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A Murderous Romance at Maple City in Which John Snyder
Lays Down His Life.
John Marshall, a Groom of a Week, Wags a Slanderous Tongue
And a Wicked Revolver.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
Maple City comes forward with a romance mixed up with love, jealousy, and slander. A very pretty and accomplished young lady, Miss Clara Andrews, well known to many of the young people of Winfield, and daughter of John Andrews, the cattle and sheep man at Maple City, is the central figure. John Snyder, a young man of twenty-four, who has been paying very devoted attentions to Miss Andrews, got "wind" of remarks that seemed to reflect on the character of Miss Andrews, and made threats that came to a clash Wednesday morning at about 10 o'clock, when he met the accused slanderer, John Marshall, in front of the Maple City schoolhouse. A few words ensued, when Marshall drew his revolver and sent a ball through Snyder's head, and then gave himself up to the authorities. Sheriff McIntire was dispatched for, went down Wednesday afternoon, and at 2:51 Thursday arrived on the Santa Fe from Arkansas City with the prisoner, who was accompanied by the bride he wed only last Friday evening. Our reporter met the sheriff at the train and got his pointers and the story of the murderer.

"I knew John Andrews and family near Columbus, Ohio, from where I came to Maple City last November, intending to canvass as a book agent. I stopped with Andrews. I soon saw that the book business was no go, so I got up a writing school. Mr. Andrews had a lame shoulder, so in the day times I helped him. I got up his winter wood and did anything and everything. I asked no pay and got none. I didn't try to go with Clara, and she treated me respectfully. During my stay here, John Snyder, a young fellow from New Orleans, who was living with whom he claimed as an old friend, Dr. E. H. J. Hart, came to see Clara and appeared to be badly "gone." I never disturbed him. We knew each other, but were not intimate. I left Andrews a few weeks ago and went to boarding at Mr. Clay's, my anticipated wife's folks. Thursday week I was up here to get my marriage license, and in conversation relating to certain girls, whose fellows were busted, I said, 'That's nothing. We've got two fellows down our way whose girls keep them'—meaning Snyder and myself. This got to Snyder, and in a day or two a friend came to me and said that Snyder said I had been lying about his girl and he was going to horsewhip me, and this friend said I had better arm myself. I did so, and carried a Smith & Wesson 32-calibre in my coat pocket, cocked, a week before the fracas yesterday. Others told me that Dr. Hart had bought a black-snake and that he was going to hold me up with a revolver while Snyder horse-whipped me. I didn't run across either of them until yesterday. When I was coming up from the spring with my big mittens on and a pail of water in each hand, I met Snyder and Hart taking their team across to the barn to hitch up. Snyder was twenty feet ahead of Hart, who was driving the unhitched horses. He threw down his wraps, done up with a shawl strap, and said: 'You're the s of a b I've been looking for, I'll maul h l out of you!' He made for me, with his hand on his back pocket and I yelled 'Halt!' several times. He kept coming and I drew my cocked revolver quick as a flash, and shot. As I shot, he dodged, and the ball went into his head behind the ear, they say, and came out of his forehead. Snyder fell and Hart dropped the lines and rushed up. I yelled, 'Halt!' and came down on him, and he threw up his hands, where I held him, till the crowd came, when I gave myself up."
Marshall is a young man of twenty-six, of sandy complexion, and rather small stature, a good face, and talks well. He was married last Friday night to Miss Clay, who is now at the jail with him. She is a girl of about sixteen, whose folks are old settlers of Maple City.
Snyder came from New Orleans two months ago, supposedly to visit his old friend, Dr. Hart. He and Dr. Hart, whose wife and three children are back in Ohio, boarded with Mrs. Goodrich. Snyder didn't do much work, dressed only moderately well, and didn't appear to have any money. His natural appearance was good and he took pretty well. It was well known that he was badly in love with Miss Andrews, and she seemed to reciprocate. On investigation Sheriff McIntire had Dr. Hart arrested as an accomplice, and Deputy Sheriff Joe Church brought him up by buggy this afternoon. No revolver was found on either Hart or Snyder after the affray, though it is claimed that Snyder was not searched until after Hart had examined and conveyed him to the office.
Snyder was unconscious up to death, which occurred at 10 o'clock last night.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
Friday was the twenty-fifth anniversary of the admission of Kansas to the Union. Commencing back a quarter of a century, as the battle ground on which were commenced and fought some of the hardest battles of the slave power, it has made advancement, which reflects imperishable glory on the State and the noble people who have made its grand record. Beginning in abject weakness, it is now the peer of all—the home of a million and a quarter of people whose progressiveness, intelligence, morality, grit, and prosperity have no superior on the globe. Our State is the envy of all. Her great productiveness and material possibilities, backed by keen energy, have placed her in the front rank of the galaxy of states. Kansas, the infant State, has grown to maturity and astonished the world with her prodigious developments and resources. She has made a high mark, and now stands forth the pride of her every citizen and the glory of the nation. At the State capital this quarter-century birthday anniversary was celebrated on a scale in accordance with our grandeur. And all over the State, in almost every schoolhouse, was the day properly observed. In our Winfield city schools, a very appropriate program was rendered—one of vast information and interest. Let "Kansas Day" never die! It inculcates the noble purposes and achievements of the pioneers of Kansas in the State's early struggles. Many of them have passed from the stage. Their memories should ever live in the kindest appreciation of those who enjoy the privileges wrought through their labors.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
SAMUEL DALTON. Attorney at law. Office corner of Ninth Avenue and Loomis Street.
J. F. McMULLEN. Attorney at law. Winfield, Kansas. Ninth Avenue. Practices in all courts.
HACKNEY & ASP, Attorneys at law. Winfield, Kansas. Office in Hackney Building, opposite the Court House.
WILL T. MADDEN, Attorney at law. Practices in all courts. Prompt attention given to all business entrusted to him. Office over J. J. Carson's store.
J. E. SNOW, Lawyer. Justice of the Peace and Notary Public. All business entrusted to me will be promptly attended to. Office, 215 East 9th Avenue, Winfield, Kansas.
W. H. TURNER, Attorney at law, Winfield, Kansas. Loans money on real estate on short notice. Money loaned on chattel mortgage security and notes bought on reasonable discount. Office in Fuller & Torrance Block.
DR. S. J. GUY. Office in McDougal building over Baden's, where he can be found day and night when not professional engaged.
DR. C. C. GREEN. Office in McDougal Building. Residence, fourth house west of Spotswood's store, north side of street.
DR. C. M. RILEY, Physician and Surgeon. Permanently located in Winfield. Office temporarily in Glass' drug store. Residence 7th avenue, two blocks east of the Brettun.
J. G. EVANS, M. D. Office over J. C. Long's store, next to Central Telephone office. Residence, 1208 Menor street, opposite M. L. Robinson's.
DR. F. M. PICKENS, Physician and Surgeon. Calls promptly attended day and night. Office over Carson's clothing store, North Main. Residence, 3rd Ward.
EMERSON AND TANDY. (GEO. EMERSON, T. B. TANDY). Physicians and Surgeons. Office over Harter's drug store, South Main, Winfield, Kansas.
H. L. WELLS, M. D., Eclectic. Office over Express office back of Goldsmith's. Residence: 1009 Lowry Street, Winfield, Kansas. Sole control of the Brinkerhoff system.
S. B. PARK, Physician and Surgeon, Winfield, Kansas. Office over Hudson Bro's Jewelry Store. Office hours 9 to 12 a.m., 2 to 5 p.m. Residence, 902 East 8th Avenue. Telephone Exchange.
H. J. DOWNEY, M. D., Physician and Surgeon, Winfield, Kansas. Office in Torrance-Fuller block over Friend's music store. Calls attended promptly day or night from the office, unless absent on professional business.
WRIGHT & PUGH. (? T. WRIGHT, C. E. PUGH). Physicians and Surgeons, Winfield, Kansas. Especial attention given chronic and surgical diseases. Office in Torrance-Fuller block, upstairs.
THOS H. ELDER. Physician and Surgeon, Winfield, Kansas. Office over Curns & Manser's real estate office. Residence, corner 11th Avenue and Loomis Street. Special attention given to Diseases of women and children. Calls promptly attended.

S. R. MARSH, M. D. Offers his professional services to the citizens of Winfield and vicinity in the practice of medicine and surgery. Office on 10th Avenue, west of McDonald's store, where he may be found at all hours day or night when not professional engaged.
F H. BULL, DENTIST. 910 Main Street. Teeth extracted without pain.
T. S. BROWN, DENTIST. Graduate of the Ohio College of Dental Surgery. Office corner 10th and Main Streets, over Baden's.
DR. J. O. HOUX, DENTIST. Office in Torrance-Fuller block. Teeth extracted without pain by the use of nitrous-oxide gas—perfectly harmless.
DR. H. C. BAILY, SURGEON DENTIST. Office two doors west of post office. Nitrous Oxide Gas. Teeth examined free of charge. All work warranted. Having secured the exclusive right to use Dr. Baldwin's Preparation for the painless extraction of teeth for this city, I am prepared to apply it to any person that has teeth requiring extraction.
S. A. COOK, ARCHITECT AND SUPERINTENDENT. Correspondence solicited. Office in McDougall building.
SHORT-HAND AND TYPE-WRITING, thoroughly taught and books furnished. Pupils may begin at any time. Charges very reasonable. J. R. FAZEL.
S. H. CRAWFORD, CONTRACTOR & BUILDER. Job work of all kinds and charges reasonable. Also Manufacturer and Dealer in the Four Peg [?] Washer. Orders from a distance solicited and promptly filled. Shop on Ninth Avenue, east of Main street, Winfield, Kansas.
M. D. COVELL, WELLINGTON, KANSAS. Percheron Stud Farm. For 15 years a breeder and importer of Percherons. RECORDED STUD-BOOK and HIGH-GRADE, acclimated animals of all ages and both sexes for sale. For reference, enquire of Jennings Brothers.
AMERICAN BIBLE SOCIETY. Any one wishing to obtain a copy of the Scriptures, who is unable to pay for it, can have the same by applying at the Depository. Brown & Son's Drug Store.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
Thanking all for their very liberal patronage through my clearance sale, I wish to say that instead of closing it the last of January, I will run another week, as I have more goods than I care to invoice. So come right along until Saturday, Feb. 6, 1886, When the Great Bargain Sale will close. In conclusion, I will say that I have no factory. Neither has my father any large double stores in Illinois. I have always sold goods too close to accumulate money fast.
Respectfully, J. B. LYNN.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
Light spring wagons, open buggies, top buggies, and Phaetons always in stock of our own make. All kinds of wagon work and blacksmithing done promptly and to order. Horseshoeing and plow work a specialty. Builders of street hacks and busses.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
The G. O. Club gave one of the most pleasurable parties of the winter series in the commodious home of Misses Nellie and Kate Rodgers, Thursday evening. It was a bad night, but with the excellent hack facilities of Arthur Bangs, the elements were conquered and by nine o'clock the following very jolly crowd were present: Mrs. M. Hite, Mrs. A. D. Hendricks and Miss Laura, Misses Sallie Bass, Ida Ritchie, Mattie Harrison, Nona Calhoun, Bert Morford, Ida Johnston, Lizzie and Margie Wallis, Leota Garry, Nellie Cole, Maggie Harper, Anna McCoy, Mary Randall, Eva Dodds, and Mary Berkey; Messrs. G. E. Lindsley, F. and Harry Bahntge, Frank N. Strong, P. S. Hills, A. F. Hopkins, R. E. Wallis, Jr., Will E. Hodges, Everett T. and Geo. H. Schuler, Lacey Tomlin, Wm. D. Carey, and Frank H. Greer. For novelty, all were accompanied by a sheet and pillow case, and the first half hour witnessed only ambling phantoms, whose ghostly presence was weird and mysterious. But a little of the ghost business was enough, and soon all were happily mingling in their natural array. Music, the light fantastic, cards, and various appropriate amusements, with an excellent luncheon, filled in the time most enjoyable until 12 o'clock. The Misses Rodgers are very admirable entertainers, graceful and jolly, and made a genuine freedom among their guests most acceptable.
THE D., M. & A. BILL.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
Representative Greer writes from Topeka: "I enclose copy of my bill for relief of the D., M. & A. Senator Jennings has already got it through the Senate and I have everything cut and dried for its passage in the House. I am satisfied that the road will be built at once if we succeed in passing this act. Everything is running along smoothly, with lots of work cut out for the future. We will save our three representatives, but by a mighty close scratch." The following is the D., M. & A. relief bill. It is an Act in relation to railway corporations, and authorizing and confirming change of gauge in certain cases, and municipal aid in such cases.
Sec. 1. Any railroad corporation which has been heretofore or may be hereafter, organized and incorporated under the laws of this state, for the purpose of constructing, maintaining, and operating a narrow-gauge railway, shall have the right, and is hereby authorized by vote of the holders of a majority of its stock (subscribed and issued), to change the gauge of its track from narrow gauge to standard gauge.
Sec. 2. Whenever any railway corporation shall change the gauge of its track as authorized by section one of this act, it shall be the duty of the secretary of such railway corporation to certify to the secretary of the state, under his hand and the seal of said railway corporation, the fact of such change having been made, and the date thereof.
Sec. 3. If, before the passage of this act, any such railway corporation, by vote of its stockholders, shall have changed the gauge of its track from narrow gauge to standard gauge, and shall, within sixty days after the passage of this act, by its secretary, and under its corporate seal, certify to the secretary of State the fact of such change, and the date thereof, such change is hereby ratified and confirmed, and shall have the same force and effect as if made after the passage of this act.

Sec. 4. Any change of gauge of track such as is hereby authorized, whether by amendment of articles of incorporation, or by resolution and certificate thereof, shall be filed and recorded by the secretary of State, and certificate thereof given, the same as in cases of articles of incorporation.
Sec. 5. Whenever any railway corporation organized to construct and operate a narrow-gauge railway, shall have availed itself of the benefits of this act, by changing the gauge of its track, or certifying to such changes as herein provided, any municipal bonds, before such change, or certificate, voted to such railway company, shall not be invalid by reason of such change of gauge, Provided, Such change does not conflict with the terms of the proposition under which such bonds were voted; but such bonds shall, by the proper authorities for any county, township, or city having voted such bonds, be delivered to such railway corporation, upon its compliance with the terms of the proposition under which they were voted; and such bonds shall be as valid and binding upon such county, township, or city as if the original charter for such railway corporation had authorized the same to construct, maintain, and operate a railway of standard gauge.
Sec. 6. Any railway corporation having received municipal bonds voted in aid of the construction of a narrow-gauge railroad shall, before being entitled to the benefits of this act, procure the consent to such change of gauge by the county, township, or city from whom such bonds were received; which consent must be given by the board of county commissioners for the county or any township thereof, and by the Mayor and councilmen for any city.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
We have investigated thoroughly the facts in the case of destitution, cruelty, and freezing reported and stingingly commented on by THE COURIER, Tuesday evening, and find them to be exactly as we stated, if not worse. We knew what we were writing about. It was a flagrant case and we treated it accordingly—in a way that went home with the swiftness of lightning. The girl's limbs are frozen, tender, and swollen—will hardly bear her weight. The pressure of the finger on the flesh makes an indenture as in stiff dough. She was never sick a day in her life until this exposure. She corroborates all THE COURIER said about her terrible bed—on the cold floor, with scarcely anything under or over her. Her home is destitute, though now enjoying the sunshine of generous hearted assistance and sympathy. The house hasn't $75 worth of furniture in it, and this is encumbered by $38 borrowed to keep the wolf from the door. The father's sensitive nature is keenly stirred over his grinding condition, but he has the consolation of having done his best. Until the bitter cold closed the avenues of labor, though he had a large family dependent entirely on the labor of his hands, he warded off suffering. But when work closed down, his condition was abject, and from time to time, in small amounts, he was compelled to encumber even the little furniture of his home. The Woman' Relief Corps and other noble ladies and citizens are giving the family every attention. The oldest girl had a dangerous siege of pneumonia, but is recovering rapidly, under the care of Dr. Wells, whose interest in this matter is fully appreciated by all.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.

Mrs. Stewart, of the ladies relief corps, says she and Mrs. Finch visited Frankie Dorothy and found her in a lamentable condition, as bad as THE COURIER put it, and her story was the same. They also visited Mrs. Bartlett and found her in distress. She showed the bedding where the girl slept, which was enough to make her warm and comfortable; stated that a fire was kept burning all night in the room close by the girl, that she was out at the theater one night, and at home all night, three nights during the time. Mrs. Stewart considers Mrs. Bartlett a perfect lady and gives her statements full credence. She quotes Dr. Graham as stating that attaching blame to Mrs. Bartlett is too ridiculous to consider.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
Edward Kirk, an Irishman who had been working in Wellington, got a bad mash Wednesday. He belongs in Chicago, was "busted," and had set out to beat his way home. In trying to remount the blind baggage car here, with the train in motion, he missed his hold and was thrown on the frozen ground with great force. His collar and breast bones were broken, and his shoulder dislocated; but he managed to get up and walk uptown. Finding Dr. Wells' office, his bones were dressed and he put in the hands of Marshal McFadden. He was given a bunk at the jail, where he will remain until able to help himself. Dr. Wells is giving him surgical care.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
C. S. Byers of Beaver was up Thursday and reports that the mad dog scare has broken out in a new spot in that township. Last Saturday two of widow Jenkins' dogs went mad from some cause unknown, and chewed each other up, bit a colt and three head of cattle. Wilbur, the widow's fifteen year old son, was also bitten, and the hired man was bitten on the gloved hand, the teeth not touching the skin. John R. Sumpter brought the boy to Winfield today, in search of a mad-stone. This revives the big rabies excitement in Beaver and all are watching their dogs very closely. It looks as though that township will have to kill off its entire canine population.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
The county road case of L. Weimer vs. County Commissioners went to the jury Friday morning, after four days grinding. A verdict was awarded of $284.00.
A jury was impaneled Friday in the case of Francis J. Sessions vs. John P. Strickland, a suit of several years standing, wherein Sessions claims to have sold cattle in New York and shipped to Dan Strickland, who died sometime after the cattle were shipped to Arkansas City, when John Strickland appropriated the cattle. He declares no knowledge whatever of his brother being indebted for part of the stock, and that Sessions' claim is entirely unfounded. Hackney for the prosecution and Troup for defense.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.

The mask carnival at the rink Thursday night was a success, there being quite a number of maskers—most everything represented from the devil to the bride. Everything went off very smoothly, and with the Chinese lantern grand march, was a grand display of skill and grace. Mr. Yocum understands his business and always makes a success of everything at the rink. We failed to get the names of all the maskers. The Union Band discoursed some fine music.
Winfield and Cowley County With the Santa Fe Main Line to Texas, Making
With Her Other Present and Assured Developed and Undeveloped Enterprises,
The Most Promising City and County in the West.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
When the written proposition was received by M. L. Robinson from the general manager of the Santa Fe railroad, offering to build from Douglass to Winfield, if sixty thousand dollars in bonds were voted as aid, a meeting was called at McDougall Hall, of a number of the prominent citizens of the townships of Rock, Fairview, Walnut, and the city of Winfield. The sentiment at that time was well nigh unanimous that the townships would not vote such an amount of aid, but a promise was obtained from those present that the effort should be made, by hard work, to enlist a sufficient number of electors. The opposition then commenced their work and two weeks ago the prospect for carrying the bonds was dark indeed. Then those who saw the grand possibilities and appreciated how tremendous was the stake for which we were striving, got down to their work. Local committees were organized, every voter was seen, meetings were held in every district, which were addressed by speakers who thoroughly believed what they advocated, and the result was that the bonds began to gain friends hourly; the opposition weakened, and in the last two days preceding the election, the revolution in the sentiment of the electors was something marvelous. Good men who believed that the practice of voting bonds was both wrong and dangerous, went to the polls undecided; but, when they saw how life-long friends and neighbors were talking and how they felt, the pressure was greater than they could stand, and they joined the procession and voted the aid asked. All glory to the noble citizens of these townships; they will never regret their action, and the opposition as well as those who were friends and advocates of the proposition will have cause to rejoice that Wednesday's vote was the best day's work ever done in this county. The official vote stands as follows.
ROCK TOWNSHIP: For, 140. Against: 40. Majority for: 100.
FAIRVIEW TOWNSHIP: For, 163. Against: 73. Majority for: 90.
WALNUT TOWNSHIP: For, 175. Against: 46. Majority for: 129.
First Ward: For, 194. Against, 3.
Second Ward: For, 121. Against, 2.
Third Ward: For, 133. Against, 0.
Fourth Ward: For, 98. Against, 0.
Total: For, 546. Against, 5.

Wednesday night, with the bonds for the Santa Fe extension carried beyond a doubt, by splendid majorities, was the time for jollification. Representative men from Rock, Fairview, and Walnut congregated at THE COURIER office, where they were received by prominent Winfield men and taken to Axtel's for banquet and toasts—a general lively time in celebration of one of the weightiest victories Cowley has ever scored. All filled with oysters, etc., the toasts began. J. E. Conklin proposed a toast on "Rock," to be answered by Judge Soward. The Judge was in his element and paid an eloquent and glowing tribute to Rock township and her enterprising citizens. He explained his spider map with Winfield as the spider's body and her system of railroads as the legs, sprawling in every direction. "Fairview" was responded to by Capt. McDermott, who finely complimented the handsome majority this township rolled up in favor of the bonds. The Captain made a number of telling points. Judge McDonald was assigned "Walnut." The Judge, in his keen, smooth way, did the fine victory scored in this township full justice—the big licks put in by the old war horses, and the gratifying results, with the benefits thus secured for Walnut. M. L. Robinson proposed "Winfield and Cowley County," to be responded to by J. E. Conklin. Mr. Conklin pictured our city with its splendid net-work of railroads, ends of divisions, round houses, and machine shops, with thirty thousand inhabitants in five years; with our rich coal beds opened, a woolen factory, a canning factory, and many other manufactories that cheap fuel and transportation will draw—the manufacturing, railroad, commercial, and educational metropolis of the great southwest. Mr. Conklin called on Rev. Kelly, who has done as much for Winfield, since his residence here, as any man within her borders, to respond to "Cowley County." And the Reverend did it nobly, with his most enthusiastic vim. He cited our beautiful and fertile valleys, with their vast developed and undeveloped resources; the energetic, intelligent, moral, and enterprising people of both city and country; the wonderful and magic achievements of the past and the bright and now assured promises for the future. This gathering was composed of most of the leading workers in this important movement: men who fully felt the great benefits secured by this victory; the roseate future it clinched for Winfield; and the great advantage it gives our city and county over any others of all fair Kansas.
This election teaches us an important lesson, that we believe we will forever hereafter heed and be wise. Seven years ago Cowley County was the leading county of the southwest; but there were divided counsels and discord in our ranks; and the result was that Sedgwick County and Wichita forged ahead, then followed Sumner and Wellington, and this gain on the part of these rivals was the result of our own wretched mistakes. We, by proper efforts, could and should have maintained the lead. Two years ago it appeared as if our glory was departed. The very emergency of the situation awoke us from our lethargy. We inaugurated a system of public improvements, which resulted in the burying of discord and a complete restoration of harmony with a determination and vim on the part of our people to make a large city in the Walnut valley whose first name is Winfield, and whose glory is Cowley County. In this election we see what town and country when united can do—the two together are a great power, which if used intelligently, will in ten years give Cowley County a population of one hundred thousand people.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.

Yes, verily, civilization changes things. After all, our knowledge of right appears to be gauged by custom. No doubt the church folks at Paso Del Norte, down in old Mexico, think they are as near correct as anybody. Agent W. J. Kennedy hands us a poster, sent to him by Ira C. Walker, formerly operator at the Santa Fe depot here, and who went to Mexico last December. It reads: "Grand Bull Arena, Sunday, Jan. 3rd, 1886, for the benefit of the church. There will be fought four spirited, dangerous bulls, from the Hacienda of San Jose. If the Judge commands, one of the bulls will be killed. Prices of admission, first choice of seats, $1; second choice, 75 cents; third choice, 25 cents; children under 10 years half price. Come all who would aid the church."
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
The bonds in the southern tier of townships in Sumner County to the K. C. & S. W. railroad, carried last week by a handsome majority, and of course Caldwell is happy as they will soon have another railroad. This line is now owned and operated by the Frisco railroad company, which insures its success as it has plenty of wealth backing it. As soon as they reach Caldwell, they will run northwest through this city and Harper and on to the coal fields in Colorado. It is a good road and we need it. Mid Lothian Sun.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
We have it from a reliable source, now that the required bonds have been voted, that the Santa Fe will have regular trains running on its great trunk line from Kansas City to Ft. Worth, Texas, as far as Winfield in less than ninety days, and that the work will be pushed right on through the Territory, a hundred miles which they must construct to hold their congressional right of way. It is now settled that we get the machine and repair shops and round houses for the El Dorado, Wichita, Texas, and Western S. K. divisions. Verily, the Queen City has prospects great and sure—in full harmony with the rustling enterprise of our citizens and the grand possibilities of our city. If you are going to invest in property here, you had better do it quick. Values will more than double before half a year.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
Friday eve closed the revival meetings for this week. The house has been crowded all week and fifty or more have been converted. Rev. Reider's discourse last night was based on, "Be not deceived; God is not mocked. Whatsoever a man soweth, that shall he also reap." He depicted the dark results from mocking God and deceiving yourself. He gave a number of incidents of the manner in which some people had and might deceive themselves; some by thinking that they are as good as anybody; by comparing with others instead of taking the Biblical standard. The churches will have their regular meetings tomorrow morning at the Baptist and Presbyterian churches. The revival meetings will likely continue next week.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.

Still is Beaver township getting the results from its rabid dogs. W. J. Constant lost a valuable four year old mare Friday morning. She was bitten on the nose six weeks ago by J. W. Browning's mad dog, the first one that went mad in that neighborhood. No results were apparent until Thursday, when Mr. Constant was surprised by the mare's strange actions. Friday morning she went into fits and died in a few hours. The widow Jenkins is determined to find a mad stone for her son, Wilbur, who was bitten on the hand Tuesday. No effective stone can be found in this section and she will likely have to take him to Paola or Kansas City. The bite, however, is so small, little more than a scratch, that physicians think there is no danger.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
Frisco is a Wellington town. It is located in Kansas County and several Wellingtonians are going out there. There is considerable demand for Frisco property. Press.
Yes, and Richfield, in a half mile of Frisco, is a Winfield town. It has the postoffice, five times the inhabitants, and improvements of its would-be rival, its lots are selling like lightning, and will soon be the county seat of Kansas County, and is leaving Frisco clear in the shade, as Winfield is Wellington. Please paste in your hat, for frequent examination, "Winfield's paternal name is Eli, and it always gets there. Nothing she touches ever fails."
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
The case of the State vs. E. Kimmel, charged with robbery in the second degree, was dismissed for want of prosecution.
T. J. Johnson vs. S. C. Sumpter, suit on promissory note; judgement for plaintiff for $109.06.
The cattle suit of Sessions vs. Strickland, is still grinding.
Sheriff McIntire left on the S. K. train Saturday with the four penitentiary victims, Chas. Ellendow, Bill Johnson, and Francis and Rube Hutchinson.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
It would appear that the frequent mad dog scares ought to diminish the canine population, yet the worthless curs swarm all around. The man who keeps a howling, useless canine around should be made to prove shy. The love of some men for mangy curs is marvelous—doggoned strange. But, like many other disgusting things, will probably continue clear down the avenues of time. A well-bred dog, one capable of some training and use, is valuable and worthy of respect, but the "sooners" with only the ability to keep up an unearthly howl, ought to all be forever banished from the world.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
Wichita comes forward with the biggest Son of a Gun of all. He got his wife, as principal, to sign a mortgage for $300, on the representation that he must have the money to help him out in business. No sooner did he get his clutches on the money than he left town, accompanied by a frail and soiled piece of feminine baggage, in the direction of Ft. Scott. The wife put the authorities on the track, and soon had him back. And the queerest thing of all is that "the affair would no doubt be settled, and the offending and cruel husband taken back to his deserted wife."
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.

Talk about the crankism of trying to stop dice shaking for cigars in Winfield! Ottawa has a law on its ordinance book that completely knocks the blue stockings off our dice and billiard order. The provisions of the law will stop the opening of butcher shops, drug stores, livery stables, barber shops, newsstands, restaurants, hotels, offices, and if the law is rigidly enforced, churches, library rooms, and the Y. M. C. A. rooms must be closed and hacks, omnibus, and pleasure riding on Sunday will be stopped. The mayor has lately given orders that the ordinance will be rigidly enforced.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
"THE COURIER, in its publication of the 'bull fight' down in Paso Del Norte 'for the benefit of the church,' furnished Brother Kelly a topic for his Sunday morning sermon. He will deliver a scorcher against church fairs and all questionable schemes to obtain money for churches."
Of course, Brother Kelly's idea that the publication of that item in any way endorses it, is entirely erroneous. It was published to show our higher civilization as compared to that of old Mexico, and how custom can control the idea of right.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
Many people spend their time trying to find the hole where sin got into the world. If two men break through the ice into a mill pond, they had better hunt for some good hole tew get out, than enter into a long argument about the hole they cum to fall in. There iz sum pholks in this world who spend their whole lives a hunting after righteousness, and kant find enny time tew practiss it. Lazyness is a good deal like money—the more a man has of it, the more he seems tew want. Josh Billings.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
"The Winfield Enterprise Association has been the prime inaugurater and guide of the great prosperity of the Queen City during the past year," says the WINFIELD DAILY COURIER, "and its work goes on."
We hope this will convince those of our people who think a "boom" will come like the measles or other contagious diseases, that solid work and solid work alone has boomed Winfield, and that Cherryvale can boom also, if the same amount of energy is put forth by our people. Cherryvale Globe-Torch.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
Cowley is prolific and lucky in all things. Some time ago we heard of man near Winfield, who started to town early one morning, finding four twenty dollar pieces on the way. While in town a man paid him a $250 debt that he had tried years to collect and when he got home, he found that during his absence his wife had blessed him with twins, one of his cows had double headed twin calves, the old mare had a fine colt, and the cat had nine kittens.
Burden Eagle.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
A terrible tale of "man's inhumanity to man" comes from Kinsley. An inhuman wretch refused shelter to a man, his wife, and child. He stood at his door with shelter and warmth behind him, and refused the almost frozen applicants admission. They drove on in the fury of the blast, and were found frozen to death in the road a few hundred rods from his house.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.

South Haven township, Sumner County, has enjoined the county commissioners from issuing $20,000 in bonds to the Geuda Springs, Caldwell & Western railroad, voted a few days ago. The grounds of the suit is that the township cannot legally issue that amount of bonds.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
A silver dollar may be worth only 76 cents, but it looks as big as a dishpan to us, and when we succeed in cornering one, we sit and smile over it with the fascinated admiring kind of a smile that ardent lovers are supposed to bestow on the moon. Send on your silver dollars.
C. M. Wood's Story Continued.
[Note: Story started on Page 1; it was continued on Page 4.]
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
Supper prepared, dark came, and the Doctor did not come. We thought that there must be something wrong; and as I was about to start out to look after him, he came up to the cabin laughing and in the best of spirits, and said, "I am stuck fast in the creek." I told him to take my double trees and chain and I would go down into the timber, get my horses, harness them up, and be down soon to pull him out. All this was carried out in good time and all were landed at our ranch. We ate a hearty supper, talked over the prospects, went to bed, and slept well. Next morning bright and early my wife and I started for Cottonwood Falls, leaving the Doctor and family in charge of our cabin. We made the trip as quickly as possible and while on our journey back, between El Dorado and Augusta, we met Mr. Andrews, who stopped us for my signature to a petition to the Governor asking for arms for protection against the Indians. I signed the petition, remarking to him that it would do us no good as the governor would not protect us for we were trespassers on Indian lands, and the less noise we made about it, the better for us; that we must take care of ourselves. Suffice to say the Governor did not send us arms. Mr. Andrews also showed me the constitution and by-laws of an organization made at my house named the "Cowley County Citizens Protective Union." Dr. Graham was elected president and I think I was elected secretary. Then there was an executive committee and a safety committee. This, he said, he was going to have published in the state paper, which would bring emigrants and settlers down the Walnut in one solid column. He went on to Topeka and Leavenworth, got publication in a state paper, and sure enough, either that or something else covered the country with claim hunters.
Upon our return home (we began to call this home), I found Dr. Graham getting out logs for his claim cabin, which he was erecting north of the present cemetery and near the creek and timber. Well, I went on finishing my house by daubing it inside and out, putting in doors, windows, a floor overhead, stairs to get up in the loft, etc.

One evening about sundown one of the men came home from work on his house, saying one of the boys who was working for him had discovered a stray Texas cow and had tried to shoot her, but could not get near enough on foot to do so; at that same moment the boy came up and said the cow was lying down up near the bluff, due east. I told the man to run down in the timber and get my horses while I got my gun ready and I would see if I could not get some meat. When the horses were brought up, I mounted my fastest cow-horse, "Mose," and the boy mounted the other; I with carbine and navy, he with an old Harper's Ferry musket loaded with buckshot. We found the cow lying down for the night, and rode up close to her and both commenced firing at her at once. She jumped up and started at lightning speed for the creek just below where Manny's brewery now stands. We ran with her, firing at her until she took a stand on a small island, or bar, in the creek, when we found that our ammunition was out. At this time other men came to us with a lantern, for it was now quite dark. From the light of the lantern we could see the cow standing where she stopped. A messenger was dispatched for a Spencer rifle, who returned soon, and the cow was downed and dressed. The boys hitched my horses to the wagon, hauled the beef to my cabin, and divided it, sending some to each squatter near us. By this time the moon was up, giving a bright, clear light, and as one of the men came up to the cabin bringing my team back, he said, "Where in the dickens did all these dogs come from?" I asked him, "What dogs?" He said that more than 200 of them had followed him nearly all the way back. "How large were they?" I asked. "Pretty good size and all looked alike." "They must be wolves," said I. "I guess there must be an almighty swarm of them," he commented. We hung our portion of the beef upon the north side of the house, out of the wolves' reach; but we might as well have fed it to them, as it was so tough we could not eat it.
I then went to look after my goods stored at Douglass, which had been turned over to a trader at Quimby's ranch on the cattle trail this side of Douglass, on commission. I settled with him at a loss of $250, he having died broke a few days later, leaving me a damaged remnant comparatively worthless.
By that time we had got some ways into November. Dr. Graham had moved into his cabin, and the Indians were camped all the way from the mouth of the Walnut river up to this place. They seemed to be better reconciled to the situation. The squatters who left had come back and were fixing up for the winter, except Mr. Patterson, who gave up the venture and settled at Emporia. I have since lost sight of him.
The Indians asked me to get them a trader. I wrote to Baker and Manning (the same E. C. Manning), who had previously located a store at Augusta, as I understood that they had a permit to trade with the Indians on the Walnut river, stating facts in the case, and telling them that they could depend upon me for any help I was able to give them. A few days after this Mr. Baker came down with one wagon load of goods to see what he could do. I went with him on the next day down the Walnut river about four miles where we traded off nearly everything he brought for buffalo robes. We returned the same night to our cabin, when Baker arranged with me to build at once a log house for a trading post and claim house for Manning to hold the town site. I at once went to work, built a neat log house 14 x 22 feet, 30 rods due south of our own cabin, with the understanding that for convenience we would make a temporary line 10 rods south of Baker and Manning's house. Manning at this time was at Manhattan. Baker wrote to him what he was doing, telling him that I was holding his claim for him and that he must come on at once. Manning arrived some time about the middle of December, and at once took charge of his claim and store, which was at once filled with goods. Up to this time all the trading was done from our cabin. Often our house would be filled with Indians trading furs and robes for goods, which made it very inconvenient for Mrs. Wood.

Let me say here that I hope no one will accuse those engaged in killing that cow spoken of, as guilty of intentionally wronging anyone. The fact of her being a Texas cow and that we were not far from the Texas cattle trail passing from Coffeyville to Abilene, over which thousands of cattle were driven that year, we were satisfied that she had no owner that would ever look after her, as the drive for the season was entirely over. We agreed amongst ourselves that if anyone did come to claim her, he should be paid her full value. Persons never having had the experience of settling in a wild country like this was at that time cannot fully realize the feelings of a pioneer, or know what he will undertake under the all inspiring hope for the future success of his venture. It is said that "necessity knows no law." The fact is that we had no law here only unto ourselves, but each others rights were regarded, respected, and strictly protected as I may be able to show by the action of the "Citizens Protection Union," which was organized for the protection of each other in our just rights, especially in taking and holding claims.
(To Be Continued.)
[Note: Another portion of Wood story appeared on Page 4 of this issue.]
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
The county seat war in Pratt County between Pratt Center and Iuka is bringing b-l-o-o-d and getting mighty warm all around. Iuka has been the county seat for some time and lately the conflict was decided in favor of Pratt Center. In the suburbs of Pratt the other day one man was shot through the hips, another through the hand, and another slightly. A regular insurrection is threatened. Our Co. C., K. N. G. received a dispatch from the Governor today to hold itself in readiness for a call.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
The ball at the rink Friday night was well attended, and with the prompting of Chas. Gay, the happy throng tripped the light fantastic until the "wee sma" hours, when they separated in the realization of having passed an enjoyable evening.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
Nice weather again? Yes, lovely! The backbone of w hold on! Please excuse us. We live in dread fear of the antics of old Probabilities and he can run his own machine. We will take pleasantly whatever he grinds out.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
The great object of our existence should be to promote our own and others happiness, and, therefore, we should engage in every laudable work that will tend to advance the interests and welfare of mankind.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.

J. A. Morse, a young man of a well respected family near Atlanta, brought here a good bay team, buggy, and harness last Wednesday, and traded the team to George Sanderson and S. Allison for another horse and buggy and $25 cash to boot. He refused to trade the harness and buggy belonging to the bays because, he said, they were his father's. Mr. Allison was to take the boy, who is about 23 years old and good looking, to his father's to see that the title to the team was all right. The cash was paid him, he told them to grease both the buggies, and he would get his breakfast and return in a few minutes. He didn't turn up and at 11 o'clock Messrs. Sanderson and Allison telegraphed to Atlanta and found that the boy's folks were all right, but the boy no good. Last night a dispatch came stating that the team was stolen. It belonged to D. Stine, of Augusta, who owns a livery barn at that place. The boy had hired the team and rig to go to a dance. Mr. Stine came down today, refunded the $25 and paid all expenses, returning with his team. Where the boy went is unknown.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
Winfield believes, or professes to, that the building of the Walnut Valley road will secure the location there of the division headquarters and shops of all the Santa Fe lines in Southern Kansas. If she is banking on getting the shops of the Southern Kansas, we take pleasure in informing her that that particular plum is Wellington's meat. The division headquarters of the road, trainmaster's office, etc., are already here, and you can gamble on it that if the shops are ever removed from Ottawa they won't be set down anywhere east of Wellington.
All settled. Prepare to weep! It will make you sick, very sick, but we can't help it. We are for Winfield against the world and the superior pluck and rustle of our citizens lets nothing slip.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
The cold weather, though detrimental in so many respects, will, beyond doubt, be the cause of the largest wheat crop ever known in Southern Kansas. The snow has been such an excellent protection that there is little or no danger of injury from the frost, and as there has been no alternating frost and thaws, there is no reason why the wheat should not come out in the spring in fine growing shape. In this country an immense area was sown, which was in the best shape when winter came that it has been im any years. It was well rooted and had made a fine growth, and the farmers could not ask for better conditions for the crop. We will have an enormous yield in 1886.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
Greek George, the leader of the slugging gang who tried Winfield a la Sullivan and got bravely left, a few weeks ago, got away with Allie Gibbs, a fifteen year old girl of one of Wichita's respectable families, landlord of the Sedgwick house, where George boarded. The child wrote home from Kansas City that her brutal treatment had compelled her to secretly find refuge. She happened to find a family who were old acquaintances of her family. Mrs. Gibbs was very much distressed over her daughter's episode, although with the sublime faith of a mother who will not entertain a suspicion that her little one, her pet, has gone very far astray.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
The Arkansas City Democrat seems to favor the story of Dr. G. H. J. Hart's implication in the Maple City tragedy, and makes him out a very tough citizen. It says he was formerly a resident of Arkansas City and left a very unsavory and unsuccessful reputation.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.

Friday was Kansas Day in our city schools, the afternoon being devoted to a study of Kansas, from the earliest dates to the present time. The reporter visited the High School, Prof. Rice, teacher, and was very much pleased with the exercises which were of a very instructive and pleasant nature. Prof. Rice's room is filled with as sweet and intelligent young lady students as can be found in Uncle Sam's broad domain. The boys are manly young fellows, studious and bright. Prof. Gridley read an article on Kansas, by Noble Prentis, which was full of humor and good advice to persons desiring to come to Kansas. All the important events of early Kansas were well and fully treated on by the students, Prof. Rice interspersing with valuable information. The young ladies recited several poems regarding Kansas. We think the afternoon was well spent. We can't imbue our children with too much knowledge of Kansas, "the land of the free and home of the brave." We are very sorry that we were not able to visit all the rooms, as the exercises in the other rooms were also of a very interesting character.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
The Tribune utters a frantic wail because THE COURIER secured the county printing at full legal rates. It is such men as the Right Honorable, Very Reverend Professor Buel T. Davis who are ruining the printing business. In order to get patronage for their feeble sheets, they cut rates, and the consequence is they delude people into the belief that it costs nothing to run a newspaper. Cowley County, however, is not so poor, nor her people so stingy, as to want people to work for nothing. They are able and willing to pay for work done by those best fitted to do it and who can return the best equivalent for the money expended. THE COURIER has a large and solid circulation, is a fixture in Cowley, and necessary to the county's welfare. Therefore THE COURIER got the county printing and no man, who has any sense of justice, can or will deny that this was not right. Winfield Telegram.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
Captain Couch, of Payne's Oklahoma Colony, goes over to Arkansas City and makes a neat little speech before the executive members of the board of trade, to the effect that he would like them to take up subscriptions in that city to the amount of his and Sidney Clarke's fare to Washington and board the rest of the winter. Their expenses, while at the capital, he puts at the moderate sum of $10 per day. That includes cigars, quenching thirst, theatres, etc. But Arkansas City is mean enough to refuse the aid asked, and gets out of it by saying they have been called on so much lately for contributions that they were drained dry. Enterprise.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
Can't THE COURIER have a little mercy on its "transient e. c." and let it have some of the crumbs that fall from the table? The poor, puling little infant, needs some of the county pap to support its feeble existence. Telegram.
Its stomach is weak, very weak—can't hold anything. The physicians pronounce it a fatal case and in a few weeks the sad requiem, "empty is the cradle, baby's gone," will be the only echo of its little ten cent wails.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.

A number of the outlying gas posts, for an evening or two past, have not been lit. This is not according to the "statoots." They should all be lit early enough and kept burning till the ordinance hour. This irregularity is probably the neglect of the man who attends to the lamps and will be speedily remedied by the Gas Company. Light up our paths. Darkness is always a stumbling block.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
The Kingman Courier tells how one of the citizens of that city was robbed by highwaymen of $1,050 in cash and tied to a wire fence post for three hours, near Attica. The marshal of Attica went to work on the case, and in a few days afterwards sent a draft for $950 to the party, stating that he need not give himself any more trouble about the matter.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
Our merchants are anticipating great activity in spring trade. Everything points that way and some very heavy stocks will likely be laid in. 1886 promises to be the biggest year in the city's history and our enterprising merchants will ever be found on deck, right up in the front ranks. Read the DAILY and see who the enterprising merchants are.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
The jail continues to hold its full list of boarders. The places of the four who went to the "pen" Saturday are more than filled. There are about twenty in the toils at present, including paupers and the crazy charge. Jailor Finch has his hands full.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
Walter G. Seaver has taken entire editorial control of the Telegram, Fred C. Hunt's outside business interests necessitating his retirement at present. Walter is a pithy and vigorous writer and will make the Telegram sparkle editorially.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
At a meeting of citizens held in the E. of L. hall yesterday, Mr. James Connor was requested to withdraw his resignation tendered to the city council as representative of the first ward.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
The Inter-Ocean considers that it has solved the silver question, and its solution certainly looks plausible. The dollar in gold coin is 25.8 grains of standard gold and the silver dollar is 4125 grains of standard silver. It is proposed to make a dollar composed of one-half of each of these two constituents, 12.9 grains of standard gold and 206.25 grains of standard silver. This co-metallic dollar would be about half the size of the present silver dollar and more convenient, and it is proposed to make all government payments in these dollars, making them full legal tender. The details of the matter suggest that each coin contain the gold in the center set in a disc of silver, and proposes to make half dollars and quarters in the same way with half and one-fourth the amount of gold and silver of the full dollar respectively. It looks like a pretty good scheme to retain both gold and silver as legal tender money and prevent fluctuation in value of specie dollars.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.

Col. S. K. Donovin was formerly clerk in the Ohio Senate, and has edited the Columbus Times. He has written an "open letter" to Hon. Henry B. Payne, United States Senator from Ohio, giving the names of six members of the Ohio Senate, who voted for Payne for United States Senator for sums varying from $2,000 to upwards of $5,000. Also the names of several Representatives, who sold themselves as low as $1,200. Mr. Donovin uses to the Senator this impressive language: "You secured the nomination by these corrupt methods and are enjoying the fruits of the most venal combination ever organized in Ohio. If you had not cognizance of the facts at the time and have not been informed of their services until now, you should be justly indignant that those claiming the closest friendship should so terribly abuse your confidence. You certain must rest uneasy wearing your Senatorial crown. It must burn your brow and sicken your heart. There is a way of relief. Ask for a committee of your fellow Senators to investigate all matters connected with your election to the Senate in January, 1884.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
After dinner one day, Mr. Porcine took his little boy aside and administered this reproof.
"Johnny, you eat too fast and too much. You are a regular pig."
"Yessir," acquiesced Johnny, blandly.
"Do you know what a pig is?" inquired Mr. Porcine, severely.
"Yes sir."
"A hog's little boy."
Mr. Porcine changed the subject.
Newsy Notes Gathered by the "Courier's" Corps of Neighborhood Correspondents.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
J. A. Rucker and brother are finishing up a well.
L. Bryant and brothers are busy chopping wood.
Mrs. Lon Bryant, Mrs. Hassell, and Mrs. Shelton were at S. A. Rucker's recently.
Mrs. Hotchkiss visited Bethel schoolhouse last Friday. Other patrons should do likewise.
Where does Hen Weakly spend his Sunday evenings? Of course, Capital Hill is the guess.
Mr. Earhart, of Walnut, is expecting to move to Winfield in the near future. His wife is the great red bird trapper.
Miss Howard is having a little trouble in her school, but nothing serious. Just some unruly boys who need the directors to talk to them a short time.
All Winfield is jubilant over the bonds carrying, but don't forget there is a hereafter. I fail to see the benefit of so many roads through farms, but I will wait patiently to see the great advantage.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
Lee Six lost a fine work steer last week. It froze to death.
Mrs. Darnell is quite ill at her home, but nothing serious, we hope.
I think Sunny Kansas will have to change its name to blizzardy Kansas.
Riley Bedell lost a fine mule last week. I did not learn what was the matter with it.
J. A. Irwin, Henry Beamer, D. T. Rowe, and Duane Foster spent Tuesday in Winfield.

The weather is so cold all the time we don't get away from home very far, so that items are scarce in our neighborhood.
Mr. Gardener is very sick with that dread disease, inflammatory rheumatism, but we think Dr. Gordon will bring him out all right.
Mrs. John Hillier is very sick at her home, on Cedar creek, with some kind of fever. Dr. Brown, of Grand Summit, is waiting on her.
Mrs. McClellan is very sick with rheumatism. She has been confined to her bed four or five weeks. We hope she will recover soon.
Sam Greenleaf is in from McDonald County, Missouri, shaking hands with old friends. He thinks there is no place like Sunny Kansas. He may return in the spring to stay.
Mrs. Henry Beamer has gone to Missouri on a visit to her parents. We don't know how long she will be gone, but hope she will return soon on poor Henry's account.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
John C. Rouse, Druggist, Urbana, Iowa, says: "Everybody that knows Chamberlain's Cough Remedy, wants it in preference to any other. Sold by Brown & Son.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
The following are the real estate transfers filed in the office of Register of Deeds since our last issue.
Edwin C Manning et ux to North A Haight, lots 7, 8, and 9, blk 50, Manning's ad to Winfield: $125.00
Jennie Case to Samuel Childs, lot 2, blk 13, Read's ad to Winfield: $70.00
Torrance Town Co to Eunice D Haight, lot 1, blk 142, Torrance: $1.00
Burden Town Co to C E Simmons, lot 3, blk 32, Burden: $20.00
George H Wheeler et ux George E Knickerbocker, lot 2, blk 40, Udall: $125.00
Belle W. Godfrey and husband to S S Dambert, lots 20, 21, and 22, blk 67, A C: $1,137
Carlton J Rowell et ux to Laura A Smith, se qr ne qr 33-34-5e and s hf nw qr and sw qr ne qr 34-34-5e, 160 acres: $600
J M Alexander et ux to S S Wood, tract in ne qr 27-32-4e: $636
Frank J Hess et ux to Milton C Collins, lot 20, blk 119, A C: $52.00
James Hill et al to A C Building Association, lots 8, 9, 10, 11 and 12, blk 164, and lots 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 & 8, blk 167, Leonard's ad to A C: $820
Jackson M Collins to Adolphus G Lowe, lots 226, 27, and 28, blk 104, A C: $2,500
Frank J Hess et ux to Mary J Bookwalter, lots 11 and 12, blk 149, A C: $90.00
Lewis V Combs et ux to Milton P Collins, lots 22 and 23, blk 127, A C: $1,600
Lizzie E Keith et al to C M Scott, lots 21 and 22, blk 17, and lot 23, blk 78, A C, q-c: $25.00
W A Lee et ux to Seth P Briggs, tract in block 68, A C: $1,560
Cyrus A Walker to Hallie A Hoyt, hf ne qr sec 1-31-5e, 79 acres: $450
John W Leach et al to Moses W Apple, s hf se qr 13-31-5e, q-c: $1.00
Wm Walker et ux to Alma H. Gardner, w hf se qr 23-30-3e, 80 acres: $1,070
Amos B Muzzy to J C McMullen, s hf nw qr 17-34-6e: $1,500
Wm C. Muzzy et ux to J C McMullen, nw qr 17-34-6e, 160 acres: $1,500

P W Smith et ux to W C Evans, e hf w end lots 1, 2, 3, and 4, blk 20, Udall: $175
James E Wilson et ux to Henry A Stauffer, lots 3, 14, and 15, 31-31-8e: $600
Henry A Stauffer et ux to David Vanscoik, lots 3, 14, and 15, 31-31-8e, 120 acres: $2,000
W J Cox to P W Smith, lot 3, blk 23, Smith's ad to Udall: $250
James W. McClellan et ux to Cheever Riggins, 12 lots in blk 19, Cambridge, and tract in sw qr se qr 28-31-8e: $1,000
Andrew S Cress to Geo W Robinson, sheriff's deed, nw qr 10-30-3e, 35 acres: $486
L H Braden to Mary M Braden, lot 1, blk 164, A C: $100
P Willis Smith et ux to Geo E Knickerbocker, lot 9, blk 40, Udall: $250
Sarah E Aunt and husband to John M Keck, lots 5 & 6, blk 149, Winfield: $4,100
J R Musgrove et ux to Mary A Searcy, lots 6 & 7, blk 41, Musgrove ad to Winfield: $220
George M Moore et ux to Clarrisson J Moore, se qr 19-30-3e, 160 acres: $4,000
Sam T Brown et ux to Thomas J Patter, se qr 30-34-6e: $1,750
Udall Town Company to Geo E Knickerbocker, lot 12, blk 32, Udall: $35.00
Wilmot Town Company to Wm R Lorton, lots 2 and 3, blk 34, Wilmot: $30.00
Udall Town Company to G E Knickerbocker, lot 13, blk 40, Udall: $10.00
Udall Town Company to P Willis Smith, lot 9, blk 40, Udall: $5.00
P Willis Smith et ux to G F Knickerbocker, lot 7, blk 42, Udall: $300
New Salem Town Company to Francis M Avis, lots 1 & 2, blk 19, New Salem: $45.00
Wm O McKinley et ux to G E Knickerbocker, lots 15 & 16, blk 21, Udall: $120
Atlanta Town Company to Alida L Dicus, lots 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, & 6, blk 37, Atlanta: $140
Maria A Andrews & husband to Minnie E Thomas, lot 9, blk 163, village of Northfield: $100
Atchison & Topeka R R Co to Wichita & Southwestern Railway Company, 25 ½ acres in se qr 19-33-4e and 94 acres in sw qr 19-33-4e: q-c: $3.00
Covey L Holt et ux to Geo W Spinel, lots 1 & 2, blk 27, A C: $470
Read & Robinson to Rebecca D Harland, lot 10, blk 52, Read's ad to Winfield: $850
Thomas Hemphill to S C Lyon, lot 3, blk 250, Fuller's ad to Winfield: $500
W L Morehouse et ux to Elsie North, lot 17, blk 112, Menor's ad to Winfield: $500
Mettie Lee & husband to Charles Pond, hf ne qr ne qr sec 7 and nw qr nw qr 8-30-3e: $100
James K Smith et ux to Franklin P Smith, n hf se qr 5-33-5e, q-c: $1.00
Mary J Swarts et al to David L Weir, lots 15, 16, and 17, blk 192, Swarts' ad to A C: $36.00
Thomas Peterson et ux to Martin Dale, e hf se qr 31-31-8e: $500
Thomas Peterson et ux to John Oliver, se qr ne qr 31-34-8e: $250
He Dies of Nervousness After Taking Treatment of a Voodoo Doctor.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
(Philadelphia Press.)

George W. Kelpin, a boss painter of this city, died yesterday of nervousness, the result of starvation. Kelpin believed that he was bewitched. He recently had the contract to do the painting and furnishing the big glass mirrors in the new café at the Girard House. He didn't have the ready cash to take such a large contract, and Samuel Love loaned him seven thousand dollars, and Kelpin finished the work. His bill was seventeen thousand dollars. One day soon after the café was opened, Kelpin, while talking to Mr. Love, took a little bag out of his pocket and said:
"I wouldn't take one thousand dollars for that. I'm bewitched, and that's the only thing that will save me."
Mr. Love and George Moore, one of the proprietors of the hotel, laughed at him, and Kelpin agreed to tear up the bag. Soon after he was taken sick, and he told his wife and son that Mr. Love had bewitched him. Both Mrs. Kelpin and her son are firm believers in witchcraft.
Two days afterward Mr. Love went to see Kelpin. He found him lying on a lounge. Kelpin said he was bewitched and appeared frightened at Mr. Love's presence. Mrs. Kelpin sent for Mr. Weeks, a voodoo doctor, a colored woman living in Camden, who said she could break the spell with which Mr. Kelpin was afflicted. Following the instructions of this woman, Mrs. Kelpin put some old horseshoes under her husband's bed. The next visit the voodoo doctor made, she told Mrs. Kelpin to tie a raw mackerel on to the sole of each of her husband's feet and to tie onion poultices on top of his head, behind his ears and around his wrists. This treatment was to drive the devils out of the man's nerves and to restore him to full physical and mental health. Mrs. Kelpin got the raw mackerel and the onions and applied them. At another time the negro prescribed some powders and other medicines, which she said would free Mr. Kelpin of the power that anyone had over him, and Mrs. Kelpin followed her instructions.
A few days after Mr. Love's first visit, he called again, accompanied by Dr. Woolford and Messrs. Moore and Gordon of the Girard House. They found Kelpin with the mackerel tied to his feet and the onion poultice on his head and wrists. Dr. Woolford told Kelpin that the application of mackerel and onions was ridiculous, that he was not bewitched, and that there was no such thing as witchcraft. Then the physician removed the mackerel and onion poultices and prescribed some nerve tonics, telling Kelpin that there was really nothing the matter with him, and that if he would take prescriptions, he would be about in two or three days. Dr. Woolford, at Mr. Love's request, visited Kelpin several times, but, learning that Kelpin was not taking his medicines, ceased his visits.
Dr. Woolford said tonight: "The man starved himself to death. He wasted away to a skeleton. He believed he was being followed by somebody all the time, and he frequently told me that the only way to get rid of his enemy was to die. He said there was no use in taking food, because he had no stomach. The man didn't eat one square meal the last two months he lived."
The Kelpin family have always been known as sensible people outside of their belief in witchcraft. There is some talk by friends of the dead man of causing the arrest of the voodoo doctor.
Interesting Description of a Kentucky Cavern.
Adventures of an Exploring Party in a Cave Once Famed as a Rendezvous of

Refugee Slaves.—A Curious Freak of Nature.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
[Cor. Louisville Courier-Journal.]
Situated not more than a mile from Princeton, in the remote corner of the farm of Mr. E. B. Ratcliff, is the entrance of what is generally known as "Saltpeter Cave." Although the cave possesses considerable local reputation, our knowledge of it is so little in keeping with its extent and grandeur that the writer of this has deemed it but a duty to record what he conceives to be the greatest wonder of the kind in Western Kentucky. Your correspondent not long ago, in company with several friends, made a day's visit in partly exploring these humid caverns. We reached the cave about ten a.m., and found the descent easy. At the entrance of the cave, there are three passages. We chose the middle one. After passing over a difficult and tortuous route of fifty yards on all fours, we found ourselves in a chamber of considerable dimensions. The floor of this was as smooth and clean as if the roller and broom had been but recently applied. At this place, however, we could find no evidence of calcareous formations. At the end of this chamber we came across what is known as the "Devil's Coal-hole." This was an entrance that looked like a dormer window propped up before us, and which could only be approached by a side-way difficult of descent, and down which few of us cared to venture, but one or two, however, did look in, and, seeing no bottom, retreated in haste. We now commenced our first climbing, and, with little difficulty, reached another chamber considerably higher than the first. It was here that we encountered the first bats, which seemed not in the least disturbed. At the end of this high-domed and sparkling chamber, which dimly presented its beauties by the feeble light of our candles, the most notable object we saw during the trip unveiled itself to our gaze. This was in the shape of a huge pumpkin, with its corrugated sides, its ribs, its shape, and its color perfectly resembling the vegetable just named. There was an opening in the top, through which, by climbing on the debris beyond, we could look. We found it to be not only hollow, but its walls to be a mere crust—not more than an inch or two thick.
We now began to appreciate that we were entering a more humid atmosphere. We could hear the tinkling of the drops of water as they fell about us, and away in the distance could faintly hear the noise of cascades and murmur of streams pent up between huge rocks, and tormented into foam, and then effecting their escape down some rock precipice and spreading into pools below. Our journey thence forward was to be tedious, difficult, and dangerous.

We were to substitute for the smooth, dry floor, precipitous and almost perpendicular banks and dark and yawning chasms. We stood on the top of a bank, whose steep declivity threatened to launch into darkness and destruction the adventurous individual who should attempt to descend its glassy sides. There was no one in the party afraid, at least nobody said so. There was a general inclination to rest and be resigned. But when we looked away below us and found an opening in the wall, we commenced a descent, which, if not very creditable in the manner, was very successful in the end. Peering through this opening, which was large enough to permit the passage of a man, we could see the waters of a stream that struggled through the rugged vastness of these cavernous structures. Just within this opening, and upon a wall to the left, were some striking formations. They were upon a smooth wall and in successive rows, and represented letters similar to those of the English and other alphabets. We conjured up many things in connection with this seeming cabalistic display, and prepared to make the descent to the waters below. This all save the writer assayed to do by climbing down a bank that seemed almost perpendicular. The writer climbed around to the top of an adjacent bank, and, having carefully adjusted himself, shot like a meteor down the slippery bank, and landed twenty or thirty feet below the others of the party. We found the stream here to be six or eight feet in width and probably two feet deep. We crossed this stream and after ascending a long and steep bank, stood once more in a chamber larger and more beautiful than anything we had seen. It was here we saw the first evidence of stalactic growth.
So far we had seen no stalagmites. Here we discovered a fountain of cool, clear water, which rested in a basin almost perfectly square. On all sides, beyond the beautiful plateau on which we stood, could be seen hideous chasms and numberless dark openings, fissures, and passages; whilst above us, one after the other, like a many-storied house of granite, appeared chamber after chamber, in soft but glistening array, until they diminished from the lurid rays of light and faded away in the distance. We here saw evidences of those who had preceded us sixty years ago.
Before and during the war this cave was a rendezvous for refugee slaves, who have often been tracked through these innumerable wildernesses of passages. With our limited knowledge, we endeavored to study the wonderful process going on, seeming to transform everything into stone. First there was the ordinary mud; above this was a thick, tough, granulated clay, which could be kneaded in the fingers like dough. Then came a crustaceous formation, dry and brittle, and then the hard stone itself. After resting by the pool awhile, we prepared to go onward. We had to cross a ridge, not much wider on top than a fence-rail, and whose sides receded almost abruptly into darkness. Beyond this narrow passage we lost all traces of our former explorers. We had now been nearly four hours in the cave, during which time we had traveled rapidly. We prepared to return, and our backward journey was performed without any noticeable occurrence.
Comparatively nothing is known of the beauties and natural wonders within these caverns, and it would take weeks to fully explore the different and numerous avenues and their varied windings. All who have a taste for the curious gifts of nature, and who can suffer the inconvenience and loss of time, should visit this subterranean wonder of Caldwell County.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
When Marian was asked what she would do if a nice young gentleman asked her hand in marriage, she naively replied: "I don't think I'd no." N Y. Ledger.
He Howls in Chorus with a Hand-Organ and Whips an Intruder.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
[Cincinnati Enquirer.]

An old blind man was turning the crank of a melancholy hand-organ at the corner of Seventh and Vine streets at eight o'clock last evening. A weird sort of a tune was being reeled off. A drizzling, misty rain was falling in a spiritless way, and not a copper had dropped in his battered tin cup. Suddenly a strange accompaniment to his music was heard. A big, fine-looking coach-dog came up, seated himself on his haunches, and began to bay at the moon as industriously as dog ever did. His voice was in good tune and of varied resources. When the hand-organ merged into a loud screech, the dog howled. When it came down to the finer notes, the canine voiced musical whines, ending his passages in mournful lullabies. When the tune changed to something lively, the dog gave short, quick barks and yelps. A crowd gathered, and nickels and pennies fell thick and fast in the beggar's cup. The blind man said the dog did not belong to him, but evidently liked music. When he stopped playing, the dog jumped up and licked the man's face, wagged his tail at an incalculable rate, and manifested every sign of delight. A policeman, seeing a crowd gathering that was blockading the street, came up and gave the dog a resounding whack on the bread-basket with a mace, and the animal slipped away.
Half an hour later the dog came back and resumed operations at the old stand, howling in time with the different notes. He was engaged in this way when another big dog that evidently did not appreciate music came up to inquire into the matter and see what all the fuss was about.
The musical cur gave one or two warning barks and then landed on the other dog's frame. A first-class fight ensued, in which honors were about even for awhile, but which terminated in the signal defeat of the intruder. The coach-dog sang in chorus with the organ's wails until he got tired and scampered off.
An African Chief Who Could Never Be Made to Work.
A Determined Captive Who Defied a Cruel Master and Overseer.
His Escape in 1864.
How He Exposed His Owner's Cruelty and Methods.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
[Atlanta (Georgia) Constitution.]
When the slave ship, Wanderer, was captured, shortly before the war, the Africans found on her were held for a time in the custody of United States Marshals. The gang passed through Montgomery, and hundreds of citizens flocked to see the black savages. Among the spectators was a notorious character named Bart Blake. Bart was always ready for an adventure, and when he heard his friends praising the fine physique of the Africans and wishing they had them at work on their plantations, it struck him that it would be a rather brilliant and daring piece of work to steal one of the negroes. The more he thought of it the better he liked the idea, and finally he let it out to some of his companions. The crowd laughed and bantered Bart to carry out his scheme. It took several drinks of whiskey to nerve the man for the work; but when he felt read to try it, he walked right into the midst of the prisoners, flourishing a revolver and swearing at the top of his voice. He was a big, fierce-looking fellow, and the United States Marshals, seeing that he was apparently backed by a number of men, gave way to him. Bart picked out the tallest, strongest, and blackest of the negroes and marched him off before the officers could say Jack Robinson. The people who witnessed the affair sent up a shout and covered the flight of Blake, thus preventing pursuit until it was too late.

Blake sent his new slave to his plantation near the Florida line, and in the course of a few weeks, forgot all about him. One day his overseer came to Montgomery.
"That nigger is the devil," he said, as soon as he saw his employer.
"What nigger?"
"That Wanderer fellow. I can't make him work, and all the niggers on the plantation are afraid of him."
"You say you can't make him work?" said Blake, "Have you made him understand that he must work?"
"Yes. I have made signs to him. He can't speak a word of English yet. He just looks at me and then I get out of the way. I believe he would kill me if I laid hands on him."
"That's all nonsense," said Blake. "I'll come down in a day or two and straighten him out."
Blake kept his word about going down, but he found the African a tough customer. Blake tackled him one morning and led him out to the woodpile. Placing an axe in the man's hands, he indicated by signs that he must cut the wood a certain length. The negro, a perfect giant in stature, threw the axe down, folded his brawny arms across his naked chest, and looked at Blake with eyes that fairly blazed. The white man felt peculiarly nervous, and calling the overseer, ordered him to whip the rebellious slave.
"Whip him yourself," said the overseer. "I'll cover him with a pistol while you do the job."
"Never mind about it now," muttered Blake, and he walked off.
When Blake returned to town, he told his friends that he never had been so badly bothered in his life. He said that he had done wrong in capturing the negro, and under the circumstances he would not feel justified in killing him. He had made up his mind to wait until the savage learned English. The other negroes would then, no doubt, persuade him to go to work.
Months and years rolled by, but Scipio, as Blake's pet was called, could not be induced to do any regular work. He learned to talk English and proved to be a man of fine sense and judgment. During the war Blake spent most of his time on his plantation and got well acquainted with his slave. Scipio told his master that in his own country he was a chief and a magician. He had always had his tribe to work for him and he did not propose to do any work himself.
The neighboring planters gave Blake no peace about Scipio. They urged him to make the negro work or kill him as a warning example. Why Blake did not follow their advice is a mystery. He was a rough, wicked man, and he had shed blood more than once, but there was something about Scipio that commanded his respect and sympathy. Scipio was allowed to do pretty much as he pleased. He picked out the best cabin on the place and lived in it by himself. The other negroes tacitly acknowledged his superiority and made him presents of fruit, game, and money when they had it. The African was not ill-tempered. He took an interest in the other slaves, and in the course of time made himself useful as a doctor. In his rude way, he was quite a skillful physician.

In the early part of 1864 Scipio suddenly disappeared. He skipped over the Florida line and made his way to Pensacola, then in the hands of the Federals. Blake was the happiest man in Alabama when he heard of it. He had somehow got the idea that Scipio was his evil genius and would some day kill him. When he heard that he was in the Federal lines, he was so overjoyed at getting rid of him that he got on a big spree, shot two of his friends, and fell down and broke his arm.
Just after the war the writer heard Blake giving a history of Scipio. He wound up by saying:
"Yes, I was delighted when he ran away. Two months afterward I accidentally got hold of a copy of the New York Herald. In it was an interview with Scipio two columns long. That nigger, sir, made his way to New York and told that Herald man all about me and my plantation and how niggers were treated in Alabama. He did for a fact. I was never so surprised in my life. And the way old Scip showed me up! Why, sir, it was a confounded outrage! I don't wish the nigger any harm, but if I ever get hold of him again, I'll wear him out. If I don't, I'll be dog goned!"
Although Blake blustered a good deal about it, his friends say that he kept the Herald containing the interview until his dying day. He frequently showed it to his friends, and although he always swore over it, the impression prevailed that he was very proud of it.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
[Wheeling Intelligencer.]
Nineteen persons, all named White, and all related, bought tickets at Glover's Gap and left together for the West one day last week. They expect to reside there permanently.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
CLEVELAND OHIO, Jan. 26. Miss Tillie Munkerman, aged twenty, whose home is in Royalton, a small village near here, had been visiting her sister in this city for a short time. Last Thursday evening she started on an errand, but had gone only a few steps when, in passing through the shadow of a building, she was suddenly seized by two men, one white and the other colored, bound and gagged, and placed in a buggy near at hand. The horse was driven rapidly away, and no sooner had it started, then she was chloroformed. She soon lost consciousness and remained insensible for some time. Finally she heard the men talking about going into a saloon before which the horse had stopped. She remained quiet and they, not knowing that she had recovered consciousness, entered the saloon. No sooner had they left the buggy than the girl jumped out and ran away as best she could. She was a mile away from her sister's house and was taken home by a gentleman from whom she asked protection.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
ALTON, ILL., Jan. 26. Last night at ten o'clock at Bozzatown, near Upper Alton, George Young was shot and wounded, probably fatally, by Will Low. Both men were from Upper Alton, and had been drinking in saloons nearly all day. The got into a quarrel at Cook's saloon, where Low drew a pistol and fired twice at Young, one bullet passing through the head and the other lodging in the abdomen. Low escaped. Young is in a critical condition.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
LOUISVILLE, KY., Jan. 26. Last night John Hughes and J. Grass, two young men, met in the same place and had a quarrel. The trouble was apparently settled and Grass left the place. Hughes called to Grass to come back and have a drink, but the latter declined and requested him to come out on the sidewalk. As soon as Hughes stepped out, Grass drew his pistol and sent a bullet through his heart.
What a New York Critic Has to Day of the Dread Malady.
A Sensible Defense of the Dog.
More Deaths Resulting From the Fear of Persons Bitten by Dogs
Than From the Consequences of the Bites.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
[Nym Crinkle, in New York World.]
Hydrophobia is one of the most terrible, the most mysterious, and the rarest of the diseases that afflict humanity. Not one doctor in a hundred ever saw a well-authenticated case of it. I am at this moment writing this article with a hand lacerated by the bite of a strange dog. I encountered him one Sunday morning two weeks ago in front of my residence.
I am a lover of dogs. This was a brindled bull terrier, held by a chain. I patted him on the head. He wagged his tail, jumped up affectionately upon me. I slapped him playfully on his side, and in an instant he fastened his fangs in my right hand. One of these struck an artery and cut it. I bought the dog. It cost me fifteen dollars. I domiciled him. For forty-eight hours I had one of those subjective struggles which teach a man how absolutely he is at the mercy of his imagination. I went up to Dr. Hamilton. He looked at my hand and asked at once:
"Where is the dog?"
"I've got him," I replied.
"Is he all right?"
"Sound as a dollar."
"Then don't give the thing another thought. If I cauterize the wound, you are liable to have a secondary hemorrhage, and then you will be disabled for a fortnight."

That was all the medical treatment I received; but I found myself that night dwelling upon the incident. All the dread possibilities were rehearsed. My fancy exaggerated my knowledge and my feelings. I felt pricking and burning sensations run up my arm. I fell into an uneasy dose. I heard the snarl and saw the gleam of fangs in the phantasmagoria of a nervous sleep. I woke up in the morning unrefreshed and with a dull consciousness that something was impending. After a bath and a walk in the sun, my resisting power began to assert itself. I saw that at this rate I would evolute out of nothing all the symptoms of rabies. I sincerely believe at this moment that I could have brought on the symptoms of tetanus, if I had only placed myself under my own imagination. If that dog had shown any symptoms of sickness, I should have been a case for Pasteur, but he proved to be as straight as a trivet. I made friends with him. I found that he had a broken rib. I must have struck that when I slapped him on the side. Now consider a moment. If I had killed that dog when he bit me, as it was very easy to do, all the science, all the intelligence, and all the reason of the world could not have saved me from my own fears. And that is the result with almost every case of dog bite. The first step on the part of stupidity is to kill the dog. Then he is declared to be mad, and then sets in the chain of subjective and fanciful results. Science and common experience agree that unless the dog has rabies, there is no danger of the victim of his bite having hydrophobia. Well, my own experience tells me that one dog in about five thousand that are killed as mad really has rabies. Dog men are bitten every day. Your ordinary dog fighter is covered with scars. There isn't a sportsman who hasn't had the mark of a tooth on him. The dog is subject to epilepsy and nervous attacks that are common enough. But if a poor animal should get a fit in the streets of New York, the dry of mad dog is his doom and the doom of everybody he bites. Could he be saved from the ignorant malice of the mob, something might be determined. We should at least know if imagination can bring on the symptoms in the man while the dog is healthy. Mahew, who has written the best, because the only scientific book of the dog, insists that rabies is an extremely rare disease that develops slowly in the animal, who is sick weeks before his paroxysms appear. He describes minutely all the symptoms of the rabid dog, and no one had a better opportunity to study them, not even Zonatt. He saved scores of dogs from popular doom that were suffering with vermicular fits. Fear, which is always the concomitant of mystery, is the prime factor in individual hydrophobia and in those popular scares which we are having at this moment. Everybody remembers the gifted Ada Clare, who was bitten in the face by a pet dog. She died in this city in the most horrible paroxysms of hydrophobia. I saw her just before she died. She was a woman of many mental accomplishments and a strong, imaginative temperament. Science stood helpless at her bedside, unable to save her, and powerful to assuage her agonies with the most powerful drugs known to the pharmacopeia. Mr. Butler, I think it was, in Burling Slip, who obtained the dog. At all events, a month after Ada Clare's death, I received a note from a well-known dog fancier to come and see the dog. The animal at that time appeared to be in perfect health. I have always believed that Ada Clare was the victim of her own imagination. Per contra I saw a case of undoubted hydrophobia in Wisconsin that was diagnosed as tetanus. It was that of a child six years old that was bitten by a Spitz dog, that died two hours after in a rabid paroxysm. The parents were ignorant Germans, knew nothing of hydrophobia whatever, and the wound was a mere pin prick in the thumb. But a month later the child was taken sick and died, as I say, with all the symptoms of hydrophobia.
Pasteur and all the rest of them are groping in the dark. It sounds somewhat absurd to say that the life of a dog that is supposed to be mad ought to be saved. But when the case is understood, the absurdity vanishes. In the first place, the rabid dog does not start out as the popular fear paints him upon an indiscriminate biting career. The dog, whether mad or healthy, bites and snaps only when irritated. It is the hunted dog that bites at everything, and the assumption that he is mad sets the crowd upon him. Then, wrought up to a pitch of frenzy, he bites and tears all within his reach. It is possible to produce this kind of hydrophobia in any highly organized dog.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
[Hartford Courant.]

A New Haven boy recently, "for fun," inserted an advertisement in a local paper for a husband. A Western farmer answered it, and this young man wrote at length, describing himself as a handsome, middle-aged woman, with a long bank account. The granger came on last week to see the woman. He is now after the young man with a suit for fraud and loss of time and money.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
Recap. Estate of James E. Platter, deceased, Nannie J. Platter, Administratrix of the estate. Final settlement to take place in Probate Court April 5, 1886.
Continuation of the Debate in the Senate on the Admission of Dakota.
Butler's Objections As to the Methods.
His Analysis of Similar Cases.
Wilson, of Iowa, On Pioneers.
The House Eulogizes Ellwood, Deceased, and Adjourns.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
WASHINGTON, Jan. 29. Among the bills introduced in the Senate when that body met yesterday was one by Mr. Sherman to discontinue the coinage of the silver dollar, to provide for the purchase of silver bullion in bars, at not less than 2,000,000 ounces nor more than 4,000,000 ounces per month at market price, and for the issue in payment therefor of coin certificates of not less denomination than $10 each, the bullion to remain in the Treasury as security for the payment of the certificates.
A resolution was offered by Mr. Call, and his request laid over for the present, instructing the Judiciary Committee of the Senate to report a bill providing for the retirement or removal of United States District and Circuit Judges when from any cause they should become unable to perform the duties of their office, and discriminating between drunkenness and other causes so that drunkenness may be punished by impeachment and removal from office.
Another resolution offered by the same Senator was on like request similarly disposed of, directing the Judiciary Committee to report a bill providing for the forfeiture and opening to settlement of railroad land grants in cases in which the railroads have not been built within the time given by Congress.
Mr. Ingalls presented a petition of Frederick Douglass and other leading colored citizens of the District of Columbia, complaining of discriminations against them, at theaters and other places of public entertainment in the City of Washington, and praying that the license laws of the District of Columbia be so amended as to prevent such discrimination. The petition was accompanied by affidavits in support of its averments. It was appropriately referred.
The Senate then went to the calendar and resumed consideration of the bill to divide the Sioux reservation in Dakota into separate reservations, and to secure the relinquishment of the Indian title to the same. After debate, the bill at two o'clock was displaced by the bill providing for the admission of Dakota.

Mr. Butler's substitute for the committee's bill was read. It was an enabling act, providing for the admission of the Territory of Dakota, as a whole, as a State of the Union, when an election should have been held and a constitution, republican in form, should have been adopted by the people. The substitute also describes in detail the conditions to be observed by the proposed State, as to public lands, schools, etc.

Mr. Butler then took the floor in support of his substitute. He conceded the right of the people of a Territory to apply for admission as a State when it had the necessary conditions, but he denied that a Territory had any inherent right to organize a State government. Congress alone could authorize the transition from a Territory to a State, and the exercise of that power by any other body would be bold usurpation. He argued at length in support of this proposition and further contended that Territories had no right to divide themselves up at their own pleasure and do as Dakota had done in this instance. As to the admission of Tennessee, Kentucky, and Maine, Mr. Butler said that these had been carved out of territory belonging to North Carolina, Virginia, and Massachusetts, three of the original thirteen States, and under the constitution, the consent of the Legislature of those States was all that was necessary, and was taken as tantamount to an enabling act. In the cases of Arkansas and Michigan, two political Titans, slavery and anti-slavery, were approaching each other by converging lines. Michigan represented one and Arkansas represented the other. Both were taken into the Union in, as Mr. Butler insisted, an unconstitutional manner. These were cases of compromise, attempts to temporize with the impending irrepressible conflict. It would have been better for the country if the issue had been at that time met and settled, than to have postponed it to a time thirty years later, when the power and capacity of the sections to struggle with each other had so largely increased. Iowa, Missouri, Arkansas, and Nevada, Mr. Butler said, had come into the Union under enabling acts. Slavery was now dead. The people of the Union were becoming more and more homogeneous, and time was smoothing the asperities that had come of the conflict. The people were happily at peace. The Territories were being occupied by intelligent and hardy pioneers. He couldn't see why the Nation should depart from the safe, time-honored constitutional rules for the admission of new members into the family of States. He asked if there was a pressing political exigency lurking behind this movement which impelled it forward with almost unseemly zeal; whether there was a purpose to hasten proceedings, lest a change might come which might change the political complexion of the representatives sent to the National Legislature. Mr. Butler could not disabuse his mind of such a suspicion and that a snap judgment would be rendered if the legislators refused to ratify the present movement. Mr. Butler insisted that the action of South Dakota had been ultra vires and void. Besides he had received intimations of fraud in the proceedings taken there, of crimination, recrimination, and ringism. Much division of opinion prevailed in the Territory as to a division on the line of the forty-sixth parallel and he wanted to know why there should not be a fair hearing on all the questions involved, so that when Congress should meet again, it should have material for intelligent action. Mr. Butler could hardly conceive that any personal discourtesy had been meant by the railroading through the Committee on Territories of an adverse report on the resolutions offered by Mr. Vest and himself relating to Dakota. They had been adversely passed upon at the very first meeting of the committee after their reference by the Senate without notice or opportunity to him to be present at their consideration. He inquired whether this haste was because of fear that if full consideration had been given to these resolutions, the weakness of the case would be made manifest, or that the motives behind the efforts of the State Executive Committee would be exposed. If Dakota were admitted under the unconstitutional action already taken, then Congress might as well abolish all parliamentary proceedings and judicial forms. "When Dakota shall come here," said Mr. Butler in conclusion, "provided with the proper countersign, if it shall be my duty to be on guard, I will with pleasure pass her on to the heart of the citadel of the Nation."
Mr. Wilson, of Iowa, contended that Senators who should insist that every step for the formation of new States should be in accordance with their own views of form, displayed but little knowledge of the process by which States had been made. Some of the most loyal and patriotic States had laid their foundation in violation of Congressional action. The hardy pioneers had carried civilization yearly farther westward and planted States as mile stones to mark the onward progress of their journey. It had taken the United States Government a long time to understand the movements of those pioneers. The action of the people of Dakota, he insisted, was in every sense proper, peaceful, and constitutional, and no narrow partisanship or political bias should be permitted to interfere with the manly and honorable demand of its people to admission as a State. The population of South Dakota was sufficient to entitle her to two Representatives in Congress. Mr. Wilson compared the condition of South Dakota in wealth, population, and resources with those of many other States at the time of their admission and argued that the new applicant for statehood presented a case that challenged criticism. Her methods had been conservative and creditable, and Congress should welcome her to the sisterhood of States.
The debate then closed, and the bill went over till two o'clock today, at which hour Mr. Vest will have the floor.
A message was received from the President transmitting further information received from the United States Minister to Belgium in relation of the action of the Belgium Government in concluding its admission to the monetary union of the Latin States. The message was referred to the Committee on Finance.
Another message from the President was received transmitting a communication from the Secretary of the Interior submitting a draft of the proposed amendment to the act ratifying an agreement with the Crow Indians in Montana for the purpose of increasing the annual payment under that agreement and reducing the number thereof in order that sufficient means might be provided for establishing them in their individual allotments. The message was referred to the Committee on Indian Affairs.
A message from the House announced the death of the Hon. Reuben Ellwood, late member of that body from the State of Illinois.
The Senate, on motion of Mr. Cullom, out of respect to the memory of the deceased, adjourned.
Among the bills introduced in the Senate today were the following.
By Mr. Plumb: By request, to forfeit all the uncertified lands within the limits of the grant to the State of Michigan to aid in building a railroad from Marquette to Ontonagon under the acts of June 3, 1856, and under acts amendatory or supplementary there, and all lands certified or uncertified which lie opposite the uncompleted portion of the road extending from Lanze to Ontonagon. Also a bill to grant the right of way through the Indian Territory to the Kansas City, Fort Scott & Gulf Railroad Company.

By Mr. Cameron: Providing that persons now on the pension rolls, or who may hereafter be placed thereon for a permanent specific disability, who may have contracted an additional disability in the service, which but for the existence of the permanent specific disability would have entitled them to pensions, shall be entitled to an increase of pension commensurate with the degree of such additional disability in addition to that granted for the specific disability; provided, that the cumulative pension shall not exceed that for total helplessness.
By Mr. Miller, of New York: Authorizing the Secretary of the Treasury to refund $42,796 to the State of New York, being the amount of duties paid on arms imported by the State in 1863 for use in suppressing the war of the rebellion.
The Speaker laid before the House yesterday a letter from the Secretary of State giving a list of the employees in the State Department and setting for that their services were such that none could be dispensed with.
Mr. Weaver, of Iowa, introduced a bill to provide for the organization of the Territory of Oklahoma. Also to open unoccupied lands to actual settlers. This was referred.
Mr. Wheeler, of Alabama, from the Committee on Military Affairs, reported a bill authorizing the President to restore officers to the army in certain cases. This bill applies to the case of Fitz John Porter. It was placed upon the public calendar and may be called up for action any time during the morning hour.
The House, on motion of Mr. Dingley, then went into Committee of the Whole with Mr. Crisp, of Georgia, in the chair, on the bill reported by the Shipping Committee to abolish certain fees for services to American vessels. Mr. Dingley said that the committee was unanimous in reporting the bill.
Pending action the hour of one o'clock arrived and the committee having risen, the House proceeded to the consideration of appropriate resolutions touching the death of Congressman Reuben Ellwood, of Illinois.
After eulogistic addresses by Messrs. Hopkins, Henderson, Pitt, Dunham, and Adams (Illinois), Tillman (South Carolina), Peters (Kansas) and McMillan (Tennessee) the House, as a mark of respect to the memory of the deceased, adjourned.
The Ex-Governor Ungenerously Sized Up by an Ex-Mayor.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
WASHINGTON, Jan. 29. A special from New York says: Ex-Mayor Overstolz, of St. Louis, was here today. Speaking of the administration, he said: "The fact that President Cleveland refused to appoint ex-Governor Crittenden to a mission on account of that Jesse James killing has not created any excitement in Missouri. There are a great many people in the State who are of my opinion that Mr. Crittenden went beyond his province as a Governor in getting rid of James. I don't say that he was in collusion with the Ford boys to assassinate Jesse James, but we would like to read his statement about the affair. He promised to make one. Possibly he can throw some extenuating circumstances on the killing. We were not aware before that Mr. Crittenden had political significance enough to warrant his appointment to any mission. In Missouri he is practically dead, except perhaps in the locality where he resides."

Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
SAN ANTONIO, TEX., Jan. 29. Two new cases of small-pox were reported today. They occurred in a Mexican family named Deolles, who live on South Laredo street. The patients were at once removed to the pest house. All victims of the disease have so far been among the lower orders and Mexican population in the lowest and least improved quarters of the city. No Americans have taken it except Dr. Lighthall, and there have been no manifestations of its spreading.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
[Cor., N. Y. Mail and Express.]
For the past week workmen have been busily engaged in raking up the dead leaves that have fallen from the trees in the White House grounds, and making huge piles of them. The strong wind made it difficult to rake clean, and frequently scattered the piles when formed. The men have not been working by the job, though, and did not seem to mind going over their work. These piles of leaves will not be left on the grounds. They will be dumped into the fountain basins in the different parts of the grounds after the water is turned off, to prevent the cold from cracking the masonry. Over these leaves will be placed evergreen trees to keep them in place, and the fountains will have a nice warm blanket till spring. The most interested spectators of the past week's work were a number of tramp dogs, who intend hibernating at the bottom of the fountain basins. They will burrow among the leaves and make their beds at the bottom, where they can be perfectly warm and comfortable during the coldest winter weather. This has been a dog custom for many years past. When spring comes and their homes are broken up, the dogs have become so accustomed to the surroundings, that they are unwilling to leave the vicinity of the White House, and have to be continually driven away. The little yellow dog that became famous in the Garfield inauguration procession came from the White House fountains, as did his yellow and white descendants, who patiently awaited the starting of President Cleveland's inaugural procession last March. The dogs who take up their winter quarters in the fountains this year can be seen about the grounds at all hours of the day. They spend the nights in the piles of leaves. They cannot be driven away, for they know when they have a good thing. Their number is not as large as it would be, but for several recent visits of the dog catchers in the early morning hours. Several of the canine tramps who had their winter quarters selected are now no more.

The White House grounds have always been a favorite resort for birds and animals. Nowhere in the city were the little English sparrows more plentiful than here. They built their nests in the vines in the rear of the White House and in the hollow cannon balls that surmount the railing of the port cochere. Their presence was fatal to the innumerable robins who come every spring. The sparrows made such war upon them that only a portion of their former number hop about the grounds after the frost is gone, and these do not care to stay long. It looks now as if the robins would have a better chance next spring, for there is scarcely a sparrow to be seen about the place. Red pepper sprinkled on the leaves of the vines in which the sparrows build their nests, aided by a morning and evening shaking up with long poles, proved quite effective. Crows, too, had a hand in the fight. The thousands of crows, which for a long time have passed over the city every morning from their Virginia home to Maryland feeding grounds, were apt to become bewildered on foggy mornings, and frequently some of them made the White House grounds their stopping place. They seemed to like the place, and some took up their permanent quarters there, and if they did not continue to the grain fields with their companions, picked up their meals around the neighborhood and had young sparrows for dessert. The sparrow parents and other relatives made a vigorous resistance to this system of robbery, and frequently got the better of the crows, but it seems as if there was too much opposition to them, for they have cleared out. The crows, too, have taken their departure. The only thing left to remind one of them is a large crow's nest in the extreme top of one of the trees on the edge of the roadway leading up to the White House from the avenue. It was built there last spring, and in it a family of little crows passed their infancy. The tramp dogs, however, still retain possession of the grounds.
The Sioux Reservation and the Dakota State Bills Discussed in the Senate.
Harrison's Plea on Behalf of the Proposed State.
Naval Retirement Bill Discussed in the House.
Old Salts and Land Lubbers Have a Tilt.
Ship Island Grant.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
WASHINGTON, Jan. 28. In the Senate yesterday Senator Ingalls presented a memorial of the Legislature of Kansas praying for the establishment of two additional military stations in that State as a protection against Indian depredations.
Senator Plumb presented a memorial from the same body for the extension of military facilities at Fort Riley, Kansas. The papers were appropriately referred.
A resolution offered by Senator Plumb was agreed to, calling on the Secretary of War for information as to the number of military bands in the army, the number of enlisted men and civilians in such bands, and the provisions authorizing their constitution and maintenance.
On motion of Senator Ingalls, his bill to provide for a National university was taken from the table, read a second time, and referred to the Committee on Education and Labor.
Senator Harrison's substitute for his original resolution of inquiry as to the administration of the Pension Office, was taken from the table, and without debate, agreed to. It directs the Senate Committee on Expenditures of Public Money to make an investigation into the charges made by the new Commissioner of Pensions as to the former administration of that office.
Proceeding to the calendar the Senate took up the bill to divide part of the Sioux reservation in Dakota, and secure the relinquishment of the Indian title to the remainder. The pending question was an amendment offered by Senator Harrison to protect rights of persons who had located on land between the date of President Arthur's executive order admitting settlers to it, and the date of President Cleveland's proclamation ordering such settlers off the reservation.

Senator Ingalls was opposed permitting a title to be given to such of the settlers as had defied the President's proclamation of April 17, 1885, by remaining on the lands when ordered off. They should not be permitted to take advantage of their own wrong. He offered an amendment to exclude those persons from the operation of Senator Harrison's amendment.
In the course of debate, Senator Ingalls said he had been informed by reliable authority that Major Gasman, the Indian agent, had been removed because he had been "too pitiful" to the settlers.
Senator Dawes denied this, and said the present administration was disposed to remove the settlers without regard to the hardships involved. But the department, Senator Dawes said, was desirous of relieving in some way the honest settler who went on these lands in good faith.
Senator Jones, of Arkansas, said the amendment of Senator Ingalls would hurt nine hones men to one dishonest one. He admitted that there had been some talk by a few men among the settlers, of resistance to the President's proclamation, but such were relatively very few. One of them had spoken to Senator Jones about it, and said he intended to resist the mandate of the United States.
Senator Jones said if he concluded to adhere to that decision, and would come to him (Jones), he could give him "some points" on the subject of such resistance, because he had been himself engaged in a thing of that kind, and had learned a good deal. [Laughter.]
After further debate the matter went over.
The Electoral Count bill was postponed until Monday next.
Senator Harrison then called up the bill for the admission of Dakota. The bill having been read, Senator Harrison addressed the Senate in its support. He said that no man could suppose that the descendants of the men who in 1776 complained of the appointment of officials by others than themselves, would long be content with the treatment of their affairs as territorial or colonial. We should remember who those people were who inhabited this Territory of Dakota. They had been until recently citizens of the various States, and had exercised all the privileges of citizenship. As to the method by which the new State should be admitted, Senator Harrison reviewed the arrangements for admission in the cases of other States, and insisted that the method pursued in this instance was in harmony with precedents and law. On the question of a division of the present Territory on the 46th parallel, Senator Harrison recited facts showing repeated efforts of both North and South Dakota to secure such division from Congress—the Territorial Legislature having unanimously urged and resolutions of conventions of both political parties having repeatedly urged it. It was not a party question as to whether a preliminary enabling act by Congress was necessary before a State could be admitted to the Union. Senator Harrison contended that no such act was necessary. He reviewed the cases of States already admitted without such act. In the case of Tennessee, he said, the new State sent a copy of its constitution to the President of the United States (then George Washington) without waiting for any act of Congress, but with a simple notice that on a certain day the State Government would go into operation. President Washington had seen no disrespect in such notice and no sign of secession in it.
Senator Butler asked Senator Harrison to give the names of the States on whose cases he relied as precedents for the method of admission proposed in the case of Dakota.

Senator Harrison replied that the cases were Tennessee, Michigan, California, Iowa, Florida, Arkansas, and Oregon, and in turn asked in what respect the Senator from South Carolina disputed that Dakota had not come within the line of the precedents.
Senator Butler said he would satisfy the Senator from Indiana before the debate was through.
Senator Harrison was not so sure of that.
Senator Butler said if he did not satisfy him, it was because the Senator would not be satisfied.
Senator Harrison concluded with the remark that the people of Dakota, not cringingly, but respectfully, requested to be allowed to participate with the other States of the Union in all the privileges of American citizenship.
Senator Butler then took the floor to reply to Senator Harrison, but yielded for an executive session, after which the Senate adjourned.
The Senate resolutions touching the death of Vice President Hendricks were presented to the House yesterday and on motion of Mr. Holman, of Indiana, were laid upon the table for the present, as Mr. Holman gave notice that Tuesday next he would ask the House to consider similar resolutions.
Mr. Throckmorton, from the Committee on Pacific Roads, reported back the resolution calling on the Secretary of the Interior for copies of all contracts or leases which are to be found on file in his department, between the Southern Pacific Railway Company and any railroad to which land grants have been made, or which received any subsidies from the United States.
Mr. Peel (Arkansas) from the Committee on Indian Affairs, reported the bill granting the right of way through the lands of the Choctaw and Chickasaw Indians to the St. Louis & San Francisco Railway Company.
House Calendar.
The House then resumed in the morning hour the consideration of the bill for the retirement of certain naval officers. It was vigorously advocated by Mr. McAdoo (New Jersey) and Mr. Sayers (Texas).
Mr. Thomas (Illinois) gave notice that he would move to recommit the bill. He was led to this course by the discovery that the bill was not perfect and not by the oratory of the storm-tossed mariner from Tennessee (Mr. McMillin), nor by the communistic doctrine advocated by Mr. Reagan. That gentleman bid for votes by denouncing the heroes of the country by denominating them aristocrats and talking of privileged classes and down trodden people. This kind of talk would prove ineffectual, for around those heroes had closed the love of 50,000,000 people.
Mr. Reagan inquired whether the gentleman intended to make that kind of a speech and then allow no reply.
Mr. Thomas replied that the gentleman had made his speech.
Mr. Reagan suggested that he neither reflected upon nor insulted anyone.
Mr. Thomas disclaimed the intention of insulting anyone.
Mr. Reagan's comment upon this was that the gentleman had a queer way of using language.

