City.

Second Grade: Anna O. Wright, Carrie Dixon, Georgia Christian, Stella Burnett, Arkansas City; Sarah Hollingsworth, Polo; Lucy Bedell, Lazette; Mary Pontius, Winfield; Veva Walton, Oxford; Adelia Eagin, Rock.

[COUNCIL PROCEEDINGS.]

Arkansas City Traveler, May 9, 1877.

Council met in regular session, at the office of I. H. Bonsall, Monday, May 75h, James Benedict acting Mayor; J. I. Mitchell, H. P. Farrar, Ho. Godehard, I. H. Bonsall, Councilmen.

Judge Christian reported on his trip to Winfield to redeem city lots sold for taxes, but not paying all taxes due, they were not redeemed.

Bill of E. D. Eddy allowed.

Bill of R. C. Haywood, $6.65, referred to Finance Committee.

Petition of L. W. Currier's for dram shop license, containing 125 names, referred to City Clerk, I. H. Bonsall, and City Attorney, Amos Walton.

On motion the Council adjourned to meet Tuesday evening at 7 o'clock.

[PERSONALS.]

Arkansas City Traveler, May 9, 1877.

STRAW HATS are in vogue now.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 9, 1877.

Mr. Newman has wheat that has headed.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 9, 1877.

Jeffers has a boy, and Hawthorne a girl.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 9, 1877.

A child of Mr. Garris was buried yesterday.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 9, 1877.

Mr. Estus is building a good frame building.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 9, 1877.

Chet Ward sold his blacksmith shop to Felton & Wood.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 9, 1877.

Haywood sold three mowing machines to the Osage Agent this week.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 9, 1877.

Old Mr. Sweet is living with his son George at Alleghany, Pennsylvania.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 9, 1877.

Rev. Wingar expects to be absent three or four weeks on a tour to recuperate.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 9, 1877.

E. C. Hawkins has his cane mill ready for work waiting for the time to come.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 9, 1877.

Salt City was represented last Saturday by Wm. Berkey and H. B. Pruden.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 9, 1877.

Ladies always meet a cordial reception and prompt attention at Wilson's Central Store.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 9, 1877.

Rev. David Thompson supplied the pulpit of the First Church last Sunday evening.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 9, 1877.

Will Mowry was learning city life in Wichita this week. He returned Monday evening.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 9, 1877.

Charley Hawkins, Rev. Blevins, and old Mr. Terry were married last week. All widowers.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 9, 1877.

J. L. Stubbs and wife, escorted by Monateur De La Ed. Finney, will be at this place May 16th.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 9, 1877.

COURT began last Monday. There are 92 cases on the docket, and six days will probably complete the term.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 9, 1877.

According to the announcement some time ago, Bishop Vail will preach at the First Church next Friday evening.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 9, 1877.

MR. WM. COOMBS will have native lumber for sale next week, and will contract for the cutting and hauling of fire wood.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 9, 1877.

RYE. RUSSELL COWLES left us a sample of rye, yesterday, measuring three and one half feet long, with a head of 6-1/2 inches.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 9, 1877.

DIED. On Tuesday, May 1st, Mrs. Smith, wife of R. W. Smith, living east of the Walnut. The old lady had been lingering for two years.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 9, 1877.

SID MAJOR, at the Central Hotel, Winfield, will be glad to meet all his acquaintances during court week. The Central is the best hotel in the city.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 9, 1877.

The blackbirds are eating young grasshoppers by the thousands. Where there were millions a few weeks ago, there are now comparatively few.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 9, 1877.

TERRY WOODYARD has put up a bench in Kellogg & Hoyt's store and will arrange the machinery of your watch so that it will keep sun or railroad time.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 9, 1877.

MR. KELLOGG, registrar of Sedgwick County, and G. W. Seevey, of Hoopstown, Ill., called on us last week. Mr. Seevey was looking for a suitable location for a bank.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 9, 1877.

HOUGHTON & McLAUGHLIN. Almost from the beginning of Arkansas City, the firm of Houghton & McLaughlin has been a familiar household word with the people of Cowley and Sumner counties. Other firms have started, changed hands, and finally gave way to the grasshopper and Indian panics, yet the "Old Reliable Green Front" has pursued its onward course, until now we find them occupying a building one hundred feet long, on one side of the street, filled with dry goods, clothing, and every conceivable article of apparel, while on the opposite side is their grocery and queensware department, almost as large. Their trade is by no means confined to this county alone, but reaches far to the western border and almost to Texas. During the year 1874, their trade with the Osage Indians alone, for four months, amounted to $30,000; and since then, they have been parties to a contract with the Kaws, Osages, Pawnees, Cheyenne & Arapahos, Wichitas, Caddoes, and affiliated bands, Kiowas, and Comanches. Having the advantage of buying largely, they buy cheap; and selling a large quantity of goods, they can afford to sell at a smaller margin. Last week their spring stock arrived, and it is now displayed on their avenue shelves. To all who have not seen them, or made a visit to the new store, it will pay to go.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 9, 1877.

A BOTANICAL RARITY.
Mr. James Wilson, who has recently become one of our citizens, and who has long been known in this State, and to eastern botanists, as an enthusiastic lover of ferns, informs us that in one of his fern hunts in the beautiful canons that reach out from the Walnut River, and form a prominent feature of its romantic scenery, he has found among other species of rock ferns, one that has long been a disideratum amongst botaniststhe rare and pretty little Nothalaena dealbata. He speaks of it as being very abundant in this neighborhood, and although for the past ten years Eastern botanists have been writing to him for specimens, he has never been able to find it until now.

At present its delicate little pods are half grown, and when its spores begin to expandwhich will probably be in August, he will be glad to send carefully prepared specimens to Eastern botanists or others who may be interested in this, his favorite branch of botany. In the "Naturalists Directory," published a few months ago, his address was Leavenworth, Kansas. Naturalists will please notice that his address is changed to Arkansas City, Cowley County, Kansas.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 9, 1877.

ROSE'S HORSE.
A little fun, meant entirely for a joke, came near resulting in a serious matter a few days since, in the peaceful township of Bolton. It was something after the following manner. A young man was in the habit of calling on a young lady. One evening not long past, he came as usual, tied his horse to the wagon, and went into the house. When he was ready to return home, his horse was gone, and he had to "foot it." A day or two passed and the horse did not return, and search began, with no result. Then vigilance committees were talked of, and orders given to one of the parties concerned to find that horse. Before violent measures were taken, the animal was found stuck in the mud, some distance from where it was turned loose.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 9, 1877.

One of the most cowardly, sneaking, detestable, and little tricks was perpetrated on Mr. L. C. Carrier, Monday night, that has been brought to our observation for some time. Evidently it has been some enemy of the man who has not the courage to speak to him or of him; but in the darkness of night, sought not only to ruin the name of the man but to drag down his family and connections. We refer to the obscene sign placed alongside of his house. The gentleman so grossly insulted can have the satisfaction, however, that the act is denounced as contemptible by every pure minded citizen.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 9, 1877.

UNIVERSAL FAIR.
Mr. A. F. Wood, advance agent of the combination troupe of universal wonders, called on us last week and left a huge advertisement of their wonderful world's exposition and grand amusement organization. The animals of this paragon exhibition of the age, were wintered at St. Louis, Mo., and not being worn out by travel and exposure, are fat, lively, and manifesting exuberance of spirits. In the afternoon a free balloon ascension will be made if the weather is favorable, and an opportunity offered to view the landscape over.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 9, 1877.

PEACHES.
ELISHA PARKER left with us a sprig from a peach tree, two feet in length, that contained eighty peaches about the size of a large grain of wheat. They were in clusters of three and four each, and had not been hurt by the frost.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 9, 1877.

In addition to the World's Fair to be held at this place next Monday, the Osage Indians propose giving a public war dance for a small contribution to be donated by the crowd. Many would rather witness their wild freaks than the trained actions of horse and riders. Come in anyway, and see the fun, whether you go to the show or not.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 9, 1877.

DEXTER, April 27th.
BIRTH. Born to Mr. and Mrs. Merydith, Friday, April 20th, a ten pound daughter. The grasshoppers are sick, and are about to take a relapse on account of the cold rains. A railroad meeting was held at the schoolhouse on the 20th, to cuss and discuss railway matters in general. HUGO S.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 9, 1877.

TWO PETITIONS FOR A SALOON LICENSE were presented to the city council at their meeting Monday evening: one of L. C. Currier's with 125 names; and one of Vice and Newcome with 131 names. A remonstrance of 152 names was also presented. To obtain a license, it requires the names of a majority of the residents over twenty-one years of age, and as the Council had no census of the city, it was left with the City Clerk and Attorney to determine how many residents the city contained.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 9, 1877.

BOOTS & SHOES. We desire to call the special attention of our readers to the advertisement in this issue, of T. E. Gilleland's Boot and Shoe Store, at Winfield. Mr. Gilleland is an experienced leather merchant and understands himself perfectly. His stock is probably the best to be found in the Southwest, and his prices as cheap or cheaper than any other house. The first time you are at the county seat, give him a call and learn his prices.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 9, 1877.

NEW DRUG STORE. In another column will be seen the advertisement of L. H. Gardner & Co., who have opened a lot of pure, fresh drugs, and liquors, and offer them to the public at reasonable rates. Anything in the drug line can be purchased of them, and they will be very glad to have you given them a trial.

AD: NEW DRUG STORE! IN ARKANSAS CITY, KANSAS.

L. H. GARDNER & CO.

Have opened a Drug Store in the new building south of Benedict's store, and have just received a large and fresh supply of Drugs, Patent Medicines, Chemicals, Paints, Oils, Varnishes, and Pure Liquor for Medicinal Purposes.

Physicians' Prescriptions Carefully Compounded by an Experienced Druggist, at any hour of the day or night.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 9, 1877.

The work on the countering and shelving of Newman's store room, now occupied by Houghton & McLaughlin, displays workmanship equal to any we have seen in the State. The counters are made with black walnut tops, of one board two feet in width, with oak and pecan finish, giving it a rich appearance and finish.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 9, 1877.

We take pleasure in announcing that Capt. Nipp's wife is not dead, as reported. A neighbor of Mr. Nipp's died (Mrs. Olds); and the report was circulated that it was Mrs. Nipp. The Captain says his wife never was in better health, and was wonderfully surprised when she read her own death notice.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 9, 1877.

JONES, of Rock Creek, while on his way to the Territory with some stock, camped near the bluffs north of town, and noticed a wolf carrying food to a hole. He dug to the end of the hole and found six young wolves, which he took with him, intending to raise them for watch dogs.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 9, 1877.

A team, wagon, and plow were stolen from Hutchinson, Kansas, on Monday, May 1st, and the thief tracked this way. The horses were a black and roan, and the wagon "Whitewater" make. One of the parties in pursuit was in town last Sunday.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 9, 1877.

GEORGE ALLEN and FRANK SPEERS have made a number of new signs lately that were well lettered. Among others that of the "Arkansas City House"a new boarding house just opened by Mr. Williams, one door above the Bakery.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 9, 1877.

PONY STOLEN.
On last Wednesday, Charles Cobaugh, a boy fourteen years of age, in the employ of A. M. Smythia, rode off on a black mare pony, the property of Mr. Smythia. Nothing has been heard of him since he left.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 9, 1877.

LUMBER YARD.
MESSRS. PARKER and CANFIELD have opened a lumber yard near A. O. Porter's blacksmith shop, and have all kinds of pine lumber and shingles. Orders for large or small quantities promptly filled.

AD: PARKER & CANFIELD.

Will keep on hand a full supply of finished lumber, Doors, Sash, Blinds, etc., and desire the public to call and see them at A. O. Porter's old stand. They propose to sell cheap for cash.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 9, 1877.

The applications for the next term of the public school at this place, beginning in September, will be acted on by the Board soon, and the award made. Prof. Bacon and Edwin Thompson have applied, up to this date.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 9, 1877.

It is reported that Mrs. Couchman, formerly of this place, obtained a divorce from her husband and married a very wealthy old gentleman, interested in the lead mines near Joplin, Mo.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 9, 1877.

GOLD. We received a tasty little box filled with specimens of gold, from a Colorado mine now being worked by Jack McLay. A letter from him will be seen in another column.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 9, 1877.

SILVERDALE is not without noted characters, even Knights of the Green Cloth are represented, and all the spare change of several individuals passes freely over on the turn of a card.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 9, 1877.

MARRIED. REV. BLEVINS was married last week to Miss Pitt. Mr. Blevins always has endeavored to follow the teachings of the good book, and in this case, has helped an ox from the Pitt.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 9, 1877.

MRS. J. E. NYE, at Washington, Lorain County, Ohio, is very anxious to learn the whereabouts of her brother, C. M. Brandt, who resided at this place a few months ago.

[BUSINESS NOTICES.]

Arkansas City Traveler, May 9, 1877.

Worth Remembering.
We have divided our stock of goods, moving all but the groceries, queens, and glassware to the new brick store, and hereafter no groceries leave the old green front until settled for with cash or ready pay. "Please make a personal application." Respectfully,

HOUGHTON & McLAUGHLIN.
Arkansas City Traveler, May 9, 1877.

MILLET SEED in large or small quantities at Berry Bros.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 9, 1877.

NOTICE.
On and after May 20th, 1877, I will have native lumber for sale at my place 1½ miles northeast of Arkansas City. I wish also at that time to sell a large quantity of fire wood, and will let contracts for cutting and hauling the same. Parties wanting anything in the shape of native lumber or wood can apply to me personally, or leave their orders at the office of Mitchell & Channell. WM. COOMBS.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 9, 1877.

MULES. I have several good mules and four tracts of land I will sell reasonable.

L. C. WOOD.
[THE NEW KANSAS ROADS: RAILROAD PROSPECTS.]

Arkansas City Traveler, May 16, 1877. Front Page.

The past week has added materially to railroad prospects of Kansas City. Let us see:

The road from Ottawa to Emporia, 45 miles, has been under contract for completion for some time. The vote of Greenwood County in favor of the subscription, has secured its extension from Emporia by way of Eureka to the west and south line of the county. From Eureka the road branchesone to Augusta, in Butler County; the other to Howard City, in Elk County. From Eureka to Augusta it is 30 miles, and from Eureka to Howard City it is 22 milesin all from Emporia, 92 miles of road. From Ottawa to Emporia it is 45 milesan aggregate of 137 miles of new road, we may accept as secured.

This road will, we have no doubt, be soon provided for at Arkansas City, a distance of 40 miles more. At Howard City we are within 30 miles of the Indian Territory, and at Arkansas City, at the line. A glance at the map will show that these roads give an outlet to the country east of the Arkansas River to Kansas City and St. Louis and Chicagomuch cheaper, in one-tenth the time, and to better markets than any proposed line direct east. In time these roads will be extended so as to still further accommodate the country. With these lines completed, there will scarcely be a farm in all Southern Kansas east of the Arkansas River that will be twenty miles from a railroad station.

And to secure these accommodations, the people are only taxed upon $4,000 per mile, whereas under the former system, it was from $15,000 to $20,000 per mile. At the cost by the present plan, these 137 miles of road are to be built on an aggregate subscription of $585,000 upon the people of seven counties. Under the old system, it would at the minimum have cost a subscription of $2,055,000, or nearly four times that much. We congratulate the people of Southwestern Kansas on their escape from the burden of their older neighbors in Kansas and Missouri.

Then there is another road that we may count on as securedthat from Florence on the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe to Eldorado, in Butler County, a distance of thirty miles. The bonds of the townships of Prospect and El Dorado in that county were voted last Tuesday by a practically unanimous vote, and the contract having been let, work on the line has commenced. This is really a branch of the above road, and will be operated by it.

When we look at the map, with these lines all provided for, the future is securefor west of the Arkansas will be penetrated, not by new roads projected from other points, but by extensions of these lines, as the settlement and business of the country demands. The past week has been one of the most important to Kansas City for ten years, and because these things took place so far away and from under our immediate notice, makes them none the less so. Journal.

[RAILROAD ENTERPRISES IN COWLEY.]

Arkansas City Traveler, May 16, 1877. Front Page.

The changes and different phases assumed by the railroad question in Cowley County are so frequent and numerous that we confess our inability to keep pace, and have about come to the conclusion to abandon the field for one in which we feel a greater interest and which we regard as less susceptible of change.

We now learn that the compromise measures between the two factions in that county, to which we called attention to last week, failed to meet the approval of all parties, and hence failed of a confirmation, and each party took the field independently and on their own hook, not only each to labor for the advancement of their own pet measure, but at the same time to do what they might be able to accomplish the defeat of the other party.

In this manner the county was thoroughly canvassed by both parties, securing signatures to petitions. As the result, a petition was presented to the Commissioners on Monday, signed by over 1,900 pretended bona fide residents and legal voters of said county, praying for the submission to a vote of the question of issuing the bonds of the county in aid of the Memphis, Parsons & Ellsworth Western Branch Railroad, and the election was ordered to take place on the 22nd day of May.

The petitions heretofore circulated with a view to extending aid to the Kansas City, Emporia & Southern Railroad were not presented for the consideration of the Board.

The proposition submitted is destined to meet with a good deal of opposition from the people of the county, and our neighbors of Winfield will very soon learn whether they are able to manipulate and engineer the people of the entire county, to the end that they may build up a little kingdom on the Walnut. We shall see. Our limited space precludes further comment at present. Oxford Independent.

[RAILROAD TALK.]

Arkansas City Traveler, May 16, 1877. Front Page.

Railroad Talk.
Since the panic of 1873 there has not been so much railroad talk as we hear now. The difficulty experienced by the people of Elk, Chautauqua, and Cowley counties in moving their crops for the past year or two have made them feel that they must have a railroad of some kind and from some direction. The most natural hope on their part is for the extension of a road from Independence westward, and we believe it is conceded on all hands that this is what they want first of all. But they have talked railroad so much that like most of the people they have resolved to have one at any price and whatever line it may be.

There are several other proposed lines, all of them we think impracticable. There is some talk of using the old grade from Thayer across to Fredonia, Wilson County, and extending it thence to Howard City, through Elk County, and on goodness only knows where. That would be a road commencing nowhere and terminating at the same place.

Then there's the infant wonder, Parsons, wanting to raise the wind in some way, lest she shall lose all her laurels since the east and west road has been extended to Oswego. So there is a proposed narrow gauge line from Parsons, meandering through Wilson, taking in some little hamlets that have been long since thirsting for glory, running down in Elk County by a southwesterly course, entirely flanking Independence. This would be a nice thing for Parsons, if nothing more, as it would require breaking bulk there, thus compelling all the shipments from the west to pay tribute to that enterprising terminus of the narrow gauge.

Then there is the proposed extension of the road from Emporia southward, but this would only penetrate Sumner and Cowley, leaving Chautauqua and Elk as bad off as they are now.

The extension of a road from Independence westward would of course settle all other proposed projects, and to this we are called upon to address ourselves now. In getting the Southern Kansas road here, we of course have to pay for it, and it is but natural that we should want to retain the terminus as long as possible; though we have never thought the extension of the road westward would have the effect anticipated by some. However, we may set it down that none of these lines will be extended except by local aid in the way of bonds; and it is certain, also, that Montgomery County will vote no railroad bonds at all. She has seen the danger, suffered the penalty, and it is idle to talk of county aid. So that the only aid of that character in this county must be by townships, if at all. Louisburg Township would vote bonds to get the road.

We think that the best outlay in the direction of aid to railroads now is for the extension of the Missouri & Western from Oswego here, thus giving us a direct line to St. Louis, securing competition in rates, and at the same time securing to Independence the termini of both roads, or compelling one of the roads to push on further westward without any aid from us. That would certainly be killing two birds with one stone. Independence Tribune.

[RAILROADS IN COWLEY COUNTY: WHO TELLS THE TRUTH?]

Arkansas City Traveler, May 16, 1877. Front Page.

[For the TRAVELER.]
Who Tells the Truth.
The citizens of Winfield are continually asserting that they were never opposed to the Kansas City, Emporia & Southern road. If this was the case, how do they explain the fact that they sent along with the so-called east and west petition, a remonstrance against the Kansas City, Emporia & Southern road; and if they had presented the remonstrance, as they intended to do, and had paid counsel to do, in case a petition for the north and south road (as they were pleased to call it) was presented, would that have shown any opposition to the road?

Why is it that you so continually assert that you were willing to give $100,000 for a north and south road; and that was sufficient, and yet insist now in bonding the county to the amount of $120,000 for a road that terminates northeast at the same place the north and south road, which you oppose, terminates?

And how is it that you rejected all propositions to run the east and west road either west or south after it reached your place?

And how was it you were so careful in a proposition, which was dictated by yourselves, to mention no point between Lazette and Winfield, and thus give a chance to leave nearly the whole Grouse Valley out in the cold and make them tributary to yourself?

It seems as though in attempting to bury a rival, you had miscalculated the judgment and sense of the common people in other parts of the county, and had forgotten that possibly the farmers and producers of the county and in the townships, might think it well to look out for their own interests, as you were looking out for yours.

You forgot that the farmers of Beaver and Vernon, who have large crops of grain to market, might say that they would not as leave haul one or two thousand bushels of wheat ten miles as three miles, and that they might consider themselves as on the direct line of the road, and as having to pay for it the same as Winfield; and therefore entitled to its benefit the same.

And you forgot that they would trust you a great deal quicker in regard to the road going in, if you had made provision for it, than they would on your mere assertion that some time it would.

And when you thought that the farmers of lower Grouse could not see that a very little twist west, instead of east, would give them several miles more hauling to market their grain, you underrated their perception.

And again, when you told the tale that the eastern end of the road was completed to Memphis; when you told in Nennescah, for the sake of getting petitioners, that it was the Fredonia road; when you told that the franchises were worked up to our county lineyou forgot that these county people might take the trouble to look the matter up, and finding untruth in the beginning, might not trust any of your assertions, and brand you for a sham.

[COMMUNICATION FROM "J. O. WILKINSON"SILVERDALE.]

Arkansas City Traveler, May 16, 1877. Front Page.

May 8th, 1877.
In traveling over the country, I find there is a great difference in the appearance of the growing grain. Some fields look very well while others look poorly. The corn and potatoes that were above ground before the frost, last week, were all killed by that frost. Of course, they will all come up again. Peaches look very well; the frost did them no damage. The grasshoppers do not seem to be doing anything at present. Perhaps they are filing their teeth to use on the coming crop.

Every voter in this part of the county is going to vote against the east and west paper railroad. The grave Winfield dug to bury Arkansas City will now be used for the interment of her own selfish carcass, so think the people of this section. For one, I think she ought to be kept from having a railroad for the next ten years in payment for her infernal greed in trying to keep Arkansas City from getting either road. Alas! For the rarity of Winfield charity, in this respect.

A young blood, who is said to be one of Eldorado's merchants in the jewelry line, was down a short time ago, and while here, created quite a sensation among the young people near the mouth of Grouse Creek; was also the cause of a large amount of saffron taking. In other words, he gave the measles to all the young folks he had the good fortune to be "knocked down" to. He tried to give his heart to one or two fair damsels on Grouse, but they thought he acted spoony, so they shipped him. He then got a gentleman to take him up the Arkansas about three miles, where lives the prettiest girl in Cowley County. He was just about to offer himself, a sacrifice on the shrine of the beautiful goddess (of course, we will say Venus), when, oh, terror! The God Apollo (in the person of an old white haired man, of the old school) smote him with his thunderbolt of wrath and told him to leave his realm instanter. The greenhorn struck an attitude then that no artist's pencil could portray, no matter how good he might be at sketching.

We will state here that the soft, silly, sickish-and-flat, had never seen the last mentioned lady before his visit. It was clearly a case of love at first sight. It is a pity that the gods of truth and decency did not annihilate the reptile on the spot. We suppose, owing to the eternal fitness of things, he got away with his miserable life. He will very likely go back to the land of gold, where Venus and Apollo will no more trouble him in his blissful ignorance. No doubt he thinks, "Tis folly to be wise," under the circumstances. We will state for the benefit of the El Dorado merchant, that if he ever comes back to find out how a young lady's health is, or to ask permission to correspond with her, without any previous acquaintance, he will get scalded, and a split stick put on hishishim. So mote it be. J. O. WILKINSON.

["A VOTER" SENDS A FEW INQUIRIES: ATTACK ON E. C. MANNING.]

Arkansas City Traveler, May 16, 1877.

[For the Traveler.]
A Few Inquiries.
The last resort of a weak case is to accuse your adversary of lying, and this is the disease in Winfield, and especially in the Courier office.

The arguments in favor of the Parsons narrow gauge are so thick they are not distinguishable when spread on paper. They have advocated the road with all the vim and powder at their command. Now in the closing days of the canvass, they see the props that have supported the enterprise, falling one by one, and the Courier, in agony of despair, stamps Arkansas City as a den of liars, and does not stop short of attacking the ministry to further the dying cause.

Good reader, imagine the man who, with the aid of the best of counsel and a thorough trial of a year or more in court, was able to present to the world by the court's own verdict, that his character was worth just one cent, accusing a community as a set of liars. Look up this man's record and see if he is a fit person to advise Cowley County as to her railroad interests, and whether he labors for the people in general or his own mercenary self.

Now what good does this originator of the Parsons & Puget Sound railroad give you for supporting this road at the polls?

First. Because it gives you direct connection with St. Louis. How? By breaking bulk in the line of the L. L. & G. R. R. and at Parsons on the M. K. & T. R. R. The distance between the two roads is so great that it affords no competition.

Second. Because the company is composed of substantial men, who are able to and will build the railroad if aid is voted. Matthewson, of Parsons, is the only man who is ever publicly referred to as one of the company; and they say he proposes to put twenty thousand dollars in the enterprise, enough to build a common flouring mill or build two or three miles of road.

The people ask: "Who composes the company that proposes to build the Parsons railroad, and have they the financial standing and means to build the road?

The "mouth piece" of Cowley County replies by giving the names of a contracting party and their standing, who are ready to build the road, or any other, provided they are paid for it. With equal consistency the manager of the Courier might define his finances by giving the names and financial standing of the parties with whom he contracts to furnish type, paper, etc.

Now, Mr. Courier, why don't you tell the people of Cowley County what you know to be the facts, in an honest and square way?

Why don't you tell the people that the proposition in support of the Parsons road was originated and written in Winfield for the sole purpose of defeating a fair proposition from the north that was being presented to the county? And that when the citizens of Tisdale asked for their town to be mentioned as one of the points, Hamilton replied that he could not do it, as the proposition was gotten up in Winfield!

Why don't you tell the people that in getting the names on your petition, you searched the graveyards, the townships in Sumner County, and the tax rolls of years ago, and to further the getting of names, you represented to men who did not read the petition that the road was to run in their immediate vicinity?

Why don't you tell the people about the financial standing of Hamilton, Matthewson, and other men who comprise the company, living at Cherokee, Neodesha, and Winfield, and whether they know anything about building railroads, or have a dollar to put in the enterprise, and not dodge the question by giving the history of men who will do the work, if they are paid for it?

Why don't you tell the people that Missouri knows nothing of the line from Parsons to St. Louis? That no aid has been voted to such a project, nor can the road be built in the next five years?

Why don't you tell the people that the necessary number of petitioners in Tollerand and Dutch Creek townships, in Wilson County, cannot be obtained to call an election on the lines of your road, and that in Elk County you just barely obtained names enough to call an election, after working at it three weeks? That Howard City is solid against the proposition and Longton is divided, and that you haven't a ghost of a chance to carry this county?

Why don't you tell the people that the road is ridiculed at Parsons, and that the people there have no confidence in it, and that many citizens of Winfield strongly denounce the road as having no foundation, and say they will vote against the proposition; that you are urging the enterprise sprung to defeat another, simply to save yourself from failure, at the risk of tying up the county seven months on a bogus proposition?

Why don't you tell the people that these things, which you know to be facts, are true? And not answer honest inquiries by calling those who know something of this enterprise liars, etc.? Truth is stronger than fiction. A VOTER.

[ANOTHER ITEM RE RAILROADS: AUTHOR UNKNOWN.]

Arkansas City Traveler, May 16, 1877.

[For the Traveler.]
Facts Against Fancy.
Proof Against Bald Assertion.
A single glance at the map of Kansas will convince the most skeptical that all the twaddle about the east and west project to Parsons being the most direct route to market, for the farmers of Cowley, is all boshmere clap-trap. Men may prate about Chicago, St. Louis, and other eastern cities being a market for our surplus products. So are London, Liverpool, Paris, Glasgow, and other places, consumers of our produce; but is there one buyer in a hundred that ships to these places? No, not one in a thousand.

What the produce raiser wants is a market near home. This we have in Kansas City, the emporium of the New West, and to that point we must look for our sales and purchases, whether we like it or not. "Larger ships may venture more, but little boats must keep near shore." Large dealers may ship East, but the smaller ones must look to Kansas City as a rallying point. This being an admitted fact, the question of the utmost importance to the wheat and grain raisers of the Arkansas and Walnut valleys is, how to get there by the most direct route?

We say that the Kansas City, Emporia & Southern railroad is the most direct route that has been discussed, and is now before the people.

Arkansas City is in township 34, south range 4 east. Kansas City is in township 11, range 26 east196 miles in a straight line northeast. Parsons, the terminus of what is cunningly called the east and west road, is in township 31, south range 20 east, directly south of Lawrence.

Now count the distance by sections from Arkansas City up the Walnut to Augusta, Butler County; thence to Eureka, in Greenwood County; thence to Emporia, in Lyon County; thence to Ottawa, Franklin County; thence to Kansas City, our market. You will find the distance is 233 miles.

Then take the Parsons route to Elk City, thence to Parsons, thence by M., K. & T. road (broad gauge) to Kansas City, and you have 241 mileseight miles the longer route to Kansas City, our natural outlet.

So much for this boasted east and west route being the most direct. You see it is all moonshine and a delusion.

Citizens of Cowley, you who will have to pay dearly for this bogus road if it is ever built (which you are satisfied it never will), think of these matters before you go to the polls on next Tuesday to cast your ballots for a road that has neither life nor vitality; but, aside from the injustice it would entail on two-thirds of the taxpayers of our county, come out in your might, and strangle the bastard institution at its inception.

[COMMUNICATION FROM TISDALE/ RAILROAD MEETING AT WINFIELD.]

Arkansas City Traveler, May 16, 1877.

From Tisdale.
TISDALE, May 14th, 1877.
Editor Traveler:

DEAR SIR: I attended the grand mass meeting held at Winfield, on Saturday last, and a grand affair it was. Some gentleman from the south part of Rock Township, I believe, was elected Chairman, and Cliff Wood of Winfield, was elected Secretary. Manning was called upon to explain the object of the meeting, and in his sonorous monotones made some statements about the Pikes Peak and Puget Sound Railroad, Winfield branch, and from his own statements, there is no likelihood of his road being built at all.

He was followed by a gentleman by the name of Rushbridge, I think, who lives at Winfield and is a preacher. Rushbridge made a rampant political speech about railroads in general, and in particular, in favor of the Parsons road and against the K. C., E. & S. Railroad, and not particularly against the citizens of Arkansas City.

He said he knew the Parsons Railroad Company was substantial and that they would build the road. But when Mitchell asked him something about it, he could not even tell who its President is, and referred to General Peanut agent Manning.

Then followed Mitchell in a short speech in answer to the others, and Judge Hackney then made some statements about "escrow." This meeting appeared to me to be a fight between two or three little villages and a few individuals, and nothing about what railroads are needed in Cowley County.

It may be best to always consult the towns about railroads, but it seems to me the farmers might be entitled to be consulted once in awhile as they will have to pay for the roads when built. If this Parsons road is the same one which broke up some time since, over east, it is a humbug from beginning to end. I think it is the same Company, as some of the directors, at least in this company, are the same persons who were members of that company; and they busted up completely over there and could not pay the hands who did the grading; and I believe they still owe the workmen for the grade done on the same road at and near Brownsville.

I don't think the people of Tisdale want anything to do with this fraud, and you will see that their votes say the same at the election. The extreme wet weather probably kept the farmers from the meeting; and the city of Winfield, being the only part of the county represented to any great extent, had it their own way generally.

I believe there were but two persons from Vernon, two from Rock, four from Tisdale, three or four from Creswell, two from Dexter, and two from Lazette, and the balance from Winfield.

On the general wind-up they passed a resolution that we, the people of Cowley County, in mass meeting assembled, etc., favor the Parsons railroad project. The number voting in favor of the resolution as announced by the chairman was 51, and no announcement was made as to those opposed. I should think there were at least 25 votes in the negative, as I know there were at least that many persons present who do not favor the Puget Sound fraud.

Rushbridge had the manhood to move to strike out the word "the" in the resolution before "people" or "citizens," and Amos Walton had the charity to move to insert "we, the citizens of Winfield," and someone else had the ignorance to move to lay the amendments on the table, which would have taken the resolution with it, but Hackney's tactics defeated the amendments, and the General Peanut boy moved the passage of the original resolution; and it was carried with the result before given.

[INDIAN CONTRACTS.]

Arkansas City Traveler, May 16, 1877.

Levi Wilson was awarded the contract for supplying corn at Fort Leavenworth, yesterday, at 89 cents per hundred, and oats at $1.18 per hundred.

James E. Fenlon was awarded the contract for corn and oats at Fort Sill, Gibson, and Reno.

Major Adams, Manhattan, the contract for Fort Riley; 94 cents per hundred pounds corn, $1.50 on oats; and an honest granger got the contract for Fort Dodge; delivered at Newton, corn, $1.10.

A. C. Keever, of Topeka, contract for Dodge, oats, $4.65, delivered at Newton.

Some experienced grain men say that some of the bills are very low.

James E. Fenlon, at Ft. Sill, corn $1.41, oats $1.97; at Fort Reno, corn $1.59, oats $1.97; at Fort Reno, corn $1.59, oats $2.47; Fort Gibson, corn $1.27, oats $2.07.

Leavenworth Items, Kansas City Journal.

[PERSONALS.]

Arkansas City Traveler, Wednesday, May 16, 1877.

Put up your window and door screens.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 16, 1877.

How do you take your butterwith onions?

Arkansas City Traveler, May 16, 1877.

Dr. Kellogg and wife returned from Iowa last week.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 16, 1877.

The street preacher failed to make his appearance last Saturday.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 16, 1877.

COUNTY SCRIPT is at par, and there is $5,000 [? $3,000 ?] in the county treasury.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 16, 1877.

The Arkansas and Walnut rivers were both full to the banks Monday.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 16, 1877.

J. L. Stubbs and Edward Finney with their wives are expected today.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 16, 1877.

ALFALFA. Frank Lorry left us a sample of alfalfa last week measuring two feet.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 16, 1877.

One man in the calaboose Monday night. It is a cold, lonesome looking place.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 16, 1877.

BORN. To Mr. and Mrs. L. C. Wood, Sunday, May 13th, a daughter. Weight 12 pounds.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 16, 1877.

TWO SALOON LICENSES HAVE BEEN GRANTED: ONE TO VICE & NEWCOME, AND ONE TO L. C. CURRIER, FOR $200 EACH.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 16, 1877.

The amount of taxes paid into the county treasury to May 1st reaches $37,000. On May 1st last year it was $35,000.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 16, 1877.

One of the monkeys of the side show jumped upon Wm. Berkey as he was passing it, and left the print of its teeth in his arm.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 16, 1877.

I. H. BONSALL and A. W. PATTERSON found it impossible to attend the railroad meeting at Sedan last week on account of high water.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 16, 1877.

SUMNER COUNTY is circulating a petition to call an election for the Kansas City, Emporia & Southern Railroad, to be extended from Cowley County, west.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 16, 1877.

THE CONTRACT for repairing the El Paso bridge across the Arkansas River was let by the County Board of Sumner County. The lowest bid was $350. Work is to be begun immediately.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 16, 1877.

We are pleased to announce the location among us of Doctors W. W. and W. A. McCormick, of Fredonia, Kansas. Both are medical men of no small reputation, and are bound to make friends.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 16, 1877.

The bridge across the Walnut is to be completed by June 2nd. Work on the piers has begun and the material for the iron span is at Wichita. Mr. Bullene, of Leavenworth, has the contract.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 16, 1877.

MARRIED. On Thursday evening, May 3rd, at Osage Agency, Indian Territory, by Rev. Fleming, Mr. J. L. Stubbs and Miss Gertrude Finney, both of that place. Further notice will be given next week.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 16, 1877.

R. R. MEETING IN BOLTON.
Meetings will be held at Bland's schoolhouse next Wednesday evening, and at Theaker's schoolhouse Friday, May 25th, to engage in free discussion over the railway interests of Bolton Township.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 16, 1877.

THE SHOW. Owing to the inclemency of the weather during the forenoon of Monday, and the raising of the streams, the people east of the Walnut and Grouse, as well as the Indians, were prevented from attending the exhibition. Eight cages contained all the animals, and the performances of horseback riders, contortionists, trapeze gymnasts, etc., lasted about two hours and a half. In the side show close by were a few monkeys, a bear, and little separate apartments, where the unwary were enticed to risk money on a lottery scheme, or be swindled by a female phrenologist. One young man, whose name we refrain from making public out of charity for him, put up $20 on an envelope said to contain $30, and lost his money. As he had no witnesses, the matter had to go by unheeded by the officers of the law, yet we hope has not been entirely thrown away, as it should make him a wiser and better man.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 16, 1877.

MARRIAGE LICENSES. The following are the marriage licenses issued by the Probate Judge during the months of April and May.

Levi Stump and Alice Mann.

Franklin P. Shuth and Amanda Vaneter.

Thos. D. Berry and Helen Wright.

John M. Reed and Elizabeth Ross.

W. D. Sitten and Sarah E. Rea.

Joseph Disser and Katy Birdzell.

Thomas Larkin and Martha Hayden.

John Blevins and Jennie Pitt.

Francis Knox and Mary Moyse.

J. V. D. Terry and Sarah Boyd.

Elijah C. Hawkins and Cynthiana Shaw.

W. H. Frazee and Susannah Morehead.

James H. Vance and Jennie McGauhy.

Chas. F. Allison and Sarah Toplin.

John Devore and Penlope Seacatt [? not sure of her name]

Geo. H. Dwyer and China Baldwin.

Robert Dewett and Corba Red.

The total number of marriage licenses issued in Cowley County since August 16, 1870, is 553; the first being to John D. Brown and Malinda Winscott, and the next to A. A. Jackson. The old docket is nearly worn out, but the Judge has a new one ready, so that there need be no delay.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 16, 1877.

DEXTER was a live town last Friday. Monroe's show was in the place, and many of the people of the surrounding country had gathered there. During their stay, Mr. Levi Miller, of Beaver Creek, was relieved of $90 he had just received of Mr. Wiley, in payment for some cattle, and several others found an opportunity to pay $2.00 for a phrenological chart. Mr. Miller claimed his pocket was picked, but the parties who paid $2 for the chart claimed the woman made it out without their consent and then demanded the fee. They at first refused, but seeing shoulder strikers nearby ready for any emergency, concluded it was better to pay the sum than fight. One young man, however, drew a pistol and showed fight, and was allowed to go free.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 16, 1877.

SHOOTING AFFRAY AT CEDAR VALE.
On last Thursday, John Bybee, of Cedar Vale, had some words with Jesse Peterson, of the same place, which finally resulted in a quarrel, during which Peterson grabbed a carbine and shot Bybee in the head; the ball entering behind the ear and coming out in the jaw. Both have been residents of Cedar Vale for some time and the quarrel was the result of an old feud. Bybee is said to be a very quarrelsome man, and was shot once before in a quarrel.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 16, 1877.

BOY HURT.
MARSH TRISSELL, son of W. B. Trissell, aged ten years, was knocked down by Walker's light wagon team, driven by a colored man, Banks, Monday afternoon while he was crossing the street. The double-tree struck him first, and he was thrown under the wagon; both wheels passing over him. For awhile the boy was unconscious, but was taken home and is now on his feet again.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 16, 1877.

ARKANSAS CITY IS EXPERIMENTING.
For a number of years she has been without a saloon, and all the while liquor found its way as readily to those who wanted it as when a saloon was licensed. They now have issued two saloon licenses, and have $400 paid into the city fund, where they had nothing before.

[COMMUNICATION FROM "M" RE RAILROADS...MANNING.]

Arkansas City Traveler, May 16, 1877.

[For the Traveler.]
From Winfield.
WINFIELD, May 9th, 1877.
FRIEND SCOTT. The east and west proposition is a fair one, and one that you need not be afraid of. The above is the language of the Telegram. Mr. Allison speaks truly when he says we need not be afraid of it, but forgets to addof it being built.

Now we all know too well the financial condition of this road to be humbugged and led to believe that if the bonds are carried at the coming election, the road will be built.

We want an east and west road, but we cannot afford to vote bonds in aid of such a project as this, it is simply tying our hands against our own interests, and keeping us from procuring a proposition from a company that we know is reliable.

I believe that if we had a proposition from the east that was reliable, it would receive the hearty support of the entire county, but the one we have now will surely not. Consider well before you cast your vote. The time is close at hand when you will be called upon to decide this matter, and cast your vote either for or against the bonds. It is a serious matter, and one that should be well considered.

If you are not posted in regard to the financial condition of this road and its ability to comply with its contract to build a road across the flint hills of Elk County, and through the roughest portion of Cowley, for the small sum of four thousand dollars per mile, you should by some means be enlightened, and have the matter placed before you as it is, not as it is placed before you by the bulldozers of Winfield.

I do not wish to call anyone of the gentlemen who have been canvassing the county in behalf of the east and west proposition a thief, liar, or cut-throat, as does the Courier speak of some of your citizens, but I do know they have told some pretty slimy stories. They have even went so far as to make some of the good citizens of lower Grouse believe that there would be a branch road from Lazette to the mouth of the Grouse. Now a man that will tell such an absurd falsehood as this does it for some purpose; he probably owns a few corner lots in the city of Winfield, and thinks by lying and deceiving the people, he will be able to make a stake. We hope the people will look to their own interests before it is too late, and trample underfoot the serpent that is about to sting them.

Court makes it lively for the hotels. Sid and Robert have all they can do.

Winfield has more doctors and lawyers than any other town in the Southwest.

The Honorable Col. E. C. Manning says: "If Arkansas City defeats the east and west proposition, the citizens of Winfield will be so enraged that they will sink it to the very bottom of hell." The Colonel, no doubt, would like to have company, as he went there last fall, according to his own saying (to the Senate or to hell). M.

[BUSINESS NOTICES.]

Arkansas City Traveler, May 16, 1877.

SHEEP FOR SALE. I have 400 young ewes for sale cheap for cash; can be seen at Sam Parks, 8 miles northeast of city. W. BISSETT.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 16, 1877.

TO TRADE FOR BREAKING, a new 40 steel teeth harrow, and a 14 inch breaking plow. J. ALEXANDER.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 16, 1877.

FRESH LIME at Moore's kiln.

[ORDINANCE NO. 54: ORDINANCE RELATING TO LIQUOR LICENSE.]

Arkansas City Traveler, May 16, 1877.

BE IT ORDAINED by the Mayor and Councilmen of the City of Arkansas City:

SECTION 1. No person shall keep a saloon, or place where malt or spirituous liquors are sold in any quantity, without having first obtained a license for that purpose; and any person violating the provisions of this ordinance shall, upon conviction, be fined in a sum not less than twenty dollars nor more than one hundred dollars for each offense.

SECTION 2. An annual tax of two hundred dollars shall be levied and collected from each person or firm owning or conducting any saloon, dram shop, or place where malt or spirituous liquors are sold, on the first day of May of each year, or when such persons or firm commence business; provided that when they shall make application after the last day of May of each year, they shall only pay in proportion to the fractional part of the year, but in no case shall any deduction be made for the fractional part of a calendar month.

SECTION 3. All persons owning or conducting any saloon, dram shop, or place where malt or spirituous liquors are sold, shall, in addition to the requirements of this ordinance, comply in respects with the provisions of an act entitled "An act to restrain dram shops and taverns, and to regulate the sale of intoxicating liquors," approved March 3, 1868; and any person violating any of the provisions of said act, or of this chapter, shall, upon conviction thereof, where not otherwise specially provided for, be fined in a sum not less than one nor more than one hundred dollars.

SECTION 4. Ordinance fifty-one (51) of the City of Arkansas City is hereby repealed.

SECTION 5. The above Ordinance No. fifty-four (54) shall be in force on and after its publication once in the Arkansas City Traveler. JAMES BENEDICT, Acting Mayor.

Attest: I. H. BONSALL, City Clerk.

[BIDS FOR TRANSPORTATION: INDIAN TERRITORY.]

Arkansas City Traveler, May 16, 1877.

Bids for Transportation.
OFFICE OF INDIAN AFFAIRS,
CENTRAL SUPERINTENDENCY.
LAWRENCE, KANSAS, May 11, 1877.
Sealed proposals will be received in this office until 3 p.m. Friday, the 1st day of June next, for transportation of Indian goods and supplies, from points in Kansas to various Agencies in the Indian Territory. Circulars containing full information can be obtained on application to this office. WM. NICHOLSON, Superintendent.

[CRESWELL TOWNSHIP STATISTICS.]

Arkansas City Traveler, May 16, 1877.

Number of bushels of corn on hand the first day of March, 1877, in Creswell Township, 12,535.

Wm. Sleeth and James I. Mitchell have the greatest number of bushels of corn. Mr. Sleeth has 1,500 and Mr. Mitchell 1,200.

On the first day of March, 1877.

No. of hogs over 5 months old: 503.

No. of horses over 6 months old: 523.

No. of mules over 6 months old: 86.

No. of cattle over 6 months old: 726.

Whole No. personal property statements in 1877: 304.

Whole No. personal property statements in 1876: 214.

Amount of taxable personal property in 1877: $68,617.

Amount of taxable personal property in 1876: $60,187.

INCREASE: $8,430.

Value of improvements: $6,370.

Land entered after March 1, 1876: 241

Total increase in 1877: 15,041.

Number of fruit trees in Creswell Township in 1877.

Peach trees, bearing: 8,911

Peach trees, not bearing: 11,999

Apple trees, bearing: 547

Apple trees, not bearing: 4,193

Cherry trees, bearing: 204

Cherry trees, not bearing: 318

Pear trees, bearing: 91

Pear trees, not bearing: 158

Plumb trees, bearing: 11

Plumb trees, not bearing: 55

Number of acres in fall wheat: 2,819.

[COMMUNICATION FROM "F. H. ALEY"DEXTER.]

Arkansas City Traveler, May 16, 1877.

From Dexter.
DEXTER, KANSAS, May 1st, 1877.
Editor Traveler:

Pursuant to agreement the people of Dexter and vicinity met to hear a report from the delegation sent to Sedan, on last Saturday. The committee reported verbally per Uncle John Wallace (one of their number) giving a detailed account of all that was done at Sedan. After their report, in which everybody seemed interested, speeches were made by Messrs. Calison, Elliott, and Esq. Smith, of Sheridan Township.

Just before the close of the meeting, an expression of the people was taken, both for this route running from the east through Chautauqua County, and westward to Winfield and Arkansas City, and against the Memphis, Ellsworth & Puget Sound railroad, which expression was unanimous in favor of the former and unanimously opposed to the latter. Was requested by vote of meeting to send the above to you for publication.

F. H. ALEY, Secretary.
[REPORT ON J. C. FRAKER, PRESIDENT OF DEFUNCT NATIONAL BANK.]

Arkansas City Traveler, May 16, 1877.

Telegrams were received here last week, announcing the arrest of J. C. Fraker, the president of the defunct National Bank (Wichita). The Government detectives, we are informed, made the arrest over a week ago, somewhere on the Mexican border, in the State of Texas, and took the prisoner to Austin. Charley Jones, deputy U. S. Marshal, left last Friday for the above place, with the necessary papers, and will bring Mr. Fraker back to the State. He will be taken to Topeka or Leavenworth.

[RAILROADS: KANSAS CITY, EMPORIA & SOUTHERN NARROW GAUGE.]

Arkansas City Traveler, May 16, 1877.

Mr. Young, the civil engineer of the Kansas City, Emporia & Southern narrow gauge railroad, confidently anticipating the voting of the aid asked for the southern end of the line, is now working up the eastern end, and by the time the elections are all held in the southern counties, the several counties and townships along the eastern end will be ready to vote on the question of aid to the road, and we doubt not will readily vote the bonds asked.

Emporia Ledger.

[RAILROAD: E. C. MANNING.]

Arkansas City Traveler, May 16, 1877.

Mr. E. C. Manning has been in our county this week, getting up a proposition for railroad bondswhich said proposition our people will soon be called upon to accept or reject at the polls. Manning cannot believe that any good will ever come of a railroad proposition which proposes to build a road to Arkansas City. He has disciples in Elk County who feel the same way about a road through Howard City. Elk County Ledger.

[FLORENCE: FLORENCE, ELDORADO & WALNUT VALLEY RAILROAD.]

Arkansas City Traveler, May 16, 1877.

Florence voted the twenty thousand dollars in bonds to the Florence, Eldorado & Walnut Valley Railroad on Tuesday, by a vote of 133 to 15. All has now been done that was to be done by the township and the railroad company have a clean field before them. Parties coming from Florence report that large forces are at work throwing dirt along the line, and everything is being pushed along rapidly. Press.

[L. L. & G. RAILROAD TO BE SOLD TO ANOTHER COMPANY.]

Arkansas City Traveler, May 16, 1877.

The L. L. & G. railroad is to be sold to pay its unpaid mortgage, and will be bought by a company which will extend it from Independence to Arkansas City, and thereby give the latter place what it has long wanteda railroad. News.

[SOUTHERN KANSAS AND RAILROAD.]

Arkansas City Traveler, May 23, 1877. Front Page.

SOUTHERN KANSAS.
COWLEY COUNTY IN GENERAL, AND ARKANSAS CITY IN PARTICULAR.
A Glimpse of the Happy Land Soon to Be Made
Accessible by Railroad.
[From the Kansas City Journal of Commerce.]
Arkansas City, Kans., April 18. The trip from Wellington to this place is accomplished by "buck board" and stage, via Winfield, in eight hours.

The ride is recommended to dyspeptics.

This town is keeping pace with the spirit of improvement apparent all over Kansas. Good times are continually at her doors. The brick blocks of Newman and Haywood, and the Methodist church, are among the new buildings. The former is one hundred feet in depth, and two stories in height, with a handsome iron front. The finishing touches are being put upon it, and the goods for its shelves are arriving.

Mr. Haywood is already occupying his block with an immense hardware store. The church is nearly enclosed. One of the latest accessions to the business facilities of the town is the arrival of Mr. Wilson from Leavenworth, with a large stock of dry goods, etc. Mr. Wilson has been well known among a large circle of people in Kansas for the past twelve years, as one of the leading merchants of the State, and has enjoyed to an enviable extent their confidence and respect. His removal to Arkansas City will be a surprise to many who considered him one of the "institutions" of Leavenworth's commercial and social circles.

He considers the name of this town unfortunate, and suggests that it be changed to "Twin Rivers," but Brother Scott of the Traveler objects to any new "turn of the tune." I was about to suggest

BUENA VISTA.
This is a grand country. As one stands here and gazes upon its rivers and forests and boundless sea of prairie beyond, he comprehends something of its possibilities. Here are millions of acres awaiting the plow. Here are forests to supply lumber and fuel. Here are inexhaustible quarries of magnesian limestone, that can be dressed with a saw and the plane.

Here are rivers and springs, whose limpid waters will yet turn myriads of spindles. Here is a soil and climate adapted to all the products of the temperate zone.

The rigors of winter never reach this latitude, and the hot sun rays of summer are tempered by a perpetual breeze. Sickness is almost unknown. There are no stagnant pools, no alkali, no miasmatic vapor.

With all the conditions for man's happiness so admirably prepared, it is no wonder that thousands are flocking to occupy the land.

Here is the wealth of an empire, with resources but hinted at by what has been accomplished.

In 1875, with but one eighth of its area in cultivation, the cash value of the wheat, oats, corn, and potatoes, raised in Cowley County, was $900,000.

This is an unfavorable season, and with the most superficial tillage in many instances, was a good showing.

Arkansas City has a very favorable location, which will be more apparent upon the advent of a railroad. Its natural advantages for commanding the grain and produce trade are equal to any town south of Wichita, while as the entry port for Texas cattle it is bound to excel any of its predecessors in their palmiest days. It is particularly fortunate in this respect. East of this the Indians have placed an embargo upon the traffic, and the routes west of this are obstructed by high water in spring, and parched with drouth in summer.

From this point good roads, with streams bridged, lead through the Territory to the forts upon the north and west frontiers of Texas, and directly through the great grazing region of the country.

The supplies for the various Agencies are hauled over these routes. The single item of flour manufactured here last year for the Indians amounted to more than one million pounds.

With these routes well established, with wood and water at convenient intervals for camping purposes, and with no prohibition from herding a million head of cattle on the boundless natural pastures that spread away to the south of the town, it takes no gift of prophecy to see what this point is destined to become in commercial importance.

Its isolation from railroads is the only unpleasant feature about it, and this will exist for only a short time longer.

The "Kansas City, Emporia and Southern" narrow gauge, of which I wrote you from Emporia, is certain to be built, the citizens of this part of the county being determined to have it at any cost.

A road of standard gauge is also being agitated from Independence west through Montgomery, Chautauqua, Cowley, and Sumner counties. Whether the route finally decided upon will be through Sedan to this point and hence to Caldwell, or striking further north through Longton, Elk Falls, Lazette, and Winfield, will terminate at Wellington, is to be determined somewhat by typography of the county, but more by the local aid it receives.

At any rate, the era of railroads is drawing upon this county, and "there's millions in it." G.

[NEWSPAPERS: KANSAS.]

Arkansas City Traveler, May 23, 1877.

Kansas has more newspapers in proportion to population than any other State in the Union: One hundred and seventy-two.

[COMMUNICATION FROM "J. O. WILKINSON"MAPLE CITY.]

Arkansas City Traveler, May 23, 1877.

MAPLE CITY, KAN., May 10, 1877.
I am still "on the wing" but getting badly jolted for one traveling in that way. I would advise a man who is contemplating a trip through eastern Cowley to take out a life policy in some good company for the future well being of his family.

I am compelled to say this from the bad condition of the roads. I don't believe the people of some sections of this part of the county even pretend to work on the roads.

Of course, I judge from their condition: Creeks I crossed seven years ago are still unbridged. This tells a badvery badstory, for the citizens living there.

Maple City is getting to be quite a little town. Mr. Southard is doing a fine business. He has a large stock of goods and is selling them rapidly and reasonably. He also has the post office where the TRAVELER is received by a large number of farmers. "Hard times" is the universal cry here.

The TRAVELER premium pictures "take" like hot cakes out here. The "Turn of the Tune," gets away with them completely. Everybody would take it if money was more plenty.

Twenty-five miles today in the rain, good bye. More anon. J. O. WILKINSON.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 23, 1877.

OVERFLOW OF THE ARKANSAS RIVER.
GREAT DESTRUCTION OF PROPERTY.
Bridges Carried Away.
Wheat and Corn Fields Overflown and Devastated.
For the past ten days heavy rains have been falling throughout this section and the streams are gradually rising. On last Friday the Arkansas was noticed as being very full, and on Saturday the rise was very rapid, bringing with it drift wood and live trees. Some of the latter being cedar, supposed to have come from the mountains. This would go to prove that the rains had extended to the mountains, or the immense body of water caused by the melting of snow.

Until Saturday night no apprehensions of the destruction of the bridge were entertained until large trees came floating down and the water began to flow around the approach. The Township Trustee then engaged a number of men with poles to push the floating logs under the bridge; but they came so thick and fast, and the night being very dark, it was deemed useless, and they abandoned the work at eleven o'clock at night.

At three o'clock Sunday morning, Wyard Gooch and others went down, and found all but four spans of the bridge gone. They then sent back for rope and tied the remaining span on the north side to a post and a tree about half as thick as a man's body. Not long after a very large tree with heavy branches came sweeping past, and striking the span, carried it away. After being swept from the piles on which it was built, it swung around to the bank, and the force of the current caused the post to break and left it swinging on the one rope tied to the tree. This soon began to crack, and in a few seconds, the tree was pulled out by the roots and the structure went with the current. Those who were on the river bank most of the time say that large pine branches and portions of other bridge timbers could be seen every few minutes, supposed to have belonged to the El Paso and Wichita bridges.

The bottom lands on the Arkansas present a wonderful spectacle. Whole fields of wheat and corn opposite Arkansas City are completely inundated, and the country around almost under water. Nothing is left between Carder's house and the Arkansas River except the sand hills, and the only way to reach the bank of the river is by boat.

We made an effort to cross to the ridge just opposite where Davis' house stood, on horse back, and the horse was compelled to swim. Wm. Coombs, James Wilson, E. E. Eddy, and others, while making the attempt earlier in the day, mired their animals, and had to wade ashore. On the island we found a dog, and every few feet noticed rabbits, gophers, ground moles, or snakes that had gathered there for safety.

The current of the river is fearful, and the waves roll two feet in height.

From the overflow at this place, we should judge the city of Wichita to be flooded with water, and the country adjacent to the river in Arkansas City completely deluged. The losses from bridges alone will be considerable, to say nothing of the great destruction of grain fields.

The bridge at this place originally cost $13,000, and the damage to it cannot be replaced short of $4,000 or $5,000. An effort will be made to rebuild that portion that has been carried away at once, or to have a ferry run until it is done.

[EDITORIAL COLUMNS.]

Arkansas City Traveler, Wednesday, May 23, 1877.

REMEMBER THE DAY. NEXT TUESDAY!

Arkansas City Traveler, May 23, 1877.

WICHITA has a St. Louis, and Kansas Central Railroad Company.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 23, 1877.

ROCK CREEK, BEAVER, CRESWELL, and BOLTON TOWNSHIPS are to vote on the Kansas City, Emporia and Southern Railway proposition next Tuesday, May 29th.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 23, 1877.

When the official paper of the county resorts to petty tricks to make a call for a railroad illegal, it would be well enough for the commissioners to look for some other source to secure the work of the county.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 23, 1877.

The Courier takes the trouble to make the Sheriff's proclamation calling an election for Beaver and Bolton townships, on the Kansas City, Emporia & Southern Railway, come on the 29th day of April instead of May. Too thin, gentlemen. The TRAVELER makes the legal announcement this time, and has it correct. The people were fortunate enough to see to that before the election was called.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 23, 1877.

Next Tuesday a portion of the people of the west valley of the Walnut will be called upon to accept or reject the only definite railroad proposition Cowley County has ever had. By its acceptance, you bring prosperity to yourselves and neighbors; a ready cash market for your grain and produce, and the general benefits attending a railroad. The proposition has been thoroughly canvassed and your minds should be decided. Let your votes now bring about the long cherished wish of your hearts and the welfare of the people.

[BIDS TO BE TAKEN FOR COWS AND CALVES: SAC & FOX AGENCY, I. T.]

Arkansas City Traveler, May 23, 1877.

SEALED PROPOSALS will be received by the undersigned until noon Saturday, the 26th inst., for the delivery at his agency, on or before the 30th day of June, next, of one hundred cows and their calves. They must be natives, healthy, and in good condition for stock cattle. The age of the cows must not be more than six years in any case, and the weight of each not less than five hundred and fifty pounds (gross). Separate bids may be put in for a few of these cows without calves.

Bids will also be received for two bulls, not more than 3 years old.

The privilege is reserved of increasing or diminishing the number called for, to an extent not exceeding twenty-five percent.

The privilege is reserved of rejecting any or all bids.

The successful bidder will be required to enter into contract, with approved bond for the faithful performance of his obligations.

LEVI WOODARD,
U. S. Indian Agent, Sac and Fox Agency, I. T.
Via Muskogee, Indian Territory.

[ATTEMPTED ABDUCTION OF A YOUNG WOMAN FROM GROUSE CREEK.]

Arkansas City Traveler, May 23, 1877.

Attempted Abduction of a Young Woman
From Grouse Creek By Two Young Men.
Last Saturday afternoon two young men driving a team of black horses with a buggy, stopped at a house on Grouse Creek where a young lady of sixteen years of age was stopping with her brother-in-law. Seeing she was alone, one of them alighted and went to the door and asked the young lady if she didn't want to take a ride. She replied that she would not be likely to, with a stranger. "Well then, you will have to go, for I have come to take you."

Apprehending that he meant foul play, she reached above the door and took down a revolver, and pointed it at his breast, when he exclaimed: "You are not going to shoot, are you?"

She replied, "I am, if you don't leave the house."

He then said: "I guess you won't shoot. Come and go to the Kaw Agency?"

As he said this, he advanced toward her, when she pulled the trigger and fired; the ball passing just under his arm and lodging in the side of the house, taking part of his clothing with it.

With a yell of agony he ran backwards, exclaiming: "My God! Don't shoot me!"

"Leave the house then. I have another ball and will kill you if you don't leave!"

The man in the buggy then called to him: "For God's sake, let her alone, you drunken fool; she'll blow hell out of you in a minute!"

He then ran towards the buggy and the two drove off, in an eastern direction. They came from the direction of Winfield, and had a gray horse tied behind the buggy. Both were well dressed and gentlemanly looking men, and drove a good team. The girl had been sick and was very feeble. The nearest house was Mr. Chancey's, and that a half mile distant, so that after they had left, she did not have any chance to inform anyone until her brother-in-law returned in the evening, and then it was too late to follow them.

We withhold the young lady's name at her own request; but can produce it if any clue to the parties is found. Had it not been for the wonderful courage of the girl, her fate might have been too horrible to narrate.

If such unruly hell hounds are roaming about the country, it will be well enough to prepare for them.

[FLEMING REPORTS ON STUBBS/FINNEY WEDDING AT OSAGE AGENCY.]

Arkansas City Traveler, May 23, 1877.

It was our privilege to meet the good people of Osage Agency at the nuptial ceremonies of Mr. Stubbs and Miss Finney, on Thursday evening, May 3rd, and seldom have we seen a more social and joyous group of individuals. We were surprised to meet there ladies and gentlemen who had graced the best society in the land, and others whose presence would adorn any reputable society.

Our host and hostess, Mr. and Mrs. Florer, spared no pains to make everything pleasant for their guests, and how admirably they succeeded, the good feeling and hearty enjoyment of all present may testify.

We congratulate our friend, Stubbs, in his success in marrying into one of the most reputable families of the State of Ohio. Rev. Mr. Finney and his noble wife, the parents of Mrs. Stubbs, and "the boys," known to all, were missionaries of the Presbyterian Church in the State of Ohio, and their sterling character and earnest piety contributed in no small degree to the high position which that State takes today in all questions of morals and religion. Though now in heaven, yet the impress of their lives and character is reflected in their children.

We extend our congratulations also to Mr. Ed. Finney and his estimable wife in their recent and happy union, and take this occasion to assure both of these recently married couples that the best wishes of their many friends in this community accompany them to their new homes. S. B. FLEMING.

[BAD STORM IN COUNTY BLOWS HOUSES DOWN. MAN KILLED.]

Arkansas City Traveler, May 23, 1877.

Houses Blown DownMan Killed.
A terrible wind storm swept over a portion of the county last Saturday night, destroying fences, tearing trees out by the roots, and blowing houses to pieces. It came from the southwest and went northeast. On Badger Creek, five miles northeast of Winfield, the stone house of George W. Vaneter was blown down, and Mr. Vaneter killed by the falling rock while he was lying asleep in bed.

Mr. and Mrs. Shaver, living close by, were severely hurt by the falling of some timbers of their frame house, while Mr. Hill, living one and one-half miles from Vaneter's, had his stone house scattered in every direction without being hurt. Some of the furniture from his dwelling was carried miles away.

The house of Robert Devore was also blown down, as well as Mr. Townsley's. Mr. White's house, in this township, was also completely wrecked.

Great excitement prevailed during the storm, and the people were almost wild with frenzy. At this place there was no unusual occurrence. A strong wind was blowing, but we were fortunate enough to be out of the line of the storm.

[ATTORNEYS IN ATTENDANCE AT DISTRICT COURT.]

Arkansas City Traveler, May 23, 1877.

The following attorneys were in attendance upon the present term of the District Court: Hon. Alfred L. Redden, of Eldorado; Mr. White, Howard City; Judge M. S. Adams, Wichita; Mr. McBryan, Sedan; Hon. C. R. Mitchell, Amos Walton, Judge Christian, E. B. Kager and Col. McMullen, of Arkansas City; and Messrs. Hackney & McDonald, Pryor & Pryor, Jennings & Buckman, Pyburn & Seward, Jas. McDermott, Henry E. Asp, E. S. Torrance, J. E. Allen, L. J. & Linus Webb, D. A. Millington, A. H. Green, W. M. Boyer, J. M. Alexander, of Winfield.

[PERSONALS.]

Arkansas City Traveler, May 23, 1877.

JOHN HARMON is living on an island.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 23, 1877.

THE GRASSHOPPERS are no longer feared.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 23, 1877.

PARASOLS and linen coats at church last Sunday.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 23, 1877.

The mail has not arrived at this place since Saturday.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 23, 1877.

We have a specimen of flax, measuring nine inches long.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 23, 1877.

The bridges, mills, and dams on the Walnut are all right.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 23, 1877.

MARTIN BARBER was acquitted for shooting his brother.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 23, 1877.

We saw green peaches this week that weighed half an ounce.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 23, 1877.

COWLEY COUNTY has a half dozen "Centennial" schoolhouses.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 23, 1877.

MR. SHOEMAKER's house on the Arkansas is entirely surrounded by water.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 23, 1877.

TISDALE Township is one of the best upland townships for corn in the county.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 23, 1877.

BIRTH. A daughter was born to Mr. and Mrs. Frank Gallotti on Saturday, the 12th of May.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 23, 1877.

POTATOES. James H. Lee, of Windsor Township, has new potatoes as large as walnuts.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 23, 1877.

MR. BENTLEY, formerly of this place, but late of Winfield, has returned to his home in Illinois.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 23, 1877.

JOHN SMITH shipped $3,000 worth of hogs from Tisdale last week. There is money in hogs in this county.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 23, 1877.

VERNON TOWNSHIP will support the Kansas City, Emporia & Southern Railroad, and have a road of their own.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 23, 1877.

LIVE cedars, cottonwoods, and other trees passed down the Arkansas on Sunday at the rate of five miles an hour.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 23, 1877.

SEVERAL HOUSES near the banks of the Arkansas are entirely surrounded with water, and the floors of many flooded.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 23, 1877.

The meeting announced by Winfield parties at Worden's schoolhouse in Vernon Township, Saturday evening, did not take place.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 23, 1877.

It is proposed to repair the bridge just damaged by the recent flooding from the Arkansas, also to erect another bridge west of town.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 23, 1877.

HOUSE BLOWN DOWN. Last Saturday night the frame house of old Mr. White's near Grouse Creek was blown down, and the old lady badly hurt.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 23, 1877.

One man fell from the remainder of the bridge on the Bolton side last Sunday, but caught hold of one of the piles before being carried down stream.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 23, 1877.

NEW HOUSE. Regardless of grasshoppers, floods, and other drawbacks, W. H. Walker is building a cosy dwelling on the corner opposite his place of business.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 23, 1877.

Dr. Alexander, Al., and Henry Mowry made a longer stay in Bolton last Saturday then they expected. Will Stewart and some others also remained on this side.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 23, 1877.

MARRIED. Thursday, May 10th, 1877, at the residence of Mr. A. M. Smythia, in the Indian Territory, Mr. L. S. Ganes to Miss Mary V. Gibson, by the Rev. J. Hopkins.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 23, 1877.

We had occasion to cross the Walnut yesterday, and got in the boat from the southeast corner of the townsite, and were rowed to near the foot of the bluff at Whitney's.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 23, 1877.

There was such a volume of water passing over the dam in the Walnut last Saturday and Sunday that it scarcely made a ripple, where it ordinarily has a fall of four feet.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 23, 1877.

The Board of County Commissioners meet the first Monday in June to equalize the taxation of the county. Erroneous assessments that should be rectified will then be attended to.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 23, 1877.

Last Saturday as Thomas Callahan was rowing Jerry Tucker and three others over the Walnut, the boat capsized, and all were thrown into the river. They made their way to the shore in safety.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 23, 1877.

MARRIED HIS COUSIN.
Last week Levi Ganes visited this place with Miss Gibson for the purpose of being married in the Indian Territory, as they had no license, and the young lady was his cousin. They found a minister in Bolton Township and repaired to the Territory and were pronounced one. Since their return, the father of the bride has entered a suit of criminal action against Levi, for marrying a relative contrary to the laws of this State, and the young man stands a fair chance to learn a trade behind a grated door for the next three years.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 23, 1877.

$100 FOR BITING HIS EAR.
J. G. Titus, who was arrested for assault and battery inflicted on the person of one R. B. Corkins, was fined $100 for the amusement. The quarrel originated from Corkins taking up some cattle belong to Mr. Titus, and demanding pay before he would release them. Mr. Titus went to him on the last occasion while Corkins was plowing in the field. Words were exchanged, and finally Titus hit him on the back of the head and knocked him down, and during the affray bit a part of his ear off. Corkins objected to this ear work, and brought suit for damage, and received $100. He is well satisfied with the court's decision, and will sell the balance of that ear at the same rate$100 a bite.

[COWLEY COUNTY TAX ROLLS.]

Arkansas City Traveler, May 23, 1877.

TAX ROLLS. The returns of the Township Assessors for 1877 have all been sent in to the County Clerkthe first return being that of W. H. Clay, of Sheridan Township, and the last that of Lay, of Omnia. They show the entire taxable property of Cowley County to be $1,900,000. There are 50,000 acres of wheat in the county, 48,000 acres of corn, 17,000 head of cattle, 15,000 swine, 5,000 sheep, and a population of 12,000 people. On the first day of March, 1876, there were 225,000 bushels of corn on hand in the county, and on the first day of March, 1877, there were only 100,000 bushels.

[MORE PERSONALS.]

Arkansas City Traveler, May 23, 1877.

DISTRICT COURT in Cowley County adjourned last Thursday evening. Barber was sentenced to six months in the county jail for attempting to commit rape on his half sister.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 23, 1877.

Zebulum Foster was committed to one year in the Kansas Penitentiary for forgery and attempting to sell the forged note at the two banks in Winfield. The names he had himself signed to the note were Saul Smith, John Smith, and Barney Shriver.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 23, 1877.

CORN. JOHN McGUIRE, the merchant at Tisdale, has 4,000 bushels of the best corn we have seen in the county that he offers for thirty-five cents per bushel in the crib. McGuire is doing a good business in dry goods and general merchandise at the center town of the county, and marks his goods down as low as any of his competitors.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 23, 1877.

JAMES KELLY and MR. BUCKMAN, of Winfield, called on us last week. They came down to talk to the people of Bolton Township on the Parsons railway, and spoke at Theaker's schoolhouse Thursday evening. They abandoned the meeting at Bland's on Friday evening on account of the rain.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 23, 1877.

UNDER WATER. We learn from parties just down from Wichita that the streets of that town are flooded, and water covers the floors of many houses and half way up the counters of the stores. The bridges across the Arkansas are gone at Wichita, El Paso, and Oxford.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 23, 1877.

Some thief broke into Eistlin's store in Winfield last Wednesday night and stole some money, clothing, boots, and other articles. He left his old shoes. A number of tramps have been hanging around that place for a week or more.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 23, 1877.

L. J. JOHNSON, the man who was to erect a mill on Grouse Creek, has collected a prairie wolf, a wild cat, a raccoon, a rattlesnake, and a gopher, and intends engaging in the show business. The mill project has been abandoned by these.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 23, 1877.

A heavy storm prevailed last Saturday night near Winfield, during which the roof was blown from a stone house, causing the falling of part of the rock from the top of the wall, which killed one man and broke another's back.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 23, 1877.

JUDGE DEVORE, the first Treasurer Cowley County ever had, lately married Pennyroyal Seacatt. It is not the first instance, however, of a man marrying a cat, but they are generally of the wild species.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 23, 1877.

DIED. On Saturday, May 12th, Isabel Brown, daughter of W. H. and Sarah Brown. Aged fourteen years, one month, and eighteen days. She was buried on the following Monday.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 23, 1877.

The chimney of A. J. Pyburn's in Winfield caught fire yesterday, but was soon extinguished.

