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Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
To the People of Cowley County:
January 1st, 1886, I will offer my entire stock of General Merchandise at Cost for Cash. This sale will continue just thirty days. I have $35,000 worth of goods to dispose of, and they have got to go if cost will move them. My stock consists of a complete line of Dress Goods, Silks, Satins, Sateens, Cashmere, Alpacas, Tricots, etc. I have also a full and complete line of Flannels, Table Linens, Napkins, Towels, Cassimere Jeans, Cloakings, Cottonade Shirting, Tickings, Canton Flannel, Muslins, Yarns, Shirts, Shawls, Blankets, Comforters, Hoods, Shawls, Blankets, Comforters, Hoods, Scarfs, Knit Sacques, etc. I would call especial attention to my large stock of Ladies' Cloaks. These goods will be sold at a great sacrifice. I would also call attention to my Carpet Department. Goods in this department will be sold at UNHEARD OF LOW PRICES.
In my Notion Department I have everything in Ladies' Neckwear, Laces, Embroideries, Collars and Cuffs, Trimmings, etc. I have Valises in endless variety. My stock of Boots and Shoes is complete. My stock of Clothing is all fresh and new, having all been bought last fall. I would especially call attention to my Blanket Department. I will sell these goods at prices that will cause my competitors to open their eyes. I don't advertise any especial line of goods on any especial day or week, but will sell my entire stock at cost for cash for thirty days. This is no "Cheap John" or "catch penny" advertisement, but actual facts. Everybody knows when I advertise to sell at cost, I DO IT. Remember from January 1st to February 1st, 1886, is the time and at J. B. Lynn's Mammoth Dry Goods House is the place to get big bargains in Dry Goods, Clothing, Boots and Shoes, Hats and Caps, Carpets, Oil Cloths, Rugs, Mats, and in fact everything in the Dry Goods line. Come early before the stock is broken and secure the best bargains. Come one, come all, and bring your pocket books with you, as no goods will be sold at cost on credit. All orders will be taken at a discount of ten per cent. Respectfully.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
Painting, Graining and Decorated Paper Hanging.
I make a specialty of hard wood finish and staining. First-class mechanics furnished and all work guaranteed. Estimates furnished on short notice. Shop on West Eighth Street, nearly opposite Kirk's mill.
The Marriage of Mr. B. W. Matlack and Miss Gertrude McMullen.
A Brilliant and Elaborate Affair.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

Happy they, the happiest of their kind.
Whom gentle stars unite,
And in one fate
Their hearts, their fortunes, and their beings blend.
Once again have the wedding chimes echoed. Ever since the announcement of the intended marriage of Mr. B. W. Matlack and Miss Gertrude McMullen, society has been on the qui vive in anticipation of the brilliant affair. Its date was New Year's Day—the starting of a new year, with all its bright prospects and happy hopes. What time could be more appropriate for the joining of two souls with but a single thought? As the cards signaled, the wedding occurred at the elegant residence of Col. J. C. McMullen, uncle of the bride. At half past one o'clock the guests began to assemble and soon the richly furnished parlors of one of Winfield's most spacious homes were a lively scene, filled with youth and age. It was a representative gathering of the city's best people, attired as befitted a full dress occasion. Many of the ladies were very richly costumed.
Mr. and Mrs. A. H. Doane, Mr. and Mrs. E. S. Bliss, Mr. and Mrs. J. C. Fuller, Mr. and Mrs. Chancey Hewitt, Mr. and Mrs. Dr. Wright, Mr. and Mrs. E. P. Greer, Mr. and Mrs. T. H. Soward, Mr. and Mrs. G. W. Miller, Mr. and Mrs. W. H. Albro, Mr. and Mrs. Dr. Gull, Mr. and Mrs. E. S. Torrance, Mr. and Mrs. H. E. Silliman, Mr. and Mrs. B. F. Wood, Mr. and Mrs. C. A. Bliss, Mr. and Mrs. Geo. Rembaugh, Mr. and Mrs. Fred C. Hunt, Mr. and Mrs. Sam D. Pryor, Mr. and Mrs. John D. Pryor, Mr. and Mrs. D. A. Millington, Mr. and Mrs. W. P. Hackney, Mr. and Mrs. J. J. Carson, Mr. and Mrs. J. A. Smith, Mr. and Mrs. E. G. Cole, Mr. and Mrs. E. F. Blair.
Arkansas City: Mr. and Mrs. S. Matlack, Mr. and Mrs. C. H. Searing, Mr. and Mrs. J. C. Topliff, Mrs. E. H. Wilson, Mrs. M. L. Matlack, Mrs. A. M. Clevenger, and Miss Lucy Walton.
Misses Minnie Taylor, Josie Pixley, Ida Trezise, Lena Walrath, Alice Bishop, Mary Bryant, Mary Berkey, May Hodges, Hattie Stolp, and Leota Gary.
Messrs. Judge Jay J. Buck, of Emporia; George and Everett Schuler, Will Hodges, Robert Hudson, Eli Youngheim, Jos. O'Hare, S. and P. Kleeman, Henry Goldsmith, E. Wallis, Addison Brown, Tom J. Eaton, Lacey Tomlin, Dr. C. E. Pugh, Frank Robinson, Lewis Brown, Will Robinson, James Lorton, Amos Snowhill. Livey J. Buck, Harry Sickafoose, and Frank H. Greer.
This list is as nearly correct as our reporter could get. In such an assembly it is almost impossible to get every name.

The shutters had been closed and the parlors illuminated by gas light, making a soft, mellow light entrancingly beautiful. Just enough daylight found its way in to complete the novel effect. At 2:30 the bridal pair came lightly down the stairway amid the sweet strains of Mendelssohn's wedding march, by Master Olmstead, and took their position in the north parlor. The bride was on the arm of her father, Mr. J. F. McMullen, and the groom was accompanied by the bride's mother. The attendants were Misses Nellie McMullen, cousin of the bride, and Jennie Lowry and Messrs. Ed. J. McMullen, the bride's brother, and Frank F. Leland. The exquisite beauty of the bride was at its perfection in a very rich gold-colored costume. Its color was the exact counterpart of her hair, and was remarkably lovely for its absence of diversified trimming. It was Satin De Lyon, with court train; corsage trimmed with gold-colored silk. Her hair was dressed with ostrich tips and in her hand she held a bouquet of tube roses and immortelles. Miss Nellie McMullen was attired in a handsome blue brocade sateen, and Miss Lowry in very pretty shrimp pink satin. The groom and his attendants were arrayed in conventional black, with white cravats and kids. The bridal party were in a bower formed of white satin ribbon, in which were the bride's father and mother, Mrs. Wm. H. Colgate and children, a sister, Col. McMullen, his mother and family, Mrs. M. L. Matlack and Stacy Matlack and wife, mother and brother of the groom. Mrs. J. F. McMullen was attired in a stone colored silk, trimmed with plush, same shade, and Mrs. J. C. McMullen in garnet-colored silk. Mrs. Colgate wore a pink cashmere dress, with satin mora bon trimming; Pussy Colgate, blue alabastrass Gretchen dress. The ceremony was pronounced by Rev. J. H. Reider, pastor of the Baptist church of this city. It was very beautiful and impressive, as follows.
The marriage institution, coeval with the human family, is authorized and guarded, both by divine and civil law. It is pointed out alike by the word of God, and the relations and experiences of our race, as eminently conducive to human happiness. It was instituted during man's innocency, in the earthly Paradise; was ratified by Jesus Christ, the teacher and law-giver of the world, and declared by his holy Apostles to be honorable to all. Emanating thus directly from supreme authority, and preceding all other social and civil compacts, this institution cannot undergo change or pass away in the progress and mutations of society, but will remain the same and unalterable, the foundation of human government, of social order, and domestic happiness to the end of time. As the parties now presenting themselves in the presence of God and of these witnesses, seek this happy, honorable, and responsible alliance, I shall in token of a due consideration on your part of the nature and obligations of the conjugal relation, and of your free, deliberate, and decided choice of each other as partners for life, you will please unite your right hands. Do you now promise before Almighty God and these witnesses, to take each other for husband and wife, and practice all these offices of duty and affection which God in his word enjoins upon this relation? Do you mutually promise?
The parties answered, "We do promise."
The groom then took the elegant diamond-set ring and placed it on the fourth finger of the bride's left hand, and said: "With this ring I thee wed, and with all my worldly goods and my heart's faithful affection, I thee endow." When Mr. Reider added: "And may it remain a fit emblem of the brighter link uniting your hearts, of the richer circle of your common enjoyment, and as it is without end, may your happiness and prosperity endure forever. Having thus assumed the responsibilities of the marriage covenant, in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost, I pronounce you one—one in all your temporal interests and possessions, and in the eye of the law; one in every event of life, whether prosperous or adverse; one in every condition, whether of sickness or health. And what God hath joined together, let not man put asunder."

Then prayer was offered for the divine blessing upon the newly wedded pair, and upon the families thus united, after which Mr. and Mrs. Matlack were introduced to the friends present.
The bridal pair stood the "trying ordeal" with becoming grace, pronouncing the momentous "I do" with a firmness only born of perfect self possession. The ceremony over, the congratulations began, warm and hearty, exhibiting the popularity of the bride and groom. Twenty-five of Mr. Matlack's young gentlemen friends filed in, one right after the other, for congratulations. Half an hour was spent in greetings, when the feast began. It was elaborate, embracing everything obtainable in the culinary and confectionery art, served in elegant style. It was hugely enjoyed. Then came the view of the tokens. They were many and valuable—an array charming to the lover of fine wares and fine art.
Silver nut cracker and half dozen nut picks, Ed J. McMullen.
Silver salt and pepper castor, Miss Nellie McMullen.
Silver tray with tea and coffee service, Mrs. M. L. Matlack.
Large steel engraving "Rural Scene," S. Matlack.
Morocco bound bible, Mr. and Mrs. J. C. McMullen.
Decorated China dinner set, Mr. and Mrs. J. F. McMullen.
Diamond earrings, groom to bride.
Point lace handkerchief, Mrs. W. H. Colgate.
Silver pitcher and goblet, Mr. and Mrs. G. C. Rembaugh, Mr. Will C. Robinson, Mr. G. D. Headrick, Mr. M. Hahn, Mr. and Mrs. A. H. Doane, Dr. C. E. Pugh, Mr. Addison Brown, Mr. Will E. Hodges, Mr. Eli Youngheim, Mr. E. G. Gray, Mr. F. H. Greer.
Silver butter knife, Mr. and Mrs. W. P. Hackney.
Silver jewel case, Mr. and Mrs. J. Wade McDonald.
Silver card receiver, Mr. and Mrs. J. N. Young.
Carving knife and fork with steel, Mr. and Mrs. Chancey Hewitt.
Plush picture frame, Mr. and Mrs. J. A. Smith.
Gold and pearl pen holder, Harry Bahntge.
Lemonade set, A. Snowhill.
Silver card receiver, E. M. Ford, Emporia, Kansas.
Silver pitcher and goblet, Mr. and Mrs. Rodgers, Mr. and Mrs. D. A. Millington, Mr. and Mrs. J. C. Fuller, Mr. and Mrs. H. E. Silliman, Mr. and Mrs. J. D. Pryor, Mr. and Mrs. Wm. Whiting, Mr. and Mrs. S. D. Pryor, Mr. and Mrs. W. H. Albro, Mr. and Mrs. C. A. Bliss, Mr. and Mrs. I. W. Randall, Mr. and Mrs. C. Collins, Mr. and Mrs. B. F. Wood, Mr. and Mrs. O. Branham, Mr. and Mrs. E. S. Bliss, Miss Lena Walrath, and Miss Lola Silliman.
Silver butter dish, Mr. and Mrs. Ed Cole and Miss Nellie Cole.
Silver card receiver, Mr. and Mrs. M. L. Read.
Silver tooth pick stand and salt cellar, Mr. and Mrs. E. F. Blair.
Pair silver salt stands, T. H. Soward.
Silver castor, Misses Jennie Lowry and Mollie Bryant.
Silver ink stand, Mr. and Mrs. J. N. Harter.
Silver vase, Mrs. A. B. Bishop and Misses Mary Berkey and Josie Pixley.
Silver cake basket, P. H. Albright and Ed Greer.

Silver butter dish, butter knife, sugar shell, and one-half dozen silver spoons, Mr. and Mrs. J. J. Carson, Mr. and Mrs. W. R. Whiting, Mr. and Mrs. E. D. Taylor, Miss Maggie Taylor, Mr. and Mrs. M. L. Whiting, Mr. and Mrs. G. W. Miller.
Pair French gall urns, Lizzie, Margie, and Eugene Wallis.
Silver pickle dish, Mr. and Mrs. E. S. Torrance.
Silver and glass berry dish, Leota Gary, Hattie Stolp, Minnie Taylor, May Hodges, and Ida Johnson.
Silver and glass jelly dish, Mr. and Mrs. J. J. Buck, Emporia.
Hand painted pickle castor, Mr. E. Schuler, J. Lorton, G. Schuler, and Robt. Hudson, Jr.
Silver berry dish with spoon, L. Jay Buck, H. L. Tomlin, and F. Robinson.
Wedgewood ink stand, Mr. and Mrs. J. S. Lyon.
Pair of silver and ground glass flower vases, Mr. and Mrs. L. M. Williams.
Silver salt cellars, Mr. and Mrs. J. C. Topliff, Arkansas City.
Silver and ground glass flower stand, Dr. and Mrs. F. H. Bull.
Marble top table, J. L. M. Hill.
Linen table cloth, Sam and Phil Kleeman.
Picture "Twin Stars," Mr. and Mrs. E. S. Bedilion.
Morocco bound album, F. F. Leland.
Book, "Violet Among the Lillies," Henry Goldsmith.
Dictionary, Thos. J. Eaton.
Book, "European Scenery," Lewis Brown.
Turkish rug, Mrs. Clevenger.
Duchess lace handkerchief, Miss Emma Pfeffer, Topeka.
Silver traveling cup in Russia leather case, Mr. and Mrs. Albro.
Pair hand painted key racks, Miss Strong.
Silver and glass berry dish, Willis A. Ritchie.
At 4:30 the bridal pair and the relatives took the carriages in waiting and repaired to the S. K. depot, accompanied by a large number of guests to see the newly married couple off for their wedding tour of six weeks to Trenton, New Jersey, New York City, Boston, and various places in the east. It was a big ovation and farewell, with myriads of hearty wishes for a safe and happy tour.

Never was a couple more happily mated than Mr. and Mrs. B. W. Matlack. The union is one of counterpart temperaments—one with a starting most auspicious. The bride is a young lady of rare beauty and refinement, with a sweet and tranquil disposition and admirable social qualities. She has just bloomed into womanhood, the joy and pride of her parents and relatives. Mr. Matlack is one of the city's best young businessmen, having, by shrewd business tact and self-application, secured a good competency. He has for a year or more been an active participant in Winfield's social life. He is handsome, of affable manner, and possessed of ambition that will continue to win him success. Marriage is said to be the crowning point of life. Mr. Matlack's coronation is jeweled—his bride a young lady the equal of whose winsome presence is seldom found. That all the fondest anticipations of bride, groom, parents, and relatives may reach their apex, is the hearty wish of THE COURIER.
Never in the history of Winfield did it have a more elaborate wedding then the one here chronicled. The home of Mr. and Mrs. J. C. McMullen, with its commodious appointments and rich furnishings, gave ample scope for extensive arrangements. Nothing was omitted that would add to the perfection of the occasion. The Col. and his agreeable lady received, as is characteristic of them, in a manner most admirable. The occasion, its pleasant hospitality and events, will long be remembered by the participants.
Its Grand Celebration in Winfield.
The Liveliest Life in the City's History.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
Never did Winfield have as lively New Year's festivities as those just spent. In fact, it has come to be conceded generally that, though the Queen City has always had much social life, the sociability of this winter exceeds by far. Entertainments, private and public, come thick and fast. And they are all largely attended and thoroughly enjoyable. The wonderful life on the beginning of this New Year is what we will deal with now.
started the ball on a highly spirited roll New Year's eve, in its party in the very pleasant home of the Misses Lizzie and Margie Wallis, whose admirable entertaining qualities are highly appreciated by all who have ever spent an evening in their home. Those present Thursday eve were: Misses Ora Worden, of Garnett, Mary Randall, Anna Hunt, Leota Gary, Anna McCoy, Minnie Taylor, Hattie Stolp, Bert Morford, Nona Calhoun, Ida Johnston, Nellie and Kate Rodgers, Maggie Harper, Mary Berkey, Julia Smith, and Eva Dodds; Messrs. Eugene Wallis, Frank N. Strong, Chas. F. and Harry Bahntge, Everett and George Schuler, Lacey Tomlin, Ed J. McMullen, L. J. Buck, Frank Robinson, F. F. Leland, G. E. Lindsley, L. B. Davis of Chicago, Addison Brown, Will E. Hodges, Harry Sickafoose, Tom J. Eaton, A. F. Hopkins, and Frank H. Greer. Restraint, under the pleasant entertainment of the Misses Wallis, is always unknown. So it was on this occasion. Everybody "turned themselves loose" and ended the old year in supreme jollity. Dancing, cards, a choice repast, with unadulterated "Gab Only," made the evening fly on rapid wings, with the wish for many more just like it.