Subsequently Mr. Reagan obtained unanimous consent to make a few remarks, in the course of which he defended himself from the charge of advocating communistic doctrines. Were the patriots for the first fifty years of the country's history communistic? He thought that they were, in the sense that he was held to be a communist. They were men who were not willing to extend privileges to one man which they would not extend to all.
Mr. Thomas, of Illinois, moved to recommit the bill, pending which Mr. Warner, of Ohio, moved to lay the bill on the table.
The latter motion was lost, but before the motion to recommit was put, the morning hour expired.
The House then proceeded to the consideration of the bill declaring forfeited certain land grants to the States of Mississippi, Alabama, and Louisiana, to aid in the construction of railroads. This bill is identical with that passed by the House in the Forty-eighty Congress, but the Committee on Public Lands recommended an amendment excepting the Gulf & Ship Island road, of Mississippi, from the operation of the bill. This exception was demurred to by Mr. Anderson, of Kansas, who could see no reason why the Gulf & Ship Island should be signaled out and favored.
Mr. Payson (Illinois) explained that the exception was made in order that there might be no opposition to the bill. In the case of the Gulf & Ship Island road, some work had been recently done, and it was thought better to omit it from the operation of the bill. The question of forfeiting the lands of that road would be decided afterward.
Mr. Van Eaton (Mississippi) strongly advocated the exemption, and stated that the whole question relative to that road could be thoroughly discussed when the bill now pending in committee, extending the time within which the road may be completed, was brought before the House.
The question being on the amendment of the committee, excepting the Gulf & Ship Island road, it was rejected. Yeas, 83; nays, 178.
Mr. Holman, of Indiana, offered an amendment that the lands restored to the public domain shall be subject to entry and settlement under the provisions of the homestead law only; provided, however, that if sales of any such lands have heretofore been made by the United States, such sales are hereby confirmed.
The amendment was adopted, and the bill as amended passed.
The House then adjourned.
Called to Order at Denver by Ex-Governor Routt.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.

DENVER, Col., Jan. 28, 2 p.m. The Range Convention was called to order at noon by ex-Governor Routt. The permanent chairmanship lies between ex-Governor Routt and Colonel R. G. Head, of Trinidad. The Texas delegation, over one hundred strong, are as a unit in favor of the ex-Governor. The opening hours of the convention promise to be full of contention. The first question will be whether the convention will be controlled by the delegates who have been appointed by the various cattle associations, under the original call of Secretary Taylor, or be a mass convention in which every cattle owner will be allowed to vote. The cattlemen who favor the delegate system claim to be far in the majority and the claim does not seem to be disputed by the minority. Colonel Taylor says there are less than half a dozen men who are opposing the delegate system, and they will cut such a small figure in the organization of the convention that their opposition will scarcely be felt. On the other hand there is an ominous silence which forebodes a storm following the calm. The mass convention men say that the one delegate to every 50,000 head of cattle system will prevent many cattle growing districts from having a vote in the convention; while, on the other hand, the delegate men say that this plan is the only one which can be adopted to give the small owners a representation.
Sidney Clarke Addresses the House Committee in Advocacy of Weaver's Bill.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
WASHINGTON, Jan. 28. Sidney Clarke, ex-member of the Kansas Legislature, appeared before the House Committee on Territories yesterday in advocacy of Representative Weaver's bill for the creation of the Territory of Oklahoma. He said that the public land strip should be taken under Government control, as in the present state of affairs any crime could be committed there without fear of punishment. He claimed that Oklahoma belonged entirely to the Government. The Government had paid the Indians the full price of the lands. While it was the original understanding that Oklahoma should be used as a colony for the Indians and freedmen, that idea had long been abandoned, and the only use made of Oklahoma was that of a pasture for the herds belonging to the cattle barons. He said that a cattle company formed at Lawrence, Kansas, had leased the lands from the Indians for $100,000 and had sub-let it at a considerable advance in other cattlemen. He wanted the Territory opened to settlers. Captain Couch, of Oklahoma boomer fame, was present, but did not address the committee.
The Wonderful Invention of an Aix-In-Chapelle Chemist.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
[Chicago News.]
Mr. Zimmermann, as the representative of Noritz Honigman, of Aachen, Germany, is in the city to introduce a new chemical motor, the soda locomotive-engine, which is to revolutionize the mode of propelling street cars. The propelling power, which is soda in solution, the capacity of which is to absorb large quantities of steam and its contained heat, without giving off vapor, and thus storing up a large quantity of power in the form of heat, was discovered accidentally by Mr. Honigman, a caustic-soda manufacturer in Aachen, in May, 1883. The soda locomotive engine is already used on street railways in Augsburg and Aachen, in Germany, and in Copenhagen, Denmark. Negotiations have been concluded in this city by which, in a short time, the soda locomotive engine will be tested on the Adams street line of street cars. The engine itself is now on the way from New York.

The process of propulsion by the soda locomotive engine is, as explained by Mr. Zimmermann, by placing a quantity of diluted soda lye, raised to a boiling point, in a closed tank in intimate contact with the steam boiler of the engine filled with steam and water in the usual proportions and at the usual working pressure. Even where the water is put in cold steam is raised by the heat of the diluted soda lye. Upon opening the throttle steam passes into the cylinders, does its work, and then passes into the soda solution through the exhaust pipe, which ends in a perforated tube, extending through the soda, the remaining heat being absorbed into the latter. The increase of temperature in the soda represents the work done in the cylinder, the action making the machine an automatic heater, responding by greater heating to the larger amount of work called for. By reason of this, after a long run with crowded cars, the temperature both of the soda and of the steam may be higher at the end than at the start. When, however, the power stored in the soda and steam together, by its steady diminution, no longer maintains the necessary difference of the temperature, the soda lye is discharged, and a new charge of hot condensed soda is taken in, which takes place at the company's stations.
Mr. Edward Koch, of this city, who visited Germany last summer and saw the operation of the Honigman cars, said to a reporter yesterday that in Germany the engine was usually placed in a separate car, and drew as many street cars—one or two or more—as were required for public accommodation. They could be made, however, so as to accommodate passengers in the car itself where the machine was, as in the case of the cable cars. It was built like a railroad engine, only that it was charged with heat before it went out, and therefore emitted no steam or fire or smoke. It did not make any heat. The machine took up but little room, and as it furnished the motive power, no difficulty could arise such as resulted sometimes from the breaking of a cable or machinery on a cable road. Street railroads could be operated with such engines at fifty per cent less in operating expenses than with horse-power. The use of the engines would save both time and money.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
[Augusta (Maine) Chronicle.]
Recently, when Thomas Danforth, of North Madison, was on his way to North Anson, he saw a large eagle attack a sheep. Mr. Danforth stopped at the next house and informed Mr. Whitney of the fact, who, with his son, started, armed with a shot-gun, with the intention of capturing the bird, but before they got within gun-shot, he made several attempts to carry away the sheep, which he had partly eaten, but could not fly but a few feet at a time, and finally went away and left it.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
A BOIL in the kettle is worth two on your nose. Chicago Telegram.
The Senate Addressed by the Missouri Senator on the Dakota Question.
He Reads a Few Personals From Dakota Newspapers on Himself and Confreres.
The Florida Claim.—A Greedy Lawyer's Fee.—Private Claims in the House.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
WASHINGTON, Jan. 30. When the Senate met yesterday, Mr. Walthall presented the credentials of the re-election of Hon. J. Z. George as United Senator from Mississippi. The credentials were read and filed.

Mr. Ingalls, from the Committee on Judiciary, reported favorably the bill relieving from political disabilities George S. Storrs, of the State of Texas, and on Mr. Ingalls' motion, the bill was passed.
Among the bills introduced was one by Mr. Call, at the request, he said, of the Governor of Florida, to authorize the Secretary of the Treasury to pay the claim of the State of Florida on account of expenditures made in suppressing the Indian hostilities. In introducing the bill, Mr. Call said that a similar bill had been before the Forty-eighth Congress, but at the request of the Governor of Florida had been allowed to remain un-acted upon, because a Washington claim agent named Wales had claimed commissions amounting to $62,000 for "services in connection with it," and, as the amount of cost allowed by Congress was only $92,000, there would be little of the money left after paying the commission.
Mr. Platte submitted a resolution for reference to the Committee on Rules, and it was so referred, providing that executive nominations should hereafter be considered in open session.
A resolution offered by Mr. Edmunds was agreed to, directing the Secretary of the Navy to transmit to the Senate copies of the drawings and the report of the recent survey of the Nicaragua canal route.
A resolution offered by Mr. Eustis was agreed to, directing the Secretary of the Treasury to inform the Senate if any instructions had been issued to the Assistant Treasurer at New Orleans to refuse to receive silver dollars on deposit and issue therefor certificates, or whether he had been instructed to receive a limited amount of such silver dollars, and if such instructions had been issued to inform the Senate as to the reasons upon which they were based.
Proceeding to the calendar the Senate resumed its consideration of the bill to divide the Sioux Indian reservation in Dakota.

At two o'clock Mr. Vest took the floor on the Dakota bill. He disclaimed any hostility, personal or political, to the people of Dakota, and claimed himself to be a Western man and proud of the Western country and its magnificent development. He desired to look at the question involved in the Dakota proposition from the standpoint of elevated statesmanship and not of partisan bias, and in no acrimonious spirit. He retorted on the Republicans that never had they failed to take advantage of party feeling and bias in putting through their measures. He was a Democrat and was proud of the fact. Without regard to politics, however, on this question he would be a coward if he did not stand where he now stood. He asked why repeated references had been made in debate by the Republicans to party feeling; why reference had been made to the fact that the people of Dakota were largely composed of Union soldiers? That fact might account for their restiveness in their present political condition. Mr. Vest could show, and would, before he got through, that many brave ex-Union veterans who had been shot, and shelled, and saber struck, and he honored them for it, who were now residing in Dakota, were earnestly opposed to the measure reported from the Senate Committee on Territories. But he denied the right of any man to peculiar privileges in this country because of having fought under one flag, because of having espoused any case, because of having done his duty to his principles and convictions, as he understood them. Justice should be done to all men, and he could not see why this should be thrust before the people, in all their financial, social, and religious relations, the dead issues of a dead strife, when the country was being honestly cemented together by the glorious memories of the past and the bright anticipations of the future.
Mr. Vest read from a Dakota newspaper an editorial which said that "enough one armed and one legged Union veterans are in Dakota to whip a whole brigade of traitorous skunks like Vest and Butler [laughter], and you can bet your boots they can do it any day right here on the open plains of the free soil of Dakota, and without resorting to bushwhacking or kukluxing either. If they don't believe it, all they have to do to test the loyalty of Dakota is to fire on Sumter." "Permit me," said Mr. Vest, "to put at rest any apprehension on the part of the Dakota editor, so far as the inauguration of another revolution is concerned. Fort Sumter shall rest in placid tranquility for the balance of my natural life at least. The admission of no twenty States would ever induce me to appeal again to the arbitrament of arms, which the Dakota editor seems so anxious to invoke." Mr. Vest severely animadverted upon the course pursued by South Dakota on this matter of its proposed admission as a State. He sent to the desk and had the clerk read several editorial articles from Dakota newspapers insisting that there was no law to forbid the people from governing themselves. One such article inquired, "Shall the scarred veterans who put down the rebellion now submit to the rebels? We say a thousands times no. You have once conquered rebels with guns in their hands, you will again conquer the 'rebs' in Congress having votes in their hands." Mr. Vest insisted that Congress was the only power that could say when States should come into the Union. If the ordinance of 1787, which provided that new States should be admitted when a population of 60,000 should be reached, was the only authority on the question, the debate would close at once. Mr. Vest denied that the ordinance was now in force, and read from decisions of the United States Supreme Court to show that that ordinance had ceased to exist on the adoption of the Federal constitution in 1789. Any other view would forever put an end to any discretion in Congress as to the admission of new States. Mr. Vest took the broad ground that no ordinance or treaty whatever could hamper or bind Congress in a matter of so fundamental a character as this. If it could, then one Congress could forever bind future Congresses. The present Congress could tear to pieces any ordinance or treaty that should pretend to put such shackles on the Congress of the United States. Alluding to the partisan references of the other side, Mr. Vest said he might pertinently inquire what political party was to be benefitted by this surgical operation by which Dakota was cut in two for political reasons. He asked whether it would not add to the Republican forces and perhaps give preponderance to those forces in a National contest. The great question once was how rapidly to get new States into the Union. Everybody then wanted to put the frontier away from their borders, because the frontier meant the scalping knife and tomahawk. But the population, development, and resources had exceeded the imagination of the facts. The admission of two new members into the Senate of the United States as soon as any fraction of a Territory could show the same number of inhabitants that were claimed for South Dakota, Mr. Vest declared, would soon swell the Senate to the size of the House of Representatives, and such admissions would be unjust to the older and much more thickly populated States.

Mr. Vest compared the position assumed by Dakota with that of Montana, to show that the latter Territory had acted in a respectful and constitutional manner, though he said he should be compelled to vote against the admission of Montana until it had a population at least equal to the united representation in the lower House of Congress. Dakota had not evinced proper respect for the Supreme Court of the United States. Its people had entered into a conspiracy to nullify a decision of that court in regard to the territorial bonded indebtedness. By the vote on the constitution now presented, Mr. Vest continued, 100,000 persons residing in North Dakota were disfranchised and had not taken part in the election. He ridiculed the Republican pretensions as to the anxiety pervading the people of Dakota on the question of admission. "One would think," he said, "that even the babies of Dakota were crying for admission." [Laughter.]
The manipulators of the movement had tried to bring every issue to bear in their support: even the prohibition issue. "Cut off whiskey from a man on the plains," said Mr. Vest, "and you take from him all that makes life endurable." The speaker related an incident of finding in the wild West three men who for three years had been cut off from civilization, from bread, and from salt. "The first thing they asked for, on seeing other human beings fresh from civilization, was not bread, not salt, but whiskey." [Laughter.] Mr. Vest mentioned this, he said, not to show the depravity of the men, but to show that the rigors of the climate required whiskey. Mr. Vest denied that the action of Dakota was the action of its whole people. It was a Republican movement in the interest of certain individuals. The Democrats of Dakota regarded it as a farce and had not participated in the vote on it. He had the clerk read an official address by the Democratic Committee of the Territory to support his statement. The whole trouble, he said, was Fargo and Yankton were competing centers of political ambition. He charged that the record of the last Legislature of Dakota, even on the showing of Republican newspapers, was without a parallel in the history of bad schemes. In conclusion, Mr. Vest said he would hereafter submit a proposition to divide the territory by a line running north and south on the 101st parallel of longitude so as to provide for the keeping of the unsettled western side in a territorial condition.
Mr. Logan then took the floor, but gave way for a motion to adjourn, and the Senate accordingly adjourned until Monday.
After a few private measures had been reported by committees, the House at 12:30 yesterday went into Committee of the Whole, Mr. Hatch, of Missouri, in the chair, on the private calendar.
The first measure was Mr. McMillan's bill providing for the payment of "Fourth of July" claims. Mr. Geddes (Ohio) explained that the bill comprised 933 claims distributed among eleven States and one Territory and called for an expenditure of $229,000.
In the course of the short debate which ensued, Mr. Browne, of Indiana, declared that the Government had treated its creditors shamefully, especially if those creditors were small claimants living far from Washington, and too poor to secure the services of someone to log-roll their bills through Congress.

This bill was laid aside for favorable report. A long discussion arose over the next bill referring to the Court of Claims for adjudication the claim of the personal representative of C. M. Briggs, deceased, for the proceeds of captured cotton now in the Treasury. Several amendments were offered, spoken to at length, and subsequently withdrawn. The first amendment upon which a vote was reached was one offered by Mr. Holman, of Indiana, authorizing the court to determine the claim under the provision of the Bowman act and report to Congress the cause of the delay in the presentation and prosecution of the claim. This was rejected, 44 to 62.
On motion of Mr. Rowell, of Illinois, an amendment was adopted directing the court to inquire into the loyalty of C. M. Briggs and of the person from whom he obtained title. Mr. Gibson, of West Virginia, suggested the propriety of amending the bill so as to require the court to determine whether the cotton grew on loyal ground, was picked by loyal hands, and was itself loyal. On motion of Mr. Burrows, of Michigan, an amendment was adopted providing that if Mr. Briggs or the person from whom he derived title should be found to have been disloyal, the claim should be dismissed.
The committee then rose and reported the two bills to the House, when they were passed.
The House then took a recess until 7:30 p.m.
The House at its evening session passed fifty pension bills and adjourned till Monday.
The Letter of General Halleck Charging General Grant With Drunkenness
Claimed To Be a Forgery.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
NEW YORK, Jan. 30. The Tribune publishes a letter from General George W. Cullom, of New York, the Chief of General Halleck's staff in 1861-1862, in which he states that the recently published alleged dispatch of General Halleck to General McClellan charging Grant with drunkenness is a forgery. He furnishes a letter from Mr. W. C. Prime, the custodian of General McClellan's official papers, in which the writer states that after careful examination of McClellan's papers, no such dispatch can be found. General Cullom also shows that both General Grant in his memoirs and Colonel Fred Grant in his recent contribution to the North American Review were in error in stating that Halleck had recommended General C. F. Smith's promotion in preference to that of Grant. "The official record," says General Cullom, "conclusively prove that Halleck recommended Grant for a Major General before he proposed Smith's promotion. Grant's commission is dated February 16, 1862, while that of Smith is not dated until March 21, 1862, more than a month later.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
CHESTER, ILL., Jan. 30. It has just been given out that Miles Randles, from Christian County; Wm. Dill, from Greene County; and Martin Kane, from St. Clair County; each recently received at the penitentiary here for long sentences, on Tuesday evening made an unsuccessful effort to escape by concealing themselves, hoping to scale the stockade under cover of the night.
The Gorgeous Scene Created By the Dusky Blue Bloods of Philadelphia.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
[Philadelphia Times.]

The very cream of what may be termed the colored aristocracy of the city was out in full force last night at a kettle-drum and ball held in the Natatorium on Broad street, the scene of so many fashionable festivities. The entertainment was given privately by nineteen representatives of families of the most prominent colored caterers in the city, who were the patrons of the affair. It was gotten up in the general style of the old and exclusive assemblies, and only the "very nicest people" and the "oldest families" were invited. No names were admitted on the list except of caterers in the very best circles. Some of the belles and beauties were veritable Cleopatras and Hebes, and, taken all in all, showed more points of true and mixed race beauty than could have been encountered at most of the balls and social festivities where the beaus and swells of the evening usually officiate at the supper table. As they entered the beauties divested themselves of their rich wraps and opera cloaks, displaying full evening dress. In some instances they took off their fur-lined overshoes and put on white satin dancing slippers. Trains were generally worn, and most of the dresses were cut low, sometimes showing handsome ornaments and real diamond ornaments on the neck. There were some very stunning dresses, with bunches of ribbon in the latest style. A great many flowers were worn and some carried bouquets. The men were all in full evening dress, some with the latest style of silk facing on their dress coats, with white vests, and a few with diamond studs. A number of the more matronly figures looked very effective with fresh white gloves covering their arms partially, but with the neck and shoulders exposed. Some of the young ladies wore articles of attire painted and embroidered by themselves. There were twenty pieces on the dancing programme, winding up with the Virginia reel.
The Bride Didn't Know It Was a Wedding and Talked of Suicide.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
[New York Star.]
Mary Hodge, a pretty young woman of twenty years, who, on the 21st of August, 1883, was married by Alderman Flinck to Henry Fuchsius, sued in the Supreme Court to have the marriage set aside, claiming that it was brought about by fraudulent representations on the part of the defendant. Her story is that when her parents learned that Fuchsius, who lived near them, and who had been but three months in this country, sought her society, they forbade her seeing him. Meeting her one day, Fuchsius asked her to take a walk with him. Then he said he was about to go West, and would make money and so conduct himself that her father would not oppose their marriage, and on his return, he would claim her hand. He asked her to engage herself to him before his departure, and they would go to the City Hall and be formally betrothed. She consented, and at the City Hall she signed a paper, but there was no ceremony of marriage. She said nothing to her parents about it, until soon after Fuchsius told her she was his wife, and said she would commit suicide rather than acknowledge him as her husband. Judge Truax yesterday gave judgement in her favor on the report of the referee annulling the marriage.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
The tunnel between Liverpool and Birkenhead, under the Mersey, was formally opened on the 20th by the Prince of Wales. Large crowds were present, both at Birkenhead and Liverpool.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.

Cashier Corsett, of the defunct bank of Devil's Lake, D. T., secretly took a train for the East, but was arrested at Larimore on complaint of a depositor, who charges him with taking deposits, after knowing that the bank was insolvent. The bank affairs are in a worse shape than at first reported.
Senate in Committee of the Whole.
Petitions and Apportionment in the House.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
TOPEKA, Kan., Jan. 30. The Senate met at ten o'clock yesterday. The reports of standing committees were presented and adopted.
Under the order of original motions and resolutions, Mr. Harkness introduced a concurrent resolution authorizing an appropriation of $25,000 for holding the National Encampment of the G. A. R. in Kansas in 1887. This was referred to the Committee on Military Affairs. Mr. Allen introduced a resolution requiring the Judiciary Committee to revise the laws relating to assessment and taxation. This created considerable debate, and finally the whole matter was laid on the table.
Senate concurrent resolution No. 13 was next taken up under the order of resolutions laid over and passed. The resolution referred to the various Indian tribes.
Upon motion of Senator Ridden the Senate went into Committee of the Whole for the consideration of bills on the calendar. The following measures were recommended for passage: Providing for the disposition of surplus taxes in the hands of county treasurers; to repeal section 448 of chapter 30 of general statutes of 1868, being an act entitled "an act to establish a code of civil procedure"; providing for the regulation of conditional sale notes, and instruments in writing, by the terms of which the title to property sold or transferred remains in the vendor; to authorize proceedings in the District Court against garnishees; to amend and repeal sections 148, 149, 150, 153, and 244 of chapter 82 of the general statutes of 1868, being "an act to establish a code of criminal procedure;" to amend section 422, chapter 80, general statutes; being "an act to establish a code of civil procedure;" to amend sections 6, 7 and 8 of chapter 42, general statutes, 1877, relating to fish; to make the numerical index of Cherokee County, Kansas, evidence of certain records; relating to the appointment and employment of honorably discharged soldiers and sailors of the United States; authorizing and directing the County Commissioners of Shawnee County to levy an assessment to build a county jail and jailer's residence for and within said county; authorizing Arvonia township, Osage County, Kansas, to vote bonds not to exceed $12,000 for a town hall.
The committee then arose and reported to the Senate the bills which had been passed on. The report was adopted.
The question of adjournment created considerable debate. A motion made to adjourn until Monday at ten a.m. was voted down and an adjournment was finally taken until Monday at four p.m.

The House was called to order five minutes late yesterday morning, owing to the absence of the Speaker. The call for petitions shows how the apportionment question is growing in interest. There were petitions protesting against the division of Hamilton and Finney Counties; from citizens of three townships of Reno County asking that they be added to Rice County; praying the re-establishment of Stanton County; from 500 citizens of Cherokee County asking for the abolishment of the screening system; from citizens of Chase County praying the Legislature to memorialize Congress in behalf of homesteaders; from citizens of Hamilton and Finney Counties asking for the re-establishment of Carney County; from citizens of Lane County protesting against the cutting of the lines of that county.
On the report of the Committee on County Lines, some discussion was occasioned by the fact that the committee had favorably considered and recommended for passage the bill restoring and defining the boundaries of the counties of Seward, Stevens, Kansas, Stanton, Grant, Arapahoe, Hamilton, Sequoyah, Gray, Kearney, and Buffalo; also defining the boundaries of Lane, Hodgeman, and Ford Counties.
House bill No. 14, relating to Railroad Commissioners, called out a majority and minority report. The bill provides for the retention of the Board of Railroad Commissioners; takes the appointments out of the hands of the Executive council, and gives them to the Governor, and makes it compulsory on the part of the Commissioners to draft a fair and just schedule of rates for each road doing business in the State, and to cause the same to be posted in conspicuous and accessible places by the several companies. The present law makes it optional on the part of the Commissioners whether they shall prepare and cause to be posted a schedule of rates or not, and places the appointment of Commissioners in the hands of the executive council. The majority report was adverse to the passage of the bill. The bill was finally ordered printed and discussion postponed.
Mr. Collins' railroad bill of like character, but making the preparation of a schedule of rates on the part of the Commissioners optional, was also ordered printed.
By consent Mr. Barnes introduced a bill providing for a uniform system of study in common schools, and Mr. Overmeyer introduced a bill asking for an appropriation to pay for a new fire engine to take the place of the one destroyed by the militia last fall.
Mr. Kreger's resolution, requesting the Secretary of State to furnish members of the Senate and House, who have been elected to fill vacancies, copies of Dassler's compiled statutes of 1885, was passed.
Mr. Finch's bill making an appropriation for the legislative department and general expenses incident to the special session of 1886, was passed on third reading.
Mr. Moore introduced a bill providing for the creation of the Twenty-third Judicial District and the times of holding court therein, and on motion it was read a second time and referred.
Mr. Love introduced a bill to legalize the actions of the county commissioners of Morris County in extending the boundaries of Council Grove township.
The House then adjourned.
Senator Ingalls on the Financial Outlook and Congressional Legislation.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.

WASHINGTON, Jan. 30. Senator Ingalls thinks the fact that nearly $6,000,000 of the $10,000,000 bonds called are in the hands of National banks very significant. "This means the retiring of about $5,400,000 of National bank notes," said he last evening. "If this proportion should continue in future cases, we will have the entire issue of National bank notes amounting to over $300,000,000, retired before we are prepared for it. We are then brought face to face with the problem: What shall we substitute for national bank notes? Shall we issue another series of bonds bearing a low rate of interest to be used as the basis of another issue of National bank notes? Shall we issue Treasury notes? Shall we return to the old state bond system, or shall we continue to issue silver and certificates based on silver? I do not think the people would consent to an increase of the public debt, and Treasury notes depend too much on Congressional action. The only solution apparent to my mind is the issue of silver certificates." Mr. Ingalls says that under the conditions governing the present case, the whole issue of National bank notes will be retired in from five to ten years.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
Syracuse, N. Y., grocers have been indicted for working a lottery scheme.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
Greece has made an energetic protest against the decision of the Powers to disarm.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
Congressman Rankin, of Wisconsin, died at Washington, of Bright's disease, on the 24th. He was born in New Jersey in 1833.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
The explosion of a locomotive boiler in the round house of the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul at Madison, Wisconsin, recently caused the death of one man and the injury of nine others.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
It was reported that an agreement had been arrived at by the leaders of both parties providing for the admission of Dakota, Montana, and Washington Territories. The plan will be carried out in a few weeks.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
Clearing house returns for week ended January 23 showed an increase in New York of 32.8 compared with the corresponding week of last year. The other cities of the country also exhibited fair increases.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
Parnell has issued a circular to the Nationist electors of Armagh requesting them to vote for the Liberal candidate in the Parliament election to fill the vacancy caused by death of Mr. John McCane, Loyalist.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
The Secretary of War has submitted to the President the report of the Fortifications Board. It is a long document and discusses fully the necessity and advantages of better coast defenses. It is estimated that it will require $52,600,000 to establish a good system of defenses.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.

Upwards of a year ago a large number of colored people living in Howard County, Arkansas, engaged in a riot, in which a white man named Wyatt was killed, for which the rioters received very heavy sentences. They have all been pardoned, except Henry Cart, Lige Thomasson, and James Marshall, they being the ringleaders.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
The Maryland Legislature in joint convention on the 20th elected Henry Lloyd Governor of Maryland for the term for which Governor Robert M. McLane was elected by the people. The two houses confirmed the election of Hon. A. P. Gorman, United States Senator, for six years from the 4th of March, 1887.
The Grand Jury Bill Passes the Senate.
Petitions Presented in the House.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
TOPEKA, Kansas, Jan. 29. The grand jury bill came up in the Senate yesterday morning and was passed.
Under the order of message from the House, the resolution regarding the right of way for railroads through the Indian Territory was taken up and the motion to concur therein was lost.
The substitute for the Senate resolution authorizing the appointment of a commission to revise the laws relating to assessment and taxation, was next taken up and a motion to lay on the table was carried.
Several new bills were then introduced.
By consent Mr. Sheldon introduced a resolution asking the Committee on Judiciary to examine and report as early as possible whether it was possible to prepare a bill allowing each of the cities of the first class to prepare a charter for their government, which should not be open to constitutional objections. This was adopted.
An invitation to attend the quarter centennial celebration this afternoon and evening was accepted.
The following bills were then read a third time and passed: An act supplemental to an act entitled "An act to create a State and local boards of health, and to regulate the practice of medicine in the State of Kansas," approved March 7, 1885; to amend an act entitled "An act to provide for the organization and government and compensation of the militia in the State of Kansas, and for the public defense;" relating to grand juries, and amendatory of sections 73, 74, and 99 of chapter 82 of general statutes of 1868. The last named was the Grand Jury bill.

The afternoon session of the Senate continued the consideration of the bills on third reading. The following was passed: To authorize the Board of County Commissioners of Washington County to provide a fund for the purpose of building county buildings; to amend section 1 of chapter 141 of the session laws of 1872, entitled "An act to amend an act entitled 'An act relating to liens of mechanics and others,' and regulating proceedings to enforce the same, approved March 3, 1871," and repealing said section; legalizing the issuance of bonds in school district No. 1, Comanche County; providing for the selection and summoning of grand and petit jurors in special cases; relating to fugitives from justice and repealing section 5 of chapter 44, general statutes 1868; abolishing the office of county auditor in counties having less than 40,000 inhabitants; ceding jurisdiction to the United States over lots G, H, I, J, K, and L, Market street, Griffenstein's reservation in Griffenstein's addition to Wichita as a site for a Federal building; to amend section 3, chapter 115, of the session laws of 1883 relating to birds, etc.; repealing section 10, chapter 49, session laws of 1883, relating to bridges in Anderson County; to authorize the city of Kerwin in the county of Phillips to levy a tax to build a bridge across the Solomon river outside the limit; to authorize the Board of General Commissioners of Butler County to appropriate money to build a bridge; to legalize a tax levy of 3½ mills for a county bridge fund and one mill for the county poor fund in 1881, and one mill for the county poor fund in 1884, as made by the Board of Commissioners of Atchison County.
Mr. Loufborrow presented a petition in the House yesterday from the citizens of Riley County, asking for an increase in the salary of county superintendents.
Two petitions were presented praying for municipal suffrage for women.
Petitions were also presented protesting against the cutting of the county lines of Hamilton and Finney Counties.
Citizens of Saline County prayed in a petition for a law to prohibit the traffic in quail.
New bills were then introduced. Reports of committees were received and Senate bills read for the first time.
The resolution creating a committee to formulate a plan for an arbitration law was passed, and a number of bills were read a second time and referred.
The Railroad Commissioners sent in a report as requested of the special and tariff rates on the Central Branch before the railroad law was passed, and giving the present rates. It was ordered printed.
Mr. Finch introduced a bill making an appropriation for the legislative department and providing for the general expenses of the special session.
Mr. Wellep's bill granting power to the Commissioners of Cherokee County to issue bonds to build a court house and bridges was read a third time and passed.
As a special favor to Mr. Simpson, who was called home by sickness of his son, his bill to aid school district No. 63 of McPherson County, Kansas, in the issuing and legalizing of certain school bonds, was passed.
Mr. Kreyer offered a resolution that the Secretary of State give to the members elected to fill vacancies copies of Dassler's compiled laws. This was laid over.
The afternoon was taken up in consideration of the bill setting apart the salt lands for the Normal School at Emporia. The House adjourned without acting.
Twenty-Fifth Anniversary of the Admission of the State Into the Union.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
TOPEKA, Jan. 29. The celebration of the twenty-fifth anniversary of the existence of Kansas as a State will be held at the Grand Opera House today. The exercises will commence at three o'clock p.m., and will occupy the afternoon and evening. In the afternoon addresses will be delivered by ex-Governor Charles Robinson, the first Governor of the State, and by Governor John A. Martin, the present Governor. Governor Martin will preside while Robinson's address is being delivered, and during the delivery of Governor Martin's address, Governor Robinson will preside.

Colonel D. R. Anthony, President of the State Historical Society, will preside during the evening, at which time short addresses will be delivered by persons on the subjects assigned to them, as follows:
Hon. S. N. Wood: "The Pioneers of Kansas."
Hon. John Speer: "The Territorial Government.
Hon. T. D. Thacher: "The Rejected Constitutions."
Hon. B. F. Simpson: "The Wyandotte Convention."
Hon. Thomas A. Osborn: "The State Governments."
Hon. A. H. Horton: "The Judiciary of Kansas."
General C. W. Blair: "Kansas During the War."
Hon. D. W. Wilder: "The Press of Kansas."
Rev. Dr. Richard Cordley: "The Schools of Kansas."
Rev. Dr. F. S. McCabe: "The Churches of Kansas."
Hon. Wm. Sims: "The Agriculture of Kansas."
Hon. Alexander Caldwell: "Kansas Manufactures and Mines."
Hon. James Humphrey: "The Railroads of Kansas."
Hon. C. K. Holliday: "The Cities of Kansas."
Hon. Noble L. Prentis: "The Women of Kansas."
Hon. Eugene F. Ware will read a poem prepared for the occasion.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
Albert M. Lybrook, formerly of Richmond, Indiana, died recently in Algiers, where he was consul, of consumption.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
The executive committee of the Knights of Labor has issued an order again boycotting the Mallory Steamship Company.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
It was stated in Berlin that the Chinese Government had pronounced against a new loan, and will postpone the laying of railways.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
In the Connecticut Senate yesterday the rules were suspended and a resolution passed calling upon Congress to increase the duty on leaf tobacco.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
Fully 600 families of fishermen on the Gaspe and Bonaventure coast of Canada have been rendered destitute by the failure of the Robin firm of Jersey.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
The total number of immigrants arriving in the United States for the twelve months ended December 31, 1885, was 326,411, against 403,230 for the year ended December 31, 1884.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
Investigation into the treatment of lunatic paupers in the Essex County (New Jersey) asylum developed the fact that patients were fed on swill, made up of leavings and scrapings of sour food and boiled into "hash."
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.

Telegrams of the 28th from Athens state that the warlike views of the Greek Cabinet have suddenly changed. The dispatches state that the Hellenic ministry has issued a declaration that Greece would comply with the wishes of Europe.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
As the Uniontown express came rolling down to Redstone, Pennsylvania, the other night, the engineer saw an alarm signal light violently waved across the track. He slowed up and discovered that a huge boulder had slipped down the hill and rested on the track. The train had been saved by a boy named Clarke Isler, for whom a purse was made up by the passengers.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
Judge Morris has rendered a decision in the suit at Baltimore of the Anheuser-Busch Brewing Association, of St. Louis, against Clark & Co., agents for William J. Lemp, of St. Louis, regarding the use of a certain trade mark, and an injunction was granted, restraining Clark & Co. from using the disputed design.
Several Bills Passed in Senate and House.—Others Advanced.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
TOPEKA, KAN., Jan. 27. In the Senate yesterday morning, Senators Marshall, Kellogg, and Ritter presented petitions, respectively praying for the erection of a town hall in Arvonia; for a change in the county lines of Seward County, for woman suffrage, the last petition being signed by 683 women of Emporia, and for an appropriation for a company of militia of Cherokee County. All were referred.
A number of bills were favorably reported and standing and special committees reported. Mr. Burton's bill providing for the selection of court stenographers by the bars of districts was referred to the Committee of the Whole.
When the resolution protesting against the confirmation of Hon. George W. Glick as pension agent was called up, Mr. Kellogg moved that it be referred to the Committee on Federal Relations, which was carried.
A message from the House announced that House bills 51, 52, 61, 77, 83, 142, and 110 had been passed. They were placed on first reading in the Senate. The message also stated that the House had refused to concur in the Senate resolution furnishing session laws for the use of Senators and Representatives.
A number of bills were introduced, after which the Senate went into executive session.
In the afternoon the Secretary read the two reports of the special committee to investigate the workings of the Live Stock Sanitary Commission. Mr. Marshall moved that the Senate adopt the majority report. The motion to adopt the majority report was carried by a good working majority.
An act in relation to corporations and regarding municipal aid in certain cases, was passed by a constitutional majority.
An act in relation to bridges in certain counties was on motion passed over and will retain its place on the calendar.

The Senate then went into Committee of the Whole with Mr. Kellogg in the chair, and the following bills were recommended: To amend chapter 133 of the session laws of 1883, relating to parks in cities of the first class; to remove the political disabilities of certain persons.
Mr. Blue's bill relating to grand juries and amendatory to sections 73, 74, and 99 of chapter 82 of the general statutes of 1868 was then considered. Mr. H. B. Kelley moved to amend section 1 so as to read that "there shall be one grand jury called in each county each year instead of two," as in the bill under consideration. The motion to amend was lost. Section 3 was slightly amended, and on motion the committee rose and reported progress. Several bills were advanced to third reading and the Senate adjourned.
The first thing done in the House yesterday morning was the presenting of a petition by Mr. Blair signed by 261 citizens of Ottawa County, praying for a law to suppress the traffic in quail.
Mr. Morgan presented another petition asking for municipal suffrage.
A number of bills were then read a second time and appropriately referred, and several bills were reported favorably by committees.
The committee's report regarding the sanitary commission was called up and after some running comment, it was made a special order for tomorrow afternoon at three o'clock. There is a majority and minority report on this matter, and its discussion promises to be interesting if not acrimonious.
The Senate resolution thanking Senator Ingalls for his efforts to have military posts established on the southwestern border of the State was, upon motion of Mr. Kelley of Mitchell, laid upon the table.
The resolution asking pensions of Congress for soldiers was adopted as amended by the Senate.
The resolution providing for the employment of not more than four persons from one county in certain State institutions, or not more than two from the same family, was, upon motion of Mr. Gillett, laid upon the table.
The resolution relating to the establishment of a chair of veterinary science in the State Agricultural College was laid on the table.
The resolution in reference to boring for natural gas at the insane asylum at Osawatomie was laid on the table.
Mr. Slavens offered a bill amendatory of section 56, chapter 80, general statutes, 1868; also providing for the granting of injunctions in certain cases.
Mr. Woodlief introduced a bill to fix the times of holding the terms of the district court of the Fourth judicial district.
Mr. Finch offered House concurrent resolution No. 16, relating to expenditures in the State house. Laid over.
The bill amending chapter 23 of general statutes of 1868, "An act concerning private corporations," was passed as amended by Mr. Overmeyer on a previous day.
The bill recreating the County of Kiowa out of Comanche and Edwards was passed.
The bill amendatory of section 21, chapter 83, of the statutes of 1868, regulating the jurisdiction and procedure before justices of the peace in cases of misdemeanor, was passed.

In the afternoon Dr. Bryant introduced a bill to prevent incompetent persons from engaging in the practice of pharmacy, and Mr. Turner one to legalize roads and highways in Chautauqua County, laid out and ordered to be opened prior to January 1, 1886. The rules were suspended and the two bills read the second time and referred.
The bill providing for the selection and summoning of grand and petit jurors in special cases was withdrawn and a substitute for it recommended.
The bill amending the statutes of 1868 relating to the publication and distribution of the laws and journals, suggested by the Secretary of State, and enlarging the powers of several State institutions; the bill legalizing the act of the township officers of Elk township, Cloud County, in issuing certain bridge bonds; the bill relating to fugitives from justice, enlarging the range of requisitions, and repealing section 5, chapter 44, statutes of 1868; the bill to enable owners of real estate to maintain an action to quiet title thereto against the holders of barred tax deeds, certificates, and claims thereto; and the bill authorizing and directing the board of county commissioners of Shawnee County to issue bonds to fund certain indebtedness of said county, were all recommended for passage.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
PLATTSBURG, Mo., Jan. 27. General Samuel R. Atchison, who represented Missouri in the United States Senate from 1844 to 1857, died at his home in this county at one o'clock yesterday afternoon. He was about seventy-seven years old, and has been in feeble health for several months, gradually sinking to rest. General Atchison was for two years President of the Senate and he was President of the United States for one day in 1853: the time of the out-going executives having expired on Sunday. As President of the Senate, he held the reins until the inauguration.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
Patrick Conroy was burned to death by molten iron while oiling a truck under a slag car in a Pittsburgh iron foundry recently.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
The famous Ocean Grove is to have a gift that will be of National interest. The gift is bestowed by George W. Childs, of Philadelphia, who has done so much for Long Branch and the Grove. The gift will consist of a memorial window to General Grant. It will be erected in the Library Hall, toward the erection of which Mr. Childs and General Grant contributed. The window will be placed in the eastern side of the hall, and will be a triple-shaped window of the finest stained glass and the most exquisite design and finish. The window was suggested to Mr. Childs several weeks ago by William C. Baker, of this resort, who is an intimate friend of the Quaker City philanthropist. It met with Mr. Childs' hearty approval at once. One of the best designers was at once put to work, and the design is already completed.
The central feature of the design is a bust of the deceased hero. The portrait will be of the finest stained glass, and will be surrounded with a number of gems set in the glass. The portrait will be in the upper part of the central sash, and below it will be a tablet, with the following inscription: IN MEMORIAM. Ulysses S. Grant. The Patriot Soldier. The Defender of the Union. President of the United States. Born April 27, 1822. Died July 23, 1885.

Close to the bottom is a ribbon-shaped border. In this border, in graceful curves, will appear the following words: "He Lived to See Peace and Harmony Restored to His Country."
In one of the small side lights of the window will be a dove bearing an olive branch, and in the other side window will be a crown of promise. The designer says the window will be the finest of the kind in the country.
The Memory of Vice President Hendricks Eulogized in the Senate.
Tributes From Senator Voorhees and Others.
Adjourned Out of Respect.
The Bill to Retire Naval Officers Leads to a Lively Discussion in the House.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
WASHINGTON, Jan. 27. When the Senate had finished its preliminary work yesterday, Mr. Voorhees called up his resolution expressive of the Senate's deep sense of the public loss in the death of the late Vice President Hendricks.

The resolution having been read, Mr. Voorhees addressed the Senate: "For the eminent citizen of the republic," he said, "who lately fell from his place and who now sleeps in honor in the bosom of the State he loved so well and served so faithfully, we can do no more than has already been done by the tongue and by every method which human affection can inspire. The heavy drapery of woe has darkened alike public building, stately palace, and humble home. The proud colors of the Union have dropped at half mast throughout the United States and in every civilized land beneath the sun. Eloquence in the forum and in the sacred desk has paid its highest tributes to his exalted abilities and to his stainless character. The tolling bell, mournful dirge, booming, solemn minute gun, and mighty multitude of mourners have all attended the funeral of Thomas A. Hendricks and borne witness to the deep love and grief with which he was lowered into his last resting place. All honors due to the most illustrious dead have been paid by the Chief Magistrate of the Government, by authorities of the States, and by the unrestrained affection of people. In the Senate, however, we may not be silent, even though the cup of honor to his memory is full and overflowing. In this exalted theater of action—here on this brilliantly lighted stage—he fulfilled his last official engagement, and closed his long and commanding public career." Then, in strong and graphic English, Mr. Voorhees reviewed the life and public services of Mr. Hendricks. In dealing with Mr. Hendricks' political views, Mr. Voorhees said it had been, especially late in his life, charged as a reproach against him that he was a partisan. If it was meant by that that he sincerely believed in the principles and purposes of the party to which he belonged and sought, by all honorable methods, what he believed to be for the public good, to place its measures and its men in the control of the Government, then the accusation was true and the term of reproach became a just tribute to an honest man. It was the partisan of deep, honest convictions dealing justly with those of opposing views, who, in all ages of the world, in every field of human progress, had led the way. In conclusion Mr. Voorhees said: "As long as American history treasures up pure lives and faithful public services, as long as public and private virtue, stainless and without blemish, is revered, so long will the name of Thomas A. Hendricks be cherished by the American people as an example worthy of emulation. Monuments of brass and marble will lift their heads to heaven in honor of his name, but a monument more precious to his memory and more valuable to the world has already been grounded in the hearts of the people whom he served so long, so faithfully, and with such signal ability. In the busy harvest of death, in the year of 1885 there was gathered into eternity no nobler spirit, no higher intelligence, no fairer soul."
Senators Hampton, Sherman, Saulsbury, Evarts, Ransom, Spooner, Vest, and Harrison also addressed the Senate in eulogy of the late Vice President.
The resolutions in memoriam were then agreed to, and as a further evidence of respect for the memory of the late presiding official, the Senate, on motion of Mr. Harrison, adjourned.
As soon as the Representatives had seated themselves yesterday, pursuant to order made, the Speaker proceeded to call the States and the following bills and resolutions were introduced and referred.
By Mr. Townshend, of Illinois: Proposing a constitutional amendment providing that the President and Vice President be elected by a majority of the people, and abolishing the electoral college and regulating the method of counting the votes by the two Houses of Congress.
By Mr. O'Neill, of Missouri, by request: To reorganize the steamboat inspection service and to consolidate the offices of Supervising Inspector General of Steamboats with the Bureau of Navigation.
By Mr. Throckmorton, of Texas: A resolution calling on the Secretary of the Interior for copies of any and all contracts, or leases, which are to be found on file in his office between the Southern Pacific Railroad Company and any railroad to which land grants have been made, or which have received bonds from the United States; also, for a copy of the charter of the Southern Pacific railroad; and also for copies of any contract on file between the Pacific Mail Steamship Company and any of the subsidized roads.
By Mr. Everhart, of Pennsylvania: To equalize the right of fishing in the waters of the United States which border on any State or Territory.
By Mr. Harmer, of Pennsylvania: To increase and establish the pilot service of the United States and to regulate the piloting of vessels along the sea coast.
By Mr. Caldwell, of Tennessee: To prohibit the importation of pauper labor.
By Mr. Willis, of Kentucky: Providing that in the employment of labor on public works preference shall be given to citizens of the United States, and prohibiting the employment of convict labor.
Mr. Morrison, of Illinois, from the Committee on Ways and Means, reported a bill relating to the taxation of fractional parts of a gallon of distilled spirits. This was reported to the Committee of the Whole.
Mr. Adams, of Illinois, from the Committee on Banking and Currency, reported a bill to enable National banking associations to increase their capital stock and to change their location and name. This went to the House calendar.
Mr. Eldridge, of Michigan, from the Committee on Pensions, reported a bill for pensioning the survivors of the Mexican war. This was laid over for action by the Committee of the Whole.

Mr. Singleton, of Mississippi, from the Committee on the Library, reported a bill for the erection of a Congressional library building. It was referred to the Committee of the Whole.
Mr. Dingley, of Maine, from the Shipping Committee, reported a bill to abolish certain fees for official services to American vessels. This went to the Committee of the Whole.
In the morning hour Mr. Thomas, of Illinois, on behalf of the Committee on Naval Affairs, called up the bill authorizing the voluntary retirement of certain officers of the navy who have rendered conspicuous service in battle or served thirty years in the navy. He explained that the bill would benefit those men who were known as "forward officers," such as boatswains, gunners, and sailmakers, who, though having performed meritorious service, had never received any advancement. It would also benefit the navy, because it would result in removing from the way of promotion officers who were known as "dead wood" who held their duties. The bill had been introduced for the purpose of relieving the present stagnant condition of the nay and bringing to the front some active young men who have had the advantages of modern education. The tide of promotion should be started in order that the best men in the service would not quit in disgust after being ensigns for ten, twelve, or fifteen years.
Mr. Dunham, of Illinois, suggested that the bill should be entitled, one to get rid of the deadwood of the navy.
Mr. Thomas replied that that would not be a proper title, as under the bill many gallant men would be permitted to retire from active service.
Mr. Reagan, of Texas, opposed the bill as one adding another batch to the American aristocracy, to be fed and clothed by the labor of men. The country had gone far enough on the road toward establishing an American aristocracy. The country should get back to where all men were equal and where exclusive privileges were granted to none.
Mr. Thomas inquired what the gentleman would do with the present retired list of the army and navy.
Mr. Reagan replied that he would repeal these un-American and un-republican laws and leave the officers to work for their living like other men. He would have no man live on the work of other men in a country claiming to be a free constitutional republic. If he could succeed in preventing the spread of the evil, he would congratulate himself, even though he could not secure the repeal of the retirement laws.
Mr. McMillan, of Tennessee, took the same view of the question as Mr. Reagan, and announced his resistance to any extension of the retired list. It was proposed in the bill to get rid of the "deadwood" by promotion on the retired list, instead of burning it up in a court martial.
Mr. McAdoo, of New Jersey, supported the list as being in the line of reform in the navy.
Pending action, the morning hour expired and the House adjourned.
Detectives Put On the Track.—Suspicion of an Insurance Swindle.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.

KANSAS CITY, Mo., Jan. 27. A special to the Journal from St. Joseph, Missouri, says: The publication of Dr. S. A. Richmond's letters, in which he accuses Winslow Judson, Colonel J. W. Strong, Colonel John F. Tyler, and H. P. Hubbard of being parties to a conspiracy to defraud him, and charges them with being responsible for his death, has created quite a sensation here. The letters were calculated to bear out the impression that Dr. Richmond had taken his life, but since the publication of these letters, facts have come to light which prove almost conclusively that Dr. Richmond is living. Shortly after his arrival at the Francis Street depot on the night of his disappearance, a train left here going north on the Hopkins branch of the Council Bluffs road; and among the passengers was a man wearing a slouch hat pulled down over his eyes and an overcoat buttoned up to his chin, who paid his fare to the conductor, and who answers the description of Dr. Richmond so closely, that it is believed it was he in disguise. Another point advanced is that he was known to carry a large amount of money on his person, and if he contemplated suicide, he would have sent the money to his wife instead of sending a valise full of letters and soiled linen. The insurance companies have placed detectives on his track, and Colonel Tyler has sued Mrs. Richmond for $50,000 for giving Dr. Richmond's letters to the press.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
FORT LEAVENWORTH, Kan., Jan. 27. A fuel famine is experienced at Hays City on account of the blockade on the Union Pacific railway. The entire coal supply in Hays City did not exceed five tons Monday, and there are dependent upon the market 4,000 people in the surrounding country. A letter was received here by General Miles today asking that the quartermaster be allowed to issue fuel from Fort Hays. The quantity there will last until May 31. General Miles has telegraphed the authorities in Washington for permission, stating that 100 cords of wood and some coal can easily be spared.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
SANFORD, Florida, Jan. 27. The orange crop has been ruined and many young trees have been killed. The people are trying to conceal it, and land agents have sworn that it is not so, but it is. Not a sound orange has been left in all this region. In all the famous orange groves, the ground is covered with frozen fruit. These are facts gathered from the best sources of information and they mean a loss of $5,900,000.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
SAN FRANCISCO, Jan. 27. The recent murder of Mr. and Mrs. Jesse C. Wickersham, near Cloverdale, this State, by their Chinese cook has again thoroughly aroused the anti-Chinese sentiment throughout the Pacific slope. As soon as the facts of the murder were confirmed, anti-Chinese organizations were effected in many of the most important towns in the State and resolutions to boycott the Chinese were adopted.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
COLUMBUS, Ohio, Jan. 27. The latest information last night was that a compromise of difficulties will be attempted today. The Republicans appointed a committee to meet a similar committee from the Democratic caucus, the object being to come to some agreement regarding the rules for the government of the Senate.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
SMYRNA, Jan. 27. Great activity exists in Turkish military and naval circles. Troops and horses are being hurried off for Salonica. The transportation department are using extraordinary efforts to expedite the dispatch of troops and munitions of war to the Greek frontier.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
DUBLIN, Jan. 27. The farewell levee given by the Earl of Carnarvon, the retiring Lord Lieutenant of Dublin Castle, yesterday evening was a very brilliant affair. The decorations were on a magnificent scale. The festivities lasted until midnight.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
CONSTANTINOPLE, Jan. 27. It is reported that the Greek fleet is going to Crete. The Turkish Cabinet is sitting. The Porte has dispatched a note to the Powers asking them to assist in the prompt settlement of the Grecian difficulty.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
[Boston Special.]
About thirty-one years ago Leonard Poole, then a young man living just out of Brockton, started for the West to make his fortune. His family then consisted of a wife and an infant daughter. Mrs. Poole frequently heard from her husband, and received remittances regularly. He declared his intention of not returning until he had earned enough to support his family in comfort. His daughter grew to womanhood and married Luther A. Hayden, now employed in the shoe business. About a year ago Mrs. Poole died. About two months ago the husband decided to return to his home, having saved a comfortable fortune. While on the train crossing the Western States, the train was stopped by a gang of desperadoes and the passengers were robbed. Poole lost everything, and in the scuffle, was thrown from the train, receiving severe injuries. He was cared for by friendly people, who picked him up. When partially recovered he told his story. He was a Freemason and the brethren aided him to return to Boston. He previously notified his son-in-law of his purpose. The old man arrived in Boston. He was in a dazed condition, without means, and in need of care. He was arrested and sent to the State workhouse at Bridgewater, where his son-in-law found him after a long search. Steps were at once taken for his release, and the old man will spend the remainder of his days in comfort with his children.
How Mrs. Roberts Chastises Her Undutiful Spouse.
[New York World.]
"Give me ten days, Judge," said a man with a frightened look on his countenance, to Justice Duffy at the Tombs yesterday. "I want to keep out of the way of my wife, who beats me all the time."
"Who'll support me and the chicks at home," said the man's wife, "if you lock him up, Judge? Don't you do it."

"She is only happy when she beats me," complained the husband. "She always carries a concealed weapon. She's got it with her now."
"Madam, produce this weapon that your husband says you carry concealed on your person," demanded Justice Duffy.
"Oh, I know what he means, but I'm ashamed to say what it is," said the woman with a blush.
"You must, madam; out with it," ordered the little Judge.
"Well, then, he means that I've got a wooden leg."
"And every time I do or say anything she doesn't like, she just unscrews that leg and gives me a belt." groaned the husband.
"I'll lock you up for six months if you come here whining about such a trifle again," remarked Justice Duffy to the husband. "You look like a man who would beat his wife if he could, but the trouble in your case is, that while you're looking for a club, your wife has one handy and gets the best of you. Now, take him home, Mrs. Roberts."
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
[Washington (D. C.) Special.]
Every time General McLeer, the Postmaster in Brooklyn, comes to Washington, he pays a reverential visit to the medical museum, which has been the residence of his left arm ever since the war. "The first time I paid a visit to that old left arm," said he, "I felt—I don't know how—but in a way that I never felt before, and as I turned to come out and leave the amputated member behind me, I felt more so. A fellow feels queer when he leaves his sweetheart, he feels sad when he goes to the grave of a friend, and sadder still when he is leaving it, but when I was turning away for the first time to leave that old arm behind me, a feeling came over me that I cannot describe and never felt but [THIS ARTICLE ENDED AT THIS POINT...IT WAS NOT COMPLETED.]
Judge Moody, of Dakota, Before the Houses Committee.
Arrears of Pensions.
The Cabinet Considering the Senate Demand.
Swinburne's Silver Bill in the House.
Consul Greenbaum Accused of Corruption in Issuing Certificates to
Chinese Immigrants.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
WASHINGTON, Jan. 27. Judge Moody was heard by the House Committee on Territories yesterday, upon the proposition to divide the Territory of Dakota. He followed the line of argument pursued by him at his previous hearing. He disclaimed any personal interest in the Territory at the forty-sixth parallel, and charged that Mr. T. G. Johnson, who accused him of desiring such a division in order that he might be returned to the Senate, was not a citizen of Dakota, but of Illinois. He said Mr. Johnson was a land speculator who wanted a division north and south in order to bring his lands near the Capital of the new State and thus enhance their value. Mr. McDonald, a banker of Pierre, D. T., spoke a few words in support of the views expressed by Judge Moody.

The House Committee on Indian Affairs yesterday authorized the chairman to appoint a sub-committee to investigate all claims for Indian depredations. These claims will be thoroughly sifted, and such as are found meritorious will be incorporated into one general bill.
The House Committee on Public Lands yesterday heard a long argument by ex-Senator McDonald, of Indiana, against the pending proposition to declare forfeited the land grant of the Southern Pacific Railroad Company. At the conclusion of the argument, the committee went into secret session and the matter was debated at length. Mr. McRae (Arkansas) moved that the entire land grant be declared forfeited, and Mr. Strait (Minnesota) proposed to amend that motion so as to include within the forfeiture only such lands as were opposite unconstructed portions of the road. Pending debate the committee rose and the matter was made a special order for Thursday next, after the arguments on the proposition to forfeit the Atlantic & Pacific land grant shall have been heard.
The House Committee on Invalid Pensions yesterday had under consideration a proposition to extend the limit of the arrears of pensions act to 1888. Estimates were submitted from the Pension Office showing that if the bill were passed, it would require $75,000,000 to pay the claims already on file. Mr. Matson, chairman of the committee, said Representative Randall had told him that if the bill became a law, it would take every dollar out of the Treasury. The committee therefore postponed further consideration of the bill until Friday, when Representatives Morrison and Randall will be heard by the committee on the probable cost of the measure.
The sub-committee of the Senate and House Committees on Commerce were addressed today by representatives of the parties interested in the construction of a bridge by the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad Company from New Jersey to Staten Island. Mr. John M. Cowen, solicitor of the Baltimore & Ohio road, made a forcible argument in support of the bill. The sub-committees decided to receive briefs from the parties in interest until Thursday of next week.
Washington, Jan. 27. The Cabinet meeting yesterday was attended by all the members except the Postmaster General, who is suffering from a cold. The session lasted about three hours, the principal part of which time was devoted to considering the action of the Senate in executive session Monday, in making a formal "demand" of the Attorney General for copies of all papers in his department relating to the recent change in the office of United States Attorney for the Southern District of Alabama. A general discussion ensued and showed a slight division of sentiment as to the proper policy to be adopted by the President in this particular case, which is generally regarded as an issue, and the action on which will necessarily establish a precedent. No action was had on the general proposition of compliance or non-compliance with the wishes of the Senate, and the exact form of answer to be made to the communication from the Senate was left open for future consideration.

Washington, Jan. 27. The bill introduced in the House by Mr. Swinburne, of New York, declaring the silver dollar a legal tender, makes all standard silver dollars heretofore coined legal tender, and directs the Secretary of the Treasury to recognize the coined silver dollar of 412½ grains as equal in value to the gold dollar in payment of all claims against or due the Government. The Secretary is authorized to purchase $400,000 worth of silver bullion per month at such rate as to correspond with the average market value of silver bullion for the preceding month not to exceed $1.07 per ounce, and is directed to have coined in the United States mints $100,000 per month of fractional silver coin. He is also authorized to have printed $2,000,000 of silver certificates in denominations of $1, $2, and $4, representing silver bullion. These certificates are declared to be legal tenders and redeemable in amounts of $5 and upwards in silver coin or in bullion at market prices.
WASHINGTON, Jan. 27. The Secretary of the Treasury has transmitted to the Senate his reply to the resolution calling for information respecting the payment of salaries to collectors of internal revenue not confirmed by the Senate. He says that since March, 1879, payments of salaries have been made to ninety-five collectors of internal revenue not confirmed by the Senate and that seventy of the ninety-five to whom such payments were made had at the time of the payments been designated to perform the duties of other collectors suspended by the President during a recess of the Senate under the authority conferred by section 1768 of the revised statutes. Some of the payments made to persons so designated were made prior to March 4, 1885, and some of them were made since that date.
SAN FRANCISCO, Jan. 27. It is stated here that one of the most serious charges brought against the United States Consul Greenbaum at Samoa, in the petition to Secretary Bayard, which asks for his removal, is contained in the affidavit of a Chinese merchant. Ah Su, who swears that Greenbaum tried to make arrangements with him whereby the Chinese could be brought from China to Samoa and furnished with certificates there which would permit them to enter the United States. A Chinaman was to be charged $100 and the amount equally divided between Ah Su and Greenbaum.
A Large Number of Papers Read and Speeches Made.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
TOPEKA, Kan., Jan. 30. The celebration commemorating the twenty-fifth anniversary of the admission of Kansas into the sisterhood of States was held at the Grand Opera House in this city yesterday afternoon and evening.
The opening address was delivered by ex-Governor Charles Robinson on "The Pioneers of Kansas."
Governor John A. Martin next spoke regarding the growth of Kansas.
At the conclusion of Governor Martin's remarks, Hon. B. F. Simpson spoke at length on "The Wyandotte Constitution."
Ex-Governor Thomas A. Osborne and Chief Justice A. H. Horton, followed Mr. Simpson in short addresses, the former speaking with reference to "The State Governments," and the latter taking for his subject, "The Judiciary of Kansas."
The Hon. Cyrus K. Holliday spoke next concerning the "Cities of Kansas."
Hon. James Humphrey, member of the State Board of Railroad Commissioners, followed Colonel Holliday in an address on "The Railroads of Kansas."

Rev. Dr. Cordley spoke on "The Schools of Kansas."
The evening exercises commenced at 7:30 o'clock, being opened by an address by Colonel D. R. Anthony, President of the State Historical Society.
Captain J. B. Johnson, Speaker of the House, and Lieutenant Governor Riddle followed in short addresses, after which S. N. Wood delivered a speech with reference to the "Pioneers of Kansas."
The Hon. John Spear, of Lawrence, followed in an excellent paper on "The Territorial Government." Mr. Spear reviewed it thoroughly and his remarks were well received.
The Hon. David Thacher spoke on the "Rejected Constitutions."
Following Mr. Thacher's address, Hon. Web Wilder delivered a paper on "The Press of Kansas."
Hon. William Sims, Secretary of the State Board of Agriculture, delivered a few remarks concerning "Agriculture in Kansas."
Rev. Dr. F. S. McCabe spoke next on the subject, "The Churches of Kansas."
Following Dr. McCabe Hon. Alexander Caldwell delivered a paper on "Kansas Manufactures and Mines."
The exercises closed with the address of Hon. Noble Prentis on the "Women of Kansas."
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
ST. LOUIS, Jan. 30. Mr. J. A. Hudson, of Macon, Missouri, president of the Missouri Press Association, has issued a circular to the members of the executive committee of the association, calling a meeting of the committee at the office of the School and Home, 565 Chestnut street, on February 8, at ten o'clock a.m. The meeting is for the purpose of arranging for the next meeting of the association, and also to arrange for representation at the meeting of the International Editorial Association, which is to be held in Cincinnati February 23, 24, and 25.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
NASHVILLE, Tenn., Jan. 30. J. W. Blair, alias Hornbuckle, alias Craig, who murdered George Finch near Adairville, Kentucky, last Wednesday and fled, was arrested today near Greenbrier, Tennessee, and lodged in jail at Springfield. He was traveling toward Nashville when captured and it is thought his intention was to make his way to some far Southern city. Blair confessed he did it in self-defense. Finch's head was horribly crushed with a chair. The arrest of Blair created considerable excitement.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
HOT SPRINGS, Ark., Jan. 30. Intelligence from the Brushy creek country, in Yell County, tells of the suicide of the widow of Samuel Gilkey. Mrs. Gilkey deliberately set fire to a small out house, and after taking a dose of strychnine, seated herself in the building. It seems, however, that she left the burning house before being much injured by the flames, and went into her residence imploring aid from the sleeping inmates, but expired in about five minutes. She was sixty-nine years of age.

The Resolution Regarding State House Extravagance Adopted.
Bills Passed in the House.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
TOPEKA, Kan. Jan. 28. The Senate met at ten a.m. yesterday with twenty-seven present. The reading of the journal was dispensed with. Reports of standing committees being in order, several reported sundry measures back with various resolutions. They were all of minor importance.
Senate bill No. 42, an act concerning irrigation, was favorably reported. Senate bill No. 97, relating to mortgages on personal property, was recommended for indefinite postponement. The question as to the adoption of the report of the judiciary committee concerning this bill caused a spirited discussion. Finally, however, the report was adopted.
A number of bills were then introduced.
Under the suspension of the rules, Smith, of Nemaha, introduced a resolution instructing the Committee on Apportionment to submit a bill not later than January 28. It was referred to the Committee on Apportionment.
Under the order of second reading and reference of bills, the measures introduced yesterday were read a second time and referred.
In the afternoon the Senate passed the following bills: Amendatory of and supplemental to chapter 104 of the session laws of 1876; to amend chapter 133 of the session laws of 1883 relating to schools in cities of the second class and to repeal said chapter; to repeal chapter 94 of the session laws of 1885; to remove the political disabilities of certain persons therein named; providing for the transfer of certain moneys from the State sinking fund to the general revenue fund.
The House resolution calling for an investigation of the expenditures on the east wing of the State House and Senate Chamber was passed almost unanimously. Senator Buchan made a warm speech against the extravagance practiced.
The Senate then went into Committee of the Whole on general orders and about a dozen bills were acted upon.
The Senate then adjourned.
When the House met yesterday morning on the call for petitions, Mr. Morgan presented one signed by 475 citizens of Kansas, praying for municipal suffrage for women.
Various bills were then introduced.
Mr. Scammon presented a petition from 485 citizens of Cherokee County, asking Congress to enact a law providing for the issuance of all moneys as a legal tender direct to the people, and the loaning to the people of such moneys at a low rate of interest.
A number of bills were read a second time, and the standing reports of committees were listened to.
The Senate resolution asking of Congress an increase of the navy and the strengthening of the coast defenses was non-concurred in.
Notice was received from the Senate that that body had passed the county high school bill.

In answer to the recommendations of the Governor in his message that some method of arbitration of disputes between employers and employees, the House offered a concurrent resolution asking that a committee of five be appointed by the Speaker of the House, whose duty it should be to consider the rights and duties of people engaged in useful labor, and formulate such legislation as in their judgment would meet the recommendations of the Governor.
The concurrent resolution in relation to Congress granting the right of way through the Indian Territory to railroads was passed.
The resolution calling for an investigation of the expenditures on the east wing of the State House and Senate Chamber was called up and Mr. Finch, in supporting his resolution, gave a history of the appropriation.
The resolution, amended so as to give the investigating committee the power to send for persons and papers and administer oaths, was passed unanimously.
The bill preventing incompetent or unauthorized persons from engaging in the practice of pharmacy; also, to regulate the sale of poisons and proprietary medicines, to prevent and punish the adulteration of drugs, medicinal preparations, and chemicals, and to create a board of pharmacy in the State of Kansas, passed.
At the afternoon session the House began the consideration of bills on the third reading, and the following was passed: Authorizing and directing the county commissioners of Shawnee County to levy an assessment to build a jail and jailer's residence; authorizing and directing the county commissioners of Shawnee County to levy a special tax to build abutments and a bridge at Richland, in said county; to legalize the tax levies made by the board of county commissioners of Allen County, Kansas, for the years 1882, 1883, and 1884; providing for the selection and summoning of grand and petit juries in special cases; to amend sections 5, 6, and 8 of chapter 56 of the general statutes of 1868, the same being an act entitled an act for the publication and distribution of the laws and journals; to legalize the act of the officers of Elk township, in Cloud County, in issuing bonds for the purpose of building a bridge across Elk creek, and to provide for registration of the same; relating to fugitives from justice, and repealing section 5, chapter 44, statutes of 1868; to enable owners of real estate to maintain an action to quiet title thereto against the holders of barred tax deeds, certificates, and claims thereto; to authorize and direct the board of county commissioners of Shawnee County to issue bonds to fund certain indebtedness; to amend section 1, chapter 92, of the statutes of 1879, and to repeal all acts and parts of acts inconsistent therewith; to amend an act entitled "an act to create a board of commissioners of highways, prescribing their duties and fixing their compensation, and amending chapter 110 of the general statutes of 1868;" to provide that boards of county commissioners shall meet on the first Mondays in January, April, July, and October, and on call of the chairman, in special session, on the petition of two members, and fixing compensation.

Several bills were advanced on the calendar and the following passed: By Mr. Hatfield, to establish boards of arbitration; by Mr. Stewart, to provide for the payment of the claims of citizens who suffered loss through the guerrilla raids of 1861-1865; by Mr. Butterfield, to provide for the government and maintenance of the State militia and the general defense; by Mr. Thompson, to create the Nineteenth Judicial District and providing for the terms of holding court; by Mr. Hardesty, to enable the commissioners of Ford County to fund the county indebtedness.
The bill endowing the Emporia Normal School with twelve sections of salt lands in Saline, Lincoln, Mitchell, Cloud, and Republic Counties was called up as unfinished business in Committee of the Whole. Mr. Slavens said that 36,480 acres of land and $201,539.19 had been appropriated for the schools, but he advocated this further appropriation because the Agricultural College had received more than the Normal School. The discussion was extended, being engaged in by Messrs. Moore, Buck, Faulkner, McBride, Anthony, McNall, and others. It was finally left without disposition. The House then adjourned.
A Miscellaneous Amount of Small Talk.
Blundering of House Engrossing Clerks.
Ingalls as a Proof-Reader.
Berry Takes Up the Hot Springs (Arkansas) Leases.
The Electoral Count Bill.
The House Adjourns Out of Respect to the Late Representative Rankin.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
WASHINGTON, Jan. 26. The Chair laid before the Senate yesterday a letter from the Secretary of the Treasury, in compliance with the recent resolution of the Senate asking for information as to what proportion of the bonds called for payment February 1, 1886, are held by National banks as a basis for circulation. The letter states the amount of the bonds so held is $5,000,890. Also a letter from the Secretary of War, showing the contracts made by his department during the past fiscal year, and transmitting to the Board of Fortifications the report of the Quartermaster General and a report showing the number of clerks employed in the various bureaus of the War Department. Also a letter from the Secretary of the Interior, stating that an increase in the clerical force of the Commissioner of Railroads was indispensable to the proper performance of the duties devolving upon that office.
Among the petitions presented and appropriately referred were:
Senator McMillan, from the Board of Trade of St. Paul, urging Congress to appropriate money for the improvement of the Upper Missouri river.
Senator George presented the credentials of Hon. E. C. Waltham, elected Senator from Mississippi to fill the unexpired term of Senator Lamar.
Senator Waltham was then sworn in as President pro tem. Of the Senate.
Senator Hoar, from the Committee on Judiciary, reported a bill to provide for the settlement of the debt of the Pacific Railroad.
Senator Wilson submitted an amendment, which was referred to the Judiciary Committee, providing that whenever it may be necessary for the protection of the interests of the United States, the President may order the Secretary of the Treasury to clear off prior paramount liens or mortgages by paying the same, and that on such payment the United States shall become subrogated to rights thereto pertaining to such paramount liens or mortgages.
Senator Hoar said he thought the Judiciary Committee would agree to the amendment, which had been perfected too late for the consideration of the committee.

A joint resolution from the House of Representatives was placed before the Senate appropriating money for the Northern Cheyenne Indians. Upon examination the spelling of some words in the bill was found to be wrong. Senator Dawes said the misspelling was such as to render the intent of Congress doubtful, and the matter went over so as to permit of correction.
Senator Ingalls severely animadverted upon the "ignorance or carelessness" of the engrossing clerks of another body from which many bills that come before the Senate emanated. In many bills sent by that body to the Senate for its action, all action had to be suspended and the intent of Congress frustrated by the misspelling of the commonest words. He exonerated the Senate clerks from any responsibility for the difficulties and said he knew of no remedy at the disposal of the Senate except the correcting influence of public opinion.
Senator Berry called up his resolution submitted some days ago providing that the leases of the bath houses and hot springs at Hot Springs, Arkansas, be not renewed until Congress shall decide whether further legislation in regard thereto be necessary. In calling it up Senator Berry stated that some little time since he had called on the Assistant Secretary of the Interior and told him that he (Senator Berry) did not think it for the interest of the public that the leases referred to should be renewed until Congress should determine whether further legislation in the public interest was necessary. The officer alluded to had then informed him that no such lease should be renewed till Congress should have decided as to whether further legislation was desirable. Since that time Senator Berry had learned that one, if not two, of the leases had been renewed. He did not mention the matter for the purpose of criticizing the Interior Department or reflecting on its action. He presumed the Assistant Secretary had either forgotten the statement he had made as to the intention of the department or had not deemed it any part of his duty to inform Senator Berry of his change of intention as to the matter. The resolution had been introduced, Senator Berry added, in order to prevent, if possible, any further lease being granted, or at least that the leases might be put upon notice so that they could not come in hereafter and claim equities arising from such new leases. Senator Berry said it would be impossible to beautify and improve the springs so long as the present system of management prevailed. The place intended for the special benefit of invalids was made a general dumping ground for unseemly articles, and persons who had the leases had a complete monopoly of the water. Even the army and navy hospital authorities had to pay for hot water used in the construction of the building.
Senator Logan feared the resolution would leave the matter of new leases too long indefinite, as Congress might not come to a determination as soon as Senator Berry might expect. He saw no better way than to leave the matter to the discretion of the Secretary of the Interior. He (Senator Logan) thought the service and arrangements at Hot Springs heretofore good.
Senator Voorhees opposed the resolution. Some of the bath houses had cost large amounts of money, and a failure to renew some of the leases would be very much like confiscation.
Senator Ingalls thought the Hot Springs administration satisfactory, but said there had been a persistent effort on the part of speculators to get control of the waters for private gains.

Senator Jones favored Senator Berry's resolution. It would keep the control of the matter in Congress, he said, till the subject was considered. The resolution could do no harm.
After further debate the matter went over.
The Senate then proceeded to the consideration of the Electoral Count bill.
Senator Morgan took the floor. He characterized Senator Sherman's proposed amendment as entirely new. It would usurp, he said, into the hands of Congress a power that was not given to Congress by the constitution, and a power, the exercise of which, under the proposed amendment, would tear down and destroy one of the electoral bodies provided by the constitution. He could not see how the danger to the Senate could be decreased by having the seventy-six Senators voting pell mell with the 325 members of the House of Representatives. Could there be a more daring threat or greater danger to constitutional powers than the proposition brought forward by the Senator from Ohio (Senator Sherman), supported by the Senator from New York (Senator Evarts), when they declared the right of Congress to create an electoral body which the people had never chose, with reference to the choice of a President of the United States? The bill reported from the committee was worthy of the Senate and he hoped it would pass.
At the conclusion of Senator Morgan's remarks, the Senate went into executive session, and when the doors reopened a message from the House was placed before the Senate giving information of the death of Representative Rankin, of Wisconsin, and presenting for the action of the Senate a concurrent resolution expressive of its regret.
Senator Sawyer offered a resolution, which was agreed to, in which the Senate, after concurring in the House resolution, expresses deep sensibility of the loss sustained by Congress in the death of Mr. Rankin, and provides for a committee of the Senate to act with the House committee in superintending the funeral and escorting the remains of the deceased to Wisconsin.
The Chair appointed as such committee Senators Sawyers, Blackburn, and Jones of Arkansas.
The Senate then adjourned.
In the House yesterday, on motion Mr. Blount, of Georgia, it was ordered that after the reading of the journal Tuesday States shall be called for the introduction of bills and resolutions. Mr. Bragg, of Wisconsin, announced the death of his colleague, Mr. Rankin, and offered the customary resolutions, which were unanimously adopted and as a mark of respect to the deceased, the House at 12:15 adjourned.
Cong Seng Turns Informer.
Probably a Correct Account of the Murder of Lou Johnson.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.

ST. LOUIS, Mo., Jan. 26. In the trial of the Chinese highbinders yesterday, Lena Lee, a colored girl, was examined by the prosecution. She stated that on the morning on which Lou Johnson was found murdered, she saw a Chinaman, whom she afterwards identified as Cong Seng, emerge from Johnson's house holding a handkerchief to his nose with one hand and carrying a satchel in the other. His hands were covered with blood, as was also the satchel. He walked to a hydrant and thoroughly cleansed his hands and face and washed off the satchel, and then departed. Cong Seng, the man who practically turned state's evidence and who made a voluntary statement which was equivalent to a confession before the coroner, was put on the stand in the afternoon, and he told a long story, detailing how he and six other Chinese arranged to kill Lou Johnson for money, which was to be paid to them for the job. He described how Chyo Chiack, the prisoner at the bar, and Chyo Pock went into Johnson's room and murdered him while he (the witness) and Hock Slack watched outside; how after the murder he and Hock Slack cleaned up the room, arranged the bed, and washed the weapons used; how they then put Johnson's body in a narrow stairway adjoining; how he left the body, went across the river, and traveled southward by railroad and on foot, and how he was arrested near Murphysboro, Illinois, and brought back to this city. The story was substantially the same as the one he told before the coroner, and will be greatly relied upon to convict the defendants.
A Resolution Submitted in the Senate Supposed to be the Opening
Attack on the President.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
WASHINGTON, Jan. 26. In the executive session of the Senate yesterday, Mr. Edmunds submitted a resolution which, it is believed, is put forward at this time to test the administration in the matter of furnishing the information as to reasons which have led to the suspension of certain Federal officers. The resolution conveys the impression that only a specific case is involved, but there is good authority for the statement that it is intended as a basis upon which to raise an issue with the administration in the event of a refusal to furnish the desired information. The resolution was presented on behalf of the Committee on Judiciary and directs the Attorney General to furnish the Senate copies of all papers and documents on file in his department relating to the administration of the office of the United States District Attorney for the Southern District of Alabama. The resolution was agreed to without opposition or debate. It is supposed that these papers are desired by the committee in connection with its consideration of the nomination of John D. Burnett vice George M. Basken, suspended. It is also understood that a request recently made by the committee to the Attorney General for the papers was returned with a statement that the Attorney General had not been instructed by the President to furnish them.
The Body of Ben Tolen Taken from the Grave.
Scare of the Colored Folks.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.

The discovery of empty graves in the Decatur cemetery led to the reopening of many graves round Atlanta. On Wednesday Ben Tolen, who lived about six miles from the city, died from pneumonia and was buried in the country burying grounds on Saturday, the ground being frozen so hard that the grave could not be dug sooner. The work of ghouls in the country has created such excitement that friends of Tolen went to the grave to see if it was as it was left. It was found that the dirt was torn up and the grave surrounded by fresh tracks. The coffin was found empty except for the clothing, which had been buried. These articles were found in the grave. The negroes and ignorant white people of the country are badly frightened. In the quarters of the city in which are located the medical colleges, they cannot be induced to go out at night.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
CHICAGO, Jan. 26. This morning Jacob Barth, a teamster for Maxwell Bros., was attacked corner Loomis and Twentieth streets by a gang of strikers. In the general fight which ensued, Barth was shot and fell. One of the strikers, Cohessy, who did the shooting, was arrested. It seems Barth drew a pistol to defend himself, when Cohessy drew his revolver and fired at him three times, each bullet taking effect. The wounded man was sent to the county hospital.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
PALESTINE, TEX., Jan. 26. While coupling cars in the yards this evening at four o'clock a.m., Colby was caught between two flat cars and fatally injured, living only twenty minutes. As Colby only went to work yesterday, it is not know where he came from. He had a card of membership in the order of Railway Conductors, Arkansas Division, Denver, Colorado. Colby was about thirty-five years of age.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
Frederick Flowers, the well known London magistrate, died the other day.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
Six hundred pounds of prepared opium was seized by San Francisco customs officials the other day.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
The San Joaquin (California) river rose so high recently that disastrous results were threatened. Robert's Island suffered $350,000 damage.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
A bald eagle measuring seven feet from tip to tip of the wings, was killed about three miles east of Mount Vernon, Illinois, the other day. It had been doing serious damage to pigs and poultry.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
The Senate Committee on Pensions recently received a petition from an ex-soldier who asks for a "pention" on the ground that he was "cicked" by a "mael" in the lower part of the stomach near the "hart."
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
The other morning the Grasshopper mill, situated in Smoky Hollow, near Youngstown, Ohio, and valued at $50,000, was burned to the ground. Total loss on building, machinery, stock, etc., $78,000; insurance, $50,000.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
Dynamite was exploded at the Norwich railway station, England, the other day, injuring the building somewhat. Judge Hawkins, who sentenced the dynamiters, Cunningham and Burton, left the station a few moments before the explosion.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
A test vote was taken in the British House of Commons on the 26th. The result left the Conservative ministry in a minority—329 to 250—when it was announced the ministry would resign. The Parnellites voted against the Government; a few moderate Liberals supported it.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
The dog bitten Newark children are on exhibition in a museum.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
The French army in Tonquin will be reduced from 29,000 to 10,000 men.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
The spinners of New Bedford, Mass., demand a 10 per cent increase in wages.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
The British Minister at Lima has received instructions to recognize the existing Government.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
Hon. E. C. Walthall and J. Z. George were re-elected Senators from Mississippi on the 19th.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
The lighthouse at the mouth of the Roanoke River, in North Carolina, has been carried away by the ice.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
The sub-manager of the Jersey (England) Bank, which failed lately, has been arrested on the charge of embezzlement.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
The citizens of Northern Idaho were reported protesting against annexation to Washington Territory, because that Territory is antagonistic to mining. They want annexation to Montana.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
The President has approved the act legalizing the election of the Territorial Legislative Assembly of Wyoming and the act providing for the performance of the duties of President in case of removal, death, or inability both of the President and Vice President.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
In the Federal Court at Keokuk, Iowa, Judge Love said that he had a decision from Judge Brewer applicable to the Iowa prohibition laws. The decision held that as to breweries built before this law was adopted, the law would be unconstitutional, as it confiscated public property without consideration.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
Moukhtar Pasha, Turkish Commissioner in Egypt, has proposed that a Turko-Egyptian army be organized for the defense of Egypt in place of the English army now in the country.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
The Cuban cigar makers employed by Ottenburg & Co. and by Jacoby & Co., of New York, went out on strike on the 23rd. The strike was very general, involving thousands of men.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
Commissioner Colman has called the annual convention of the Missouri Valley Sugar Growers' Association for St. Louis, February 4 and 5, and of the Dairymen's Association for the week following.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
Home rule for Ireland was considered hopeless in the present British Parliament. Neither Liberals nor Conservatives would propose it, and Parnell would have to do so if the question was to be discussed at all.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
At the annual meeting of the International Monetary Standard Association in London on the 22nd, Henry Grenfel, Governor of the Bank of England, expressed confidence that the United States Congress would not alter the provisions of the Bland bill. The meeting resolved to form a gold and silver league on a popular basis.
A Memphis Groceryman Murdered and His Store Set on Fire.
Great Row in a Newspaper Office.
Jack Hayes' Appeal Rejected.—His Crime.
Dastardly Attempt to Poison a Family at Wabash, Indiana.
Escape of an Artful Convict.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
MEMPHIS, TENN., Jan. 27. Yesterday morning between three and four o'clock at 300 Orleans street, near the corner of Linden, the one story grocery place of Fred Schmid was found to be on fire. The alarm sounded, which brought the engines to the scene. The store was broken open by those who reached the spot first, when the lifeless remains of the proprietor were found with the head nearly severed from the body. The account of various persons differ as to where the body was first seen. One party says it was near the front doorway; another behind the counter; still another, in an adjoining room, where the victim slept. All agree, however that the man was dead and it is generally admitted that the head was partially cut off. It is surmised, therefore, that Schmid was killed where he slept, and the premises then fired with the intention of destroying all evidence of the crime. The ghastly remains were removed while the place with the contents was totally destroyed. A newly built cottage belonging to a letter carrier named Roberts was partially burned before the flames were gotten under control. The matter of foul play is undergoing investigation. From appearances Mr. Schmid retired last night with his clothes on, but had taken off his boots. A colored man who was in the store at 10:30 o'clock asserts that he saw the victim close the door immediately after he left the place. Many of the people living in the vicinity do not speak in kindly terms of Schmid, and as he had numerous enemies, it is likely he was the victim to one of them.

LOUISVILLE, Ky., Jan. 27. A sensation not on the assignment books developed in the office of the city editor of the Louisville Morning Commercial about ten o'clock last night. Mr. Dan E. O'Sullivan, managing editor of the paper, and Mr. Charles Greathouse, the city editor, have been at outs for some time, and last night their personal dislike came to a head by an encounter in which Greathouse was stabbed in the back, seriously but not fatally. The immediate trouble which led to the fight grew out of the suppression of an item from the city editor's department, which was sent in after the usual hour for going to press. Greathouse asked an explanation of O'Sullivan's action, which was not given in very good grace. One word led to another and the lie was passed. Greathouse struck O'Sullivan in the face. The latter retaliated with a thrust from a penknife, the blade breaking off. Greathouse then got O'Sullivan's head in chancery and was punishing him somewhat severely when the latter opened the large blade of his knife and stabbed Greathouse in the back. The cut is painful, but not serious.
ST. LOUIS, Jan. 27. The Supreme Court affirmed the decree of the lower court yesterday, condemning Jack Hayes to hang for murder in the first degree. Immediately upon the receipt of the news from Jefferson City, a reporter called on Hayes. He declined to leave his cell, but was inclined to be courteous when addressed upon the subject of the Supreme Court's decision, which, he seemed strongly inclined to disbelieve. "They tell me that I am to hang, but what can that be for? What have I done that I should be hanged?" The reporter told him that a jury had found him guilty of murder, and that the Supreme Court had affirmed the verdict. The fellow trembled as he heard the news, and said in a very faint voice, "Can that be so?" Then he added, "I don't believe it. I haven't done anything; why should I be hung?" His actions indicated clearly that he is either insane, or that as a last resort he is simulating insanity. If it is a pretense, it is cleverly done, his appearance and manner alike indicating about as clear a loss of mental power as is compatible to converse with moderate intelligence. Hayes killed a saloon-keeper named Phillip Moeller, whose place of business was on the corner of Grand and Kossuth avenues, more than three years ago. The murder was a cold-blooded one, Hayes shooting his victim without any provocation.
WABASH, IND., Jan. 27. A dastardly attempt to poison the family of Jacob Lotzenblizer, a prominent farmer of Chester township, was discovered this morning. Yesterday Lotzenblizer, his wife, and child were visiting, and during their absence unknown persons entered the dwelling and sprinkled a half ounce of "Rough on Rats" over a quantity of raw sausage lying on a table. Returning late in the evening Mrs. Lotzenblizer cooked the sausage and shortly after eating it, all three were seized with violent cramping. This morning a physician was summoned, who analyzed the sausage and detected the poison. Mrs. Lotzenblizer ate little and was not much affected. The child is yet very ill and Mr. Lotzenblizer it is thought will die. There is no clue to the miscreants.

JOLIET, ILL., Jan. 27. News was received in this city this evening from the insane asylum at Kankakee that Adam Lindenmeyer, a convict who had been transferred from prison to the asylum in July, had effected his escape from that institution. It appears that Lindenmeyer had attacked his attendant, taking his keys away, kicking him in the stomach, and finally knocking him senseless. Lindenmeyer was convicted of burglary in 1885 at Pontiac, and was sent to prison for four years. Shortly after his receipt at Joliet, he manifested signs of being insane by attempting to cut his throat with a shoe knife. He is a cunning desperado, and the Kankakee authorities are using their utmost endeavors to effect his recapture.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
DECATUR, ILL., Jan. 27. Between eleven and twelve o'clock last night the Chicago express on the Wabash passing Blue Mound station struck a wagon on a crossing, wrecking the wagon and killing Jesse Campbell, of Edinburgh, Christian County. The wagon was loaded with furniture.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
PEORIA, ILL., Jan. 27. Rio Martin, while out hunting in the vicinity of Morton, Lanwell County, with four comrades, was probably fatally shot last evening by the accidental discharge of a gun.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
LONDON, Jan. 27. The Salisbury cabinet, consequent upon their defeat in the Commons last night, sent their resignations to the Queen this afternoon.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
Fire originated the other night in the Ryan Drug Company's building at St. Paul, Minn. The loss footed up $255,000; fairly insured.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
Robert Mallory, of the Mallory Steamship Line, denies that his company violated the Galveston agreement with the Knights of Labor.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
Nihilist headquarters were again discovered in St. Petersburg. The police advised the Czar to return to his palace at Gatschina.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
Arsenic was recently placed in the teapot of Mrs. McConnell, at Davenport, Iowa, and the whole family of seven were poisoned, some fatally.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
The business failures occurring throughout the country for the seven days ended the 28th numbered, for the United States, 252; Canada, 37; total 289; compared with 329 the week previous.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
An explosion at the Banksville coal mine of Long & Co., near Pittsburgh, Pa., the other morning, set fire to the pit and cremated the mules. A number of miners were at work at the time, but all escaped.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
It was recently asserted that fully 15,000 head of cattle were dead on the prairies within a radius of seventy-five miles of Fort Elliott, Texas, having been killed by starvation and exposure during the recent cold snap.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.

Kunitizky Bardouck, justice of peace, Setrusz Yusky, and Oszowsky recently condemned to death for belonging to a Polish socialistic revolutionary association styled the Proletariat, were executed at Warsaw on the 29th.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
The Secretary of the Treasury has issued a call for the redemption of bonds of the three per cent loan of 1882. The principal and accrued interest will be paid at the Treasury of the United States in Washington, March 1, 1886, and the interest will cease on that day.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
Secretary Lamar has decided that all appropriations made by the Arizona Legislature in excess of the sum granted by Congress are void.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
(Successors to John C. Long.)
Having bought the business of John C. Long, we can be found at his old stand with the freshest and best Groceries always on hand, at the lowest living prices. The HIGHEST MARKET PRICE paid for produce. Hoping for a continuance of old customers, we will strive to please all in everything.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
J. Van De Water
Estimates furnished on carpenter work and building of every description. Shop 816, Millington street, north of Ninth.
FRANK H. GREER, Local Editor.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
The big storm has about laid the markets out. Nothing scarcely has come in in the last day or two. Wheat, good milling grades, brings .85; corn, brings .28; eggs are .20 a dozen and butter .20 per pound. Other produce is unchanged.
Much Suffering Among the Poor of Winfield Which Must Be Relieved.
Charity Concert.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.

Winfield boasts of its superior morality, culture, refinement, and enterprise. These have made our fame union-wide. But right here in our city today is destitution, suffering, and sorrow that is a bad commentary on our splendid reputation. We who have bright firesides, surrounded with the comforts of life, are too apt to forget those whose misfortunes have thrown a pall over their homes—have taken the light, the comforts, and content, making life a hollow mockery, only a daily reminder of their grinding condition. There is poverty in Winfield that few of us dream of. Were committees to traverse the town and seek out those who are in abject want, the list would be astonishing. The terrible cold of the last six weeks has entirely shut off out door labor and men dependent upon their daily earnings, and every city has hundreds of such, are left with no resource whatever. A number of these had some money to start on and were living scantily from it, hoping for an early spring—that with the beginning of February would come a re-opening of labor. Now comes the heaviest storm of all, finding many families whose money and supplies are exhausted: honest, sensitive, and energetic. But they can't labor when the avenues are closed. Marshal McFadden et al reports many suffering families, resultant from this storm, and mare are being heard from daily. But there is no systematic way of relief. The county refuses to assist except through the poor farm for that purpose; the city council has no lawful provisions for a provident fund, and the only system and headquarters seem to be the G. A. R. and the W. R. C. Recently a number of noble ladies have reorganized the Ladies Local Relief Society. But all these must have the money to use. These members should not be expected to make an inexhaustible fund from their own purses and larders. The whole city has a duty in this matter. Some popular mode to enlist the interest and money of the whole city must be devised: a charity entertainment of some kind. With our fine musical talent, instrumental and vocal, our several very fine elocutionists, etc., we could easily and speedily get up a charity concert. And with wide advertisement of the purpose and merit, everybody, in a generous, public spirited community like ours, would turn out at 75 cents or $1 a seat. They would be ashamed to stay at home, when the great need was understood. Judge Albright says he will furnish, as his donation, the Opera House two nights for such a purpose. Let us talk this up immediately. It must be done at once, if at all. It is probable that this cold weather will last all through this month. We couldn't do a nobler thing than to create a good fund for the relief of the worthy poor.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.

THE COURIER would express its thanks to the following named reliable and honored citizens of grand old Cowley for recent favors: T. R. Carson, Wilmot; Jno. A. Smith, Silverdale; A. W. Beswick, Kellogg; W. B. Norman, Udall; D. S. Sherrard, Pleasant Valley; G. A. Lindsey, Winfield; P. Belveal, Walnut; W. J. Orr, Fairview; J. W. Evans, Dexter; Henry Ireton, Seeley; John H. Tharp, Kellogg; George Erickson, Cedarvale; H. Falkingham, Milton Drew, Pleasant Valley; Z. Oldham, Vernon; N. B. Robinson, Walnut; J. P. Henderson, Walnut; J. B. Daniels, Dexter; J. M. Barrick, Akron; N. B. Hammond, Tannehill; J. O. Barricklow, Winfield; Gibson & Co., Winfield; Zeb Foster, Udall; D. M. Adams, Winfield; H. C. Castor, Liberty; J. A. Simpson, Winfield; Joseph Anglemyer, Winfield; Samson Johnson, Pleasant Valley; R. B. Waite, Winfield; S. W. Pennington, Vernon; Sid Cure, Walnut; J. M. Harcourt, Rock; W. H. Waite, Udall; W. H. White, Ninnescah; Charles A. Peabody, Dexter; R. B. Hanna, Burden; N. T. Snyder, Arkansas City; W. H. Moore, Winfield; W. R. Lorton, Wilmot; R. S. White, Winfield; G. C. Cleveland, Cedarvale; Nelson Utley, Winfield; J. O. Barricklow, Winfield; S. C. Smith, Winfield; W. H. Dawson, Winfield; T. W. Maddux, Winfield; J. R. Taylor, Winfield; J. L. Huey, Arkansas City; L. D. York, Maple City; Greer Fleming, Winfield; Jas. Hollister, Seeley; T. M. Graham, Winfield; Thos. Larimer, Winfield; W. M. Stout, Udall; William Carter, Kellogg; H. D. Syron, Winfield; J. H. Hall, Tisdale; W. H. Fry, Dexter; V. F. Ogburn, Glen Grouse; M. A. Holler, Rock; W. H. Grow, Rock; J. M. Mark, Liberty; E. W. Woolsey, Burden; E. H. Gilbert, Winfield; W. H. Bolton, Dexter; J. F. Stodder, Burden; Geo. W. Moore, Udall; W. B. Lewis, Dexter; J. C. Snyder, Constant; Geo. R. Stevens, Wilmore; Mrs. B. McKee, Dexter; S. S. Condit, Winfield; R. W. Flener, Silverdale; Philo Winter, Tisdale; Dennis Shaw, Arkansas City; W. H. Campbell, Grand Summit; John Shoup, Udall; J. S. Herron, Tannehill; J. W. Stansbury, Arkansas City; Jas. Greenshields, Tisdale.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
Harris, Clark & Huffman have sold to C. M. Leavitt, of THE COURIER, lots 5 and 6 in block 35, A. J. Thompson addition, $450; also sold the Col. McMullen property on 9th avenue to A. J. Thompson for $2,600; to B. White, lot 3, block 38, H. P. addition, $50; lots 7 and 8, block 22 to Albert A. Salla, $150. Harris, Clark & Huffman have plenty of cheap money to loan.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
Our somewhat wonderful bird of freedom, the Eagle, has again flopped and will come out this week under new hands. Messrs. E. A. Henthorn and Col. Miles are proprietors and W. L. Hutton is editor. The paper is in very good hands now and we had better settle down awhile.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
January 1st, 1886, P. H. Albright & Co.'s books showed an actual cash investment in real estate loans of $814,741.69. This money they handle as if it was their own. They have an eastern fund of millions to draw from, and they treat their customers as if they believed in the existence of a heaven and hell.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
This weather creates the desire on the part of our frigid citizens to go out with the other Esquimau and hunt polar bear, walrus, etc., on sledges drawn by dogs. It might do to form a relief party and go in search of some unfortunate exploring party who have become lost in the immediate vicinity.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
Get out, Old January! We bid you an earnest good bye. We want no more of you, until you can do better. You have blackened the "Italian climate" reputation of the great state of Kansas, and with hoisted foot we all bid you skip.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
The young society people are talking up a German—the most enjoyable manner of spending an evening in dance. We have a number of very fine dancers and it could easily be made a success.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
Taylor & O'Connor's grand opening Saturday was well attended. Everybody was highly pleased with the grand display of queensware and the reasonable prices.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
Gov. Martin has appointed H. F. Hicks justice of the peace in Windsor township, notice of which County Clerk Smock received Monday.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.