[BUSINESS NOTICE.]

Arkansas City Traveler, May 23, 1877.

AUCTION SALE. A quantity of second hand carpets, bedding, dishes, etc., will be sold on Saturday next, at 2 p.m., at public auction, in the Green Front Store, Arkansas City; 6 months time will be given on amounts over $3 with good security. MRS. H. H. COBAUGH.

[SHERIFF'S SALE DUE TO SUIT BY LYMAN C. NORTON .]

Arkansas City Traveler, May 23, 1877.

RECAP: Sheriff R. L. Walker, G. W. McIntire, Deputy, selling at public auction 159.60 acres of land to satisfy suit made by Lyman C. Norton against George O. Sweet and Ann F. Sweet.

[EDITORIAL COLUMNS.]

Arkansas City Traveler, May 30, 1877.

The bonds have been defeated in Rock Creek and Beaver Townships, and still we are determined to have a railroad and will get it.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 30, 1877.

Petitions are now being circulated in Elk County, asking that an election be called to vote $4,000 per mile to the L. L. & G. Company, for a standard gauge railway from Indepen dence, via the Elk valley to Cowley County.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 30, 1877.

Railroad Bond Election.
The following is the result of the township elections to vote aid to the Kansas City, Emporia & Southern Railway, held Tuesday, May 29th, 1877. The amount of aid asked of Rock Township was $20,500; of Beaver, $19,000; of Creswell, $26,500; of Bolton, $21,500.

THE RESULT.
MAJORITY TOTAL

FOR AGAINST FOR AGAINST VOTE.

ROCK CREEK 50 138 88 188

BEAVER, CRESWELL 228 7 221 235

BOLTON (EAST) 34 12 22 46

BOLTON (WEST) 69 14 55 83

PARTIES from Winfield claim to have a proposition from the Santa Fe Company, offering to build a railroad into this county for $4,000 per mile, right of way and depot grounds. The Santa Fe Company have made a number of promises, and whether this one is made simply to defeat the Kansas City & Emporia project or not remains to be seen. Only a few months ago they entered into a written contract with the people of El Dorado, pledging themselves that if that town would secure $3,000 per mile for them, they would build to them and make them the terminus for three years. Now they want $4,000 per mile and propose to go by them.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 30, 1877.

Owing to high water and the danger of crossing the streams, a majority of eighty one voters of this county said they wanted the Memphis, Parsons & Ellsworth Railway, Western Branch, and voted $120,000 in bonds toward it. In Cedar and Otter Townships, and West Bolton precinct the proposition did not receive a vote favoring it. According to the contract the road is to be built from Parsons to the L. L. & G. Railroad in seven months. The distance is fourteen and a half milestwo miles of road to be built every month. The proposition has not yet been voted on in Elk County. When it is defeated there the friends of the imaginary road will begin to wonder if the road really is to be built; and will keep wondering.

[A., T. & S. F. CO. PROPOSITION TO WINFIELD RAILWAY COMMITTEE]

Arkansas City Traveler, May 30, 1877.

The following letter to the Winfield Railway Committee by the President of the A., T. & S. F. Company is what is claimed to be the proposition for a road into this county. Inasmuch as it asks $4,000 per mile in county bonds from Butler County, in place of the $3,000 per mile in township bonds already voted, we do not think Butler County will accept it. And as no depots are specified in Rock and Pleasant Valley Townships, the people thereof will not consider it very favorably. The whole matter rests with El Dorado and the townships of Butler County, and as many of the citizens thereof have already declared their intentions to hold the terminus at the county seat of Butler, we cannot expect much from the present enterprise.

Copy of the Letter.
TOPEKA, May 18, 1877.
Messrs. A. A. Jackson, J. E. Platter, A. B. Lemmon, Committee:

GENTLEMEN: Referring to our conversation this morning, I will say that if you can induce Butler and Cowley counties to cooperate in the following plan, we will build immediately to Winfield, and later to the State line. The conditions are as follows:

The road to be built under the existing charter of the A., T. & S. F. R. R. Co., or under the general law, as we may prefer. Butler County to grant bonds to the extent of $4,000 per mile, instead of the township bonds hitherto voted in said county, amounting to $60,000. Said bonds to run twenty years, to bear interest at the rate of eight percent, and the bonds and coupons to be receivable in payment of all taxes. Cowley County to grant bonds to the extent of $4,000 per mile, similar in character to the above. Said bonds to be delivered to the railroad company in each county, in sections of not less than five miles, as soon as said sections are completed. The railroad company to receive right of way and depot grounds free of charge. The railroad is to be left free to establish its depots wherever in its opinion the business calls for them. The road to Winfield to be finished inside of eight months, and that to Arkansas City inside of eighteen months. We propose to finish to Winfield in time for this year's crops, but cannot run the risk of losing the bonds in case we are impeded by strikes, or other unforeseen accidents. But we will agree, in case we are behindhand in finishing the road to Winfield, to pay any forfeit named by you for each week of delay, provided you now agree to pay us the same forfeit for each week in case we finish it ahead of the time agreed, and we will make the same agreement regarding Arkansas City.

You understand that this requires the assent of the townships in Butler County that have voted us bonds, as we do not propose to change our bargain with them without their consent.

Very truly yours, THOS. NICKERSON, President.
[SHOOTING AT CEDAR VALE: PETERSON SHOOTS BYBEE.]

Arkansas City Traveler, May 30, 1877.

On Thursday evening of last week occurred a terrible shooting affray at this place.

It was but another scene in the Peterson and Bybee tragedy. For some time there has been a series of quarrels and troubles between parties known as Hell's Benders. At the March term of court, Bybee was acquitted of committing an assault with a deadly weapon with intent to kill Peterson. Since then both parties have gone armed and prepared for each other. Peterson has received several letters saying he must leave the county or he would be killed; but having a family to support, he thought best to remain and act on the defense.

During the day Bybee had threatened to kill Peterson, saying he was a Ku Klux from Hell's Bend and would carry it out.

About 7 o'clock p.m., both parties met in front of the law office of Albright & Hill, when words passed about shooting it out, etc. Bybee drew a revolver and fired, grazing the side of Peterson. Almost simultaneously Peterson fired, using a needle gun, the ball striking the upper lip, knocking out several teeth, striking the tongue, and passing out at the right jaw of Bybee. Peterson immediately went to his house, where he remained until he was arrested a few minutes later by Deputy Sheriff, J. A. Johnson.

We advise our readers to withhold their verdict till they hear the testimony.

Cedar Vale Blade.

[INDIAN AFFAIRS: NEBRASKA.]

Arkansas City Traveler, May 30, 1877.

Indian Affairs.
Camp Robinson, Nebraska, May 23. The Cheyenne Indians of this place are feeling very bitter against the Sioux for harsh treatment received at their hands after being defeated last fall, and not wishing to live near them long, requested a few days ago to be removed to the Indian Territory.

After consulting the commissioner of Indian Affairs, Gen. Sheridan has given the authority for the transfer. They will start about the 28th inst., under charge of Lieut. Lawton of the Fourth cavalry, and will cross the Union Pacific railroad at Sidney. This band numbers about 1,150 persons, all told.

The six companies of the Fourth cavalry now stationed here are under orders to march in a few days. They will return to the department of the Missouri.

[MR. ISAAC WOOD REPORTS ARKANSAS RIVER UP TO HIS DOOR.]

Arkansas City Traveler, May 30, 1877.

Mr. Isaac Wood, of West Vernon, called on Tuesday. Mr. Wood reports the Arkansas River up to his door, and all over the second bottom. All the families residing on the second bottom have been compelled to abandon their homesthe water running right through their houses. Several families had to be rescued with rafts by their neighbors, the rise of the river was so sudden. There is an immense loss in property and crops, but no lives have been lost so far as we can learn. Mr. Wood, himself, has over thirty acres of nice growing corn under water, and several acres of number one wheat. Telegram.

[STAGE DRIVER INJURED FROM WICHITA TO EL PASO.]

Arkansas City Traveler, May 30, 1877.

"Micky" Jimthe stage driver from Wichita to El Pasowas seriously hurt on Tuesday of last week in crossing the bridge over the little creek at the Dutch Ranche, some few miles this side of Wichita. He was driving his four horses and the heavy coach. The leaders getting frightened backed off the bridge, pulling the whole outfit after them. The horses were all more or less injured, and the coach smashed into flinders. "Micky" went down with the coach and horses, and sustained very serious injurieshis arm being broken and his back badly hurt. Telegram.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 30, 1877.

Statistics of Cowley County for 1877.
The following are the statistics of Cowley County as returned by the Trustees of said county for the year 1877.

No. of acres of land under cultivation: 95,220.

No. of acres of land under fence but not under cultivation: 27,034.

No. of acres of winter wheat sown in fall of 1876: 50,621.

No. of acres of rye shown in fall of 1876: 4,477-7/12.

No. of acres of corn planted in the year 1877: 47,795.

No. of acres of barley sown: 236.

No. of acres of oats sown: 5,703.

No. of acres of buckwheat sown: 15.

No. of acres of Irish potatoes sown: 641.

No. of acres of sweet potatoes sown: 14.

No. of acres of sorghum sown: 436.

No. of acres of castor beans sown: 17.

No. of acres of cotton sown: 34-5/16.

No. of acres of flax sown: 395-1/2.

No. of acres of hemp sown: 5/8.

No. of acres of tobacco sown: 10-1/8.

No. of acres of broomcorn sown: 41-2/5.

No. of acres of millet and Hungarian: 3,027-1/2.

No. of bushels old corn on hand March 1st: 213,642.

Produce of garden markets: 1,683.

Value of poultry and eggs sold during the year: $5,679.

Pounds of cheese made in factory: 4,230.

Pounds of cheese made in family: 260.

Pounds of butter: 210,712.

No. of horses: 4,501.

No. of mules and asses: 881.

No. of milch cows: 3,891.

No. of other cattle: 8,236.

No. of sheep: 4,883.

No. of swine: 14,982.

Value of animals slaughtered: $67,157.

No. of hogs died of cholera during the year: 63.

No. of sheep died during the year: 232.

No. of pounds of wool crop of 1876: 15,435.

No. of acres of nurseries: 46-7/8.

No. of apple trees in bearing: 5,363.

No. of pear trees in bearing: 340.

No. of peach trees in bearing: 144,371.

No. of plumb trees in bearing: 1,845.

No. of cherry trees in bearing: 2,047.

No. of apple trees not in bearing: 66,606.

No. of pear trees not in bearing: 2,805.

No. of peach trees not in bearing: 116,539.

No. of plumb trees not in bearing: 3,726.

No. of cherry trees not in bearing: 8,866.

No. of acres small fruit: 94-1/4.

No. of cultivated forest trees: 272.

No. of miscellaneous trees not otherwise mentioned: 27,702.

No. acres of vineyard: 43-1/4.

Population of county: 11,722.

STATE OF KANSAS, Cowley County.
I, M. G. Troup, County Clerk in and for the county and State aforesaid do hereby certify the foregoing to be a true and correct statement as showed by the records in my office.

M. G. TROUP, County Clerk.
[PERSONALS.]

Arkansas City Traveler, May 30, 1877.

RIPE gooseberries in the city.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 30, 1877.

EGGS are plentiful at Osage Agency.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 30, 1877.

J. L. STUBBS and wife returned to Osage Agency yesterday.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 30, 1877.

JAMES M. NAPIER has been appointed postmaster at Nennescah, this county.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 30, 1877.

JOHN GRIMES and party, who left here in wagons, expect to be in Denver today.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 30, 1877.

BORN. To Mr. and Mrs. O. P. Houghton, a daughter, on Thursday, May 27th.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 30, 1877.

DR. SHEPARD has removed his office to the room over Gardner & Co.'s drug store.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 30, 1877.

The editor expects to take a trip to Denver and the Rocky Mountains next month.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 30, 1877.

What has become of the nineteen hundred petitioners that wanted an east and west road?

Arkansas City Traveler, May 30, 1877.

We are glad to learn that the cancer has been taken from Mrs. Bowers, and she is recovering.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 30, 1877.

Rev. Fleming has had to swim a river and ride sixty miles to marry different parties lately.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 30, 1877.

MR. HARTSOCK in interested in a Short Creek lead mine in Cherokee County, Kansas, and preparing to work it.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 30, 1877.

CHESTER LOVELAND, formerly a resident of this place, made a short call last week. He came down from Wichita on Thomas Baird's lumber raft.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 30, 1877.

The farmers of Butler County are so bitterly opposed to the new Santa Fe project that they threatened to mob one of their leading men if he advocated it.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 30, 1877.

THE CENTRAL HOTEL AT WINFIELD is now conducted by Majors & Vance. Business was too rushing for one, and resulted in adding an additional gentleman as host.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 30, 1877.

WINFIELD acknowledges now that the Parsons road project was only to "bulldoze" the Santa Fe into building into this county. That's all well enough, but why fool the people.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 30, 1877.

The Pawnees are becoming nearly civilized and now wear shirts. The fact would not be noticed if they did not persist in floating the tail end to the breeze, as they pass up and down our streets.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 30, 1877.

Last Friday morning, in the road north of town, we noticed thousands of small, leadish colored worms about one inch long, similar to the "thousand legged worm." They were almost as thick as hail on the ground.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 30, 1877.

The Little Colonel is marshaling his forces to storm the county to carry a proposition for the Santa Fe Company, and add laurels to his individual crown. He has secured the support of the Winfield press and attorneys.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 30, 1877.

A wagon will carry parties to and from the river free of charge, until the ferry is built. They will also convey them across the river in a boat. The rope has been sent for and the boat is building, so that before many days the ferry will be running.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 30, 1877.

DROWNED. Wallace Blood, of El Dorado, was drowned last week while trying to swim the Walnut River. He had his clothes tied about his neck, and had nearly reached the opposite shore when he was taken down by a whirlpool. His body was found by dragging the river.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 30, 1877.

NOTICE the card of Doctors W. A. and A. W. Cormack, Room No. 1, in City Hotel building. Both gentlemen are graduates of the Eclectic Medical Institute of Cincinnati, Ohio, and physicians of twelve years experience. We commend them to our people.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 30, 1877.

MARRIED. At the residence of the bride's parents, on Thursday, May 24th, by Rev. S. B. Fleming, Mr. Russell Baird and Miss Mary A. Kimmell, both of the noble and prosperous township of Bolton.

[RAILWAY BOND ELECTION/MEMPHIS, PARSONS & ELLSWORTH RR.]

Arkansas City Traveler, May 30, 1877.

Railway Bond Election.
Official abstract of votes cast in Cowley County, Kansas, on the 22nd day of May, 1877, on the proposition to vote $120,000 to the Memphis, Parsons & Ellsworth Railway, Western Branch.

SKIPPED ALL OF THIS BUT SOME TOTALS.

FOR: 1,335

AGAINST: 1,254

TOTAL VOTE: 2,588

MAJORITY FOR THE BONDS: 81.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 30, 1877.

LUMBER RAFT.
Last week Thos. Baird, Will Alexander, Chester Loveland, and a stranger lashed 15,000 feet of pine lumber together, at Wichita, making three rafts of it, and started for this place.

For awhile everything was a success, but as the lumber became soaked and the lashing more slack, trouble began to grow apparent. They followed the current, making time at the rate of ten miles an hour, until the river made a sudden bend, when one of the rafts struck a tree. The man jumped off of it and tied the rope, but the current was too swift, and it sped on down the river. When the others came along they tied up for the night, and in the morning went in search of the missing raft, which they found in a corn field not far away. The result of the experiment was, one raft left seven miles from Wichita, one left twelve miles above Oxford, and one that came through all right. The boys think if they were to try it again, they could come through safely.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 30, 1877.

MR. DANIEL GRANT sold his farm of 120 acres to Peter Hayner and Isaac Austin, who have commenced building a house and buying cattle. They intend to handle stock, and look and act like energetic businessmen. We would like to have more like them.

J. P. MUSSELMAN.
SILVERDALE, May 27.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 30, 1877.

There is now on exhibition at T. K. Johnson's drug store, the petrified tooth of a Mastodon, which measures 4½ inches in width and 7½ inches in length. The entire root has been broken off, and yet the remainder of the tooth-enameled partweighs something near four pounds. It is a monster and well worth looking at. Was found in Silverdale Township, near the mouth of Silver Creek. Telegram.

[AD: CORMACK & CORMACK, M. D.]

Arkansas City Traveler, May 30, 1877.

W. A. CORMACK, M.D. A. W. CORMACK, M. D.
Drs. Cormack tender their professional services to the citizens of Arkansas City and vicinity. Office Room No. 1, City Hotel.

[BUSINESS NOTICES.]

Arkansas City Traveler, May 30, 1877.

WANTED. A girl to do general housework. MRS. DR. HUGHES.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 30, 1877.

NOTICE. On and after May 20, 1877, I will have native lumber for sale at my place 1½ miles northeast of Arkansas City. I wish also at that time to sell a large quantity of fire wood, and will let contracts for cutting and hauling the same. Parties wanting anything in the shape of native lumber or wood can apply to me personally, or leave their orders at the office of Mitchell & Channell. WM. COOMBS.

[PERSONALS.]

Arkansas City Traveler, May 30, 1877.

WILL LEONARD is expected home from Emporia soon.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 30, 1877.

ICE two cents per pound, and the thermometer at 90 in the shade.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 30, 1877.

One aristocratic lawyer boards himself and family at the Central Avenue.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 30, 1877.

MRS. GRAY, AT CAPTAIN NORTON'S FORMER RESIDENCE, has a number of beautiful flowers in full bloom.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 30, 1877.

MR. BULLENE, of Leavenworth, contractor for the Walnut River bridge, came down last Thursday. June 2nd is the day specified that it shall be completed, but the recent high waters will detain them.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 30, 1877.

House Destroyed.
EAST CRESSWELL, May 21, 1877.
Friend Scott:

Last Saturday night, a heavy storm visited this locality, and did much damage. The wind came first from the southeast, then from the south, and then from the west. The southeast wind struck Mr. White's blacksmith shop, tearing it to pieces and carrying the roof about sixty yards.

His house came next, in which he and Mrs. White were sleeping. They jumped up, but before they had time to think, the house was torn away and they were buried in the ruins. The upper floor fell upon them, and one end of it struck upon a pile of dirt, and thus saved them from being crushed to pieces. Mr. White worked his way out and helped his wife out, and they had to wade through the rain, mud, and water to the nearest neighbors. Mr. White is badly bruised, but is able to be up. Mrs. White is very seriously, if not fatally injured.

The house and shop are scattered over the prairie, some boards and other articles being carried a hundred yards.

The force of the wind can be explained by its effect upon fences, many posts being torn from the ground while others were broken off.

Evidently this was the hardest storm ever witnessed in this section. Fortunately no lives lost. W. T. YORK.

[CATTLE DRIVE FOR 1877 FROM TEXAS.]

Arkansas City Traveler, May 30, 1877.

San Antonio Express reported the total drive for 1877 will be 218,900 cattle to be driven north this season. The list did not comprise a few herds in the neighborhood and west of Ft. Worth. They figured that would swell the number to 250,000 head.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 6, 1877. Front Page.

UNPRECEDENTED HIGH WATER.
All Principal Streams Overflow Their Banks.
[From the Oxford Independent.]
Since the time to which the memory of man runneth, there has been no such flood in Southern Kansas as the one with which we have been visited within the past week. After a long time, with no rain to speak of in this valley, copious showers commenced falling on about the 24th of April, since which time nearly every succeeding twenty four hours have been attended with a heavy rain. For a time the people rejoiced and were glad for the timely visitation, until about the 15th of May, when it was generally conceded by the farmers that we were getting too much wet. The prairies were thoroughly soaked, the ravines and small streams well filled with water, but showers came with the same regularity and increased immensity. On Friday and Saturday nights, May 18th and 19th, the clouds apparently gathered in renewed force, the rain descended, and the floods came.

The Arkansas, Ninnescah, and Slate Creek, with all their principal tributaries, were thrown out of bank and the bottoms, to the extent of from one to three miles wide, completely covered with water, corn, and wheat fields submerged, frequently to a depth of from one to three feet, which must inevitably result in great damage to the crops and a loss to the farmers by destruction, damaging and carrying away of loose property. In many cases the farmers living on bottom farms were compelled to vacate their houses and seek a more elevated position, the water having taken possession of the first floor, which, in many instances, happened to be the only one in the house.

The bridge across the Ninnescah, the only one over that stream in the county, having been for days considered unsafe, was finally cut off from dry land by a sheet of water from one to three miles in width, and in many places too deep for fording, and on the morning of May 19th, no longer able to resist the pressure, went down the river.

The bridge over Slate Creek, south of Wellington, the only bridge over that stream, was also on the same day carried away, leaving parties on different sides of the stream most effectually cut off from communication.

The bridge over the Arkansas, at Arkansas City, was the first upon that river to give way, and it is reported to have quietly let loose from its moorings on the night of May 15, 1877, and went whirling down that raging stream. [Wrong! Either May 19 or 20, 1877.]

The bridge at El Paso fell early in the contest, and was carried away on the 17th, leaving the residents opposite no chance for escape except to the high land west of the Cow Skin, a distance of from three to five miles across the bottom, then nearly covered with water, and in places to a depth of from three to six feet, which was fortunately accomplished with no fatal results.

The bridge at Oxford was the last to yield to the force of the surging elements; was yet on Saturday night thought to be safe, but in this we were doomed to disappointment. With the bright sun on Sunday morning, the people of Oxford found themselves cut off from communication with the east, and all that was left of the Oxford bridge inaccessible by the space of over 300 feet, over which rolled the surging turbulent, and apparently angry waters of the raging Arkansas, three span of the west end of the bridge with two massive piers of masonry having entirely disappeared during the night.

The loss of the Oxford bridge is a heavy blow upon the business of Oxford, as well as upon the owners of the bridge. It was supposed to have been the best and most substantial bridge on the river; was owned by a private corporation here; built in 1872, at a cost of $14,500, and reflected great credit upon the enterprising owners, who conceived and executed the enterprise at so early a day and under very adverse circumstances. It was noticeable on Sunday morning that none of the owners appeared more discouraged or exhibited more profound regret at the loss of their property in the bridge than was manifested by the people generally. There is no property in Oxford but could have been better spared, or the loss of which could have been so sorely felt, but such is life.

Arrangements have been made by the bridge company by which a ferry boat will be immediately constructed and operated across the river at this point until such time as the bridge can be rebuilt. We have received or sent away no mail from this point since Friday, May 18th, so we are without news from the outside world. Arrangements are completed for transporting the mail across the river for the present by skiff, but up to date no one has been able to reach the stage road on account of high water in the bottom east of the river.

We have had no authentic communication from above this point, but it is rumored, upon what authority we are unable to say, that both bridges over the Arkansas at Wichita have been swept away by the flood. It is still hoped this may prove to be a mistake, but portions of broken bridges passed this point going down the river, hence there are grave fears that the rumor may be well founded.

Parties have now gone down the river in boats looking after bridges and other property that may have stranded or been carried out upon some of the over flowed bottom lands.

[L. L. & G. RAILROAD COMPANY.]

Arkansas City Traveler, June 6, 1877. Front Page.

The following letter has been received by the Elk County railroad committee.

KANSAS CITY, MO., May 2, 1877.
Messrs. Woodring, Sweet and Vliet.

GENTLEMEN: We are authorized by Mr. Hunnewell, President of the L. L. & G. R. R. Co., to say that the extension of the Southern Kansas Railroad from Independence west will be made as fast as it can be done with the net earnings of the L. L. & G. and Southern Kansas road and individual subscriptions on the part of the bondholders of both roads, provided that aid of $4,000 per mile is secured. While they expect to accomplish more, they are willing to guarantee that the road will be finished to Elk City this year, to Elk Falls next year, and through Cowley County the year before. Yours, GEO. H. NETTLETON, Gen. Manager.

B. S. HENNING, Receiver.

The Elk county Ledger says the surest indications we have seen that the L. L. & G. railroad is to be extended west is the fact that Independence is terribly scared. The people of that city send delegations out to Elk County to discourage and prevent our people from taking measures to secure the building of the L. L. & G. west from Independence. We cannot blame Independence for taking this courseit is only in self defense.

But if the people of Elk and Cowley counties really want a standard gauge road built through their respective counties, they have only to take hold with a will and pull together, and, in our opinion, they will secure the road within a few months. We are confident that it intends to build the road right away, and if it will give the proper guarantees that it will pass through the center of the county, there will be comparatively little trouble in securing the amount of bonds asked for, I. e., $4,000. Press.

[LAW OUTLINING PAYMENTS FOR WOLVES, COYOTES, ETC.]

Arkansas City Traveler, June 6, 1877. Front Page.

A Chance to Make Money.
The Legislature at last session passed a law, a portion of which reads like this:

That the county commissioners of the several counties within the State shall issue county warrants to the person killing, to the amount of one dollar for every wolf, coyote, wild cat, or fox, and five cents for each rabbit killed in said county. . . .

The person to whom the bounty is awarded shall deliver the scalps of the animal, containing both ears, who shall cause the same to be destroyed. This act does not apply to counties having a total property valuation of less than $5. This act shall not be enforced until the same has been ordered by the board of county commissioners.

It is the intention of the county clerk to range these scalps around the walls of his office, and he thinks thus to be enabled to start quite a respectable museum in course of time. Wolves are quite plenty in the southern part of the county, hence here's an opportunity for the young men having nothing to do to occupy their spare time with profit to themselves and the county.

[EDITORIAL COLUMNS.]

Arkansas City Traveler, June 6, 1877.

Mr. Titus, of Cowley County, has recovered $100 damages from Mr. Corking, the latter having bitten off a part of Mr. Titus' ear. This pays better than the old testament rule of "an ear for an ear." Commonwealth.

How are you "an ear for an ear" for an old testament quotation? You will have to read scripture more frequently, Prentiss. Besides, it was Corking that lost the ear.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 6, 1877.

The Arrival, Yesterday, of the Defaulting
Wichita First National Bank President,
Being Accompanied by a United States Detective,
And Adorned With a Pair of Steel Bracelets.
A DISTINGUISHED ARRIVAL.
Mr. Chas. Jones, a United States Deputy Marshal, of Wichita, arrived in the city yesterday at noon, accompanied by the very Rev. J. C. Faker, ex-clergyman and ex-President of the First National Bank, the funds of which, ably assisted by Eldridge, the cashier, and Wright, the teller, he succeeded in getting away with. Eldridge and Wright were indicted at the last session of the United States District Court at Topeka, but when the officers of the law cast their eyes about them in search of the festive and religious Fraker, no trace of him could be found, he having folded up his little tent and his carpet bag and gone off somewhere on a visit for the benefit of his health. But

THE LAW WAS NOT ASLEEP.
The ubiquitous United States detective smelled him out and found that the devout defaulter was on his way to the friendly land of Mexico, that paradise of defaulters and criminals generally. Fraker played it sharp. He didn't disguise himself as a tramp, or pass himself off as an Italian count. He changed his name to James Franks, and represented himself as

AN EASTERN LAND BUYER,
with $35,000 cash, wanted to buy some of the fertile woodlands and prairies of Texas. He shaved off his whiskers, and except to an intimate acquaintance, he couldn't have been recognized by any photograph in existence. And that's they way the managed it. They sent an intimate acquaintance in the shape and form of the United States Deputy Marshal, Charles Jones, who followed him with steady pertinacity and stealthy persistence until he finally had the pleasure of turning over his man to the tender mercies of the United States Marshal in this city, yesterday. They didn't have the easiest time imaginable in capturing the revered rogue, as he was nervy and

POSSESSED OF PLUCK
sufficient to shoot his revolver a few times before being taken. The scene of his capture was El Paso County, Texas, near Isletia, about two weeks ago. He is under bonds of $9,000, and it is understood that the U. S. District Attorney Peck will endeavor to have it raised. In the meantime the revered gentleman is occupying his time between meals in playing checkers with his nose, which, although probably a more pleasant recreation, is hardly as profitable as robbing National Banks. Leavenworth Times.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 6, 1877.

We had the pleasure, Saturday, of a call from Maj. Frank North, of this city. Maj. North has for some time been in command of the Pawnee scouts in the service of the Government, numbering several hundred, and was on his way back to camp at Sidney, Nebraska, from the Indian Territory, to which place he had taken the scouts, they now being discharged of service because the Cheyennes have surrendered and there is no serious trouble anywhere with Indians. Maj. North, though a native of New York, has passed most of his life on the frontier, and is one of the best known and most skillful Indian fighters in the service. He is very well informed in regard to the Indians, and acts as interpreter, as he can speak the language of a number of Indian tribes.

In personal appearance, Maj. North looks just like one would expect an Indian scout and frontiersman to look. Tall, athletic, keen eyed, with his perceptive and observing faculties prominently developed, easy and quick in his movements, and with just such features and expression as we should think an artist would portray were he designing the portrait of a man whose business it was to cope with the wily savage and force him to retire before the advancing wave of civilization, we found Maj. North a man worth listening to.

The Pawnee tribe, which occupies a reservation in the Indian Territory, is always called upon to furnish scouts in case of war with hostile Indians, and in some of the recent battles with the Cheyennes, these scouts have done most of the fighting.

Major North left on Monday for Sidney, and will remain in the service of the Government if the army is not largely reduced in consequence of the failure of Congress to appropriate money for it as usual. Emporia News.

[FERRY AT OXFORD.]

Arkansas City Traveler, June 6, 1877.

The Commissioners, last Saturday, licensed a ferry on the Arkansas River at Oxford. Messrs. Murphy and Carroll will run it. Their application for license was hotly contested by other parties. Press.

[STATE ITEMS.]

Arkansas City Traveler, June 6, 1877.

The city of Newton lost one thousand dollars worth of bridges by the late flood.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 6, 1877.

Many sheep, cattle, and hogs were drowned in the vicinity of Sedgwick City, by the flood.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 6, 1877.

E. G. Topping lost three cows, and J. N. Hayes fifty lambs, near Sedgwick City, by the flood.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 6, 1877.

Henry Stansbury was drowned at the mouth of Sand Creek, south of El Paso, on Sunday last.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 6, 1877.

The dam across the Little Arkansas, at Halstead, was swept away by the late flood, and the mill damaged to the amount of $3,000.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 6, 1877.

The fine bridge over the Arkansas River at Oxford withstood the fury of the surging waters until 12 o'clock Saturday night, when it too weakened and went out.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 6, 1877.

Gatling, the inventor of the celebrated Gatling gun, formerly lived at White Cloud, Kansas.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 6, 1877.

J. C. Fraker, the Wichita fugitive banker arrested in Texas, passed down the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe yesterday guarded by two men, and in irons.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 6, 1877.

The chief engineer of the Santa Fe road says $5,000 will cover all damages to the track of that road by the recent floods.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 6, 1877.

A part of the Ponca tribe of Indians, in about 25 wagons, passed through here Wednesday en route to their new reservation in the Indian Territory. They had been 45 days on the road from Dacotah, and number nearly two hundred of all ages. The white men had charge of the party. The balance of the tribe will be along in about a month. Emporia News.

[PERSONALS.]

Arkansas City Traveler, June 6, 1877.

MORE rain. GREEN peas. NEW potatoes. STRAWBERRIES are ripe. RIPE cherries in market. MOSQUITOES plenty along the river.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 6, 1877.

New gilt sign over L. H. Gardner & Co.'s.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 6, 1877.

MR. TISDALE, proprietor of the stage line, came over the road last week.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 6, 1877.

The ferry boat at Oxford tipped up and put one man in the river last Friday.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 6, 1877.

WANTED. A good canvasser wanted in each township to travel for the TRAVELER.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 6, 1877.

The house of Mr. Samuel Hoyt, in Canada, was burned before he reached it, after leaving this place.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 6, 1877.

JOSEPH H. SHERBURNE started for Washington last Monday on business pertaining to Indian contracts.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 6, 1877.

A horse of A. C. Wells was drowned in the Walnut last Saturday while he was endeavoring to get it across.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 6, 1877.

WM. SPEERS had a new boat made and is carrying all parties with grists for his mill free of charge across the Arkansas.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 6, 1877.

O. P. HOUGHTON was taken suddenly ill last Friday with a severe cramp and chill, and was considered dangerously sick for awhile.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 6, 1877.

MR. REXFORD sold his 80 acre farm north of town to Mr. Campbell, of Clay County, Kansas, for $300. Mr. Campbell has moved upon the place.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 6, 1877.

THEORIZING. Al. Mowry, Frank Speers, the editor, and half a dozen other old bachelors were looking at Walker's new house last week, and making calculations.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 6, 1877.

VOYAGERS. Tom and Jake Haney and Hallett, with their wives, started on a journey to Arkansas in a small boat last week. They were making twelve miles an hour when last seen.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 6, 1877.

BOUND TO COME!
Southern Kansas to Have a Railroad.
By a letter from E. P. Bancroft, of Emporia, to S. P. Channell, of this place, we learn that the contract for the grading of the Kansas City, Emporia & Southern Railroad in Lyon County will be let on the 15th inst., and the bridge for the Cottonwood River has been ordered, and is now being made at Chicago. Judge Peyton, of Emporia, has been appointed right of way commissioner for Lyon County, to adjust claims. The contract for the stone work of the Cottonwood bridge will be let this week, and work commenced on it as soon as the water will permit. The work will be pushed rapidly until the south line of Butler is reached.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 6, 1877.

The usual quiet and sereneness of our peaceable and moral town was somewhat modified last Sunday afternoon by an old cow getting her head fast in an empty salt barrel in front of the City Bakery. There happened (as usual) to be a number of small boys and several grown men standing nearby, and when the old cow launched out in a bewildered manner, they laughed.

"Small boys should not be laughing around on Sundays," an elderly gentleman remarked. But they did laugh. And the men looking on laughed tooin fact, everybody laughed. But when the Dutchman sprang out and engaged in a foot race with her, yelling, "So! Bossi!" they more than laughed. That was bad. Finally, after crawling on her knees, standing on her hind feet, and bumping against a house or two, the animal stopped, and all said, "So, Bossi. Just so a minute." During the few minutes of the "so," the barrel was extricated and the bovine liberated; and soon after you could hear "the best children in the world" telling what a fine show there had been up at Hermann's. It will be no use to be on hand next Sunday, for while the show is an entirely new thing, it never repeats itself at any town, no matter how sanguine they may be of success. For the benefit of those who may not be able to acquaint themselves of the fact, we will state that Mike Harkins was alive yet when last heard from.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 6, 1877.

That equable state of the mind which is unruffled by trifling incidents, and looks on the sunny side of things in general, is the result of a healthful state of the brain and stomach. The dyspeptic and nervous invalid mayalthough this is rare indeedfeign cheerfulness, and bear the harassing symptoms which persecute him with an assumption of heroic indifference, but in reality he is the victim of despondency. To experience genuine cheerfulness of mind, the stomach must recover its lost tone, and the thinking organ its normal quietude.

To accomplish this no better remedy can be given than to partake three times each day of Kellogg & Hoyt's refreshing drink, known as "spring chicken," made of a whole lemon, an egg, some sugar, and ice cold water. You will say it is the best beverage you ever drank.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 6, 1877.

PARTS OF ARKANSAS BRIDGE FOUND.
The Clerk of this township engaged a boat last week, and went down the Arkansas as far as Deer Creek, in search of the missing bridge. On the island at the mouth of the Walnut, he found one bottom cord and part of the flooring lodged in the trees. The next lot, one whole span was found on an island near Mr. Myers' in good condition. Someone had been taking it to pieces, and some of the iron was carried away. About two miles this side of Deer Creek, another lot was found, badly broken. Fully one-half of the missing part was found, and information gained that one span and a half had lodged near the Kaw Agency. They also learned that a considerable portion of a red painted bridge was lying near the mouth of Deer Creek.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 6, 1877.

As we were passing by the fashionable bootmaker's shop, one dreary night this week, we heard the gentle voice of that Anglo-Saxon, Al. Horn, indulging in the following hymn.

"Blow, oh blow, ye gentle breezes,

All among the leaves and treeses.

Sing, oh sing, ye heavenly muses,

And I will make your boots and shoozes."

A delegation soon waited on him and carried him out. The effort was attended with such exertion that he became too prostrated to walk alone.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 6, 1877.

EVERGREENS. June is the month for planting the evergreen tree. No tree excels the evergreen for adornment, and many more would be planted if it were not that most of those purchased heretofore have died. Mr. Trissell has a fine lot next to Kellogg & Hoyt's store that are fresh and growing, and he insures them to grow for $3 each. Inasmuch as he is living among us, and makes it his everyday duty to look after them, a better chance will not be offered to secure them.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 6, 1877.

We are glad to learn that arrangements have been made at Newark, New Jersey, for the extensive manufacture of the only successful peach paring machine ever invented, and that they will be placed on the market within the present year. Robert P. Scott, of Cadiz, Ohio, is the inventor of the long needed household implement, by whom all communications will be answered. His address is No. 23 Orange Street, Newark, N. J.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 6, 1877.

COMPLAINTS are made of cattle running at large, and injuring shade trees and gardens. Notice is hereby given that all cattle found loose after this date will be taken up and held for

damages. Cattle must not be turned loose until the herders come for them.

W. J. GRAY, City Marshal.
Arkansas City Traveler, June 6, 1877.

Rich!

Healthy!!

Temperate!!!

That's what's the matter with those "spring chickens" at Kellogg & Hoyt's.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 6, 1877.

The practice of some of our businessmen taking midnight baths on the main street of town, during the refreshing showers, has become too well known for them to continue the practice without an audience.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 6, 1877.

SPRING CHICKENS with ice is what Kellogg & Hoyt propose to cool off on this summer. Try one and you'll not forget itnor regret it.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 6, 1877.

GETTING the Santa Fe road down the Walnut Valley is like trying to make a whistle out of a pig's tailit was made for another useful purpose. The hog is at Winfield, however, and the tail should be also.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 6, 1877.

The Courier wants another railroad election in Rock Township on the fourth of July. The lawyers got so tired hanging around Winfield that it is a treat for them to run up into Rock and startle the people with big stories.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 6, 1877.

MARRIED. On Saturday evening, May 19th, at the residence of the bride, by Rev. J. L. Rushbridge, Mr. Phillip Stump and Mrs. E. F. Kennedy.

Crossing Rush bridge has put an end to his Stumping around. How Ken he die.

[BUSINESS NOTICES.]

Arkansas City Traveler, June 6, 1877.

DON'T forget those Spring Chickens!

Arkansas City Traveler, June 6, 1877.

WILL MOWRY keeps the best brands of Smoking and Fine Cut Tobaccos.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 6, 1877.

There will be a meeting of the Directors of the South Kansas & Western Railroad Company at Cedar Vale, Chautauqua Co., Saturday, June 9th. E. B. HIBBARD, Secretary.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 6, 1877.

$20 PER ACRE. The southwest quarter of Section 19, excepting fifteen acres, is for sale. It adjoins the town site on the north for over 130 rods; it is fertile and valuable. Inquire of L. C. Norton.

[PERSONALS.]

Arkansas City Traveler, June 6, 1877.

M. E. SOCIAL. A social will be given under the auspices of the M. E. Church, at Pearson's Hall, on next Wednesday evening, June 13th, to which all are cordially invited. Ice cream will be served at fifteen cents per dish, and lemonade at five cents a glass, so that it will come within the reach of all. A programme has been arranged for the evening exercises and amusements guaranteed. Anyone who attends and does not speak during the evening will be entitled to a treat. The proceeds will be devoted to paying for the erection of the new church, which we all take pride in seeing completed. Come one, come all, and enjoy a pleasant evening.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 6, 1877.

STRUCK BY LIGHTNING.
During the thunder shower Sunday evening, William Crabb, residing on Posey Creek, was struck by lightning. He had been to church and returned home, and took the saddle off his horse, and was picketing his horse out when he was struck near the neck, the bolt ranging down his body, tearing his vest and pants, and breaking both legs. He was not found until the next morning.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 6, 1877.

NEW TOWN.
BERRY BROTHERS are having a building erected on the south side of the Arkansas, near the bridge, and intend placing half of their large stock of groceries over there. Mr. Woodard will open a blacksmith shop, and an effort is being made to have Dr. Cormack locate on that side. If all parties go, they will make quite a little village.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 6, 1877.

The officers of School District No. 2 (Arkansas City), met at Mitchell's office, May 30th, and accepted the application of Mr. Edwin Thompson, as principal of the school for the ensuing year, commencing September 1st, 1877, at $80 per month, for ten months school. Miss Ela remains as Assistant.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 6, 1877.

One of the Winfield agrarians, who was lately up in Rock Township, actually voted his last twenty-five-cent shinplaster, and never discovered his mistake until he was kicked out of Old Joe's saloon for offering his ballot in payment for a glass of "red-eye" which he had just swallowed.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 6, 1877.

The Telegram promising us a railroad reminds us of the story of a fond mother who took her darling on her knee, and then a loaf, intending to make bread and butter for it; but by a strange fatality she buttered the child's face, and cut its head off before she discovered her mistake.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 6, 1877.

Mr. and Mrs. Eddy, of Adrian, Michigan, parents of E. D. Eddy, of this place, are making their son a short visit, in this new land of promise. Both parties are over seventy years of age and know what it is to grow up with a new country.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 6, 1877.

We have a sample of May wheat measuring four feet and ten inches in length, with heads five inches long, grown on Carder's farm on the Arkansas bottoms. Talk about sandy land not growing anything. It is the best.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 6, 1877.

LAWSUIT. A suit took place yesterday before Esquire Bonsall, J. P., between Samuel Endicott and Mr. Beach over some ponies. Mitchell and Christian were attorneys for Endicott and Kager for Mr. Beach.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 6, 1877.

BOLTON TOWNSHIP, June 3, 1877.
Friend Scott: As I have had some experience in buying fruit trees of canvassers since I have lived here, I thought I would let your patrons and my neighbors know who is the best man to buy of. I first bought $53 worth of T. A. Wilkinson; they are all dead. I then bought of Blair Brothers; their trees did not fill the bill, and I would not take them. I then bought 100 trees of W. B. Trissell, some four years old and some two years old. I set the 4-year-old trees out last fall, and mulched them well; heeled in the 2-year-old trees, and set them out this spring; have not lost a tree. Four of the 4-year-old trees had over 50 blossoms each; and one of them has two apples on itthe Ben Davis varietyand look very thrifty.

I would say to all who intend to purchase fruit trees, try Mr. Trissell once, and you will try him always. He takes great pains, in taking up his trees, to have good roots on them.

S. PEPPER.
Arkansas City Traveler, June 6, 1877.

A special from Denison, Texas, May 11th, says: Capt. Lee, commanding the post of Fort Griffin, Texas, with a party of 40 soldiers and 15 Tonkaway Indians, surprised a band of Comanches 150 miles west of the post of Griffin on the 4th inst., killed four, and captured six squaws, 69 horses, 12 lodges, and a quantity of supplies. On the 6th, he captured and burned three lodges and some supplies. Casualties, one negro sergeant killed. These Indians had been depredating on the buffalo hunters, running off their horses, and otherwise harassing them. The success of this scout will be a wholesome lesson to marauders.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 6, 1877.

FORT SILL, INDIAN TERRITORY, May 26, 1877.
The undersigned will sell at auction, to the highest bidder, for cash in hand, at Fort Sill, Indian Territory, Wednesday, June 27, 1877, at 1 o'clock, p.m., the following condemned Government property.

12 Horses, 13 Mules, 12 Army Wagons, 6 single sets Ambulance Harness, 31 single sets Wagon Harness, 8 Wagon Saddles, 1 Range, 2 Cooking and heating Stoves, 1 Water wagon, 5 monkey wrenches, 38 chisels, 3 compasses, 4 gauges, 10 carpenter's hatchets, 4 drawing knives, 1 boring machine, 3 blacksmith's cutting nippers, 14 planes, 28 wood rasps, 2 saddler's cutting nippers, two wheelbarrows, 26 axes, two camp hatchets, 5 spades, and 9 shovels.

At the same time and place28 pounds Butter, 272 pounds Lard, 15 cans Plums, 10 cans Cranberry sauce, 5 pounds Green Tea.

Property to be removed at time of sale.

By order of the Department Commander: H. H. CREWS, 1st Lieut. 4th Cavalry,

A. A. Q. M. & A. C. S.
[PERSONALS.]

Arkansas City Traveler, June 6, 1877.

STRAWBERRIES will soon be ripe.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 6, 1877.

STRAW HATS are becoming plenty.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 6, 1877.

EDDY'S fountain continues to flow.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 6, 1877.

SUMNER COUNTY hankers after a jail.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 6, 1877.

FARMERS are now busy plowing corn.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 6, 1877.

HARVEST will be on hand in two weeks.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 6, 1877.

THE FLOOD carried away every bridge in Sumner County.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 6, 1877.

LIPPMANN's mill is now at work sawing lumber for Mr. Coombs.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 6, 1877.

The Oxford Independent is advertising R. Hoffmaster, as a livery man, yet.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 6, 1877.

WYARD GOOCH started down the Arkansas to Deer Creek last Friday in search of the bridge lately carried away.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 6, 1877.

RYE. Russell Cowles left us a bunch of rye last week measuring six feet, three inches in length, with heads nine inches long. Who can beat it?

Arkansas City Traveler, June 6, 1877.

The "June half" of taxes are due this month. If one-half of your taxes are paid on or before December 20th, a rebate of five percent will be made.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 6, 1877.

ABOUT FORTY PAWNEE INDIANS passed on the west side of the Arkansas last Wednesday, on their way to the Agency. They had thirty ponies and twenty-five Sioux scalps with them. They crossed the river at Great Bend.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 6, 1877.

The Stock Protective Union met Thursday night of last week, and elected Rudolph Hoffmaster, Captain, and Frank Lorry, First Lieutenant. The object of the organization is to prevent stock stealing, and follow the transgressors.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 6, 1877.

PARTIES who first came to this section say that large logs of drift wood were found on the bottom between the bluff on the north and this town, proving that at one time the river was fully five feet higher than it was during the late flood.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 6, 1877.

A suspicious looking character with two large revolvers strapped on him was seen hiding in the sand hills of the Arkansas south of town last week. He came into town at night and returned again before morning. He evidently was waiting on an opportunity to steal a horse.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 6, 1877.

RESIGNED. WM. BURGESS, AGENT OF THE PAWNEE INDIANS, has resigned his position on account of his poor health, and returned to his former home at Columbus, Nebraska. Mr. Burgess made many friends during his stay in the Territory and won the esteem of all who knew him.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 6, 1877.

One of the new laws passed requires that all deeds shall be registered with the county clerk before the register of deeds can receive them. The clerk is allowed five cents for registering each town lot transfer and ten cents for each description of land, and the register is liable to a fine of five dollars for recording a deed not having been first registered with the clerk. By a decision of the Attorney General, these fees belong to the clerk and not to the county.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 6, 1877.

A charter has been granted to the Elk Valley and Western Railroad Company. Place of business, Montgomery, Elk, and Cowley counties. Directors: M. D. Henry, J. C. Jocelyn, W. W. Woodring, Emery J. Sweet, Geo. B. Dusinberrie, M. S. Manswell, B. H. Clover, Jas. E. Platter, and S. B. Fleming.

[INDIANS PASS THROUGH ARKANSAS CITY.]

Arkansas City Traveler, June 13, 1877. Front Page.

A government train, composed of 72 wagons, accompanied by about 170 of the Ponca tribe of Indians from Dakota Territory, on their way to the Quapaw reservation in the Indian Territory, passed through town yesterday. The balance of the tribe, numbering about 700 in all, are yet to come. The party yesterday were in charge of Col. Kimball, the inspector of Indian Agencies.

[EDITORIAL COLUMNS.]

Arkansas City Traveler, June 13, 1877.

In Lawrence the Board of Education has reemployed all the city teachers, twenty in number. The wages of the teachers, however, were reduced, the principal hereafter receiving $90 instead of $100 per month, and a corresponding reduction being made throughout all the grades. Commonwealth.

A few years ago Lawrence paid the principal $1,900 a year.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 13, 1877.

From Silverdale.
SILVERDALE, June 11th, 1877.
"The floods came and the rain descended, and beat against that house; and it fell, and great was the fall thereof," so thought Mr. Turner, last week, when his house went down the Arkansas. The old man stayed in it until one-half of the foundation had been swept away. We need not say that the house was built on the sand; it was nevertheless. The oldest inhabitant never saw the like of this "right smart" rise of water, as some of them will have it.

The Haney brothers and Mr. Hallett started down the river last Tuesday, the 31st of May. Their boat was well made, and large enough to carry 20 tons. It was 12 x 80 feet, with gunnels 4 x 16 inches, with an additional plank, 2 x 10, pinned down four inches on the outside of the main gunnel, giving a depth of 22 inches. When loaded with their household goods, it drew about six inches of water. The good wishes of all their friends accompany them on their way. Mr. Haney intends to work at his trade in Arkansas.

The good people of Grouse Valley and vicinity are going to have a grand jollification on the Fourth of July. We are going to have an old fashioned celebration. The fair damsels of Southeast Cowley will vie with each other in "fixing up." Speeches will be made, toasts given, and responded to. Vocal and instrumental music will be one of the main features of the day.

A greased pole will be on the grounds with money, of course, on the top of it for the lucky climber. Sack races and other amusements will be engaged in, such as swinging, playing croquet, etc. A mammoth kite will be raised for the benefit of the wee ones. The many citizens of Arkansas City are invited to attend and see what country Jakes can do, for all on the programme live in the country. Come out and see for yourselves. Young men bring out your sweethearts and see how people act in the rural districts.

The celebration will take place on the premises of Mr. J. O. West, in Southeast Creswell, about 20 rods from three of the best springs in the county; no one need get thirsty, as is often the case at celebrations. We again say come and enjoy yourselves. J. O. WILKINSON.

[COMMUNICATION FROM "OBSERVER"MAPLE CITY.]

Arkansas City Traveler, June 13, 1877.

MAPLE CITY, KAN., June 11th.
We had the pleasure of a visit to the east part of Elk County, in company with Wm. T. Benson, of McLean County, Illinois. Our drive from home to Fall River was pleasant and interesting. We must give Elk County credit for the finest gardens, orchards, and groves of forest trees that we have seen in any new country that we have passed through. But she cannot come up with Cowley County for wheat and corn.

While in Elk County we made especial inquiry in regard to the general feeling of the people in regard to the "Parsons & Puget Sound Railroad." We found but one man who favored the proposition; he claimed to have the heart disease, but as he could not tell us why he was in favor of the proposition, we concluded that his brain was more effected than his heart.

On the way homeward we met two gentlemenone of whom hailed from Winfield. We suppose they were up there to "steal a march on the boys," and tell them how to vote.

Crops in this vicinity are looking well, notwithstanding the recent heavy rains have kept the farmers out of their corn fields most of the time for over a week.

Mr. Southard is doing a lively business in general merchandise. Mr. Ketcham is teaching an interesting school in "Pinch Nickel" district, No. 58. More anon. OBSERVER.

[RAILROAD: L. L. & G.PERU NEWSPAPER.]

Arkansas City Traveler, June 13, 1877.

If the people will take hold of the enterprise, we think a railroad can be had through this county in a short time. The L. L. & G. road, we feel sure, desires to extend its business westward, and it could do no better than to run through Chautauqua County towards Arkansas City, even if it should run through Elk County. This would make no difference to us. It could easily do both, and we are inclined to think would do so, if the requisite aid were given, in both.

We regard it as almost certain that the Missouri and Western railroad from Oswego will be extended to Independence this season. The officers of this road were at Independence this week to see what could be done in that direction and the people of Independence are wide awake on the matter, and are extremely anxious to secure the road, if possible. We doubt not they will succeed in doing so.

Here are two chances for us to secure a road if we act promptly and at once. On account of high waters, the Directors of the South Kansas & Western Railway have had no meeting for some time past, but will have one as soon as possible. It is very important that they should; and also be prepared to make a contract where it can be done for the best interests of our people to procure a road through this county to Arkansas City and westward.

Peru News.

[KILLED BY LIGHTNING: WM. CRABB, PLEASANT VALLEY TOWNSHIP.]

Arkansas City Traveler, June 13, 1877.

Killed by Lightning.
Mr. Wm. Crabb, of Pleasant Valley Township, was killed by lightning on Sunday night last. He had just returned from church to his farm, turned his horse out in the pasture, and started to the house, when the bolt struck him on the fore part of the head, passing down his body and lower limbs to the ground. In its passage down, his shirt front was torn out and both boots torn nearly off his feet. He was, it is supposed, walking toward the house, when struck by the force of the stroke and was whirled completely around so that when found he lay on his face with his head toward the pasture. He was a single man, and was boarding with a family living in his house; and they, supposing that he had gone home from church with some of the neighbors, thought nothing of his absence. Hence, he was not discovered until the following morning.

The coroner, upon hearing of the accident, empaneled a jury and drove down. The investigation brought out no facts except those mentioned above.

Mr. Crabb was a young man, well respected and liked by all who knew him, and great sorrow over his death is expressed by all his neighbors and friends. Telegram.

[INDIANS.]

Arkansas City Traveler, June 13, 1877.

The following dispatch was received at Chicago on the 5th.

Headquarters Yellow Stone Command,
Cantonment at Tongue River,
Wyoming Territory, May 16, 1877.
On the 7th inst., the hostile Sioux camp of 510 lodges, under Large Deer, was surrendered, captured, and destroyed. Four hundred and fifty horses, mules, and provisions were captured, and fourteen Indians left dead on the field, including the principal chief, leader and head warrior, Iron Star.

Our loss in killed: Privates Chas. A. Martindale and Frank Glacksueky, Company F, 2nd cavalry, and Privates Peter Lewis and Chas. Springer, Company H, 2nd cavalry.

Wounded: Second Lieut. A. M. Fuller, 2nd cavalry, right shoulder; Private R. W. Jeffey, Company G, 2nd cavalry, in scalp; Private Samuel Fryer, Company F, 2nd cavalry, right arm; Private Wm. Oweer, Company F, 2nd cavalry, right hand; Private Polk Ryan, Company G, 2nd cavalry, left arm; Private Thomas D. Gilmore, Company H, 2nd cavalry, neck; Private Fred Wilkers, Company L, 2nd cavalry, left hand; and Private Wm. Leonard, Company L, 2nd cavalry, chin wounded. They are in a comfortable condition.

Particulars reported by mail. (Signed) NELSON A. MILES. Col. Commanding.

This is the first official intelligence of the battle received at military headquarters.

[PERSONALS.]

Arkansas City Traveler, June 13, 1877.

The stage came in last Sunday.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 13, 1877.

The wheat harvest begins this week.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 13, 1877.

The Winfield public schools closed last week.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 13, 1877.

The City Marshal began shooting dogs last Monday.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 13, 1877.

The Shilocco is navigable for frogs up to the county line of Sumner.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 13, 1877.

They haven't seen a wolf or killed a wild cat up at Kager's for a week.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 13, 1877.

Dr. Shepard was taken suddenly sick Saturday night. He is up again now.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 13, 1877.

Russell Cowles commenced cutting a twenty-acre field of wheat on Monday last.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 13, 1877.

Mr. Marshall, of Pennsylvania, has come out to see the land of milk and honey.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 13, 1877.

GEORGE NEWMAN, OF EMPORIA, retails more dry goods than any other house in Kansas.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 13, 1877.

The rivers are again on a high, and out of the banks. "How long, Oh Lord, how long."

Arkansas City Traveler, June 13, 1877.

HOUGHTON & McLAUGHLIN are going to put a grocery over the Arkansas. A feed stable would pay there now.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 13, 1877.

The stage does not run to Winfield now. Passengers and mail matter change coaches at a station a few miles west of town.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 13, 1877.

BENEDICT & BRO. have greatly improved their store by elevating the floor of their work room to a level with the salesroom.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 13, 1877.

E. J. Hoyt returned to El Dorado yesterday. He says the band boys at that place are going to have a big time on the 20th of July.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 13, 1877.

A couple of thieves are held at Osage Agency for stealing ponies from the Indians. One is an orphan, fourteen years of age.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 13, 1877.

MRS. BONSALL has a beautiful night-blooming jasmine in full bloom. The perfume is strongest between eight and ten o'clock in the evening.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 13, 1877.

ONE OF THE PAWNEE SCOUTS was shot and killed at Hays City, while on his way to the Indian reservation. It is claimed the shooting was done by mistake.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 13, 1877.

DAVE FINNEY visited Osage Agency last week, and reports plenty of water at that place. Mr. Beede was expected to leave last Sunday, leaving J. L. Stubbs in charge.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 13, 1877.

The foreman of the Telegram fell in a hole last week, and now has to bathe himself in chloride of lime for his health. His extreme length is all that saved him.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 13, 1877.

The editor has gone off excurting to the mountains. He started yesterday morning, leaving the office in charge of the boys. "Bully, bully, bully, bully, bully."

Arkansas City Traveler, June 13, 1877.

MR. CHAMBERS, a member of the Free Methodist church, preached on the street in front of Haywood's store last Saturday. His sermon was generally well received.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 13, 1877.

Arkansas River Bridge.
BRIDGE. A talk upon bridge matters was had by our merchants yesterday afternoon, but no definite line of action was decided upon. The question of repairing the break in the bridge across the Arkansas, either by means of an iron span (which would cost some $5,000) or a pontoon bridge to join on to the half of the old bridge still standing, was warmly discussed, as was the proposition to build a pontoon bridge west of town. The most feasible scheme would seem to be to repair the old bridge, using whatever of the old timbers that could be recovered.

Mr. Wyard Gooch, the township Treasurer, made a trip down the Arkansas last week to see if any portion of the lost spans could be recovered, and reports that he found at least one- third of the missing timbers that would be available for repairs.

Many of the farmers upon whose land the timbers were left by the flood have offered to return them to the bridge site free of charge if it is decided to use them.

Something should be done in this matter at once, for in some cases portions of the lumber of the wreck have been sold. In this connection we cannot help contrasting the activity of Mr. Gooch, both at the time of the break and since, with the apathy of the Trustee, whose duty it is to look after such matters, and for which he is paid.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 13, 1877.

DECEIVED. While we were enjoying a pleasant chat with Mr. Hoyt, at half past twelve one school day, three small boys came loitering along in front of the drug store, leisurely wending their way to school. By chance one glanced at the dumb clock in the window, when he exclaimed: "Good gracious! Seven minutes to two!" and the next minute the linen coat tail of the slowest was whipping around the corner of Hartsock's. When they arrived at the schoolhouse and found no one there, they could not account for it, and now denounce Perry Woodard in strong terms for causing such unusual exertion.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 13, 1877.

COBAUGH, the boy who stole the pony of Smythia, was caught at Fredonia, last week, and brought back. He had traded the animal off, but he told where it was, so that the property was recovered. He says he hardly knows what made him steal the pony.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 13, 1877.

There will be a meeting of Bolton Township at Bland's schoolhouse, on Saturday evening, June 16th, for the purpose of making arrangements for a grand celebration on July 4th. All are invited.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 13, 1877.

AT THIS WRITING, BOTH THE ARKANSAS AND WALNUT RIVERS ARE FALLING, and the fine weather of the past few days bids fair to continue.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 13, 1877.

For purifying your blood, and restoring the liver to healthy action, use a preparation of Sarsaparilla, Dandelion, and Iodide Potassium. All Physicians recommend it. For weakness, indigestion, and a debilitated system, it will be found beneficial. Sold at E. D. Eddy, Kellogg & Hoyt, and L. H. Gardner.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 13, 1877.

PERSONAL PROPERTY TAX. The penalty will be added on personal property tax after June 20th, and warrants for the collection of the same will be issued forthwith. All persons who have not already paid their taxes will do well to do so on or before the 20th inst.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 13, 1877.

CHRIS. BIRDZELL was capsized into the Walnut last Sunday while crossing the river in a boat to see his dulciana, and had to remain in a tree several hours before he was liberated.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 13, 1877.

Notice the large mirrors in Houghton & McLaughlin's. Mac says they will make a homely man look handsome. The editor has ordered a couple of them placed in his sanctum.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 13, 1877.

On Tuesday the Sheriff of Sumner County arrested at Arkansas City, this county, on a requisition from the Governor of Iowa, one John O. Fieldkirchner, of State Center, Marshal County, Iowa, and lodged him in the Winfield jail to await further orders. The young man is charged with seduction, which under the laws of the State of Iowa is very severely punished. Telegram.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 13, 1877.

The Wichita and Winfield road through the valley is in a miserable condition. The parties responsible for the keeping up of the roads, etc., should give this immediate attention. A team can be driven from the ridge to Arkansas City about as soon as it can be driven through the valley to Winfield. Telegram.

[NOTICE RE PAUPERS.]

Arkansas City Traveler, June 13, 1877.

CLERK OF COWLEY COUNTY, KANSAS,
WINFIELD, June 5, 1877.
NOTICE is hereby given that the Board of Commissioners of Cowley County, Kansas, will, at their regular July session, award the contract for the keeping of the paupers of said county to the lowest responsible bidder: Said contract to be made for a period of six months. All bids to be filed with the County Clerk on or before the 2nd day of July, 1877. The Board reserves the right to reject any and all bids. M. G. TROUP, County Clerk.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 13, 1877.

DIED. On Friday, June 1st, the wife of Joseph Burtch.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 13, 1877.

HAYWOOD's harvesting machinery has come on and is now ready for those who want them.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 13, 1877.

THE SAW FRAME OF LIPPMANN'S MILL was lost in the river while crossing in a boat at Newman's mill last Wednesday.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 13, 1877.

BRIDGE FOUND.
Mr. Henry Hanson, living about seven miles up the Arkansas River, informs us that a bridge 100 feet long with floor and all complete has lodged on an island near his place.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 13, 1877.

NARROW ESCAPE.
Lyman Herrick and Miss Urquehart attempted to ford Wolf Creek in the Indian Nation, about sixteen miles from this place, last Wednesday, and barely escaped with their lives. The team of horses were drowned.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 13, 1877.

The editor is in Leavenworth today, attending the Kansas Editorial Convention, and will leave for Denver and the Rocky Mountains tomorrow. They expect to be absent two weeks, going via Santa Fe railway and returning on the Kansas Pacific.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 13, 1877.

CONTRACT FOR FREIGHT.
Houghton & McLaughlin have been awarded the contract for transporting Indian goods from Wichita to the Pawnee and Kaw Agencies. Edward Fenlow received the contract for hauling the goods for the Osages, and those for the Sac and Fox and their stations was awarded to D. C. Blossom, of Muskogee, Indian Territory.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 13, 1877.

John Broderick Drowned.
On last Thursday, as John Broderick, of Salt City, was attempting to cross the Nenescah River on a ferry boat, with a team of mules, the boat was capsized by the mules becoming frightened and jumping, and all were thrown into the river. Mr. Broderick went under the water at the first plunge, and drowned with very little exertion. He will be remembered by many in this locality.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 13, 1877.

CAPT. NORTH had several adventures in getting away from Caldwell, during the high water last week. Leaving Caldwell he drove to the Sha-was-cos-pa where he found a ferry, and put his buggy and sample cases on it. Before the boat was half way across it tipped over, the buggy rolled off, and in a minute the whole outfit was rolling down stream. One minute the pole would be up, then the wheels, then the top, and nothing could be seen. Capt. North followed the vehicle a mile down the river to where it lodged among the willows. After considerable trouble it was taken out and repaired and started again. At Slate Creek he put the buggy on a ferry at that place, and had gone but a few feet from the shore when the boat tipped over and emptied its contents into the creek. The Captain had taken the precaution this time to take everything he had left out of the buggy. After many hours delay, the buggy was taken out, and he continued his journey. Endurance and pluck is all that carried him through.

[LETTER FROM EDITOR SCOTT TO ED. G. GRAY OF THE TRAVELER.]

Arkansas City Traveler, June 20, 1877.

EMPORIA, KAS., June 14, 1877.
ED. G. GRAY:

I arrived here todayThursday, having been detained one day at Wichita. The road from Arkansas City was comparatively good, except one fearful mud hole one mile from Wichita, where the empty stage stuck, with four horses attached.

The wash-out near Ellinwood, on the A., T. & S. F. has been repaired and trains are running regularly. Wichita is dull, but not muddy any longer. All freight is behind time, and parties from Winfield and Arkansas City were anxiously waiting for it to come in.

No trains run over the Missouri Pacific. Passengers go via Atchison.

On the Arkansas River at Wichita I saw a boat 100 feet long by 16 feet wide, loaded with 27 reaping machines for Oxford and Wellington.

Col. Young, Gen. Course, and S. L. Simons, one of the directors and Treasurer of the Chicago & St. Louis Air Line Railway, are expected here every day. The following dispatch has just been received.

CHICAGO, ILL., June 13, 1877.
E. P. BANCROFT: Would like to have directors give attention to obtain right of way, at once. Refer to Engineers for location. Make costs within estimates. J. E. YOUNG.

The following notice appeared in the Emporia papers and shows the Company means to build the road.

Proposals.
OFFICE OF CHIEF ENGINEER
KANSAS CITY, EMPORIA & SOUTHERN RAILROAD.
EMPORIA, June 8th, 1877.
BIDS will be received at this office until June 25th for the earth work and masonry on the first division of the Kansas City, Emporia & Southern railroad, from Emporia to the crossing of the Verdigris River in Greenwood County. Profiles, plans, and specifications can be seen at the office of the Chief Engineer, at Emporia, on and after June 20th, 1877. Bids will be received for all or any portion of the work. Bidders will be required to complete their contracts within ninety days from date of letting. The Company reserve the right to reject any or all bids. Successful bidder will be required to give a satisfactory bond to the Company for the due completion of their contracts. L. B. FULLER, Chief Engineer.

Everybody is interested in the enterprise here, and have no other idea than that the road will be completed before the time specified. Work has already begun and will be continued all winter. The profiles to the south side of the Verdigris River will be completed next Saturday. Distance twenty miles.

Mr. Jackson and Williams of Winfield were here yesterday, returning from Topeka, where they had been endeavoring to get a proposition from the Santa Fe Company. They were not much elated over the result of their visit.

W. H. Walker and myself separated at this place. He went on to Cincinnati, to be absent two months, and will return with a frow. C. M.

[BOLTON'S FOURTH OF JULY.]

Arkansas City Traveler, June 20, 1877.

A Basket Picnic will be held in Captain Smith's Grove, west of the Arkansas, on the Fourth of July. A cordial invitation is extended to all. The following committees have been appointed.

COMMITTEE ON VOCAL MUSIC: Estella Burnett, A. Lorry.

BAND: L. Herrick.

GROUNDS: C. J. Beck, S. Pepper, W. Linton, O. C. Smith, J. D. Guthrie, H. J. Donnelly.

AMUSEMENTS: Lyman Herrick, Henry Endicott Jr.

TO PROCURE SPEAKERS AND TOASTS: Rudolph Hoffmaster.

MARSHALS: J. K. Stevens, John Lewis.

Calithumpians will appear just before dinner, etc.

[SITTING BULL.]

Arkansas City Traveler, June 20, 1877.

SITTING BULL.
The Old Aborigine has Taken Refuge in the British Possessions.
He is interviewed and gives his story in regard to affairs.
Chicago, June 16. A special from Winnipeg, Manitoba, says: Dispatches from Ft. Walsh says Sitting Bull, with 850 lodges, is settling between there and Wood mountain. He claims to have won many victories over the United States troops of which the public know nothing, and exhibits numerous trophies, including arms, wagons, etc., some belonging to Custer's party. He holds that violations of federal treaties by the United States warranted his rebellion.

A Bismarck special says Rev. Abbot Martin returned yesterday from a conference with Sitting Bull, held at the latter's camp in the British possession, May 28. Martin, accompanied by six Sioux Indians and an interpreter, was joined while there by Major Walsh and other Canadian officers from Fort Walsh, some sixty miles away.

Sitting Bull was courteous, and very hospitable and attentive. He told the same old story of his errings in an eloquent and fiery speech. The conclusion reached was that Sitting Bull would not return to the United States, but would remain in the British possession. He could not bear the idea of surrendering his possessions, ponies, arms, etc. Besides, he feared for his personal safety. Indians lost all their lodges, many arms and supplies, while crossing the river this spring, and are in a bad condition to continue the war. There are three hundred and twenty lodges, or about 1,000 warriors. The British officers sympathized with them, and assured them of protection during good behavior. Father Martin thinks the band is better off as it is, and recommends that they be encouraged to remain, and believes the Indian war is over.

[PERSONALS.]

Arkansas City Traveler, June 20, 1877.

WORK ON THE FERRY BOAT is going lively now.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 20, 1877.

RAFTERS went up on the M. E. Church last week.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 20, 1877.

ICE has been in good demand for the past few days. It is selling for 2 cents per pound.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 20, 1877.

SCHOOL CLOSES. The present term of school will close on Friday the 22nd inst.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 20, 1877.

SPRING CHICKENS were sold in town last week at twenty-five cents each. Good demand.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 20, 1877.

The streets have been full of harvesters and other cutting machines for the past three days.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 20, 1877.

HOUGHTON & McLAUGHLIN have a branch store on the south side of the Arkansas River.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 20, 1877.

The road to the Arkansas River south of town has been fixed and is now in good shape for traveling.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 20, 1877.

RETURNED. JOHN PARDY [?PURDY] has returned from the Black Hills. We believe he took in Texas on his way back.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 20, 1877.

FORDABLE. The Walnut River became fordable at Harmon's ford, on Monday last, for the first time in six weeks.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 20, 1877.

BRIDGE. Now that the Walnut is down, we presume that no time will be lost in getting the bridge up at Newman's mill.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 20, 1877.

BUSTED. The Commercial Insurance Co. of St. Louis, Mo., made an assignment on the 11th inst. Mr. Bonsall was its agent in town.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 20, 1877.

NEW POSTMASTER.
W. T. ESTUS, late P. M. at Silverdale P. O., gave up possession of that office to Israel Tiptor on Saturday evening last.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 20, 1877.

MARICLE. David Maricle, of Bolton Township, has 400 acres of wheat in first-class order. He commenced cutting on Monday last.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 20, 1877.

SALTY.
MESSRS WILSON and J. I. MITCHELL, of this place, have opened branch stores for the transaction of their respective businesses at Salt City.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 20, 1877.

"FREE RIDE to the Arkansas" seems to have played out, and the sturdy yeoman is compelled to take a little extra exercise between the river and town.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 20, 1877.

FOUND. The body of John Broderick, who was drowned some weeks since by the upsetting of a ferry boat on the Nenescah River, has been recovered.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 20, 1877.

Several self binding Harvesters have been used in this vicinity, doing excellent work and saving an immense amount of labor necessary to harvest a crop.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 20, 1877.

At last the Walnut is fordable and the farmers are permitted to come to town without the exquisite pleasure of a ride on the ferry and a walk the balance of the way.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 20, 1877.

HORRIBLE. An experience of anything but a pleasant nature befell Mr. W. H. Nelson, one of our citizens, the other day, or rather night. He relates that upon retiring to bed he fancied there was something in the bed that hadn't ought to be there and arose to make an investigation, but could find nothing, and thinking at the most it could but be a mouse laid down and Morpheused till morning. So far so good, but in the morning while dressing, happening to cast his eyes upon the pillow, he beheld a very comely snake of the class which is called copperhead. His snakeship is now expiating his crime in a bottle of alcohol.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 20, 1877.

4TH OF JULY CELEBRATION IN BOLTON.
On the fourth of July the citizens of Bolton will have a celebration at Captain Smith's grove and spring about a mile south of the bridge. Judge Christian is to deliver the oration. Amos Walton and other speakers are invited to address the crowd. A good time generally is expected. All are cordially invited to attend, and join in the festivities. Come one, come all, bring your baskets and have a jolly time.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 20, 1877.

MUDDY. Now that the river is fordable something should be done towards draining the slue by Dr. Hughes. As it now stands, it is far worse to pull through the mud and water than it ever was last year. The road needs to be thrown up at least 4 feet and a culvert put in. The work done last year was good, but the trouble was that not half enough was done. We cannot expect people to come to town while the approaches thereto are in such bad shape.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 20, 1877.