The large attendance at the wedding interfered considerably with New Year's calling. It interfered with the formal banquet of many who would otherwise have kept formal open house. But the enjoyment was all the greater. Too much form spoils fun. About fifty callers were out, the two largest parties being "The Young Men's Kerosene Association," composed of Ed. J. McMullen, Tom J. Eaton, Frank F. Leland, Will E. Hodges, Addison Brown, Frank Robinson, and Livey T. Buck, and the "Great and Only Original Order of Modern S. of G.'" composed of D. H. Sickafoose, J. W. Spindler, A. F. Hopkins, E. Youngheim, R. Hudson, L. T. Tomlin, F. H. Greer, O. J. Dougherty. J. Lorton, and Q. A. Robertson. Judge Torrance, Senator Hackney, Judge Soward, and Ed P. Greer, formed another party; D. A. Millington and J. C. Fuller, another; Will C. and Geo. W. Robinson, Chas. F., Harry, and Barron Bahntge and Dr. J. G. Evans, another; R. E. Wallis, Jr., E. M. Meech, and Hobe Vermilye, another; J. L. M. Hill, Harry Steinhilber, S. Kleeman, and a number of others, whom our reporter didn't strike were out, with all the eclat of aristocratic "Bosting." The cartoons and elegant card cases (market baskets) of the "Kerosine Club" and "Modern S. of G.'s" would make Nast feel very tired. A myriad of homes were greeted with "A Happy New Year," regardless of "open house" announcements. At a number of places the preparations were great, with grand banquets, among these being the home of Mrs. Black, she being admirably assisted in receiving by Mrs. B. H. Riddell, Mrs. A. C. Bangs, Mrs. Ada Perkins, and the Misses Lizzie and Margie Wallis, who had sent out neat "at homes" and entertained over fifty guests; at the home of Chas. F. Bahntge, where Misses Nona Calhoun and Bert Morford were kept busy receiving from four to eight; at Mrs. Dr. Emerson's, where she was assisted by Mrs. W. L. Webb, and Miss Anna Hunt; at Mrs. L. G. and Miss Nellie Cole's; at the residence of R. E. Wallis, where Miss Willie Wallis was assisted by Misses Jennie Snyder, Annie Doane, Lillie Wilson, Pearl Van Doren, and Margaret Spotswood—the happiest bevy imaginable. The spreads at all these places were simply immense, embracing about everything. At the numerous other places the greeting was not supplemented by refreshments, a happy thought to the callers after they had got through with the wedding dinner and the "layouts" above given. Some of the ladies gave their callers very fine cards—cards exquisite as New Year's souvenirs.
Last night was the eleventh anniversary of Dr. and Mrs. Emerson's marriage. For years back they have celebrated their wedding anniversary with a social gathering, and this New Years was no exception. Their home was the scene of a very happy party composed of Mr. and Mrs. M. L. Robinson, Mr. and Mrs. J. C. Fuller, Mr. and Mrs. Geo. W. Robinson, Mr. and Mrs. A. E. Baird, Mr. and Mrs. W. J. Wilson, Mr. and Mrs. F. C. Hunt, Mr. and Mrs. L. H. Webb, Mr. and Mrs. Frank Balyeat, Mr. and Mrs. Fred Bahntge, and Mr. and Mrs. E. G. Cole; Mrs. W. L. Webb, Mrs. E. H. Nixon, and Mrs. B. H. Riddle; Misses Lizzie and Margie Wallis, Nettie and Anna McCoy, Sadie French, Nellie Cole, Anna Hunt, Mamie Baird, Johnson, Nona Calhoun, and Bert Morford; Messrs. J. L. M. Hill, Ray Oliver, M. J. O'Meara, C. P. and Harry Bahntge, Everett and George Schuler, Tom J. Eaton, Byron Rudolf, L. B. Davis of Chicago, R. E. Wallis, Jr., E. M. Meech, Will and Frank Robinson, and Frank H. Greer. The opportunity for an evening in Mrs. Emerson's agreeable home is always hailed with delight. Her graceful and hearty hospitality completely banishes any formal feeling and makes all go in for a good time. A jollier gathering than that last night would be very hard to find. The "light fantastic" tripped to the excellent time of Master Olmstead, with whist, and a collation unexcelled, afforded genuinely enjoyable pastime till almost one o'clock, when all bid their genial hosts appreciative adieu, wishing them any returns of such happy wedding anniversaries, all declaring that no city can afford more admirable entertainers than the Doctor and his vivacious lady.
Miss Lola Silliman entertained a very pleasant little party of her young friends New Year's Eve. Her home is one of the most agreeable in the city, commodious and nicely furnished, and her entertainment very wholesouled.

Twenty-five or more young folks were entertained by Miss Anna Doane Thursday evening, and watched the old year out. It was a very gay gathering.
One of the biggest successes yet scored in Winfield in a benevolent way was the charity dinner by the Woman's Relief Corps at the Opera House yesterday. Five large tables were laden and re-laden with everything tempting to the palate, and hundreds of our citizens partook. About two hundred dollars were taken in—over one hundred and fifty of which are cleared, and will be distributed among the worthy poor of the city. This effort on the part of these noble ladies is most commendable. Those who inaugurated and assisted in it are the grandest women of our city, and were they not so numerous, would receive individual comment from THE COURIER.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
On the morning of the 9th of November, one of those balmy, bright, bracing mornings of which Kansas alone can boast at that season of the year, so perfect that the most fastidious could not find a flaw in it, or in any way change it if they could, we (Sue and I) left lovely, beautiful Winfield to test the climate, culture, and oranges of Florida. Although nature had ripened forest leaf into its brightest hue, the corn into its golden shocks, and the grass into its autumn dress, still the landscape along the route was most interesting, diversified as it was along the K. C. & S. W. railroad with new towns which have sprung into existence and grown to be good sized ones within the few months since this road was commenced. Nothing but the wonderful growth of that great west could find thought in the minds of the traveling public in coach or palace car. All the way to St. Louis, our people so frequently journey to the Mississippi river and south and north, east and west, that any item would not be worth setting the type to relate.
Suffice it that visits in St. Louis and Louisville were enjoyed all around and at Cave City we left the steam conveyance, climbed into a rickety hack, and bounced away due west, over corduroy roads, roads made of newly pounded stone, and roads made of mud and water, a distance of ten miles to Mammoth Cave, "that big hole in the ground" where we arrived at dusk. After supper and at the fixed hour, half past seven, our party of only five being instructed by the agent to pin up our skirts high in order to give us free use of our hands, each with torch in hand, filed out across the garden over a rough path, down steps, down, down, until we found we had really reached bottom and the mouth of the cave. One look to take in the surroundings and we followed on after the guide. After well in, we laid our shawls down to entirely disencumber ourselves, and all agreed that we would for once make as much noise as we liked. Laughing and indulging in ludicrous remarks about the architecture of the structure, we came upon the ruins of the old vats where so much saltpeter was manufactured during the war of 1812, and were told by the guide that not until some time after, about 1815, did visitors commence to frequent the cave.

Five sisters by the name of Jessup are heirs to the property, and the enormous sum for which they lease the hotel, a rickety old building of sixty years standing, and the cave, is enough to roll in luxury from years end to years end. With what awe and wonder I contemplated that awful upheaval. From pit to dome the black amphitheater was a fearful mystery. Seats of fallen rock were promiscuously arranged in the pit, boxes above plainly seen by the lighted taper thrown up by the guide, statuary somehow placed in niches by throwing the light, and the canopy frescoed with patches of lamp-black from torches going in and out for more than half a century, names written in paint and with pencil, cards and circulars, bats by the thousands sticking snugly, and in groups, and great white spots all over, off from which had crumbled pieces of stone from time immemorial. Supporting this great show room, which was ninety feet high in places, were huge stalactites, the formation of which was away back beyond the comprehension of man, black and discolored by age, rough, ragged, and damp from perpetual dripping. On we went, down steps, up steps, until we dame to a stone house laid in mortar by human hands, eight feet high, without roof, but with door and floor. Here four ladies had stayed for months, to try what virtue there was in an even temperature, to cure consumption. It was "no good." Farther on and more than three miles under ground, the guide told us he had seen five couples married. Just then I felt a curious desire to yell, and being urged to do so, I did my "level best," which sent back its echo, not from man, but from the rocks. Up and down, now stooping nearly to creeping, now squeezing between huge rocks just far enough apart to admit about 160 pounds, if the object was not more than six feet high, and the rest put in the other way, a little flattened, across bridges with a feeble railing, and finally retracing our steps part way, we explored the bottomless pit (with our eyes), and the guide then threw down a lighted taper, which struck bottom at 75 feet. The lake, wherein is live eyeless fishes, is not more than fifty feet across, and the fishes never grow over three inches long. I saw several which were not over two inches long. Our guide pretended to show places where by stamping, it sounded as though it was hollow, and produced an echo, but as I stood close by his side, I heard him make a sound with his mouth, and I knew he was a ventriloquist. Subsequently I was asked if that ventriloquist guide was there yet. This man has acted in that capacity for fifteen years, and gets only $20 a month and his board. The last treat, and one to be long remembered, was ascending the cork-screw. It was a long pull, and a strong pull, to climb around and up rock after rock without form or comeliness, and after so long a walk, it was like the last straw that broke the camel's back. Tired and foot-sore from the eight mile walk, we arrived at the hotel just as the clock struck twelve. I left, feeling just as I always shall, that I want to see the whole thing by daylight. It is well worth a journey across the ocean or continent to see.
At Atlanta we stopped one day; Sam Jones and Sam Small were holding forth upon prohibition, and they awoke both sides. Their enormous tent was filled to the last inch, temperance meetings were held all over the city, the ministers took up the refrain and preached prohibition, women laid aside their "crazy quilts" and organized societies, blue ribbons, with "Atlanta Prohibition Club" outnumbered the red ribbons, with "Liberty," and at the election Fulton County won for no whiskey. We were met here by Maj. R. E. Mansfield, brother of the Mansfield Bros., of Attica, and with him proceeded to Charleston. After a delightful visit of a week, he accompanied us on our journey.
From Jacksonville, which is certainly a most beautiful city, containing most beautiful hotels, well kept, from basement to attic; and especially do we appreciate the hospitality of the gentlemanly proprietor of the Tremont, Mr. H. De Wolf Dodge, who leaves nothing undone to make his hotel home-like.

From Jacksonville, as I was saying, we took passage on the fine steamer, "City of Jacksonville," and as one of our party was an employee of Uncle Sam, and as there was not a big crowd on board that trip, we fared gorgeously. Our state room was not over the wheel, we sat next to the purser at the table, who, by the way, is an elegant gentleman, polite, affable, and interesting, and in short, we had a splendid time. The best compliment I can pay the handsome Captain, W. A. Shaw, and the obliging purser, H. B. Teasdale, is to advise everybody to take a trip on the "City of Jacksonville."
The first part of the night we were in wide water, but towards morning I found that the wheel was often reversed, and that we were running very slow, almost stopped, and at dawn, while the electric light was yet burning on our bow, I discovered that we were so near shore that one could almost jump upon it. The electric light threw the shadows around a point, or curve, which we were about to make, that rendered the scene magnificent. I said: "Sue, get up, we are losing some beautiful scenery." Hastily we threw on our clothes, and went out on deck, 'though the morning was very chilly. The winding, curving, short turns in the river, which was now not much wider than the length of the steamer, seemed very much like the letter "S," and upon one occasion we sailed twenty-six miles to make eight. The St. Johns river runs through several lakes, the largest of which is Lake George, and at the extreme east is Lake Monroe, upon which Sanford and Enterprise are located. As we had a few hours to spend before the boat returned, our chaperon, the Major, hired a negro to row us over to De Bary's famous orange grove of seventy acres. A wonderful spring just beyond, which flowed 3,000 gallons a minute, must be seen, so we were rowed into a creek, which looked more like water standing upon a vast prairie, it was so placid, and free from the least current, sometimes running through tall grass which grew from the bottom, and sometimes under trees from which hung the long gray moss, which dipped its fingers gracefully into the water. The sail was an enchanting one, and a memorable one. Of course we filled our many pockets with oranges and ate, ate to our fill from Fred De Bary's grove. Our interesting companion left us at Astor, our landing, and we proceeded to Mt. Dora. H. P. MANSFIELD.
Mt. Dora, Florida, December 14, 1885.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
Flairy colors in residence paint is getting all the rage—red, bright drab, blue, etc.
New houses are spring up rapidly in Highland Park. In a short time it will be as thickly settled as any part of the city.
M. Howard, East Ninth, has repainted his house in bright colors, and enclosed with a neat fence, greatly improving its appearance.
Mr. Stewart, the carpenter, is putting in the foundation for a roomy and substantial house, next to his residence on east Ninth avenue.
G. C. Wallace's handsome, commodious new residence on south Fuller street, is nearing completion. It will make a very desirable home.
H. H. J. Johnson is erecting a large residence way out on 12th avenue. It will make a fine house and cost considerable when completed.
The Curns & Manser, Wallis & Wallis, Irve Randall, and other business blocks are going right up and will be ready for occupancy in the early spring.

The plans are out for the business block of J. C. McMullen. It will be in harmony with the other elegant buildings projected for early spring.
The St. James Hotel, with its three stories, and forty-five rooms, is progressing finely. Mr. Weitzel will furnish it with electric bells and all modern conveniences—as fine hotel as the Southwest affords.
Chas. E. Fuller's new home, on east Tenth, is almost completed and is a beauty. Its architecture is of the latest, everything complete for a cozy home. It will be ready for occupancy in a couple of weeks.
The plans for the magnificent new First National bank building, on the Doane corner, will be out soon. It will be one of the very finest blocks in the State. No money will be spared to make it eclipse. Col. Alexander will put a good building adjoining it. Work will begin on both in February.
Burton L. Weger hasn't so much faith in municipal generosity as he had. A year or more ago, he fell in an open trench of the gas company, jolting his frame up pretty badly. But his feelings were jolted worse than his frame—they were bruised and bleeding and coupling them with his physical injuries, he put in a claim to the city council for $5,000 damages. It was of course readily refused and suit was instituted in the District Court. Yesterday the case was tried, by jury, with a verdict that the case was without probable cause. Mr. Weger will have to pay the costs, which are near a hundred dollars.
Our rambler was on his wild and wooly mustang last night. Of course our natural inclinations drifted us to the Imbecile Asylum, which now begins to show its splendid proportions. Thirty men are now at work and the walls are to the top of the third story. The outer walls are of pitched ashler, lined with brick and the partition walls are all brick. It interior arrangement, as now indicated, with its beautiful exterior design will make one of the finest public buildings in the State. It is 75 x 120 feet, five stories high, including the ten foot basement and the mansard. It will have over forty-five thousand square feet of flooring. It is being built in the most substantial manner. As we have before remarked, its location, on an elevation overlooking the city and country, miles around, is simply charming. When finished, filled with the State's imbecile and idiotic youth, the street car line leading to it will be a continual jam. Nobody will visit Winfield without viewing the asylum and Methodist college, two of the largest public institutions in the west.
We have just got onto a serious episode of one of our leading businessmen church members. He is a great smoker. He took his usual pew last Sunday, when an old pillar of the church sat down by him. The pillar had scarcely got seated when he leaned over, punched the prominent businessman, and said: "Say, you are the worse scented man I ever got close to. Your tobacco aroma would knock a man down. Don't you see the whole audience squirming?" And then he got up and took a seat at the far side of church. The p. b. m. was mad—raving mad! He grabbed his hat, rushed out, and went tearing down the street, fairly frothing at the mouth. He met some ladies, halted them, and startled the fair ones by demanding whether he omitted an odor similar to fourteen years soaking in Limburger cheese, or like an individual who had been an envoy extraordinary sent out to capture a skunk. Their reply that he seemed as sweet and attractive as a morning rose smoothed his ruffled feelings and with relenting repose he sought his home and the cause of his scent, puffing the thrilling episode away in the clouds of a choice Havana.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
H. A. Palmer, the telegraph line constructor who tried to run the rink on Christmas, was brought in from Atlanta Wednesday by Capt. Siverd, and plead guilty before Judge Snow to two counts, one for getting drunk and one for fighting. It costs him $84. He is out on a parole, and unless the money is raised by tomorrow will revel in the bastille. He can probably get the money.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
Captain J. B. Nipp is out west looking around and in a private letter dated at Veteran, says: "Veteran is located in the geographical center of Stanton County. It is beautifully located in a very rich, and beyond a doubt, the finest body of agricultural land in the world. No better soil is known. A rich, black, sandy loam that will produce anything planted. Stanton will have enough people to organize in a very short time. There are already three railroads pointing through Stanton County, and Veteran is a natural railroad center. The town company has put in a public well with a wind pump and tank which furnishes an abundance of water to all. Travelers call this the best water in the southwest. It is clear as crystal and absolutely free of alkali. One hundred teams are watered here daily and the supply is inexhaustible. There is also a splendid hotel 24 x 48, with additions, two stories high, which is well furnished and kept in the best of style. Choice business and resident lots can be had in this beautiful town. Homestead or Pre-emption claims can be had yet. Every man seeking a home or a place for business, will do well to come to Veteran. It is only a matter of time when she will be the metropolis of the southwest. The people who are settling in and around Veteran are men of energy and push and are making everything move along in the best of shape and in the near future will own fine farms and vast wealth in this rich and productive county of Stanton, which bids fair to be the finest county in the state. J. B. NIPP.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
According to previous contract Geo. H. Dresser, the photographer, took possession of the Rodocker gallery January 1st. Mr. Dresser is no stranger in Winfield, having been associated with Mr. Rodocker for the past year and a half, all but the last few months, making a temporary stay at Arkansas City. The result of his labors while there can be seen at the gallery, in the shape of a fine exterior display of photos of some of Arkansas City's prettiest faces, and at the same time give you an opportunity of judging the merits of his work. Mr. Dresser has had the advantage of all modern improvements, and an experience of over eleven years; also is a member of the Photographic Association of America, and is considered by the fraternity an artist of true merit. Mr. Dresser is making arrangements to make pictures of any size and style known to the art science of photography. You are cordially invited to call in and see his work and its merits, and a share of your patronage is respectfully solicited. Mr. Dresser expects to sustain the well known reputation of this gallery, and he is cheerfully recommended by Mr. Rodocker as very amply qualified.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