Itch and Kansas Scratches cured in 30 minutes by Woodford's Sanitary Lotion, warranted by Ed G. Cole, druggist, Winfield, Kansas.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
We can make 6 per cent rate on real estate loans on sums of $1,000 and upwards for the next sixty days. Farmers' Bank.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
Richardson's Magneto Galvanic Battery, the great cure all. Price $1.50; for sale at William's Drug Store.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
Use "Perfection Oil" for your lamps. Pure, non-explosive and highly refined, at Brown & Son's.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
Farm loans made from one day to five years, at lowest rates, by H. G. Fuller & Co.
Her Chronicle of the Comings, Goings and Doings of Persons at Home and Abroad.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
S. S. Moore, of Burden, was down today on business.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
C. C. Harris is improving and will be out in a few days.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
Dr. H. A. Eberle, the K. C. specialist, is again at the Brettun.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
H. V. Rice, of the Ft. Scott Monitor, was in the city Thursday.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
Tom J. Eaton spent Thursday night in Arkansas City on business.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
Dr. Knickerbocker, Udall's leading physician, was here Saturday.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
C. Heflinger is brettuned from St. Louis till the railroad is cleared.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
S. H. Rodgers is home from Syracuse for a week or so with his family.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
Judge McDonald has been on the sick list for several days, but is now out.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
J. W. Feuquay, Hackney's merchant and postmaster, was in the city Monday.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
C. W. Jackson and J. P. Newham are among the snow bound guests of the Brettun.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
Arthur H. Greene, of the Magnolia Farm, left Monday for a month or so in New York.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
Dr. Fowler, one of Arkansas City's leading physicians, was circulating around the Eli city Saturday.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.

Mose Teter, one of Beaver's staunchest standbys, was circulating around the hub Thursday.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
W. W. Thompson, the handsome Philadelphia ware man, is laid up at the Brettun by the blockade.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
The Wichita Beacon says: "John Bishop, of Winfield, is in the city looking after his business interests."
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
Walter Kleeman, of Red Cloud, Nebraska, a cousin of S. Kleeman, has accepted a position in his cousin's store.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
J. A. Owen, from Indiana, called Monday with his friend, C. J. Brane. Mr. Owen comes with a view of locating.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
Mrs. E. D. Garlick is recovering from a very severe illness, much to the gratification of her many warm friends.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
W. J. Bryth, traveling freight agent of the Santa Fe, was in the city Thursday on railroad business with agent Kennedy.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
Charley Grant, the rustling and lengthy livery man of Atlanta, was in town Saturday and left his name for the DAILY.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
Sam L. Gilbert was down from Wichita Thursday, rejoicing with the rest of us over the securing of the Santa Fe extension.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
Mrs. W. H. Colegate and children went to Grenola Monday evening, to spend a few days with her friend, Mrs. Wintermute.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
Judge Gans caged two matrimonial victims Friday, Firman Wentz and Lizzie Ingle; C. E. Noble and Minnie White.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
J. F. Miller has filed his first annual account with the Probate Court as administrator of the estate of Frances Hays, deceased.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
Will J. Wilson, assistant journal clerk of the Senate, came down from Topeka and Sundayed at home, returning Monday evening.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
Chas. E. Le Paige, the musician has returned home from a tour with the Fun on the Bristol Co. He left them at Milwaukee, Wisconsin.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
C. W. Jackson and J. P. Newman, K. C. commercial men, are hung up at the Brettun, away from snow blockades and howling blasts.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
The body of John Snyder, the victim of the Maple City tragedy, was interred Saturday, in the Union Cemetery, northeast of this city.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
S. W. Phenix, of Richland, and County Superintendent Limerick went up to Topeka Monday to circulate among the Legislative Solons.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
Mrs. Garlick is better, but she will not be able to teach her school for some time yet. Notice will be given when she will be able to resume.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
Mr. J. A. Rodgers, from Lawrence, a brother of S. H. Rodgers, is visiting his brother. Mr. Rodgers is one of the veterans of the G. A. R.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
Mrs. H. Hagerman, mother of Frank and George Lockwood, has returned from Medicine Lodge and again taken up her residence hee.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
Anthony Lowry and Effie Irons; Geo. P. Schipper and Bertha Barnes were granted matrimonial certificates by Judge Gans Wednesday.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
Charley H. Smith, a knight of the stick and rule, who spent last winter here, has returned. He has been doing reportorial work in Carthage, Missouri.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
J. A. Cooper, Oliver Barnthouse, and several others whose names we did not learn, started for the Territory Thursday on a hunting expedition.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
Geo. W. Riely, mayor of Caldwell, and A. M. Colson, a cattle king, were over Wednesday night to consult the K. C. & S. W. folks on railroad matters.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
G. P. Schipper, of Chicago, is a guest at the Central, here for a visit of a day or two. He luckily got in just in time to avoid the blockades of this storm.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
Mike O'Meara returned Sunday from a few week's visit with his mother at Macomb, Illinois, his old home. He will be here a day or so before going to Meade.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
County Attorney Asp accompanied Judge Torrance and Stenographer Raymond to Howard Monday eve, to attend to legal matters in the Elk County court.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
J. N. Ashby, Horning & Whitney's boss tinner, is as happy as a clam at high water, his family having arrived from Texas, and will go to housekeeping at once.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
Mrs. Lon Stalter, who was reported in Monday's COURIER as frozen to death in Kansas County, was the daughter of Joachim Holmes and not John B. Holmes as reported.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.

Tommie Matheson, nephew of James Kirk, left Sunday to return to his native home, Barney, Scotland. He has been in this country only a little over two years.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
Our foreman, D. C. Young, made a bad mash Wednesday in sliding our weekly forms on the press, and carries his hand in a sling. The best of them will get caught occasionally.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
The City Fathers have appointed Capt. J. S. Hunt city assessor. The Captain is an expert clerically, has much experience in this line, and will make an expeditious and satisfactory assessor.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
City Engineer Ritchie is making estimates of the cost of the Ninth Avenue and Bliss & Wood bridges, and bids will be advertised for in time for the letting of contracts for early spring work.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
Jo. Ex Saint, whom Winfield men well know, writes from his ranch on the Acoma Land Grant in New Mexico that he has not lost an animal out of the 10,000 head of cattle under his charge this winter.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
Castillo, the inmate who raised a row at the poor farm, had a trial Friday before Judge Snow and was remanded to the jail for some weeks yet. He has but one leg and seems to be a little "off" mentally.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
Fred Cochran, of Winfield, was in the city yesterday looking for a location to start a queensware, glassware, and silverware store. We trust he may conclude to come to Wellington. Wellington Press.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
Judge Wall, at Wichita, decided recently in a case where a druggist was enjoined from selling liquor on account of illegal selling, that the injunction would hold, even though the druggist had a permit.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
County Commissioners Smith and Guthrie met Friday and canvassed the railroad vote, finding it all O. K., carried by the majorities already given in THE COURIER. Commissioner Irwin is visiting in Missouri.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
Philip Snyder and Mollie Christian, daughter of Judge Christian, of Arkansas City, were granted, by Judge Gans Monday, the authority to wed. Mr. Snyder is a brother of Nate T. Snyder and one of Arkansas City's best young men.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
Jimmy Rothrock has accepted a position with G. C. Wallace, corner 10th and Main. Jimmy's many friends will be glad to hear that he will remain here and that they will still have the chance to trade with him.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.

Read Robinson, the corpulent and jolly representative of Jos. Cahn & Co., Kansas City, spent Sunday here with his brothers, of the First National. He spent eight days in the Dodge City snow blockade, roosting in a sleeping car.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
S. A. Cook was elected one of the three trustees for the State of Kansas, at the late Kansas State Architect's Association held in Topeka. This is an honor well deserved by Mr. Cook as an architect of ability and standing.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
C. A. Bowen, of Cherryvale, and J. T. Ray, of Newton, have started a boot and shoe store in the room formerly occupied by Smith & Zook, and are putting in a good stock. Mr. Bowen is here, his partner not having yet arrived.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
Alfred Farnsworth, nephew of our Bob, arrived Friday from Iowa. Mr. Farnsworth started December 13th, with 25 head of cows, driving them through about 600 in this time. This was a pretty quick trip, considering the weather.
[Above item is most confusing. Not certain I understand it.]
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
Bert Crapster, the smiling collector of tariff at the Brettun portals, is off for a visit at his old home, Hampton, Illinois. He started just in time to strike the snow blockades of this big storm. He is entitled to a good visit and of course he'll have it.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
A. J. Thompson has been confined to his house several days by a tumble into the Farmers' Bank cellar. Mr. Thompson was admiring the fine building and got a little too far "leeward" and went under. We are glad to report he will be out shortly.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
Miss Jennie Hane, formerly so well known and popular in Winfield society, returned Saturday from two years' absence in Illinois. She is the guest of Mrs. W. J. Wilson and will remain some weeks. Her many friends are delighted at her return.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
Sol Burkhalter, the facetious and big-hearted Sol, was out with his cutter Wednesday and gave our scribe a whirl around town. The snow drifted too much and fell mostly on ground too rough to make very good sleighing, though on some streets it goes first rate.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
James Hill, E. B. Wingate, and J. N. Young, of the K. C. & S. W., have been out at Anthony this week, looking to the extension of the western branch of their line to that place. They were enthusiastically received and agreed on bond propositions to be submitted at once.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
Dr. N. E. Charlton, brother of G. W. Bryson, who has been quartered at the Central several weeks, arrived Friday from Forest Hill, Indiana. The Doctor and Mr. Bryson have determined to locate in the west in the drug business, and are very much taken with Winfield.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
THE COURIER devil is a great philosopher for a youth of his age. He contributes this gem, for which the reader will readily pardon him. "When a printer asks his girl to give him a proof of her love, she locks her form up in his embrace and he puts his imprint on it."

Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
Captain C. E. Steuven, of Winfield, through the influence of Senator Hackney with Senator Plumb, has received an appointment as messenger to the United States senate, at a salary of $1,400 a year. Tally one more for Cowley County and for the G. A. R.'s.
Burden Eagle.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
Joseph O'Hare spent Friday in Grenola, assisting that city in a pounding case. The marshal had put in the city pound some stock he found running in the street in violation of the ordinance therein made and provided, and the owner fought the case. The pounder, the city, got there.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
Frank J. Hess was up from the Terminus Tuesday eve and paid County Treasurer Nipp about ten thousand dollars taxes, paid to him by various individuals whom he convenienced by saving them a tax-paying trip. It was the December half in full and a big wad to be turned in at once.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
Frank Anderson, the jolly heavy-weight of the S. C. Moody & Co. Paper company, of Kansas City, is hung up at the Brettun, snow bond. We like his company and don't care how long he stays. Then the girls declare he can sing like a nightingale and play the piano like a professor.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
At the last meeting of the city rulers, a petition was presented by P. A. Huffman, J. R. Clark, T. J. Harris, C. A. Bliss, B. F. Wood, and E. S. Bliss, asking for an electric light franchise. These gentlemen look to the system being put in by Wichita, Newton, Emporia, and other towns of our size.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
Frank W. Finch has left us some canned Kansas County soil, showing as fine black loam and subsoil and porous than Cowley soil. Mr. Allen also has left us samples of three kinds of sandstone, the only kinds that county possesses, and of gypsum, a limey, alabaster substance.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
G. H. Allen got home Saturday night, on the delayed Santa Fe freight, from two weeks inspection of Richfield and Kansas County. He comes back with the fever, having located a claim and prepared for investments and partial location. Of course, all these Winfield folks will retain their permanent homes here.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
P. G. Van Vleet and wife, of Elmira, New York, have located in Winfield. He has rented the Bryan stone building on North Main and will enter the wholesale agricultural implement business—a regular commission, storage, transfer, and forwarding business for eastern manufacturers. He is a young man of vim and means.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.

G. H. Allen, who was six days snow bound at Kinsley on the Santa Fe train on his road to Kansas County, hands us a copy of "The B-B-Blizzard," a little paper published at Kinsley for the entertainment of the several hundred snowbound passengers. It was edited mostly by the passengers and published by the Kinsley Graphic.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
County Commissioner J. D. Guthrie, while in the city Friday, saw in THE DAILY that Geo. W. Kelly, of Saint Paris, Ohio, was at the Central. He hunted him up and found him to be a brother-in-law, whom he hadn't seen for twenty years. The last time they met, Mr. Guthrie was "best man" at Mr. Kelly's marriage. It was a happy meeting indeed.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
Word reaches us that Lon Stalter, wife and child, formerly living in Rock township, were frozen to death in Kansas County during the late storm. Mr. Stalter was a nephew of John Stalter and a son of David Stalter, who now lives near Udall. Mrs. Stalter was the daughter of John B. Holmes, who lives at Rock P. O. We have not learned any of the particulars.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
D. L. Kretsinger got home from Topeka today, having spent a week there in western county line manipulation. He says the D. M. & A. bill is on top, will pass Friday; the county line and other matters are on top and it is a very cold day when Cowley County gets left. He reports our delegation well and busy and standing right up with any of them. He left Capt. Nipp there to hold the fort till he returns next week.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
A. L. Schultz, the representative of THE WINFIELD COURIER, was circulating about town this week in the interests of that paper. A crowd of matter prevented the Sentinel giving notice of the presence of this shining necessary of the press, in our midst last week. Our neglect, however, will only be felt by those out of town, as this knight of the pencil has a happy faculty of making his presence known to those about him. Udall Sentinel.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
C. W. Pitts, who was convicted of selling mortgaged property and sentenced to twenty-four hours in jail and $116 costs, paid up this morning, and was released. He went before the County Commissioners Friday and pleaded for a release, but the game was "busted" by the Commissioners being informed that Pitts could and would raise the costs when the pinch came. Finding he couldn't saddle the county, he paid up.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
Mr. Geo. P. Schipper, of Chicago, and Miss Bertha Barnes were wed by Elder H. D. Gans at 1 o'clock Wednesday, at the home of the bride's mother, East Tenth avenue. Miss Barnes is well known among our young society people. She is pretty, vivacious, and substantial. Mr. Schipper is an energetic young businessman of South Chicago. The newly made pair will leave for their future home in Chicago, as soon as the snow blockade is cleared.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.

Mr. Nixie Ackerman and Miss Alice Godfrey came down from Latham, Saturday evening, preceded by a telegram informing Judge Gans to be at his office. A hack was in waiting at the depot and they were driven right to the Probate Judge's office, where the Judge cemented them. It was a little surprise to the Latham folks, who anticipated the wedding one evening this week. Mr. Ackerman is editor of the Latham Journal, and a young man of ability and energy. Himself and wife remained, guests of the Brettun, until 9 o'clock Sunday morning, when they took the Frisco for home. The bride is of El Dorado, and was visiting friends in Latham when this determination was reached.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
P. H. Albright & Co. want to engage the services of a good penman to do the work of writing on abstract books. Parties desiring a position of this kind may mail to them a sample of their handwriting of not less than ten lines. Let the writing include all the letters of the alphabet and the numerals. All applications must be by mail. None others will be entertained.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
Winfield, Kansas, June 29, 1886: J. C. Long having gone out of business, has left his books in my hands for settlement. Now, therefore, all persons knowing themselves indebted to J. C. Long, will please call at my office and make settlement at once. Respectfully,
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
We are going to move our yard uptown and will discount any prices for the next thirty days. A. H. McMaster & Co.
Other Developments in the Maple City Tragedy
That Appear to Make It a Cold-Blooded Murder.
Dr. Hart's Story.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.

Dr. G. H. J. Hart, who was arrested and brought up by Deputy Sheriff, Joe. Church, charged with complicity in the murder of John Snyder, swore out a warrant for John Marshall, Thursday. The Doctor was released until after the preliminary examination of Marshall, who was taken before Justice Buckman, Friday morning. The preliminary was set for February 8th, at one o'clock, with bonds at $5,000. Of course, Marshall can't give bonds and won't try. Dr. Hart's story gives a very different phase to this tragedy. Hart and Snyder were raised together and the Doctor thought a great deal of him. Snyder was a young man of refinement, was a good singer and talker, and performed nicely on the piano. Andrews' were the only ones in the neighborhood who had a good instrument and Snyder in this way got very friendly with the family. He thought a great deal of Miss Andrews. He admired her beauty and accomplishments, but was not particularly in love. He had been engaged for several years to a girl back east. He was raised in the south and was of that extremely sensitive southern nature, and when he heard what Marshall had said about himself and Miss Andrews, he told Hart that he proposed, before returning home to New Orleans, to give Marshall a good pounding. The Doctor tried to persuade him out of the idea; said it was a foolish thing to fight over, and to let it go. Nothing was said about any horse whipping: Snyder was going to leave the next day. "When we met Marshall Tuesday morning, Snyder started for him—I knew there would be a fight. Knowing that Snyder had no revolver, I thought there would be only a little knock down, and started around my team to get a view of the affair. Just as I got in plain view, only a few steps off, I noticed Marshall stoop over and as he raised up, brought out his revolver and fired. Snyder, on seeing the revolver, was just in the act of wheeling to run when the ball took him behind the left ear, coming out over his left eye. He fell over on his face, without uttering a word. I ran up and was going to pick him up when Marshall covered me and held me up. Snyder breathed only mechanically until 10 o'clock, when he died. He never knew, farther than the momentary sight of the revolver, what hurt him. He said not a word to Marshall. He never carried or owned a revolver in his life, and I never carried one but three days in my life. Neither of us had the sign of a weapon about us." The Doctor telegraphed to Snyder's parents at New Orleans today, took a casket down with him, and will inter the body tomorrow. Miss Andrews, who is postmistress at Maple City, is greatly distressed over the terrible tragedy in which she is innocently the central figure.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
Weekly report of tardiness for week ending Jan. 29, 1886.
High School. Teacher: W. N. Rice. Tardiness: 24
Grammar Teacher: Lou Gregg. Tardiness: 13
2nd Intermediate. Teacher: Lola Williams. Tardiness: 17
1st Intermediate. Teacher: Sada Davis. Tardiness: 7
1st Intermediate. Teacher: Maude Pearson. Tardiness: 7
1st Intermediate. Teacher. Ivy Crain. Tardiness: 13
2nd Intermediate. Teacher: Fannie Stretch. Tardiness: 3
2nd Primary. Teacher: Bertha Wallis. Tardiness: 14
2nd Primary. Teacher: Belle Bertram. Tardiness: 17
1st Primary. Teacher: Jessie Stretch. Tardiness: 15
1st Primary. Teacher: Mary Berkey. Tardiness: 20
1st Primary. Teacher: Josie Pixley. Tardiness: 11
2nd Intermediate. Teacher: Flo Campbell. Tardiness: 6
1st Intermediate. Teacher: Mrs. Leavitt. Tardiness: 7
2nd Primary. Teacher: Clara Davenport. Tardiness: 1
1st Primary. Teacher: Mary Randall. Tardiness: 8
2nd Intermediate. Teacher: Lillie Dickie. Tardiness: 12
1st Intermediate. Teacher: Mattie Gibson. Tardiness: 6
2nd Primary. Teacher: Mary Hamill. Tardiness: 15
1st Primary. Teacher: Mary Bryant. Tardiness: 8

It will be observed from the above that in the central ward the fewest cases of tardiness were found in Miss Fannie Stretch's room, while the largest per cent of attendance was in Miss Pearson's department. In the second ward Miss Campbell's department has not a single case of tardiness, while Miss Davenport's follows closely with only one case and the highest per cent of attendance. In the third ward Miss Gibson's room was free from cases of tardiness and also had the highest per cent of attendance. It is very important that the patrons assist the part of the pupils. There will be a change in the ringing of the school bell beginning with tomorrow. The second ringing of the bell will begin at 10 minutes before nine and continue for three minutes when it will toll until nine o'clock. In the afternoon the first ringing of the bell will be from one o'clock till five minutes after. The second ringing of the bell will begin at twenty minutes past one and continue for ten minutes as in the morning.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
Died, on the 29th inst., at the home of Mrs. Josiah Wallace, four miles north of Winfield, Mrs. Janette Bunyan, wife of J. W. Bunyan. Mrs. Bunyan, was born February 28th, 1859, in Shelby County, Illinois, and lived 26 years, 11 months, and 2 days. She made a profession of faith in Christ in 1874 in the Methodist Church near the place of her birth. In 1878 she came to Cowley County, Kansas, and in 1880 she was married to J. W. Bunyan, of Pratt County, Illinois, where she resided until 1883, when they returned to Cowley County. She united with the Christian Church in 1883 and was a devoted member of that church until the day of her death. She was the mother of two bright little daughters, Nona and Leo, aged respectively five and one years. Her disease was that fatal disease, consumption. For the past year she has been a great sufferer. Her only regret seemed to be that which exists in the heart of every true mother and wife, the parting with her children and companion. She was not afraid to face death. One of her favorite songs was "Gates Ajar." She had the family sing these beautiful words while she was passing over the river. The funeral services were held in the Baptist church on Sunday, last, at 2:30 p.m., conducted by Rev. J. H. Reider, the pastor.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
The boys tell a good one on Dr. Wells. Going out into the country early Monday morning, he found his progress impeded on the west bridge by a farmer, who was pounding a balky mule across the head with a club. The Doctor naturally took a great deal of interest in this proceeding, and jumping out, accosted the farmer: "My friend, what is the trouble?" "Trouble! Can't you see; here I've been for a solid hour trying to get this mule to move, and he won't move an inch. Airn't this trouble enough?" "Hold on, my friend, I think I can assist you," said the Doctor, going up to the mule, looking him in the eye and at the same time opening his medicine case. He took out a small phial and pouring a little into the mule's mouth, stepped back. The animal gave one spring and was gone. The farmer stretched his neck around the corner of the bridge only to behold his mule going like the wind, when he grabbed the Doctor around the neck, exclaiming: "Doctor, give me some of that medicine, quick, so I can catch that mule in five minutes." But it was no go: his muleship had cleaned the bottle, and the mule is supposed now to be in Kansas County rapidly nearing the Colorado line.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.

Taylor & O'Connor have opened a fine display of Queensware in the new building of I. W. Randall on South Main just south of the St. James Hotel. They make an exclusive business of Queensware and everything in this line. Their store room is one of the most commodious in Kansas and they handle only first class goods. You can get anything here you desire from the cheapest set to the dearest. The gentlemen composing this firm come among us highly recommended as gentlemen and businessmen, and making an exclusive business of this line can suit you in anything. Winfield has long needed a store of this kind. This store Saturday was crowded with admiring customers, who where astonished at the unusually low prices, and the grand display. You have no need of sending off for fine queensware, but just step in and see them. And remember all goods go at cost for the next fifteen days.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
Lincoln Addensell, the young man of mild lunacy, who was adjudged insane some time ago, and was in charge of Frank W. Finch, awaiting an order of admission to the asylum, got away from the jail Monday, in the momentary absence of a watchful eye. Though he had but a minute's start, the darkness and blinding snow put him out of sight. The jail force were out all night in search of him, but got no track farther than the information that he was met by a couple of ladies on the street last night, with whom he feigned acquaintance and wanted to shake hands. He had on no overcoat and no gloves. He is a rather heavy set young man, looking about 23; an Englishman, with light, summery moustache, large head with soft hat creased in a crown; heavy steel watch chain with gold locket, containing two pictures. It was such a terrible night that unless he found shelter, he must have frozen. Anyone knowing anything about him will confer a favor by sending word to the jail at once.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.

It had been so long since we heard anything from Charles Stratton, better known as "Tom Thumb," that it was with no little surprise we saw his article in a late issue of the COURIER. We are accustomed to opposition from the living, but it is enough to cause those who hold the subject dear to their hearts to tremble, lest the foundation of hope already lain, must give way, and we finally see Woman Suffrage totter, yes, fall, never to rise again. But hold! A cloud with silver lining appears upon our dejected horizon and from it we take courage. Me thinks few of our sex would have feared "Tom Thumb" when alive, and now that he comes up kicking from the grave, we'll consider his size and faint not, fear not. As long as higher power sends no greater delegate to war against us, than this midget, we will deem the opposition but slight, just enough to keep up a lively boom, that condition of things so necessary to success in this our day. In perusing his article I was reminded of a conversation held between Josiah Allen and his wife on the same question. He, like Tommy, deemed woman out of her sphere as a voter, and was sure the home and the family would suffer in consequence. Mrs. Allen forever allayed his fears by proving a contrary result, reminding him of the time she carried one of her most valued fowls to the fair, in order that its worth and influence might go out into the world. Josiah fretted lest it be of no account hereafter, but what did it do but make a nest, and lay two eggs right there while the cackling drew a crowd around her. Thus proving that a hen would not become unhenly, neither would a woman become unwomanly because her sphere was widened, and she permitted to use her influence beyond the walls of home. Mrs. Allen remarks that when a hawk comes to the farmyard, while the rooster proudly struts around, the hens set up a cackle, and it is they who save the chicks nine times out of ten. Thus it is with woman. As sister, wife, and mother, she has an interest at stake, gigantic enough, that if it stood utterly alone (which it does not) would cause her to desire the ballot. Her family is in danger as long as drunkard manufactories are allowed to run. Volumes could be written filled with the suffering, wrongs, blighted hopes, and buried joys. No wonder her prayers and pleadings have gone upward and outward asking that the ballot may be placed in her pure hands, assured that with one mighty sweep old king alcohol would share Goliath's fate. One of our Senators said not long since, he did not believe the majority of women desired the ballot; when they did, he would vote for it. This may be true. But if it required the one, true, and living God, six days instead of one to create the universe, we need not expect to cry out victory at the first signs of success. Woman is wiser and better appreciated today than she was ages ago. Time only is needed in order to prove her truly a helpmate to mankind. Oh, ye who dwell in congressional halls, ye "wise men of the east, yes, and the west also, like Napoleon, you sigh for other worlds to conquer, anything, yea, everything is within your grasp. You all had a mother, many of you have wives and sisters, most of you have capable, precious daughters, why not continue to open up the way until the cry of 'whosoever will may come,'" and aid in the enlightenment and emancipation of the entire race, is heard from Maine to California, from the lakes to the Gulf. Let the old adage of "in union there is strength" be verified and me thinks not only Josiah Allen, but "Tom Thumb" and all their stalwart brethren will rejoice that in a time of need God gave to man the vote of woman. MRS. J. A. RUPP.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
They didn't make it so slick this time. It was a bad night to go clothes lining, but they did it, and at the residence of D. Berkey, Manning street, they saw a line with a fine lot of ghostly array that were caught out by the storm and incapacitated for indoors. Their visit was too early, and they had hardly got their arms full of various mentionable and unmentionable apparel, stripping the line, before members of the family "caught on," and telephoned to the jail to the officials, and Mrs. Bishop, and Misses Mary and Eva Berkey started on the track of the thieves, easily followed in the snow, but made pretty hard by the blinding storm. They got but four or five blocks, when Frank W. Finch and Joe Church arrived from the jail, took the track, and the young ladies returned home. The tracks went west along the S. K. railroad, across the bridge, and to the house over the river where Knowles used to live. The thieves had got home, laid their booty on a chair, and were warming up. When the officials went in, the woman grabbed up the clothes, a large bundle, and valuables, and with the boys darted through a room and outdoors, Church after them. He soon caught the boys. The woman threw the clothes in the snow, and coming around the corner of the house, came in to the fire, where Finch and the old man were holding things down. The boys are William and Stephen George, and were lodged in jail. They refused to plead guilty and today William's wife, who threw the clothes in the snow, was arrested as an accomplice. The family have been here about two years. Mrs. Bishop and the Misses Berkey certainly showed much pluck in securing the capture of these thieves.
The nocturnal purloiners were before Judge Buckman this afternoon and their trial was set for Friday at 9 o'clock.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
The jury in the case of Francis J. Sessions vs. John P. Strickland arrived at a verdict Saturday night, just one minute before twelve o'clock. The Plaintiff was awarded $437. Sessions sold $800.00 worth of cattle in New York, to Dan Strickland, who died soon after the cattle were shipped to Arkansas City. John P. Strickland received the cattle and claimed that Dan owed nothing on them. The evidence proved different. This case has been in our District Court since 1883, without a trial till now.
Adam N. Schuster vs. Lewis H. Slaten: judgment by default for $94.70 and interest at 12 per cent.
Various motions for new trials in cases vs. K. C. & S. W. were overruled, with judgments on the verdicts, cases to be settled on five days notice.
Motion to confirm sale of the Winfield Creamery, in which M. L. Read is plaintiff, was sustained.
The motion for a new trial in Sessions vs. Strickland was overruled, case to be settled on ten days notice.
Court adjourned to February 22nd, when a short term will be held. Judge Torrance and Stenographer Raymond went over to Howard this evening to open the Elk County court.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
Cowley always gets there. The D., M. & A. bill, formulated, presented, and worked up by Cowley's delegation, passed the House Monday, and is ready for the Governor's signature. It legalizes the charter of the Company and validates all bonds voted to it. This ends a long and tedious suspense. There is no doubt now that the company has everything in readiness to begin active operations as soon as the frost is out of the ground. The leaders of this movement, our C. C. Black, prominent among them, have displayed pluck and energy wonderful. They went in to give Winfield and Southern Kansas one of the most valuable railroads in the west and nothing has daunted them. Time, money, and brains have been largely expended, backed by wonderfully zealous public spirit. The D., M. & A. will be running into Winfield by June 1st, if not before. The Florence, El Dorado & Walnut Valley will strike us even before that, giving us five of the best railroads in Kansas, with good prospects for more. Verily, the Queen of the Valley boometh with a double-concentrated boom—the pride of every citizen and the envy of all surroundings.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
The Christian Church has called Elder J. W. Vawter, of Marion, Iowa. He has accepted and preaches his first sermon here next Sunday. Regarding his departure, the ministers' meeting of Marion adopted the following, which we get from the Pilot of that city.
"WHEREAS, our Brother, Rev. J. W. Vawter, pastor of the Christian Church, is about to leave his present charge for a new field of labor in Winfield, Kansas.

Resolved, That we take this occasion to express our sincere regret for his departure from his present field, where he has worked so faithfully and so efficiently; from our community, where he is highly esteemed by all, and from our Ministerial Union, where his presence and counsels have ever given us great pleasure and profit. And we desire to bear testimony to his loyalty and earnestness in preaching and toiling for the cause of Christ. We commend him most heartily to the society and people where he may labor in the future. Our prayers and best wishes accompany Brother Vawter and family.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
Henry Edwards, the east 7th avenue blacksmith, residing in the old Rodgers property on South Main, thinks he was robbed Sunday in a manner very slick. When himself and wife came home from church last night, they thought they heard someone upstairs, but the sound dying down, they thought no more of it. He put his pants, containing $180 and his shop key, under his pillow. This morning they were lying on the floor and the pockets emptied. He thinks there is no doubt but what someone came in the back door, which was unlocked, and did the cute act.
[Continued from 1st page.]
C. M. Wood's Story Continued.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.

In June 1869 while I was trading in my store one morning, a large number of Indians came in, looking as if they meant mischief. A young buck came to me and said how much Wabusky (flour) one pony? showing me a pony at the door. I told him that I was not trading for ponies; that I had no use for them and if I had, that I could not take care of them now; but that at some other time I might be able to accommodate him; that if I should trade for one that he would steal it from me; at which he laughed and said: "No, me take care of it for you; me good Indian, me no steal." Finding that he could not prevail upon me to trade, he became offended and in an excited manner said: "You came here to trade and you must trade or we will kill you and burn your house." I told him that I was not afraid of their killing anybody, that I was running my own business, and should continue to do so as long as I could; whereupon he turned and went away, saying in a vehement manner, "pesha," meaning bad. A few minutes after the above occurrence, while I was standing in the back end of the store, the house being pretty well filled with Indians, many of them sitting on the floor, two young bucks came rushing in at the front door. While a third buck rode close up to the same door on a pony, the first two, taking up a sack of flour (one at each end) started for the door. Discovering their intention I bounded across the house, reaching the door first, stopped them, and with all the authority of voice I could muster, ordered them to put that flour back where they got it, which was obeyed without the least hesitation. I then caught the nearest one by his scalp lock, slung him through the door, and with my foot landed him heels over head on the ground outside. Making after the other one, who was active enough to partially dodge me, I only got one kick in his breech-clout, which sent him also through the door. The two Indians broke and ran down across the prairie toward the encampment, occasionally looking back to see what was coming next. The Indians sitting down jumped to their feet, ran to the door, hollowing after the victims, saying, "Squaw! Squaw!" meaning coward. At this time a large, fine looking Indian came up to me and patted me on the shoulder, saying, "Heap brave white man." I felt much flattered on my success in disposing of those fellows as I knew this to be the signal for a general onslaught upon my goods; and had I flinched in the least, it would have been "Good bye, John," and no one could have told where they would have stopped.
About two hours after the above occurred and while I was taking in buckskins, coon skins, etc., and putting out flour, sugar, coffee, salt, and other articles—everything seemingly going on as well as could be expected—all at once a flame of fire burst through the floor, next and at the middle of the north side of the house; but as luck would have it again, I happened to have about half a bucket of water and was able to put the fire out. I then ran out of the house with my navy in my hand and fully determined to use it, but the Indians committing the deed were too far away making lively tricks for camp.
While all of the above mentioned circumstances were taking place, Mr. Patterson, Mr. Stansbury, and the other two young men were standing ready to take a hand at any time should it become necessary; but I had instructed them to take no action until I called upon them as I was afraid that they might do something rash that might be the cause of much damage. I, myself, had some experience with Indians, and had consulted with some of the oldest and most successful Indian traders in the west as to what course to take in case I got in a tight place. Up to this time I found that my instructions had been correct and worked like a charm. About half an hour before we were to leave the store, large numbers of Indians came and wanted to trade. We accommodated them as far as we could, but found the trade not very agreeable, as many attempts at stealing were made. In one case, when Mr. Patterson was giving one of them some sugar, he at once commenced to help himself, whereupon Mr. Patterson caught him and threw him across the house and was about to strike him with his fist when I hallowed out, "Don't strike; hold on, what's the matter?" Then the Indian came running to me, saying, "Pesha white man strike me," I said, "No, he shall not strike you if you will be good and not steal from us." I should have let Mr. Patterson hit the Indian; but we had got along so well thus far that I considered our real safety consisted in holding our own without bringing on a collision in which no doubt the Indians would have done us up in "short meter." The reader will remember that Indians were on the east of us, Indians on the south of us, and the raging Walnut on the west of us, also the rattling Dutch (now Timber) creek on the north of us, so you see we could not have run from the Indians had we desired to do so; therefore, we had to remain here and make the best of the "Pig in the Pen" condition.

After getting away and getting up the Walnut river, I found that it was reported that "Woods' ranch had been cleaned out and he and several other men had been killed." These reports were willingly circulated by some of the Douglass people, believing that such reports would build up their point and would ruin our enterprise. Imagine how one would feel upon meeting strangers after such an experience and hear them recount to you how you had been murdered and plundered by the noble red man, the stranger not knowing who you were. Such was our experience. Those whom I met who knew me, seemed certain that I was dead, and expressed much surprise upon meeting me alive and well, full of hope, not daunted in the least, as everything that seemed to happen to restore our undertaking made us more determined than ever. Such was the spirit manifested by all, or nearly all, of the first settlers of this beautiful valley.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
Even in an enterprising, progressive, and progressive city as Winfield, you find the chronic kicker. No matter how much money he makes—though his property double and treble in value, he can always be seen wobbling his tongue against every movement that comes up for the advancement of the city. His excuses are as unfounded as the stairway to the moon. But, bless the Lord, there is one thing he never kicks on—raking in the benefits after the public-spirited men of the city have secured them. We heard a man kicking on the grand victory we have just secured in getting the Santa Fe, throwing in some venom about the undesirability of this county in general, when he has made more money since locating here a year ago than he did in the whole ten years before. His first investment was a house and lot for $3,000 that he wouldn't take $6,000 for today. Then he bought a farm for two thousand dollars and not a week ago was offered $12,000 with the few improvements that he had added. And several other investments have "panned" equally well. Still he kicks. He will always kick—yes, will even try to kick off the old man with his death scythe when he comes around. Look at some more of the kickers. Who are they? Men who have made about everything they've got here—made it by standing around and gobbling the results of other's labor and vim. Every progressive movement is met by them with a whining squeal—until it is a settled thing and the fruits begin to roll in. Then they shut their mouth, throw their eyes open, and grab. Brace up! Put your shoulder to the wheel of progress and entitle yourself, Mr. Kicker, to a share of the benefits. It will make you feel like a man, make you feel that a share of the city's wonderful development and prosperity is due to your enterprise and labor. Suppose everybody, from the founding of Winfield, had been just like you, giving their boot to every progressive movement that was sprung, what would our city be today? What would you or anybody else be worth? Wake up! Get into the trades, seek harmony and concentration join our onward march and you will not only be happy, wise, and wealthy, but when you die, we will all chip in and buy you a monument. It is the men who are always foremost in everything for the upbuilding of the moral, material, and general welfare of our city that we delight in honoring. Forswear your kinship to Mr. Balaam's animal and quit kicking. When you feel like kicking anybody or anything that is liable to bring good to our people or city, go off in the dark and kick yourself.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
Thomas C. Brown and Coraline M. Ridgeway; Elmer G. McKown and Belle Evans got authority today that will tie the silken cords of oneness.
R. B. Averman was appointed guardian of the persons and estate of Sarah J. Whitehead, a minor.
Johnathan Duncan filed inventory of the personal estate of C. F. Smith, deceased.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.

I hereby give notice to the public that I will make a discount of 15 per cent in all suits and overcoats until March 1st. I do this to dispose of my fall and winter stock and make room for my spring goods, and to give as much employment as possible to my hands during the dull season. This is no humbug. Try me. A. Herpich, merchant tailor, over Henry Goldsmith's.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
Tuesday was Ground Hog Day. This is the day when he wakes up, rubs his eyes, and while the old lady is rustling around getting up the breakfast, he steps out doors, for the first time during the winter, and looks for his shadow. He had a tough time of it today. Old man Boreas, the measly, unstable "cuss," had completely blockaded Mr. Ground Hog's door with snow and he had to summon the whole family and borrow all the D., M. & A. shovels to dig out. He found a reception that made him hoist his bristles, double up his spine, and put on a heavy covering of profound meditation and rheumatism. Placing his dirt-rimmed specks on his railback nose, he frolicked around in the snow, knocking down everybody that passed, with a snow-ball. But he couldn't find his shadow: too thick to make one, probably, being of the Arkansaw tribe, and went back into his hole and told the old lady and "younguns" that it was mighty squeamish up here, but to wake up, wash their snoots, and get ready to go browsing, for spring is near at hand—and they had slept enough anyhow. If he had seen his shadow, it would have been six more weeks blizzard and sleep. The old superstition, or similar ones, prevail all over the world. In Germany it is the badger who goes through these gymnastics; in France and Switzerland, it is the marmot; in England, the hedge hog. The Scandinavian fables the bear into waking up in like manner, and seeing the sun shining into his den. He then turns over and goes to sleep again, for he knows the winter is only half gone. There are no persons in this country who believe in the ground hog superstition more firmly than the negroes of the Southern states, who seem to have brought a similar fable with their lore of Brer Rabbit from the shores of Africa. Now the question is, how does a small natural history fable like this appear simultaneously on the continents, and respect itself interminably through the ages? It is not because it has any foundation in truth, for one has only to take note of the absolute weather conditions on this and succeeding days for a few seasons to prove it a pure fiction. And yet some people go on believing in the fable and repeating old saws about it, such as: "The farmer would rather see a wolf in his barn than the sun on Candlemas day," or, "As far as the sun shines in at the door on the second of February, so far the snow will drift in on the 2nd of May," and so on. The only foundation for the fable seems to be the general truth that pleasant weather in February is liable to be followed by a change, and a chilly spring, But the age of such superstitions is fast dying out. This is the time of practical realities. We don't depend on "nothin."
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.

Tuesday night was a terrible one to be burned out of house and home. But the fates question not weather, financial condition, or probable results when they come down with destructive hand. The little home of Mr. and Mrs. Lewis Belveal, out in Alexandria, at the foot of the 8th avenue mound, was burned last night between 7 and 8 o'clock. It caught from the flue. In the morning the house was fired between the rafters in the attic, but was discovered, and put out. But the flue was bad, running from the ceiling up, and the sparks dropped down between the main wall last night, and was discovered by the roar when almost the whole north side of the house was in flames. This is half a mile out of the fire limits. Mr. Belveal is seventy-two years old and very badly palsied. His wife is sixty-five and was sick in bed with lung fever. A daughter was with them when the fire caught. Neighbors rushed in, carried the old folks to a neighbor's, and got out some of the household goods, which were very scanty to begin with. Mr. Belveal owned this little house and has an acre of ground there. The rent from a little house down town, $5 a month, has been the only dependence of himself and wife during the winter. He has three sons, all married, who have families living near him. One of them is a plasterer and the others are farmers. Of course, during the severe weather of the past six weeks, they could do nothing and having no sinking fund, are having a hard time to pull through.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
All results pronounce this even a worse storm than the one of January 7th. The snow was very heavy and drifted into great banks that are almost impregnable. The rail is blockaded all over the state, and in many places in the east. There will be no main line Santa Fe trains for even a longer time than the January blockade. Winfield has not had a train since Monday evening. The east bound S. K. train, due here at 10:30 yesterday morning, is stuck at Grenola, and can't tell when it will get through, as the Flint Hill cuts are chock full of heavily packed snow. The Frisco train started up from Arkansas City Tuesday morning, but only got a few miles when it had to crawfish back. The Santa Fe train, due here at 11:58 Tuesday, is stopped at Udall by a snow drift, and will probably get down this evening. All the engines and men on this end of the divisions of our three lines are bucking in, but have a mighty big job on their hands. The S. K, and S. F. trains have orders to make Winfield as soon as possible and to remain here till the lines are cleared. We are without mail from anywhere, and Uncle Sam's boys at the post office are having a fine vacation—answering the persistent questions of the chronic mail fiends. The suffering in the western counties must be intense. They scarcely had time to lay in fuel between the opening of the last blockade and the advent of this one.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
Dr. W. P. Rothrock and wife, of Winfield, Kansas, arrived in the city Sunday on second day express, and were the guests of Mr. and Mrs. Charles T. Wilson. They are on a protracted visit to friends in Lock Haven, of which place Mrs. Rothrock is a native. Dr. Rothrock formerly published the Clinton Tribune, succeeding his brother, R. W. Rothrock, who purchased the paper from Mr. A. J. Greer, now of this city, January 1, 1851: thirty-five years ago. Dr. Rothrock is a pleasant, intelligent gentlemen, and delighted the founder of the Clinton paper with reminiscences of old-time friends on the West Branch, and gave an interesting and at times humorous history of matters and things in his western home. The Tribune wishes the doctor and his excellent companion an enjoyable visit among their many friends. Altoona Tribune.

The doctor was among our callers on Monday afternoon, the picture of health, happiness, and contentment. He and Mrs. Rothrock are the guests of W. P. Mitchell and family of this city. Clinton Republican.
The above refers to our esteemed fellow citizen, Dr. Rothrock.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
Wellington is badly stirred up over the order of General Manager Barnes to move the Wellington division of the S. K. railroad to Winfield as soon as the weather breaks. This division extends from Cherryvale to Wellington and from Wellington to Medicine Lodge. It has small machine shops and the headquarters of the train master, the division superintendent, road master, and several other minor officials. This is the first move toward establishing the shops, round houses, and headquarters at Winfield of the Santa Fe's three divisions. And so we march on, laying it right over all competitors.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
Having sold my interest in the Coal and Wood business to Ivan A. Robinson, I take this method of thanking my friends and patrons for their liberal patronage in the past five years, and would respectfully ask a continuance to my successor, Mr. Robinson, Respectively,
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
40 acres of land joining Winfield on the south. Two good dwellings, young orchard, two corrals, fish pond of two acres, well fenced, as good for gardening or small fruit as on the Walnut river. Call at Ira Kyger's second hand store, 1017 Main.
The Facts in the Maple City Murder As Elicited by Coroner Wells' Examination.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
Coroner H. L. Wells and Capt. H. H. Siverd, after nearly two days' examination, concluded the inquest on the body of John Snyder, at Maple City, Saturday afternoon. Thirty-two witnesses were examined. The jury, J. G. Shreves, Geo. Eaton, H. S. Libbey, S. S. Blakesley, and P. S. Gilgis, returned a verdict that John Snyder came to his death on January 27, 1886, from a pistol shot fired by John W. Marshall. About the only new facts developed, other than those given in THE COURIER, came from William Clay, father-in-law of John Marshall, the murderer. He said: "Three or four days before the shooting, I met Jack Snyder crossing the street. He said, 'Where is Marshall?' I answered, 'In the house.' He said: 'I am going for the s of a b before I leave town.'"
"There was a dance at my house during the holidays and Snyder, who was there, handed me a revolver, saying he did not like to have it jolting up and down in his pocket while he was dancing. I laid it in the bureau drawer. When he came for it in the morning, he said, 'It is not a nice thing to carry, but I hain't gone without one since I was a boy.'"
Robt. E. Howe said that Dr. Hart did buy a whip of him within the week before the tragedy. Hart told him he bought it to whip a dog with.

Leo J. Arithus said: "I saw Snyder in Arthaton's store on January 22nd. His whip was hanging on a nail behind the counter and he asked one of the boys to hand it to him. He rolled it up and stuck it under his vest. I said, I suppose you are going to jump into some old cripple? He said, 'No, but I give you a pointer that I am going to use it.' Dr. Hart soon came in and the subject of horse-whipping Marshall came up."
Mr. Drury said, "I understand that you are going to hold Marshall up with a pistol while Snyder whips him? Dr. Hart answered, 'That is the way of it.'"
Mr. Drury continued, "That kind of business has never been done in this county and the people will not allow it. If Marshall has done him wrong, the law should punish. Hart said, 'You would not want your wife or sister brought into law. I intend to stand there with my pistol in my pocket and see that Jack whips him and that no one interferes.'"
E. A. Goodrich said: "I met Dr. Hart at Arthaton's store. He said, 'Wait a few minutes and you will see some fun. Jack is going to horse-whip Marshall.' I told him he could not do it. He answered, 'I am going to stand by see it done.' I told him the people would not allow it. He said: 'How can they help it and me with this,' showing me a revolver. I then went to Justice of the Peace A. Gilkey, and told him to stay in town or appoint someone to watch and stop the trouble. He said he would stay himself."
John Drury: "On Jan. 22nd I saw Dr. Hart in my store and asked him if it was true that he had said he was going to hold Marshall up with a revolver while Snyder whipped him with a horse whip. He first denied it, then said if he had said it, he said it in a passion. He believed it ought to be done and in his country (New Orleans) it would be done. Other talk was had when Hart called me out on the steps and said he would take back all he said—he didn't mean a word of it and he wasn't positive he had said it, and anyhow he didn't intend to do it."
Melinda Clay, mother-in-law of Marshall, said she had seen both Hart and Snyder have revolvers at her house. She had heard Marshall say he should protect himself if they went for him. Heard Marshall say he was afraid Snyder would attack him and that he would prepare himself for defense.
H. B. Wiser: "On the 10th I went to get medicine of Hart and he told me he was going to leave the next Friday—he wouldn't stay in a place where they slandered so much. I told him that I would not pay any attention to that. We need a good doctor here and I wanted him to stay. He said he was going to have his partner give a son of a b a good whipping before he left. They would whip him just like a nigger in New Orleans—horse-whip him. I told him he had better let that out. The neighbors would not stand it. He might get hurt doing the deed. He said he was not afraid; he would hold his 'pop' down on Marshall while his partner did the business."
Dr. Hart's testimony, touching the whipping points only slightly, is in exact contradiction of the evidence as given above. He swore that himself or Snyder were not armed at the time of the shooting and never were. Also that Marshall held him up, after firing the fatal shot, and had a passing school boy search him; that no weapons or whip was found on either he or Snyder.

Capt. Siverd showed us the revolver and bullet this morning. The weapon is a 32-calibre, double-action Smith & Wesson. The bullet's course, from the evidence, indicates that Snyder was turning to run when the ball struck him—behind the left ear, going through the brain over the left eye, glancing and lodging over the right eye. The bullet was badly mashed. Nothing regarding Miss Andrews or the reports circulated by Marshall about her and Snyder were brought out in the evidence.
Velvet and Velveteens.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
During the next ten days we will offer to the ladies of Winfield and Cowley County unheard of bargains in black and colored velvets and velveteens. To prove our assertion we will give a few prices.
Lot 1. Black and colored velveteens including all new shades, good quality, at the low price of 58 cents a yard.
Lot 2. Ten pieces of sorted new colors and best quality at 78 cents a yard.
Lot 3. An elegant quality of silk velvet, all colors, at 88 cents a yard.
Lot 4. A much better and wider goods, former price $2.25, present price $1.70 a yard.
Lot 5. A very handsome brocaded silk velvet, three different colors, former price $2.75; present price $1.90 a yard.
At these prices they are positively the cheapest goods ever offered, and we invite the ladies to call in and examine them whether they wish to purchase or not. Respectfully,
M. HAHN & Co., 819 Main Street
We are agents for Butterick's Patterns.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
A number of parents whose small children are excluded from the city schools, or made to attend out of their ward, are asking loudly the reason. They think that with the six additional rooms of the central building, the number of pupils crowded out of the schools should be diminished. This was the earnest hope in the construction of this $14,000 addition, and though the school population has increased considerably in the last year, those who are deprived of school privileges can't understand the necessity of excluding nearly as many children as last winter, before the addition was built. They think there is radical wrong in the executive management and charge various useless confusions in all the departments this winter, an unsettled state of affairs that needs a remedy badly, and will cut a big figure in the next selection of a superintendent. If Prof. Gridley has an explanation that will ease down these complaints, THE COURIER will be glad to give him an opportunity.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
No. 26. A farm of 160 acres, barn worth $1,000, buggy shed, granaries, corn cribs, and good dwelling of four rooms, 2½ miles from railroad station. Price, $3,200, if sold before March 1st.
No. 27. 80 acres 20 miles from Winfield, good 3 room house, small barn, and other valuable improvements. Price, $1,200, if sold in ten days.
No. 28. 80 acres 2 miles from Winfield. Price, $40 per acre.
No. 29. 40 acres within 1 mile of Winfield, will be sold in small tracts if desired, at $60 per acre, to parties who will improve.
The above are the best bargains in Cowley County, and will be sold, "don't you forget it." H. T. SHIVVERS.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
Messrs. Gregg & Rice, the new firm of fruit men who have located in our city, have closed a contract with D. Rodocker, whereby they agree to plant 120 acres of Mr. Rodocker's farm in Pleasant Valley township, in fruit trees, and to have it stocked in the course of three years. Gregg & Rice are to bear all the expenses, Mr. Rodocker to furnish the land, and as soon as the trees begin to bear, Gregg & Rice will start a canning establishment. They will also make a specialty of fruit for the market, and in connection will run a nursery. The profits are to be divided equally between the first and second parties. The land is a valuable place for this business, laying on the Frisco, and is well adapted for such purposes. It looks like a good thing for all parties interested.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
On and after March 1st, 1886, the sw ¼ of section 3, township 33, range 3, in Beaver township, owned by A. B. Story. A. H. Green, Agent.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.

"Eight or ten years ago I knew everybody in Winfield," said an old settler this morning as he gazed into the benign countenance of our sanctum stove. "Now I scarcely know anybody. The city is getting very aristocratic. We never see any of that old-fashioned, general commingling and sociability." And he was right, in a measure. For a city of its size, age, and fashion, Winfield is remarkably social. But we have passed the pioneer period. It was way back yonder that a strange gentleman could arrive on Wednesday morning, by stage or "schooner," and was acquainted with everybody in town by Friday night. Those were the times of genuine free-heartedness and sociability. Nearly all the men were bachelors, or had run away from their families in the east, and a dozen marriageable girls constituted the wealth of the town. The old settler tells us about how the dances, church socials, and various "doin's" of that golden age eclipsed our modern balls, swell receptions, etc. Winfield, according to Kansas chronology, is an old place. In the pioneer days of old log and "upright" shanties, a man stayed in his apology of a home as little as possible. He was anxious to go "down town," to go to any "show"—to go anywhere. He would rather stand in the middle of the street for two hours (for we had no such blasted blizzards as this in those days) and talk to a man than to go into his home. The shanties have all grown into stately residences with all modern comforts and conveniences, and the "old man" finds enjoyment supreme in sitting, with THE DAILY COURIER in hand, at his glowing fireside around which prattle bright, pretty children, watched over by an intelligent, loving wife, instead of rushing down town to meet World, Flesh, Devil, and the other boys. With the growth of the city has come the divisions into cliques and parties to suit, and instead of coming into town, as of old, and in three days becoming a promising candidate for the city council, the newcomer must bide his time; the ladies must await the calls of courtesy, and drop gradually into their selected "set." He who would see the genuine social freedom of old, where everybody knows everybody, must seek some younger town than Winfield. Now-a-days few know who the newcomers are, they come so thick and fast—where they are from or what are their claims of recognition. It is impossible to keep track of them all—even THE DAILY news gatherer, who makes it a business, can't do it. We are getting metropolitan.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
The Baptist and Presbyterian churches were packed Sunday eve for the union services conducted by the pastors of the city.
The mud didn't interfere with church attendance Sunday—every church crowded as usual. Our preachers give intellectual as well as spiritual treats there by catching both saint and sinner.
The A. M. E. folks had their usual services Sunday, with a good sermon by Rev. Young, the pastor. With the recent addition to their building, the colored folks have a very commodious place of worship.
Elder H. D. Gans preached at the Christian church Sunday morning from Job xxxiv:3: "For the ear trieth words, as the mouth tasteth meat." It was a thorough demonstration of the power and influence of words for good or evil. Elder Dailey preached in the evening.
Rev. Miller at the Presbyterian church Sunday morning preached a very practical sermon on Psalms, xiii-8: "That he may set him with princes, even with the princes of his people." It was a forcible exposition of the power of God to exalt nations and people.
At the Baptist church Sunday morning, Rev. Reider delivered a sermon on "The Broad Wall." The wall was a representation of the christian religion that has withstood the tempests and waves of centuries and yet stands the great shield and savior of humanity.
The organ versus anti-organ sentiments of the Christian church were shown in a vivid light Sunday eve. At the time of services, the organ was wheeled out, when the anti-organ party rose up in a body and walked out. They held a caucus on the streets and concluded to go to a private house and hold services.
Rev. Kelly preached an enthusiastic sermon on "Victory and how to win it," at the Methodist church Sunday. The prelude was that the idea is all wrong that because you are in Rome you must do as Rome does. The purpose of right in the heart must predominate over all custom. Pleasure must be inward, coming from Godliness in the heart, and not pumped in artificially from the outside, through giddy and questionable amusements. The Bible is the basis of all happiness and should be heeded with the backbone to say, no! The main thought of the sermon was that life is a continual warfare; war against all the arts and temptations of sin. Brother Kelly struck the key note to all true character in his appeal for men and women whose lives are impregnable—principal that is above contamination and excesses. The specific and radical shoulder, hitters on certain christian irregularities and general social indulgences, anticipated by the audience, were withheld. Brother Kelly usually strikes boldly and will likely touch these things up later.

Brother Kelly "popped" it to the press in his sermon Sunday. He wants nothing but the moral, religious, and strictly pure side of life published—no murders, no suicides, no elopements, no robberies, and none of the "worldly" side. He would kill all "giddy social twaddle," as he terms it. He would have all strictly religious journals. Secular papers are for giving the news, for satisfying the God given curiosity of a promiscuous public. Life is varied. Our tastes vary, our ideas vary, our beliefs vary. A newspaper has all these to satisfy. All transpirings must be chronicled by a journal with the true spirit of American enterprise. The reader can cull to suit his tastes. Without publicity, evil would soon run rampant. The press, with its publicity, commendation and condemnation, and the pulpit, with its Biblical truths and precepts, are the great promoters of our civilization. The press is the world's recording secretary and it does it well. Of course, the papers that pander to the vile, the vicious, and obscene, should and will be throttled.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
The boys are getting excited about No Man's Land, and with the breaking up of winter will witness a perfect jam of emigration to that strip. Congress has not yet opened the country to settlement, but it is supposed that it will be at the present session. Then it will have to be surveyed and platted. All this will require time, so there is no necessity of getting excited about the matter. This land is a strip 168 miles long and between 30 and 36 miles wide, lying east of the Pan Handle of Texas and south of Kansas and Colorado. Camp Supply, in the Indian Territory, is located a few miles from the eastern border of this land and Beaver creek heads up its center.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
Old Boreas got on his ear again Monday night and came down with a how equaling that of Jan. 7th. He howled, shrieked, and tore around in a manner to freeze your blood and drive everybody and everything indoors. Yes, even the man who swore only a day or two ago that the back bone of winter was broken square in two, hugged the stove with vengeance and despairingly groaned at the aspect without. This is by far the heaviest snow of the winter, though it has drifted so that nothing definite can be told of the average fall, but it must be at least six inches: remarkable for this country.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
Having bought the Coal and Wood Yard of A. H. Doane, I would respectfully ask the many and old time patrons of Mr. Doane to continue their trade at the old stand, assuring all that the same liberal methods of dealing will be continued in the future, as in the past, with full stock, low prices, and prompt delivery of orders. I am, Respectfully,
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
About November 20th, two 3-year-old Mexican steers branded H, on left side. A liberal reward for information leading to their recovery. Address Charles H. Elliott, Post-office, New Salem.
American Soldiers Fired On By Mexican Troops and Captain Crawford Killed.
Four Others Wounded.—The Mexicans Lose Four Killed.—Origin of the Affair.
Americans Mistaken for Hostiles.
Arranging a Conference Between Geronimo and Crook.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
SAN FRANCISCO, Jan. 28. A telegram received at the Presidio today from Fort Bowie, Arizona, signed General Crook, gives the contents of a dispatch from Lieutenant Maas dated Nicori, Sonora, Mexico, January 21. It states that the troops under Captain Crawford on January 11, surrounded and attacked an Indian camp fifty miles southeast of Nicori. A two hours' running fight took place and a number of Indians were wounded, but all escaped. The hostiles then sent word that they wished to hold a conference. While the troops were in camp awaiting the time for the conference, they were attacked by 154 Mexican soldiers. Efforts were made to let the Mexicans know that the troops were Americans and friends.
Captain Crawford and Lieutenant Maas advanced to talk with them whereupon a volley was fired. Captain Crawford was shot in the head and Mr. Horn, the interpreter, was slightly wounded in the left arm. The Mexican fire was partly returned by the scouts of Captain Crawford's command, but only sufficient to keep them at a distance. The firing lasted half an hour when Lieutenant Maas succeeded in having a talk with the officer in command of the Mexicans, whose Captain had meantime been killed. He was told the Americans were taken for hostiles owing to the darkness. The Mexicans signed a paper to that effect. The loss to the Americans by the unfortunate affair was: Captain Crawford, mortally wounded; Mr. Horn, chief of scouts; two Indians, slightly wounded; another severely wounded. The Mexican loss was four killed. In a telegram Lieutenant Maas says he believes the Mexicans expected to drive the Americans off with their overwhelming force and secure their camp and effects. Captain Crawford died on the 18th during their march to Nicori, where he was buried. He was unconscious until his death. Lieutenant Maas then assumed command.
While the troops were en route to Nicori, twenty-two squaws entered the camp, through whom arrangements were made for a conference with two bucks of the hostile band. This ended by Chief Nana and one buck, wife and child of both Geronimo and Natchez, a sister of Geronimo, one boy and a woman being given as hostages to Lieutenant Maas for the observance of peace until Geronimo meets General Crook, with whom he expressed a wish to have a talk. A meeting between Crook and Geronimo will take place in about a month and will undoubtedly end in the Indian surrender. The band consists of Chiefs Geronimo, Natchez; Chihuahua and Nana, twenty bucks, some women and children. Lieutenant Maas is now heading for Lang's ranch.
Resolutions on Executive Appointments Introduced.
Recent Confirmations.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.

WASHINGTON, Jan. 28. In the executive session of the Senate yesterday, Senator Morrill from the Finance Committee offered two resolutions which, under objection from the Democratic side, were laid over for a day. One of them is similar to that offered by Senator Edmunds from the Judiciary Committee. It directs the Secretary of the Treasury to send to the Finance Committee any papers on file in his office relating to the administration of the office of Collector of Internal Revenue for the District of West Virginia by Samuel P. McCormick, who was suspended last spring and succeeded by John T. McGraw, whose nomination was not acted upon by the Senate during the called session and who was renominated in December. The other resolution directs the Secretary of the Treasury to send to the committee the papers on file in the department relating to the appointment and record of D. Frank Bradley, named as collector of internal revenue for the District of South Carolina, vice Ellery W. Brayton, suspended. The nomination was made December 15.
The Senate confirmed the following nominations.
United States Attorneys: Cyrenius P. Black, for the Eastern District of Michigan; Daniel O. Finch, for the Southern District of Iowa; R. C. Smith, for Montana.
United States Marshals: Frederick H. Marsh, Northern District of Illinois; Edward Campbell, Jr., for the Southern District of Iowa; A. J. Goss, for Kentucky.
Registers of Land Offices: Thomas J. Butler, at New Orleans; D. H. Hall, at Eureka, Nevada; H. Pefley, Boise City, Idaho; W. S. Austin, Vancouver, Washington Territory; R. McFarland, Coeur d'Alene, Idaho; E. Horan, Eau Claire, Wisconsin; S. E. Thayer, Wausau, Wisconsin.
Receivers of Public Moneys: Tyrell H. Bell, Visalia, California; John E. Buden, Stockton, California; W. O. Mills, Eureka, Nevada; J. O. Keane, Vancouver, Washington Territory; D. T. Branstetter, Boise City, Idaho; W. J. Cody, Codie, California; S. S. Kepler, Eau Claire, Wisconsin; O. C. Hals, La Crosse, Wisconsin; C. Spaulding, Topeka, Kansas; M. D. McHenry, Des Moines, Iowa.
Collectors of Customs: W. J. McKinnie, Cuyahoga, Ohio; R. H. Arbuckle, Erie, Pennsylvania.
Supervising Inspector of Steam Vessels for the Seventh District: A. Warden.
Surveyor General of Florida: W. D. Bloxham.
Postmasters: James Rutherford, Milford, Michigan; Patrick Calligan, Alpena, Michigan; George Crawford, Mineral Point, Wisconsin; John Pepper, Boscobel, Wisconsin.
None of the predecessors of the above named appointees were "removed" or "suspended."
French Ironworkers on Strike Throw the Manager Out Of a Window.
Several Rioters Killed and Wounded.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
PARIS, Jan. 28. Two thousand striking employees at one of the iron works in Decosseville, Department of Aveyroni, attacked the house of the manager of the works, broke open the doors, entered the building, seized the manager, and threw him out of the window. The poor fellow was then trampled to death by the angry crowd. Troops were sent to quell the disturbance, and restored order, but not until several of the rioters had been killed and a number wounded. The strike grew out of a question of wages.


The Queen City a Metropolitan Future Now Assured.
The Great Railroad, Commercial, and Educational Center of Kansas.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.

Winfield's future is no longer a matter of ideal speculation. It is a surety, in the hands of a people who know nothing but victory. Everything we have put our hands to in the last few years has come forward with crowning glory. Unlike many of our would-be rivals, we don't deal in wind. Wind is all right when you've got something to blow about. But wind never builds great cities. It takes solid, persistent, shrewd labor and concentrated harmony on the part of every inhabitant. All these have been indomitably brought to bear on Winfield and the result is even beyond the fondest anticipations. Look at the past year and view the accomplishments that make Wichita, Wellington, El Dorado, Independence, and other villages of the state turn pale with envy. Go out on the mound and view that State institution, the Imbecile Asylum, with its four stories and large dimensions almost completed; on a beautiful site south, the magnificent college of the Southwest Kansas M. E. College, which will be completed and ready for pupils in 1886. Look at the Frisco railroad, backed by one of the strongest organizations in the west, giving us direct connection with St. Louis and the east. Take a walk along our main business streets and view the magic change wrought—the many elegant business blocks constructed. View the hundreds of fine residences, the magnificent three-story Central school building—in fact, contemplate improvements of nearly a million dollars in the last year and you have an idea of our actual achievements. Now look to the future we have mapped for a certainty. Consider the main line of the Santa Fe, from the Missouri River to Texas, with through trains running from Kansas City to Ft. Worth. The machine shops, round houses, and officials for the Newton, El Dorado, Independence, and Texas divisions of the Santa Fe system of railroads at Winfield. Then comes the D., M. & A., with its charter and bonds all legalized, and sure to reach us by early summer, giving a direct route from Memphis, Tennessee, to Denver, Colorado, making Winfield one of the biggest railroad centers in the State. Then we have in fine prospect the Winfield & Ft. Smith, running from Winfield southeast via Maple City and on through the Territory to Ft. Smith, Arkansas, a charter for which has already been granted with the best backing. Then there is the extension of the Santa Fe from Burlington through Winfield southwest to the Panhandle of Texas, the officials of which mean to push through this year. This will make Winfield right on the cross roads of four through trunk lines. And this is no wind, either. The initial steps have already been taken and are backed by a company that has the wealth to carry out these determined plans. No city in the west has prospects like Winfield. You may think we are too enthusiastic. Examine the facts and consider the character of the people at the back of them and you will be readily convinced. Our people have stood at the wheel of progress, shoulder to shoulder, and given a united boost for everything that seemed likely to make our splendid city the great metropolis which her natural advantages entitle her to be. The result is, we have taken in everything, while some of our rivals sat around thinking these enterprises couldn't miss them anyhow. This year will show progress in Winfield unparalleled by the growth of any city in the State's history. Time will verify the truth of the declaration. Our home capitalists are preparing for extensive improvements and many eastern capitalists are knocking for investments and location. A tremendous growth in population and material development is a certainty. And with the growth of Winfield will come a big growth of all Cowley. Their development must be identical. The fame of one is the fame of both. Build up the city here that our prospects surely indicate and we will soon have a county of a hundred thousand inhabitants with great wealth and general superiority. But don't let the certainty of the future make you too wild. Don't put your property way up to prices exorbitant. To clinch our prospects, we must keep within bounds in this respect. Be content with the elegant profits fair and reasonable prices will bring. Above all things, too, don't think our work is done—that we are made. Be ready to shed your coat and wade in to secure any new enterprise that knocks at our door.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
The Revival meeting, at the Baptist church, was well attended Wednesday night, and Rev. Reider preached a very able sermon on the theme, "Little Sins," founded on Genesis xix:20: "Behold now this city is near to flee unto; and it is a little one. Oh, let me escape thither and my soul shall live." This language was spoken by Lot when the Lord commanded him to flee to the mountains from Sodom that his life might be saved. And Lot said: "Let me stop here at Zoar, for it is only a little city." So it is with us concerning little sins. We think that it is only a little sin and we can do more by yielding, so, instead of doing as our Savior commanded, we deviate just a little bit, and what at first seems to us to be a great sin will soon seem to us as but a little one and we go on and on until at last we are as far from our Father's Kingdom as the worst enemies. Let those little sins alone, shun the very appearance of evil, for how many great men have lost their lives by but a little thing. So it is with us unless we watch carefully, these little sins will take us down to perdition. Let us shun the little and be as fearful of them as we are of the great ones. The meetings will probably close tomorrow night. About twenty-two asked the prayers of God's people last night and a deep interest is manifested. There will be a meeting at the Baptist church tonight commencing at 7 o'clock prompt. Everyone is invited to come: fill up the house to overflowing and let the good work of salvation go on.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
The committee appointed to confer as to the character of the new Walnut bridges, which committee is composed of Councilmen Connor, Harter, and Jennings, and Messrs. M. L. Robinson, J. B. Lynn, Marsh Howard, and C. A. Bliss, met Wednesday afternoon and again this afternoon. J. G. Bullene, representing the Leavenworth Bridge Company, Mr. Allen, agent of a Kansas City Company, and Col. McGraw, of a Leavenworth Company, were present with plans. The committee have not yet determined on which company's bridge or the kind most appropriate within our means. Both bridges, however, will be very fine iron ones, with a foot walk on the Ninth avenue bridge. The council at its adjourned meeting Monday evening next, will determine on the style. The contract for constructing the city building will also be let then.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.

Cris Beavers, who has been living with William and Steve George across the river, came to the jail Wednesday and gave himself up as the sole guilty party in stripping Mr. Berkey's clothesline Monday night. He says he needed the clothes and that the George boys were mad because he brought the clothes to their house. He was one of the fellows who got out of the house from the officials, clearing them entirely. He says the innocent shall not suffer and proposes to make a martyr of himself by confessing all. He has only been here a few weeks.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
Jailer Finch has got his lunatic, Lincoln Addensell, who skipped out Monday evening in that awful storm, without overcoat, overshoes, or gloves. He was brought down on the Santa Fe Wednesday. The wonder is that he comes home not badly frozen. He says he went "out to take a walk," struck the S. K. railroad north of the schoolhouse, and turned west, crossing the bridge and following the Santa Fe track. The reception committee at Seeley say he got there by 9 o'clock—pretty rapid traveling. He had an idea that the track he was on led to Arkansas City. He calls Arkansas City his home, and has always been anxious to get back there, where the associations are more in harmony with his mental calibre.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
The Santa Fe folks have again gone into the hash business upon the main line, having several hundred boarders. A week ago they determined to resume the railroad business, but Mr. Providence came along Monday night last and "switched" their plans, and once more they have taken to the hash business. The S. K. and the Frisco are also slinging hash for a few days, just for novelty.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
My Dear Tommie: So I see by the WINFIELD COURIER of the 27th inst., you have been airing your grievances through the press—you have been using printer's ink that the world may know how you are aggrieved—how badly you feel about Woman Suffrage, or sufferings, as you call it. I guess some ladies have been calling upon you to show the people how you stand, poor little Tom, on one of the grandest questions of the 19th century. Would to Heaven women had no affairs but their own to tend, and no suffering to bear, save that they brought on themselves.
We women do wish to vote. It can work no one harm and we wish to run for office. Oh, the bliss of being Mrs. Judgers, or Mrs. Mayoress, or Mrs. Governoress, and I'm not sure but that we would fill the places mentioned for the public good as well as some men. Men do not run through blizzards, neither to vote or get office, and women will not. A man or woman to fill any office within the gift of the people must have clean hands and a pure heart and then they will not fear any disclosure of their lives.

Well, why not all leave the house on election day—just the same as show day? Nobody gets killed save those that stay at home and it's just as well for the good woman of the house to be out, as the good man of the house, when the robbers and the tramps who are not voting, come around. Perhaps she may have a share of the pocketbook with her—then there cannot very much harm be done, for surely these tramps and robbers are only men, for whom women may possibly legislate a more fitting employment. As for the kids, and the organs, and the general bustle, and the lack of flannel and all, you can stand it for half a day or so, and many a man has to be left home all day, while his wife goes from home to wash, in order that the wolf may be kept from the door.
I think the average woman would be able to find out what she was voting for, as well as the recently emancipated colored man, the Paddy from Corruk, or the Teuton carrying his beer barrel and his faderland principles, into this fair domain of ours. Their females adapt themselves much more readily to the American idea of progress proper than their lords, who not unfrequently have yoked their helpmates to the equally uncomplaining plough.
Do not, my dear Tommie, think any woman's head cannot contain as much sense as your own.
If she can stay at home and see you make a fool of yourself election and other days, and still love and care for you and the "kids," she can even put all those things behind her, and press forward to legislature for your good. A woman is not a fool because she is a woman, any more than you are because you are a man; but in this instance, you have let your tongue run very foolishly, which I hope you would not have done had I been at home.
Tommie, dear, can you tell me how many of those newly-born-into-a Republic men, who landed at Castle Garden last year, knew whether they voted for a railroad or a president?
So it seems to Thomas, dear, the temperance question is settled. No sir! Not while I see my brother druggist getting rich, my other brother staggering through the streets, and my other brother not allowed to manufacture, sell, or advocate beer, wine, or whiskey, which he learned so well to do at home.
Do not say women are more refined than men. That is a refined fiction of the dark ages: when women were flattered and petted to their hears' content, fought for and crushed into the earth, debarred the sunshine of education or the freedom of a single movement. No, there are refined men and women and there are others. You say truly, "continual warfare will cause right to overcome." You say only women whose husbands don't "know enough to pound sand in a rat hole," wish to vote. We women put in brown soap or Rough on Rats.
Now, Tommie, is there a secret in politics, do you suppose, that you men have not laid bare without the assistance of women? The very fact that the slander, "women cannot keep a secret," has been propagated and promulgated, shows who the talkers are. We women do not talk thus of ourselves.
Now, Tommie, dearest, do not give away your last and only pair of pants, under any circumstances. At least wait till I get home to get some more for you. We have another blizzard and a long, cold spring before us, and you may suffer. Then again I shall need all the old scraps I can get for carpet rags in the near future. Not with much respect, I am your,
Chi-chister-chin, Inn, Ill., Jan. 29, 1886.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.

Little did Geo. W. Miller, our cattle king, think of what a terrible commotion he was about to throw the elements of this country in when he circulated and presented to the Kansas Legislature his petition praying for a change of Ground Hog Day. It took Sol Miller, who has always claimed in his Troy Chief, to know more about the G. H. than anybody in America, to tell about it. He is senator from Doniphan County and here is his committee report on this petition, as given in the Topeka Capital's Legislative proceedings.
"Senator Miller, chairman of the committee on printing, to whom was referred the petition of G. W. Miller and fifty others, from Winfield, asking that ground hog day be changed from February 2, to February 1, submitted the following report.
"Mr. President: The undersigned, chairman of the committee on printing, to whom was referred the petition of G. W. Miller and fifty others, asking that ground hog day be changed from February 2 to February 1, has given the subject careful and prayerful consideration and report as follows:
"The petition does credit to the heads and hearts, and also the hand writing of the petitioners. Yet it would be imprudent and even dangerous to make the change asked for. The day as it now stands has been held in veneration by our forefathers for ages, and there is a command not to be lightly disregarded, which bids us not to remove the ancient landmarks. The climatic changes which have been going on in Kansas since its settlement would be in danger of being reversed and the isothermal lines would be disturbed. To such an extent would this occur that a cataclysm would be produced, and finally the whole universe would be involved in the wreck of matter and the crush of worlds. Therefore your committee would recommend that no change be made. Sol. Miller, Committee."
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
The four men who undertook to work this part of the state on the Bohemian oats racket have since concluded that it is not a fit place for their operations, and have left sunny Kansas to see what they can do for Iowa, says the Wichita Eagle. The scheme is to sell common oats for $10 per bushel for seed, agreeing to buy all the oats raised from them at $7.50 per bushel, taking their note in payment for the seed. Then as soon as a good number of sales are made, the notes are discounted at some bank and they leave town. While they had no difficulty in finding a market for the seed oats in this place and getting good notes in payment, the banks refused to discount them, because they found it more profitable to loan their money on interest than to go into the note shaving business. This made things look very dark-blue for the Bohemians, and caused them to seek some place where money is not in so great demand.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
Kansas is to have a regular railroad boom this year. Let us strike while the iron is hot and do all we can to get as many of them for Wellington as possible. Railroads make the town, and don't let us forget it. Monitor.
Yes, you bet they do. Winfield settled on that long ago, and while her neighbors sat around on their little tails, we have been boosting things, raking them right in. We let none pass, until now we are well along toward the big railroad center of the southwest, with five first-class lines already secured and flattering prospects for two more before 1886 goes by. Oh, it takes Winfield to get there.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.

Sheriff McIntire got home from his Hotel de Criminal trip Wednesday, having deposited his four convicts. He got in on the delayed Santa Fe train, and says the main line is now clear from Newton. He was snow-bound a little east of Newton, Tuesday, and was all day yesterday getting from Newton home. The drift at Udall was six feet deep, for a mile or more, and heavily packed. The engine kept pulling back half a mile or so and shooting in, all afternoon, throwing the snow for rods around. Going into the drift five or six rods, the big force of men would have to dig it out, when it would back up and repeat.
C. M. Wood's Story Continued.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
Well, to resume my story. While Mr. W. W. Andrews was off to Leavenworth after his family, he having overstayed his 30 days (the time given a man to be absent, after taking his claim), some party came to me and asked me to go with my team and haul some logs for him, as he was going to jump Mr. Andrews' claim. I told him I would have nothing to do with jumping Mr. Andrews' claim as I knew he was coming back, and told him that Mr. Andrews was a well-meaning man and that his time should be extended until we could hear from him. I then turned and went down into my timber to work; but when I returned in the evening, I found that the party had taken my team and had hauled some of Mr. Andrews' logs a short distance from his proposed building site and had commenced putting up a house. This movement aroused the friends of Mr. Andrews, such as Dr. W. G. Graham, James H. Land, Prettyman Knowles, and many others (whose names I have forgotten or have not space to mention). The claim jumper was informed that such a procedure would not do, whereupon he abandoned his action, apologizing to the settlers, and laying the blame on me, a thing that I must say that I was entirely innocent of, and was able afterwards to convince Mr. Andrews of the fact.
Mr. Andrews returned from Leavenworth about the first of January, 1870, with his family and household goods. He proceeded to erect a little log cabin on his claim about 35 or 40 rods north and a little east of where his fine, commodious brick house now stands, and where Mrs. Andrews and the children now live, Mr. Andrews being now absent in California.
Some strange things occurred here that winter, one of which is that Mr. Andrews killed a snake on the 21st day of January, 1870. He said that his snakeship was as lively as a cricket.
The first child born in the county was, I think, a son born to Mr. and Mrs. Abe Land soon after they arrived here. The child was born in a hut opposite and across the river from where Bliss & Wood's mill now stands. This was quite a circumstance and elicited much interest among the settlers. I recollect calling one day and taking a look at the little "new comer."
Miss Minnie Andrews was the first child born on the town site; so short a time since, it seems to me, that she has grown to be a beautiful and accomplished young lady, which fact I suppose our society people well know.
Master Fred Manning, son of Col. E. C. and Mrs. Manning (his first wife) was the first child born on the original town site. Fred is at the present time in Washington, D. C., with his father, and I understand, is a promising young man.
Dr. W. G. Graham is the first physician that came to the county. He has succeeded admirably, holds his original claim yet, enjoys a lucrative practice, and is the present Mayor of the city.

Upon the arrival of Col. Manning in December 1869, Mr. A. A. Jackson, who came with him, proceeded at once to claim the piece of ground known as the Fuller addition. He built a foundation and then secured some lumber with which to build a frame house (the second frame house in the county). While at work on his material in front of Baker & Manning's store, being employed by them to look after the store, sell goods, etc., and not being at work directly on the ground claimed by him, some parties hailing from Topeka took it into their heads to jump Mr. Jackson's claim, and proceeded at once to haul logs on the claim and put them up for a house. The settlers were apprized of the fact and rallied as one man, called the "Protection Union" together, and notified the claim jumpers that they should appear and show cause for such a proceeding. A sufficient length of time was given them to appear; but they came not, when the meeting went into executive session, discussed the matter to its fullest extent, listened to Mr. Jackson, and decided that the claim jumpers' case had gone by default. Talked some of arraigning them for contempt, but upon motion, a committee of five, of which I was chairman, was appointed to notify said defendants that they would be allowed until the next morning at 9 o'clock to vacate said claim. We proceeded to their camp by the side of the house they were building. Though it was very dark and quite late in the evening, we could see their camp-fire, so we had no trouble in finding them. They had not gone to bed yet but were sitting around the camp-fire. As we came up I said, "Good evening, gentlemen." They responded by saying, "Yes, this is a good evening." I said, "Gentlemen, we were appointed as a committee by the Protection Union to inform you that you must leave this claim by 9 o'clock tomorrow morning and not return again with the intent to hold and improve the same. This order you must obey or take such consequence as the Protection Union may deem best for the purpose of enforcing its mandates.
One of the party replied that he would go when he d d pleased, or not at all.
At this moment Em. Yeoman, one of the committee, whipped out his navy and said, "You will go now, and d quick too, if I hear any more of your insolence."
I told Yeoman to put up his gun, that I hoped that nothing of that kind would be necessary to enforce our order, that these men had the appearance of gentlemen, and that I was sure that nothing further was necessary. They gave us assurance that they wished to do right and would give us no more trouble, so we bid them good night and retired.
Next morning the claim jumpers moved on down the river and took some good claims in what is known as South Bend. They never came here to make permanent homes, but finally sold out to pretty good advantage and since that time I have lost sight of them.
Mr. A. A. Jackson went on with his building and finally sold his claim to J. C. Fuller for $1,000 and thought, at that time, it was a big sale. Mr. Jackson and Miss Genera Kelsey were married sometime in the summer of 1870 and were the first to get married in the county. They came and boarded with me until Mr. Jackson could finish his house, which was the first frame house built in Winfield, and was on the northeast corner of 8th avenue and Andrews street. When finished they set up housekeeping in pretty good style for those days.
I will close this for the present, hoping to be able to say more of these prominent characters in the settling of this county, at some future time.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.

Thanks, Mr. Harper Graphic. We are thrilled with ecstatic joy to learn the terrible agony the non-appearance of our Great Daily caused you. THE COURIER has gone daily to your address. We cast our bread faithfully on the journalistic waters and looked longingly for its ten-fold return. But no Graphics for a week until last night. Too big a dose of snow. Yes, take our all, if you want it, Charley. The longer it can be kept thundering down the ages the better.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
J. Lewis Isenberg is now slinging hieroglyphics for the "wind mill in our back yard with its column of two-line thinness next to the city directory," as he used to dub it. The Harper Daily Sentinel has changed hands, with J. F. Bennett business manager and J. L. Isenberg editor. It is improved in appearance and will receive due attention from our eagle eye and keen scissors. It will now have something in it.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
THE COURIER is headquarters for the adjudication of all biblical disputes. Two lawyers had a hot argument on a point of divine authority this morning, and knowing that we keep in our Library a large, morocco-bound family bible, came down and confronted the facts. We have frequent use for this Book of all Books—in soothing pied printorial feelings and the numerous worthy individuals who are wont to frequent a print shop.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
Carpenters are at work today on Col. McMullen's building on Main street, formerly occupied by the Chicago Millinery store. They are tearing away one half of it. The remaining half, owned by S. H. Jennings, will be fixed up for a small store room. The building, occupied by Sam last summer as an ice cream parlor, will also be moved off and the Colonel will put up a fine building in the place of these old frame ones.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
The union revival meeting closed Friday with a praise meeting. Revs. Reider and Miller made a few remarks of encouragement to young converts, and over three hundred testimonials of the goodness of God were given. The house was crowded and several went forward, thus expressing their willingness to become Christians and asking the prayers of the Christian people.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
Steps are being taken by the Sons of Veterans to give an entertainment in the near future for the benefit of their lodge.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
The bachelor editor of an otherwise esteemed cotemporary asks why a baby is filled up from ten to a dozen times a day. This is a field in which no old bachelor has any business to investigate, but for the sake of easing his tempest-tossed soul, we will inform him that babies, bless 'em, should be filled up whenever they show symptoms of hollerness, if it be forty times a day and four hundred times a night.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.

Frank W. Finch says that in his criticism of the Santa Fe operator, he meant no allusion to the legitimate telegraph business of the office, for through Mr. Kennedy he had been very courteously treated. He meant a condemnation of the operator for the impudent manner in which he answered civil telephone interrogatories and individuals generally seeking for information regarding various things that came in his line.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
I have been requested several times this winter to give my opinion on corporal punishment in school. As to the merits of the question, I have never had a doubt since I was old enough to form an opinion of the right and the expediency of an occasional resort to the rod, both in the family and the school. My reverence for the word of God, my experience as a teacher, and my observation of others who have tried both systems, confirm me in the opinion. I admit that this is an age of progress and of wonderful improvements, but still some things will have to be done in the good old way for some time yet. Many railroads have been made, but I have heard of none up the hill of science; many easy methods of acquiring knowledge, but I know of none without hard study. Neither do I believe that with all our progress, we are likely to get much ahead of Solomon and other inspired writers of the Bible. Nor do I believe the church that leaves out Christ and makes it a music room will prosper. It may be fashionable with certain self-inflated young people to call these writers old fogies and their writings fossiliferous; but they may learn more wisdom before they die, if they don't die too soon. Human nature and child nature is very much the same now as it was three thousand years ago and needs very much the same remedy. I would by no means advocate an indiscriminate and cruel use of the rod. A man or woman is not fit to teach school who turns the school room into a threshing floor and himself or herself into a threshing machine. They need prudence, discretion, and self-control, and discrimination to use the rod wisely and beneficially. Some children never need it. They are delicate as the sensitive plant, and a gentle reproof will affect them more than a sound whipping will others. But there are clearly cases where the rod must be used or the child suffered to triumph over the teacher, and an end be put to all discipline in the school, or else the child be expelled and given up to be ruined and to ruin others. Obedience must be secured and absolute submission made to the will of the teacher, or there is an end to all order and discipline and improvement in school. If corporal punishment is necessary occasionally to secure this end, then let it be used. MRS. O. R. M., Winfield.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.

The trial of Bill George and wife and Steve George, charged with stripping D. Berkey's clothesline Monday night, was grinding at the Court House Friday before Judge Buckman and a big crowd of curious listeners. Chris Beavers, a youth of seventeen, who has been living at the George domicile, came forward and made a martyr of himself by confessing all—by lifting the guilt from the shoulders of the Georges and taking it on his own. He swore that he took the clothes alone, and that the Georges were mad because he took the clothes to their house and were going to make him take them away. He wandered around in the woods, he says, with nothing to eat and only a hay stack for a bunk till Wednesday, when he went back to George's and told them he would protect the innocent and give himself up. He says he had no underwear and stole the male apparel for himself. The delicate array he stole in anticipation of matrimony at some distant day. Everything appears to point to the fact that the whole outfit were implicated, and the scheme for one fellow to take the punishment is a put up job. The evidence, however, let the George boys out and will let Beavers in—jail.
The Georges' were acquitted and Beavers got 30 days in jail and until the costs of the suit, about $50, are paid. Joe O'Hare prosecuted the case and O. M. Seward defended.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
The jam at the postoffice Saturday was fearful. With almost a whole mail-less week, people were frantic to hear from back home, from absent sweethearts, mothers, fathers, brothers, or sisters. The student of nature could find volumes in the hundreds of eager faces that were strung out in long, reptile shape, edging one by one to the general delivery. As the auburn-haired Will tosses a letter to that blond-haired and rosy complexioned damsel, you can imagine her thoughts as she turns it over and over and hastily works her way out of the crowd. Unlike the average mail receiver, she doesn't query, "Who is it from? The post mark? Whose hand writing is it? And does it contain good or bad news?" No! She nervously breaks the seal as she strikes the sloppy "gang-way" and when the sweet salutation, "My Dear " greets her eyes, her heart flutters like a little bird stirred from its nest. It doesn't take her long to flit over the pages: merely a glance at the contents to be thoroughly devoured and assimilated in calm recluse after arriving home. See her smile, then look half serious; then smile almost out loud, exhibiting her pretty teeth, while the color of roses suffuses her checks. She heeds not the jostling humanity through which she almost unconsciously winds her way. She walks like a dreaming somnambulist. You are not mean enough to envy her that unalloyed happiness. But you'd give just twenty cents to read that letter yourself.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
The Harper Sentinel man is tired—very tired. The dulcet tones of the newspaper critic have shocked his nerves, and from their tingling vibrations he evolves the following.
"The drudgery connected with newspaper life is not enjoyable—at least among those who have had the experience—in this cruel and critical world. The routine is about as regular as three meals a day in a hotel, and the intellectual matter dished out to the reader is criticized with about the same spirit of revenge as an American hotel 'grub' is named in horrible French. The intellectual tastes of readers are more variable than they are for food, and as a consequence more harshness and sometimes much useless swearing is done on account of there not being anything in the paper. Many of our best friends, including our mother-in-law, have called quite a sprinkling of our newspaper productions 'hash.' However, we think they spoke angrily, in an unguarded moment or they would have covered up their irony by making the remark a little smoother by calling it 'slush.' Our nervous system has often been wound up for eight days by such cruel remarks, but in these latter years they suit us better than base flattery and have become music in our ears."
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.

A young lady out in Nebraska was doing the family washing one day about two months ago, when she fell down and went to sleep, and her friends are unable to wake her. We heard a Sedan young lady say the other day that she was troubled with sleeplessness. We advise her to tackle the family washing. If there is anything on earth that will make the average young lady tired and sleepy, it is to be put to work over the washtub. Sedan Graphic.
Very tony, you would make believe. We haven't any such tone, and we don't want it. The darling dolls who can't do anything but claw ivory in the palah and screech, "Only a Flower from my Angel Mother's Grave," when very likely the poor mother is bending over the washtub in the kitchen, are too "ramscrumtious" for us. Winfield's young ladies are no more cultured in the refined arts than in the practical and substantial. They can go from the parlor to the kitchen and from the kitchen to the parlor with equal grace. Thus are they ladies in the truest sense of the word—not dolls whose principal attraction is painted helplessness and shoddy fastidiousness. They are useful as well as ornamental.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
Rev. Kelly and M. L. Robinson returned from Topeka Friday. The Santa Fe never goes back on its word, and everything is absolutely all right. Winfield and Cowley County have carried out every requirement to secure the Douglass extension and every promise of the Santa Fe will be strictly fulfilled. This company is not a vacillating corporation that can be changed by every little gust. Location and all future interests had been carefully consulted before any proposition was made to our people, and the wails and efforts of our disappointed rivals have no effect whatever. Their spilled milk racket is in vain. Judge Soward remains at Topeka for several days.
Winfield's Home Talent Again in the Front for a Worthy Object.
The Charity Concert a Brilliant Success.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
No city in the Union has more generous-hearted, public spirited people than Winfield. Their interest and energy in every good cause is wonderful. And no city can excel us in diversity and superiority of literary and musical talent. Last Thursday evening THE COURIER had an article calling attention to the fact that a number of families, as a result of the long, hard winter, with all avenues of labor closed, were in abject want, and suggesting a charity concert for the raising of a benefit fund, and stating that Judge Albright, with his characteristic public spirit, would furnish the Opera House for one or two nights for such purpose, as his donation. The Ladies Local Relief Society, of which Mrs. J. L. Horning, one of the city's noblest workers in every good movement, is president, took the matter in hand, and the concert was determined on for Saturday evening, just two days after. Friday, E. F. Blair, on behalf of the ladies, began the arrangement of a program. There was no time for rehearsal. Each one assumed a part of their own selection and responsibility and the result was marvelous—a perfect index to the superiority of our home talent. The willingness and zeal with which the performers and citizens generally responded to this call was fully in harmony with the culture, refinement, and enterprise that have made our city famous. The ladies sold over seven hundred tickets the first day they were out, Friday, and Saturday evening the Opera House was a jam, and yet many who bought tickets were unable to get there.

The entertainment opened with a beautiful selection by a male quartette: Messrs. G. H. Buckman, E. F. Blair, J. S. R. Bates, and C. I. Forsyth, four of the city's best male voices, with Mrs. L. H. Webb at the piano.
Then came the soprano solo, "When the Tide Comes In," by Mrs. C. A. Bliss. Mrs. Bliss has a clear voice under perfect control and has long stood among the city's leading soprano singers.
One of the best "hits" of the evening was Will Farringer, who appeared as a darkey dude, in "The Golden Stair," chorused by a number of male voices. He was loudly encored and again convulsed the audience with "One More Ribber for to Cross." Will is a good one in comic song.
The Baritone solo of O. Branham was a very fine rendition. He has a peculiarly deep and voluminous voice. His little daughter, Miss Florence, played the piano accompaniment remarkably well for one of her age.
The instrumental selection of Miss Pearl Van Doren, "Old Grimes," with novel and beautiful variations, elicited high praise. Miss Pearl has advanced from the beginning under one of our best home instructors and has reached great proficiency. She touches the keys with a grace and ease at once noticeable.
Little Maud Scott, only four years old and scarcely larger, as the old saying goes, than "a pound of soap," recited "Curfew Shall Not Ring Tonight" in a manner that would do credit to many a person of maturity. She was wildly encored and again came forward with "What Ails My Papa's Mouth?" She is certainly a prodigy. She can't read a thing—merely knows her letters. She recites beautifully some quite heavy pieces, taught by her mother. She has a strong, clear voice, perfect self-possession, and a great love for recitation. The audience was profuse in worthy laudations.
Charlie Roberts' cornet solo, "Polke de Concert," was finely performed. He handles the cornet with much proficiency. He is from "Hould Hingland" and was at one time connected with one of the Royal bands.
The descriptive song of Judge Buckman, "The Pilgrims Progress," gave good scope for the Judge's fine tenor voice. Mr. Buckman is unexcelled among vocalists. His voice is clear and his enunciation very distinct, with great versatility.
"Sixth Air With Variations," Clarence Roberts on violin and Miss Nettie McCoy at the piano, exhibited superior musical culture. Clarence is complete master of the violin, while as a pianist Miss McCoy has few equals.
"Home is Where the Mother is," was beautifully sung by Mr. and Mrs. Lewis Brown, Mr. F. D. Blackman, and Chas. Slack, four of the city's best vocalists, whose services in the Methodist choir have made the talent familiar to all.
The Courier Cornet Band is always forward for any good cause. In addition to fine music preceding the concert, they have a charming overture, "The Rivals," as a part of the program. This is one of the best bands in the state, and its splendid music is always justly recognized.
A vocal trio, Roses and Violets," by Mrs. Blackman, Mrs. Brown, and Mrs. Slack, was next on the program, a lovely selection and very nicely sung.
The excellent musical talent of Al. Roberts is well known to everybody. He can play and instrument and his music is always classic. His guitar solo was a novelty in the program and was highly appreciated.