NATIVE LUMBER.
Wm. Coombs has secured the services of W. L. Lippmann, late of Grouse Creek, who now has his saw mill in full blast on Mr. Coombs' land northeast of town. Mr. Lippmann is a thorough master of his business and all needing lumber will do well to see him. He expects to cut out a large amount of lumber during the summer, will keep on hand all kinds of sawed material, which he will sell at low rates. Go and see for yourselves.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 20, 1877.

LEGAL. WM. NAYLOR and GUSTAVE P. STRUM, two of the most well known and popular of the "Surveyor Boys" of bygone days, have turned their attention to the study of law and received diplomas from the Law Department of the Columbian University on the 13th inst. They have the best wishes of their many friends in this community for their success in their profession.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 20, 1877.

Our hardware merchants have been doing a driving business for the past week or two. Something over twenty harvesters and headers have gone over the Arkansas in the boat. This doesn't look much like as if Arkansas City was retrograding to be the home of the snipe and the gentleman with spectacles.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 20, 1877.

MR. D. P. MARSHALL, of Pennsylvania, had been viewing our county over for the last week or two and has about concluded to locate in this part of Cowley. We welcome him here, as he will make a first-class citizen.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 20, 1877.

RECOVERED. The saw frame belonging to Lippmann's mill, sunk in the Walnut River by the capsizing of the boat, was fished out yesterday. It was lying 15 feet under water and was bedded 18 inches in mud.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 20, 1877.

WORK UPON THE BRIDGE PIERS AT NEWMAN'S MILL has been resumed and will be pushed forward to completion as rapidly as possible. If everything progresses favorably, we may expect to have the bridge in position by the middle of July.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 20, 1877.

ROUGH. THEORON HOUGHTON had quite a time getting back to town from the Pawnee Agency, where he had been breaking. It took him ten days to make the trip, and he had to leave his team at that. M. T. Bonar started a little ahead of him, and reached and forded the Red Rock; but when Theoron arrived, an hour later, the waters had risen so that he could not ford. The serious part was that Bonar had no provisions with him and after sticking it out five days in sight of each other waiting for the waters to subside, Theoron returned to the agency and Bonar started west for the cattle trail. Nothing has since been heard of him. A party of men went in search of him on Monday and have not yet returned.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 20, 1877.

AGITATING. We have heard several methods discussed as to the how to replace the Arkansas bridge, during the last two days on the streets. Although nothing has yet been done, it conclusively proves that the situation is grasped and the necessity for immediate action of some kind realized.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 20, 1877.

TOO LOW. While some persons with a team and wagon were fording the Walnut on Monday night, they by some means got too low down stream, and were compelled to leave the wagon and scramble out with the horses as best they could. The wagon was recovered the next morning.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 20, 1877.

I SCREAMED. The ice cream festival held in Pearson's hall last Wednesday evening was very well attended, and a first-class time was had, added to which it was a financial success.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 20, 1877.

GOOD. The lumber for the ferry across the Arkansas, south of town, arrived last Monday; and as all the necessary arrangements are now made, the same will speedily be in running order.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 20, 1877.

Rev. Wingar and his family think of taking a trip out "over the plains." There has been an unusual amount of sickness in his family for some time past and a trip like that would undoubtedly be beneficial.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 20, 1877.

THANKS. Through the courtesy of Wm. Naylor and Gustave Strum, Law graduates of the Columbia University, we are indebted for an invitation to attend the commencement exercises of The Class of 1877.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 20, 1877.

ERRATUM. In last week's issue, we stated that Mr. Chambers (the open air preacher) was a Free Methodist. We have since been informed that such is not the case, but that he is a member of the United Brethren.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 20, 1877.

COLLARS. Persons owning dogs upon which they have paid tax will do well to put collars with checks attached on the same, as after the 23rd inst. the Marshal intends shooting all dogs running loose without collars.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 20, 1877.

ED. G. GRAY, alias ye local, has been sick for the past few days, but is now progressing favorably, and will soon be convalescent. In view of the above, the readers of the "Traveler" must excuse all short-comings in this issue.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 20, 1877.

GOOD FOR BOLTON. No stronger proof for the good times in store for Bolton Township is needed than the fact that at this writing fifteen Headers and Harvesters and two Buckeye Reapers have been put across the Arkansas to harvest this season's yield of small grain.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 20, 1877.

MALARIA. CHARLEY COOMBS, one of the office boys, was compelled to go home yesterday morning, he having an attack of intermittent fever, which will probably invalid him for the balance of the week.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 20, 1877.

REMOVED. PARKER and CANFIELD have moved their lumber from under A. O. Porter's blacksmith shop, and may now be found back of Benedict's building.

[BUSINESS NOTICES.]

Arkansas City Traveler, June 20, 1877.

LOST at the Arkansas River, a dark checked frock coat. Finder will be rewarded by leaving the same at the Post Office.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 20, 1877.

The bridge has gone, but Houghton & McLaughlin have a full line of groceries and a full assortment of staple dry goods in their new store, near the old bridge on the south side of the river. Farmers, you can get your Harvest Supplies without crossing the river.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 20, 1877.

GOOD BOARD at the Arkansas City House, Summit street.

J. E. WILLIAMS, Proprietor.
[ARTICLE BY JAMES CHRISTIAN.]

Arkansas City Traveler, June 27, 1877. Front Page.

Communicated.
"Our neighboring village of Freedom was the scene last Wednesday of a remarkable golden weddingremarkable in the fact that the mother of one of the contracting parties was present. It is rare enough in itself that a couple celebrate the fiftieth anniversary of their marriage, but rarer still that a parent lives to an age to see a son or a daughter become one of the principals to such a golden wedding and the parent be present on the occasion. Indeed, such a sight might not be seen again in a life time. The parties to the Freedom celebration were Mr. and Mrs. Joseph Kelly, and the aged parent who was present on the occasion was Mrs. Black, the mother of Mrs. Kelly, who has passed the Centennial year of her existence."

We take the above from the Pittsburgh Leader of the 10th inst. Of late years in this country quite a stir has been made through the press about silver and golden weddings, and occasionally a diamond wedding, and some remarkable instances of longevity.

But these events in the "Old Country" create no such excitement. I was once present at the christening of a child in the old home of St. Patrick. When the ceremony was over and the feasting commenced, someone suggested the propriety of taking the ages of its progenitors then present, and the length of time the parents had been married. The father and mother had been married 30 years, the grandfather and grandmother 65 years, the great grandfather 83 years, the great grandmother having been dead some years. I have heard the term given to 25, 50, and 75 years of married life, but am at a loss what term to apply to this case of 83 years of married life. Here was an old gentleman 105 years old, who could have celebrated his 83 years of married life. A fact well known in the neighborhood of St. John's Point, Parish of Russglass, county Down, Ireland, 45 years ago.

Another remarkable case of longevity, as well as fecundity, upon this side of the "Herring Pond" came under my own observation shortly after my marriage in 1846. We paid a visit to my wife's grandmother, an old lady then past 90. Quite a number of the relatives sat down to dinner, having assembled to congratulate us upon our union, as well as to pay their respects to old "Grandma," as she was familiarly called. At the table sat the old lady, then past 90 years of age; next to her sat her oldest daughter, a married lady of 72 years; next to this lady was her oldest son, aged fifty years, grandson of the old lady. Beside this gentleman sat his daughter, 28 years old, and at her side was her little son, 6 years old.

"Grandma" could thus tell her grandson to help his grandson, all at the same table: five generations. Her 72 year old daughter was amongst the first babies brought into Kentucky. This venerable lady of some 90 years, accompanied by her husband, came with Daniel Boone and settled at Boonesborough at an early day. In their long march from Virginia, traveling by night and laying by during the day for fear of the Indians, "old Grandma" rode a pony loaded with all their worldly goods while her husband walked alongside with his trusty rifle.

The old lady known as "Grandma" died of old age in the bosom of her family to the fifth generation. JAMES CHRISTIAN.

[SCOTT REPORTS ON EXCURSION OF EDITORS.]

Arkansas City Traveler, June 27, 1877. Front Page.

Editorial Excursionists.
MANITOU, COL., June 18. The Kansas Editorial excursion left here this morning and took a trip over the extension of the Denver and Rio Grande Railroad, in the direction of the San Juan mining country. This road is completed to the highest point of the Veta Pass of the Sangre de Christo range, and the excursion train was the first passenger train to the summit. The altitude of that point is 9,340 above the level of the sea, or over 1,000 feet above the highest point on the Union Pacific Railroad, and higher than any other point reached by any railroad in the world. It is a magnificent triumph of engineering skill and railroad energy.

The scenery is wild and grand beyond description. Many of the curves far exceed the famous Horse Shoe bend on the Pennsylvania Railroad, sweeping around the sharp points of the mountains in graceful curves one above another, at dizzy heights from Lovets [?]. The summit distance is fourteen miles, and the ascent 2,400 feet. The greatest ascent for a single mile is 211 feet, and the average grade for the entire distance is 165 feet. The road will be completed to Ft. Garland by July, and opened for business. At that time it will be one hundred and seven miles from Pueblo to Ft. Garland in San Luis Park.

The excursionists were accompanied on the first trip to the summit by Gen. Dodge, General Passenger Agent, and J. A. McMurtry, the engineer under whose direction and supervision the road was built.

Before starting on the return trip from the summit, an impromptu meeting was held and brief speeches were made by Col. Anthony, President of the Association, Chief Justice Horton, and Congressman Haskell, of Kansas, congratulating Gen. Dodge and Mr. McMurtry on the successful completion of this road to the highest point ever attained by a railroad company, and the trip of the first passenger train over it. These gentlemen briefly responded.

The Kansas Editorial excursionists enjoyed the novelty of the ride and the grandeur of the scenery to the most. On Sunday afternoon John Anderson, president of the Denver and Rio Grande Railroad, delivered a sermon in the parlors of the Manitou House. The party was furnished with splendid music for the occasion.

Today the excursionists visit Ute Pass, Williams Canon, Cheyenne Canon, Garden of the Gods, Glen Eyrie, Monument Park, and then Denver, which should be reached about 8:00 p.m.

[STATE ITEMS.]

Arkansas City Traveler, June 27, 1877. Front Page.

And now the talk is of levees for the Arkansas River.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 27, 1877.

Rev. Mr. Upham, of Massachusetts, was visiting his son in Coffeyville recently, when he suddenly fell dead a few minutes after arriving in the morning. He was for several years Baptist missionary among the Cherokee Indians.

[MISCELLANEOUS: A STORY ABOUT BEER.]

Arkansas City Traveler, June 27, 1877. Front Page.

Beer Millionaires.
[From the Hartford Times.]
It is only about thirty years ago since lager beer came into use in the United States. The first brewery was established in Philadelphia in 1845.

Two years later the Schaefers introduced the business into New York. It is now one of the most important industries in the city. There are 37 lager beer breweries in the city and suburbs, and they turn out over a million barrels in the course of the year.

The beer made by George Ehret is considered to be the best; at least there is more demand for it than any other. Ehret sold 132,000 barrels of beer in 1876. Ruppert ranks next as an extensive manufacturer, his product the same year being 74,000 barrels. The Schaefers, who introduced the business, sold 45,000 barrels. It is hardly necessary to say that all the large beer brewers are Germans. Some have become very rich and only a few have failed in business.

The capital invested in it is very large. Ehret's capital is about $1,000,000. When he started eleven years ago, he had to borrow money to carry him over the first few months. Ruppert has $750,000 in his breweries, horses, wagons, etc. He started in 1867.

Another brewer who started in the same year, 1867, retired on a fortune a few years ago, and his partner continues the business on a capital of $400,000. Altogether, the money in- vested in the brewing of lager beer in and around New York is probably not less than $8,000,000.

The men employed in the business earn from $68 to $75 per month, and have all the beer they want to drink. Their hours are long, averaging fifteen out of the twenty-four. An employee who doesn't drink more than twenty glasses a day is considered economical. Many go up to fifty and sixty, and there are some who boast of a capacity for one hundred.

Ruppert's men drank 800 barrels last year at the expense of the firm.

Nearly all the beer manufactured nowadays is doctoredthat is, to color and tone it up drugs are used. The business of supplying drugs to the beer men has become quite large. The brewers admit the use of drugs, and maintain that the beer is improved rather than injured by them.

The different sorts or kinds of beer are so well known that any steady imbiber can tell at a sip whose beer he is drinkingwhether it is Ehret's, Ruppert's, Doelger's, Clausen's, or some other. Some of the brewers use Croton water, paying an immense tax for it yearly, and others get water from artesian wells. One firm has a well of this kind that yields over 200,000 gallons daily.

[EDITORIAL COLUMN: SCOTT TELLS ABOUT EXCURSION IN DETAIL.]

Arkansas City Traveler, June 27, 1877.

The Editorial Excursion.
We can make but a brief allusion to our recent trip to Colorado and the mountains this week, owing to a late return. The convention of newspaper men of Kansas was held at Leavenworth, and an address delivered by Captain Henry King, of Topeka, that was pronounced to be the best ever delivered before the association. In it is a history of the Kansas press, and the able and courageous men who conducted it in an early day. Owing to the non-arrival of the stage coach, we were prevented from attending the convention, but joined the party at Emporia, as they came down the Santa Fe road on their way to Pueblo.

We left Emporia about 9 o'clock and were landed at Pueblo Friday evening, after following the Arkansas River a distance of nearly 500 miles, over fertile valleys and plains unequaled for verdant growths of green pastures. On the way we passed a number of beautiful cities and thriving towns of wonderful existence, and met near Great Bend the Illinois editors, who were returning from an errand similar to the one that we had just begun.

There were 98 members in the party, counting the ladies, and a general lively time was engaged in, as we sped rapidly on our way.

In the morning after our arrival at Pueblo we took the Denver & Rio Grande narrow gauge railway and traveled south to Chucharas, thence west to La Veta, and up the mountains to Sangre de Christo pass. The scenery over this route is too grand for comparison, and can only be realized by actual sight. For 14 miles the little giant engine made an ascent up a grade of 165 feet to the mile with 160 pounds pressure of steam to the square inch, drawing three well-filled passenger coaches behind it.

It was the first passenger train that ever made the ascent, which is at present the highest of any railroad in the world. The Sangre de Christo pass, generally known as La Veta pass, is 9,340 feet above the level of the sea, and at present the terminus of the railway leading to the San Juan country. It is the highest railway elevation on the globe, although one of still greater height is being constructed in Peru, South America.

The cost of construction of the railroad up the mountain was $18,000 per mile, and was built by Mr. Greenwood, chief engineer. In order to reach the summit, grades as great as 211 feet to the mile have to be climbed, which is done by a continuous curve around the mountains. The journey over this route in comfortable commodious cars, up steep grades at the rate of 18 miles an hour, with a load heavy enough for a three-wheeled driving engine of standard gauge, convinced the most unyielding ones that the three-foot narrow gauge railway system is a success, and should be generally adopted where the business is not sufficient for wider grades, as it is not yet in this and many other sections of the country. The most skeptical cannot fail to be convinced after a voyage over this route.

After spending a few hours on this great lookout, the party took their seats in the cars and did not stop for sight seeing until we reached Colorado Springs on Saturday morning. Manitou being the place of our destiny, seven miles distant, we took carriages and enjoyed a pleasant ride of about half an hour, when we drew up at the Beebe House, and remained during the Sabbath.

Manitou is a watering place of considerable renown, and is blessed with every variety of the healthy fluid. Within a scope of half a mile, soda, iron, sulphur, warm and cold waters are to be found. We partook freely of the soda water, which flowed from the ground in a large stream, and could be dipped up by the bucket full. To the taste, it is the same as the soda water made by druggists and sold at ten cents per glass. There it is as free as the air to all who desire it.

Every convenience is made at Manitou for the entertainment of strangers, and they have many to entertain, as excursion parties from almost every State in the Union are constantly visiting them. The BEEBE House is one of the grandest and best hotels it has been our good fortune to stop at, and reminds one of the fashionable houses of Niagara Falls, only they excel in quantity and quality of eatables.

Manitou is at the foot of the far famed Pike's Peak, that rises 14,836 feet towards the heavens. As we stood gazing at this great snow capped mountain, we could imagine that heaven's foundation rested upon it, so mighty is its construction.

After visiting the Ute pass, we directed our guide to drive to the "Garden of the Gods." Its entrance is gained by passing between two mammoth rocks rising 100 feet in mid air. Once within the almost continuous wall that surrounds it, every shade of living green can be seen on the earth, while on every side rise the mountain heights, and monuments of rock. Rocks of every form and feature are there to be found. One as large as an ordinary prairie house stands balanced on an eight foot footing, while others are mere stems at the bottom and small table lands at the top. They are so singularly shaped that you imagine lions, seals, and other animals out of their formation.

From the "Garden of the Gods," we drove to Cheyenne Canon, and after following the small stream to near its source, suddenly beheld the most grand scenery we found in Colorado. On each side of the narrow stream, solid blocks of stone rose to a height of from five to ten hundred feet, with overhanging tops that are ever threatening to crush all below them, while in front of us seven distinct and separate falls of silver water are rolling, tum bling, and gliding down the rocky abyss.

Stopping long enough at Colorado Springs to see the young and aristocratic city, we again took the train and did not stop until reaching the remarkable city of Denver, built upon a desert almost surrounded with high mountains. It is a pretty city, filled with enterprising and ambitious men from almost every State in the Union, and many representatives of foreign nations. Water courses all through its streets, for without it, the green trees that adorn it so beautifully would be but dry sticks.

There are many places of interest in Denver and many institutions that we would gladly mention, but that is not the purpose of this article at this time.

While at Denver we were exceedingly fortunate in meeting our old friend and fellow townsman of Cadiz, Ohio, Archie J. Sampson, Attorney General of the State, and his accomplished wife, who was a school mate of ours, among the clay and sun-burnt hills of our native Buckeye State.

On Tuesday morning our party left Denver for a ride up the wonderful Clear Creek Canon, which proved a pleasant and instructive excursion. Along the route we passed the once great city of Golden and reached the place in view, Idaho City, in time for dinner. Here we found one quartz mill at work with fifteen stamps, pounding riches out of nothing, comparatively speaking, for the ore resembled dirt or stone of no value.

After visiting the different springs and bathing places, we declared our willingness to return, and it was not long until we were back to the busy scenes of the champion western town, Denver.

After spending one day more in Denver, those of the party who had not gone the day before, again placed themselves on the plush cushions and were soon hurling homeward. The route along the Kansas Pacific, until we reached nearly the center of Kansas, was a dull and lonely one. Nothing but the short, green grass could be seen on either side for miles. As we neared Salina, large fields of wheat and corn took place of the unbroken sod, and but a short distance from the town, we passed through the enormous wheat field of Mr. T. C. Henry, covering 2,200 acres. It will not yield as well as it did last year, owing to the heavy rains, but may average fifteen bushels to the acre.

At Topeka we bid farewell to those of the party who had accompanied us that far, and by Saturday night we were in our office at home, well contented and well recompensed for the trip.

Colorado is a State of mining and stock raising, that is all. Farming there is but child's play in realization and profit, but the mines turn out gold and the hills are the best in the world for sheep pastures.

[ARTICLES ABOUT RAILROADS.]

Arkansas City Traveler, June 27, 1877.

The proposition to vote $4,000 per mile to the Memphis, Parsons & Ellsworth Railroad company in Elk County was defeated by a majority of 140 votes. An effort will be made next to carry the proposition by townships. Cowley's officials will figure in the project as before.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 27, 1877.

SOLOMON, ARKANSAS VALLEY & EASTERN RAILWAY COMPANY,
WELLINGTON, KANSAS, June 16, 1877.
The Solomon, Arkansas Valley & Eastern Railway Company was organized for the purpose of building a narrow gauge railway from Beloit, in Mitchell County, south to Wellington, and thence to the eastern boundary of the State, with another line from Wel lington southeast down the valley of the Arkansas to Fort Smith via Arkansas City.

Sumner County votes July 2nd on a proposition to extend county aid to this company and in case the vote is in favor thereof, the road will be built to Wellington within 12 months, and to Arkansas City within 18 months from that day as well as to a connection with such other roads as may reach Cowley County in the meantime. C. W. DAVIS.

[WINFIELD'S RAILROAD PROJECT.]

Arkansas City Traveler, June 27, 1877.

We clip the following paragraph from the Augusta Gazette, of last week, concerning the narrow gauge.

"Winfield's railroad project, the West Branch of the Memphis, Parsons & Ellsworth, is likely to fall stillborn. Townships and counties along the main line are refusing to vote the bonds in aid of the same; and no county or township along the branch, save Cowley, has voted a dollar to help it, and if the papers along the route represent the sentiments of the people, no further aid is likely to be voted. We are inclined to believe that Winfield will regret her action toward the Kansas City road."

[EDITOR C. M. SCOTT RECEIVES LETTER FROM R. P. SCOTT.]

Arkansas City Traveler, June 27, 1877.

C. M. SCOTT: Your complimentary notice of my peach paring machine having given rise to some correspondence upon the part of your subscribers, I desire to say that after July 1st, I will have no connection with the peach parer, having transferred the manufacturing to Mr. E. P. Monroe, who will have charge of it.

He is a courteous business gentleman and will attend promptly to all correspondence. He manufactures and sells exclusively to the regular hardware trade. R. P. SCOTT.

[A. T. & S. F. R. R. PROPOSAL TO COWLEY COUNTY.]

Arkansas City Traveler, June 27, 1877.

Winfield is jubilant over the proposition of the A. T. & S. F. R. R. Company to build through Cowley County, and in their magnanimity say to their old neighbor, Arkansas City, "Now let us make up and be friends and we'll give you the A. T. & S. F." Well, they have got it, I. e., the proposition; we've seen a copy. Here is the text and conditions (not verbatim, but in substance).

1st. Butler County must give in county bonds $4,000 per mile for every mile constructed in that county, estimated at forty-five miles or $180,000, and assume the township bonds heretofore voted to the company by the townships between Florence and El Dorado, and Cowley County is to give in bonds $4,000 per mile for each and every mile across the county, from the northern boundary to Arkansas City, a distance in round numbers of forty- five miles, or $180,000.

Now, what are the prospects? Butler County has already secured a contract for the construction of the road to El Dorado without a dollar in county bonds, and, of course, will oppose the construction of the road below that point upon any terms, but will much prefer making El Dorado the terminus.

Cowley County has already voted $120,000 to the Memphis & Parsons road, hence, under the law, can only vote $80,000 more. Now, while we admit that the people of Winfield have a happy faculty of contracting or expending the resources of the county to suit almost any emergency, we, like their neighbors of Arkansas City, fail to see how they will be able to cover these deficiencies at home and carry Butler County. Hence the magnanimous offer to their neighbor, though no doubt prompted by good intentions, looks pretty thin.

Oxford Independent.

[DEATH OF JOHN WILKINSON.]

Arkansas City Traveler, June 27, 1877.

Mr. John Wilkinson, a very excellent young man from the Ninnescah valley, was drowned June 14th in endeavoring to swim across that stream, to come over to Oxford. The drowning is difficult to account for as he was an excellent swimmer and acquainted with the stream; had been in town in the morning to look after a harvester and was returning to make arrangements to get it home, when the accident occurred. Independent.

[INDIANS VISIT PERU.]

Arkansas City Traveler, June 27, 1877.

Watsa-shin-kah and Wah-kon-tike, members of the Ta wan-ge-he's band of Big Hill Osages, were in town on Monday with their families, doing considerable trading with our

merchants. Peru Journal.

[COMMUNICATION TO SCOTT FROM "J. L. WADE"PUEBLO, COLORADO.]

Arkansas City Traveler, June 27, 1877.

PUEBLO, COL., June 7th, 1877.
As we journeyed up the Arkansas River to Dodge City, we saw a great deal of wheat, good as any I ever saw. Dodge City is a lively little town, as well as a hard one. It is in the valley near Fort Dodge. Has near 250 inhabitants, with 17 houses of ill fame and 3 dance houses, where regular soldiers and cow boys, as well as citizens, take their spite out in shooting one another. I was told that there were over 200 persons buried there, and only 5 died of natural death.

Traveling through the eastern portion of Colorado, one can see many towns, which once were lively, but today are dead; Pueblo one among the rest. Pueblo once claimed near 5,000 inhabitants, but the rush to the mining districts hurt her. Property which four years ago could have been sold for $7,000 sold the other day for $2,500. A person can rent a nice brick residence in town for $5 or $6 per month.

Many who come to this country leave their families in Pueblo and vicinity and go on to the mines, as everything is cheap here and they can keep their families for half what they can in the mountains. Goods are as cheap here as they are in Kansas. Best flour, five dollars per hundred; coffee, 3½ pounds per dollar; bacon sells at 13 cents per pound, and everything else in proportion. Dry goods are a good deal cheaper here than they are in Kansas.

Now let me say something about the mines. Doubtless, they are rich in all their mineral properties, but on account of their being mostly owned by poor men who are not able to buy a sufficient amount of machinery which they should have, they cannot give work to more than half of the people who are immigrating there at the present time. Taking Colorado all over, it is a poor place for a poor man. It is entirely overdone by poor men.

Lake City, among many other towns in the mines, has at present 800 or 1,000 men without money or work. Those who can get work for their board are doing so, while many are stealing. Hundreds are leaving and hundreds are coming in.

Colorado is a poor place for a poor man to come to at present. All those who can stay in Kansas and make their board, had better stay, for they can't make anything here. I think in the course of a year or two, when the mines get developed, it will be a good place for a laboring man, but it is running over with laboring men now.

I started to Colorado from Cowley County last April, where I had been living since 1870. I had the intention of making Colorado my home and haven't changed my mind yet. I like the country as well as I expected, and think Colorado is the healthiest country I was ever in. That is the reason why I expect to make it my home.

Rosy and Cass Endicott are well satisfied with the country, also Coburn and Jay.

J. L. WADE.
[STATE ITEMS.]

Arkansas City Traveler, June 27, 1877.

Another boat for the Lower Arkansas is now tied up at the bridge. It is sixty feet long, and provided with two cabins all complete and painted. Wichita Eagle.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 27, 1877.

The body of John Broderick, who was drowned in the Ninnescah, was recovered on the 12th inst. It washed ashore about one half mile below the place where he met his terrible death. Independent.

[PERSONALS.]

Arkansas City Traveler, June 27, 1877.

TEN FEET of water in the Walnut.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 27, 1877.

TRADE is brisk with machine men.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 27, 1877.

The Traveler editor sports $18 alligator boots.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 27, 1877.

Prof. Bacon is employed at Kellogg & Hoyt's drug store.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 27, 1877.

We learn the wife of Capt. Smith is lying ill from a stroke of paralysis.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 27, 1877.

O. P. JOHNSON was at Winfield last week, hailing from the Black Hills.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 27, 1877.

The election in Elk County for the L. L. & G. railroad bonds has been called for July 17th.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 27, 1877.

BORN. To Mr. and Mrs. Patterson, on Monday night, June 25th, a daughter. Average weight.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 27, 1877.

The Oxford ferry-boat is doing a fine business crossing passengers and freight over the Arkansas River.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 27, 1877.

WILL LEONARD returned to his father's house last week, after perambulating through Arkansas and a great portion of Kansas.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 27, 1877.

The Telegram's ad, "We still want a boy at this office," has been responded to, and the want supplied by the editor's wife.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 27, 1877.

The yield of wheat per acre will not be as large as anticipated in this county, owing to the heavy rainfalls when the wheat was in blossom.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 27, 1877.

Rev. Wingar and family will take a trip west this week for their health, camping out as they go along. They will be absent about six weeks.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 27, 1877.

ESCAPED. Last week A. W. Patterson and Wm. Gray arrested a man in Sumner County known under the assumed name of John Scott, by order of a Sheriff of Iowa. The arrested party was accused of horse stealing in Iowa, and broke jail from that State before his trial. The real name of the man was John Marahue. He was taken from this place to Wichita and was confined in a hotel during the night. Thinking him asleep, one of the officers left him locked in his room for a few minutes while he went downstairs after a pair of handcuffs.

As soon as Marahue discovered he was alone, he jumped out of bed, took his clothes under his arm, broke the lock of his door, and one on the hall door, and made his way out. He was then tracked in the mud under an elevator, but before a light could be procured, escaped from them again and is now at large. The Sheriff came down on the train Saturday night, but failed to find his man. Marahue was arrested at this place before he moved to Sumner County for stealing, but afterwards turned loose.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 27, 1877.

The committee appointed to arrange for some kind of an entertainment on the Fourth, after consulting with the friends of the different schools, have decided to join with the good people of Bolton in a general celebration. The place of meeting, in Capt. Smith's grove, just west of the Arkansas. The facilities for crossing the river afforded by the new ferry, just west of the city, have removed all objections to going to the west side, and for this reason the committee unanimously recommend that we avail ourselves of this opportunity of meeting our friends in Bolton. By order of committee.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 27, 1877.

HAIL STORM. On Monday night a hail storm fell in this section with considerable violence. At Mr. Clingman's farm a colt was killed by hail, and a mare by lightning. Parties who were out in the storm had to seek cover. Considerable wheat was blown down and threshed out.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 27, 1877.

DISTINGUISHED GUEST. O. J. Schneck, of the St. Charles Hotel, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, who lately paid this place a visit to see his friend, James Huey, is a young man of considerable renown. It was he, two years ago, who made the balloon ascension from Philadelphia that created be so much excitement. He has made five ascensions, varying from one to three and a half miles above the earth. It was his intention, when he left this place, to return and engage in the stock business before many months.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 27, 1877.

Among other acquaintances the editor had the pleasure of meeting in the mountains was Walt. Smith, of Colorado Springs, formerly a cattle man and Register of Deeds in this county, and David Lewis, of Denver, who is attending school at the above place. Also, Rev. I. O. Smith, who is following the avocation of selling books. Dave was lively, and apparently doing well. He works at his trade, stone-cutting, half of the time, and attends a commercial school the other half.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 27, 1877.

The Elk County folks speak in the highest terms of praise of the delegation sent by Winfield to assist in their bond election, Messrs. Manning, Seward, Kelly, Curns, and Kinne. Courier.

Yes, they praise them, for in working to carry the bonds, they defeated them. Elk County is able to manage her own affairs without the help of Winfield politicians.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 27, 1877.

LIGHTNING STRIKE. About two o'clock Tuesday morning a bolt of lightning struck the spire of the First Church, and tore the cupola considerably, besides knocking off the plastering and damaging the sides of the building. The cause of the damage is attributed to an old lightning rod being improperly adjusted on the building.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 27, 1877.

SICK. ED. G. GRAY, foreman of the printing office, has been confined to his room for several days, and Charley Coombs, one of the main helps, has just recovered from an attack of fever. The responsibility of the office for awhile rested entirely on Clarence Harris, who managed it manfully.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 27, 1877.

MR. YOUNG, engineer of the Kansas City, Emporia & Southern Railway, with Gov. Eskridge, were at Nenescah yesterday. They represent a road that will be built into this section of country within the next two years.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 27, 1877.

About three thousand northern Cheyennes, accompanied by three companies of soldiers, are on their way to the Indian Territory, west of the Arkansas River. They should reach their destination next Saturday.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 27, 1877.

PANTHER. A couple of men from Colorado, camped back of Finney's stable, have a young panther three months old, about the size of an ordinary dog, that is as playful as a kitten.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 27, 1877.

SALT CITY has elected city fathers. One of the principal amusements in a western city of the third class is to pass ordinances. Some western Legislatures are addicted to the same habit.

[CORRESPONDENCE FROM "RED BUD"MAPLE TOWNSHIP.]

Arkansas City Traveler, July 4, 1877.

MAPLE TOWNSHIP, June 26, 1877.
A heavy thunderstorm passed over Maple Township yesterday. Hailstones fell as large as hen eggs, though fortunately few in number. The house of Mr. John Gayman was struck by lightning, and a young lady sitting by the stove had her shoes torn from her feet, but was not personally injured.

A stable belonging to Mr. Butler was lifted from its foundation and turned partially around. Mr. B. K. Berry had a valuable horse killed by the lightning. No serious damage was done to the crops. Wheat badly damaged by rust; all ripe and ready at once for the sickle, ground too soft to run the reapers. Health good. Harvest hands plenty. RED BUD.

[PERSONALS.]

Arkansas City Traveler, July 4, 1877.

CORN is growing very fast.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 4, 1877.

EVERY stage brings strangers.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 4, 1877.

WHEAT harvesting everywhere.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 4, 1877.

The Walnut affords excellent swimming.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 4, 1877.

BLACKBERRIES are getting ripe and lots of them.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 4, 1877.

P. H. WOODARD goes to Pawnee Agency as blacksmith.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 4, 1877.

YOUNG prairie chickens will be ready to shoot by August 15th.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 4, 1877.

The Kaw Agency school closed last week for a vacation of six weeks.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 4, 1877.

Indian war dance and grand jollification over at Peru, Chautauqua County, today.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 4, 1877.

DIED. On Saturday, June 30th, of dropsy, B. F. Edwards, of Grouse Creek.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 4, 1877.

WILD plums are ripe on the Arkansas, and will continue ripening for six weeks to come.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 4, 1877.

One of the stage horses driven by Tommy Young dropped dead in the road last Wednesday.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 4, 1877.

The wind storm of last Friday night blew down the stables of Charles Parker and J. T. Stewart.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 4, 1877.

The State Bank of Missouri has failed, and one of our prosperous farmers has a check of $500 on it.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 4, 1877.

JOSEPH H. SHERBURNE returned from Washington City last Monday. He has been absent several weeks.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 4, 1877.

JUDGE CHRISTIAN's daughter, who has been a missionary to Egypt, spent a few days with her parents this week.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 4, 1877.

One of the crew that accompanied Rexford on his trip to Kaw Agency became so dry on the way that he claimed to sweat dust.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 4, 1877.

Under a late decision by the Supreme Court of Kansas, a tax deed containing more than one description or tract of land is void.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 4, 1877.

MR. HOPKINS, formerly of Hopkins' Ranche, on Pond Creek, passed by this place this week on his way to Coffeyville with beef cattle.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 4, 1877.

PRESTON WALKER lost one of his ponies yesterday morning from costiveness [?]. It was one of the team known as the "Hughes" ponies.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 4, 1877.

PETITIONS are again in circulation to submit bond propositions in the townships that failed to vote aid to the K. C., E. & S. R. R. in Butler County.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 4, 1877.

The Courier implores its readers not to give up on the east and west railroad. It is only a question of time when they will give up the Parsons humbug.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 4, 1877.

It is rumored that two Indians were killed on Rock Creek, this county; last week, by parties from Nebraska, from whom said Indians had stolen horses.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 4, 1877.

DIED. On Wednesday, June 27th, of paralysis, Mrs. Smith, wife of Capt. O. C. Smith, of Bolton Township. The afflicted brother has our heartfelt sympathies.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 4, 1877.

MEN OF THE BORDER soon learn to provide for themselves in time of trial. In the winter the timber is warmer than the prairie, but if caught on the prairie, a hole dug in the ground large enough for the body would often prevent freezing. The compass or resin weed indicates north, as does the moss and bark on trees. Water can be obtained from the root of a prairie plant, while the cactus affords food when baked. Land turtles are found in the shade of small plants; and when roasted, are good eating. A match, ever be it so wet, can be dried by placing it in the hair of your head, or next to your body.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 4, 1877.

MR. D. H. CLOUGH, having lately sold his place, intends starting for Oregon by the 1st of August next, either by rail or team. If he goes by wagon, he would like to have company, and consequently would be pleased to hear from any person or persons contemplating such a trip. From what we know of Mr. Clough, we feel safe in saying that he would be good company for anybody, and would do his share toward lessening the tediousness of such a journey. Parties desiring good company should address him at Arkansas City. He has the stamps, and is a whole-souled fellow.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 4, 1877.

A CASE OF BRUTALITY. We learn that one of our citizens, in a fit of passion, beat a fine calf to death on Sunday evening, because it would not do as he wanted it to do. We have a statute making it a misdemeanor, subject to a fine of $50, to beat, maim, or torture any horse, ox, or other cattle. If such a case occurs again, we shall give the name of the party guilty of such wanton cruelty.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 4, 1877.

PROF. HOYT is organizing a class in gymnastic performances. The courthouse is the place where they exercise themselves. The professor is quite an expert at the various tricks on the horizontal bar, tumbling, etc., having been connected at various times with traveling exhibitions. He is as good as any of them. Eldorado Press.

You can bet your last nickel on our "Buffalo Joe." He gave lessons to the circus performers here two years ago.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 4, 1877.

ANOTHER BOAT, about thirty-five feet long by twelve feet eight inches in width, is lying at the west ferry with a load of drugs, bound for Fort Smith. It has a cabin on each end, and contains thirteen persons and five tons of chattels. Dr. Trichen, of Wichita, has command of the vessel, and is moving his entire drug store from the railroad terminus of Sedgwick County.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 4, 1877.

We had the pleasure last week of meeting Mr. Searing, Agent of the Pawnees. Mr. Searing was formerly connected with the agency of the Sioux, and while comparatively a young man, is an experienced man among Indians. He is an agreeable gentleman, and we hope to meet him often.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 4, 1877.

The Eldorado Times says: "Tom Bonar, of Grouse Creek, is lost in the Indian Territory, and a party of men are hunting for him." Can't be. Tom's feet are so large that he could be trailed to California. The Times must mean that the Territory is lost to Tom Bonar.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 4, 1877.

SILVER BRICKS. While riding in the express car from Denver, we had the pleasure of seating ourself on three silver bricks, each about five by four inches broad on the end and ten inches long, being valued at $1,500 each.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 4, 1877.

The citizens of Bolton are requested to meet at the Turner schoolhouse on Saturday next, 7th inst., at 3 o'clock sharp, to take some action in regard to repairing the bridge across the Arkansas. Let there be a full turn-out. T.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 4, 1877.

MANSON REXFORD started from this place last Thursday morning, and reached Kaw Agency Friday morning with a load of machinery for the Agency, weighing 1,820 pounds.

His boat was six by sixteen feet.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 4, 1877.

There will be a Fourth of July celebration at West's grove on Grouse Creek today. Orations will be delivered by J. J. Johnson, Andrew Jackson Show, and Orin Wilkinson. A general good time is expected.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 4, 1877.

THE STORM on Friday night blew down the old stable on Central Avenue. It had a slight leaning to the north for several days previous, but the wind on Friday night brought it down flat.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 4, 1877.

ORIN WILKINSON attempted to swim the Arkansas last week, with the halter strap of his pony tied around his neck. When he got about half way across, the animal turned about and towed the man to the shore he started from, nearly choking the life out of him in the performance.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 4, 1877.

The city council met and granted a saloon license to Blenden and Cundeff Monday evening. Ordered $250 to be paid for the ferry boat west of town on the Arkansas, and decided that it should be a free ferry.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 4, 1877.

That large lemon hanging in the Post Office was left by A. A. Beck, who has just returned from Los Angeles, California. He says California is no place for a poor man.

[ADS.]

Arkansas City Traveler, July 4, 1877.

ALL persons indebted to P. H. Woodard, will please call at Berry Brothers for settlement.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 4, 1877.

30 head of large Texas horses for sale. Apply to L. C. Wood.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 4, 1877.

HORSE. Taken up by S. D. Cole, of Vernon Township. One black horse, 15½ hands high; 10 or 12 years old, star in forehead, and white on end of nose and hind foot, stringhalted in both hind legsswaybacked; had an old leather halter on when taken.

[COURIER ATTACKS OXFORD PAPER OVER RAILROAD.]

Arkansas City Traveler, July 4, 1877.

Wonder what the Oxford Independent thinks now about the Memphis & Ellsworth railroad? Winfield Courier.

Well, after considering the matter carefully and dispassionately, we have finally arrived at the conclusion that if, and if, the company had been composed of railroad men and really desired to build a road of that magnitude, over that line, and had been able to command the necessary capital to build it with, and Cowley County had made arrangements to construct the road entirely across the county, and Elk County and other counties east, had voted the bonds at the rate of $4,000 per mile, the company might probably have built the road, but in the absence of any and all of these necessary adjuncts and qualifications, the "little Kingdom on the Walnut" is left out in the cold; but then, the Kansas City, Emporia & Southern road will be constructed, and near enough to be accessible to most people of that county, besides they, in time, may be able to get a branch of the road to Winfield. Oxford Independent.

[BILL POSEY, OUTLAW, PURSUED INTO INDIAN TERRITORY.]

Arkansas City Traveler, July 4, 1877.

Bill Posey, who had up to that time led a decent life in Limestone County, Texas, three years ago began the career of an outlaw. Lack of money could not have incited him to such a course, for he was doing well as a herder, and simple love of deviltry must have been the cause. He became a horse thief, and his crimes were so numerous that twenty-nine indictments accumulated against him.

He recently escaped from a prison to which he had been sentenced for ten years, and a Sheriff's party, hoping to get the reward of $500 that was offered for him "dead or alive," pursued him into the Indian Territory.

Bill Posey was armed with a rifle and two revolvers when overtaken, but a shot broke his right arm before he could fire. He tried to use a revolver with his left hand, but a bullet in his shoulder completely disabled him. Still he persevered, and, spurring his horse into a run, overturned one of his assailants by a violent collision. Then more bullets were fired into his body, and killed him.

[MARRIED: O. P. JOHNSON AND MISS CLARA TANSEY.]

Arkansas City Traveler, July 4, 1877.

Mr. O. P. Johnson and Miss Clara Tansey were married on Monday evening of this week. We have often wondered what attraction there could be at Winfield for O. P., who was so familiar with the excitements accompanying the life of an Indian scoutand now the mystery is solved. O. P. has our heartfelt congratulations on the happy and successful termination of his scouting around Winfield. He has won a treasure of whom he may ever be proud, and we wish he and his fair bride every happiness that they could wish. That O. P.'s future "scouts" may not lead him into danger, but be made up principally of "little harmless scouts," is the wish of the Telegram.

[INDIANS.]

Arkansas City Traveler, July 4, 1877.

The Indians are again at their devilish work in Idaho. They are on the warpath in dead earnest, and are murdering men, women, children, and soldiers, stealing stock, and burning villages. There are no troops in that country and the chances are that it will be depopulated.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 4, 1877.

The Indians are on the warpath near Washington Territory, and are said to number 1,500 braves, in several bands. A number of settlers have been killed by them, and Gen. Howard has ordered all available troops to Lewiston, and telegraphed to Gen. Sherman to send all he could as the outbreak is becoming formidable.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 4, 1877.

The Ponca Indians, who lately passed through this place on their way to the Indian Territory, are civilized, and have partially learned the arts of peace. In their new home they will undoubtedly progress more rapidly. In their new home the 800 Indians will have 40,000 acres of land, and will be the nearest tribe to Baxter Springs. Girard Press.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 4, 1877.

Five Indians stole seven horses at or near Grand Island, Nebraska, ten days ago. The officers were here after the thieves, having tracked them over three hundred miles and to within two miles of Wichita. In all that distance, the party passed through but two towns and high water forced them through these. The officers think they crossed the Big River night before last. No doubt the thieves were making for the Indian Territory. Eagle.

[BOLTON TOWNSHIP CELEBRATES FOURTH OF JULY.]

Arkansas City Traveler, July 11, 1877 - FRONT PAGE.

The Fourth of July in Bolton.
[For the TRAVELER.]
A WOMAN'S VIEW OF IT.
Mr. Editor: I attended the Fourth of July in Bolton last Wednesday, and took a few notes I want to tell you. I did not go for fun; I did not go for frolic; but for sober, solid information and instruction, and to see the people and things. I saw you there, to begin with, and concluded from appearances that the local department of the paper would be neglected, as you had your hand full, mind full, and from the monstrous basket you towed around, I took it for granted you would soon have a stomach full. An editor is always hungry, they say, and I believe it. But I don't want to write this article entirely about you, for there were others equally as handsome as yourself and lady.

Do not censure me if I am too critical, for you know half a woman lives for is to see and be seen, talk a great deal, and hear much more. Men are slow, stupid beings, capable of talking only one at a time, but we, the fairest of God's creatures, can talk all together.

Isn't it delightful to go to a picnic, sit down under a shady bough, and watch the people, and make comparisons? I had just such a location when I made these notes.

First on the scene was Mr. Skinner, senior. You can assure yourself he would be first if he came at all. Then came Frank Denton, Mr. Parvin, Capt. Hoffmaster, Mr. Steiner, and "Jim," with their amiable wives all neatly dressed. Soon after came what the TRAVELER has dubbed the "young bloods" of Bolton and Creswell.

There was that wild and reckless Will Stewart, who drives as though he was running a passenger coach, followed by modest (?) O. C. Skinner and the constable of your town, with gayly attired ladies.

Soon the dignity of Creswell appeared, with covered carriages and fine horses. Among them Col. McMullen, Dr. Alexander, Rev. Fleming, O. P. Houghton, and last, but not least, his Honor, Judge Christian, and Amos Walton, speakers of the day.

I did like Judge Christian's oration, and was surprised at the ability of the old gentleman and his powers of delivery. Anyone could see it was a speech prepared by hard study, and a great amount of reading. If the ground committee had done their duty and prepared seats, many more would have heard the speech, but for elderly persons to stand in a grove without a breath of air stirring is too much for comfort, much less to pay attention to an oration.

Among the audience there was the handsome young widow with money to loan, the belles of Bolton and their adored, the boisterous town roughs, and wives of distinguished citizens, who came alone, leaving their husbands to remain at home to look after the "by- bie." There were good, bad, and indifferent persons among the crowd. At the table also was a sight. On one side, mild, kind, and lovely women could be seen, and nearby the uncouth, voracious individual whose mouth looked as though he had his throat cut, every time he opened it.

There were many strangers I had never seen before, and familiar faces I have not had the pleasure of seeing for some time. One fine appearing, Christian looking gentleman, I learned, was from Illinois, and others I was informed lived across the Arkansas. Understand me when I say across the Arkansas, to mean on the north side, for I am a resident of Bolton Township.

But I have scarcely referred to my notes. Rev. McClanahan, a new preacher, began the exercises with prayer. The Declaration was then commendably read by Mr. Parvin, of our side; then the brass band of your place, after a series of toots, and yells for "Charley," "Frank," "Ret," "where's Lyman Herrick?" and "where's Ed. Thompson?" worked up a tune. We supposed "Charley" and "Frank" and "Ret" to be single men, and imagined they might be promenading with someone's sister, but we do not know it. Yes, they worked up a tune finally. I would give you the name of it, if I could, but I could not find anyone who knew it.

After prayer, Dr. Shepard, who was appointed Chairman, introduced Hon. James Christian. His speech lasted about half an hour, and was appreciated by all who heard it. Hon. Amos Walton then spoke in a strong, pleasing tone, after which the gathering began to separate and seek their homes.

This, Mr. Editor, is all I have to say. If at any future time you wish me to express my sentiments, I may be in the mood to favor you. I desire to thank the people of your township for the patriotism they manifested in coming to Bolton Township for a Fourth of July Celebration when they couldn't have one at home, and the good wives of the Bolton men who worked to make it a success.

I also want to say that the visit paid us by your most estimable ladies, Mrs. and Miss Revs. Thompson, Mrs. Fleming, Mrs. Shepard, Mrs. Hughes, Mrs. Sipes, Mrs. McMullen, and a number of others, will be returned, as they added much to the enjoyment of the occasion. I also desire to thank the band boys, for they meant well in their heads, but their hearts, I fear, troubled them. There were a number of young ladies, also, whom I would be gratified to have call on me at any time, and the young boys know they are all cherished and loved by AUNT MARY.

[A NOTABLE SCOUT: WM. CODY, KNOWN AS "BUFFALO BILL."]

Arkansas City Traveler, July 11, 1877. Front Page.

A NOTABLE SCOUT.
Incidents in the Career of Hon. Wm. Cody, Better Known as "Buffalo Bill"How He Obtained His SobriquetAdventures in Indian Campaigns.

[From the San Francisco Call.]
Nearly everyone, male or female, young or old, is tinged with a love of adventure and admiration of those few whose daring deeds on flood or field have made them famous. One cannot help respecting bravery, whether moral or physical, and where it is aided by indomitable will, keen perception, strict integrity, unassuming modesty, and unfailing good humor, this respect merges into a still warmer feeling for the fortunate man who possesses so many good qualities.

William T. Cody, better known as "Buffalo Bill," is fully entitled to this character, as any army officer with whom he has served during the past 20 years will bear witness. Cody is

AN EXCEPTIONAL MAN,
for, with every disadvantage of education and early training to contend against, he has steadily advanced upon the road which chance engineered for him, keeping clear of the pitfalls, and passing, one after another, all his competitors, until he stands today the foremost scout in America. This is no fulsome flattery, for everyone who knows Cody acknowledges his worth and feels honored in claiming him as a friend.

The writer of this article has had many opportunities to judge the man's character, and has always found him courageous, keen witted, and absolutely faithful to his friends. When serving as a scout, he is the associate, not the inferior, of the officers, is always a welcome visitor to their tents, and holds receptions in his own camp second only to those of the General in command. Or course, his roving, vagabond life has given little opportunity for the acquirement of society polish, or of educational improvement, and his manner lacks the refinement of the carpet knight; but that ingredient of the true gentleman, which instinctively avoids any word or deed that might wound the feelings of another, that self-denial for the sake of others, and that almost reckless generosity toward those who are in trouble, are found in Cody, and prove him to be one of those rare phenomena, a nature's nobleman.

Will Cody was born in Iowa, Scott County, in 1838, and is therefore 39 years of age. While he was yet an infant, his father, whose pioneer instincts always carried him to the farthest frontier, became an Indian trader in Kansas and Nebraska, and it was in that wilderness and under such untoward circumstances that "Little Billy," his then nom de plume, picked up the rudiments of education from the kindly wives of officers at different forts and trading posts.

In 1855 the boy started in life on his own account, and drove an army team until 1857, when he

VOLUNTEERED FOR THE MORMON WAR,
and made the campaign under Sidney Johnston. During 1860 and 1861 he was employed as pony express rider on some of the most dangerous portions of the overland route.

Early in 1862 he joined that celebrated band known as Gen. Blount's "Red legged Scouts," and served with them in Kansas and Western Missouri until the close of the war, when he went out to the plains as government scout and dispatch carrier.

In 1867 he was appointed chief hunter of the Kansas Pacific Railroad Company, and it was in their service that he gained his sobriquet of "Buffalo Bill," on account of the immense number of bison that fell to his rifle.

When the Indian war broke out during that year he served with the army under Generals Hancock and Custer, and in 1868 was appointed Chief of Scouts for the Department of the Missouri. He remained in service until 1871, when he had the management of the Grand Duke Alexis' hunting party.

In February, 1872, he paid his first visit to the East. Being then taken in hand by theatrical managers, who scented a fresh sensation in a good looking frontiersman, Cody made

HIS DEBUT AS A FOOTLIGHT SCALPER,
and since that time has passed his winters in paint and tinsel on the stage, his summers in patched buckskin on the plains. So far superior to music is his love of actual warfare that at the outbreak of the Sioux war last year he forfeited an engagement in the East, and hurried to the front, where he was at once appointed chief of scouts, first to Gen. Crook's command and after to the joint commands of Crook and Terry. Toward the close of the campaign, Cody performed a remarkable feat of physical endurance, and the writer can vouch for the truth of the following description.

Believing the war practically at a close, so far as any actual fighting was concerned, when the command reached the Yellowstone River, he resigned his position and started for the Missouri on a steamer, the commands meanwhile marching back into the Bad Lands on their bootless (fruitless) search for the unfindable Sitting Bull.

The steamer was delayed for two days some few miles below the late camp, and as he was starting out on the second afternoon, met a steamer coming up from the settlement with dispatches for Terry and Crook. There were several well known scouts on board, but Gen. Whistler made a special request that Cody should carry the dispatches through, offering him, in case he should accept the task, the use of his own blooded mare.

The mission was not only difficult, but dangerous. Difficult, because the command was known to be at least thirty miles distant, and the intervening country to be as scarred and rugged as the face of a volcano; dangerous, on account of the small war parties of Indians that were scattered all through the district.

Of course, Cody undertook the mission, leaving the steamer at 5 a.m. He returned shortly after midnight with counter dispatches from the twin commands, and so great had been the exertion that General Whistler's mare died during the night.

Finding that a fresh batch of orders must be sent forward, Cody insisted upon carrying them, as he had already crossed the country and could make better time. At one o'clock, after only three-quarters of an hour's rest, he started off upon a fresh horse into the dark night, for it was raining, and the darkness seemed impenetrable.

At 11:00 a.m. the next morning he appeared mounted upon the third horse, for the second one also had broken down. His face looked haggard, and his step was weary as he came across the gang plank to be greeted by rousing cheers from rank and file; but he quickly handed over the dispatches and said, "If you don't need me longer, General, I'll take a nap." Within six hours he was up again, apparently as bright and fresh as on the previous day, and that after riding more than 120 miles over a land that is truly named "God-forsaken."

HOW BUFFALO BILL LOOKS.
Cody is a splendid looking specimen of humanity, over six feet in height, weighing nearly 200 pounds, and admirably proportioned, while his aquiline features, somewhat outre style in dress, and long dark brown hair, which falls in masses of curls over his shoulders, make him a center of attraction among the puny dwellers in cities.

A couple of anecdotes, as told by him to the narrator, told over the campfire and vouched for by gentlemen present, will give a fair idea of the life this adventurous man has passed, of his endurance in time of suffering, and desperate courage in the hour of danger.

"Look here, Will," said one of the officers as he kicked the glowing embers into a blaze, "spin us a yarn about yourself and shut up about other people." The request was unanimously approved, and one officer remarked: "Tell them about that rough spell on the Republican, for they have probably not heard it."

Will shook the last drop out of his canteen (it was only alkali water with a dash of lemon in it) and said: "I'm not much of a hand at blowing this sort of a trumpet, but if you want to hear

HOW ONE MAN STUCK TO ANOTHER,
when he was on the ragged edge, I'll tell you how George Hanson stood by me.

In the winter of 1859, and it was a winter, George and I were trapping on a branch of the Republican River. The Indians were pretty much friendly at that time, and it was too cold for them to be browsing around much anyhow, so we felt cozy as pie in a little dug-out we'd made in the side of the bluff. One day while George and I were skylarking on the ice, I fell and broke my leg, or rather, I splintered the shin bone. That sort of thing isn't the pleasantest in the world, even if you are at a post where there's a doctor to look out for you, and when it happens on the plains in mid-winter, you feel like saying your prayers.

George took it very rough, almost worse than I did, and he just hustled around me as though I was a baby. He made some splints, and set the bone as well as he could, and then he got a lot of firewood and piled it in the dug-out, laid in a supply of meat, and as much water as we had cans to hold, and then he said: "I must get you to the settlement, old boy." Our horses saw nothing for them to eat thereabouts, so had wandered away some time before. George piled our blankets and pelts together, and laid me on them; then he took a pull at his belt, picked up his rifle, and started out a foot.

To say I felt lonely wouldn't express it, but you see I knew he ought to be back in twelve days, and I just counted the hours. The twelve days passed, somehow or other, then came the thirteenth, but George didn't turn up. All the wood I could get was gone by this time, so I couldn't melt the ice or cook the meat, and had to be content with raw flesh frozen and icicles or snow. Day after day passed and still he didn't come, and I knew he was dead or had come to grief somewhere, for that sort of a man don't leave a friend in the lurch, cost what it may. I tell you, gentlemen, you can hear the wolves now if you listen, but you are used to it and don't mind them, nor did I until that time; but when my fire was gone, they'd get around that dug-out at nights, and howl like dogs over their dead master. It wasn't cheerful at the start and didn't grow more comfortable as

THE DAYS TURNED INTO WEEKS.
But you see a man hates to die like a wounded bear, so I just held on for all I knew. Twenty days and nights had passed, and I began to reckon up what I had done in this world and the time I had left to stay in it. I got through that night somehow or other, but I guess my head was a little off next day, for I seemed to hear voices all around, and didn't feel the bitter cold as I had before. All of a sudden I heard footsteps crackling on the ice outside, but couldn't call out for the life of me. It was George. He crawled slowly into the dug-out and came along side of me, where I lay with my eyes shut, for I couldn't look up at first, and when I did thenwell, didn't either of us say anything for awhile.

You see he had reached the settlements all right, and started back alone with an ox teampeople didn't care about traveling around much that winter. On the second day out, an awful snow storm commenced, and he struggled and blundered against it till his team wouldn't go any further. He didn't give up, however, but fought his way along whenever he could get a start out of his team, although he made up his mind at last that he'd find nothing of me but the bones; and this is how he came to be so late. He took me down to the nearest fort on the cart, and there they set the leg over again. You can see the lump on it still. No, that's a bullet wound, and that's where an arrow struck.

A TICKLISH SITUATION.
On another, but similar occasion, Will told the following story.

"We were coming back from the Mormon scrimmage, when Sidney Johnson had command, you know, and I was sort of assistant in the wagon train. I was quite a lad then. Lou. Simpson was Brigade Wagon master, and had charge of two trains, which traveled about 15 miles apart, and his second in command was George Woods. About noon one day Simpson, Woods, and I started from the hindmost train to overtake the one in front. Knowing there were Indians about, we kept the sharpest kind of a lookout, but didn't see anything until we got near Ash Hollow, on the North Platte, some eight miles from the train we'd left, when a band of about sixty Indians rose out of a gulch a half mile off and came for us. Simpson, who understood that sort of business, made us jump off and put our mules together, head to tail, in the shape of a triangle, and he then shot them dead in their tracks with a revolver. This made an all around breast- work, behind which we lay. Each of us had a heavy muzzle loading rifle and two Colt's revolvers, so we made it pretty warm for the reds; but it was right on the smooth prairie, and they charged up within a few yards of us, hitting Woods hard at the first fire. He couldn't do any more fighting, poor fellow, but he lay on his back and loaded while we did the shooting. The Indians didn't have any guns at that time, and they didn't charge right over people as they sometimes do nowadays, but they'd ride up within a few yards, pop off their arrows, and circle away, throwing themselves on the off side of their ponies. After keeping up this business until almost sundown, they gave it up and squatted out of range, evidently determined to starve us out, and so we had no way of getting water. They, of course, thought we were stragglers from the train they had seen pass. During that afternoon we killed twelve Indians, besides wounding a number, for they would ride up so close that we could give it to them with a revolver in each hand. In the morning they made a few charges, just enough to keep us excited, but the holding on policy is what they meant. At eleven o'clock that day the train hove in sight, and the Indians, whooping like devils, made one final charge, and left in short order. This is about the tightest scrape I ever got caught in, and it did not make me love the Indians any better, you may be sure."

[EDITORIAL COLUMNS.]

Arkansas City Traveler, July 11, 1877.

A lady correspondent of the Leavenworth Times speaks complimentary of one of the editors of this county as follows.

"There was another little feller who belongs to the rural destricks, they called Manning. He is a nice, smart, little feller; he had lemon and sugar and tea. He would lemon and sugar and then fold himself up till he just fit in one of them seats; and slept and slept, and after awhile he would wake up and lemon and sugar, and say something nice and smart to the ladies, and go to sleep again. But then he was very kind with his cold tea; he passed it round quite often; he gave me someawful strong tea, but pretty good. If ever I go again with the brains of Kansas, I hope Manning will be along."

Arkansas City Traveler, July 11, 1877.

MAPLE CITY, June 28, 1877.
Friend Scott: I am in trouble. For six months or more there has regularly appeared, at the tail of my name, a phonetic specimen of writing, which at first, not understanding what it meant, looked quite funny, but soon the funny part of it left and it began to worry me. I commenced getting nervous whenever I took the TRAVELER out of the office and found that tail end still attached to my name. Soon the nervous symptoms began to give way for the more dreaded ones of the galloping consumption. Now, unless I can persuade you to stop that way of doing, you will certainly have my obituary notice to write in a very short time. I thought for a time it was one of your gentlemanly duns, and I sent $2 by W. T. Estus and got a receipt from you showing that my subscription was paid up two weeks or more in advance of the receipt, which was May 27, 1877. Now rise and explain by return mail if you please. Yours,

H. S. LIBBY.
The joke is too good to keep, so we publish Mr. Libby's letter. He is the oldest subscriber we have at Maple City, and his name appears first on the list. The mailing clerk, in making up each "pack" puts a mark in phonography, for short, indicating what post office the pack goes to, so that when they are all made up and ready to be wrapped, the top paper shows the address. A few weeks ago we had to "explain" to the Wichita Eagle, and later the Oxford Independent inquired, and now comes Mr. Libby to cap the climax. ED.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 11, 1877.

The A. T. & S. F. R. R.
Its Proposed Extension to the Pacific Ocean.
Several papers both eastern and western, are publishing rumors to the effect that a junction between the new Southern California railroad and the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe railroad is in contemplation, and will be made as soon as it becomes evident that a Southern Pacific road cannot be constructed at the expense of the Government.

The Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe railroad is private property, and was constructed by Massachusetts capital as a business investment. It runs in a southwesterly direction, through Kansas, through the Arkansas Valley to Pueblo, Colorado, and thence proceeds to Trinidad. But the design of the company is to cross the mountains in a pass near Fort Garland, and thence proceed almost due south to Santa Fe, in New Mexico; the company have the money to carry out their design.

There will remain only the gap between Tucson, the proposed terminus in Arizona of the Southern California road, and Santa Fe, the terminus of the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe, to fill up. This is a distance of about 450 miles, and two rich corporations, that have already built several thousand miles of railroad, will not find it difficult to arrange for filling up so short a gap, which will give them a new and independent route to the Pacific.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 11, 1877.

Major Wm. Burgess, for a long time agent of the Pawnees, and relieved at his own request, has gone back to his old home in Iowa. He leaves many warm friends in this locality, and we doubt if ever a better man fills the place he has so well and long filled.

Coffeyville Courier.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 11, 1877.

TAKE BILL POSEY, ALIVE OR DEAD.
The Last Stubborn Fight and Death
Of the Terror of the Indian Territory.
[From the Chicago Times.]
Eufaula, Indian Territory, June 22. "Killed while resisting arrest," is the return to be made by Sun thiar pee, of Utechee Town, Captain of the Creek light horse, in the chase of Bill Posey, one of the most notorious and reckless daredevils of the gang of Texas, Indian Territory, and Kansas desperadoes, horse and cattle thieves, that have invested this country for years.

With headquarters in Kansas and Texas, their trail has led through the Indian Territory from Coffeyville south through the wilderness of the Osage reservation, crossing the Arkansas River near Childer's ferry, through Creek and Chickasaw nations to Denison or Fort Worth, Texas.

Tens of thousands of dollars worth of stock have been stolen from Texas, driven north through the Territory, always under charge of some outlaw along the route, driven by hidden and unused trails through a country so sparsely settled that often days elapsed without a human being in sight to identify either the stock or the thieves. Picking up cattle feeding on the range belonging to Indians, their droves were always increasing, until the loss to the citizens of the Creek nation became unbearable.

Among this band Bill Posey, an escaped convict from the Texas penitentiary, was a skilled, daring, and influential leader. A Spanish-Mexican, with a claim to Indian blood in his veins, Posey has made his headquarters on Cane Creek, Polecat, and Arkansas rivers, drifting back and forth as occasion required, always armed to the teeth. With a long Spanish knife and three six-shooting revolvers in his belt, and a double barreled shot gun loaded with buckshot, he was the terror of the road.

For several years he had been a member of the gang in Texas. He had wealthy and influential friends in Limestone and other counties, who had managed to screen him until four years ago, when he was arrested, tried, and sentenced to five years in the penitentiary. He had served out twenty months of his sentence, but so turbulent had he been that he had inspired a feeling of terror even among the prison officials. Bucking, gagging, flogging, or showering failed to subdue him, and he was put in the chain gang and set to work on the streets under charge of guards.

While working one day with a twelve pound ball attached to his leg, he struck down one of the guards with a stone, snatched his gun, and "stood off" four of the guards. He called on the prison authorities, with oaths, to come out and rearrest him, and he would kill them all. Holding all the officers at bay, he slowly retreated toward some horses feeding nearby. Getting one of the horses between himself and the guard, he coolly picked up the ball, slung it over the horse, mounted and rode off to his father's house, where he secured his own gun, revolver, and a good horse, and crossed the line into the Indian Territory.

While at his temporary home on Cane Creek, two Deputy United States Marshals attempted his arrest. He assented, and asked them into the house for dinner before starting for Fort Smith. With four revolvers pointed at his head, he coolly walked into the house with them, placed chairs, and ordered dinner quick for three, and made preparations for the start. Suddenly he reached under his low couch, brought out his six shooter, and sent one ball through the thigh of one of the deputies and another ball through the eye of the other. He then drove them from the house. He ordered them to throw up their hands, down their arms, and then coolly asked for the writ. This he destroyed. Then he compelled the officers to go back into the house and partake of the meal prepared for them, after which he let them go back to report their failure.

Between Muskogee and Okmulgee, Bill Posey built a block-house, surrounded himself with a set of desperadoes, and bade defiance to all the marshals of Texas or the Territory. Here for fifteen months he had been on the scout. During the day he never for a moment laid down his arms. He slept always with his belt of arms on the bed before him and the sixteen shooting Henry rifle in his hands. A fresh horse was always saddled near the door, and no man was ever permitted to approach him unless he was covered with the inevitable rifle. His reckless bravado led him, out of pure cussedness, to mingle with crowds of men, visiting stores, whenever supplies were needed, or taking a seat in church among the worshipers, armed, and taking care to keep the saints always to the front.

Recently the Governor of Texas made a requisition on the Chief of the Creek nation for Bill Posey's arrest and return to the Texas officials. Chief Ward Coachman placed the necessary papers at once in the hands of Capt. Sun thiar pee, of Utechee town, with orders to "bring in Bill Posey, alive or dead."

On Friday last the captain learned that Posey had visited Okmulgee that day and had a wounded finger amputated, and had gone toward the Arkansas River. All that night, with a posse of two picked men, the Captain followed on Posey's trail, and on Saturday evening they came up with him near Concharte town, on Polecat Creek, driving some stray horses. He was well mounted, as usual, and disdained to run from three Indians. The Captain ordered him to surrender and throw up his hands.

Posey reached for his ever present rifle, but his lost finger was in the way, and before he could bring it to bear, a load of buckshot went through his right arm, breaking it above the elbow. As it dropped limp at his side, he dropped his rifle, drew his revolver with his left, and emptied two of the chambers, and then another mass of buckshot broke his left arm. Spurring his well trained horse, he charged full speed at the Captain, knocking him and his horse over the bluff to the creek below.

Posey then wheeled upon the posse, who stood their ground, firing at him with their revolvers. The orders to take him dead or alive must be obeyed. The fight was now at close quarters. Riddled with bullets and shot, the flesh torn from his hips, both arms broken, he continued to fight, trying to ride down the officers.

Capt. Sun thiar pee had again joined his posse, this time on foot. A well aimed shot from his revolver tore off Posey's nose. It seemed impossible to kill him. Still he refused to surrender. Then the last bullet from the Captain's revolver struck Posey in the chin, breaking his jaw, and went crashing up through his brain. Bill Posey fell dead from his horse.

[COMMUNICATION FROM "C. C. H."BOLTON TOWNSHIP.]

Arkansas City Traveler, July 11, 1877.

BOLTON TOWNSHIP, July 5th, 1877.
Today finds us in Bolton again, enjoying the luxuries of which all practical grangers have a bountiful supply about harvest time. Harvesting has been going on at a rapid rate during the past two weeks. Many farmers are done cutting wheat, and some have already commenced stacking. Mr. Parmer has cut 200 acres of wheat with one Marsh harvester and has a greater portion of it stacked. Mr. Dave Maricle is nearly done heading his 400 acres. Polk Stevens has been running his harvester day and night during the past week. He says he will get away with 275 acres with one machine.

The wheat crop is light this year, caused by the recent heavy rains. Corn and oats promise a good yield.

We had the pleasure of attending a picnic in Capt. O. C. Smith's grove, on Spring Creek, yesterday, the 4th. Owing to the committee being busily engaged, the grove was not very well prepared. Notwithstanding the limited preparations made and the heat in the grove, the participators in the picnic seemed to enjoy themselves finely. The programme for the day was somewhat varied on account of the band boys being unable to get over until noon. The exercises of the day commenced with prayer by Rev. McClanahan. Then came Lieut. Thos. S. Parvin, who read the Declaration of Independence, which was listened to with extraor dinary patience, as Mr. Parvin is an elegant reader. Next in order was dinner, which consisted of every variety of goodies, which are too numerous to mention. After dinner we listened to a very interesting, eloquent, and patriotic discourse, delivered by Judge Christian, of Arkansas City. Then came the band boys with a recital of "The Red, White, and Blue," which seemed to cheer all present, even the "old folks." Next in order was a speech from Mr. Amos Walton, who spread the eagle in the most elegant manner, after which lemonade, ice cream, music by the band, etc., until evening, when everybody went home with a gladsome heart.

The citizens of Bolton tender their many thanks to the gentlemen, speakers, and the band for their favors. More anon. C. C. H.

[COMMUNICATION FROM "J. O. WILKINSON"SILVERDALE.]

Arkansas City Traveler, July 11, 1877.

SILVERDALE, July 9th, 1877.
The good people of Grouse Valley celebrated the 4th in good style. Everything went well after getting started; but it took until 2 o'clock to get under headway owing to the neglect of some of the committees to perform duties allotted them.

All seemed to be happy, especially those young men who had their sweethearts along. The day was very warm, but the ground was well chosen, and situated in a fine grove of elm, walnut, mulberry, and other species of trees, without any underbrush or weeds. A good breeze was blowing during the day, which had free access to where the audience was seated.

The speaking was good. Owing to pressing business, Rev. McCarney, who was to deliver the oration of the day, was not on hand. Anyone else on the programme could have been spared better. The Toast, "The Flag of our Union," was well responded to by Mr. J. J. Johnson. Among other good things he said of the "old flag," I will mention one, viz: "Let an American be absent from home for the space of five or six months in foreign lands, and then let his eyes suddenly catch a glimpse of the stars and stripes. What a host of recollections of home, of friends, and all that we hold dear spring into the mind."

Mr. Daniel Grant responded to the toast, "New England," in an able manner and showed that he was acquainted with the subject. He gave the early history, in brief, of New England: the Pilgrim fathers, witchcraft, the Pequod war, etc. Among other things he said that New England was never behind when the nation was in danger, an assertion that all reading people know to be correct. Others were on for toasts, but did not respond.

The singing was excellent. The national songs, "America" and "Star Spangled Banner," were well rendered by the choir. "Take it up one side and down the other," it was a well spent Fourth.

Scott, what in the world ails that reporter of yours? Before he started out last week, he must have taken (to use a well known author's phrases) an "eye opener," a "whisky straight," a "brandy smash," a "stone fence," an earthquake," all at once, or he never could have got things mixed in regard to me as he did. I feel constrained to reply somewhat in detail, to his crooked assertions, simply because my name is used in the manufactured stuff. I found in the locals of July 4th the following concerning the celebration in Mr. West's grove: "Orations will be delivered by J. J. Johnson, Andrew Jackson Show, and Orin Wilkinson." Now, Scott, that is fearful. I wished I had another split stick, on a load of poles, I'd, I'dwell, it don't make any difference, the fools are not all dead yet, I can see that. I was not down on oration, J. J. Johnson was not down for one either. And Andy Showwell, Andy, no doubt will whip the man that says he had anything to do with any part of the programme except the singing and firing the salutes. Rev. McCarney was down on the programme as orator of the day. Mr. Daniel Grant, to reply to a toast I have already given. Mr. Johnson, the same, and I read an essay on the "American Union," also read the "Declaration of Independence."

Now, Scott, make that reporter "take that back," or else I'llwell, I'll not say anything more about it, only that he ought to be better posted, that's all on that.

Now about that halter, Arkansas River, pony, etc., I will say this. I did try to swim the river, but did not tie the halter around my neck, simply because I did not have any halter, but I tied the picket rope I had to the pony's neck, and started to swim the river; but the pony, like Mark Twain's mule, wanted to wade the stream, and because I would not let him he turned around and went back again. I wish the reptiles that report such stuff about me would all get the seven year itch, and scratch, scratch, scratch forever more. J. O. WILKINSON.

[COMMUNICATION FROM "JUST A LOCAL"WYOMING TERRITORY.]

Arkansas City Traveler, July 11, 1877.