In a recent issue of THE COURIER an article dated Detroit, Michigan, December 19, 1885, appeared purporting to give the substance of a letter from Minister Phelps, giving an opinion adverse to the existence of any estate of monies belonging to the Lawrence-Townley claimants. As an answer to the statements of the letter, I herewith hand you a letter from U. S. Consul-General Waller, which, if you deem of sufficient interest to your readers—quite a number of whom claim to be heirs of this estate—you have the liberty to publish.
The letter is addressed to T. W. McDowell, of White Pigeon, Illinois, cousin of Mr. Johnson. It says: "Replying to your favor of the 16th instant, I have to say that the Act of Parliament de Estate of Lawrence Townley was passed at the last session and will be published in book form in a few days at the price of 16 shillings. Should you desire me to forward you a copy of the Act, kindly enclose $4, the equivalent of 16 shillings.
THOMAS M. WALLER, Consul-General to England."
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
Sam Green, the victim of the Purden-Green elopement, with which all are familiar, sends the following, which we print verbatim. "I will just say in reply to a piece I see in your paper in regards to my wife and my treatment to her I say that it is a lie I never Struck her a lick in my life you say you made up money to Send her to her mother She come here and tried to git me take her back you can tell Tom Harrod or any one else Says She was dolly beatten is a lie and a Rascal it was not bad treatment that drove her from me I will make him think infurnel Brute if I ever meet him I can prove by her neghbors here she was never mistreated nor wonted for anything I could do for her I want you to under Stand it was not cussedness from her husband that drove her to sleep with Purden it was a lack of love and Respect for her own husband may peace and Happiness go with her for I can't. Sam Green. P. S. Please put a copy of this in your paper."
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
Mr. and Mrs. M. L. Robinson entertained a very pleasant little party of friends Wednesday eve. An evening in their spacious home is always most delightful. Those participating last night were: Mr. and Mrs. J. C. Fuller, Mr. and Mrs. Geo. W. Robinson, Dr. and Mrs. Geo. Emerson, Mr. and Mrs. S. D. Pryor, and Mr. and Mrs. F. C. Hunt; Mrs. Mary Whitney; Misses Nettie and Anna McCoy, Julia Smith, Libbie Whitney, Nona Calhoun, Bert Morford, and Anna Hunt; Messrs. Chas. F. and Harry Bahntge, W. H. Smith, Will and Frank Robinson, Will Whitney, Lacey Tomlin, A. F. Hopkins, and Will Hodges. Various amusements, supplemented by a choice collation, followed by dancing, in which the "old folks" took a lively part, passed the evening very agreeably. The graceful entertainment of Mr. and Mrs. Robinson always makes perfect freedom and genuine enjoyment.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

The foundation for the College is about complete, and it is a beauty. The water tables, almost all on, are of blue limestone, handsomely trimmed, and as decorative as marble. The dimensions of the building are finely exhibited in the foundation. And a glance at the pencil sketch of Architect Ritchie shows that it will be a magnificent structure when completed, one an honor not only to Winfield but the whole Southwest M. E. Conference. The State will not afford a better educational institution. A lot has been selected and plans are being drawn for a neat church on the college grounds, which will accommodate the college pupils and the residents of College Hill and vicinity.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
Prof. Limerick, Prof. Wood, Misses Fannie and Louie Stretch, and Miss Mary Berkey returned Friday from the State Teacher's Association at Topeka. They report it the grandest meeting in the history of the State—as big a State Association as ever assembled in any state. There were 850 teachers there, from every quarter of the state. Cowley took the cake, with her ten representatives, considering the distance. Representative hall of the capital was jammed, gallery and all.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
Commencing with the first number of volume 14 for 1886 the WEEKLY COURIER will be enlarged by adding two full pages of reading matter. It will contain double the amount of reading matter of any previous year, and printed in our beautiful minion, will be the handsomest and best weekly in the state, if the editors have the ability to make it such. It will at least have much the largest amount of reading matter. Subscribe at once and get the whole benefit of the improvement. Send $1.50 for one year, $1 for eight months, 50 cents for 4 months, or 25 cents for two months in advance. The terms are $2.00 a year if not paid in advance.
We will club THE WEEKLY COURIER with the weekly Globe-Democrat one year for $2.50; COURIER and Leavenworth Times $2.00; COURIER and American Farmer $1.75; COURIER, Leavenworth Times and American Farmer $2.25; COURIER, Globe-Democrat and American Farmer $2.50.
We offer the COURIER and the Weekly Capital and Farmers Journal of Topeka, an 8 page weekly, both one year for $2. The cash must accompany the order.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
The Probate Judge of Saline County has revoked the liquor permits of Aug. Engstrom & Co.; and W. H. Hilman & Co., for excessive sales.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
A new town in Dickinson County, on the new road, is named Hellroarer, after the two men who own the town site. Their names are Heller and Rohrer.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
The man who shot Brakeman Fort on the Santa Fe was not a professional tramp, but a resident named Flower, who had been running a whiskey joint at Newton.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
Malvern Watts was seriously wounded in a shooting scrape at Anthony, Harper County, December 28. The shootist was a cowboy from Texas. Both parties were intoxicated.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
A man was shot through the head with a piece of torpedo at Herrington, Christmas morning; someone placed a torpedo on the railroad, a passing engine exploded it, with the result given above. His recovery is doubtful.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
The Daily Commonwealth of January 1st is truly a "State paper." It is a sixteen page edition and contains cuts and statements of the condition of the State institutions and a variety of information of value to every Kansan.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
A little boy died recently at Enterprise under such circumstances that a coroner's inquest was called. The jury decided that he came to his death from natural causes, hastened by ill treatment on the part of his father, K. W. Davis.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
J. D. Reed, of Belle Plaine, Sumner County, recently took some gas while having a dental operation performed, since which time he has been unconscious, and grave fears are entertained as to the final result. He is yet alive at last accounts.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
The Topeka Capital credits Judge John Martin with saying: "As to the Kansas appointments, I believe they will be confirmed, with the exception of Acers, who has made an ass of himself. Indeed, if for no other reason, he ought to be rejected for writing the asinine letter he did."
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
A bright newspaper comes to us from Olympia, Washington Territory, The Weekly Partisan, edited and published by Hon. Tom H. Cavanaugh, ex-secretary of State, of Kansas. Of course, it is a strong paper and the kind of a partisan which the city, county, territory, and Republican party wants in that locality.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
Blue Rapids Times: H. R. Hatton, who resides south of town, was cleaning a revolver on Thursday of last week, when it was accidentally discharged, the ball entering the palm of his hand and ranging toward his wrist. Dr. Fillmore was called and cut the ball from the back of the hand.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
They do not tear up the earth and madden the listening heavens when they elect a president in France. The job is done, not by the people, but by the joint vote of the Senate and the Chamber of Deputies. They had one of their unobtrusive Presidential elections in France last Monday, and Grevy was reelected by a majority of 135.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
Senator Frye: "Last summer I saw in a country village, in Maine, a cradle in which one mother had rocked one United States Senator, one cabinet officer, five members of the National House of Representatives, four Governors of States, two Ministers Plenipotentiary, one Major General in the United States Army, and one Captain in the army."
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

The Democracy promised that if they were entrusted with the government, Jeffersonian simplicity should pervade all the departments, Now, that they are in, the Jeffersonian simplicity materializes in the form of a recommendation of $75,000 for expenses in excess of what was by them claimed as reckless extravagance.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
Doctors say that women should be cautious how they call to offer sympathy to neighbors having sick children. Women's clothing offers inducements to fugitive bacteria, and several instances have been recorded lately in which contagious diseases are known to have been brought about by germs carried into the household in the folds of heavy woolen fabrics.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
When a man's wife scratches him in Elk County, he tells all the neighbors that he has been scratched by a wild cat. Doubtless the huge bear and panther stories which make lively the local columns of some of our interior cotemporaries might be traced in many instances to the clever method of making smooth the rough places in a nimble domesticity.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
The people of Austin, Texas, have enough excitement to keep them interested. The presence there of a murderer or gang of murderers who has or have killed thirteen women in one year is enough to agitate any community, and the failure of the police to secure the monster or monsters adds greatly to the discomfort of the situation. That so strange a series of crimes should have left no traces is perhaps the most remarkable fact of all.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
We notice that on the 29th a charter was filed with the Secretary of State for a railroad from Emporia to El Dorado. This is a part of the movement of the Santa Fe company, and with the extension from Douglass to Winfield, will make almost an air line from Topeka to Winfield, shortening the distance between the two places about forty miles, and placing Winfield nearer to Topeka and Kansas City by rail than Wichita. The Commonwealth says in relation to these projects: "That company to secure its right of way through the Indian Territory, has to build at least 100 miles in the Indian Territory within the next year, and it will be done. This is one of the railroads which will be built in the near future."
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
Capt. Pond, quartermaster in charge of the work, has enlarged his views and becomes quite enthusiastic over the plans of the government, and the adaptability of Riley. It is proposed to make a twelve-company post for cavalry school of instruction, and that the buildings for this purpose will cost $300,000. The military authorities also design the establishment of a horse farm, where all the horses for cavalry service may be raised. Buildings for this purpose will be erected on Three Mile creek, An appropriation of $100,000 will be asked for to start this farm. In addition, $200,000 will be asked for the work of building the post, and $10,000 for roads. Junction City Union.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

Prof. F. H. Snow, of the University of Kansas at Lawrence, has furnished us with a copy of his "Weather report for December, 1885," from which we note: Mean temperature for the month, 32.54; highest temperature December 2nd, 57; lowest temperature of Dec. 23rd, 1.5; mean temperature of 18 past Decembers 29.65; mean highest temperature of 18 past December 61.06; mean lowest temperature of 18 past December, 3.01; days below zero 1; in December, 1884, 6 days; in December 1878, 7 days; in December 1872, 8 days; average for 18 Decembers, 3 days. In December 1869, 1873, 1877, 1881, and 1883 the temperature did not go down to zero.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
Prof. F. H. Snow, in his "Weather report for December, 1885," says: "A very fine December. Thirteen days (from 5th to 17th) of moderate winter weather, with abundant snow and good sleighing, were preceded and followed by so mild a temperature as to admit of active building operations. The most remarkable feature of the month was the high wind of the fourth, an account of which is given below."
This is the situation at Lawrence, Kansas. Here at Winfield the weather was much milder. The snow and sleighing did not last five days and building operations were not suspended as much as two days during the month. In that awful windy day when so much damage was done all over the country, no damage was done here and building operations were not suspended.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
A dispatch from El Dorado says: "The Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe road has submitted township and city bond propositions in Cowley County, to aid in the building of the twenty-two miles of road between Douglas and Winfield, and when completed, they will have a continuous line from Florence via El Dorado to Arkansas City. Under the authority granted the above company to build from Arkansas City into the Indian Territory, they are required to construct one hundred miles the coming year. The surveyors are in the field, and work on the Indian Territory line will begin in the early spring. The township bond propositions are to be submitted in Chase and Butler counties, to aid in building a cut off between Emporia and El Dorado, which, when built, will place Kansas City, Emporia, and Arkansas City in an almost air line. This will, without doubt, be the main line of the Texas division of the Santa Fe road, and will be in full operation by December 1866.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
The supreme court of the United States has recently delivered an opinion which is of much importance to farmers and railroad companies. In a suit brought to enforce the fence law of Missouri against the Missouri Pacific railroad company, the company pleaded that the law is repugnant to the provision of the constitution, which declares that no state "shall deprive any person of life, liberty, or property without due process of law," nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction "the equal protection of the laws." But the supreme court upheld the law on the ground that it is an emanation of the police power of the state for protecting the lives and property of citizens against negligence of carriers and cases of accident. Justice Field declared that there are few cases in which this police power is more wisely and beneficially exercised than in compelling railroad companies to fence in their tracks.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

A petition has been circulated requesting the city council to compel the K. C. & S. W. railroad company to make a good road from the southwest bridge to the fair ground entrance, alleging that the company had destroyed that wagon road, or words to that effect.
Now, in the first place, that certain piece of road never was a good road, and in a wet time, it was hardly passable. In the second place, the railroad company were compelled by the city council, much against the will of the company, to build their road that way at an extra cost to the company of $50,000. Now, while the city wants several valuable things from that company and hopes to get them, it is not only unjust but mighty poor policy to hit the company another welt over the head and try to provoke them to remove their offices, instead of encouraging them to build a general office building, roundhouse, machine shops, and a branch. We admit the enormity of the wagon road in question and the necessity that it should be made a good road, and that at once, and we would advise the city council that they proceed at once to do the work at the expense of the city. It will cost something, of course, but not so very much more than it would have done had the railroad company not been forced to build there.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
Woman suffrage is essentially right. There is not a solitary sound argument in favor of the proposition that each man has a natural right to a voice in the government that taxes him, and restricts his liberties, that is not equally as strong in favor of the proposition that each woman has the same right. To deprive her of it is simply arbitrary despotism. To argue that, because Miss Dollbaby giggles out that she don't want to vote, men are justified in depriving the drunkard's mother, wife, and sister from using their God-given right for his and their protection, is as nonsensical as it was thirty years ago for slave-holders to insist that, because some petted house servants did not want to be free, the fleeing man who was seeking freedom could be justly hunted down with bloodhounds. The question is, shall we, by refusing to live up to our boasted principles, continue to justify the appellation "political hypocrites" and, by withholding from others their just rights, prove ourselves tyrants?
Kansas has a glorious record. Why not make it more so, by causing her to be the first state that is honest enough and chivalrous enough to concede to women their legal rights? The legislature will soon be in session; who will propose a constitutional amendment on the subject, and give the people a chance to vote on this question?
We do not suppose, however, that the opponents of female suffrage in the legislature dare permit the question to be voted on by the people. Nevertheless, it would be a good idea to compel them to put themselves on record to that effect.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