Mrs. E. G. Cole, whose frequent appearance before Winfield audiences in years gone by, acquainted all with her sweet voice and attractive presence, appeared again Saturday evening for the first time in two years, in "Glide Forth, Oh Gentle Dove," a popular selection and splendidly rendered.
"Homeward Bound," with Mrs. Blair at the piano, gave ample volume for the superior voices and culture of Judge Buckman and Judge Snow. Judge Snow's rich bass voice has become as standard in our musical circles as has Judge Buckman's. They are both old stand-byes.
Chas. I. Forsyth, the attorney recently located here, made his first appearance before a Winfield audience in a baritone solo, "The White Squall." This is one of the most thrilling of musical compositions, and was most admirably sung by Mr. Forsyth, who has a very rich and distinct base voice and will take prominence among our musicians.
A pleasant relief was the recitation, "Wintergreen Berries," by Mrs. Flo Williams. Though giving no special attention to elocution, she exhibits culture and natural talent in voice and gesture by no means mediocre. Her rendition was very well received.
"The Battle of Murpheysville," a thrilling descriptive song, was given by Mr. Blair, one of the city's best tenor voices, with Mrs. Blair at the piano. Mr. Blair's voice is peculiarly soft and versatile. He has a love and cultured talent for music that have kept him to the front in our musical circles for years.
The immense convulser of the occasion was the duet, "A Fine Old Diechan gintleman" and "A fine old Irish Gintleman," specially and hurriedly prepared for this event by Judge Buckman and Mr. Blair. It was full of local hits that brought out roars of laughter. The Judge and Mr. Blair are a rattling musical team.
The Misses Leith and Shay gave a violin and piano duet, "Tyroler Valksteid," which was well received, and a pleasant novelty owing to a feminine hand being at the bow.
The appearance of Mr. and Mrs. Blair, Mrs. W. H. Albro, and Judge Snow brought up the long ago when this quartette sang so steadily as the Episcopal choir, appearing in numerous concerts. They are all excellent musicians and sang beautifully "Love's Happy, Golden Days."
The entertainment closed with "Ring Dem Hebbenly Bells," led by Mr. Blair, with some "bully" local "hits" and chorused by all the male voices who had taken part in the concert.
Winfield never had a more successful entertainment than this—remarkably successful considering no rehearsal. Mr. Blair in arranging and carrying out the program showed himself an adept as a musical organizer. There was not a break to mar the occasion, and the performances were all of a high order.
The Local Relief Society thus raised a fund of over $250, that will be judiciously applied to the city's worthy poor, and will take much sunshine into many an unfortunate home. Should this warm weather be the opening of spring, this fund will carry the needy through. If the cold weather continues, another concert will likely be necessary, for which we have ample talent that didn't appear this time.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.

The man who has lived here for years without laying the foundation for wealth can, with the present surety of large and solid prices, be numerously heard lamenting on what might have been. When he looks at the business blocks, the residence lots, or the farms that have more than trebled in value in the last few years, he feels like kicking himself all over town. Now he realizes with telling force the bonanzas he has lost. Lots that, but a year or so ago, could have been bought for three hundred dollars a block, can't be bought now for four times that amount. And this value is legitimate. Then these tracts were blocks from the residence portion of the city. Now they are marked by fine residences and the initiatory improvements that go to make the most desirable homes. And business lots, as our city takes on the metropolitan, have been gradually growing into fortunes. Yes, men have grown rich through the legitimate increase of values. And the man without faith, the man afraid to venture, now sees the error of his ways. But the end is not yet. The really big spread has just begun and the man who takes the tide at its increasing flood will rake in a gold mine. Prices will never become exorbitant—our real estate owners have too much sense to feign benefits by going wild in prices. As the city gradually spreads, values will continue to spread, just as they have done. The only difference is the increased capital necessary for investments compared to a few years ago. Every dollar invested is as sure to bring big profits as the sun is to shine. Now is the time to plant your wealth, if you want it to grow. With the now assured future of the Queen City and county, every real estate investment, under the genial rays of the bright sun of prosperity, will flourish and bear fruit beyond even your fondest hopes. Prices are reasonable and will continue reasonable, while steadily enhancing with the developments and prospects that are inevitable.
Newsy Notes Gathered by the "Courier's" Corps of Neighborhood Correspondents.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
Again is dame nature's charms covered with a snowy mantle.
Mrs. Samuel Watt is experiencing quite a protracted illness.
Messrs. John Berry and Will Beaches' little ones are afflicted with pneumonia.
Mr. Sherman Albert and his better four-fifths are visiting his mother and friends in this vicinity.
Once more is the babbling brook fettered with icy chains and its melodious murmur hushed to mortal ears.
The Victor school froze up a couple of days for the want of coal. The Centennial and No. 10 froze out for the want of pupils.
The frost reached a depth of two feet as attested by the freezing up of water pipes this depth below the surface on the Holtby farm.
The present is a very appropriate time for one to read Whittier's poem, "Snowbound." Its contents can be realized as well as imagined.
Mr. Ground Hog would command the respect of a suffering public by an exhibition of more delicate modesty and less blow and bluster on his arrival.
Full many an "old Inhabitant" with anthems dire and profound,
The dark, unfathomed depths of many impenetrable snow drifts abound.
Old Boreas ran the Centennial literary last Thursday evening in accordance with his own sweet will. Only four sturdy members were present to contest his supremacy.

"Mark" and "Jumbo" had a checker tournament one night last week. Nine games were played. Ask "Jumbo" how the contest terminated.
Elmer Hostetter is visiting with the Holtby boys this week and participating in the exhilarating past-time of chasing the festive jack and cotton tail rabbits over the numerous snowdrifts.
The spelling contest at the Holland schoolhouse last Friday night resulted in Loyd Guyer and Ed Garrett of District 4 carrying off the belt. The denizens of No. 10 can spell monosyllable words quite well.
From his serious countenance and reflective mood, it is evident that Charley White is meditating the commission of matrimony within the next fortnight. He will occupy the Croco farm, which will be vacated by Mr. R. M. Victor the first of the month.
Two scores of Beaver's genus homo have aroused the combative proclivities of the Hackney dudes by playing first gentlemen to two feminine favorites of the latter. There is a rumbling in the air suggestive of a badge of mourning in the near "pretty soon" if the aforesaid intimacy continues.
At its last meeting the Centennial literary elected the following officers for the ensuing term: President, M. H. Markum; Vice President, J. C. Snyder; Secretary, Loyd Guyer; Treasurer, Miss Lula Teeter; Sergeant at Arms, John Vandever; Editor, Messrs. Ed. Byers and Ed. Garrett. The society is booming in the superlative degree.
It is very probable that the growing wheat is injured to a considerable extent by the severe freezing, notwithstanding the large amount of snow that has fallen. The injury occurred before enough snow fell to protect the wheat. It will be noticed as soon as the thaw begins, that a large per cent of the wheat will present a sickly and lifeless appearance.
The trial of Ed Byers for the violation of the society's by-laws created considerable amusement for a crowded house at the Centennial literary last week. Geo. Teeter presided as Judge and Loyd Guyer, clerk. Messrs. Mose Teeter and M. H. Markum were the prosecuting attorneys, and J. C. Snyder and W. B. Holland counsels for the defense. The fact that three of the "jurymen" were ladies might account for the acquittal of the defendant. Women, perhaps, ought to be allowed to vote, but they are too sympathetic and tender-hearted to fill the role of jurors—especially when the defendant is of the masculine gender and prepossessing in appearance.
Mrs. Holtby is assisting a Plymouth Rock to raise a brood of little chicks. They have survived the blizzards and seem bound to get there—to the frying pan.
I want to be a school ma'am,
And with the fair school ma'ams wade,
The many pretty snowdrifts,
Which along the roads are laid.
The happy, lovely maidens,
Have now hilarious fun,
Treading the wavy pathways,
That to their cold school rooms run.
Quite meekly and patiently,
She builds the fire much alone,

While Jack Frost's smacks do tingle,
Till she feels as cold as stone.
Her dauntless nerve and courage,
Is worthy of the highest praise,
Of fond parents whose children,
She guards through cold, stormy days.
Large volumes might be written,
Eulogizing Miss School Ma'am,
And the work she is doing,
For the kids of Uncle Sam.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
The Pleasant Hour Club hop at the Opera House Friday evening was largely attended and supremely enjoyable. These club dances are a very bright feature of the city's social life. They broaden acquaintances and are marked for their refinement, fashion, and grace. And the G. O. Club, managed by the gentle dames, is equally pleasurable and fills in the "off" week most acceptably. The city has never been as lively socially as this winter. Receptions, clubs, and various entertainments have been numerous and all marked by geniality, gay life, and good feeling in harmony with the general superiority of our society people. No city, even those twice our size, can turn out larger, more genuinely social or fashionable gatherings than Winfield.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
The Wichita Eagle wants Congress to pass a general right of way bill allowing any responsible railway company, that would comply with reasonable limits as to time, style of construction, etc., after filing with the secretary a profile of the proposed route or routes, to build through the Indian Territory. Such a bill would only enhance the value of Indian possessions and reserves and not harm anybody or interest in the remotest degree. Besides, such a bill would be followed by the immediate construction of a number of roads, which construction and roads would go far to settle the Indian problem.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
The west bound S. K. train, the first regular one west on this road since Monday, turned off a big crowd hee. The accumulation along the line was large.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
The House incontinently "sat down upon" the Simpson scheme to foist upon this special session of the legislature the "maximum rate agitation" of last winter over again. We do not suppose they expected to accomplish anything except to make cheap buncombe to go before their constituents with. Of course there could be nothing accomplished in that line in a short session, and the time spent on it would be thrown away.

Last winter we favored an attempt to make a just and reasonable maximum rate law, but its friends defeated it in the House by refusing to accept that they could get and insisting on the most extreme measure or none. This winter we don't want any attempts at that kind of legislation, not only because it would be fooling away valuable time which ought to be devoted to good measures which might be passed, but because the situation is changed with us and we do not need such legislation.
The coming season promises to be the great year of railroad building in Kansas. Scores of projects are on the tapis for the construction of new roads, or branches and extensions of older roads. Much of this work depends upon the encouragement they receive and the obstacles they encounter. Probably little or none of this work would be done if hampered by maximum rates that would make it probable the roads could not pay a fair rate of interest on the investment and every maximum rate law which has been proposed would necessarily have such discouraging and damaging effect. Then we expect for our county as low rates from competition as we could possibly get by a maximum rate law.
We want the D., M. & A. built through our county. After having surmounted many obstacles, if it should now encounter a maximum rate law, it would be the straw which breaks the camel's back and that road would never be built. We want the Santa Fe system extended. We want the link put in from Douglass to Winfield and the road straightened from Emporia to El Dorado. We want the road from Winfield by way of Maple City to Fort Smith and from Arkansas City to Sherman, Texas, to connect with roads to Galveston and other parts of that state. If we had a maximum rate law, it is not likely that these roads would be built, certainly not all of them, and the construction of these roads would be worth to the people of Cowley more than ten maximum rate laws could effect. If we get these roads, we shall never need a maximum rate law. As it now is our railroad commissioners seem to fill the bill and for the past year have kept a tight rein on the railroad companies. Their report is before us and shows that the rates of the railroads have not been unreasonable in the aggregate in that only a few extensive roads have been able to earn enough to pay a moderate interest on the actual cost of their plant, while quite a number of short roads and branches have not paid running expenses.
Finally such legislation is a direct stab at the Santa Fe system. That company is the great railroad corporation of Kansas and, contrary to the rule with corporations, it has a soul. It was the first company to build a road into our county, has treated us much better than most railroads would have done, and has been of inestimable value to us. It now proposes to do more for us than ever before. When we look at the towns on the Santa Fe road which treat that road well, we find they are prosperous and flourishing in strong contrast with the towns of the Gould roads and others. The A., T. & S. F. towns are the best in the state by far, because the railroad company helps them and builds them up while other roads are the very opposite. The company is using its surplus capital to build up its towns. Look at Topeka. What would she be without the Santa Fe? Look at Emporia, Newton, and other towns along their line.
The management of the Santa Fe is the very best and least oppressive; its officers are pleasant and accommodating gentlemen on whom we rely with implicit confidence that they will do what they say. With such men as A. A. Robinson at its head, we are assured of their friendship and help to make our towns what we wish them to become. Let the good work go on until every town in Kansas shall be reached and helped by this great corporation.

So we conclude we can struggle along somehow without any maximum rate buncombe this year. We take our coffee straight now and think it better that way.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
The address of Gov. John A. Martin at the Quarter Centennial celebration at Topeka the other day was the ablest of his many able speeches, and was the central and most valuable of the many very able addresses of that meeting, combining a very large amount of facts and statistics concerning the growth and development of Kansas, every word of which is a good word for Kansas. It is the best emigration and advertising document for the state that has yet appeared, has cost Martin many days and nights of unremitting labor and research, and we much and deeply regret that our senator should have opposed in the senate a measure to print 10,000 copies of the addresses for general distribution, characterizing them as "a lot of state agricultural reports." We are sure the people of this county do not agree with the senator in this matter and do appreciate Governor Martin.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
Gov. Martin's address at the quarter centennial at Topeka is an able and valuable document. No better immigration pamphlet could be sent east. Every sentence is a "good word" for Kansas. Clay Center Dispatch.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
Gen. Barnes, the head of the Southern Kansas railroad, was in this city last week looking over the situation in relation to the joint works of the Santa Fe and Southern Kansas roads to be inaugurated at this place. He expressed a lively pleasure and interest in the marvelous life and growth of our city, and a warm friendship for our people. He is well known to the people of this city and county, chiefly through his splendid management of the Southern Kansas for the past years, which has made it of the highest value to our county, and yet made fair dividends to its stockholders. He has done his whole duty to his company, and at the same time has made it of the most possible benefit to its shippers and the traveling public, and its business has been conducted by courteous and obliging gentlemen. We always liked the management of the S. K., and Gen. Barnes has a warm place in the hearts of this people.
Its Regular Monthly Meeting Last Saturday.
Various Vital Points for Fruit Growers.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
The Cowley County Horticultural Society held its first meeting for this year, with President Jas. F. Martin presiding and Secretary Jacob Nixon at the recorder's desk, and a good membership present.

Communication read from State Secretary Brackett by President Martin—that serious apprehension was entertained in regard to the condition of fruit trees the past winter. President Martin expected little fruit from budded, but expected some from seedling trees. Dr. Perry said that snow was heaped up around the old peach trees. Mr. Morgan Martin exhibited his seedling pears in good condition, also two samples of the Kansas Keeper apple. Mr. C. J. Brane exhibited a seedling apple, size and color of Maiden Blush, from seed of common crab—seed planted 1874, has borne for five years—seedling will keep in good condition up to April, excellent flavor. Pear cut, excellent, will undoubtedly keep until April and May.
Dr. Perry: What shall I plant among my apple trees?
C. J. Brane: Mr. Ware would plant apple only.
Mr. Thirsk: What shall we plant for windbreaks? Dr. Perry said the gray willow was the best for windbreaks in the east. Mr. Thirsk used Lombardy poplar. Mr. Brane would not plant pear near poplar. Mr. Thirsk found small fruits did well among his poplar.
Treasurer Robertson, Society Treasurer, reported $38.30 gross receipts for 1885, expenses paid, $7; balance $31.30.
On motion of Mr. Thirsk, the Society voted to pay half of the delegates' expenses to the State meeting, viz: $8.50 each: order drawn on treasurer for said amounts.
Dr. Perry, in behalf of Winfield National Bank, tendered to the Society the free use of the room in the new addition for their use at any time. Thanks of the Society were voted for their offer.
The election of officers for 1886 resulted as follows: President, J. F. Martin; Vice-President, Dr. C. Perry; Secretary, Jacob Nixon; Treasurer, G. W. Robertson; Trustees, Messrs. Millspaugh, Thirsk, and F. A. A. Williams.
Motion made and carried that Mr. Maxwell and G. W. Robertson be appointed committee to arrange for monthly meeting at Arkansas City in April.
Jacob Nixon, one of the delegates to the meeting of the State Horticultural Society, submitted the following report.
Mr. President and Gentlemen of Cowley County Horticultural Society: As one of the delegates to the annual meeting of State Society at Manhattan, Kansas, December 1st, 2nd, and 3rd, 1886, I submit the following report of the proceedings, with comments and notes.
Leaving Winfield Monday evening I arrived at Manhattan at 3:20 p.m., Tuesday. The sessions of the Society were held in the Congregational Church; M. B. Newman, vice-president, presiding. President Gale was absent in Florida for his health. There was a full attendance from the northern and central part of the state and a light one from the south and southwest. I shall not enumerate the essays and discussions held before my arrival Tuesday.
The first I heard was Prof. Failyers, "Fertilizers for Orchards." He stated: "Out of 13 elements 3 are absolutely necessary to plant growth, viz: Nitrogen, Potassium or Carbon, Calcium Phosphate." He considered good barnyard manure the best for orchard culture, as it contains all the elements necessary to tree and fruit growths. (There is, as you are well aware, a prejudice against manures among our farmers, they preferring to move the stable and save the trees from the forced growth in our virgin souls.) He recommended an occasional top dressing of lime and wood ashes, especially in sandy soil.
"Peach Culture in Southern Kansas," by L. A. Simmons, of Wellington, was a full exposition of the common practices of many in close planting and neglect on cultivation, and the results are unsatisfactory returns from the trees in a very short time.

The evening session was held in the chapel of the State Agricultural College. First was the annual address of President Newman replete with instruction and prompting to more earnest work in the Horticultural art in the future, as a guide to the new tree planters in our young state.
The President's address was followed by the address of welcome by President Fairchild, of the State Agricultural College, with response by President Newman. The next was "Some notes on Taste in Lawn Planning," by Prof. Popenoe, which was timely and full of useful information not only to the members of the society but to the young students of the college. He gave a list of the successful evergreen and deciduous trees on the College grounds, which we will obtain in the report for 1885. At the close of Prof. Popenoe's paper, a social meeting was held in the large rooms and hall, in renewing old and forming new acquaintances among members. College professors, and students.
December 2nd the session opened by Secretary Brackett on "Fruits of the Arkansas Valley," from his notes of travel the past summer. He paid our fruits a high compliment and showed two Missouri Pippin apples grown at Garden City, medium or below in size as grown by us, but extra in color and texture. At Sterling he found a German who has raised some 50 seedling pears that were making an extraordinary growth. He closed his report by a not overdrawn (to us) encomium on the fruits of the Valley and predicted it to be the fruit belt of the state.
Mr. H. E. VanDenan read Secretary Brocket's report on the Russian Apricot and those present when he was here will recall his conclusions and advice on that occasion. I might, for the benefit of new members and those not present, state that he said it was "pay no fancy prices but secure seed and test for yourselves." In a conversation with J. J. Measer, delegate from Hutchinson, he stated that he would not recommend extensive planting of the Russian apricot until choice varieties are produced by selection, and then propagate from these by grafting. He can send any of our members one year old plants, two feet high, by mail for 11 cents each: two year old plants, 15 cents each, are not mailable. He stated that seed sold this season for $11.00 per bushel.
"Profits of fruit-growing" by A. J. Holman, Leavenworth County. He considered a good salesman the main requisite to successful fruit growing. The business may be slightly overdone in some localities for the present. "Cut out all dead wood and sticks until better times" would be his advice to all.
"New Fruits" by Abner Allen, of Wabaunsee, considered grapes as showing the most improvement. He was sorry that unprincipled dealers substituted old for new varieties, entailing loss and debarring further efforts to secure better fruit for the house or market. He would favor state and national experimental stations.
Wythe, Blue Mt., Piles' Winter Small, Picket's large and handsome, quality good; Cedar Falls, season, August, not equal to Red Astrachan; Stump and Early Colton, not fully tested.
Brighton good; Early Victor ripe Aug. 10th, good; Pocklington, two weeks later than Concord. Lady Washington, rots and mildews badly.
A member from Missouri Valley Horticultural Society stated that the Clayton dropped badly. Allen would not recommend it as yet, not fully tested.

Report on "Small Fruits," by J. W. Williams, of Ottawa, Franklin County, reported 5,000 qts. of Crescent strawberries from one acre; other varieties, nothing. One-third acre of Sharpless, product one qt.; Crystal City, none; Ironclad, none; Cumberland Triumph, little; Wilson small berry, not profitable. Mt. Vernon, Glendale, Miners Prolific, fair yield; Crescent best; Col. Cheney second for early, and Miners Prolific for late.
Souhegan had done the best. Would recommend Smith's Iron Clad for sandy soil, and Reliance for low bottom lands.
B. F. Smith, of Lawrence, from Committee on Small Fruits, reported on strawberries viz: Chas. Downing, best berry; Capt. Jack, good shipper; Windsor Chief, few; Mt. Vernon, latest; cannot ship Cumberland Triumph; Jersey Queen, better; Ridwell, good, but not productive; Fink not productive; Jas Vicks good in 1884, but not good this year; Manchester rusts badly and of poor quality; Glennale productive and fine, good shippers. Sucker State and Lakin promise well.
Raspberries Souhegan uninjured by winter of 1884-1885. Smith's Iron Clad one-half crop this year.
Maj. Holsinger, Rosedale: Smith's Iron Clad and the Taylor have stood the winter of 1884-1885 uninjured on the Missouri bluffs. Would plant the Kittatinny on the north slope. Considered the Turner and Gregg extra good. Houghton gooseberry the best and only one wanted for market.
J. M. Shepherd, Abilene: Davidson's Thornless made large wood growth and little fruit; grew the Kittatinny with no injury from winters.
"Berry Culture in Southern Kansas," by D. C. Bowen, of Cherryvale, was read by Mr. Willis. Would plant strawberries in rows 4½ ft. apart and 15 inches in row; mulch in winter and leave on through the summer.
Willis, of Ottawa, in marking out strawberry beds, uses two lines and two men; walks on lines and moves over both lines at once.
Diehl, of Olathe, opened furrow and spread roots on small mounds in furrow, then filled up with hoe.
A. J. Holman used four-running marker and set with spade. Holsinger used the marker and opened light furrow with small plow.
L. A. Simmons, of Wellington: Crescent fertilized with Wilson's Albany is the best.
J. B. Mitchell, in Ohio State meeting, planted Crescent between Wilson and Jocunda; more prolific, solider, larger than fertilized with Downing, as Downing is not the same shape as Crescent. (See page 97-8 of State Report of Ohio.) Downing has not fruited well with them.
Cumberland Triumph did as well as the Crescent the second year. Kentucky for late, good; Davidson's Thornless, the best; early McCormick, good—cuts canes down to 18 inches; plants corn to shade.
Mr. Fisk had 20 acres in small fruits, keeps 100 stands of bees to fertilize his strawberries in early spring before insects become common to carry the pollen from flower to flower. They fertilize the Crescent from Downing at 10 rods. The bees will injure over-ripe fruit that has been punctured by wasps, etc.

Afternoon session.
Simmons, of Wellington, re-elected master for the Southern district. Secretary Brackett's annual report read and referred to committee.
"Space Among Trees," by Col. John Davis, of Junction City. Would plant forest trees 4 x 4 ft. and early bearing apple trees 15 to 16 ft. apart each way; considered the first ten years after they commence bearing the most profitable in the west. Close planting insured early fruiting, protection from the winds, ease of gathering; as soon as crowded to cut out three-fourths of the trees, leaving one-fourth as a permanent orchard. He would plant few varieties and those together in rows or blocks. This suggestion will quadruple the profit on a given area of orchard, and arrest the attention of market orchardists. His motto is "plant thick and thin quick."
E. P. Diehl, of Olathe, read an essay on "Horticulture in Connection with Farming." Net proceeds $250 per acre in berries on good locations. Distant markets did not make returns to justify the grower to properly enrich his ground and employ the help necessary to make it a paying business; home markets are the best.
F. Wellhouse, Fairmont, from Committee on Apple: natural animal enemies of the orchard. Report was ordered to be embodied in the manual.
"Horticultural Peculiarities of 1885," by Maj. Holsinger. Nothing new to report from his own grounds; a Mr. Campbell, of Johnson County, has a forty acre apple orchard, always keeps plenty of hogs in his orchard to take up the fallen wormy fruit; has the finest fruit in that section while his neighbors have heavy losses from Codling moth.
General discussion followed a query on cherry stocks. Members seemed about equally divided in their preferences between Morello and Mahaleb stocks.
"Some of the Needed Means to Promote Horticulture in Our State," by J. B. Schlitpher, of Sterling, was an earnest and able plea for school text books on Horticulture, Entomology, Botany, and Ornithology, making these a part of the required course of study in our common schools, enabling the child to distinguish between insect friend and foe.
Evening session free.
"Frauds and Tricks in Trade," by S. Reynolds, of Lawrence, who gave a long list of Russian apple victims for 1885. Cowley County headed the list to the song of $120,000. Mr. Reynolds has the faculty of calling things by their right names in good, old-fashioned English that is refreshing to lookers on, but decidedly uncomfortable to tricksters.
Address by Baker, of Topeka, on "The State Horticultural Society," was very good.
Following was an able lecture on "The Limitation of Horticultural Experiment," by President Fairchild of the State College—absolute accuracy is unknown and unattainable in fruit experiments in dealing with nature and nature's laws in plant and tree growth.
Prof. Kelleman gave a lecture on Mildent, Black Knot on plum, illustrated by large charts. His history of these parasitic fungi commanded the closest attention from the large audience—a lecture that every fruit grower appreciated.

Thursday, December 3rd. By invitation of the college professors, the forenoon was spent in visiting the college and grounds under the guidance of Profs. Shelton and Popenoe and Farm Superintendent; the workshops, orchards, barns, stocks, greenhouse, and fish ponds were inspected. After services in chapel, the students spent an hour in manual labor. The class at the grafting tables showed commendable dexterity and received many hints of value from the nursery: members of State Society. The evergreens and deciduous trees and shrubs on the grounds showed good care and growth. I noticed that orchard grass, clovers, and timothy had formed a heavy sward in front of main building, where the soil was very thin and full of stone. Trial plats of thick and thin seeding of winter wheat looked fine: the fly gave no sign of its work. Prof. Shelton reported a yield of 63 bushels to the acre of the Yellow Dentcorn this year, and King Phillip, an early variety, some 45 bushels per acre. These two varieties were the only kinds raised on the farm. Steps should be taken at once to test a large number of varieties. I think these grounds should be made the experimental station of the State to test and disseminate new desirable varieties of grain and trees and shrubs. Will not our college professors and state legislators make a move in this direction at an early day?
Afternoon session. Report of committee on geology read by L. A. Simmons, a continuation of the papers in former State Horticultural reports. Following this was "Vine Culture in 1885," by J. Weidman, of Pleasant Valley reported Brighton good, Pekin good, Pearl poor, Dracut Amber made extra growth, Early Victor early and good. Would recommend as best for general planting Concord, Elvira, Martha, Champion, Early Victor, and Dracut Amber, Abner Allen, Wabaunsee. Considered Moore's Early about an average with other early varieties, quality not extra.
"Insects of the Apple," by E. N. Godfrey, of Greenwood County. For canker worm would use one pound of London Purple in 50 gallons of water sprayed on trees with force pump, or kerosene emulsion of two parts kerosene to one part sour milk in 15 parts water applied as above. Would recommend Doyle's method of tying a band of cotton around the trunk of tree the first warm day in spring. Would not use lights in orchard for codling moth, as many friends were killed as foes.
R. R. Turner, of Cedar township, reported to me the appearance of the canker worm in his section last spring. We must prepare to fight them to secure a crop of apples.
"Utility of Windbreaks," by Maj. Z. S. Ragan, of Missouri, was read. He urged the planting of evergreen groves and belts for protection of stock. Cattle and sheep do better among them than in barns and sheds, which need no repairs. Evergreens shed their needles and unlike deciduous trees, do not blow away with the first gust of wind, but lie on the ground and retain the moisture. He urged planting along the highways, and cooperation among farmers and suburban residents in employment of landscape gardeners to beautify their grounds and homes.
"Why are there not more trees in Central Kansas?" by Hon. Martin Allen, of Hays City. "The cranks of one age are the heroes of the next age," might be applied to the tree planters in Kansas, his reasons or causes for the treeless plains were first, prairie fires; second, beavers; third, buffalo. In a heavy timbered country as the Ohio and Alleghany country in an early day, late spring frosts killed the fruit until the country was partially cleared. Has not the removing and stripping of the soil of this heavy timber been a blessing to the treeless plains in directing the rainfall to the west, records sustained by conclusion.

"Russian Mulberry," by I. Hosmer of Emporia, who gave a description and showed a two year old tree some 12 feet in height, this specimen suggests selection as in the Russian Apricot, as with the cottonwood plenty of water is necessary for a rapid growth at the expense of durability.
"Obstacles to more general tree planting," by our President, J. F. Martin, was an exhaustive and able treaty on forest tree planting, and as we have the promise of its early publication in THE COURIER, I will not give a report of it.
"Floriculture," by Mrs. E. E. Fuller, of Ottawa, read by Mrs. Kedie of State college, was good. This was followed by "Kansas Horticulture," by Geo. Y. Johnson, of Lawrence. This was an excellent history of the State Horticultural Society in his happy and entertaining manner, of great interest to the young members as well as older ones.
An address on forestry by Prof. Jas. H. Canfield, of State University, in his inimitable view of humor and forcible illustration of facts that were irresistible.
Closing address by President Newman.
I exhibited at state meeting a seedling apple from the orchard of H. C. Hawkins, which gives promise of being very productive and a long keeper; also from the orchard of M. L. Martin, one of our members, a plate of that much debated apple, the Kansas Keeper, which was pronounced the true apple of that name, by Allen, Brackett, Wellhouse, and others present. This apple seems to be especially adapted for the divide between the Walnut and Arkansas, productive and excellent. Mr. Martin's seedling pears attracted unusual attention and favorable comment, and upon my assurance that it was a real seedling and not a known variety, was recommended most favorable for trial. Mr. Martin is fortunate in securing this seedling to our winter list of pears, for the chances are one in ten thousand that the product is worthy of even trial. Van Morse, with his 80,000 seedlings, only produced two cases worthy of propagation in that Eden of pear culture: Belgium. JACOB NIXON.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
Literary on Thursday night.
Sunday School every Sunday.
We have writing school on Monday and Friday nights of each week by Prof. Finfrock.
Not seeing anything for some time from our part of the township, I will send you a few items.
The Richland township Sunday School Association held its biennial convention at the Richland schoolhouse February 4th. On account of the blockade of the roads by snow and the inclement weather, the attendance was not so large as usual, but we had a good time. The dinner was most excellent and pretty well discussed, it being a part of the program, but cannot say the subject was exhausted for there was enough left over for twice as many more. The talks on the different topics were good and the day was too short to get through with all the business. The next meeting will be held at New Salem the first Thursday in August.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.

Having to give up our store room in 30 days, our goods must go for what they will bring.
McGuire Bros.
Bills Introduced.—Nothing of Any Moment Accomplished.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
WASHINGTON, Feb. 9. Under the call of States, the following bills, etc., were introduced in the House yesterday and referred.
By Mr. Dunn, of Arkansas: To amend section 4884 of the revised statutes so as to prevent monopoly in the operation of the patent laws of the United States; also to authorize the purchase of foreign built ships by citizens of the United States, and to permit the same to be registered as ships of the United States.
By Mr. Morrison, of Illinois: Calling on the Secretary of the Treasury for information relating to the amount claimed in suits against collectors for duties illegally exacted.
By Mr. Henderson, of Iowa: A resolution requesting the Secretary of the Treasury to submit to the House his views as to the limits of the cost now fixed by law, of the public buildings now in course of construction or authorized to be constructed, and to state whether, in his judgment, the limits now fixed are such as will enable the department to erect suitable buildings.
By Mr. Blanchard, of Louisiana: Calling on the Secretary of the Treasury for a statement of all moneys or funds seized by Generals Butler and Banks while in command of the Department of the Gulf during the war, and particularly of all amounts seized by General Banks under order No. 202 by United States officers in New Orleans, from May, 1882, to May, 1865, together with the disposition of the moneys as seized and appropriated by the United States.
By Mr. Tarsney, of Michigan: To regulate the transportation of livestock.
By Mr. O'Neill, of Missouri: To create a commission whose duty it shall be to report upon the material and intellectual progress made by the colored people since 1865.
By Mr. Curtin, of Pennsylvania: For the encouragement of closer commercial relations, and in the interest of and perpetuation of peace between the United States and the Republics of Mexico and Central and South America, and the Empire of Brazil.
By Mr. Wilson, of West Virginia: To require the recoinage of the subsidiary silver coin into like coins of a proportionate weight to the standard silver dollar.
By Mr. Lawler, of Illinois: For the erection of a public building on the Bridewell property, Chicago.
By Mr. Springer, of Illinois: To enable the people of Dakota east of the Missouri river to form a constitution and State government.
Mr. Dockery, of Missouri, from the Committee on Accounts, reported adversely a joint resolution abolishing all mileage fees, and authorizing each member of Congress to employ a clerk.
Mr. O'Neill, of Missouri, from the Committee on Labor, reported a resolution calling on the Postmaster-General for information as to whether letter carriers came under the provision of the eight-hour law. Adopted.

Mr. Crane, of Texas, from the Committee on Labor, reported a bill constituting eight hours a day's work for all laborers employed by the United States Government. House calendar.
The House then at 4:10 went into Committee of the Whole on the half-gallon liquor tax bill.
The committee soon after rose and the House adjourned.
Little Done in the Senate.
Increase of the Hanging Sentiment in the House.
County Superintendents' Bill Passed.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
TOPEKA, Kan., Feb. 9. The Senate met in the afternoon yesterday, and petitions asking for municipal suffrage for women were presented; also a petition protesting against the cutting of Comanche County.
Bills were introduced.
By Mr. Lingenfelter: To legalize certain actions of the mayor and council of Wellington.
By Mr. Young: To provide for the issuance of third grade certificates to teachers.
By Mr. Kimball: Making eight hours a legal working day.
By Mr. Kellogg: To change the lines of Coffey and Lyon Counties.
A number of resolutions were offered and the consideration of bills on third reading was entered upon.
The bill appropriating $15,000 for the legislative department was passed, as was also the bill providing for the sale of certain State lands.
The evening session of the Senate was confined to the consideration of bills under general orders. The Apportionment bill, which was a special order for the evening, was postponed.
The first thing done by the House yesterday morning was to adopt a resolution instructing the State House Commissioners to place a stone railing around the portico of the west wing of the Capitol.
The bill requiring the owners of hedges along the public highways to keep them cut down to not more than five and one-half feet after they are more than seven years old was read a third time and failed of passage.
The House then resolved itself into Committee of the Whole. The first bill considered was the one increasing the salaries of county superintendents. After considerable discussion, which consumed the morning session, the committee rose without action.
In the afternoon the House in committee continued the consideration of general orders and the bill increasing the salaries of county superintendents was almost at once recommended for passage with the amendment that the maximum be placed at $1,200 instead of $1,500.
Mr. Benning then withdrew his telephone bill, which made the maximum charge per year per instrument $36.

The bill providing for the imprisonment for life of persons convicted of murder in the first degree provoked a great deal of discussion. In view of the capital punishment bill passed by the Senate last week, Mr. Stewart moved that the bill under discussion be indefinitely postponed.
The vote being taken on the motion to indefinitely postpone the bill providing for imprisonment for life, the motion carried. It was then moved to strike out the enacting clause of the Senate bill making hanging compulsory. The motion was defeated by a vote of 39 to 52. If this vote is an indication, the House is in favor of hanging as the penalty for murder in the first degree.
After the consideration of other bills, the House adjourned.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
JERSEYVILLE, Ill., Feb. 9. Yesterday while the family were at church, the residence of Jas. K. Francis, Ex-postmaster at Elsah, this county, was destroyed. The house and contents are a total loss.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
CHICAGO, Feb. 9. Wm. H. Crane, the comedian playing at McKicker's, is very ill and fears are entertained for his recovery. He took a strong cold some time ago, and is now developing a serious case of pneumonia.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
The other night at Bozeman, Montana, a body of masked men entered a meeting house, and marching up the aisle, covering the choir with their revolvers, took W. W. Ulm out, placed a rope around his neck, strung him up to a tree in a field nearby and strangled him until his friend, Henry Davis, appeared with a brace of revolvers and secured his release.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
Skipped lengthy report covering "Grain and Provisions" at St. Louis, Chicago, New York, and Kansas City markets.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
An entire hazing party was recently expelled from the State Normal College at Kutztown, Pennsylvania.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
The notorious Russian Nihilist Isanoff has been captured. The men who tracked him have been rewarded with 3,000 roubles.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
Cable orders have been received in Winnipeg, Man., to begin the construction of the Hudson Bay railroad from Winnipeg to Fort Churchill.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
The business failures for the seven days ended the 4th numbered: For the United States, 253; for Canada, 34; total, 287; as against 289 the week previous.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.

Prince Bismarck has ordered the hauling down of the German flag on the islands of the Caroline group occupied by the Germans previous to the decision of the Pope.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
The President has pardoned George R. Sims, convicted of conspiracy to defraud the Government in pension cases and sentenced to five years' imprisonment.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
At Greenville, Mississippi, the other night a fire destroyed the stores and stocks of L. E. Rothschild, R. G. McPherson, Mulane & Co., and M. E. Rosenthal & Sons. Loss, $80,000; insurance, $40,000.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
Vereschagin, the Austrian artist, in a letter to the Viennese editors, says he possessed proof that there is a letter in the hands of the police showing complicity on the part of the highest personages in Vienna in egging on the wretches who threw vitriol on his pictures.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
Lord Salisbury, replying to an address of English laboring men recently, said the labor question was of more importance than the Irish question. He denounced foreign governments who paid bounties to particular industries, saying it was a false and vicious economy.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
Mme. Gerstner, the prima donna, was reported very sick in London.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
The street car strike in New York ended in the companies acceding to the demands of the men.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
Fire in Brooklyn, New York, recently destroyed the Seventh Avenue Railroad Company's barn and sixteen new cars.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
A revolt occurred in Riverside penitentiary near Pittsburgh, Pa., the other morning, in which three deputies were injured.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
The Spanish Cabinet has abolished the privileges of Jesuit and religious schools and restored the state supervision of education.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
Herbert, the Captain of the tug boat that capsized a boat of the Austrian corvette in North river, New York, drowning six of the crew, has been held for culpable negligence.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
A dispatch from Chillicothe, Ohio, states excitement prevails in the vicinity of Lattaville, Ross County, over the alleged discovery of silver on a farm. Specimens of ore were sent to a mining expert, who declared it rich silver quartz.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
In the French Chamber of Deputies on the 4th, during the debate of the motion to dispose of the crown diamonds by sale, the Comte L'Anjuinaise, speaking in opposition to the motion, predicted the overthrow of the republic. Instantly the Chamber was thrown into a state of chaos and the air was filled with howls and groans.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.

The United States Government has awarded to Captain Miller and Second Officer Roberts, of the Lord Gough, each a gold watch and chain, and to Seamen John Purcell, Samuel Pry, E. Dix, and Thomas E. Wart each $25, in recognition of the rescue of the captain and crew of the American schooner Cleopatra off the coast of Massachusetts on December 7.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
The custom has for years prevailed for ladies to begin making up their muslin wear in February, and we have no reason to believe that this year will differ from those gone before. We have bought accordingly and will open our
250 pieces of latest styles and designs of Hamburg and Nainsook Embroideries, in Edgings, Insertings, Flouncing, Skirting, and Allovers, at prices never before offered in the city. These goods are entirely aside from our regular stock, and were bought
Especially for this Sale!
And it will pay the ladies of Winfield and vicinity to call early and make their purchases, as best patterns go first and the bargains we offer cannot be duplicated this season. Sale to continue until Saturday, February 20th.
813 Main Street.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
Cash Capital Invested: $835,000.
Cash Available for 1886: $600,000.
We are always pleased to talk over rates and our method of doing Business with any desiring Information, Whether we deal or no.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
We will place on sale this day 200 men's, boys' and children's OVERCOATS,
One Thousand men's and boys' heavy UNDERSHIRTS AND DRAWERS,
And our entire stock of Hats and Caps at a Discount of 20 per cent, or
No change in marked prices, and every article is marked with
It reduces the price of our
$5.00 OVERCOATS TO $4.00,
And all others in like proportion.
Come and share in the benefits of this sale.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.

We are opening a large stock of
Which will be offered at the very lowest prices. Call and see us.
The Senate, After a Lengthy Discussion, Passes the Bill Dividing Dakota.
On the Forty-sixth Parallel and Admitting the Southern Portion As a State
By a Vote of 32 to 22.
Randall Reports the Pension Appropriation Bill in the House.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
WASHINGTON, February 6. Among the petitions presented and appropriately referred in the Senate yesterday morning were a number by Messrs. Hoar, Frye, Cullom, Conger, Dawes, and Allison, from various assemblies of the Knights of Labor, praying Congress to open up the Oklahoma lands to settlement, and to establish a territorial government over the lands.
On Mr. Harrison's motion the morning's business was laid aside and the Dakota bill taken up. Mr. Butler took the floor and opposed the bill.
Mr. Logan said his attention had been directed to the vote of South Carolina because the Senators from South Carolina (Mr. Butler) and Missouri (Mr. Vest) had explained that Dakota in 1884 had polled 55,000 votes, while on the adoption of the proposed constitution only 31,000 had been polled. He had then called attention to the vote of the Senator's own State, saying that Dakota with only a quarter of a million had only voted 91,000 votes, and he had inquired whether if explanation was not also required for South Carolina.
Mr. Butler replied that the explanation was that at the last election in South Carolina, the political friends and allies of the Senator from Illinois (Mr. Logan) were industriously neglected. They had not been instructed or even approached by the Senator; and he believed that the people from South Carolina, white and colored, were satisfied with their State Government, at least the country had a right to so assume.
Mr. Logan remarked that nothing had been said by him about the State Government of South Carolina.
Mr. Butler then inquired if the Senator from Illinois would in turn vouchsafe an explanation of the votes of some States that he would mention. He inquired how it was that only sixty-two per cent of the voters of Illinois had gone to the polls at the last election, even with the "Favorite Son of Illinois" and the "Plumed Knight" both on the ticket.

Mr. Logan said the point first made by the Senator from South Carolina had been that an explanation was required why the vote had fallen off in Dakota. He had explained that by showing that a Democratic committee of the Territory had notified the Democrats not to participate in the vote. But even on the view of the Senator from South Carolina, Illinois, and other States, he could not see why it should not have fallen off in Dakota.
Mr. Butler said this did not explain the falling off in Illinois. He also asked why the "old reliable solid Republican State of Vermont," under the distinguished leadership of the Senator from that State (Mr. Edmunds), who was wild with enthusiasm for the success of the Republican ticket [great laughter], had cast only sixty-two per cent of its vote, and even then that the Senator's own home had for the first time in its history gone Democratic; also why had Rhode Island, equally enthusiastic for the Republican party, polled only forty-two per cent of her vote for that ticket, and, further, why in Maine, the home of the "Plumed Knight," but sixty-nine per cent of the vote was cast for that popular ticket?
Mr. Logan: "Will the Senator allow me to ask him a question?"
Mr. Butler: "I shall be through in a moment. Perhaps these things can be explained."
Mr. Logan: "I was going to do it."
Mr. Butler: "I shall be glad to hear the explanation in a moment."
"It was amusing," Mr. Butler said, "for Senators who had not and in the nature of things could not have Presidential aspirations to watch the contest going on between some of the Senators on the other side." Mr. Butler stated that he had no doubt Dakota's vote would be a luscious plum for the ambitious statesmen who were infected with the Presidential fever. He referred to his genial friend from Iowa, Mr. Allison, who he said had "only got to cross over and shake the bush," and would bear watching. Referring to one of the Dakota gentlemen, who opposed admission, Mr. Butler said that while some other men had been "lolling in their tents, he had been marching to the defense of his country." In the course of his remarks, Mr. Butler alluded to the pensions paid to Union soldiers, and said he had voted to pay millions upon millions of such pensions to the comrades of the Senator from Illinois, while his (Mr. Butler's) comrades neither expected nor received a cent, but paid their share of the taxes. He did not complain of this. The comrades of that Senator had been victors; his own comrades had been vanquished and were entitled to no pensions. The comrades of the Senator from Illinois were entitled to the thanks and honors of the Government, but people had no right to be eternally flaunting their performance in the face of the country in order to excite prejudice against others.
Mr. Logan said he had not attacked the State of South Carolina. He had thought he was complimenting that State when he had said that South Carolina had always been in the fore front of Democratic leadership.
Regarding the vote of Illinois, quoted by Mr. Butler, Mr. Logan asked Mr. Butler where he got his figures.
Mr. Butler replied, "In the American almanac."

Mr. Logan said almanacs sometimes made mistakes. He cited the figures of the votes cast in Illinois for several years past, showing a constantly increasing vote in that State, the figures for 1876 being 554,066, and for 1884 as much as 672,669. At every Presidential election since such elections had been known in this country, the vote of Illinois had increased over that of the prior election. In South Carolina, with a population of a million of people, that State in 1880 had polled 179,866 votes, while with the same population, and perhaps an increase, in 1884 the vote polled was only 92,862. If, therefore, the vote of Illinois had increased by 50,000 and the vote of South Carolina had decreased by 78,000, his idea was that an explanation was as much due from South Carolina as Dakota. It had been said that the electors of South Carolina had not been of a character to induce the voters to come out. Such an eulogium had been passed upon that State this morning that he was tempted to ask why such electors had been nominated.
Mr. Morgan had heard a good deal in this debate, but had not heard any of the advocates of the bill answer the facts presented against it. Senators as much as said to the opponents of admission under this bill, "Your facts are all right but your motives are wrong, and you do not want to pass this measure because you are Democrats and want only Democratic States admitted." He could at least as logically reply that a gentleman who was not elected at the last election wanted a new Republican State admitted, or that he wanted it in order to retain power in this Senate. It would perhaps be unjust to the Senator from Illinois to say that, but not more unjust than the motives ascribed to the opponents of this bill.
Mr. Plumb said the Democratic party had always favored the admission of new States when new States were Democratic, or would add to the power of the Democratic party. He reviewed at some length the question of the admission of Kansas. It had had to fight to get in, and it had fought the fight well. The "Bleeding Kansas" of that time had become the ministering angel of the Republic. It might be that in the estimation of some the vote of Kansas was not as valuable as that of South Carolina or Alabama—they were "older" States.
"Out our way," said Mr. Plumb, "we don't ask a man how old he is or where he came from, we are too busy to go into pedigrees. We ask him what he is and what he can do. Kansas says 'welcome' to Dakota, which was opposed now by the same party that opposed the admission of Kansas. The first steps under the new Democratic administration followed close in the last steps of the other Democratic administration."
Mr. Call opposed the bill. The will of the people of Dakota had not been ascertained on the question of division or on the proposed constitution and they should have an opportunity of voting on these questions before the action of Congress was necessary.
Mr. Edmunds inquired whether Mr. Call, Mr. Butler, and their associates would vote for the bill if an amendment were made to it providing for the submission of the new constitution to the people for their approval before it should go into operation, or whether they would vote for a bill which would be submitted to the people of the whole Territory for them to say whether they wanted division or not.
Mr. Call saw no necessity for such haste. This matter had to be decided with a view to the future as well as the present.
Mr. Butler: "Will the Senator from Vermont before submitting this bill to the people eliminate from it everything that has been done in the way of elections of Senators or Congressmen?"

Mr. Edmunds: "I will not. After all these years of effort and application by these people, the matter should now be disposed of. There was a constitution like the constitutions of other States in respect to the security of property, the administration of justice, the equal levying of taxes, and everything that goes to make up the best of modern constitutions. I would not, therefore, say to these people that they must again be put off for one, two, or three years. The people of a Territory have no right to remain a Territory forever. The United States paid a very large part of the territorial expenses and should be relieved of that burden as soon as it is consistent with the general good. It was the misfortune of fate for the Senators on the Democratic side that the Dakotans did not have political opinions with which those senators could agree, and that was what the matter was."
Mr. Beck denied the right of a Territory to divide itself, that being a power lodged only in Congress. The population of the new Territory, he said, consisted to a considerable extent of foreigners—Scandinavians and others who were not yet prepared for citizenship.
The debate then closed. Mr. Butler's substitute was put to a vote and lost; yeas, 22; nays, 33.
The bill as reported from the committee was then passed: Yeas, 32; nays, 22. The only Democrat voting in the affirmative was Mr. Voorhees, while the negative votes were all Democrats.
The bill divides the Territory of Dakota on the line of the 46th parallel of latitude, for the admission of the southern portion as a State under the title of Dakota, and the northern portion into a separate Territory under the name of Lincoln.
Mr. Payne presented the credentials of re-election of Senator Sherman, which were read and filed.
Mr. Blair moved that the Senate take up the Education bill, heretofore introduced by him and reported favorably from the Committee on Education and Labor.
Pending the motion Mr. Plumb moved an adjournment.
Pending that motion Mr. Blair asked consent to say a few words. Several objections were heard. Mr. Blair opposed Mr. Plumb's motion and called for the yeas and nays, but the motion was carried and the Senate adjourned till Monday next.
The Speaker laid before the House yesterday morning a message from the President transmitting the response of the Secretary of the Interior to the House resolution calling for copies of any contract between the Southern Pacific Railroad Company and any land grant railroads, and of any contract between the Pacific Steamship Company and any land grant roads. It was referred.
The Speaker announced the appointment of Messrs. Hammond, of Georgia, and Culbertson, of Texas, to fill the vacancies upon the Committee on American Shipping Interests.
At 12:30 the House went into Committee of the Whole on the private calendar. The committee remained in session until 3:30 o'clock, when it arose and reported various bills to the House, leaving the Fitz John Porter bill standing at the head of the calendar.
Bills were then passed for the relief of Francis E. Stewart, Joseph W. Parish, Victor Beaubeucher, G. S. Hunt & Co., Phinney & Jackson, and Dudley, Hall & Co.; also bills authorizing the Merchants National Bank of Little Rock, Arkansas, and the National bank of Winona, Minnesota, to change their name, and authorizing the First National bank of Minneapolis, Minnesota, to increase its capital stock to an amount not exceeding $2,000,000.

Mr. Randall, of Pennsylvania, from the Committee on Appropriations, reported the Pension Appropriation bill, and it was referred to the Committee of the Whole. The bill as reported appropriates $75,754,200, an increase of about $13,000,000 over last year. It is made up as follows: For army and navy pensions; $75,000,000; for the fees and expenses of examining surgeons, $500,000; for the salaries of eighteen pension agents, $72,000; and for miscellaneous expenses, including clerk hire, rents, etc., $172,200.
On motion of Mr. Laird, of Nebraska, a resolution was adopted making the Fitz John Porter bill a continuing special order from Thursday next until the Thursday following, including a night session on Tuesday evening. The House then adjourned until Monday.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
ATLANTA, GA., Feb. 4. Developments of a sensational character have been made in the county chain gang. On the 14th of December "Bud" Williams was sent there. On the night of the memorable cold day, Saturday, the 9th ult., Williams had both feet frozen, as also did another convict named O'Neill. Dr. Boring paid daily visits to the camp and each time examined Williams' feet. The feet continued to grow worse. Early the next week the flesh began to drop off and the bones to crop out. The convict's feet—or rather, what is left of his feet—present a most deplorable picture. His left foot has dropped away piece by piece and bone by bone until nothing but a small portion of the heel remains. The toes are all gone, scattered about the house, while the bones making the instep have disappeared too. The ankle bone is gone and the bones of the leg are bare of flesh for three inches above the ankle. On the right foot there is little or no flesh. The big toe is gone and the others are ready to leave. His legs are numb up to the knees and it is with difficulty that he is able to move. The camps in which these prisoners are confined are roundly denounced as a disgrace to the community. The shell called a house is not a fit place for animals to sleep in. Even in moderately cold weather, great cracks four and five inches wide are the rule and not the exception. The bunks are not even supplied with straw, which would be inexpensive. The blankets are about as thick as corn sacks, not even as thick and warm as meal bagging. From the men in charge and the convicts, it was learned that one blanket is given each convict, who sometimes sleeps with another, thereby using the blankets together and of course getting the benefit of the two. The feet of the prisoners will be amputated Friday. The county commissioners are examining into the case.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.

CHICAGO, Feb. 4. Joseph S. Gratz, the absconding Chicago jeweler, who was captured a few days ago by Pinkerton's detectives at San Antonio, Texas, was brought up before Justice Lyons for preliminary examination this morning. Gratz, who has been in prison in default of bail since his return, has lost his defiant air and has a careworn and depressed appearance. His case has attracted considerable attention throughout the East. In brief, the charge against him is that, after securing jewelry on credit from a score or more of Eastern houses to the total value of nearly forty thousand dollars, he sold out the entire stock and book debts for nine thousand dollars and skipped to the Lone Star State. But the fifty defrauded dealers, whose individual claims ranged from $50 to $1,500, did not propose to be sold, and accordingly they held a meeting at New York and promptly subscribed $10,000 to meet the expenses of the sharper's capture and prosecution. Not only this but they decided to prosecute the firm to which Gratz had sold his stock, and likewise determined not to sell any more goods to this firm until it had proven that it was not in collusion with Gratz. This action so alarmed the firm that it offered to turn over the entire stock to the creditors for the nine thousand dollars paid to Gratz, and Mr. Shakman, senior member of the firm, left for Providence last night with the view of seeking an audience with the indignant association. Frauds upon wholesale jewelers between Philadelphia and Providence, R. I., have of late become so numerous that it is proposed to make an example of this case, and a late dispatch says that one hundred and fifty firms have subscribed to the prosecution fund.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
INDIANAPOLIS, Ind., Feb. 4. Dr. Woodworth, alias Will F. Wood, ex-dean of the faculty of the Beach Medical College, who recently decamped, is still missing. His first wife, Mrs. Mary Woodworth, is still living in Chicago. Twelve years ago, according to her statement, he abandoned her and for two years lived in Chicago with another woman unknown to her, and then went East. Last November he returned to Chicago and represented that he was connected with a flourishing institution of learning in the South and wanted her to resume domestic relations, but she declined. Quite recently she sent a legal representative to this city, preliminary to a divorce suit with alimony. Woodworth was anxious to avoid publicity and promised anything and everything, but it was developed that he took the earliest opportunity to shave off his whiskers and leave the city. Dr. Woodworth owns valuable property in this city, where he has practiced medicine for six years. He is thought to have gone East, and it is believed his third wife, who is still here, is in communication with him.
The Theater Comique Burned at Butte City.
Several Lives Thought To Be Lost.
Terrible Explosion at Carnegie's Steel Works Near Pittsburgh—Twenty Lives Lost.
A Horrible Affair in East St. Louis.
A Fiend Pours Coal Oil Down a Stove Pipe.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
BUTTE CITY, M. T., Feb. 5. The Theater Comique at this place was burned down today. It is feared several lives are lost. Those who escaped did so bareheaded and barefooted. The theater is a mass of ruins.
PITTSBURGH, PA., February 5. A brief dispatch from Homestead says a terrible explosion has just occurred at Carnegie, Phillips & Co.'s steel works, and twenty men are reported killed.

EAST ST. LOUIS, Ill., Feb. 5. About 10:30 last evening a terrible affair occurred in the railroad yards about one mile from the Relay depot, which came nearly roasting six employees of the Wabash railroad. Some miscreant crawled on top of the small switch house while six men were crowded inside warming themselves by the fire, and poured the part of a can of oil down the stove pipe. In a moment the shanty was one mass of flames. The men huddled together, unable to get out. The cries of the men who would have been burned to death were heard by a watchman who had seen the flames from a distance and was hastening to the shanty. He quickly smashed in the door, and the men were rescued from a terrible death, and were rolled in the snow by the engineers and firemen of the two switch engines, who had heard their cries and come to the rescue. The injured men were conveyed to the Relay Depot and Dr. Fairbanks sent for, who dressed their wounds. Scott Anderson, Maurice M. Glynn, Will Ginekey, and Joe Donohue were frightfully burned about the face, hands, and body. It is feared they will lose their eyesight. The skin was peeling from their faces and they were suffering intense agony. George Lurdeg, in charge of the Relay depot restaurant at night, rendered valuable assistance by covering the men's faces and heads with flour while awaiting the doctor's arrival. A special engine and car were run across the bridge by the Wabash Company and the men taken to the Missouri Pacific hospital.
Gladstone Compelled to be Circumspect in Dealing With This Question.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
LONDON, Feb. 5. Mr. Gladstone's manifesto to his Midlothian constituents fairly outlines his proposed legislation, but the "great work of "peace" clause carries with it the suspicion that while Mr. Gladstone is personally ready and willing to do everything desired by the Irish leaders, he fears that both Scotch and English voters will refuse to swallow the full dose at one gulp. It is also suspected that Mr. Gladstone made certain promises to the Queen, which he is bound to remember in drawing up measures for the relief of Ireland, and when this proposed legislation is laid before Parliament, it is fairly certain that the clauses leaning toward home rule will be so carefully wrapped up in voluminous schemes for land reform that their discovery will be gradual and unaccompanied by the shock which would be sure to follow the naked announcement of an Irish autonomy. The Premier is being sorely pressed by the Irish leaders, and when he brings forward his land bill, it will certainly contain provisions drawn on the lines of the Colling's amendment, which will contain a long step toward home rule. Gladstone's methods are not completely Machiavellian in their tortuousness, but he nevertheless believes that a certain amount of virtuous finesse is necessary to the success of the great problem of his life, and a repetition of the tactics which he employed when disestablishing the Irish Church may be confidently looked for Mr. Parnell is in full accord with the Liberal leader on this plan of action, and will support him with his voice and votes as long as he is convinced that an earnest endeavor is being made for the cause which he has at heart.
An Old Lady Robbed and Murdered and Burned Up In Her Dwelling.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.

MARTIN'S FERRY, Ohio, Feb. 5. About 12:30 this morning the residence of Miss Betsy John, a maiden lady of about eighty years, who resided about a half mile from Mount Pleasant, Jefferson County, Ohio, was discovered on fire in two places. The neighboring farmers were soon at the scene of the conflagration, but owing to the intense cold and the entire absence of water, nothing could be done to stay the progress of the flames and the building was soon consumed. Today a search of the ruins resulted in discovering the almost consumed body of Miss John. She was lying in the cellar directly beneath the location of her bedroom, and from marks upon the roasted and blackened body, the opinion is that she was murdered by burglars and the house fired to hide all traces of the crime. The old lady had lived entirely alone for a generation, her income being derived from interests on loans and accruing profits on investments, and she had always been supposed to have large sums of money concealed about her house. Her wealth and the fact of her living alone, and her eccentric character, make the resemblance between her and Elijah Marling, the aged bachelor who was robbed and so horribly tortured with red hot irons in the hands of burglars, at his residence across the river in West Virginia a year ago, very strong. Theses parallel circumstances incline many to the opinion that the same gang of burglars who robbed Marling and others in this vicinity may have been the cause of Mrs. John's tragic and terrible death. There is great excitement over the affair today.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
WASHINGTON, Feb. 5. Hon. M. E. Engleman, of Manistee, Michigan, arrived here this morning to enter a protest against the action of Collector Watson in closing Manistee and Ludington as ports of entry. He brings a mass of statistical and other papers, together with letters of protest from prominent merchants and shippers at Chicago, Milwaukee, and other points. He contends that Manistee is one of the most important ports on the east shore, that vessels arrive daily in the harbor, and instances the fact that but a few days ago he himself shipped out 6,000 barrels of salt. It is understood that the collector's order was based upon the report of an agent, who gathered his facts at Grand Haven, but neglected to visit Manistee or Ludington in person.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
SARATOGA, N. Y., Feb. 1. About ten o'clock yesterday morning a remarkable celestial or meteoric phenomenon attracted and arrested the attention of the early church goers in Saratoga; indeed, nearly the whole population was gazing skywards. To the north and south of the sun and about twenty degrees distant, were two brilliant sun-dogs, or mock-suns, the one to the south being the most brilliant, and about one degree in length. All the rainbow colors were shown with perfect clearness, and stretching away in a direct line from the sun were white streamers half a degree in width and reaching clear around the sky and meeting in the west. Shortly afterward four rainbows, perfect circles, intersecting each other, were painted on the clear blue sky. Each circle was apparently the same distance from the sun as the mock circles intersected each other. The colors in one of these circular rainbows were intensely brilliant and well defined. The bow was a band at least a half degree in width. The celestial spectacle remained visible for fully half an hour, gradually growing in brightness, and more suddenly fading, but without any of the dartings and pulsations characteristic of auroras. There was no tinting of the sky, which remained as a pale blue background from which the phenomenon was projected.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.

POMONA, Cal., Feb. 1. Owing to an item which appeared in this morning's Los Angeles Times in regard to the Morrison-Fuller episode, the representative of the paper was attacked on the street here this morning by Mr. Fuller in true pugilistic style. The Times representative, not being equal physically, drew a pistol and fired one shot, which did not take effect. He was arrested and Mr. Fuller brought a charge of shooting with intent to murder. The Times representative gave a bond of $500 for his appearance for a preliminary examination tomorrow morning at ten o'clock. The affair caused a big sensation here.
Hanging Bill and Apportionment In the Senate.
Railroad Legislation in the House.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
TOPEKA, Kan., Feb. 5. When the Senate met yesterday petitions for woman suffrage were presented.
President Biddle asked consent to make the following changes in committees: Crane, from the Committee on Roads and Bridges to the Committee on State Affairs; Kimball, from Roads and Bridges to State Affairs. Unanimous consent was given.
A resolution to provide bill holders for Senators was laid on the table.
Under the order of the third reading of bills, the measure introduced by Kimball relating to capital punishment was passed. This bill was reported back to the Senate by the Judiciary Committee with a majority and minority report. The majority report recommended that it should not pass, but the Senate failed to obey the recommendation and passed the bill.
The Senate then went into Committee of the Whole for the consideration of bills on the calendar.
The first bill taken up was that relating to the appointment and employment of persons who served in and have been honorably discharged from the army and navy of the United States. The bill was finally recommended for passage.
The following measures were also recommended for passage: To prescribe the manner of selling the sulphate and other preparations of morphine; to amend section 4 of chapter 144 of the session laws of 1883; to amend section 3 of chapter 103, laws of 1872, being an act providing for the regulation of the running at large of animals.
The Senate spent the afternoon in wrestling with the question of appropriating twelve sections of salt lands to the State Normal School at Emporia.
The Apportionment bill was introduced and read a second time. The House and Senate Apportionment Committees reported in the afternoon late. There is not much change in the legislative districts as they now are. Several of the Eastern counties lose a representative each, and the recently organized counties in the West are given one each. The new apportionment will go into effect after September 1, 1888. The bill will not be reached until well along into next week, as there are nearly two hundred bills in the House under general orders, and fully half as many in the Senate.

The new Senatorial districts are placed as follows: 1, Brown and Doniphan; 2, Atchison; 3, Leavenworth; 4, Wyandotte; 5, Johnson and Miami; 6, Linn and Anderson; 7, Barber; 8, Crawford; 9, Cherokee; 10, Labette; 11, Montgomery; 12, Neosho and Allen; 13, Wilson, Wood, and Green; 14, Coffey and Franklin; 15, Osage; 16, Douglas; 17, Shawnee; 18, Jefferson and Jackson; 19, Nemaha and Pottawatomie; 20, Wabaunsee, Davis, and Riley; 21, Lyon and Chase; 22, Elk and Chautauqua; 23, Cowley; 24, Sumner; 25, Sedgwick; 26, Butler; 27, Marion and Morris; 28, McPherson and Harvey; 29, Dickinson and Clay; 30, Cloud and Republic; 31, Ottawa and Saline; 32, Washington and Marshall; 33, Jewell and Mitchell; 34, Osborne, Russell, Lincoln, and Ellsworth; 35, Smith, Phillips, and Norton; 36, Rush, Ellis Rooks, Graham, Trego, Gove, Sheridan, Decatur, Rawlins, Thomas, Wallace, St. John, Sherman, and Cheyenne; 37, Rice, Stafford, Pratt, Edwards, and Kiowa; 38, Reno and Kingman; 39, Harper, Barber and Comanche; 40, Barton, Ford, Pawnee, Ness, Hodgeman, Lane, Scott, Finney, Hamilton, Wichita, Greeley, and Seward.
In the House yesterday the Senate resolution providing for the printing of 10,000 copies in pamphlet form of the speeches delivered at the Quarter Centennial, and Dr. Cordley's address on the Quantrell raid, was passed with the amendment that the portion referring to Dr. Cordley's address be stricken out.
McNall's resolution, that it was the sense of the House that the number of legislative districts should be limited to 115, was called up. Mr. Greer moved to lay upon the table, which was done by a vote of 64 to 46.
The first thing under the general orders was the bill endowing the State Normal School at Emporia with twelve sections of salt lands. After some debate the matter was made a special order for 10:30 this morning.
The following bills were passed on third reading: Providing for the building and repairing of bridges in Sumner and Barber Counties, to prevent the running at large of domestic animals or animals affected with infectious or contagious disease; relating to carrying concealed weapons, and amendatory of section 252 of chapter 31 of the compiled laws of the State of Kansas.
The afternoon was consumed in considering bills relating to railroads. The temper of the House was shown to be strongly against entering upon any general railroad legislation. The bill introduced by Mr. Beates was the first to be considered. It was drawn principally for the benefit of the Rock Island road, and the chief and fatal objection to it was that it allowed any road existing under the general or special laws of any State to enter Kansas without becoming domiciled, and amenable to the State laws. Amendments were offered by Governor Anthony that any foreign road coming into the State should be required to make a continuous line of road and become a citizen of the State and amenable to its laws. The whole matter was finally made a special order for today at two o'clock.
Mr. Simpson's bill authorizes and directs the Board of Commissioners to make for each railroad company doing business in the State as soon as practicable a schedule of just and reasonable rates of charges for the transportation of freight, and states that such schedules shall be posted by the companies in public and accessible places along their roads. This bill opened up the whole field of general railroad legislation and as the Legislature was averse to entering seriously upon such a grave and important matter, the bill was indefinitely postponed by the House.

In Committee of the Whole, Mr. Carroll's bill providing for the enforcement of contracts made by railroad companies in consideration of municipal, county, and township aid was then taken up. The penalty for the non-enforcement of contract is placed at 25 per cent of such aid, and for every thirty days thereafter that the contract shall remain unperformed an additional penalty of 25 per cent of the value of such aid. Mr. Carroll hopes by this bill to reach the Kansas Pacific, as it is operated in Leavenworth County. The bill was recommended for passage.
A bill was introduced by Mr. Bryant to apportion the State for Senators and Representatives. The rules were suspended, and the bill was read a second time, ordered printed, and referred to the Committee of the Whole.
Mr. Benning presented a measure authorizing the city of Atchison to appropriate the stock and interest of the city of Atchison in the Chicago & Atchison Bridge Company to certain purposes, and the House adjourned.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
General Hazen, the chief signal officer, has made a contract with Prof. King, the aeronaut, to write out his experiences in making balloon ascensions and to prepare a treatise upon the atmospheric conditions above the clouds. He is to be paid $10 for the job.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
READING, Pa., Feb. 8. George Walters, a middle aged and well-to-do farmer of Red Hill, drove up to a neighboring hotel yesterday with his hired man. He seemed in a jovial mood, and after stopping a few minutes in the bar room, he walked out to some shedding in the yard. A pistol shot was heard soon after, the inmates of the hotel rushed out and found Farmer Walters expiring with a bullet hole in his temple.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
At Gabriel Dumont's ranch, five miles from Lewiston, Montana, recently, six Cree Indians arrived from the Northwest to hold a council with Gabriel Dumont, one of Riel's lieutenants. They report about forty lodges of their tribe near Fort Assiniboine. They claim to be starved out, and threaten reprisals.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
DODGE CITY, Kan., Feb. 8. Nine prisoners made their escape from the county jail about eight o'clock Friday evening by sawing off the bars in the corridor. Two of them were in for murder and the others for horse stealing. Their escape was discovered a few minutes after they were gone, and the officers are in close pursuit.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
RANGOON, Feb. 8. Lord Dufferin received an ovation here especially from the natives, who are grateful for Lord Dufferin's efforts in behalf of the native women. Lord and Lady Dufferin proceeded immediately to Mandelay. The length of their stay will depend entirely on circumstances.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
MADRID, Feb. 8. The police yesterday suppressed a meeting of Federal Republicans because one of the speakers referred to the state of the monarchy as insecure. Two of the leaders of the recent revolt at Carthagena have been sentenced to death and another to ten years' imprisonment.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.

LONDON, Feb. 8. Mr. Redmond, Nationalist member of Parliament, in a speech at Monaghan yesterday, urged Irishmen to restrain their violent feelings and not to hamper the new Government which, he said, would take immediate steps to stop evictions.
Destruction of the Grand Haven Freight House and Other Buildings.
Loss Foots Up $250,000.
A Volcanic Outbreak Destroys a Village in Guatemala.
Another Snowslide in Colorado Kills Three men.
Fires in Texas and Mississippi.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
GRAND HAVEN, Mich., Feb. 2. Fire broke out at 10:20 last night in the Detroit, Grand Haven & Milwaukee freight house, and in a few minutes nearly half of that immense structure, which stretches nearly three squares from north to south, was on fire. The fire department responded quickly, but owing to the fierce southwest gale and intense cold, was unable to check the fire's progress, and soon the entire structure was a mass of flames. The department worked heroically, but could save nothing in the freight house and elevator, and all energy was directed to adjoining buildings. The passenger steamer City of Milwaukee was lying alongside the elevator and was badly scorched. At 11:25 p.m. the elevator was entirely enveloped in fierce flames, together with the remainder of the warehouse, and nothing could save it. Lumber yards are just north of the fire and a large portion of the city was threatened. Twenty-five or thirty freight cars were destroyed. At 11:45 o'clock the fire was under control but was still fiercely burning. Although covered with corrugated iron, the buildings would have all gone like tinder but for the hard and intelligent work of the firemen. The gale continued blowing fiercely, but had shifted to the west, which aided materially in the hour of greatest need. The total loss will not fall short of $250,000, which amount is supposed to be fully insured. It is conjectured that in connection with the sheds yet standing, temporary sheds will at once be put up and business on the part of the railroad company will not suffer. There is considerable storage room in the part of the sheds saved.
PANAMA, Feb. 2. The Government Commission, consisting of Prof. Rocketrock and Mr. Walker, sent from Guatemala to report upon the probability of an outbreak of the Pacaya volcano, announces the total destruction of the village of St. Vincente Pacaya. Some tile-roofed houses completely collapsed, making such a cloud of dust as to create the belief that a new crater had opened. The hot springs surrounding Lake Matillan emits a larger volume of water at a higher temperature than usual. The crater of Pacaya remains unchanged, while that of Fuego has been very lively.
BRECKINRIDGE, Col., Feb. 2. Sunday, while a party of men were clearing the snow from the track of the Denver & South Park railroad, six miles above Frisco, a snowslide five hundred feet wide and twenty-five feet deep came down the mountain, sweeping away the track. John McWilliams and two shovelers were buried under one hundred feet of snow and rocks at the bottom of the mountain. Their bodies have not yet been recovered.

BROWNWOOD, Texas, Feb. 2. Fire at one o'clock this morning destroyed the postoffice and almost the entire business part of the city. The fire is thought to be the work of an incendiary. The loss was $55,000, the insurance $31,000.
JACKSON, Miss., Feb. 2. Jones' Hotel, Angelas' Hall, Green's bank, and several other frame buildings were burned today with most of their contents. The loss was $65,000; the insurance, $50,000.
The Senate Considering What to Do About it.
Final Action Deferred.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
WASHINGTON, Feb. 2. The Senate had a long executive session yesterday afternoon, and it was nearly dark before adjournment. The report of Attorney General Garland on the resolution adopted in executive session last week calling for the papers on file in the Department of Justice connected with the removal and appointment of a United States District Attorney for the Southern District of Alabama, was under discussion. Inasmuch as the Attorney General had seen proper to give a copy of his report to the President, Mr. Edmunds could not see any impropriety in considering it publicly and giving the widest publicity to the action of the committee. Mr. Butler objected to having the matter discussed in open session, and considerable debate followed over the general proposition to consider any kind of executive business with open doors. Mr. Hoar during the debate claimed jurisdiction of the report from the Attorney General for his Committee on Privileges and Elections, but after some discussion his claim was disallowed. Before taking final action on the question of discussing the matter in open session, the report on objection went over to the next executive session.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
WASHINGTON, Feb. 2. The remains of Mrs. Bayard, who died Sunday evening, were taken to Wilmington, Delaware, at three o'clock yesterday afternoon for interment. The body was accompanied by the Secretary, his two daughters, and Mr. Bryan, his private secretary. The President and Miss Cleveland, Secretary and Mrs. Manning, Secretary and Mrs. Whitney, and Secretary and Mrs. Endicott accompanied the friends to the train. Secretary Bayard is expected to return here this evening.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
PINCKNEYVILLE, Ill., Feb. 2. News was received here today of the death of Frederick Wetzell on Friday at Cutler, Perry County. He was hauling saw logs to the mill upon a sled when the sled was overturned, throwing him off when a log fell upon his chest, killing him instantly.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
LITTLE ROCK, Ark., Feb. 2. On the night of the 30th ult., Dick Sanderson, residing in the Chickasaw Nation, was called to his door and shot. He was a suspected horse thief.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
ST. LOUIS, Feb. 2. O'Hara, who has been under sentence of death for murder, has been granted the right of appeal to the Supreme Court, and his execution has been indefinitely postponed.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
COLUMBIA CITY, Ind., Feb. 2. Yesterday morning during a quarrel, Thomas Gullerton shot and killed John Garhattee.
Threatened Negro Uprising.
A Tale of Depravity and Violence.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
MAYERSVILLE, Miss., Feb. 1. This town has been greatly excited during the past two days over a threatened negro uprising. So great were the fears of the people that the assistance of the military was asked from Vicksburg, and a company of military consisting of twenty-two men were immediately sent, but on arriving here this morning they found everything quiet. The events leading up to the trouble were as follows: Ebenezer Fowler, a negro barkeeper, who stood well with the white people and his own race as a businessman and who was a married man of ungainly appearance, some time ago was discovered to have been intimate with a widow who had stood high in the community. Threats were made to tar and feather him, but the older men said the woman was as guilty as he, and nothing should be done to him unless both were driven out of town. Finally the widow gave birth to a child and disappeared. Fowler continued his business and a few days ago went to the house of a Mrs. Weir, whose husband is absent, and handed her a note containing an insulting proposition. The lady seized a revolver and told him to leave the house. He demanded a return of the note, but the plucky woman retained it and drove him off. She then gave the note to the district attorney and preferred charges against Fowler. When the officers went to arrest him, Fowler attempted to draw a revolver, but was prevented. Upon entering the court room, Fowler turned upon his guard and attempted to seize a revolver. In the scuffle that ensued the weapon went off and the mayor was slightly wounded. Instantly a volley of bullets were poured into Fowler's body and he was killed. The affair created great excitement among the negroes, who threatened to avenge Fowler's death, but more cool-headed men among them quieted them.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
NEW YORK, Feb. 1. The five days' billiard contest ended with the following score: Shaeffer, 3,000; Vignaux, 2,838.
Nothing Important in the Senate.
Consolidation Bill Passed in the House.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.

TOPEKA, Kan., Feb. 6. When the Senate met yesterday another flood of petitions were presented asking for municipal suffrage for women. The House amendment to the concurrent resolution directing the printing of 10,000 copies of the report of the quarter centennial were concurred in by the Senate.
Mr. Green, of Riley, introduced a concurrent resolution relative to the appointment of persons to select additional agricultural college lands, under the act of Congress of July 2, 1862. This was laid over.
Mr. Hewins, of Chautauqua, introduced a resolution asking Congress to grant the right of way through the Indian Territory to the Fort Smith railroad. This was referred to the Committee on Federal Relations.
Mr. Pickler introduced a resolution, which was adopted, complimenting the Hon. R. S. Hicks, a member of the Senate who had been compelled to leave the State on account of ill health, and therefore to resign his office. The resolution was adopted.
The House resolution directing the State Board of Agriculture to publish 20,000 copies of its biennial report was concurred in.
The following bills were placed on third reading and finally passed: Relating to the appointment and employment of honorably discharged soldiers and sailors of the United States; to prescribe the manner of selling the sulphate and other preparations of morphine; to amend section 4 of chapter 144 of the session laws of 1883; to amend section 3 of chapter 193, laws of 1872, providing for the regulation of the running at large of animals; making an appropriation for the Commissioner of Labor Statistics; making an appropriation for the expenses of the State Reform School for the fiscal years ending June 30, 1886, and June 30, 1887; making an appropriation for the expenses of the State Board of Health; appropriating $15,000 for the Legislative Department and general expenses incident to the special session of 1886.
The bill appropriating $1,500 to Frank Bacon for services as Commissioner to the New Orleans exposition caused considerable discussion. Nearly every member voting explained his vote, and the roll call consumed nearly an hour's time. The bill finally passed, however, by a vote of 33 to 6.
The entire afternoon was spent in considering the Emporia Normal School land endowment matter.
Adjourned till Monday.
After the opening exercises in the House yesterday, Mr. Roberts made a statement that he had introduced his bill last year creating a chair of pharmacy in the State University in good faith, and on the statement that it would not cost the State a dollar. He was not in sympathy with the university in now asking an appropriation to endow that chair.
Mr. Blake offered a municipal suffrage petition for women.
The Apportionment bill was made a special order for Tuesday morning at 10:30.
A message from the Governor was read, approving certain local bills; also a message from the executive council stating that the reason why the iron railing was not placed at the west end of the capitol was because no appropriation was made for that purpose.

The Consolidation bill was called up at twelve o'clock and placed on a third reading. After the rejection of an amendment, the bill was passed by a vote of 97 to 5. Those voting in the negative were Ashley, Hardesty, McNall, Martin, and Stine.
The bill donating salt lands to the State Normal School was recommended for passage and placed under third reading, without amendment.
In the afternoon a number of bills were taken by consent from the general order and placed under the third reading. This irregularity caused Mr. Kelly, of Mitchell, to move that a committee of five be appointed to revise the calendar, which motion prevailed.
Mr. Smith, of McPherson, offered a resolution that the Ways and Means Committee appropriate $1,000 to the State Historical Society for the purpose of enabling it to print an indexed catalogue of the State library. This was laid over.
The following bills were passed on third reading: To create a board of survey to conduct experiments to determine the existence of coal or other minerals, and the practicability of securing artesian wells in the State of Kansas, and defining the duties of said board of survey; to authorize the formation of companies for the detection and apprehension of horse thieves and other felons, and for mutual protection.
The House then took up the Beates Railroad bill. It was finally recommended for passage as amended by Governor Anthony. All but half an hour of the afternoon was spent in considering the bill admitting foreign railroad corporations into the State. The debate on the bill centered around this one point: If the Rock Island or any other road is allowed to enter the State without being made to take out a State charter, can it be made amenable to State laws in State courts? Governor Anthony held that it could not, and his amendment rectified this evil. Governor Anthony's amendment was adopted and the bill recommended for passage as amended by a vote of 53 to 44.
Adjourned till Monday.
Five Legs and One Arm Broken and Other Bruises in a Collision.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
ST. JOSEPH, Mo., Feb. 6. For the last few weeks the young people of St. Joseph have been indulging very extensively in coasting, and there has been scarce a day during that time that some very serious accident had not been reported, and in two instances death has resulted from the sport. The most serious accident that has yet occurred happened at ten o'clock last night on the Francis street hill, which extends from Fifteenth street west to Ninth street. A party of gentlemen were coming down the street on a large bob-sled when they overtook another bob, which had started a few seconds in advance. Ira Jackson, who was guiding the rear sled, attempted to avoid a collision by turning the sled out of the usual course; but it became unmanageable and ran into a tree, severely injuring several of the party. Below are the names of the injured.
Ira Jackson, right leg broken above the knee.
Edward Edwards, right leg broken midway between the knee and thigh; injuries probably the most serious of all, his leg having been broken off short, so that when he was being taken to his home, the lower portion fell back and lay beside his body.
Miss Florence Locke, right thigh broken and head bruised.
Miss Helen Engel, left arm and left leg broken.
Harry Caull, knocked insensible and head bruised.

Elijah Meadows, severely bruised.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
An aged and eccentric lady living near Mt. Pleasant, Ohio, was recently robbed, murdered, and burned in her dwelling by unknown parties.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
The Senate Committee on Public Lands has completed a bill for the repeal of the pre-emption and timber culture land laws and the measures will be reported to the Senate today. It repeals the two laws mentioned outright, amends the desert land act so as to give the claimant 360 acres, on condition that he shall make it his permanent residence and shall irrigate one-half of it, the patent to issue five years from the date of filing the claimant's notice of intention, does away with the commutation feature of the homestead law and limits the time within which the Government can attach a patent to five years. The committee also amended Senator Berry's resolution so as to make it declare that in the opinion of Congress the leases of the bath houses and hot water privileges at Hot Springs should not be renewed by the Secretary of the Interior until the Forty-ninth Congress should have legislated with reference thereto. The resolution will be favorably reported to the Senate.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
WASHINGTON, Feb. 1. General Hazen called on Second Comptroller Maynard Saturday at the Treasury Department and had a long conference in regard to his recent criticisms of his accounts. Mr. Maynard's recent pronunciamento was simply a warning to General Hazen that if his accounts in the future contained such items as he criticized, he would disallow them. No disallowance could have been made in the accounts which caused the criticism, as they had already been allowed and paid several years ago. It is understood a satisfactory conclusion in regard to rendering future accounts was reached.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
MONTREAL, Feb. 1. The following firms made assignments today: E. Jette, dry goods and mantles, liabilities $12,000; Pioneer & Co., dry goods, liabilities $10,000; Madame D. Laurine, milliner, liabilities $11,000; J. B. Moxmond & Co., hatters, liabilities between $3,000 and $4,000. All of the firms allege that their embarrassment arose from dull trade during the small-pox epidemic.
The Senate Discusses the One and the House Discusses the Other.
Logan on the Floor.—A Vote Expected Soon.
Riddleberger's Resolution Committed.
The Board Resolution as Amended by the House Committee.
Mills' Appeal for Silver.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.

WASHINGTON, Feb. 4. The Chair placed before the Senate yesterday morning the resolution submitted by Mr. Riddleberger and the substitute submitted by Mr. Pugh, relating to the relations between the President and the Senate in regard to information and papers affecting Government officers suspended or appointed.
Mr. Edmunds said that practically but four months of the session were left for business. The resolution offered presented no practical but only mooted questions, and it would be time enough to debate them when they should become practical. He therefore moved to lay the resolution on the table.
After a spirited debate, the motion to lay upon the table was agreed to, only one voice being heard in the negative.
Mr. Riddleberger rose and called up the resolution that had a few minutes before been laid on the table, and, on motion of Mr. Morrill, the resolution, without debate, was referred to the Committee on Privileges and Elections.
A bill was passed for the benefit of the States of Texas, Colorado, Oregon, Nebraska, California, Kansas, and Nevada, and the Territories of Washington and Idaho, providing that in case of the loss of original vouchers required by law for the settlement of claims by the States and Territories named, the Secretary of War may accept copies thereof, properly certified by the State or Territorial officers.
At two o'clock the Dakota bill was placed before the Senate, and Mr. Logan took the floor. He differed materially from the Senator from South Carolina (Mr. Butler) and the Senator from Missouri (Mr. Vest) in regard to the question under consideration. Fourteen States had been admitted under the force of "enabling" acts, and eleven States without "enabling" acts. Congress therefore was free to adopt either course according to the circumstances which in each case might seem best adapted to the public good. He asked what the substantial objection to Dakota's admission was. By reading a paragraph from Mr. Butler's speech, people might get a glimpse, at least a shadow of the real objection. The meaning of the objection was that if Dakota was admitted, it would add three electoral votes to the Republican strength at the next Presidential election. He inquired of Mr. Butler whether that was not the point.
Mr. Butler denied it and said that he had already declared that even if the political complexion of Dakota were Democratic, he would have felt obliged to oppose its admission under the present aspect of its application.
Mr. Logan said that when Republicans wanted anything, the idea of the Senator from South Carolina was that it was wanted by a clique. Mr. Logan's idea was that without regard to the politics of a Territory, it should be admitted when it had the necessary population and other conditions.
Mr. Logan regretted to be obliged in the absence of Mr. Vest to refer to some of that Senator's remarks. He (Mr. Logan) wanted to know if great harm was done if in the Congress of the United States a man happened to mention the fact that ex-Union soldiers inhabited Dakota. Some extraordinary inferences had been drawn from a reference by Mr. Harrison to ex-Union soldiers in connection with the population of Dakota.

Mr. Logan said his references were more in sorrow than in anger, but he could not forbear saying that it was not "north of the line" that bitterness was found, or injustice inculcated. It was not north of the line that it was sought to deprive the people of their votes. The objections to Dakota were part of a great scheme to keep out Republican States until Democratic States could be brought in also. That was a repetition of the old principle of "slave" and "free" States. Mr. Logan read from the Charleston News and Courier an article advocating the enactment of a property qualification for voting. There, he said, was a proposition to deprive the mass of people of the right of suffrage.
"The Senator from South Carolina laughs," said Mr. Logan, "I don't see why you should not laugh because that is the only way you are going to control that country after awhile. The start of the Democracy was in South Carolina."
"Yes," said Mr. Butler, "while the distinguished Senator from Illinois was a leader of that party."
"Not a leader," replied Mr. Logan. "I was a follower, and I followed so far behind that I got left." [Great laughter and applause in the galleries.]
The attempt to keep out Dakota, Mr. Logan characterized as part of a great scheme to keep out States that would send Republicans to Congress. He appealed to the justice and magnanimity of Senators to give ear to the voice of the energetic and enterprising people who were applying for admission to the Union of States.
Mr. Morgan opposed the admission of Dakota under the present conditions. He thought the Senate was asked to admit the new State merely for the purpose of admitting office-holders that had been sent here. The patriotism that had been so much referred to had in it a strong flavor of self-interest.
Mr. Harrison then obtained the floor and gave notice that he would ask the Senate to bring the bill to a vote today.
The Senate then adjourned.
When the House convened yesterday, Mr. Bland (Mo.), from the Committee on Coinage, Weights and Measures, desired to report back the resolution offered by him on Monday last, calling on the Secretary of the Treasury for information relative to silver circulation.
Mr. Morrison (Ill.), stating that he wished to examine the resolution, made the point that it was not accompanied by a report as required by the rules.
Mr. Bland then withdrew his resolution for a time, but later, having prepared a short report, he again submitted it.
As amended by the committee, the resolution read as follows:
Resolved, That the Secretary of the Treasury be hereby requested to inform the House whether or not any agreement or arrangement has been effected by the management of the Treasury Department with the clearing house committee in New York, or any other association or persons, to maintain a gold standard, and if so by what authority such an arrangement has been made and carried out, and further to inform the House what amount of silver dollars were in the Treasury on March 4 last, unrepresented by outstanding certificates, and what amount of such certificates are now in circulation; also, what amount of silver dollars were in the Treasury on March 4 last that could have been applied in the payment of the interest bearing debt and other dues of the Government, and what amount of such dollars now held in the Treasury could be so applied; also, what amount of interest bearing debt is now subject to call, and will the same policy be pursued in payment of silver coin for other public dues in the future as in the past.

Mr. Morrison would not object to the resolution, but thought it went too far in asking what was to be the policy of the Treasury Department.
Mr. Bland replied that the past policy of the administration was known, and it was proper that Congress should know whether it was to be pursued or not.
Mr. Randall, of Pennsylvania, inquired whether there was any way of getting in a motion to strike out the clause in regard to the future policy of the administration. That could be judged by its acts.
The Speaker replied that he would examine the resolution to see whether its clauses were divisible.
Mr. Hewitt, of New York, asked: "Will it not be in order to move to commit the instructions?"
The Speaker answered: "That is not in order."
Mr. Hewitt: "Then I move to recommit the resolution with instruction to the committee to strike out that portion which asks the Secretary of the Treasury to define the policy of the Administration."
The motion was lost. Yeas, 88; nays, 68; and the resolution was adopted.
Mr. Morrison, of Illinois, from the Committee on Ways and Means, reported a resolution calling on the Secretary of the Treasury to report to the House the total amount applied to the sinking fund between June 30, 1884, and July 1, 1885, and under what dates and in what several amounts the same was applied and adopted.
The following committee reports were submitted.
By Mr. Cobb, of Indiana, from the Committee on Public Lands, to forfeit the Atlantic & Pacific land grant, House calendar.
By Mr. Wilkins, of Ohio, from the Committee on Banking and Currency, providing for the issue of circulating notes to National banking associations, House calendar.
By Mr. Miller, of Texas, from the same committee (adversely), to make shareholders of National banks individually responsible for the debts of the bank, laid on the table.
By Mr. Hatch, of Missouri, from the Committee on Agriculture, to enlarge the powers and duties of the Department of Agriculture, Committee of the Whole.
By Mr. McRae, of Arkansas, from the Committee on Public Lands, to protect homestead settlers within railway limits, House calendar.
By Mr. Springer, of Illinois, from the Committee on Territories, to annex a portion of the Territory of Idaho to Washington Territory, House calendar.
By Mr. James, of New York, from the Committee on Labor, to prohibit any officer of the Government from hiring or contracting out labor of prisoners, House calendar.
In the morning hour the House resumed in Committee of the Whole, Mr. Crisp, of Georgia, in the chair, the consideration of the bill to abolish certain fees for official services to American vessels.

Pending action the committee rose and the House again resolved itself into committee, Mr. Hammond, of Georgia, in the chair, on the bill relating to the taxation of fractional parts of a gallon of distilled spirits. Mr. Mills, of Texas, offered an amendment providing that all taxes imposed by this act should be paid in standard silver coin, and using this amendment as a text, he addressed the committee upon the entire silver question. "If silver should be stricken down," he said, "then the value of the products of labor would decrease just one-half. Whenever prices were falling money would go out of circulation. There was no such curse in existence as contraction of the volume of circulation. When this contraction was brought about, then would come sorrow to the bosoms of the people, tears to their cheeks, and hunger and want and starvation. That was what the advocates of scarce money were asking Congress to do and to do in the interest of the laboring men." In conclusion, Mr. Mills said: "This scourge which is sought to be visited on the people of the United States comes from the cold, marble, and phlegmatic avarice—the Eastern avarice—which seeks to fasten the whole country on the bed of suffering in order to gratify its lust for gold. In this hour, fraught with peril to the whole country, I appeal to the unpurchased Representatives of the American people. Let us stand up and call the battle on and never leave the field until the people's money shall be restored to its full value." [Loud applause.]
Mr. Butterworth (Ohio) briefly discussed the provisions of the pending bill and opposed it as being disadvantageous to the distillery interests of Ohio. Without action the committee arose and the House adjourned.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
TOPEKA, Kan., Feb. 4. When the Senate had finished its preliminaries yesterday morning, petitions were presented by three different Senators praying for municipal suffrage for women. The several standing committees then made reports. Among others the Committee on Agriculture reported back the bill abolishing the office of State Veterinarian, with the recommendation that it be indefinitely postponed. The bill was ordered printed.
Under the head of messages from the Senate, Attorney General Bradford submitted an answer to the resolution of Mr. Kimball, that notwithstanding the doubt in the mind of that learned compiler (Dassler) he was of the opinion that the law of 1872 absolutely and completely repeals the act of 1870, and that the laws of 1872 as amended by chapter 39, laws of 1874, are absolutely repealed so far as they authorize the subscription of stock and the issuance of bonds by townships in aid of the construction of railroads, by chapter 107, law of 1876. To the suggestion that the limitation upon townships issuing bonds under the provisions of the law of 1876 apply only to bonds issued under the provisions of that act, and whether if notices issued under any other act than the acts of 1872 and 1876 would not be limited in amount by the provisions of those acts, he says the latter, covering the entire ground, furnishing the rule and requirements that must be complied with, with the issuance of township bonds in aid of railroads, and that all such bonds must now be issued according to chapter 107, laws of 1866, the limitation therein provided for being the only one applicable. Thus it will be seen that townships voting bonds cannot exceed the limits fixed by the law of 1876.
The resolution appropriating $25,000 to secure the National Encampment of the G. A. R. was referred to the Ways and Means Committee. The resolution instructing the Attorney General to institute quo warranto proceedings against the Union and Kansas Pacific railways was referred to the Committee on Railroads. The resolution protesting against the action of Commissioner Sparks in withholding patents was adopted.