CENTERVILLE, WYOMING TERRITORY, June 23rd, 1877.
Editor Traveler:

I don't know if I have any duty to perform and I am sure that I have no promise to render, but at the same time I feel like writing you a line about the same old theme so over done and so poorly done. I would not send this so far but I see that a recent number of the Courier of Winfield has taken the trouble to copy that old article of "B. B.," which was published and criticized by the Black Hills Daily Times some time ago but the remarks of the Times was entirely omitted and of course every reader of this partial exhibit will be deceived and pronounce the Black Hills a grand farce, which is totally false for they are as truly real as anything under the sun. Would they have moped around the parlor stove? Would they have missed those valuable experiences of life? Would they have those rich mines go unde veloped? Would they have the untold millions of wealth in gold, silver, and copper bored from the circulating medium of our country? Would they have the vast leads or lodes of lead, mica, and plumbago go unused? Would they have all those and more lay in the dark and hidden recesses of the earth? Would they have some of the prettiest and best valleys of the northwest go unpeopled entirely? Would they have a vast body of pine timber, millions upon millions of feet unused go to the consuming fire and to decay? Would they let go unseen some of the prettiest views of nature's sublimest scenery, which is lavished here, that was ever given man to feast his eyes upon, or to treat the world to scenes by transferring them by the "Tripod" to stereoscopic views?

Then aside from those reasons for giving the "Hills" a fair hearing, I am free to say that there is not one young man in every hundred, but what will find one season spent in the Black Hills a valuable schooling to him. We hear forcible expressions to that effect every day not only by the young, who is getting his eye teeth cut, but by the old as well.

They behold a round, rugged, bold, and strong manhood displayed here that will soon be nowhere else except under these circumstances, and would never meet in our quiet, little country homes which we enjoy so much and have so well.

I am bold to say that a man cannot come here and spend a season and go away again without being either wealthier, wiser, or better, for his sojourn.

Botany and Geology are two branches of science that are very different from any other locality I ever visited, but enough of those now. Good bye, Mr. Editor, wishing you as beautiful scenes and as pleasant dreams as we enjoy here, we are as ever yours.

JUST A LOCAL.
[PERSONALS.]

Arkansas City Traveler, July 11, 1877.

CORN in tassel.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 11, 1877.

CITY MILLS busy.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 11, 1877.

KANSAS air is pure.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 11, 1877.

VEGETABLES plenty.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 11, 1877.

CABBAGE growing nicely.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 11, 1877.

RASPBERRIES are all gone.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 11, 1877.

HARVESTING is about over.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 11, 1877.

CUCUMBERS at the Central Avenue.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 11, 1877.

The church bells chimed last Sunday.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 11, 1877.

A child of Mr. Sifford's was buried last Sunday.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 11, 1877.

After sundown a toll will be charged on the ferry.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 11, 1877.

Newman paid $1.57 cash for 86 bushels of old wheat lately.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 11, 1877.

Fifty grists of new wheat were ground at Newman's mill last week.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 11, 1877.

The work on the bridge across the Walnut is delayed for want of lime.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 11, 1877.

A number of Texans were in town yesterday selling ponies and horses, from $10 to $75.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 11, 1877.

Six hundred Ponca Indians have recently been located in the Indian Territory south of Baxter.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 11, 1877.

A few manipulators in Winfield have escrowed Cowley County out of a railroad, and gave it to Sumner.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 11, 1877.

MR. HUTCHINSON killed a large gentleman cow snake last week that measured six feet four inches in length.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 11, 1877.

A festival of blackberries and ice cream will be given at the M. E. Hall next Friday evening. All are invited.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 11, 1877.

A 300 pound bell was ordered for the schoolhouse yesterday, to cost $125. It will be here in about a month.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 11, 1877.

FREE FERRY on the Arkansas at this place. Come and go as often as you please without it costing a cent, as long as it is daylight.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 11, 1877.

A large work horse was sold by auction for $39, last Saturday, to satisfy a mortgage given by Spencer, of Sumner County, to Jacob Beall.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 11, 1877.

ANOTHER change in the ownership of the meat market took place last week. A. W. Patterson now has charge of it, and will supply the public.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 11, 1877.

WINFIELD votes on a proposition to erect a bridge across the Walnut at the brewery, and to repair the bridge south of that place, on the 17th inst.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 11, 1877.

NEW FIRM. HOUGHTON & McLAUGHLIN SOLD THEIR ENTIRE STOCK OF GROCERIES TO L. McLAUGHLIN YESTERDAY, WHO WILL CONTINUE BUSINESS AT THE GREEN FRONT.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 11, 1877.

MEAT. A. W. PATTERSON will deliver fresh meat at Salt City every Monday morning, and at the houses at this place every day in the week except Sunday and Monday.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 11, 1877.

JUDGE CHRISTIAN has been appointed a Justice of the Peace for Creswell Township by Gov. Anthony, and James Huey a Notary Public. Both appointments were well bestowed.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 11, 1877.

At the meeting of the city council Friday night, it was decided to employ C. R. Bridges to run the ferry on the Arkansas for one month, at $1 per day. The ferry will be free to everyone during that time.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 11, 1877.

A pretty good joke is told on one of Winfield's attorneys, that is worth telling again. On the 4th of July the said attorney went to Elk County to deliver the oration. He began by stating that "he had never made a 4th of July speech in his life, and did not have his speech ready when he left Winfield, but as he came along admiring the beautiful country, with its cattle blooming on the hill sides, in the gentle rays of the bright green sky," he was struck with the wonderful work of the Almighty." At this junction a titter was heard all around, and the speech soon ended, leaving the soaring eagle to go home with his feathers woefully dropped.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 11, 1877.

In another column can be seen the card of Drs. Graham & Strong, of Winfield, who will visit this place on Wednesday of each week, at the Central Avenue hotel.

Dr. Graham is the oldest resident physician in Cowley County, and has a reputation and practice that anyone might well be proud of. He was formerly of New York City, and is a graduate of the medical college of that place.

Dr. Strong, his partner, is a graduate of the Cleveland, Ohio, Homeopathic Hos- pital, and a young man of more than ordinary ability.

AD: Drs. GRAHAM & STRONG, Homeopathic Physicians of Winfield, Ks., will be at the Central Avenue Hotel, Arkansas City, on Wednesday of each week, where they will be pleased to wait upon any who may need medical aid. Office hours from 9 a.m. to 4 p.m. Arkansas City, July 6, 1877.

[WINFIELD ITEMS.]

Arkansas City Traveler, July 11, 1877.

A few citizens celebrated the 4th on Mr. Hickock's farm.

A great many young as well as married men are addicted to drinking spirituous liquors; in fact, it is popular.

The Telegram does all of its own printing now.

Seventeen physicians are at the public service here. There is just one more lawyer than there are doctors.

[MORE PERSONALS.]

Arkansas City Traveler, July 11, 1877.

The picnic in Bolton Township, July 4th, was well attended by an intelligent class of people. R. A. Houghton, Herman Godehard, and E. D. Eddy had stands on the ground and dispensed the lemonade, ice cream, candy, etc. We might go into details, but as we have two communications on the subject, will let it pass.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 11, 1877.

A petition has been in circulation in Bolton Township asking that an election be called to vote on a proposition to issue $2,000 in bonds, payable in two years, to complete the bridge across the Arkansas. Creswell, or Arkansas City, will be called on for $3,000, making a total of $5,000 for an iron bridge.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 11, 1877.

PARTIES IN WINFIELD are engaged in filing an injunction on the railroad bonds voted to the Kansas City, Emporia & Southern railway in Sumner. Let's see: Winfield is now manipulating Cowley, Elk, and Sumner counties against railroad interests.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 11, 1877.

MR. VANCE and lady, with Mr. Copeland and one of the belles of Winfield, were on the grounds of the 4th of July celebration in Bolton. Mr. Vance is one of the managers of the Central, and Copeland exercises a lively quill on the Courier.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 11, 1877.

R. L. WALKER, Sheriff of Cowley County, paid the TRAVELER a visit on Tuesday of this week. Dick must have good living and plenty of beer, as he is getting a regular lager beer Dutchman's "frontispiece" on him.

[ITEMS FROM THE TELEGRAM.]

Arkansas City Traveler, July 11, 1877.

John Allen put on a good deal of style one day last week, driving a fast stallion through the streets without lines. He was showing him off with a view of making a sale.

Col. Nickerson, President of the A. T. & S. F. R. R., is expected down the valley this week. He comes to arrange for the extension of the Florence branch of his road into Cowley County.

A. B. Lemmon, State Superintendent of Public Instruction, is in the city. He arrived on Tuesday evening, accompanied by Mrs. Lemmon, who will remain in Winfield while Mr. Lemmon makes his annual visit to the various counties.

Several of the papers grow witty over the fact that the editor's son was born immediately after an advertisement for a boy was inserted in the Telegram. Easy, boys, don't throw yourselves away on this. You know that two thirds of you would advertise for a boy for a solid year if you thought it would do you any good.

[HACKNEY: PARSONS, ELLSWORTH & PUGET SOUND RAILROAD.]

Arkansas City Traveler, July 11, 1877.

Mr. W. P. Hackney was over from Winfield last week and spoke in a very hopeful manner of the early completion of the Parsons, Ellsworth & Puget Sound Railroad. Work will begin as soon as the core of engineers, now engaged in finding a suitable crossing over the Pacific Ocean, make a favorable report. This line of road is to encircle the globe parallel with the Equator. It is a mammoth undertaking, but the men having control of the enterprise are equal to the task. This will be one of the greatest achievements of the age. The bridge across the Pacific Ocean will be the grandest structure ever known.

Sumner County Democrat.

[BUSINESS NOTICES.]

Arkansas City Traveler, July 11, 1877.

TO RENT. 160 acres of land, all under cultivation; apply at this office or to Frank Lorry.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 11, 1877.

HAY. All those wanting hay this fall can make sure of it by calling on J. W. Hutchinson.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 11, 1877.

FARM FOR RENT. Bottom land, about 150 acres ready for cultivation; seed furnished; good accommodations; inquire of Houghton & McLaughlin.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 11, 1877.

FOR SALE. 1 mule and harness, also a set of double harness nearly new. 1 John Deere Sulky Plow, breaker and stirrer complete;. nearly new, and in good order. Also 1 double harrow very little used. Inquire of Houghton & McLaughlin.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 11, 1877.

HORSES FOR SALE. I have for sale, for cash, or on time with bankable security, one bay pony, warranted to work in plow or wagon, price $40; one light sorrel mare, $30; one light gray mare, $25. C. M. SCOTT.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 11, 1877.

MARES FOR MULES. I have a team of good brood and work mares I will trade for a team of good mules. GEORGE WHITNEY.

[INDIANS.]

Arkansas City Traveler, July 11, 1877.

INDIAN HISTORY.
[Written for the Indian Herald.]
The Western Indian in 1806Numbers and Names of ChiefsCatlin, the Painter, Among the OsagesRavages of the Small Pox.

BY DR. W. E. DOYLE.
In the chart prepared by Lieut. Montgomery Pike, U. S. A., who explored the Arkansas to the Great Rocky Mountains, and thence across to the Rio Grande, after whom Pike's Peak is named, we find the following locations of Indians of 1806.

KANSAS INDIANS.
Main village in fork of Kansas and Blue Earth rivers, numbering 1,565. Old villages were above the mouth of the Platte on the Missouri.

DELAWARES.
This tribe was located on White River, Arkansas, near where Forsythe now stands.

OSAGES.
Grand Osage village on Sac River, at the head of Osage River, in Missouri, in Big Bend, on east side, numbering 1,695; Principal Chief, Cahagatonga, White Hair; Second Chief, Wat-cha-wa-ka.

Shen-ga-Was-saBeautiful Bird, became most known from being a great deal with Pike.

The names of the other Osage Chiefs are given as:

Ta-wan-ga-ha, he who drives villages.

Ic-he be so hun-gar, wise family, (Son of White Hair).

Hapense Pointed Horn (first soldier).

Ona-po-ran-ga Go-ha-gat che, the Chief himself.

Wa-sa ba-gun ga, without nerve.

O-ga hawass, the Son-in-law.

Tonemancara, the heart of the town, Great Osages.

Nezuma, the rain that walks.

Tetobasi, without ear rings.

Taichem, the yellow skin deer.

Mandgraide, the big rogue, Little Osages.

The Osages warred with Pottawattamies, Arkansas, Cherokees, Chickasaws, Choctaws, Creeks, Comanches, Caddoes, etc.

PETIT OSAGES.
This tribe was situated lower down on the west side of the Sac River, numbering 824; Principal Chief, Sut ta-sug-gyThe Wind; Second Chief, Watch-kes-ingarSol- dier Dog. Arkansas Osage village in forks of Vermillion (Verdigris) numbering 1,500.

PAWNEES.
Republican village on Republican Fork of Kansas, had 1,618. Chiefs Char-ac-ter- ishWhite Wolf, and It is-ta kap beRich Man. Grand village on south side of Platte, near where Benton, Nebraska, now is, numbering 3,120. Pawnee Loups on Loup Fork of Platte, above the forks in Nebraska, numbering 1,485.

COMANCHES.
Or Tetans, as the French called them, numbering 8,200.

Rivers:

The Canadian River was called on Pike's chart Nesonchebrara.

The Poteau River is called Otter River.

South Fork of Canadian is called Nesconregasca.

The Cimarron is called Nesewketonga.

The Salt Fork of the Arkansas is called Negracka River.

At the mouth of the latter it is marked "crossing place of the Osage."

A little Osage camp is also marked on the Missouri, about where Lexington now stands, and "Satasuggy camps," near the mouth of a stream (apparently Buck Creek), running into the Arkansas, in the Indian Territory.

There was a camp of Missouris near the mouth of Grand River, Missouri, and remains of Otto and Missouri villages; in one, two hundred men, nearly opposite Shell River south side of Platte, now in Nebraska.

It is said that a party of Osages were at Braddock's defeat in 1755, and had to eat their horses on their return home. In their narrations of the circumstance, given early in this century, they said the party rendezvoused at a great waterfall. It might have been the Niagara.

I forgot to state that on Pike's chart, a Choctaw village is located opposite Arkansas Post, a Quapaw village on the Arkansas River, a short distance above; a Conshalta village on the Red River near Conshalta Shute, and old Caddo villages near where Fulton, Arkansas; Jefferson, Texas; and Shreveport, Louisiana, now stand.

[Note: Traveler failed to print all of the items. Missing are stories about Caitlin, the painter, and the ravages of smallpox. MAW]

[PERSONALS.]

Arkansas City Traveler, July 11, 1877.

COL. McMULLEN now owns Murdock's race horse, "Sleepy Jack."

Arkansas City Traveler, July 11, 1877.

AUNT MARY was the TRAVELER reporter on the 4th, in Bolton Township.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 11, 1877.

A single man pays tax on $200 more personal property than a married man in Kansas.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 11, 1877.

MISS HORN was severely hurt by being thrown from a horse while riding last Wednesday.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 11, 1877.

It will be a good plan to take a side of bacon with you when you go to the timber, to rub the jiggers with.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 11, 1877.

And the butt of Democracy that was left after the cutting of the pole on Benedict's corner is sprouting. It is too tender a growth, however, to endure the chill of winter.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 11, 1877.

A number of Pawnees were in town last week, selling ponies from $5 to $25 each. Some of the Indians were very thinly clad, having only a thin garment over their shoulders.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 11, 1877.

"COONEY," Joe Sherburne's dog, accompanied him on his return trip from Maine. The young terrier has been East about a year, and gives appearance of having enjoyed the sea breeze.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 11, 1877.

And the principal amusement after the 4th of July was rubbing ammonia or salt bacon on the body to kill the jiggers. We noticed one of the merchants on Summit street with his pants over his ears, trying to find what made him itch so.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 11, 1877.

Hon. Ed. Hewins, member of the House of Representatives from Chautauqua County, made us a call last week while in town. Mr. Hewins has 600 head of cattle in the Territory, near the mouth of Deer Creek, that he is holding for shipment. Mr. Titus, of Kansas City, was with him. Both are wide awake cattle men.

[ARTICLE RE ATTEMPT BY KANSANS FOR NARROW GAUGE RAILROADS.]

Arkansas City Traveler, July 11, 1877.

How They Were Sold.
When the people of the New West go away three to five hundred miles to St. Louis, on another wild goose chase for a narrow gauge road, it will be their faultthis time it was the fault of others.

They were made fun of, in some instances, by doggerel poetry published in the papers, and insulted by such paragraphs as this.

"Some of the Kansas delegates, who were talking in the Convention the other day about building a narrow gauge railroad, were around town last night trying to borrow a dollar to help them back home."

But they also met some gentlemen there too honorable to deceive them with false pretenses, who told them the exact truth, and no one did it more frankly than George Bain, one of the leading millers of St. Louis, and for several years president of the National Millers' Association. We take what he said because the staple of all the noise as to the narrow gauge has been about the grain of the West.

Mr. George Bain said: "As a delegate from the Merchant's Exchange, I would say that, if they want a narrow gauge road built, they must build it themselves, or at least take the principal part of the burden."

Mr. Bain spoke knowingly. It was uphill work to get support for the project in St. Louis, although it would be something if it was that the counties were in earnest. He was in favor of the city giving its "moral" support. [Laughter.] They were all ready to do that. If the convention adjourned and left the whole matter in the hands of the committee of twenty-five, it would simply be "throwing straws" in the way of other roads, and he for one did not feel like doing this. He was not willing that the committee should take the whole affair in their own hands.

The mercantile community of St. Louis was divided into four classes.

1. Those who do nothing but take in their rent; and they never subscribe to anything.

2. Those who owned real estate, but could not subscribe to anything.

3. Merchants who owned millions, and who in the old days got 25 percent on all their transactions, and who would now never invest a dollar unless they could get a dollar back.

4. This class is that of the young merchants, who need everything they have for their own business.

Mr. Bain said that if $100,000 could be got out of St. Louis, he would be the most surprised man in the city.

We have taken some pains to ventilate this scheme, for the reason that we knew what there was back of itnothingand because it was misleading many honest communities who really want railroads and who must have them.

For example, the people of Cowley County, Kansas, on the representations made, defeated a connection with a road that runs to their county line from Emporia and El Dorado, and subscribed to an East and West road, where a narrow gauge will never be built, and sent delegates six hundred miles to find out just what Mr. Bain told them.

Now any man of railroad experience knows that, save the Pacific roads, built from the national treasury in time of war, no road of a thousand miles has ever been built in this country by even State aid, let alone county and individual subscriptions. The project was so wild that we did not affect to treat it gravely until we saw well meaning people deceived by it.

To build even a narrow gauge "from St. Louis to some point in Colorado," would, in cash, take $10,000,000, and as no county would subscribe except the road would pass through it, the whole would fall on some twenty-five counties, or $400,000 to a county. Or suppose half cash and half mortgage bonds, it would be $200,000 to a county.

The idea of selling county bonds, with the supreme court blockaded with suits against defaulting counties, among them nearly half the counties on the proposed line of road, the project is one of the craziest things ever undertaken by crazy men. We think, however, that it will be necessary to spend much more time in undeceiving the people as to this humbug.

Let the people address themselves to getting a way to market the best way they can, and let them hold on to their means until they see that they count. Don't credit the smooth tongued tales of anybody, and above all don't allow themselves to be frightened out of common sense, by threats to build somewhere else.

Money to a bona fide project commands the situation, and business terms will be met by men who mean business. Kansas City Journal of Commerce.

[COLORADO NAMES TAKEN FROM SPANISH OR INDIAN NAMES.]

Arkansas City Traveler, July 11, 1877.

Colorado Names.
Spanish or Indian names are very common in Colorado, and the editors who recently visited the State, as well as the public generally, may be interested in learning the signification of some of them, which we give below.

Animas: Souls; spirits.

Las Animas: Popularly, the souls of purgatory.

Canon: tube; hollow cleft.

Colorado: Colored; ruddy.

Cosejos: Rabbits.

Costilla: Timber.

Dolores: Grief; sorrow.

El Moro: The fortress.

Garita [La.]: The sentinel, or little fort.

Hermosa: Beautiful.

Huierfano (pronounced Warfano): Orphan.

La Junta (pronounced La Hunta): The junction.

Las Vegas: Meadows, or tracts of fruitful land.

La Veta: The uein [vein].

Laguna: Lake.

La Loma: Hill; mound.

La Plata: Silver.

Los Pinos: The pines.

Miguel: Michael.

Pueblo: A town; a people-place.

Rio: River.

Rio Grande del Norte: Great river of the North.

Rio Grande: The great river.

Rio San Juan: St. John river.

Rio de la Plata: Silver river.

Roseta: A little rose.

Santa Cruz: Holy Cross.

Sierra Blanca: White Mountains.

Sierra: Literally, serrated or notched; figuratively, rugged mountains.

Sangre de Cristo: Blood of Christ.

Santa Fe: Holy faith.

San Luis: St. Louis.

San Juan: St. John.

Sierra Madre: Mother mountainsmain range of the Rocky Mountains.

Trinidad: Trinity.

[COMMUNICATION FROM "ROBINSON CRUSOE"INDIAN TERRITORY.]

Arkansas City Traveler, July 11, 1877.

RED FORK RANCH, INDIAN TERRITORY, July 1st, 1877.
Editor Traveler:

The floods have passed away and dry land can be seen once more. All travel which has been delayed by high water has opened up again. The cattle drive is proving to be a good one; over 100,000 have already passed up. Five thousand and sixty in one herd (the largest of the season) belonging to Littlefield & Huston, in charge of J. W. Jeffries, passed up yesterday: 4,000 were beeves, were worked with fourteen men, were in fine order.

The Northern Cheyennes are expected soon.

Occasionally some man rides off on another man's horse or mule.

Agent J. L. Miles' two daughters returned to the Agency today from Leavenworth, where they have been attending school. Many friends will welcome them.

Thermometer at 110 degrees in the sun with a strong breeze blowing.

ROBINSON CRUSOE.
[WINFIELD VERSUS RAILROADS.]

Arkansas City Traveler, July 18, 1877.

[Note: Gather that someone communicated the following to Editor Scott. Name not given. Very last line of article was practically cut off! MAW]

Winfield vs. Railroads.
Friend Scott:

Has the attitude or action of Winfield, our county seat, in regard to railroad matters, been a credit or disgrace? And will it not tend to make our county second when it might have been first in everything that tends to its development?

They say to us: "We are the county seat of Cowley, and unless we can have all the railroads terminate here, Cowley may sink; for we will not allow a railroad to run through our town and terminate at Arkansas City." Why? Because a few politicians who intend to run this county were snubbed down here at the election last fall, and they would sink the county rather than let us have anything.

They say: "Yes, we believe the K. C., E. & S. road is backed by a substantial company, and will be built if the aid is voted; but it runs to Arkansas City, and that won't do; so we will get up a humbug in the Memphis & Parsons road to defeat it."

Some of the anti-Manning clique said they knew the Parsons road was a humbug, and would do nothing to help it along. But where do we find these same men at and some weeks before the election? Why, working for dear life for this same Parsons road, under their General, E. C. Manning, W. P. Hackney, first, and Allison, second Lieutenant, with a host of county officials and lawyers as Corporalsall jumping at the slightest nod of their little General, E. C.

Now, will this kind of business pay? This is a pertinent question for us, who are out of the political ring to ask. Let us review. In the first place, a company of capitalists propose to build a railroad through the most populous portion of the county, making Winfield a point. Winfield says No; that it will build up another locality, and make two lively towns, while they want and will have but one. Therefore, until assured of the success of a road which will terminate at Winfield, "we cannot consider your proposition." Winfield then, at an expense of several hundred dollars to the county, put a proposition before the people, commencing at the tail end (unless it was all tail end, as many believed), and tied up the county to the amount of $120,000and then discovered that there was a gap in the franchises which they could not fill up. And thus the grand scheme of building a railroad from Memphis to Winfield vanishes into thin air.

Then, again, gentlemen who have secured franchises to the line of Cowley County propose to certain townships that they will build a road through them, and through a portion of the county.

Winfield again takes the field, and in a canvass remarkable for lying and misrepresenta tion, again succeeds in preventing a portion of the county from giving aid to an honorable company that would build them a road. So far as they rate it, their success has been good: they have given aid to a wishy-washy concern and defeated a solid, reliable one.

Now comes their Waterloo. Having attached a franchise to the tail end of their Parsons road, they see the necessity of instructing the people of Elk County. How should they know, in the benighted regions east of us, what they want in the railroad line? So over to Elk they go, under their indomitable leader, who so fitly represents them, but whose pluck beats his judgment, and sometimes takes him in when he should have stayed out. They went in with flying colors, but alas! the people of Elk refused to be instructed. They called the great Pasha of the Walnut Valley a fool, and said he had better go home and mind his own business, and they came home like barnyard roosters that had sought the wrong dung hilltheir combs badly torn and their tail feathers dangling in the dirt. So fearful an inroad did this last battle make on the little man's constitution, that he had to take a trip to the mountains and sip cold tea for a week. But he came home hungry, and determined to find a project to kill; and looking over west toward Sumner County, they found a proposition set before that people which did not suit the people of Winfield.

Why should Sumner County vote bonds without consulting them? They had come to the conclusion that if they were not good at building railroads, they were splendid on keeping them out of the country. They went, they saw, but they didn't conquer.

Hard-hearted Sumner said: "What you have unceremoniously kicked out of the way, we will take. You have with unsurpassed ability succeeded in preventing your own people from securing cheaper transportation. We can attend to our own business."

Sumner voted the bonds, and it was settled that a road might possibly be run southwest without the aid of Winfield, and even against her opposition.

Now comes the crowning and most infamous act of the drama. Not content with interfering with and dictating to other counties, the city which would rule the Walnut Valley calls in the lawyers. Sumner County is not to be permitted to settle the question of the legality of her own votes, but Winfield men and Winfield money must still be used to defeat an election held in another county and among another people. The matter, however, must be nicely covered up.

Somebody must come over from Sumner, and get the attorneys; somebody from Sumner must carry on the negotiations, but looking closely, you can see the cloven foot, and "he that runs may read." By their fruits ye shall know them, and if the people of Winfield have, by determined and persistent effort, succeeded in beating themselves, who shall _____________. [Last line cut off.]

[COMMUNICATION FROM R. C. STORY, COUNTY SUPERINTENDENT.]

Arkansas City Traveler, July 18, 1877. Front Page.

School District Officers Attention.
The annual school meeting will be held on the 9th of August, at 2 o'clock p.m. At this meeting a director should be elected for a term of three years, and vacancies in other offices should be filled for the unexpired part of the term.

Clerks should post notices of this meeting at least ten days previously thereto, and in three or more public places.

Officers elected at this time should qualify within twenty days thereafter.

District clerks should make complete records of each and every meeting held in their respective districts.

The clerk's annual report of the year ending July 31st, should be complete in every particular, and presented to the meeting for necessary correction, and then sent at once to his office. He should make a complete list of the taxpayers of his district, and send the same to the County Clerk on or before August 25th. He should report to the County Clerk at once the amount of tax levied at the annual meeting. Any failure in making this report renders the clerk liable to a fine of fifty dollars. The District Clerk should report to this office the names and post office addresses of all newly elected officers. He should promptly report, also, the beginning of every school term.

In no case should school boards contract with parties not holding certificates, and when contracting, the board should carefully examine the certificate of the applicant.

Every school district in Cowley County should hold its annual meeting, and make its annual report. Our county loses every year hundreds of dollars by failures in this matter.

Full supplies of blanks, copies of school laws, and district records are in my office, and district officers should call for them in time for the annual meeting.

School boards are authorized by law to make uniform the text books used in their respective schools, and this should be insisted on by every school board in the county. Districts which have tried the plan of buying their own books are fully satisfied with the gain in every respect.

District boards which have no district records are authorized by law to get such records, and no district should be without them. R. C. STORY, County Superintendent.

[STOCKING KANSAS STREAMS WITH FISH.]

Arkansas City Traveler, July 18, 1877. Front Page.

ELLSWORTH, July 4th, 1877.
Rev. David Thompson:

DEAR SIR: Your letter of inquiry of the 22nd ult., received. I will say for your informa-tion that I am doing all I can to have the streams of Kansas stocked with fish. I have procured for the State 100,000 young shad which were, contrary to my intention, deposited in the Kaw River. I expect to get Solomon this fall. I shall visit your portion of the State some time this fall. I find that it will be impossible to stock any but the principal streams this year, but hope in time to see all the streams stocked with fish that will thrive in our waters; the most we can do at present is to protect the fish now in our streams and introduce such varieties as are known to do well in streams of the same latitude. Yours Respectfully, D. B. LONG.

[WAR RELIC: SPRINGFIELD MUSKET.]

Arkansas City Traveler, July 18, 1877. Front Page.

War Relic.
Hanging in the office of the Empire Hotel, Empire City, Cherokee County, is an old Springfield musket, such as the army used before the hostile Indians demanded (for their own use) something better, and attached to the stock is the following bit of history.

"This gun belonged to Sue Mundy, the Kentucky guerrilla who was captured with Magrauder, the outlaw, while sick, in a log cabin, in Hardin County, south of Louisville, in April, 1865."

"Sue Mundy was, from his youthful appearance, supposed by many to be a girl. He was only 17 years old, but was an expert in the saddle, and both an excellent shot and a daring man."

[EDITORIAL COLUMNS: ARTICLE FROM BEACON.]

Arkansas City Traveler, July 18, 1877.

B. F. Saunders, just returned from the Territory, found crops through Sedgwick and Sumner counties looking splendid, especially corn and oats of which there will be a larger crop than ever before. He found farmers very busy harvestingwheat will be all harvested this week.

He went to see herds of Hood & Hughes, who are holding their cattle on Pond Creek. Since the 15th of February, Mr. Saunders has purchased and shipped the following lots of corn fed cattle.

Chas. Tabin, 108 head, at 3-3/4 cents.

Archibald Elhs, 141 head; extra beeves at 4-1/2 cents.

Mr. Wilday, 60 head, at $56 per head.

Mr. Fowler, 33 head at $58 per head.

A. B. Woodruff, 21 head, at 4 cents.

Mr. Myton, 27 head, at 3-3/4 cents.

The above gentlemen are residents of Butler County.

R. F. Burden, 42 head, 4 cents.

Mr. Wiley, 60 head, at 4-1/4 cents.

E. & B. Shiver, 134 head, at 3-3/4 cents.

S. R. Smith, 104 head, at 4 cents.

All of the above gentlemen are residents of Cowley County. Beacon.

[FEUD: PAWNEES AND OSAGES.]

Arkansas City Traveler, July 18, 1877.

The old feud that has existed between the Pawnees and Osages for so many years came near culminating last week. The territory occupied by the Pawnees has long been used by the Osages as a pasture ground for their ponies, and, ever since it has been owned by the Pawnees, the Osages have herded their ponies on it.

The Pawnees recently requested the Osages to keep their ponies on their own side of the Arkansas, and stated that if they were driven into their reservation another time, they would take care of them, but the Osages were unwilling to yield to a set of men whom they compare to women, and drove their ponies over again.

The Pawnees, though small in stature, have long been used to fighting the Sioux, and not being much afraid of the Osages, made their word good.

This, of course, raised a rumpus with the Osages. The Osages then sent runners all over their reservation, calling for volunteers to attack the Pawnees, and before the ponies could be returned to the Osages, they had mustered a force sufficient to whip the world (in their estimation). It, however, terminated by timely interference, without the loss of blood. Herald.

[PAWHUSKA ITEMS: FROM THE INDIAN HERALD.]

Arkansas City Traveler, July 18, 1877.

Osages have quit eating dogs.

Osages found buffalo near Salt Plains.

Osages paint in black and play "shinny."

Osages think wheat straw poisons their hogs.

Dr. Hunt, physician for the Kaws, is sick.

Osage hunters are at home feasting on fat buffalo.

Osages need fresh buffalo skins to make lodges.

The Big Hill Band of Osages is the wealthiest of the tribe.

Half breeds danced in Big Chief's hall on the evening of the Fourth.

Osages report white hunters scarce on the plains of the Territory.

Nearly 800 Indians with 2,000 ponies were at the wedding last week.

Osages have nothing to keep them at home, and need fresh meat.

The old time Osages killed panthers and bears with bows and arrows.

Osages say their horses were overjoyed at the sight of the buffalo ground.

Osages found a herd of wild horses west of Salt Plains, and captured two of them. They are fine ponies.

The Big Hills are anxious to return to the buffalo pasture, near Salt Plains.

Osages don't like to tell bear stories in summer time. They are afraid of snakes.

The Osage brave smokes under a coffee bean, while his squaw mauls a pecan into rails.

Osages don't like to kill snakes, and when they find a rattlesnake in camp, they let it go.

Dog Stealer's son married Mo-show-ka-she's daughter last week. He gave ten ponies for his bride.

Tah-wah ga-reh, Queen, is a name eagerly sought by belles of royal families, and it is both bought and sold.

Wah-co Cab he-cak, Chief Woman, is an honored name among Osages, and it takes ten of the fleetest ponies to obtain it.

How-kah, is the name of an old Osage ceremony. It was abandoned for 20 years, but it is now being revived by western Osages.

Osage women do most of the outdoor labor, and Sam Bevenue wants them allowed to vote and hold office instead of painted dandies.

Dr. Frank Trumbley, the only professional Osage, has fifty acres of corn, from which he expects a yield of more than fifty bushels to the acre.

The bear, panther, and beaver skins are used by the Osages in their "medicine works," but the skin of the wild cat is prized higher than all others.

[CROP REPORTS.]

Arkansas City Traveler, July 18, 1877.

Crop reports for the past ten days have assumed a new phase, especially concerning the wheat. Some fields were blighted by rust to such an extent that the yield will be from three to four bushels per acre; other fields will not be cut at all; some more will yield from eight to twelve bushels, and the remainder will range from twelve to thirty, while the average will not exceed fifteen. This, though less than anticipated, is very good when all the circum stances are taken into consideration, and judging from reports received from Minnesota, Iowa, Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Missouri, and portions of Ohio, it is far ahead of those states. Our farmers have no just cause for complaint, but every reason to feel encouraged. Gazette.

[REMAINS OF CUSTER BROUGHT BY STEAMER FLETCHER.]

Arkansas City Traveler, July 18, 1877.

The steamer Fletcher has just arrived from Little Big Horn, bringing the remains of Gen. Custer and other officers massacred with him June 25th, 1876. They will be taken to Fort Lincoln for the present.

[STATE/NATIONAL ITEMS.]

Arkansas City Traveler, July 18, 1877.

Mr. Robert Mills, of Salt City, informs us that it is all "bosh" about him being Mayor of that city. Said the report was circulated by some slanderous mischievous individual of Winfield, who entertained fears of that becoming a rival town. Sumner County Democrat.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 18, 1877.

Indian Agent Barns, of Nevada Agency, telegraphs to the Commissioner of Indian Affairs from Wadsworth that Benjamin Holland, a farmer at the Reservation in Southeastern Nevada, and W. H. Carter, formerly a blacksmith there, were shot and killed by four white men. The Indians and whites from the reservation are in pursuit of the murderers.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 18, 1877.

Col. Whipple's command attacked Looking Glass and his tribe near Clear Creek and killed seventeen Indians.

[PERSONALS.]

Arkansas City Traveler, July 18, 1877.

FLOUR $4.50 per hundred weight.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 18, 1877.

EGGS 10 cents per dozen and still falling.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 18, 1877.

CALDWELL is to have a steam flouring mill.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 18, 1877.

One drunk and one arrest last Saturday.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 18, 1877.

The much needed rain fell last Monday.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 18, 1877.

CUCUMBERS are now in orderso is the stomachache.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 18, 1877.

The City Marshal is adorned in a cardinal red jacket.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 18, 1877.

The barber is sick and the boys all wear hair on their faces.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 18, 1877.

One of the amusements of the day now, is breaking Texan ponies.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 18, 1877.

A large number of the farmers of this county have finished harvesting.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 18, 1877.

New wheat was sold in Wichita last week for sixty cents per bushel.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 18, 1877.

The Indian Herald has a young Cherokee learning the boxes in that office.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 18, 1877.

It is stated that Rev. Wingar has sent for all his goods and does not expect to return.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 18, 1877.

REV. SWARTS has been filling the place of Rev. Wingar in the M. E. ministry during the latter's absence.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 18, 1877.

NINETEEN THOUSAND FEET OF LUMBER was sawn in four days and a half, last week, at Lippmann's mill.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 18, 1877.

D. H. CLOUGH will sell out his goods one week from Saturday, and start for the Willomett valley, Oregon.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 18, 1877.

THE CALL FOR AN ELECTION to vote bonds to rebuild the Arkansas River bridge in Bolton Township appears this week.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 18, 1877.

BORN. And now comes Perry Woodyard with the happy announcement that it is a boy. Born Sunday evening.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 18, 1877.

MR. HOPKINS was at this place a few days ago, returning from Coffeyville, where he made a good sale of his cattle.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 18, 1877.

CALDWELL has become a town of considerable prominence since it became the terminus of the K. C., E. & S. Railroad.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 18, 1877.

MR. BULLINGTON, of Dexter, is going to Kentucky soon after some fine cattle. He will keep them on his place near Dexter.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 18, 1877.

MR. CLOUGH offered his wheat for sixty cents per bushel, and did not have long to wait until he found a purchaser in Mr. Findley.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 18, 1877.

The Commissioners at their last meeting allowed the bills of witnesses at court, road viewers, judges and clerks of election, etc.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 18, 1877.

One of the country post offices gave the mail lock key to the baby to play with and had to do without mail until the key was found.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 18, 1877.

WHOEVER has number 25, volume six, of the TRAVELER will confer a favor by sending it to the State Historical Society at Topeka.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 18, 1877.

MR. GRIMES has a fish pen at the mouth of the cave near Newman's mill, where he keeps his fish alive until he is ready to butcher one.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 18, 1877.

The boys arrested by Mr. McLeese are the same parties spoken of in another item; the mother of one of them supposed he was hung.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 18, 1877.

A man by the name of Fuson, from Canola, Elk County, was in town yesterday, in search of a sorrel mare and colt, stolen from him last week.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 18, 1877.

MR. WILL MERYDITH, OF DEXTER, was at this place this week, buying calves and one year old cattle. He paid a fair price and got a number of them.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 18, 1877.

CHAPLAIN McCABE, the sweet singer and eloquent preacher, will assist at the dedication of the new Methodist church in Winfield, sometime in August.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 18, 1877.

Thirty-one transients at Godehard's restaurant last Saturday, mostly farmers of this vicinity. The Central Avenue House also had a large patronage.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 18, 1877.

TOUGH. Mr. McLeese, City Marshal of Coffeyville and deputy Sheriff of Montgomery County, has a constitution something like Buffalo Bill's. Leaving Coffeyville on the morning of Saturday, the 7th inst., in pursuit of the two young horse thieves recently arrested near this place, he traveled almost constantly, snatching what sleep he could on the open prairie, with no blanket or covering whatever, and arrived at this place Tuesday morning. Waiting until a little past noon, he started for South Haven, twenty-two miles distant, in company with A. W. Patterson, and returned about 10 p.m., with one of the thieves. Stopping only for a bite of supper, the two left immediately for Oxford, another twenty-mile stretch, and returned in the morning with thief No. 2. He started for home the same day with the prisoners, doubtless well tired out, but with a stiff upper lip and a determination to reach home without loss of time. He is a faithful officer.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 18, 1877.

BOY HORSE THIEF CAUGHT. Last spring two boys, eighteen and twenty years of age, living on Shoo Fly Creek near South Haven, by the names of John Voucher and James Hudson, left home and were gone until last Wednesday, when Voucher came back to his mother's house. He had not been there a great while when parties came after him and took him to Caldwell. Before going he told his mother that they had arrested him for horse stealing, and that he and Hudson had been in jail, but that he escaped. Nothing has been heard of the young man since he was re-taken, and Mrs. Voucher expects to hear that he has been hung. His father died in the Black Hills, and the affliction on the distressed parent is very severe.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 18, 1877.

MARRIED. By Esquire Bonsall, on Wednesday evening of last week, at the bride's sister's residence, at the City Hotel, in this place, Mr. W. L. Sullivan and Miss Emily Bridges, both of Sumner County. So it seems the Bridge question has been agitating Sullivan's brain, as well as the people of Bolton Township, who are willing to do almost anything to get over the rushing water.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 18, 1877.

A heavy rain fell at Dexter Sunday night, and corn in the Grouse Valley is looking splendid. Wheat is turning our much better than most farmers anticipated. Mr. J. Cline cut ten acres that he supposed would yield but 100 bushels; but to his surprise, found he had 254 bushels when he threshed it." He had five acres of oats that made 217 bushels.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 18, 1877.

MARRIED. W. H. WALKER returned last Friday from near Faulmouth, Kentucky, bringing with him the former Miss Lydia Drake, to whom he has been united in the holy bonds of matrimony.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 18, 1877.

MR. GOATLEY killed a large animal on Grouse Creek last week that resembled a young panther or lynx. It had been taking his chickens for several weeks past, but this time he saw it early in the morning, and set the dogs after it, and it was not long before they had it up a tree, in easy range of his shot gun.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 18, 1877.

Those who think peaches will not ripen early in Southern Kansas should call on Geo. Shearer. He showed us a fine specimen of the "Alexander" variety last Wednesday afternoon, and says they were ripe as early as the 4th. Mr. Shearer has a fine orchard, and is confident that peach growing will prove a success in this part of the State.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 18, 1877.

MR. HAYWOOD desires to thank his friends for the patronage he has received, and retires from business with the best of feelings towards all.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 18, 1877.

MR. CHANNELL invites all his former patrons to try him again, and assures all he will sell as cheap as anyone in Southern Kansas for cash.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 18, 1877.

FESTIVAL. The M. E. festival of ice cream and blackberries on last Friday evening was well attended, the young people predominating in numbers. Music, a general social time, and plenty to eat were the pleasures attending the affair. We learn that $13.05 was made above expenses.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 18, 1877.

The prospects of a railroad at El Dorado have not given that place any unusual excitement yet. Several businessmen have expressed their determination to move to this point as soon as they can sell out, as they believe this will be the terminus.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 18, 1877.

MARE. Taken up by G. W. Horn, of Guelph Township, one sorrel mare, 13 hands high, about 5 years old; roached mane, both hind feet white, bald face, saddle marks; branded with letters "B H" posted before A. J. McManis.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 18, 1877.

S. P. CHANNELL purchased the hardware store of R. C. Haywood yesterday, and is now ready to serve all in need of anything in his line. Mr. Haywood will devote his time to collecting accounts due him, for awhile.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 18, 1877.

ELDER H. D. GANS, of Winfield, will preach at the Theaker schoolhouse Saturday night, July 21st; also the following Sunday at 11 o'clock a.m. J. J. BROADBENT.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 18, 1877.

Since the flood on Grouse Creek, the farmers are turning their attention to stock raising. Many of them will now favor the continuance of the herd law, since their fences have been destroyed.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 18, 1877.

FESTIVAL. The ladies of the First Presbyterian Society of this place will give a black- berry and ice cream festival at the Central Avenue House on Friday evening, July 20. All are cordially invited to attend.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 18, 1877.

BIRTH. And now we have to chronicle the happy announcement of a bouncing girl for E. D. Eddy. Born Tuesday, July 17th, in the 101st year of the Independence of the United States of America.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 18, 1877.

PEACHES. Captain Burrell brought in some of the finest peaches last week we have seen for a long while, some of them weighing a half ounce. They sold readily at 20 cents per dozen.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 18, 1877.

The bridge bond question is now being generally talked over in Bolton Township. The proposition will meet with some opposition, although many influential farmers will favor it.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 18, 1877.

Good calves are worth from $4 to $6 in this vicinity; yearling heifers, $8 and $10 each; steers, $10 to $12; two-year-old cattle, $17 to $20. Ponies can be bought from $15 to $50.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 18, 1877.

We overlooked the mention of the picnic held in Coombs' grove on the 4th. Those who attended it all speak in high terms of the pleasant time that was enjoyed.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 18, 1877.

CHANGE. MR. L. McLAUGHLIN has purchased the grocery department of Houghton & McLaughlin's store, and is conducting the business at the old "Green Front."

Arkansas City Traveler, July 18, 1877.

MR. WILEY has purchased Mr. McDorman's interest in the store at Dexter, and is conducting the business wholly under his own management.

[BUSINESS NOTICES.]

Arkansas City Traveler, July 18, 1877.

SALE OF FARMING AND HOUSEHOLD GOODS. On Saturday, July 28th, I will sell at public auction, in Arkansas City, for cash, my Farming tools, Household furniture, Carpenter and Mason tools, cooking stoves, tables, bedsteads, etc. D. H. CLOUGH.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 18, 1877.

FOR SALE CHEAP AT BERRY BROTHERSOne set Blacksmith's tools, good Bellows and anvil.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 18, 1877.

HAY. All those wanting hay this fall can make sure of it by calling on J. W. Hutchinson.

[RECAP. ELECTION PROCLAMATIONBOLTON TOWNSHIP.]

Arkansas City Traveler, July 18, 1877.

In the matter of the petition of Frank Lorry and others, voters and resident taxpayers of said township asked for a special election to be held for the purpose of voting bonds to repair the bridge across the Arkansas River in Section One, Township Thirty-five, Range Three East, to the amount of Two Thousand Dollars. Signed by J. M. Sample, Trustee; A. J. Kimmel, Treasurer; and T. Parvin, Clerk on July 14, 1877.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 18, 1877.

Prof. Hoyt is getting up a joint stock association for the purpose of putting up a building to be used by the Gymnasium Society: shows, theatres, balls, and such like. The shares are being taken rapidly, and, from what we can learn, it will be a success. A building of the kind contemplated will be a good thing to have in town, and an excellent good thing to have for our Railroad Celebration. We hope it will be put up in time to be used for that purpose. Eldorado Times.

[PROPOSALS FOR SCHOOL BUILDING AT PAWNEE AGENCY.]

Arkansas City Traveler, July 18, 1877.

OFFICE OF INDIANS AFFAIRS,
CENTRAL SUPERINTENDENCY,
LAWRENCE, KANSAS, July 9, 1877.
SEALED PROPOSALS will be received in this office until 3 p.m. of Friday, the 3rd day of August, for the erection of a stone building, for accommodation of a manual labor school, at the Pawnee Agency, Indian Territory; said building to be completed to the satisfaction of the U. S. Indian Agent in charge, according to plans and specifications, which may be examined in this office, or duplicates thereof at the office of the Eagle, Wichita, Kansas. Each bid must contain a guarantee signed by two responsible parties that, in case the bid is accepted, the contract will be entered into with good and sufficient bonds within ten days after the award is made.

The privilege is reserved of rejecting any or all bids. Bidders are invited to be present at the opening of the bids, at the hour above named.

WM. NICHOLSON, Superintendent, Indian Affairs.
[RAILROAD MEETING AT LONGTONELK COUNTY.]

Arkansas City Traveler, July 18, 1877.

A Monster Railroad Meeting was held in Sweet's grove at Longton on the Fourth inst. The Elk Falls Cornet Band was in attendance, as were also several prominent railroad men from Cowley Co., who made flaming speeches in favor of the narrow gauge railroad from Parsons to Winfield to the intense gratification of a few but to the infinite disgust of the many who had been coaxed out under the promise of a Fourth of July celebration.

Several gentlemen who attended the meeting have since informed us that it was simply a "narrow gauge effort" but that it fell perfectly flat. That the people were disgusted and expressed great indignation that they should be gulled in the manner in which they had been.

There were three speeches madeall by men from Cowley County, and all railroad speechesno allusion, however, to the Fourth of July. Elk County Ledger.

The railroad alluded to is the defunct Memphis & Parsons road, on which Cowley County was duped to the tune of $180,000.

[ITEMS FROM THE WICHITA BEACON.]

Arkansas City Traveler, July 18, 1877.

Prof. Hoyt is organizing a class in gymnastics in El Dorado.

Caldwell hopes soon to have a daily mail to Fort Sill. Wherefore?

Mr. A. M. Colson, of Caldwell, sold 332 head of cattle last week at $20 per head.

It is estimated that there are 1,200 Russian emigrants in the land district embracing Hayes City, exclusive of Mennonites.

Dodge City is the largest Texas cattle market in the west. The drive will run close to two hundred thousand head this season.

Petitions are again in circulation to submit bond propositions in the townships that failed to vote aid to the K. C., E. & S. R. R. in Butler County.

A proposition to aid in the construction of the L. L. & G. R. R. (standard gauge) west from Independence will be voted upon in Elk County on the 17th inst.

[OTHER AREA ITEMS.]

Arkansas City Traveler, July 18, 1877.

The Walnut Valley Times announces that the track of the Florence & El Dorado railroad will be laid to El Dorado by the 31st inst., and that there will be a free excursion train run between the two places on the 1st day of August. This is the first road into the county of Butler, and naturally enough, they feel good over it.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 18, 1877.

A young man by the name of Gross was drowned on Monday evening last, while bathing in the Arkansas River, at Mr. Somerville's place, on section 36. Mr. Gross had been working in the harvest field for Mr. Somerville during the day, and in company with the two Mr. Somervilles, went to the river in the evening to bathe; where, getting some distance from the shore and in deep water, he became exhausted and apparently alarmed and sank, since which all efforts to recover the body have been unsuccessful. Mr. Gross was a single man, 22 years of age, and a recent comer here; lived with a brother-in-law four miles southwest of town. Oxford Independent.

[ITEMS FROM TELEGRAM AND COURIER.]

Arkansas City Traveler, July 18, 1877.

A change in the Courier management is rumored. The new firm would stand: Lemmon, Kelly, & Millington, with Fred Hunt as local editor. Telegram.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 18, 1877.

"What about that east and west road? is put to us daily. Just hold your breath friends. Winfield Courier.

[ARTICLE ABOUT W. B. HICKOK, KNOWN AS WILD BILL.]

Arkansas City Traveler, July 25, 1877. Front Page.

Wild Bill.
The murder of W. B. Hickok, known as Wild Bill, a frontiersman, whose fearlessness, skill, and manly beauty Gen. Custer has praised in a magazine article, attracted wide attention about a year ago.

A Cheyenne correspondent of the World gives this new account of the killing.

"Fate brought him to the same card table with Jack McCall, a gambling sharper. On the last hand McCall bet $10 and lost; and when he came to settle, found that he had only $7.50. Bill, remarking, "You oughtn't to overbet your pile; that's no way to play cards," handed him back $5 to pay for his lodging and breakfast. Next morning Bill was in a saloon, when McCall came behind him noiselessly, placed the muzzle of his revolver to the back of his head, and killed him."

The same writer sketches the widow of Wild Bill. She has had two husbands, both public characters, and both doomed to a violent death. In 1847, at the age of 15, she married William Lake, a clown, of whose circus she became financial manager. In 1869, while the circus was at Granby, Missouri, a loafer named John Killion, slipped in without paying. Lake ejected the deadhead, who armed himself, returned to the tent, paid his way in, and seeking out Lake, shot him dead. After her husband's death, Mrs. Lake took the management of the circus, which she conducted for three seasons, visiting all parts of the Union. She then sold off her menagerie, apparatus, and stock, and in 1875 went to San Francisco. There she remained but a few weeks, going to Cheyenne a year ago last April, where a little afterwards she was married to Wild Bill.

[KANSAS CITY, EMPORIA & SOUTHERN RAILWAY ITEMS.]

Arkansas City Traveler, July 25, 1877. Front Page.

[From the Eureka Herald.]
The engineers on the Kansas City, Emporia & Southern compliment the Metropolitan Hotel at this place, in saying the change from their experience at Emporia to it is decidedly refreshing.

The City Council at their session last Saturday evening passed an order directing the payment of expenses incurred in the campaign in favor of the proposition to vote bonds on the Kansas City, Emporia & Southern railroad.

Mr. Fuller informs us that he confidently expects to have the line through this county ready to let to contractors by the 10th of August. He is greatly pleased with the country from the Verdigris to this placesays it's beautiful enough to delight the heart of man. This coming from a practical engineer is decidedly poetic.

Mr. Fuller with his engineer force arrived in Eureka last Thursday evening. Yesterday morning he started west intending to look over the line through Butler. He proposed to put the men to work on the line at the west line of this county and have them survey back this way and thence to Madison. It was necessary to do this as Mr. Fuller had never been over the proposed route and was unable to give the necessary directions.

We are informed by Mr. Fuller that the contracts for building the Kansas City, Emporia & Southern to the south line of Lyon County are all let, and men are already at work getting out stone for the masonry. The grading is let to a Chicago firm fully prepared to prosecute the work without delay as they are regular railroad builders and own all the necessary teams, tools, and appliances.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 25, 1877.

[From the Oxford Independent.]
The railroad is coming; let her come.

The Kansas City, Emporia and Southern railroad is progressing rapidly from Emporia south; contracts let and material brought upon the ground.

A number of Wellington's heretofore zealous railroad men are opposed to the Emporia road because it costs so much to run it to Caldwell. Of course, they are glad to have it go there, but then its too hard on the poor taxpayers. Now this may be all right, but to some, it looks pretty thin.

We understand that some of the Winfield attorneys propose to put a quietus on the railroad enterprises in Sumner County, by contesting the issuing of bonds voted in aid of the road, i.e., and provided always that Belle Plaine will raise them $500 to start in with. At last accounts Belle Plaine had raised $7 of the money. Of course, this assures the success of the scheme; these patriotic attorneys will never stand back for the small amount yet in arrears.

[AREA ITEMS.]

Arkansas City Traveler, July 25, 1877. Front Page.

Ed. Smith, one of the government agents to appraise Indian lands, has returned to his home at Paola. He will again go to the frontier about the first of September.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 25, 1877.

Messrs. Henning and Nettleton of the Gulf and L., L. & G. railroads, contemplate visiting Elk County this month in the interest of the extension of the L., L. & G. road into that county.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 25, 1877.

A call will soon be made for an election in Wellington Township, to vote on the proposition of issuing township bonds to the amount of $600, to aid in building a bridge across Salt Creek.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 25, 1877.

From the Emporia News we learn that the contracts for building the Emporia Narrow Gauge Southwest have been let, and that the road will probably be completed to Eureka this year.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 25, 1877.

Mr. Ed. Fenlon, the Government shipping and freight contractor, has bought the Jackson warehouse on Douglas Avenue, east of the depot, and rented the Greeley warehouse east of the People's elevator. Both houses are filled at the present time with goods for the agencies in the Indian Territory. Wichita Beacon.

[EDITORIAL COLUMNS.]

Arkansas City Traveler, July 25, 1877.

The Wichita Eagle says W. P. Hackney, Leland J. Webb, Hon. E. C. Manning, and W. M. Allison were all up at Wichita last week "and got it."

Arkansas City Traveler, July 25, 1877.

A temporary injunction has been granted parties at Winfield preventing the issue of the bonds recently voted to the Kansas City, Emporia & Southern Railroad. It will more than likely be set aside at the August term of court.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 25, 1877.

Ex-Senator Colonel St. Clair, of Sumner County, is making about as big a fool of himself working up opposition to the Kansas City, Emporia & Southern railway bonds, just voted, as he did in the Legislature when Hackney got away with a Senatorial district for Cowley County alone, while the Colonel took Sumner and all the coyote districts to make the tail end of Wichita's district.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 25, 1877.

WM. NICKERSON, President of the A., T. & S. F. railway, was at Winfield last Monday. He came at the request of the citizens of that place, but made no proposition to extend the road he represents into Cowley County, but stated that he would consider the matter, and give them an answer in sixty days. He also said that if he made a proposition at all, it would be to go to the State line.

The Kansas City, Emporia & Southern are steadily working up their enterprise, and we may yet have a choice of two roads from the north.

[ITEM FROM THE WICHITA EAGLE, POSTMASTER MURDOCK'S PAPER.]

Arkansas City Traveler, July 25, 1877.

The prominent dignitaries of the city of Winfield were all up this week. W. P. Hackney, Esq., was after an injunction against the issue of railroad bonds in Cowley County. He got it. Leland J. Webb, Esq., wanted a writ of habeas corpus for a client. He got it. Hon. E. C. Manning was up for a taste of city life. He got it. Will Allison, editor of the Telegram, was up for money. From his looks, we guess he secured an abundance.

[PERSONALS.]

Arkansas City Traveler, July 25, 1877.

RIPE tomatoes.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 25, 1877.

DELIGHTFUL weather.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 25, 1877.

TOWN full of strangers.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 25, 1877.

ROASTING ears plentiful.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 25, 1877.

BLACKSMITHS are all busy on plow work.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 25, 1877.

The yield of oats this year is remarkably large.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 25, 1877.

Blackberries are selling at fifteen cents per quart.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 25, 1877.

Ripe apples and peaches are offered for sale on the streets.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 25, 1877.

JOHN McMILLAN and family have left Winfield in disgust.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 25, 1877.

PARKER and CANFIELD are erecting watermelon houses.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 25, 1877.

The Dean boys sold their cattle and made about $3,000 on them.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 25, 1877.

More grain stacks in Cowley County than in any other county in the State.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 25, 1877.

A. O. HOYT returned from the north last week, where he had been on business.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 25, 1877.

NINE TEAMS loaded with freight for the Pawnee Agency left town on Monday.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 25, 1877.

The bridge pier on the Walnut washed out last week. It will be rebuilt by Mr. Newman.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 25, 1877.

The chandelier of Houghton & McLaughlin's store fell to the floor and was demolished yesterday.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 25, 1877.

The Superintendent of the Emporia schools is to receive $675 for the next nine months term.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 25, 1877.

D. H. CLOUGH sold a span of ponies, new wagon, and harness to Thomas Baird last week for $150.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 25, 1877.

DOCTOR R. H. REED, of Longton, Elk County, Kansas, is in the city seeking a location for a drug store.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 25, 1877.

THIRTY FEET of the stone dam at Winfield was washed out during the high water of the Walnut this week.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 25, 1877.

COL. J. M. HAWORTH, Indian Agent at Fort Sill, accompanied by his wife, passed through Wellington last week, en route to Olathe.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 25, 1877.

NEW ADS. L. McLAUGHLIN's and S. P. Channell's new advertisements appear this week, and Berry Brothers and Houghton & McLaughlin have made a change in theirs.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 25, 1877.

AD: BERRY BROS. Continue the Grocery Business at SHERBURNE'S OLD STAND, - with a full line of- GROCERIES, QUEENSWARE, STONEWARE, AND CUTLERY. Remember the "Opposition Store." BERRY BROTHERS.

AD: GROCERIES AND QUEENSWARE - L. McLAUGHLIN, HAVING PURCHASED THE ENTIRE STOCK OF GROCERIES, QUEENSWARE AND GLASSWARE.

I invite my friends and the public generally to call at the "Green Front" and see if I cannot save you money in anything in my line. I will endeavor to sell at the lowest prices, and furnish good articles in every line. Give me a call.

AD: This space reserved for S. P. Channell's announcement of Hardware.

AD: GENERAL STORE. FRANK WALDO.

Having bought Houghton & McLaughlin's store south of the old bridge, will keep on hand a general stock of STAPLE DRY GOODS! BOOTS, SHOES AND GROCERIES, Which he will sell at the lowest possible price for cash. Call and see me.

FRANK WALDO.
Arkansas City Traveler, July 25, 1877.

ANOTHER AD:

NEW DRUG STORE! IN ARKANSAS CITY, KANSAS.

L. H. GARDNER & CO.

Have opened a Drug Store in the new building south of Benedict's store, and have just received a large and fresh supply of Drugs, Patent Medicines, Chemicals, Paints, Oils, Varnishes, and Pure Liquors for Medicinal Purposes.

ANOTHER AD:

HOUGHTON & McLAUGHLIN -AT THE- NEW BRICK CORNER, Have a large stock of Dry Goods, Notions, Ribbons, Hats, Caps, Boots, Shoes, Clothing and Carpets, than Any Other Two Houses in Cowley County.

Our facilities for buying are equal to any concern in the State. We bought our entire spring stock on a market from 10 to 25 percent lower than any other house in this county, and we propose to give our customers the benefit of our great bargains. Each line of goods in our stock is more complete than the same line of goods in any other house in the county, and we guarantee better prices. Come and see, and satisfy yourselves.

HOUGHTON & M'LAUGHLIN.
[PERSONALS.]

Arkansas City Traveler, July 25, 1877.

BENJAMIN HARBERSON had a violent convulsion in Mitchell's harness shop last Saturday, and suffered terribly for fifteen minutes from the effect.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 25, 1877.

The 27th of last month was the 50th anniversary of the establishment of Fort Leaven- worth, the post having been established June 27, 1827.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 25, 1877.

NARROW ESCAPE.
While O. C. Skinner was crossing Shilocco Creek in the Territory last week, one horse refused to swim, the wagon box floated off, and one of the ladiesMiss Ida Smallwas carried down stream, and would have drowned if she had not been rescued. Mr. Skinner had crossed the creek many times before, but was not aware it was so deep, knowing there had been no rain and forgetting that the Arkansas was full, and that the backwater was in all the streams emptying into it. The parties in the wagon were Mary Skinner, Ida Small, Miss Graves, and himself. When the contrary horse laid on his side and the wagon stopped, the bed floated off. The horses then plunged and made for the shore. Mr. Skinner held to the box until he could jump ashore and land his sister and Miss Graves. He then ran downstream after the missing girl, whose hand he saw extended out of the water. In a few minutes, after an effort worthy of the young man, he succeeded in getting her to shore. After throwing up a quantity of water, she gained her senses, and was brought safely home.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 25, 1877.

JAMES DODWELL, a former resident, has returned to El Dorado to stay and will engage in business at once. He is accompanied by others who will make El Dorado their home. Eldorado Times.

Guess not, Mr. Times. Mr. Dodwell looked around El Dorado, and concluded it would be no town at all after the railroad gave it the go by, and came on down to Arkansas City, the terminus, where he has rented a house, bought a lot, and is going to build a shop, and go into business in a live town. His father-in-law and brother, both heavy boot and shoe dealers of Michigan, accompany him, and will locate here.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 25, 1877.

MR. L. S. COOKE, the first white man who ever drove a stake on the townsite of Arkansas City, called on us yesterday, with J. P. Short, another old settler. It was on the 4th day of November, 1869, when Chetopa was camped on the Walnut, and the Indians had full sway. They took their wagon to pieces in order to get over the bluff near Tom Callahan's. There were no whites in this part of the county then. Soon after Prof. Norton and others came, jumped the claims, that had then been abandoned, and started the town.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 25, 1877.

A man came to Joe Sherburne to rent a house a few days ago. Joe said he had no house. "Well, they say it is yours," said the inquirer. "Oh! You mean my stable?" "I don't care what you call it. It is the only house I can get in town, and I want it." Joe told him to move in, and now considers he has a house, sure enough.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 25, 1877.

A festival was given by the members of the First Church, at the Central Avenue Hotel, last Friday evening, and was generally attended. Ice cream, blackberries, coffee, and cake were served in the best of style, and all seemed to enjoy themselves.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 25, 1877.

The quarterly meeting of the M. E. Church will be held at Holland's schoolhouse Saturday and Sunday, August 11th and 12th. Preaching Friday evening and Saturday at 11 o'clock in the morning and early candle light in the evening. Also on Sunday. Presiding Elder, Rev. A. H. Walter will be present.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 25, 1877.

JACOB PARR will cross parties over the Arkansas River at Denton's ford, in a small boat for five cents each. He has a team that can be hired for $2 per day, and will run it two days in a week, hauling passengers to town, and charging enough only to make the required two dollars.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 25, 1877.

BIRTH. HON. C. R. MITCHELL came down from his farm yesterday in an old fashioned manner, and went to work as though nothing had happened, and had it not been for our friends, we would not have known for a week that he was the proud father of another beautiful daughter.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 25, 1877.

A. CHAMBERLAIN has purchased the furniture store of L. McLaughlin, and will conduct the business hereafter. Mr. Chamberlain is a licensed auctioneer, and in connection with his store, will have an auction every Saturday afternoon. Bring in what you have to sell.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 25, 1877.

REV. DAVID THOMPSON goes to Elk County, this week, by request of the members of the United Presbyterian church of Longton. The good people of Elk County will find Rev. Thompson a gentleman of extended experience and remarkably well read.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 25, 1877.

The newspaper men of Winfield were on their muscle last week. One had to be taken off of a big six footer, and the other made known his desire to bury the hatchet. That hatchet is dug up and buried every other day with one man.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 25, 1877.

UPSET.
Charley Cline and a cattleman by the name of Babb had an upset last week, damaging the buggy considerably, and hurting Mr. Babb slightly. The latter named gentleman has a herd of 40,000 Texas cattle in the Territory.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 25, 1877.

Business is getting dull with the attorneys at Winfield, and one of them is making preparations to engage in the show business. He has a show horse and a buffalo calf already, and is buying old shirts to make the tent of.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 25, 1877.

MR. MUMMERT drove into the Walnut at Harmon's ford last Monday, and had some difficulty before he got out. Those water indicators should be replaced so that travelers may know the depth of the stream.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 25, 1877.

BIRTH. Last week a sun bonnet crossed over to Balcom's house. Soon after another one left, and presently sun bonnets were going hither and thither, all over town, and the news reached us Charley Balcom's was a girl.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 25, 1877.

A. H. GREEN is sued for $5,000 damages for the false imprisonment of J. E. Searle, of Winfield, who was released from custody in Wichita last Friday, by writ of habeas corpus.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 25, 1877.

MARRIED. JOE MACK has been married to Miss Bull, at Winfield. "Bully, bully, bully, bully, by gum." Married a bull in Cowley County. What will be the result?

Arkansas City Traveler, July 25, 1877.

Business has begun to resume its usual activity, and the prospects of the railroad are bringing many visitors to this place.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 25, 1877.

The commissioners to appraise lands on the Cheyenne and Arapaho Indian reserves, south of the Arkansas River, have ceased their labors until cooler weather.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 25, 1877.

The Osages stole four horses from Jake Keffer about a month ago. He managed to get three of them back, and received pay for the other one after some delay.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 25, 1877.

S. W. CHASE, of Tisdale Township, we learn, will be a candidate for the office of Sheriff before the Republican convention. He is well spoken of by his friends.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 25, 1877.

Every day new machinery is sent out by Channell and Benedicts. On the corner of Benedicts' the sidewalk is blocked with fanning mills, hay rakes, etc.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 25, 1877.

W. H. HASTINGS, in Sumner County, raised the price of his farm from $3,000 to $5,000 the day after that county voted the narrow gauge railroad bonds.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 25, 1877.

REV. SWARTS will preach at the M. E. hall, over Berry Brothers' store, next Sabbath morning, and at the Centennial schoolhouse in the evening.

[BUSINESS NOTICES.]

Arkansas City Traveler, July 25, 1877.

FOR SALE AT A BARGAIN. 27 yards extra good rag carpeting. Apply at this office.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 25, 1877.

FRUIT JARS, both glass and stone, a large variety at Hermann Godehard's.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 25, 1877.

CHEAP FARM. 260 acres, 20 acres of timber, 3½ miles south of Arkansas City, on the State line. A splendid stock farm. All for $1,600. Will take part in trade. A. Walton, Benedict building, Arkansas City.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 25, 1877.

NOTICE. On the first day of August, 1877, I shall send to each and every party indebted to me, a statement of account, which I expect to have paid within thirty days thereafter, or the accounts will be immediately placed in the hands of an officer for collection. This I am compelled to do. JAMES I. MITCHELL.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 25, 1877.

On and after August 1st toll will be charged on the ferry for crossing the Arkansas River near Arkansas City as follows, from sun rise to sun set: 1 single or double team round trip, 10 cents; 1 passenger on foot or horse back round trip, 5 cents; each additional span of horses or yoke of cattle round trip, 10 cents; after sun set 25 cents per trip will be charged.

[FROM THE EMPORIA NEWS.]

Arkansas City Traveler, July 25, 1877.

Everybody shakes hands with Geo. W. Newman and inquires after the health of little Miss Newman.

We learn that the A., T. & S. F. road has decided to survey a line from Pueblo to the Rio Grande, to meet there a line from San Francisco. The people of that city propose to extend a road to the Rio Grande to meet the A., T. & S. F. in order to head off the Tom Scott project to build a Southern Pacific road to San Diego. The A., T. & S. F. has also decided to survey from Elinor to Arkansas City, as soon as its branch to El Dorado is finished.

[MORE PERSONALS.]

Arkansas City Traveler, July 25, 1877.

SALT manufactured at Salt City is retailed from the stores of this place.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 25, 1877.

10 acres of timothy yielded 4 tons of hay. The first in Bolton Township.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 25, 1877.

DR. ALEXANDER has had a new sign painted, and an addition to his house on Summit street.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 25, 1877.

During the high water last Wednesday, the west pier of the Walnut River bridge was washed away.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 25, 1877.

D. MARICLE cut 360 acres of wheat that will average 10 bushels to the acre and 45 acres of oats that will average 50 bushels.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 25, 1877.

A cattleman came in last week and said that the Indians had stolen all of his ponies from the Cimarron River, where they were grazing.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 25, 1877.

WM. GRAY received a severe blow just below the eye from the lever of the wheel of the ferry boat last week, while he was helping to tighten the ropes.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 25, 1877.

REV. McCABE is to assist in the dedication of the M. E. Church at Winfield on the 12th of August. The Rev. delivered a very fine lecture here last winter, on the "Bright side of Libby Prison."

Arkansas City Traveler, July 25, 1877.

RAINED TOADS.
A freighter camped near El Paso on Monday night, July 18th, heard what he supposed to be heavy drops of rain or hail falling, but to his surprise found them to be live toads, falling thick and fast upon the ground, in the bed of his wagon, in his camp fire, and everywhere. They fell with a heavy spat, but soon were on their feet jumping around as though nothing had happened.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 25, 1877.

RIPE APPLES. Mr. Trissell presented us last week with several samples of the "Red Stripe" and "Early Harvest" apples, grown on Mr. William's Rose Hill nursery at Chetopa. The fruit ripened on the 15th of July, and was sent to W. B. Trissell of this place, who represents the nursery in this section.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 25, 1877.

MR. BULLENE, representing the Missouri Valley Bridge Company of Leavenworth, was at this place last week, and wanted part payment on the Walnut River bridge. The township officers refused to deliver any part of the bonds until the bridge was completed according to contract. Mr. Bullene has been delayed from building the bridge on account of the piers not being ready and has sustained some loss, but the bonds will not be transferred until the bridge is completed.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 25, 1877.

MR. CHANNELL has engaged a large space in the paper this week to tell the people what he has in the hardware line. He will go north soon to replenish his stock, and when it arrives, he will have one of the largest supplies of wagons, machines, and farming implements to be found anywhere in the Southwest. Mr. Channell always bore the reputation of selling the best hardware for the least money, and his many friends will be glad to learn that he is again in business.

[HERD LAW.]

Arkansas City Traveler, July 25, 1877.

MAPLE CITY, July 12th, 1877.
Friend Scott:

A man never knows anything until he learns it. Now there is one fact I, with others, would like to hear through the columns of the TRAVELER, and that is the status of our present herd law. When, if ever, without some action from the voters of this county, does it expire? I was not a resident of Kansas when the law passed, and upon inquiry I find quite a diversity of opinions as to how long the law is to continue. Also, I find by observation, that the law is becoming very unpopular. A strong public feeling is setting in against it here in this section of our county.

Ventilate this question in the next TRAVELER, and oblige

AN ENQUIRER.
The following explanation is given us by Hon. C. R. Mitchell.

"The law of 1872 is the one now in force. And as it now stands in our county, there is no power except the Legislature that can amend or repeal it at any time. A bill was up before the Legislature last winter to authorize the County Commissioners to say when this law should cease to be in force, and it required a majority of the voters of the county to petition the board of County Commissioners, to that effect, before they could take such action even then, but most of the western members were so bitterly opposed to a change of any kind in the herd law that although the bill passed the House, it was killed in the Senate.

The law in force at the present time can be found on page 384, of the Laws of Kansas for the year 1872."

[COMMUNICATION FROM "I. A. L."LACK HILLS.]

Arkansas City Traveler, July 25, 1877.