With this week's issue THE WEEKLY COURIER starts out on the fourteenth year of its existence. From month to month and from year to year for thirteen years THE COURIER has faithfully chronicled the wonderful growth and advancement of Winfield and Cowley County. From the erection of the first brick building in a column article under a screaming eagle and a booming cannon, it has moved along through the successive steps marking the inauguration and completion of every enterprise that has placed our splendid city and county on the pinnacle of material development and prosperity. Things that, in the early days, would have brought out every booming cut in the office, now pass with a five line notice. Magic steps in the city's progress have come to be taken as matters of common moment. Glancing back over the pile of musty COURIER files that have accumulated all these years, it is only a little way to the little six column sheet, printed in big, black type on dish-rag paper. Those files contain all of the light and shadow of pioneer life, in the swaddling period of Cowley County—its first struggles of infancy. What a weekly record of material growth is exhibited in the turning of the leaves of those old files! From a shoreless ocean of prairie, you gradually turn to a populous, fertile county, with beautiful homes, splendidly improved farms, and citizens as intelligent, enterprising, prosperous, and happy as any under the shining sun. All the terrible ordeals of drought and grasshoppers are only memories of the past. As the county has grown, so has THE COURIER grown; as the people have prospered, so has THE COURIER prospered. Beginning with that dirty little six column sheet, printed on an old Washington hand press, from pica type, it has gradually improved until, on the beginning of this promising new year, it comes out a six page paper, set in beautiful minion type, printed on a power press by gas power, and containing enough news from all over the world, with all home doings, to keep a man hours in reading—a weekly paper unexcelled in all the fair west. Identical with the development of Cowley County and Winfield, has been the development of THE COURIER, and as they continue to advance, so will THE COURIER continue to advance. To its thousands of readers all over Cowley's fair domain, THE COURIER extends its heartiest wish for a continuance of the happiness and prosperity resultant from the "incubation" period of the grandest county on earth; that the year 1886 may place them several rounds further up the ladder of wealth, worth, and contentment: with all the beatitudes that a smiling Providence can bestow.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
William T. Sherman was born in Lancaster, Ohio, on the 8th day of February, 1820. His father was the Hon. Charles R. Sherman, one of the judges of the Supreme Court of that state. In 1836, at the age of sixteen, he entered West Point as a cadet, and was graduated on the 30th of June, 1840, sixth in his class. Young Sherman at once entered the service, on graduation, as second lieutenant in the Third Artillery, and served in Florida through the winter of 1840 and 1841. In November, 1841, he was promoted to a first lieutenancy. He was afterward stationed at Fort Moultrie, South Carolina. In 1846 he was sent to California, and remained there in service all through the Mexican war, having reached the grade of captain. In 1850 he was married to the eldest daughter of Hon. Thos. Ewing, of Ohio. In 1853 he resigned his commission in the army, and took charge of the banking house of Lucas, Turner & Co., at San Francisco. In 1860 he was president of the State Military Academy of Louisiana, and remained in that position until the outbreak of the war. He had evidence satisfactory to his own mind, long before the first shot was fired at Sumpter, that war was inevitable, and thereupon, taking prompt counsel of honor and patriotism, wrote and dispatched the following keen but honest, manly, straight-forward, and loyal letter.
January 18, 1861.
Gov. Thomas O. Moore, Baton Route, La.:

SIR:—As I occupy a quasi-military position under this State, I deem it proper to acquaint you that I accepted such position when Louisiana was a State in the Union, and when the motto of the seminary was inserted in marble over the main door, "By the liberality of the general government of the United States: The Union. Estro Perpetua.
Recent events foreshadow a great change and it becomes all men to choose. If Louisiana withdraws from the Federal Union, I prefer to maintain my allegiance to the old constitution as long as a fragment of it survives, and my longer stay here would be wrong in every sense of the word. In that event, I beg you will send or appoint some authorized agent to take charge of the arms and munitions of war here belonging to the State, or direct me what disposition should be made of them.
And furthermore, as President of the Board of Supervisors, I beg you to take immediate steps to relieve me the moment the State determines to secede; for on no earthly account will I do any act, or think any thought hostile or in defiance of the old government of the United States. With great respect, etc., (Signed) W. T. SHERMAN.
The military career of this great soldier and statesman forms an important part of the history of our civil war, and to portray it would require volumes. We have only space to call the attention of our readers to the lesson in patriotism which the above letter of General Sherman teaches. Love of country finds no place in the extensive curriculum of our schools and colleges, and the youth of today are seldom taught this important characteristic of a good citizen—patriotism.
Newsy Notes Gathered by The "Courier's" Corps of Neighborhood Correspondents.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
Clark Bryant sold a fine beef at Winfield lately.
Mrs. Emery spent last week at Oxford with Mrs. Slade.
Mrs. Foose and daughters spent New Year's day in Winfield.
At present we are having enough cold weather to appreciate a fire.
Jerome Hassell seems to be disposing of his corn and wheat in order to be ready for the western trip ere many weeks.
Clark Bryant and sons have returned from Arkansas and report a long, rough trip. They did not meet with much success capturing fur animals.
Miss Howard has again commenced dispensing knowledge to the little ones. May nothing but good feelings exist between teacher and pupils the rest of her term.
What has become of Rev. Knight? Wonder if he thinks there are no souls to save in cold weather, or did he drop off because the financial part was not pushed forward more?
Mrs. Shelton and daughter and J. A. Rucker were in the city recently shopping, but think they will have to go again as J. B. Lynn is offering better bargains this month.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

W. H. Holland, ye knight of the ferule, after running afoul of a member of his school board at Summitville, very modestly tendered his resignation, which was graciously accepted. Three months experience as pedagogue convinced Bob that the teacher's pathway is not strewn with roses, nor is brains appreciated as much as it should be by rural ignoramuses.
Greek George and Jack Connors, of pugilistic fame, visited these "diggins" last Saturday. They displayed their voracious appetites and gastronomical capacities at our grange store in what they called a "lunch." They are remarkably developed and healthy specimens of physical manhood. The deportment of our young bloods in the presence of these giants of muscle were unexceptionably good. Physical prowess commands respect where other moralizing influences fail.
Prof. John C. Snyder was presented with a unique but valuable New Year's gift—a son of regulation weight and more than ordinary smartness. It is quite obvious why Cal. undertook the cultivation of those sideburns—to add more dignity to his additional responsibilities as "pap." Dr. Marsh officiated. Mother and boy progressing finely.
Many bright New Year's and a sunny track,
Curtis, along an upward way,
And joyful hymns of praise on looking back,
When your fair locks have ripened gray.
A record pure and honest too;
This is my New Year's wish for you!
A roaring time was had at the Centennial literary last Tuesday evening, it having been circulated quite extensively that the debate would occur on the quotation, "Resolved, That the cattlemen have a better right to Oklahoma than the boomers." A large crowd was present. Messrs. John Vandever, Sheridan Teeter, and Rance Holland affirmed; and Loyd Guyser, M. H. Markum, and Monroe Teeter denied. Notwithstanding the fact that John Vandever and his assistants made a good fight for the cattlemen, the opposition downed them for the verdict of the judges.
Messrs. Teeter, King, Burke, and Holland will affirm and deny at next debate the question, "Resolved, That the ladies have more influence in society than the gentlemen."
Last evening Misses Belle Copeland and Mollie Teeter gave selections in reading and Jessie Browning, Mary Alexander, and Mr. Willis Burke declaimed. Mr. Ed. Byers presented a newsy and sparkling number of the Evening Post.
The election of officers for the ensuing term resulted as follows: M. H. Markum, president; Monroe Teeter, vice-president; Loyd Guyser, secretary; Miss Maggie Teeter, treasurer, and Ed Garrett, editor. The schoolhouse is already too small to accommodate all the visitors from other townships.

Santa Claus visited the Pleasant Valley M. E. church in all his regal splendor and glittering array. A tree thirteen feet high was profusely decorated with presents of every imaginable description for old and young—everybody and anybody. Rev. P. B. Lee was present and among other things received a silver chalice, as did also Messrs. R. W. Anderson and S. Fisher. One gentleman, whose name has slipped our memory, was presented with a live coon. "Mark" was handsomely remembered with a double-back-action, indestructible, never-wear-out eraser and lead pencil sharpener, a charming spittoon (more ornamental than useful, for Santa must have been misinformed in regards to "Mark's" habits, as the use of tobacco in any shape is not numbered among the vices), a pretty pair of wristlets, and last, but not least, in appreciation, a large box chock full of fine confectionery, containing an unique receipt for taking the contents. The "desired effect" is already experienced, and "Mark" is ready to establish the fact. "Mark" is truly grateful for his presents and wishes that Santa Claus may never grow infirm and needy.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
The smiling phiz of Mr. Richardson is again seen on our streets.
L. M. Dalgarn spent vacation at home, his duties as pedagogue commencing again on the 4th.
Tirzah Hoyland spent two days with relatives near Burden last week and was entertained in a pleasant and happy way.
Mrs. T. S. Pixley entertained quite a happy little band of married friends on New Year's eve and regaled the guests with an excellent supper.
John Cox has traded his stock ranch near Grenola for a $6,000 stock of goods in Colony, Kansas. The Salem young people will miss this quiet businessman and regret his leaving.
Mrs. L. S. Downs will start for Syracuse, Kansas, this week to join her husband in their new home. May happiness and prosperity attend them. They will be missed by their Salem friends, but we presume they will find new ones in their western home.
A. R. Carrol has been seriously troubled for some time with his tonsils, rendering his duties as teacher arduous; and thinking he needed rest, obtained vacation, and went to Winfield. Dr. Emerson relieved him of part of the offending tonsils by quietly and successfully "amputating" them.
Joseph McMillen received a telegram stating his mother had been stricken with paralysis, the second telegram stating that she was dangerously ill, and on Wednesday evening, December 30th, he left his family and took the train for Champaign, Illinois. We hope to hear the good tidings of recovery and the safe and happy return of our estimable neighbor ere long.
Some of our energetic young ladies and gentlemen are working hard in the interest of the Ladies Presbyterian Aid Society, and will give a concert in Salem Hall Wednesday evening, January 13th, the proceeds to go to the society. The program is good and a good time is anticipated. The admittance fee will be 25 cents per couple, 15 cents single ticket, and children less, we presume. Quite a number of the workers are not members of the society, but have kindly volunteered with voice, purse, and talent to help the society, and their help is appreciated. With all shoulders to the wheel, we expect, ere long, to see a pretty church in our little village. Everybody is invited.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
Health is good, excepting bad colds.
The blizzards of late have been very hard on stock.
The prospect of a bountiful wheat crop is very flattering.
Rev. Bicknell failed to fill his appointment last Sunday.
Paris Hittle, a young man of Barbour County, is visiting in this locality. He gives the west a good puff.

Our farmers have been very energetic this winter; some of them already have their ground plowed for corn.
The question of voting bonds for the Douglass, Florence and walnut Valley R. R. has created quite an excitement in our neighborhood.
A party of Akron young folks assembled at the residence of J. J. Tribby last Thursday night and spent a few hours in sociability and oyster serving.
"Murphy," a Telegram correspondent from this point, says that the railroad bonds are likely to be beaten in the township as there is too much strife in regard to locating the depot. So far we agree with him, but he goes on and names the different points, Covert's farm, Akron and Valley Center schoolhouse, and says that the majority of the people are in favor of the latter named place for the depot. And there is where we disagree with him. We feel perfectly safe in saying that if it was left to a vote of the people, that Akron would poll a fourth more votes than either of the two other points. Come up like men and vote for the bonds—for your welfare and interest, then after we vote the bonds and the company gets ready to build the depot, let us have it where it will do the most good for the community at large. We all know, or ought to know, that we can't all have the depot on our farms.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
Any information as to the whereabouts or the disposition that was made of the following personal property, to-wit: One dark bay mare with light foretop and mane, 11 years old, and a light bay mare with white face and hind feet, one white or partly so at least to the hock, about 15 years old. The harness were old-fashioned and well worn; bridles without blinds. The wagon was what is known as a Star wagon, the tongue having been repainted a dark red and the end gate behind, having a square of a foot or more unpainted where an extra board has been removed. The wagon may have been covered and the whole thing having the appearance of an emigrant outfit. There also may have been a gray colt following the team.
The party in charge and who probably disposed of the outfit was a young man, 23 to 25 years old, 6 feet tall, slender build, weight about 150 pounds, dark hair and dark eyes, sharp, smooth face. He may have had with him a 5-year-old boy with dark hair, low forehead, medium size. He also had three guns, one a Winchester, one common long barrel squirrel rifle, and a single barrel breach loading shot gun, and may have had a trunk and some other articles in the wagon.
This property would have been disposed of some time between the 12th and last part of May, and was seen last near El Dorado, Butler County, Kansas. Anyone knowing of such or any part of such property, or articles being disposed of and to whom sold or traded or the whereabouts of the boy, will be liberally rewarded by notifying H. T. Dodson, Sheriff, Butler County, Kansas. El Dorado, Kansas, Dec. 26, 1885.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
A sample copy of the Weekly Capital and Farmers Journal will be sent free to any address. When writing on a postal card for a sample copy, put on the names of two or three of your neighbors who are newspaper readers or who ought to be. Address Weekly Capital, Topeka, Kansas.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
About November 26th, two 3-year-old Mexican steers branded IL on left side. A liberal reward for information leading to their recovery. Address Charles H. Elliott, Post-office, New Salem.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
Wanted, by a young man with a small family, a place to work by the month on a farm. Good references. Address "Y," this office.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
Farmers, I want your poultry at once, the highest prices paid. J. P. Baden.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
We want everybody to read the advertisement of A. E. Baird this week. In order to reduce his stock, he has concluded to offer some big bargains this month. He isn't always advertising at cost and then selling at a good profit. What he advertises is just what he means.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
Dairy farm 1½ miles east of Winfield, 320 acres with running water and well. Good house, stables and granaries; 40 acres with rock fence. Suitable tenant can get it for a number of years. Apply at Kirk & Alexander's mill, Winfield.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
The co-partnership heretofore existing under the firm name of Wilkinson & Co., cigar manufacturers, is this day dissolved by mutual consent, George S. Jennings retiring from the business. W. E. Wilkinson will continue at the old stand and assume all liabilities and collect all debts due the firm. W. F. Wilkinson, George S. Jennings, Winfield, Jan. 1st, 1886.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
Recap Notice of Garnishment, J. F. McMullen, Plaintiff's Attorney, Attest, J. E. Snow, Justice of the Peace. Wm. L. Blair, plaintiff, vs. Jos. W. Timmons and Jonathan Duncan, defendants, garnishment to recover $100 and 12% interest per annum from March 26, 1885, to be heard on January 29, 1886.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
Recap Notice of Garnishment, J. F. McMullen, Plaintiff's Attorney. Attest, J. E. Snow, Justice of the Peace. John A. Eaton, plaintiff, vs. Jos. W. Timmons, defendant, garnishment to recover $64.10 and 12% interest per annum from June 7, 1885, to be heard on January 29, 1886.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
Recap Notice of Garnishment, J. F. McMullen, Plaintiff's Attorney, Attest, J. E. Snow, Justice of the Peace. John A. Eaton, plaintiff, vs. Jos. W. Timmons, Jonathan Duncan, and A. D. McHague, defendants, garnishment to recover $171 and 12% interest per annum from July 23, 1885, to be heard on January 29, 1886.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

Recap Summons by Publication. Hackney & Asp, Attorneys for plaintiff. Elmira Only, plaintiff, vs. Joseph Only, defendant. Divorce petition, to be handled February 18, 1887.
The President's Paw Takes the Paws of Six Thousand Persons Without Pause.
The Record Lowered.—Thirty-four Hand Shakes a Minute on the Second Wind.
Great Reception at the White House of Foreign and Home Notabilities on
New Year's Day.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
WASHINGTON, January 2. For the first time in several years New Year's day dawned clear and beautiful. The hoar frost was soon dissipated by the rising sun, and long before noon the temperature was like that of a spring day. The occasion was observed here as in former years by general calling. Business was suspended to a considerable extent, and all the executive departments were closed. At the entrance to the White House grounds, two policemen kept back a crowd of curious idlers who gazed with interest at the handsome equipages of the diplomatic corps, high officials of the Government, and other distinguished persons. Mounted policemen kept the carriage approach clear. A long line of officers formed on either side of the doorway to the executive mansion. The Marine band occupied the main vestibule and discoursed familiar airs during the progress of the ceremony. The decorations of the mansion were exceedingly simple, being confined to tasteful floral arrangements. Graceful palms and rare tropical plants were in profusion and bouquets of great size and harmonious colors stood on the center tables and delicate garlands of smilax entwined the crystal chandeliers.
At eleven o'clock, to the accompaniment of "Hail to the Chief" by the Marine band, the Presidential party appeared in the reception room and took their station in the blue parlor. Mrs. Bayard leaned upon the arm of the President; Secretary Bayard escorted Miss Cleveland, and the remaining members of the Cabinet followed with their ladies, Secretary Lamar being the only absentee. Colonel Wilson preceded them and Lieutenant Duvall, with Miss Bayard, brought up the rear. The ladies stood in this order on the President's right. Miss Cleveland, Mrs. Bayard, Mrs, Manning, Mrs. Whitney, and Mrs. Vilas. Owing to a severe cold, Mrs. Endicott was not present.
During the diplomatic reception the Secretary of State stood at the left of the President to introduce the members of the Foreign Legations. Colonel Wilson, Commissioner of Public Buildings and Grounds, stood between the President and Miss Cleveland and introduced the diplomats and their families to her. The following countries were represented: Portugal, Great Britain, Belgium, China, Austria, Mexico, Russia, France, Switzerland, Turkey, Spain, Peru, Costa Rica, and Salvador, the Netherlands, Ecuador, Germany, the United States of Colombia, Japan, Norway and Sweden, the Argentine Republic, Brazil, Denmark, and Venezuela. All the members of the diplomatic corps, except those who represent republics on this continent, were in their court uniforms. When all of them had been presented, Colonel Wilson took Secretary Bayard's place and introduced all the other official classes at the members of each arrived before the President, while Lieutenant Duvall, of the army, made the introductions to Miss Cleveland.