The following bills were passed on third reading: To authorize counties, cities, and municipal townships to issue bonds for the purpose of aiding railroad companies in securing and paying for lands for right of way, depot grounds, and terminal facilities; to authorize and direct the board of county commissioners of Shawnee County to issue bonds to fund certain indebtedness; to regulate and fix the terms of court in the Twenty-first judicial district and repealing section 2 of chapter 139, session laws of 1885, authorizing the erection of a jail in the county of Mitchell, and providing means therefor; authorizing the county commissioners of Republic County to build a jail and to levy a tax therefor; legalizing certain roads and highways in Atchison County and making the record of such roads and of the plats and surveys of the roads evidence of the validity of the same; to legalize certain levies and assessments and taxes of the city of Atchison; authorizing the board of county commissioners of Jewell County to provide a fund and appropriate the same for the purpose of building a courthouse; to extend the time of building a bridge in Douglas County; to authorize the County Commissioners of Sumner County to build and repair bridges and to levy a tax therefor; to authorize School District No. 2 in Gove County to issue its bonds for the purpose of erecting a schoolhouse; to authorize Ottawa township, Franklin County, to build a township hall; authorizing the Board of County Commissioners of Labette County to levy certain taxes for bridge purposes; to enable municipal townships to subscribe stock in any railroad and to provide for the payment thereof; to regulate and fix the terms of the district court of the fifth, eleventh, and fifteenth judicial districts; to authorize the board of the County Commissioners of Cherokee County to build a courthouse and bridge and to provide a fund, therefor; making an appropriation as a donation to St. Vincent Orphan Asylum.
In the House, yesterday morning, petitions were introduced as follows: From sixty-six citizens of Richland township, Cowley County, for power to organize into a high school district; from citizens of Hartford, Linn, and Finney Counties, asking for the recreation of old Buffalo County; for municipal suffrage, asking that Scott County be attached to Finney for judicial purposes from citizens of Lyon, Ford, and Finney protesting against the cutting of the lines of those counties. Probably the two most important petitions were from citizens interested protesting against the passage of the bill consolidating the cities of Wyandotte, Armourdale, and Kansas City, Kansas.
Bills were read a second time and referred, and McNall's resolution calling for only 129 legislative districts came up for discussion. The House took a recess pending the discussion.
The following resolutions were passed: Asking the Kansas delegation in Congress to secure the survey and sale of the military reservation in Ford County, Kansas, known as Fort Dodge; directing the publication of 20,000 copies of the biennial report of the State Board of Agriculture for 1885 and 1886 and the distribution of a certain number thereof.

The following bills were passed on third reading: Relating to bridges in Douglas County; to vacate a certain street in the city of Oswego, Kansas; to authorize the city of Kirwin, in the County of Phillips, to levy a tax to build a bridge across the Solomon river outside of the limits; to enable the officers of Stanton township, Miami County, to build bridge abutments and use the road funds of 1884; to create the township of Nasby, in Sedgwick County, and define the boundaries of Waco township, in Sedgwick County; authorizing the Board of County Commissioners of Republic County to build a jail and levy a tax; to legalize roads and highways in the county of Chautauqua laid out and ordered to be opened prior to January 1, 1886; to enable the County Commissioners of Chase County to build certain bridges; to extend the time for building a bridge in Douglas County; to vacate a part of the original townsite of Olivet, certain streets therein and an addition thereto; providing for the building and repairing of bridges in Sumner County, and providing funds therefor; to legalize the action of the Board of County Commissioners of Morris County in defining the boundary lines of Council Grove township in that county, supplemental to an act entitled an act to disorganize joint school district No. 2 in Edwards and Pawnee Counties, and to attach that portion of said joint district lying in Pawnee County to district No. 8 in said county, approved March 8, 1883; relating to switch connections at the crossings of railroads, and providing for their construction and maintenance; relating to bridges in certain counties; to prevent hunting and shooting on the first day of the week commonly called Sunday.
A Family of Eight Persons Found Frozen to Death Near Oberlin, Kansas.
An Ice Gorge at Belleville, Ontario.
Cold Weather in Michigan and Elsewhere.
Two Intoxicated Men in the Blizzard.
A Woman From Near Marysville, Kansas.—Snowstorms.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
GENEVA, Neb. Feb. 5. Just before the great storm of January, the family of James E. Lemmon started for Oberlin, Kansas, to meet their father, who had a homestead in Sherman County, Kansas, near Voltaire. A letter was received here some two weeks ago from Lemmon, stating that the family had reached Oberlin and would start the next day if their goods arrived. Since then nothing has been heard from until last evening, when a report reached here that a man, his wife, and their six children had been found frozen to death near Oberlin. This just tallies with the number of the missing family, and there is hardly a doubt but that they have been lost, as the day they should have started was pleasant, and a letter from Voltaire stated that no one had come through during the storm. E. O. Lemmon, a brother, started for Oberlin last night. The family consisted of the father and mother and six little girls, the eldest twelve, the youngest a babe.

BELLEVILLE, Ont., Feb. 5. Owing to the cold weather of the past three days, the mouth of the Moira river has been almost completely blocked with ice, and the water is now eight feet above the ordinary level. Every cellar in the business portion of the town has been submerged, and the back yards and premises in the rear of the stores on Front street are also inundated. In another district half a mile square, every building, excepting half a dozen, has its floor covered with from six inches to four feet of water, and most of the houses have been vacated. Many manufactures and other business establishments have suspended operations. Numerous families are huddled together in the upper stories of the houses and are suffering intensely from the cold. The water is steadily rising, and it is feared that the whole of Front street will become submerged, and the business of the city brought to a standstill. Nothing can prevent this catastrophe but a considerable rise in the temperature. Over 100 families have already been rendered homeless, and sixty-nine of these are dependent on public charity.
DETROIT, Mich., Feb. 5. The cold weather has continued today with slightly increased intensity. Last night it reached fifteen below in the suburbs and five below was recorded near the river, while the signal service minimum temperature was 1.2 below. There has been only a light wind, and the air is dry, so that suffering from the weather is comparatively unknown. Out in the state the mercury has nowhere ventured to show itself above zero, the figures recorded being from a few degrees below near here to forty below at Cheboygan.
HAMILTON, Mo., Feb. 5. Wednesday night was one of the coldest of the season, the mercury falling as low as 20 degrees below in some places. Charles Milstead and another man started to their homes, some eight miles north in Daviess County, in an intoxicated condition. Yesterday morning Milstead was found four miles north of here under a sled, nearly dead with the cold, and at last accounts the other man and the team had not been found. The probabilities are that Milstead will die from the exposure.
PARSONS, Kan., Feb. 5. The late fall of snow was much the heaviest ever known in this country. In the Indian Territory it is said to be much heavier than here, having fallen there to a depth of two feet on the level. Passenger trains from the south are badly delayed. Reports from Western Kansas indicate great suffering of people and heavy losses of stock. Farmers in this vicinity experienced considerable loss of stock, principally in hogs and sheep. The wagon roads are completely blockaded, rendering it almost impossible for country people to get to town.
NEW YORK, Feb. 5. The snow storm which swept down on this city Wednesday in true Western style continued with little abatement all night. It was a regular Western blizzard, and was undoubtedly the worst storm New York has experienced since 1878. The streets were rapidly filled with snow, and street cars were pulled along the buried rails with great difficulty by double teams of horses.
WINCHESTER, Virginia, Feb. 5. The snow is fifteen inches deep and the weather is very cold. A high northwester is prevailing and the snow is drifting badly. Travel is impeded in all directions. At Harrisonburg three inches more of snow fell Wednesday night, and there is great suffering among stock. The mercury has fallen twenty-three degrees and is still going down.
MARYSVILLE, Kan., Feb. 5. The wife of Henry Wiese, a German farmer living near town, left her bed during Monday night unnoticed and was found frozen the next morning a mile from her home. Their dog had been with her all night and came back in the morning to lead his master to the dead body of his wife.

TORONTO, Feb. 5. Fair cold weather continues throughout Canada. The temperature varies in Ontario from 4 to 35 degrees below zero, and in Quebec from 11 to 25 degrees below. In New Brunswick it is from 6 above to 8 below, and in Nova Scotia from 8 to 17 above. The weather is moderating in the extreme northwest provinces and is 22 degrees above in Alberta, but continues very cold in Manitoba.
LYNCHBURG, Virginia., Feb. 5. Snow has fallen since Wednesday noon and is twelve inches deep. All railroad communication is interrupted. Reports from the southwest portion of the State indicate unparalleled storms, and report snows from two to three feet deep.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
NEW YORK, Feb. 5. The Commercial Bulletin estimates the January fire loss of the United States and Canada at $12,000,000, $2,000,000 more than the annual January loss in the past ten years. The Bulletin publishes a list of 208 fries, where the reported loss ranged from $10,000 to $1,000,000, and an aggregate of over $10,000,000 for these fires alone. There were sixteen large fires, on which the loss aggregated $5,000,000, or more than forty per cent of the entire fire waste of the month.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
Members of the Austrian-German Club of Vienna, threaten to secede from the National Club in consequence of the action of the latter in signing the memorial to Prince Bismarck expressing sympathy with his anti-Polish policy. The Austrian Emperor is paying marked attention to Polish persons, and an intense feeling is working up.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
Furnaces Nos. 1 and 2 of the Cambria, Ohio, Company, situated at Hollidaysburg, Pennsylvania, were banked down on account of a scarcity of coke, caused by the prolonged strike in the Connellsville region. The suspension throws three hundred men out of employment.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
At Teluride, Colorado, the other morning a snowslide demolished four cabins at the Sheridan mine, burying twenty-two men under seventeen feet of snow. Four men were killed and two fatally injured.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
PARIS, Feb. 5. The strike of the factory employees at St. Quentin is extending. The strikers are making demonstrations, and fears are felt that they will resort to serious violence if the masters persist in refusing to concede to their demands.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
ST. LOUIS, Mo., Feb. 1. The speeches by the counsel in the murder case of Chyo Chiack, the Chinese "highbinder," closed between four and five o'clock Saturday afternoon. The jury then retired, and about eight o'clock at night they returned a verdict of guilty of murder in the first degree.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
ST. LOUIS, Feb. 2. As soon as the nature of Dr. Goodell's illness was known, physicians were immediately summoned and they used all means in their power to restore their patient to consciousness. The efforts, however, were unavailing and at eight o'clock this morning he died.
The Blood and Iron Tonic to Settle the Polish Question Produces Excitement.
Germans Generally Favor Bismarck's Policy.
Catholic Poles to Visit the Pope.
Gladstone's New Cabinet.—Irish Nationalists.
Turkey and Bulgaria in Accord.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
BERLIN, Feb. 3. The Polish policy of Prince Bismarck, as announced in the Landtag, has produced general excitement throughout Germany and Austria. The immense Lubrenski estates, containing 82,405 hectares, or about 200,000 acres, one of the largest estates in Prussia, is offered for sale next April, as a result of the expulsion of the Poles. The inhabitants of the estate have for years been mainly Poles, and the edict of expulsion by forcibly removing the tenantry and depriving the estate of its revenues, has thrown it upon the market. Prince Bismarck's announced policy of purchasing for the crown all the real estate owned by Polish nobles in Prussia for resale to German colonists is opportune for the present proprietor of the Lubrenski lands for at any ordinary sale the property would have to go at bankrupt prices. Bismarck does not intend to take any advantage of the expulsion to buy land in Posen cheap, but means to pay fairly for it, and his Landtag declarations have in fact served to keep up values by assuring a market. Addresses of sympathy have been sent to Bismarck by Germans in every part of the Empire and many have already reached him from Austria and especially from Bohemia. The National club of the Austrian Reichsrath, headed by the German National deputy, Herr Knotz, have also signed a similar memorial of congratulation. The Austrian-German club of Vienna, however, unanimously denounced the Chancellor's treatment of the Poles.
LONDON, Feb. 3. The court circular announces that Mr. Gladstone, in the audience with the Queen on Monday, was appointed Prime Minister. The Daily News says that Mr. Parnell will firmly demand that the local government question be settled by Parliament before the land question, or that both subjects be discussed together and that he will strenuously oppose dealing with the land question first. Lord Richard Grosvenor, the Liberal whip, will be promoted in office and Mr. Arnold Morley will succeed him as whip. Mr. Gladstone will be returned to Parliament for Midlothian without opposition in the re-election necessitated by his acceptance of office. Mr. Chamberlain has refused the office of First Lord of the Admiralty. Mr. Collins will be given an important post, Mr. Morley has accepted the Chief Secretaryship for Ireland, Earl Roseberry the foreign portfolio, Mr. Charles Russell the Attorney Generalship, and Mr. Cohen the Solicitor Generalship.

DUBLIN, Feb. 3. At a meeting of the league yesterday Mr. Sexton, who presided, predicted that at the next election the Nationalists would combine with the Liberals and return eighty-nine members to Parliament. Ireland, he said, was satisfied with the result of the temporary power of the Conservatives, who had abolished coercion and introduced a land purchase measure, establishing the principle that the State should provide money for the extinction of the landlords. He advised Mr. Gladstone to avoid violence and disorder in Ireland by assisting distressed peasants with Government funds, and protecting them from eviction until a bill could be passed to buy out the landlords. He urged Irishmen to remain peaceful while there was a chance of Mr. Gladstone making efforts in behalf of Irish nationalism.
BERLIN, Feb. 3. The King of Bavaria recently ordered his steward and the Bavarian Finance Minister to examine his finances. They found that his debts, which amounted to $4,000,000, could easily be paid by the sale of property and securities. The Munich Bank offers the King a loan to meet urgent demands. An examination reveals a careless administration of his affairs, and in future the care of his finances will be entrusted to new hands. Although eccentric the King ably discharges his duties and his subjects do not desire to dethrone him.
London, Feb. 3. At a representative meeting of the Associated Chambers of Agriculture today specifics were made strongly favoring protective duties on corn, sugar, and foreign manufactures. The meeting adjourned pending the announcement of the result of the labors of the royal commission on trade depression.
LONDON, Feb. 3. Miss Mary Gladstone, daughter of Mr. Gladstone, was married this morning to the Rev. Dr. Drew, of Hawarden. The ceremony was performed in St. Margaret's Church, Westminister. Among the persons of note present were the Prince and Princess of Wales and their sons and Lord Roseberry.
BERLIN, Feb. 3. It is rumored that an influential deputation of Catholics from Prussian Poland will visit the Pope for the purpose of consulting with him in regard to the proposed Germanizing of Poland.
CONSTANTINOPLE, Feb. 3. Representatives of Turkey and Bulgaria have signed the agreement relative to the Bulgarian union and have notified the powers to that effect.
Democrats Congratulating Themselves Over Their Work in the House.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.

WASHINGTON, Feb. 3. The Democrats were indulging in a good deal of self-congratulation last night over the feat of having passed the widows' pension bill, increasing this class of pensions from $8 to $12 a month. It isn't so much the passage of the bill that causes the congratulations as it is the passage without amendments by the Republicans hitching on the Arrearages bill. The latter proposition now falls back into the hands of the Pension Committee and there it will stay, the Democrats think. They claim to have a majority of the committee pledged to the proposition that the Arrearages bill shall not be reported to the House at this session. The bill passed today adds $5,000,000 a year to the expenditures for pensions.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
Between 3,000 and 4,000 empty cars are side-tracked at various points near Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, as a result of the coke strike. There was coke enough, it was asserted, but the strikers would not permit it to be loaded.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
KANSAS CITY, Mo., Feb. 4. One of the boldest attempts at a robbery ever made in this city for several years was undertaken last night in the jewelry house of S. S. Baker, No. 544 Main street. Shortly after seven o'clock last evening a young man about twenty-five years old, entered the jewelry house of S. S. Baker, the man with whom the McConnell children recently had the adventurous ride. The store was in charge of R. F. Mohr, with A. M. Oehler as assistant. The thief requested to see some diamond rings, when he suddenly grabbed a handful and drawing a revolver, backed to the door. He was seized by Mohr, whom he beat over the head, and fled into the street. He was pursued by Oehler, whom he shot in the neck. In the alarm that followed the thief escaped. The police have possession of his hat and handkerchief and are making diligent search for him. Oehler is not seriously wounded.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
CHICAGO, Feb. 3. Early this morning a probably fatal affray occurred in a restaurant on State street, near Harrison. James Johnson, a State street saloon keeper, went into the restaurant with several friends and ordered supper. He had a quarrel with a colored waiter and fired one shot at him. Soon after Thomas Laurence entered the place and got into a dispute with Johnson, who fired at him three times, one ball lodging in the abdomen, inflicting a probably fatal wound. Johnson was arrested.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
ATLANTA, Ga., Feb. 4. News of the singular death of James Spence, treasurer of Newton County, reached the city today. He disappeared from his house on Friday night and was found several hours later hanging from a rope thrown over a joist of his barn, but not being dead, he was taken into the house and efforts were made to resuscitate him. They failed, and he died yesterday. He was driven to the act by the discovery that his sons had been tampering with the county funds.
Senate Not in Session on Saturday.
Important Railroad Bill in the House.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
TOPEKA, Kan., Feb. 1. The Senate was not in session on Saturday. In the House Mr. Beates, a member of the Railroad Committee, introduced a bill "in relation to railroads," which is designed to take the place of one introduced several days ago.

This bill is known as the Rock Island bill, for which Mr. Baker and Mr. Lowe, of that line, have been working in both houses several days. It provides for the repeal of section 2, chapter 90, laws of 1870, and the substitution of another section which provides that railroad companies in this may sell their lines to railroads organized and chartered in other States. At this time companies in "adjoining" States may lease lines in this State, but may not acquire them by purchase. This bill has been agreed upon by the Judiciary Committee of the Senate and most likely will be adopted by that body. There is some opposition in the House at this time to this bill, which manifested itself when the motion was made to advance the bill on the calendar. Several members took the position that this bill, affording special privileges to the Rock Island, was of more importance than any railroad measure that has come before the House within the past two years.
By Mr. Ogden: An act fixing the boundary line between Lyon and Coffey Counties for bridge purposes.
By Mr. Bolinger: An act relating to townships and township officers.
Mr. Reeves presented a resolution of condolence to be sent to the family of Mr. Mann, a member of the House, who has been an invalid during the past fifteen months.
Mr. Hardesty revived the old resolution petitioning Congress to sell the Fort Dodge military reservation, as lands in Western Kansas are now scarce.
Mr. McNall, by resolution desired the Legislative Apportionment Committee to provide for only 120 members. In attempting to have the resolution considered today, he was floored.
The resolution presented yesterday, requiring the executive committee to give reasons why the iron railing ordered last winter around the west end of the Capitol had not been placed in position, was adopted unanimously. The body will now give an opportunity to explain a seeming negligence.
The Senate bill ceding jurisdiction to the United States over certain lots in Wichita as a site for a Federal building was passed, and goes to the Governor for his signature.
The House went into Committee of the Whole for the consideration of bills, with Mr. McNeal in the chair.
Senate bill No. 1, introduced in that body by Senator Jennings, and passed on third reading, was recommended for passage. This bill is an act in relation to railway corporations, and authorizing and confirming change of gauge in certain cases, and municipal aid in such cases. This bill provides that narrow gauge railroads, to which aid has been voted, may become standard gauge roads, and otherwise make improvements without additional cost to the people. There was no opposition.
The House reassembled at two p.m., with forty-six members present. Twenty-four bills, all of a local character, were recommended in Committee of the Whole for final passage.
The Killing of the Horse Thief Alleged to be Unjustifiable.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.

DALLAS, Texas, Feb. 1. The latest developments in the affair in which Detective Duncan and Deputy Sheriff Seeley shot Jesse Bonner, an alleged horse thief, go to show that the killing was without provocation and that the negroes were unarmed in the sense of being prepared for the invasion. The statement of the officers was given yesterday in which it was claimed that they were met in a hostile manner by armed men on the lookout for arrest. The judicial inquiry today into the bloody affair occupied four hours, a dozen witnesses, all negroes, being examined. Their testimony is to the effect that the officials fired upon Bonner and the others in the house with him without any notice, and that there was no legal form of arrest shown, no warrant being produced or request to surrender made. There is conflicting evidence that there were arms in the cabin and that they were used as soon as the officers appeared at the door. The walls of the cabin are well perforated with bullets and most of the holes are opposite the door entered by the officers. The burden of negro testimony goes to show that the attack was made without warning and that the firing was rapid. The story of the colored people does not account for the four bullet holes in Seeley's coat. The fact is shown that there were in the cabin Jesse Bonner, Robert Johnson, Henry Johnson, the mother of the two last, Bonner's wife, and a five year old girl and another negro woman. Henry Johnson carries a shot in his leg, the child has a part of her head torn off by a bullet, and Bonner is dead. The coroner's verdict is that Bonner died at the hands of Seeley and two other parties unknown.
Indian Scouts Alleged to be a Lot of Crooks.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
TUCSON, A. T., Feb. 1. Mexican citizens, who arrived here today from Nacori, say the reason the Mexican troops fired on Captain Crawford's Indian scouts was they were equally as objectionable in Mexico as the so-called renegade Apaches. The treaty does not authorize bringing into the country hostile Indians, who murder their citizens and lay waste their property. The claim can be proved that Crook's scouts have repeatedly committed depredations in Mexico and then laid the blame on the renegades. This being the case the Mexican officers find it hard to restrain their men from firing on Crook's Indian scouts whenever they come in contact with them. Responsible Americans residing in Mexico confirm the representations made by Mexicans to a certain extent. They say the best thing Crook can do will be to take the Indian scouts out of Mexico as soon as possible if he wishes to avoid further complications and possibly war with Mexico.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
WASHINGTON, Feb. 1. The Secretary of the Navy has received information from the Pacific Mail Steamship Company to the effect that another revolution is threatened on the isthmus of Panama, and Rear Admiral Jonett, commanding the North Atlantic station, has been directed by wire to remain at Aspinwall with the Tennessee for the present. It is possible that the Tennessee had sailed from Aspinwall for Key West before the receipt of these instructions, in which case she will be ordered back in case the situation demands it, and other vessels will also be ordered to his assistance. Not much importance is attached to the present reports of damage.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.

ST. LOUIS, Mo., Feb. 8. While the soft weather of the past few days has produced no marked effect upon the ice gorge in this harbor and stretching for miles both above and below the city, yet the prospect is that with a continuance of the mild temperature, and especially should it rain, the ice will go in from a week to ten days, and navigation will be resumed to Southern points. With a view to lessening the danger to steamers and other craft in the harbor when the gorge moves, the ice along the river bank from the bridge for the distance of a mile or more south has been crushed with dynamite. The ice was found to be from one foot to over three feet thick, and great efforts will be made to remove enough of it to insure at least comparative safety to property in the harbor when the crush comes.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
NEW YORK, Feb. 8. The ice in the bay is unusually heavy, which causes considerable delay to ferry boats and other steam craft, and makes the transportation of other vessels extremely hazardous. The steamer Rialto of the Wilson line was forced ashore on the east side of the ship channel at ten o'clock this morning, but it is expected that she will float at the next high water.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
DES MOINES, Iowa, Feb. 6. Late yesterday afternoon the house of James Cavanaugh at Marshalltown was broken into and Cavanaugh found dead in bed. Beside him lay a friend named Buckley, breathing feebly, who died in a few minutes. Both men were last seen Monday evening. They had entered the house, locked themselves in, and taken chloral.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
AUSTIN, Texas, Feb. 8. Early this morning fire was discovered in the large dry goods establishment of Newman & Co. The flames were quickly subdued, but the fire had been smouldering several hours and the smoke had thoroughly penetrated and damaged the stock, which was valued at $100,000.
Career of a Gang of Desperadoes.
A Drunken Husband Shoots a Lawyer.
Inquiring Into the Connelly Poisoning Case.
A Man With Seven Wives.
A Leader of a Notorious Gang of Horse Thieves Arrested.
State Robbed and Mail Stolen.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.

VINCENNES, Ind., Feb. 3. Thomas Marley, who was recently arrested near Little Rock, Arkansas, was brought through this city and taken in charge of here by the sheriff of Orange County, who took him to Paola, the county seat. Marley, it is alleged, shot and killed Martin Archer, Jr., in 1882, in the northern part of Orange County, near the Martin County line, and is now under indictment for the crime. It is also reported that Samuel Bunch, the farmer whom the Archer gang got away with, was mainly interested in aiding Marley to escape. Marley worked for Bunch on his farm. The killing of Martin Archer by Thomas Marley so enraged the Archer gang against Marley and Bunch that they swore to kill them both at the first opportunity. The arrest of the Archer gang brought about the giving away of the whereabouts of Thomas Marley, who was hiding in Arkansas, and thus another murderer is in the toils of the law. On the other hand, Tom Marley, it is alleged, knows a good deal about the crime of the Archer gang, and he may also be able to give a good deal of information about the matter of Samuel Bunch's death.
FERGUS FALLS, Minn., Feb. 3. P. W. Smith, a well known attorney of Elizabeth, this county, was shot this morning by B. O. Kempfer. The cause of the shooting grew out of a divorce suit pending, in which Mrs. Kempfer is trying to secure a divorce from her husband. Smith was acting as her attorney. It is supposed that Kempfer met Smith at Burson's store and without a word of warning, shot him five times, three shots taking effect, one in the shoulder, one in the abdomen, which came out at his back, and one in the side. Kempfer was secured and is now in the county jail. Smith will probably die.
DAVENPORT, Iowa, Feb. 3. The coroner today resumed the inquest, adjourned from last Friday, in the case of John Connelly, whose death from alleged poisoning occurred the day before. Four druggists testified to receiving calls for small quantities of arsenic a few days previous to the poisoning. One of them swore that he recognized Miss Bridget Connelly as the one who had asked for "Rough on Rats." A physician testified that the day after prescribing for four members of the family who were suffering from arsenical poisoning, he treated Bridget for the same troubles. The chemist, although he has not yet completed the analysis of the dead child's stomach, stated today that he found arsenic and a good deal of it.
PITTSBURG, Texas, Feb. 3. H. J. Walters, reported to have seven wives living, was brought here today and placed in jail by Sheriff Stafford, having been arrested at Brookston, Lamar County. The prisoner says he has not been married seven times, but does not deny having been married more than once. Several years ago he married a Miss Porter, near Leesburgh, this county, sister to J. C. Porter, one of Camp County's best citizens. It is alleged that he has a wife in Lamar County and one in Greenville and at Sherman, the Camp County wife making the fourth. The latter was teaching school near Leesburgh, and in that way was making a living when he was first arrested.
DODGE CITY, Kan., Feb. 3. Sheriff Singer arrived here this morning, having in custody Thomas Korrens, alias D. B. Clay, leader of a notorious gang of horse thieves and cattle stealers, who for years have been terrorizing the people of Southern Kansas and the Indian Territory. Korrens' last exploit was to steal an entire herd of horses belonging to De Forest & Co., not one of which has been recovered. Detectives have been hunting for him since October and on Friday he was finally captured at Denver, Colorado.
RAPID CITY, D. T., Feb. 3. Last night masked men attacked the stage coach running between this place and Deadwood, compelled the driver to deliver two mail sacks, and while the driver was covered with revolvers, ransacked the mail, abstracting letters containing money or registered letters. A similar attack was made November 13th last.

Gathering at Milwaukee.—The Office of Department Commander.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
MILWAUKEE, Wis., Feb. 3. The spacious hall of Robert Chivas Post was filled this morning with gray-haired, battle-scarred veterans who had assembled to formally open the annual encampment of the Wisconsin Department Grand Army of the Republic. Considerable interest centers in the gathering in consequence of the active contest which for several months has been waged over the office of Department Commander. This office is now held by Major Davidson, of Sparta, who wishes a second term. There is a stumbling block in his way, however, in the fact that at the last convention a resolution was adopted limiting commanders to one term. The Davidson party contend that this resolution was illegal, as no department has the right or authority to place such limit, but the majority of the comrades are understood to held opposite views. General Lucas Fairchild is also a prominent candidate, and the empty sleeve and amiable manners of the ex-Governor are being used as strong points in his favor.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
MEGANNEE, Mich., Feb. 3. The miners in this section are in high glee over the announcement that the operating companies have determined to advance wages, dating back from Monday last. The Cleveland Iron Mining Company, which operates mines both at this place and Ishpeming, and the Chapin mine, the largest on the Menominee range, have bulletined an advance of ten per cent. Other mining companies are said to contemplating similar action, and the indications are that wages will advance in all parts of the Menominee, Marquette, and other iron ranges.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
NEW YORK, Feb. 3. A large number of delegates have arrived to participate in the sixth annual National convention of the American Agricultural Association, which opens at the Grand Central Hotel this afternoon.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
ALBUQUERQUE, N. M., Feb. 6. Salvador Baca, who owns a large flock of sheep that range on the unoccupied lands between this city and the Arizona line, came in today to get assistance to arrest some cowboys who had attacked his herdsmen, and shot Feliciano Chavez, his major-domo, through the body, killing him instantly. The affair took place near Ojo, Banitos, and Bernado, and the Mexican residents of those places are in arms against the cowboys, with intention of wreaking summary revenge for outrages upon the countrymen. Sheriff Baca will send some deputies out there at once, and use every effort to prevent bloodshed. This quarrel was caused by the cowboys asserting that the sheepmen had no right to allow their flocks to range over the same country now occupied as a range for cattle.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.

TOLEDO, Ohio, Feb. 6. A terrible accident occurred at Edgerton, a village on the Air Line railroad near here, early this morning, whereby several people may lose their lives. A sleighing party of a dozen were out for a merry time, and while crossing the railroad track, were struck by an engine. William Harker was killed and the following seriously injured, some of whom may die: John Campbell, shoulder dislocated and head wounds; Louis China and Jack Bryant, cut on the head; Edward Wright, bruised and hurt internally; Mary Wiedeman, cut on the head; Mary Britton, cut on the forehead and badly bruised; Ida Burnhart, bruised. The railroad company is investigating the case to see where the blame lies.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
KANSAS CITY, Mo., Feb. 6. The Independence accommodation on the Missouri Pacific was thrown from the track near the distillery this afternoon and a number of passengers seriously but not fatally injured. It was at first believed that at least half a dozen were fatally hurt, but when assistance arrived and the imprisoned passengers were released, it was discovered that they had miraculously escaped a frightful death.
Hanging Bill Passed in the Senate.
A Junketing Excursion to Leavenworth.
Apportionment in the House.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
TOPEKA, Kan., Feb. 3. The Senate met yesterday morning at ten o'clock. Petitions were presented asking for municipal suffrage for women.
The bill creating the County of Blaine was introduced by Solomon Miller. It was indefinitely postponed.
Under the order of original motions and resolutions, Mr. Green introduced a concurrent resolution in relation to printing 10,000 copies of the papers read at the quarter centennial. An amendment limiting the cost of the printing to $300 was adopted and then the resolution as amended was adopted.
The House concurrent resolution relative to the right of way for the Arkansas Valley railroad through the Indian Territory was called up and a motion was made to reconsider the vote by which the Senate had failed to concur. It was adopted and a motion to concur in the resolution was then adopted.
The resolution which provides for the employment of outside counsel to assist the Attorney General in prosecuting the Walruff cases before the Supreme Court was adopted. The resolution provides that the expenses shall not be over $15,000.
Under the order of third reading of bills, the following measures were finally passed: To remove the political disabilities of certain persons; to authorize proceedings in the district court against garnishees; authorizing and directing the county commissioner of Shawnee County to levy an assessment to build a county jail and jailer's residence; authorizing Arvonia township, Osage County, to vote bonds not to exceed $1,200 for a town hall.
As soon as the Senate met in the afternoon, it resolved itself into Committee of the Whole, and quite a number of bills were taken from the general orders and placed under third reading.

The bill relating to capital punishment caused a long discussion. It declares that six months after conviction the murderer shall be hanged by the sheriff of the county in which the crime was committed, without order from the Governor. After some running discussion, the motion to strike out the enacting clause was lost by a vote of 22 to 12.
Mr. Kellogg's amendment, to make the time elapsing between conviction and hanging one year, instead of six months, was lost, as was the amendment to make the time three months.
The motion that the committee rise and report the bill favorably was passed.
After the committee had risen, the motion was made that the whole of the bill below the enacting clause should be stricken out, but it was defeated by a vote of 25 to 8.
The bill to donate $4,000 to St. Vincent's Catholic Orphan Asylum, of Leavenworth, was referred to Committee of the Whole and recommended for passage.
When the House met yesterday morning, a quorum was present. Petitions were presented by Mr. Kreger asking that Shirley township, Cloud County, be given the power to issue bonds for the building of a township house; by Mr. Jones, signed by numerous citizens interested, protesting against the cutting of the lines of Hamilton and Finney Counties, and protesting against the formation of new counties; by Mr. Faulkner and others, asking for municipal suffrage for women, and for the protection of fish and game.
The House then went into Committee of the Whole for the consideration of the special order, a bill providing for a geological survey. The bill says that the Governor, Secretary, and Auditor of State shall constitute a board of survey, and shall purchase suitable machinery and have charge of the work contemplated by the act. A competent engineer shall be employed to use and manage the machinery at a salary not to exceed $1,800 per annum. The board of county commissioners of any county desiring to have borings made in their county, shall apply to the board of survey for the use of machinery and engineer and shall pay the board of the engineer and all the expenses accruing during the progress of the work. To carry out the provisions of the act the sum of $10,000 shall be appropriated. The bill was ordered engrossed and placed under third reading.
A motion was carried that the House join the Senate in visiting the Soldiers' Home, Penitentiary, and other places in Leavenworth on Saturday.
The reports on the Live Stock and Sanitary Commission were then taken up as unfinished business. After some discussion Mr. Buck offered a resolution which stated that it was the sense of the House that a chair of veterinary science should be established in the Agricultural College at Manhattan and that none other should be recognized by law; also, that no other material change should be made in the present law, and that the minority and majority reports should be referred to a special committee of five to frame such legislation as was suggested. This met with opposition and the resolutions were modified so as to merely refer the two reports to a special committee of five, to report on by bill or otherwise and were so adopted.

The following bills were then passed on third reading: To authorize the board of county commissioners of Decatur County to build bridges and to levy a tax therefor; authorizing Iola township in Cherokee County to use its surplus bridge fund to build bridges exceeding $200 in cost; authorizing school district No. 95 in Smith County to issue bonds for the relief of G. B. Crall; providing for the opening of public highways along section lines in Barber County.
Other bills were then passed as follows: Legalizing roads and highways in Mitchell County; to detach the counties of Thomas and Sherman from the county of Sheridan and attach Sherman to Thomas, for judicial purposes; relating to certain bridges in Montgomery County; authorizing the board of county commissioners of Edwards County to build a bridge across the Arkansas river near the city of Kinsley, and to issue bonds and levy a tax to pay for the same.
Mr. Martin's motion to reconsider the resolution introduced and passed yesterday, declaring that it was the sense of the House that the Committee on Apportionment should limit the legislative districts to 120, was adopted, but Mr. Hatfield's motion to lay it on the table was defeated by an aye and nay vote of 61 to 50.
The House then adjourned.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
ST. LOUIS, Feb. 3. It has been rumored that General W. T. Sherman was contemplating a change of residence, and that he was soon to move his family to New York to reside permanently. To settle the question the General was asked today as to his intentions. He replied that he had made up his mind to remove to New York, but not immediately. His daughter, Mrs. Fitch, now lives in New York, and his son is in an Eastern college, leaving no ties to bind him to the West.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
General David Hunter, who was president of the court that tried Mrs. Surratt for complicity in the assassination of President Lincoln, died at Washington on the 2nd.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
TAMPA, Fla., Feb. 8. Captain Dusenberry has for some time past been a resident of Peru, this county. A few weeks ago his father, mother, and brother arrived from Pennsylvania. The brother has been deaf for several years, but beyond the affliction nothing unusual has been noticed about him. Yesterday while the mother was alone in the house, the young man entered, and without warning or provocation, literally cut off the top of her head with a sharp hatchet, and a moment later Captain Dusenberry entered. His brother clutched him from behind by both arms and exclaimed: "My God, I've killed mother." Although the perpetrator seemed perfectly rational after the deed, it is certain that he was suffering from a temporary aberration when he dealt the fatal blow. The Coroner's jury rendered a verdict in accordance with this supposition.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.

CINCINNATI, Ohio, Feb. 8. All the members of the Special Committee of the Senate appointed to investigate the Hamilton County Senatorial election have arrived, and a meeting is being held to agree upon a plan of action. The committee consists of Senators Tringle, Coulter, and Rannells on behalf of the Republicans, and Senators O'Neill, Van Cleaf, and Dodd on behalf of the Democrats. It is generally conceded that for the purposes of this investigation the Democrats have selected better material than their opponents, Senator O'Neill being recognized as one of the best lawyers in the State, while Dodd is likewise a capable lawyer and Van Cleaf a veteran editor.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
POTOSI, Mo., Feb. 8. The dead body of Dr. N. Lyon Franklin was found this morning by J. E. Ellis at the Burgland farm, four miles south of Potosi. The body was lying on the outside and a gun on the inside of the fence. On examination of the body a gunshot wound was found in the breast two inches to the left of the breast bone, running upward and lodging back of the right shoulder. From the position of the body, it is evident that the deceased had aimed to cross the fence, placing his gun on the inside, and in attempting to climb the rails, the gun was accidentally discharged.
The Matter of the Refusal of the President to Afford Certain Information
Comes Up in the Senate.
Riddleberger's Motion and Pugh's Substitute.
Electoral Count Bill Recommitted.
House Devoted to Eulogies on the Late Vice President.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
WASHINGTON, Feb. 3. The Chair laid before the Senate yesterday morning a letter from the Secretary of War, in compliance with a recent resolution, transmitting the report of Major Jones, of the corps of engineers, regarding river improvements in Oregon.
Among the petitions presented and appropriately referred were several by Mr. Frye, from various organizations of the Knights of Labor of Maine, praying that the territory known as Oklahoma might be opened to settlers.
Mr. Riddleberger offered the following resolution.
Resolved, That it is the sense of the Senate that the Executive of the United States is not restricted by constitutional law in removing or suspending appointees, or that the Senate has no right to require that reasons shall be given for such removals or suspensions; that it is the right of the Senate to call for any paper relating to the conduct of removed or suspended appointees or to the qualification and fitness of all persons whose names are presented to the Senate for confirmation or rejection, and it is the duty of the Executive to comply with all demands for the same.
Mr. Riddleberger asked for immediate consideration of the resolution, but Mr. Cockrell objected.
Mr. Pugh said he would submit a substitute for Mr. Riddleberger's resolution, and the matter went over.
Mr. Van Wyck then called up the bill reported favorably from the Finance Committee permitting the receiver of a bank to receive such funds of the bank as might already have been covered into the Treasury when such might be necessary in order to protect the interests of creditors.
Mr. Morgan's resolution regarding the trustees provided for in the Utah bill was then placed before the Senate, and Mr. Ingalls moved its reference to the Judiciary Committee and it was so referred.

Mr. Pugh then submitted his substitute, to take the place of Mr. Riddleberger's resolution, and asked that it be presented and lie over until tomorrow. The substitute was as follows.
First: That the executive power is expressly vested by the Constitution in the President of the United States so that he shall take care that the laws be faithfully executed.
Second: That the power of appointment to Federal Office is an executive power to be exercised by the President, under the limitation in the Constitution that he shall nominate by and with the advice and consent of the Senate.
Third: That the power of removal or suspension from the powers and duties of Federal office is also an executive power vested exclusively in the President, without any such limitation in the Constitution as is imposed thereby on the power of appointment, and for its exercise he is responsible alone to the people and not to the Senate.
Fourth: That the right of the President to make nominations to the Senate and of the Senate to advise and consent thereto are each separate and independent rights to be exercised by the President and Senate respectively and separately and independently within their absolute discretion; but in relation to the person or persons so nominated the Senate may request information of the President affecting the character or qualifications of those as to whose appointment he asks the advice and consent of the Senate.
Fifth: That when the President makes nominations to the Senate of persons to be appointed by him to exercise the powers and duties of Federal officers who have been removed or suspended by him, no law, public duty, or public policy requires that he shall send or communicate to the Senate any cause, reason, or information with his own knowledge or contained in any letters, petitions, papers, or documents addressed to him or any member of his Cabinet, or to the possession of either, and relating to the subject of removals or suspensions or containing charges, causes, or reasons and the proof thereof for making such removals or suspensions, and no law, public duty, or public policy requires or authorizes the Senate to call for such information existing in any such form from the President or any member of his Cabinet, to enable the Senate to review or question the action of the President in exercising his executive discretionary and exclusive power of removing or suspending Federal officers from the powers and duties of their offices or to put the President on trial by the Senate, or to enforce accountability to the Senate for anything he may have done in the exercise of such jurisdiction.

Sixth: That to obtain information considered by the other house of Congress useful in passing necessary and proper laws, either house of Congress may request the President, if not deemed incompatible with the public interest, to give any information within his knowledge or contained in any public document or records on file or in the lawful custody of any of the departments and relating to the administration of any public office or affecting the official conduct or duties of any public officer; but for the Senate to make such request of the President or to direct any member of his Cabinet to transmit to the Senate any information or any public documents or papers in open or executive session to enable the Senate in open or executive session to review the propriety, or the reason, or the information upon which he acted, or may have acted, in making removals or suspensions, would be an attempt to obtain such information by false pretenses and for uses and purposes not authorized or justified by any law or public policy of the United States, and should the President grant such request or require any members of his Cabinet to obey such direction from the Senate when deemed by him to be made for such unjustifiable and unlawful uses and purpose, it would be to recognize and encourage as improper practice and an injurious innovation upon his exclusive and independent rights, powers and duties as President of the United States.
The Attorney General's letter to the Senate in respect to the Dustin case was yesterday in executive session referred without further discussion to the Judiciary Committee, which has authority to report upon it in open session.
A statement was made on the authority of the Attorney General that the press had not obtained its information in regard to the Dustin letter from the Department of Justice. This gave rise to a half humorous discussion on the premature publication of proceedings which the participants design to have kept secret. The fact was recalled that though the press had been discussing the relations between the Senate and executive for several weeks, and both parties in the Senate had held caucuses upon the subject, no authorized information had been given out and so far as the public had any right to know, there was no question between the Executive and Senate about papers or appointments.
Mr. Hoar inquired whether the request to print included the printing of the stump speech in the body of the resolutions.
Mr. Ingalls gave notice that when the original and substitute resolutions should come up tomorrow, he would move to refer them to the Committee on Privileges and Elections for further consideration.
The resolution, according to request, was laid over until today.
The Electoral Count bill then came up and Mr. Evarts took the floor. He favored the recommittal of the bill to the committee, as he thought a section should be added to the bill, making it the duty of the Governor of each State, as soon as practicable, to communicate to the United States Government the result of the election. This communication should show the names of the persons elected or appointed as electors, and what votes had been cast for such persons respectively. Mr. Evarts was satisfied that if this was done, the difficulties surrounding the question of counting the vote would disappear, for then Congress would have the highest public authority showing the final act of the State in the election.
Mr. Teller denied the right of Congress to submit the question to the Supreme Court. The question "Who are the electors for any given State" was a question for the State alone, and he therefore favored leaving to the Governor of each State the matter of the certificate. He proposed an amendment to the effect that in case of the concurrence of the two houses and in case such non-concurrence and consequent failure to count the vote of a State resulted in taking away the majority required by the constitution, or when by not counting the vote of a State an election should be had of a person different from the person who would be elected if the vote were counted, that in these two emergencies it should be declared that there was no election and that the House of Representatives should make an election as required by the constitution.

Mr. Evarts submitted as an amendment that it should be the duty of the Executive of each State, as soon as practicable, after the final ascertainment of the appointment of electors in such State, to communicate under seal of the State to the Secretary of State of the United States a certificate showing the result of such ascertainment, setting forth the names of the electors and other particulars, and to deliver to the electors of such State a similar certificate in duplicate, such certificate to be transmitted by their electors with the result of their own action. Mr. Edmunds opposed the motion to recommit, but it struck him that Mr. Evarts' suggested amendment embodied an extremely valuable idea. It could be discussed in the Senate, however, as well as in the committee. After further debate the motion to recommit was brought to a vote and resulted: Yeas, 30; nays, 24. The affirmative vote was about equally divided between Republicans and Democrats. All proposed amendments went with the bill.
The Dakota bill was then placed before the Senate and Mr. Logan obtained the floor, but gave way for an executive session, after which the Senate adjourned.
Immediately after the reading of the journal in the House yesterday morning, Mr. Holman, of Indiana, offered the following resolutions.
Resolved, That the House received with profound sorrow the intelligence of the death of Thomas A. Hendricks, Vice President of the United States.
Resolved, That the business of the House be suspended in order that the eminent services and private virtues of the deceased may be appropriately commemorated.
Resolved, That the clerk of the House be directed to communicate these resolutions to the Senate.
Eulogies then followed from Bynum, of Indiana; McCreary, of Kentucky; Long, of Massachusetts; Throckmorton, of Texas; Hewitt, of New York; Brown, of Indiana; Randall, of Pennsylvania; Springer, of Illinois; Geddes, of Ohio; Lowry, of Indiana; Hall, of Iowa; and Kleiner and Holman, of Indiana. The resolutions were unanimously adopted and the House adjourned.
Captain Clark Gives a Terrible Story of Murder and Arson
On the Frank D. Thayer, of Boston.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
LONDON, Feb. 3. Captain Clark, of the American ship Frank D. Thayer, has arrived at Plymouth on the Cape steamer by which he was picked up at sea. He relates that the Thayer was bound for England with a mixed crew, including two Manilla seamen. These two men stole upon the deck one night and, armed with knives lashed to poles, attacked the two officers, killing them instantly. Three sailors, the only ones on deck, were also quickly dispatched. Captain Clark, hearing the shrieks of the crew, rushed on deck in his night shirt. The Manillans slashed him terribly and he barely escaped with his life. After a desperate struggle he broke away from his assailants, and rushing to his cabin, he locked himself in. The Manillans battered down the hatches and kept the captain and crew below deck a day and night. The Captain finally fired through a skylight at one of the mutineers and wounded him in the thigh. The man rushed to the side of the vessel and leaped overboard. The other mutineer then went below, fired the cargo, and returning to deck, jumped into the sea. Terrified to madness the crew forced their way on deck, lowered a boat, and rowed away. The ship was consumed. The crew wandered at sea for a week before they were picked up.

An Exasperated Lawyer Slits a Judge's Windpipe.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
LEXINGTON, Ky., Feb. 3. A sensational and perhaps fatal encounter occurred at Lebanon, Kentucky, yesterday, between Judge R. A. Burton, deputy collector of internal revenue for the Fifth district of Kentucky and Samuel Averett, leading lawyer of Lebanon. Both men are directors in a bank, and have not been on good terms. At a meeting of the bank directors yesterday, Judge Burton and Averett questioned each other sharply about a bank matter, and Averett finally called the Judge a "liar." That gentleman quickly seized a notary's seal and hurled it with great force against the lawyer's head. The latter was temporarily stunned, but soon recovered, and rushing upon the Judge with an open knife, cut his throat from ear to ear, inflicting a wound which, if not fatal, is necessarily dangerous.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
ROCKWOOD, Tenn., Feb. 3. Last Friday night three men attempted to break into the store of J. Hamby, at Glenmary, but were detected by Hamby. Twenty shots were exchanged between the storekeeper and the burglars, but no one was wounded. Hamby and a posse followed the burglars the next morning to Knoxville Junction, on the Cincinnati Southern road. They were commanded to surrender, and when they refused, the posse fired, killing two of the burglars instantly. The third escaped. Nothing was found on the persons of the dead men that would lead to their identification.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
NASHVILLE, Tenn., Feb. 3. The headless man mystery was solved today by the full confession of one of the parties charged with the murder, the subsequent discovery of the head in Ben Brown's yard, and the complete identification of the remains as those of Frank Arnold. Three other persons implicated were arrested on bench warrants and jailed. Ben Brown has not yet been caught.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.

CHICAGO, Feb. 6. Magistrate Meech's court was crowded this morning when George Webber, a well known paper dealer, and James Watson and William Williams, employees of the extensive printing house of Rand & McNally, were brought up for examination on the charge of larceny and conspiracy. Warrants have been issued for seven other employees of the firm, but it was decided to first take evidence against the three prisoners arraigned. For more than a year past the house has been losing large quantities of paper of all kinds, but the stealing was done so systematically that they were unable to trace it to any of the employees. Finally the aid of a detective agency was invoked, and a few days ago a detective purchased from Webber several hundred dollars' worth of the finest quality of paper, which was identified by Rand & McNally as a portion of their stock. A watch was then set, and resulted in the discovery that at least ten employees of the firm had almost daily transactions with Webber, their plan being to hide the stolen supplies among the wagon loads of "scraps" which are daily carted away from the establishment. When Webber had been fully cornered, he gave away the conspiracy and named the participants. The total loss to the firm is placed all the way from $10,000 to $20,000. Nearly all the men concerned have families, and have hitherto been regarded as honest, faithful employees. The above facts were testified to this morning, and the hearing is still in progress at this writing.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
BLOOMINGTON, Ind., Feb. 6. At four o'clock last evening the final argument closed and the destiny of Chesley Chambers was in the hands of his countrymen. Colonel George Friedley closed the case with one of the most remarkable criminal speeches ever made by an attorney in the old courthouse. At times many of the audience were moved to tears, and it was also noticeable on several occasions of the jurymen. Especially was this noticeable when he detailed in touching language the begging of poor Peter Webber for the robber not to shoot him, and the robber said, "I ain't going to," and then sent a bullet crashing into his head. The charge of Judge Beeknel was a remarkable document, but most concerned are not able to say whether he believes Chambers guilty or innocent. The defense will be satisfied if they hang the jury again, and Colonel Friedley, of the prosecution, states to your correspondent that he is afraid that only eight will be for conviction, so a hung jury is very probable.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
CHATTANOOGA, Tenn., Feb. 6. The remains of the two men shot down near Oakdale, Tenn., last Tuesday night, under the supposition of being burglars, were identified today as the bodies of George and Frank Taylor, of Dayton, Ohio. They were identified by a brother and brother-in-law, and the bodies were conveyed back to their former home. The most intense excitement prevails over the killing, and the three members of the posse who fired the shots have been placed under bond on a charge of murder. It is not clear that the dead men were the parties sought, and grave apprehensions are felt that they were innocent boys. The third individual who was with them when they were killed has not been heard of since, and no trace of him can be found. The Taylor brothers left Dayton, Ohio, to come to Chattanooga.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
SHERMAN, Texas, Feb. 6. The mail cart running from the postoffice to the depot was robbed of a registered letter pouch this morning on the way to the 12:35 train, and several hundred dollars in money taken from four special packages. The driver did not miss the bag until he reached the train, when he returned to search the streets over which he had driven without finding it, and then on a closer inspection of the cart, he found that the back curtain had been split with a knife and the pouch taken out by some thief. The pouch was found after daylight in an old shed about a square from the postoffice, but was cut open and the letters scattered promiscuously. A postal detective has been sent for to work up the case. The postmaster declines to state the amount of money taken.
The Senate Ventilates the Necessity of an Additional Secretary of the Navy.

The Question Goes Over Along With the Dakota Bill.
Dingley's Shipping Bill.
The House Considers It In Committee of the Whole, After Which It Is Passed.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
WASHINGTON, Feb. 5. The Chair laid before the Senate yesterday a letter from the Secretary of the Treasury in reply to the recent resolution relating to the conscience fund. "The conscience fund," the Secretary says, "had its origin in the popular belief that the donations of money received from persons unknown were because of money wrongfully withheld from the Government. The fund now amounts to $2,222,442."
Among the memorials presented and appropriately referred was one by Mr. Sewell, consisting of a concurrent resolution by the Legislature of New Jersey protesting against the granting by Congress of any right to build a bridge from the shores of New Jersey to those of Staten Island, N. Y., and asserting the doctrine of States' right in denial of the power of Congress to grant such authority.
Several petitions were presented from organizations of the Knights of Labor, urging Congress to open up to settlement the Territory of Oklahoma.
Mr. Cameron then called up the bill providing for the appointment of an Assistant Secretary of the Navy. The amendment suggested by the Naval Committee requires that the assistant should come from civil life.
Mr. Hawley favored the bill. He thought it one of the most palpable indications of the times that the American people wanted something like a respectable navy, although a businessman would be necessary in such a case as the confidential assistant of the Secretary of the Navy.
Mr. Beck said that Secretaries Lincoln and Chandler had two years ago made plain to the Senate committees the necessity for an assistant in each of the departments. A bill was then passed providing for such officers in the War and Navy Departments, but the salary ($3,500) had not proved sufficient, and the officers were not appointed. The main argument then used was that a civilian was necessary in order to avoid the jealousies, and as was said, "the Bourbonism" of naval and military officers. He favored the bill and the proposed amendment.
Mr. Plumb's recollection was that the act had been repealed by the request of Secretary Chandler.
Mr. Allison said the measure had been passed, but as no officers had been appointed, Congress had subsequently repealed it. He thought that if the new assistant was to have a larger compensation, it would be necessary to increase the salaries of the other assistants.
Mr. Dawes thought it very necessary to rehabilitate the navy and spoke in favor of the bill.
Mr. Plumb did not think the present Secretary of the Navy had done anything to help the navy.

Mr. Van Wyck thought this was an attempt on the part of the Republicans to force the present Administration to accept another officer. Perhaps, however, the word "force" was too strong. Certainly additional officers were contrary to the expressed desire of the published platform of the new administration as it was of the old. He thought he had better put the Democratic Senators on their guard so that they might make sure whether this additional officer was needed. He presumed the Democrats might be suspicious of the Greeks even when they bore gifts. They might be entrapped. He had heard of the great enthusiasm with which the country some months ago had heard of the discharge of some laborers from the bureau of engraving and printing. The reduction had been from men receiving a dollar a day, but an assistant was required who should have the salary of fifteen discharged laborers. He prophesied that this thing would be repealed.
Mr. Blackburn spoke for the bill. He did not want to relieve the Secretary of the Navy of his responsibilities, but on the contrary to rivet and clinch them on himself. It was impossible for the Secretary of the Navy to be always present in his office, and it was indispensable for him to have for an assistant a man from civil life, of active business habits. The bureau of detail in the Navy Department was in charge of a Captain whose name was twelfth on the list of Captains of the navy, yet there was not an officer in the navy, including Admirals, whose detail of duty was not made by that subordinate officer.
Mr. Plumb asked, "Who is responsible for that?"
Mr. Blackburn did not think it lay in the mouth of a Republican Senator to make that inquiry because the same system had existed under the Republican administration.
Mr. Ingalls intended to treat this administration with absolute justice. Whatever assistance any officer might certify that he needed for the proper administration of his department, he would vote to give it to him, but he would not give any assistance that was not certified to be necessary.
Mr. Butler said the Secretary of the Navy had recommended the appointment, and read from the report of the Secretary that statement that "an Assistant Secretary of the Navy would seem to be an essential feature."
Mr. Ingalls, looking at the report, said: "The remark appears to be an interpolation, and is put in a parenthesis, being evidently an afterthought." He then read the clauses preceding the one read, to show that it was only in the "system of organization" that the Secretary had said an Assistant Secretary was wanted—not for the performance of the duties, for America had no navy. [Laughter.]
Mr. Ingalls animadverted with some severity upon the course of the Secretary of the Navy in connection with the Dolphin, saying "he had sent it to sea time after time in special search of a cyclone [laughter] in order to show structural weakness, and the Dolphin finally succeeded in encountering a cyclone off Cape Hatteras, and the waves were so high and the winds so tempestuous that the experts appointed by the Secretary had to go below sea sick."
"The American people," Mr. Ingalls continued, "could not forget that a studious attempt had been made by the Secretary of the Navy to crush out a great American enterprise and that by a pre-determined plan one of the greatest of American industrial establishments, employing 3,000 men, had been forced into bankruptcy. At last, however, by some sort of subterranean arrangement, for no public notice had been issued, the Secretary seemed to have decided that the Dolphin had to be accepted."
Mr. Cameron urged an immediate vote on the bill, but Mr. Logan opposed this, and at two o'clock the matter went over.

The Dakota bill was then placed before the Senate, and Mr. Harrison insisted that the real animus of the objections was that another Presidential election should pass before the people of Dakota should be permitted to participate in such elections.
Mr. Morgan said the Senator from Indiana (Mr. Harrison), who was evidently a candidate for the Presidency, might not have a chance at the vote of Dakota, for Mr. Morgan did not think he would ripen in four years.
Mr. Harrison replied that if he ever should be a candidate, although he would not be at all sure but that he might justly claim the vote of Alabama, he never would expect to have it counted for him.
On Mr. Butler's stating that in one instance Mr. Harrison did not understand the point at the moment in controversy, Mr. Morgan remarked: "O, he does not want to understand it; let him go along."
Mr. Harrison insisted that Messrs. Morgan and Butler had set up a man of straw and hustled him all around the Senate chamber, and as the debate proceeded and Mr. Harrison read papers contradicting those read on the other side, to show the feeling prevalent in Dakota in regard to the question of admission, one Senator created something of a sensation by quoting King Henry's exclamation: "O, Lord, how the world is given to lying," and brought down the floor as well as the galleries.
When Mr. Harrison wanted to know how Mr. Butler would have entitled the new constitution of Dakota, if not "the constitution of the State of Dakota," he expounded this inquiry: "Would the Senator have begun it with the words, 'By the grace of God and the Senator from South Carolina?'" [Laughter.]
To this Mr. Butler replied: "No, I should have simply said, 'By the grace of the Senator from Indiana.'" [Renewed laughter.]
Without further action on the bill, the Senate adjourned, the Chair first putting before the Senate messages from the President transmitting the report of the director of the Union Pacific railroad and a draft of a bill authorizing certain expenditures from the Indian land fund to meet the pressing needs of the Miami tribe.
Among the bills introduced in the Senate yesterday were the following.
By Mr. Maxey: To make the city of Houston, Texas, a port of entry.
By Mr. Manderson: To facilitate promotions and to retire from active service upon their own applications officers of the army who served during the war of the rebellion as general officers of volunteers.
By Mr. Ingalls: To authorize the Atchison Bridge Company to construct and maintain a bridge across the Missouri river at a point near the city of Atchison, Kansas.
By Mr. Plumb: To appropriate an additional sum of $150,000 for the completion of the public building at Fort Scott, Kansas; also to appropriate a similar sum for the public building at Wichita.
By Mr. Frye: Relating to public accounts and claims. It provides that suits against sureties on bonds given to the United States shall be barred unless brought within five years after the termination of the office of the principal therein if the bond be an official bond, or unless brought within five years from condition broken if the bond be a bond on a contract.
By Mr. Delph: To extend the limits of the port of Portland, Oregon, so as to include all that portion of the east bank of the Willamette lying opposite that city.

After the reading of the journal, which consumed more than half an hour, in the House yesterday morning, the Speaker proceeded to call the committees for reports, but no measures of public importance were submitted.
In the morning hour Mr. Culbertson, of Texas, on behalf of the Committee on Judiciary, called up the bill dividing the judicial district of Arkansas into two districts to be known as the Eastern and Western Districts of Arkansas. The bill was passed.
Mr. Hammond, of Georgia, called up the bill to prevent the claiming of war taxes, under the act of August 5, 1861, and the acts amendatory thereof by the United States, being set off against States having claims against the Government. Mr. Barksdale, of Mississippi, made an argument in favor of the bill; but pending further discussion, the morning hour expired and the House went into Committee of the Whole for consideration of the Shipping bill, the pending amendment being that offered by Mr. Holman, of Indiana, limiting the compensations of collectors, inspectors, and shipping commissioners. After a short debate, the amendment was withdrawn.
Mr. Dunn of Arkansas supported the bill and pictured the burdens under which the shipping interest was suffering. Nobody would put capital in a business which was taxed 13- ½ per cent.
On motion of Mr. Dingley, of Maine, the clause repealing section 4,371, revised statutes, was stricken out and one inserted repealing that portion of the section relating to vessels entitled to be documented as vessels of the United States.
Mr. Buchanan, of New Jersey, offered an amendment providing that any vessel arriving from a foreign port in a port of the United States in distress or not engaged in trade could be exempt from tonnage. This was adopted.
Mr. Hewitt (New York) asked and obtained unanimous consent to strike out the amendment agreed to on his motion providing that only one consular certificate should be required on any tow or canal boats or barges trading between the United States and Canada.
The committee then rose and the bill was passed.
Mr. Bragg (Wisconsin) asked unanimous consent to offer a resolution setting apart Friday and Saturday next for the consideration of the Fitz John Porter bill, the previous question to be ordered at five o'clock Saturday afternoon; but Mr. Reed (Maine) objected.
The House then adjourned.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
BRECKENRIDGE, Col., Feb. 5. The Leadville passenger train, which was blocked day before yesterday in the Ten Mile Canon, has not been able to get through, and this morning a train was sent from here to rescue the passengers from any further delays and take them to Leadville via Como and Buena Vista. The mail and express is still on board the snowbound train. The storm which has raged for the past three days, and which appeared to be about to break up last night, has not abated, but the snow is still falling very fast. There has about four feet fallen since the commencement of the storm.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.

ST. LOUIS, Feb. 5. The annual convention of the National Sugar Growers' Convention opened this morning with a large attendance. Commissioner of Agriculture Colman presided. Professor Wiley, Chief Chemist of the Department, is also in attendance to report upon his experiments with the diffusion progress and to give a resume of his observations in Europe.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
J. M. Burford, a merchant of Saybrook, Illinois, failed the other day with $20,000 liabilities and $14,200 assets.
Official Announcement of the New British Ministry.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
LONDON, Feb. 4. The new Gladstone ministry was officially announced last evening as follows: Prime Minister and First Lord of the Treasury, W. E. Gladstone; Lord High Chancellor, Sir Farrar Horschell, Q. C.; Lord President of the Council, Earl Spencer; Secretary of the Home Department, Hugh C. H. Childers; Secretary of Foreign Affairs, Earl Roseberry; Secretary of the Colonial Department, Earl Granville; Secretary for Indian, Earl Kimberly; Secretary for War, C. Bannerman; Chancellor of the Exchequer, Sir W. V. Harcourt; First Lord of the Admiralty, Marquis of Ripon; President of the Local Government Board, Joseph Chamberlain; Secretary of State for Scotland (a new office), George P. Trevelyan; President of the Board of Trade, Anthony John Mundell; Chief Secretary of Ireland, John Morley; Lord High Steward of Her Majesty's Household, Earl Sydney; Secretary to the Treasury, Arnold Morley, M. P.; Attorney General, Charles Russell, Q. C.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
NEW YORK, Feb. 4. At 6:30 o'clock last evening the tug boat Blanche Kate, while towing a railroad float up the river ran into a boat attached to the Austrian corvette Doran, lying off the foot of West Twenty-eight street. The row boat was under the command of Midshipman Korseli and contained eleven men. The midshipman and four of the sailors are missing. Five were rescued by the tug and two others taken from the river by the tug boat Garrett. The rescued men were placed on board of the corvette, and the river police arrested Captain Hubert, of the Blanche Kate.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
WASHINGTON, Feb. 4. The following postmasters were appointed today.
In Kansas: At Axtell, Miss A. F. Smith, vice incumbent, removed; Little River, G. W. Russ, vice Crawford, removed; Sioux City, T. Coltson, vice incumbent, removed.
In Missouri: At York, John Affleck, vice Turner, resigned; Armstrong, D. Loveland, vice Dunn, declined; Black River, G. C. Hazelton, vice incumbent; Kent, T. E. Ellsworth, vice Green, resigned. Pillar Point, F. Reaves, vice Knowlton, removed; Rosierie, E. Saler, vice Abertine, resigned.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.

MOBILE, Ala., Feb. 4. An unknown bark went ashore to the westward of the entrance to Mobile Bay, off Sand Island light, this morning. A heavy fog is prevailing. About 7 o'clock the fore, main, and mizzen masts went overboard in rapid succession. They are supposed to have been cut away by the crew. The vessel lies well up among the breakers and is pounding heavily. She will go to pieces. The wind has shifted since morning and it will soon be possible to reach the vessel in small boats, but up to the present time tugs have not been able to go out over the bar, owing to the heavy sea running. Revenue cutters Forward and Seaward went down this afternoon and probably will have news of the vessel in the morning.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
XENIA, Ohio, Feb. 4. The little four-year-old son of J. H. Halderman, who resides near Medway, some twelve miles northeast of this city, was playing near a kettle of hot lard which his mother was rendering, when in an unfortunate moment he stumbled, fell into the boiling oil with his head, face, hands, and breast. He was rescued from the terrible position, but not until he had been fatally burned. The accident happened at a late hour Monday evening, and the little fellow lingered until last night at eleven o'clock, when he died.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
SHELBYVILLE, Ill., Feb. 4. W. L. Cove, a farmer seven miles north of town, has several horses afflicted with a disease which competent authorities pronounce to be the glanders. The announcement has caused much excitement in the neighborhood.
The Mexican Account of the Causes That Led to Crawford's Death.
Sorry for Shooting at Regular Troops, But Tired of the Raids of Drunken Scouts.
Lieutenant Mans Arrives with Nana and Other Hostages.
Minnesota Indians Arming.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.

WASHINGTON, Feb. 6. Senor Romero, the Mexican Minister at Washington, has received from the Government of the State of Chihuahua, Mexico, an official report of the unfortunate encounter which the Mexican forces had with the United States troops commanded by Captain Crawford in the mountains of Bavis, Chihuahua. It is stated in the report that the Mexican force commanded by Major Mauricio Corredor arrived on that day at a place called Tiopaz in the Sierras of Bavis, where they knew that the Apache Indians, who had revolted under the leadership of Geronimo, were. The Mexicans fired on the United States troops in the belief that they were hostiles. In the fight which ensued, Major Mauricio Corredor, First Lieutenant Juan De La Cruz, and privates Mariona Madrid and Luiz Estrada were killed and four other soldiers were wounded; that as soon as the Mexican forces found out that they were firing on United States soldiers, they stopped firing and expressed to the latter their regret at the losses occasioned to both commands. The report gives as an excuse for the above mistake the difficulty of distinguishing the renegade Indians from the scouts, and says that while the latter generally behave themselves when in their camp and under the view of their officers, when they get out under the pretext of hunting or looking for hostile Indians or others, they sometimes commit great depredations on the peaceful inhabitants on the frontier, and cannot readily be distinguished from the hostile Indians. It was reported from Mexico that the scouts killed and wounded, December 17, a considerable number of cattle and horses belonging to a Mexican, and that on December 23, while they were in camp at a place distant about a mile from Gusuabus, Sonora, seven of the scouts entered the village and committed great outrages, and the mayor was forced to ask for armed forces to bring them to order, and one of the scouts was wounded. The same Indians killed afterward eleven head of cattle and wounded others near Goamadas and killed two men who were leading mules loaded with goods, which were stolen by the scouts. It is also reported that three Mexicans were attacked by scouts on January 8 on the road that leads from Nasocori to Uncas. The Mexicans succeeded in escaping, but their donkeys, their cargo, and pack saddles were captured. The report says further that the Constitution, the official paper of the State of Sonora, contains a detailed statement of the outrages committed by the scouts, and the result has been to cause a petition to be addressed to the General Government not to allow the scouts to cross over into Mexican territory.
TOMBSTONE, Ariz., Feb. 6. The reported causes leading to the shooting of Captain Crawford have been confirmed by the arrival here today from Sonora of A. J. Huncke, a citizen of undoubted credibility. He reports that last month fourteen of Crawford's scouts while intoxicated attacked a Mexican citizen living near Fronteras, and riding up and down the streets drove the terrorized people into their houses, which they barred, preparing to defend themselves. The drunken scouts had the town to themselves for a time. The Mexicans then banded together, when Crawford rode into town and by his presence succeeded in driving off the scouts.
ADA, Minn., Feb. 6. The Indians on the Red Lake reservation are very uneasy. The fact has just been disclosed that for some time past they have been gathering up all the arms, ammunition, and horses in the country. It is feared that they have been incited by emissaries from the British Northwest.
GUADELOUPE CANON, Ariz., Feb. 6. A courier is just in and reports the arrival of Lieutenant Mans at Lang's ranch with Chief Nana, one buck, and four women as hostages pending the surrender of the remainder of the hostiles. Lieutenant Mans will await the surrender at Lang's ranch.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
MONTREAL, Feb. 6. The most distressing intelligence has been received from Gaspe regarding the starving condition of the fishermen and their families who have been thrown out of employment by the suspension of Robinson & Co. To make matters worse another great firm, Leboutillir Brothers, have also suspended, so that 5,000 souls are literally on the verge of starvation. The Dominion Government has been petitioned to come to the assistance of these people. A communication has been received by the mayor here from the rector of New Carlisle asking for aid, and intimating that unless assistance is provided, the provision stores will be pillaged, mob rule will reign, and life and property will be endangered.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
LANCASTER, Wis., Feb. 6. The villages of Glenhaven, Cassville, and Potosi, along the shore of the Mississippi river in Grant County, are the scenes of daily rows among workers on the Chicago, Burlington & Northern railroad. Many of the men have quit work on account of the severity of the weather and have spent their days in drinking in the saloons. When these close they break into private houses and demand shelter of the occupants. This occurs nearly every night in Cassville and Glenhaven. The officers of the law are so few in number that they find it difficult to keep the railroaders from committing desperate deals.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
WASHINGTON, Feb. 6. Secretary Whitney today ordered Chief Constructor Wilson to report at the Brooklyn Navy yard Monday to inspect the Juniata and to further investigate the necessity of so large an expenditure for repairs. The estimates recently made call for an expenditure of from $20,000 to $25,000, which Secretary Whitney regards as excessive. It is with a view of reducing this that another inspection is to be made at which it is probable that the Secretary will be present.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
DES MOINES, Iowa., Feb. 6. Late yesterday afternoon the house of James Cavanaugh at Marshalltown was broken into and Cavanaugh found dead in bed. Beside him lay a friend named Buckley, breathing feebly, who died in a few minutes. Both men were last seen Monday evening. They had entered the house, locked themselves in, and taken chloral.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
NEW YORK, Feb. 2. Judge Cowan, in charging the new grand jury today, said: "The atmosphere of the community is full of rumors and assertions of bribery in public office. It is a wicked and awful crime, and there is no question that those who are convicted of it are far more despicable, wicked, and infamous than the burglars and petty thieves that are brought into this court. These are mere rumors, it is true, founded or unfounded, just or unjust. Still there is no question that ninety-nine out of every hundred men in this county believe them to be true, and it is a public scandal that this should be so."
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
STAUNTON, Virginia, Feb. 2. At one o'clock this morning a fatal accident occurred here on the Chesapeake & Ohio railroad. The No. 3 night express ran into a freight train on a siding. George Gettings, of Richmond, fireman, was killed. G. W. Ettinger, master mechanic, of Richmond, right arm and leg broken; T. Lowery, engineer, throat cut and badly scalded; Charles Smalls, of Staunton, engineer, of the freight, back broken. The cause of the accident was a blunder by one of the freight brakemen.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.

KANSAS CITY, Mo., Feb. 2. Thomas M. Turner, on trial for the murder of Mrs. Conway and child last fall, was acquitted this morning. Judge White instructed the jury to return a verdict of acquittal, there being no evidence of any importance that he was guilty and an utter lack of motive.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
SUFFOLK, Virginia, Feb. 2. Yesterday Colling Parker seized an axe and attacked his wife and sister. The latter was instantly killed and the wife fatally injured. There had been no quarrel between the three. Parker says he could not resist a sudden impulse to kill the two women. He is believed to be crazy.
FRANK H. GREER, Local Editor.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
The local markets, owing to the extreme mud, are quiet, with good demand. Wheat, good milling grades, brings from 75 to 90 cents; corn 25 to 28 cents; oats scarce at 28 cents; hay comes in in large quantities and brings $3.50 to $4.00; millet, $3.00 to $4.50; cattle, shipping steers, $3.00 to $3.60; cows, $2.40 to $2.75; hogs, $3.00 to $3.40; stockers, $2.00 to $2.70; sheep, $2.40 to $2.75; butter, 15 cents; eggs, 20 cents; potatoes, $1.00; apples, $1.25.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
DEAR COURIER: In justice to the "Two Roosters" referred to in the article of Feb. 4th, I wish to say in your evening cotemporary that Mr. Finch, or whoever the author may be, to say the least, is a little premature to write such an article, without investigating the matter. The facts are that there was no operator at Seeley on Tuesday, he being snow bound in Winfield, and on his arrival at Seeley Wednesday, a.m., wired us that the crazy man was at Seeley. I telephoned the Sheriff's office at once and Mr. Finch came to this office and asked that I telegraph to Seeley and have the man held until his arrival or until the train came down and have him put on the train and sent to Winfield, all of which was accomplished as promptly as it was possible to have it done, and free of cost.
MORAL: Be careful how you accommodate people gratuitously. Respectfully,
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
The news reaches us of a lively cutting scrape in Arkansas City Saturday about 4 p.m., between young Thompson, a son of Capt. Thompson, and Capt. Van Sickle. It seems there was some trouble over the numbers at a dance a few evenings precious, at which time the parties present kept them from coming together. Meeting on the street Saturday, they went at it, Van Sickle, drawing his razor, proceeded to carve, cutting Thompson severely in the back and side. Though very severely cut, Thompson will probably recover. We understand Mr. Thompson is quite a young man while Van Sickle is well along in years.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.

The union revival meeting Thursday was well attended and much interest was manifested. Rev. Miller preached a splendid sermon on "the cleansing of the ten lepers." It is necessary for us to first feel that we are badly diseased with the leprosy of sin and then cry unto God to cleanse us, and, as Christ assured the ten lepers, he will also assure you to "Go, your faith hath made thee whole." There will be services at the Baptist church this evening, which will probably be the last of the union meetings.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
Owing to the change in the sale of tickets for the Impromptu Concert on Saturday night, there was a great deal of confusion and some dissatisfaction, but we are satisfied that Manager Myers and his obliging ushers did much toward remedying the trouble and in fact, did all they could to make everyone comfortable. With such a jam it was remarkable that more confusion wasn't experienced.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
A bill has been introduced in the legislature and reported on favorably creating a board of survey to prospect for coal, mineral, and artesian wells. It appropriates ten thousand dollars to carry out its provisions, which are to buy $2,500 worth of machinery and to employ an engineer by the year to handle it. Counties to apply for and obtain the use of the outfit at county expense.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
"The word lady," says an exchange, "is derived from the Anglo-Saxon HIAFTIE, which is composed of the words HLAF bread, and WEARDIAN, to look after or have the care of." That's what most of the young men are looking for now-a-days—some woman to furnish the bread, and look after the care of them, while they skirmish around and "rustle" the water.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
Mr. H. Newcome, the livery man of Geuda Springs, was in town on Wednesday to place an order for an Omnibus. He is going to be ready for the advent of the railroad at their town, which he says will be inside of two months. Messrs. Abbott & Bishop are getting quite a reputation for their light Busses.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
A novel club is being organized among the fair sex of the state, called "The Tongue Guards." Each member pledges herself to pay a penny into its treasury every time she says anything against another person. We will bet two to one that every member of these clubs will be "broke" in less than a month.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
It is once more announced to the busy world that perpetual motion has been discovered. A man in Youngstown, Ohio, has secured letters patent on a centreless crank. That's nothing to discover; "centreless cranks" are so common in this country that nobody ever thinks of getting them patented.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
The Garden City Irrigator comes to us this week a big illustrated edition, containing portraits of fifty or more of its businessmen and business houses. Some of the photos look mighty revengeful, as though some great affliction was intended, but withal the paper is a rattling big "ad" for G. C.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.

Our merchants begin to talk "east" and next week most of them will pull out for the big trade marts to lay in their spring and summer stocks. An immense business is anticipated with surety for this year and heavier stocks than for years will be laid in.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
The cold weather has made a drouth in real estate transfers—none filed yesterday. With the opening of good weather and spring, the activity in real estate will be something entirely unprecedented. Then our land men will be knee high in clover.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
LOST. A deep bay mare pony, 7 years old with new saddle, bridle, and halter. Any person having knowledge of her whereabouts, please inform G. W. Miller, New Salem, Kansas, and get reward.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
Our Ground Hog petition was laid out. We can continue to stand the G. H. A Legislative enactment prohibiting Uncle Tom's Cabin, this old and yearly affliction, should be tried.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
Wouldn't it be a good thing to extend that temporary drip pipe on the Farmers Bank building on Ninth avenue about one foot? It is quite a nuisance the way it is.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
Harry Sickafoose returned yesterday from a very enjoyable visit of four weeks at his old home, South Whitley, Indiana, and is again behind the dry goods counter at Baden's.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
Itch and Kansas Scratches cured in 30 minutes by Woodford's Sanitary Lotion, warranted by Ed G. Cole, druggist, Winfield, Kansas.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
All the world's a stage,
And all the men and women merely players;
They have their exits and their entrances,
And one man in his time plays many parts.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
Wanted to rent: several good farms near Maple City. Address or call on Howe & Drury, land and loan agents, Maple City, Kansas.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
The City Council advertises in another column for sealed bids, to be considered on February 8th, for the construction of the city building.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
Richardson's Magneto Galvanic Battery, the great cure all. Price $1.50; for sale at William's Drug store.
Her Chronicle of the Comings, Goings and Doings of Persons at Home and Abroad.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
D. G. Doyle is here from Cherryvale.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
The infant child of W. F. Wilkinson is quite sick.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
John Drury, of Maple City, was in town Monday.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
J. O. Wilkinson was down from Wichita Thursday.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
Judge Bonsall was up from the Terminus Thursday.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
John Dix left Friday for an eastern view of a week or two.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
Mrs. D. A. Millington is visiting at Newton since Monday.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
E. M. Reynolds is out from a severe tussle with pneumonia.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
Judge Pyburn and son, Walter, were up from Arkansas City Saturday.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
Judge Gans went east on the S. K. Tuesday, for a day or two on business.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
Mrs. Senator Jennings returned today from a visit with her husband at Topeka.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
O. L. and H. M. Howard are at the Brettun, from Michigan, here prospecting.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
Frank T. Berkey came home Monday from a week at Topeka and Kansas City.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
Mrs. Geo. H. Dresser and child left Tuesday eve for a visit at Independence.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
S. W. Phenix returned Thursday from a visit among the Legislative solons, at Topeka.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
Ed. P. Greer and wife came down from Topeka Saturday, to remain till Sunday evening.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
Mrs. E. H. Nixon came over from Medicine Lodge Friday eve for a visit with her parents.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
Bob O'Neil, the handsome, natty Bob of old, came in from the western counties Friday.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
Ed Weitzel is dividing the office room of the old hotel building into two good store rooms.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
Dr. C. M. Riley is now occupying the office of Attorney Hosmer, over Curns & Manser's.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
Judge Soward returned from Topeka Sunday, having spent a week with the State Solons.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
J. H. Bullene and M. L. Robinson returned Tuesday from a business trip to Anthony.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
Dr. Long and family left Wednesday for Fall River, leaving New Salem without a physician.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
Mrs. Earnest Reynolds left Monday for Nora Springs, Iowa, to see her mother, who is very low.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
S. V. Smith, Burden's miller, dropped in upon us Monday and left his name for THE DAILY.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
Bliss & Wood now have a nice single car for wheat in their office in Curns & Manser's building.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
B. S. Miller, living on east 8th, was presented with a fine boy of regulation weight Friday eve.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
Weaver & Keller are at work on an order from Cal. Ferguson, for four stage coaches for the west.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
H. E. Dean, an attorney of Warsaw, New York, a school-mate of E. S. Bliss, is here seeking a location.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
John O'Hare, a brother of our handsome and smiling City Attorney, is here from Beason, Illinois, for a visit.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
G. W. Miller bought a steer Tuesday of Mr. Covert that weighed 1,710 pounds, and wasn't fat either.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
J. E. Snow has returned from Leavenworth, Topeka, and other points, where he has been on legal business.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
The Knights of Labor moved their place of meeting from over the postoffice over Cohen's store Tuesday.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
Mahala Boomshine, as guardian, has made annual settlement in the estate of Alexander Boomshine, a minor.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
F. W. Crandall, W. H. Hart, and G. W. McMillion, St. Louis men of wares, were bombarding our merchants Tuesday.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
Miss Grace Kincaid, after a pleasant visit with her friend, Mrs. H. H. Hosmer, returned to Mound City Friday.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
A front entrance is being constructed in the basement under the postoffice, which will make it far more convenient.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.

D. L. Kretsinger got home from Topeka Tuesday, having stayed by the western county bill until it went through all right.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
Capt. Siverd went down to Maple City Friday to summon the thirty or more witnesses in the Marshall-Snyder murder case.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
John Adams and Emma Weaver got the documents Friday evening authorizing the cementing of their hearts, hands, and fortunes.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
The Central school building is being painted up and the finishing touches given, which will add much to its appearance.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
S. D. Pryor went to Wellington on the Santa Fe Friday and returned Saturday. This was transacting business on quick time.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
Mrs. J. Wade McDonald and little daughter left Tuesday to attend the dangerous illness of her aged father at Denver, Colorado.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
O. E. Sykes, Kansas City, is registered at the Central. He represents the U. S. Wind, Engine & Pump Co., and will be here several days.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
The snow is packing nicely and sleighing is getting good. A large number of sleighs, of every conceivable kind, were out Thursday.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
J. W. Thomas and wife, parents of Edgar, our First Ward carrier, returned Saturday evening from seven weeks visit in Rice County.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
George Lockwood returned to Medicine Lodge Tuesday. George has a mighty warm side for Winfield—and we don't blame him.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
Frank Uhl and John F. Giel, the Cleveland contractors who came out to bid on the city building, returned to Cleveland Friday afternoon.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
Frank Berkey left Tuesday for Richfield, where he will open a real estate office. A. T. Spotswood and G. H. Allen go tomorrow.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
Mrs. Ed. Burke, nee Bonnie Anderson, and little girl came in Monday from Kansas City and will visit her parents for a few weeks.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
Judge Torrance, now holding court in Elk County, at Howard, Sundayed at home. Frank Raymond failed to connect and didn't come.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.

Mrs. M. E. Hollingsworth is visiting relations at Rock P. O. Mr. Hollingsworth wears a long face, which will disappear upon her return.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
A. Defenbaugh returned Saturday from several weeks visit in Ohio. He says there will be a big emigration to this state from Ohio this year.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
Ed. G. Gray did the devotional in the Canal City Sunday. And the queen of his affections in the east, too. Queer what takes him, isn't it?
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
Horning & Whitney are doing a rattling wholesale business. They have just put a lot of goods down at Wellington, Maple City, and Oxford.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
Judge Baily, a prominent attorney of Lyons, Rice County, has been visiting his sister, Mrs. G. L. Rinker, for a few days, and returned Monday.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
Hobe Vermilye left Tuesday for Kansas County, taking along six horses, a breaking plow, frying pans, and all essentials for opening up his fine claim.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
Jno. E. Gay, special agent of the National Mutual Fire Insurance Co., of which John D. Pryor is local agent, called on THE COURIER yesterday.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
O. R. Parsons, H. M. Workman, F. T. Plimpton, Isaac Baker, J. McD. Benight, and Wm. Keiler were among the Brettun's Chicago guests yesterday.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
Charles A. Cron, of Sumner County, and Ida M. Miller, of this county, got the necessary credentials Tuesday to join their hearts, which beat as one.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
Mr. and Mrs. W. C. Root left on the Santa Fe Tuesday, she for a visit with her parents at McPherson, and he for Boston on a purchasing tour.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
P. G. Van Vleet, our new wholesale agricultural implement dealer, has bought the Tom Bryan property, next to Dr. Graham's, where he will reside.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
Joe Baker, one of Silver Creek's old settlers, was over Friday. He is advertising a public sale of his stock preparatory to locating in old Grant County.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
J. S. Lyon, of I. W. Randall & Co., moved Thursday into his new, pleasant home on east 9th. Mr. Lyon has one of the most pleasant homes in the city.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
Mrs. T. K. Tingle, wife of our Job Department Foreman, returned Sunday from a week's visit at Harper, and the handsome Thomas is smiling as of yore.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
Sheriff McIntire says he found Senator Jennings and Ed. P. Greer both in the penitentiary, last Sunday—there on an inspection tour from the legislature.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
E. B. Smythe, J. H. McDearmen, H. McElroy, and C. Montgomery, all Kansas City commercial men, are at the Brettun, awaiting the clearing of the S. K. west.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
Miss Hattie Stolp got home yesterday from her eastern visit at Aurora, her old home, and other places in Illinois. She spent a very delightful vacation.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
Judge Sumner, of Arkansas City, was in the city Friday, returning from a week's snow blockade at Caldwell and Wellington. He went to El Dorado this afternoon.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
If the lawyer who compelled Judge Gans to swear such secrecy will come around and set 'em up, he can avoid being given away. We are on to your matrimonial racket.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
Senator Hackney's little boy is dangerously ill, with inflammation of the bowels. Dr. Graham called Dr. Parkins, the Arkansas City Homeopathist, in consultation yesterday.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
Mr. G. P. Schipper and bride, nee Miss Bertha Barnes, departed Thursday on the Santa Fe for Chicago. THE COURIER wishes them peace, happiness, and prosperity.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
Mrs. Dr. Brown, of Grand Summit, and Miss Anna Fox, of Council Grove, Kansas, spent Sunday with their friends, Miss Carrie Hord and Mrs. Kelly, the photographer's wife.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
Mrs. Dr. Emerson again received a number of the young folks Thursday evening. An evening in her home is always joyfully hailed. She is unexcelled as a popular entertainer.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
The Hyers sisters, who visited Winfield a year or so ago, are billed for Monday and Tuesday evenings next. The troupe are all colored people and actors of superior ability.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
John Osborne, the shoemaker, has moved his shop into the shop formerly occupied by Mr. Hunt, the tailor, next to J. J. Plank's gunshop. Mr. Hunt is now with J. J. Carson & Co.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
Chief Engineer Wingate, of the K. C. & S. W., dropped in Monday and informs us that the iron is now across the bridge on the Arkansas river and will soon reach the state line.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
One certificate of wedded bliss was issued by Judge Gans Thursday to Mark Morris and Lydia A. Powell. He is aged 52 and she 47, and are well posted on the matrimonial business.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
Bret Crapster, the Brettun revenue collector, returned Monday from a week or two at his old home, Hampton, Illinois, and other places. He had a very agreeable vacation, if it was a little short.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.

Mrs. Henry Brown entertained eight or ten couples of young folks, Thursday eve. Mrs. Brown is a delightful entertainer, and, assisted by Mr. Addison Brown, made the occasion most agreeable to all.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
Tom J. Eaton and Ed. J. McMullen spent Sunday night in Grenola, and were accompanied home Monday by Mrs. W. H. Colgate and children, who had been visiting Mrs. Wintermute, of Grenola.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
Marshall McFadden has received his reward of $50 from the county for the capture of Bill Johnson, who has just been taken to the pen for horse stealing. The Marshal got him at Arkansas City last fall.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
Mr. and Mrs. Fred Whiting left Friday for Richfield, where Fred has secured a fine layout of land and will hold it down. He took part of his household goods and will remain several months, at least.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
Ed. G. Roberts, the Udall druggist who has figured so conspicuously in the courts in the past year, has had his liquor permit revoked at his own request. He says he won't sell any more of the "blasted stuff."
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
John M. Keck is catching onto the surety of our boom and investing largely. His last purchase is the Wallis & Wallis new business block opposite the St. James, for $5,500. The building is not quite finished.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
Henry E. Noble is here from Medicine Lodge, on his way east to lay in a stock of hardware. He is prospering finely at Medicine Lodge and thinks there are great things in store for that burg, with the advent of the rail.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
Tom Thumb elicited big interest from the Woman Suffragists, who are highly tickled at the handsome manner in which Mrs. Tom Thumb and Mrs. Rupp flew back. The correspondence all around was rich and racy.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
Mrs. Eliza Null, now restored to her right mind, has been discharged from guardianship by an order from the Probate Court. She has remained at home, Maple township, under jurisdiction of a guardian for three years past.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
Mr. and Mrs. W. W. Kleese, whose only child, a bright little girl, was laid to rest Monday, a victim of diphtheria, desire THE COURIER to express their sincere thanks to the kind friends who so readily gave assistance and sympathy.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
A. A. Newman, Arkansas City's big dry goods man, visited us Wednesday. He says the dynamite scheme worked well and most of the ice, which was about 20 inches thick, has been removed from the channel directly above the dam.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.

We wonder if she said that I said that he told her that another fellow told his girl that he heard that an old lady told her husband that there was a rumor on the streets to the effect that someone else said that she did, and whether she did or not?
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
Chas. C. Black returned home Wednesday, after a month's absence in Topeka and other places, looking after D., M. & A. matters. He says the company has everything in readiness for active work as soon as spring thoroughly opens.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
R. E. Wallis, Sr., is off for Richfield, where he will open a merchandise establishment. R. E., Jr., will continue the business here. Misses Lizzie and Margie will likely go out in a few weeks to enjoy the thrilling romance of "holding down a claim."
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
Will A. McCartney is in from Ashland, circulating around among his many warm friends. He is the same Will as of old, barring a few more stray hairs on his upper lip. He's doing a good law and real estate business at Ashland. His fine claim, right up against the town, is rapidly growing into a gold mine.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
Onie, the 13 year old boy of Mr. and Mrs. Hart, was bitten by J. R. Pugh's big black dog as he passed the store Wednesday. The animal's teeth went clear through the center of the boy's hand. This old Newfoundland dog appears to be getting bad in his old age and should get a solitary confinement if he don't better his ways.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
Rev. S. Price, father of Mrs. D. C. Young, wife of THE COURIER foreman, came down from Augusta Tuesday evening, and Wednesday accompanied Mrs. Young to Wellington, where she will visit a week or so. Rev. Price, formerly M. E. Pastor at Wellington, is now stationed at Augusta.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
H. C. Roder, while walling up a well in Highland Park Saturday, met with a serious accident. The bucket, falling about twenty feet, struck him upon the head, cutting a gash some three inches long to the bone. He was taken out insensible and Dr. Wright sent for. At this writing he is getting along very well, and will recover.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
Dr. J. R. Marshall, father of John Marshall, principal in the Maple City tragedy, arrived Friday from Dublin, Franklin County, Ohio, to see what can be done for his son. He has been a practicing physician in Dublin for thirty years, has represented Franklin County in the Legislature, and held other offices, and appears to be a man of much intelligence and solidity.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
C. M. Wood will probably be a candidate for Justice of the Peace at the coming city election. He says he has got to rustle around for bread and butter and his literary efforts don't bring in any to speak of. He has a judicial turn of mind, is a clear thinker, and keen lover of justice. He is well fitted for the place and many of the citizens of Winfield would be glad to see him get it.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.

J. N. Russell, familiarly known as "two car load Russell," is at the Brettun. He is accompanied by his bride, an accomplished lady whom he wed last month. Mr. Russell is one of the oldest commercial men on this route and represents Smith, Keating & Co., Kansas City agricultural implements. He got his queer cognomen by his aversion to selling in less than two car load lots.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
Mrs. Jane Denning, the grandmother of Jefferson and John Denning, of Silver Creek, and aunt of Walter Denning, of this city, died Thursday at the home of her son, Jefferson. She was 85 years old and dropped asleep through old age. Her memory was so defective, owing to aged decrepitude, that for five years back she has not known even her own children. She will be buried tomorrow in the Tisdale cemetery.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
J. W. Cottingham, of Richland, says with all its faults, he cannot do without THE COURIER because it keeps him posted on all the mean things he and his neighbors do, so he renews his subscription one year and sends another copy to his son at Ashland to keep him posted. J. W. Cottingham, with all his faults (we don't know of any), is one of the best men in the county and has plenty of sterling good sense.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
Little Fairy Belle, the three-year-old daughter of Mr. and Mrs. W. W. Kleese, died Friday of diphtheria, after a short illness. She was a very bright child, the only pride and sunshine of parental hearts, now darkened by the sorrow that an All-wise Divinity has made the accompaniment of joy in the story of life. The funeral takes place at 2 o'clock Sunday, from the residence, 606 Millington street, conducted by Rev. Kelly.
Four Barrels of Forty Rod, 138 Bottles Beer, and 580 Pints Other Alimentary
Oil Necessary in January to the Status Quo of Cowley's Interior Department.
The Druggists' Monthly Record.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.

January, with its blizzards and general frigidity, has gone, accompanied by the usual showing of vanished spiritus frumenti. The subject of alimentary oil never grows stale—is always spirited. To the prohibitionists it has interest for the sobering up and elevation of humanity; to many individuals, apparently afflicted with all the ills with which a frowning Providence has beset mankind, it is the panacea for every ache and pain. But the county's invalids are convalescing. Gradually, from month to month, has the record been decreasing until now the hospital appears to be almost vacated—or the individuals have found some better cure than this, as Sam Jones calls it, "liquid hell." A struggle at first, Cowley County has stood by the prohibitory law until it has become a commonly accepted fact. Violators have learned that its kicking propensities, in the hands of officials to whom duty is paramount, are greater than Mr. Balaam's famous animal. Bucking it is too expensive and humiliating a luxury to be cherished—big fines and the bastille inevitable. None but cranks, who preach in opposition to self-evident truths, can longer be found yowling about there being more liquor drunk in Cowley County than under saloon rule. The regard with which the law is observed, the almost entire absence of drunkenness, has driven most of those blatant mouth-kickers into their little holes. To every stranger the temperance proclivities of our county and city are surprising. The record for January is the best THE COURIER has yet published. It is proof that the druggists are doing about the square thing. As we have remarked before, it is no easy matter for a druggist to avoid violating the law. The drugstores are now about the only recourse for liquid refreshments. The express racket is too expensive: the "stuff" must come in too large quantities and takes too long. Our expressmen have shut down on the old lightning express that used to fill your Kansas City order in ten minutes. The iron-clad provisions of the late law side-tracked this lightning express and now nothing but the four-day express is available, at a cost likely to produce deathly pains, instead of bottles, in the ordinary pocket. "Statements" proclaiming various ills for which "benzine" is declared to be the only remedy are looked upon with increasing caution by our druggists, and the number of disgruntled individuals who disappointedly meander out of the drugstores daily, is growing. The druggist with the backbone to refuse even some of his best friends, places himself higher in the esteem of the best people, and the liquid hunter, if he has sense enough to understand the vice-like provisions of the law, secretly thinks the more of a druggist for refusing. Here is the January record.
Skipped the breakdown given for the following druggists.
Winfield: Williams, Glass, Harter, Brown.
Arkansas City: Steinberger, Fairclo, Mowry & Co., Eddy, Kellogg & Co., Brown, Balyeat & Co.
Other Towns: Woolsey, Burden; Roberts, Udall; Martin, Udall; Rule, Cambridge; Phelps, Dexter; Phelps, Burden; Hooker, Burden; Taylor, Floral; Brown, Atlanta.
The statements show 7 bottles bitters, 11 lemon ginger, 4 champagne, and 2 of stout sold by all the druggists.
Mr. Rule has failed, so far, to materialize with his January filing.