GALENA, DAKOTA TERRITORY, July 8th, 1877.
I will speak for the town of Galena, which is "the silver camp of the hills." It is very rich in ore, has one silver smelter here in course of erection, with others on the way here. We have one water saw mill doing a good business, also a fine twenty-five horse power steam saw mill at work, which has a shingle mill and planing mill attached. We have about one hundred houses in town which we are resurveying now. We mean to build a city here. For business houses we have hotels, restaurants, bakeries, dry goods, and grocery stores, saloons, cards, etc., but be it said to the credit of the city there is not a "hardy" house in town. The 4th was duly celebrated by ladies and gents alike assembling under a beautiful spruce tree where we had speeches, toasts, etc. The evening passed off pleasantly with a party. We have been here about two weeks and the town has nearly doubled in size in that time. I. A. L.

[THE NORMAL INSTITUTE FOR COWLEY COUNTY.]

Arkansas City Traveler, July 25, 1877.

The Normal Institute for Cowley County will open Wednesday, August 1st, in Winfield. Prof. L. B. Kellogg, of Emporia, will conduct the exercises, assisted by Bro. W. Robinson, of Winfield, Miss Ella Wickersham, of Tisdale, and R. C. Story, County Superintendent. G. H. Buckman, of Winfield, will give special instruction in vocal music.

The following gentlemen will address the teachers and citizens upon subjects of interest: Rev. Mr. Fleming, August 3; Rev. Mr. Rushbridge, August 10; Dr. C. E. Pomeroy, August 13; Rev. Mr. Platter, August 17; Mr. D. A. Millington, August 25.

An address is expected from Rev. J. J. Wingar, should he return from the west before the close of the month.

Parties attending the normal will be charged a tuition fee of one dollar. Applicants for certificates will be examined August 30 and 31, fee one dollar.

[ITEMS FROM THE TELEGRAM.]

Arkansas City Traveler, July 25, 1877.

Indian ponies are all the go now a days.

Kaw Indians are in town every day with plums to "swap."

Both mills are running day and night grinding new wheat.

BORN. On Thursday, July 12th, 1877, to Mr. and Mrs. J. E. Platter, a son.

Born to Mr. and Mrs. J. F. Holloway, on the 16th inst., a boy. Weight eight pounds.

When completed Winfield will have two of the finest church buildings in the Southwest.

The Union Sunday school is prospering finely. Nearly 150 scholars attend regularly every Sabbath.

The bridge bonds were carried by a majority of 24. (3-5 vote) and now we will have bridges "till you can't rest."

R. Rodocker, formerly a photographer in this city, is said to be engaged in taking photographs of mines in the Black Hills.

War in the tonsorial business. You can get a good square shave now-a-days for ten cents. John Nichols will get away with opponents on a shave or in war to the razor.

Mr. Goff, proprietor of the salt works at Salt City, we are informed, has already manufactured upwards of fifty thousand pounds of salt this season. The salt is obtained by evaporation. The water from these springs is said to contain one pound of salt to every gallon of water. If coal should be found at this point, and no doubt it will at some future day, hundreds of thousands of pounds of salt will be manufactured yearly, and Salt City will become one of the liveliest towns in the Southwest.

[SALT CITY ITEMS: "ANTI BONDS."]

Arkansas City Traveler, July 25, 1877.

SALT CITY, July 17, 1877.
Mr. Berkey is at Wichita, as usual, purchasing goods for his store at this place. He has had a rich harvest this summer as his numerous trips to the railroad indicates.

Mr. James Mitchell is running a first-class harness shop at this place. He also keeps on hand a full supply of harness, saddles, and all kinds of goods pertaining to first-class estab lishments of this kind.

Mr. Thos. J. Royal, formerly of the firm of Todd and Royal, Wichita, Kansas, has located at this place. He is going to remain with us permanently. He is going to continue the coal prospecting at this place, commencing immediately. All parties interested in the discovery of coal at Salt City should inquire or address Thos. J. Royal, Salt City, Kansas.

The majority of the wheat is in stack. Several parties have threshed and report wheat yielding from 14 to 18 bushels to the acre. This is better than they expected.

The proposition to vote bonds to repair the old bridge across the Arkansas River at Arkansas City does not meet with much favor from the residents of West Bolton. Bonds for a new bridge west of the city would be more acceptable.

A bakery and restaurant, blacksmith and wood worker, and drug store would do well at this place. Parties desiring a good location address Wm. Berkey, Salt City, Kansas.

James I. Mitchell is going to open a full stock of hardware; shelf goods of every description can be found at his store.

Farmers have commenced plowing for wheat ground. The majority of them see the importance of early plowing and seeding. ANTI BONDS.

[COMMUNICATION FROM "J. O. W."SILVERDALE.]

Arkansas City Traveler, August 1, 1877. Front Page.

SILVERDALE, July 20th, 1877.
After such a glorious rain, everyone feels happy. The blue bird is to all the sweet flowers of the dale (Silverdale, I suppose). The wild bee is humming at play, and soft is the sigh of the gale. All nature smiles with delight. All kinds of vegetation seems to have taken a new life since the rain. A great many thought we would get no more rain until fall. To such, we are glad to say they were mistaken for once.

Corn looks splendid. All say that it is a sure crop, so far as the weather is concerned.

Potatoes look well. The early kinds have been fit for the table for some time. The late varieties will need another rain before they will mature. Everything in the vegetable line looks well.

The Grouse has been past fording for two or three days, which reminds me that it ought to be bridged before another year. No matter how urgent a man's business is, he must wait until the water goes down before he can cross his team, and this too, after a settlement of nearly eight years. I have never heard a word about bridging the Grouse since I came to this country. It is time we commenced to talk about it at least, perhaps after a year or so we can do something towards building a bridge.

NEXT TWO PARAGRAPHS: COMPLAINS OF GNATS AND FLIES.

My fellow townsmen want to know what county in the Southern part of the State Winfield intends to bulldoze next, or does she intend to let Elk and Sumner counties build their own railroad? They want to know, also, if it will be possible, in the future, for any county or township in the State to vote bonds for a railroad, without first consulting the Lords and Dukes of Windburg. J. O. W.

[COMMUNICATION FROM "ROBINSON CRUSOE"INDIAN TERRITORY.]

Arkansas City Traveler, August 1, 1877. Front Page.

RED FORK RANCH, INDIAN TERRITORY, July 21st, 1877.
The times in this section might be termed lively. Storms, stampeded horses and cattle, Indian shooting affrays, etc.

Last evening a herder came into the ranch, stating that a Mr. Cannon, a man in charge of a herd of Kennedy's cattle had been shot by one of the hands, a Mr. Robinson, about 25 miles out on the Dodge Trail, was badly if not mortally wounded. Dr. Hodges, Agency Physician, arrived here at 10 o'clock a.m., to see the wounded man that was to have been brought to this place, but has not arrived yet.

A severe storm passed over this place the night of the 17th, stampeded herds of ponies and cattle, one herd of five hundred ponies scattered in every direction of the compass.

Johnnie Murphy, of the Pond Creek Ranch, was driving up a thousand head to put in the ranch, had a stampede in the storm, many of them ran off a 15 foot bank, killing and wounding quite a number.

A number of Cheyennes and Arapahos passed up yesterday for Wichita, Kansas, after 40 new wagons. Agent Miles is determined the Indians shall freight their own "grub" from the railroad this winter.

More about the shooting affair when the facts are obtained. ROBINSON CRUSOE.

[SENSATION WITH COUPLE IN WINFIELD: FROM ELK COUNTY COURANT.]

Arkansas City Traveler, August 1, 1877. Front Page.

Winfield is enjoying a first-class sensation. A young couple of the upper circle were married about 3 months ago, and were living happily together until about two weeks since, when the fair bride brought forth a fine son and heir. Then, even, the groom was highly elated over his success, but his acquaintances about town began to question his ability to perform such a feat, when the wool was drawn from his eyes, and he left the bride and son, and commenced suit against his wife in district court for damage in the sum of, we believe, $5,000. Of course, he ought to have the damages, and we think Judge Campbell will not hesitate for a single moment to give it to him. Elk County Courant.

[AREA/NATIONAL NEWS.]

Arkansas City Traveler, August 1, 1877. Front Page.

Harry Brown, a mail carrier, reports two horse thieves shot and killed near the Sac and Fox Agency, last week. The thieves were caught with horses stolen from the Indians, and after a desperate fight, they were riddled with bullets by the Indians.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 1, 1877.

The Patrons of Husbandry of Sumner and Cowley counties hold a picnic at Knell's grove three miles northwest of Oxford on August 1st. Everybody is invited to be present whether members or not. Speeches, music, and other entertainments are on the programme.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 1, 1877.

In view of the late disturbance in Montana, President Hayes and Cabinet held a session last Saturday and Resolved to call out a hundred volunteers and put a stop to all future Indian troubles. President Hayes will probably take the field and assume command.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 1, 1877.

We understand work on the Kansas City, Emporia & Southern railroad is delayed by reason of some disagreement between the company and individuals in securing the right of way. As they cannot agree, the forms of the law will have to be complied with, and some time will be necessarily consumed thereby. Eureka Herald.

[EDITORIAL COLUMNS.]

Arkansas City Traveler, August 1, 1877.

We are under obligations to Judge Christian for helping us out during a rush, this week. Mr. Christian is an old newspaper man, and works in harness now as well as he did years ago.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 1, 1877.

Col. Thomas Nickerson, President of the A. T., & S. F. Co., was in town Tuesday and Wednesday of last week, on matters connected with our railroad. He expressed himself well pleased with the progress and future prospects of the El Dorado branch.

Walnut Valley Times.

Col. Nickerson was in Winfield also, but we did not hear of any expression that he made about the Winfield Branch.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 1, 1877.

Mr. Hildreth, of Chicago, the contractor for the grading of the Kansas City, Emporia, & Southern railroad, arrived here several days ago and has been waiting to commence work. The right of way difficulties have not yet been adjusted, but Mr. Hildreth could not wait longer and grading commenced south of Dry Creek, three miles from the city, today. A large amount of his tools and other necessary grading apparatus are blockaded on the way from Chicago by the railroad strike, but they have enough to proceed with until the balance arrives.

We are more than ever convinced now that the road is to be pushed through.

Emporia News.

[COMMUNICATION FROM "R. C."INDIAN TERRITORY.]

Arkansas City Traveler, August 1, 1877.

RED FORK RANCHE, INDIAN TERRITORY, July 24th, 1877.
Mr. Cannon, the boss of Kennedy's's cattle, who was shot near this place last Friday, and brought here, died about 12 o'clock last night. He was buried on a mound south of the ranche this morning. Dr. Hodges was here to see him, and all was done that could be done, but death claimed him. Robinson, the man who shot him, was captured yesterday by the soldiers on North Fork, trying to make his escape to Texas. It was terrible to witness the suffering of the wounded man. He was shot through the bowels. R. C.

[COMMUNICATION FROM "R"CALDWELL.]

Arkansas City Traveler, August 1, 1877.

Mrs. Wendall, of this place, has been very sick, but is now rapidly recovering under the care of Dr. Maggard. We hope the landlady will soon be able to attend her daily avocations.

Our little town is becoming more lively every day. Our businessmen are in good spirits. Strangers are looking up town lots, and all are expecting the railroad.

Dr. Maggard, brother of the well known Dr. J. A. Maggard, of Oxford, has located at this place, and has his office in Saine's drug store. He is a finely educated gentleman, and just the man for the place. R.

[PERSONALS.]

Arkansas City Traveler, August 1, 1877.

WALNUT fordable again.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 1, 1877.

A basket picnic will be held in Capt. Smith's grove today.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 1, 1877.

Agent Spray and Dr. Hunt, of Kaw Agency, were up last week.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 1, 1877.

Mr. Thompson, of Tisdale Township, we learn, will be a candidate for Registrar of Deeds this fall.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 1, 1877.

The Mexican herders camped on Bitter Creek are all sick; caused by drinking water from the creek.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 1, 1877.

REV. DAVID THOMPSON's address for August and September will be Union Center, Elk County, Kansas.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 1, 1877.

Ripe apples from Missouri and Arkansas are offered for sale on the streets almost every day at ten cents per dozen or $2 per bushel.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 1, 1877.

It is predicted by many that hay will be scarce before next fall, as few are making any now. A hard winter would make hay scarce.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 1, 1877.

MARRIED. On Thursday evening of last week, by Esquire Bonsall, at the City Hotel, Mr. Frank Samuels and Miss Lucy Boggs.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 1, 1877.

CHEAP FARM. Mr. Chamberlain sold his farm, two miles east of the Walnut, to Mr. Marshall for $1,600. It is well improved and a very desirable place.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 1, 1877.

MR. TETER came up from the Territory last week and reported that the bodies of two white men had been found partially buried on one of the creeks.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 1, 1877.

MR. SIMPSON, Stansburry, Hank Taylor, Frank Johnson, and others, who went to Cheyenne Agency with freight, lost a number of their work cattle.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 1, 1877.

HEWINS & TITUS' herd of cattle were driven across the Arkansas last week for the Kansas City market. Mr. Hewins has gone on the trail to purchase more.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 1, 1877.

WORK on the M. E. Church has been resumed, and all the brick will be laid this week. Rev. Swarts has taken hold of the completion of the work and is hurrying it along.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 1, 1877.

PROF. E. J. HOYT's smiling countenance illuminated our abode yesterday. Joe has become familiar with all Southern Kansas, and his reputation is growing every day.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 1, 1877.

HUNDREDS of plum hunters are scattered through the Territory. Generally they are not meeting with much success, as the frost killed most of the early plums while they were budding.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 1, 1877.

J. A. STAFFORD, of Wichita Agency, has relocated with us again, with his family. Miss Mollie Williams, daughter of A. C. Williams, agent of the Wichita Indians, is with him. They were greeted by many friends.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 1, 1877.

LOST HIS HAIR.
An Osage mourning party met some plum-hunters in the Territory last week, and captured one man, living near Elgin. They took him to camp and informed him that one of their friends had died, and according to an ancient form and custom existing among all Osages, it would be necessary for him to leave with them a lock of his hair; not for its intrinsic value, but as a memento that they had performed their duty toward the dead. In former ages (when Gibson was agent) it was their custom to first kill and then scalp the victim, but under the existing circumstances over which they have no control, they concluded not to kill, but merely clip a lock of hair, which they did. The frightened man was then turned loose and he was not long in reaching the Kaw Agency, where he related his perilous adventure. When he left Kaw Agency, he declared his intentions to go to the State, raise a company of whites, and whip out the whole Osage tribe. If that man ever goes into the Territory again, it will be a wonder.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 1, 1877.

BACK AGAIN. PARKER, ex-Sheriff of Cowley County, is back again at Winfield, after an absence of several years. His face is as familiar and his countenance just as sneaking as it was four or five years ago, when he came to this place with the avowed purpose of whipping the editor for criticizing his fool-hardy actions as county official. While he sojourned with us in years gone by, he quarreled with every newspaper man in the county, and would have whipped the Traveler editor when he came down to Arkansas City, if his hand had not been so sore. We were awful glad his hand was sore, and yet we might have had cause to pity him, if it had been well. Parker is a fool. In every sense of the word, he acts foolish. Instead of letting bye-gones be bye-gones, and extending the right hand of fellowship to old acquaintances, he cherishes in his bosom a hatred so deep and malicious that misery is constantly bred in his own heart.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 1, 1877.

It is a sight worth seeing to go into a herders' camp where they are "ropeing" horses and mules that have never had a hand on them. The Mexicans will coil the rope once around the horn of the saddle and twice about their bodies and start their horse on a dead run until within a suitable distance when the rope is thrown, the saddle horse checked, and the pursued animal jerked on its back or haunches so suddenly that the neck is often broken. Once down, a mule is in the power of the man. The harness is then put on, and the animal allowed to get up, led to a wagon, hitched, and driven until it is perfectly subdued. Often they get away, smash the wagon, and tear loose from the harness, but in most instances they do little harm with men who are accustomed to them.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 1, 1877.

We don't know how true it is, but we learn that Captain Sybert, of Maple Township, is another candidate for Sheriff, and Capt. Chenoweth and a gentleman by the name of Nixon, and one of the former clerks in the County Clerk's office, are candidates for Registrar of Deeds. Mr. True, of Beaver Township, is a candidate for Treasurer, and Ed. Haight for County Surveyor. Their opponents will be the present officers holding the positions with the exception of Sheriff, which office the law prevents anyone from holding more than two terms in succession.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 1, 1877.

A Texas editor suggests that the fact that he once commanded a squad of rangers sent out to capture a Mexican woman who was required as a witness in a murder case, does not entitle him to the title of "Captain," and he would therefore prefer to be called mister.

If some of Cowley's citizens would follow the same plan, the Colonels, Captains, etc., would not be be so numerous.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 1, 1877.

PONIES. A Texas man has four hundred head of horses and mules in the Territory, near Mr. Parvin's farm four miles south of this place, that he is offering for from $25 to $75 each. Most of the stock is small wild mules. The horses are ordinary animals, weighing probably from 500 to 700 pounds, most all unbroken to the saddle or harness.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 1, 1877.

THOUSANDS OF TEXAN' CATTLE are crossing the Arkansas at Deer Creek crossing every week, on their way to Coffeyville. There is a beaten trail resembling a State road only a few miles south of us, and yet many people are ignorant of the fact that a railroad to this place would carry every hoof of cattle to market there is south of the State line.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 1, 1877.

All the candidates that come to town seek Judge Christian's office. Whether they are afraid of being brought before him in his official capacity as Police Judge, or want him to help them in the canvass this fall, we cannot say. Judge is a Democrat, but somehow the Republicans court his acquaintance all the same in a fall campaign.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 1, 1877.

Dexter has to go to Winfield and Arkansas City now to have their wheat ground. A good miller should purchase the mill there, now closed by mortgage, and run it. There is money in it.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 1, 1877.

The post office has been moved from McDorman's store to Hoyt's building.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 1, 1877.

A child of W. H. Haworth's died July 10th, of brain fever.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 1, 1877.

WILD PLUMS. Parties who have been to the Territory after plums say that about thirty- five miles south of this place on the Salt Fork there is any quantity of them. Henry Endicott and three others gathered eighteen bushels in half a day, and he said he left two hundred bushels on the bushes in one patch.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 1, 1877.

PEACHES. George Shearer treated the TRAVELER boys to a fine lot of peaches Monday morning, and they have been happy ever since. Mr. Shearer has a beautiful fruit farm three miles east of town, and from the quantity and quality of what he raises, we know he understands fruit culture.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 1, 1877.

A PETITION is being circulated among our citizens to raise the sum of $3,000 towards rebuilding the bridge across the Arkansas River. This is on condition that Bolton Township votes $2,000 next month, for the same purpose. Creswell Township is not able to vote any aid, and the City is not allowed, by law, to give anything, for any purpose, outside of the corporation, so that if the money is raised, it must come from the people here, who are subscribing very liberally.

It is to be hoped everyone will give something to make up the amount, and that Bolton will do her share. We hope to hear soon of the success of the movement, that a bridge may go up within the next 60 or 90 days.

There are about 200-1/4 sections of land in Bolton Township, counting fractions. The amount of bridge bonds asked for is $2,000. $2,000 at 10 percent interest for two years would be $400, making in all $2,400 to be paid in two years. A tax of $12 on each quarter section would be $2,400, and this is higher than the facts will warrant for, the interest would only run 18 months instead of two years. I. H. B.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 1, 1877.

Some papers in the Southwest are trying to make capital out of the fact that a charter was filed the first week in July, for a C. C., E. & S. R. R. The facts in the case are these. The charter for the original K. C., E. & S. R. R. Co., was filed in February, providing for a road from Kansas City, via Emporia and Eureka, to the south line of the State at, or near, Arkansas City. This charter and this company yet remain intact. The charter filed in July was for the purpose of building the branch through Sumner Countynot included in the original charter. There has been no "bust up," no unpleasantness, no change of plansexcept as to Sumner, all things are lovely, and goose hangs altitudilum. It don't look so bad after all, does it boys? Augusta Gazette.

[BUSINESS NOTICES.]

Arkansas City Traveler, August 1, 1877.

I have a fine double-barreled, Damascus steel shot gun, for sale or trade cheap.

GEORGE ALLEN.
Arkansas City Traveler, August 1, 1877.

FOR SALE. A new or old double seated spring wagon, just what everyone needs on a farm or for light work. W. H. WALKER.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 1, 1877.

LIME. I have a large kiln of fresh lime burned. W. H. Moore, 2½ miles southeast of Arkansas City, Kansas.

[FROM ELDORADO TIMES.]

Arkansas City Traveler, August 1, 1877.

A Narrow Gauge road from El Dorado to Arkansas City is the latest sensation in town.

Milton is the name of the new railroad station near the county line between Butler and Marion. A town is being laid out on the A. T. & S. F. lands at the above point.

Patents on all lands entered at the Wichita land office prior to April 1st, 1874, are now ready for distribution to property owners. Parties interested had better get them and have them recorded at once.

[FROM OTHER AREA PAPERS.]

Arkansas City Traveler, August 1, 1877.

Tornadoes.
From Samuel Scott, of Vernon Township, we learn that a whirlwind-tornado passed from southeast to northwest through the northwest part of Vernon Township, about two miles from the Arkansas River on Tuesday night about 9 o'clock. It appears to have struck the ground and then risen for a distance and then descended again at intervals of about a mile apart. The house of James Dale was utterly demolished, as also the house of Mr. Worthington, and one other house whose owner we have not learned. There were six inmates in the house of Mr. Dale at the time, and their escape from serious injury is remarkable. Crops, fences, and stock were destroyed and seriously tossed about in every locality struck by the cyclone. An idea of the force may be obtained from the fact that a wagon containing a barrel of water stood at Mr. Dale's residence, and it was torn to pieces and the front wheels with a broken wagon tongue were found about 300 yards from the house, but the remainder of the wagon had not been found on Wednesday, though diligent search had been made therefore.

LATER. The residence of James Paul, one mile east of Oxford, was twisted in two, the top story being carried away and a large amount of bedding and wearing apparel belonging to Mrs. Paul carried with it, of which no trace can be found.

A house belonging to R. B. Wait, on the farm near the Bartlow place, was also carried from the foundation entirely and thrown southwest and turned entirely towards the storm. Corn was twisted out of the ground wherever the monster struck the earth. The noise of the tempest is said to have been appalling. Courier.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 1, 1877.

Hayes & Brothers, of Wichita, have bought from Mr. Stotler, of Redbud, Cowley County, 11,000 pounds of wool, clipped from Mr. Stotler's flock of 1,400 sheep.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 8, 1877. Front Page.

EMPORIA NEWS REPORTS ON RAILROAD STRIKE.
Recap: The great railroad strike reached Emporia Wednesday evening. Both the A. T., & S. F. and M. K. & T. Railroads were involved. Paper reported that only freight trains were being stopped at this time. They were permitting passenger trains to go through at first and then began to stop them when they could.

The newspaper gave information relative to the A. T., & S. F.

Up to May 1, 1877, conductors received $100 to $120 per month. May 1, 1877, they were reduced to $75 per month and no allowance made for extra time.

On Jan. 1, 1877, engineers made a special contract for $3.50 per 100 miles run on passenger and $3.75 per 100 miles run on freight trains. Firemen contracted $1.75 per 100 miles for passenger and $2.05 and $2.10 per 100 miles for freight trains. Brakemen received up to May 1st, $1.80 to $1.99 and $2.00 per day, but were on that date reduced to $45 per month and no allowance for extra time. They claimed that they were made to work more than 30 days of 10 hours each and then got but $45. Trackmen got $1 per day. A general reduction of 5 percent was to take place August 1st.

[EDITORIAL COLUMN.]

Arkansas City Traveler, August 8, 1877.

The Republican County Central Committee met at Winfield last Saturday and elected T. K. Johnson, Chairman, to fill the vacancy occasioned by A. M. Jarvis' removal from the county.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 8, 1877.

THE BRIDGES.
Work on the pier of the Walnut River bridge has been going steadily on for the past week. Mr. Buzzi has the contract and is doing good work. Stones two feet wide by four feet long and one foot thick are frequently put in the pier. The abutment on the east bank is also being rebuilt, and both piers being rip-rapped and built four feet higher. Mr. Gooch is overseeing the work during Mr. Newman's absence.

In the matter of the Arkansas River bridge, an election has been called by the officers of Bolton Township to vote on the proposition to issue $2,600 payable in two years, for its immediate construction, and a petition circulated in this place which shows several hundred dollars subscribed. Creswell Township cannot, by law, vote the aid required of it for its proportion (two thirds) of the construction of the bridge, owing to previous indebtedness, but many of the citizens have assured the people of Bolton that the balance needed ($3,000) would be raised. The whole amount of each township would then erect an iron span reaching to the three wooden spans on the south side of the river. If the bonds are defeated on the 18th day of August in Bolton Township, the matter will then have to rest for the present. A ferry is used for crossing this river west of town, charging a toll of five cents each for footmen or horsemen, and ten cents each for teams, for the round trip. After sunset twenty-five cents each trip is charged.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 8, 1877.

KANSAS CITY, EMPORIA & SOUTHERN RAILWAY!
COWLEY COUNTY TO HAVE IT AFTER ALL.
The Farmers' Heart Gladdens and a New Dawn of Prosperity Overshadows the Land.

Last week Mr. E. P. Bancroft, representing the Kansas City, Emporia, & Southern railway, by invitation from a number of Winfield's best citizens, came to this county for the purpose of adjusting differences and submit to the people of the county a proposition to build a narrow gauge road from Kansas City, Mo., to the State line near this place. Bonds have been voted along the entire line of the road from Emporia, south, except in one or two townships in Butler County, where the proposition is now pending. In two townships east of Emporia on the line to Kansas City aid has also been rendered. This virtually makes the road a surety and it will be built. The proposition is to build within two years from August 1, 1877, a railroad from Kansas City to the south line of this county for $120,000 in bonds, drawing eight percent interest, and payable in thirty years. The bonds are to be left in the hands of the County Commissioners and not to be issued until the road is built and trains running.

Talked about depot at Winfield by April 1, 1879; depot at Arkansas City by May 1, 1879.

After the matter had been arranged at Winfield, a committee composed of Mr. Millington, Mr. Reed, and Mr. Frank Williams, accompanied Mr. Bancroft to Arkansas City, where the matter was generally discussed in a public meeting, and afterwards agreed upon by members of the committee appointed at this meeting.

[INDIANS PURCHASE SUPPLIES AT WICHITA.]

Arkansas City Traveler, August 8, 1877.

"Big Injun, me!" A number of Cheyenne and Arapaho Indians, headed by "Little Robe," and accompanied by some under chiefs, came up from the Territory last week for supplies for the Agencies. Col. Miles, having recommended the feasibility of the Indians hauling their own supplies if furnished by the Government with teams, this is the first attempt at a practical demonstration. These Indians have not forgotten their old friend and trader, William Griffenstein, of our city. As soon as they reached the city, they flocked to his residence with presents, among which were ten fine buffalo robes and a large bear robe. During their stay they made many purchases, noticeably 15 or 20 baby dolls of G. H. Herrington. They were delighted with the dolls ornamented with real hair, and would have no other kind. Nearly everyone of their forty teams were furnished with a new wagon and new set of harness before they left. Wichita Eagle.

[INDIANS: OREGON AND CALIFORNIA.]

Arkansas City Traveler, August 8, 1877.

The Indian war in Oregon and California is still active, but Gen. Howard in command of the U. S. troops is pursuing the Indians under Joseph and White Bird, and hopes to soon strike a blow which will make them sue for peace.

[PERSONALS.]

Arkansas City Traveler, August 8, 1877.

The corn is an assured thing.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 8, 1877.

A very heavy rain fell last Monday night.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 8, 1877.

Hon. C. R. Mitchell will visit Iowa soon for a few days on legal business.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 8, 1877.

The parties wrecked in the Shawkaska saved themselves from drowning by wading ashore.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 8, 1877.

CHARLES COOMBS, one of the employees of this office, expects to leave to attend school at Lewiston, Maine, this month.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 8, 1877.

DRURY LOGAN, who was lost in the Territory, has returned. He followed a deer's track until night and then walked home.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 8, 1877.

DIPHTHERIA among hogs has manifested itself in this vicinity. Geo. Whitney lost one hog last week. They seem to choke to death.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 8, 1877.

SALT CITY will have a drug store within the next ten days. It will be added to A. W. Berkey's stock of goods. It has been long needed.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 8, 1877.

MR. SHENNEMAN, a gentleman will known in this county, made us a call last week. He is a candidate for Sheriff, and favors the narrow gauge.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 8, 1877.

MR. MILLINGTON, of Winfield, will assume control of the Courier in about two weeks. It is promised that it will no longer be a journal to further personal interests.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 8, 1877.

Those horses and mules announced last week near Mr. Parvin's did not reach their destination until today, on account of some parties promising to meet the herd while on Bitter Creek.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 8, 1877.

The advertisement of the furniture store and auction room appears this week. Mr. Chamberlain has a good stock of all kinds of parlor and kitchen furniture, and sells them reasonable. You can buy a coffin of him on thirty days' time. A coffin is a convenient thing sometimes to have around. We once knew a man who purchased a coffin and paid for its labor, and it lasted him seven years before he used it. It was not dead stock on his hands either, for he used it as a wardrobe in the daytime and slept in it at night. Besides furniture, Mr. Chamberlain has an auction every Saturday afternoon. If you have anything to sell, bring it in; or if you have any loafing time, go up to his room on Saturday and hear him talk.

AD: FURNITURE STORE -AND- AUCTION ROOMS!

Having purchased the interest of L. McLaughlin in the furniture store, I now offer for sale all kinds of furniture at railroad prices.

Coffins, Caskets & Burial Cases
constantly on hand and furnished on short notice, and 30 days' time given when required. An auction sale is held every Saturday afternoon. Parties having household furniture, farming implements, machines, or stock, can have them sold on reasonable terms.

A. CHAMBERLAIN.
Arkansas City Traveler, August 8, 1877.

The Sheriff of Appanoose County, Iowa, writes A. W. Patterson that it is an old trick of Marrihue's to escape officers, and that if Pat. gets hold of him again, to "freeze on to him like grim death to a dying nigger." He also states that he "caught his preacher out in Colorado." The preacher spoken of borrowed some money and a horse without the consent of the owner, and forgot to bring them back. He would not have taken the money, only it was right there, and he picked up a rope and did not notice a horse was on the end of it until he was some dis tance away. Marrihue, spoken of, went by the name of Scott in this vicinity, and lived on a claim in Sumner County with his "sister."

Arkansas City Traveler, August 8, 1877.

MARRIED. MR. WILL BERKEY and MISS BESSIE REEVES were married last week at Salt City, in the presence of several persons from this place and a number from the adjoining neighborhood. The fair bride did not forget the hungry printers during the feast of plenty, but sent in a supply of good things calculated to make the inner man happy.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 8, 1877.

SHOOTING SCRAPE.
We learn that the blacksmith at Salt City and Wm. Berkey came very near having a shooting scrape last week. The blacksmith becomes very quarrelsome when he is intoxicated and has attempted to pick a quarrel with Mr. Berkey on several occasions, during which he has not only threatened his life, but said "he would shoot the first Berkey he could get his eyes on." That's pretty strong language in a country like this, especially when it is made against a peaceable citizen.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 8, 1877.

OFF THE FERRY.
A stranger drove on the ferry boat last week with a wagon and a woman sitting in the bottom of it. He had heard that the boat only went halfway across the river bed, and when the boat stopped in the middle of the stream a minute, he drove off. The horses went down almost out of sight, and the wagon sank until the woman's head was all that was out of water. She sat calmly in the bottom, however, until she reached the shore. It is hardly worthwhile to add she got wet.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 8, 1877.

Much sickness is brought on in many cases for want of pure water. Don't drink from the creeks if you can get water from a spring or well. Water that remains overnight in a sleeping room is apt to be impure. A scrap of sheet iron dropped in the bottom of the vessel will help to keep water pure.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 8, 1877.

RUNAWAY.
Monday afternoon while Mrs. Mowry, little Charlie Milks, and Theodore, the darkey, were riding in a wagon with Milks' team attached, the horses took fright at the parasol and ran around Benedict's corner, upsetting the wagon box and throwing the passengers to the ground. Mrs. Mowry was considerably jarred, but the other two were but slightly injured. It was a narrow escape and might have been very serious.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 8, 1877.

MR. NEWMAN and HAYWOOD have been at Lawrence, looking after the letting of Indian contracts. We have not yet learned if they secured the award, but hope it will be let to someone that will buy the wheat in Cowley County. This year will be a risky one for wheat speculators. If the war continues in Europe, wheat will be high priced; if the war lags or ceases, it will be moderate. Parties bidding should figure on large margins.

[INDIANS.]

Arkansas City Traveler, August 8, 1877.

The Sheriff of Deadwood has appealed to Governor Pennington, of Dacotah, for aid, saying that the Sioux Indians are massacreing miners through the Black Hills. The Governor could render no aid, but has authorized the Sheriff to organize two companies of militia, and telegraph Gen. Crook and the President for troops, which had gone east to quell the riots.

[ORDINANCE NO. FIFTY-SEVEN, ARKANSAS CITY.]

Arkansas City Traveler, August 8, 1877.

BE IT ORDAINED by the Mayor and Councilmen of the City of Arkansas City:

Sec. 1. That a tax of eight (8) mills on the dollar for general revenue purposes be levied and collected for the year A. D. 1877, on all the real, mixed, and personal property within the limits of the City of Arkansas City, taxable according to the laws of the State of Kansas.

Sec. 2. That the above ordinance No. fifty-seven (57) be in force on and after its publication once in the Arkansas City TRAVELER. H. D. KELLOGG, Mayor.

I. H. BONSALL, City Clerk.

[PROPOSALS FOR SCHOOLHOUSE.]

Arkansas City Traveler, August 8, 1877.

Sealed proposals will be received at Salt City, Sumner County, Kansas, until August 15th, 1877, for the erection of a stone schoolhouse in School District No. 79, Bolton Township, Cowley County, KAS. Plan and specification can be seen at the TRAVELER office in Arkansas City, and at the residence of W. E. Chenoweth, in the above named District. The board reserve the right to reject any or all bids. Bidders are requested to be present at the opening of the bids at 2 o'clock p.m. of August 15, 1877. Job to be paid for in cash when completed according to specifications.

A. M. SHURTZ, Director; W. E. CHENOWETH, Clerk; O. J. PALMER, Treasurer.
School District No. 79, Cowley Co., Kans.

[INDIANS.]

Arkansas City Traveler, August 15, 1877. Front Page.

San Francisco, Aug. 4. A press dispatch from Lewiston, Aug. 1st, says yesterday Indian Joe and his family, who have been with the people at Slate Creek all through the Indian troubles, and proved true and faithful to the whites, returned from Kamiah, where he had been sent to ascertain the movements of the hostiles. His squaw says the Indians at Kamiah told they were going across the mountains by the Lolo trail with stock and families, and when they got them in a secure place, they would return and help fight the Indians.

She also states that before leaving Kamiah, they went to the friendly Indians' camp and drove off all the young squaws, beat them with clubs, and forced them along like so many cattle. They also came back and robbed them of everything they could find and all their horses of any value. It is further stated that the hostiles are to be reinforced by other Indians from the other side of the mountains when they return.

Her statements are considered reliable by those who have known her. This morning Lieut. Wilmot, with 30 men, started to go across the Salmon River to ascertain if any hostiles remain there, it having been reported for several days that a few had been seen in that direction. The object is to hunt them out and destroy all supplies.

It is now believed by old acquaintances of Joseph that he will put away in safety his stores and extra horses, and return to Comas prairie, and returning by Elk City and Piete trails, which are much more easily traveled than Lolo. This trip can, with forced marches, be made in seven days. He has asserted his determination to burn the grain on Comas prairie and then arrange his plans to go to Wallowa, and the opinion is prevalent that he will attempt it.

[PEANUTS.]

Arkansas City Traveler, August 15, 1877.

Peanuts.
[Boston Herald.]
Peanuts, or, as they are popularly known in the South, ground-nuts or goobers, grow in the ground, on the roots of the plant, exactly like potatoes. The stalk and leaves of the plant somewhat resembles clover, and to get the nuts when ripe, the plants are pulled out of the ground, the nuts adhering firmly to the roots. The greatest trouble with the ground-nuts is in picking them, which has to be done by hand, no machine having yet been invented to do the work, though it would seem as if such a machine in the shape of a coarse comb, might be easily invented. But labor is cheap in the places where they are grown, which are in the light sandy soils of Tennessee, Virginia, and North Carolina in this country.

Peanuts are also largely grown in Africa, India, Brazil, and other places. The best are raised in the valley of the Gambia, in Africa, and yield large quantities of oil. This product, when properly produced, is esteemed equal to olive oil; but it is also used in woolen manufactures, in soap making, in lamps, and for lubricating machinery. Last year the crop in the United States was as follows: Tennessee, 235,000 bushels; Virginia, 450,000 bushels; North Carolina, 100,000.

The imports from Africa last year were 846,000 bushels, of which Boston imported 38,000 and New York 23,000. The average of the new crop this year is somewhat larger than that of last year, and the yield promises well, the nut being generally better filled and matured than for the past two years, and of finer quality.

The past year was marked by fewer changes than any former one; by a moderate but steady consumptive demand; by an absence of speculation, and by the small proportion of choice white nuts. Tennessee peanuts are put up in burlap bags of four or five bushels capacity, and are sold by the pound, the grades being respectively inferior, prime, choice, and fancy. The crop year begins October 1st and ends September 30th of the ensuing year. The new crop will come forward under very favorable auspices. The previous crop having been well sold up, stocks are light in the hands of commission merchants and dealers.

[EDITORIAL COLUMNS.]

Arkansas City Traveler, August 15, 1877.

DIED. On Saturday morning, August 4, 1877, Robert T., only child of Wm. M. and Annie J. Allison: aged one month and twenty days.

We sympathize with our contemporary in his bereavement.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 15, 1877.

The Courier, of last week, comes out denouncing the action of the Republican Central Committee, of this county, for electing T. K. Johnson chairman of the Committee, and says it was a trick and a high handed outrage. If we were not aware that a personal quarrel existed between the present editor of the Courier and Mr. Johnson, we might give the matter further consideration, but knowing the truth of the matter, we can say it is an attempt of one man to make a party quarrel of his personal grievances. We repeat what we have many times said before, that this man cares nothing for the Republican party when it does not further his individual interests. He says "it was understood by the Committee that Mr. Chas. Eagin should be named as its chairman." ARTICLE GOES ON FURTHER...ONE CAN TELL THAT SCOTT IS BERATING E. C. MANNING AGAIN!

Arkansas City Traveler, August 15, 1877.

SCHOOL MEETING.
A meeting of citizens congregated at the schoolhouse last Thursday afternoon, for the purpose of hearing the report of the school officers for the year past, and to make a levy for the support of the school the coming year. Dr. Kellogg, by virtue of his office, was legally Chairman, and T. H. McLaughlin, Secretary.

A resolution was then introduced condemning the School Board for making a change of school books, which was afterwards withdrawn.

A resolution was then carried instructing the Board not to employ any teacher as principal of the school unless he had a first class certificate, which called forth considerable discussion and personal remarks, ending in a very unpleasant wrangle.

The action of many people against the School Board reminds us of a story of an old man, his son, and a mule going to town one fine summer's day. The boy was riding the mule when they met a stranger, who shamed the boy for riding and causing his poor old father to walk. The boy then got off and let the father ride until another person was met, who growled at the old man for making his little boy walk. The old man and the boy both got on the animal then and rode in comfort until they met another man, who complained of the cruelty to the mule, remarking they should carry the animal rather than the animal should carry them. Their sympathies were excited and they bound the feet of the mule, put it across a pole, and were carrying it over a bridge, when the mule kicked and plunged and finally fell into the river and was drowned. Moral: In trying to please everyone, they damaged themselves and lost the mule.

There seems to be a disposition on the part of many to find fault with every teacher the schools have had at this place and with every member of the School Board. This disposition is growing every year. About a year ago a meeting was held that was a shame to the community, and the one the other day was little better than a row.

If the spirit manifested last Thursday continues, the result will eventually be no school at all. Many persons who complain have never visited the schools at all, and apparently take but little interest in anything but opposing the Board and teachers. If parents would visit the schools more frequently and make an effort to help the jurors and the members of the Board, there would be less dissatisfaction, and the schools would prosper far better.

[CONTRACTS AWARDED FOR INDIAN SUPPLIES.]

Arkansas City Traveler, August 15, 1877.

Bids for supplies for the Indians were opened at the Central Superintendency, Monday and contracts were awarded as follows.

SKIPPING ALL BUT WHAT INTERESTS US!

Berry Bros. & Finney, Arkansas City, 2,700 bushels corn, 58 cents.

A. A. Newman, of Arkansas City, Kansas, 130,000 pounds at Pawnee Agency, Indian Territory, $3.15; 40,000 pounds at Kaw Agency, Indian Territory, $2.40.

Lawrence Journal.

[PERSONALS.]

Arkansas City Traveler, August 15, 1877.

HENRY PRUDEN purchased Joseph Hoyt's large bay team.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 15, 1877.

MR. CURRY lost a fine, large horse, last week, from snake bite.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 15, 1877.

The Walnut River was full from bank to bank again last week.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 15, 1877.

C. R. MITCHELL is now at Atsoka, Ill. He will return in two weeks.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 15, 1877.

The number of locomotives destroyed at the Pittsburgh riot was 102, and of freight cars 1,000.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 15, 1877.

MRS. GEORGE PLUMB, of Emporia, is visiting her parents, Mr. and Mrs. F. A. Cowles, near this place.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 15, 1877.

The M. E. church at Winfield was dedicated last Sunday. $2,500 was subscribed during the day to pay for its completion.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 15, 1877.

Notice the change in James Wilson's advertisement of dry goods, dress goods, and notions. He offers special inducements for everyone.

AD: WILSON'S CENTRAL STORE

This is the New Cheap Store that is so much talked about in this and Sumner County. Our small expenses enable us to sell CHEAP. The saving in the store Rent alone Pays More than the Freight; so that we guarantee to sell Our Goods as Low as any House West of the Mississippi River.

We keep only the BEST KIND OF GOODS, buy them in New York, and Sell for Cash.

Mrs. A. Wilson, Dealer in Dry Goods, Read-Made Clothing, Boots and Shoes, Hats, Caps, and Fancy Goods Generally. Arkansas City, Cowley County, Kansas.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 15, 1877.

CITY HOTEL. CHAS. S. THOMAS, of Winfield, at the City Hotel, extends a general invitation for all to give him a call. Try him.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 15, 1877.

REV. FLEMING returned last Saturday after an absence of three weeks visiting Solomon City.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 15, 1877.

The election to vote on the proposition of the K. C., E. & S. railway proposition has been called for Sept. 18th. All who have the prosperity of Cowley County at heart will vote for the proposition.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 15, 1877.

The Vinita Herald, formerly Indian Herald, published at Osage Agency, says: Mrs. J. N. Florer, Mrs. J. L. Stubbs, Mrs. J. E. Finney, and others were thrown from a carriage last week.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 15, 1877.

GEORGE BEAVER, an Osage chief, sold a pony in Kansas the other day for $40 (and took part of his pay in whiskey). For the same pony he refused $60 in this place but a few days before. Vinita Herald.

[MORE PERSONALS.]

Arkansas City Traveler, August 15, 1877.

A slight change in the proprietorship of the Oxford Independent took place last week. J. L. Abbot purchased the interest of Mr. J. D. Kelly in the office, and will continue the publication as heretofore.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 15, 1877.

When you go to Winfield, stop at the Central Hotel. Major & Vance, proprietors, are hospitable gentlemen and know how to treat a fellow when they catch him away from home. Independent.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 15, 1877.

Apples, peaches, grapes, watermelons, and muskmelons for sale on the streets Monday. Peaches $1.25 per bushel, apples $2., grapes ten cents per pound, and melons ten to twenty cents each.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 15, 1877.

WILD PONIES.
Pres. Walker and the editor made a purchase of thirteen wild Texan ponies last week, that never had a hand on them before they were caught in the corral back of the livery stable on Wednesday last. A large crowd gathered to see them caught, and as the lasso was thrown and a horse jerked on its back, yell after yell rent the air and the crowd gathered more and more, until the fence was lined with men and boys, and the back windows of business and private houses full of heads, with some even to the roof of the stable. It was wonderful to see the dexterity with which the Mexicans threw their lassos, and with what power they held the horses after caught. Once down the rope halter or "hackamo" was made in a few moments, placed on the head, and the frightened animal tied to a post. The animals reared and plunged until they became exhausted and conquered. They are not as a general rule vicious animals, and are soon tamed after the first fright is over. Two of them were placed in harness after a day's handling, and worked like old horses. Another was ridden without difficulty after being tied to a post a short time. Those who witnessed the catching of the animals declared it was as good as any circus they ever saw, but it was terrible cruel to the horses. The sight of so many men made the wild beasts frantic and they pulled and beat their heads far more than they would if caught on the prairie and led in. One fine gray mare pulled and fought so hard that she gave up and died the day following.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 15, 1877.

THE M. E. CHURCH. Rev. McCabe, of Chicago, and Rev. Kirby, of Wichita, made this place a visit Sunday evening for the purpose of preaching to the people and to raise $250 to complete the erection of the new brick church now almost finished.

The announcement was made previously that Rev. McCabe would preach, but in his place Rev. Kirby delivered the sermon, which was short, decisive, and well delivered. His sermon was one that almost any would have delighted to hear and full of information.

After many appeals $206 was raised. Some of it, however, was to be paid by hauling, some in work, and others in fruit trees, photographs, hogs, and hominy. From the amount of hogs subscribed, one would think the M. E. Society intended to engage in the stock business, but we believe they will endeavor to sell what they have for cash. The effort to have a church is surely commendable, although the means of obtaining the funds is at times laughable.

DURING the solicitation for monies, hauling, hogs, trees, photographs, and horses at the church Sunday evening, one man was heard to remark: "I'm but a stranger here," and then he added, "Heaven is my home, and I wish I was there now."

ONE of our worthy citizens was being urged by the eloquent Chaplain McCabe to give somewhat of his substance towards so praiseworthy an object; a respectful, but very decided shake of the head was not enough to rebuff the Reverend gentleman, who continued to expatiate on the christian grace of giving; and at length Rev. McCabe asked him: "Are you a Methodist?" "No." "Are you a Presbyterian?" "No." "What are you then?" The "worthy citizen" looked quietly up into the Chaplain's pleasant face and with a roguish look in his eye, said: "I am a harness maker."

Arkansas City Traveler, August 15, 1877.

FOR SHERIFF.
The announcement of Leon Lippmann appears this week, declaring himself a candidate for Sheriff of Cowley County, subject to the decision of the Republican County Nominating Convention. Mr. Lippmann is an old resident of this county, and has many friends who will be glad of an opportunity to vote for him. A few years ago he came within three votes of receiving the nomination.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 15, 1877.

NEW MAIL ROUTE.
A new mail route has been established between Eureka and this place, by the way of Grouse Creek post office, Lazette, Dexter, and Cabin Valley. Service to begin at once, and mail to be carried once a week; arriving at and leaving Arkansas City on Wednesday. It will give us communication with post offices that heretofore were difficult to reach.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 15, 1877.

CANDIDATE FOR SHERIFF.
In another column is the announcement of S. W. Chase, of Tisdale Township, for the office of Sheriff of Cowley County. We like the manner of Mr. Chase in coming boldly forward to let the people know he is a candidate in time for them to learn who he is and all about him. He has a good reputation, is perfectly capable, and is not afraid to let everyone know it.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 15, 1877.

There are two parties living near this place by the names of Drake and Duck. Letters for either of them are placed in the "D." box, in the post office, and it requires some watching to see that Drake does not get Duck's mail. It would not be the first instance of a Drake getting a Duck's property, however.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 15, 1877.

That black eye of Wyard Gooch's was caused by a too sudden descent from an animated animal of Texan origin, to the earth's surface. Before he came down, he took a bird's eye view of the surroundings, and reports the air quite cool in the second current above the earth.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 15, 1877.

MR. WARE, of this place, was one of the lucky ones who drew a girl in the Kansas City Times's lottery. He don't know what to do with her now that he has her. Better trade her off for town lots or wild ponies.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 15, 1877.

FERRY TICKETS are sold at I. H. Bonsall's office. Single crossing on horseback two and one-half cents. Single crossing with wagon five cents. With four-horse team, ten cents. After sunset twenty-five cents.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 15, 1877.

Two half breeds of Osage Agency by the names of Kennedy and Shote, got into a quarrel about the delivery of 150 bushels of wheat, and resulted in Kennedy shooting and wounding Shote. Kennedy has been ordered to leave the Nation.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 15, 1877.

The house built by Mr. Chamberlain on Central Avenue, some years ago, has been moved to Summit street, between Kager's and Al. Horn's buildings. Mr. Welch had the contract for moving it. It is to be rented for a saloon by some parties now in Wichita.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 15, 1877.

The dedication of the M. E. Church at Winfield was largely attended by parties from Wichita and all parts of Cowley County. Many citizens from this place were in attendance. $2,500 was subscribed during the day, and two subscriptions were refused after the amount was raised because they were not needed.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 15, 1877.

INDIAN CONTRACTS.
It will be seen by an article copied from the Lawrence Journal, that Berry Brothers & Finney, of this place have been awarded the contract for furnishing 2,700 bushels of corn, and A. A. Newman 130,000 pounds of flour, to be furnished at Pawnee Agency, and 40,000 pounds of flour at Kaw Agency.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 15, 1877.

The Normal Institute at Winfield will close on Wednesday, the 29th inst. An examination of applicants for teacher's certificates will be held on Thursday and Friday, Aug. 30th and 31st. Prof. Kellogg, of Emporia, R. C. Story, George W. Robinson, Miss Ela Wickersham are conducting the Normal, assisted by G. H. Buckman in instructions in vocal music.

[COMMUNICATION FROM "C. C. H."WINFIELD.]

Arkansas City Traveler, August 15, 1877.

WINFIELD, AUGUST 10, 1877.
Winfield may more appropriately be called "the hub" since she has two daily mails. The first connection of mail between this place and the El Dorado branch road was made last Monday. So Winfield now has two daily arrivals and departures of stage coaches.

The phase of railroad matters was completely changed in the last few weeks, say since the township bonds were defeated in Beaver.

The leading railroad builders of Winfield are now the most zealous workers for the Kansas City, Emporia & Southern railroad project, while only a short time ago, they were the bitterest enemy the North and South road had. Winfield has concluded she had rather be a common station on the road than not be a station at all. We are glad Winfield and the "Sand Hills" have once more buried the hatchet, and hope it may prove permanently buried. So much for railroad matters.

Next in order is the Normal School, which convened Aug. 1st, with Prof. L. B. Kellogg, of Emporia, as Principal, you know. The school is composed of seventy-one students, fifty- four of which are ladies and seventeen gentlemen. Prof. Kellogg is assisted by Prof. Geo. H. Robinson, who conducts the grammar class, G. W. Buckman, who conducts the class in vocal music, Miss Wickersham, who conducts the geography recitation, and Superintendent Story. The managers of the school have shown unequaled skill in their respective branches and have gained the confidence and good wishes of every member of the school. Mr. Kellogg and Mr. Robinson deserve especial commendation for their services rendered the school. Mr. Buckman is also doing a good work in vocal music. Mr. Buckman is a thorough musician, and will undoubtedly advance the cause of music in our district schools.

I would suggest District Officers, who desire to employ teachers, to visit the Normal and select from the whole school such teachers as they think would best suit their respective schools. More anon. C. C. H.

[BUSINESS NOTICES.]

Arkansas City Traveler, August 15, 1877.

Sheriff.
I hereby announce myself as a candidate for the office of Sheriff of Cowley County, subject to the decision of the Republican Nominating Convention, the action of which I expect to cheerfully abide by. LEON LIPPMANN.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 15, 1877.

Sheriff.
I hereby announce myself a candidate for Sheriff, subject to the decision of the Republican County Convention. S. W. CHASE.

CITY HOTEL, WINFIELD, KANSAS,
CHAS. S. THOMAS, Prop'r.
This house is thoroughly first-class in all its appointments. Good sample rooms, and especial accommodations for traveling men.

Terms$1.00 per day. Liberal arrangements made with regular boarders.

Live Stock Bought and Sold.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 15, 1877.

I WILL SELL fifteen yards of best standard prints for one dollar, and twelve yards of Merrimac for the same. FRANK WALDO, Salt City.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 15, 1877.

LAST CALL. Persons due P. H. Woodard are notified that their accounts will be sued upon as work and labor debts unless settled at once. BERRY BROS. Consignees.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 15, 1877.

GRAPES. Anyone wanting grapes can get them by the pound or hundred pounds by leaving orders at R. A. Houghton's grocery store, or by calling on me at the Max Fawcett farm. W. S. PACKARD.

[TEACHERS ATTENDING COWLEY COUNTY NORMAL.]

Arkansas City Traveler, August 15, 1877.

The following are the teachers attending the Cowley County Normal.

Winfield. Misses Ella C. Davis, Mary Pontious, Fannie Pontious, Mina C. Johnson, Alice Pyburn, Lusetta Pyburn, Mattie E. Minihan, Lissie Summers, Mattie E. Walters, Rachel E. Nauman, Allie Klingman, Alice A. Aldrich, Genie Holmes, Ella E. Scott, Ella Hunt, Ella Wickersham, Emma Saint, Molly Bryant, Ella Freeland, Maggie Stansburry, Amy Robertson, Lizzie Kinne, Sarah Hodges, Hennie Hane, Sallie Levering, Effie Randall, Sarah E. Davis, Ina Daniels; Messrs. O. S. Record, Frank Starwalt, M. H. Marcum, J. D. Hunt, J. A. Rupp, C. C. Holland, J. B. Freeland, N. N. Winton, A. B. Taylor.

Arkansas City. Misses Lizzie Landis, Mattie F. Mitchell, Ella Grimes, Albertine Maxwell, Belle Birdzell, Flora Finley, Kate Hawkins, Stella Burnett, Mary A. Pickett, Tillie Kennedy, Anna O. Wright; Messrs. B. F. Maricle, E. R. Thompson, J. F. Hess.

Dexter. Misses Alpha Hardin, Viola Hardin, Sarah J. Hoyt; Rettie Lanis; Mr. T. J. Bood.

Tisdale. Misses Gertrude Davis, Sarah Davis.

Cedarvale. Miss Martha Thompson; Mr. S. T. Beckett.

Oxford. Miss Veva Walton.

New Salem. Miss Sallie Bovee.

Red Bud. Mrs. Belle Seibert; Mr. H. S. Bash.

Lazette. Miss Kate Fitzgerald.

[MORE PERSONALS.]

Arkansas City Traveler, August 15, 1877.

The New Commissioner Districts.
Some townships having been created since the last division of this county into commissioner districts, it became necessary to re-district the county, which the commission ers proceeded to do at their last session, as follows. At the next election, district number one elects a commissioner to serve for one year, district number two for two years, and district number three for three years.

District No. 1. Winfield, population, 1,444; Rock, 737; Maple, 408; Nenescah, 341; Vernon, 593, Beaver, 477. Total: 4,000.

District No. 2. Bolton, population, 731; Creswell, 1,052; Pleasant Valley, 435; Liberty, 425; Silverdale, 405; Spring Creek, 223; Cedar, 275; Otter, 527. Total: 4,071.

District No. 3. Dexter, population, 616; Tisdale, 503; Sheridan, 373; Windsor, ___; Silver Creek, 338; Richland, 710; Omnia, 188; Harvey, 341. Total: 3,651. Courier.

NOTE: DO NOT SEE HOW THEY COULD COME UP WITH A TOTAL FOR

DISTRICT NO. 3 WHEN WINDSOR POPULATION NOT GIVEN!

[COMMUNICATION FROM PAWNEE AGENCY, INDIAN TERRITORY.]

Arkansas City Traveler, August 22, 1877. Front Page.

Scalp Raising.
PAWNEE AGENCY, INDIAN TERRITORY, July 20th, 1877.
Dr. W. McKay Dougan:

I found so much work awaiting me here, that it has been impossible to fulfill my promise sooner. However, the facts connected with the meeting of Alexander, Broome, and Walton, with a party of Osages, on Gray Horse Creek, June 19th, are as follows.

Upon approaching the creek, they were startled by yells and running horses from the rear, and were at once surrounded by a dozen Indians, who were mounted, armed, and painted.

They produced a trade dollar of Dunlap & Florer's, and from signs made the whites understood that they wanted to trade it for hair. It was thought best to comply, under the circumstances, and Harry Broome, for and in consideration of the dollar check, allowed them to cut from his head a lock of hair.

The Indians were now satisfied and left while the whites crossed the creek and stopped for dinner. While in camp they discovered an Indian on a bluff in the distance, who seemed to be signaling someone on the opposite side of the stream, and as they were about resuming their journey, they were again approached by Indians; this time three in number. This party was unarmed, and one of the number spoke tolerable good English. They were talkative and said a large party of Osages were mourning the death of a chief. They also stated that they were poor and had no money, but that they, too, wanted some hair, so that they could have a dance that evening. Broome was asked to furnish the article.

They objected to Alexander's hair upon the ground that it bore too close a resemblance to the hair of the horse and Walton was in no trouble as his hair was too short to admit of a close cut. I have written a faithful account of the affair as detailed to me by one of the party, in whose word I place implicit confidence. Very cordially, S. MATLACK.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 22, 1877.

[From Vinita Herald.]
Indians have sins enough of their own to answer for without being with those committed by the whites. The border white man, or plainsman, knows better than to receive money from Indians as an excuse for supplying them with hair and getting an opportunity to make impressions that are both false and damaging.

On his return to Pawnee, Harry Broome stated that he had been scalped by a mourning party of Osages, and then to put it beyond question, he exhibited the localities which had been shorn in accordance with his own will, at his own instance, for pay, and also for the vile purpose of setting a mark of disgrace upon the very people whose friendship he covets.

Old Mrs. Gossip was among the first to see how the young man's head had been skinned, and heard him say (as she went off into an hysterical tantrum) that it was done by a murderous band of mourning Osages, and the world was then on wheels. Broome went to Canaville, Kansas, and made a similar statement of his hairbreadth escape from death at the hands of Indians on the warpath. Old men who had been neighbors with Indians for half a century, and must soon go to their graves, leaving behind them no prospect of sensational inscriptions for their funeral monuments, felt aggrieved to think that the obscurity of their lives had been the decree of fate; yet, everybody pitied poor Broome, and were full of doubt and curiosity as to how he felt as he set under the scalping knife of a wild Osage.

And as we have seen him passing each week, carrying the U. S. mail over the same route, nobody knows how we have wished we could have been brave and distinguished like him. We have admired the manner in which people approach and address him; we have courted and even stared at him until now, Stacy Matlack, the Pawnee (Indian) trader, says that Broome sold his hair to the Indians, and we learn that he was never scalped at all!

Two or three times a year we read of brutal murders and robberies of white settlers on the frontier by the Indians. And until the present Indian policy is perfected (instead of being abolished) and a provision is made for the care of the reckless whites, will the loss of life and the destruction of property in the future as in the past occasionally be cut. In nature prone to evil the hot blood of overbearing whites will continue to boil over in the way long familiar to the Indians.

Whites have taken but little pains to instill into the hearts of the Indians a feeling of confidence, but on the contrary, they have always tried to perpetuate the feeling of bitterness and distrust that exists between the two races.

There are now about two hundred and fifty thousand Indians in the territory of the United States, and they know and keenly feel their inability to cope with a nation numbering more than forty millions in the struggle for existence.

This emboldens bad white men to the commission of murder, treachery, and theft upon the persons and property of Indians. How then can it be wondered at that they do sometimes retaliate? They are not, today, accountable for the many blood conflicts that grew out of encroachment upon the rights of their ancestors by whites in years long gone by; nor are they answerable for the insatiable desire of the whites to pervert their innocent, devout, and ancient ceremonies into acts of bloodshed and rapine.

[COMMUNICATION FROM "NITRO GLYCERINE"SILVERDALE.]

Arkansas City Traveler, August 22, 1877. Front Page.

SILVERDALE, AUGUST 14, 1877.
The election in district sixty-two passed off quietly. We did not hear of any betting on the result.

4 p.m.: The returning board have counted in the new officials at this time. A gentleman came up to the schoolhouse and said he was going to "bust" the election. I was at the polls until about sundown, but did not see any "bustin'."

6 p.m.: Everything quiet; the police cleared the streets of all disorderly characters. All is well. Another election has passed, and the nation is safe.

In the political horizon objects can be seen flitting aboutdimly at firstbut seen distinctly after looking the matter up a little. We have heard of 900I meant ninecandi dates for sheriff. Caesar! If they all receive a tie vote, what a time the commissioners will have.

Politicians are (some of them) brilliant, profound, far-seeingeverything but honest. It is strange that a man cannot obtain an office without being "pumped," and without having a few "feelers" thrown out to see if he is the "right stripe" to be allowed on the inside track.

But I did not intend for this to be a political letter, so I will lay the dirty thing down for awhile, to pick up at another time; for I think that "He who fights and runs away, will live to fight another day." For that reason I will resume in the near future, and because I think too that politics can be made as clean a thing as anything else, by discarding all those slimy, tricky, shystering "bats," who make politics a setting cesspot of corruption.

I am going on the warpath this fall. They had better "look a leetle oud." I have my tomahawk, spear, hatchet, and bow; I will purge the threshing floor of its chaff. Let them beware. I will close by saying I am after them. NITRO GLYCERINE.

[PAPERS RE CHARTER FOR A K. C. E. & S. R. R.]

Arkansas City Traveler, August 22, 1877.

Some papers in the Southwest are trying to make capital out of the fact that a charter was filed, the first week in July, for a K. C. E. & S. R. R. The facts in the case are these. The charter for the original K. C. E. & S. R. R. Co., was filed in February, providing for a road from Kansas City, via Emporia and Eureka to the South line of the State at, or near Arkansas City. This charter, and this company yet remain intact. The charter filed in July was for the purpose of building the branch through Sumner Countynot included in the original charter. There has been no "bust up," no unpleasantness, no change of plansexcept as to Sumner, all things are lovely and the goose hangs altitudium. It don't look so bad after all, does it boys? Wellington Democrat.

[INDIANS/BLACK HILLS.]

Arkansas City Traveler, August 22, 1877.

Comanches want a smoke with the Osages, and the Osages have invited them to their Agency.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 22, 1877.

Washington, Aug. 1. In accordance with a request of Gen. Crook that a delegation of Sioux be permitted to visit this city for the purpose of having an interview with the officers of the Interior Department, Commissioner Smith, today, after a consultation with Secretary Schurz telegraphed Gen. Crook, giving the required permission.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 22, 1877.

In the Black Hills greenbacks are worth eleven dollars more a hundred than gold dust.

[EDITORIALS.]

Arkansas City Traveler, August 22, 1877.

E. C. Manning No Longer Courier Owner.
The proprietorship of the Winfield Courier changed from E. C. Manning to D. A. Millington, last week. Kelley retains a one-third interest, and the other two-thirds are owned by its present editor, Mr. Millington, and Mr. A. B. Lemmon. It is promised the paper shall be conducted in the interests of the Republican party and Cowley County generally, and shall not know or recognize any clique or faction. The Courier is a good paper, and all will delight to see it free from the personal abuse and quarrels heretofore characteristic of it.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 22, 1877.

Bolton Township Turns Down Bridge Repairs Cost.
The proposition to vote $2,000 to repair the bridge across the Arkansas by Bolton Township, was defeated by thirty-one votes, on last Saturday. The vote of East Bolton was 32 for the bonds and 7 against. West Bolton polled 7 for the bonds and 63 against.

There is some talk now of uniting a proposition with the railroad company to build a wagon bridge with the railroad bridge. For temporary purposes an apron or inclined platform could be attached to the remaining part of the bridge, that would save half the fording of the river and make it so that it could be crossed during high water.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 22, 1877.

An attempt is being made to beat Sumner County out of a railroad by means of an injunction. It won't work. If the injunction is granted, the people will vote the required and by double the former majority, and the road will be built just as sure as fate, and that speedily. The K. C., E. & S. R. R. will be the first road to reach that rich and prosperous county. Mark the prediction. Register.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 22, 1877.

The following named ministers were present, and took part in the dedication of the M. E. Church building, on Sabbath, at Winfield: Revs. Dr. Pomeroy, A. H. WalterP. E.; H. J. Walker, Wellington; J. W. Stewart, Oxford; W. H. McCarney, Dexter; J. W. Long, Tisdale; J. P. Harsen, and Jno. Kirby, Wichita; J. E. Platter and P. Lahr, Winfield; J. E. Fox, Hutchinson; C. C. McCabe, D. D.; B. C. Swarts, Arkansas City; E. Nance, Maple City.

Telegram.

[LETTER FROM JUDGE JAMES CHRISTIAN TO FRIEND.]

Arkansas City Traveler, August 22, 1877.

Old friendI am truly pleased to hear from you, and to find that you are still in the land of the living. Your discovery of my whereabouts is somewhat romantic. I hardly supposed any of my old friends would find me out, away here on the border of the Indian Territory, the south line of the State; but it is hard for a man to get out of reach in this country, so that he cannot be found out, if he has done any deviltry (unless he is a Bender). I had lost sight of you entirely, not having been in Missouri since the war, and not much then except passing through.

But I am pleased to hear that yourself, wife, and family are all well as this leaves me and mine.

I am not as fortunate as you are, I have no boysnever had a boynor none married, so that I have not even a son-in-law, nor de facto.

But to business. Doctor, I hardly know what to say, as I am not sufficiently informed of how you are situated or what kind of a location would suit you, etc. Whether you want to make stock raising the principal business or main idea, or only incidental to your practice, all that I can say is that in my judgment Cowley County is by nature and locality, one of the best counties in the State.

The crops are generally good. Wheat has for the past five or six years been the great crop, but for the last two years, it has not proved as abundant as formerly. This season and last has produced the most abundant corn crop. Oats this season have been extraordinarily good, last year they were a failure. But like all new countries, money is very scarce and times dull. Things go very slow, but this is the case in all strictly farming communities. Kansas is no exception to the rule. Our farmers are terribly in debt. This county, as you are doubtless aware, was formed out of a part of what was the OSAGE INDIAN RESERVE, and when opened to settlement, seven years ago, all the poor men, poor devils, and poor farmers in the land flocked in to take claims. The consequence was they had no money to pay for it when the land came into market. They had to borrow of the shylocks, who also smelt the carrion afar off, and came also to loan money at from thirty to sixty percent, per annum interest. This debt has never entirely been removed, although many changes have taken place. Old notes have been renewed, interest paid on it, but still there is the same old debt. Then our people run wild about agricultural implements and machinery. Every new thing that comes along that eases labor and can be bought on credit, they buy. This is another curse by way of indebtedness that hangs over our community, although it will prove a blessing to the great mass of consumers around us, but ruin to the few that are involved in buying.

I send you a little map of the county, so that you can see the location of the various towns, streams, etc., giving you much information that you wanted to know about. I also send you a copy of the TRAVELER, published in our town, that will give you much information. You had better send $1 and take it six months. It is a live paper for a village newspaper, gives you just such information as emigrants desire.

P. S. We are well supplied with M. D.'s. We have the scriptural numberseven of themand but little sickness, except the usual concomitant of the Western States, chills and fever. We have no malignant diseases in this locality.

If you think of locating in this part of Kansas, first come and see for yourself. We have no railroad at present nearer than sixty miles, but a good prospect for one from Kansas City, via Emporia, to this place, in the next twelve or eighteen months. The distance is now traversed by stage, dailyfare $5. This is a fair country to look upon, and as good as it is fair. We have a delightful climate. Good society for a new countrymuch better than usual. People from every State in the Union, with the cream of her Majesty's subjects from Canada.

Our kind regards to all. Your old friend, JAMES CHRISTIAN.

[INDIAN WAR: NORTHWEST NEZ PERCES.]

Arkansas City Traveler, August 22, 1877.

The Indian War in the Northwest, which for some time has been smouldering, has broken out with fresh vigor. The telegraph reports one of the hardest Indian fights on record, which occurred on the 8th inst., in Northern Montana, between United States troops and citizen volunteers under Gen. Gibbon, and the Nez Perces, of whom they were in pursuit. The troops were not victorious. Gen. Gibbon was wounded, and Capt. Logan and Lieut. Bradley were killed. One-half of the command, it is thought, were either killed or wounded. The soldiers were cut off from their supplies, and lost all their horses, a howitzer, ammunition, etc. It is estimated that 100 Indians were killed during the fight, which lasted all day.

[THE KANSAS CITY, EMPORIA & SOUTHERN RAILROAD: EMPORIA PAPER.]

Arkansas City Traveler, August 22, 1877.

The Kansas City, Emporia & Southern Railroad.
Now that the above road has become a fixed fact, and work is being pushed with all possible speed, it may be well to examine the influence this road will have upon this city and county.

We will premise by saying that this will be a PEOPLE'S ROAD. The company fully realize the fact that their best interests, and the interests of the communities through which the road runs, are identical. They do not build this road in order to make the largest amount possible out of its construction, but to own and control a well constructed, well equipped property, which can be operated at the minimum expense, and therefore be able to do the business of the country at a low rate and at the same time make money for themselves.

The construction and operation of this road from this city to the Southwest, will probably for a short time, interfere with some kinds of trade in this city, as the goods which are now sent out by wagon, will be taken by rail. But as soon as the Eastern end is completed, and connections made with Kansas City, then we shall realize the benefits which the friends of the enterprise have so long and so earnestly contended for.

The principal benefit to the county at large will be an immediate rise in the price of all products which are exported, by just the amount the freight on those exports is reduced. It will also proportionally decrease the costs of imports, which are be so largely consumed by the people of the county.

Indirectly the whole county will profit by the stimulation of production, by reason of its increased profit; and also by the large amount of new land, cultivated by new men, BECAUSE of its nearness to the best inland market in the State. . . .

In our opinion, it will turn the scale in favor of enduring prosperity for this whole community, and for the rich empire of the Southwest, whose energies have so long been repressed by reason of their isolated and independent position. Bancroft's Emporia Register.

[COMMUNICATION FROM "AUREVORIS"WINFIELD.]

Arkansas City Traveler, August 22, 1877.

WINFIELD, KANSAS, August 18, 1877.
[COMMENTS ABOUT FALL OF E. C. MANNING.]
In looking over the last issue of the Courier, I am constrained to remark, "How art the mighty fallen." The columns of that paper teem with evidences of decay, and the editor thereof is evidently in a bad way. The once arrogant autocrat of the politics of Cowley County has degenerated into a sick "chicken," professing to be a great politician, and if we are to believe his own assurances, a very shrewd, if not an honest man. He is compelled at last to step down and out, not only from the editorship of that paper, but from his pretended leadership of the Republican party.

"Oh! what a fall" from an ambitious seeker after office (he having been defeated at every corner and turn made by him), he will step at once from his editorial sanctum and ambitious pretenses into the obscurity and privacy that will refuse to give him up, and from now henceforth his obnoxious and unsavory presence will be felt no more, and men will take his place as managers of that paper who, if they will, have the power to so conduct it that it will not as now be necessary to carry it out of our homes with a pair of tongs.

The Republicans of Winfield have long felt the need of a home paper devoted to their interests, and edited by men of character, who will scorn to use the columns of such a paper to perpetrate their quarrels and rascalities; a paper in fact, whose influence will be felt, and whose editorials will not smell so loud of corruption, venality, and rascality.

Will the new management raise above petty spite, and malice; and as honorable men, deal fairly with those in the party who dare to differ with them? If they will, they will build up a prosperous paper, and the coyote who has so long misrepresented, abused, and vilified some of the best men in the party, will sink into oblivion; no more to offend the public with his indecent presence.

With the advocate of railroads and immigration, will come good feeling and reconcilia tion among our people, and a better understanding among us will prevail, and the exhibition of petty spite and meanness so long evidenced by the Courier, will pass away and be forgotten along with their author.

Farewell, Manning. You have served the purposes of the Almighty, buzzard like, and we have no more use for you. Disgusting to your friends that were, contemptible in the sight of those whom you have tried in injure, obnoxious in the sight of respectable people. We haste with you with pleasure and will remember you only for your many petty meannesses.

"Et, tre Brute!" AUREVORIS.