The reception of the members of the Supreme Court and the Court of Claims followed. Of the former there were present Chief Justice Waite and Justices Blatchford, Harlan, Bradley, Gray, Woods, Miller, Fields, and Strong, accompanied by the ladies of their families. Accompanying the Justices were Judge Bancroft Davis and Mr. and Mrs. J. H. McKenney. The Court of Claims was represented by Chief Justice Richardson, and Justices Knott and Davis. The Supreme Court of the District was represented by Judges MacArthur, Hayes, Cox, Merrick, and James. Commissioner Webb and Major Lydecker represented the District Commissioners. As the visitors passed through the receiving parlors, they congregated in the east room and mingled in animated conversation.
The Senators and Representatives began to arrive early. Among the Senators were Sherman, Logan, Cockrell, Hawley, Miller, Dolph, Cameron, Coke, Cullom, Manderson, Sabin, Brown, and George. Among the Representatives were Speaker Carlisle and Messrs. Randall, Ketcham, Farquhar, Seymour, Willis, Catchem, Brown of Pennsylvania, Struble, Taylor of Tennessee, Barksdale, Cabell, O'Donnell, Barbour, Van Eaton, Thompson, Mattson, Ward, Morrison, LeFevre, Scott, Swope, Payson, Fuller, Fredericks, Conger, Stone, Davis, Stewart, Breckenridge, Reagan, Townshend, Springer, Singleton, Bragg, Weaver, Boutelle, Blanchard, Haynes, Orth, Waite, Caswell, Butler, Williams, Henderson, Geddes, Steele, Cole, Clements, Gibson, Wilson, and Delegate Caine. Most of the Congressmen had their wives or other ladies with them. Mr. Kasson represented the ex-Ministers. Senator Sherman was the only ex-Cabinet officer noticed.
At a few minutes to twelve o'clock, a long line of army officers wended their way from the War Department across the way. The line numbered nearly three hundred. Although only forty officers are stationed in this city, between seventy and eighty retired officers reside in Washington, and all who were able to be present were in line. Besides those from the different bureaus of the War Department, the barracks, and Fort Myer, a number came over from Fort McHenry to pay their respects, and the force was largely increased by the number on leave, who are stopping here temporarily. General Sheridan, of course, headed the line, accompanied by his personal staff. Adjutant General Drum followed with the officers of the Adjutant General's department. Then in order came the officers of the corps of engineers, headed by Colonel McComb, retired; the signal corps, headed by General Hazen, cavalry, artillery, infantry, medical corps, and pay corps. There was no intermission between the army and navy receptions. The line of naval officers followed in the footsteps of army officers. It was headed by Admiral Porter, and by his side walked Admiral Warden. Following came the different Chiefs of Bureaus of the Navy Department and many other naval officers of prominence. In fact, like the army, the navy was represented by nearly every officer who is at present in Washington.

The new officials from the various departments were nearly all present. The Civil Service Commissioners, Edgerton, Trenholm, and Eaton, and Commissioner of Education Eaton and Prof. Baird, followed by Prof. Powell and all the heads of the specific departments led in this procession. Then followed all the heads of bureaus in the departments who are Presidential appointees. Assistant Secretary Fairchild led the Treasury officials.
The Mexican Veterans Association was well represented, the members numbering about sixty, filed in, and paid their respects to the President. Following them came the oldest inhabitants, numbering about fifty. Their appearance was venerable and impressive. The G. A. R. delegation followed. The pleasant weather served to bring out one of the largest New Year's representations for many years. Members were in line according to their posts and numbered about 1,000 in all. They were admitted through the west gates of the avenue, and before the line had finished coming up the walk the front portion was going through the eastern gate, having passed through the White House. Many colored men, many of them maimed, were included in the ranks of this organization.
The gates were not opened to the general public until after the Grand Army reception was completed. The crowd of waiting citizens was immense. It extended from the eastern gate in a solid mass far down the avenue, occupying the middle of the street. When the time arrived for the general reception, the gates were opened and the line passed through the White House. Notwithstanding the immense crowd, the best of order prevailed and everything passed off in the smoothest possible manner. During the reception all the parlors except the east room were darkened and when the diplomats, the army and navy and other officials entered the beautiful room, the effect was most brilliant. The sun shone brightly through the southern windows and the splendid landscape viewed from them added no little to the charming scene. It is estimated that over 6,000 people shook hands with the President. The President lowered the record of handshaking considerably. In eight minutes he shook the hands of 974 persons, or about thirty-four a minute. The highest number previously greeted by a President on New Year's day was by General Grant, when he grasped the hands of twenty-eight persons a minute for thirteen minutes.
Fraud and Downright Robbery Practiced on the Lancaster National Bank of
Clinton, Massachusetts.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

CLINTON, MASS., January 2. The Lancaster National Bank of this city closed its doors Thursday night after an examination of the books by the directors. President W. H. McNeil is missing and has not been heard from since Tuesday, when he was in Lowell, whence he started ostensibly for Boston. He is charged with having used the bank's money for speculative enterprises in which he was interested and which do not furnish sufficient security. The directors, Messrs. Hatchilder, Hosmer, Gardner, Russell, and Page, together with Bank Examiner Mitchell, who came to Clinton today, have been hard at work on the books all day. The directors seemed depressed and are exceedingly reticent. Cashier Forester expresses himself very plainly and his condemnation of President McNeil's financiering is unmistakable. He says the latter, since his elevation to the Presidency of the bank last January, has invested the bank's funds according to his own inclinations. His operations have at times been far from straight. At the present time the bank holds the paper of the Low Cattle Company of Wyoming to the amount of $30,060. So far as can be learned, the deposits amount to over $300,000, and according to statements from a quarter supposed to be reliable, President McNeil has appropriated this amount. The belief prevails that the examination of the books of the bank will develop startling features. McNeil has not been heard from since Tuesday last. It is said that a resident of Clinton saw him in Nashua, New York, last Wednesday. Nothing further regarding the real condition of the bank's finances will be known for a day or two, and possibly not then. Bank Examiner Mitchell says he is determined to sift the matter thoroughly.
WORCHESTER, MASS., January 2. One of the directors of the Lancaster National Bank at Clinton is authority for the statement that McNeil, the missing President, was at the bank Tuesday night, when he took from the vault $6,000 in bank notes, $1,000 in gold, a large amount of stock in the Rutland, Vermont, Marble Company, supposed to be about $30,000, and a lot of paper signed by himself and held by the bank, it is thought, about $3,000 worth. There was in the vault considerable money belonging to the defunct Lancaster Savings Bank, of which McNeil was one of the receivers, a good portion of which is said to be missing.
BOSTON, MASS., January 2. Bank Examiner Curry said today that McNeil was one of the three receivers of the Lancaster Savings Bank, which had been put under an injunction ten years ago; and that $72,000 belonging to that institution was deposited in the national bank. Mr. Curry said that both he and Commissioner Getchell had some suspicions that McNeil was speculating. A petition for a 7½ per cent dividend was presented to the Supreme Court last Tuesday by the receivers of the savings bank and the final accounts and books of the receivers have been turned over for examination.
The Cherokee Nation Strongly Opposed to the Opening of the Territory to
White Settlement.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
LITTLE ROCK, ARK., January 2. Advices from Indian Territory say that the bills introduced in Congress proposing to allot land in severalty to the Indians in the Territory and open up the country to settlement are creating much excitement among the Cherokees. The National Council prior to adjournment adopted resolutions expressing the settlement of the Cherokee people as follows:
WHEREAS, The Cherokee Nation holds possession of her lands by fee simple title, and cannot be deprived of the same but by her voluntary consent given by her constitutional law making authority, therefore,
Resolved, That all that portion of the Cherokee lands lying west of the ninety-sixth meridian and which have not been conveyed by patent under authority of law are in whole and in part the property of the Cherokee Nation, have never been ceded in trust to the United States, and that the sixteenth article of the treaty of 1866 merely gives the United States the right to settle friendly Indians on portions of the same.

Resolved, That the United States has not now, and never had, any right to appraise, take, or purchase any unoccupied portion of these lands, or to appraise any unoccupied portion, or acquire any right therein, save by and with the consent of the Council of the Cherokee Nation, Further,
Resolved, That the Cherokee Nation does not authorize the sale of any of her lands for white settlement for any purpose.
The Creeks and Seminoles are reported favorable to the settlement of their lands, but it is probable measures will be taken to unite the three tribes to opposition.
Italians Have a Fight with Women for the Possession of a Coffin.
The Women Whip Their Opponents and Hold the Wake.—A Teamster Murdered.
An Indiana Druggist Kills His Would-be Murderer With the Latter's Pistol.
A Fatal Fight.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
NEW YORK, December 31. A Coroner's Jury in Newark today decided that the killing of Bartley Rice by Policeman Banner was accidental. Banner testified that he was trying to arrest Rice, who had been accused of stealing two kegs of beer, and that after calling on him to halt, had fired his pistol at the ground and to the left of Rice, but with fatal effect. Before the inquest was concluded, preparations were being made to receive the corpse of Rice, and to hold a funeral. Mary Anderson, a good hearted colored woman, who lives over Polito's saloon, tendered the use of her apartments to Mrs. Rice, and made all the arrangements for holding a wake at night. It was from Polito's saloon that Rice was accused of stealing beer. The Italians were much exercised when they heard that Rice's body was coming to the house and prepared to resist its entrance. Word was passed along the street, and the saloon was soon packed with Italians, all gesticulating and talking at once. None of the Italians resisted the progress of the undertaker's assistants as they carried the coffin up the narrow and rickety stairway. As soon as the wagon was driven away, however, the Italians took courage and crowded upstairs to Mrs. Anderson's room, where the coffin rested on stools, and was surrounded by five women and two young men. One of the intruders, who spoke English, demanded that the coffin be taken into the yard, whereupon his comrades rushed into the room and attempted to seize it. The stout colored woman tried to bar the way, but she was roughly thrown into a corner and the Italians seized the coffin, from which the lid had been removed. As they started for the door with it, the two men and five women grappled with them and a fierce struggle ensued. The coffin was carried backward and forward in the melee and the women were getting the best of the half-hearted intruders, when Polito said something in Italian and a rush was made towards the window. The women were taken by surprise, and before they could make any resistance, the head of the coffin was driven through the sash and protruded into the street. A shower of glass fell upon the heads of the interested spectators below. Fully three hundred persons, mostly Italians and of both sexes, were massed in front of the house, and a wild cheer went up from their throats as the coffin appeared. It was only a moment in sight before the plucky women in the room were reinforced by several young friends of Rice, who drove out the Italians and guarded the corpse until the police reserve arrived in its wagon. Two policemen were then left to guard the doors of the apartments and peace reigned. The wake was held last night without opposition.

GALLATIN, Mo., December 31. A terrible murder occurred here last night. A teamster from Iowa, who had been working here for some time past was missed and as it was feared that he had met with foul play, a search was instigated. Last evening a colored man came to town and said he had seen an old hat, covered with blood, near an old disused well in the outskirts of the town. An excited crowd with grab-hooks went there and pulled the teamster out of the well, terribly bruised and disfigured. The man was about forty-five years old, and his son, who is about twenty, recognized the dead body of his father. It was known that he had about one hundred and thirty dollars on his person. Inquiries were made as to the parties last seen with him, developing the fact that two disreputable characters, Joseph Jump and John Smith, were last seen in his company. Jump was arrested just as he was on a train leaving the city. He had purchased a new suit, and had paid thirty dollars for it. He denies, however, having any money, but sixty dollars in bills was found in the lining of his hat. A very excited crowd followed the prisoner to the jail, and it was feared at one time that a lynching party was on tapis, but the fever heat cooled down and the law will be allowed to take its course. Smith has also been arrested.
INDIANAPOLIS, IND., December 31. Luther Cline, druggist at Board Ripple, the first station seven miles out on the Chicago Air Line, succeeded after a desperate contest in killing today one of two desperadoes who had attacked him and his wife, just after closing his store for the night. After obtaining admittance, one of them decoyed Cline into his store. The other passed to the family room where the wife was sitting. Cline, as he reached the store, looked back and saw his wife struggling with villain No. 2, who was apparently choking her to death, and as Cline attempted to go to her assistance, villain No. 1 shot him in the head and then closed with him, grabbing him around the neck and shooting a second time, which fortunately missed him. The contest then grew hot and desperate, each trying for the mastery, until Cline succeeded in securing the pistol. He then shot his assailant through the head, killing him instantly. His accomplice fled. The dead man is a low, dark, heavy-set fellow, perhaps twenty-eight years old. The people are aroused and scouring the neighborhood for the escaped scoundrel. Cline is shot in the lower part of the head, the ball passing in under the mouth.
EVANSVILLE, IND., December 31. At about twelve o'clock last night William Weisling, eighteen years of age, was killed in a fight between two rival factions. Weisling was engaged in a fisticuff with John Emsbach, when John Busch, a cousin of Emsbach, came up and struck Weisling on the head with the heavy end of a gun barrel, fracturing his skull and felling him to the ground. The fight was soon ended by the approach of police and Weisling went home to bed. About an hour later he complained of his head, and told his mother of the affray. Physicians were summoned, but he grew worse rapidly and died about 2:30. The police were informed of the affair and at four o'clock had Busch and four companions under arrest. Busch claims the act was done in self-defense.

MARSHALL, ILL, December 31. Maggie, the oldest daughter of S. S. Whitehead, a prominent lawyer of this city and editor of the Eastern Illinoisan, eloped yesterday with John Wallace, a printer who had been working in her father's office for some time past. They stated their intention of going to Chicago. The young lady's mother followed them to Terre Haute, but could not find them.
Ferry's Mammoth Seed Warehouse at Detroit Licked Up by Flames.
Also White's Theater and Other Buildings.—A Fire Captain Killed.
The Total Loss Over $1,500,000.—Suspicions of Incendiarism.
Four Hundred Employees Thrown Out.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
DETROIT, MICH., January 2. Shortly after nine o'clock yesterday morning smoke was observed coming from D. M. Ferry & Co.'s mammoth building on Brush street, between Croghan and Lafayette streets. An alarm was quickly turned in, a second and third alarm following in quick succession, there being promise of a big conflagration in the heart of the business part of the city. The fire department turned out in force and surrounded the burning building with hose. The flames had started in the packing department on the corner of Lafayette and Brush streets and soon enveloped the whole building, which was a mere shell, having one solid wall inside of the outer wall. Bravely and intelligently the firemen kept at work, but all efforts seemed futile, the flames spreading rapidly until at one time there seemed a possibility of the whole district in which the burning building is situated being destroyed. Buildings on the opposite sides of Brush and Croghan streets caught a number of times, but the department
from totally destroying them. Across the alley from D. M. Berry & Co.'s building, in the same square, facing on Randolph street, were White's Grand Theater and the Wesson block, and a smaller building used as a restaurant. The flames leaped across the alley and began to eat into the theater. First the roof caught and soon fell with a terrible crash, firing the whole interior of the building after driving away the men who had been working on the Ferry block, through the windows of the theater. The crashing of the window glass was the signal for increased fury by the flames, which seemed to laugh at the efforts of the firemen. An immense crowd blocked the streets in every direction, and at times were in the way of the department. By ten o'clock the Ferry block was a mass of flames and the walls had commenced to fall, creating something of a panic among the throng of idle spectators. Numerous narrow escapes occurred among the firemen, who worked close to the flames, wrapped in repeatedly soaked but rapidly drying clothes. By 10:30 White's Theater had been consumed and by eleven o'clock the firemen were compelled to turn their attention to saving the buildings on the opposite side of Randolph street, although still keeping numerous streams of water playing on the burning building. At eleven o'clock the men of No. 3 Fire Company raised a ladder in front of the theater to get a better chance at the flames. Finding that the rapidly advancing fire would prevent any effective work at that part, the men were descending the ladder and had about reached the ground when

on the ladder wagon. Captain Richard Philbert was struck on the head by the bricks and instantly killed, and Fireman White was badly but not fatally injured. Soon after the fire spread to the Wesson block on the corner of Randolph and Croghan streets, and that building was soon enveloped in flames. Although the buildings across Croghan street were threatened and caught fire once or twice, the department managed to keep it within the square named, and by twelve o'clock it was fully under control. During the worst of the fire the wind had been from the south and the single building on the corner of Lafayette and Randolph streets was not seriously injured, but all the rest of the square was a total loss. The burned district belonged to what is known as the Brush estate, having been the site of the old Brush homestead. D. M. Ferry & Co. built their mammoth establishment six years ago. White's Theater was originally built to accommodate the Peninsular Saengerbund, a Michigan off-shoot of the North American Saengerbund. The company was organized in 1880, and the Music Hall was built at that time, being opened with a festival August 30, 1880. D. M. Ferry & Co.'s building occupied half of the square, being one of the largest in the city. Their seed business was probably the largest in the United States. In the building burned yesterday, 400 people were usually employed, besides 400 more employed on their immense farms outside of the city.
It was providential that the fire occurred on a holiday, as otherwise the loss of life would have probably been very great. Definite figures of the loss cannot be given, but the total will reach not much less than $1,500,000. The stock of D. M. Ferry & Co.'s building is estimated to have been worth from $1,000,000 to $1,200,000, and their building was valued at $250,000. As to the origin of the fire, there are no well devised theories. Some of the employees hint at incendiarism, claiming that there were no fires in the part of the building first attacked by the flames and that some outside agency must have been responsible for the fire. Officers of the company are completely at a loss to account for the origin of the fire. Neighboring buildings were damaged, but the figures and insurance could not be obtained. Insurance amounted to about $500,000.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
LYNN, MASS., January 2. Mr. and Mrs. Guildford were arrested today, charged with having performed an illegal operation on Sadie E. Taylor, thirteen years of age, a factory girl, from the effects of which she has since died. Charles E. Ames, a married man and well known citizen of West Lynn, was also arrested. A search warrant served at the home of the Guildfords this morning revealed to the police an extensive assortment of instruments used in criminal malpractice. The most important evidence against the accused comes from a young woman whom the police found at the home of the Guildfords. She said she went to the house a few days ago and had been operated upon several times. She said she knew of the Taylor case. The Guildfords have been in Lynn for six or seven years past. A few months ago the police had Mrs. Guildford under arrest, charged with malpractice and causing the death of Mrs. Annie Dyer, but there was not sufficient evidence to sustain the charge.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