And right here we will remark that a small amount of this is accounted for twice—sold at wholesale by the druggists of Winfield or Arkansas City, to the druggists of surrounding towns, who again file statements for its retail. The decrease in statements from the December record is 38; the increase in whiskey 143 pints; the decrease in beer 124 bottles; and in other "medicine" 124 pints. Beer is taking a back seat as a panacea. This is the least number of bottles, by half, recorded since the late law went into effect. Winfield shows a decrease from December of 27 statements; an increase of 200 pints of whiskey, with a decrease of two pints in "other drinks." Arkansas City comes up with a decrease of 232 statements, 150 pints whiskey, 122 bottles beer, 48 pints other drinks. This is a record very creditable indeed compared to their previous showings. The frigidity of January seems to have about banished the malaria arising from the canal. Steinberger and Mowry explain their lionship by claiming that their general business is double that of any other druggist down there. The other towns also make decreases: 109 in statements, 2 bottles in beer, and 74 pints in various drinks, with an increase of 83 pints of whiskey. Of course there are numerous individuals who will declare that half the statements taken by these druggists are never filed. But these wiseacres have little weight in the face of the outward evidences. The veracity of this remarkable record is fully backed up by the sobriety, good order, and prosperity of our people. No other county in Kansas can show as good a record. No other county can show equal progress and prosperity. Morality, good government, and happiness and prosperity go hand in hand. The wonderful effect of prohibition in Cowley is the glory of every citizen and the pride of the state.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
The Grand Commander of the Select Knights of the Ancient Order of United Workmen, recently issued an order forming the Kansas Legions into eight Grand Divisions with the further order that each division hold a conclave for organization at the place appointed, on Feb. 9th. The fifth division, the first conclave of which was appointed for Winfield, embraces the following legions: Sumner No. 10, of Wellington; Cresswell No. 15, of Arkansas City; Cowley No. 16, of Winfield; Mystic No. 34, of El Dorado; Blair No. 40, of Dexter; Burden, No. 44, of Burden; Forest City No. 51, of Kingman. Each Legion was entitled to elect one delegate to attend the conclave. At two o'clock this afternoon the conclave was called to order in the A. O. U. W. hall by Walter G. Seaver, Commander of the Winfield Legion, with the following delegates present: Mr. Calhoun, Wichita—with Col. Taylor as a visitor from the same place; J. E. Snow, Winfield; E. W. Woolsey, Burden; M. N. Sinnott, Arkansas City. The Burden Legion were present in force, as visitors: E. A. Henthorn, J. W. Henthorn, W. P. Horan, R. D. Lake, H. W. Young, Geo. Culbertson, E. W. Young, J. H. Hooker, J. S. Crabtree, Len Griffith, W. W. Brafft, and A. J. Henthorn. The Winfield Legion was also out in full force and received and entertained their visitors in good style. The permanent organization of the Fifth division was completed as follows: Commander, J. E. Snow, Winfield; V. C., E. A. Henthorn, Burden; L. C., Mr. Calhoun, Wichita; Recorder, Walter G. Seaver, Winfield. With the commander and recorder at Winfield, this city is made Division Headquarters. This conclave was one of much interest all around.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
The preliminary examination of John Marshall for the murder of Jack Snyder, at Maple City, on the 27th ult., was concluded at 10 o'clock Tuesday, before Judge Buckman. County Attorney Asp conducted the prosecution and McDonald & Webb the defense. Very few facts were deducted—mostly held back for the District Court trial. The evidence was merely a reiteration of that at the Coroner's inquest and published in THE COURIER. The fact that Marshall was twenty feet away from Snyder when the fatal shot was fired and that Snyder had actually turned around and had taken one step toward retreating, were proven by several witnesses. About thirty witnesses were examined. It was proven also that Dr. Hart had bought a whip and had threatened to horse-whip Marshall, but afterward took it all back and said that nothing of the kind would be done. Marshall was bound over with bond at $5,000. He will languish. Dr. Hart, the principal witness, was put under $200 bond for his appearance and the other witnesses under bonds of $100 each. A large number of Maple City people attended the trial, the court room being a jam.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.

The county seat war in Pratt County is settled after a long and bitter contest. Judge Whitelaw, of Kingman, armed with a peremptory writ of mandamus in the Supreme court for the possession of the county records of Pratt, transferred the records from Saratoga to Iuka. Pratt City gets left entirely.
The City Building Contract Let for $300 More Than the Bid Formerly Accepted.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
The rulers of the city met in adjourned session Monday night to look into the bridge building question and to let the contract for the city building—Mayor Graham and Councilmen Jennings, Harter, Myers, Baden, Connor, and Crippen, present; with city clerk, Buckman; city attorney, Jos. O'Hare, and city engineer, Willis A. Ritchie. The bridge committee and city engineer had conferred with various bridge builders and determined on prices and plans, but it was determined best to consult with the Vernon officials before taking final action, as that township was equally interested in the Ninth Avenue bridge. The meeting with Vernon was set for Wednesday next, the city clerk to notify the Vernon Board. There were four bids for the complete construction of the City Building.
Chas. Schmidt: $10,765
Joe Reeves: $9,700
John Q. Ashton: $9,330
Uhl & Giel, Cleveland: $8,880
The bid of Fr. Uhl and John F. Giel being the lowest bid, with ample bondsmen and recommendations, the contract was awarded to them. This is the Cleveland, Ohio, firm whose bid, $380 lower than this one, was accepted by the council before. Owing to a slight technicality, which could easily have been lawfully remedied, and the assurance that home contractors would make lower bids if given another opportunity, the bids were all thrown out and bids re-advertised for. This little miscue cost the city $300. But the council is not altogether to blame. They did as their best judgment dictated, backed by a petition of 300 citizens who were dissatisfied with foreigners getting the contract, and with the declarations of home contractors. Messrs. Uhl & Giel will locate here permanently, at once, and begin the erection of the city building as soon as the weather will permit. They are contractors of experience and first-class standing in Cleveland. They enter into a bond of $8,880 to complete the work, strictly according to plans and specifications, by the first of August. The council ordered the Fire company to rent the old foundry building for its departments, until the city building is completed. The fire marshal was instructed to examine the various fire plugs and see that they are in working order. The street and alley committee is to have Dr. Mendenhall's sidewalk, fronting his residence on Millington Street, raised above the high water mark.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
Weekly report of tardiness for week ending February 5, 1885.
Department/Teacher/No. Tardinesses.
Central Building.
High: W. N. Rice, 17.
Grammar: Lou Gregg, 12.
Grammar: Lois Williams, 16.
2nd Intermediate: Sada Davis, 5.

1st Intermediate: Maude Pearson, 8.
1st Intermediate: Ivy Crain, 20.
2nd Intermediate: Fannie Stretch, 0.
2nd Primary: Bertha Wallis, 0.
2nd Primary: Belle Bertram, 0.
1st Primary: Jessie Stretch, 0.
1st Primary: Mary Berkey, 12.
1st Primary: Josie Pixley, 11.
Second Ward.
2nd Intermediate: Flo Campbell, 2.
1st Intermediate: Mrs. Leavitt, 4.
2nd Primary: Clara Davenport, 0.
1st Primary: Mary Randall, 0.
Third Ward.
2nd Intermediate: Allie Dickie, 9.
1st Intermediate: Mattie Gibson, 6.
2nd Primary: Mary Hamill, 13.
1st Primary: Mary Bryant, 0.
It will be observed from the above that the Second Primary, taught by Miss Bertram, has the fewest cases of tardiness at the Central Building, and will have the banner for last week. The Second Primary, taught by Miss Davenport, in the Second Ward, has a clear record, and the First Intermediate taught by Miss Gibson in the Third Ward, has the fewest cases of tardiness in that ward.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
The G. O. Club held its first regular business meeting, Monday evening, since the departure of Miss Lowry into the Elysian fields of matrimony. It was the first opportunity the club had had to express its collective feelings. The following is about as neat an expression as could possibly be made, and got the club's unanimous voice.
WHEREAS, That everlasting tormenter, Cupid, has seen fit to cast his darts among us and pierce the heart of our esteemed member, Miss Jennie Lowry, compelling her to submit to his caprices and take upon herself the duties of a wife, therefore, be it
Resolved, That we, the G. O. Club, tender to our defunct member our heartfelt sympathy in her loss of pleasure as a member of our club. And be it also
Resolved, That upon the other hand we extend congratulations to her upon the acquisition of that which we are all hoping for—a husband—and hope a long life of happiness and prosperity may be hers. Be it further
Resolved, That these resolutions be spread upon the books of the Club and a copy of the same be sent to her who was once one of us. Signed, G. O. CLUB.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.

Winfield again smiles over the prospect of another railroad. It seems to be a tri-monthly town—tries to get a new railroad every month. Bonds for the Florence, El Dorado and Walnut Valley were voted and carried by a big majority on the 27th. They will now have the main line of the Santa Fe through to Texas. This will make her fifth railroad inside of a very short time, which shows the kind of stuff her citizens are composed of. Although we don't like to see her all the time crowing, yet we must say, hurrah for Winfield. She is certainly becoming a city to be proud of, and we are beginning to feel proud of the capital of our county.
Burden Enterprise.
The Enterprise realizes that the build up of a great railroad and commercial metropolis here will advance Burden and all Cowley County. With the progress of one comes the progress of both. Shoulder to shoulder, with harmonious, persistent work, we will make Cowley County in five years the leading county of Kansas.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
Arkansas City commenced Sunday to blow up the Arkansas river with dynamite, and has since been whaling away. The ice on the river was thicker than ever before and a terrible ice gorge was anticipated in which case the long bridge above the dam must go. James Hill and the city council got up this dynamite scheme. The ice next to the dam, of course, would be last to go, giving opportunity for the tremendous gorges to pile up and demolish the bridge. Holes were drilled in the ice, dynamite cartridges inserted with a fuse attached, when everybody would get into the Territory while the thing went off. It knocked "blue blazes" out of the ice, and the 500 pounds of dynamite will clear the ice from next to the dam and bridge, giving the gorges a rapid descent over the dam on the water's swift bosom. It was a fine scheme and will save the bridge. The dynamite was gotten in St. Louis.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
The preliminary examination of John Marshall for the murder of Jack Snyder, at Maple City, the 27th ult., began at 10 o'clock Monday before Judge Buckman, at the Court House. McDonald & Webb are conducting the defense and County Attorney Asp the prosecution. J. H. Fazel, the stenographer, was appointed to report the case. There are about thirty witnesses to be examined, only one or two of whom have yet been on the stand, developing no facts that haven't already appeared in THE COURIER. A large number of Maple City people are here, to take in the trial. The court room is crowded. It will take several days to conclude the examination.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
The reporter took a trip up the Frisco Saturday under the charge of Conductor Hub. North, who is one of the most agreeable and thorough railroad men in the whole country. We found Latham and Atlanta quite lively considering the bad weather. Quite a number of new buildings are in progress and it looks as though these towns would boom right along in the spring.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.

Jack Henthorn, the rustling knight of the faber, was among the Burden Select Knights Tuesday. He is at present out of active newspaper work, but will soon be at it again. With all its drudgery, grind, grind, day in and day out, the quill has an enticement from which an old manipulator can't get away.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
The regular west-bound passenger train came in on time Saturday, the first regular train west on this line since Monday. The roads are all clear now and once more the man who crowds up to the postoffice window with "anything for Sam Jones?" is again happy and as busy as ever—enquiring for mail.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
Word was received Saturday that F. Schurmann, formerly of this place, died with apoplexy, at St. Genevieve, Missouri. Mr. Fred Ballein started this morning over the Frisco after the remains. The family start Monday for Neosho, Missouri, their old home, where the burial will take place.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
"The beautiful" is disappearing and we are glad of it. We are longing for a return of our lovely "Italian skies." We want to embrace sweet, buoyant May, with its bright, velvety verdure and soft, balmy zephyrs. Come on with quickened pace, Gentle Annie.
What Transpired at our Different Churches Sunday.
Various Religious Nuggets.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
Elder Gans preached at Rock Sunday his regular monthly appointment.
Rev. Snyder filled his pulpit as usual Sunday. We were unable to get his text. He is one of our soundest theologians and always delivers pithy discourses.
Rev. A. A. McDonough, who has been here for some time as Rector of the Episcopal church, left Monday for Virginia, to remain. The church here has abandoned regular services for a time, having no convenient place to worship.
Sunday was the occasion of the regular quarterly services at the Methodist church. Rev. Thomas Andas, of Wichita, the presiding elder of this District, preached a forcible and appropriate sermon in the morning, followed by the love feast. Rev. Kelly preached in the evening. The annual official meeting of the church occurred this morning.
Rev. B. F. Watson, of Leavenworth, presiding elder of the Topeka District of the A. M. E. church, conducted the regular quarterly meeting of the Winfield church Sunday. He is a fine looking man, refined and able. His sermons Sunday were logical and eloquent—a great credit to himself and race. The church here is in good, growing condition.
Rev. Miller's morning sermon at the Presbyterian church was on "Zion, the church of God." He reviewed the history and triumphs of the church from the Flood to the coming of Christ and from that time down to the present—how it had stood solid as adamantine, over-riding every difficulty and gradually progressing until today it casts its rays over almost the entire world and is the bulwark of every nation. The Reverend is rapidly growing in favor, as a man of practical, effective ideas and manner.

The discourse of Rev. Reider, at the Baptist church, Sunday evening, was based on 2nd Samuel iii:33: "And the King lamented over Abner, and said, died Abner as a fool dieth." Abner was commander in chief of the army of Israel; he was the main prop of the King. Like a fool he allowed himself to be led into the jaws of death. The All-wise warns us to take care of our earthly life to preserve it in health. The man who allows himself, by indulgence and carelessness, to break down health, dies like a fool. The man who allows himself to confront death without spiritual preparation, dies like a fool.
Elder J. M. Vawter, the new Christian minister, and wife, were given a reception at the home of Mr. and Mrs. J. J. Carson Saturday evening. A large number of the congregation of the church were present, and the occasion was one of much interest, acquainting Elder Vawter with most of the members of his new flock. The Elder is a fine looking gentleman, of good address and social qualities. He is a young man, about thirty years old, with the vim, ability, and ambition that mostly wins in the west. His wife is also very agreeable. He preached his first sermon Sunday morning. It was on the relations and duties of a minister and his flock, as given in Corinthians, xii:14-17. It was a practical sermon, containing some shoulder hitters, and laying down exactly what he expected in taking charge of that church: not money, fame, or ease, but hard work, christian harmony, and a good harvest for God.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
I will offer at public sale at my farm three miles southeast of Seeley, on Wednesday, February 24, the following property: One span of horses, one farm wagon, one set single harness, John Deere Cultivator, five two-year old steers, one Durham Bull, one set double harness, one top buggy, one Cassady sulky plow, fifteen milch cows, fresh, five two-year old heifers, eleven yearlings and calves, 200 bushels of oats, and a lot of small farming implements.
TERMS OF SALE: A credit of 6 months will be given on all sums of $10 and over, with interest at ten per cent, and approved security. A discount of 6 per cent will be given on all sums of $10 and over if paid on day of sale. J. F. MILLSPAUGH.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
No. 26. A farm of 160 acres, barn worth $1,000, buggy shed, granaries, corn cribs, and good dwelling of four rooms, 2½ miles from railroad station. Price, $3,200, if sold before March 1st.
No. 27. 80 acres 20 miles from Winfield, good 3 room house, small barn and other valuable improvements. Price, $1,200, if sold in ten days.
No. 28. 80 acres 2 miles from Winfield. Price, $40 per acre.
No. 29. 40 acres within 1 mile of Winfield. Will be sold in small tracts if desired, at $60 per acre to parties who will improve.
The above are the best bargains in Cowley County and will be sold. "Don't you forget it." H. T. SHIVVERS.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.

I will sell on Feb. 23, at my place of residence, 4½ miles northeast of New Salem station, ½ mile north of old Salem schoolhouse, the following property: 21 head of cattle, consisting of cows, steers and calves, and one thoroughbred imported bull, pedigree will be produced on day of sale. Stirring plow, hay in stack, mare and colt, and many other things not mentioned. For terms see large bills. If the above named day should be stormy, sale will be following day. JOE BAKER.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
I hereby give notice to the public that I will make a discount of 15 per cent on all suits and overcoats until March 1st. I do this to dispose of my fall and winter stock and make room for my spring goods, and to give as much employment as possible to my hands during the dull season. This is no humbug. Try me.
A. Herpich, merchant tailor, over Henry Goldsmith's.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
Winfield, Kansas, June 29, 1886: J. C. Long, having gone out of business, has left his books in my hands for settlement. Now, therefore, all persons knowing themselves indebted to J. C. Long will please call at my office and make settlement at once. Respectively.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
I will lease, to good tenant, one section of land, 5 miles from El Dorado, Kansas, with double dwelling house, good stable, stone corral, living water, and 100 acres in cultivation. For terms, etc., address F. K. Raymond, Winfield, Kansas, or Turner & Fisher, El Dorado, Kansas.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
40 acres of land joining Winfield on the south. Two good dwellings, young orchard, two corrals, fish pond of two acres, well fenced, as good for gardening or small fruit as on the Walnut river. Call at Ira Kyger's second hand store, 1017 Main.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
Dairy farm 1½ miles east of Winfield, 320 acres with running water and well. Good house, stables, and granaries; 40 acres with rock fence. Suitable tenant can get it for a number of years. Apply at Kirk & Alexander's mill, Winfield.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
One of the best farms in Cowley County, known as the W. H. H. Maris place, on Silver Creek, 250 acres of fine bottom land. Inquire of J. C. McMullen or W. H. H. Maris.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
On and after March 1st, 1886, the sw ¼ of section 3 township 33 range 3, in Beaver township, owned by A. B. Story. A. H. Green, Agent.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
I have a customer who wants a $5,000 farm and has the cash. A. H. Green.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
The man who knows nothing and nobody but self, who gives nothing for public enterprises, but who hoards every dollar secured by hook or crook is worse than valueless to the town in which he lives. Such men stifle enthusiasm and discourage others who would be valuable citizens were it not for their pernicious influence. The town is doomed that is put under the control of grasping, selfish, narrow-minded men who are afraid to risk a dollar lest they lose it. Winfield, we tearfully regret, has a few such individuals—very few. The rustle, competition, and general enterprise of our people is not conducive to such. They soon get out where swine can find more congenial associates.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
The Winfield COURIER mentions a long list of people who called at that office about the first of the month. It does not print the name of the wash-woman who called to collect her bill. Perhaps the poor woman got discouraged at the long list in ahead of her and thought it was useless to press the matter. Wellington Press.
The innocence exhibited by the Press is appalling. The idea of a wash-woman around a print shop! Were the Press man to remove his "dirty shirt protector," a sight would be revealed that hasn't felt the genial touch of water in many, many moons, yea, so far back that memory saith not. Shut up, or we'll knock you down with our secrecy protector, the office towel. Its long, constant use has made it a club of wicked mien.
Its Annual Meeting Last Night.—New Directors.
A Splendid Financial Showing.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
The annual meeting of the stockholders of the Winfield Building and Loan Association was held at the Masonic hall in Myton's block Tuesday evening; 348 shares of stock, more than sufficient for a quorum, were represented. President J. S. Mann took the chair and presided at the meeting. The reports of the secretary, J. F. McMullen, and H. Goldsmith, treasurer, were presented and read. These reports exhibited in detail the condition of the Association and its profits during the past year. We give a summary of some items.
Receipts from all sources during 1885: $10,336.89
Amount received for interest on loans: $1,307.59
Amount received for premiums upon loans, fines, and other sources of profit: $411.80
The entire expenses of the Association for 1886 inclusive of Secretary's salary, taxes, and
stationery: $249.70
Interest paid upon the stock withdrawn: $145.74
Net gain for the year: $1,595.95
The assets of the association on January 1, 1886, consisting of bonds and mortgages which are first liens on real estate of at least thrice the amount of the respective loans, and cash in bank, amount to $18,446. There are now 546 shares of stock in force in the five series. The value of the shares of stock in each series on January 1, 1886, are as follows:
In 1st series, $72.00; 2nd series, $51.16; 3rd series, $31.29; 4th series, $13.47; 5th series, started July 1, 1885, $6.35.

The association has opened the sixth series dating January 1, 1886. Those desiring to take stock in the new series can pay any time during February for the first two months of the year.
Directors were elected to fill the place of those whose terms had expired, as follows:
W. C. Robinson, for four years; I. W. Randall for four years; W. T. Madden for four years; A. H. Doane for three years.
The affairs of this useful association are in a very prosperous condition.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
In THE COURIER's report of the Horticultural meeting in Tuesday's issue, I am very incorrectly quoted, as recommending the placing of "stone heaps" around peach trees, to prevent injury to the fruit buds. Whew! To save my credit and at the same time give an experience that possibly might be of benefit to someone, allow me to say what I did say.
Reports having been made by members of the society that the fruit buds of the peach were generally killed, the question was stated as to the cause, which was generally conceded to be the extreme cold weather. I suggested that it was more likely to have been owing to sudden changes of temperature, citing the experience of my father, who, living in a region of plentiful snows and severe cold, was in the practice of keeping huge banks of snow around his peach trees during winter and as late as practicable in the spring. The result of this practice was the preservation of the life of his orchard and an annual fruitage for several years after the peach trees in his locality were "a thing of the past." After his death the practice was discontinued and the trees also "discontinued." The philosophy of the remedy is that the trees were exposed throughout the winter to a cool and even temperature and consequently remained dormant until late in the spring. C. PERRY.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
One thing very noticeable about the two blowhard towns, Winfield and Wichita, is that scarcely a week passes but what some family removes to the far west. At Winfield no less than two dozen families composed mostly of the old settlers have gone west to some one of the new towns. That is not a very good recommendation for a town when the old settlers begin to move away, but you know, rats always leave a doomed ship before it goes down.
A. C. Republican.
Just a little side issue, dear Dick. You see it is no uncommon thing for our rustling, keen-eyed citizens to swoop down on the plains of the "wild west," build a town, sell the thing out to fellows "down east," and return with a cool thousand or two out of the scheme. Oh, no; they don't leave Winfield to stay. Not much! It is just the indomitable faculty of raking in the bulk of the big bonanzas only awaiting enterprise. Then the din and rush of our city make a short vacation in the western counties, away from the puff and rumble of the numerous and incessant music of the hammer, the saw, railroads, etc., mighty acceptable. The places of the few men who did go west to stay are readily filled by the hundreds of eastern capitalists who are seeking investments in the Future Great of the Southwest, Winfield.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.

The Arkansas City Democrat is very much stirred up over the startling information it got from the individual who did it, that our coal find is a "salted hole." The Democrat, with great concern for our welfare, is very anxious that we don't squander money in such a "wildcat scheme," and gives the whole thing away. Save your reputation, Charles, above all things. Don't let your great interest in Winfield make an unmitigated liar out of you. Keep your "salt" at home. There is no need of any great sacrifice for us. You are haunted enough with visions of the mighty city, Winfield: of her rapidly developing affluence and luxury; of the rich deposits of coal that underlie our town; and will soon be handsomely worked; of the unbounded wealth that will make the hub editors look with pity upon their poor, unfortunate brethren of the Terminus; of the near future when our citizens, with their countless millions, will stand among the money kings of the earth.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
Our Prof. Hume, claiming to be supernatural, reaching out to the other shores and bringing up spirits at the dictation of anyone, for telling great pending events, etc., took Wichita in the other night. He got wonderful newspaper interviews published in the papers, at regular rates, and drew a house of a thousand people—the biggest "sell out" in Wichita's history. He greeted his audience with a few slight of hand acts. He was merely a nimble juggler. The Beacon says the sell will be better for the town than if the published program had been carried out to the letter. It will greatly lessen the readiness to "bite."
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
M. M. Scott met with a severe accident Saturday at McGuire Bros.' store. He and Walter Denning were scuffling when Denning pushed him over a box; and falling over himself upon Scott, crowded him against a box. Upon getting up it was found that Mr. Scott had broken a rib. He was taken home in a buggy and Dr. Emerson sent for. It is very unfortunate for Mr. Scott and much regretted by Mr. Denning, that such an accident should arise from a little fun.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
Mr. J. H. Chandler, of Cloverdale, shows us a newspaper dated Boston, Massachusetts, March 12, 1776, the Boston Gazette and Country Journal. It has a venerable look, yellow with age, and is in a remarkable state of preservation considering that it is more than six years older than the Declaration of Independence. It is a four-page paper, three columns wide, and is largely devoted to the Boston riots. Mr. Chandler prizes this relic very highly.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
S. H. Myton and W. A. Lee of Winfield, Geo. W. Cunningham of Arkansas City, A. Graff of Wellington, and H. E. Noble of Medicine Lodge—all hardware and agricultural implement men—gathered at Winfield and are off for Kansas City and the east to lay in their spring stock of implements. Going in a body, they hope to paralyze the big dealers and get some fine bargains.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
T. F. Axtell was wearing a broad smile Tuesday, and so was his head cook, when we were invited to take a peep into his kitchen. We expected to see something that weighed about ten pounds, but found something better, in the shape of fine bran new range, which shone like a new silver dollar. It is a daisy, direct from St. Louis, and can't be beaten.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.

The Southern Kansas railway company, we are informed, proposes to erect "snow fences" wherever necessary along the entire line from Kansas City to Medicine Lodge. The experience the company has had this winter with snow drifts demonstrates the necessity of doing something to prevent future interruptions to traffic from the same source.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
J. S. Thompson, of Indianapolis, an intelligent gentleman of means, has arrived and will join Messrs. Gregg & Rice in the establishment of a big nursery southeast of this city. They mean to make a nursery equal to any east or west. They have made the business their life-work and know all about it.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
Now the dispatches come up with the warning to look out for another snow storm. And everything backs up the warning. We will look out. We will carry our snow shoes and overcoat under one arm and our fan and linen duster under the other and be prepared for anything.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
Company C., K. N. C., and the Fire Department moved out of the Bryan building Wednesday into the old foundry building on North Main. The Fire Department will have elegant quarters on the completion of the new city building—everything in metropolitan convenience.
[Note: It appears from the above that the Fire Department had stopped the practice of renting a building owned by Col. J. C. McMullen and had moved to the stone building owned by Bryan, who recently sold it to Mr. Van Vleet.]
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
Horace Greeley once said: "Any man with more than a million is a nuisance." All right, Horace, we will be careful not to become that kind of a nuisance and we trust most of our brother editors will curtail their money gettings in time to avoid the disgrace.
The G. A. R. Boys Repudiate Senator Jennings' Reflections.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
The Winfield Post, G. A. R., at its regular meeting Monday eve passed unanimously the following.
WHEREAS, There are more than two thousand old soldiers in Cowley County, Kansas, who gave the best years of their lives in behalf of the flag. And,
WHEREAS, In the Senate of Kansas, the question of the appropriation of $25,000 to defray expenses of our National Encampment, if held in Kansas in 1887, being under discussion; And,
WHEREAS, Senator F. S. Jennings opposed said appropriation, and is reported in the daily papers of Topeka to have said, "That his constituents thought the recurrence of state and national encampments entirely too frequent, that the old soldiers themselves were getting tired of the show, and they wanted a little quietness." And
WHEREAS, Their sentiments as reported in said papers are well calculated to place us in a false position before our comrades, both in the state and the nation. And,

WHEREAS, If Senator Jennings entertains the sentiments attributed to him as above; then as a part of his constituency who wore the blue and fought the gray, we repudiate such sentiments. And we are not now, and we never expect to be of the opinion that State and National reunions are too frequent, or that we ever tire of meeting our old comrades in arms, and in what he is reported to have branded as a "show." But we shall ever deem it the honor and glory of our lives that we may meet again and again, and renew the memories and the glories of the late war. Therefore, be it
Resolved, That Senator Jennings be requested to say through the columns of the daily Capital, a paper whose editor was a soldier, whether or not he entertains the sentiments attributed to him as above, and that a copy of these resolutions be sent to the distinguished Senator, and one to the daily Capital for publication. That we thank Senators Rush and Harkness for their manly stand on the above question, and that copies of these resolutions be sent to them.
Resolved, That a copy of these resolutions, with a copy of Senator Jennings' speech, be forwarded to each of the six posts in this county, with a request that they take action thereon.
Resolved, That a copy of these resolutions be furnished each of the daily newspapers of this city, with a request that they be published.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
With the reopening of spring, our building boom will be resumed with activity entirely laying it over anything we have ever seen. Then the laborers, many of whom have seen hard times during the last six weeks blockade, will again be comfortable, happy, and prosperous. As long as the avenues of labor are open, there is no danger of suffering. The lazy lout who won't work when he can get it; out to suffer. But there are now numbers of honest, industrious families who are brought to want through lack of labor and the inability to lay aside a sinking fund.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
The WEEKLY COURIER this week is a paper to make the eyes of the average reader "bug" out in wonder, though THE COURIER's thousands of readers are getting used to this weekly treat since the addition of the two extra pages. It contains reading matter enough to keep a man a whole week in devouring—six pages, over forty columns of solid minion reading, over 15 columns of which is home news. It is a complete summary of the news at home and abroad, gotten up in terse shape. No other weekly in the State publishes as much home matter. It is four times as much as any other Cowley County weekly publishes.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
A young woman said she was born to be a farmer's wife because she engaged in milking when an infant, and took to cradling early. Later she often cut up and shocked her parents and filled her crib. At an early age, she learned to sew, and she had cultivated her acquaintance with a young agriculturist, and as soon as she planted her affections she intended to "make hay while the sun was shining." This was too much for an impressible tiller of the soil; so he gathered her into his arms and garnered her.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.

Tuesday Sheriff McIntire appointed Capt. H. H. Siverd undersheriff of Cowley County for the next two years. No better appointment could possibly be made. The Captain's long experience as an official, with his sagacity and determination, yet kindly consideration for criminals, will make Sheriff McIntire a very valuable assistant. With such a team as McIntire and Siverd, the criminals may well shiver in their boots. None can evade their eagle eyes and keen scent.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
Judge Caldwell, father of Mrs. W. C. Root, is here for a few days. The Judge is still as blithe in conversation and as active generally as when a resident of Winfield, years ago. He reports a bad accident on the Santa Fe yesterday between McPherson and Ellinwood. Another big snow storm had stopped a freight train and the passenger ran into it. The engineers and fireman were badly scalded and the passengers variously jarred up.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
The G. A. R. Post, of this city, whose noble assistance has made many a happy heart among unfortunate veterans' families, appointed Monday the following relief and employment committee: B. McFadden, H. H. Siverd, W. E. Tansey, P. P. Powell, and J. A. McGuire. This committee is for the purpose of relieving such old soldiers as need relief and getting employment for those able to work. All such apply to this committee.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
Mr. and Mrs. B. W. Matlack returned on the S. K. Tuesday from their bridal tour. They visited Trenton, N. J., New York City, Philadelphia, Washington, Chicago, and other points, and in their absence of six weeks saw many delightful sights. It was an extensive tour, full of unalloyed pleasure. After this week they will make their home with Mrs. Whitney. Mr. Matlack will begin the erection of a home as soon as the weather permits.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
DIED. At the home of his parents, two miles northeast of Winfield, on the 5th inst., John Garfield, youngest son of Jesse and Hannah C. King. Johnnie was born August 20, 1880, and was at the time of his death aged five years, five months, and fifteen days. He was the first of six children to leave the home. The funeral services were held at the parents' home on the 6th inst., conducted by Rev. J. H. Reider.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
Geo. E. Hasie, of Arkansas City, was here Wednesday, returning from five weeks at his old home, Vicksburg, Mississippi, and at the exposition at New Orleans. He says the people of Mississippi were paralyzed by the unprecedented frigidity, about the time of our terrible blizzard, Jan. 7th. For three days the mercury was five degrees below zero—something never before heard of in that country.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
Mr. J. S. Gross, a cousin of Mrs. J. C. Fuller, and a salesman of the great dry goods house of Brown, Dougday & Co., of St. Louis, made THE COURIER a very pleasant call Tuesday in company with Col. Fuller. Mr. Gross is one of the oldest traveling men on this route, having made Winfield way back before the conveniences of the rail, in the days of overland travel.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.

Kansas is keeping up her record on educational matters. The high school bill will become a law. It provides that in all counties having a certain population there may be high schools affording free tuition to pupils throughout the county. The buildings are erected and the teachers employed by a tax, the same as that maintaining all our common schools.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
Word has reached us that hogs are dying with cholera in Rock township. Baron Tuggle has lost sixteen and Mr. Cary seventeen.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
Wild geese were seen going north last evening. Is winter weakening?
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
A farm of 160 acres, 2½ miles from good railroad station, 25 miles from Winfield, 50 acres under cultivation, 100 slope new barn cost $900, buggy shed, cribs and bins, 3 corrals, pasture fenced, good orchard, 2 wells, spring and other valuable improvements, and must be sold before March 1st, if sold at all. Price $3,200. Also a good farm, well improved, 2 miles from Winfield, over 200 acres, will be sold in separate tracts or as a whole, at a bargain. Come and get price and terms. H. T. SHIVVERS.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
P. H. Albright & Co. want to engage the services of a good penman to do the work of writing on abstract books. Parties desiring a position of this kind may mail to them a sample of their handwriting of not less than ten lines. Let the writing include all the letters of the alphabet and the numerals. All applications must be by mail. None others will be entertained.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
We are going to move our yard uptown and will discount any prices for the next thirty days. A. H. McMaster & Co.
Newsy Notes Gathered by the "Courier's" Corps of Neighborhood Correspondents.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
Health very good at present in this locality.
Weather as changeable as anyone could desire.
Bill Christie and family were visiting in these parts last Sunday.
Mr. Alex Shelton and wife and Mrs. Emery were in Winfield Saturday.
I guess it is a settled fact that we will get the D., M. & A. R. R. So mote it be.
Mr. Davis, the Douglass hack driver, made a trip or two on horseback recently.
A sister-in-law of Bob Weakly's made them a flying visit while the train was snow bound.
John Taplin visited Uncle Joe Hassell last Sunday. He will work Uncle Joe's farm this year for a portion of the crop.
If a premium was offered to a State that could get up the fiercest blizzard in the shortest time, I know Kansas would win the prize.
We sympathize with the railroads in their sad afflictions on account of the many snow drifts that they have had to contend with this winter.

Miss Hunt, of District 133, was caught on this side of the river during the last blizzard and did not get to teach the three first days of last week.
Miss Howard was kept from school Tuesday, and had to be at extra expense in getting a livery rig to bring her out Wednesday, and found it difficult to get through the snow drifts then.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
Mrs. Gilmore is visiting her daughter, Mrs. Douglass, in Barbour County.
Mr. Edgar dispenses sugar, smiles, etc., to the customers from behind the Cox & Cooley counters.
Mr. Shields and family are Salemites. They have moved into the house lately occupied by the Edgar family, who are now residing in the Reid house.
Mr. Judd Lowry and Miss Effie Orand were united in wedlock by Mr. Krow, J. P., on Wednesday evening, February 3rd, 1886. May happiness attend them on the voyage of life.
Mr. Finfrock held the workmen and ladies spellbound when declaiming two excellent pieces, one about the different call of church bells, receiving highly complimentary praise.
All are rejoiced to see Rev. Hopkins out once more, as he has been confined to his room for three months, and although still very feeble in body, is strong in faith and in working for the glory of his king.
The A. O. U. W. had a supper in the hall recently. Wives and sweethearts all participated, and from reports, a very social and good time was had, and the good oysters received plenty of compliments.
The choir meeting was a failure in numbers this week, only two of the members being present, and they living the farthest from the parsonage. Such cold evenings as January provided were enough to keep us all well houses.
Messrs. Eli Reid and Thomas Walker traded their mercantile business here to Messrs. John Cox and Douglass Cooley, for their store at Colony, Kansas. We are glad to welcome the boys back to Salem, but are sorry to lose the smiling faces of the Walker and Reid families.
The Ladies Presbyterian Aid Society will meet at the home of Mrs. Col. Jackson on Thursday, the 11th. A good time is anticipated, and making comforters will be the order of the day. The last meeting was with Mrs. Earnest Johnson and a very pleasant time reported, although the day was very stormy.
On the 7th inst. We listened to one of the best sermons we have had the pleasure of hearing for a long time. It was addressed to the young people and I trust each and every one may profit by it, and thus encourage Rev. Bicknell in his good work. Rev. Hopkins was present and made a few excellent remarks and emphasized those made by Rev. Bicknell.
Saturday, Feb. 6th, 1886, the body of Grandma Denning, grandmother of Messrs. Walter and Jefferson Denning, was placed beneath the snowy sod in the Salem cemetery. Mr. Wm. Funk, of Sheridan, officiated. The aged lady was recently from Illinois, and was 85 years old. She died from age, no disease being present. She had been a faithful soldier in the army of Christ for 50 years. This was "a sheaf already white that the Master gathered in."
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.

Mrs. McKee is very sick.
Miss Ida Pierce spent Sunday at home.
Mr. Cliff Rockwell's little girl is quite sick.
Rett Elliott was here from Dexter Monday.
Charlie Elliott was in Winfield several days last week.
Mr. Branson has taken his livery stable away from Torrance.
The literary was well attended last Friday night, but the order was terrible.
Nettie Reynolds has returned from Arkansas City and is going to school.
Miss Carrie Solomon, one of Dexter's charming young ladies, is visiting Mrs. W. B. Galloway.
Mrs. Abbott has moved her house to town. It will be much nicer for her, and we are pleased to have her with us.
Will Swim, of Winfield, spent last week here visiting among his old friends. We are always glad to see him.
Mr. Coleman has given up the station here, Mr. Galloway taking charge of it. Mr. Coleman and family start for California this week.
Miss Lora Tinley, from Girard, an old friend of the Misses Wilson's, arrived here Monday morning to make the girls a visit. It will be a pleasant one as it has been a long time since they have seen one another.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
James Teter spent Saturday in Winfield.
L. P. King was down from Topeka Sunday.
Jas. Teter has recovered from his attack of rheumatism.
The Rev. Frazee and wife returned from a visit in Indiana on the 6th inst.
Distemper has made its appearance in this vicinity, but one horse is yet affected.
Snow and water have taken possession of the roads, making them almost impassable.
A number of "Kids" will leave the parental roof in the spring to settle on claims in the west.
Mrs. J. A. Rupp, in answering Tom Thumb on Woman's rights, expresses our sentiments exactly.
Miss Lula Teter celebrated her 15th birthday Feb. 4th. A splendid dinner was served and all had a good time.
The mad dog scare still exists. John Browning lost another valuable horse last week. This horse had been bitten four days.
The shooting affray at Maple City has created considerable excitement in this vicinity. All are in sympathy with Marshall.
We think "Nellie Gray's" day of misfortune must have turned her toes up, as she did not appear in the Telegram last week.
George Beach, who went to Florida for his health, is improving rapidly. He writes that he wears his duster and straw hat, and a fan is not unpleasant. If George don't quit irritating us, we will send him some of Kansas' gentle zephyrs.

We see "Mark" rather insinuates that he downed Jumbo playing checkers. We heard Jumbo speak of having a pleasant visit with Mark. He said Mark downed him in checkers, but he downed Mark later in the evening while he was in dream land.
A couple of the Hackney "kids," at a spelling school at the Victor schoolhouse on last Friday evening came near trying their pugilistic powers, but the spunk in the little fellow's red hair cooled the big fellow off quicker than the snow that went down the back of his neck.
Two of Beaver's imported bloods have a special attraction in the vicinity of Hackney. They were scooping snow one day last week that they might accomplish a pleasure long anticipated when they met Zack and Charley scooping the other way to effect the same purpose.
We see Barney McCoy, in the Telegram, blows about taking the blue ribbon from Centennial. Now Barney, we will leave this to disinterested parties, if the Centennial hasn't downed the onion tribe in every point. The reason we don't visit the onion tribe: they are beneath our notice, and like their president, we don't wish to tarnish our reputation.
Death of Mrs. Bayard From Congestion of the Brain,
Brought On by the Melancholy Circumstances of Her Daughter's Death.
Work in Congress.
Status of National Bank Notes.—Colman's Department.
Opening Up "No Man's Land."
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
WASHINGTON, Feb. 1. Mrs. Bayard, wife of the Secretary of State, died at eight o'clock yesterday morning. The immediate cause of Mrs. Bayard's death was congestion of the brain, brought on by the shock of her daughter's sudden death two weeks ago. For the first week following that event, she stood the strain and excitement quite well, but a week ago last Friday she was compelled to take to her bed and gradually grew worse from day to day. On Thursday congestion of the brain made its appearance, and she was unconscious for twenty-four hours before her death. Although for years Mrs. Bayard had been a confirmed invalid, she had for the last six months been in better health than for many years. Last summer she was very ill at her home in Wilmington, Delaware, with a complication of diseases of the liver and stomach, and her recovery at that time was considered doubtful. At the solicitation of her daughter, Miss Kate, Mrs. Bayard put herself under the care of Dr. F. A. Gardner of this city and under his treatment she had improved so much as to be able to go in society this winter and although still an invalid, she was in comparatively good health when her daughter died. She was about fifty-one years of age. With the exception of her daughter, Mrs. Warren, of Boston, and her son, who is in Arizona, the family were present when she died. The body will be taken to Wilmington for burial today and the funeral will be held there on Tuesday.

The death of Mrs. Bayard will have a marked effect on the social festivities at the capital. It closes in absolute mourning for a week the White House and the homes of the Cabinet Ministers, and withdraws from society the President and Miss Cleveland, the members of the Cabinet and their families. On the announcement of the sad event, the President directed the immediate recall of the invitations for the state dinner to the Supreme Court, which was to have been Thursday evening, and Secretary and Mrs. Endicott withdrew their invitations for a cabinet dinner on Friday evening. Miss Cleveland will not be at home to callers during the week, and her Saturday afternoon reception will be abandoned. Secretary and Mrs. Whitney had issued cards for a series of Thursday evening receptions, but their house will be closed for this week and all acceptances by the Cabinet families will for that period be revoked.
The President was immediately notified of Mrs. Bayard's death, and he at once sent Colonel Lamont with a note of condolence to the Secretary, and later in the day Miss Cleveland called at the house. There will be no funeral services in Washington. The remains will be taken by a special car to Wilmington and deposited in the old Swedish church, where they will remain until two o'clock Tuesday afternoon, when the Episcopal service will be read and the body placed in the tomb. Mr. Bayard has asked that no official demonstration be made and the President will not go to Wilmington. Several members of the Cabinet will, however, attend the funeral. Mrs. Bayard was born in Baltimore in 1835. Her father, Josiah Lee, was one of the leading businessmen of that city thirty-five years ago. Mrs. Bayard met the Secretary while his father was a Senator from Delaware, and they were married in 1856. There were twelve children born to them, seven of whom still live. Up to seven or eight years ago, Mrs. Bayard was a leader in society at the National capital.
WASHINGTON, Feb. 1. After the call of States in the House today it will be in order for any member to move to suspend the rules and place any measure upon its passage or to adopt resolutions expressing the sense of the House upon any question pending in Congress. An early adjournment is probable as a means of preventing the offering of a resolution to consult the House upon the silver question before the subject shall have received the careful consideration of the committee having jurisdiction over it.
Tuesday will be devoted to the delivery of eulogies on the late Vice-President Hendricks.
In the morning hour on Wednesday the further discussion of the Dingley shipping bill takes place. After the morning hour the Matson bill to increase the pensions of widows will be the unfinished business.
The Committee on Banking and Currency has instructed Mr. Adams, of Illinois, to call up for action during the course of the week his bill to authorize National banks to increase their capital stock.
The general bill applicable to the Fitz John Porter case may be called up if an opportunity offers next Thursday.
Private bills will monopolize the attention of the House on Friday. Upon any day of the week a political discussion may be forced upon the House by the reply of the Secretary of the Navy to the Boutelle resolution.
The Dakota bill and the Electoral count bill both stand upon the Senate calendar as unfinished business, and are therefore in positions of mutual antagonism as to their order of consideration.
There will be a consultation this morning between Senators Harrison and Hoar, having these measures respectively to charge as to which shall be first proceeded with. Whichever is taken up will probably consume the greater part of the week.

The bill to divide the Sioux reservation holds it place at the head of the calendar for the morning hour. It was near the point of action more than a week ago, but every time it has been reached anew, the entire Indian question has been opened up and the morning hour has not been found long enough to dispose of the fresh amendments which the fruitful topic has suggested.
Attorney General Garland's letter, declining to furnish the papers called for by the Senate relating to the Justin case, will be laid before the Senate at the next executive session. The secret proceedings of the Senate thereafter are likely to be very interesting to the participants, and if they are allowed to leak out, will be equally so to the public.
WASHINGTON, Feb. 1. The following is a statement of the Comptroller of the Currency, showing the amounts of National bank notes and of legal tender notes outstanding at the dates of the passage of the acts of June 20, 1874, January 14, 1875, and May 31, 1875, together with the amounts outstanding at date and the increase or decrease.
Amount outstanding June 30, 1874, $349,894,182; January 14, 1875, $351,861,450; May 31, 1878, $332,555,965; at date, circulation of National gold banks not included, $162,409, $317,655,023; increase during the last month, $581,763; decrease since February 1, 1885, $8,768,891; legal tender notes outstanding June 20, 1874, $382,000,000; January 14, 1875, $382,000,000; amount retired under act of January 14, 1875, to May 31, 1878, $35,318,984; amount outstanding on and since May 31, 1875, $346,681,016; amount on deposit with the United States Treasurer to redeem notes of insolvent and liquidating banks and bankers retiring circulation under act of June 20, 1874, $46,589,431, increase deposit during the last month, $3,983,019; increase in deposits since February 1, 1885, $4,292,412.
WASHINGTON, Feb. 1. Commissioner Colman will leave for St. Louis tomorrow afternoon to preside at the conventions of the National Sugar Association and the Mississippi Valley Dairymen's Association, which are to be held this and next week. At the latter convention the Commissioner proposes to show the delegates the progress that he is endeavoring to make in the investigation of the adulteration of food and especially of dairy products. Prof. Taylor, the microscopist of the department, who claims to have discovered an unfailing test for pure butter as compared with the counterfeit article, will be present, and by means of a magic lantern and a series of micro-photographs will explain his discoveries and make an address on the subject. It is understood that the department is not ready to endorse these discoveries as being absolutely without question, but the commissioner thinks that the convention is entitled to such information as he can furnish and that the country ought to have the benefit of such investigations as Prof. Taylor has to make.

WASHINGTON, Feb. 1. Congressman Burnes will introduce in the House today a bill which provides that the strip of public lands known as "No Man's land," which lies north of the Panhandle of Texas and south of Kansas and Colorado, shall be organized as the Territory of Cimarron. As there are no Indian titles to this strip of country, the bill in question has the sanction of the Department of the Interior, and will probably become a law at the present session of Congress. It provides for the usual complement of Territorial officials, an immediate survey of the Territory, the opening up of it to settlement; necessary land officers; the demolition of the wire fences with which it has been illegally enclosed by cattlemen; and the setting aside of a given number of sections of land for school purposes, which shall not be disposed of until the Territory is admitted into the Union. It moreover provides that no person or individual shall acquire title to more than 160 acres of land.
Inquiring Into Cattle Diseases.
Repeal of the Pre-emption and Timber Culture Laws.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
WASHINGTON, Feb. 1. The House Committee on Agriculture on Saturday began the consideration of bills intended to prevent the spread of pleuro-pneumonia among domestic animals. The committee was addressed by Mr. Wilson, of Iowa; Representative Breckenridge, of Kentucky; Curtis, of New York; Commissioner Colman, of the Department of Agriculture; Dr. Salmon, of the Bureau of Animal Industry; Mr. Lloyd, of Maryland, and Mr. Towers, of Kansas City. Dr. Salmon explained the nature of pleuro-pneumonia, and said that the flesh of infected animals was not injurious as food, and that no troubles had been known to result from its use. The disease was communicable to animals within a period of fifteen months after infection. Therefore quarantine should be extended to a period of eighteen months at least. Mr. Wilson expressed the opinion that the trade in calves between the East and West facilitated the transmission of the disease among animals. All of the speakers favored a liberal appropriation to enable the Department of Agriculture to establish and maintain quarantines and stamp out the disease. They favored a measure that would not allow the payment of damages to shippers for stock found to be infected and destroyed where it appeared that proper precaution had not been taken by the exporter to ascertain the healthful condition of the stock. Several gentlemen expressed the opinion that the committee should report a bill including diseases of hogs and other domestic animals. Messrs. Willis, Curtis, Mayberry, Whitney, and Chandler have been appointed a sub-committee of the House Committee on Educational bills relating to Government action in regard to public education. The Blair education bill will be referred to this sub-committee.
The Senate Committee on Public Lands has completed a bill for the repeal of the pre-emption and timber culture land laws and the measures will be reported to the Senate today. It repeals the two laws mentioned outright, amends the desert land act so as to give the claimant 360 acres, on condition that he shall make it his permanent residence and shall irrigate one-half of it, the patent to issue five years from the date of filing the claimant's notice of intention, does away with the commutation feature of the homestead law and limits the time within which the Government can attach a patent to five years. The committee also amended Senator Gerry's resolution so as to make it declare that in the opinion of Congress the leases of the bath houses and hot water privileges at Hot Springs should not be renewed by the Secretary of the Interior until the Forty-ninth Congress should have legislated with reference thereto. The resolution will be favorably reported to the Senate.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.

WASHINGTON, Feb. 1. General Hazen called on Second Comptroller Maynard Saturday at the Treasury Department and had a long conference in regard to his recent criticisms of his accounts. Mr. Maynard's recent pronunciamento was simply a warning to General Hazen that if his accounts in the future contained such items as he criticized, he would disallow them. No disallowance could have been made in the accounts which caused the criticism, as they had already been allowed and paid several years ago. It is understood a satisfactory conclusion in regard to rendering future accounts was reached.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
MONTREAL, Feb. 1. The following firms made assignments today: E. Jette, dry goods and mantles, liabilities $12,000; Pioneer & Co., dry goods, liabilities $10,000; Madame D. Laurine, milliner, liabilities $11,000; J. B. Moxmond & Co., hatters, liabilities between $3,000 and $4,000. All of the firms allege that their embarrassment arose from dull trade during the small-pox epidemic.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
ST. LOUIS, Mo., Feb. 1. The speeches by the counsel in the murder case of Chyo Chiack, the Chinese "highbinder," closed between four and five o'clock Saturday afternoon. The jury then retired, and about eight o'clock at night they returned a verdict of guilty of murder in the first degree.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
STURGEON, Mo., Feb. 2. A shooting scrape took place about eight miles south of Sturgeon late Thursday evening, which will doubtless prove fatal to one of the parties. It seems that Alex. Winn and John Winn, distant relatives, had a dispute over some road matters, and from words they came to blows. Alex. Winn, who was a powerful man, physically, was pressing hard upon John Winn, so we are informed, when David Rickey, a relative of John Winn, drew his revolver and shot Alex. through the head. The ball struck square in the forehead and passed through to the back of the brain, where it lodged. Winn still lives, but the doctors say there is no hope for him. Winn is a widower. His wife died last spring. He is a brother-in-law to Hon. W. W. Batterbon, clerk of the Boone County court, while Rickey, who did the shooting, is a nephew by marriage of the proprietor of the Sturgeon Leader. Rickey surrendered.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
WARSAW, Ind., Feb. 2. A great sensation has been caused here by the arrest of W. W. Michles, of Bourbon, Indiana, and V. J. Card of this place, charged with forging notes on wealthy farmers of this county. The forgers clipped from the assessor's books the signatures of some forty of the leading taxpayers and thus secured the best means to successfully forge their names.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.

ST. LOUIS, Feb. 2. As soon as the nature of Dr. Goodell's illness was known, physicians were immediately summoned and they used all means in their power to restore their patient to consciousness. The efforts, however, were unavailing and at eight o'clock this morning he died.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
A. V. Wilkinson, faber manipulator of the Cambridge News, and assistant postmaster of that place, was over Friday and took a stroll through the boss print shop of the southwest. He carries that same winning smile, as broad as Main street and as free as water.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
Notice is hereby given that I will offer for sale to the highest bidder at my office in Winfield, Kansas, on Tuesday, March 2nd, 1886, between the hours of 9 a.m. and 3 p.m. the following described School Lands.
The northeast quarter of northeast quarter section sixteen, township thirty-two, range six, appraised at $3.50 per acre; improvements $232.00.
The northwest quarter of northeast quarter section sixteen township thirty-two range six, appraised at $3.00 per acre.
The southeast quarter of northeast quarter section sixteen township thirty-two range six, appraised at $4.75 per acre.
The southwest quarter of northeast quarter section sixteen township thirty-two range six, appraised at $3.25 per acre; improvements $48.
J. B. NIPP, Treasurer Cowley County, Ks.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
Recap: Lucy Cooper, Plaintiff, vs. James W. F. Cooper, Defendant. Divorce petition in District Court. Hackney & Asp, Attorneys for Plaintiff. Date: March 12, 1886.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
Recap: Sheriff's Sale February 25, 1886. A. Campbell, Plaintiff vs. P. S. Nichols, Defendant. G. H. McIntire, Sheriff; T. H. Harrod, Deputy Sheriff. Lots in New Salem.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
Recap: Wm. B. Norman, Assignee of J. E. Coulter, assignors. Hackney & Asp, Attorneys for Assignee. April 12, 1886. Date set to settle matters with creditors interested in the estate of J. E. Coulter, assignor.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
Recap: Mary J. Goss, Plaintiff, vs. Marion Goss, Defendant. Divorce petition to be settled March 12, 1886, giving her custody of two minor children. Hackney & Asp, Attorneys for Plaintiff.
The Future Great City of Southern Kansas.—A Glance at Our

A Great Railroad, Commercial, and Manufacturing Center.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
In present outlook and future possibilities the City of Winfield is without a rival in Kansas. The eye of the railway magnate is now turned to the south, southeast, and southwest for investments. Arkansas and the South, the Indian Territory soon to be thrown open, and the state of Texas, unfold opportunities for railway building, afforded by no other country on the habitable globe. This vast country to the south of us stands with open arms to welcome our products, while we are furnishing a market for her coal, iron, timber, and cotton. Somewhere in Southern Kansas there must be a central city whose wholesale merchants and manufacturers will grasp this mighty commerce as soon as we are wedded to the great south by bands of steel. Shall Winfield be that point or shall it be Wichita or some other point?
Of course Wichita today is our only rival, and when we view the situation from a practicable standpoint, she is not. In order to understand this: what has Wichita done in the past twelve months to enhance her future? She has the Gould road from Ft. Scott and this only. What have we done? We have secured the State Imbecile Asylum that will require an annual expenditure of fifty thousand dollars. We have secured the Methodist College which requires an expenditure here annually of at least one hundred thousand dollars more. We have the Southern Kansas railway that will be extended through the Indian Territory and the state of Texas to Albuquerque in New Mexico, there to connect with the Atlantic and Pacific and the railways of Old Mexico; and their lines laying south of the snowy range of the Rattoon [Raton] mountains and freshets therein, will become the great through line from Kansas City, Mo., to San Francisco and Old Mexico, and Winfield will be the quoted city between through points on this line.
Then again, crossing this line at this point will be the Santa Fe railway down the Walnut Valley through this city and thence across the Indian Territory to Texas and to Galveston, and this, the greatest central city on the line between Kansas City and Galveston.
And, again, the Santa Fe will build from Winfield to Ft. Smith and thus make the Newton branch a through line to Arkansas and the South, crossing their other two great lines at this point, and again Winfield is the largest city on this line. Following the construction of these three great lines (and work has been commenced on all of them but the last) a vast territory is opened up to the commerce of Winfield that will force the wholesale trade of the southwest to center here.

Then, again, the crossing of these great through lines here will necessitate the location of offices, machine shop, division headquarters, etc., at this point. Again, the D., M. & A. railroad will be built from Denver to Memphis and Winfield is again the Great Central City on this route between these two points. We have just secured the Frisco railway that will be extended from Arkansas City, its present terminus, west seventy-five miles this year, thus opening up to the large trade west of us on that line and a glance at the map must convince the most skeptical that with all of these vast enterprises and our location, neither Wichita nor any other point in all Kansas can compare with this as a place to make permanent investments of capital. Already we have a woolen mill started. Men are here looking for property in which to commence wholesaling. Every kind of industry will start up. Here these great corporations will quarry thousands of tons of rock and crush and ballast their roads therewith. Here the passenger traffic of a country almost as large as Europe will take breakfast and supper. Here thousands of tons of ice will be put up to supply these corporations and their patrons. Here is the future great of the Southwest. Here, as in Kansas City, will countless thousands, in the years to come, live, thrive, grow rich and die, leaving their property to be quarreled over by their children, while our lawyers fatten upon the spoils. Here our ministers (and we have the ablest and best in all Kansas) will preach scheol to a sinful world, and score scoundrels until they act honestly.
We have a building boom now, but not to begin to be what it will. Every man that has a dollar ought to invest it in real estate and build upon it now, so that the future demand may be met. The ring of the saw and the sound of the hammer now resound everywhere, but not enough to meet the future demands. Here is destined to be a great city, and we must tap some of our penny-wise and pound-foolish councilmen on the head with our political mallet, and place in their stead men of brains, liberality, and common sense. These fellows do well enough for towns and villages, but their ears are too large and their souls too small for a city like we have and must become. We will have one hundred thousand people here in fifteen years, and lots that are now worth thousands of dollars will be worth that much a foot. These are no mouthings of an enthusiast, but the sober thoughts of a man who knows just what he is talking about, and who has testified his faith by investing everything he could make or borrow in Winfield city property and who has no property to sell. Let every man put his financial house in order and get ready to accept the wealth, prosperity, and power that Providence, hard work, and our location open up for us, and we will have three hundred thousand people in Cowley County in fifteen years. BANSHEE.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
Rev. B. Kelly, formerly pastor of the M. E. church of this city, has branched out and taken in the matter of Winfield's railway interests. Wichita Eagle.

The intent of the above is to mislead into the belief that Rev. Kelly is forgetting his divine ministry in participating in worldly enterprises. When Mr. Kelly was, in addition to keeping the Wichita M. E. church up to the highest standard spiritually and otherwise, zealously assisting Wichita in her material progress, the Eagle cast no such insinuations. Its editor was among the first to importune Mr. Kelly's valuable assistance in various enterprises. The assiduous endeavors of Mr. Kelly in building up the town in which he is located is never done to the detriment of his church, and the Eagle knows it. There is not a church in Kansas more healthy and enthusiastic than the Methodist church of Winfield. Its prosperity under Mr. Kelly's pastorate has been wonderful. In the last six weeks its membership has increased over a hundred, and now its membership and spiritual warmth is unsurpassed. He has the admirable faculty of combining public spirit with religion. While putting forth his best endeavors in his high calling, he does not forget the material development of the city and state. He is enterprising, takes a keen interest in the upbuilding of humanity, religiously, morally, and materially. There ought to be more ministers who are not afraid of soiling their priestly robes by putting their shoulder to the wheel of temporal progress. There is not a minister in Kansas who has done more for the development of the state in every way that makes higher citizenship and higher prosperity than Rev. B. Kelly. He carries his religion and indomitable energy unto every laudable work. His influence is wide-spread and effective, having its fountain in a zealous, christian spirit, and a strong, active, war-souled church, from where his labors radiate.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
Resolved, That Winfield Camp No. 25, Sons of Veterans, hereby endorse the resolutions of Winfield Post No. 85, G. A. R., in regard to the action of Senator R. S. Jennings in opposing an appropriation for the National Encampment.
Resolved, That a copy of these resolutions be furnished each of the newspapers in the city with a request that they be published. W. L. Pridgeon, Capt.; C. M. Storm, Ord. Sergeant.
George Ordway Gives an Interesting Letter From Los Angeles, California.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
DEAR COURIER: In response to the very common remark, this morning, "that this is a beautiful morning," I received the reply, "by we have three hundred and sixty-five of this kind every year." This is not exactly true, as I know by my own observation. It is near enough to the truth to make my remark superfluous. If climate is what one wants, there is plenty of it lying around loose here between the mountains and old Pacific. About the first of the year we have five or six white frosts and the thermometer is down to 26 to 28 degrees. That, I take it, was the summit of the winter. It only killed the tenderest plants. There are localities near the foot of the mountain where there are no frosts even.
This season has been more rainy than usual. Wherever we go they have very unusual weather, even Winfield is no exception as I see by THE COURIER. I have found it so myself in the past, taking the memory of many there, as a guide. In November there was here ten days of very disagreeable, muddy, rainy weather and a longer period in January. In the interior it has generally been bright and very pleasant, so that one ought to be satisfied with the climate, if that is the object sought. The scenery and surroundings too, are pleasant: mountain, valley, and sea afford plenty of variety and beauty, especially since the rains have clothed the hills and valleys in green. When they were brown and bare, they were not so much so.
This country is full of visitors seeking rest and recuperation or enjoyment and release from the rigors of eastern winter, and if they can afford to look for that alone, they can find it here. But in agreement with some Winfield people who have been here before me, I think the business chances and ways of making a living are much better for the average man in the Mississippi valley.
Lands are very high; from $60 to $1,000 per acre. No rule of computation known to me will assure any adequate return for the investment. People can live very cheaply here. Some of the children are guiltless of shoes the year round. But most of us will hardly be satisfied with the lowest grade of civilization, even when the temperature is mild.

Los Angeles is a rapidly growing city with much excellent business, and property very high. The ultimate resources of the country, when it settles down to self-support, without this constant stream of capital and people pouring in, is to me, still an unsolved problem. Climate though sells high and perhaps always will. The supply is inexhaustible. No one can say it is not a good article. It will supply the lungs well, but the stomach may be afflicted with a goneness sometimes, if restricted to it. So far as I have gone all over the world, I find most people have great respect for their stomachs.
Mrs. Ordway and myself have enjoyed our travels and stay in this balmy clime, very much, but we are beginning to look forward to our return about March 10th. In the meantime she is transferring to the canvas some souvenirs of the scenery and flowers and fruits for future remembrances and the pleasure of such other friends as have not seen them.
Day before yesterday 1,000 people took in an excursion to Sierra Madre Villa, some fourteen miles, to attend a sale of lands. The ride was delightful up towards the foot of the mountains, about 1,800 feet above the sea. Fifty acres of land planted to vines—not the best land—was struck off for $125 to $190 per acre. So you see land sells at high prices. Lest some may not understand, I will add, that is the way they sell the climate.
This is the Chinamen's New Year, and nearly all of the Johnnies are celebrating. It is, however, in a very quiet way, causing no disturbance whatever, except the explosion of fire crackers, large and small, during the early hours.
A visit to their places of business finds a very pretty and neatly arranged show of fruits and flowers, food, and sweet meats. The exhibit is very similar in the different stores, and nearly the same though somewhat elaborate in the Joss Houses, two of which we visited. They have huge candles and incense and sandal wood burning before their gods. Their fragrance reminds one of Araby tales. No Chinamen were found at worship, but at one place was spread a small carpet and cushion in the middle and an embarrassed look on the faces of the two or three present—looked as though their prayers to their gods had been interrupted. On one side of the room, in a kind of niche formed by shelves and supporting sides, were placed three idols from two to three feet high, very finely clad and ornamented and surrounded by carvings of tinsels and drapery, which was very fine. Near the door was the door god. The offerings and incense mentioned were placed in front of the principal gods and the place of worship was still in front of them. Their places of worship are very small—not more than 20 feet square—and evidently but few worship at a time.
A visit to the Presbyterian Mission church on Wilmington street was very interesting. The few Christian Chinese there received their friends and the curious, who had been quite extensively invited by public notice. They had a fine exhibit of fruits and flowers and sweet meats quite equal to any seen either in private or public places among the heathen Chinese. The visitors were treated with tiny Chinese cups of tea and cake, candies, etc., by singing of gospel hymns in both Chinese and broken English. They seem cheerful and happy and take a great interest in their religious experiences. Their teachers and other families with them think they give the best of evidence of conformity to Christian principles. There are few however, and when one thinks how they have been treated by the worst of our own race, it is not strange that these have no very high opinion of a religion which to them seems to tolerate such developments, and are slow to embrace it.

This residence of heathen among us, and the setting up of false gods, is to my mind, the worst feature of the Chinese question in this country. This is a Christian country, and most of us think its progress and prosperity is to be credited largely to whatever extent of conformity there is, to the principles of Christianity. It may well be doubted if looking at this side of the question, whether it is best to open as wide our doors as has been our usual boast, to such a multitudinous race of a debased religion and its accompanying, not to say, arresting civilization.
There is a very strong and growing sentiment on the coast against the Chinese, and they are being "boycotted" and driven by force from many towns. This opposition is not put upon the ground I have indicated, but absolutely on one of depreciating labor and the effect of Chinese labor upon white laborers. And I must add, it is not characterized by any very Christian spirit.
Without going into any extended discussion, my own view is that the Chinese labor cannot be excluded upon any ground of mere political economy. They are careful, painstaking, patient laborers and have added millions to the wealth of this country by their labors on public and private works, and by releasing white laborers from the honest fields of industry to engage in better ones. They raise nearly all the vegetables and do a large part of the laundry work and domestic source here, as well as much other labor of all kinds, and old residents say very much of these went undone before their advent. It is hard to perceive how their place can at once be filled—and even if filled, there is room for serious doubt whether it would not lower rather than elevate white labor. But they will probably have "to go," and benevolent people who would like to elevate and benefit them by christian teaching, in that case, can console themselves with the reflection that they will not, if excluded, overrun and smother the better European civilization. There is too much of this Chinese question to dispose of in a few words, but so much may not be amiss in connection with this New Year occasion. Yours truly, GEORGE ORDWAY.
Los Angeles, California, February 3, 1886.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
A Winfield businessman publishes a list of dead beats who owe him. It is evidently a pretty good scheme, as the list is growing smaller every day, and is supplemented by a paragraph something like this: "Mr. Blank, who has heretofore been included in the above notice, has paid his account in full this day." Newton Republican.
You bet it's a good scheme. Publicity will bring a rascal and sneak to limerick quicker than anything under the sun. It knocks the beauty out of the respectability a professional dead beat often feigns. If every man who runs in debt with no prospect and no idea of ever paying was shown up to the withering gaze of the public, dead-beatism would soon stop. The only difficulty would be in determining where to draw the line.
He Comes To the Front With Another Letter on "Suffering Women."
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.

We will venture to assert that THE COURIER has received a basket full of articles from the pen of able women refuting our argument. Just as I expected, the women can't stand the racket. Could not stand the racket of a political campaign. No! It takes an individual with the patience of Job's turkey to stand such a melee. They must also have the power to take everything, like an elephant. Also the ability to carry a larger burden than themselves, like an ant. But a woman is the most contrary-minded thing on earth: except a hog. If you want them to do anything, all you have to do is to hint that you would disown them if they ever would even think of committing the act. If you want a hog to go into a pen, all you have to do is to try to stick a board in the gate way as he goes by and he will go right in, won't he! Yes, when he has tuckered you all out running after him. Please pardon me for the foregoing illustration, but I tremble not from fear because of my diminutive size in anticipation of a hair pull, but for the women. Now that I have stuck a stick in the gate way, they will all rush for the pen and some of them will get hurt. Did I say stuck a stick in the gate way? You who never shed tears before be prepared to weep now, for Tom now says positively that the foregoing little squibs are only as a drop in the bucket full of water that he will throw on the first woman that attempts to establish Woman Suffrage at the crossroads.
Now, about John Allen's wife—I don't propose to tackle her and her hens, but I would just say I think she was awfully mean to expose her husband's ignorance. It just shows what men would come to if the women persist in this thing longer. Didn't he know that the hens couldn't help it? Anyway, I don't think a hen laying at a fair has anything to do with the question in hand, but we propose to handle this question without gloves. We must put an end to it if we have to stop the world from circulating and freeze the one side and cook the other. Why, just as soon as they get their finger in the pie, they'll want the whole blamed thing. They have been harping on the prohibition question. They have had the vote extended to them in many places, and what they done? Not the first thing. These places today have the poorest governments in the world. In Kansas, Iowa, and Georgia they were the power behind the throne and left the men to take the blunt of the world, and what have we got? Civilization, progress, prosperity, and a hundred men frozen to death, and yet women would vote and spoil it all if they were not prohibited. To my present knowledge no woman ever robbed a bank or killed a cat. But I know enough about women to know that they don't know as much as they will know if they continue to try to know something about something they haven't any business to know anything about. Now I'll tell you another thing about women that everybody don't know, and that is that notwithstanding that they are so afraid of a little innocent mouse, and at the sight of one will climb a chair, knock over the dinner table, yell for the police, swallow their false teeth, and go into a fit after it was all over, yet, for effect, some women would eat rats. And with such people at the polls on election day, scenes would be equal to a herd of stampeded buffalo. I would therefore suggest an antidote for the settlement of the question, and it is this. That each woman, as soon as they become of age, be provided with a "duck of a bonnet" to be set right on top of their noses, to prevent them from being stuck into our affairs. TOM THUMB.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
The Ladies Local Relief Society, at its last meeting, adopted the following.

Resolved, That our heartfelt thanks are hereby extended to Mr. E. F. Blair who so kindly and efficiently managed the impromptu concert given for the benefit of the poor. Also to those who so promptly came to his assistance in furnishing both vocal and instrumental music. Also to Mrs. Flo Williams and little Maud, who enlivened the occasion by the rendition of their fine elocutionary selections. Further,
Resolved, That we appreciate the liberal donation of Judge Albright in furnishing the Opera House, and hereby express our cordial thanks. And,
Resolved, That we are grateful to the city papers for kindly notices of concert and to THE COURIER for tickets and programs, which were furnished gratis.
Resolved, That our thanks are due to our citizens who so generously patronized the Benefit, which resulted in bringing into our hands over $200, which will be judiciously used in supplying the pressing wants of the needy, thus bringing sunshine into many dark and cheerless homes.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
The First National Bank folks have accepted the plans of Architect Willis A. Ritchie for their magnificent bank block on the McGuire corner, and have employed him as architect and superintendent. This will be one of the very finest blocks in the city—as fine as any in the State. It is full three stories, 140 feet deep, with very artistic fronts on Main and Ninth. It is modern and imposing in every particular. The first ninety feet will be occupied by the First National Bank and its private offices, appointed and furnished in metropolitan style. On the rear will be three store rooms, extending fifty feet back, on Alexander's lot. Col. Alexander expects to build at the same time. The stairway leading to the second and third floors will be eight feet wide and located at the building's center on Ninth. The old rookery will be moved off by March first and the excavation begun, when the construction will be pushed rapidly.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
"No room for loafers" was conspicuously displayed in a certain place we dropped into Thursday—on business. Never did a wall card speak truer words. Such a sign would seem unnecessary anywhere in a rustling, rushing city like Winfield. But the loafer manages to squeeze into some very uncongenial places sometimes. "No room for loafers"—absolutely none. The loafer is a blasted nuisance, whether you find him in the editorial sanctum, in the workshop, in the store, on the street corners—anywhere! He is a dead weight on society, a hindrance and a bore. He forms no part of nature's plans. It abhors him! While all the world is bustling, he stands in stoic decay, gliding into seedy vagabondism. Loaferism soon makes a man musty. It is only constant use that keeps our faculties bright. The idle man soon gets dull, muddy-headed, and pitiable. Get up and dust.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.

All the eloquence inspired by the beauties of a soft Italian clime is returning, with the myriad assurances that winter will not linger in the lap of spring. The beauteous banner of hoary-headed frigidity will be pulled down at once, the leaves will soon begin to shoot, budding flowers and magnificent, velvety green fields will burst forth again with fulsome praises of a clime unparalleled. The happy songs of contentment will everywhere be heard, and the attention of a wondering world will again be drawn toward our glorious county and state. The wonderful bird of prosperity with silver tipped wings will perch upon our glittering banner, proclaiming to the world the glories of our wealth, and power, and greatness. Our spring poet is dead, and this is the best we can do as a resurrection starter. Continued in our next.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
As is well known the Knights of Labor have had an organization here for some time, but never has this society been in so flourishing condition as at the present time, numbering one hundred and twenty-five members, and increasing every week. This organization has become a powerful one all over the whole country and has repeatedly shown its power in the last few years. The place of meeting has been changed to over Cohen's store on account of the cramped quarters over the postoffice. Its membership includes the leading laboring men of the city. It is an institution of great importance to all laboring men, binding them together in ties that are of great advantage to them. We are glad to know we have such an organization here and hope it may prosper right along.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
The Clay Center Dispatch publishes a list of improvements for that city for 1885, with much exultation. It foots up not quite two-hundred thousand dollars. Sounds very small compared to the list of Winfield as published in THE COURIER—over three quarters of a million dollars. But of course little towns like Clay Center shouldn't be compared to Winfield, the Future Great.
A Kentuckian Lauds The Glories of Cowley County and Winfield.
Bourbon County, Kentucky, Nowhere in Comparison!
Our Giant Strides and Development Putting to Blush Any
Century-Old County in Kentucky.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
["Progress," in Paris, Kentucky, Kentuckian.]

I am a Kentuckian, "To the manor born," and until within the past decade, verily believed that nothing good could emanate from any other quarter, and that no people could emulate or compare with her chivalric sons, or vie with her far-famed and noble daughters. This native inborn and inbred pride of State for more than forty years of my existence blinded me to the fact that the outside world was moving and threw a fatal glamour of beauty, exaltation, and loveliness over the green sward and classic heather-bound streams of this "my own, my native land." It has always and will ever be a matter of pride with me to claim that I was born, reared, and educated in "Kaintuck, sah," and palsied be my arm and forever silent my tongue when I cease to revere the memory of her heroic soldiers, statesmen, and scholars, but sir, however clear to me the memories and however sacred the ties that bind me to this God-favored land, this land upon which nature seems to have exhausted the storehouse of her treasury, and formed of her most gorgeous, richest, and rarest material when "fruits of fragrance should blush on every tree" and when "goodly prospects" do "o'er the hills expand." Still with the light of recent experience, I can but acknowledge that other regions of our grand country are swiftly surging ahead in the world's great battle, and seducing much of our own best material into the grand army, who have gone forth with shield and buckler willing and determined "to multiply, replenish, and subdue the earth." In your editorial you claim that Bourbon County with her ten millions of taxable property is the wealthiest "agricultural" county in the State, and perhaps in the West. Now this may be possibly true of Kentucky—having at command no statistics to prove the contrary, I can only say that I doubt very much if Fayette, Jefferson, Davis, Henderson, Mercer, and probably a few other "agricultural" counties cannot show as high a record in this respect as world-renowned Bourbon, and we would have to travel no farther West than the great State of Illinois, a perfect network of railroads, to find any number of "agricultural" counties as McLean, Sangamon, etc., that would in taxable valuation more than duplicate Bourbon County or indeed any other county in Kentucky.

While Kansas, the great sectional battle-ground of the nation, baptized in fratricidal blood (each alike dying for a principle) has within a quarter of a century leaped into the arena, and with "ad astra per aspera" at her masthead flung her enterprising banner to the breeze, and is rapidly nearing the zenith in the galaxy of agricultural States, and upon her treeless, water-less plains, swept by the relentless cyclone, and devoured by the armies of insidious locusts, can today lay claim to more than fifty strictly "agricultural" counties, that would put to blush any in this century-old State. While southern Kansas, now a blooming garden, only 13 years ago, a terra incognita, a wild waste of territory roamed over by the savage Osage, and vast herds of buffalo, can now boast a Sedgwick, a Bourbon, a Montgomery, a Labette, a Sumner, a Cowley, and a Harper—counties equal to, if not exceeding this in population and in taxable wealth, with larger and finer cities, more railroads, more and better schoolhouses, fewer paupers, and a far happier, more universally educated, contented, and prosperous people. Out of the counties named we will select, as being more familiar with it, the county of Cowley, to speak for this entire section of the State. Seventeen years ago there was not a hamlet, house, or hut within her borders. Today, her county seat, Winfield, has a population of 8,000, while Arkansas City, 12 miles south, has a population of 4,500; Burden on the east, 12 miles, has 2,500, besides not less than half a dozen other thriving towns within the limits of the county with populations from 500 to 1,500. These are no paper towns, but living, throbbing, growing entities that have come to stay, while the county, about the size of ours, has a population of 35,000, representing in assessed valuation $5,000,000, and in real value not less than $25,000,000, and the present value of her exports will tribble that of any county in this State, and this is no spasmodic or mushroom growth, but the genuine outcome that follows ever in the wake of a live and energetic people. The city of Winfield has in successful operation a splendid system of water-works, is illuminated with gas, has not less than 70 miles of smooth flag-stone sidewalks from 4 to 12 feet wide, 5 magnificent public school buildings built of magnesian limestone, white as marble, and at an aggregate cost of from sixty to seventy thousand dollars. Two brick and two stone churches that would do credit to the cities of Boston or Philadelphia; a number of the finest hotels, one costing $40,000, and presenting a very imposing appearance. A $60,000 roller mill with a 600 barrel capacity; with business blocks of polished stone and brick two and three stories high; and costly and beautiful private residences everywhere, new, modern, and stylish; has four completed railroads, for each of which the county voted bonds averaging $100,000 to each road, at least two more expected soon (and therein lies the grand secret of her growth and prosperity). A private corporation are now building street railroads, and yet besides the prosperous city named Winfield, has Wellington just 24 miles west, with a population of 7,500; Wichita, northwest with 17,000; El Dorado 40 miles north, with 4,000, and Independence 80 miles east with 6,000, to compete with and notwithstanding all this, this young city will and does on an average transact as much business in one day as Paris, a hundred years old, will in a week.
Cowley County has probably 3 to 5 times the amount of money in active circulation that this county has, and her progress is still onward and upward "through adversities to the stars." Carrying from 2 to 3 per cent taxes for the past 10 years, as against Bourbon County's 62½ cents on the $100, Cowley County has never complained, and while she is not "out of debt, she has always money in her treasury," and her taxes are promptly paid. For the state school fund the county pays out twice as much as she receives back again and double what Bourbon now does; pays her County Judge $2,500 annually, while you say Bourbon pays $1,200; her County Attorney gets double as much as ours; her County Treasurer gets $4,000 against $2,000 while other county officers, and they have many more than we have here, are salaried in proportion—besides these heavy county expenses.
The citizens of Winfield have within the past year donated not less than $100,000 towards advancing the interest of the city; out of individual pockets $40,000, half of which has been paid in was given towards the erection of a college building, $20,000 towards building a state institution for imbeciles, that will cost probably $100,000; $12,000 was expended by the county in a farm and building for the poor, and at this writing this costly outlay is honored with only four inmates. These are but a few of the grand strides made and being made in this young county and city, equaled, but not surpassed by any other county in this purely "agricultural" state, carrying everywhere what would here be considered a ruinous taxation and yet growing, advancing, ever progressing, while Kentucky with more natural advantages, and nearer the world's great markets, quietly reposes upon her acquired lands, and beholds the march of empire westward bound, and the wealth of our mighty nation concentrating upon the broad savannah's beyond the father of waters, and on the Occident.
Having no personal interest in the west now, I hence have no ax of my own to grind, and cannot be accused of trying to advertise any section, for the future Kentucky will be my home, her interest my interest, her people my people, and when the race of life is ended I expect to sleep with my fathers in her bosom.
This article is written with no invidious motive! I desire to see Kentucky rise from the ashes of the past, and shaking her mighty mane, rekindle her slumbering fires, and lead in the great future as she has done in the past all the states of our united country.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.

Still the bus war rages. Now a woman has got into it, Dora M. Bean. She had Will Beck and Arthur Bangs up Friday before Judge Buckman in a replevin suit. The Paris bus appears as Dora's champion. She came up from Arkansas City the other day. At the depot Beck and Paris were standing close together when she came up, asked the fare, and was hustled off to a bus. She handed Beck her satchel. He had too much faith in the power of a grip. The woman got into the Paris bus and before any explanation could be made, was whirling up town. Beck had a valise and didn't know what to do with it. It was late that night before he found where it belonged, when he delivered it. But Dora was wrathy, whether on her own account or not is unknown, at the retention of her baggage, filed a replevin suit for her grip and a damage suit, asking $50 as remuneration for the great inconvenience she sustained in the delay of her baggage. The evidence was presented Saturday and the case will be argued Thursday. There are some points of law to look up. The delivery of the goods was made simultaneous with the replevin suit. Beck paid $15 on the charge of disturbing Dora's peace and quiet, at the depot, rather than oppose a gentle woman, but he kicks seriously on the $50 business. Madden & Forsyth are for Dora, and Judge McDonald for Beck and Bangs.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
They were sitting in the S. K. depot, waiting for the east bound train. He looked as though he was close in the neighborhood of forty, and had come from way down in yankeedom. She was a blushing damsel about the same age. They evidently seemed very fond of each other, for his left arm gracefully encircled her lithe form, while her right was lovingly placed around his angular neck. His stand-up collar was somewhat demoralized. His right hand was firmly placed around her left, while he whispered sweet morsels of love to her, who seemed to imagine she was envied by everyone of the dozens of people who were waiting for the train. The throng of people who were sitting and standing around in the waiting room with a sickly smile on their faces, making all sorts of fun, did not seem to daunt this spoony pair, who evidently imagined they were all alone in someone's warm parlor with the shutters all closed and the gas turned down.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
Various causes have brought the great prosperity of Winfield and Cowley County, chief among which, of course, are the indomitable public spirit, progressiveness, intelligence, high character, and energy of our people. But in heralding these things, in making our fame union-wide, next to the county papers come our real estate men. It is fashionable to have your fling at the real estate man, as at the attorney, but there are few who stop to consider of how much importance to the city is the work of these men. In the matter of advertisement, they have really done more than all the other classes of citizens together. Their cards, circulars, and locals are sent to every nook and corner of the United States. The tone of them is ever hoping and helpful. Each and every one of them seems to be animated by an undoubting trust in the future of this city. Such faith is bound to work wonders.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.

This society met at Normal hall Thursday evening. This society is composed of the students of the Commercial college only. The subject for discussion was "Resolved, that a person can gain more information by reading than by observation." It was decided in favor of the negative. The present enrollment of the school is 98. Mrs. A. H. Limerick resigned her position as principal of the preparatory department Friday. Miss Emma Howland was chosen to fill the vacancy. This Commercial College and Normal School is one of our most creditable institutions. Its attendance is very encouraging and speaks splendidly for the conductors, Profs. Wood & Inskeep. The students are from all over the county and many from surrounding counties.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
Hop Shivvers has bought twenty-five acres of the Robinson farm, just across the west bridge, and will plat it for sale. It will be divided into four blocks and will make very fine suburban residence sites. It lies to the left of the road leading west and turning south. It will be christened "Riverside Place." H. T. Shivvers is the agent.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
Arkansas City thinks she has a gang of incendiaries, general indications of fire-bugs having been discovered lately. The Democrat blames the insurance men who write insurance in excess of real value, and puts this tail on: "So long as nearly worthless buildings and stocks are insured for an exorbitant amount, just so long will these fires occur, and we hope that a readjustment of such policies will be made." Move 'em all back, Charley, and replace with fine brick blocks. Before 1886 closes Winfield won't have an old rookery in the business portion of the city. Imposing brick buildings are rapidly crowding them out.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
Spring has come. The warm sun casts its genial rays athwart the ambient air, infusing everybody with the spring fever. The spring poet has come forth in all his killing glory, and our wastebasket has taken on its old-time hungry grin. Everything is softening in the balmy sunshine. Soon the plow and the hoe, the hammer and the saw, the tramp and the book agent, the mosquito and the fly will pop into activity and all nature break her waistband in glad buoyancy.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
A white man with a dusky better half registered at a hotel last night as "John Jones and wf," remarks the Newton Republican. An animated discussion arose between the hotel clerk and the scribe, who has had some experience as a proof reader, as to the meaning of the abbreviation "wf," the former saying that it meant "wife." So it did, perhaps, before the pencil pusher put in another period, making it "w. f.," meaning in printer's parlance, "wrong font."
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
Not a case in the police court for two weeks! Judge Turner is disconsolate and declares there isn't a more orderly town in the Union than Winfield, and we are bustling in legitimate business too. A boom is not necessarily accompanied by disorder. It's all owing to the character of the people.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
Traveling men have learned the superior advantage of Winfield as a Sunday resort. Being religiously inclined, they like to catch a pocket full or two from our unexcelled sanctuaries and then they like our excellent hotel accommodations and our beautiful city.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.

The Swiss Bell Ringers had an immense audience Friday, about eight hundred people. The show is on the variety order. Some of the performances are good. Ten and twenty cents has a wonderfully drawing effect on the populace.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
The council talk of revising the ordinances so as to make it finable for dogs to go mad. If they do, any dog that is in close quarters, financially, will be obliged to refrain from the luxury of going on a tare, and playfully biting everyone he sees.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
Winfield is like a hive of bees—a cold spell or storm quiets down the signs of life, but a warm day, bright and buoyant, makes the city swarm with people, rushing and jostling here, there, and everywhere, on business.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
The Wichita News, a paper published in the city which aspires to be a rival of Kansas City, says: "There is no use lying about it. Trade in Wichita is dead. The bottom has completely dropped out and there is no boom here to speak of."
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
At El Dorado a young mechanic, while at work a few days ago, on stand pipe tower, fell from the top, a distance of one hundred feet, instantly killing him. Some of his bones were thrust through his boots.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
The fact that better times are upon us is seen by the crowds that throng our streets, and the smiles upon the faces of our businessmen and farmers.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
The meetings at the Christian Church, conducted by the new pastor, are growing in interest. So far, eight members have united with the church.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.

The Burden Eagle pops it to the young "cusses" who perambulate around with a wicked revolver or two hanging to their frames. Revolvers are absolutely of no use in a civilized community and nobody but a blasted coward will carry them. The world in general, and a great many individuals in particular, would be a great deal better off if revolvers had never been invented. There may be some occasions when revolvers are of some use and do good service, but so far, in our journey through this vale of tears, we have never observed such an occasion. We have known men who have carried one of these weapons in the breast pocket of their pants for years on the plea that they might need it some time to kill a dog, but we have never happened to see a dog killed with a revolver yet. Generally the individual who carries the revolver for dangerous dogs would, in the course of time, manage to shoot a hole through some part of his own frame, but the dog lived on until the fountain of life had been sapped by fleas and age. In every case where a train load of people have been interviewed by a small band of masked men, who urgently requested that the passengers should deposit whatever cash and other valuables they might happen to have about their persons, with the interviewers, we presume four-fifths of the male passengers were carrying revolvers, but we never heard of them causing the train robbers any trouble on that account. It never seems to have occurred to any of those passengers, when they were requested to hold up their hands, that they had shooting irons about them. We don't know how it happens, but just now we cannot call to mind a single instance where a revolver has gone off at the right time. When a revolver shot does hit anybody, it always seems to be the wrong person. We have never known a revolver to protect justice and innocence, but we have known it to enable cowardly bullies to impose on law-abiding and inoffensive citizens. We hope the time may never come when we will feel that we are called upon to go gunning for anybody, or that anybody will feel that it is a part of his duties to go gunning for us, but if such a time should ever come, we wouldn't give a double-barreled shot-gun for all the revolvers in the city.
John Frost Gets Full of Liquid Hell and Raises the Dickens.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
Sam Leffler, city marshal of Burden, came down Thursday and took Jack Frost, whose real name is John, to Burden for a trial before Justice Harvey Smith. Frost is a tough case about thirty years old. The other night Frost and a chum got a rig at Burden and went to a lyceum between Burden and Atlanta. They were pretty well boozed up and when they started home, met a rig in the road, and refusing to give an inch of the road, had a square collision. Frost swore that the other rig would get out of the road or he'd "blow h out of it!" The other fellows weren't to be bulldozed, and Frost jumped out, knocked one of the opposition horses down with his six shooter, fired a few shots on the desert air, and made the air blue with profanity. The other fellows were Wm. Gentry and G. L. Burril, and they got up and dusted as soon as possible. Frost and "pard" went on and soon made another malicious, unlawful, and felonious attack—on a schoolhouse, smashing in the windows, kicking down the stove, and doing other deviltry. Gentry and Burril swore vengeance and went to work to bring the penalty of outraged law, peace, and quiet. Frost was raked in first, but his "pard" got "wind" and skipped for Colorado or some other foreign clime. There were two counts, one for an attack on Gentry and one on Burril, and Justice Smith gave Frost thirty days in the county bastille on one count and sixty days on the other—a nice little dose of ninety days in durance vile. Mr. Frost is undoubtedly convinced that he can't nip everything he runs across and that the way of the transgressor is harder to get over than a barbed wire fence. Both Frost and pal were peregrinating individuals, who imagined that, accompanied by a little rot-gut and a wicked "gun," they could rule with high-handed despotism.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
Certainly there could be no happier occasion than that at the elegant and spacious home of C. F. Bahntge, Thursday. It was the bi-weekly party of the G. O. club. The popularity of Misses Bert Morford and Nona Calhoun and Messrs. Chas. F. and Harry Bahntge as entertainers was fully sustained—warm-hearted, graceful, lively and free, a manner that completely banished all restraint and made supreme gaiety unalloyed.

The guests were: Dr. and Mrs. Geo. Emerson, Mrs. A. T. Spotswood, and Mrs. B. H. Riddell; Misses Ida Ritchie, Mattie Harrison, Sallie Bass, Jennie Hane, Anna Hunt, Mary Randall, Mary Berkey, Emma Strong, Leota Gary, Nettie and Anna McCoy, Ida Johnston, Nell and Kate Rodgers, Nellie Cole, Hattie Stolp, Eva Dodds, and Lizzie and Margie Wallis; Messrs. J. L. M. Hill, P. H. Albright, G. E. Lindsley, Will E. Hodges, Byron Rudolf, Everett T. and George H. Schuler, Ed. J. McMullen, Lacey T. Tomlin, Tom J. Eaton, Willis A. Ritchie, Harry Sickafoose, Wm. D. Carey, Frank N. Strong, Frank F. Leland, Ivan A. Robinson, Addison Brown, and Frank H. Greer.
The appointments of this richly furnished and very agreeable home are splendidly adapted to a gathering of this kind. The Roberts Orchestra was present with its charming music and the joyous guests indulged in the "mazy" to their heart's content, mingling cards and tete-a-tete. The collation was especially excellent and bounteous. Nothing but the ancient "wee sma" hours abridged the gaiety, when all departed with warmest appreciation of their delightful entertainers.
And right here we can't quell the remark that the young ladies have made a brilliant success of the G. O. Club. It is one of the most pleasurable sources of amusement yet inaugurated in the city—one giving the young ladies ample scope to exhibit their superior qualities in the entertainment line. It is a very pleasant and successful alternate to the Pleasant Hour Club. Of course the P. H. has long since delivered the prize to the G. O.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
THE COURIER got a suspicious looking box today. The force eyed it carefully all over and came to the conclusion that some enemy had jokingly sent us a dynamite machine. With fear and trembling we cautiously lifted the lid, when this note met our eyes. "Here is your ground hog. I dug him out of a snow drift, too deep for the warm sun to phase. If you want an early spring, thaw him out; if not, let nature take her course. Truly yours, W. C." Going deeper down we found the animal carefully packed and looking tougher than a disappointed Democrat. He has all the signs of having turned his toes up while trying to dig out to see the sun. As spring is here, the darling, Gentle Annie, we will not try to bring this g. h. to life again. He's dead—deader'n blue blazes, and cursed be he who ever resurrects him. He was respectfully interred today, with appropriate eulogies on his antiquated and traditional memory. The funeral was conducted by the devil and attended by all THE COURIER angels. Peace to his ashes! The old cuss has caused us much anxiety and speculation, but the grave covers all faults.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
J. P. Baden informs us that the Independence Canning Company are ready and willing to move their factory here if the businessmen and citizens of the city will give them any encouragement. All they ask is for our people to take stock in the business, and of course to share in the profits. The company, of course, will take the largest share of stock. Their object in having our businessmen and citizens to invest is to run it on a larger scale and that parties investing here will take a greater interest in starting this business off. We understand that they run a force of eighty hands and are first class in every respect. It seems to us that this is an excellent offer and that our businessmen, all interested in home manufactories, should look into this and see what there is in it and it should be done at once. Now is the accepted time.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.

Wellington's militia company has exhibited the necessity of stringent resolutions prohibiting the use of "forty-rod" at its drills and public appearances. Winfield's company has no such custom. Co. C is composed of as orderly a lot of young men as ever honored any organization and the order at their every public appearance or private drill is as refined and creditable as could possibly be called for. They are our best young men and need no props or pledges to keep them straight.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
Velvets and Velveteens!
During the next ten days we will offer to the ladies of Winfield and Cowley County unheard of bargains in black and colored velvets and velveteens. To prove our assertion we will give a few prices.
Lot 1. Black and Colored Velveteens
Including all new shades, good quality, at the low price of 58 cents a yard.
Lot 2. Ten Pieces
Of sorted new colors and best quality, 78 cents a yard.
Lot 3. An Elegant Quality
Of silk velvet, all colors, at 88 cents a yard.
Lot 4. A Much Better
And wider goods, former price $2.25, present price $1.70 a yard.
Lot 5. A Very Handsome
Brocaded silk velvet, three different colors, former price $2.75; present price, $1.90 a yard.
At these prices they are positively the cheapest goods ever offered, and we invite the ladies to call in and examine them whether they wish to purchase or not. We are agents for Butterick's patterns.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.