[COMMUNICATION FROM "HICKS"CHEYENNE AGENCY, I. T.]

Arkansas City Traveler, August 22, 1877.

CHEYENNE AGENCY, INDIAN TERRITORY, August, 1877.
Friend Scott:

The Northern Cheyennes, numbering about one thousand, arrived here on the third instant, from the Black Hills country. They have been on the road since the 29th of May. They say they are well satisfied with this country, and intend to stay.

General McKinzie relieved them of twenty ponies, which did not belong to them rightfully.

Everything is quiet as usual along the trail. There is occasionally a little strike down here, but instead of being for higher wages, it is generally for horse and mules. Yours muchly,

HICKS.
[DEDICATION OF THE NEW M. E. CHURCH AT WINFIELD.]

Arkansas City Traveler, August 22, 1877.

The dedication of the New M. E. Church, at Winfield, last Sabbath, was a grand occasion. Services were conducted throughout the entire day. Revs. Kirby, Harsen, and McCabe, and presiding Elder Walters, Mrs. Kirby, Mrs. Lane, Col. Lewis, Col. T. M. Lane, and probably others, went from Wichita.

The edifice cost between $7,000 and $8,000, and at the opening services was $2,700 in debt. At half past eleven o'clock at night, when the services were closed, every cent of indebtedness had been provided for. The church is the finest in Southern Kansas. Eagle.

[WINFIELD BRIDGES.]

Arkansas City Traveler, August 22, 1877.

L. Lippmann has the contract for furnishing 24,000 feet of native lumber for the two Winfield bridges. They are to be completed in sixty or ninety days.

[FORDING ARKANSAS RIVER HARD WORK.]

Arkansas City Traveler, August 22, 1877.

SEVERAL persons attempted to ford the Arkansas River last Sunday, while coming from the basket picnic near Gassoway's. One team stuck in the sand, and the driver, a modest farmer living east of the Walnut, was compelled to take his clothes off in presence of a wagon full of ladies, and get into the water to help the team out. It was rather tough work for the man, but fun for the balance of the company.

[ARTICLE ABOUT PEOPLE COMING TO ARKANSAS CITY.]

Arkansas City Traveler, August 22, 1877.

Still They Come.
The following letter explains itself. It is only one of a half dozen that we receive almost every day. When the railroad bonds are voted, they will be coming in by the thousands.

KINSEY, YELL CO., ARK., August 11, 1877.
Postmaster, Arkansas City:

Dear sir: I thus address you, wishing to know something about your locality. I think I would like your locality. I came from Indiana last spring, to the "Garden of the Southwest," via Arkansas, which I find about as poor as "Job's turkey"would like to leave it. What is land worth with you? Is there any vacant land or claims that can be bought? What kind of land is it there? How is everything?

I am a first-class farmer and school teacheram teaching at present. Am a young man (with wife and child). Please answer my questions, or if you cannot, please hand it to someone who will, and not throw it aside, and you will much oblige ROBERT VESTAL.

Land is worth from $10 to $40 per acre, but is sold at from $2 to $10. There are yet vacant claims to be had by settling upon them, and paying the Government $1.25 per acre under the pre-emption law of Kansas. Everything is lovely here. Good crops, refreshing showers, young fruit trees yielding abundantly, the railroad coming, and we are all fat and happy. Come and see us.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 22, 1877.

Here's Another.
BROMSTORE, IOWA, Aug. 15th, 1877.
P. M., Arkansas City:

DEAR SIR: How many drug stores have you in your town, and are they good ones? Is there business for another good one? Can there be a room rented and a house to live in?

W. W. QUITZLEY.
By reference to the advertising columns of the TRAVELER, you will see that we have three enterprising druggists. But "there is room for millions more" as soon as the railroad reaches us. We have no empty houses, and if you come, you will have to build one, as every other person does.

[PERSONALS.]

Arkansas City Traveler, August 22, 1877.

BUSINESS lively in town Saturday.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 22, 1877.

No. 2 wheat is selling at $1.00 per bushel in Wichita.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 22, 1877.

BUFFALO are within a day's travel of Cheyenne Agency.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 22, 1877.

Choice Arkansas apples are selling in market at $1.50 per bushel.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 22, 1877.

THREE MEN STOLE CHARLES GALLERT'S BOAT and went down the Arkansas River.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 22, 1877.

A very heavy rain fell last Thursday, accompanied by thunder and lightning.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 22, 1877.

The M. E. Church building was damaged by wind or lightning last Thursday.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 22, 1877.

W. S. PACKARD and WILL. GRAY supply the Winfield and Arkansas City markets with grapes.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 22, 1877.

The ferry boat has been moved south of town, to where the bridge formerly was, and it is much easier to get to it.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 22, 1877.

ANOTHER BOAT from Hutchinson is making a trip down the Arkansas. It was anchored at the bridge last Sunday.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 22, 1877.

DIED, of fever, on Friday, August 17th, a child of Mr. and Mrs. James Harmon. Aged three months. It was buried on Saturday.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 22, 1877.

The herd of 400 mules, stopping about seven miles from this place, in the Territory, will move on to Missouri this week. Mr. Steen, of Texas, is the owner.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 22, 1877.

CHARLES CLINE has purchased the barber implements of Thomas Baker and is shaving all who give him a chance. He has had experience and gives a good shave.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 22, 1877.

SHERIFF WALKER and Hon. W. P. Hackney, made us a call last week. They are out for George Walker for Sheriff first, last, all the time, and forever more.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 22, 1877.

A BASKET MEETING was held near Mr. Gassoway's, in Bolton Township, last Sunday, and was generally attended. Mr. Gans and Erwin performed the religious exercises.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 22, 1877.

DANIEL BACON, the man who killed a black snake six feet and ten inches in circumference, according to the Cedar Vale Blade, offers his farm for sale. We don't wonder he wants to leave after telling such a tale.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 22, 1877.

WILTON R. TURNER, a well known surveyor of Leavenworth, committed suicide in this city by taking poison. Cause, poverty.

It is though this is the Will. Turner, formerly of this place, employed on the survey of the Indian Territory.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 22, 1877.

Before a month we shall know whether Cowley County is to have a railroad or not. The election is called for Tuesday, September 18th. Arrange your work so that you can be at the polls on that great day of Cowley's freedom.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 22, 1877.

MR. COLT, of St. Louis, and ED. FENLON, of Leavenworth, were in town Sunday. Mr. Fenlon is an extensive Government freighter and supply contractor, and came here to see about purchasing his flour at this place.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 22, 1877.

A PARTY consisting of Messrs. Sparkman, Condit, and their families were engaged in gathering plums near the Osage Agency week before last when they encountered a "mourning party" of Osages, numbering over fifty warriors, armed with guns, revolvers, knives, and tomahawks. The chief mourners being attracted by the superior physique of Mr. Sparkman, demanded hair, in terms that a smaller man would have found it difficult to refuse. But so strongly impressed was Mr. Sparkman that hair meant hide, and that these poor bereaved people were accustomed to dressing their skins with hair on, that he entered a protest against the rites and ceremonies of such an expensive funeral; whereupon the "big injun" proposed to reduce him to the height of a common man, by going below the ears, for the poll tax must be paid. Happily a compromise was effected by Mr. Sparkman and his son, both contributing of their choicest locks to the solemn occasion.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 22, 1877.

Mr. Daniel Bacon killed a snake last Sunday, which measured six feet and ten inches in circumference. It was a species of the black snake.

The above is taken from the Cedar Vale Blade, published by Sam. Jarvis, formerly of this county. Sam. has been in the newspaper business less than a year, and yet we can hardly believe it when we read the above. We have heard of snake stories and big snakes, but my kingdom, Sam., do have some little regard for the profession of which you are a member; the church you cling to and your posterity in future. Do think it over and for your own sake, our sake, and the sake of Chautauqua County, do take it back, and say you meant in length rather than circumference.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 22, 1877.

KELLOGG & HOYT'S AD. It is hardly necessary to call attention to the advertisement of Kellogg & Hoyt this week, as it is the first thing noticed in opening the paper. This firm has engaged in the manufacturer of medicines, and are now offering fresher, purer, and better remedies than can be purchased anywhere abroad. The sale of their own preparations has been so extensive that they now have to manufacture for themselves. Call in and see them, price them, and try a bottle.

AD HAD ILLUSTRATIONS ALONG WITH COMMENTARY...

#1 MAN WITH SMILE ON HIS FACE:

HOW ARE YOUR BRIDGE BONDS?
We represent above the "audible smile" of some of our Bolton friends over the result of the late election. A bottle of our

PLANT BITTERS,
put up expressly for us, will produce the same "broad grin," they are so pleasant to take. Try them.

Are you troubled with the "ague?" If so, a bottle or two of our

PERUVIAN AGUE CURE
will cure you. At least it would appear so, from these "photographs from life."

#2 MAN READING ITEM SAYING: "I take Kellogg & Hoyt's Peruvian Ague Cure."

#3 MAN WITH DOWNCAST LOOK. CAPTION: "I don't, bad luck to me."

We take great pleasure in presenting to our patrons this admirable preparation for the "chills and fever." Each bottle contains full directions for taking, together with the name and amount of each ingredient. No arsenic, or other deleterious drug. Warranted pure and of full strength. Try it! Only 75 cents a bottle.

#4 LOOKS LIKE A FEMALE WITCH WITH AN UMBRELLA USED AS CANE AND THE FOREFINGER OF HER RIGHT HAND POINTING UPWARDS!

This old lady is evidently in a hurry! Behold her animated countenance! With what eagerness doth she extend her indexical digit! Why is this thusly? Incline thine ear, my friendshe is "going for" a bottle of our new

ANISE SOOTHING DROPS
for the baby. She has learned by experience the inestimable value of the Drops for children. No opium; pleasant to take. Far better than Mrs. Winslow's, and only two- thirds the price. Try, try, try.

Below we give a partial list of our

NEW PREPARATIONS:
Kellogg & Hoyt's Plant Bitters; a pleasant tonic and appetizer.

Santonine Lozenges; a safe and sure Vermifuge.

Peruvian Ague Cure; sure cure for "chills."

Compound Ex't of Buchu.

Blackberry Cordial; for Summer Complaints, etc.

Conc't Ess. Ginger; Stimulant and Carminative.

Ceylon Stove Polish; powdered in boxes ready for use.

Sewing Machine Oil, Strictly pure, only 15 cents a bottle.

Charm of Beauty for the complexion.

Wild Cherry Pectoral wines for Coughs, Colds, etc.

Medicated Soaps,

Co. Syr. Sarsap, and Potassium,

Catarrh Snuff,

Anise Soothing Drops,

Improved Cathartic Pills,

etc., etc., etc.

These preparations are put up only by us, and are warranted pure. Each and every package contains full directions for using, and a formula giving the common name and amount of each drug used in the preparation, so that every person using the medicines knows exactly what he is taking, and can safely rely upon their purity and strength.

In addition to the above, we keep constantly on hand a full line of Drugs, Medicines, Paints, Oils, Glass, Notions, Stationery, School Books, Lamps, Lanterns, Toilet Articles, etc., etc.

Don't forget the place.

"People's Drug Store," opposite City Hotel.

KELLOGG & HOYT, Proprietors.
Arkansas City, Kans., Aug. 1877.

[MORE PERSONALS.]

Arkansas City Traveler, August 22, 1877.

NEW HARNESS SHOP.
The new building just erected by Parker & Campfield, opposite the Central Hotel, was built for Mr. James Dodwell, who the Eldorado Times claimed would never leave the terminus of a railroad to get ahead of a road. Nevertheless, he is here, and this is his property. When he first came here, he was told he could not get a room for his business, but like a true Kansan, he has erected one, and determined to become a citizen among us.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 22, 1877.

The announcement of George Walker, of Vernon Township, for the office of Sheriff, appears in another column. Mr. Walker has acted in the capacity of deputy sheriff for several years, and has a thorough knowledge of the duties of the office. Throughout the county and at his home, he is a very popular man, and will be one of the strongest candidates before the Convention. His brother, "Dick," is the best Sheriff Cowley County ever had, and one of the best in the State.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 22, 1877.

Mr. T. K. Johnson, Chairman of the Republican Central Committee of this county, with his amiable wife, and Mr. S. C. Smith, paid this place a visit last Sunday. Mr. James Simpson, Charles McIntire, Mr. Devere, and Mr. Stewart were also here. Mr. Johnson is fast becoming one of the most popular men of the county.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 22, 1877.

SINCE THE FERRY has been moved from the west to the south of town, many persons, especially those of East Bolton, express themselves well pleased. We crossed on it last Sunday and found that less than half the distance over sand has to be traveled. If an inclined platform was built to the remaining part of the bridge now, it would help it a great deal more.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 22, 1877.

The grading machines of the Kansas City, Emporia & Southern railroad, is at work throwing dirt equivalent to 600 men's labor, and it is coming right along. One of the Directors assures us that we can have the road a year before the contract time if everything moves on harmoniously and without interruption by high water or other drawbacks.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 22, 1877.

NO BARBER.
THOMAS BAKER, our barber, expects to leave for Cincinnati soon, to put himself under the care of the U. S. hospital at that place, where he will receive medical treatment, boarding and clothing at the Government's expense. He has been failing in health very much lately.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 22, 1877.

PAW-NE-NO-PASHA, Governor Joe, of the Big Hill Osages, sends a communication to the Cedar Vale Blade, telling a long tale of how the poor Osages are treated. Ah! Joseph, you are a cunning man, but Agent Beede has charge, and his ways are different from the Agent you partially controlled by fear.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 22, 1877.

C. S. THOMAS, of Winfield, and R. H. Beardslee, late of Waldron, Illinois, are erecting a water power grist mill, with three run of burrs, on the Grouse, near Silverdale. The size of the building is 36 x 40. The gentlemen are experienced millers.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 22, 1877.

If anyone has a reasonable argument against the voting of bonds to the narrow gauge railway, we should like to hear from them. The matter has been be so thoroughly discussed heretofore that we believe a large majority will vote it.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 22, 1877.

INDIANS report the country south of Salt Plains black with buffalo.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 22, 1877.

The Annual Fair of the Lyon County Agricultural Society, will be held on their grounds near this city, from the 4th to the 7th of September, inclusive.

[BUSINESS NOTICES.]

Arkansas City Traveler, August 22, 1877.

$50 LOST. On Saturday, Aug. 18th, between Cleardale and Arkansas City, I lost my pocket-book, containing $53.35, also a note of $30. I will give $10 reward to the party returning the same to this office. FRANK FINNEY, Lawrence, Kas.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 22, 1877.

GUNSMITH. You will find me at C. R. Sipes' store ready at all times to repair guns, sewing machines, door locks, file saws, and will do all kinds of machine work. Have had thirty years experience. JOHN R. BUB.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 22, 1877.

TEACHER WANTED at the Coburn School House, Dist. No. 62; salary 30 to 35 dollars per month for 6 months. Apply immediately to Abe Mann or R. Rector, near Grouse Creek.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 22, 1877.

NOTICE. All parties knowing themselves indebted to the old Democrat firm for subscription or advertising, will please call immediately at Hackney & McDonald's Law Office and settle up, and thereby save cost and trouble. I need the money and must have it.

C. M. McINTIRE.
Arkansas City Traveler, August 22, 1877.

SECOND HAND two seated spring wagon for sale. Inquire of J. C. McMULLEN.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 22, 1877.

LAND FOR NOTHING. 80 acres 2½ miles south of Arkansas City, 12 acres broke, living water the year round; for $225, part on time. Inquire of A. Nelson.

[ANNOUNCEMENTS.]

Arkansas City Traveler, August 22, 1877.

Sheriff.
I hereby announce myself a candidate for Sheriff, subject to the decision of the Republican County Convention. S. W. CHASE.

Sheriff.
I hereby announce myself as a candidate for the office of Sheriff of Cowley County, subject to the decision of the Republican Nominating Convention, the action of which I expect to cheerfully abide. LEON LIPPMANN.

Sheriff.
I hereby announce myself as a candidate for the office of Sheriff of Cowley County, subject to the decision of the Republican convention, and ask a fair and impartial consideration at the hands of the people. A. T. SHENNEMAN, Vernon Township.

To the Republicans of Cowley Co.
I am a candidate for the office of Sheriff of this county, and shall submit my name to the Republican Convention to be held on the 22nd day of September. Some of my opponents have circulated a report that I am a Democrat. I have always been a Republican and voted the Republican ticket. I shall abide the decision of the Republican Convention, and support its nominees. GEORGE L. WALKER.

[MORE PERSONALS.]

Arkansas City Traveler, August 22, 1877.

The bell for the schoolhouse was brought in on Monday morning, just in time to ring for the defeat of the Bolton bridge proposition. It cost $120 and weighs 309 pounds. Arkansas City now has three bells.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 22, 1877.

WHEAT. DAVID BRIGHT left us some very fine looking wheat raised by himself on his farm on the Arkansas. It does not weigh as heavy as it should however. One pint weighed three-quarters of a pound.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 22, 1877.

MR. SKINNER was in town yesterday worrying candidates.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 22, 1877.

REMEMBER the 18th of next month, and vote for a railroad into Cowley County.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 22, 1877.

We are indebted to James M. Sample for the returns of the bridge bond election in Bolton Township.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 22, 1877.

BUB has opened a gunsmith's shop in with C. R. Sipes, and will repair all the shooting irons left with him.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 22, 1877.

We have been complimented with a ticket to the Neosho Valley District Fair, to be held at Neosho Falls, Sept. 24th to 28th.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 22, 1877.

The businessmen of the west side of Central Avenue have challenged the east side to play a game of base ball on Thursday, tomorrow.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 22, 1877.

NEW harness shop, new gunsmith shop, and a medicine manufactory all started in Arkansas City within the last week. The railroad is coming and everybody is getting ready for it.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 22, 1877.

$50 LOST. FRANK FINNEY, traveling for Himoe & Co., of Lawrence, lost his pocket book containing $53 in money and a note of $30, between Cleardale post office in Sumner County, and Arkansas City, on Saturday last.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 22, 1877.

RIDING WILD PONIES continues to afford considerable amusement for our citizens. We noticed a black spot in the clouds yesterday morning, and afterwards heard a heavy thump on the ground. A rush was made to the spot and the substance proved to be an American citizen of African descent who had mounted a pony.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 22, 1877.

CHARLEY COOMBS, who has been employed in this office for the past two years, took his departure for Maine this morning, for the purpose of attending school for one year. Charley has been a faithful hand with us, and learned "the art of all arts" very rapidly for one so young. After his school term, he expects to come back and finish his apprenticeship.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 22, 1877.

A. T. SHENNEMAN made us a call yesterday and left his announcement as a candidate for sheriff with us. Among the many candidates for the office, a good sheriff should be chosen. If Mr. Shenneman is the choice of the Nominating Convention, we shall take great pleasure in doing our best for him, as we know him to be a worthy man and believe he would be a true and faithful officer.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 22, 1877.

LAMP BURST.
Early Monday evening, Mr. Gates went to the door of Channell's hardware store for the purpose of buying something, and found the door locked and the inside of the store in flames. While it was being talked over how they could get in, T. H. McLaughlin came to the rescue, and planting himself back on his patent leg, gave such a kick that would shame a mule, and sent the whole pane of glass in the door in a thousand and one pieces. This made an opening large enough to get in and out of very easily, and in a few minutes the lamps were lowered and carried out, and the flames smothered. The cause of the disaster was from a lamp bursting. The only damage done was the breaking of the lamp and scorching of a plow handle and the floor. The oil from the lamp had spread over the floor, and had it not been discovered soon after, the building would have been endangered. Only a few persons were present at the time, but among them we noticed two or three candidates.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 22, 1877.

Caught at Last.
For some time past there has been a nest of petty thieves roosting in the neighborhood of Guelph, in Sumner County. A number of articles of small value have been missing, but none could find out where they went, or who took them; but circumstances pointed to three young men who have been working around among the farmers.

On last Wednesday George Richey, Martin Richey, and Silas McQuiston were arrested and brought before Squire Gilmore on Friday, for stealing a wagon sheet and pair of check lines, the property of Alfred Hurst. George Richey was found guilty, and fined $5.00 and costs of suit, amounting to $54.00. In default of payment he was committed to jail and sent to Wellington.

His brother, Martin, and comrade, Silas McQuiston, asked a continuance for ten days, but failing to obtain bail for their appearance, they were sent up to Wellington to keep George company.

One of the principal witnesses against the Richey brothers (not the hotel keepers) was an old chum of the Richey's, but he squealed on them. George Richey swears vengeance against him. He says that he did steal the articles, and others, but that the witness, Gordon, hid them; that he is as deep in the mud as they are in the mire. It is an old saying that when rogues fall out, honest people generally find their own. But Hurst did not find it true in this case. He did not find his wagon sheet.

Another young gentleman was also arrested, Maguis Kelso, for being a participant in the affair, but he slipped his head out of the noose of the law, and went to find his brother, the millionaire of Chicago, who used to sling hash at the Central Avenue and write sensational articles for this paper.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 29, 1877 - Front Page.

COMMUNICATED.
Something to Think About.
Citizens of Cowley County, on the 18th of September you will be called upon to accept or reject the proposition to vote $120,000 in county bonds to the Kansas City, Emporia and Southern Narrow-Gauge Railroad.

The great question with Kansas men when asked to undertake any proposition, and a pertinent one it is too: Will it pay? This is the principle that should govern your action in accepting or rejecting the proposition that will be presented to you on the 18th day of September. It is an enterprise that has for its object the noblest aim that can animate patriotic and christian men,The public goodThe development of our country's resources and prosperity,The happiness and comfort of our fellow men.

Over six thousand years ago, on the flowery banks of the river Euphrates, in the Old World, the command of Heaven was given, "Be ye fruitful and multiply; bring forth abundantly in the earth and multiply therein." Since that day until this, man has been engaged in developing the powers of earth and her capacity to bring forth abundantly for the comfort and convenience of man. The same power that gave this command, has also said: "I have given you every herb bearing seed which is upon the face of all the earth, and every tree in which is the fruit of a tree yielding seed to you shall be for meat." That is, it shall be your staff support and sustenance on the earth.

In sustaining this enterprise, in voting for these bonds, you are not only carrying out the decrees of Heaven, but you are developing the resources and material prosperity of our common country; increasing the comfort and convenience of yourselves and neighbors. In voting for these bonds you are not injuring any other locality, but simply building up your own and your neighbors' fortunes.

Cowley County is a distinct organization and must act through the joint body of her electors as one man.

The proposition submitted to you is a fair and honest one, doing the greatest good to the greatest number.

Our county is 34½ miles from east to west and 33 miles from north to south.

The aggregate wealth of our county is $1,962,078.25. Of that wealth $1,502,868 lays in the three west ranges of townships through which this road is to run, so that no man in either of these three ranges can possibly be more than nine miles from a railroad. About the same proportion of the population of our county lies in these three western ranges of townships, so that if that portion will be most benefitted, it will also have the most to pay. As 4 to 1 of the population and valuation of our county is embraced within these western townships, or in the Walnut valley, how can injustice be done to anyone by voting these bonds?

But, says the prudent, cautious calculator, "Will the benefit accruing to the people of the county by the construction of this road be more than counterbalanced by the outlay?" This is a very proper inquiry and one that should receive due consideration from every man before depositing his vote on the proposition.

To what extent will the grain raiser of the Walnut valley be benefitted by the construction of the Kansas City, Emporia and Southern Railroad?

One source of profit, and the greatest one to the farmer, will be a home market for all his surplus produce, with the cash in his fist, a commodity that he rarely handles now.

The price of the wheat crop will be considerably enhanced by reason of the great reduction of freights which will inevitably follow the construction of this road and the consequent destruction of the oppressive monopoly now enjoyed by the A. T. & S. F. R. R.

The increase of wealth and population that follow all such enterprises will have its effect here as elsewhere; the impetus to business; the advance in value of your present property, all demand that you should not throw away the present golden opportunity. "Strike while the iron's hot!" "Make hay while the sun shines!" Homely adages, but none the less true.

Vote for the bonds and you will have the road with all its advantages. . . .

JAMES CHRISTIAN.
[COMMUNICATION RE WINFIELD FROM "J. O. WILKINSON."]

Arkansas City Traveler, August 29, 1877. Front Page.

WINFIELD, KANSAS, AUGUST 20, 1877.
Winfield is a lively place just now. It seems like an old townhas stereotyped ways

like an old place in the East. It is growing quite rapidly considering the hard times. Several buildings are in course of construction at this date.

There are upwards of seventy teachers attending the Teachers Institute. Of all the steps that have been taken for the benefit of our school system, none have done so much good to awaken a general interest in the schools, as the Teacher's Normal Institute, now an established thing in every county of the State. A unionat these institutesof all the teachers of the county, takes place; an interchange of ideas, a knowledge of the system by which different teachers govern the school over which they preside, is obtained by each member of the Institute. . . . J. O. WILKINSON.

[BEGINNINGS OF THE TRAVELER IN ARKANSAS CITY.]

Arkansas City Traveler, August 29, 1877.

Seven years ago last Wednesday, we sent forth the first number of the Arkansas City TRAVELER from the roofless shanty on the corner where Newman's two story brick now stands.

There were few men on the border then compared to those here now, yet every day we look from our door, we can see some of the old residents walking the street. The change is wonderful, and makes it seem as though we had lived a half century.

No farming country in the world ever settled more rapidly, and none ever accomplished more in the same length of time. While we have enjoyed, in the settlement of one new country, we do not have the desire to experience another. The future of Cowley County is almost decided, and that future is one of promised wealth and glory.

[COMMENTS BY SCOTT ABOUT RAILROAD, SURVEYORS.]

Arkansas City Traveler, August 29, 1877.

In conversation with a farmer who has always opposed bonds the other day, to our surprise he said, "I intend to support the narrow gauge proposition because it is the only thing we can do to get a market. I am opposed to the principle, but we cannot do otherwise in the situation we are now in."

The gentleman referred to is one of the leading farmers of Beaver Township; an intelligent man, and one who has considerable influence throughout the county. His name is Lucius Walton.

A few months ago we argued for three solid hours with him on the necessity of paying a road to come into this county, but he did not believe the principle was a good or safe one.

If a railroad would pay from the time it was built into the county, then we would say they should come without asking us to bond ourselves to give them $120,000. But it is doubtful if it will pay the first year. If crops should fail, it certainly would not. There is a risk in building the road. Capital is always timid and has to have great inducements.

If we wait long enough, we might get a railroad for nothing, but will it pay us to wait when the expense of hauling our grain every year would amount to as much as the sum asked to build us a road? Then we have the road to tax to help pay for the bonds, and the amount of property would reduce instead of increasing our tax. It is not worthwhile to introduce figures here to prove these assertions for they have been made and proven time and again in the columns of this paper. We do not know how we can better illustrate the principle of paying a road to come into the county than by referring to the remarks of our friends about seven years ago when the survey of the Osage Diminished Reserve was being made.

Almost every man had "picked his claim" and was ready to make his improvements on it, but was afraid to do very much for fear when the lines were run, he might be cut off from his land. The surveyors were here, but declared their intentions to survey other portions of the Reserve unless they could have a bonus of $50 for surveying the township. We denounced the proposition as a swindle and did what we could to prevent the paying of the money until we were convinced by a friend that it would be best for us in time. He said: "I want to do my plowing and put up a fence. These men are not compelled to complete the survey for nearly a year, and can hold us back for that length of time. We have found by paying $2 each, we can easily raise the money, and in a few days we can go to work. I don't believe it is right, but I would rather give $10 or $25 than be held back a year with my work."

We saw that we were in the power of the men and that there was no immediate remedy, and concluded, rather than work an injustice to our friends and neighbors we would favor the paying of $50 to have the land surveyed after the Government had already contracted to pay it.

So it is with us at this day!

We are in the power of one railroad and that fifty miles distant. It costs us more to get the grain to the railroad than it does to get it from the depot to the market, if we had a depot here in our own county. Taking the matter just as it stands, it will undoubtedly be best to pay for it now than to wait ten or fifteen years and get it for nothing. All over the county men who opposed the voting of bonds now agree that it is the only thing we can do under the existing circumstances.

[ITEMS FROM THE COURIER.]

Arkansas City Traveler, August 29, 1877.

Sid Major and wife visited friends in the vicinity of Arkansas City during last week.

The school board has taken a lease of the basement of the Presbyterian church for two years.

Mr. D. A. Millington lectured before the teachers and citizens at the Court House on Friday last. Subject: Prairie and Forest Fires.

Hotel arrivals, in this city, for the week ending August 22, 1877, number as follows: Central, 51; City, 46.

A game of base ball is to be played five miles west of this city on Saturday, September 1st, between the Grasshoppers, of Vernon, and the Modocs, of Belle Plaine.

A picnic will be given in Marshal's grove, on the Arkansas River, in this county, on Friday, August 31st, by the Aurora Sunday School, of Vernon Township. All are invited.

The Courier Company is composed of D. A. Millington, James Kelly, and A. B. Lemmon, who will jointly edit and conduct the business of the Courier. Job work, subscriptions, and advertisements are respectfully solicited.

Harter, Harter & Co. have taken a contract to supply the Cheyennes, Comanches, and Wichita Indians with flour. This will make a home market for a large quantity of wheat and save a large amount of hauling to Wichita.

There is to be a meeting at the Vernon Central schoolhouse, in Vernon Township, on Saturday evening, August 25th, to form a secret organization for protection against horse thieves. If the originators of the movement desire secrecy, they must not tell it to a Courier man.

Our Cowley County readers in going to Independence should take the back line at this place and go by Sedan and thence to Independence by daily stage. At Sedan they will find good hotel accommodation at the Great Western, kept by a Cowley County man, Capt. H. W. Stubblefield.

The new Presbyterian Church will be dedicated on the 3rd Sunday in September if nothing occurs to prevent. President Anderson, of the Agricultural College at Manhattan, is expected to be present and take part in the exercises. The dedicators intend to raise the funds to supply the deficiency by private subscription before the day of dedication.

ALMOST A RUNAWAY. Last Sunday afternoon as a gentleman and lady from Arkansas City were leaving the hotel in a buggy, one of the horses began kicking and trying to run. Several men endeavored to stop them but without success, until John H. Rearick boldly ran in, caught the unruly one by the bridle, and brought them to a full stop. Mr. Rearick certainly deserves a great credit for averting what would undoubt edly have been a serious affair.

Mr. Daniel Read, who lives on upland prairie land, in Tisdale Township, two and one half miles west of New Salem schoolhouse, has a farm and an experience in Cowley County that shows what an energetic man can do. He settled there six years ago. Two years ago he became a little discouraged and went to California for a new location. He thought that no improvement on this county and in seven months was back on his place in this county. He has 820 eight-year-old bearing apple trees, 850 bearing peach trees, many of them the choicest varieties, one acre of blackberries, three acres of cottonwood trees, 1,800 in all, some of them thirty feet high. This grove he uses for a hog and stock lot, and it contains a large artificial pond of water. He has sixty acres of fine corn and raised this year considerable other crops. Twenty months ago, on his return from California, he purchased a six-months old pig for $3.50 and from that start in hogs, he now has seven brood sows and altogether thirty hogs, and has twenty five dollars worth besides. He is now selling peaches from his orchard and has had ripe peaches for four weeks. He has been in twenty-one different States of the Union and considers this section the best country for a man of moderate means that he ever saw. Some specimens of Early Amburge peaches from his orchard are before us as we write.

[PERSONALS.]

Arkansas City Traveler, August 29, 1877.

SWEET POTATOES in market.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 29, 1877.

PLENTY of Texas ponies in town for sale.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 29, 1877.

OSAGE INDIANS won't eat fish prepared in any manner.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 29, 1877.

WILD PLUMS are selling for $1.75 per bushel in Emporia.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 29, 1877.

MR. HYDE is doing the carpenter work of the M. E. Church.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 29, 1877.

Mr. S. B. Adams has charge of M. S. Faris' store during the latter's absence.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 29, 1877.

Hon. C. R. Mitchell has returned from Illinois, where he has been on legal business.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 29, 1877.

CHARLEY BLACK and Chas. Eagin were admitted to the bar of Cowley County, on Monday.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 29, 1877.

JOHN PREWITT is not expected to live long, as he is in continual suffering from a cancer on his lip and face.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 29, 1877.

MR. HAWKINS, of Silverdale Township, found a harrow at one of his neighbor's that he lost three years ago.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 29, 1877.

There is considerable demand for young cattle at this place. Many farmers are gradually accumulating stock.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 29, 1877.

The suit of Gallotti vs. Hill was compromised, and Mr. and Mrs. Gallotti have returned to their home together.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 29, 1877.

A ferry boat is to be placed on the Arkansas east of Salt City. Wm. Berkey has the contract for constructing it.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 29, 1877.

CAPT. HUNT and H. Evans, of Winfield, were at this place last week. Capt. Hunt is a candidate for the office of County Clerk.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 29, 1877.

We were presented with some choice peaches and grapes a few days since, the product of Mr. Shuster's orchard. Four of the peaches weighed one pound, lacking two ounces.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 29, 1877.

HORSE THIEF CAUGHT.
On Friday night of last week, W. L. Han, living on Grouse Creek, fourteen miles from the mouth, brought into this place one Thomas Conkhite, whom he had pursued and arrested for stealing a dark bay horse from his herd. The horse was taken by Conkhite while the owner was at dinner, and ridden to South Haven, where his father lives. As soon as Mr. Han found his horse missing, he followed the thief, and came upon him on the prairie near South Haven. When Conkhite saw Han, he started his horse on a run. Han rode the best horse, and soon came within shooting distance, and fired two shots. Conkhite then threw up his hands and cried: "I'll surrender; for God's sake, don't shoot me!" He was then brought into town and tried before Judge Christian, who bound him over in the sum of $300 and gave him in charge of Wm. Gray, the city marshal. Mr. Gray handcuffed him and kept him until three o'clock in the morning, when he deputized Mr. Han to watch him until daylight. Mr. Han went to sleep, and the prisoner ran to the Arkansas River, got on the ferry boat, and took it across. Just as he landed, he met a man with a team, whom he asked to cut off the handcuffs. The man worked at them awhile, and then drove on to town and told of the occurrence. Several persons started in pursuit, but could not find him. Before long he went to John Linton's house in Bolton Township, and told him he had escaped from the officer in town, where he had been arrested for being drunk. Mr. Linton told him if that was the case, he guessed he would take charge of him, and brought him back. Mr. Linton's courage is commendable, especially so since he has to use a crutch, to get along. After the arrival of Conkhite, he was taken to Winfield, and confined in the county jail to await his trial.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 29, 1877.

SCHOOL.
By reference to the ad in this issue, it will be seen that the first term of school this fall will begin September 10th, and continues fifteen weeks. Then a vacation of two weeks will be given, and the second term of thirteen weeks will follow, and then the third term of twelve weeks. The term of tuition for pupils whose parents or guardians reside out of the school district is one dollar per month.

Board and rooms can be procured at the hotels for $5 per week, and at private houses for from $2.50 to $3.50, or rooms can be rented and parties board themselves very reasonable. Many teachers of this county have attended this school. Farmers and others who have no high schools near home cannot do better than to send their children to this place.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 29, 1877.

The following is the score of the game of base ball played August 23rd, between the east and west sides of Summit Street.

AM LISTING NAMES ONLY ACCORDING TO EAST AND WEST SIDES.

EAST SIDE.

R. HOUGHTON

C. CLINE

J. SHERBURNE

A. NEWMAN

GEO. ALLEN

J. LEONARD

F. SWARTS

J. CLARK

A. M. JOHNSON

WEST SIDE.

J. KRONERT

A. DAVIS

WILL MOWRY

H. WARD

H. BACON

W. ALEXANDER

ED. HORN

WILL PEED

P. WOODYARD

Note: East Side Won25 to 20.

UMPIRE: R. C. HAYWOOD.

[BUSINESS NOTICES.]

Arkansas City Traveler, August 29, 1877.

A RICH TREAT, Mrs. Russell on Friday evening.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 29, 1877.

SHEEP FOR SALE. 1,200 ewes and good lambs; good healthy sheep, in a good order; thoroughly acclimated; were wintered on the range without receiving feed of any kind. Will be sold cheap to parties wishing to buy the entire lot. Address Wilson Purdy, Hutchinson, Reno County, Kansas. Care of G. Barrett.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 29, 1877.

I WILL TRADE one bushel of peaches for one bushel of good wheat. E. Bowen; 2½ miles southwest of the Arkansas River bridge.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 29, 1877.

FORTY TEAMS, with about ninety Cheyenne Indians, are expected at this place every day, after 20,000 pounds of flour for their Agency. They are paid by the Government to do their own freighting. As this is an experiment, it will be watched with considerable anxiety by Agent Miles and his friends.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 29, 1877.

ARRIVALS. Mrs. W. W. McKnight, Miss Sarah A. McKnight, Mrs. Dr. Tidrick (sister of Mrs. Bird), Mrs. Brown (sister of Mrs. Abrams, of Beaver Township), all from Winterset, Iowa, are visiting friends at this place.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 29, 1877.

We have been requested to state that the Republican primary meeting to elect delegates to the county convention, in Silverdale Township, will be held at Esquire Butterfield's house, on Saturday, September 15th.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 29, 1877.

REGISTRAR.
The announcement of Mr. I. H. Bonsall to become a candidate for the Office of Registrar of this county appears this week.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 29, 1877.

MARRIED. August 19th, 1877, at the residence of the bride's parents, near Emporia, Mr. Thos. Gilbert, of Kaw Agency, Indian Territory, and Miss Anna Thompson of Emporia. Mrs. Gilbert has a large circle of acquaintances, all of whom unite in wishing the happy couple future prosperity and happiness. Emporia News.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 29, 1877.

M. E. PEACHES. The Methodist Episcopal Society will give a peach festival at Pearson's Hall on Wednesday evening, Sept. 12th. The proceeds will be applied to further completion of the new church.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 29, 1877.

DELL COBURN, now living in Indiana with his mother, came out on the excursion to Kinsley and down to this place this week. It has been about three years since he left Grouse Creek. They give excursion tickets from Indiana to Kinsley and return, good for thirty days, for $26.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 29, 1877.

KENDALL SMITH had a narrow escape from an accident last Sunday. As he was driving down the steep hill opposite the Walnut, with a lady in the carriage, the pole strap of the buggy broke. He held the horses, however, until he could jump out and unhitch them.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 29, 1877.

SHOT. L. L. HILTON accidentally shot himself in the cap of the knee while cleaning a revolver last Sunday. After striking the knee, the ball glanced and struck the stove, and glanced again and hit one of his children on the toe.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 29, 1877.

The ladies of the U. P. Society will give a festival at their church Tuesday evening, September 4th. Peaches, ice cream, and other refreshments will be served, a good time is promised, and everybody is cordially invited.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 29, 1877.

Prof. Norton, in writing to the Emporia News, says that on the narrow gauge railway from San Jose to Monterey, in California, he met Mr. Austin, formerly a neighbor in Arkansas City, acting as conductor of the road.

[HUNTING ON INDIAN SOIL.]

Arkansas City Traveler, September 5, 1877 - Front Page.

Hunting on Indian Soil.
Now that the prairie chicken season has fairly commenced, and hundreds are on "the shoot," we direct the attention of those interested, to the following section of the Intercourse Law.

"Section 8. And be it further enacted, That if any person, other than an Indian, shall, within the limits of any tribe with whom the United States shall have existing treaties, hunt, or trap, or take and destroy any peltries, or game, except for subsistence, in the Indian country. such persons shall forfeit the sum of five hundred dollars, and forfeit all the traps, guns, and ammunition in his possession, used or procured to be used for the purpose, and peltries be so taken."

We have been informed that hunting parties from the States carry off wagon loads of hogs, burn fences and prairies, and otherwise damage citizens, and now that they know the law, each party can act as they see proper. It is for the U. S. Agent and U. S. Marshal to protect citizens.

[CATFISH SOLD IN WINFIELD.]

Arkansas City Traveler, September 5, 1877.

SHIELDS AND PARR took a load of dressed catfish to Winfield last Thursday and sold them for five cents per pound.

[COMMUNICATION FROM "LITTLE DUTCH"WINFIELD.]

Arkansas City Traveler, September 5, 1877.

I thought a line from the hub would not be amiss. Court is now in fair running order. Judge, lawyers, clerks, sheriff, and reporters all had a good time on Monday night, drinking the health of C. C. Black, who was admitted to the bar that day, and at night invited others to a much more acceptable bar.

I notice a number of foreign gentlemen present in court this termAdams of Wichita, Redden of El Dorado, Christian, Mitchell, and Kager of the Sand Hills, George and Willsey of Sumner, and perhaps others that I did not know. Our own lawyers were out in force, and I believe we have nineteen or twenty of them, and five more admitted this termCharley Black and Charley Eagin on examination, and O. Coldwell, N. C. Coldwell, and John T. Mackey on certificate. If Cowley is not well regulated, it will not be for the want of lawyers. We have one to every 35 persons in the countynot a bad showing.

Well, Judge Campbell is shoving things right along. Two horse thieves already provided with a home on the Big Muddy. The Hill and Gallotti case was settled before coming into court, Hill taking the child and Frank the motheran equal division of the property. It is said Hill pays $500 for his little joke of false warrantee of the article recommended. Since the settlement, the child has died, leaving all parties disconsolate.

A number of jury trials were had, but general satisfaction was not given. Your townsman, lawyer Kager, got scooped by an American citizen of undoubted African descent. I thought Kager in the place of poor dog Trayhis associations beat him.

The case of Mrs. Renfro against her father-in-law, James Renfro, came out victorious. Juries have a wonderful leaning to young widows. You had better been more generous, James.

Our town is still going ahead. Several new buildings going up: candidates as thick as ever. Shenneman is the best looking man on the track, but Troup wears the best clothes; old Tom Bryan has the most belly and stomach, and is the surest to win; Kinne don't say much, but he has lots of friends, and I should not be astonished if he makes the riffle much easier than last time. A good many are running just for the fun of the thingdon't expect to be nominated, but want to get acquainted in the hope that the lightning might strike them in the future. Our Bill is still slashing around, supporting the hand that furnishes the supplies.

LITTLE DUTCH.
[COMMUNICATION FROM OSAGE AGENCY.]

Arkansas City Traveler, September 5, 1877.

By a letter from Osage Agency, we learn that Agent Beede will probably be back in October, as his health is somewhat improved. The Osages are at present busy putting up hay; the employees cut and rake it, so that the Indians can stack it. Hiatt & Florer are paying good prices in cash for wheat. The first issue of beef cattle on the new contract have been deliv ered, and the Indians are enjoying "fresh roast on a stick."

[PERSONALS.]

Arkansas City Traveler, September 5, 1877.

Grapes, ten cents per pound.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 5, 1877.

Missouri apples, $2 per bushel.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 5, 1877.

Oats from fifteen to twenty cents.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 5, 1877.

More Texas ponies in town Monday.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 5, 1877.

The Walnut has been very low lately.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 5, 1877.

Hay $2.50 and $3 per ton delivered in town.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 5, 1877.

Seed wheat has been offered at 75 cents per bushel.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 5, 1877.

We made the first fire to warm the office last Monday.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 5, 1877.

We understand Mr. John Pruitt is getting along very well.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 5, 1877.

Five wagons loaded with immigrants were in town Monday.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 5, 1877.

Seven pupils from Kaw Agency will attend school at this place.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 5, 1877.

Mathias Hoyt has been appointed postmaster at Dexter.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 5, 1877.

One man sold a load of wheat in Wichita last week for fifty-seven cents per bushel.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 5, 1877.

A collection was taken at the First Church last Sunday for the starving heathen in India.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 5, 1877.

L. C. Wood and family have removed to Wichita. Mr. Wood will engage in the livery business.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 5, 1877.

Mr. Marques, of Denver, is visiting his relatives at this place. He is a brother-in-law of Col. McMullen.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 5, 1877.

It costs fifty cents per hundred pounds to have goods hauled from Wichita to this place, a distance of fifty miles.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 5, 1877.

Thomas Baker, who started for the U. S. Hospital at Cincinnati, Ohio, concluded to try the prescribing of a Winfield doctor.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 5, 1877.

The Sheriff of Montgomery County came over to the county seat after the horse thief prisoner lately captured by Sheriff Walker.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 5, 1877.

In plowing some sod last week, Rudolph Hoffmaster turned up a nest of sixteen young rattlesnakes about ten inches in length.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 5, 1877.

The barber shop has changed hands again. Charles Cline goes to Garnett, Kansas, and Mr. Bryant will conduct the business.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 5, 1877.

While the men engaged in building the middle pier of the Walnut River bridge were hoisting stone last week, one of the guy ropes broke and let the derrick fall. As it struck the pier, the wheel caught the arm of Richard Work, a colored man generally known as "Tobe," and cut it severely. Tobe was knocked off the pier into the river, and did not come to the surface for some time.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 5, 1877.

Mr. E. P. Kinne has announced as a candidate for the office of Registrar. His record during the past two years is one thing he can point to with pride, and will cause him to be remembered by many.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 5, 1877.

CHANGE. R. A. HOUGHTON sold his interest in the grocery store to M. E. Welch last week. The firm will be Mantor & Welch, who will continue to give bargains in groceries, queensware, etc. R. A. Houghton will open a clothing house in the two-story building recently moved to Summit street opposite the Traveler office in the spring.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 5, 1877.

Thomas Gilbert, of Kaw Agency, and Mr. Stubbs, of Sterling, Kansas, arrived at this place Saturday evening. Mr. Gilbert's wife will join him in a few weeks. Mr. Stubbs is to take charge of the schools at the Agency.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 5, 1877.

TEN new subscribers within the past week. Come right along, friends. We want to raise our list to one thousand subscribers, and will give you a good paper. We now have seven hundred and fifty subscribers.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 5, 1877.

MARRIED. By Esq. Ketcham, in Cowley County, Aug. 15th, Mr. Mark Phillip and Mrs. Millie Alfont. Blade.

[BUSINESS NOTICES.]

Arkansas City Traveler, September 5, 1877.

250 head of stock hogs for sale, or will trade for wheat. A. A. Newman.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 5, 1877.

FOR SALE CHEAP! I have five yoke of good work cattleyokes, chains, plows, and wagonswhich I will sell very low for cash, or will take part trade and balance cash.

W. M. ALLISON, Winfield.
Arkansas City Traveler, September 5, 1877.

HORSES FOR SALE. One span of brown mares, 7 years old; good work animals. $100. One span of sorrel driving mares, three years old. $80. One gray work mare, $40. One roan saddle pony, $40. One sorrel saddle pony, $30. One gray saddle pony, $20.

C. M. SCOTT, Arkansas City.
Arkansas City Traveler, September 5, 1877.

Robert F. Scott, of Cadiz, Ohio, has invented and patented a heel plate to prevent slipping on icy sidewalks. They are being manufactured in Newark, New Jersey, and will be offered to the hardware trade generally this winter.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 5, 1877.

[Note: Many articles very hard to read in this issue: had to skip some as they were illegible. Skipped items in this issue and the next as they all pertained to narrow gauge railroads.]

Arkansas City Traveler, September 12, 1877.

Curious and Instructive.
Cowley County Supplying Europe with Plants.
For some time past quite a number of packages containing plants have been deposited in the post office, addressed to parties in the Middle and Far Eastern Statessome of them small, weighing from three to ten ounces; while others were cigar boxes, slightly moist, and marked "plants only," weighing from two to three pounds. On inquiring we found that our little town has become all at once, not yet what it soon will be, a prominent point for shipping cattle; but, mirabile dictua botanical shipping point for the United States and Europe!

The following facts are not only curious, but instructive, showing what, in a peculiar way, the superior intelligence of a single citizen may do for a community.

Mr. James Wilson.
Sometime last spring Mr. James Wilson moved from Leavenworth to Arkansas City, and being deeply imbued with a love for the beautiful, and withal a botanist, he very soon found his way into the heavily timbered bottom land of the Walnut Valley, and through the canyons that skirt the Walnut and Arkansas rivers on either side of Arkansas City and southward down to the Indian Territory. In one of his rambles, he was delighted to find a fern that for nearly twelve years he had been looking for in Kansas, but had never found it until then. Being a very rare plant, and quite a desideratum among botanists, he wrote to the Botanical Gazette and his botanical correspondents that he had at last found Nothalaena dealbata in great abundance, and in due time, when the plants were fully matured, could supply them with dried specimens or living plants in quantity.

The result thus far has been about forty applications, and the packages spoken of above are responses to the eager inquiries for the rare and delicately beautiful botanical pet. He has sent specimens to the great American botanist, Dr. Asa Gray, and is supplying the Botanical Garden at Cambridge, Massachusetts, of which Charles A. Sargent, Esq., is director, who in turn is supplying the botanical gardens of Europe, with the directors of which he is in constant correspondence. Thus the name of our pretty little townperhaps the most attractive in all the wide range of this beautiful New Westis scattered over the United States and Europe, for in every herbarium, botanical garden, and private fernery in which this little plant is placed, "Canyons near Arkansas City, Cowley County, Kansas," is mentioned as its habitat.

So these facts are not only curious, but instructive. Curious that away down here in the "ends of the earth," we should have hid away in our rocky canyons something that scientific men of every nation are anxious to have, and can but rarely get a glimpse of; and instructive in this, that even active businessmen may so improve their leisure hours as to have at least a smattering of science, and thus be prepared tp pick up a treasure that otherwise might have been unnoticed and unenjoyed by thousands who are now (in fern garden and herbarium) watching its growth, admiring its beauty, and studying its structure for the first time.

Mr. Wilson expresses himself as highly delighted with Southern Kansas, and hopes he may have some more lucky "finds" in his wanderings through the lonely canyons and wide- spreading prairies of this beautiful new country. He has traveled extensively in Europe and America, and says he has never breathed a more balmy, bracing atmosphere than this, or looked upon a more lovely country than the "goodly land" we live in, and has come to the conclusion to spend the balance of his life here, and give some of his spare time to working up the flora of Cowley County. We would be glad to hear that, in his rambles among the creeks and canyons, he has kicked his toe against a coal bank, and thus bring "to light" a geological as well as a botanical treasure.

[PERSONALS.]

Arkansas City Traveler, September 12, 1877.

SCHOOL commenced on Monday.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 12, 1877.

A game of base ball is played every week now.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 12, 1877.

Base ball game tomorrow afternoon, at the park near the schoolhouse.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 12, 1877.

We understand the primary to elect delegates in Bolton Township will be held at Bland's schoolhouse.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 12, 1877.

WM. BERKEY, the Salt City merchant, was in town last week to see his friends. He reports travel across the new ferry is increasing.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 12, 1877.

MARRIED, on Saturday afternoon at the bride's brothers, by Rev. Fleming, Mr. John Roe and Miss Lizzie Brown, all of Bolton Township.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 12, 1877.

REV. SWARTS has been regularly appointed to fill the place of Rev. Wingar at this place, and will preach regularly at Pearson's Hall every Sunday.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 12, 1877.

MR. THOMAS PARVIN wishes to return thanks to the parties that stole fifty bushels of wheat from him, last Saturday night, for leaving him their scoop shovel.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 12, 1877.

A railroad meeting is to be held at Theaker's schoolhouse in Bolton Township tonight, and one at Stony Point school house, in East Bolton, Friday night.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 12, 1877.

SOUTH BEND, DAKOTA TERRITORY, September 2, 1877.
DIED. Of heart disease, on the 2nd day of September, 1877, Mr. N. C. McCullough, of Winfield, Kansas. T. A. BLANCHARD.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 12, 1877.

BASE BALL. An enthusiastic meeting was held Monday afternoon at Pearson's Hall, for the purpose of organizing a base ball association.

The following officers were elected.

Manager: J. H. Sherburne.

Secretary and Treasurer: H. M. Bacon.

Directors: Rev. S. B. Fleming; A. A. Newman; R. C. Haywood; A. W. Berkey; L. P. Woodyard; Will Mowry.

At a meeting of the directors in the evening, a nine was selected which will play Thursday afternoon at 2 o'clock, against the best second nine that can be collected.

A lively game is anticipated, and a general attendance desired. At the close of the game, the association will meet for the transaction of important business, when an opportunity for joining the same will be offered.

It is very desirable that all who are at all interested in athletic sports come at once to the front, and manifest their good will by joining the association.

The boys mean "business," and should be well backed up. The fall campaign, though a short one, will doubtless be a warm one. Anyway, it will afford lots of fun.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 12, 1877.

Our city has been visited in the past week by two old Kansas soldiers, companions-in- arms of our townsman, Judge Christian: Capt. Job B. Stockton, of Co. G, 1st Kansas Regiment; and John Q. Ashton, of the 12th Kansas Regiment.

Mr. Ashton is well known to many of our citizens, having built our elegant school- house. He was on his way to the Pawnee Agency, where he has a large contract to build an industrial school for the young Pawnees.

Mr. Stockton is hunting a location for a stock farm. We hope he may find something to suit him and locate among us. He is an old Leavenworth man, but has been out West a number of years since the war.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 12, 1877.

COUNTY SURVEYOR.
At the urgent request of many friends, N. A. Haight, of Bolton Township, has consented to become a candidate before the Republican convention, for the office of County Surveyor. Mr. Haight makes surveying his profession, and for many years was in the U. S. Government employ as compassman. Time and again he has been at the head of surveying parties, and is probably one of the best and most experienced surveyors to be found in Southern Kansas.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 12, 1877.

HONEST TOM BRYAN sends us word to announce his name as a candidate for county treasurer, before the Republicans of Cowley County, and we do so with the greatest of pleasure.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 12, 1877.

MEAT MARKET.
In another column will be found the advertisement of A. W. Patterson and Henry Endicott, proprietors of the "Farmer's Meat Market." They buy the best of animals and keep the best of beef. Anyone having yearling steers to sell can do well by calling on them. They want to buy one hundred head.

AD: PAT & POSEY, Proprietors.

FARMERS' MEAT MARKET,

Summit St., Arkansas City, Kas.

Constantly have on hand all kinds of meat. Highest cash price paid for hides, furs, etc.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 12, 1877.

The announcement of M. G. Troup as a candidate for County Clerk appears this week. Mr. Troup has filled the office for the last four years and no one doubts his ability to fill the position. In fact, it has been done heretofore with such satisfaction that his friends have urged him to become a candidate again.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 12, 1877.

REVOLVER LOST. Last Monday, on my way to Salt City, I lost a five cartridge revolver. Anyone returning the same will be liberally rewarded, as it was a present. Leave at the Traveler Office. W. B. TRISSELL.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 12, 1877.

Someone having a second hand wagon, plow, harrow, or double set of harness can find a purchaser by leaving their address at the TRAVELER office.

[TEACHER'S CERTIFICATES.]

Arkansas City Traveler, September 12, 1877.

The following persons were qualified to teach in Cowley County at the last examination.

WINFIELD.
GRADE "A": Misses Mina Johnson, Alice Aldrich, Emma Saint, Sarah Hodges.

GRADE I: Ella Freeland, Ella Scott, Allie Klingman, Sara E. Davis, Jennie Hane, Mr. O. S. Record.

GRADE II: Misses Maggie Stansbury, Anny Robertson, R. E. Newman, Fannie Pontious, Mary Pontious, Lizzie Summers, Mattie Minihan, Effie Randall, Alice Pyburn, Loretta Pyburn, Mrs. B. Seibert, Mr. J. D. Hunt, John Poer, A. B. Taylor, B. F. Starwalt, E. M. Snow, J. A. Rupp, M. H. Markcum.

ARKANSAS CITY.
GRADE "A": Miss Lizzie Landis.

GRADE I: E. R. Thompson, J. O. Wilkinson, Mrs. R. Stauffer, Miss Ella Grimes.

GRADE II: Misses Annie O. Wright, Albertine Maxwell, Tillie Kennedy, Dora Winslow, Kate Hawkins, Mary Pickett, Mr. C. C. Holland, B. F. Maricle, J. F. Hess, C. L. Swarts, N. N. Wintin.

LAZETTE.
GRADE I: H. T. Albert, M. Hemenway, M. J. Smith.

GRADE II: Miss Kate Fitzgerald, J. F. Tucker.

DEXTER.
GRADE I: Miss Kate L. Ward.

GRADE II: Misses Alpha Harden, Celia Taplin, Belle Byard, Mr. T. J. Reed, J. C. Armstrong.

NEW SALEM.
GRADE II: Mrs. J. E. Brown, Miss Sarah Bover, Ella E. Davis.

CEDARVALE.
GRADE II: Misses Martha Thompson, N. P. Seacord, Mr. Geo. W. Seacord, S. T. Hockett.

RED BUD.
GRADE I: Porter Wilson.

GRADE II: H. S. Bush.

ROCK.
GRADE I: R. B. Carson, Simon Martin.

GRADE II: C. H. Eagin, R. T. Tarbet, J. M. Crawford.

POLO.
GRADE II: Mrs. S. Hollingsworth.

OXFORD.
GRADE "A": Miss Veva Walton.

[COWLEY COUNTY TO HAVE A RAILROAD.]

Arkansas City Traveler, September 19, 1877.

HURRAH! HURRAH!
THE GLORIOUS DAY HAS COME.
Cowley County to Have an Iron Link with the Outside World.
The best day's work ever done by the people of Cowley County was performed yesterday by voting for and securing the Kansas City, Emporia & Southern Railroad. Thanks to W. P. Bancroft and the good people of Winfield and other townships who have aided in the great cause. From this time forward prosperity will crown our efforts and make us a peaceful and happy land, prospering in growth and enterprise and accumulating the wealth.

The following is the result as far as ascertained, which is enough to decide the matter.

I SKIPPED THE BREAKDOWN.

MAJORITY FOR THE BONDS: 666 [? OR 606 ?]

Eleven townships are yet to hear from, but will not change the result.

[REPORT ON PARSONS & ELLSWORTH ROAD.]

Arkansas City Traveler, September 19, 1877.

The Parsons & Ellsworth road, to which Cowley County voted $4,000 per mile, "on account of the bond market, railroad strikes, etc." is unable to comply with the contract for building its road, and so the enterprise falls dead in the shell.

[PERSONALS.]

Arkansas City Traveler, September 19, 1877.

Doors, $2.25.

Calves $3 to $5.

Tallow 5 cents.

Windows $2.00.

Hay per ton; $3.00.

Brick, $10 per 1,000.

Hides, dry, 12 cents.

Lath, $5.00 per 1,000.

Flour per cwt., $3.50.

Hides, green; 4 cents.

Milch cows $15 to $30.

Ponies from $20 to $40.

Shingles $5.00 per 1,000.

Rye 60 cents per bushel.

Fencing $25.00 per 1,000.

Oats 20 cents per bushel.

Corn 30 cents per bushel.

Lime 25 cents per bushel.

Potatoes $1.00 per bushel.

Wheat 60 cents per bushel.

Eggs eight cents per dozen.

Barley 75 cents per bushel.

Beef-meat, 4 cents per lb.

Castor beans $1.50 per bushel.

Board from $3 to $5 per week.

Beef on the hoof 2 cents gross.

Yearling steers from $7 to $12.

Butter 18 to 20 cents per pound.

Common flooring $2.50 per 1,000.

Two year old steers from $10 to $15.

Hogs, gross weight 4 to 5 cts. per pound.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 19, 1877.

Mr. Olds and Kate Umble were married last week.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 19, 1877.

James Benedict will make a visit to his old home in Ohio next week.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 19, 1877.

Methodist festival on Friday evening next at the new brick church in Arkansas City.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 19, 1877.

We stopped at the peach orchard of Mr. Bertonia's, last week, and were presented with a half peck of peaches.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 19, 1877.

The apron of the ferry on the Arkansas broke last Saturday morning, and detained a great many who were coming to town.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 19, 1877.

If you want a neat job of blacksmithing, go to Kendall Smith's shop, opposite the Central Avenue Hotel.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 19, 1877.

DIED. Of brain fever, Aug. 30th, 1877, Harry W., only child of N. W. and M. E. Kimmel; aged 1 year, 4 months, and 14 days.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 19, 1877.

Mr. Elisha Parker brought in a load of potatoes last week that averaged ten ounces each. One that we have on exhibition weighs thirteen ounces.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 19, 1877.

An attempt is now being made to pardon John W. Barber, who was sentenced to jail last May for assault with intent to rape. The punishment of criminals in many instances often proves a mere farce.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 19, 1877.

On Thursday night Dennis Whitney, who has been working for Thos. Parvin, left the county, taking with him a horse belonging to Mr. Trissell, which he had subsequently traded one of Mr. Parvin's horses for.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 19, 1877.

BENEDICT & BRO. are making four-gallon fruit cans. We believe they are a good thing. The fruits can be used from the small cans first, and then saved to re-can those from the four-gallon can.

[M. E. SUPPER AT THE NEW BRICK CHURCH.]

Arkansas City Traveler, September 19, 1877.

C. M. Scott, Esq.:

Will you please say to the good people of Arkansas City and vicinity, that the festival at the M. E. Church, which was to have been Friday evening of last week, was deferred to Friday evening of this week. Supper will be served at 5 o'clock p.m. for all who will come, and the tables will be kept in readiness, so that anyone coming at any hour thereafter will be served with the best the country can afford. Come everybody and take supper with the ladies at the New Brick Church. The proceeds to apply on the completion of the church. By order of the Committee.

[ELECTION OF DELEGATES.]

Arkansas City Traveler, September 19, 1877.

The election of delegates at this place last Saturday was attended with considerable interest. The polls were opened at about three o'clock, and from that time until six, when they were closed, a lively time was had. The delegates elected were A. Chamberlain, Dr. Cormack, Kendall Smith, and R. A. Houghton. Two tickets were in the field, but the above were elected two to one. Whole number of votes cast: 92.

[MORE PERSONALS.]

Arkansas City Traveler, September 19, 1877.

PUBLIC SALE. Mr. David Maricle, desirous of engaging in some other pursuit than that of wheat raising, will offer for sale his entire stock of farming implements on Wednesday, the 10th of October, 1877.

AD: PUBLIC SALE. I will offer for sale at my farm, 7 miles southwest of Arkansas City, on the 10th of October, 11 mules, 3 cows, 7 hogs, sulky plows, sellers, and various other farming implements. D. MARICLE.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 19, 1877.

The dedication of the Presbyterian Church at Winfield, Kansas, will take place Sunday, September 23rd, 1877. Services: 10:30 a.m. Sermon by Rev. F. S. McCabe, D. D., of Topeka. 10:30 a.m., dedication. 2:30 p.m. Conference, subject, "The Church." Short addresses by ministers present. 7:30 p.m. praise meeting. All are cordially invited to attend. By order of session. JAS. E. PLATTER, Pastor.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 19, 1877.

Notice. The gentlemen who called at my house on the 11th, about two o'clock a.m., are respectfully requested to call again. On that night I was not prepared to give them as warm a reception as they deserved, but shall always be in the future. Call soon, gentlemen.

PETER MYERS.
September 13th, 1877.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 19, 1877.

Some parties called at Mr. Myers' house in Bolton Township one night last week, and made some desperate threats about hanging him, etc. He has prepared himself for them now, and desires them to call again.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 19, 1877.

The railroad bond election yesterday passed off quietly, yet with considerable enthusiasm. Two hundred and seventy votes were polled, two hundred and sixty-eight of which were for the bonds, and two against. [PERTAINS TO CRESWELL TOWNSHIP ONLY!]

[NEW INDIAN POLICY.]

Arkansas City Traveler, September 19, 1877.

The commissioners appointed by the United States Government, to proceed to Ft. Walsh, will be afforded every facility for making a treaty with Sitting Bull for his peaceful return to the reservation with his tribe.

While in Washington lately, Hon. Mr. Mills fully explained to President Hayes the Canadian system of dealing with Indians. The President expressed his intention of adopting a similar line of policy and give the management of outposts to experienced army officers, and do away altogether with the agents.

The Canadian Indians of the Northwest are fiercely jealous of the advent of the hostile Sioux, and it is feared may at any time make war upon them, if their removal is not secured.

It is expected that the new policy towards the Indians, about to be adopted by President Hayes, will bring about the withdrawal of the American Indians from Canada.

[PUBLIC NOTICES.]

Arkansas City Traveler, September 19, 1877.

SEE HERE!
All past due notes or accounts not settled before the 1st day of October will be put in the hands of an officer for collection.

Houghton & McLaughlin.
Arkansas City Traveler, September 19, 1877.

WANTED. I wish to rent a farm for one year, with the privilege of three; one with a fair house, good water, 40 to 80 acres under plow; one with some timber and a pasture, fenced preferred. Anyone having such a farm to rent will find a renter by leaving word with W. S. Packard or L. W. Currier. F. A. PACKARD.

[ITEMS FROM THE COURIER.]

Arkansas City Traveler, September 19, 1877.

Winfield boasts of three photograph galleries.

Presbyterian Church dedication September 23rd.

The peach crop of Cowley is estimated at 15,000 bushels.

Cowley County has 47,000 acres of corn, which promises to average 50 bushels to the acre.

A. A. Jackson succeeds Jim Hill in the restaurant business. Jackson knows how to run the biz.

On Monday the Tunnel Mill loaded an ox train of thirty wagons with flour for the Cheyennes and Wichitas.

Two horse thieves started last Thursday morning in charge of a deputy sheriff for Leavenworth, where they will engage in hard labor for two years.

The Winfield schools will not begin on the 10th inst., as announced, on account of the rooms not being ready, but will commence September 17th.

That jolly, good natured, whole souled deputy postmaster, H. P. Standley, of Arkansas City, spent last Friday afternoon with us, and a jolly time we had. Watermelons, apples, peaches, pears, grapes, lemonade, and other luxuries were indulged in and supplied bountifully.

John Johnson, who was convicted, and Thomas Cronkhite, who pleaded guilty of the crime of horse stealing, at this term of court, were sentenced on Monday morning to two years imprisonment each in the penitentiary. They are young men of good appearance and evidently capable of becoming useful citizens. We hope they may accept their punishment as a lesson and that when they again appear in the world, it may be as young men determined to redeem themselves.

Mrs. Mary Smith, mother of Mrs. Millington, of this city, died at Belle Plain, Iowa, on the 28th of August, at the advanced aged of 84 years. She was an enthusiastic and consistent member of the M. E. Church.

[NEZ PERCES CORNERED.]

Arkansas City Traveler, September 26, 1877. Front Page.

The hostile Nez Perces, under chief Joseph, were cornered on the 14th by the commands of Gen. Merritt, Gen. Howard, and Col. Sturgis. Sturgis engaged the hostiles, and in a fight lasting several hours, succeeded in punishing them severely. He says, in substance, that the Nez Perces flanked them, and proceeded down Clark's Fork, and fought them nearly all day. He reports that several hundred horses were captured and killed, and a great many Indians lost. Some soldiers were killed. The Crows fought, and captured 150 horses. The Nez Perces had burned Macadow's mill and several ranches.

[EDITORIAL COLUMNS: THE CONVENTION.]

Arkansas City Traveler, September 26, 1877.

On last Saturday the delegates of the several townships, chosen to nominate officers for the Republican ticket, gathered together at Winfield. As considerable interest and strife was manifested among several of the candidates, the members of the convention met early to organize. After considerable dispute, the temporary organization was completed and Mr. Callison, of Spring Creek Township, chosen Chairman, Chas. Eagin, Secretary, with R. A. Houghton and L. J. Webb, tellers.

Nominations being in order, Geo. Walker, Leon Lippmann, A. T. Shenneman, and S. W. Chase were nominated for the office of Sheriff, and an informal ballot taken resulting in 21 for Lippmann, 16 for Shenneman, 15 for Walker, and 4 for Chase.

Fifty-two ballots were then taken in succession, with nearly the same result and without any delay further than remarks now and then by the friends of the several candidates and one hour for supper, lasting from one o'clock p.m. until eleven o'clock at night. By this time everyone was tired, weary, and disgusted, and expressed themselves bitterly against the men who seemed to endeavor to prevent a nomination by shunning a compromise, or listening to the advice of friends. Finally, one of the leaders of Mr. Walker's party was overhead to say he was going to throw his votes for Lippmann. Mr. Shenneman was made aware of the fact and ran in ahead and withdrew his name from the convention in favor of Mr. Lippmann, who was unanimously declared the nominee.

Following this Dr. Graham was elected Coroner, E. P. Kinne, Registrar of Deeds; Thomas Bryan, County Treasurer; Capt. Hunt, County Clerk; N. A. Haight, Surveyor; Geo. L. Gale, County Commissioner of the first district of Rock, Maple, Vernon, Beaver, and Winfield Townships; Major Wm. Sleeth, Commissioner of the second district, comprised of Creswell, Bolton, Pleasant Valley, Silverdale, Liberty, Spring Creek, Cedar, and Otter Townships; R. F. Burden, Commissioner of the third district of Tisdale, Windsor, Dexter, Silver Creek, and Sheridan Townships.

Mr. Leon Lippmann is a hard working, industrious mill man, and one of the best posted countrymen that can be found in the county. He is perfectly competent to fulfill the office of Sheriff and will pride himself in doing it well. He is well known throughout the county, has been here several years, and has the confidence of the different communities he comes from.

Mr. E. P. Kinne was formerly one of our fellow-townsmen. As long as he has charge of the county records, we know they will receive his whole and individual attention.

Tom Bryan is too well known to say much about him. He has handled the county funds prudently and carefully one term of two years; represented Cowley County with credit in the State Legislature, and is a man peculiarly adapted to the position.

[FUNERAL OF N. C. McCULLOCH.]

Arkansas City Traveler, September 26, 1877.

"ASHES TO ASHES." The funeral of N. C. McCulloch, formerly of Winfield, Kansas, and a member of the Adelphia Lodge No. 110, A. F. & A. M., took place today, under the auspices of Deadwood Lodge, No. 7. The ceremonies, imposing, solemn, and grand as everyone knows they are, were conducted by H. H. Folk, W. M. The funeral was one of the best attended we have heard of in the gulch. A number of ladies were in the procession, and to the honor of the Masons be it said, the funeral procession was the most imposing we have witnessed in the Hills. Deadwood Times.

[PERSONALS.]

Arkansas City Traveler, September 26, 1877.

Railroad coming.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 26, 1877.

Sow your wheat early.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 26, 1877.

Ten excursionists from Illinois here.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 26, 1877.

There is not a vacant house in town.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 26, 1877.

Two gentlemen from Cedar Vale here.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 26, 1877.

G. S. MANSER and a Topeka capitalist here.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 26, 1877.

Several parties are contemplating building houses to rent.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 26, 1877.

The receipts of the M. E. Festival last week amounted to $43.00.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 26, 1877.

Two gentlemen from Cherryvale here looking around yesterday.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 26, 1877.

JOHN PRUDY and JIM COFFEY started for Fort Griffin today, after mules.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 26, 1877.

MRS. J. E. TOWNSLEY died at Mr. Maricle's house last Saturday night.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 26, 1877.

The M. E. Church is now enclosed with the exception of windows and doors.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 26, 1877.

DR. FULLER, of Wichita, has rented a room over Gardner & Co.'s store, and intends to locate at this place.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 26, 1877.

ECONOMY. WM. SPEERS pays $20 for the saw dust from Lippmann's mill, and hauls it to his own mill for fuel.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 26, 1877.

MR. WAGGONER, of Maple City, will hold a public sale of farming implements, stock, etc., on Saturday, Oct. 8.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 26, 1877.

Two gentlemen with their wives from Cedar Vale came over this week to secure a location here before the rise of town property.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 26, 1877.

No preaching at the First Church last Sunday. Rev. Fleming was at Kansas City, undergoing a medical examination of his throat.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 26, 1877.

S. P. CHANNELL has returned from Kansas City, where he went to witness the different tests of farming implements and machinery.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 26, 1877.

A camp meeting under the auspices of the United Brethren will be held in the Huff neighborhood, on Posy Creek, commencing Thursday, September 16, 1877.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 26, 1877.

BIRTH. Our candidate for Sheriff was presented with a deputy by his amiable wife, last Saturday night. Usual weight. Dr. Cormack was the first to notify the sheriff.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 26, 1877.

Mr. Pruden, with his wife and daughter, arrived at Salt City last week, from his home in Dayton, Ohio. They have come out to see the boys: Henry and Alfred.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 26, 1877.

Parties wanting a good job of bricklaying or masonry of any kind can secure a good workman by addressing Conn Glynn, at this place. See his card in this issue.