LONDON, January 2. The British steamer Sidonian, Captain Crawford, from Leghorn for New York, has been sunk off Syracuse, Sicily, by collision with the Italian steamer, Malta. The Sidonian's passengers, crew, and valuables were saved.
Considerable Falling Off in Business of the Southwestern Railway Association.
Kansas and Nebraska Farmers Not Moving Corn Very Much.—Railroad Taxation.
The Reading Railroad Crawling Out of the Mud.
Railroad Scalpers.—Building in Texas.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
CHICAGO, January 1. The Times says: The business of the Southwestern Railway Association will show a notable falling off last year as compared with previous years. The decrease from previous year's statement will aggregate nearly $2,000,000. This is not an unexpected state of facts, as the tendency to a decline in through earnings has been apparent and steady during the twelve months past. As the railway lines members of the association have been singularly free from the troubles and losses entailed by rate wars, the business of the association can be taken in a degree as a measure of the business of the country tributary to the roads. Barring out some diversion of freight in the way of packing-house products and corn to the South by way of Memphis, the traffic has flowed in its original channels, and its diminished volume is due to natural causes. The total failure of the wheat crop cut off that source of earnings, and what in former years was a profitable tonnage has this year been reduced to nothing. Great expectations were built up on the splendid crop of corn in Kansas and Southern Nebraska, and it was supposed that by this time a large movement would be in progress, but with corn selling for forty cents a bushel or less in this market, there is not much margin for profit to the Kansas farmer. By the time he has hauled it to the station, paid local rates to the Missouri River and through rates to Chicago, his corn realizes from ten cents to sixteen cents per bushel. As a consequence, he refuses to sell, and the roads are hauling little or no corn. The livestock traffic also shows a big falling off, and this in the face of the fact that the receipts at Kansas City are above the average. This is explained by the fact that the stock is being shipped to local points in Missouri and Iowa to winter, and while the roads get local rates on the short hauls, it does not show up in the association earnings. About the only redeeming feature has been the lumber traffic, which has grown steadily, and, owing to the pool started on the business in April last, the revenue has been large and profitable. Merchandise has gone forward in fair volume. This month the west-bound will exceed the east-bound movement, a novel fact in the history of the association.

LITTLE ROCK, ARK., January 1. The Little Rock & Fort Smith Railroad, Little Rock Junction Railroad, and Little Rock, Mississippi River & Texas Railroad Companies yesterday filed bills in chancery to enjoin the collection of taxes under the assessment law as provided by the last Legislature. The Legislature passed a general revenue law in which it was provided that the Governor, Auditor, and Secretary of State should constitute a Board of Railroad Commissioners, who should, on the first Monday in April of each year, ascertain the value of all railroad property in the State. The law also provides that before the time mentioned above the officials of each road should submit to the board a sworn statement of the value of the road under their charge. Last March these statements, as provided, were submitted to Governor Hughes. Auditor Piles, and Secretary of State Moore, who, after examining the said sworn statements, raised the value in most instances. Just why the value given was raised by the board is not yet fully developed. In the complaint above mentioned, it is asserted the board included in their valuation the value of embankments, bridges, and trestles, which was contrary to law. The law referred to makes no provision for an extra valuation for bridges, embankments, and trestles, but, as the case has not come to trial, nor has the board answered the complaint, it is impossible to give an outline of the defense.
PHILADELPHIA, PA., January 1. A secret meeting of general mortgage bondholders of the Reading Railroad Company, representing $8,000,000, was held in this city yesterday. Five millions of this amount belong in New York and $3,000,000 in this city. The consultation lasted four hours, and it is understood that large New York interests have now positively agreed to cooperate with the Philadelphia committee. This presents a solid front of holders of between $7,000,000 and $8,000,000 of general mortgage bonds who will hereafter act in harmony, and it is expected that before the end of the week several millions more will be added to the list from parties who have the matter under consideration. The gentlemen present at the conference yesterday declined to give any information as to the line of policy agreed upon except to say that they unanimously agreed that they would not accept the plan of the reorganization trustees, tendering them a 3 per cent bond and preferred stock for their 6 per cent and 7 per cent bonds. This union of the general mortgage interests will probably prove to be the most important yet made with reference to the future settlement of the Reading muddle.
NEW YORK, January 1. The war declared by the passenger agents of the railroad companies against ticket scalpers was carried into effect today by the refusal of the companies to sell tickets to independent dealers. The scalpers claim that the refusal was illegal, the railroads being common carriers, and bound to sell tickets to all applicants.
CHARLESTON, W. VA., January 1. The Ohio Central Railroad, which was recently sold, has been changed in name to the Kanawha & Ohio Railroad, but as yet no official notification to that effect has been made. All the offices of the road have been removed here. Colonel Sharp, who is at the head of the road, is making preparations to push to completion this division as far as Ganley, where it will connect with the Chesapeake & Ohio Railroad.
COLORADO, TEX., January 1. It is currently reported here that work on the extension of the Gulf, Colorado & Santa Fe Railroad, from Coleman, to this place, will commence January 15, and that the work will be pushed through rapidly, making the connection with the Texas & Pacific at this place by July 1, 1886.
NEW YORK, January 1. At a meeting of Trunk Line Passenger Agents today a temporary division of the emigrant business was agreed upon, and the establishment of a joint ticket office at Castle Garden. The application of the New York & New England Railroad to become a member of the Boston Association was referred to that association.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
Frederick Schnell, aged twenty-four years, a German living near Amsterdam, swallowed his upper false teeth at dinner. They lodged in the esophagus above its opening into the stomach and persistently resisted all efforts on the part of the local physician for the removal. The unfortunate man was brought to the Albany City Hospital, and unsuccessful attempts were made to dislodge the obstruction and remove it by the mouth with forceps. This attempt was followed by profuse hemorrhage, and it was then decided to abandon any idea of recovering the teeth by the route they had taken. Accordingly Drs. Van Derveer, Ward, and Hailes proceeded to make an incision on the left of the patient's neck about five inches long, beside and behind the trachea or windpipe to the esophagus, which was then opened, and from which the rubber plate, with its teeth attached, was removed. The opening was then closed with wire sutures, and the physicians hope for the entire recovery of the patient. The operation was a very delicate one, involving the necessity of careful scalpel work in that network of nerves and blood vessels bordering the esophageal canal.
School Children Fired At By a School Director.—An Assassin Recognized.
An Innocent Candy Seller Mistaken For a Murderer.—Killed in Dakota.
Characteristic Occurrence in a Frontier Saloon.
Fears of Lynching a Couple of Murderers.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
KINMUNDY, ILL., January 2. Lacy, school director in Meacham township, six miles east of here, went to a cornfield adjoining the schoolhouse with a shotgun, secreted himself behind a shock of corn, and when the scholars came out at recess, he deliberately fired at them. Owing to the rail and a hedge fence, none of the pupils were hurt. He then loaded his gun and went to the schoolhouse, where the teacher, Miss Moore, inquired of him what he meant by shooting at the scholars. He said, "By , I mean to kill some of them!" The scholars were badly frightened. He remained some time, but did no harm. The cause is attributed to very bad feeling on the part of Lacy towards his neighbors and the children, he thinking that they are annoying him unnecessarily. There has been a feud in that neighbor-hood for the last twelve months. The citizens are much excited and have not yet decided what course to pursue.

CAIRO, ILL., January 2. In 1878 a party of masked men attacked a house located near Paducah, occupied by several negroes, which resulted in the death of two of the latter, and the serious wounding of four others. Ellis Hunt, the house owner and keeper, was seriously wounded, his mother and little daughter being instantly killed by pistol shots. The attack was incomprehensible, as the negroes were well known and harmless, and bore good reputations. It was believed, however, that the assault was by white men, who wished the negroes to remove from the locality. Hunt claimed to have recognized a man named Stice, as one of the assaulting party, and on his evidence the man was indicted for murder. He skipped in time to avoid arrest and was not heard of until yesterday, when he returned to Paducah, was recognized, and promptly arrested. He will be tried today before Judge Lee on a writ of habeas corpus.
DALLAS, TEX., January 2. Captain J. H. Levito, the Sheriff of Winnebago County, Iowa, arrived with a requisition from Governor Sherman for the extradition of Bert Yates, who is wanted for the murder of John Breen, at Lake Mills, September 16, 1884. On Christmas Eve Detective Whitten arrested on N. A. Comer, a candy seller here, believing him to be Yates. Comer was inspected by the authorities, and the County Attorney, believing that he was not the man wanted, discharged him. On arriving yesterday, the Iowa Sheriff for the first time learned that he had been led into making a wild goose chase. He said: "There is a reward of $1,100 offered for the arrest of Yates. My attention was first attracted this way by a telegram letting me know that Yates was here and asking me to bring along the reward and extradition papers at once."
DEVIL'S LAKE, D. T., January 2. At 10:15 last night William Oswald, a notorious character, murdered Patrick McWheeney, one of the early settlers. Oswald had been drinking, and as is his usual habit at such times, he flourished a bulldog pistol around freely, firing one shot at a piano player in a saloon. A few minutes later McWheeney entered the saloon and Oswald addressed him in abusive language, which McWheeney repelled. Oswald, it is claimed, struck McWheeney on the check with the butt end of his revolver, whereupon McWheeney knocked his assailant down. In the act of rising, Oswald drew his revolver and fired four shots at McWheeney in quick succession. The second shot penetrated his chest between the fourth and fifth ribs on the left side, three inches below the heart. McWheeney was unable to speak and died in five minutes. Oswald was arrested.
CHILLICOTHE, Mo, January 2. Constable Gab W. Cox, assisted by E. C. Weston, of Gallatin, were compelled to spirit the murderers of Mr. Gadstone, Joseph Jump, and Jno. Smith, via team to Hamilton and thence here to avoid their being lynched. Joseph Jump took the check amounting to $110.50 to the Citizens Bank and had it cashed, receiving $193.00, and purchased a new suit, a hat, and a ticket to Cameron. He was arrested at the depot as the south bound train was leaving.
LITTLE ROCK, ARK., January 2. Advices from the Indian Territory say that Fred and Jeff Ward and William Saunders got into a quarrel while traveling along the road to Ashamingo. Saunders shot Jeff Ward, who fell from his horse mortally wounded. Saunders fled, pursued by Fred Ward, who overtook him and riddled him with bullets.
A Young Man of Good Family Running About Like a Crazy Cat.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

ST. LOUIS, January 2. There has been stopping at the Planters' for some time a young man of good family, whose mind has become impaired, and who is given to peculiar freaks. He would stand in one spot sometimes for hours and again would rush about with the speed of a steam engine though never violent in his talk. He took delight too, it seemed, in leaving his coat, hat, and vest behind him. Until yesterday he was never restrained in any way. In the forenoon he raced about the office and at dinner rushed through the dining room and nearly into the kitchen before stopped and seated. He soon arose from the table, went into the corridor, and took off his coat and vest, and was out on the fire escape in the twinkling of an eye. A porter who knew the unfortunate man was sent for, but as soon as he saw him coming, he closed the window and started up the ladder. He was persuaded to come down, and later was taken away from the hotel by relatives.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
NEW YORK, January 2. Advices from Chili state that a national convention is in progress there today called for the purpose of electing a President of that Republic. The convention is being held in San Diego and it is believed that General Coldinan would be the successful candidate. The Government of Chili and its laws governing the election of an Executive are similar in most respects to those of the United States. Just at the present time all parties in Chili are united, owing to the success which crowned their army in the war against Peru, and the result of the convention will virtually settle the election.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
Peter B. Sweeney, notorious in the Tweed regime, returned the other day to New York.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
Brigham Hampton, convicted of conspiracy at Salt Lake, was sentenced to the maximum penalty under the law, one year in the county jail.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
The Pope was reported about to issue an energetic protest to the French Government because of the alleged persecutions of priests and the Church in France.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
An order has been received from Commissioner Fink to reduce the rates on live sheep from St. Louis to New York to 50 cents. This is a reduction from 45 and 80 cents, respectively.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
The Archbishop of Canterbury has imparted to the Bishops of the Church of England a scheme for church reform. Lord Salisbury will approve the measure if the Bishops approve it after considering it in private sittings.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
An Orange mob recently attacked two of the released Riverhead (Newfoundland) prisoners and fatally wounded them. There was great excitement in Harbor Grace and crowds were occupying the streets and a riot was anticipated.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
British troops recently attacked the Arabs near Kosch. A heavy engagement followed, resulting in the defeat of the Arabs and capture of their position. The British and Egyptian loss amounted to about fifty killed and wounded.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

Secretary Edge visited the farm of Henry S. Rish, near West Willow, Pa., and inspected the herd of cattle suffering from pleuro-pneumonia. One cow was killed and the other thirty-four inoculated. Other herds in Pennsylvania were also reported infected.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
The Kentucky Legislature convened at Frankfort, Ky., on the 30th and elected the following officers: Speaker, Charles Offutt, of Bourbon County; Clerk of the House, Green Kellar, of Nicholas County; Doorkeeper, Robert Tyler, of Gradis; Clerk of the Senate, Harry Glenn, of Carlisle.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
The Rangers who have been in pursuit of the hostiles have returned to Duncan, Arizona. They report that while on the trail of the hostiles, the Indian scouts refused to follow it and defied the officer in command to compel them to obey his orders. The chase had to be abandoned and the troops returned without accomplishing anything.
Vermont Men Exchange Shots and One is Coffined and the Other Confined.
An Honored and Esteemed Citizen of Texas Arrested for an Old Homicide.
Arrest of a Man Discovered Washing Blood Stains in Austin, Texas.
Crime in Cincinnati.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
JOHNSBURG, VT., December 30. Edgar Hayes and Walter Hadley, of Lindonville, Monday night exchanged half a dozen shots, and Hayes was killed. There had long been a feud between the two men, growing out of Hayes' allegations that Hadley had destroyed the happiness of his home. Hayes' jealousy had caused his wife to leave him several times. Monday night he went in search of her. The two men had threatened to kill each other. Meeting on the road, they drew pistols. Hayes fired the first shot and Hadley almost instantly responded. Hayes missed his mark and Hadley's shot took effect. Five more shots were fired and then Hayes fell to the ground and Hadley fled. Three bullets were in Hayes' body, and he died within an hour. Hadley went to the house of a constable and surrendered. He said he fired in self defense. The two men used to be excellent friends. There was so much excitement in Lindonville over the affair that the State's Attorney deemed it prudent to order the removal of Hadley to this place, where an examination will be held today. The dead man leaves a wife and several children. Hadley is twenty-six years old and unmarried.
LONGVIEW, TEX., December 30. Colonel H. F. Alston, one of the most esteemed and honored gentlemen of this county, was arrested yesterday afternoon by Sheriff John T. Rankin, of Fayette County, for the murder of a man in that county on the day of the election of the first Governor of Texas. The following is a summary of Colonel Alston's statement.
The affair grew out of a lawsuit which had been decided in Alston's favor in the lower court, and on its appeal, the decision was sustained. This so incensed the man who was killed that on election day he and his overseer attacked Alston, the former with a pistol, the latter with a dirk. While endeavoring to pull a revolver, it caught in near his suspender and Alston shot him through the heart, and turning, he stopped the Overseer with a bullet in his leg. He begged for life and the Colonel ceased shooting.