It is getting to be time that Winfield should be moving for a government post office building. Our post office now occupies a room which would rent for about $600 to $800 a year for other business, and yet there is scarcely half room enough to do the business comfortably. From 11 o'clock a.m. to 3 o'clock p.m., the office is a perfect jam of persons in a long, crooked, and thrice doubled line, filling the whole space outside the boxes, waiting on the general delivery. This crowd makes it almost impossible for a businessman or box renter to get through to his box. We need now, double the room, and as near the center of business as the present post office, and such room could not be rented for less than $1,200 a year. Such rent, if paid by the postmaster as now, would take up a considerable more than one-half of his salary. Then he needs a greater allowance for clerk hire. With only $1,400 allowance as now, he cannot afford to employ more than three clerks, and of these, not more than one of them an expert, for even at that it costs him two or three hundred dollars out of his salary to pay them. He needs at least three experts besides his money order clerk, one as mailing clerk and two as delivery clerks. At present there is but one general delivery with one clerk and he not an expert. With two general deliveries and two expert clerks, the work at the general delivery could be done four times as rapidly as now. But this would require an allowance of about $3,000 for clerk hire, and would require double the room for general delivery. Then we need more boxes and box room than we have now. Outside of the 250 general delivery boxes, there are now 912 boxes for rent. There is need of 500 general delivery boxes and 1500 boxes for rent or soon will be.
The gross revenues of this post office are now about $12,000 a year and the commission on this, in the adopted method of calculation, would give $5,240 as the maximum that could be allowed for the gross expenses of this office. This would give $2,300 salary, $2,800 clerk hire, and $140 for fuel and lights, leaving nothing for rent, which must come out of the postmaster's salary. At present the postmaster could save enough out of clerk hire to pay a rent of $700 by becoming an expert and attending personally to one of the two general deliveries which need to be provided for.
The business of this post office, as compared with the other post offices in the state, is wonderful. It is nearly or quite fifty per cent larger than that of such offices as Wellington, Hutchinson, Newton, and El Dorado, cities which figure in the census returns as having greater population than ours, one of them fifty per cent greater. (But we do not believe that either of them has as large a population as Winfield by 1,000.) Its business is very nearly the same as that of such post offices as Parsons, Ottawa, Ft. Scott, and Emporia. Only Leavenworth, Topeka, Atchison, Wichita, and Lawrence, of the cities of Kansas, are entitled to prior consideration to Winfield in the appropriation for public buildings, and these have already been provided for by appropriations. The next list deserving appropriations by congress are Winfield, Emporia, Ft. Scott, Parsons, and Ottawa, and this congress should make appropriations for these of at least $50,000 each. The net revenues of this office will, no doubt, amount to $50,000 in five years, and as money is only worth three per cent to the government or $1,500 a year, it would really be a speculation to the government, for it would bring in more than $1,500 a year for rents besides furnishing an abundance of room for the government business without any cost for rent. So every argument is in favor of a government building here; there is no reason that it should not be built at once, and it is time our citizens were moving in the matter by a combined effort.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
Nine prisoners broke jail at Dodge City last Thursday night, and are still at large. Two of them were under charge of murder and five for horse stealing.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
William Harrison, a leading farmer near Burlington, was stabbed to death Friday night by a young man who had quarreled with Harrison's son.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.

A branch post office with money order attachment has been established at Kansas City, Kansas.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
Fourteen prisoners broke jail at Garnet on Friday evening, among whom were Swarts, a horse thief, and Gilson, a violator of the prohibitory law.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
The Fitz John Porter case is up again, and one after another gets up and says it was so dark that Porter could not march. We would ask the hundred thousand or so soldiers in Kansas if they ever knew a night so dark that their respective regiments, brigades, and divisions did not march, and repeatedly?
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
David A. Wells, the president of the American Free-Trade League, who has examined Mr. Morrison's tariff bill, says that "it is a very good bill to begin with, and one upon which the advocates of free trade can make a preliminary contest in the congressional contest next fall."
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
Senator Morgan, the chronic bore of the United States Senate, gave his auger a few turns on Thursday on the "educational bill." Senator Morgan says it is a great outrage to tax one man to educate another man's children. That is the belief of Alabama, and the reason it sends Morgan to the Senate.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
Young Mr. Wheat, the County Attorney of Leavenworth County, has resigned a good office with a very fair salary. To a casual observer it seems as if it would have paid him better to have performed his duty under the law and made the saloon keepers quit. Instead of doing that, he quit himself.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
A Gentleman from Topeka reports that whiskey, wine, and beer were never more plentiful at the Kansas capital than now, and that the statesmen there present are about as dry a lot as ever assembled in the Jayhawker state, and yet there is not a saloon in Topeka.
St. Joseph Gazette.
The Gazette's informant is not a "gentleman," because a gentleman is not an elaborate and picturesque liar, as any person who makes such assertions as those the Gazette quotes unquestionably is.
Whatever may be said of the present Legislature, it is a body of temperate, sober men. We do not assert that all of its members are total abstainers, but we do assert that the drinking men among them are very few. We assert, further, that no Capital city in the United States can boast of greater sobriety than has been witnessed in Topeka during the present legislative session.

It is about time that this truck and lying about drinking in Kansas should come to an end. There is less drinking in Kansas, and the people are more temperate, than in any other state of the American Union. A temperance millennium has not been established, it is true; but, on the other hand, nine-tenths of the drinking and drunkenness of former years has been abolished. Further, the temperance sentiment is steadily growing in the State—growing so steadily and firmly that the next Democratic State Convention will not dare to adopt a resolution against prohibition. Tens of thousands of men now go to bed, every night, sober and self-respecting, who went to bed every night, four or five years ago, soaked with liquor. Thousands of women and children, hungry and in rags five years ago, are now comfortably clad and sit down, every day, at tables provided with all the necessaries of life. The poverty, suffering, vice, and crime of which whiskey is the inevitable and fruitful cause, are diminishing rapidly and steadily all over Kansas, and four-fifths of the people of this State, knowing that what we assert is true, have resolved that they will not return to the old order of things. No amount of lying about Kansas, or of slander and defamation concerning drinking in Kansas, will bring back the open saloon, and so this lying, slander, and defamation might as well be stopped. Outside as well as inside the state people may as well recognize the inevitable, and accept it. The open saloon in Kansas has gone, and gone to stay. The people of Kansas have banished it, and do not intend to invite it to come back.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
Atchison yesterday presented a novel sight. On a working day, not a saloon was open. We doubt if since the town was founded, as much could be said. All along the street the door was fast and immovable, "so frequent on its hinge before." The Champion could if it desired, create a sensation by giving the names of men whom nobody calls drunkards, who would feel insulted if they were so designated, who would indignantly deny that they were slaves of habit, who yet endeavored to get a drink at the drug stores. Such should understand that the very fact that they allowed themselves to make such a request, showed a lack of moral fibre that was just cause for alarm. They had better follow the example of the saloons, and quit. Suppose yesterday was the end of the saloon business; suppose it was certain that not another drop of liquor would be sold in Atchison while the world stands, who would be harmed? Who would be injured in mind, body, or estate? Would any family be broken up, any home destroyed, any heart be burdened, if never another drop of whiskey crossed the limits of the city of Atchison? And to look back through the years in which liquor has been sold here, can anybody tell any good it has done? Has it educated any man? Has it helped any boy? Has it rendered the life of any woman more peaceful and happy? No man can think of any harm that can be caused by the absence of liquor. No man can think of any good done by its presence. Is not the best thing under the circumstances, an acceptance of the situation? Whiskey is gone; let it go. Do not try to supply a substitute for what every sensible man admits is an evil. If, after a hard struggle, we have got rid of one bad thing, don't be a fool and try to get something else nearly as bad in its place. What has been done, has been done in the interest of humanity. Help the work along by being humane to yourself.
Atchison Champion.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.

No dance affords as much well-bred hilarity and genuine enjoyment, for an evening, as the German. It is purely a social arrangement, mingling novelty most acceptable. Highly pleasurable indeed was the "German" reception of Miss Ida Johnston last night. The appointments of this richly furnished and truly elegant home, for such an occasion, was perfect. The large double parlors, with their canvas-covered floor, gave ample scope for the many amusing figures of the German. The figures were admirably led by Willis A. Ritchie and Miss Mattie Harrison, assisted by Frank F. Leland and Miss Ida Ritchie, and, though some were quite intricate, went off without a break. Besides those mentioned, the guests were: Mr. and Mrs. B. W. Matlack, Mrs. B. H. Riddell; Misses Jennie Hane, Sallie Bass, Lizzie and Margie Wallis, Nellie Cole, Nona Calhoun, Anna Hunt, Bert Morford, and Maggie Harper; Messrs. Byron Rudolf, Chas. F. and Harry Bahntge, Addison Brown, M. J. O'Meara, Will E. Hodges, Everett T. and George H. Schuler, Lacey T. Tomlin, Tom J. Eaton, Ed. J. McMullen, and Frank H. Greer. The ladies were all in beautiful costume and the gentlemen brought out the swallow tail for the first time this winter. Master Archie Olmstead furnished the piano music and his excellent time elicited much appreciation. The favors were numerous, "cute" and appropriate. The excellent collation formed a very interesting supplement. Miss Johnston is an admirable entertainer, easy, genial, and graceful, and, agreeably assisted by her mother, afforded all one of the pleasantest evenings of the winter. This home is one of the most complete and commodious in the city, giving splendid opportunity for receptions. This was the first German of the winter. It proved such a delightful novelty that others will likely be given before the "light fantastic" season is ended. To those familiar with the various "round dances," the German is the acme of the Terpsichorean art, fashionable, graceful, and gay.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
The "Ragin Rackensack" is a "bilin" over in mad shape at Arkansas City. It was lucky, too, that the water broke bank, forming a cut-off around the dam bridge, letting the water flow around. Otherwise, the immense accumulation of ice above the dam would have soon taken out the bridge. The bottom west of the bridge a half a mile or more in width is covered with water, in some places to a depth of twelve or fifteen feet, and this cut-off threatened to take out part of the Frisco railroad west of the river, but a gang of shovelers succeeded in turning it into the river again just above the railroad. At one time about eighty rods of the railroad was under water and was threatened with a washout, but by hard work, such a calamity was prevented. At present the bridge is safe, but the ice is still gorged above the dam; and should it break loose, it would carry everything before it.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
The Stone Cutters and Stone Masons will meet at the Knights of Labor Hall over Cohen's store, on Saturday night at 7 o'clock.
Her Chronicle of the Comings, Goings and Doings of Persons at Home and Abroad.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
Mrs. H. H. Siverd has been very sick for some days, but is now better.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
Miss Minnie Taylor has been ill for several days, though now improving.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
Miss Longfellow has entered the shorthand school at the Commercial College.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
McCoy and Pettit are putting up a carpenter shop just west of Robinson's coal yard.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
Miss Nellie Rodgers is spending a week with her father at Syracuse, Kansas, in the wild west.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
Mr. Franklin, on South Fuller street, has just completed an addition to his already commodious dwelling.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
Miss Millie Kerr, formerly of this city, while skating on roller skates in California, fell and broke her arm.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
A. D. Speed, the handsome, natty landlord of the Arlington, was over yesterday circulating around among the "old boys."
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
Charley Schmidt has put on a force to work in his stone quarry. He will increase the force right along and expects to get out more stone this year than ever before.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
Mr. H. H. Schmidling, representing the Hyers Troubadours, called on us yesterday and informs us that his company will surely be here to perform this evening.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
James Craig has commenced his house on Loomis street. He intends building a nice cottage for the present, but will add on several wings in time, as civilization advances.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
John McGuire has purchased the store building where they are and will move it on the vacant lot between the Popp and Farringer buildings, on South Main, where he will still continue in the merchandise business.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
N. A. Munz, the S. K. lightning manipulator, returned Wednesday from a day or two at Moline. Agent Branham found the whole shop a big thing on his hands, but managed to finger the electricity in good shape, if he hasn't had scarcely any practice in four years.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
Sala and Eden, the lady artists, lately located here, have on exhibition at Harris, Clark & Huffman's office a very fine crayon portrait of Governor Oliver P. Morton, Indiana's famous war governor. Mr. Huffman pronounces it an excellent likeness, he having intimately known the Governor.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.

D. L. Kretsinger left yesterday for Richfield to found his Leader. Quincy A. Robertson, formerly of THE COURIER force, accompanied him and will take charge of the Leader. Quincy is a good newspaper man, in any department from the devilship to editor-in-chief, and, backed by Mr. Kretsinger, will make the Leader an effective engine for Richfield and Kansas County.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
William Renner, Nimrod McClain, and Lewis Cooper have returned from an eighteen days' hunt in the Territory, on and about the Cimarron. They took in 12 deer, 75 turkeys, 100 quail, and a few chickens in a four days' hunt. They report snow knee deep on the level, which kept them from hunting very much. Coming back they were forced to bridge the Cimarron and Black Bear, but finally reached home "O.K."
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
Wm. C. Hamill and Hattie A. Utley, he of Grand Summit and she of Cambridge, were tied in the knot eternal by Rev. Kelly, at the Brettun House, Wednesday. They are young people of many excellent qualities and have every hope of a long, blissful and successful life. So may it be. The rotund and happy matrimonial connoisseur, J. L. M. Hill, mastered the ceremonies on this occasion very becomingly.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
D. J. Thayer, of Charlton, Iowa, chief engineer for Fitzgerald & Mallory, is at the Brettun. He is here to take charge of the construction of the D., M. & A., and will begin to re-run his lines at once. Mr. Mallory is now in New York, where he has about closed arrangements whereby work will commence on this road in two or three weeks, to go right through without cessation. Mr. Thayer says a hundred miles of track will be in operation in four months, at least, extending from Larned to Winfield and eastward.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
Willie, the thirteen-year-old son of Mr. and Mrs. L. Conrad, died Tuesday night of diphtheria. He was taken very malignantly last Friday night and though everything possible was done, speedily and continuously, the hand of the Grim Destroyer couldn't be staid. The inevitable decree, accompanying the joys and brightness of life with darkness and tears, came at last, leaving only the soothing thoughts and assurances of the heaven beyond. Willie was an exceptionally bright boy, and just at that age when the traits of sterling manhood were in their initial development. The funeral was conducted from the residence, 1209 Main street, by Rev. B. Kelly, at 3 o'clock this afternoon. The cold earth of Union Cemetery covers all that is mortal of him who, only a few days ago, was the joy and pride of a happy household.
"Life's but a walking shadow—
A player that struts and frets his hour
Upon the stage and is heard no more."
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.

Winfield is about as well "drummed" as any city in Kansas. The commercial men have learned of our prosperity, of the solidity and rustle of our merchants. Every train brings in dozens of these "traveling men." The drummer is a peculiar specimen of humanity, generally nice looking, with a pleasant word and smile for everybody, especially females. His fund of information on general topics seems unlimited; and he is always ready with a good story, joke, or puzzle as the occasion demands. He can sing religious songs with a vim that would do justice to a Methodist camp meeting; torments the merchants, and yet is always welcome; gladdens the heart of the landlord, yet who trembles lest he should displease him. He pays liberally for what he gets and always gets the best. Wholesale houses have attempted to dispense with his services, but called him back when failure was staring them in the face. He is a product of the nineteenth century that is a power in the channels of trade.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
Last night a Bible class was organized at the Baptist church and about 100 gave their names to become members. The object of this class is to study the Bible so that young converts may fortify themselves against the jeers and disbeliefs of the outside world and to become familiar enough with the Word of God to always meet the objections to Christianity with some appropriate and pointed quotation from the Bible. This is not alone for young converts, but for the older ones, and for anyone who wishes to become more familiar with the teaching of this great book. The topic for last night was "The Bible, the Word of God," and was very ably and interestingly commented on by Rev. Reider. The next meeting of this class will take place at the Baptist church next Tuesday evening, and the subject for consideration will be "How to Study the Bible." Everyone is invited to attend these meetings, whether they are Christians or not.
J. G. Bullene, a Winfield Pioneer, Discourses on Dakota.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
D. A. Millington, Dear Sir: Your letter of recent date at hand. In reply will say, after three years experience, that Dakota has natural advantages second to none of the states and territories. Her climate is healthy, soil productive and cheap. Four years ago this county (Spink) was unsettled and land only worth $1.25 per acre. Now land is worth from five to ten dollars per acre. The "lay of the land" is level and the soil appears to be alike in fertility; a person can travel for miles without seeing any material change in it.
The crops raised here are all small grains: wheat, oats, rye, barley, and a little corn, though the latter is not a sure crop owing to early frosts. I have never seen a better crop than grew here last year. Some of the farmers have raised enough on their farms this year to pay the entire cost of land and all work done on it. With a fair crop and present price of wheat, 70 cents per bushel, this may be done every year. Flax is grown quite extensively and yields from eight to twelve bushels per acre.
The climate is fine and healthy; a few days in summer are hot, but this is soon passed and the fall is lovely. The winters are cold, but very pleasant. So far we have not had sufficient snow to make sleighing. We get our mails regularly from the east. We get on the train here at 11 a.m. and arrive at St. Paul at 4 next morning. There has not been a day but what the farmers have marketed wheat here this winter. I regret to see the large amount of cold and suffering that the people of Kansas are experiencing this winter. On the whole it seems to me that Dakota has a brilliant future before it. We are located in Spink County, 75 miles west of the Missouri river, in the James river valley. Our town, Ashton, has about 400 inhabitants. Schools and churches are well represented; a school building costing $5,000 with graded school, two church buildings costing $2,000 and $3,000, built by the Methodist and Congregational societies.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
These few days of bright sunshine have wrought wonders. Where all was quiet and seclusion, now all is visible and bustling with active life. Mechanics and laborers generally are happy and busy, the gardener, in his most "rakish" manner, is preparing the beautiful ground of our numerous homes for the velvety green, while the lady and "old man" of the house peel their eyes and ingenuity for improvements about their homes that will make them even brighter and prettier than ever. The domestic surroundings, the gardens and lawns, of our already queenly homes, will be made more attractive yet. And this is right. The garden can, in a measure, satisfy the soul-longings for the beautiful. The smooth, grassy lawn with its handsome trees of varied forms and foliage, the climbing vines that embower the porches, the flowers of every type and tint, these gratify the wants that are felt by the higher man. As we make our homes beautiful by ornamenting our grounds with trees and plants, we are educating ourselves and our children in a higher life: a life distinct from that of the brute creation, and which is the glory of man, the lord of the earth.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
Charles Rempe, who lives in the eastern part of the city, just east of Ernest Reynolds, is preparing to set out sixty acres, about three miles from town, in all kinds of fruit. He has already invested about $700 in fruit of different kinds and will keep at it until he covers the sixty acres in small and large fruit. He expects to save about fifteen acres for pasture. Mr. Rempe is an old hand at the business and knows what he is about. He will have none but the choicest. There can be no question of it paying in five years time, if he has ordinary luck. He will have a bonanza. He will also put up a first-class residence on this land, where he will live. We are glad Mr. Rempe has taken hold of this and will make this his permanent home, as we are loth to lose men of his standing and ability.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
The Flag Drug Store was closed Wednesday on attachment by R. S. Patterson for $1,088.90, a judgment obtained in the last term of our District Court against John Fleming. Patterson is a Kansas City wholesale liquor dealer and this debt is an old one, a judgment being taken to avoid the "out law" claim of the "statoots." E. F. Blair, Louie Brown, and Chas. Slack were appointed appraisers and were taking an invoice today. The stock is in the name of Mrs. Fleming, and it is doubtful, should she make a fight and prove her ownership, whether this judgment is worth anything, as related to the drug stock.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.

A neighboring exchange, whose red-headed wife evidently clings to his few remaining locks "with a tenacity that death alone can weaken and destroy," gets off the following: "There are fewer men made unhappy by red-haired women than those of any other colored tresses. Not because there are fewer red-headed women, but because they are less given to nervousness than pronounced brunettes, have better constitutions than blondes, and less variable temper than those of mixed temperament. They are the most earnest, vigorous, untiring, and intrepid of their sex; they are courageous and aggressive, and they cling to the object of their affection with a tenacity that death alone can weaken or destroy."
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
Some Topeka young men played a practical joke upon one of their acquaintances, who held a ticket in the Louisiana Lottery. They made him believe, by means of a bogus telegram, that he had drawn the capital prize of $75,000, and only undeceived him after he had made arrangements to buy the whole town.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
Chevalier Lodge No. 70, Knights of Pythias, installed its officers Tuesday for the ensuing six months, as follows: C. C., P. H. Albright; P. C., J. E. Snow; V. C., Bert Crapster; P. M., G. Troup; K. R. S., Frank H. Greer; M. A., C. C. Green; I. G., Geo. H. Dresser; O. G., S. Kleeman. After the installation, according to the semi-annual custom, the new Chancellor Commander "set 'em up," in good shape, all raiding Axtell's for oysters. This Lodge has a very clean membership of about fifty and is one of the most flourishing orders in the city.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
A. H. McMaster & Co., of the S. F. lumber yard, sold their yard yesterday to T. V. Lamport & Bros., of Vincennes, Indiana. They will put in a dozen or more yards in Southern Kansas and make this the distributing point. T. V. Lamport will give the business here his personal supervision. This company is incorporated with a capital stock of $100,000. We hope Mr. McMaster will pitch his tent with us again.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
A few tramps are still lounging around the town. Marshal McFadden watched a couple of exceedingly seedy looking toughs, from Texas, they said, and found them taking the bearings of numerous back doors, preparing for a nocturnal raid, no doubt. The marshal collared them, stood the portals of their left ears ajar, and told them to set their hoofs out of town in an hour or go to the bastille. They "got."
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
The sensational headings of some of the eastern journals are getting very striking indeed. The Pittsburg Commercial-Gazette, a copy of which lies on our table, has this caption over a sermon of Rev. Sam Jones: "Progressive Euchre Progressing Hellward at the Rate of a Mile a Minute—Corner Lots in Heaven!"
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
Citizens of Winfield, remember that on the first of April we elect four school directors. It is important we attend the caucus and see that the proper men are put into this office. We now have enough dissatisfaction and children out of school. W. A. LEE.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
The Jesse James, Jrs., who skipped from their Augusta homes for notorious conquest, accompanied by a couple of wicked "guns," were taken to the Frisco freight last night by Marshal McFadden, put aboard, and started for home. They were bright looking boys and after a night and day in the Castle de Finch after their thirty mile jaunt, made them glad enough to return to their parents' domicile. Our officials kept the armory for future reference, or for "pap" if he wants them.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
It seems that the parents of the Augusta run-a-way boys are a little worse than their boys. Marshal McFadden telegraphed them Tuesday morning, at a personal expense of 75 cents. No answer came, corroborating the statement of the boys that their parents didn't care a "darn" what became of them. Sheriff McIntire and Marshal McFadden went down into their pockets to the tune of $4.50 to get the run-a-ways home and if the parents hold out as indicated at present, the amount will be a sacrifice on the altar of charity, in which sacrifices are getting too promiscuous with our officials, who are the first to run across such impecunious individuals. The parents should bristle up and show parental interest, exhibiting at least a little human instinct.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
Castle De Finch has fifteen boarders, fewer than for several months. Some of them are pretty tough cases. They resort to all sorts of devices for entertainment in that dingy, cramped-up bastille. They have a regular form of government to keep down mutiny and gauge customs and courtesies—a constitution and by-laws that are amended and enforced to suit every new "gang" that goes into durance vile.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
Winfield property owners are getting ready to spread extensive improvements with the break up of this "open winter." Large business blocks, fine residences, etc., will go up rapidly and number in harmony with our unrivaled prospects and future greatness. Another year will leave scarcely an old rookery on Main street. All will be replaced by imposing brick and stone blocks. How we boom!
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
The Arkansas river is booming, filled with large cakes of ice. The ice was twenty inches thick and goes out with a crash. The railroad companies have had large forces at working breaking the ice to saves their bridges.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
A woman will face a frowning world and cling to the man she loves through the most bitter adversity, but she wouldn't wear a hat that was out of style to save the government.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
The Pleasant Hour Club has its regular hop Friday evening, this week, giving away Thursday evening for the Troubadours.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
George Anderson, of Floral, is dangerously ill with fever.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
WASHINGTON, Feb. 16. The Chair laid before the Senate yesterday a letter from the Secretary of the Interior to the President pro tempore of the Senate.
SIR: I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of the Senate resolution of the 5th inst., in words as follows.
Resolved, That the Secretary of the Interior be directed to communicate to the Senate copies of all papers which have been filed with the Interior Department, and copies of all papers which have been presented to any officer of that department touching the official and personal conduct of Henry Ward, Indian Inspector, during his continuance in said office.

I transmit all official papers on file in the department, which I understand to be embraced in the resolution. Official reports made to this department by Henry Ward, as United States Indian Inspector, are voluminous and as the clerical force of the department is limited and otherwise fully employed, I have deemed it best to transmit the original reports. As they are frequently consulted in transactions of the business of the department, I have the honor to request that they be returned to the files as soon as they are no longer required by the Senate. I am directed by the President to say that if the object of the resolution is to inquire into the reasons for the suspension of Mr. Ward, these papers are not to be considered as constituting all the evidence submitted to him in relation thereto. I am also directed by the President to say that he does not consider it consistent with the public interest to transmit copies of unofficial papers from private citizens, held in my custody for him, which relate exclusively to the suspension of incumbents. I have the honor to be, very respectfully,
(Signed) L. Q. C. LAMAR, Secretary.
The letter and accompanying papers were referred to the Committee on Indian Affairs.
Senator Plumb presented a concurrent resolution from the Kansas Legislature urging Congress to provide for the survey and sale of the Fort Dodge military reservation; referred.
Senator Van Wyck submitted an amendment to the House bill to increase the pensions of widows and dependent relatives of deceased soldiers and sailors, providing the minor children shall receive $5 per month when one parent is deceased and $10 when both parents are deceased; that the pensionable age be extended to eighteen years, and that fathers and mothers only be required to prove dependence at the time of the application for the pension.
Senator Van Wyck, from the Committee on Public Lands, reported favorably a bill to establish two additional land districts in the State of Nebraska, and authorizing the President to appoint registers and receivers therefor.
Senator Hawley presented a bill which was referred to the Committee on Public Lands, relating to the taxation of railroad lands and for other purposes.
Senator Hawley said the bill related to a very sore subject. An exceedingly large quantity of land, perhaps 60,000 square miles, had been granted to the Northern Pacific Railroad Company, but it was provided by an amendatory act of Congress that no patents should issue for the land until after payment by the company of all fees relating to surveys, etc. The fee was only about three cents an acre. The railroad had paid the fees upon only about 80,000 acres of its immense grant. It had, nevertheless, proceeded to give to settlers warranty deeds for many millions upon millions of acres of land. The company had ingeniously got property enough to try to locate the villages and cities upon its own selected sections. These lands that the company conveyed by warranty deed had been settled and improved, and in many cases thriving villages had grown up on them. It turned out now that by a recent decision of the Supreme Court of the United States, none of these millions of acres were taxable. The reasons given by that court were irrefragable, but Congress should immediately provide by law a remedy for the difficulty involved.

The railroad had refused to pay the three cents an acre, and the communities interested therefore counted themselves without the power of taxation. Some of the people, however, had paid taxes. These people were without remedy. A few foreign corporations, being large holders, had paid taxes under protest, and their rights had thus been protected, the protest being believed by many to have been made by the suggestion of the railroad company. The counties and communities, therefore, were now liable to a large claim for the taxes that had been paid, besides which about nine-tenths of their tax list had been destroyed and they were almost bankrupt. The only help for this very serious matter lay with Congress.
Senator Conger, from the Committee on Post-offices and Post-roads, reported favorably the bill granting to Mrs. Julia D. Grant the franking privilege; passed.
A resolution offered by Senator Plumb was adopted, calling on the Secretary of the Interior for the names and number of all special agents employed by the department for the detection of frauds in the acquisition of public lands, the number of cases sent to such agents for inspection, during what time cases had been suspended, and how long a time will be required to investigate them.
On motion of Senator Dawes, the Senate took up and passed the bill reported from the Committee on Indian Affairs "For the relief of the Mission Indians in California."
A message from the President was laid before the Senate, transmitting a letter of the Secretary of the Interior, with the draft of a bill providing for the sale of the Sac and Fox Indian reservations in Nebraska and Kansas.
Senator Mitchell, of Oregon, gave notice that on Tuesday, February 23, he would call up his bill providing for the abrogation of the treaty permitting the immigration of Chinese, and he would be able to show, he said, that not only was it within the power of the United States to abrogate the treaty, but that that doctrine had been recognized by all acts of Congress, commencing over eighty years ago with the abrogation of a treaty with France. He held it to be the bounden duty of Congress to provide for the abrogation of the Chinese immigration treaty.
The Education bill was then considered until executive session, when the Senate adjourned.
In the House yesterday Mr. Phelps, of New Jersey, from the Committee on Foreign Affairs, reported a resolution calling on the Secretary of State for copies of all correspondence between his department and representatives of the Governments of Belgium, Denmark, Germany, Portugal, Sweden, and Norway relating to the claims of said Governments to be accorded to vessels entering ports of the United States from the several ports named in section 14 of the Shipping act. Adopted.
Mr. Worthington, of Illinois, from the Committee on Public Buildings and Grounds, reported a resolution that in each case where an extension of the limit of the cost of a public building is proposed by a bill pending, on application of the committee, the Secretary of the Treasury shall furnish a detailed statement of the requirements of the Government in the city where the building is located. Adopted.
Under the call of the States the following bills, etc., were introduced and referred.
By Mr. Morrison, of Illinois: To reduce the tariff taxes.
By Mr. Felton, of California: To terminate a certain treaty stipulation between the Government of the United States and the Empire of China, and to prohibit the immigration of the Chinese.
By Mr. Hanback, of Kansas: The following preamble and resolution.

WHEREAS, Grave charges have been made, and are constantly being made, by the press of the country, reflecting on the integrity and official action of certain officers of the Government of the United States.
Resolved, That a special committee, consisting of eleven members of this House, be appointed to make inquiry into any expenditure on the part of the Government, incurred relative to the rights of the Bell and Pan-Electric Telephone companies to the priority of patents, said inquiry to include all organizations or companies that have sprung out of the Pan-Electric Telephone company, or for any other purpose, and also to make full inquiry into the issuance of stock known as the Pan-Electric Telephone stock or any stock of any other company or companies or organizations springing out of the Pan-Electric Telephone Company, to any person or persons connected with either the Legislative, Judicial, or Executive Departments of the Government; to whom, when, where, and in what amount and for what consideration in money or influence said stock was delivered. Also, as to what opinions, decisions, and orders have been made by any officers connected with the Government and by whom, and all the circumstances connected therewith and arising therefrom, and also, what suit or suits, if any, have been brought in the name of the United States to test the validity of patents issued, or any other right in controversy between the Bell and Pan-Electric Telephone companies, what contracts have been made; what moneys have been paid, or are to be paid, to any person or persons as assistant counsel to the Attorney General or Solicitor General of the United States; the reason or authority for constituting the United States a party to said suit or suits.
Referred to the Committee on Rules.
By Mr. Pulitzer, of New York: The following resolution.
Resolved, That the resolution creating the select committee, submitted by Mr. Hanback, of Kansas, be so amended as to authorize said committee to inquire whether any of the telephone companies have in any way influenced, or attempted to influence officials or official action through the newspapers, acting from interested or improper motives, and also whether any corporations, or managers, or representatives have contributed large sums of money for political campaign purposes, upon the agreement that a certain person, acceptable to them, should be appointed a judge of one of the courts of the United States, which may have to decide the litigation concerning the telephone patents.
Also a bill granting a pension of $5,000 a year to the widow of the late General Hancock.
By Mr. Bland, of Missouri: For the free coinage of silver.
By Mr. Kelley, of Pennsylvania: To revive the grade of General in the United States army.
By Mr. Miller, of Texas: For the issue of small bills for circulation.
The House then went into a Committee of the Whole on the Fitz John Porter bill.

Mr. Wolford, of Kentucky, resumed his speech in favor of the bill. Pope, he said, had been seeking a man upon whom to put the blame for being whipped, and had selected Porter. He (Mr. Wolford) blamed General Lee, General Longstreet, General Jackson, and all the Confederate soldiers, but Pope had blamed a Union General, who had done his duty nobly. Pope had not been as good a General as General Lee, and that was why he had been whipped. Pope had been a gallant General, but he could not be compared with such a man as Lee. Mr. Negley, of Pennsylvania, spoke against the bill, as did Mr. Fuller, of Iowa.
The committee then rose, and the House adjourned.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
The following are the real estate transfers filed in the office of Register of Deeds since our last issue.
Frank J Hess et al to Austin Adams, lots 3 and 4, blk 8, Hess ad to A C: $150
Thomas H Tyner et ux to Jamison Vawter, lots 21 and 22, blk 75, Hess ad to A C: $200
John P Pillbe et ux to William P Hardwick, w hf sw qr sec 4 and n hf nw qr 9-33-7e: $400
Earl A Wilson to B W Matlack, sw qr 15-34-7e, q-c: $400
Thomas H Tyner et ux to Peter Van Hortan, lots 23 and 24, blk 75, Hess ad, and lots 23 and 24, blk 75, A C: $450
Albert A Newman et al to May E Ford, lot 6, blk 48, A C: $150
Albert A Newman and Frank J Hess et ux to Mary E Ford, lot 5, blk 48, A C: $150
Martin G Stafford et ux to Joseph W Pugsley, lot 8, blk 200, Courier Place, Winfield: $600
R W Keck to W L Morehouse, lot 7, blk 105, Winfield: $1,000
W S Wright to Lydia Wright, lots 7, 8 & 9, blk 20 & lots 1 & 2, blk 13, Atlanta: $100
E R Moffett et ux to Albert J Werden & O L Jewett, lots 2 & 3, blk 7, Moffett's ad to Udall: $300
Robert A Maxey et ux to Milton P Collins, 4 lots, blk 100 & ½ lots, 12, 13 & 14, blk 72 & ½ lot 9, blk 60, A C: $800
James Hendricks to Adolphus G Lowe, lot 11, blk 73, A C: $65.00
Harriet Pickett to P H Albright, lot 11, Torrance's ad to Winfield: $1,700
H H Hosmer et ux to John G Evans, lots 10, 11 & 12, blk 18 & lots 1, 2 & 3, blk 18, H P ad to Winfield: $500
Fred W Farrar et ux to John L Howard, lot 11, blk 62, A C: $600
Robt C Smith et ux to Julia A Howard, n hf nw qr & w hf n hf ne qr, 17-34-5e, 120 acres: $2,400
Shelby Farris et ux to Eassom H Farris, n hf se qr, 3-32-7e, 80 acres: $1,250
C W Gregory et ux to F H Lowell, lot 4 & se qr sw qr sec 30 & lot 1 & ne qr nw qr 31-32-6e: $4,000
W C Evans et al to M J Cox, e hf 54 ft off w lots 1, 2, 3 & 4, blk 20, Udall: $600
Wilmot Town Co to N C Ring, lots 22, 23 & 24, blk 35, Wilmot: $45.00
Rebecca C Harlow to Regina V Rupp, lot 10, blk 52, Winfield: $1,050
Wallis M Boyer et ux to Richard S Boyer, hf lot 10, blk 28, Winfield, q-c: $1.00
Sallie P Speed and Richard S Boyer to Mary A Millington and Ed P Greer, lot 10, blk 128, Winfield: $5,000
Highland Park Town Co to Edward O Bourdette, e hf lots 3, 4 & 5, blk 12, H P ad to Winfield: $85.00
Israel Thompson to Samuel C Smith, lot 15, blk 78, A C: $250
J M Alexander et ux to Charles B Parkhurst, 2 acres in ne qr 26-32-4e: $360

Fred B Eiklor et ux to M P Johnson, s hf se qr & se qr sw qr sec 18 & n hf ne qr & se qr ne qr & ne qr & 5 acres off sw qr ne qr 17-35-8e, 285 acres: $2,500
John H Robertson et ux to Tyler H McLaughlin, lot 25, blk 80, A C: $700
Wm J Lundy et ux to A J Thompson, lot 4, blk 149, Winfield: $1,500
James H Liggett to Wm H Liggett, lot 3, sec 1 & se qr nw qr 1-33-7e: $500
Joseph H Roach et ux to Erskine E McKinlay, w hf ne qr 33-31-3e, 80 acres: $3,500
S P Stewart et ux to John J Davis, lot 6 & w hf 5, blk 220, Winfield, Fuller's ad: $2,600
Manly M Geer to Frederick W Schwantes, 75 acres, sw qr & nw qr se qr 7-32-4e: $2,500
Leonidas C Cooper to John Cooper et ux, s hf nw qr & sw qr ne qr 21-30-7e: $600
Christopher C Brown to William H Booth, lot 3, blk 4, Dexter: $85.00
Findley P Nichols et ux to J P Stewart, lots 6, 7 & 8, blk 16, H P ad to Winfield: $500
A G Robinson and heirs to Hopkins Shivvers, 25 acres in sw cor of s hf sw qr 29-33-4e: $2,500
Martha A Parkhurst and hus to Ann M Beard, lot 5, blk 116, Menor's ad to Winfield: $425
Daniel B Winter to Courtland F Roberts, lots 2, blk 85, lot 11, blk 74, lot 15, blk 115, lot 15, blk 142, lot 14, blk 143, lots 15 and 16, blk 117, A C, q-c: $50.00
Franklin Vanderhoff et ux to Elnora E Drury, se qr nw qr & ne qr sw qr & ne qr se qr 9-33-7e: $550
D E Huffman to Silsby Stevens, lot 6, blk 157, and lot 20, blk 149, A C: $300
Courtland F Roberts to Jas Jones, 7 lots in blks 85, 74, 142, 143, and 117, A C: $75.00
Frank J Hess to Daniel A Robnett, lots 26 and 27, blk 129, A C: $125
Edgar A Barron et ux to Adolphus G Lowe, lot 12, blk 73, A C: $85.00
James C Topliff et ux to Thomas Van Fleet, lots 12 and 13, blk 90, A C: $100
Robert B Noble et ux to Frank Gilleland, lots 10, 11, 12, 13, and 14, blk 3, Dexter: $500
Geo M Shull et ux to L J Richards, lot 19 & 20 & w hf se qr 6-31-8e: $725
James McDermott to F A Wagner, lot 6, blk 5, Dexter: $12.00
G W Childers to J M Holloway, lots 2 & 3, blk 132, A C: $2,300
Benjamin Ferguson et ux to Carrie B Woolsley, n hf se qr 19-30-7e, q-c: $1.00
College Hill T C to John C Miller, lots 7, 8 & 9, blk 1 & lots 12 & 13, blk 17, C H: $600
Highland Park T C to J B Stannard, lot 2, blk 14, H P ad to Winfield: $30.00
P H Albright to Virgil A beard, lot 3, blk 149, Winfield: $2,250
P W Smith et ux to Jas H Bullene, lots 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 & 6, blk 22, Udall: $300
J A Rinker et ux to W F Bowen, lot 12, blk 245, Winfield: $85.00
Emma Q Douglass and husband to Joseph J Stephens, lot 9, blk 8, New Salem: $25.00
C C Doane et ux to J W Pugsley, lots 9 and 10, blk 247, Winfield: $925
James M Napier et ux to Lenora F Connelly, tract in block 31, Udall: $2,000
Lenora F Connelly and husband to James M Napier, lot 4, blk 48, Udall: $900
Burden Town Co to School District No 78, tract in blk 16, Burden: $25.00
Burden Town Co. to District 78, tract in blk 16, Burden: $200
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.

The third and fourth class postmasters of the United States met in convention at Chicago on the 15th.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
Two Americans have been expelled from Holstein, Prussia, for "having made themselves troublesome to the authorities."
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
The Queen of England has sent a donation of £500 to the London relief fund, which, on the 15th, amounted to £130,000.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
The British steamer Douglas, trading in Chinese waters, has been wrecked, and the Captain and seventeen Chinamen drowned.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
One of the walls of a cotton storehouse at Tompkinsville, L. I., burned a few weeks ago, fell the other morning. Five men were seriously and one probably fatally injured.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
A soft coal pool was agreed upon recently on a basis of 1,265,000 tons to the Pennsylvania, 1,035,000 to the Baltimore & Ohio, and 500,000 to the Norfolk & Western and Chesapeake & Ohio.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
John B. Gough, the renowned temperance advocate, was attacked with a stroke of apoplexy at Philadelphia the other evening while delivering a lecture. His condition was pronounced serious.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
John M. Glover, Congressman from St. Louis, has filed suit in the circuit court against the Missouri Republican, in which he asks $100,000 damages for an article published in that paper February 2.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
Viscount Edward Cardwell died in London recently. He was a Liberal and a member of several ministries. In 1859-61 he was Chief Secretary for Ireland and later held office as Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster, Colonial Secretary, and War Secretary. Viscount Cardwell was in his seventy-third year.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
Skipped grain and provisions reports for St. Louis, Chicago, New York, and Kansas City.
Further Riotous Demonstrations in London.
The Police Finally Gain Control.
A Mob at Olympia, W. T., Orders Off the Chinese.—The Ringleaders Arrested.
Serious Aspect at Seattle.—Another Rioter Dead.
The President's Proclamation.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.

LONDON, Feb. 10. In anticipation of another demonstration yesterday, small crowds of the roughs began pouring into Trafalgar square from all points of the city in the morning, and by two o'clock the crowd assembled there numbered fully 3,000. None of the leaders of Monday's disturbance, however, made their appearance. The West End wore a holiday appearance and a general feeling of alarm and insecurity was felt among the residents of that quarter and most of the shops were closed. No instructions were given to the police as to what course to pursue in the event of further outrages by the mob and shopkeepers felt that they were entirely unguarded against pillage and destruction.
Roughs took advantage of the fog to assemble in various parts of the West end. They were bold and impudent. One gang attempted to stop the carriage of members of the nobility who were on their way to St. James palace to attend a levee given by the Prince of Wales. A force of police were at hand, however, and the officers drove back the crowd and dispersed them. By three o'clock the mob at Trafalgar square was estimated at 10,000 strong. A majority of this great throng was composed of loafers and roughs of the worse class. Large numbers of the police were present, but were unable to control the turbulence of the mob. They were not able to clear the streets, and traffic was brought to a standstill. The spirit of the mob was distinctly aggressive, and every carriage which happened to come within reach of the rioters was at once surrounded and the occupants hooted, hissed, and insulted.
During the afternoon the police charged the mob twice in full force for the purpose of breaking it up and driving the fragments from Trafalgar square, but both efforts were absolutely futile. The mob would yield a little at the point of attack but bulge out in some other place, and the police could not surround it or break it. Each failure of the police was greeted by the vast assemblage with cheers and yells. The rioters soon began to become enraged at the frequent repetition of police hostility. Thousands of men poured down to the scene, and all the pavements in the vicinity were lined with excited men. The increasing gravity of the situation finally alarmed the authorities, and they put forth all their energies to suppress the incipient riot. The police on duty at Trafalgar square were enormously increased and prepared a well-defined and exhaustive attack. A long struggle resulted in pushing the mob into the side streets, and thus splitting it up. The police followed up the work and drove each fragment of the broken mob until the elements were driven into alleys and by-ways of the town. Every precaution has been taken to prevent a re-assemblage, and many rioters have been arrested. Some of these have been fined and discharged, and others remanded for trial, while a number have been sentenced to imprisonment for various terms ranging from ten to sixteen months.

OLYMPIA, W. T., Feb. 10. About seven o'clock yesterday morning a mob commenced taking possession of the houses of the Chinese residents of this city. An alarm was quickly sounded by ringing the fire bells, but before the citizens could realize what was happening a guard composed of members of the anti-Chinese association here was placed in possession of each house and the Chinamen were ordered to pack up their effects and leave. The mob was led by a young man named Hetzel, who was recently employed as assistant enrolling clerk in the Legislature and who has held a position for some time in the office of the Territorial auditor, and also by a junk dealer named Bates, who took up his residence hee only a few months ago. Hetzel is a member of the Knights of Labor. The bosses of Chinese houses have been given three days to leave the town and the employees have received notice to leave at ten o'clock tomorrow. Sheriff Billings has summoned a posse and they are now being sworn in. Wagons have been hired to carry away the Chinamen's property, and so far things are quiet, with the exception of the crowd on the streets.
In response to a call of Mayor Chambers between 400 and 500 law abiding citizens met yesterday afternoon. The meeting was called to order by the Mayor, and enthusiastic speeches were made by prominent citizens, after which 100 names of the best citizens were enrolled to organize a Law and Order Committee, which, with the 100 deputies enrolled by the Sheriff, will be sufficient to check any lawless proceedings in the future. The Mayor has issued a proclamation calling upon all persons riotously disposed to immediately disperse, and also calling for recruits to join the law and order committee. The two ringleaders, Hetzel and Bates, were arrested at noon and bound over in $500 bonds to stand trial. From the enthusiasm manifested at the public meeting, it is evident that such a mob as appeared here yesterday morning will not be tolerated by the order-loving citizens of the city. The Chinese are anxious to leave, and will do so as soon as possible, but the peaceably inclined citizens will not allow them to be driven away by force. Everything appears quiet at present, and the Chinamen remain in their dwellings unmolested.
SEATTLE, W. T., Feb. 10. Another day of gloom and anxiety has ended without material change in the situation. Although the gravest apprehensions have been felt throughout the day, no collision has taken place. The militia still holds the city, and strict martial law is enforced. The streets have been thronged all day, the city being filled with strangers. A feeling of the most intense bitterness prevails on all sides, and the situation could not be more grave. The Governor's first call on the President for troops was made Sunday and it was expected the answer would be prompt. It was understood that troops from Vancouver would arrive yesterday morning, but it appears they have not yet received orders and have not left Vancouver. The militia have been on duty continually since Sunday and are utterly worn out. No words can express the anxiety of the citizens for the presence of Federal troops. Appeal after appeal has been sent to the President and many Senators and other prominent men have been telegraphed.
The Chinese question does not now seem to figure, but has been lost sight of in the bitterness engendered by Monday's conflict. While there is no doubt that the home guards were attacked before firing and they acted in self defense, the bitterest imprecations are hurled against them. The authorities are determined and ready for any emergency. Citizens are generally responding to the call for volunteers. The cadet corps of the Territorial university was sworn into the service of the Territory last evening and are quartered with the militia. This afternoon the authorities took charge of all the firearms and ammunition to be found in the city and removed them to the courthouse. This was done to preclude any attempt to seize them. Charles Stewart, one of the men injured in Monday's conflict, died yesterday. His death had the effect of increasing the bitter feeling. There is talk of making his funeral the occasion of a grand demonstration.

WASHINGTON, Feb. 10. The entire session of the Cabinet yesterday was devoted to the consideration of the anti-Chinese troubles in Seattle, W. T. Several of the Cabinet officers stated that they were in receipt of dispatches from Territorial officers, including the Governor, the latest of which indicated that the local authorities have the rioters under control, and were hopeful of their ability to prevent further outbreak and preserve the peace. The fact that the Chinese Minister has requested the aid of the Government in the protection of the Chinese was referred to by the Secretary of State. It was decided, however, in view of the advices from the local authorities that it was not necessary at present to order United States troops to the scene of trouble, but the Secretary of War was instructed to have troops in readiness for immediate transportation in case of emergency arising which would require their presence in Seattle, and there were many appeals for Federal assistance during the height of the trouble, but as they did not come through the legal channels, they could not be acted upon. The Governor sent advices of the [end of column: article not finished.]
Routine Work in the Senate.
The Apportionment Bill Recommitted in the House.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
TOPEKA, Kan., Feb. 11. Yesterday morning's session of the Senate was uninteresting, but a good deal of routine work was performed. The usual number of petitions relating to municipal suffrage for women were presented and the usual number of committees reported. Senator Green's resolution fixing the hours of meeting at nine, two, and seven o'clock was laid over. A letter was read from the secretary of the State Board of Agriculture relative to the census returns from Leavenworth County. The Senate then went into Committee of the Whole for the consideration of local bills under general orders. This work was continued until the noon adjournment.
The afternoon was consumed in a fruitless consideration of the Apportionment bill.
When the House met yesterday, Mr. Jones rose to a question of privilege and said that the resolutions from Seward County presented the day before, which stated that he did not represent the people of Finney County, were false absolutely. He was elected by an immense majority on a platform opposing the cutting of county lines, and he did not know what the people of Seward County had to do with his constituency in Finney County. As a matter of fact, the resolutions were drawn and signed by non-residents, among them the postmaster at McPherson and the county treasurer of Cowley County.
Petitions were then presented for the restoration of the old county lines. Mr. McNeal introduced a bill increasing the salary of the Attorney General from $1,500 to $2,500. The rules were suspended and the bill read a second time and referred.
The Apportionment bill was again taken up for further consideration and dissatisfaction was shown during the discussion, which consumed the entire morning.

In the afternoon the Senate resolution empowering the Attorney General to employ additional counsel to take the Mugler and Walruff cases to the Supreme Court of the United States, and appropriating $2,500 therefor, was called up, and Speaker Johnson explained that the resolution had not passed the House as had been understood, but had been endorsed by the clerk by mistake.
The House increased the amount appropriated for the purpose named to $5,000, with such restrictions as the Ways and Means Committee might throw around it.
The bills relating to county lines were made a special order for Tuesday evening.
The bill appropriating $33,374.51 for the State Reform School for the fiscal year ending June 20, 1886, and June 30, 1887, was read a third time and passed.
Resolutions of respect over the death of General Hancock were offered and adopted, and Mr. Carroll delivered a glowing eulogy.
The House then went into Committee of Whole for consideration of the Apportionment bill. It was finally recommitted to the committee.
Mr. Holman presented a resolution relating to the protection of forests, and petitioning Congress to put lumber on the free list.
The House then passed the bill regulating the garnishment of wages, on third reading.
The consideration of bills on third reading was resumed and the following passed: Providing for the sale of school lands and for the regulation and support of common schools, approved March 4, 1876; increasing the salaries of county superintendents of public instruction and repealing article 2 of chapter 122 of the session laws of 1876.
The House then adjourned.
The Mail-Bag of an Arizona Carrier Murdered by Indians
Received in Washington.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
WASHINGTON, Feb. 11. Superintendent Jameson, of the railway mail service, has received a blood-stained leather mail bag from the West, which had been slit open with a knife. It bore the following information from Mr. Warfield, Superintendent of the western division: "The Indian question as it applies to the Post-office Department: About two p.m. on July 3, 1885, while A. M. Peterson, mail carrier on the route from Crittenden to Lochiel, Pima County, Arizona, was on his return trip from Lochiel, was killed by the Apache Indians. After murdering the carrier, the Indians cut open the pouch and destroyed the mail, tearing it into fragments and scattering it all over the ground. Two pouches were carried away. The one here was left upon the scene of the tragedy, and bears the sanguinary stains of the victim."
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.

MINNEAPOLIS, Minn., Feb. 11. In its weekly review of the flour production, the Northwestern Miller says: "The features of the milling situation this week are a better power and an improvement, though slight, in the demand for flour. The power the closing half of last week was considerably better than during the preceding three days and the operations of the mills was much more satisfactory. The flour production of the week ended February 6 was 89,454 barrels, averaging 14,909 daily, against 88,480 barrels the preceding week and 83,300 the corresponding time in 1885. Since Monday there has been a sufficient head to drive an increased proportion of the milling capacity. Those mills whose turn it was to lie idle this week are running as the stage of water justifies it. Steam is used in only one mill."
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
WASHINGTON, Feb. 11. Senator Edmunds will not make his report upon the reply of the Attorney General until next week. It has been completed for some days, but has not been submitted to the Committee on Judiciary, which will undoubtedly adopt it as it stands, by a party vote. The committee meets Monday, and after the meeting the report will be presented to the Senate. Then a day or two will be allowed for Senators to sharpen their wits upon Senator Edmunds' arguments, after which a long and earnest debate may be expected, of which the little skirmish on Monday was a sample.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
WASHINGTON, Feb. 11. A protest was laid before the Senate in secret session against the confirmation of the collector of customs in Vermont. It is signed by people whom the Vermont Senators declared to be worthy of consideration. The ground of their objections are that the collector has appointed as a deputy on the Canada line a man who has been three times indicted for irregularities in connection with the customs, and who has compromised the affair with the Treasury Department. The protest is said to have given rise to a short but interesting debate.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
Alarming rumors were prevalent in London, on the 10th, of a huge mob marching up from Deptford, sacking stores, and creating havoc everywhere. Police were hurried to the bridges and other thoroughfares, but it was found that the mob was an imaginary one and the whole story a great hoax.
A Compromise Bill Agreed Upon.
Not Likely to Pass the Senate.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.

WASHINGTON, Feb. 15. There was much talk yesterday and today about the compromise tariff bill. Mr. Morrison and Mr. Hewitt have been working together harmonizing the differing points in their two bills. They have not yet finished their work. Mr. Morrison has yielded some of the features of his general bill and is disposed to make concessions, so as to avoid needless antagonisms. When the committee meets tomorrow, it will take up the consideration of the compromise measure, resulting from the year's work of Morrison and Hewitt, which will secure the support of a majority of the House. Mr. Randall has not been consulted as yet, but it is believed that he will support the compromise measure when it is offered. It is both the idea of Mr. Carlisle and Mr. Morrison that harmony can be best secured through the adoption of moderate measures which, being previously agreed upon by the Democratic leaders, can be passed without amendment. Mr. Morrison stated last evening that he had not consulted with Speaker Carlisle or anyone else outside of the committee. He had discussed the tariff measures with Mr. Randall across the aisle informally. Democratic members of the committee have worked over the bill and it will be ready next week and will probably be presented in the House, and referred thence to the committee, so as to have the members of the House and committee thoroughly informed, and to have the bill printed. When asked whether the bill as presented would be all that he could wish, he said that if his ideas could be carried out, the tariff would be thoroughly overhauled and the classification in many cases changed. Of course, this was not to be expected of a House constituted like this one. It is not expected the Senate will pass this measure, but the adoption of a tariff bill by the House is necessary to carry out the pledge upon which a majority of the Democratic members were elected.
The Senate Votes Aid to Public Buildings in Various Western Cities.
The Public Land Strip Bill Passed.
The House on the Half Gallon Tax.
Findlay, of Maryland, and Warner, of Ohio, Air Their Financial Views.
Committee Reports.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
WASHINGTON, Feb. 10. The Chair laid before the Senate yesterday morning a message from the President transmitting information relating to the surveys of public lands in Nebraska.
Mr. Logan, from the Committee on Military Affairs, reported favorably the bill to increase the efficiency of the army, and it was placed on the calendar.
Among bills introduced and appropriately referred was one by Mr. Allison to make full legal tender money interchangeable at the Treasury or at the sub-treasury in the city of New York, and by Mr. Beck to provide for the issue of coin certificates and for other purposes.
On motion of Mr. Conger, the bill to provide for the sale of the old site of Fort Brady, Michigan, and for the purchase of a new site and the construction of a suitable building thereon was passed.
The Chair then laid before the Senate the resolution heretofore submitted by Mr. Plumb, calling on the Secretary of State for information as to the character of the claims paid under the treaty with France of 1803 and that with Spain of 1881.
On motion of Mr. Mahone, the Senate then took up the bills favorably reported and on the calendar providing for the erection of public buildings and the following were passed: At Fort Smith, Arkansas, $150,000; at Monroe, Louisiana, $10,000; at Sioux City, Iowa, $100,000; at Pueblo, Colorado, $150,000; at Oshkosh, Wisconsin, $100,000; at Vicksburg, Mississippi, $100,000; and at Portland, Oregon, $350,000.
The bill to appropriate $350,000 for the purchase of a site for a public building at San Francisco, California, gave rise to some discussion, started by Mr. Riddleberger, who inquired whether there was not already a public building at that place.
Mr. Stanford replied that San Francisco paid from $400,000 to $500,000 a year into the public treasury; that the post-office building was an old tumble down affair, insufficient and insecure, and that San Francisco was entitled to a building that would accommodate the business of the city and the Pacific coast.
At two o'clock the San Francisco bill was displaced by the Education bill and Mr. Blaine took the floor. He briefly explained the provisions of the bill.

Then the consideration of public building bills was resumed, and the following were passed: For a building at Houston, Texas, $75,000; for completing the public building at Fort Scott, Kansas, an additional sum of $50,000; for completing the public building at Wichita, Kansas, an additional sum of $50,000; for a building at Newport, Kentucky, not to exceed $100,000; at Opelousas, Louisiana, $50,000; at Dayton, Ohio, $150,000; at Zanesville, Ohio, $150,000; at San Antonio, Texas, $200,000; at Stillwater, Minnesota, $75,000; at Atchison, Kansas, $100,000; and for the purchase of a site for a public building at San Francisco, $350,000.
On motion of Mr. Teller, the Senate passed the bill to enable the State of Colorado to take lands in lieu of the sixteenth and thirty-sixth sections set apart for Indian reservations.
Mr. Cameron called up the bill to provide for the appointment of an Assistant Secretary of the Navy, and Mr. Logan submitted an amendment providing for the appointment also of an Assistant Secretary of War at $4,000. The amendment was ordered printed and the bill went over.
The Education bill was made the special order for two o'clock tomorrow.
On motion of Mr. Teller, the Senate passed the bill to grant the right of way through the public lands for irrigation purposes.
On motion of Mr. Plumb, the Senate then took up and after a long debate passed the bill to extend the laws of the United States over the unorganized territory south of the State of Kansas and known as the "Public land strip."
The Senate then adjourned.
The Speaker laid before the House this morning the response of the Secretary of the Treasury to the Bland resolution, and it was referred. The Secretary states that he will attempt with all due diligence to make a full answer to the inquiry, but that he is now prevented from answering by the current business of the Department, by a special endeavor to promote exigent reforms in the levying and collection of duties on imported commodities. The Speaker also laid before the House the reply of the Secretary of the Treasury to the resolution asking for a statement of the amount applied to the sinking fund during the year ended June 30, 1885. The Secretary gives the following figures: Bonds, principal, $45,598,150; interest, $271,667.32; fractional currency redeemed, $15,885.43; total, $45,875,702.75.
The following committee reports were submitted.
By Mr. Mills, of Texas, from the Banking and Currency Committee; The Senate bill authorizing the receiver of any National bank to use so much of the money of the trust as may be necessary to purchase any property on which the bank may have a legal claim. House calendar.
By Mr. Irion, of Louisiana, from the Committee on Commerce: Authorizing the various executive departments to exhibit articles at the New Orleans exposition. Committee of the Whole.
By Mr. Davis, of Massachusetts, from the Committee on Commerce: Providing for the investigation of the discovery of preventing yellow fever by inoculation. Committee of the Whole.

By Mr. Warner, of Ohio, from the Committee on Post-offices and Post-roads: To reduce the fees on money orders for $5 or less from 8 to 5 cents. House calendar.
By Mr. Peters, of Kansas, from the Committee on Post-offices and Post-roads: Providing that the allowance for clerk hire made to the postmasters of the first and second classes shall cover the cost of clerical labor in the money order business. House calendar. Also, adversely providing for the payment into the Treasury of the receipts of the money order system and for the payment of the expenses of the system out of appropriations. Laid on the table.
By Mr. Belmont, of New York, from the Committee on Foreign Affairs: To limit the exaction of fees or the levy of taxes for the consular verification and authentication of invoices. House calendar. Also, adversely concerning an American exposition to be held in London in May, 1886. Laid on the table.
The House then resumed in the morning hour the consideration of the bill to prevent the claim of war taxes as a set off against the Government. After considerable debate, but without action, the House went into Committee of the Whole, Mr. Hammond, of Georgia, in the chair, on the half gallon tax bill.
Mr. Findlay, of Maryland, took the floor with a carefully prepared speech upon the financial question, which, he said, resolved itself into the question whether or not the Bland act should be repealed. That measure was, on its face, an impeachment of the wisdom of free coinage and a legislative assertion that there was strong ground for making a distinction between gold and silver. By this act the advocates of silver give up their whole case. He said to the advocates of silver: "Follow your leader wholly. Repudiate the false position in which you have been placed by the Bland act for the last eight years. Take the stand which logic and experience dictate and demand for your silver. Its full, instant, and complete rehabilitation." The whole question was whether Congress should get rid of a measure which was neither flesh nor fish, sea nor good dry land. The question was whether Congress would repeal a mischievous act, which in principle was itself a demonetization of silver. If the Bland act as enforced by the present and past administration had any friends, they had not shown their hands, and all true friends of silver held to the orthodox faith that gold and silver ought to be admitted to the mints on equal terms. Gold was not yet on a premium, but there were hundreds and thousands of men who were hoarding it up against the day when it would command a premium. The banks were hoarding gold against that day, which they believed, notwithstanding the buncombe opinion of this body, would be inevitable. The tendency of the discussion which took place here was not to relax, but to strengthen the grip on gold. Silver had been sustained by the favorable condition of trade, but no one knew how long the fiat of the Government could sustain its doubtful character. There would surely come a time when its legal tender faculty would not be able to lift it up to the plane of a metal intrinsically more valuable. He believed the laboring class of the country would receive a serious injury whenever the time came that gold waved a parting adieu to silver. The time had not yet come; it might be postponed; it might possibly be put off until the Government's vaults were overrun with silver dollars as Bishop Hatto's tower was overrun with rats, but sooner or later it would come, and the laboring classes would be the sufferers. Gold could take care of itself. Capital had a thousand says of protecting itself, but labor had only one, and that was by a medium of exchange which would always be a fair exchange for what was given for it.

Mr. Warner, of Ohio, thought that no permanent settlement of the financial question could be arrived at till gold and silver were restored to the positions they occupied prior to the demonetization of the latter metal. He spoke for silver because he believed it to be the side of truth and justice and because he believed that the welfare of this country and the world was bound upon it. He went on to portray the evils which would follow in the wake of a contraction of the currency and held up the London riot as a warning of what might happen in the United States if the effort to suspend the coinage of silver should meet with success. Already, he said, the people had to face the startling fact that the production was consumed for other than money purposes. Geologists agreed that the supply of that metal would diminish in future. If silver was ruled out, he could not see where the future money supply was to come from. The gold production amounted to about seven cents per capita of the population, nor was there any hope of improvement in the situation. These questions would not be so serious if the population of this country was at a standstill. But it has been estimated that the population of this country was at a standstill. But it has been estimated that the population of this country would equal 100,000,000 before the end of the present century, and the volume of money now supplying 58,000,000 people would not suffice for the needs of 100,000,000. It was no answer to say that the proposed stoppage of silver coinage was only temporary. That was what the monometallists desired. The issue was between bimetallism and monometallism. It would have to be fought out here and now. To yield a step would be to surrender the whole position. He admitted that if gold went to a high premium, it would be driven out of circulation. The result would be a sudden contraction of currency of more than one-third. It was claimed that the remainder would immediately fall to the level of the bullion value of the silver, or thirty per cent below the gold level, which means higher prices. It was impossible that contraction and depreciation should simultaneously occur. Gold could not be maintained at a premium under such circumstances. Of course a panic might force gold to a high premium, but it would find its level when the natural order of things prevailed. Gold could pass from the country only under the tide of high prices. It could only be driven out of a country by a high premium. The purchasing power of money was the only test of its value, and the silver dollar today would buy as much of a commodity as a gold dollar. Cheap money could drive out dear money only to the extent of its own volume, and to drive out over $600,000,000 of gold something would have to be put in its place. Three hundred millions of silver would not do it. This country was no further from a separation of the metals as money than at any time since the passage of the act of 1878. He would admit that the present condition of silver could not be regarded as permanent—that it was not logically consistent. Nothing but the restoration to a full equality with gold as a money metal could render its condition satisfactory, nothing short of that would satisfy the demands of the vast industrial interests of the world. He should say, "Hold the fort," if that could be done, or take a step in advance, if possible, but not to go backward.
Pending action, the committee rose, and Mr. Morrison, of Illinois, from the Committee of Ways and Means, reported a resolution calling on the Secretary of the Treasury for information as to the sums of money claimed in suits against collectors of customs for duties illegally exacted on imported merchandise now pending in the Southern District of New York.
The House then adjourned.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
CHARLESTON, Mo., Feb. 10. Yesterday evening Mrs. Alice Martin, who had been confined to her bed several days with pneumonia, and who has been attended and nursed by her sister, Mrs. Howie, was accidentally given a preparation which resulted in her death. It seems the attending physician left some medicine for the sick woman to take, and in the house was a liniment that had the same appearance. Her sister gave, as she thought, the physician's prescription, from the effects of which she died early this morning. The sister is completely overcome with remorse over the sad affair.
An Ex-Convict Tells How He Was Spotted, Captured, and Sentenced.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
[New York Sun.]
"It ain't no use in saying that I haven't been a crooked man in my time," he remarked, as he leaned back against the door and pulled his hat down. "You all know that I'm just out of the Ohio Penitentiary after serving ten long years for trying to work a bank, and it's no use in me denying it. Howsoever, there was more in that case than the paper ever got hold of, and it will be no harm to yarn it off.
"To begin with, I was knocking around Cincinnati, hard up, and discouraged, when an old pal of mine comes along one day with a soft snap. He had struck something to gladden our hearts. In a village about fifty miles away was a bank. That wasn't so very curious as you may think, but it was a new bank, and the officials were a set of greenhorns. The President was an old farmer, the bookkeeper a former miller, and the cashier—well, he was described as just the greenest specimen ever brought in from the corn fields.
"My pall had 'piped' the bank until he knew how everything went. When noon came the President and bookkeeper went to dinner, leaving the greenhorn alone. Indeed, he ate a cold luncheon at his desk. It was a chance if anyone came in between twelve and half past one, and the two of us could do that cashier up as slick as grease with any of the old tricks.
"Well, in a day or two we went up there, and it worked like the biggest layout I ever came across. As you entered the bank, there was an enclosed space to the right, with a gate to enter. This was the President and bookkeeper's quarters, while further along, on the same side, was the cashier's place, but not divided from the other by any railing. When the cashier was at the pay window, his back was toward the other space, and also to the big safe. The latter stood at least twelve feet from him against the other wall, with all the doors wide open.
"Why, when I came to enter that bank and see how easy it was to 'sneak' that safe, I was laid out with astonishment. And then the greenness of that cashier! Why, gents, he didn't seem to know no more about a draft on New York than about the complexion of the man in the moon, and after I had detained him at the window fully ten minutes on one pretext and another, just to see if it could be done, we went out feeling that we had the boodle in that safe dead to rights.

"The time appointed was the next day noon, and when we had seen the President and the bookkeeper out of the way, my pal entered and walked to the pay window and got a bill changed, and then began to dicker about a draft. I entered the bank on tip-toe soon after him. The gate was open, as also the door of the safe, and the cashier, with his back to me, was feeding himself as he talked. Why, sirs, it makes my mouth water to think of what a glorious opportunity was before me! I had on rubbers, and I slipped half way to the safe as softly as the serpent creeps. Then there was a growl and a rush, and a dog about the size of a yearling steer flung himself upon me. I went down with a crash, and the dog held me there; but while it was happening I heard the click! click! of a revolver, and the greenhorn of a cashier cooly saying to my pal: "'I'm on to you, my friend! If you move hand or foot, I'll let daylight through you! Tiger, hold that fellow fast!'"
"His left hand slid down to a button, and the next moment a bell outside was ringing a fire alarm and collecting a crowd of people. They came rushing into the bank by the dozen, and, of course, our cake was done for. I got ten years for that little operation, and my pal took seven for his share. It turned out that the bank was guarded in all sorts of ways, including dogs and spring guns, and that the seeming greenhorn of a cashier had been imported from a Philadelphia bank. He had spotted us at first sight, and had given [end of column: story not completed.]
They Do Not Imbibe All the Departmental Anti-Silver Reasons.
A General Attack on the Administration.—The Sub-Treasury at New Orleans.
Circuit Courts in Nebraska.
House Adjourns Out of Respect To the Memory of Hancock.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
WASHINGTON, Feb. 11. The Chair laid before the Senate yesterday a letter from the Secretary of War relating to quarters for the hospital stewards at the various military posts throughout the country; also laid before the Senate Senator Riddleberger's resolution offered Tuesday, directing the Committee on Public Buildings to report to the Senate the aggregate amount of money recommended by the committee at this session to be expended by the Government.
Senator Riddleberger said he had no objection to any specific measures reported by the committee, but objected to these "omnibus" schemes by which twenty-nine public building appropriation bills on the calendar were taken up and passed Tuesday without any written report to show the necessity for the buildings and by which nine other similar bills that had only just been reported were put through on the same day on which they were reported and without giving time for their consideration.
The resolution was agreed to.
Senator Hoar offered the following resolution for which he asked immediate consideration.
Resolved, That the Committee on the Library consider and report at an early day the expedience of the erection at the seat of Government of a statue or monument to the memory of the late illustrious soldier, General Winfield Scott Hancock.

In offering the resolution Senator Hoar said, that when the announcement was made yesterday of the great public calamity that had occurred in the death of the illustrious citizen named in the resolution, the Senate very properly followed all the precedents in like cases, and what Senator Hoar was sure would have been in accordance with the desire of the distinguished deceased, that is to say, the Senate proceeded with public business. But it was proper that proceedings should at once be initiated for paying a fitting tribute to the memory of the deceased. The resolution was agreed to.
On motion of Senator Call, the Senate took up Senator Eustis' recent resolution calling on the Secretary of the Treasury for information as to the refusal of the assistant treasurer at New Orleans to receive shipments of silver and to issue silver certificates therefor.
Senator Call defended the action of the Treasury officials in the matter referred to.
Senator Plumb said he had been told that Treasurer Jordan, being asked why he did not pay for silver bullion in silver dollars, replied that if he did so, the holder would return the dollars and demand certificates, and he (Jordan) was not willing to encourage that sort of thing. He thought this threw much light upon the performances of last summer, when there was an apparent effort to circulate the silver dollars, but there was at the same time an intrigue with New York people to bring the law into contempt.
Senator Coke said the question was whether the Treasurer had technically complied with the law, but in reality violated it. He had no taffy for those who violated the law. He cared not whether they were Republicans or Democrats. For one, he proposed to bring any officer who is guilty of violating the law to the bar of public justice and public opinion. Banks in Galveston were attempting to establish a discontinuation of silver, because they could not get certificates from the sub-treasury at New Orleans.
Senator Coke contended that the Treasury officials were ostentatiously taking credit for supporting the public credit and executing the law, while doing everything in their power to accomplish a directly contrary result.
At two o'clock Senator Coke, being still on the floor, the Chair laid before the Senate the Education bill. After some discussion that bill was made the unfinished business for today at the same hour and Senator Coke resumed his remarks on the Eustis resolution.
Something had been said, Senator Coke continued, about an "attack on the administration." He (Coke) had helped to put this administration in power, his State (Texas) had given 134,000 popular majority for the Democratic ticket—the largest majority of any State in the Union. There were 240 newspapers in Texas. He knew but four of them that supported the executive department of the Government in its war on silver. He made no war on the administration, but he believed that a public office is a public trust, and he executed the trust confided in him by the people whom he in part represented.
Senator Teller said that much had been heard from time to time of the subserviency of public men to executive influence, but there had never been so exalted an example of the independence of public men as had been exhibited by the members of the House of Representatives in the spring of 1885 in resisting the effort of the incoming Democratic President to discredit silver. Not only then, but since, those servants had scorned to be in accord with the executive, preferring to be right.

Senator Teller severely commented on the statement of the President's message and the reports of the Secretary of the Treasury and Comptroller of the Currency to the effect that $50,000,000 of the silver dollars were all that it had been possible to get into circulation, when in the same message and reports they had been compelled to admit that there were really $140,000,000 of the silver dollars in circulation, because in addition to the $50,000,000 of metallic silver dollars out there were $95,000,000 of certificates. So much stress had been laid by the President and his officers on the $50,000,000 figures that the people largely got the idea that that represented the whole silver circulation.
Senator George insisted that the action of the Treasury officials in the case under consideration was in every respect sound and in compliance with law.
Senator Eustis said he had telegraphed to Mr. Roach, at New Orleans, to ascertain the purpose of the bank shipment of silver. His reply was as follows.
"Shipper sought to get rid of excessive silver by shipping to sub-treasury and asking that silver certificates therefor should be turned over to their New Orleans correspondent. The sub-treasury declined to receive from express company because, first, doubted the propriety of treasury becoming intermediary between country and city banks; second, for lack of clerical force, I feel assured that provision for sufficient clerks would remedy everything.
[Signed.] T. R. ROACH."
Senator Edmunds inquired why the administration did not turn this Republican rascal out and put in a Democrat who would understand his duties under the law.
Senator Coke: "Is he a Republican?"
Senator Edmunds: "I don't know; I suppose if he is as bad as that, he must be."
Senator Coke said he did not care what the man's politics were.
Senator Edmunds repeated his inquiry as to the policy of the assistant treasurer at New Orleans—whether he was an old officer or some new man.
Senator Gibson replied that the officer referred to had been appointed by the present administration.
"Well," remarked Senator Edmunds, in a regretful tone, "it is a very bad state of things." [Laughter.]
The debate then closed and the matter went over.
Senator Dolph then submitted an amendment to Senator Sherman's silver bill, which was ordered printed. In the original bill, it is provided that the amount of coin certificates at any time outstanding should not exceed the cost of the bullion, purchased by such certificates.
Senator Dolph's amendment to strike out the words "the cost of the bullion purchased by such certificates," and make the provision read as follows: "The amount of such certificates at any time outstanding shall not exceed the market value of the bullion in the Treasury purchased under the provisions of this act and retained as security for such certificates, and whenever at the end of any fiscal year such outstanding certificates shall be in excess in amount of the market value of such bullion, the Secretary of the Treasury shall retire and withhold from circulation an amount of such certificates received by the United States for customs taxes and public dues, equal to such excess, until such time as the same can be put into circulation without increasing the amount of such certificates beyond the market value of such bullion."
After an executive session the Senate adjourned.
Among other bills the following were introduced in the Senate yesterday.
By Senator Manderson: To provide for holding at least one term of the United States District and Circuit Courts for the district of Nebraska in each year at the following named places: Omaha, Lincoln, Nebraska City, Norfolk, and Kearney.

By Senator Allison: Authorizing the Commissioner of the General Land Office to readjust the accounts of registers of land offices and receivers of public moneys who served as such from March, 1852, to July 1, 1862, and to audit and settle the military bounty land warrant fees, which they were compelled by order of the General Land Office to pay into the Treasury. It appropriates $1,000,000 for the purpose.
The Speaker laid before the House yesterday the response of the Secretary of the Treasury to the House resolution calling for information upon questions arising under the Tariff act of 1883; referred.
Mr. Blanchard, of Louisiana, offered the following series of resolutions.
Resolved, That this House has learned, with profound sorrow, of the great and irreparable loss which the country has sustained in the death of that great and good man, Major General Winfield S. Hancock.
Resolved, That this House, in common with all his countrymen, mourn the death of him who was the stainless soldier for the Union in war, and the undaunted defender of the constitution and of civil liberty in peace, and at all times the stainless man and the incorruptible patriot.
Resolved, That as a mark of respect and affection for the exalted virtues of this hero and patriot, this House do now adjourn.
Resolved, That the Speaker of the House be directed to transmit to the widow of the honored dead a copy of these resolutions and an assurance of the heartfelt sympathy of the House in the sorrowful bereavement which is alike her's and the country's.
The resolutions were adopted and accordingly the House adjourned.
Arrest of a Man For Cutting Off Ladies' Hair.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
PHILADELPHIA, Pa., Feb. 11. A man giving his name as John N. Henderson, of No. 247 North Ninth street, was arrested at Eighth and Filbert streets today while attempting to cut plaits of hair from the heads of two young girls. Numerous complaints have been received of late at police headquarters from the parents of children who have been robbed of their tresses. The thief plied his mean vocation in the vicinity of Eighth and Arch streets. Henderson was first noticed acting suspiciously Thursday last, when he was observed following the young girls and invariably those who wore hair down their backs. On that occasion Henderson saw Officer Dawson watching him and relinquished the attempt. This afternoon he was again observed, and the policeman, slipping into a store at Eighth and Filbert streets, donned citizen's clothes and followed him. Henderson selected two pretty blondes, whose golden locks hung in long plaits down their backs, and was about to rob one of them of her tresses when the officer arrested him. A pair of long shears was found in his pocket when searched at the Central Station this morning. Two young girls had their hair cut off at a fire last week, and another was robbed of her tresses Friday last while upon a car at Eighth and Arch streets.
St. Louis Anxiously Watching the Break-Up of the River.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
ST. LOUIS, Feb. 11. The situation of the gorge in the river is not as pleasant as it was, and boat owners are a great deal more apprehensive today than they have been since the closing of the river. The cause of all the uneasiness is the receipt of telegrams from the Osage and other streams emptying into the Missouri, announcing steady rises in all of them. The Osage, for instance, rose a foot last night and is still coming up steadily. Captain Abrams, of the Naples Packet Company, came down this morning from the Illinois river district and reports that stream as rising. No word has been received from the Meramec, but if it begins to rise, it is just possible it will loosen up the ice below here and allow the gorge in front of the city to run off harmlessly. The trouble during the past few days has been that as fast as the tugs open the shore channel above, it fills up below. Taken altogether the situation is not nearly as satisfactory as it was yesterday, but still there is no danger of the break up coming within two or three days and even then, the old heads say a heavy rain will be required to do the work.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
ST. LOUIS, Feb. 11. The mandate of the United States Supreme Court in the case of the Pullman Palace Car Company against the Missouri Pacific and Iron Mountain Railroad Companies was received today in the United States Circuit Court. It sustains the opinion of the latter court in favor of the railroad companies, and the Pullman proceeding for an injunction is dismissed. The controversy is an old one relating to use of Pullman cars on the Iron Mountain road, the Pullman Company claiming exclusive privileges under a contract with the former Iron Mountain management. The contract was made before the Iron Mountain road became a portion of the Missouri Pacific system.
One of Kansas City's "Dirty Dozen" Shoots a Police Officer.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
KANSAS CITY, Mo., Feb. 15. One of the most cowardly and unprovoked attempts at murder which has ever occurred here took place about 2:30 o'clock this morning. Frank Martin, a notorious member of the "dirty dozen" gang of West Kansas, shooting Officer John Martin in the head without the slightest provocation. The officer was patrolling his beat when three young fellows came along Wyandotte street, shouting and making a great deal of unnecessary noise. When they neared the corner of Fourth and Wyandotte, Officer Martin called out to them from the opposite side of Wyandotte street, warning them against continuing their disturbance. They did not desist, and the officer walked across the street toward them. When within two feet of the party, Frank Martin drew a revolver and pointing it at the officer's face, fired point blank. Officer Martin was completely taken by surprise and before he recovered himself, the desperado fired again and again. The first shot struck the officer in the mouth, the second missed him, and as the officer turned his head away, the third shot hit him in the back of the neck. The officer fell and the gang then broke and ran.

Captain Ditsch, of the central station, sent out a general alarm to all the precinct stations, and the patrolmen were ordered to scatter out and begin an active search for the party. Officer Martin had failed to recognize his assailant, but the officers at the central station soon obtained a clue to the identity of the party, and in a short time a young bartender named A. S. Tulor was run in on suspicion of having been one of the party. He was closely questioned and finally broke down, admitting everything. He told the names of his two companions and said the man who did the shooting was named Frank Martin. The police began a hot hunt for Martin then and tracked him down Wyandotte street, through Third to Grand Avenue, where he had shot a ball through a gas lamp. From there he went to his mother's, at 1002 Main street, and about 3:30 o'clock Roundsman Hyde and Officers Clarkin and Collins found him at this place. He refused to allow them entrance, and the officers broke down the door, revolvers in hand. He refused to talk and remained silent and sullen. He was quickly dragged down stairs, put in a hack, and conveyed to the central station. On his person was found the weapon with which he had made the brutal assault. It is a Smith & Wesson self-cocking revolver, 32-caliber. Only one shell was empty, but there were plain evidences of three cartridges having been recently fired, and it is supposed he reloaded the revolver after shooting the officer and before firing the gun at Third and Grand Avenue. The fiercest indignation existed among the officers about the police station and it was with some difficulty that those in command could restrain the friends of the wounded man from executing vengeance on the cowardly assailant then and there. Officer Martin is dangerously wounded.
Terrified Coal Operators Close Up Their Mines.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
CARLINGTON, Ky., Feb. 15. For some time past there has been considerable whispering and bumping of heads among the officers of the St. Bernard and Hecla Coal Companies on learning that a branch of the Knights of Labor was being organized in this place. Not being content with forcing their employees to buy provisions and raiment at their stores at exorbitant prices, they put spies out and whenever a Knight was found, he was at once discharged. About sixteen of the St. Bernard men have been let out in the past ten days. Yesterday the Hecla Company followed suit, discharging all the white men, who, on leaving the banks, were joined by the colored miners, who insisted they must go if the whites did, and as a consequence the Hecla mine will close for a while at least. They state they will remain closed before they will work any men who belong to the Knights of Labor.
Preparations For the Funeral, Which Will Take Place Saturday Morning.
Services at Trinity Church to be of a Simple Character.—The Interment.
To Be at the General's Mausoleum at Norristown.
The Pall-Bearers.—Tilden's Tribute.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
NEW YORK, Feb. 11. The body of General Hancock remains in the room in which he died Tuesday. Colonel W. B. Beck and Lieutenant A. Vogel kept watch during the long hours of the night. In the morning they were relieved by two other officers. Many telegrams were received yesterday, among them the following.

"GREYSTONE, YONKERS, N. Y., Feb. 10. Dear Mrs. Hancock: You have my earnest sympathies in the bereavement you have suffered. In the death of General Hancock, the country has lost an heroic soldier and an accomplished commander, and one of its most valued citizens. I lament this sad event as a personal sorrow. S. J. TILDEN."
Mrs. Hancock also received telegrams of condolence from the Governors of Pennsylvania, Michigan, and Ohio, and from military and naval officers all over the country.
The arrangements for the funeral are being rapidly perfected. The body will be taken from Governor's Island to the Battery Saturday morning, by the steamer Chester A. Arthur. All the officers connected with the post and as many soldiers as can be spared will accompany the remains. The funeral procession will proceed up Broadway to Trinity Church, where services will be conducted by the Rev. Dr. Morgan Dix and his assistant. There will be no military music whatever in the procession and the only troops in line will be those from Governor's Island. The staff of the late General will follow the hearse. Ceremonies at the church will be of the simplest character possible, and there will be no address. The services will be similar in character to those used at the funeral of William H. Vanderbilt.
The body will be taken to Jersey City, where a special train will take the funeral party to Philadelphia. Here the Philadelphia division of the military order of the Loyal Legion will join the party and accompany the body to Norristown. General Hancock's remains will be placed in the family vault, and brief services will precede the burial. The remains will be interred in the General's mausoleum, in Montgomery cemetery, at Norristown, which can properly be termed the burial ground of the Hancock family. The General's brother, John, many years ago purchased a lot there in which lies the remains of his seven children. The adjoining lot was purchased by General Hancock and his twin brother, Hillary, and in it they placed the remains of their parents. By the side of the latter lies the body of Winfield Scott Hancock, Jr., the General's grandson and namesake, who died when an infant in the summer of 1880, the news of his death having been sent to General Hancock on the same day he was formally notified of his nomination for President. The only member of the General's immediate family now entombed in the mausoleum is his daughter, Ada, who died in 1875.
General R. H. Jacobson will command the escort on the day of the funeral. Four foot batteries from Forts Hamilton and Governor's Island will follow the body to the church. The following named persons will act as pall bearers: Hon. Thomas F. Bayard, Secretary of State, Generals Sherman, Sheridan, W. B. Franklin, W. F. Smith, J. H. Fry, A. H. Berry, John Newton, Nelson A. Miles, F. A. Walker, Mr. B. M. Hartshorne, Colonel W. P. Wilson, and Major W. D. Miller, the two latter being aides-de-camp of the deceased during the late war. It is also expected that the President and members of the Cabinet will attend the obsequies.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.

MARTIN'S FERRY, Ohio, Feb. 11. Miss Elizabeth Lewis, a well known and highly respected young lady at this place, is lying at her home today from the effects of an outrageous assault made upon her person last night by a stranger. Miss Lewis was passing along the street to her home when she noticed a stranger following closely. She continued on until she reached an unfrequented spot, when her pursuer caught her about the waist and threw her to the ground. In the struggle which ensued, Miss Lewis was almost denuded of her clothing and badly bruised. Her cries finally brought assistance when the scoundrel fled, making good his escape despite the hot pursuit. Miss Lewis was carried home in an exhausted condition, and presented a pitiable sight, her hair being matted with soft mud and her garments hanging in rags.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
PITTSBURGH, Pa., Feb. 11. The Western Nail Manufacturers are holding a conference here today, and there is reason to believe that action will be taken which will end the long strike of the nailers, heaters, and rollers of the Western mills. On Saturday afternoon there was a conference at Wheeling, West Virginia, between the general officers of the workmen's association and the owners of eight mills in the Wheeling district. The meeting was harmonious, and propositions were mutually accepted to be placed before the conference today.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
WASHINGTON, Feb. 11. The President sent the following nominations to the Senate today: Stephen A. Walker to be United States Attorney for the Southern District of New York; Berthold Greenbaum, of California, to be United States Consul at Apia, Samoa. Stephen A. Walker, nominated as the successor to Dorsheimer, is President of the Board of Education, New York City; at one time he was the candidate of the County Democracy for the office of surrogate, but was defeated. He is reputed to be an able man and an excellent lawyer.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
CHICAGO, Feb. 11. The examination of Albert H. Meyer, until a few weeks ago cashier of the Pullman Bank, and who is charged with the embezzlement of various sums, aggregating nearly $10,000, was commenced this morning before Justice Lyons. Brown was arrested a couple of weeks ago, and has made strenuous but unavailing efforts to effect a compromise of the case. Prior to the discovery of his crookedness, Meyer had moved in high society, and had been regarded as a young man of the highly moral and exemplary kind.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
THE NEEDLES, California, Feb. 15. The entire business portion of Flagstaff, Arizona, was destroyed by fire today. About eighteen buildings and contents were burned. The loss is heavy.
Arrangements for the Funeral.—Governor Hill To Attend.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.

UTICA, N. Y., Feb. 15. The funeral of ex-Governor Seymour will be held at two o'clock tomorrow afternoon from Trinity Church. Bishop Huntington will conduct the services, which will be very simple. No public services will be held at the house, and the interment in Forest Hill cemetery will also be private. After the church service a public meeting will be held in the opera house, at which brief remarks will be made by ex-Senator Kernan, Hon. Ellis H. Roberts, and others. The remains will lie in state in the hall of ex-Senator Conkling's house from ten a.m. till twelve m. tomorrow. Ex-Senator Conkling arrived here this afternoon. Governor Hill, Mr. Dorsheimer, Judge Miller, of the Supreme Court, and many other distinguished people will attend the funeral. The relatives of the deceased still continue to receive dispatches of condolence from all parts of the country. The pallbearers thus far selected are Fred A. Conkling, New York; John Constable, Walter S. Church, Albany; Francis Kernan and Hon. William S. Bacon.
ALBANY, N. Y., Feb. 15. Governor Hill will attend the funeral services of Horatio Seymour, at Utica, tomorrow. Many of the State officers will also be present, and it is expected that Governor Hill will deliver a short memorial address at the conclusion of the funeral services. Governor Hill today received the following dispatch from John F. Seymour, brother of the deceased Governor. The telegram read: "We thank you for the kind terms which you speak of my brother, and for your sympathy in our bereavement. The funeral services will be at Trinity Church at two p.m. next Tuesday. The family will be gratified by your attendance. Address me whether you will come unattended and at what hour."
Consolidation Bill Passes the Senate.—Other Bills Passed.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
TOPEKA, Kan., Feb. 10. In the Senate yesterday morning a resolution in reference to the granting of the right of way through the Indian Territory to the Winfield & Fort Scott railroad was adopted and a House concurrent resolution relating to the sale of the Fort Dodge military reservation was concurred in.
The resolution introduced by Senator Blue with reference to the withdrawal and correction of the census returns was adopted.
The bill providing for the consolidation of cities was next considered under a suspension of the rules, and without a debate the measure was passed, no negative votes being cast.

The following bills on third reading were finally passed: To amend section 1 of article 14 of chapter 122 of the session laws of 1876, for the regulation and support of common schools; relating to hotels and lodging houses and the building thereof, and to provide for the safety of guests and employees therein; in relation to the billiard tables, pool tables, and bowling alleys and to provide for licensing the same; to amend section 157 of chapter 80 of session laws of 1868, regulating the jurisdiction and procedure before justices of the peace in civil cases; to amend section 10 of chapter 33, general statutes of 1878, concerning descents and distribution; providing for granting of injunctions in certain cases; relating to township and city officers; to authorize and empower the Board of Education of the city of McPherson to issue the bonds of its school district for the purpose of erecting and furnishing a school building for a high school and to authorize and empower the Board of Education to convey to the county a certain block for a site for a county high school, and to donate to said county the proceeds of said lands for the purpose of erecting a building; authorizing counties and incorporated cities to encourage the development of the coal, natural gas, and other resources of their localities by subscribing to the stock of companies for such purposes; authorizing corporations organized for the purpose of supplying water to the public to acquire certain lands by condemnation proceedings.
In the House yesterday petitions were presented asking for municipal suffrage for women; protesting against the cutting of the lines of Ford and Finney Counties, and praying for protection against rabid dogs.
The House then went into Committee of the Whole for the consideration of the apportionment bill.
The House refused in the afternoon to concur in the Senate amendment to the appropriation bill, which struck out the provision giving mileage to the officers and clerks of the Legislature.
The Senate resolution which authorized the Attorney General to employ additional counsel to take the Walruff case to the United States Supreme Court and appropriating $2,500 therefor came up for a heated discussion. The previous resolution on the matter was recalled.
The following bills were passed on third reading: Requiring the owners of hedges along the public highways to keep them cut down to not more than five and one-half feet after they are more than seven years old; relating to garnishments in certain cases in district courts; to legalize the organization of the city of Meade Center, in Meade County, Kansas; making appropriations to pay the expenses of the last sickness and the funeral expenses of the late Simon Hull; authorizing the county commissioners of Republic County to build a jail and jailer's residence; providing for the enforcement of contracts made by railroad companies in consideration of municipal, county, and township aid; making an appropriation as a donation to St. Vincent Orphan Asylum; attaching the counties of Scott, Wichita, Greeley, and Seward to Finney County for judicial purposes and legalizing all acts and parts of acts heretofore done or commenced by virtue of section 2 of chapter 119 of session laws of 1885; to punish misrepresentation and deception in the sale of fruit, shade or ornamental trees, vines, shrubs, plants, bulbs, and roots; authorizing the Mayor and Councilmen of the city of Minneapolis, Ottawa County, to sell certain property; authorizing the Board of County Commissioners of Labette County to levy certain taxes for bridge purposes; to regulate and fix the terms of court in the Twenty-first Judicial District, and repealing Section 2, of Chapter 139, Session Laws of 1885; to remove the political disabilities of certain persons therein named; to further endow the State Normal school and provide for the sale of certain lands therein named; to amend section 2 of chapter 92, session laws of 1870, in relation to railroads and popularly known as the Rock Island bill; relating to cities of the first class to authorize the mayor and the council to issue bonds for the purpose of prospecting for coal within the limits of such cities.
The House adjourned.
Freight Cars Slip Down an Incline Switch and Plunge Into the Mississippi.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.

CAIRO, Iowa, Feb. 10. At three o'clock yesterday morning a train consisting of two cars of spikes, one car of oil, one car of flour, and three empties was being switched in the Texas & St. Louis yards at Birdspoint, and through some unaccountable carelessness was thrown out on to the incline switch. Before the brakes could be set, the cars gained a terrific headway and went thundering and tumbling down the steep track with tremendous momentum, plunging into the turbid Mississippi with a splash and a crash, which could he heard a long distance. The two cars of spikes have gone to the bottom out of sight. One of the empties hangs suspended over the incline, while the balance are partially submerged. The flour is damaged and all the cars more or less wrecked. The Cairo City Coal Company sent over their wrecking boat and Charley Hill's diving apparatus is fishing for the fishing for the property. The loss of course falls on the railroad company. The accident will cause no delay in transfer matters however.
Freight Train Derailed.—Six Men Injured.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
MEXICO, Mo., Feb. 10. About one o'clock this morning freight train No. 26 on the Wabash railroad met with a serious accident near Pollock's mill, this city, when six persons in the caboose were injured. There were about fifteen persons in the caboose when the car turned over, all stock men. The cause of the wreck was a broken rail. The train ran 125 yards before it turned over. The following are the names of those injured: W. Edmondson, of this city, wound in the head; Dave Rankin, of Brunswick, severely cut over the head; M. J. Casebow, of Milan, cut about the head; M. Bergman, of Baltimore, Maryland, burned and bruised; Garrett Dye, of Richmond, injured on the shoulder and cut on the leg; Sam Northern, of this city, received severe cuts on the head, neck, and shoulder, also injury to the spine.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
OMAHA, Neb., Feb. 15. Thomas H. Casey, a stage driver from Chadron to Fort Robinson, has been arrested at Chadron on a charge of committing the robbery of the express treasure box about two months ago. He was the only person on the stage and claimed that one masked robber with a double-barrel gun compelled him to give up the treasure box containing over $7,000, consigned to Fort Robinson to pay off the troops. Casey has been under close espionage by the express company since the robbery, and recent developments show strong evidence against him.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
SAN FRANCISCO, Feb. 15. During a quarrel over some property yesterday evening, Timothy Whelan, aged twenty-seven, struck his father, aged sixty-one, over the head with an axe, crushing in his skull and killing him. Timothy then stabbed himself in the breast and throat with a penknife. It is believed that the murderer will not survive. There has been bad blood between the father and son for some time. The son was only recently released from State prison, where he was confined, it is stated, for horse stealing.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
BISMARCK, D. T., Feb. 15. The fight between an Indian and a settler sixty miles north of this point yesterday resulted in the death of the savage. The Indian had procured whiskey and was drunk when he attacked a settler, John Brennan, in his shanty. Brennan was unarmed at the time, and the Indian came upon him with a tomahawk, which the settler wrested from the savage's hand and with which he brained him.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
GEORGETOWN, Texas, Feb. 15. At three o'clock this morning, the two-story barn and contents belonging to W. S. Lee, living ten miles south of here, was consumed by fire. Five thoroughbred horses and valuable machinery were consumed in the flames. The loss is $3,500; no insurance. It was the work of an incendiary. It will be remembered that the cotton of Mr. Lee was fired in some mysterious manner two weeks ago.
The Allen County League of Kansas.
An Agrarian Outrage Near Humboldt.
Seattle, W. T., Like a Military Camp.—The Trouble Thought To Be Over.
Citizens Organized at Olympia.
The London Riots.—Damages $400,000.—Warrants Issued.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
HUMBOLDT, Kan., Feb. 11. Reports came in late last night of an altercation between B. Baker & Bro., owners of the railway title to farms east of here, and three members of the Allen County League. A few weeks ago the sheriff ejected one of the leaguers and put the Bakers in possession. Monday night the Bakers were absent from home until about ten o'clock. On their return they found the house locked, and on their demand for admittance, the leaguers fired a volley at them through the door. The Bakers broke down the door and a general melee ensued. One of the Bakers got shot in the face and the leaguers were badly cut and bruised. Two of the leaguers (names unknown) escaped, but another, Babe Walker, was captured and taken before a justice and fined. There has been trouble over these lands for a number of years and more is anticipated. These are the lands covered by Judge Brewer's decision.
SEATTLE, W. T., Feb. 11. This city has become a military camp and every corner is guarded by a sentry, and military rule is supreme. There have been no efforts on the part of the rioters to interfere nor even to hold a meeting. They are without recognized leaders and are utterly powerless to do anything so long as the military are under arms. There is, however, an intense feeling of bitterness against the militiamen who did the shooting Monday; and it is openly threatened that they will be hanged as soon as military rule is relaxed. Eight companies of the Fourteenth infantry under the command of Colonel DeRussey arrived yesterday afternoon from Vancouver barracks and at eight o'clock the city was turned over to the regular troops and martial law continues. General Gibbons is expected tonight and he and Governor Squire will determine upon the future course. The trouble is thought to be practically over.