AD: C. GLYNN, STONE MASON AND BUILDER. Is prepared to do all kinds of work in his line. Satisfaction guaranteed.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 26, 1877.

The president of the Arkansas City Bank owns the race horse "Sleepy Jack," and one of the members of the Cowley County bank has a trotting horse in training.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 26, 1877.

CORRECTION. In the list of teacher's published two weeks since who gained certificates, Miss Annie O. Wright should read first grade instead of second as therein stated.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 26, 1877.

ANOTHER CHANGE in the proprietorship of the Courier; Mr. Kelly retiring and Messrs. Lemmon & Millington taking the entire business. Mr. Millington will now be the sole editor of the paper. Telegram.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 26, 1877.

EDITOR TRAVELER: In your issue of last week in regard to Whitney stealing Trissell's horse, please correct the name, etc. Camillias Whitney stole a pony from me instead of Mr. Trissell. T. S. PARVIN.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 26, 1877.

MARRIED. One week from last Thursday Esquire Herbert joined in the holy bonds of matrimony, Mr. Wm. Hatfield and Miss Martha Bone, both of Silverdale Township.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 26, 1877.

There will be a basket meeting in the grove of James A. West, 6 miles east of Arkansas City, on Sunday, September 30.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 26, 1877.

FINAL VOTE ON THE KANSAS CITY, EMPORIA & SOUTHERN RAILWAY PROPOSITION, TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 18, 1877. AMOUNT SUBSCRIBED BY THE COUNTY: $120,000. Majority for the bonds: 168 [? 166 ?].

Arkansas City Traveler, September 26, 1877.

ANOTHER CARDIFF GIANT.
For several years past parties living on Grouse Creek have found from time to time, large specimens of petrified bone, supposed to have been a portion of the once living monster known as the mastodon. One week from yesterday as Mr. William Hatfield was looking about, he found a huge Bone, perfectly sound, and in good state of preservation, the exact image of a human being.

It does not resemble the work of man wholly, yet indications are plain enough to make the supposition reasonable. Some predict that it might have been carried to the creek and left to be found, so as to cause a sensation, but that is generally disputed by those that have seen it and pronounce it a natural growth. The whole neighborhood was considerably excited over the matter, and to prove that Mr. Hatfield actually possessed the treasure, he was prevailed upon to appear before Mr. Herbert, the Justice of the Township, to whom he made an affidavit proving its identity. Many persons have called to see it and many more contemplate doing so. The lucky owner of the relic would not part with it for any sum of money, but might be prevailed upon to furnish a fac simile of it. We hope to hear more about it.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 26, 1877.

The machinery of the school room needs occasional greasing, and there is an oil long since patented that parents are most successful in applying. Mr. Fleming has kindly consented to address the school on next Friday afternoon upon the subject of Education and the duty of parents in regard to the application of this oil. All interested in the progress of the school are invited to attend. Come early so as to visit both departments.

E. R. THOMPSON, Principal.
Arkansas City Traveler, September 26, 1877.

A convention of R. A. M.'s will be held at the Masonic Hall on Saturday evening, September 29th, for the purpose of organizing a Chapter. COMMITTEE.

[ITEMS FROM DEXTER.]

Arkansas City Traveler, September 26, 1877.

F. Henrion is closing out his stock of goods with the intention of making a trip to Europe.

Hardin, Elliott, and Wiley are making arrangements to engage in hog raising. It will pay when you can buy corn for twenty cents per bushel.

Evan Shiver, Elliott, Hardin, Bullington, Smith, and others have gone to Caldwell after Texas cattle to feed this winter.

Mark Phillips, M. D., was married to Miss Millie Alfont, of Hancock County, Indiana, on the 15th of August, by Esquire Ketchum, of Maple City.

[BIRTHS IN COWLEY COUNTY.]

Arkansas City Traveler, September 26, 1877.

1. BORN. Another voter in north Creswell Township. Andy Brown the happy recipient.

2. BORN. Friday, September 21, to Mr. and Mrs. J. T. Kerr, a son, of the male persuasion. [Oddly phrased!]

3. BORN. To Prof. Tyner, a son. This accounts for Ed's unusual energy of late.

4. BORN. To the future Sheriff, a deputy. It's a boy also.

5. BORN. To Alex Crow, a son.

6. BORN. To A. J. Headrick, a son.

No comments on the prosperity of Cowley County needed.

[MORE PERSONALS.]

Arkansas City Traveler, September 26, 1877.

SINGULAR. Mr. McNown, of Maple City, has a turkey gobbler that mothers a brood of young chickens; gathering them under his wings as natural and with as much care as a hen. Mr. Martin living close by him has another male turkey setting on a nest, with a dozen eggs under him. Mrs. Woodhull should be notified of this singular occurrence as an argument in unison with her teachings.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 26, 1877.

GRAND OPENING of fall and winter millinery goods, on Saturday, September 29th, at Mrs. Hartsock's in Arkansas City. All are invited to call and examine my stock of goods on that day.

[MORE ABOUT NEZ PERCES.]

Arkansas City Traveler, October 3, 1877. Front Page.

The news of the encounter of General Sturgis with the Nez Perces is officially confirmed, but the full details of the victory are not yet at hand. It is known, however, that a large portion of the animals of the hostile camp were captured, and this will probably deprive the beaten band of the power to escape from the concentrating forces of Sturgis, Merritt, and Howard, all in the vicinity. There is, therefore, reasonable ground for the expectation that this most miserable war will be quickly ended.

[NATIONAL/STATE NEWS.]

Arkansas City Traveler, October 3, 1877. Front Page.

Gen. Howard gallantly remarks that he will fight it out on that line if he kills an Indian.

Buffalo Bill has cleared $20,000 by his dramatic performances during the last six months.

[REPORT BY SOMEONE WHO ATTENDED THE SCHOOL MEETING.]

Arkansas City Traveler, October 3, 1877.

We availed ourselves of an opportunity of visiting the public schools at this place on Friday last, and readily conclude that our time was not lost by any means; in fact, we never visited a school and considered it time misspent. There is something attractive and even inviting in a school room. After we were comfortably seated, our first survey around the room revealed the first law of heavenorder, and the next of kin, cleanliness. The scholars resumed their studies intently as the occasional turning of a leaf or click of a pencil testified. The recitation we had unfortunately disturbed was again taken up, and by the way they were repeating, we concluded they were eagerly mining for book treasures, and with success. We were somewhat surprised at seeing so few patrons of the school present, and disappointed that the primary department was somewhat disabled by the sickness of the teacher. However, we enjoyed our visit, and will be likely to go again.

Everything moved with exact precision, to the satisfaction of both pupil and teacher

and here let us say that in our two hours' stay we never noticed a single scowl or pout on the face of any, large or small. Willing obedience characterized the school. This, to our mind, speaks volumes. Directly in front of us, on the blackboard, we thought we discovered the key to this. In a neat and legible hand was written: "Kindness wins what force can never gain."

Evidently Mr. Thompson aims to discharge his whole duty and has won the confidence of the school. But if we may be allowed to judge, there is a great lack of sympathy between the teacher and the patrons in our school district. All who read the TRAVELER will remember Mr. Bacon complained of this lack, and kindly invited co-operation in his work. None responded. The best policy is to lay by the rules of formality and go to work with a will, and our children will receive the benefit. Let us give our teacher a rousing support.

I was about to say a teacher's power for good is only half developed unless there exists a friendly relation between the three parties concerned, the pupil, teacher, and parent. By spending a half day now and then with the school, we would be better able to discover a weakness in our children which we ourselves might strengthen, and not rely solely upon the teacher. These are little things in themselves, but they are grand in the end. The education of a mortal mind is no trifling matter. If we sit with our hands folded, waiting for some great deed to do, some of us will be likely to do nothing. "Between the great things we cannot do and the little things we will not do, life passes and nothing is done."

It is to be regretted that so few heard what Mr. Fleming had to say to the school and patrons. Every word was as truth always isbright and sparkling as new coin from the mint. What things he said might be repeated here, but knowing how much it would suffer at our hands, we wisely conclude to profit by his advice to us last Friday, and say to everybody else, go and do likewise, and hope you will all have an early opportunity.

[LAND AND LOTS FOR SALE BY W. B. BEEBE.]

Arkansas City Traveler, October 3, 1877.

I offer the following lands for sale cheap, on time or for cash, to-wit:

NW 16, 33, 3, part N ½ NE 19, 33, 3; N ½ NE 19, 30, 4; W ½ NW 25, 32, 5; S ½ SE 33, 30, 7.

ALSO OVER 100 LOTS IN ARKANSAS CITY.

Address W. B. BEEBE, Cadiz, Ohio.

[PERSONALS.]

Arkansas City Traveler, Wednesday, October 3, 1877.

CITY COUNCIL met Monday night.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 3, 1877.

KAW Indians in town selling ax handles and wild plums.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 3, 1877.

A Chapter of the Royal Arch Masons is to be organized at this place.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 3, 1877.

MR. NOBLE's native cattle in the Territory are dying of Texas fever very rapidly.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 3, 1877.

The head blew out of the steam chest at Speer's mill Monday. It is all right now again.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 3, 1877.

The piers for the Walnut River bridge are completed. The next thing now to be built will be the approaches.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 3, 1877.

C. H. STONE, Caldwell's first merchant, and Mr. Ashton, now engaged in erecting buildings at the Pawnee Agency, were here this week.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 3, 1877.

A gentleman was down from Eureka last week, and reported that the K. C., E. & S. had thirty machines at work and were grading at the rate of two miles per day.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 3, 1877.

DEXTER LODGE NO. 156, A. F. & A. M., meets every Tuesday evening on or before the full moon, and two weeks thereafter. Brethren in good standing are invited to visit them.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 3, 1877.

MRS. WATSON, an English lady of Leavenworth, has purchased the millinery store of Mrs. Fitch's, and will have a large stock of winter goods in a few days. She comes well recommended.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 3, 1877.

The report was a mistake that Dr. Leonard sold his farm adjoining the town site on the south to a sister of Noah Kimmel's, for $4,500, including the fruit on the trees and grain on the farm.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 3, 1877.

We met Pattison, Cowley County's second Sheriff, the other day. His duties began at the expiration of Frank Hunt's termfive years ago. He has been to Colorado, Arizona, and "all around."

Arkansas City Traveler, Wednesday, October 3, 1877.

DR. KELLOGG has ceased to practice medicine outside of the city limits. Attending to calls in the country kept him away from the store too much. He will now be found at the store during all business hours.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 3, 1877.

STRUCK BY LIGHTNING. A gentleman who was coming to this place with M. A. Felton, with a gray team, was struck and stunned by lightning last Monday, near Nenescah. One of Mr. Felton's horses was also stunned.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 3, 1877.

See the card of James Dodwell in this issue. He makes to order all kinds of buggy and work harness, saddles, bridles, etc., and keeps all kinds of blankets, fly nets, harness oil, etc. Call in and see some of his work.

AD: HARNESS AND SADDLES.

JAMES DODWELL,

On the west side of Summit street, opposite the Mowry House, keeps in stock and will make to order all kinds of Harness, Saddles, and Horse Clothing equipments. All I ask is a fair trial. Come and see me.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 3, 1877.

E. F. HOAG, son of Enoch Hoag, of Lawrence, formerly Superintendent of Indian Affairs for the Central Agency, was at this place Saturday and Sunday, on his way home from the Indian Territory. He met several acquaintances while here.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 3, 1877.

In this issue appears the card of Huey & Mitchell, real estate agents. Office over J. I. Mitchell's harness store. These gentlemen are reliable businessmen who have the confidence of the community. If you want a deed, mortgage, or note drawn, call on them.

AD: HUEY & MITCHELL,

Real Estate Agents and Notaries Public,

Arkansas City, Kansas.

Will pay taxes and furnish abstracts of title.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 3, 1877.

FEARFUL ACCIDENT.
A few days since, Pearl, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Farrar, took a vial of ammonia from a stand in the room and drank a part of its contents. Her screams soon brought her mother to her, and Dr. Kellogg was sent for. She is now out of danger, but suffering terribly from the effects of it, as her lips and throat are badly burned.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 3, 1877.

LARGE CORN. Russell Cowles left a sample of corn with us, grown on the Arkansas bottom land that contains 880 grains, and weighs one pound and twelve ounces. It can be seen at the Post Office. Anyone having extra samples of wheat, corn, rye, barley, potatoes, vegetables, or fruit can help advertise the country by leaving them with us.

Since writing the above, we have sent the corn to Wisconsin by Col. McMullen.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 3, 1877.

MINOR NOTES. Let us have the Walnut Bridge up before high water comes again.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 3, 1877.

James Wilson will visit Leavenworth this week.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 3, 1877.

Seeding and threshing engages the farmers' attention now.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 3, 1877.

O. P. Houghton, Tyler McLaughlin, M. S. Faris, W. J. Mowry, and S. J. Mantor have all been sick within the past ten days.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 3, 1877.

One of our boys was bit on the lip by a girl from Iowa.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 3, 1877.

The Democrats think they will get away with one or two of the Republican candidates for office in the scrabble between the Independents, Republicans, and Democrats. We will see.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 3, 1877.

Col. McMullen has gone to Wisconsin. His father will return with him.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 3, 1877.

Haywood has the contract for Government freighting to Pawnee Agency.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 3, 1877.

Rube Houghton paid Caldwell a visit last week.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 3, 1877.

Rev. Fleming is attending the Presbytery at Fort Scott.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 3, 1877.

Singing school, dancing club, church festivals, and revivals are promised this winter.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 3, 1877.

No word from Rev. Wingar yet.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 3, 1877.

L. C. Wood and Jas. I. Mitchell have been sending immigrants and excursionists from Wichita to this place.

[COMMUNICATION FROM "RED BUD"MAPLE TOWNSHIP.]

Arkansas City Traveler, October 3, 1877.

MAPLE TOWNSHIP, Sept. 24, 1877.
DIED. On the 19th inst., of summer complaint, Freddie, infant son of T. T. Ferrant [?], of Winfield. Aged 10 months.

Mr. Culbertson sold his farm of 320 acres to Mr. Linkenfelder for $1,500. The improvements on the place are one box house, 20 acres under fence of posts and plank, one mile of hedge, 90 acres broke, and 20 in wheat.

Mr. Gustavus Tucker was severely injured last week by accidentally getting his hand in contact with the cylinder teeth of a threshing machine while in motion. No bones broken, but a narrow escape.

Miss Lizzie Walck, of Wapakanetta, Ohio, has come to Cowley to see the lands purchased by her father and to keep house for her bachelor brother, David Walck, Esq.

RED BUD.
[TEACHERS.]

Arkansas City Traveler, October 3, 1877.

TEACHERS.
Frank Maricle has been engaged to teach the school this winter at Parker's schoolhouse.

Miss Kate Hawkins is the teacher at the Baldwin schoolhouse.

Noble Wintin teaches at Thomasville.

Frank Hess teaches South Bend school, Dist. No. 42.

Miss Lizzie Landis teaches at the Hamilton schoolhouse.

J. O. Wilkinson teaches at Coburn's.

Miss Pickett is to teach at Bland's.

C. C. Holland has an eight months' school at $37 per month, at Stony Point in Bolton Township.

Miss Kennedy is to teach at the Pleasant Valley schoolhouse.

Calvin Swarts is to teach at Holland's.

Mrs. Staufer will teach near Lorry's.

We should like to hear from all the teachers in reference to progress, number of scholars, etc.

[MORE PERSONALS.]

Arkansas City Traveler, October 3, 1877.

MARRIED. On Wednesday evening, Sept. 26th, by Rev. Samuel D. Fleming, at the residence of the bride's parents, MR. ARISTUS BERKEY and MISS GEORGIA CHRISTIAN, both of this place.

Mr. Berkey is well known and respected at this place and in the county, as an enterprising and reliable man, and his bride is the daughter of Hon. James Christian, one of the oldest residents of Kansas. The happy couple are favored with the good wishes of the whole community, and especially by the printer boys, who were made the recipients of a bountiful supply of palatable eatables.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 3, 1877.

LAWYERS AND DOCTORS.
We have several letters on our desk from different States, asking if this would not be a good place for a lawyer or doctor. We have four practicing attorneys and seven physicians, yet with the prospects of a railroad and a large immigration, there is room for more. The different practices followed can be seen by referring to our card column of business advertisements.

[COMMUNICATION FROM E. A. EATON RE PARVIN'S PONY STORY.]

Arkansas City Traveler, October 3, 1877.

That Pony Story.
MR. SCOTT: I am a reader of your paper, and like to see the Bolton items. I saw one in your last week's paper about Mr. Parvin having a pony stolen. I think Mr. Parvin's pony story is like fried woolit is a little mixed. Mr. Whitney was to work for Mr. Parvin four months for a "jack," and Mr. Parvin gave him the privilege of trading it off for two ponies. One of them died, and he traded the other one to Mr. Lewis for a pony.

Then he traded it to Mr. Trissell, the pony he rode off. Mr. Whitney worked for Mr. Parvin about three months and a half, and as a good hand on a farm is worth twenty dollars a month. I don't think Mr. Parvin lost any pony, and his neighbors think as I do. Now I will give the pony and Mr. Parvin a rest. E. A. EATON.

[COMMUNICATION FROM J. J. ESTUSCOLORADO.]

Arkansas City Traveler, October 3, 1877.

LAKE CITY, COLORADO, September 22, 1877.
Having spent two summers in the San Juan mines, I would respectfully solicit room in your columns to communicate to many friends in Cowley County.

My headquarters at present is Lake City, the champion mining camp of San Juan. The city is neatly laid out and substantially built. The principal business streets will compare favorably with any city west of the Mississippi. Four smelters and reduction works are now in successful operation, and the tons of glittering ore that is piled in the yards and constantly arriving, establishes the fact that the precious metals exist in paying quantities in the vicinity. Several good leads have been developed during the present summer, and the sharp click of the pick and drill and the loud peal of blasts coming from every cliff and crevice indicate the mere presence of the prospector.

My advice to those desiring to come here is to bring excellence. This is a rich mining country yet in its infancy, skilled labor is in good demand. If you bring capital, the chances are that you will get it swamped before you learn to apply it to the local wants of the country. If you bring cattle and horses from the rich pastures of Southern Kansas, you will perhaps find the limited market supplied, and prices very low. If you expect to trade your rich farming lands for rich developed mines, you will find yourself badly sold.

But if you come with the intention of applying yourself to the wants of the country, you will be received with a hearty welcome and find a rich field to operate in.

We are now having splendid September weather, though the ground has already been several times covered to the depth of four inches with the beautiful snow.

Your lively paper is a great favorite in camp. Long may it wave. J. J. ESTUS.

[BUSINESS NOTICES.]

Arkansas City Traveler, October 3, 1877.

NOTICE. All persons knowing themselves indebted to me, either on book account or by note now due, are requested to call and pay the same without further notice.

NATHAN HUGHES.
Arkansas City Traveler, October 3, 1877.

TWO LARGE WORK HORSES FOR SALE. Inquire at Kellogg & Hoyt's drug store.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 3, 1877.

NOTICE TO HUNTERS.
We the undersigned, citizens of Bolton Township, will not permit shooting or hunting on our premises, and we are jointly combined to enforce the same.

JOHN LINTON, S. PEPPER, J. W. BROWN, L. SMALL, J. D. GUTHRIE, W. McGINNIS,

WM. TRIMBLE.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 3, 1877.

CORD WORD. Cord wood will be furnished to anyone in town by leaving the order and the money at the Post Office, at Four Dollars per cord. No wood delivered until paid for.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 3, 1877.

BLACKSMITHING. Charles L. Parker has opened his blacksmith shop on south Summit street, and is ready to do all kinds of work in his line. Look out for his card next week.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 3, 1877.

WILL TRADE FOR FREIGHTINGAn ox wagon, and one sewing machine, and mowing machines. R. C. HAYWOOD.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 3, 1877.

J. W. WAGGONER, of Maple City, wants to trade a good team for property in Arkansas City.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 3, 1877.

HORSES, OXEN, AND WAGON FOR SALE. HOUGHTON & McLAUGHLIN.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 3, 1877.

PETER PEARSON's store for rent from Dec. 15, 1877. Inquire of J. A. Loomis.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 3, 1877.

FOR SALE. 3 steers 3 years old. Inquire Al. Horn's shop. M. D. HORN.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 3, 1877.

FOR SALE. 160 acres of good upland 6 miles east of Arkansas City; house 14 x 22, well, and 20 acres broken; price $500; $200 cash, balance will take in trace. Inquire of A. Walton.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 10, 1877. Front Page.

WHERE IS CHIEF JOSEPH?
It appears that Chief Joseph and his band of Nez Perces, numbering about five hundred, got across the Missouri at Cow Island several days ago, and are doubtless by this time safe on the other side of the Canadian line, on their way to Sitting Bull's camp at Wood mountain. They had about a thousand horses with them when they crossed the Missouria fact which proves that they were in no way crippled by the loss of the few ponies captured by Sturgis. At Cow Island they attacked a small party of soldiers in charge of valuable government stores, and were driven off, but not until the stores were destroyed. There were no troops closely pursuing them, and so far as has yet been heard, none were following the trail. Since Sturgis engaged their rear guard and cut off a portion of their animals, they have not even been seen by any of the three parties of soldiers supposed to be endeavoring to overtake them. This indicates marvelous generalship on the part of their savage leader, or deplorable incapacity or feebleness among the military commanders.

[PERSONALS.]

Arkansas City Traveler, October 10, 1877.

More rain last Saturday.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 10, 1877.

BORN. To Mr. Alexander Campbell, a son.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 10, 1877.

Crescent Lodge No. 133 met last Saturday evening.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 10, 1877.

A grand lodge of the Knights of Honor is to be organized at Winfield.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 10, 1877.

Arkansas apples retailed on the street last week for $1.50 and $2.00 per bushel.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 10, 1877.

DIED. On Monday night, of congestion of the brain, a child of Henry Taylor's.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 10, 1877.

Corn fields in the Nennescah valley will average seventy-five bushels of corn per acre.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 10, 1877.

We are sorry to learn the death on Sunday, Sept. 30th, of a son of our friend, Wm. Wallace, of Dexter.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 10, 1877.

One of the most comfortable and convenient carriages to be seen is Channell's phaeton that arrived last week.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 10, 1877.

The men to erect the Walnut River bridge will be here in about a week, and it will then be one before it is completed.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 10, 1877.

DIED. A daughter of Mr. F. A. Crager, of Dexter, on September 30th, from congestion of the stomach. Aged 16 months.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 10, 1877.

MRS. THEAKER has been engaged to teach the primary department of the school at this place at $25 per month. Miss Lizzie Ela is to teach the intermediate department.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 10, 1877.

The Republican Central Committee of Cowley County met at Winfield last Saturday, and elected Hon. C. R. Mitchell, of this place, chairman. A better selection could not have been made.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 10, 1877.

One of the members of the Missouri Valley Bridge Company was here last week, to see about the erection of the bridge across the Walnut. It will be made to span the river in two weeks.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 10, 1877.

About one hundred of Emporia's citizens went out to where the work was going on the narrow gauge last week, and took dinner. They express surprise at the rapidity with which the work is progressing.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 10, 1877.

We received a letter from J. B. Stockton last week, dated at San Antonio, Texas. He expects to return to this place before long. He states the Texans are ready for a war on the Greasers who have been annoying them so much of late.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 10, 1877.

The M. E. parsonage of Dexter is about completed. It is 14 x 24 feet square, one story and a half high, and painted, making a good addition to the town, and comfortable quarters for the lucky minister who is assigned to that place.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 10, 1877.

A rumpus took place in Bolton Township last week, resulting in a knockdown, a race for Esquire Linton's house, and a general talk all around. It was caused by one man calling his neighbor "a liar." Three dollars fine settled the matter of damages.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 10, 1877.

Any of our citizens who wish work by a thorough watchmanone who graduated at the American Watch Factoryshould send their work to Eugene E. Bacon, formerly of Waltham, Mass., now of Winfield, Kansas.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 10, 1877.

The Democrats of this township held a meeting Saturday night and elected five delegates and five alternates to attend the Democratic nominating convention at Winfield next Saturday. The delegates are M. E. Welch, Amos Walton, Noah Kimmel, A. J. Burrell, and M. R. Leonard.

[MARKET REPORT.]

Arkansas City Traveler, October 10, 1877.

Corn is plenty at 20 cents. Freights to Kansas City have gone up 3 cents per 100, and are now 13 cents per 100, or $26 per car on grain, from Emporia. Pork is beginning to advance.

Fall Wheat: 70 @ 90 cents.

Oats: 15 cents.

Rye: 10 cents.

Barley: 75 cents.

Hay: $2.50 per ton.

Wood: $4 for soft and green wood; $4 and $4.50 for dry hard wood.

Cattle: On foot 2 cents for fat cows and fat steers; calves, $4.00 and $6.00; sheep $3.50.

Hogs: $4 per 100 on foot.

RETAIL PRICES.
Flour: Best, $3.25.

Corn meal: Bolted, $1.25; unbolted, $1.00 per 100 lbs.

New Potatoes: $1.00 per bushel.

Butter: Grocers pay and sell for 20 and 25 cents.

Eggs: Grocers pay and sell for 10 cents.

Cheese: 20 cents.

Chickens: $2.40 per dozen.

Fresh meats: 12½ cents per pound for steak; 6 to 12½ cents for roasts; 2 to 8 cents for boiling pieces.

Veal and Mutton: 6 to 12½ cents, according to cut.

Hams: 16-2/3 cents, by the ham. Bacon, 15 cents by the pound.

Lard: Rendered, 15 cents; leaf lard, 12 cents.

Cabbage: 10 cents each.

Tomatoes: $1.00 per bushel.

Onions: $2.00 per bushel.

Peaches: 50 cents to $1.00 per bushel for seedlings; $1.00 to $1.25 for best eating.

Apples: $1.50 per bushel.

Beans: 15 lbs. for $1.00.

Watermelons: 10 to 20 cents each.

Plums: 15 cents per bushel, wild.

Red peppers: 10 cents per dozen.

Lime: 30 cents per bushel.

Brick: $10 per 1,000.

[WINFIELD ITEMS.]

Arkansas City Traveler, October 10, 1877.

Winfield is receiving its share of the fall immigration. Several newcomers have located in town and are erecting dwelling houses.

The people at the county seat have resumed their faith in the Parsons railroad enterprise and declare it will be built.

Sid. Major holds the patronage of the traveling public, as well as that of the town. Wilson & Harter have lately purchased two fine top buggies at a cost of $300 each, and now take the lead in fancy turn-outs. They have eighteen horses and about a dozen vehicles.

Capt. Hunt, in anticipation of his clerkship, has invested in a new pair of stoga boots. Tom Bryan, for some cause, has lost ten pounds of avoirdupois, but the loss is so evenly distributed over his bodily surface that it is hard to tell where it was deducted from.

The M. E. Church steeple was somewhat dilapidated in one of the recent wind storms. The iron rod with the wind indicator now points toward the earth instead of the heavens.

The largest funeral procession that ever assembled in the county met at the M. E. Church last Sabbath, to follow the remains of James D. Cochran to the grave. He was buried under the form of Masonry, by the members of the Adelphi Lodge and visiting members of adjacent Lodges. The ceremony was very imposing and conducted in an able manner.

The partner of the saloon man on the corner opposite the Central Hotel got away with $300 belonging to the firm, and attempted to jump the county, and was overtaken in Sumner County and brought back.

[NEW GOODS: HOUGHTON & McLAUGHLIN.]

Arkansas City Traveler, October 10, 1877.

The new goods of Houghton & McLaughlin have begun to come in, and will be received during the week. They have the greatest variety of prints of the best quality to be seen in any store in the SouthwestWichita not excepted. For comfort and warmth, they have heavy quilts for $1.75, and winter clothing cheaper than ever. A part of their boots and shoes are on the shelf now, and the balance will be in this week. They have purchased a very large stock, and propose to sell them so as to buy again, before the winter is over. It will pay to look at their stock.

[MAPLE TOWNSHIP ITEMS: BY RED BUD.]

Arkansas City Traveler, October 10, 1877.

A son of Sumner Butter's [not really sure of first/last name], 5 years old, was bitten by a copperhead snake on the top of the foot on Tuesday afternoon the 25th ult., and is in a very precarious condition.

And on the same evening a son of Gustavus Lacker's, 9 years old, was bitten on the top of the foot by a rattlesnake. His sister sucked the poison from the wound and the father administered whiskey in large doses. The boy is hopping around on one foot doing well.

RED BUD.
[MORE PERSONALS.]

Arkansas City Traveler, October 10, 1877.

SUIT OF BASTARDY.
A suit was brought before Esquire Boyer, of Winfield, today, wherein the State of Kansas and Miss Belle Cessna are plaintiffs, and John Thurman, defendant. The defendant is charged with the crime of bastardy. We have not learned the result yet, but will hear from our special reporter in the case tomorrow. We understand several parties from Grouse Creek made it convenient to go visiting. Some witnesses will be summoned from this place.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 10, 1877.

MILLINERY. Mrs. E. Watson informs the ladies of Cowley County, this week, that her stock of new and fashionable millinery goods has arrived, and she is now prepared to supply all who call with the best, neatest, and prettiest wearing apparel to be seen anywhere. Associated with her is Miss Gertrude Lockley of Leavenworth, who is one of the best of milliners.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 10, 1877.

WHILE ADLEY DAVIS was leading M. A. Felton's horse that was stunned by lightning to pasture, last Monday, the horse fell as they were going down the bank at Dr. Hughes', and struck Davis' horse on the hind leg, breaking both bones. The animal is now at Walker's stable with splinters on its leg.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 10, 1877.

MR. A. O. HOYT found a new buckskin glove Sunday evening. Monday morning he brought it to us to advertise. A few hours after we had written the notice, George Deputy was inquiring of Wm. Gray, the City Marshal, if he had heard of anyone finding a glove. Mr. Gray advised him to advertise it. He came to the office for that purpose, and the glove was returned to him.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 10, 1877.

BOLTON TOWNSHIP, OCT. 8, 1877.
Mr. C. M. Scott:

DEAR SIR: Please publish a meeting, irrespective of party, will be held at the Turner schoolhouse (or better known as the Bland), Saturday, Oct. 13th, at 2 o'clock p.m., for the purpose of nominating township officers for the ensuing year. J. M. SAMPLE, Trustee.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 10, 1877.

SALT CITY.
Tom Mills, Baker the blacksmith, and Lewis left Salt City last week for Arkansas. The blacksmith made $710 at that place in five months.

Mr. Berkey started to Kansas City after a new lot of goods yesterday.

The ferry is well patronized and meets the favor of everyone.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 10, 1877.

RUBE HOUGHTON offers the use of his new building, situated between Al. Horn's and E. R. Kager's places of business, for any entertainment the young folks want. Especially for a hop.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 10, 1877.

SALE. RUSSELL LEE, three miles northeast of this place, will have a public sale of farming utensils, etc., Thursday, Oct. 25th.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 10, 1877.

JUST RECEIVED. 1,000 pounds of Side and Breakfast bacon, at Mantor & Welch's.

[JOSEPH AND HIS BAND CAPTURED.]

Arkansas City Traveler, October 17, 1877. Front Page.

The following dispatch explains itself. It is dated at Eagle Creek, on the Yellowstone, Oct. 5.

"Gen. A. Terry, commanding the Department of Dakotah:

Dear GeneralWe have had our usual success. We made a very direct and rapid march across the country, and after a severe engagement being kept under fire for three days, the hostile camp of the Nez Perces under Chief Joseph surrendered at two o'clock today. I intended to start the 2nd cavalry toward Benton on the 7th. Cannot supplies be sent out on the Benton road to meet them and return with the remainder of the command to the Yellowstone? I hear that there is trouble between the Sioux and the Canadian authorities. I remain, General, yours very truly,

NELSON A. MILES.
Colonel, Brevet Major-General U. S. A. commanding.
As soon as the companies of the 2nd cavalry, of which Gen. Miles speaks, arrive here, the commission will start for Fort Walsh.

[ANOTHER ARTICLE ON THE CAPTURE OF JOSEPH.]

Arkansas City Traveler, October 17, 1877. Front Page.

After Gen. Miles' first battle with the Nez Perces, the troops held the reds in a narrow ravine, and there picked them off from rifle pits, losing only four men themselves. Joseph raised the white flag four times, offering to surrender if he might keep his guns. Miles demanded an unconditional surrender, and on the last day Joseph raised the flag again, advanced in front of the lines, handed his gun to Miles, and shook hands with him. The remainder of the command did the same. Forty wounded Indians were in the camp. The number of dead is unknown, as all were buried. The entrenchments of the Nez Perces were ingeniously constructed. Their bravery was unsurpassed throughout the fight, and they are credited with numerous acts of humanity to wounded whites.

[EDITORIAL COLUMNS.]

Arkansas City Traveler, October 17, 1877.

BUILDING ASSOCIATION.
A project to build a number of houses to rent has been talked of by some of our citizens. The arrangement was to be that each property holder who can, should build a house, costing $250 or $300, and rent it at reasonable rates. If a dozen persons will agree to it, the Association can be formed. Almost every day we hear inquiries of houses to rent; and many persons who would have remained with us have been compelled to go elsewhere to find shelter. We have before us a half dozen letters of inquiry, in reference to houses to rent. It is a matter that should not be neglected or business will suffer in consequence of it. As a speculation alone, it would pay largely.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 17, 1877.

Leon Lippmann, the Republican Candidate for Sheriff.
As some slurs have been made against Mr. Lippmann being a citizen of the United States, etc., we give place to the following taken from the Courier of Winfield.

Mr. Leon Lippmann is a native of France, of French parentage, and is 33 years old. He came to the United States when but eleven years of age; joined the Union army in 1862, and was honorably discharged from the same at its close in 1865, with all the rights of citizenship of the Government. However, to avoid all imaginary objections, he presented his proofs at the last term of our district court, and was "naturalized" under the laws of the U. S., a proceeding entirely unnecessary.

He has been a resident of Cowley since 1870, and a more temperate, honorable, and upright citizen does not live within this county; all the flings and cover insinuations of his enemies in the country notwithstanding. Mr. Lippmann is a Republican, has always supported the nominees of the party by his voice and vote, and is now deserving of the straightforward and honest support of the entire party.

[MARRIAGE LICENSES ISSUED.]

Arkansas City Traveler, October 17, 1877.

The following are the marriage licenses issued by the Probate Judge since September 1st, 1877.

Abner SchoolingRoda Louder.

E. P. WestAnnie Sperlin.

John W. RoseMary A. Brown.

O. S. OldsCatharine Umble.

William HatfieldMartha Bone.

W. F. HurdNancy Horten.

Mc. D. StapletonRebecka Ramage.

Amos L. MouserLena Hostetter.

A. W. BerkeyGeorgie H. Christian.

John W. BuddCarrie Whittington.

John H. MountC. A. Jackson.

Wm. S. GreverAlmeda C. Chapple.

[DEMOCRATIC CONVENTION.]

Arkansas City Traveler, October 17, 1877.

RECAP: Judge McDonald elected Chairman; Amos Walton, Secretary. Present: 38 delegates. For Sheriff: Chas. L. Harter; W. A. Freeman; John R. SmithHarter won.

For Registrar: A. W. Berkey, of Arkansas City, was unanimously nominated for Registrar by acclamation.

No nominee for Treasurer: knew Tom Bryan would win.

No nominee for County Clerk.

Surveyor: Charles McClung.

Coroner: Doctor J. T. Shepard, of Arkansas City.

For Commissioners: W. H. H. Maris (First District); I. D. Hon (Second District); and John R. Smith (Third District).

[TEXAS CATTLE FEVER.]

Arkansas City Traveler, October 17, 1877.

The following communication was received from Northbrook, Chester County, Pennsyl- vania, during the week.

To the Editor of the Price Current:

Please tell us the history of the Texas cattle fever. Do any cattle have it in Texas? Under what circumstances are our native cattle liable to take it? Is there any known remedy? Do Colorado cattle take it? If you will please answer these questions and give such other facts as come under your knowledge, you will oblige your readers. A. MARSHALL.

Northbrook, Chester Co., Pa.

---
OUR REPLY.
Mr. Marshall has propounded to us one of the most knotty problems ever given to any man to solve.

He first asks us to give him a history of the Texas cattle fever. To get a correct history of anything, we must go to where it is said to have originated, and as you cannot find a Texas cattle man, who will tell you that he ever saw or heard of a case of "Texas cattle fever" in Texas, it is indeed a difficult matter for us to give the history of a disease, which those who have had experience with Texas cattle, all of their lives, say does not exist. This "Texas cattle fever" question, is one which even the proverbial "Philadelphia lawyer" could not solve.

There is such a disease, however, which is called the "Texas cattle fever," and there are various theories in reference to it. We will give the theory; but are inclined to believe with our Texas friends that there is no such thing.

We believe that it is all an idea and that diseases, which native cattle have and which are attributed to the Texas cattle, are nothing more than diseases which the native cattle are heir to. We will relate an incident.

A few years ago a well known Texas cattle dealer took some through Texas cattle to Eddyville, Iowa, and was about to unload them from the cars when the farmers protested against it. The owner of the cattle told one of the farmers that if he would let him put his cattle in his pasture, he would pay him for every head of cattle he lost by disease. Not one died, but in the county north, where there had been no Texas cattle, many of the native cattle there had died, of the murrain. "Now," said the Texas cattle dealer to the writer, "if I had taken my cattle to the county where those cattle died, why it would all have been attributed to the presence of my cattle, and I would have been mobbed."

In 1868, it will be remembered, that, alarmed by the destruction caused by the Splenic fever all over the country, it was agreed upon by the cattle growing States to appoint commissioners, who upon invitation from Governor Oglesby, met at Springfield, Illinois. The commissioners appointed from Ohio, Dr. Townsend and Mr. McMillan, made a report to the State Board of Agriculture of that State, and in answer to the question, "Can cattle communicate disease without having it?" the response was:

"The history of some of the diseases affecting human subjects afford cases precisely analogous. Prisoners, confined in ill-ventilated dungeons, before the days of prison reform, have often given typhus fever to a whole court at the time of trial, while the prisoners themselves had been steeped so gradually in the poisonous atmosphere that their symptoms had become accommodated to it, and hence they have escaped altogether, although the poisonous exhalations from their bodies have spread death all around. A person protected by vaccination from small-pox may have that modified and trifling form of disease known as varioloid, but such a person may communicate fatal small-pox to another person not protected by vaccination. It may therefore be presumed that Texas cattle have come so gradually under the influence of the cause of the mischief, or have in some way become comparatively insusceptible to this action, so that they escape the deadly form of the malady, and yet can communicate its seeds to more susceptible animals." Kansas City Price Current.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 17, 1877.

Proposals for Wood
School District No. 2.
Sealed bids will be received until Thursday, October 25th, for 20 cords of hard wood, cut two feet in length, and split ready for use. To be corded up on the ground at the schoolhouse, and measured by the District Board. Bids will also be received for forty-foot wood. Right to reject any or all bids reserved. By order of the Board.

T. H. McLAUGHLIN, District Clerk.
Arkansas City Traveler, October 17, 1877.

Proposals for Cord Wood.
Notice is hereby given that the Board of Commissioners of Cowley County, Kansas, will, at the Office of the County Clerk of said county, let the contract to furnish forty cords of good merchantable wood for the use of said county. Said contract to be let on the 19th day of November, 1877. Bids to be filed with the County Clerk on or before 1 o'clock p.m. of said day. The Board reserve the right to reject any or all bids.

M. G. TROUP, County Clerk.
[SPECIAL NOTICE: KELLOGG & HOYT.]

Arkansas City Traveler, October 17, 1877.

SPECIAL NOTICE!
This is to notify all of our customers who are owing us on account that we will make a reduction of TEN PER CENT, on the same if settled by CASH before the 20th of November next.

KELLOGG & HOYT.
P.S. Satisfied that it will be to the advantage of all concerned, we take this occasion to say that on end after this date, we shall sell

ONLY FOR CASH.
As an inducement to the same, we make the following

LIBERAL OFFER
We will make a reduction of TEN PER CENT from the regular price on

EVERYTHING!
This is no humbug offer. For instance: We will sell all the dollar-bottle proprietary medicines for NINETY CENTS, and so on through the listand don't forget it.

KELLOGG & HOYT.
Arkansas City, Oct. 17, 1877.

[NEW BLACKSMITH SHOP: F. N. EARL.]

Arkansas City Traveler, October 17, 1877.

NEW BLACKSMITH SHOP.
F. N. EARL has opened a blacksmith shop in the building on South Summit street, formerly known as "Porter's shop," and is prepared to do any and all kinds of work in his line.

HORSE-SHOEING
A SPECIALTY.
Mr. Earl learned his trade in New York City, and served seven years for the Fashion Course Association, and can shoe a horse to prevent over-reaching, interfering, etc. He has had twenty-three years' experience, and warrants to please. All work promptly attended to.

[AD RUNNING FOR SOME TIME: MANTOR & WELCH.]

Arkansas City Traveler, October 17, 1877.

This space reserved for Mantor & Welch,
successors to R. A. Houghton & Co.
[PERSONALS.]

Arkansas City Traveler, October 17, 1877.

Don't forget to visit the schools.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 17, 1877.

HOGS FOR SALE. Call on W. B. Trissell, Arkansas City, in the next ten days.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 17, 1877.

A new blacksmith has come to town, rented the shop built by Porter, and is ready for work.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 17, 1877.

Town property continues to advance in price as the time of the coming of the railroad approaches.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 17, 1877.

The Kaw Indians were in town last Monday, buying supplies preparatory to going on their fall buffalo hunt.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 17, 1877.

We are glad to learn that Dr. Hughes is recovering. He has been confined to his home for two weeks or more.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 17, 1877.

Agent Searing of the Pawnee Agency stopped over night at this place, last week, on his return from Wichita.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 17, 1877.

Mr. Dodwell has a friend from Iowa that has concluded to locate with us awhile at least, to engage in stock raising.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 17, 1877.

Maricle's sale last Wednesday was well attended. Some articles were sold low. Among them a header for $125, that originally cost $300.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 17, 1877.

An extra session of the Legislature will be called this winter, and our member, C. R. Mitchell, will be absent from town during its duration.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 17, 1877.

A man from Wichita was in town last week and saw Bearce's spotted pony that Miss Ela was riding, and claimed it was his own. He gave bond and took the pony.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 17, 1877.

Rev. Fleming's son, Willie, about six years of age, amused himself by setting fire to his father's haystack last week, and it required considerable mental and muscular exertion to extinguish it.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 17, 1877.

SWEET POTATO. MR. WILSON SHAW left us a sample of sweet potato, grown on his farm on the divide, that weighs six pounds and a quarter, and it is so large it cannot be placed on our specimen shelves. It is of the white variety, and wholly sound. A part of it was broken off in digging, which would probably have made it weigh three-quarters of a pound more.

[WINFIELD ITEMS.]

Arkansas City Traveler, October 17, 1877.

The M. E. Church steeple had to have a scaffold built to the top of it before the iron spire could be replaced that was blown off.

Charley Harter and J. L. Hill are now managing the livery formerly owned by Mr. Wilson, and promise to keep up the reputation of the stable by doing as well as heretofore.

It is generally understood that M. G. Troup, the present County Clerk, will be an independent candidate for reelection. Mr. Troup has had the office four years, and the nominating convention declared in favor of Capt. Hunt for the next two years.

Money loans at three percent a month, in some instances, and there is great demand for it even at that ruinous rate.

A. H. Green has announced his intention to deal in real estate, and will make an energetic agent.

Frank Gallotti is doing a large trade in boots and shoes, and is especially desirous of making bargains with his friends in this vicinity.

[MORE PERSONALS.]

Arkansas City Traveler, October 17, 1877.

Rev. David Thompson has returned from Elk County, where he has been for several weeks.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 17, 1877.

Mr. James Wilson, of the "Central" store, has returned from Leavenworth and other cities farther east. His fall and winter stock of dry goods will be received in a few days. We are glad to have him back again.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 17, 1877.

J. I. Mitchell came down from Wichita Friday evening, and returned on Monday. He has a harness shop at this place and at the railway terminus in Sedgwick County.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 17, 1877.

No call has yet been made for the nomination of township officers in this township yet. The officers to be elected are Trustee, Treasurer, Clerk, two Justices of the Peace, two Constables, and Road overseers for each Road District. The present officers are: I. H. Bonsall and James Christian, Justices of the Peace; Timothy McIntire, Trustee; Wyard Good, Treasurer; William D. Mowry, Clerk; Wm. J. Gray and George McIntire, Constables.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 17, 1877.

A meeting of the voters of Bolton Township, regardless of party, was held on the 13th pursuant to appointment. On motion, John Linton was elected chairman and Lyman Herrick secretary. On motion, the following nominations were made: James Sample, Trustee; A. J. Kimmell, Treasurer; A. H. Buckwalter, Clerk; F. C. Davis, Justice of the Peace; John S. Lewis and John W. Brown, Constables. On motion, the meeting then adjourned.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 17, 1877.

Lecture for the Benefit of the Church.
Judge Christian will deliver a lecture in the new Methodist Church, on Friday evening, October 26, on "The Curiosity of Names," the proceeds to go towards finishing the church. Admission 20 cents, or 30 cents a couple. Children 10 cents.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 17, 1877.

A CALL. The voters of Silverdale Township are requested to meet at Mr. Butterfield's, on Saturday, October 20th, at two o'clock p.m., for the purpose of nominating township officers for the coming year. L. BUTTERFIELD, Chairman.

J. O. WILKINSON, Secretary, Township Com.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 17, 1877.

The receipts of the M. E. mush and milk festival last week was $7.80 for cream, and $5.20 admission fees at the door.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 17, 1877.

SIXTEEN FAMILIES.
MR. W. D. FEAGANS, of Floris, Davis County, Iowa, with fifteen other parties, arrived here last week, and will settle in Cowley and Sumner counties. Among the rest, Bannister, who used to reside west of this place, came along. Mr. Feagans says he read the TRAVELER one year and three months before he concluded to come. The paper was taken by himself, read, and then passed around the entire neighborhood until it was completely worn out. We hope they will be well pleased and able to represent the statements of the TRAVELER as under estimated, if anything.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 17, 1877.

A GOOD WORKMAN.
MR. F. N. EARL, a gentleman from Illinois, lately located among us, has rented the "Porter Shop" and is now ready for any kind of blacksmithing that may be brought to him. Mr. Earl understands his trade thoroughly and is spoken of by those who have tried him to be one of the best mechanics that ever came to the border. He is an experienced horse-shoer, and takes pride in shoeing driving horses. Owners of running horses can't find a better man to do their work than Mr. Earl.

[ITEMS FROM THE INDIAN HERALD.]

Arkansas City Traveler, October 24, 1877.

Intermittent fever is raging among the Osages.

Kaw Indians have struck for Kansas and say they want work.

Big Chief's band have returned from another visit to the Sacs.

A crazy Cherokee doctor is traveling among the Indians of the Territory.

Much sickness now prevails among the Pawnees, and a few deaths have occurred from congestive chills.

Intermittent and bilious fevers are very prevalent among the Kaws, and some other types of disease of a fatal character.

Several responsible Big Hills have gone to the plains to look for buffalo, and no wild rowdies were allowed to accompany them.

Osages report large numbers of wild turkies in the neighborhood. Flocks are said to contain from five or six to as many as a hundred.

Tah heh kah heh, a relative of Gov. Pah-ne-no-pah-she's, died the other day, and one of Hard Rope's men has been hired to mourn.

Dr. Williams, late of the Kansas City Surgical and Medical Institute, made us a pleasant call last week. He is the newly appointed physician for the Pawnee Agency, and succeeds Mrs. Dr. LONGSHORE.

[PERSONALS.]

Arkansas City Traveler, Wednesday, October 24, 1877.

Now is the time to set out trees.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 24, 1877.

Quite a heavy frost Monday morning.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 24, 1877.

LEE's sale, two miles east of the Walnut, takes place tomorrow.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 24, 1877.

BORN. To Russell Baird and wife, Saturday, Oct. 29th, a daughter.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 24, 1877.

A number of Kaws were in town last Sunday, on their way to Wichita to sell ponies.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 24, 1877.

DIED. October 12th, Edwin E. Huff, son of S. and Aramintha Huff. Aged six years.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 24, 1877.

HUNDREDS of large fat hogs will be butchered in this county as soon as cold weather begins.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 24, 1877.

AL. MOWRY lost one of his bay horses last week. The affliction seemed to be blind staggers.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 24, 1877.

BORN. Thursday, October 18th, to Mr. and Mrs. E. P. Kinne, of Winfield, a son. Weight only nine pounds.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 24, 1877.

DIED. John Kerr, brother-in-law of S. Sparks, Thursday, Oct. 18th. Buried at Winfield, Saturday, Oct. 20th.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 24, 1877.

BORN. To Mr. and Mrs. Newman, on Tuesday morning, a son, which accounts for the unusual happiness of Mr. Newman.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 24, 1877.

S. T. WOOD was nominated by the Republicans and Democrats of Sumner County, last week, for the office of Surveyor.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 24, 1877.

FLAX SEED. FRANK LORRY raised about 125 bushels of flax seed this year. It makes excellent horse feed when fed in small quantities.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 24, 1877.

MARRIED. Oct. 16th, at the residence of J. B. Plumb, by Rev. J. J. Broadbent, Mr. John Myrtle and Mrs. Florilla Wright, both of Bolton.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 24, 1877.

CHARLES ROSEBERRY was made the happy father of another boy last week. His father came out from the East just in time to christen the urchin.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 24, 1877.

NEW GOODS. M. S. FARIS received several loads of goods Monday evening about the size of an ordinary hay stack, and proposes to show the public what he can do for cash.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 24, 1877.

The meeting in Bolton Township, at Bland's schoolhouse, was attended by Hon. C. R. Mitchell, Capt. Hunt, M. G. Troup, and A. W. Berkeyall speakers. The audience failed to come.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 24, 1877.

MAHLON STUBBS, formerly agent of the Kaw Indians, is a candidate for Treasurer of Lyon County. Mr. Stubbs has always had the reputation of being an honest, reliable gentleman.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 24, 1877.

The BUILDING ASSOCIATION met last Saturday, and made arrangements to erect six houses by January 1st, in order to accommodate parties with houses to rent until they can build. Business will be lively this fall.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 24, 1877.

LIBRARY SOCIETY.
A Library Society was organized on Tuesday evening of last week, with Dr. Williams, President, and Miss Ella Grimes, Secretary. Regular meetings are to be held on Tuesday of each week. The programme will be charades, reading of select pieces, dialogues, etc.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 24, 1877.

In another column will be seen the advertisement of the Salt City ferry, offering to cross parties at any time of the night or day for the small sum of twenty-five cents. The route by the way of Salt City is a good one, and generally favored by freighters going to the Indian agencies in the Territory.

AD: SALT CITY FERRY. THIS FERRY IS LOCATED ON one of the best crossing points on the Arkansas River, within one mile from Salt City, and on the most direct route to Caldwell and the Indian Agencies. Teams or horsemen taken across at any hour of the day or night. Good shelter for stock and ample accommodations for travelers at the city.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 24, 1877.

It takes about three bushels of wheat to make one hundred pounds of flour. The toll at steam mills is one-sixth, and at water mills one-seventh. When they grind for cash, they charge from fifteen to twenty cents per bushel. For shelling corn the millers charge two cents per bushel. Two bushels of good corn will make one hundred pounds of meal. The toll is from one-quarter to one-third of the meal. The standard weight of one bushel of wheat is sixty pounds; of shelled corn, fifty-six pounds; corn in the ear, seventy pounds. Both mills at this place are buying wheat and corn, paying from fifty to seventy-five cents for wheat and fifteen cents for corn.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 24, 1877.

We notice the name of S. T. Wood, of Falls Township, Sumner County, as a candidate for county surveyor on the ticket nominated lately. We have known Mr. Wood for several years, and should take pride in seeing him elected. He is a surveyor of more than ordinary experience, and has worked extensively for the U. S. Government in the survey of the Indian Territory, Utah, and elsewhere. In the surveyor's camp he was recognized to be one of the best workmen that ever shouldered a compass. Every man who knows him will be sure to vote for him.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 24, 1877.

GOLD is valued at $335 for one pound of sixteen ounces; iron 2 cents, lead 8 cents, zinc 11 cents, antimony 15 cents, copper 25 cents, arsenic 50 cents, mercury 95 cents, nickel $5, silver $20; but vanadium, the most precious of all, is worth $10,000 per poundnearly thirty times as much as the precious gold. Hereafter, in speaking of a gentleman's worth, you will say "He is worth his weight in vanadium," and explain to the children that heaven is no longer paved with vulgar gold.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 24, 1877.

MANTOR & WELSH.
This new firm has on hand a large and fresh supply of sugars, coffee, teas, spices, and all kinds of table articles of the best quality. The best of tobaccos and finest of cigars. Syrups and molasses, canned fruits, bacon, hams, and side meat, crackers, cheese, and in fact everything needed in the provision line.

[NATIONAL/STATE NEWS.]

Arkansas City Traveler, October 31, 1877. Front Page.

The meeting of Congress revives the question of dividing the territory of Dakota. It is urged that Dakota is twice as large as any other territory, and that many citizens, in order to reach Yankton, the present capitol, are compelled to travel hundreds of miles on horseback or in wagons. It is proposed to make Deadwood the capitol of one of the sub-divisions.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 31, 1877.

Nez Perces.
Before Joseph's band became so worn down as to fall a prey to Miles, a good many of the leading army officers at the Northwest had a chance to fight him, and in going to shear came back shorn. Whether it was Howard or Gibson or Sturgis or any of the minor officers who went at him, Joseph threw them off with heavy loss. He certainly proved himself worthy of whatever Indian frippery may denote a major-general's stars among white men.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 31, 1877.

Latest from Sitting Bull.
A Chicago Times special from the Sitting Bull commission, Fort Worth, British Northwest Territory, Oct. 17, via Fort Benton, 21, received early this morning, says the commission has met Sitting Bull, and utterly failed to obtain satisfaction or terms of settlement from him. After detailing the difficulties through which the commission passed before reaching the Indian band, and the reluctance of the Indians in yielding to the persuasions of the Canadians and allowing an interview to take place, they fearing that a trap was about to be sprung on them, he describes Sitting Bull as a swarthy, black-haired, beardless, pure-blooded savage, with an air of judicial gravity and intelligence.

Sitting Bull continually fears treachery on the part of the Americans, and distrusts his own tribe when they are near. He refused to shake hands with the commissioners, and said he wanted them to sit out in full view, and not behind the tables. They complied, and General Terry addressed them, stating the object of the visit, namely: that the President wished hostilities to cease forever for the sake of all parties. If the Indians would return and refrain from hostilities against the United States Government, a free pardon would be given for all past acts; no attempt would be made to punish them; and the past would be forgotten. This the President promised. He went on to say that all other hostile Indians had now surrendered to the United States authorities, and had received no punishment whatever, but had been received as friends. They had received, or would receive, the proceeds of the sale of their horses and had been presented with cows, and otherwise received honorable and just treatment. The same terms were offered Sitting Bull's people. The savage warrior smiled broadly at the mention of surrender. The speech produced no effect, the offer of peace was rejected, the council broke up, and the commissioners turned their faces homewards.

CORRALLING THE SIOUX.
The following is given by Gen. Crook.

Arrangements, as far as possible, are completed for the removal of the Sioux at Spotted Tail and Red Cloud agencies to their temporary location. Capt. Wessels, with two companies of the Third cavalry, and all the Indians of Red Cloud agency, will leave on Thursday for a place on White River, in Dakotah about forty miles from the Missouri River. Capt. Lamon, with two companies of the same regiment, and the Indians at the Spotted Tail agency, will leave there on the same day for the Ponca reservation, in the Northern part of Nebraska, at Prairie River, where they will remain till spring.

The Arapahos who are to move to the vicinity of the Shoshone reservation, are expected to start the same day.

Gen. Crook anticipates no trouble whatever. The General says with regard to the abandonment of the frontier posts, Camps Robinson and Sheridan are the only posts to be abandoned this fall. He thinks that the troops will be retained at most of the posts on the Union PacificForts Laramie, Fetterman, McKinney, and Camps Brown and Stambaugh

for many years.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 31, 1877.

SENATOR INGALL'S PENSION BILL.
Senator Ingalls' bill granting pensions to certain soldiers of the Mexican war, etc., provides for the payment of a pension of $8 per month each to all surviving officers and enlisted men, including militia and volunteers of the United States military and volunteers of the United States military and naval service who served sixty days in said war, and were honorably discharged, and to the surviving widows of such officers and enlisted men, provided they have not remarried.

Senator Plumb has introduced a bill donating from the United States Government to the State of Kansas two sections of the Fort Harper military reservation for the establishment of an educational institution, and providing that the remainder of the reservation be thrown open for settlement.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 31, 1877.

Sorry-Looking Cavalry.
The Helena (Montana) Herald of the 2nd inst., describes the filing through that place, on the day previous, of Company E, Seventh Cavalry, Lieutenant De Rudio in command. Hundreds of people in attendance of the Territorial Fair were amazed at the reduced condition of the horses and men. Says the Herald:

"A sorrier spectacle of reduced and broken-down horseflesh was probably never seen in the mounted service of Montana. Here was a sample portion showing the sad plight of the whole mounted force operating of late against the Indians. Howard, after an unprecedented march, protests that he was doing the best that he could with his jaded horses and sore-footed and shoeless infantry. He was shouted at and berated soundly. When Sturgis reported his animals `played out' and unable to move off a walkmany of his horses, indeed, wholly disabled and dropped in the chasethe bar-room warriors chuckled and said, `He won't do.'

. . . De Rudio's troop did good service and good campaigning to the full extent of human and horse-flesh endurance. It did another good service in passing through Helena on the escort journey north. It completely upset the critics who have railed and carped at the military these past two months. In place of spirited war-steeds they saw skeleton animals fit for little else than the bone-yard; horses that the troopers could not coax or urge into a trot, and numbers of them that could not bear their riders except at short intervals. The lesson taught by the spectacle of Saturday will not readily pass from the memory of the people who witnessed it."

[EDITORIAL COLUMNS.]

Arkansas City Traveler, October 31, 1877.

The Courier within the past few weeks, and especially since Lemmon and Millington assumed control of it, has improved wonderfully. Besides adding one column on each page, the reading matter is set in smaller type, thereby giving nearly double the amount of reading matter it did before. We have several copies at our office that can be seen by anyone who desires to see a model home paper.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 31, 1877.

The Republican candidate for Sheriff [Lippmann] came to this county seven years ago, and has been one of the people, having followed farming for three years, and milling and farming for four years. His relation to the working class gives him better opportunities for serving the county than his opponent can have, who has been a clerk in a store for several years, and cannot sympathize with them as can Leon Lippmann.

[LADIES' SEWING SOCIETY: THANKSGIVING FESTIVAL.]

Arkansas City Traveler, October 31, 1877.

The following committees have been chosen by the Ladies' Sewing Society for their Thanksgiving Festival.

COMMITTEE ON ARRANGEMENT.
Mrs. R. C. Haywood, Mrs. Dr. Hughes, Mrs. Dr. Shepard, Mrs. Dr. Kellogg, Mrs. C. R. Sipes, Mrs. L. McLaughlin.

SUPPER TABLE.
Mrs. S. B. Fleming, Mrs. V. Hawkins, Mrs. E. Parker, Mrs. E. Weatherholt, Mrs. L. C. Norton, Mrs. Dr. Shepard, Mrs. DeMott, Mrs. S. Pepper, Mrs. J. L. Huey, Mrs. I. H. Bonsall.

SOLICITING COMMITTEE.
In town: Mrs. Dr. Shepard, Mrs. J. I. Mitchell.

East of the Walnut: Mrs. L. McLaughlin.

Over the Arkansas: Mrs. S. Pepper.

FOR GETTING TABLES.
O. P. Houghton, S. P. Channell, Mr. Hutchinson.

DRAMATIC COMMITTEE.
Mrs. H. P. Farrar, Miss Gertrude Lockley, Dr. Williams, W. D. Mowry, H. M. Bacon.

COMMITTEE ON OYSTERS.
To procure them: E. D. Eddy.

To cook them: D. B. Hartsock, W. J. Mowry.

WAITERS ON TABLE.
W. D. Mowry, J. C. Topliff, J. Sherburne, W. Stewart, Dr. Williams, Miss Pickett, Kate Hawkins, Angie Mantor, Dora Dixon, Mowry Bowers.

FANCY TABLE.
Mrs. C. R. Sipes, Mrs. Dr. Kellogg, Mrs. Hartsock, Mrs. E. D. Eddy.

FISH POND.
Mattie Mitchell, Mary Theaker, May Benedict, Annie Norton, Annie Hutchinson, Linnie Peed.

TEA AND COFFEE.
Mrs. Dr. Hughes, Mrs. Coombs.

[SALT CITY ITEMSFROM CHRISTMAS.]

Arkansas City Traveler, October 31, 1877.

This town is prospering finely. Mr. Thomas Royal, formerly of the firm of Todd and Royal, of Wichita, keeps the hotel in this place, and has ample accommodations for the trading public. He also has a large livery stable which he has been fitting up of late. Mr. Royal is also Superintendent of the Coal Company here, and expects to continue drilling. He has propositions from different parties to do the work.

Frank Waldo is going to move his goods into Royal's store building, the present building being not large enough. Dr. Arnold will remove his office to the building that Frank occupies at present. He has been located here for the last seven months, and has established a good practice throughout the surrounding country.

Wm. Berkey is doing a good business in a general assortment of dry goods, groceries, drugs, etc., and probably the only merchant in Kansas that sells calico by the pound. His rates are one dollar and a half a pound. His motto is to sell cheap for cash.

Mr. Wm. Resch who has lately located here is doing a good work in the blacksmith line. He solicits the patronage of the surrounding country. The town is improving morally as well as in business.

The United Brethren have a church established, and preaching every alternate Sabbath. Rev. McCuen presides. They are going to build a parsonage as soon as possible.

Singing school is held once a week at the schoolhouse. CHRISTMAS.

[SUMNER COUNTY NEWS.]

Arkansas City Traveler, October 31, 1877.

CLEAR DALE, Oct. 19, 1877.
Clear Dale is a post village located in Guelph Township on the head waters of Bitter Creek, five miles north of the Shoo Fly road. The place was located about nine months ago, and is in a prosperous condition.

Bigler & Thompson are doing a good business in groceries, drugs, and ready made clothing, have a large trade in their line, and sell as cheap as anybody in Southern Kansas. Mr. George Loyd is the wagonmaker of this place, and is prepared to do all kinds of work in his line, solicits the patronage of the farming community. He intends to enlarge his shop soon. Mr. A. Cumins is the proprietor of the Cumins house. Any person stopping here is sure of getting a good meal. He also has a good farm and knows how to farm it, having 140 acres in wheat this fall. He also boasts of having the best well in Sumner County. There is a blacksmith and shoemaker located here. This would be a good point for a live wide awake dry goods merchant, also a hardware store.

Last Monday, the 15th, a fearful storm passed over the country south of here, its course was southeast. It carried the Kincade schoolhouse some fifteen feet from its foundation. Thomas Butts' house was moved eight feet from its foundation. It tore Mr. Carpenter's house into fragments, also Charles Wentworth's house was blown over. No lives lost by the storm.

[LETTER FROM REV. WINGAR.]

Arkansas City Traveler, October 31, 1877.

PRESCOTT, ARIZONA TERRITORY, Oct. 10, 1877.
Dear Scott: After a long and very tedious journey, we have arrived here. Our health greatly improved on the way, but since our arrival myself and Mrs. Wingar have both taken the fever from which we are now slowly recovering. I have collected many facts of interest, which if you desire, I will forward for publication.

Please forward any mail in your hands for us except newspapers to Brito. Magazines "Golden Hours" we should be glad to have forwarded. I am unable to write much as my ears are buzzing with quinine. Yours truly, J. J. WINGAR.

[ITEM ABOUT OSAGE INDIANS.]

Arkansas City Traveler, October 31, 1877.

Osages want cows that have no horns, and think they will give sweeter milk.

[BUSINESS NOTICES.]

Arkansas City Traveler, October 31, 1877.

PINE LUMBER. I have added pine lumber to my stock of Hardware, and will be pleased to furnish the same to anyone wishing to buy at Wichita pricesfreight added. Call and see me before purchasing elsewhere. S. P. CHANNELL.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 31, 1877.

CALL. Ye lovers of a good smoke, call at the Central Drug Store and see what a five- cent nickel will buy.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 31, 1877.

BOOKS! BOOKS! Persons wishing books for the Holidays can be supplied by leaving their orders with Will Mowry.

FOR MUSIC BOOKS, sheet music, or anything in the musical instrument line, leave your orders with W. D. Mowry. Orders by mail promptly attended to.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 31, 1877.

COAL OIL. Gardner & Co. sell the best for 40 cents per gallon.

LAMPS just received at L. H. Gardner & Co.

EUREKA. The Eureka Chimney, fire and water proof, at L. H. Gardner & Co.

HA! HA! A fine treat for the boys and girls when Gardner & Co.'s candies arrive. Look over them.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 31, 1877.

FAIR WARNING. All persons knowing themselves indebted to me for herding will do well and save cost by calling and settling the same with me. No defalcation in this.

EZRA MILKS.
Arkansas City Traveler, October 31, 1877.

TAKEN UP BY CITY MARSHAL six head of yearlings from the town herd. The owners can have the same by paying charges. The town herd is not herded by anyone now. Parties that had stock in the herd will do well to look after them. W. J. GRAY, City Marshal.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 31, 1877.

LAST SATURDAY was a lively day at the "Central Store," the way the five cent calico went off, and the way the boots and shoes went out was something wonderful. Mr. Wilson and Johnnie had just as much as they could attend to, and are now opening about a dozen more boxes of dry goods, boots and shoes, hats, caps, etc., that they want their friends to buy. No use in going to Wichita or sending east for dry goods now, since we have the best goods for the lowest price at our own door.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 31, 1877.

JUST OPENED AT WILSON'S CENTRAL STORE:

Beautiful new Fall Dress Goods

All-wool Cashmeres, Mohairs, Matelasse Cloths, etc.

New Style Waterproofs, Flannels, Yarns.

A big stock of Boots and Shoes, cheap for Cash,

And a great many other new goods. Call and see them.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 31, 1877. TRAVELER EXTRA.

1. BIG ADS...HOUGHTON & McLAUGHLIN.

2. CENTRAL DRUG STORE.

L. H. GARDNER & CO....WILL MOWRY HAS CHARGE OF THE STORE.

3. REPORT FROM T. M. FINNEY - OSAGE AGENCY.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 31, 1877. [Traveler Extra.]

[A Visit by Ponca Indians to Osage Agency.]
OSAGE AGENCY, INDIAN TERRITORY, Oct. 20, 1877.
The Osages are coming in from all quarters for enrollment and are camping all around the Agency. The beat of the drumwhich must be heard to be appreciatedcan be heard in all quarters, and at night their singing and whooping while gathered round the camp fire playing moccasin, or in the still wilder sport, dancing, adds to the general confusion.

A band of Ponca Indians, six by six in number, have been swapping ponies with the Osages for the last week. We did not recognize among them any member of the delegation which accompanied Inspector Kemble through here, and left him unceremoniously at Arkansas City. They say they will go west from here to Cheyenne Agency, to visit one of the present chiefs of that tribe. They claim that several years ago the Northern Cheyennes made a successful raid into their camps, and among their captives was a boy; that they had not heard of him and had given him up as dead until their arrival in the Territory, since which they have heard of his presence among the Cheyennes and his position of honor.

Seventeen hundred head of beef cattle are being held about ten miles from here for the Osages; also 500 head of stock cattle will be issued after the Indians are enrolled. More anon. Wah pemole T. M. FINNEY.

[ITEM ABOUT VAN KELSOIN WICHITA.]

Arkansas City Traveler, October 31, 1877.

WICHITA, Oct. 23, 1877.
Mr. Van Kelso was married to Miss Lizzi Abbott on Sunday, Oct. 21, by Rev. Hobbs, at the Richey house. R.

[ITEM FROM VINITA HERALD.]

Arkansas City Traveler, October 31, 1877.

An alligator or some other monster is causing great uneasiness among the Osages, on the Arkansas. They keep fires blazing all night and refuse to sleep near the water.

[PERSONALS.]

Arkansas City Traveler, Wednesday, October 31, 1877.

MR. MARICLE, of Bolton Township, has 800 acres of wheat that is looking exceedingly well.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 31, 1877.

The barber shop has been removed to Mr. Baker's house, nearly opposite Finney's livery stable.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 31, 1877.

JOHN GRIMES, who left this place with Porter and others, is now located at Napa City, California.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 31, 1877.

BORN. Sept. 30th, to Mr. and Mrs. D. D. Kellogg, of Vernon Township, a daughter. Weight nine pounds.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 31, 1877.

MR. HARVEY DWYER, formerly of Beaver, has returned from Nevada Territory. He intends to stay this time.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 31, 1877.

TURKEYS. MR. KAY killed twenty-two wild turkeys while returning from Pawnee Agency, after taking down a load of freight.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 31, 1877.

MARRIED. By Rev. S. B. Fleming, October 29th, Mr. C. T. Lowe and Miss Jennie E. Rodman, all of Cowley County, Kansas.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 31, 1877.

REV. R. S. McLANAHAN has returned from the meeting of the U. P. Synod of Kansas, at Kansas City. He had a good audience last Sabbath.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 31, 1877.

RETURNED. Col. J. C. McMullen returned from Wisconsin last week, after a visit of several weeks. Cowley County is good enough for him.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 31, 1877.

WILKS FOSTER, of Vernon, has left the country without paying his debts. He was indebted to Myton, of Winfield, $130.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 31, 1877.

That large sweet potato we had on exhibition was sent to Wisconsin for the people of the Badger State to gaze upon. It weighed six pounds and six ounces.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 31, 1877.

LUMBER. S. P. CHANNELL has a fine lot of pine lumber, lately purchased at Wichita, that he is offering special inducements to parties wishing to build.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 31, 1877.

All three departments of the school met in one room last Friday to recite declamations, orations, and essays. Those who attended were well pleased with the visit.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 31, 1877.

One of the largest cabbage heads we have seen for many a day was left in our office by David Bright. It was grown on the sandy land of the Arkansas River and weighed twenty-one pounds.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 31, 1877.

MR. FULLER, engineer of the K. C., E. & S. W. railway was at Winfield last Friday. He reports work progressing on the road and says the company is desirous of reaching Cowley County as soon as possible.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 31, 1877.

MRS. T. H. McLAUGHLIN, who has been visiting relatives in Texas for several weeks, returned Friday evening, accompanied by Miss Hattie Newman, sister of Mrs. Haywood and A. A. Newman, of this place.

NOTE: R. C. HAYWOOD AND A. A. NEWMANBROTHERS-IN-LAW.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 31, 1877.

A CARD.
The undersigned desires to thank Messrs. Arthur H. Smith and John W. Ledlie, of Cedar Township, for the assistance they so kindly gave in recovering his stray horse.

H. P. STANDLEY.
Arkansas City Traveler, October 31, 1877.

There will be a coal meeting held at Salt City, Saturday evening.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 31, 1877.

FRANK WALDO is going to move his goods in a large building, the present building is not large enough. Frank is doing good business.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 31, 1877.

A. H. GREEN, of Winfield, issued a five column real estate paper last week, containing a map of Cowley County, a history of its growth and prosperity, and other valuable information. Green is an energetic businessman, and furnishes the best of references.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 31, 1877.

HORSE RACE.
Next Saturday a race will take place between "Jack Rabbit," owned by Simms, and "John Bascom," owned by J. Howard. $300 has been bet on a side, besides a lot of cattle, mules, and hogs. The race will be run on the quarter-mile track at South Bend.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 31, 1877.

800 ACRES IN WHEAT.
Some of our Eastern farmers that plan all winter to put in a twenty or thirty acre field of wheat would consider it a pretty good job to have a look after Mr. Maricle's tract of 800 acres in Bolton Township, this county. It cost him $2,400 to sow the wheat, or $3 per acre. If the yield is good, he will have 16,000 bushels, worth probably $12,000, leaving him a net profit of $8,000 for his work.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 31, 1877.