AUSTIN, TEX., December 30. A white man giving the name of J. Q. Ecols was arrested last evening at his house about seven miles from the city, above Mount Bonnet, and on the opposite side of the river. The arrest was made by Sheriff Homsby and Officer Connors upon a telephone message from Taylor's lime kiln, that he had been seen washing bloody clothes. He was brought to the city and lodged in jail. It is said he has been a wood-hauler in this city. He claims his clothes were colored by pecan stains and he was washing them with red socks. A piece of paper in a memorandum book, however, has an undoubted fresh stain of blood on it, and altogether the circumstances are very suspicious against him. His shirt is considerably stained on the bosom and his drawers are slightly red colored at the lower ends. Those who saw him washing his clothes assert that they were really bloody. A critical examination of the stains will be made, probably tomorrow.
READING, PA., December 30. An eloping couple, R. G. Haight and Ida Reese, were captured at Allentown last evening and brought here this morning. Mr. Haight boarded at the Union House, this city, for several weeks, and took enthusiastically to the skating rink, where he met Miss Reese, a young and rather prepossessing brunette. Together they left the city last Thursday, the only clue to their whereabouts being a note left at the hotel directing his mail matter to be sent to Allentown. Last evening a constable and the irate father of the girl confronted the couple in an Allentown hotel, where they were playing cards. Mr. Haight offered to marry the girl at once, although they were registered as man and wife. Haight gave bond in $400 before Alderman Brownwell, of this city, on the charge of seduction. Miss Reese speaks of Mr. Haight as her future husband, although rumor has it that he is already married. Haight represents a rubber stamp house in Nassau street, New York.
CINCINNATI, December 30. Early this morning the dead body of Henry Kemper, a small grocery keeper, was found with his head split open. As the money drawer was rifled, it is supposed the motive for the terrible deed was robbery. The murderer secured less than ten dollars.
FENTON, MICH., December 31. Last night, in Leroy's saloon, Andrew Bank, the barkeeper, and Andrew Foote had a fight, during which the latter was fatally stabbed.
The Battle for Office at Washington.
After Eight Months' Waiting, a St. Louis Man Gets a Laborer's Job.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
WASHINGTON, December 30. Senator Cockrell and Representative Stone were at the Post-office Department today in the interest of constituents who have applications on file for certain positions.
The following fourth class postmasters in Missouri were commissioned today: Marvin Dimmitt, Clarence; John A. Bailey, East Atchison; Cornelia A Shattuck, Galesburg; Herbert E. Fletcher, Verdella.

Some of the bachelor members of the Missouri colony, and those who have not brought their families, are a little anxious about the return of Colonel Nick Pell, who maintains a suite of rooms in the central part of this city. They rather expect that he is to do what they term "The Grand Act" on New Year's day. In other words, he will keep open house, and since he has the reputation of entertaining in pretty good style, they expect, as one of them expressed it, "that Nick will kinder spread himself on that day."
Colonel Charles Coombs, of Moniteau County, will receive at his house, in a new supply of those Henry Clay collars that he has worn ever since he was large enough to wear a collar.
P. M. Kelly, of St. Louis is in the city.
"Pilot" Herrington, of St. Louis, was today appointed to a laborer's position in the Treasury Department. After eight months patient awaiting he is provided for and has cooled down, except when referring to his lifelong Democracy. He has not attained what he wanted, but apparently is happy when he thinks that the place is better than nothing.
Old Superstitions Revived in the West.
A Black Cat and Her Black-Art Mistress.
[Leadville (Colorado) Democrat.]
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
Mrs. Voudou Brown, of State street, who for many years past is supposed to have been in league with the devil, has evidently lost her power to influence his satanic majesty in her behalf, for night before last M. J. McConnell, her familiar spirit, got the best of her and gave her a sound beating. The Voudou woman has the reputation of having a black cat with not a white hair on it, which was cut in half with an axe, whereupon the tail half of the cat ran in one direction and the head half in the other. Since this time neither has been seen. McConnell, it is said, cut this cat in half a week ago, since which time the Voudou woman has lost her power and had sunk to the level of her fellow mortals. When she fights with any person stronger than herself now, she naturally gets whipped. This was not the case when Erebus, the black cat, was her companion; for it is said anyone who struck at the Voudou Queen would fall down exhausted if the black cat only arched his back, spread his tail into a lamp chimney cleaner, and spat and sputtered with anger.

Voudou Brown's neighbors say that McConnell was perfectly justified in cutting the cat in two and came here from Aspen for that very purpose. According to the story, the Voudou woman had bewitched A. C Young so that he had all sorts of bad luck. He was first drawn into her act while working near Leadville and he had got along well enough as long as he would do just what the Voudou woman told him. But Achilles Young, the brother of Amos, came from Oswego, New York, to Leadville and found his brother in Voudou Brown's den. He saw that something must be done to get him disenthralled, so he gave him some opium and carried him to Aspen while he was under the influence of it. But Amos had bad luck in Aspen, for he had no sooner gotten over the mountain fever than he broke his leg by falling into a pit on Aspen Mountain. While Achilles was watching Amos during his convalescence after the fever, he, too, determined that it was necessary to break the spell which the Voudou woman had over Amos. They finally came across McConnell, who undertook to do it for one hundred dollars. This the brothers agreed to pay him, so the story runs, and McConnell bargained that the tail half of the cat should fly into the cabin of the Young brothers, at Aspen, as soon as he broke the spell which the witch had over Amos. After consulting a clairvoyant, it was found necessary to get some blood of a young lady in Aspen put into the arm of Achilles, who was engaged to her, after which he was to go to Leadville. The young man was in Aspen at the time, and the fortune-teller got the blood transferred by a physician, who understood the process. This was necessary, because the fortune-teller in Aspen had to know the very instant the cat was cut in two at Leadville, so that she could demagnetize Amos Young. So she furnished the young lady with a bracelet, which she was to wear over the place on her arm where the vein was cut open to receive the blood transferred to her lover's arm. The fortune-teller in Aspen knew the Leadville witch too well to suppose that any but the most approved plan and strictest attention to detail in carrying it out would enable her to succeed in breaking the Voudou woman's power. The Aspen young lady was told that she should sit in the light of the full moon on the 24th instant, and as soon as she felt the bracelet commence to pinch her and saw the blood commence to run out of the vein, she should call the fortune-teller's attention to it. So it happened that just as the hands of the clock came together at midnight hour, the young lady began to scream with pain, and woke Amos Young and the fortune-teller, who were awaiting the event. The fortune-teller immediately opened the oven of her stove, which had been kept red-hot the whole night. By the time Amos Young opened the door of the house, the tail half of the Voudou's black cat came flying in like a cannon-ball out of a columbiad. The clairvoyant pushed the thing into the red-hot oven with a shovel that had been greased with lizard oil, and slammed the door. The stove shook and rumbled for a long time, but by daylight the noise stopped, for the fire had done its work. The fortune-teller then opened the oven door, and a long cat-tail popped out of it and ran up the mountain-side coiled into a roll like a hoop-snake.
Some of the Modest Claims of the Inhabitants of the Big Horn Basin.
[Lander (Wyoming Territory) Special.]
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

A spring of almost pure petroleum has just been found in the no wood district of the Big Horn Basin. For more than a year past expectation in our oil circles has been on tiptoe in regard to the oil developments of the Big Horn country. Today sees these expectations far more than realized. The spring just discovered is phenomenal. Along the base of a high bank there stretches for one hundred and fifty yards continuous oil fountains—not the muddy, crude stuff usually submitted to the refiners from the oil wells, but oil itself—pure, smooth, and glistening. Beneath the surface of the ground there seems to be a huge natural refinery in active operation. So pure is the oil as it wells forth that a quantity of it poured upon any hard, smooth substance can be converted into a clear, steady flame by the touch of a match. The fountains are prolific, sending forth full and steady streams. All along the line of output the oil can be dipped up at the rate of a quart per minute. A flattering peculiarity is that it has apparently no residuum. The soil over which it flows shows no deposit of baser ingredients. Asphalt itself, so common as a residuum in all the hitherto found petroleum of this region, is not to be seen. In the employ of Messrs. Conant & Anton, the lucky discoverers and locators, was an old oil expert who has spent years in the petroleum fields of Pennsylvania. He says his experience had failed to prepare him for any such sight, and values the fountains as they stand at one hundred thousand dollars. The owners have given their discovery the name of "The Bonanza Oil Springs." The locality in which they are situated, some one hundred and fifty miles due north of this point, owing to promising indications, has lately been the great attraction of oil men, and it is now said that these same indications print to the existence of other springs in the same district, even larger and more valuable than those already conferring a fortune upon the lucky finders. Day by day is demonstrated the fact that beneath the surface of the Big Horn Basin lie exhaustless hoards of coal and petroleum. Rich developments are but questions of short time, and soon capital's stream will flood the now waste places and reap therefrom a golden harvest.
Bill Nye's Opinion of Two Famous Astronomers.
Their Researches and Discoveries.
The First Man to Sweep the Heavens With a Telescope.
The Sufferings of a Widely-Known Gentleman.
[Chicago News.]
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
Probably no two men have done more to promote knowledge, and advance the interests of astronomy especially, than Sir John Frederick William Herschel and Sir William Herschel, deceased.
They were both passionately fond of astronomy, and nothing pleased them more than to scour the heavens while others slept. I do not think the heavens have ever been so thoroughly and carefully scoured since John and William died. Many people noticed it right away after their death.
Sir John was born at Slough, near Windsor, in the State of England, March 7, 1792. He breathed the very air of science at once and yearned to acquire knowledge. Thus he fitted himself for the fatiguing and exhaustive labors of scanning the sky and tracing out the history, location, and habits of the stars.
He went directly from his home to Eton, and from there to St. John's College, where, in 1813, he graduated as Smith prizeman and senior wrangler. Nothing fits a young man for the great field of science so thoroughly as a diploma showing that he is a good wrangler. At the age of twenty-one his biographer states that he was elected a fellow.
Sir John Herschel at once marched to the front rank and was elected a baronet in 1836: the same year in which Queen Victoria was crowned, if my memory is not at fault. Sir John then began to acquire gold medals in large numbers and began to decorate his bosom with various scientific tags. He marched on until he was chosen President of the Astronomical Society and then Master of the Mint.
In 1855, his health having been impaired, he resigned as master of the mint and was made honorary or corresponding member to the academies of Brussels, St. Petersburgh, Vienna, Gottingen, Turin, Bologna, Naples, Copenhagen, Stockholm, and other hot-beds of learning.
In 1828 his attention was attracted toward Margaret Brodie, the daughter of Rev. Dr. Alexander Stewart. It was about this time that he began to sit up nights and rummage the heavens. He never got over it.

In 1829 he married Margaret, but he still continued to sit up nights, and nothing tickled him more than to ramble through the trackless void to catch the antics of the nebulae, or to follow a skittish comet through space, trying to put salt on its little tail. Many a night would he steal into his couch with cold feet after a long and tiresome march for a stray star.
In 1825 he began the stupendous task of getting out a catalogue and price-list of all the stars. No one who has never tried it can possibly realize fully the extent of this task. Not only that, but the most of it had to be done at night. And yet he never murmured. His wife murmured sometimes and asked him to please warm his feet before he retired, but Sir John never murmured. He would work on until very late at night, taking an inventory of the stars, and then he would stick up a stake to show where he had left off, and retire.
In this way he catalogued between three and four thousand double stars, and also passed in review the nebulae discovered and catalogued by his father. While others slept he labored on. While the giddy throng poured into the halls of pleasure, or sought out the lawn sociable, Sir John, with his forty-foot telescope and a ten-foot pole over his shoulder, would start out to investigate the trackless void. Thus he became familiar with the manners and customs of the planets, and felt perfectly at home in the sky.
In 1847 he published the result of his observations from the Cape of Good Hope, covering the four years from 1834 to 1838. These were:
1. Nebulae and what to do for them.
2. Double stars and their habits.
3. Apparent size of stars, or how they look to a man up a tree.
IV Distribution of stars, and why early astronomers soured on the milk way.
5. Halley's celebrated comet, with appendix treating of bob-tail comets;
also hints about shying comets and how to evade a new-laid meteor.
VI. Satellites of Saturn.
VII. Solar spots, and how to remove them without injury to the sun.
Sir William Herschel, who distinguished himself about the middle of the eighteenth century by becoming the father of Sir John, was a great student all his life, and a close observer of the heavenly bodies. He discovered the planet Uranus and called attention to it: a plant that had been denied to a starving world for many centuries. He was thoroughly posted on the skies. He always knew where he stood, and never got beyond his sidereal depths. That was William's style. He was a born investigator.
He made many accurate observations upon variable and binary stars. He also made a careful investigation for the sidereal parallax, and, though he did not find it, he said that he felt certain that it must be there. He also discovered and filed on two thousand five hundred stars, which, added to the five hundred then known, made three thousand. Sir John brought the number up to over five thousand two hundred, it is stated, though I have not had time to check them off and detect any errors that the Herschel family might have made.
No one who has not tried it can adequately estimate the long, tiresome job of hunting up and classifying stars. Those who have never been kept up nights fighting mosquitoes and trying to discover a star, so as to get the reward for it, can have very little idea of the trying and fatiguing task.
Sir William Herschel was about the first to suggest the propriety of sweeping the heavens with a telescope. Since that time the heavens have not been swept by anything else, telescopes being used altogether.

There is one thing that the Herschels neglected, and I would like to call the attention of philanthropists and astronomers to it. I am a philanthropist myself, but I have not been successful in that line, owing to a lack of means. So I wish that those who want to do a kind act, and have the ability as well as the desire, would investigate the case of the gentleman who generally stands in the middle of the zodiac on the first page of the almanac.
We are likely to have a long, cold winter very soon, and no man ought to die from exposure in an enlightened land where the rest of us have all the clothes we need. Besides, this man seems to be seriously injured, and, though I am not at all familiar with surgery, it seems to me that he ought to be sewed up. He ought to wear a vest, anyway, if he wants to preserve his health. Who will be the first to send in a vest?
The Odd Courtship and Marriage of Jersey Sweethearts.
[Bloomfield (New Jersey) Cor. N. Y. Journal.]
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
All the women folk in this venerable town are gossiping about a peculiar wedding ceremony that was begun last Saturday morning and was not finished until twelve o'clock Monday night. It is a Polish marriage, and all the strange forms and ceremonies used in Poland many years ago were religiously performed. Miss Kate Kraszewiski, the bride, is a young, fair-haired, blue-eyed girl with rosy cheeks and a fine figure. She was a domestic for Abram Brown until Friday last, when she began preparations for her marriage. Michael Kapinski, the groom, is an athletic and brawny youth who is employed in the Essex paper mill in this town, and, like the bride, he speaks English very well.
Several weeks ago young Kapinski went to a sociable at a private house, and during the evening he was introduced to and danced with the Polish belle. He fell in love with her. He was accorded the privilege of escorting Miss Kraszewiski to her home, and she got from her parents a permit for Kapinski to call at the house on certain evenings. Her father was so pleased with the young man that he allowed him to call upon the daughter at the place where she was employed.
According to old Polish custom, a young man must ask the parents of the girl he admires for permission to "walk" with her, so that he may decide if she will suit as a wife. Kapinski, whose love increased at each meeting he had with the fair Katie, spoke to her father and was given the privilege of "walking" with her if she desired it. She was willing, and the "walking together," as Polish courtship is called, was begun.
Early last week the father announced to Katie in the presence of her lover that the marriage must take place on Saturday last, and she and Kapinski began preparations at once. She had several new gowns and a neat little Polish wedding cap of lace made by a New York modiste. Kapinski sent invitations to his Polish friends in New York, Newark, and other cities, and on Friday last Katie gave up her situation.

Meanwhile it was decided by Mr. Kraszewiski and his wife that it would be a good plan to marry off Mary, another daughter, and the young girl was notified that a suitable partner had been chosen for her. She was ordered to be ready for her marriage at the same time that her sister was to be wedded, but she objected strenuously to such a proceeding. Her principal objection was that she had not, like Katie, "walked" with any young man, and she argued that she ought to have the same chance to tease her future husband that Katie had. Her parents finally gave in to the beauty, and she promised to "walk" with a young man when she met one who suited her.
After breakfast on Saturday morning, Kapinski and his Katie boarded a train with a party of friends and went to New York, where the marriage service was performed by a priest in the Stanton Street Parish Church. The bride and groom then returned to the Kraszewiski residence in this place and began a three days' reception. During the first day many friends called and congratulated the couple, partook of wine and solids, and in the evening all hands joined in Polish dances. The musicians, being Poles, played only Polish airs. At sunrise Monday the party separated, the groom going to his boarding house and the bride remaining with her parents. Monday evening the festival resumed, the eating and drinking and chatting being kept up until midnight, when dancing was once more started and continued until sunrise. Kapinski then quitted the house and did not see his bride again until six o'clock Tuesday evening, when the last banquet was spread. At midnight the festivities came to an end; and for the first time since they were married, Michael and his Katie were alone together.
Affecting Scene Over the Recovery of Stolen Gold at the Philadelphia Mint.
[Philadelphia Cor. N. Y. World.]
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
A great deal of mystery has been thrown around the recent loss and recovery in the mint of an unknown quantity of gold. The facts are these: Some time ago, while half-eagles were being coined, about forty dollars' worth disappeared during some stage of the process. A little more than a week ago, while eagles were being coined, one hundred dollars' worth more disappeared, leaving no trace behind. Superintendent Fox was greatly agitated. It was at length ascertained to a certainty that the missing gold had found wings somewhere in the adjusting department. This is a large room, containing eighty-one delicate scales, upon which as many girls weigh each individual piece when it is not yet coined, but only cut. The pieces are given out to them in irregular lots, so that it is not known how many each young woman has in her possession at once. The discovery that the loss occurred in this department was not supposed to be known to any of these girls. On the day after the locality of the loss had been fixed, one of the young women, who had been to the toilet-room, ran breathlessly to the foreman.
"There's a bundle in there," she said.
"Why didn't you bring it out?" was the query.
"I'm afraid to. I believe it's that gold."