OLYMPIA, W. T., Feb. 11. Yesterday 120 responsible citizens organized themselves into a home guard and were sworn in as deputy sheriffs and officered as a regular military company. Everything was quiet during the day and the prospects are that there will be no renewal of the disturbance. Hetzel, Bates, and Gooding, three of the ringleaders in Tuesday's demonstrations, had their preliminary examination yesterday before a justice of the peace on the charge of rioting and were bound over in the sum of $2,000 to await the action of the grand jury.
LONDON, Feb. 11. The estimate heretofore made of the losses inflicted by the mob of Monday appears to have been much too small. An official estimate places the amount of damage at £80,000. The various Socialistic and labor reform societies threaten to have a monster demonstration at Hyde Park next Saturday, to be attended by contingents of laboring men from the country, and shops are being closed and barricaded everywhere throughout the city.
LONDON, Feb. 11. Warrants have been issued for the arrest of several Socialists believed to have been leading spirits in the riots of Monday. These warrants were placed in the hands of Scotland Yard detectives.
The Natives Excited Over the Probable Opening of the Indian Territory.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
LITTLE ROCK, Ark., Feb. 11. Excitement is represented as running quite high in the Cherokee Nation over the proposed Congressional legislation for opening the Cherokee country to white settlement and dividing the lands in severalty among the Indians. The representative of the Indians writes gloomily from Washington, saying that the attitude of Congress is hostile to the interests of the Indians, that outside of the United States Senate, the Indians have few legislative friends, and that the opening of the Indian Territory seems to have become a hobby with many Congressmen. The Cherokees are urged to lay aside local differences and unite for self-preservation.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
LOUISIANA, Mo., Feb. 11. As some colored farm hands were returning to their homes on Salt river last night, they met a team on the road, apparently without a driver, but on close observation it was discovered that the lifeless body of August Offord, a negro and the owner of the team, was lying on the bottom of the wagon with a terrible wound over the right breast, from which blood was rapidly flowing. From what could be learned here today, it appears that two white men were seen in the early evening near the Otter schoolhouse, in that vicinity, one of whom had a gun on his shoulder, and from the nature of the dead man's wounds, it is supposed the stranger is the party who fired the fatal shot. Sheriff Fielder, with Prosecuting Attorney Clark and Constable Armstrong, left this afternoon for the scene, where further developments are expected.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
OMAHA, Feb. 11. A dispatch from Valentine, Nebraska, states that Henry Paulson has been arrested for the murder of a farmer named Henry Stevens, last week, fifteen miles east of that place. Stevens was called from his house at night by some noise and was shot twice on his doorstep. Suspicion fastened on Paulson, a neighbor with whom Stevens' son had had a quarrel. Investigation showed that Paulson mysteriously disappeared from his home on the night of the murder, riding away on his best horse and leaving behind three horses and eleven head of cattle, with no one to look after them. The sheriff followed his trail and captured him on the Middle Loup, about 100 miles from Valentine.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
WASHINGTON, Feb. 11. Secretary Manning has prepared a reply to the resolution of the Senate calling for the papers relating to the administration of Internal Revenue Collector McCormick, of West Virginia. He will forward copies of the periodical reports of the special agents of the department, which are all the official papers in the files. They show no reason for McCormick's removal and none will be given.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
NEW YORK, Feb. 15. A London cable special to the Herald says: The Anarchists having fought their battle in the street last week, will fight it in the court this week. The disclaimers that had been entered from all sides by the authorized representatives of genuine laboring classes have, however, deprived the leaders of the disturbances of the only ground upon which they could have claimed any leniency, and they will doubtless be summarily dealt with. It is expected that an attempt will be made to martyrize the persons indicted, and the noted Anarchists of the metropolis are arranging to be present in force, but the magistrate till not be disposed to tolerate any harangues or other nonsense. The cases will be quickly and ignominiously disposed of.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
[Chicago Inter-Ocean.]
To illustrate what is expected of Postmasters throughout the country and to aid a worthy object, the following letter received recently is published.
Danbury, Red Willow Co., Nebraska.
To Post Master at Chicago, Illinois.
Dear Sir: I Wish to Enquire of you if there is any German female Charitable Institutions I am so Requested by a young German Who Wants to get Marid Who is a Well Respected young man if you Will give us Some Information Regarding this matter would be gladly Received, yours, Resp. H W NADEN.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
SHAMATIN, Pa., Feb. 15. This morning Daniel Gallagher, fifteen years old, while riding on the cars running to Mt. Carmel, fell under the wheels and had one leg cut off and laid on the track conscious, but unable to move for over an hour, when another train came along and took off the other leg. He was taken to Springfield, his home, where he died.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
The clearing house returns for the week ended February 13 showed an average increase of 35.6 compared with the corresponding week of last year. In New York the increase was 40.2.
[Note: Top portion of the next page (page 4) is almost impossible to read. Will do what I can with it. MAW]
Mitchell's Bill To Absolutely Prohibit the Landing of Chinese.
Only Diplomats To Be Permitted To Come Into the Country.
An Outbreak Feared at Portland, Oregon.
More Chinamen Driven Out On the Northern Pacific.—Quiet at Olympia.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
WASHINGTON, Feb. 12. Senator Mitchell, of Oregon, yesterday introduced a new anti-Chinese bill. After reciting in a preamble that all treaties which inhibit the United States from absolutely prohibiting the coming of Chinese to the United States are pernicious to the peace, domestic tranquility, and general welfare of the United States, it provides as a first section that treaties between the United States and the Chinese empire, in so far as they recognize or permit the coming of Chinese to the United States, and inhibit the Government of the United States from absolutely prohibiting the coming of Chinese to the United States, and [?] of Congress which in any manner [? Several lines obscured] repealed.
The section of the previous Chinese acts providing penalties for violations of their provisions was re-enacted as are also those providing safeguards against Chinese unlawfully entering the country with such slight changes as are necessary by the provisions of the first two sections of the bill.
The provisions of the previous acts relative to the removal of Chinese found to be unlawfully in this country are renewed as is also the provision prohibiting courts from admitting Chinese to citizenship. All the terms, conditions, prohibitions, and penalties of the act are made applicable to all the Chinese now in this country who may at any time hereafter leave the United States and also to those who have been in the United States and have already departed.
Section 2 provides that from and after the passage of this act, it shall be unlawful for any Chinese, whether he be a subject of China or otherwise, as well as those who are now within the limits of the United States, and who may hereafter leave the United States and attempt to return as those who have never been here, excepting such as may be duly accredited to the United States as diplomatic representatives, including other officers of the Chinese or other governments, traveling upon the business of that Government, together with their body and household servants, to come to or within, or land at or remain in, any part or place within the United States.
The coming of Chinese persons to the United States, excepting those persons exempted in the above paragraph, is absolutely prohibited after the passage of this act.

PORTLAND, Ore., Feb. 12. There are fears of trouble here next Saturday or Sunday similar to that which occurred at Seattle this week. A large convention of anti-Chinese organizations, trade unions, etc., have been called for Saturday, and Burnett G. Haskell, who styles himself "organizer of the international workman's association, and delegate from the confederated trades and labor organizations of California, Arizona, and Nevada," has arrived here and by common consent been placed at the head of the movement to expel the Chinese by force. It is thought an effort will be made to ship them to San Francisco by steamer. There are 3,000 Chinese in Portland. The trouble if inaugurated it is feared will be on a larger scale than the Seattle trouble.
Fifty-four Chinamen at work in the mines at Carbonade, on the Prujallup branch of the Northern Pacific railroad, were driven out yesterday, and are now at the station awaiting transportation to Tacoma, and thence to San Francisco.
OLYMPIA, W. T., Feb. 12. Yesterday one hundred and twenty responsible citizens organized themselves into a home guard and were sworn in as deputy sheriffs, officered as regular military company. Everything was quiet during the day and the prospects are that there will be no renewal of this disturbance. Hetzel, Bates, and Gooding, three ringleaders in Wednesday's demonstration, had a preliminary examination yesterday before a justice of the peace on the charge of riot, and were bound over in the sum of $2,000 each to await the action of the grand jury.
A Subscription Started For the Benefit of His Widow.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
PHILADELPHIA, Feb. 12. As soon as it became known here that General Hancock had no adequate fortune to leave his widow, a movement was set on foot to raise a fund for her benefit. This fund has been started by the gift of $1,000 each by Messrs. A. J. Drexel and George W. Childs, and the gifts have been coupled with the promise of "more if necessary."
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
NEW YORK, Feb. 12. General Hancock died poor and the fact being known to his friends and comrades, a subscription fund has been started for the widow. The plan was originated by General W. F. Smith, General J. B. Fry, William Burnes, and T. L. Crittenden. J. Pierrepont Morgan is treasurer of the fund. These sums have been signed: Samuel J. Tilden, $1,000; William R. Grace, $500; M. B. Brown, $250; J. B. Crimmins, $250. The circular accompanying the subscription paper says the General was kept poor by the calls upon his official hospitality and the constant charities which he gave to those in distress.
A Sheriff and Posse Have a Fight With Outlaws Near Tahlequah, I. T.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.

LITTLE ROCK, Ark., Feb. 12. From an Indian Territory special it is learned that a fatal fight occurred on Monday night some miles from Tahlequah, between Sheriff Brown and a posse and a party of outlaws. The officers overtook the desperadoes on the roadside, and upon demanding them to surrender were answered with a volley of bullets. The fire was returned by the sheriff and his men. The combatants fought in the darkness, firing at random. Sheriff Brown had two fingers shot off and one of his posse was wounded. The assailants were badly worsted, William Cloud being mortally and another man seriously wounded. Cloud was an ex-Federal soldier from Arkansas. The other men escaped with slight wounds.
How He Victimizes Sympathetic Street Railway Passengers.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
[New York Tribune.]
The Broadway street railroad is afflicted with a beggar whose ways are at least ingenious. He is accustomed to stop a car on a downtown trip in the evening when the passengers are not so busy but that they can look around upon their neighbors. He then appears inside, a picture of cold and ragged misery. His one leg is assisted by a broken-down pair of crutches, and his unkempt beard completes a wretched appearance. Not a word does he speak, but sits with most dejected air, his head bent upon his shoulders, until the conductor interrupts his saddened thoughts by a demand for his fare. After long and anxious struggles in ragged pockets, he fishes out four pennies, but seeks in vain for the fifth. A gulp or two, of suppressed emotion, then a tear that will escape, and he gives a piteous look at his neighbor as he holds out the four coppers in his hand and asks gently for the fifth, saying that he thought he had just enough. The repressed emotions of the passengers at such gentleness and modesty in distress burst forth, and in spite of all the poor man's efforts to prevent the shame of taking assistance, twenty or more coppers pour into his lap. He murmurs something about a good room once more, and his head sinks down again. But the inexorable conductor taps his shoulder once more with his demand for fare.
"Conductor where does the car go?" says the poor man in a broken voice, all choking with emotion.
"Battery," is the conductor's laconic reply.
"Great Scott! Man! Don't you know I want to go to Delmonico's?" And, with a hearty laugh, the cripple is safe in the street, ready for the next car, before the conductor can grab him to give him the shaking he so richly deserves.
Floods Along the Atlantic Coast Washing Away
Bridges and Doing Much Other Damage.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
NEW YORK, Feb. 13. Heavy rains and fogs continued here and along the Atlantic coast in both directions. Navigation in this harbor was extremely difficult, but so far no collisions have been reported except one between two ferryboats. One man had a leg broken and the boats were considerably damaged.
In the neighborhood of Boston, it has been raining for forty-eight hours and great damage has resulted in the city from flooding. In one concern 339 men are thrown out of employment.
At Jamesburg, New Jersey, two railroad bridges were washed away and other damage done.
The steady downpour of rain for forty-eight hours has melted the snow in the Catskills, and fears of a destructive flood are entertained in the neighborhood of Kingston, New York, as the Hudson river is extremely high.

The lower part of New Brunswick, New Jersey, is under water and the [? About twelve lines illegible...had to skip].
The bridge across the Assonpink was carried away. The damage to residences and mills was very heavy.
Travel on the Pennsylvania railroad between Trenton and New York is suspended, and locomotives have been run onto the bridges in order to prevent their being swept away. The residents paddle the streets in boats in the vicinity of Washington and Taylor streets. Such a flood has not been experienced here since 1857. At Easton, Pa., the Delaware and Lehigh rivers are rising slowly. The Lehigh has overflowed its banks and stopped work at several of the mills on South Easton.
In Philadelphia the rain of yesterday and today caused a big rise in the Schuylkill above Fairmount and several miles were flooded. Large quantities of lumber and several canal boats and scows were carried down and out into the Delaware.
At points in New Hampshire and Maine the rain has turned into ice and much damage has been done to shade trees, telegraph lines and poles, etc. At Nashua, Fitchburg, Lowell, Amesburg, Marlboro, Leominster, and Clinton, many streets have been rendered nearly impassable by broken boughs and damage in some places is said to nearly equal that of the ice storm of January. At other points there has been no freezing, but the floods have worked perhaps even more disaster. Streets have been turned into brooks, city squares into ponds, basements into cisterns, and the lowlands of the countryside into lakes. At Shrewsbury the soldiers' monument was destroyed by a falling tree. Between Fall River and Liverton bridge the Old Colony road was washed out in three places. At Olneyville three mills had to be shut down because of water in the engine rooms or wheat pits.
The Connecticut and other rivers are very high and are steadily rising, and people living on the banks are momentarily expecting a breakup of the ice which, if it comes, must work much damage.
He Testifies to His Relations With Miss Perkins.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
LOS ANGELES, CAL., Feb. 13. In the breach of promise suit of Louise Perkins vs. E. J. Baldwin, the California millionaire, yesterday, the defendant was placed on the witness stand. He testified that the plaintiff had visited his ranch as the guest of Mrs. Dexter, his mother-in-law; that the plaintiff and Mrs. Dexter accompanied him when he went to San Francisco, and that later he went to Sacramento and San Jose with the plaintiff alone. He had made numerous valuable presents to the plaintiff, but the latter had said that she wanted a diamond ring and he had a valuable stone set for her. He never spoke to her on the subject of matrimony and never had a conversation with Mrs. Laird about marrying Miss Perkins. He never received any letters from the plaintiff's mother regarding the engagement and never had any talk with her about it. He had a conversation with Miss Perkins in San Francisco in the presence of three young ladies, in which he charged her with having stated that he had agreed to marry her, and she said: "It is not so," but had said it merely so that the servants would respect her more if they thought so. He further stated that he gave her presents because he thought he was under obligations to her the same as any man was to his mistress.

Eight of the Crew of a Bark and Three of a Life-boat Near Philadelphia.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
PHILADELPHIA, Feb. 13. During the deep fog of yesterday, the Austrian bark Kraljevaka, from Marseilles, France, struck on Barnegat shoals. The life-saving crew of Barnegat station went to her assistance, when their boat was swamped and three of the men were drowned. The crew of the bark, fearing that the life-guards would be unable to save them, had left the vessel in their own boat. It capsized and sunk and eight of the crew were lost. The master and five of the sailors saved themselves by swimming ashore. The bark sailed from Marseilles December 7 in ballast for New York, and for four days the master had been unable to make an observation. His first intimation of shoal water was when the vessel struck. The bark is breaking up, and will be a total loss.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
BOSTON, Feb. 12. At 6:45 o'clock this morning the Lowell express on the Boston & Lowell railroad collided at North Woodburn junction with the Montreal express, which was due in Boston at 6:25 and was ten minutes late. A tramp who was riding on the forward platform of the Montreal baggage car lost both legs and died without giving his name. Engineer Hammond of the Lowell was seriously injured internally and Fireman Dudley of the same train had his left leg fractured, was cut in the thigh, and was injured probably fatally. Dr. Nelson of Lancaster bank fame, Dr. Tourgee's son-in-law, had his right leg cut off. The baggage master of the Montreal express was pinned against a hot stove in the baggage car and badly burned. A dozen passengers were more or less injured.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
WARREN, Pa., Feb. 13. It has just become known that Charles H. McCauley, treasurer of Warren County, is a defaulter in the sum of $120,000. His defalcation is attributed to unsuccessful speculation.
How He Ran Up a Tree After the "Boss of All the Coons."
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
[Philadelphia Call.]

It is very rare that a raccoon falls a victim to the hunter after cold weather has set in, for it is a hibernating animal, and stows itself away at the approach of winter. The average weight of a coon is twenty pounds, and the hunter who captures one in the height of the most favorable coon-feeding season which weighs more is looked upon as having accomplished a noble feat. James Sandys, of Hunter's Range, during the fall killed thirty-nine coons, and recently surprised the community by fetching in the "boss of all coons," a mammoth fellow that weighed thirty-five pounds, the largest by eight pounds ever captured in this vicinity. Sandys hunts with an unusually active and intelligent dog. On Saturday he was out after pheasants, when the coon sprang out of a stone wall and gave the dog as lively a chase, with the thermometer at zero, as any coon ever did in September. After a run of a mile, the coon ran up a large tree, the trunk of which leaned at an angle of about forty-five degrees. When Sandys reached the spot he found that the dog had not only treed the coon, but had also treed himself, for he had run up the leaning trunk of the tree and reached the very top, where the coon had crept out on the extremity of a branch beyond the reach of the dog. Sandys brought the coon to the ground with a charge from his gun, but had greater difficulty in recovering his dog. The animal couldn't descend the tree trunk, and the hunter had to "shin" up and bring him down. The dog was sixty feet in the air, and the lowest branch of the tree was twenty feet from the ground. When Sandys got down to that branch, with the dog's neck grasped in one hand, he found that he couldn't descend any farther without using both hands. But the dog settled the matter by squirming loose and dropping to the ground on his feet.
Edmunds in Favor of Secret Executive Sessions.—International Copyright.
A Publisher Favors Piracy.
A Stultifying Letter of Sherman's In Existence.
Diplomatic Reception.—Another Labor Bill.
The House in Session on Private and Pension Bills.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
WASHINGTON, Feb. 13. Senator Edmunds, speaking of the reports, stated that he had changed his views as to executive sessions and that he would favor open sessions for the consideration of [?about five lines completely obscured] treaties ought to be [?] the same as the discussion by a business firm of their business plans would be private and confidential between the gentlemen concerned, and as to nominations it often happens that accusations against gentlemen nominated are made of what the Senate feels bound, as a matter of justice and fairness, to inform the candidate without disclosing the names of persons giving the information in order that the gentleman concerned may have a fair opportunity to defend himself against false and scandalous accusations. It would not be for the public interest in such cases where the defenses are complete to publish such things, and again as to nominations, it often must happen that respecting the qualifications, fitness, and capacity of the gentlemen proposed that there should be absolute freedom of discussion without fear of injuring the feelings or wounding the sensibility of the candidate or his friends. That is the way I feel about this matter, and I think the conclusion is a wise one."

WASHINGTON, Feb. 13. The Senate Committee on Patents confined its hearing upon the International Copyright bill yesterday morning. Mr. Roger Sherman, of Philadelphia, laid before the committee printed sheets containing in brief his objection to the passage of any international copyright bill. He avowed himself one of the American pirates, and said he had the black flag flying. Incidentally, but with emphasis, he charged that the Cyclopedia Brittanica, a reprint of which he was the publisher, was imported at less than its lawful duty, and this was done under a false ruling of the Treasury, which had been obtained for a consideration. If he dared he could mention names. He suggested a reference to a report of Special Agents Dutton and Williams, which, he said, was suppressed because it implicated every importer of books in the United States in irregular practices. Mr. Dana Estes, of Boston, replied briefly to Mr. Sherman, who, he said, was the publisher of a reprint of the Cyclopedia Brittanica. He represented himself alone in his argument, and wished to delay the passage of an international copyright law until he could bring out the remaining volumes of that work. He was the only successful pirate of foreign works. Mr. Sherman had not told the committee that the man who first conceived the idea of reprinting that work was now bankrupt.
WASHINGTON, Feb. 13. Mr. Hepburn, of Iowa, is one of the members of the Judiciary Committee who has been hostile to the Bankruptcy bill, but who, it has recently been thought by the friends of the measure, might conclude not to oppose it. Mr. Hepburn, upon being asked if he was willing to define his position, said that he would not say that he was opposed to any bankruptcy bill, but that he did not approve of the Lowell bill or any of the measures that have been introduced. He did not like the definition given to bankruptcy in the Lowell bill. He thought that a man ought not to be declared a bankrupt who only suspended for thirty days, and especially was he opposed to transferring to the United States courts all the machinery for the collection of debts. Holding views of this sort, it is difficult to understand how the friends of the Bankruptcy bill can expect Mr. Hepburn to support the pending measure.
WASHINGTON, Feb. 13. It is stated that Senator Colquitt, of Georgia, has in his possession a piece of a letter signed by John Sherman, while Secretary of the Treasury, refusing to furnish information to the Senate regarding the suspension of Arthur and Cornell in 1877. It is also stated that Mr. Colquitt proposed to use this letter to compel Senator Sherman to modify the charges he made against the administration last Monday.
WASHINGTON, Feb. 13. The scene at the White House last night was one of the most brilliant ever witnessed there. The occasion was the President's reception to the diplomatic corps. In spite of the disagreeable weather, the attendance was unusually large. About two-thirds of the diplomatic corps, a large number of officers of the army and navy, Judges of the Supreme Court, the Cabinet ministers, and many Senators, Representatives, and Government officials, with the ladies of their families were present. The President was assisted in receiving by Miss Cleveland, Mrs. Manning, Mrs. Endicott, Mrs. Whitney, and Mrs. Vilas. Among the prominent people present were Judge Thurman, of Ohio, and ex-Secretaries Boutwell and McCulloch.
WASHINGTON, Feb. 13. The House Committee on Labor today agreed to report favorably Representative O'Neill's bill, providing that no property should be exempt from seizure and sale upon which an execution was made for personal service rendered by any mechanic, laborer, or servant to an amount not exceeding $100, provided that the bill would apply to the District of Columbia and the Territories, and that all actions under the bill should be commenced within six months after service rendered. A favorable report was also directed to be made on the bill to grant fifteen days' leave of absence annually to the employees of the bureau of engraving and printing.

WASHINGTON, Feb. 13. In the House yesterday, after the reference of a large number of Senate bills to appropriate committees, the Speaker proceeded to call the committees for reports of a private nature. At the conclusion of the call, the House went into Committee of the Whole, Mr. Hammond in the chair, on the private calendar. At its evening session, the House passed seventy-one pension bills, and adjourned.
Dredgers in Chesapeake Bay Fish Up a Bell Made a Century Ago.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
[Baltimore Sun.]
One of Fritz Buchdeimer's oyster schooners was dredging near Holland Island bar, in the Chesapeake Bay, Friday. When the last scoop was being hauled up, they found that the load was unusually heavy. After much exertion the dredgers succeeded in landing upon the deck what appeared to be an immense mass of mud and sea-weed. Investigation and a vigorous use of spade and scraper revealed a well preserved bell, save for a crack in it, much the same as that in the old Independence bell. The bell in question weighs about seventy-five pounds, and the following inscription is plainly discernable: "Fabins, Philadelphia, 1796." The bell was brought to Baltimore in the afternoon, and is an object of much interest and curiosity.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
[Lancaster, Pennsylvania, Inquirer.]
A few days ago a lady from the Northern part of Bart Township called on a lady at Georgetown. Shortly after her departure the lady missed a fine gold ring, and, suspecting it had been stolen, she put a number of amateur detectives to work, composed principally of young ladies. On Sunday evening a fine ring was displayed on the finger of the lady referred to. After a number of dexterous maneuvers on the part of these detectives, the ring was restored to the owner. The entire case was worked up while Mr. Bradley was preaching, and although those interested were scattered over the large church, the organization was so complete and the signs so well understood that the whole transaction was done without interrupting or in any way disturbing the sermon.
A Large Number of Bills Passed on Third Reading.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
TOPEKA, Kan., Feb. 12. In the Senate yesterday a number of committees reported, and according to request the president of the State Board of Pharmacy reported to the Senate the amount of the receipts and expenditures of the board. This showed the receipts to have been $4,267 and the expenses $3,170.40, leaving a balance of $1,094.60. The report was referred to the Judiciary Committee.
The salt land bill endowing the State Normal School was concurred in as amended by the House. It now goes to the Governor for his signature.

[Next ten lines illegible...starts again with the following...] school district No. 63 of McPherson County in the issuing and the legalizing of certain school bonds, to legalize the tax levies made by the Board of County Commissioners of Allen County for the years 1892, 1883, and 1884; to legalize the act of the township officers of Elk township in the county of Cloud in issuing certain bonds for the purpose of building a bridge across Elk creek and to provide for the registration of the same; authorizing Kentucky township, in Jefferson County, to vote and issue bonds, not exceeding $12,000, for a township hall; to regulate and fix the times of holding of district court in the Fourth judicial district, and to repeal all acts inconsistent with this act; to legalize an election held in the city of Cheney, Sedgwick County; to legalize a certain tax levy in Sedgwick County for the year 1885; to legalize the action of the Board of County Commissioners of Morris County in defining the boundary of Council Grove township in Morris County; to disorganize joint school district No. 2 in Edwards and Pawnee Counties, and to attach that portion of the district lying in Powell County to district No. 8 in said county, approved March8, 1883; authorizing school district No. 95, in Smith County, to issue its bonds; providing for the opening of public highways along the section lines in Hodgeman, Thomas, Trego, and Edwards Counties; to enable the officers of Stanton township, Miami County, to build bridge abutments and use road funds of 1884; to authorize the Board of County Commissioners of Decatur County to build bridges and to levy a tax therefor; authorizing Iola township in Cherokee County to use its surplus bridge funds to build bridges exceeding $2,000 in cost; to authorize Lowell township in Cherokee County to use its surplus funds in building approaches to certain bridges; to extend the time for building a bridge in Douglas County; to detach the Counties of Thomas and Sherman from the County of Sheridan and attach Sherman to Thomas for judicial purposes; relating to several bridges in Montgomery County; to legalize roads and highways in the County of Chautauqua, laid out and ordered to be opened prior to January 1, 1886; legalizing roads and highways in Mitchell County; authorizing the Board of County Commissioners of Edwards County to build a bridge across the Arkansas river near the city of Kinsley, and to issue bonds and levy tax to pay for the same; authorizing Center township, Wilson County, to subscribe to the capital stock of the Kansas, Oklahoma & Texas Railway Company and to issue bonds of said township in payment and council of the city of Wellington in curbing and guttering certain streets and alleys; to amend sections 88 and 89 of chapter 34, of the session laws, 1876, entitled an act to provide for the assessment and collection of taxes; in relation to gas and water corporations and amendatory of section 115 of article 12 of chapter 23 of the general statutes, 1868, and to repeal said original section; relating to cities of the second class and amendatory of section 60 of chapter 100 of session laws of 1872; to create the twenty-second judicial district and to provide for a judge therefor and for holding terms of court therein; to change the name of John Erlandson to John Simpson; regulating the per diem and traveling expenses of officers of State institutions; in relation to State officers and agents and defining certain crimes and providing punishment therefor; in relation to railroads increasing passenger fare to those who fail to buy tickets; relating to switch connections at the crossings of railroads and providing for their construction and maintenance.
The Senate then adjourned.
The resolution relating to the protection of native forests by placing certain lumber on the free list was passed in the House yesterday.
The following bills were also passed on third reading.

Regulating the sale of school lands and prohibiting the sale of such lands in unorganized counties until three years after such counties shall have been organized; directing the transfer of $288,500 from the sinking fund to the general revenue fund; authorizing the sale of certain railroad stock of the County of Cloud, State of Kansas, and to apply the proceeds thereof; providing for the drainage of swamp, bottom, or other low lands; to compel the recording of tax deeds within six months after sale; raising the tax levy for school purposes five mills, making that tax one and a half cents; providing for the levy of school tax in unorganized counties, and permitting the voting of school bonds; to authorize the Board of County Commissioners of Jewell County to levy a tax upon the property of Prairie township for the purpose of building a bridge; making supplementary appropriations of $15,000 to pay the per diem and mileage of the trustees of the State charitable institutions for the fiscal years ending June 30, 1886 and 1887; authorizing the Auditor and Treasurer of State to transfer the money in the State Treasury known as the military fund, amounting to $9,224, to the militia fund and appropriating the same for military purposes; making appropriations of $7,500 for the current expenses of the State asylums for idiotic and imbecile children for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1887; to enable the county commissioners of any county to dispose of lands and town lots held by the county for delinquent taxes for three years, and to repeal section 135 of chapter 34 of the laws of 1876; for the incorporation of mutual live stock insurance companies and defining their power and duties; to amend an act entitled "an act to provide for the organization and government and compensation of the militia of the State of Kansas, and for the public defense," to prevent the spread of disease among swine; relating to the business of joint stock fire and insurance companies organized under the laws of this State and defining their power and duty.
At the House session last night the bill creating new counties on the western frontier came up for consideration. After some wrangling, the motion to strike out the enacting clause was carried.
An Unmanageable Train Creates Immense Havoc at St. Louis.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.

ST. LOUIS, Mo., Feb. 9. A freight train consisting of sixty-two cars, heavily laden, while running up Poplar street from the river this morning separated in the middle, and immediately the rear portion of the train started back down the grade. The brakemen did all in their power to arrest the progress of the runaway cars, but their efforts were unavailing, and in order to save their lives, they abandoned the train to its fate. Each foot of its backward course increased the speed, and almost immediately several of the cars began swaying from side to side, and soon several jumped the tracks, but they still kept on in their downward course, crashing into the houses which line the streets, and leaving destruction in their wake. One of the cars became ditched, however, and this arrested the progress of those behind it. The others continued in their mad course, some off the track and some on, until they were toppled over into the river. Several houses on Poplar street, from Fifth street, where the two portions of the train became separated, to Second street, were damaged, and almost every house from thence to the river was badly wrecked. The debris of the wrecked cars and houses now strew the track, which it will require several hours to remove. The loss can scarcely be estimated at present on account of the confusion, but conservatives place it at about $15,000. No one sustained injuries of a serious character.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
QUINCY, Ill., Feb. 9. Janson & Son, furniture manufactures, have assigned. The liabilities are estimated at $25,000. The assets are not known. They will pay about twenty-five cents on the dollar.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
TRIPPE, Ark., Feb. 9. Last night a train on the Little Rock, Missouri River and Texas Railroad ran over a man named Ross, crushing his skull and severing his left arm. The injuries proved fatal.
The Ex-Governor of New York Dies At the Residence of Mrs. Conkling.
His Death Brought On By a Sunstroke Received in 1876.—His Widow's Sickness.
Preparations for Hancock's Funeral.
A Large Procession of Citizens Expected at Norristown.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
UTICA, N. Y. Feb. 13. Ex-Governor Seymour died at 9 p.m. last night at the residence of his sister, Mrs. Roscoe Conkling. The Governor began to fail visibly at four o'clock yesterday afternoon. Shortly afterward he rallied a little, but soon relapsed into total unconsciousness. During his illness he experienced little, if any, physical suffering, and yesterday he was wholly without pain. Mrs. Seymour, who is very ill, sat with her husband during the afternoon. Most of the time the Governor rested peacefully, and his condition could only be distinguished from natural sleep by the ashen pallor of his countenance and his labored breathing. At 8:30 Mr. Seymour was sinking rapidly, his pulse could scarcely be counted, and the respiration was more and more difficult. He expired without a struggle and as peacefully as if falling asleep.
There was no improvement in the Governor's condition in the morning. He was not as strong as he was Thursday, and the symptoms were not so favorable. Because of increasing weakness the condition was one of uncertainty. He took so little nourishment, only the smallest sips of milk, and there was such a failure of his digestion that his physicians felt less easy about him. His mind was clear, though he was a little delirious now and then, as anyone would be in his condition. Ex-Governor Seymour was thought to be dying at 4:10 o'clock, and the members of his family were hastily summoned to his bedside. At 4:10 p.m. it was announced that ex-Governor Seymour was dying and that he could not survive more than an hour and might die at any moment. Gathered about the death-bed when he passed away were Mrs. Seymour and her sister, Mrs. Nelson, of New Brunswick, N. J.; the Governor's brother, John F. Seymour, of Utica; his sisters, Mrs. Lincklaen and Mrs. Conkling. Dr. W. E. Ford, and Judge Bulger were present.

Governor Seymour's physical ailments dated from a sunstroke which befell him in the summer of 1876 while he was at work on the roads of his town as pathmaster, an office which he was wont to say he had asked for. The immediate cause of his death was cerebral effusion, the usual process of death in old age. As yet no arrangements have been made for the funeral. Mr. Seymour suffered from vertigo after the sunstroke and never entirely regained his former strength. He disliked to admit the infirmity, and when pressed to labor on behalf of Mr. Tilden, worked beyond his strength and seriously weakened his system. His canvass for Hancock in 1880, made against his physician's orders, nearly completed the wreck of his health and closed his political labors. Mrs. Seymour's illness had of late worried the ex-Governor and hastened his decline. He seemed aware of approaching death for the past ten days, but said little on the subject.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
NORRISTOWN, Pa., Feb. 13. The local committee of arrangements has not announced any programme for the obsequies of the late Major General Hancock and probably will not. The remains will be taken from the cars at the DeKalb street station of the Pennsylvania & Schuylkill Valley railway, where a hearse and sixteen carriages will be in waiting. The train will proceed with all visitors who prefer remaining on board to the station at the cemetery. There will be a large procession of citizens, but probably no organizations as such in line. The visitors escorting the remains will be entertained by Prof. Lowe at his residence near the cemetery.
NEW YORK, Feb. 13. Mrs. Hancock passed a comfortable night and rested better than she has any time since the General's death. The Secretary of War will arrive here this morning and will proceed at once to the battery, where a carriage will be in waiting to take him to Trinity Church. After the funeral he will probably accompany the funeral party as far as Philadelphia. Commodore Chandler has detailed Lieutenant Nichols of the navy to proceed to Governor's Island and tender General Whipple the use of a steamer to transport the troops from Governor's Island to New York and afterward to Jersey City.
Attempt To Import Englishmen.
Strikers Chase An Obnoxious Superintendent.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
PITTSBURGH, Pa., Feb. 13. Charles F. Gilliam, special agent of the National Labor Bureau, has arrived here from Washington to investigate the case of the men sent here by Hargrave's agency in Liverpool, England. The men say they had a letter to Superintendent Lynch, of the Frick Coke Company, and was assured there was no trouble and they would earn from $2 to $3 per day. Their passage was paid and they gave their notes for £6, to be paid from their first earnings. On learning the facts on their arrival, they wrote to the British Minister, who referred the matter, and the agent was sent here to investigate.

Six hundred strikers marched from Mount Pleasant over to the Alice works today, where it was reported a number of men were kept under police surveillance and compelled to work in the mine. Arriving there it was learned that only a few men had been drawing coke, and they promised to discontinue work. Superintendent White gave his word that no more work would be done until the strike was over. The strikers departed peacefully. On their way back they caught sight of Robert Ramsey, superintendent for Rick & Co., and they pursued him almost a mile. He finally managed to elude them, and the strikers returned to Mount Pleasant.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
CHESTER, Pa., Feb. 13. John Cokely, the self-confessed murderer of John Sharpless, arrested in Allentown yesterday, was serving a term in the Delaware County jail at the time of the murder. It is thought he wanted to get free transportation to Chester.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
Business failures for the seven days ended February 11 reported to R. G. Dun & Co., numbered for the United States, 238; Canada, 37. Business casualties continued very numerous in the Western and Southern States, and in Canada.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
[Nogales (New Mexico) Frontier.]
When the Apaches attacked the Black Rock ranch of William Johnson, a week ago last Sunday, only Johnson and his young bride were on the premises. They took refuge in a chicken-house, from which the fight was kept up for an hour, the husband doing the shooting and the wife loading the guns. Johnson was shot through the body and thigh, and had one arm broken. When the red devils gave up the fight and left, Mrs. Johnson hitched up a team, placed her wounded husband in the wagon, and drove twenty miles to Fort Thomas.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
[Hamburg Cablegram.]
A curious story comes from Alsace. A grasping peasant, who had grown tired of his wife, went to a neighbor the other day and offered her for sale. After some haggling the bargain was struck and the wife was traded away for a fat ox and two hundred marks. The ox was sent around the same night, but, on reflection, the purchaser repented his bargain, and despite the indignant protests of the husband, drove the beast home again. Finding himself thus again saddled with a help-mate, the peasant made the best of a bad job and begged his wife's pardon. She forgave him.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
[California Maverick.]
Everybody in Sonoma County knows Charley Blackburn, the Petaluma undertaker. Some time since a gentleman suffering from bereavement called at Charley's establishment to inspect his goods. "We have," said Charley, "some very fine metallic caskets, but they range in price from one hundred to one hundred and fifty dollars. Over here we have some cheap pine coffins, walnut stained, that sell at ten and twenty dollars. Of course, they are not as elegant as the high-priced caskets, but really they are just as comfortable."
The House Passes the Apportionment Bill.

Apportionment Also Considered in the Senate.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
TOPEKA, Kan., Feb. 13. The Senate met at ten o'clock yesterday morning, and after petitions had been presented, a concurrent resolution fixing the time for final adjournment at February 13 was adopted.
New bids were then introduced.
The Senate then dissolved into Committee of the Whole for the consideration of [three lines almost obliterated] The consideration of the amendment of Senator Rush [? Word?] the counties of Pratt and Edwards in the Thirty-sixth Senatorial district, and inserting Barton, was amended and occupied the entire morning session. After voting down several amendments, the committee arose and reported.
The Senate did not accomplish much in the afternoon and seemed to have no regular order of business.
In Committee of the Whole the Apportionment bill came up for further discussion. Several districts were passed over and late in the afternoon the bill was recommended for passage, subject to amendment and debate.
General orders were then taken up and the bill relating to the revision of the statute laws consumed the remaining part of the day.
After the reports of several committees, the Senate adjourned.
In the House yesterday the usual number of petitions regarding municipal suffrage for women and the county lines question were presented.
New bills were then introduced.
Majority and minority reports were submitted by the Committee on Legislative and Senatorial Apportionment and after a short wrangle was referred to Committee of the Whole.
The resolution appropriating $2,500 to carry the Walruff case to the United States Supreme Court was returned from the Senate, which body failed to concur in the House amendment, increasing the amount to $5,000. The House refused to recede from its position and a conference committee was ordered.
In the afternoon the House passed the Senate resolution fixing the time of sine die adjournment at noon Thursday, February 18. Notwithstanding this the Legislature will run two days longer. A resolution to hold night sessions, beginning next Tuesday, was also adopted.
Bills were passed as follows: Authorizing the Board of County Commissioners of Russell County to levy a special tax for bridge purposes; authorizing the organization of counties having a population of 2,500 and an assessed valuation of at least $150,000; appropriating $12,782.36 for the State Penitentiary for the fiscal year ending January 30, 1886.
The Apportionment bill was next considered in Committee of the Whole. The bill as at first reported was recommitted to the committee, who changed it considerably. As reported the second time, it appeared to be more equitable, and withstood all efforts to break it. The committee recommended its passage and then rose, when the bill was read a third time and passed. It is anticipated that the Senate will not concur in the House amendments, and that a joint conference committee will be necessary.

The Ice Breaking Up at St. Louis.—Serious Apprehensions.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
ST. LOUIS, Feb. 13. The gorge in the river here still holds fast, although the water continues to rise. The mercury sank below freezing point Thursday night, which tightened the ice somewhat, but the temperature moderated again yesterday and a break-up is expected at any moment. About four o'clock yesterday afternoon, a large cake of ice broke loose on the east side of the river and following the current, which had set across, struck the steamer, City of Vicksburg, lying at the foot of Chestnut street, and knocked a hole in her side; but her pumps have kept her afloat, and efforts are being made to stop the leak. Passing down the ice struck barge No. 40 of the Mississippi Valley Transportation Company and sunk her. It also pushed the little steamer General Meade twenty feet up the river bank, and shoved the tow boat A. J. Baker and two coal flats out on the shore, but they can probably be got into the water again. The large wharf-boat of the Mississippi Valley Transportation Company, which was stove in Thursday, sank yesterday, and two steam fire engines have been sent down to pump her out, if possible, and they are now at work on her. The condition of things in the harbor is quite critical, and considerable apprehension is felt among steamboat owners that much damage will be done when the gorge gives way. All steamers and other craft have stood ready to take any possible advantage that might offer when the gorge should let go, and all other property in the harbor is being carefully watched.
Prominent Men of Columbus, Kansas, Under Arrest For Fraud and Arson.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
COLUMBUS, Kan., Feb. 13. Considerable excitement was occasioned yesterday by the arrest of B. Baer, M. M. Edmonton, R. H. Lawton, H. V. Gavigan, James Watson, C. L. Woodruff, J. S. B. Coplin, A. Coplin, and E. W. Archer under a change of fraudulent transactions concerning the mortgaging of land in this county as well as coupling some of them with the attempt to destroy the records of land titles in this county by dynamite last September. The complaint was sworn to by Hon. Edwin A. Austin, Assistant Attorney General of Kansas, before 'Squire G. W. Harper, of Galena; Hon. C. O. Stocksinger, the county attorney, and the Attorney General appearing for the State. The parties are at Galena to set a time for the hearing and arrange for the trial of the case. The detectives who claim to have worked up the case have in no instance, so far as known, given the slightest indication of the nature of the evidence and while rumors are afloat about the matter, none of them can be definitely traced to anything substantial. Among those arrested are some very prominent businessmen of the county. It is generally understood that the matter was worked up by Pinkerton's detective agency. While a great deal of excitement exists, there seems to be a desire among the people to give the parties a fair and impartial trial, with no desire to persecute the innocent, but a determination to ferret out the guilty parties and let the law take its course.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.

SAN ANTONIO, Texas, Feb. 13. Deputy United States Marshal Long, whose headquarters are in this city, has been mysteriously missing since February 6. He is the principal witness against Aufdemorte, the New Orleans defaulter, whose trial is now going on, and should have arrived at New Orleans a day or two ago. His friends are beginning to entertain suspicions of foul play.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
[Albany, (Oregon), Herald.]
A tramp named Smith stole an axe from a house at Jefferson a few days ago and with it cut down a Western Union telegraph pole, carrying four wires. When asked at the preliminary examination his reason for cutting down the wires, he said: "Well, I am homeless, and wanted to get a place to eat and sleep during the winter." He now awaits the action of the Marion County Grand Jury.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
[Dresden Letter.]
It could not be sweet under any circumstances and would spell the prettiest mouth or sweetest voice in the world. Surely "Ich liebe dich" can never take the place of "I love you," though it could scarcely be so misunderstood as when the Frenchman said devotedly to an American girl: "Je t'adore," and she replied: "Shut it yourself."
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
[Binghamton (New York) Republican.]
The bachelor editor of an otherwise esteemed contemporary asks why a baby is filled up from ten to a dozen times a day. That is a field in which no old bachelor has any business to investigate; but for the sake of easing his tempest-tossed soul, we will inform him that babies, bless 'em, should be filled whenever they show symptoms of hollerness, if it be forty times a day.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
[Boston Globe.]
An Indian tomahawk of flint was recently dug up by J. Monroe Grant on his farm in Hartford, Connecticut. It is in a good state of preservation, having only a slight break on the outward edge of the handle orifice. There is upon it a mark which resembles the private mark of Sentaubpiak, one of Quannuppent's granddaughters, who lived in Hartford in 1711.
A Young Lady Gagged, Ravished, and Hung Out Of Spite To Her Father.
[Sub-Title Not Legible...Something About Tramps.]
An Old Miner Shot and Killed by a Tenderfoot.
Recovering After Being Shot in the Brain.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.

SHELBYVILLE, Ill., Feb. 13. There is terrible excitement at Windsor, twelve miles east of here, over a fearful outrage which occurred last night. While the family were at church, unknown parties entered the dwelling of Dr. Aldridge. His daughter, Miss Georgia, aged twenty, being alone, was gagged, ravished, and hanged to the yard door. Some time later a brother of the young lady, who lives opposite the Doctor's, went to his father's house on an errand and discovered his sister hanging, and in the throes of death. He cut her down in time to save her life. As soon as the intelligence of the crime spread in the town, there was the wildest excitement. It is believed the motive of the crime was a grudge against the doctor. Miss Georgie is completely prostrated and has not yet been able to talk, but by signs has indicated that she knows her assailant. A letter found in the yard reveals that the motive for the crime was spite. No further particulars are received. Men are on the trail of the perpetrator, and if caught, he is certain to be lynched.
VINCENNES, Ind., Feb. 13. Burglarious tramps played sad havoc with the little town of Bridgeport, Illinois, twenty-five miles west of this city last night. At about eleven o'clock Jacob Schlenker, Jr., a night-watchman, noticed two strange men on Main street. Schlenker went to his office and had been there but a short time when a terrific explosion occurred, which was felt all over town. The watchman ran out and saw a fire in the rear of Schmaulhausen's drug store. Giving the alarm at once, the whole town soon turned out. The two men were followed by Schlenker, but in the excitement of the moment, they dodged the watchman and got away. Later on the men were seen on a railroad, going west. They attempted to blow open Schmaulhausen's safe, in which there was $1,500 in cash. Accidentally there was oil nearby and the conflagration spread and destroyed the whole block, entailing a loss of nearly $25,000.
JEFFERSON, Texas, Feb. 13. This morning E. Sutherland, a juror in attendance on the United States district court, was attacked and badly cut by one John Wall, both of Morris County, Texas. Wall was a witness here before the grand jury. It seems that the Government is investigating the making of illicit distilled brandy and whiskey, and the parties who were about to be indicted suspected that Wall had testified against the distillers. Hard feelings had existed for some days and this affray was the result. Wall was at once arrested by Sheriff Taylor and is having his preliminary examination. The wounds of Sutherland are not considered fatal.
RED CLIFF, Calif., Feb. 13. Michael Gleason, one of the oldest and best known miners in this district, was shot and killed here today by a man named Perry, a tenderfoot in the camp. The two men had a quarrel about money which Perry owed to Gleason, and Perry shot Gleason without giving him any warning. There is great excitement and there are threats of lynching.
STURGEON, Mo., Feb. 13. Alex. Winn, who was shot through the head by David Rickey about three weeks ago, is getting well. It was thought he was shot square through the brain. Good physicians said he could not live twenty-four hours. He will lose one eye.
The Corpse Brought to New York, Where Services Are Held.
Interred at Norristown.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
NEW YORK, Feb. 13. There seemed to be sorrow and sadness in the air at Governor's Island this morning, and even the reveille sounded soft and muffled. After breakfast the soldiers on the island were marshaled on the lawn in front of the commandant's residence, and in single file passed through the chamber of death. Many of the veterans were greatly affected as they looked upon the pale, shrunken face of their late commander. Then the doors were closed and the family left alone with its dead. Shortly before nine o'clock the casket, under escort of the troops, was borne from the house to the wharf, where it was placed on board the Government steamer, Chester A. Arthur. As the vessel started the guns on the island belched forth fire and smoke at minute intervals, and the many steamers, sailing ships, and tugs in the harbor lowered their flags to half-mast. A great crowd had assembled at the Battery at the foot of Broadway, and the sidewalks on either side up to the City Hall were packed with spectators. Some little delay took place in organizing the procession, which finally moved, with the batteries of the Fifth U. S. Artillery at the head, followed by the carriage conveying the casket, members and relatives of the family in carriages, and military and private citizens bringing up the rear. On either side of the casket walked the pall-bearers, Secretary Bayard, Generals Sherman, Sheridan, Franklin, Terry, Miles, Newton, Fry, Walker, and Smith, Mr. B. M. Hartshorne, Colonel W. P. Wilson, and Mayor W. D. W. Miller. All along the route heads were bowed as the casket passed by. At the doors of Trinity Church, the cortege was met by Rev. Dr. Morgan and Rev. E. H. C. Goodwin, who preceded it up the aisle, meanwhile repeating the opening words of the Episcopal service, "I am the resurrection and the life," the organ meanwhile rendering a dirge. The casket having been placed at the head of the aisle in front of the altar, the regular service of the church was proceeded with. Every foot of space in the vast edifice was occupied and the scene was solemn and impressive in the extreme. When the service had at last been concluded, the coffin was borne through the north door to the street and the re-formed procession moved to the Pennsylvania railroad ferry at Courtland street. Here several ferry boats were in waiting to convey the remains' escort and friends to Jersey City. Shortly after eleven o'clock the special train with its sad burden moved out of the depot and proceeded to Norristown, where the final services were held and the body consigned to the grave.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
General Crook left Fort Bowie, A. T., on the 12th, to meet Chief Geronimo at the Mexican line, as had been arranged by Lieutenant Maus a month ago.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
BRECKENRIDGE, Texas, Feb. 15. A fire broke out in the Stokes House at this place at 11:30 o'clock last night, consuming that building and three others adjoining. The following is a list of the losses, none of which are covered by insurance. Mrs. Nancy Stokes, hotel building, $1,000; J. J. Adkins, household goods, $200; Veale Bros., furniture, $300; J. T. Webb, hardware, $2,500; W. F. Marberry, two box houses, $500; Garner & Bro., goods and store building, $1,500; Knights of Pythias, furniture, $300; Odd Fellows, furniture, $200.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
NEW YORK, Feb. 15. Rev. Dr. Hansen, of Chicago, who was recently appointed missionary to Scotland by the Women's Centenary Association of the Universalist Church in America, sailed today for his destination. He will take charge of the mission at Glasgow, but will also labor at Edinburgh and other large cities. He was accompanied by his daughter, and a number of ladies interested in the movement were on the pier to wish them bon voyage and God speed in their work.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
CHICAGO, Feb. 15. Prof. David Swing, the eminent preacher and orator, will tomorrow complete a twenty years' pastorate in Chicago, and the event will be observed by an anniversary sermon. Today large numbers of his flock are calling upon him with congratulations and many letters and telegrams of the same purport are being received. On the 18th Prof. Swing will be tendered a public reception at Central Music Hall and a banquet at the Palmer House.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
NEW ORLEANS, La., Feb. 15. Thirty-five freight train brakemen on Morgan's railway struck work last night. They had been receiving $54 per month and demanded $65, which sum the managers refused to pay. The brakemen stopped all the freight trains at Gretna, outside of the city limits, and would not allow them to proceed.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
We are opening a large stock of BOOTS AND SHOES Which will be offered at the very lowest prices. Call and see us.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
In order to Still Further Reduce the remainder of the Winter Stocks Before Invoicing, I will continue the COST SALE FOR ONE WEEK MORE - to and including - FEBRUARY 8TH. All Woolen Goods will be sold at 10 per cent Less Than Cost And a few Cloaks and Newmarkets at 25 per cent Less Than Cost.
-All Other Goods-
This is positively the last week of the Clearing Sale, and all those desirous of saving money should not fail to come in and take advantage of this grand opportunity.
as some term it, the chip is on your shoulder and we want it knocked off.

FRANK H. GREER, Local Editor.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
We give below the quotations of prices in the Winfield Markets, which are corrected daily.
No. 2 Wheat per bushel: 75 @ 90
Oats per bushel: 22 @ 25
Corn per bushel: 25 @ 28
Potatoes per bushel: $1.00
Choice Butter per pound: 15 @ 20
Fresh Eggs per dozen: 15 @ 20
Chickens per dozen: $2.00
Cabbage per pound: 7½
Fat Hogs per cwt.: $3.00 @ $3.50
Onions per bushel: 75 @ $1.00
Apples per bushel: $1.00 @ $1.20
Cheese per pound.: 20
Turnips per bushel: 25 @ 30
S. C. Hams: 25 @ 30
S. C. Bk Bacon: 12½
Bacon sides: 10
D. S. Sides: 10
Shoulders: 8 @ 9
Lard: 10
Corn meal: $1.00
Flour, patent: $3.00
Flour, straight: $2.75
Flour, Bakers: $2.50
Chop feed: 80 @ $1.00
Bran: 60
Shorts: 65 @ 70
Hay, prairie: $3.50 @ $4.00

Millet: $4.00 @ $4.50
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.

The latest swindle is the fellow who goes around distributing bibles free. He happens around about dinner or supper time, presents the family with a nice bible, and is generally asked to remain for dinner or supper. After partaking of the same, he tenders pay for it, remarking as he does that his orders from the house for which he is traveling are to "pay as he goes," at the same time pulling out a receipt book and requesting the man to sign his name to show that he received the bible and the money for the agent's lodging, which in a few weeks turns up at some bank in the form of a note for several dollars, and about that time it dawns on the victim that he has been swindled. The best way is to give those slick fellows an introduction to the toe of your boot and assist them off your premises.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
A tramp whose reliability, from the cut of his "duds" and the horny-handed appearance of his hands, we have no reason to question, says thirty tramps came into Winfield Saturday and Sunday evenings, by special Pullman Palace train—in box cars and on trucks.
This tramp informed us that these tramps met at Independence, where they organized a fraternity called "Thescumofhumanityimmigrationsociety." They heard of Winfield's great prosperity and thought this about the best place they could strike. Our officials soon made them "git, bedad" and now but a small remnant, only a low private or two, are left. They are Democrats and left the fraternity, temporarily, because they couldn't get an office.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
Don't be afraid to vindicate yourself on the side of right, no matter if it does bring out disapprobation from the low and treacherous. Worthy actions invariably meet with opposition. But their attacks are all ill sighted and fall short of their mark. There are some men who never cause a rustle in the world because they are afraid to gain the opposition of someone. Be a man out of self respect. Never be boisterous, but calm and earnest.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
Jim Meese, the young fellow who sold the stolen Butler County team to our Sanderson and Allison, ran across an old El Dorado acquaintance in Wichita, who knew of this episode and "skip" and put the authorities onto him, who, looking the matter up, found the boy's description by card from Sheriff McIntire. Deputy Finch brought Meese down last night. The Sheriff of Butler was on hand Friday, but our Sheriff didn't propose turning Meese over until we get through with him.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
It is estimated that the recent snow storm cost the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe railroad company in the neighborhood of $25,000 or $30,000. Hundreds of passengers were to be fed and cared for, hundreds of men hired to shovel snow, and several valuable engines and other property of the company were injured. A prominent railroad official has said that a week's strike could not have damaged the company more.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
They have a newspaper at one of the country debating societies that has been touching up the foibles of the neighbors. A fellow writes us that "it (the paper) is a durn nuisance to a respectable debaten socyety." We have known persons who had something "agin" a town paper, to entertain about the same opinions of it that our aggrieved correspondent from the country expresses.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.

The stone cutters and masons of this city have completed an organization with thirty-five members. The meet Saturday evening at Knights of Labor hall, when a regular night of meeting will be designated. The organization is local and a charter will be obtained shortly. It is for the bettering of the wages and conditions of the journeymen stone cutters and masons, and is a very worthy institution.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
"Is there a resident of Wichita in this car?" shouted an excited passenger, poking his head in at the door. "I am a resident of that place, sir," replied a traveler, straightening himself up. "What can I do for you?" "A man in the next car has got the delirium tremens. What's best to be done?"
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
The high water and floating ice was too much for the railroad bridge across the Arkansas at Mulvane, carrying away two or three spans. Since Monday the trains for Wellington and Caldwell have been coming around by Winfield. The bridge will be repaired by tomorrow.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
A few days like Monday will bring all nature out in buoyancy, and make fair Cowley bud and bloom like a garden in Paradise. The day was perfection: calm, warm, and bright, such as makes spring fever intense and brings out all the loungers and sunshine bankers.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
Sheriff McIntire has appointed Capt. H. H. Siverd under sheriff of Cowley County for the next two years. We are highly pleased with this appointment and think no better could have been made. We notice that Siverd is gradually ascending. Cambridge News.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
I have about four car loads of choice northern potatoes of the following varieties: Early Rose, Early Ohio, White Star, Hebron Beauties, White Nanchanocks, and Peach Blows. All choice stock and special prices to the trade. J. P. Baden.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
If Senator Ingalls's bill dividing Kansas into two judicial districts becomes a law, there will be lively skirmishing among the Democrats to fill the judgeships. The president will appoint them. Our J. Wade McDonald will stand to the front.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
Col. Alexander has written the First National Bank that he wants his building constructed in conjunction with theirs, same form and style, and superintended by the same architect. This will cap the finest block in the state.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
Dexter has organized a minstrel troup that the Eye says is immense, and will show at Winfield, Grenola, Independence, and Kansas City soon, three nights at each place.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
Thirteen converts were baptized at the Baptist church Wednesday, eight ladies and five gentlemen. The meetings at this church still continue.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
The city will dispose of the city building bonds at 2 per cent premium, adding $200 to the building fund, and leaving $80 after the city building is finished.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
Wanted to rent: several good farms near Maple City. Address or call on Howe & Drury, land and loan agents, Maple City, Kansas.

Her Chronicle of the Comings, Goings and Doings of Persons at Home and Abroad.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
Watson Titus, the blacksmith, is on the sick list.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
A. B. Sykes left for Coronado last Monday, where he has a paper.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
J. Scott Baker, of Vernon, reports the crops on his farm are not injured.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
J. C. Bradshaw, of Rock, is not attending the Commercial College.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
Cal. Swarts, A. C.'s auburn-tressed attorney, was in the hub Sunday.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
A. P. Johnson left Thursday for Protection and other western points.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
J. C. Fuller left today for Kansas City and will be absent until Thursday.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
E. A. Henthorn, Burden's elongated banker, was in the Eli city Tuesday.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
Dr. Fleming was taken quite sick Friday at the store and had to go home.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
Mrs. Sam Pryor and little daughter are visiting friends in Arkansas City.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
J. M. Lambert, Latham's banker, was in the southwest metropolis Monday.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
H. A. Tallman, formerly operator on the S. K. at Burden, was down Friday.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
Samuel Dalton went to Topeka Tuesday to attend the Grand Masonic Lodge.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
J. S. Mann started for the east Monday to lay in a mammoth stock of goods.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
Judge Kreamer, of Arkansas City, was in town Friday on his way to Wellington.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
Archie Dunn, general manager of the Arkansas City Buss lines, was in the city Thursday.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
Louis Cohn, manufacturer of "Cohn's Girl" cigar, was down from Wichita Monday.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
Judge Gans came in on the S. K. Friday, from several days absence on business.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
Henry E. Asp and wife and Ed. P. Greer left last evening for the State Capital, via Kansas City.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
W. C. Rankin, formerly of Attica, but now a banker at Latham, was in town Sunday.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
District Clerk Pate spent Sunday around his old haunts—Silver Creek township.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
Jesse E. Feagins was here Tuesday, from Arkansas City, stopping off on a matrimonial trip to Newton.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
James McDermott left Monday for Topeka to attend the Grand Masonic Lodge in session there.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
Harrod & Paris began clearing the ground for the McMullen building excavation Saturday.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
John O'Hare, brother of our Joe, returned to Beason, Illinois, Wednesday, after a short visit here.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
W. D. Burgess and E. B. Haney were doing the city Friday, from St. Joe, hosting at the Brettun.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
Mrs. D. A. Millington returned Friday from a week with her daughter, Mrs. Lemmon, at Newton.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
John McGuire has bought the Farringer property, on South Main, for $2,500 for a little speculation.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
Harry Jiencke, C. A. Ritter, and N. Lowe, Kansas City commercial men, roosted at the Brettun Monday night.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
John Ledlie, the fat and facetious grain man of Burden, Sundayed in the hub, the guest of Ed. Lamont.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
N. F. Howland has taken the place of H. A. Tallman as S. K. Agent at Burden, taking charge Thursday.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
C. C. Harris, after a tough month's siege of malarial fever, is again out and gaining strength rapidly.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
Ed. P. Greer came down from Topeka Saturday, to Sunday. The Legislature will adjourn next Friday.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
W. L. Mullen bought lots 17 and 18 just west of Robinson's coal office, Thursday, of C. C. Black for $3,000.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.

Miss Mattie Marshal is again at her post in the Register of Deed's office after several weeks indisposition.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
Wm. Kip, now chief engineer of the D., M. & A., is at the Brettun, here consulting with Secretary Black.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
Little Maud Scott, our four-year-old elocutionary wonder, will appear at Arkansas City next Friday night.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
Jno. W. Weston, W. W. Waite, and J. F. Brady, all Chicago ware dispensers, were Brettun guests over Sunday.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
Geo. W. Miller is off to his Territory ranch to look after his cattle. This has been a very tough winter on them.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
E. M. Ackerman, of the Latham Journal, was in town Saturday night, taking in the sights, and dropped in upon us.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
Mr. Trowbridge, baggage master at the Frisco, has returned from a two week's visit with his family in Louisiana.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
Mrs. C. H. Greer, mother of the writer, has been quite sick with typhoid fever for a week past, but is now much better.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
D. C. Beach left Tuesday on the S. F. for Topeka, a delegate to the Grand Lodge of Masons, now in session at that place.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
J. W. Kerr, G. D. Mathline, B. Pollack, and A. T. Hungerford, St. Louis, left their autographs at the Brettun Friday.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
Landlord Perry of the Leland, Arkansas City, came up on the Santa Fe Thursday evening and went east as far as Elk Falls.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
W. J. Hodges is up from Ponca. He struck swollen streams and waxy mud that made the trip anything but relishable.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
A. H. Doane bought the old Likowski property, south of the Christian church, Thursday from Mr. Ridenour for $1,800.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
M. M. Scott, who got two ribs broken in a friendly scuffle, a week or so ago, is now able to be out, but is yet in feeble shape.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
S. W. and W. S. Streator and J. J. Otwater, of Cleveland, Ohio, Sundayed at the Brettun. They are prospecting in the west.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
A. H. Doane will soon commence a good building where Weaver & Keller's blacksmith shop now stands, on 9th avenue.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
Judge Torrance and Frank Raymond went back to Howard Monday via Frisco. Court will last another week at Howard.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
C. W. Frith, a substantial farmer of Liberty and one of the first settlers in those "diggins," dropped in upon us Monday night.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
N. J. Flynn, C. A. Ritter, and S. W. Allison, of Chicago, traveling "boys," put in Sunday under the Brettun's vine and fig tree.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
Joe H. Briggs, editor of the Burden Enterprise, was in the hub Saturday. He is an experienced newspaper man and a good writer.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
J. N. Russell, Kansas City, "Two Car Load," and wife, came in from the west Friday and stopped at the Brettun, going east Saturday.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
Walter Kleeman, who has been clerking for S. Kleeman for a short time, has accepted a position at Pana, Illinois, in the store of his father.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
Will C. Higgins, of the Udall Sentinel, was in the Metropolis Tuesday, having just got home from a claim holding trip in the "wild west."
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
Mr. and Mrs. B. W. Matlack will be "at home" to their many friends at the residence of Mr. and Mrs. J. F. McMullen, for some weeks yet.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
Wm. D. Carey got in Wednesday from several days over the south end of the K. C. & S. W., which will be finished to the state line in a few days.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
Will McCartney left on the S. K. this morning for Ashland. He says he will not be here again until he comes through direct from Ashland by cars.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
The frame building from the McMullen lot, next to Carson's, was moved to Carson's lot on Ninth avenue Friday, to be used for his marble works.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
Mr. and Mrs. C. H. Smyth, of Wichita, spent Sunday with Mr. and Mrs. Ray Oliver. He is one of the big implement dealers of the "Windy Wonder."
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
Elder Vawter, the new Christian minister, is holding a series of meetings at the Christian Church. He is a very practical and forcible expounder.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.

Holbrook & Donnell are putting in a fine glass front in the building on north Main, to be used by Van Fleet & Sage, our wholesale implement dealers.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
The Vernon authorities have employed City Engineer Ritchie to look after Vernon's interest in the new Walnut bridge at the end of Ninth avenue.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
Eli Youngheim left Sunday morning on the Frisco for an eastern purchasing tour: Chicago, Cincinnati, and other marts. He will be gone two weeks.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
George Wright, of Hurlee & Wright, is now in Illinois and will bring back a large stock of agricultural implements for the trade here, and also his family.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
George Foster was down from Wichita Monday, where he has charge of the Telegraphy department of the Southwestern Business College, and is doing well.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
Little Willie, oldest son of A. D. Hendricks, was taken violently ill Saturday night with congestion of the brain and spine, but is a little better at this writing.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
Sheriff McIntire, Capt. Siverd, and Marshal McFadden held up every tramp they could find in the town Monday, searching for a clue to the jewelry robbers.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
Mr. Zack Whitson sold to Geo. W. Miller, Saturday, 27 head of steers which averaged 1,257 pounds each. The price paid was $3.85. It was a very pretty herd.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
The infant child of James Wells, who clerks for Cooper and Taylor, died Thursday. It was about two weeks old, and only weighed between three and four pounds.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
James N. Young and L. D. Latham are off for New York on business connected with the K. C. & S. W. extension, which will be begun with the opening of spring.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
R. S. Strother, Atlanta's live real estate man, was down Saturday. Some counterfeiters took in Atlanta Saturday, leaving some five dollars or more of bogus coin.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
L. M. Knowles, of Peabody, will conduct the Institute this year. Mr. Knowles is an able conductor, has conducted five summers in Sumner, and will make things move.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
A. C. Hutchinson, portrait artist of Wichita, was in the city Tuesday. Mr. Hutchinson is an old faber manipulator and a thoroughly good fellow. Call again, Carter.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
John N. Sackett and Mattie S. Dillon were given leave, by Judge Gans, Saturday, to commit matrimony. With the gentle spring time come the blissful thoughts of love.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.

E. C. Lewis, S. M. Hopkins, C. R. Crawford, R. B. Elliott, and W. Y. Eaton, all selling Kansas City wares, were bombarding our merchants Friday, holding up at the Brettun.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
Mrs. J. P. Baden and Fred and Frank Ballein returned Wednesday on the Frisco from attendance at the funeral of their father, F. Schurman, which occurred at Neosho, Missouri.
[Note: Believe the above is wrong. F. Scherman was listed as stepfather elsewhere.]
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
Charley Doane, formerly at the Hoosier Grocery, is over from Anthony, looking as happy as ever. He is running a grocery on his own hook, in Anthony, and doing well.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
A dispatch came Monday announcing that J. A. Eaton's father, at Bucyrus, Ohio, was dying. Mr. Eaton was in Topeka, the dispatch was forwarded to him, and he started at once for Bucyrus.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
Walter G. Seaver, of the Telegram, left Thursday to attend the annual stockholders meeting of the Daily Democrat, Sedalia, Missouri, in which paper Walter has an interest. He will return Saturday.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
Dr. McLuere lectured at the High School building Thursday afternoon and evening on Human Physiology, illustrated by a skeleton. His admission was fifteen cents. He is a traveling lecturer.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
Judge A. J. Pyburn and Mary Alice O'Marsh, of Arkansas City, were married Friday afternoon by Father M. C. Dougan, at the Catholic parsonage in this city.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
W. P. Hostetter, one of Pleasant Valley's old timers and most substantial farmers, dropped in on THE COURIER Saturday. He says the showing for wheat was never better.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
S. H. Myton, W. A. Lee, and the surrounding delegation of implement men, got home from the east Friday, having paralyzed the big dealers and raked in some fine bargains.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
S. P. Christian, of Girard, is here figuring on dressed stone from our quarries to be used in Girard buildings. Our stone is famous. Mr. Christian is an old friend of J. P. Sterling.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
Messrs. T. N. and B. Lamport, of Vincennes, Indiana, were in the city Monday with a view of making a location. They are pleasant gentlemen, and are highly pleased with our city and its prospects.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
R. C. Campbell, of Indianapolis, brother of Mrs. B. McFadden, is here. He has concluded that there is no place like Winfield and will dispose of his Indianapolis property, move his family here, and locate.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.

E. D. Parsons, of the Leon Quill, Butler County, was in the city Friday and dropped into our den. He is an experienced gentleman in years and newspaper work. He took charge of the Quill in January.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
Mr. and Mrs. Sam L. Gilbert came down from Wichita yesterday and remained till Saturday, mingling among their many warm friends here. The still declare that there is no place like Winfield.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
Messrs. J. G. McGregor and P. P. Powell, and Master Earl McGregor and Artie Bull went over on the Arkansas river Monday on a little hunting and recreation trip, prepared to camp out and have a good time.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
A. A. Richards, formerly editor of the Wellington Press, but now one of that burg's lawyers and real estate men, was in the Future Great Saturday, circulating around among live, throbbing people, just for old times sake.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
Lizzie May Ulmer, the charming actress who played this section in "Dad's Girl" last fall, has become totally blind. She was filling an engagement at Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, and suddenly swooned. When she revived, she was blind.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
Emerson & Tandy performed a very delicate operation Thursday on the fourteen year old son of Mrs. Eliza Riehl, taking from his bladder a thirty-grain gravel. It was done in less than twenty minutes and the boy is doing well.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
Ezra Bourne and son, of Butler County, Ohio, old acquaintances of H. J. Thompson, returned home Friday evening after taking a general look at Winfield, with a view of location. They were very much taken with our city, as everybody is.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
Our friend, Mr. J. H. Bullen, of Winfield, who is largely interested in western Kansas, spent Tuesday in Anthony, attending to business. He is a sterling gentleman—one with whom it is a pleasure to be associated. Anthony Republican.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
Mr. and Mrs. H. H. Hosmer have returned to Illinois, to remain. Mr. Hosmer takes a good position in his brother's real estate office as title examiner. They made many friends here during their sojourn, who part with them regretfully.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
The office of Harris, Clark & Huffman has a wildcat staring out of the window with wicked mien. It was killed in the Territory, sent to a Cincinnati taxidermist, and comes back a fine basis for a menagerie. It stood, when killed, over three feet in its socks.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
Geo. W. Miller returned Thursday from a visit to his territory ranch. He says his cattle are coming out of the winter in splendid condition, considering the fearful storms they have endured. Few have died and all have done better than last winter.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.

P. H. Albright & Co. have found a man to write up their abstracts. The lucky person is Arthur Henbest, who for several months past has been driving Wells, Fargo & Co.'s express wagon. They received sixty or more applications, thirty of which were exceedingly well written.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
W. A. Carrington, with W. A. Lee, had a good pair of overshoes stolen from the Christian church Wednesday, and being afraid they won't fit the party taking them, he is anxious that the party in possession now will return them and get a pair that will fit and a chromo thrown in.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
Ed Pentecost got home Friday evening from a tour west on the S. K. to Medicine Lodge, selling sweetness. He worked up a first-class confectionery business. The manufactory of Hamilton & Pentecost is getting right to the front in the wholesale trade. Ed is a rustler on the road.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
Dave Dix has at last reached a plentiful supply of water at the Imbecile Asylum at a depth of 150 feet. A flow of three barrels per hour has been obtained, and the very best. Dave has stuck to it like a leech from the first and generally gets there in the well business, if he has to bore through to China.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
Samuel Clark, of this city, who has had charge of the K. C. & S. W. engineers this winter, has again gone into the employ of the Arkansas River Navigation Company. The Kansas Millers, with her two barges, is being prepared for a voyage to Ft. Smith just as soon as the ice in the Nile of America breaks.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
Mr. Reynolds, of Harper, spent Friday and Saturday in the city, returning to Harper Saturday, meeting his sister, Miss Oma, at this point on the way home from the Theodore Thomas conservatory of music, Cincinnati, of which she is a graduate. Mr. Reynolds expresses himself as being very much pleased with the city, and will no doubt become a resident of the Future Great at an early day.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
Agent Kennedy, of the Santa Fe depot, hands us a copy of the Syracuse (New York) Daily Journal, containing the following regarding an old citizen of Winfield. "Robert D. Jillson, formerly Pullman Palace car agent at the Westshore depot in this city, having charge of the Northwestern, Delaware & Lackawanna and New York, Ontario & Western Pullman Service, has been transferred to Columbus, Ohio, in charge of the company's interest at that place. Mr. Jillson's many friends here will be glad to learn of his promotion to this position, His family will remain in Syracuse."
What Transpired At Our Different Churches Sunday.
Various Religious Nuggets.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
Sunday was a bad one on church goers, burglariously speaking.
The Catholics held regular services Sunday, conducted by Father M. C. Dougan.

[The priest noted above is called by different names: Dougan, Duggan, Dugan.]
The United Brethren pulpit was filled Sunday as usual by the pastor, Rev. Snyder, with good audiences.
The A. M. E. folks had no regular preaching, Rev. Young being absent visiting his family at Osage City. John Wilson exhorted and the class meeting and Sunday school were very interesting.
At the Methodist church Sunday morning, Rev. Kelly discoursed on "The Formation of Character." The little things, from infancy up, make the character. Early training is the foundation and right living and right acting the completion.
Elder Vawter, at the Christian Church Sunday morning, preached a very practical and effective sermon on "True Worship." True worship is born of God and comes from the inner man. The surroundings make no difference to a devout and contrite heart. The mode of worship makes no difference in the eyes of God—sincerity of heart is the true standard. The Elder is a forcible talker and is drawing good congregations.
Rev. Miller's sermon at the Presbyterian church Sunday morning was based on Prof. 15:23: "Keep thy heart with all diligence, for out of it are the issues of life." It matters not how we die, whether by a bullet through the brain, a bolt from the sky, a dagger through the heart, or by a lingering disease, if our heart is right with God. Evil thoughts are not sins until we yield to and execute them. Our five senses are the avenues to the heart and we should keep them free from sin. We should glorify God in our business and social life.
Sunday morning Rev. Reider preached a very able and effective sermon on Foreign Missions based on Romans x: 12, 13, and 14: "For there is no difference between the Jew and the Greek; for the same Lord over all is rich unto all that call upon him. For whosoever shall call upon the name of the Lord shall be saved. How, then, shall they call upon him whom they have not believed? And how shall they believe in him whom they have not heard? And how shall they hear without a preacher?" He gave statistics of the number of heathen converted during the past year; how much money was needed to carry on this work successfully, and how much a church of this size should be able to give, and urged upon the church to give liberally for this cause, assuring them that it would be blessed of God. He took his text last night from Psalm i:3, and delivered an excellent sermon. Six ladies and four gentlemen were baptized.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.

J. B. Lynn has had another counterfeit experience. Friday last a young man about twenty-three, went into Lynn's sore, bought a $2.50 hat of Jim Tyree and tendered a check for fifteen dollars, appearing to be drawn all right by T. J. Stinson, residing near Maple City, and well known as "good" all over the county. The check was on the Winfield National Bank and was cashed and the remaining $12.50 turned over. After the boy went out, the clerks got to speculating on his actions and thought them a little suspicious. The next day, Stinson was in the city and Mr. Lynn spoke to him about the check. Stinson at once pronounced it a forgery, drawn on a different colored check and a poor imitation at signature. Sheriff McIntire was put on and soon traced the boy up. He was found at Arkansas City and now languishes in the bastille. His name is Chas. Swift and during the winter he worked a month for Mr. Stinson. He denies any knowledge whatever of the transaction. Three of Lynn's clerks identified him as the fellow who presented the check and bought the hat, which was on his head when McIntire took him in. It now comes to light that this same youth tried to sell a $100 note at the Winfield National Bank, several days ago, having the signatures of T. J. Stinson and J. M. Stinson. The note looked all right and ran a year at 12 per cent.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
Mr. L. F. Leffler, deputy Sheriff at Burden, was in town Saturday in search of a man named Jake Coe, who hails from Illinois and is wanted for being one of a party of four who, two weeks ago, while under the influence of bad whiskey held up a man named Burrell near Burden, pulled a Winchester rifle out of the buggy, and hit the horse over the head with it, all for fun, they said. They further enjoyed themselves by tearing up a schoolhouse. It was dear fun, however, and one of them now languishes in jail at Winfield. An innocent person who resembles Coe was arrested here Saturday, but upon Deputy Sheriff Leffler's arrival, was immediately discharged. Mr. Leffler thinks Coe has skipped for Illinois.
Wichita Beacon.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
Mr. and Mrs. J. C. Fuller entertained a very delightful whist party in their pleasant home Friday evening. The excellent qualities of Mr. and Mrs. Fuller as entertainers are well known and always make an evening in their home most admirable. Those who enjoyed this occasion were: Dr. and Mrs. Emerson, Mr. and Mrs. H. B. Schuler, Mr. and Mrs. J. A. Eaton, Mr. and Mrs. W. P. Hackney, Mr. and Mrs. E. H. Nixon, Mr. and Mrs. D. A. Millington, Mr. and Mrs. F. C. Hunt, Mr. and Mrs. M. L. Robinson, Mr. and Mrs. J. L. Horning, Mr. and Mrs. J. F. McMullen.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
Coroner Wells was notified Monday of a sudden death at Seeley, this county. W. J. Whitson and wife retired last night as usual. When the husband awoke this morning, he found his wife dead by his side. We were not able to learn any particulars at the time of going to press. Coroner Wells has gone up to hold an inquest.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
The wheat crop is in a healthy and promising condition. At no time last year did wheat look so well as it does now. The plant is well rooted and full of sap. The moisture and the covering of the snow during the coldest weather have been favorable to the young plants. So far the wheat prospect is good and full of promise of a bounteous harvest. While the blades look a little worse for the cold, the rootlets are all right and with warm weather the surface will be covered with a living green.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.

Some men have characteristics which remind us of one animal and some of another. There are those who are blood-thirsty as tigers; others as sly as foxes; others brave as lions; others stealthy as cats, while others have the majestic strut of the turkey gobbler; and then some are a very forcible reminder of the animal that squeals and grunts and to which a bucket of slop is an irresistible attraction.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
Last Thursday the COURIER CO. paid $5,000 for lot 10, block 128, Winfield, the lot now occupied by Fleming's drug store. Truth requires us to state that not a dollar of the money paid was made in THE COURIER office, but we hope for some assistance from the business of the office in building the fine large building we propose to build thereon for the office and works of the COURIER establishment this season.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
The Island Park Place will be re-platted and put on the market to catch the spring boom. This tract contains about 140 acres, lying across the S. K. railroad and running down to Timber creek. It is owned by J. B. Lynn, president of the company; W. L. Mullen, vice-president; C. E. Fuller, secretary; H. G. Fuller, treasurer; and C. C. Black, one of the board. 1886 will fill it largely with residences.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
The bright sun of prosperity again shines serenely on our laboring men. They are again at work and the music of the hammer, the saw, the chisel, and the trowel resounds from all sides. A drive around the city reveals foundations and excavations everywhere. The building boom this spring and summer will be something wonderful. And the buildings erected will be truly metropolitan.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
Spence Miner, the first dry goods merchant in Ashland, but now traveling salesman for McDonald & Co., of St. Joseph, Missouri, came in Saturday night. Spence is the same jolly, wholesome cuss and during the past three days has rounded up all the boys and had a repetition of the good times of old. He went to Appleton yesterday, but will make Ashland his headquarters until he works Englewood, Protection, and Coldwater. Ashland Clipper.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
The magnificent granite columns for Col. McMullen's new brick office block, ordered through W. H. Dawson, of the South Main Marble Works, have arrived. The three weigh five thousand pounds and are beauties.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
The Caldwell Journal wants Holly Waterworks so the insurance rate will be reduced one-half. Insurance companies are "not built that way."
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
C. R. Miller will sell at public sale at his farm three miles northwest of Wichita, on Saturday, February 20th, 1886, all his fine Norman brood mares and colts. Parties wishing good stock will do well to attend.
They Enter Capt. Hunt's House and Get Away With Valuable Jewelry.
A Gold Watch, etc.—Other Burglaries.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.

A big dose of mangy tramps struck Winfield Sunday. They came in from the east on a stray freight and were soon working the "empty-pocket, sick, crippled, and out-of-work" racket in its highest degree, with everybody they met. The city has been so free of tramps this winter that such a numerous presence was a surprise. Marshal McFadden and Tom Harrod ran across a gang of five, two white men and three Mexicans, about six o'clock, near the S. K. depot. They made a careful inspection and concluded them only a delegation from the great army of kitchen-door bombarders that we have been expecting from the east with the first thaw. The officials circulated around with their eyes peeled. But, as usual, the raid was made where least expected. A little after eight o'clock, while all the family were at church, Capt. J. S. Hunt's home, 1113 Millington street, was ransacked. The burglars got in through a kitchen window, the only one in the house unlocked. Passing the silverware down stairs, some of it on the table in full view, they went up stairs into Miss Anna Hunt's room, and got away with the contents of her jewel case—a valuable gold watch and chain, a gold necklace, three pairs of bracelets, and a breastpin. The watch had her initials in the back, and could be easily identified. They also found three or four dollars in money. This haul apparently satisfied them and the slid out for new pastures.
The same gang, evidently, or a part of it, also went through Mr. C. Collins' residence, 821 Menor street, climbing in a back window. The family were all at church, and the burglars had the freedom of the house, and they took it. Everything was turned upside down, but the haul was slim. The valuables were all under lock. A Smith & Wesson revolver, a box of cartridges, a dollar in small change, Mrs. Collins' set of pearl earrings, a gold ring, and a silver napkin ring.
These burglarious "cusses" were undoubtedly the tramps before mentioned. On notification about 9 o'clock, of these burglaries, the officers were out in full force and scoured the town all night—no signs visible. The only remnant left today of the dozen or more tramps who struck the town last evening are two cripples, a one armed man, and a leg-cripple, very seedy looking individuals.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.

Charley Grant, constable at Atlanta, brought in two parties Monday and lodged them in Castle de Finch, charged with passing counterfeit coin in Atlanta on Friday evening. From Mr. Day we learn the following particulars. About 8 p.m. a party entered Dunbar's store, bought a dime's worth of goods, and handed him a dollar in payment. Mr. Dunbar gave him the change and he went out, doing the same thing at Gillard & Darlington's and Doty & Smith's billiard hall. At the last place Mr. Smith didn't like the looks of the party nor the money, and scrutinizing the dollar, he started out and found the same kind of dollars at the other places the parties had been to. Constable Grant was put on their track and found out in a short time the direction they had taken and arrested them near Grenola. In their wagon he found three molds, a bogus dollar, and some metal spoons in their satchel. Mr. Grant took them back and had a preliminary before Justice Strother, who sent them to jail. They are hard looking cases, about twenty-three years of age, and give their names as Johnson and Wilson. They say they know nothing about the satchel, that it was given to them at Halstead by a party by the name of Miller for the purpose of expressing it to Independence. It won't do for anyone to fool around Atlanta with ways that are dark and tricks that are vile or Constable Grant will soon run them in and Justice Strother will apply the cold arm of the law.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
Weekly report of tardiness for week ending Feb. 12, 1886.
Department/Teacher/No. Tardinesses.
Central Building
High, W. N. Rice, 11.
Grammar, Lou Gregg, 10.
Grammar, Lois Williams, 5.
2nd Intermediate, Sada Davis, 1.
1st Intermediate, Maude Pearson, 4.
1st Intermediate, Ivy Crane, 7.
1st Intermediate, Fannie Stretch, 3.
2nd Primary, Bertha Wallis, 3.
2nd Primary, Belle Bertram, 3.
1st Primary, Jessie Stretch, 12.
1st Primary, Mary Berkey, 5.
1st Primary, Josie Pixley, 4.
Second Ward.
2nd Intermediate, Flo Campbell, 1.
1st Intermediate, Mrs. Leavitt, 2.
2nd Primary, Clara Davenport, 3.
1st Primary, Mary Randall, 9.
Third Ward.
2nd Intermediate, Allie Dickie, 4.
1st Intermediate, Mattie Gibson, 1.
2nd Primary, Mary Hamill, 5.
1st Primary, Mary Bryant, 7.
In the Central Ward the 2nd Intermediate, taught by Miss Sadie Davis, had but one case of tardiness during the week ending February 12th. The same is true of the same department in the Second Ward, taught by Miss Campbell, and in Miss Gibson's room in the Third Ward. The above are the banner rooms for last week. Miss Belle Bertram's room had the highest per cent of attendance—there not being a case of absence during the week.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
"John," said a gentleman to a hungry looking individual on Main street, Monday, "you look sick; what's the matter?" "Oh, I have a terrible back-ache." "That's bad; what do you suppose causes it?" "I think it's the gastric juice drumming on my backbone for grub," was the reply. The poor devil looked like he hadn't communed with a table in many, many moons. He got a quarter. What he did with it is another thing—nobody knows.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.

The Arkansas City Republican publishes a little pen-knife, wood cut diagram of Cowley County's present and future railroads. Of course, Arkansas City is given a grand net-work of roads, a dozen or more, all but two in prospect, while Winfield is completely side-tracked: looking like a little two by nine village. Not so fast, Dick. Winfield is to be the great railroad center of Southern Kansas. Your map is a wild conjecture—too cute to pan.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
Mr. C. A. Bower, resident partner and manager of our new boot and shoe firm, Bower & Ray, is a young man of intelligence and good appearance, and comes from Cherryvale, very highly recommended as a thorough gentleman in all his dealings, financially and socially. He has a very fine stock, new and complete, and will soon get to the front.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
From newspapers, letters, and in every way, the glad news comes that Cowley County will have an immense eastern immigration this spring. Our hotel men are dwelling in sweetest anticipation, our real estate men are whetting their catch qualities and laudation and everybody is ready to receive, with open arms and courteous, beneficent mien.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
The bridge bill, one of vast importance to Cowley County, has passed the Legislature. This bill empowers the county commissioners of any county to levy a tax of two mills on the dollar for bridge purposes. It grants them power to locate bridges and appropriate money to pay for the same in any part of the county where they are necessary.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
John Marshal, the central figure in the Maple City tragedy, no longer languishes. He was released from jail Saturday evening, on a bond secured by men living in the Maple City neighborhood. His freedom was received with ecstatic joy by his young wife, who has been boarding here since the tragedy, that she might be near her husband.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
Mrs. W. J. Wilson entertained a small tea party at her residence, on East 11th St., on Saturday evening. Mrs. Emerson, Mr. and Mrs. E. H. Nixon, Mr. and Miss Ritchie, and Mr. T. J. Eaton were presented together with Miss Jennie Hane, who ably assisted Mrs. Wilson in making a pleasant evening.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
The home of A. B. Roberts, the painter on 8th avenue, was struck last evening by a beam of sunshine in the shape of a sweet little girl that weighs eight pounds and A. B. wears a broad smile this morning and steps very high. We congratulate Mr. and Mrs. Roberts.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
The Santa Fe company is now preparing for an immense increase in business during the coming season, by constructing over two hundred new cars, all of which will be fitted with air brakes.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
The County Commissioners, at their adjourned session Monday, appointed Hugh McKibben trustee of Tisdale township. It is a first-class appointment.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
The personal property tax of Robert Hudson, Jr., in Walnut township, on one cow erroneously assessed in both Winfield and Walnut, was remitted.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.

Hugh McKibben was appointed trustee of Tisdale township.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
The trustee of Otter was authorized to furnish aid to the family of one Hains, to amount of $3 per week.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
Wanted at once, twenty young ladies and gentlemen to learn Telegraphy at the Southwestern Business College. There will be from three to four thousand miles of railroad built in the state of Kansas this coming season, giving employment to at least five hundred operators. For particulars call on or address E. H. Fritch, principal, Southwestern Business College, Wichita, Kansas.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
The home of Mr. and Mrs. W. B. Pixley, 221 west 7th, was a happy scene Monday evening. It was a reception given by Misses Minnie and Estella Pixley—a gathering of Masters and Misses of that gay age to which all look back as the most genuinely enjoyable and hilarious of life—almost the last step to the threshold of womanhood and manhood; the days of reveling in the first thoughts of a "best birl" or a gallant "beau." Yes, we can all remember what immense times we had in those days—days that will never return, but always remain among our brightest memories. Such a party was that last night—free from restraint and stilted dignity—all in for a good time; and they had it. Those participating were Misses Maggie Bedilion, Lillie Wilson, Mabel Myers, Willie Wallis, Maud Pickens, Mattie Tulley, Margaret Spotswood, Mamie and Nona Greer, Pearl Van Doren, Anna Doane, Pauline Baird, Eva Berkey; Masters Willie Farringer, Fletcher Johnson, Dick Harper, Fred Wilber, Frank Wilber, Fay Latham, Malcolm McDonald, Wallie Johnson, Willie Doane, Dudley Eaton, Harry Park, Gus McMullen, John Pugh, George Gary.
The nicely furnished home of Mr. and Mrs. Pixley is well arranged for such a gathering. Misses Minnie and Stella, pleasantly assisted by their sisters, Misses Josie and Louise, did the honors of the occasion very gracefully. Music and various amusements, supplemented by a choice luncheon, filled the evening delightfully to all.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.

Never in the history of Winfield has it exhibited so much genuine, unalloyed sociability as this winter. A glance back recalls a myriad of receptions, balls, card parties, and all kinds of entertainments, private and public. Nothing could speak louder for the character of our people than this warm social feeling. By nature we are all social beings. When we drown sociability, civilization must die. Such sociability as Winfield exhibits completely annihilates the sour-visaged, chilly individuals who see nothing but frowns and biliousness in the world. If their frigidity can be touched, they are soon thawed out. And the individual who thinks he is a little better than anybody else, wraps his broad cloth around his frame, elevates his nose and struts around looking down on everybody excepting the dukes and duchesses, also gets the kinks knocked out of him in short meter. Society here is gauged on character. No cast, no shoddy aristocracy, no superficial fastidiousness, no disgusting prudishness exists. All are happy, buoyant, free-hearted, and social in a degree that exhibits the highest civilization and culture. And no city is more fashionable in dress and demeanor. But our people don't carry style into that freezing stiffness too apt to prevail in fashionable cities. Cold and modest indeed must be the newcomer who can fail of a warm reception in Winfield. Let him bristle up, show his worthiness of character, and he will soon declare that a more social city than this never existed.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
Monday night Tom H. Harrod found three dejected boys at the S. K. depot, looking for a place to bunk for the night, a la tramp. They were loaded for bear—two revolvers, one a big cap and ball six-shooter and the other a little 32 calibre "pop." They acknowledged that they had run away from home at Augusta, starting with high hopes of conquest notorious. But their hopes, after but a day's practical airing, had "caved," flattened clear down in the dust. Tom took the boys to the jail, gave them a place to sleep, and Tuesday sent word to their parents. The boys left home Monday morning with $2.10 among four of them. They secretly chartered a box car to Douglass and from there were forced to mount Old Shanks Mare. The old mare looked too tough for one of the oldest boys, and seeing someone from Augusta, he went back. The others footed it to Winfield, making the twenty miles by dark Tuesday. Their names are Elmer Williams, fifteen years old; Ed. Rash, fourteen; and Ben Dodge, eleven. Williams' father is a printer, Rash's a carpenter, and Dodge's a drayman, all living in Augusta. The boys appear to have had all the romance knocked out of them already and are anxious to get home.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
Wichita, nor any other point in all Kansas, can compare with this as a place to make permanent investments of capital. WINFIELD COURIER.
No doubt, but there remains the slight difficulty of inducing anybody outside of Winfield to see it. Permit the Eagle to give you a point that is a pointer, and that point is the point of a sand ridge just fourteen miles south of Winfield, at the junction of the Walnut and Arkansas rivers. There squats a banshee which for popping up beats Banquo's ghost clear out of sight, and whose shadow will cover Winfield's horizon, and in spite of any combination. Wichita Eagle.
THE COURIER is not unhappy about Arkansas City's "popping up" like Banquo's ghost, as well the Eagle may be. We are glad to see her "pop," and predict that she will have a "pop"ulation of thirty thousand before Wichita reaches twenty thousand; but that does not interfere with the prospects that Winfield will far exceed either in growth and population.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
The Board of County Commissioners held a short adjourned meeting Monday, with Commissioners S. C. Smith and J. D. Guthrie, present, to settle the M. Schofield county road matter. County Commissioner Irwin still being absent in Missouri and one of the attorneys in the case being absent, it was postponed to March 15th.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
Yes, sir, Cherryvale is the natural point, geographically, commercially, and railroadically, for the metropolis of Kansas and the Indian Territory, and with proper work on the part of our people it will become a large and important city, but without that work some other unnatural point may secure the prize that of right belongs to Cherryvale. Globe-Torch.
Lost! Irretrievably lost! The Queen City of all Southern Kansas, Winfield, is irrevocably determined to make the metropolis of Kansas. She has clinched such destiny, "geographically, commercially, and railroadically." Please paste this over your sanctum desk.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
Coroner Wells held an inquest Monday on the body of Mrs. W. J. Whitson, at Seeley. Mrs. Whitson retired Sunday night as usual. In the morning her husband got up to find her dead by his side. She had passed off with heart disease, with which she had been troubled for some time, and apparently died almost without a struggle. She leaves three children.
J. W. Weimer Comes Forward With Another Wyoming Letter.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
Your note of inquiry dated Jan. 8th, 1886, was received last night. If I can indulge your pardon for undue silence, I will say in reply that I am enjoying the winter quite well. The Park is growing more interesting the longer I stay. You need not be surprised if I say that the weather for mildness is unparalleled, approximating a semitropical climate. With one exception, on the 7th inst., the mercury congealed for several hours, then rallied, and has since indicated mostly from few to 40 degrees above. There is scarcely enough snow here in the valley (Yellowstone East Fork) for sleighing; forty miles further down there is none, while in the mountains there is enough to drive the game down, and hundreds of elk are seen along the main road. From our cabin door we can see elk and mountain sheep nearly every hour of the day. Game is becoming quite numerous, and we have nearly all kinds here. From the wood rat to the lion and bear and from the stately elk to the web-footed rabbit.
All kinds of stock is still living on the range. The government horses are kept in the east of the park, the highest range in this country, and the rundown ponies are thriving on the mountain side.
During the tourist season, I had charge of the south end of the park, the great geyser district, and had a most enjoyable time visiting with the continual stream of curious visitors and made some pleasant acquaintances. After it was over I proposed to the superintendent a scheme of patrol through the western part of the park. Myself and Ed Wilson, after fifteen days hard work, succeeded in bagging eight horses and five men, who called themselves old timers or bad men. They were convicted and fined, their guns, knives, etc., were confiscated, and they were turned loose with a better opinion of law and order. When the weather is fine, this affords