CHILD POISONED BY AN OVERDOSE OF LAUDANUM.
On Saturday evening Mrs. Kizer, who was on her way to Caldwell to meet her husband, stopped at Mr. Cyrus Wilson's house with a sick child, and asked for some peppermint drops. The lady not having any, poured some water in an apparently empty vial that had contained laudanum, and gave the contents to the child. The child was soon in spasms, and the mother caught the child up and ran into the street, inquiring for a doctor, and was sent to Dr. Alexander.

Dr. Shepard was also called in, but in spite of all efforts, the child died within twelve hours. Mr. Kizer is the gentleman who is erecting a mill at Caldwell, and his family was going to him, when they stopped with Mrs. Wilson, with whom they were acquainted. The medicine was given with the most kindly intention, and the mistake made from the vial appearing emptythe spirit or fluid part of the laudanum having evaporated, leaving the opium drug.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 31, 1877.

WILL MOWRY seems determined to lead in the supply of smoking material, and has ordered the finest lot of tobacco and cigars that can be found anywhere in the Southwest. He has all the latest kinds of cigarettes and choice smoking tobacco, with an ingenious little lamp constantly burning to light by. When you want a choice cigar, call in and see him, and take a look at the display in the window. Besides a number of different kinds of pipes, he has the plain ten cent cigar holder and the pure meerschaum cigarette mouth piece. They are handsome and extravagant.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 31, 1877.

The following are the amounts bid to supply wood two feet in length for the use of the school at this place. The award being made to the lowest bidder, whose name appears on the head of the list.

Jacob Probasco $3.70

Thomas H. Tyner $4.49

D. M. Purdy $4.50

Charles F. Hilton $4.50

C. M. Scott $4.70

W. S. Packard $4.95

Charles Gallert $5.00

Arkansas City Traveler, October 31, 1877.

OFF FOR A HUNT.
O. P. HOUGHTON and several others are going down on the Salt Fork to hunt antelope and turkeys. Both are reported very numerous. O. P. is one of the happiest men living when he is poking a double-barreled shot gun behind the gills of a turkey gobbler, or making fifteen feet leaps after a wounded antelope. He is said to be a good marksman, but we can't help thinking of the fourteen shots it took to bring down a squirrel while on a trip to Osage Agency some time ago.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 31, 1877.

The Commissioners subscribed stock to the Kansas City, Emporia & Southern railway at their special session last Friday. Mr. Fuller, the engineer of the company, was present to see to it. Work is progressing steadily; the men are promptly paid for their work; the bridge timber is on the ground for the Cottonwood bridge, and everything has the appearance of a solid corporation backing it.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 31, 1877.

A SWINDLE.
A few days ago the brewer of Wichita wrote J. W. Brown, of Bolton Township, that he was paying 75 cents per bushel for barley. Mr. Brown took up 120 bushels, and when he got there, they told him they had all they could store, and could not take it. He did all he could to sell it, and finally made a sale of eighteen cents per bushel.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 31, 1877.

THOMAS BERRY started to Kentucky with Ambrose Gaunt, his brother-in-law, last Monday. Mr. Gaunt spent a few weeks at this place, but as the fatal disease of consumption had gained such a hold on his system, he had to return. Mr. Berry expects to be absent about three weeks, and will bring his mother back with him when he returns.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 31, 1877.

MARRIED. October 22nd, at the residence of the bride's father, in Bolton Township by the Rev. David Thompson, E. C. Henderson, of Richmond, Kansas, and Miss Laura Turner. After the ceremony, the happy couple started for Franklin County, this State, the home of the bridegroom. They take with them the best wishes of their many friends.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 31, 1877.

RETURNED.
HARVEY DWYER abandoned his trip to California when he reached Nevada and has returned again to Cowley County. He concluded he was leaving a good country for a poorer one, and wisely came back. Mr. Nesmite, who accompanied him, bought a tract of land in Nevada. Wait a year or so and you will see him poking back.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 31, 1877.

In behalf of the Ladies Society, we desire through the columns of your paper to tender our sincere thanks to Judge Christian for his interesting lecture; also Mr. and Mrs. Berkey for their music last Friday evening. MRS. L. A. ALEXANDER, Pres.

MRS. J. GIBBY, Secretary.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 31, 1877.

We hung our cage with a mocking bird in it at the back door one morning last week, and within ten minutes heard the bird fluttering, and noticed another bird on the cage reaching through the wires with its claws. On going to the door, we found it to be a small hawk, that flew away in an instant.

[PROS AND CONS ON M. G. TROUP RUNNING INDEPENDENTLY.]

Arkansas City Traveler, October 31, 1877.

Troup was in office for four years as County Clerk. The Republicans did not choose him as their nomineethe Democrats repudiated him also as a nominee. COURIER came out with an article attacking Troup. This was denounced by county commissioners:

"This is to certify that we, the undersigned, Commissioners of Cowley County, Kansas, have read an article in the editorial columns of the Winfield Courier, entitled "Crookedness," and find the same to be a gross misrepresentation of Mr. Troup's official acts concerning the final statement and settlement of Mr. Kager's account as County Treasurer of said county. Believing in the motto, "honor to whom honor is due," we would further say that no official act of Mr. Troup, in connection with Mr. Kager's final settlement, would in the least degree indicate in the mind of any fair- minded person that he (Troup) was dishonest, inefficient, or unfaithful in the trust confided to his care; but, on the contrary, his every act in that matter but serves to confirm us in the belief that he has been, and is, a faithful, efficient and honorable public servant." R. F. BURDEN, WM. WHITE, W. M. SLEETH.

October 27, 1877.

[REPORT FROM "E. P. Y."TISDALE.]

Arkansas City Traveler, October 31, 1877.

TISDALE, COWLEY CO., Oct. 21.
Quite a number of weddingsstewing; not done yet.

BORN. To Mr. and Mrs. McGuire on Sept. 9th, a daughter. John is hardly approachable yet.

Farms are changing hands all the time, and at all kinds of prices.

Mr. C. G. Handy's wife has been very low with fever. Her numerous friends will be glad she is improving and out of danger. Dr. Graham, of Winfield was her M. D.

Wheat looks splendid. E. P. Y.

[NATIONAL/STATE NEWS.]

Arkansas City Traveler, November 7, 1877. Front Page.

GENERAL HOWARD's campaign against the hostile Nez Perces, which resulted in the surrender of the entire force, seems to have been well managed, the correspondents to the contrary notwithstanding. Official reports tell the story in its completeness.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 31, 1877.

Why was the Sitting Bull Commission a ridiculous failure, as so many papers pronounce it? What did these able gentlemen want the commission to succeed in? In bringing Sitting Bull back to the United States? As Rip Van Winkle would say, "We are better midout him."

Arkansas City Traveler, October 31, 1877.

A recent letter from the Custer battle-ground on the Little Big Horn River states that the graves of those who fell in the battle are now in good condition. When Colonel Brackett's force examined the field in September, they found twelve human skulls and some bones above ground. These had been dug up by Indians or wolves. They were collected and reinterred. Bones are scattered over the field in every direction. But they are not human bones. The soldiers' remains seem to have been interred with care, and the writer of the letter, who went over the entire battleground, says, "It is unseemly for people to say that the bones of these men lie bleaching in the sun and without decent burial," because such was not the case, and is not now.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 31, 1877.

The Commission to appraise the Kaw lands has been appointed. According to conditions prescribed by the Indians in consenting to the re-appraisement, one was to be chosen by their Agent, one by Superintendent Nicholson, and one by the Commissioner of Indian affairs. M. H. Newlin, Agent of the Pottawatomies, was selected by the Superintendent. Maj. Jones, Agent of the Quapaws, by the Agent, and Thomas S. Huffaker, of Council Grove, by the Commissioner. It will be remembered that the former appraisement rated the lands at figures which made them unmarketable; it is now hoped that they will be brought within the reach of the settlers.

[EDITORIAL COLUMNS: CITY ELECTION, CANDIDATES.]

Arkansas City Traveler, November 7, 1877.

The election at this place yesterday passed off very quietly and pleasantly. The votes polled lacked about seventy of being the entire vote of the township. Some little strife was made for the offices of constables and justices of the peace. The following is the vote on township officers.

Trustee. M. R. Leonard, 203.

Treasurer. L. Finley, 119.

Clerk. W. D. Mowry, 197.

Justices: I. H. Bonsall, 166; James Christian, 120; T. McIntire, 107.

Constables: Geo. McIntire, 185; James Morgan, 133; W. J. Gray, 82.

Road Overseers: J. W. Hutchinson --; Capt. Bird, 7.

There were two justices and two constables to elect.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 7, 1877.

Some of the most scandalous lies and personal abuse was heaped on the candidates for the different offices this fall, that we ever heard of. Many were of such a nature that they could not be hinted at in the most delicate manner without disgracing the person who uttered them. That is a kind of politics that the TRAVELER does not propose to engage in or sanction in any party, and the sooner it is denounced by the people, the better will be the result. A man often goes before a convention whose character is untainted, and before the day of election, the people are startled to learn that he is a villain of the worse character, and it is generally accepted as true before any inquiry is made into the matter. If they cannot be made known before the day of election, or in time to give the accused party time to contradict them, they should not be considered true.

[COMMUNICATION FROM "C"SILVERDALE.]

Arkansas City Traveler, November 7, 1877.

SILVERDALE, Oct. 23, 1877.
A slight flutter was caused in our quiet neighborhood by the meeting at Mr. Butterfield's, on the caucus for the nomination of township officers. The results will be found below.

Trustee: J. B. Mussulman.

Justices: D. Francisco, W. Butterfield.

Clerk: S. Cattrell.

Treasurer: W. T. Estus.

Constables: I. Tipton, T. Butterfield.

The store at this place, and with it the post office, has been bandied about somewhat unmercifully of late.

W. T. Estus, successor to Mr. Tipton, sold the twin concern to S. Cattrell, who has been serving Uncle Sam for about a week, but at this writing, Dan Grant is spoken of as the coming merchant and postmaster.

Our mill men in Illinois have been heard from again and they say that as soon as certain properties in their possession are disposed of that the mill on Grouse will assume visible proportions.

It is with regret that I state that no school is being held in this township. `Cause whya site has not yet been agreed upon.

Sunday school meets every Sunday, however, at Coburn's schoolhouse in lower Grouse.

Seeding is now over, and in nearly all cases, the wheat is up and looking first classcould not look better.

Mr. J. B. Mussulman has a field that he sowed very early that we believe cannot be beat anywhere. [Musselman? Or Mussleman? This name is very often misspelled.]

I have secured a large beet, weight 7 lbs., of Mr. Cattrell, and several monster sweet potatoes of Mr. Splawn, which I will send you the first opportunity.

Mr. Warren has sold his cattle to the Freeman boys, who with Messrs. Austin & Haynes intend herding in the Territory during the winter. C.

[LOST CHILD: DEXTER.]

Arkansas City Traveler, November 7, 1877.

DEXTER, Oct. 30, 1877.
On Thursday, the 25th inst., about noon, my son, Richard, wandered from home, and got lost. The good people of Dexter and neighborhood began the search at dark, and continued it all night and all next day until dark, when he was found by Esq. Osborne near the head of Beaver Creek, some eight or nine miles southeast of Dexter, while on his way home from town.

For all this interest and sympathy shown me and my family, I feel myself truly grateful and will ever hold these people in remembrance. H. B. RUDE.

[REPORT FROM "E. P. YOUNG"TISDALE.]

Arkansas City Traveler, November 7, 1877.

Walter Deming started a fire this afternoon to burn up some trash. It got away from him and destroyed his stable, three stacks of hay, straw pile, and four hundred bushels of good wheat. Mr. Deming is an energetic man and a good citizen. The loss will fall heavily on him. His summer's work is now represented by a pile of ashes.

The county is full of land buyers. New grip candidates. E. P. YOUNG.

[PERSONALS.]

Arkansas City Traveler, November 7, 1877.

Wild geese are flying south every day.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 7, 1877.

The flouring mill at Caldwell is running.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 7, 1877.

John Florer, the trader at Osage Agency, is in town.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 7, 1877.

Parties desiring blackberry roots can have them for the digging at the Capt. Norton place.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 7, 1877.

Mr. Topliff offers a valuable mule for sale at a bargain this week. See special notice column.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 7, 1877.

FOR SALE. One span of 4-year-old work mules, 14 hands high; one double-barreled shot gun, one feather bed. Will trade for cows. W. H. H. RATHBURN, On Topliff's farm.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 7, 1877.

The Literary Society will meet at the First Church next Friday evening. All invited to attend.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 7, 1877.

THERE IS an Independent candidate for County Clerk, M. G. Troup, on the Democratic ticket, in this county.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 7, 1877.

TO TEXAS.
CHARLEY WARE and BILLY ADAMS started for Texas last week by wagon. They will engage in the stock business.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 7, 1877.

J. B. LYONS, Esq., Cashier of the First National Bank of Cadiz, Ohio, was married on the 27th inst., at Alliance, to Miss Matilda J. Watson, of Salem.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 7, 1877.

We took from a wagon, a turnip, weighing 6-3/4 pounds, grown by David Sleeth on the Walnut bottom. There were many others in the load just as large.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 7, 1877.

The contractors of the Walnut River bridge now want a guarantee from a number of our prominent citizens that the bonds will be issued to them before they will erect the bridge.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 7, 1877.

The steeple of the M. E. church at Winfield was blown down in the storm; and it will take $1,000 to replace it. The sinners of the county seat will have to go down in their pockets again.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 7, 1877.

Thomas Hunter, the landlord at South Haven, is the Democratic nominee in Sumner County for Treasurer, and Mr. A. Huff, of Salt City, for Clerk. Both parties are well known in this place.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 7, 1877.

MR. LETTS, of Salt City, left with us a sample of silver ore taken from one of the mines he is interested in in the San Juan country that is very rich. He expects to return in the spring to work them.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 7, 1877.

Miss Gussie Slocum, of Emporiaone of the young ladies of the border in early dayswas married to Capt. C. N. Sterry on the 13th of October. Mr. Sterry is attorney for the K. C., E & S. railroad.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 7, 1877.

L. J. Webb, M. G. Troup, Capt. Hunt, W. M. Allison, and J. P. Short, all attended the Republican meeting last Monday evening, at this place. Speeches were made by all the gentlemen except Mr. Short, and a general talk engaged in.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 7, 1877.

WILL ALLISON claims to have lost a pocket book containing $15 in money, a 1,000 mile railway ticket, a stage pass, and a discharge from the U. S. army. We believe it all except the $15 in money. He meant a $15 due bill he had made out for some bible association.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 7, 1877.

WHITE FLINT CORN.
Mr. J. M. Felton has some white flint corn he obtained in Missouri that will mature in dry seasons before the dry weather sets in. On account of the grasshoppers this year, he did not plant corn until June 1st, and he now has forty bushels to the acre.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 7, 1877.

MR. F. P. SCHIFFBAUER, of Wichita Agency, came up last week to spend a few days with us. He has been with the Indians at the Agency about six years, and converses freely in many Indian tongues, besides German and English. He may locate with us, and we hope he will, for he is an exemplary young man of excellent business qualifications.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 7, 1877.

H. P. STANDLEY visited Silverdale, Maple City, Otter, Dexter, and Tisdale last week, representing the TRAVELER. He was cordially received everywhere and was well pleased with the trip. While out among the farmers, he learned to tell the difference between rye and oats, and knows a Chester White pig from a Berkshire at first glance now.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 7, 1877.

A DOUBLE WEDDING.
On Thursday evening of last week, MR. WILL. J. STEWART and MISS DORA DIXON, both of this county, were united in the holy bonds of matrimony at Caldwell, by Rev. S. B. Fleming, at the residence of the bride's brother. Also Mr. Davidson, of Wellington, and Miss Carrie Dixon, of this place. Both young ladies are sisters of Mrs. J. T. Shepard. We have not had the pleasure of Mr. Davidson's acquaintance, but learn that he is a gentleman of considerable reputation, and a prosperous hardware merchant.

Will Stewart is well known throughout this county and is exceedingly popular. Since leaving railroading for an occupation, he has quietly retired on one of the best farms in Cowley County and has it well under cultivation. No young man in this vicinity has stronger and warmer friends than Will J. Stewart.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 7, 1877.

The Race in South Bend.
The TRAVELER reporter arrived at South Bend last Saturday afternoon in time to witness the races, examine the horses, and hear the general talk of the bystanders. Nearly seventy-five people had gathered to see the trial of speed, and although all were interested, very little money exchanged hands. The track was on the Walnut River bottom, on the farm formerly owned by Fislar, and was one of the best we have seen in the Southwest. While it was hard on top, it had a spongy appearance, and gave slightly to the horses' hoofs, enabling them to strike firm and strong without damaging the feet. The tracks were one-quarter of a mile in length, and far enough apart to prevent the riders striking one another's horses, and level as a floor. At the starting point on one track was a shoot, or pen, made to prevent the horse from flying the track. This was used by the sorrel colt. For some time considerable parleying was done on how the horses would start, and the race was finally given up on account of a dispute. Simms, who made the race, contended they were to turn on a twelve foot score and run. Phaler, the owner of the gray horse, claimed they were to come up to the score and run. The bets had been a wagon, team, and horses, against a mule and wagon. Finally by allowing Phaler to withdraw the wagon and bet the mule against the wagon, team, and horses, the race was made up, and the horses taken to the end of the tract to start.

"John Bascom," owned by Howard, is a small chestnut sorrel stallion, four years old, weighing 1,000 pounds. He was in a splendid condition, well trained, and was handled nicely.

"Jack Rabbit," owned by Dan Phaler, of Dutch Creek, is a gray horse, six years old, weighing 860 pounds, and remarkably well muscled. He is the same horse formerly owned by Hackney & McDonald, for which Phaler paid $360, and mortgaged his farm to pay for. The horse, to our eye, was not in good order for running. The horse was poorly handled and made the race as though he had been overworked or strained.

Some time was taken to get the horses started. Repeatedly they came to the scratch, but something would be wrong. One horse would not get started on the right foot or the other was not far enough ahead.

Finally the "go" was given and both horses sprang into the air and came bounding over the level surface as though shot from a canon. For awhile they ran nearly even; then the little sorrel hugged the ground like a greyhound, and began gaining inch by inch until near the middle of the track, when he ran away from the gray and reached the score several seconds before his adversary. Very little whipping was done, but the speed was good, the sorrel horse making the quarter of a mile in less than 30 seconds.

T. M. Vaughn, Jake Keffer, and Tom Shales were the judges, and gave the race to "John Bascom" by ten feet, although it appeared more like twenty from where we stood.

Other horses were on the ground, and two or three scrub races were run after the main race.

Col. McMullen's "Sleepy Jack," was generally admired, and many offered to bet he could outrun anything on the ground. But as no one seemed inclined to risk anything, and the Colonel did not propose to let him run, the matter was dropped.

Lewis Shales, of Rock Township, had his roan pony on hand, but did not have an opportunity to run him. His horse is a small, heavy built pony, branded "L. W. ALLEN," and has good action.

It was late in the evening when the races were run, and everyone sought their homes as soon as it was over, congratulating themselves that they had seen one fair race if nothing more.

[SCHOOL REPORT: STUDENTS LISTED.]

Arkansas City Traveler, November 7, 1877.

SKIPPED THE DEPORTMENT, SCHOLARSHIP, ETC. JUST LISTED NAMES OF PUPILS IN THE HIGH SCHOOL WITH THE HIGHEST STANDARDS. REPORT WAS GIVEN BY E. R. THOMPSON.

Annie Norton

Mattie Mitchell

Emma Mitchell

Nellie Swarts

Mary Theaker

Anna Hutchinson

Linnie Peed

Linda Christian

Flora Finley

Laura Gregg

Susie Hunt

Susie Berry

Belle Adams

Mary Wintin

May Benedict

Cassie Benedict

Carrie Cramer

Sarah Randall

Mary Holloway

Jerry Adams

Lewis Coombs

John Parker

James Lorton

Fred. McLaughlin

Peter Trissell

Charles Holloway

Beason Gardner

[AD BY KELLOGG & HOYT'S.]

Arkansas City Traveler, November 7, 1877.

CASH PRICES
-AT-
KELLOGG & HOYT'S
Castor Oil, $1.40 per gallon.

Lard Oil, $1.25 per gallon.

N. F. Oil, $1.50 per gallon.

Coal Oil, 40 cents per gallon.

Jayne's Expectorant, 90 cents.

Allen's Balsam, 90 cents.

Ayer's C. Pectoral, 90 cents.

Golden M. Discovery, 90 cents.

Pierce's Favorite Pres., 90 cents.

Jayne's Alternative, 90 cents.

Hostetter's Bitters, 90 cents.

Prickly Ash Bitters, 90 cents.

Harter's Iron Tonic, 90 cents.

Wine Bitters, 90 cents.

Ayer's Hair Vigor, 90 cents.

Hall's Hair Renewer, 90 cents.

Cherry Pectoral Wine, 90 cents.

August Flower, 70 cents.

Five Boxes of Pills, $1.00.

Four Lamp Chimneys, 25 cents.

A LARGE ASSORTMENT OF LAMPS AT ABOUT COST.
CALL IN and get prices.
[COMMUNICATION FROM "B"MAPLE CITY.]

Arkansas City Traveler, November 7, 1877.

The farmers are through seeding, but are still busy preparing and fixing for winter. The wheat crop looks exceptionally good.

The caucus for nominating township officers met Oct. 20. The following were the nominations:

Trustee, J. Gilleland.

Clerk, W. W. Thomas.

Treasurer, John Babbitt.

Justices, W. E. Ketchum and J. B. Callison.

Constables, Robt. Howe and Silas Dixon.

Our school commences Monday, Nov. 5, with W. E. Ketchum as teacher. Rev. McCarney preaches in the city every two weeks regularly, and we have occasional meetings besides.

Although the acreage sown to wheat this year is large, yet many of our farmers have turned their attention to cattle and hogs more than of old.

Messrs. Wiley & Eaton have some 200 head of as fine hogs as can be found anywhere, and most of our farmers have more or less cattle and hogs.

H. S. Libby has one of the largest herds of cattle in the vicinitysomething over 125 head.

The two twin children of Mrs. Kizer died on Saturday last, and were buried on Sunday, the 21st of October.

Mrs. Montgomery died at the residence of her son on Tuesday evening, at 3 p.m. [?evening..3 p.m.?] The funeral took place on Monday at Rock Creek. The deceased lady had been sick for many years with a cancer in the forehead.

H. S. Blendin has sold out his flock of sheep and is now devoting his attention to stock raising. More anon. B.

[SYNOPSIS OF TAX LAW.]

Arkansas City Traveler, November 7, 1877.

1. Taxes are due November 1st, and the whole or one half of the same may be paid on or before December 20th, without penalty.

2. One half of the taxes may be paid on or before Dec. 20th, and the other half on or before June 20th following, without penalty.

3. If the whole tax is paid, a rebate of 5 percent is allowed on the half that may run to June 20th.

4. On any real estate, where no payment has been made by Dec. 20th, the whole becomes due and a penalty of 5 percent is added Dec. 21st.

5. A penalty of 5 percent is added March 21st, and another 5 percent on June 21st, on all real estate where the first installment was not paid by Dec. 20th.

6. Warrants for delinquent taxes on personal property will be issued Jan. 1st, and paid July 1st.

7. Lands delinquent for taxes will be advertised July 10th, and sold on the first Tuesday in September.

8. After the tax sales, the amount of the taxes and costs will be subject to interest at the rate of 2 percent per month for the first year, and three percent for the second and third years.

9. At the end of the third year, a tax deed will be issued to the purchaser.

[CANADIAN TREATY WITH THE BLACKFEET.]

Arkansas City Traveler, November 7, 1877.

The Montreal Witness of the 18th inst. says: "A treaty with the Blackfeet Indians is stated to have been arranged by Lieut. Gov. Laird, and its details will be awaited with interest. Canadian Commissioners, however great the difficulty may appear, generally do succeed in arranging treaties with the Indians in the Northwest. Canada's good faith in keeping her treaties no doubt makes the task much less arduous than it otherwise would be, and although there may sometimes be grumbling in Parliament at the great expense of the treaties, such criticisms do not count for much when weighed with the possible alternatives."

[CONGRESS: SPECIAL SESSION.]

Arkansas City Traveler, November 7, 1877. Front Page.

The House, on the 5th, transferred the office of Indian Affairs to the War Department; and authorized the election of a delegate from the Indian Territory.

[EDITORIAL COLUMNS.]

Arkansas City Traveler, November 14, 1877.

The Battle Over.
LIPPMANN took his defeat very cool, and went to work at his mill harder than ever, the morning after the election, resolved to keep out of politics.

CAPT. HUNT feels his defeat. He is no politician, and regards human beings as objects not to be wholly relied on. His friends also feel for him.

TROUP is chuckling in his sleeve thinking, "I told you so," and has squared himself for another two years' work.

KINNE has the satisfaction of knowing that kindness and true courtesy is not thrown away even in a public office, and continues his course as heretofore. Good clothes, reputa- tion, or a large bank account makes no difference with E. P. Kinnea child would be shown as much attention as an officer, if it called at the Registrar's office on business.

TOM BRYAN expected to win because he had no opponent, and his smiling countenance will greet the tax burdened resident with such an open countenance that he will feel like paying his taxes two or three times.

ED. HAIGHT took interest enough to come in the day after election to see whether he was elected or not, and thought if he wasn't, he would go back to his work on the farm. Ed. will be happy now as long as he is kept busy.

We understand Chas. McClung was not in the State when his name was placed on the ticket, and he did not expect to be elected.

Very few supposed Charles Harter would be elected over Mr. Lippmann, and he probably would not without the desperate fight made upon his opponent. But he was, and time will tell whether he fulfills the office faithfully and efficiently. We have always found him to be a gentleman and a good citizen.

Dr. Graham ranks among the best physicians of the county and will make a good Coroner.

Winfield did not support the Republican nominee for Commissioner of District No. 1, as well as might have been expected, but Mr. Gale, of Rock Township, was elected "all the same, all the while."

Major Sleeth and Mr. Burden take it as a matter of course proceeding and don't seem much elated either way.

[COMMUNICATION FROM "J. F. H."PLEASANT VALLEY TOWNSHIP.]

Arkansas City Traveler, November 14, 1877.

SOUTH BEND, Nov. 8, 1877.
Things are quite lively in the "Bend" this fall, and we expect to have a fine time this winter. Wheat is about all threshed, and the fall wheat is all put in and looking very nicely Mr. Nipp has over 100 acres of fine fall wheat. Mr. Campbell has 80 acres of fine wheat

the finest in the "Bend," I may say with safety. Mr. Sitters has 100 acres of fine wheat. All the wheat in the Bend looks fine, and promises an abundant crop for next year.

There is plenty of corn in the neighborhood, and the people are commencing to gather and crib it.

Mr. Nipp has about 200 hogs, 35 of which are ready for market, besides a large lot of cattle in his pasture. Mr. Keffer has about 80 fine hogs, 50 percent of which are ready for market. He has about 100 head of cattle in his pasture. Mr. Sitters has about 20 fine hogs, and 35 head of cattle. Mr. Campbell has a very fine lot of hogs.

There are quite a number of farmers of which I failed to ascertain facts. There are quite a number of newcomers from Illinois and Iowa looking for land.

C. W. Pitinger and family, from Davis County, are staying with Mr. S. B. Atkinson until they get a house built on the north eighty of Mr. Atkinson's, which Mr. C. W. Pitinger bought.

Mr. John Pitinger, father of C. W. Pitinger, is also here looking around.

Mr. Alex. and Joseph Hawkins, from Bloomfield, Iowa, and Mr. John Norman, from Davis County, Iowa, are stopping in the neighborhood looking around for suitable places.

Mr. Chesby McDade is stopping with Mr. Campbell. He is from Hamburg, Ger manyjust arrived.

A literary society was started on Monday night, Nov. 5th, at the South Bend school- house. Mr. Keffer was appointed Chairman, and Miss Anna Wright, Secretary, for the evening. The society was organized and styled the "South Bend Literary Society." Twenty- two members were enrolled. The society was adjourned to meet on Wednesday, Nov. 14th. All are invited.

A singing school will be commenced in a week or so. J. F. H.

[LETTER FROM "A. K. MELTON"FRIOTOWN, TEXAS.]

Arkansas City Traveler, November 14, 1877.

FRIOTOWN, TEXAS, Oct. 24, 1877.
Friend Scott:

Yours of the 4th inst., is received, also cards. This is not the best locality to buy ponies and mules, as few are raised here. The place to go for them is near the coast and on the lower Rio Grande. I am informed that good stock mares and horses, nothing under three years old, can be bought there for $5 to $8 per head. Mules are higher. Good ones, half breed, 14 and 15 hands high, are worth $20 to $25. These figures are for unbroken animals. Broken ones are worth more. If one has a hankering for adventure, he can cross the Rio Grande into Mexico, and buy them cheaper.

As for Mexican war matters, I know but little. There is more or less trouble along the Rio Grande now, and I believe the State troops are nearly all on the Mexican frontier, below or above. I might say generally that there is always a kind of semi war along the line, just now it is more than common. There is a great deal of talk, and everybody is spoiling for a fight. Guess Mexican and Indian matters are alike in thisthat a little thing at home may be a big thing abroad. The report that a thousand men are being recruited in San Antonio for service against Mexico, must be bosh. A. K. MELTON.

[COMMUNICATION FROM "M"SOUTH HAVEN.]

Arkansas City Traveler, November 14, 1877.

SOUTH HAVEN, KAS., Nov. 8.
BORN. To Mr. and Mrs. W. H. Hedgecock on Nov. 4, a girl. Also on the 4th inst., to Mr. and Mrs. O. C. Moore, a girl.

Mr. John G. Wood sold his farm of 160 acres to Mr. G. H. Wright for $650. No improvement.

Rumor says that Hickman and Myers, Democratic candidates for Registrar and Sheriff, elected the rest of the Republican ticket elected. M.

[COMMUNICATION FROM "D. GRANT."SILVERDALE.]

Arkansas City Traveler, November 14, 1877.

SILVERDALE, Nov. 9, 1877.
Mr. Mussulman, the regular nominee for Trustee in Silverdale Township, because he is so occupied with other business that he did not wish to be elected to that office, on the morning of the election, withdrew his name as a candidate in favor of D. Grant. And the said Grant on the strength of Mr. Mussulman's popularity was elected Trustee. D. GRANT.

[MISCELLANEOUS NEWS.]

Arkansas City Traveler, November 14, 1877.

PROFESSOR KELLOGG, of Emporia, was in our city last Wednesday, negotiating for the purchase of Dr. Hall's drug store for a brother in Arkansas City. If the brother is as full of snap and energy as the professor, he will be a valuable acquisition to our city.

Junction City Union.

[BUSINESS NOTICES.]

Arkansas City Traveler, November 14, 1877.

Stray Notice.
Taken up by the subscriber, living 2 miles west of Arkansas City, 4, 3 year old steers, branded R. R. or R. B. Said steers were taken up on the 5th of Nov., 1877, and can be had by proving property and paying charges. JOHN W. BROWN.

[MORE PERSONALS.]

Arkansas City Traveler, November 14, 1877.

MARRIED. On Tuesday, November 13, 1877, at the First Presbyterian church, by Rev. S. B. Fleming, MR. F. P. SCHIFFBAUER, late of Wichita Agency, Indian Territory, to MISS MOLLIE WILLIAMS, of this place.

Notwithstanding the night was dark and stormy, with the probabilities of a heavy rain, the church was filled with ladies and gentlemen, many being compelled to remain standing during the ceremony. After the congratulations were extended to the happy couple, a few invited friends repaired to Mr. Godehard's restaurant, where a bountiful feast of good things awaited them, and time sped swiftly and pleasantly until the "wee sina hours beyant the twa." The many friends of the newly wedded couple join in wishing them a prosperous and happy journey "up the dusty slopes of life," with no clouds to mar the serenity of their matrimonial sky.

[MORE BUSINESS NOTICES.]

Arkansas City Traveler, November 14, 1877.

M. GODEHARD will receive within a few days choice Ohio chestnuts, California pears; and Baltimore Fresh Oysters. Call in time if you want some.

BUCKWHEAT FLOUR for sale by H. Godehard.

MAPLE SYRUP just received at H. Godehard's.

600 lbs. of choice candy received at H. Godehard's.

ARABIAN GOLDEN DATES at H. Godehard's.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 14, 1877.

MATCHED HORSES and mules for sale on time, or will trade for cattle or hogs.

PATTERSON & ENDICOTT.
Arkansas City Traveler, November 14, 1877.

MONEY TO LOAN. J. L. Huey has money to loan on chattel or real estate security. Real estate greatly preferred and at a much lower rate of interest.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 14, 1877.

The Blacksmiths' Union Price List.
ARKANSAS CITY, Nov. 12, 1877.
We, the undersigned, have established the following prices, to take effect on and after November 12, 1877. These prices are strictly cash:

Eight new horse shoes, $3.50.

Two new horse shoes, $.85.

One new horse shoe, $.45.

(Signed) K. F. SMITH, SIFFORD & HORNE, F. N. EARL, ELISHA PARKER.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 14, 1877.

ONE new Coles Stalk Cutter to trade for hauling. S. P. CHANNELL.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 14, 1877.

GOOD TEAM, wagon, and harness for sale cheap. Inquire of W. J. Stewart or Houghton & McLaughlin.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 14, 1877.

TEN FINE FARMS FOR SALE. Ten percent cash of the purchase money required as first payment; balance on five years' time. J. C. McMULLEN.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 14, 1877.

A SPAN of fine young brood mares and a span of mules for sale, on time with good security. J. C. McMULLEN.

[PERSONALS.]

Arkansas City Traveler, November 14, 1877.

Town full of teams Monday.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 14, 1877.

Caldwell has a horse race nearly every week.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 14, 1877.

JOE DISSER will open a shoe shop in town this winter.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 14, 1877.

Many calves in Beaver Township are dying of the blackleg.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 14, 1877.

The miners in the mountains predict this will be a long cold winter.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 14, 1877.

E. B. KAGER has removed his office to the room over Benedict's store.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 14, 1877.

HENRY MOWRY shot a fine deer a few miles from the State line lately.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 14, 1877.

A project is on foot to place another ferry west of town. It is needed.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 14, 1877.

The Knights of Honor meet Tuesday, November 20th, at Benedict's Hall.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 14, 1877.

MR. MANESS has bought 40 acres of land on the State line, of Tom Goatley.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 14, 1877.

MR. SAMUEL HOYT returned from Canada last week, and will spend the winter here.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 14, 1877.

FRED. NEWMAN, brother of A. A. Newman, is visiting his relatives at this place.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 14, 1877.

WM. KAY starts a buffalo hunting this week, in company with Sumner County friends.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 14, 1877.

A number of teams loaded for the Pawnee and Sac and Fox agencies last Monday.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 14, 1877.

KAWS, PAWNEES, and occasionally a stray Osage, grace our streets considerably of late.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 14, 1877.

Mrs. Harris, mother of Clarence Harris, in the TRAVELER office, returned from Colorado last Thursday.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 14, 1877.

BORN. To Mr. L. F. Johnson, a son, on Saturday, Nov. 10th. Beaver Township will soon have another voter.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 14, 1877.

The hunters who went to the Territory were not very successful. After about a week's stay, they killed one turkey.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 14, 1877.

MITCHELL and HUEY are talking of erecting a building on the vacant lot between the Post Office and Mr. Bonsall's gallery.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 14, 1877.

MR. F. KEY, of Bolton, has sold his farm to Mr. Wm. Kay for $1,400. He then bought on the State line of Mr. T. C. Davis.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 14, 1877.

A social dance was held at Bland's schoolhouse last Friday evening. A club will be formed this winter for a general good time.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 14, 1877.

An effort is being made to place a ferry west of town. It would be a paying investment to the owners as well as a benefit to the town.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 14, 1877.

On Sunday evening a fiery orbit flew through the heavens for some distance, going westward, and then burst into a number of distinct pieces.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 14, 1877.

AMOS WALTON received one vote for township treasurer, Col. McMullen one for constable, H. P. Standley one for road overseer, and Ed. Gray one for coroner.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 14, 1877.

The fifteen teams that left this place about two weeks ago for Chetopa, have returned loaded with trees and nursery stock for Trissell & Maxwell. The stock is of the very best, and is worth seeing.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 14, 1877.

SOMETHING DEFINITE should be done about the Walnut and Arkansas River bridges. It has been suggested that a meeting be held in Walton's office tomorrow afternoon, at three o'clock, to talk over the matter.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 14, 1877.

Dr. Hughes was at Wichita last week.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 14, 1877.

Dr. Shepard has been confined to the house for two weeks with an attack of fever.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 14, 1877.

Drs. McCormack and Williams intend returning to Wilson County soon.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 14, 1877.

GEORGE GARDENHIER, of Lazette, has a very small particle of Cherokee blood in his veins, and intends reaping the benefit of it by becoming a member of the tribe, and draw pay and receive a farm from Uncle Sam. How lucky it is to be an Indian, now-a-days.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 14, 1877.

Someone, evidently in fun, took Mr. Wm. Coombs' team that was standing in front of the church on Tuesday night of last week, and tied it some distance off where he could not find it. The result was that Mrs. Coombs had to walk nearly two miles home, while she was in terrible health, and the horses had to stand out all night in the cold. Other parties have complained of being disturbed after night by boys, and in some instances, property has been damaged. The city marshal has been requested to arrest the parties if the like occurs again.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 14, 1877.

The third quarterly meeting, for this charge, will be held in Arkansas City next Saturday and Sabbath, the 17th and 18th inst. Services Saturday at 2 p.m., followed by quarterly conference, and at 7 p.m. Sabbath at 11 a.m., followed by sacramental services, and at 7 p.m. The Presiding Elder, Rev. A. H. Walter, will conduct all these services. A cordial invitation is extended to all. B. C. SWARTS, Pastor, M. E. Church.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 14, 1877.

MESSRS. C. & F. P. SCHIFFBAUER bought the entire stock of groceries owned by L. McLaughlin, at the Green Front, yesterday, and will continue the business at the old stand. On account of taking an inventory of stock, the store will be closed today and tomorrow. The boys come to us highly recommended, are energetic, thorough-going businessmen, and will doubtless be favored with a large share of the public patronage.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 14, 1877.

Some excitement was made last week by the announcement that buffalo were only forty miles west of this place, on Sand Creek, in the Indian Territory, and several parties began to prepare to go after them. These reports used to be quite frequent. With the exception of three years ago, buffalo have not been nearer than about seventy-five miles for many years. Three years ago we had the pleasure of killing one within sight of Caldwell.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 14, 1877.

THE KAW INDIANS will become civilized if they live long enough. The other day we noticed one coming in town, with a load of wood, driving an ox team. He knew "gee!" and "whoa ha!" and got it off quite naturally in the presence of a number of critics. Before leaving town he was pretty well saturated with the "oh be joyful," which was another indication of the seductive influences of civilization he possessed.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 14, 1877.

THURSDAY evening, prayer meeting at the First Church, Friday evening, Literary Society meets at First Church, and school exhibition in the afternoon; Saturday evening is the regular meeting of the Free Masons. Sunday morning, preaching at the First Methodist and United Presbyterian churches; in the evening at the First and Methodist churches. Revs. Fleming, Swarts, and Thompson officiate.

[HOW THE SAFETY "ICE-CREEPER" WAS INVENTED.]

Arkansas City Traveler, November 14, 1877.

When a boy on the slippery hills at Cadiz, Ohio, it was the custom of many to wear heel plates, or creepers, to prevent slipping on icy sidewalks. They were made of iron and so con structed to be fixed on the heel, and had calks like those of a horse shoe to penetrate the ice and give a firm foot hold. They were very useful and generally liked by all except the ladies, who "rose in their might" when they were worn in the house and upon the carpet. Although the boys protested they walked on their toes, while on the carpet, yet the careful house lady discovered "another even hole and avon in the carpet;" and finally made her son take off the "nuisance" whenever he came in. Time wore on, and when the son grew to manhood the thoughts of boyhood crossed his mind, and while his house and carpet were his own now, he found the same objection to the heel plate his mother had, and that he would have to abandon its use or be put to considerable inconvenience. The matter engaged his attention for awhile until the lucky idea was thought of to make a reversible one, that would be out of the way when in doors, and quickly applied when needed. This he did by inventing the Safety Ice-Creeper, that is worn throughout the East, and has offered so much satisfaction. With it, you can walk on the most slippery sidewalk without endangering your limbs or your life, or step on an orange peeling without breaking your neck.

The "Ice Creeper," so issued by the Patent Office at Washington, is a small plate of malleable iron, made to adjust to the heel by a thumb screw, weighing 1-3/4 ounces, and would scarcely be noticed when properly applied. Its advantages can be realized at a glance, and thoroughly appreciated by a single trial. They are wholesaled to the trade on reasonable terms and retailed to the public at 25 cents each. Robert P. Scott, 28 Orange St.., Newark, New Jersey, is the "boy inventor," and manufacturer of the same.

[SITTING BULLCANADA.]

Arkansas City Traveler, November 21, 1877. Front Page.

There is no foundation for the report that the Canadian government has granted a reserve of land to Sitting Bull and his band at Red Deer River or anywhere else.

[EDITORIAL COLUMNS.]

Arkansas City Traveler, November 21, 1877.

Survey of the Arkansas.
Thomas Ryan, representative in Congress from the third district of Kansas, introduced a bill in the House on the morning of No. 14th, to provide for an examination and survey of the Arkansas River from Fort Smith, Arkansas, to the mouth of the Little Arkansas, in Sedgwick County, Kansas, to ascertain whether it is practical and what it will cost to improve the same that it will be suitable for navigation of commercial boats and vessels. Mr. Ryan has been advised by men familiar with the river that it is susceptible of such improvement at a cost not exceeding two hundred thousand dollars. Parties who have made the voyage from this place to Little Rock say the river can be made navigable at a comparatively small expense.

[COMMUNICATION FROM S. T. STUBBS, TEACHERKAW AGENCY.]

Arkansas City Traveler, November 21, 1877.

An Interesting Letter from Kaw Agency.
KAW AGENCY, INDIAN TERRITORY, November 12, 1877.
A Kaw Indian named Amos Doane was publicly whipped here at three o'clock this afternoon for stealing a pony belonging to Alemono [?Alemmo], an Indian living on Beaver Creek, half a mile east of the agency. After stealing the pony, Doane took him up into Chautauqua County, Kansas, and exchanged him with a Mr. Ingalls, who lives on Caney Creek, eight miles north of Cedar Vale, for another. Circumstances seeming to point to Doane as the perpetrator of the theft, Supt. Spray caused him to be arrested on Thursday last.

Upon being accused of the robbery, the prisoner at first stoutly denied his guilt, but finally confessed to the Superintendent that he had stolen the missing animal, and had left him with Mr. Ingalls to be doctored.

A Council of the chiefs was held this forenoon, and it was decided to release Doane from custody. To this the Superintendent would not assent and announced to the chiefs his determination to send the prisoner to Agent Beede for punishment.

Thereupon the chiefs reconsidered their decision, and sentenced the culprit to receive twenty lashes from a rawhide whip. To this Supt. Spray assented and measures were immediately taken to carry the sentence into effect.

The Whipping took place near the council house, and was witnessed by all the head men of the tribe and agency employees, together with many pupils of the Kaw Mission school, who were attracted thither from their play to behold the unusual spectacle. Seven braves had been appointed by the council to do the flogging. Doane was then led into the center of a circle formed by the chiefs, marshals, and braves, and the whipping began. The back of the victim was deprived of covering except a calico shirt. He received his punishment with that stoical indifference to physical pain peculiar to the red man. He exhibited no emotion as the cruel blows from the rawhide lash descended upon him, save a slight shrugging of the shoulders, at each of the lashes given by Ma-ho-jah, a strong and muscular brave. When the flogging was ended, Doane's blanket was given him and accompanied by his wife, he departed for his wickiup on Beaver Creek. It is to be hoped that this experience of Doane's will have a tendency to render pony stealing among the Kaws unfashionable.

S. T. STUBBS, Teacher.
[LETTER FROM AGENT J. M. HAWORTH/KIOWA & COMANCHE AGENCY.]

Arkansas City Traveler, November 21, 1877.

KIOWA AND COMANCHE AGENCY, INDIAN TERRITORY
November 8, 1877.
Brother Scott:

The TRAVELER still continues to wind its way to our lodge, and is ever a welcome guest. So familiar have we become with it, that even local matters in your neighborhood have become of interest to us. The paper told us a short time ago of someone of its patrons who had raised a six pound sweet potato, which (to us) looked considerably sweet potatoish, until a young man, of the Comanche tribe, a blanketed Indian, brought in a wagon load a few days ago, many of which were as large as the specimen the TRAVELER speaks of. Two were weighed together, weighing thirteen and three quarter pounds. Moxie and Sague have over one hundred bushels of sweet potatoes to sellof this year's crop, besides fifty acres of good corn and heaps of pumpkins.

Four years ago they had very little idea of becoming farmersbut today they have as good prospects and are doing as well as many grange members among their pale faced friendsa similar story may be truthfully told of others of the red men in this part of the country.

Our school is full, and many more would attend if we had room for them. So far as I can see, we have much to encourage us in the work of civilization among these people.

We have a pleasant recollection of the visit of yourself and a friend to our ranch.

Very truly yours, J. M. HAWORTH.
[REPORT FROM "C. O. D."SILVERDALE.]

Arkansas City Traveler, November 21, 1877.

SILVERDALE, Nov. 16, 1877.
The children came home from school this evening with a report that they had a fine time at school, at the Coburn schoolhouse, today. As soon as the school was out for noon, there were two girls, about 16 or 17 years old, weighing respectively 135 and 145 pounds, who commenced to fight, pulling hair, and biting, until the teacher returned. He had to walk half a mile and eat his dinner and returned in about three quarters of an hour. The children say that they pulled hair and scratched and chawed arms and ears like men. That goes to show that Grouse Creek girls are game. C. O. D.

[COMMUNICATION FROM "J. F. H."SOUTH BEND.]

Arkansas City Traveler, November 21, 1877.

SOUTH BEND, Nov. 17, 1877.
"Still they come." Nine more newcomers. Mr. Morain, who has been in the "Bend" since last spring, was up at Wichita to meet his folks, who came there from Illinois. There are nine in all, Mr. Morain's family and his son's family. "More the merrier." We'll soon have a "narrow gauge" come up this way.

The South Bend literary society met on Wednesday, Nov. 14, and elected Mr. J. B. Nipp, President, and Miss Era Birdzell, Secretary, and J. Frank Hess, corresponding secretary, for the ensuing three months. They had a very interesting time. They have nearly thirty members on the roll.

The singing school is no definite thing, they have met twice at Mr. Tolls'. Where they meet next, I could not ascertain.

People who have never been in South Bend cannot think what a fine place it is. Most of it is bottom land, surrounded on the north, southeast, and southwest by large bluffs and canyons. The Walnut River runs along the foot of the bluffs, the river and bluffs form in shape an almost perfect horse shoe. Truly has it been called Pleasant Valley, no more appropriate name could have been chosen. Here is a grand sight; one need only climb one of the many bluffs. Before him he will see a beautiful valley, houses and peach orchards dotting it all around, and in the southern part of the bend he can see a beautiful lakethey are too aristocratic to call it anything else. It is near one or two miles in length and from fifteen to twenty rods wide.

It is the glory of the "b'hoys," for besides shooting lots of ducks on it, they can take their "ducks" boat riding. It affords excellent boat riding. A lot of noble elm trees on the south bank and steep banks on the north side giving plenty of shade as well as acting as a wind break. Deer they say are not scarce in the winter, and occasionally a coyote can be heard, the canyons offering a good retreat for them. This is the place for settlers. Ho! all you that want a good cheap farm, come this way! The "Bend" is large enough for you all, twelve miles in circumference and four miles through. We have a good school for your children, and divine services every four weeks. The writer is no land shark, so do not be afraid. All he owns is a little livestock, and that's a purp, and the first man who tries to steal him will get a dose of compound cathartic bilious lead pills, which will not be at a discount in this case. If Mr. Peter Hans will drop me a letter, I can give him full particulars about his gun. Very Respectfully, J. F. H.

[BIG AD: MANTOR & WELSH.]

Arkansas City Traveler, November 21, 1877.

MANTOR & WELSH - DEALERS IN - FAMILY GROCERIES, TOBACCO AND CIGARS. [S. J. MANTOR - M. E. WELSH]

We invite the attention of all to our large stock of Groceries, etc. We keep always on hand everything in our line, and shall continue to sell at prices that will defy competition.

Our goods are fresh, and carefully selected from the very best market, and seldom fail to give satisfaction both in quality and price.

We would also call the attention of smokers to our large and well selected stock of Cigars and Tobacco. Remember the placeone door north of the Post Office.

TERMS, READY PAY.

[NEW FIRM: C. & F. B. SCHIFFBAUER.]

Arkansas City Traveler, November 21, 1877.

NEW FIRM!
C. & F. B. SCHIFFBAUER.
We would respectfully call the attention of the public to the fact that we have bought out the stock and stand of L. McLaughlin, at the "Green Front," consisting of groceries and queensware, and will be pleased to form the acquaintance and patronage of all old customers of that stand, and as many new ones as we can get. Having dealt extensively in goods at Wichita Agency, our facilities for buying are good, as we have always bought from first hands and first-class houses. All we ask is a trial to please our customers, and we will risk selling to them again. Come and see us, one and all. Business transacted in Caddo, Comanche, Wichita, Pawnee, German, and English languages; or, if you are deaf, we will make signs, which we understand perfectly. Don't forget the placethe "Green Front," on Summit street, opposite Houghton & McLaughlin.

[BUSINESS NOTICES.]

Arkansas City Traveler, November 21, 1877.

SOUTH BEND. Having bought two hundred and twenty-five acres of stalks, taking in two miles of the Walnut River, timber and all; I am prepared to take in stock of all kinds, on liberal charges, for the winter. W. J. KEFFER.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 21, 1877.

White Flint Corn.
Grown on the farm of J. M. Felton, five miles east of Newman's mill; was planted the 4th day of June, and yields 50 bushels to the acre; ripens in 90 days from planting. Those wishing to procure this corn for seed can get it at my residence. J. M. FELTON.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 21, 1877.

WANTED. To trade a new spring wagon for corn. W. H. WALKER.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 21, 1877.

A stray black pig, about 90 pounds weight, taken up by J. L. Huey.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 21, 1877.

WHO has 4000 native shingles for sale? Leave word at the TRAVELER office.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 21, 1877.

STOLEN. On the night of November 12th, one dark bay mare, 16 hands high, 8 years old; weight, 1,200 pounds; white saddle marks; black mane, tail and feet; has recently been foundered. Also one dark bay horse, 16-1/2 hands high, 4 years old; weighs 1,100 pounds; two white hind feet; small white spot on forehead, and rather small eyes. A reward of $50 will be paid for their recovery.

Address, L. G. DENTON,

Houek P. O., Salina Co., Kansas.
[PERSONALS.]

Arkansas City Traveler, November 21, 1877.

Beautiful winter weather.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 21, 1877.

RAMSEY's mules gave a serenade last Saturday.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 21, 1877.

MR. C. B. BATCHELOR, of Emporia, is married again.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 21, 1877.

SCARLET FEVER is raging near Augusta, Butler County.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 21, 1877.

HUNTERS are coming in from the range with buffalo meat.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 21, 1877.

ANOTHER LAW SUIT Saturday about the Dutchman's forge.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 21, 1877.

A heavy grist was turned out at Newman's mill this week.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 21, 1877.

MR. WINTIN has opened a new meat market on the corner opposite Houghton & McLaughlin's brick store.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 21, 1877.

The ladies of the M. E. Society will give a grand festival on Christmas eve.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 21, 1877.

TWENTY-TWO teams loaded with fruit trees for Trissell & Maxwell came in last Wednesday.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 21, 1877.

MR. FRANK SCHIFFBAUER with his newly wedded wife started yesterday on a short tour East.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 21, 1877.

AL. HORN has a new supply of leather and will take pleasure in booting anyone who comes along.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 21, 1877.

Winter is here, and Hermann is with it with his fresh oysters, buckwheat flour, and maple syrup.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 21, 1877.

BORN. In South Bend, Nov. 10, a daughter to Mr. and Mrs. Broadwell. Dr. Cormack attended.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 21, 1877.

SCHOOL DISTRICT No. 51, on Silver Creek, near Park's farm, wants a male teacher. Inquire of Mr. Chancey.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 21, 1877.

JOHN PRUITT prides himself in being a grandfather of a 9-1/2 pound girl, the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Swickard.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 21, 1877.

EL DORADO claims to have found a three-foot vein of coal seventy-five feet below the earth's surface, while boring for oil.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 21, 1877.

MURDERED. Thomas Goodman was murdered at Peru, Chautauqua County, Kansas, by Geo. Mefford, on Sunday, November 10th.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 21, 1877.

ALBERT A. BECK and MISS LIZZIE BRASH joined hands and vowed to be faithful to one another last week, in Bolton Township.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 21, 1877.

Some thief stole a horse from Henry Coryell, while he was attending the religious meeting at Parker's schoolhouse on Monday evening.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 21, 1877.

$1 CABBAGE. W. H. Brown charged one dollar a head for some cabbage he had in his garden. He claims it was taken without leave, and made the price accordingly.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 21, 1877.

ADDISON STUBBS has resigned his position at Cheyenne Agency and returned to Emporia.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 21, 1877.

HUNTERS. Jas. Morgan, Jim Leonard, George Allen, and Henry Mowry returned from a three days' hunt in the Territory last week, with three deer, five turkeys, and smaller game.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 21, 1877.

The card of Drs. Davis & Mendenhall appears this week. During the short time Dr. Davis has been in this county, he has been favored with a large practice, which he so well deserves.

AD: DRS. DAVIS & MENDENHALL

[R. DAVIS, M. D. - W. S. MENDENHALL, M. D.]

Having associated themselves together, offer their services to the citizens of Winfield and surrounding country. Particular attention given to surgery and diseases of women and children. Office in Manning's new brick building, corner of Main street and 9th avenue, Winfield, Kansas.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 21, 1877.

"HOUSE WARMING." On Wednesday evening of last week the good citizens of West Bolton Township gathered together at the house of Mr. Gellert Schnee's, for the purpose of giving him a "house warming," in commemoration of the completion of his new residence, and those who imagine they didn't have a good time are sadly mistaken. It seemed as though almost everyone was there. Two quadrille sets were constantly on the floor, and two more were ready to take their places as soon as they left it. Jim Steiner furnished the horse hair and rosin, and the way they exercised themselves was astonishing; reminding one of the good old times.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 21, 1877.

TWENTY-SIX BUILDINGS UNDER WAY.
A BUILDING ASSOCIATION WAS FORMED A FEW WEEKS AGO, and entered into by twelve parties, agreeing to build a house each. Since then fourteen more have declared their intention to build. The original twelve were:

S. P. Channell

W. M. Sleeth

A. A. Newman

L. H. Gardner

O. P. Houghton

Gardner Mott

H. P. Farrar

Silas Parker

J. L. Huey

C. R. Sipes

R. C. Haywood

James Wilson

The additional fourteen are:

J. C. McMullen

Thomas Baird

J. Dodwell

Mrs. Dean

C. C. Wolf

E. J. Fitch

Mr. Ray

Wm. Speers

T. A. Gaskill

D. Logan

J. T. Shepard

Kendall Smith

Jas. Benedict

David Finney

Mr. Gaskill has his house almost enclosed, and the foundations and preparations are being made for several others.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 21, 1877.

SACK OF CATS.
In the dark recesses of the night last week, a wagon drove by with a bag partially filled with something. It attracted no unusual attention until the reckless driver permitted one wheel of the vehicle to abruptly strike a stone. Then, Jerusalem crickets! The noise that followed would have raised the fuzz on the head of a bald man. It might have been taken for distant thunder with a banjo accompaniment. For awhile it grew nearer, clearer, deadlier than before, and then as the wagon gained distance, it gradually died out. The cause of the kidnaping of the felines was because they had been left at the livery stable, and the livery man was leaving them some other place. There were eight cats in all.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 21, 1877.

PROGRAMME for the Literary Society next Friday evening.

Music.

Declamation: Ella Grimes.

Dialogue: Nellie Swarts, Annie Norton, and Lillie Mitchell.

Music.

Select Reading: I. H. Bonsall.

Declamation: Emma Mitchell.

Select Reading: Mary Pickett.

Essay: Will. Alexander.

Declamation: Lewis Coombs.

Debate: I. H. Bonsall, Amos Walton, Ed. Thompson, and Judge Christian.

Music.

Reading of the minutes.

Business.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 21, 1877.

THE SCHIFFBAUER BROTHERS, formerly traders at the Wichita Agency, purchased the groceries, queensware, etc., of L. McLaughlin last week. This week they received a new lot of fresh groceries, and will be receiving them every week, or as fast as the demand requires. Call in and see them and their new prices. They sell for cash, and can give you a bargain.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 21, 1877.

MARRIED. At the residence of the bride's parents, on Thursday evening, November 15th, 1877, by Rev. S. B. Fleming, Mr. Kendall F. Smith and Miss Amanda J. Cline. All of Arkansas City.

We congratulate our "old reliable" friend Kendall and his young bride in their happy espousals.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 21, 1877.

UNION THANKSGIVING SERVICE. There will be a union Thanksgiving service held in the First Church at 11 a.m., on the 29th. Programme: Invocation and announcement of hymn by Rev. S. B. Fleming; reading of scripture and prayer before sermon, Rev. B. C. Swarts; sermon by Rev. R. S. McClanahan; closing prayer and benediction by Rev. David Thompson.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 21, 1877.

The ladies of the Presbyterian Society will hold a festival in the M. E. Church on Thanksgiving evening. Proceeds to be used in repairing and renovating the church.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 21, 1877.

DIED. At Belleville, Ohio, Nov. 6, 1877, Daniel Kimmel, aged 72 years.

Mr. Kimmel visited his son at this place during the months of August and September last. His death was caused by a cold contracted while on his return journey. His bereaved relatives have the sympathy of their many friends.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 21, 1877.

A Bolton farmer says that castor oil applied to fruit trees once every two months will prevent the rabbits from girdling the trees. The oil is made from a vegetable, and will not hurt the trees. It occurs to us that common tar would be good, and not half so bad on the constitution of the rabbits.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 21, 1877.

Union church service was held at the M. E. Church Sunday evening. Rev. Swarts made the opening sermon, followed by Rev. McClanahan in a short, decisive, and logical sermon. Rev. Fleming closed with prayer.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 21, 1877.

MR. BERRY returned from Southern Kentucky this week, bringing his mother and two younger brothers with him. He was away back in that country where they call mush, "pudding," but for all that, the most hospitable people on God's footstool.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 21, 1877.

The war continues in Europe, and our farmers have more wheat in the ground than ever before. Russia, to whom England looks for her grain, will have none to spare. We predict wheat will be worth $2 per bushel at least.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 21, 1877.

The A. T. & S. F. R. R. Co. have submitted a proposition to Sumner County to extend their Wichita branch to Caldwell. Petitions are in circulation with five hundred names already procured.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 21, 1877.

The announcement of Dr. W. A. Cormack's intention of returning to Fredonia last week was a mistake. His brother returned, but the doctor proposes to live with us now, henceforth, and forever.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 21, 1877.

THOMAS BATTEY, author of "A Quaker Among the Indians," is engaged at teaching school at the Kiowa and Comanche Agency, instead of the clerkship of Agent Haworth's office.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 21, 1877.

DAYTON BOYS. Mr. Frank Huffman, Bradley, and Strong, all of Dayton, Ohio, made us a short call last week. They were making a tour for the purpose of seeing the country.

[NOTICE: L. MARICLE, HOMER, IOWA.]

Arkansas City Traveler, November 21, 1877.

Notice.
NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN that I am in no partnership with David Maricle now, nor never have been, and that I will not be responsible for any of his debts; and I warn all persons against buying any of the following property of him, to-wit: One header and bases complete, two broadcast seeders, two harrows, one fanning mill, one stove, one safe, one bedstead, together with all the furniture in the house or barn, and all the fence rails, posts, and timber on the land of mine. I expect to pay all just claims outstanding against me for work done on my land, in putting in crops, or anything furnished for that purpose, and I want all who have any such claims against me to bring them to the Cowley County Bank, as I expect to send the money there to pay all. L. MARICLE.

Homer, Hamilton County, Iowa, Nov. 13, 1877.
[BORDER INVASIONS.]

Arkansas City Traveler, November 28, 1877. Front Page.

A San Antonio special says: Information has been received at headquarters from the border that several large parties of Indiansone of them composed of thirty-five bucks

have crossed into Texas to raid, and the Governor has notified the frontier people at various points where raiders are expected, to be on their guard. This is the most formidable invasion that has been attempted yet. Indians were seen twelve miles west of Fredericksburg yesterday, and have stolen a lot of horses in this neighborhood. Citizens are in pursuit. The military have been notified. This is supposed to be one of their large parties reported on a raid. This party is going westward.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 28, 1877.

Latest advices say Lieut. Bullis undoubtedly destroyed the Indian camp at Saragossa. It is certain that parties of Mexicans and Indians from Chihuahua and Northern Mexico have crossed into Texas on the war-path in revenge for the invasion of Lieut. Bullis. Gen. Ord has cautioned the inhabitants of the threatened district to be on their guard.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 28, 1877.

The Latest from El Paso County is that the entire region is under control of a Mexican mob backed by Mexicans south of the river, defying the United States authority, and claiming allegiance to the Mexican flag. Gen. Ord declines to interfere in a matter that concerns Texas. Maj. Jones, commanding the Texas frontier with a battalion is now at El Paso, but has not force enough to put down the revolt. It is believed that if Gen. Escobedo is acquitted at his coming trial before the United States court, at Brownsville, that he will immediately precipitate another revolution. The situation in Mexico is warlike.

[SITTING BULL GIVES GRAPHIC ACCOUNT OF "COURAGEOUS CUSTER."]

Arkansas City Traveler, November 28, 1877. Front Page.

COURAGEOUS CUSTER.
Sitting Bull Gives a Graphic Account of the Last
Stand of the Long-Haired Chieftain.
SITTING BULL'S STORY.
Sitting Bull has been talking with a correspondent and telling the story of the Custer massacre. He says the fight was hell and a thousand devils, the squaws were like flying birds, the bullets like humming bees.

We thought we were whipped, not at the first but bye and bye, afterwards a number of your people were killed. I tell no lies about dead men. These men who came with the "Long Hair" were as good men as ever fought. When they rode up their horses were tired and they were tired. When they got off their horses they could not stand firmly on their feet.

THEY SWAYED TO AND FRO,
so my young men have told me, like the timber of cypresses in a great wind. Some of them staggered under the weight of their guns, but they began to fight at once. By this time our camps were aroused, and there were plenty of warriors to meet them. They fired with needle guns. We replied with magazine guns and repeating rifles. (Sitting Bull illustrated this by putting his palms together with the rapidity of firing.) Our young men

RAINED LEAD ACROSS THE PLAIN
and drove the white braves back, and then they rushed across themselves, and then they found that they had a good deal to do. The trouble was with the soldiers. They were so ex- hausted and their horses bothered them so much they could not take good aim. Some of their horses broke away from them and left them to stand and drop and die. All the men fell back, fighting and dropping. They could not fire fast enough, though they kept in pretty good or- der. They would fall back and make a fresh stand beyond on higher ground. There were a

GREAT MANY BRAVE MEN
in that fight, and from time to time, while it was going on, they were shot down like pigs. They couldn't help themselves. One by one their officers fell where the last fight took place. Where the last stand was made, the "long hair" stood like a sheaf of corn, with all the ears fallen around him. Not wounded? No. How many stood by him? A few. When did he fall? He killed a man, and when

HE FELL, HE LAUGHED.
You mean he cried out? No, he laughed; he had fired his last shot from a carbine? No, a pistol. Did he stand up after he first fell? He rose up on his hands and tried another shot, but his pistol would not go off. Was anyone else standing up when he fell down? One man was kneeling, that was all, but he died before the "long hair." Sitting Bull says there were only squaws, old men, and little children in front of Reno, keeping him in his strong position in the bluff and preventing him giving aid to Custer.

[EDITORIAL COLUMN.]

Arkansas City Traveler, November 28, 1877.

The Santa Fe railroad company has made a proposition to Sumner County to extend their line to Caldwell. It will cost the county $800 to ascertain whether the people are willing to pay them $4,000 per mile, or $120,000.

This is the third proposition Sumner has had within the last year. Would it not be a good idea to have the railroad company deposit $800 with the county Treasurer, to pay the expenses of the election if they do not build the road.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 28, 1877.

Two of the three churches of this place have been struck by lightning, and the towering steeple of the M. E. Church in our sister town of Winfield was blown to the ground and damaged to the amount of $1,000.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 28, 1877.

The following bill was introduced by Senator Ingalls on the 23rd day of October last.

A BILL
To enable Indians to become citizens of the United States.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That whenever any Indian tribe or nation having treaty relations with the United States shall desire to become a citizen of the United States, he may become such citizen by appearing in any circuit or district court of the United States, and making proof, to the satisfaction of said court, that he is sufficiently intelligent and prudent to control his own affairs and interests; that he has adopted the habits of civilized life, and has for the last five years been able to support himself and family; and taking an oath to support the Consti- tution of the United States: Provided, That no Indian who avails himself of the provisions of this act shall, on that account, forfeit any interest which he may have in any improvement or other property in the reservation of the tribe or nation to which he may have belonged; nor shall such act in any manner impair his rights and interests in the lands, claims, or other property belonging, or which may hereafter belong, to his tribe or nation.

SEC. 2. That all laws, and parts of laws inconsistent with the provisions of this act be, and the same are hereby, repealed.

[THE A. T. & S. F. RAILROAD PROPOSITION TO SUMNER COUNTY.]

Arkansas City Traveler, November 28, 1877.

President Nickerson, of the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe Railroad, stating to the General Superintendent of the road at Topeka, expresses a willingness to extend either the El Dorado or Wichita branch of the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe railroad through Sumner County, to the State line, by way of Belle Plaine and Wellington. He states explicitly what the company will do.

They agree to construct and equip the road to Belle Plaine in 1878 provided the county will vote bonds to the amount of four thousand dollars, per mile, for every mile of road constructed in the county, to be delivered when the road is completed to Belle Plaine, Wellington, and Caldwell. They ask that on the completion of the road to Belle Plaine, that the bonds of the county amounting to four thousand dollars per mile for the number of miles then built in Sumner County, be issued and delivered to them. And again, when they reach Wellington, a second delivery of county bonds is required for the number of miles built between Belle Plaine and Wellington.

Fears are entertained by many that this project is presented to prevent aid from being extended to the Kansas City, Emporia and Southern Railroad. The reason assigned for this belief is that the time demanded for building the road is of greater length than appears necessary. A brief explanation of this feature is given by Superintendent Morse, but we will not reproduce it.

One of the strongest arguments in support of this proposition is the fact that the A. T. & S. F. R. R. Co. has never failed to comply with all its agreements, and certainly must be acting in good faith. But in justice to the Kansas City, Emporia & Southern railroad company, it should have the preference. That company voluntarily agreed to build through this county when there was no project of any other road. This the other company would never do. Their magnanimity now arises from a desire to thwart the plans and operations of some other road. It is reasonable to suppose that the construc- tion of the narrow gauge would compel an extension of the A., T. & Santa Fe Railway. Then we would have two competing lines, and would be greatly benefited by the competition.

With these views expressed, we want it distinctly understood that we are in favor of the first road that will build into the county. Sumner County Democrat.

[BEAVER CREEK CEMETERY ASSOCIATION.]

Arkansas City Traveler, November 28, 1877.

MAPLE CITY, November 21, 1877.
EDITOR TRAVELER: Articles of association were signed last night before Esq. Ketchum, for a cemetery association to be known as the Beaver Creek Cemetery Association. Place of business within four miles of Cemetery in Cedar Township, county of Cowley, and State of Kansas.

The trustees for this year are F. P. Myers, W. A. Metcalf, J. G. Custar, E. C. Compton, and L. W. Miller.

As soon as returns can be had from the Secretary of State (Cavanaugh), Ed. Haight will get a job of surveying and platting. More soon, WILLAMET.

[CORRESPONDENCE FROM "W. A. M."CEDAR TOWNSHIP.]

Arkansas City Traveler, November 28, 1877.

CEDAR TOWNSHIP, Nov. 23, 1877.
A short time since Mr. Joseph Hendrick's boy put out fire on the prairie; it ran north until it got almost to Lazette when it consumed several stacks of hay of Dr. Lear's. The doctor mounted his pony and tracked the fire to its starting point. Mr. Hendrick got off by paying the irate Dr. $20. Last Thursday some son of a sea cook let fire out near the mouth of Crab Creek. It ran south, burning over McNown, Hennins, and several other places. Milt Lowery went down to help the widow Butler, in the absence of anything better to fight with. He took off his vest, forgetting the $1.50 in specie that he had in an old tobacco sack in the pocket of said vest, and he says the widow has a silver mine on her farm. W. A. M.

[CORRESPONDENCE FROM "J. F. H."SOUTH BEND.]

Arkansas City Traveler, November 28, 1877.

SOUTH BEND, Nov. 24, 1877.
"Paradise lost." Mr. Paradise left the country a few weeks ago. Mr. McFadden moved on his place.

Corn husking is all the go with us noweverybody is busy.

The literary society met on Wednesday, Nov. 21st, and had a lively time. The society meets every Wednesday night at the South Bend schoolhouse. A singing school is organized; they meet at the Grange Hall on Sunday, Dec. 1st. Spelling school at the South Bend school on Monday, Nov. 26. All are invited. J. F. H.

[DEATH OF JACK STILWELL - FRONTIER SCOUT.]

Arkansas City Traveler, November 28, 1877.

[Galveston News.]
We have just been informed by Judge Doan of the death of Jack Stilwell, one of the most famous frontier scouts in the United States. Having recaptured some Government horses that had been captured by some desperadoes, he laid down under a wagon and went to sleep. A party of armed men rode up and asked if that was Stilwell. On being informed that it was, they immediately fired a volley into him, which broke his legs and inflicted several wounds, but did not kill him. He asked for his gun, and a fair chance, but the bastardly wretches replied with another volley, which killed him. Stilwell was a great favorite with all the Indians.

[SURVEY OF WESTERN PART OF INDIAN TERRITORY COMPLETED.]

Arkansas City Traveler, November 28, 1877.

Col. Topping and the other two U. S. Commissioners appointed to appraise the lands in the western part of the Indian Territory, finished up their work some ten days ago and passed east through this place Friday. Owing to failing weather, the last month's services were very tedious. There is found to be valuable lands in the section appraised, but much that will not begin to average with this portion of Kansas. Col. Topping says the western part of the Territory is alive with herds of buffalo and other game. Capt. Smith of the party a few days ago killed a large bear, very fat and fine. Wichita Eagle.

[REPORT ON SCHIFFBAUER/WILLIAMS MARRIAGE BY WICHITA BEACON.]

Arkansas City Traveler, November 28, 1877.

Frank Schiffbauer and Miss Mary Williams, both of Wichita Agency, Indian Territory, were married yesterday in Arkansas City. Miss Williams is the daughter of the Agent at Anadarko, and Frank was the Agent's clerk. Frank is a fine specimen of the Kansas boy who has finished his education among the Indians. He is free hearted and energetic; has fine business qualities, and he will take as excellent care of the Agent's fair daughter as he successfully aided in carrying on the Agent's business. He will go into business in Arkansas City. Mr. and Mrs. Schiffbauer have our best wishes as they paddle their canoe down the stream of time, whose banks we hope will always be lined with flowers for them.

Wichita Beacon.

[PERSONALS.]

Arkansas City Traveler, November 28, 1877.

CHANNELL's new house goes up this week.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 28, 1877.

A ball will be given at Winfield tomorrow evening.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 28, 1877.

THE TRAVELER is erecting a fine stable in the rear of the office.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 28, 1877.

MR. CHANNELL has the lumber on the ground for his new house.

Arkansas