Then the forewoman looked at the bundle. She, too, was afraid to touch it, and sent for the chief coiner. That functionary opened the bundle and found wrapped in rags ten pieces worth ten dollars each and eight worth five dollars each. He reported the discovery to Superintendent Fox, and that dignified officer hastened at once to the adjusting department, where he made an affecting speech. After rubbing his eyeglasses and clearing his throat, the Superintendent remarked that if these things continued to happen, he should be forced to resign. An awe-struck silence greeted this awful thrust, and some of the prettier girls shed tears as the Superintendent related his sufferings. He should be sorry to know that there was a thief in the mint, but it certainly looked as though there was. He counseled industry, caution, and honesty, and finished his speech amid a chorus of eighty-one sobs from as many pretty young women. Since then the gold has been weighed at frequent intervals in the process of manufacture, but no gold has been missed.
[Chicago Tribune.]
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
The appearance in soup served in the County Asylum of a hog's snout, in which still remained the iron ring used in its life to restrain the animal's rooting propensities, would indicate a sort of rollicking abandon in the preparation of food for the inmates of that institution. This in Chicago, and in what has been supposed a civilized age.
How It Was Administered a Few Years Ago.
An Eastern Schoolmaster's Experience in the Webfoot State.
How He Found a School and Became a Shining Light of the Bar.
["Cowse," in Chicago Times.]
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
A resident of the Webfoot State has the following story to tell of the way in which justice was administered in the "peace" courts of the State a few years ago.
"About eight years ago," said he, "I was traveling through Eastern Oregon hunting up a school. I was not long from the States, and had that good opinion of my superiority over bunch-grass people peculiar to tenderfeet, and at first looked with a great deal of disdain upon the openings for a teacher I found in some of the poor hamlets of this country. The unattractive appearance of the rustic children and the hardships which I would have to endure rather appalled me, so I refused school after school, until I found that both my purse and my stomach were getting distressingly empty, so I threw pride and prejudice to the winds, and set about in earnest to find a way out of my difficulties, almost begging now what I had disdainfully refused before. One day I had just left a pushing town, where, with my usual luck since a school had become a necessity to me, I found the place of teacher filled, and was wending my way upon the back of a lazy cayuse on a road I took because it looked well traveled, and held out a hope of finding a collection of people at the end of it, when I fell in with a good-looking, important, gabby old man, who proceeded to interview me as to who I was, where I came from and what I wanted, in a flat-footed, business-like manner that would have put to the blush the most audacious city reporter."
"What kind of a school do you want?" said he. "A real good hard one?"
"I eagerly suggested that, hard or soft, it was all the same to me, the character of the children not being so much of an object as the financial ability of the parents to pay for their instruction."

"Well, then, come along, and I'll show you the loudest lot of young devils you ever see," said he. "And, though I felt an itching under my clothes, always suggested by the proximity of vermin, 'necessity knows no law,' and I gladly accepted such a disagreeable way of staving off starvation. We soon came in sight of the town, built after eastern models, consisting of blacksmith shop, saloon, tavern, and a few houses."
"I won't take you to the tavern," said my guide, "for every man will be up to the Justice's. There's a case goin' on up there, and as it's about our first one, we all of us are allowed ter go, so like as not you'll see the bull of the pay-rents up there."
"I willingly assented, the novelty of visiting a justice court being a sufficient inducement, let alone the prospect of meeting what I resolved should be the pay-roll of my future scholars. I found when I arrived that my kind guide, who had ridden on before, had already made me famous, having circulated the report that 'one of them fellers chock-full of book-larnin' had come all the way from the States to git the Nowhere school. So as I walked into the court, I found the crowd divided in interest between myself and the 'case,' and I had scarcely taken my seat when, much to my astonishment, a delegation from the jury came to me and requested me to take the case of the plaintiff, 'as he was a particular friend of theirs, and didn't know nothing about law.' Secretly aware of the fact that I was as ignorant of the law as the party they wished me to plead for, I yet felt certain that my time had come to acquire glory and the school, for I was convinced that, no matter what mistakes I made, such a partial jury would give me a verdict any way. So glowing with the importance of the occasion, I condescendingly yielded to the request of the jury, and without a preparatory hem, strode upon the floor. The suit was for wages due a poor popular man from a rich unpopular one. The defendant was asking for a change of venue when I entered, and the justice was evidently about to grant the motion. Now, I hadn't the slightest idea what a change of venue meant, and regardless of the fact that I was out of order in interrupting the defendant, I took out a large silver watch I carried, suspended to my vest by a plated chain, and, gazing upon it, holding it aloft as I did so, I bawled out: 'May it please the court!' Court and jury were evidently impressed by my opening. This defendant has asked for a change of venue, but what right has he, simply because he is a rich man, to come here two hours after the time set for trial and ask for anything at all? Is wealth to eternally set down upon poverty? In this free Oregon, where intelligence towers as high as her mountains, shall we tamely submit to such an imposition? No! No! I have looked into the faces of this honest jury and can read condemnation of such a fraud! And, thank God! I can see written upon your honor's noble brow the lines of truth and veracity. So I will not take up the time of this honorable court and jury by stating simple facts. I do not ask, I demand, a non-suit for my client, and I move that the court take a recess of fifteen minutes for reflection."
"So, you see," added the narrator of this story, "I got all the glory without running any risks, and the school besides."

"Emboldened by the success of my first case, I soon ventured upon another. The case, of course, was again in a Justice shop—an assault with a deadly weapon; tried by a jury of six men. Verdict, guilty. I was for the defendant. 'I hardly know,' said the learned justice, 'what to do with the criminal. I darn't send him to the county jail since it's a State prison offense; I can't send him before the Grand Jury, for the Petit Jury has found him guilty.' We were all in a terrible dilemma, when a hard-featured old man arose and said: 'I move that the jury form themselves into a vigilance committee and hang the villain at wonst.' And I believe that the old fellow's advice would have been taken and my client hanged upon the spot, but, fortunately for the prisoner, there were one or two people in the court who had been enjoying the fun, with intelligence enough to see what asses the court, jury, and lawyers had been making of themselves. So the lucky devil, who really was guilty, got scot free. But I did not take another case until I had learned a little law."
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
There is a river in Algeria which the chemistry of nature has turned into ink. The stream is formed by the union of two others, one of which is strongly impregnated with iron, while the other contains gallic acid. The natives use this compound for writing letters and other documents.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
AUSTIN, TEX., January 2. James Phillips, who was seriously wounded on Christmas eve when his wife was outraged and murdered, is still in a very critical condition, but was arrested last night, charged with being his wife's murderer. The Mexican who was arrested on suspicion of being implicated in the recent murder turns out to be a rag picker, which may account for his possession of the bloody clothes. Mrs. Eanes, charged with the murder of her son, was remanded to jail today.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
NEW YORK, January 2. Miss Elizabeth B. Van Verst met with a shocking death today in her residence at No. 58 West Forty-Sixth street. Her clothes caught fire at the grate in her parlor, where a wood fire was burning. She was alone in the room and when her cries brought assistance from the house and the streets, she was past help. Miss Van Verst was sixty-five years old and had lived in the house for twenty years.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
WASHINGTON, January 2. The remains of Major Henry Goodfellow, Judge Advocate on the staff of General N. A. Miles, commanding the Department of the Missouri, were quietly interred in the Soldier's Home Cemetery today. Major Goodfellow's body was brought here from Fort Leavenworth where he died early this week of cerebral hemorrhage.
He Was Moved to Issue the Call for $10,000,000 Three Per Cent Bonds.
To Prevent Uneasiness in Business.—Likewise the Sidewind from Senator Beck.
Immense Aggregate of Cereal Products.
Various Interesting Department Notes.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

WASHINGTON, December 31. Treasurer Jordan said today that the Secretary of the Treasury was moved to issue yesterday a call for $10,000,000 three per cent bonds in order to prevent any uneasiness in business circles touching the present movement of gold to Europe, and to give assurance that the Treasury will use its gold to supply drafts made upon banks for export. It is not apprehended at the Treasury Department that the foreign exchange will long remain at the point at which profit invites the shipment of gold, but the department deemed it prudent to give notice by the call of bonds that the Treasury will do whatever is demanded by the public interest to prevent needless alarm and panic over the temporary advance in foreign exchange. This may be one of the causes that influenced the Secretary of the Treasury in issuing the call, but it is not the main cause. It was known several days ago, and before the export movement had set in, that a call of bonds was being considered, and it was stated in these dispatches last Wednesday night that a call would be made early in January. The fact is that the large and steadily accumulating cash balance in the Treasury made a call of bonds imperative, and the action of the Secretary was hastened by the discontent with his policy in this particular, which he and the President daily heard uttered by Congressmen, and which was finally voiced by Mr. Beck in his recent speech in the Senate. It is pretty certain that a call for bonds would have been made had Mr. Beck not made his speech, but it is doubtful if the call would have been issued until the condition of the Treasury after January 1 was ascertained. Upon that date nearly $10,000,000 became due and payable for interest, and it was originally determined not to issue a call for bonds until there should be signs of the return to the Treasury of this January output, but the public agitation alluded to, and the steady accumulation of the Treasury balance, and the present movement of gold to Europe, combined to induce the Secretary to issue the call. Of the $194,000,000 of 3 per cent bonds now outstanding, the Treasury holds for the National banks $144,000,000, so that of the bonds called fully seven-tenths will be surrendered for redemption by the banks, thus necessitating a substitution of other bonds for those surrendered, or a corresponding reduction in their circulating notes. Secretary Manning holds that the sinking fund requires for the current fiscal year about $38,000,000. In conversation today the Secretary said that it would not be prudent to call bonds for so large an amount at one time and therefore he concluded to make a call now. This would indicate that the Secretary intends to issue four calls of $10,000,000 each in addition to that issued yesterday between now and June 1. The condition of the Treasury at the close of business today, the last day of the month and the year, will show an improvement of several million dollars over December 1. The receipts thus far have exceeded the expenditures over $8,000,000, and it is likely that the debt statement, to be issued on Saturday, will show a reduction, "so called," of at least $9,000,000.
WASHINGTON, December 31. The estimates of the Statistician of the Department of Agriculture for the principal cereal crops of the year are completed, and the aggregate bushels are as follows, in round millions: Corn, 1,936,000,000; wheat, 357,000,000; oats, 23,000,000. The area of corn is 73,000,000 acres; of wheat, 34,000,000; of oats, 23,000,000. The value of corn averages 33 cents per bushel, and makes an aggregate of $635,000,000, $5,000,000 less than the value of the last crop. The decrease in the product of wheat is 30 per cent, and only 17 per cent in valuation, of $275,000,000. The valuation of oats is $180,000,000. The reduction in wheat is mostly in the valleys of the Ohio and in California. The States of Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Missouri, and Kansas last year produced 170,000,000; this year 80,000,000, a reduction of 90,000,000 bushels. The production of all cereals is 53 bushels to each inhabitant, and the aggregate volume is larger than any former year.

WASHINGTON, December 31. Treasury officials express the opinion, founded on the fact that the receipts have been very light during the month, while pension payments have been made to a considerable amount on account of last month, that the public debt statement will show an increase of nearly $2,000,000 during the current month.
The Secretary of the Treasury has instructed the Collector of Customs at Georgetown, D. C., to admit free of duty certain plaster models, imported by the Ladies' Lee Monument Association as designs from which a selection is to be made for a monument to General Robert E. Lee. The authority for the exemption from duty is found in the statute providing for the free importation of works of art imported for the purpose of erecting public monuments.
Treasurer Jordan expects to go to New York to assume charge of the United States sub-treasury there. He says he knows of no reason why he should not discharge the duties of sub-treasurer as it simply amounts to the performance by a superior officer of certain duties heretofore discharged by a subordinate.
In reply to a communication from Senator George, of Mississippi, in relation to the boxing of trees for turpentine purposes by homestead claimants, Judge Stockslager, Assistant Commissioner of the General Land Office, says: "The process being undoubtedly one of damage to the land, there is no warrant of law under which permission can be granted to use for the purposes indicated timber upon entries to which title has not been acquired by the claimant." It appears that the process of boxing results invariably in the death of the trees, and forest fires usually follow, which render the land worthless.
The report of the Post-office Department officials, who recently investigated the condition of the affairs of the Baltimore post-office, recommends the establishment of branch money order offices in that city and forty additional street letter boxes. These recommendations have been approved by the Postmaster General. Other recommendations, respecting additional room for the post-office and increased expenditures for clerk hire, the Postmaster General has still under advisement. The Commissioners in their report pay a high compliment to the zeal and energy of Postmaster Veazy.
The President has approved the recommendation of the Secretary of the Interior, that a portion of the money appropriated for the relief of the Indians to be used to relieve the immediate and pressing needs of the Souppal Indians in Northern Arizona. These Indians are not suffering at present, but they will need help before the winter is over.
The Postmaster General has requested the resignation of W. B. Gurley, who has for many years filled the position of Chief of the Free Delivery bureau in the Post-office Department.
Valentine P. Snyder, of New York, was today appointed Deputy Comptroller of the Currency, vice Langworthy, resigned. Mr. Snyder came here in March last as Private Secretary to Secretary Manning, and since that time has held various positions in the Treasury Department.
Arrest of a Mexican With Suspicious Property in His Possession.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

AUSTIN, TEX., December 31. About dark last evening a Mexican, Eusticio Martinez, about forty years old and having no family, was arrested on suspicion of being concerned in the blood outrages of the past six months. Two barrels of plunder were taken from his secluded habitation near the river. The plunder consisted of a six-shooter and half a dozen crude but murderous looking instruments, including an ice pick, such as Dr. Swearingen testified was probably used in the Rainey murder. It is believed, too, that Mrs. Hancock was pierced in the ear with one. Among the other articles found in Martinez's room is a lot of female clothing, some of which is bloody; a prayer book with the name on it, Ella R. Karney; a white handkerchief with the initials "J. R." marked in silk, and another marked "A" in red. A roll of thirty-two silver dollars with round cuts of paper between each coin was taken from his pockets. He seems to be loony, claiming to be moved by a spirit which controls him. He says he was two years in jail in Brownsville, Texas, for assaulting women, and is believed to be the man who some time ago attempted to outrage a German woman in Austin, when the woman jerked a knife from her assailant. Some of the articles, most of which are probably stolen, may furnish a clue to connect him with some of the Austin tragedies. Some of the instruments have marks, apparently of old blood stains, on them.
Civil and Criminal Proceedings to be Commenced in Nebraska.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
OMAHA, NEB., December 31. United States District Attorney Lambertson has received instructions from the Attorney General upon the recommendation of the Secretary of the Interior to commence civil and criminal proceedings against eight or ten persons for illegal fencing of public lands. The plats in his hands show 80,000 acres enclosed. Other cases are expected soon. The largest enclosure referred to in his instructions embraces more than 36,000 acres. In some of the cases civil proceedings were commenced some time ago. The present instructions are to commence criminal proceeding where fences are being maintained and have been maintained upon the public land since the act of February 25, making such enclosures unlawful, and since the proclamation of President Cleveland. It is the intention of Mr. Lambertson before instituting either criminal or civil proceedings to notify all such parties to remove their fences at once; otherwise he will be compelled to proceed against them civilly and criminally as provided for by the act of February 25, pursuant to the instructions of the Attorney General and Secretary of the Interior. The names of the parties to be proceeded against have not yet been given out.
The Guards Withdrawn From the Resting Places of Garfield and Grant.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
WASHINGTON, December 31. At twelve o'clock tonight the guards will be withdrawn from the tomb of General Grant in Riverside Park, New York, and from the resting place of ex-President Garfield in Cleveland. The guard at the latter tomb has been on duty since the date of interment, for the reason that President Arthur did not care to give orders for its removal. He felt that he was in a delicate position and that any orders upon the subject were liable to be misconstrued. Hence the tramp of the watch has continued month after month. A few weeks ago, however, Secretary Endicott, in issuing the order relative to the removal of the guard at the Grant tomb on December 31st, had his attention directed to the guard at Cleveland, and included it in the order.


His Call for Troops Was to Protect the People Against Renegade Apaches.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
WASHINGTON, January 1. Governor Zulick, of Arizona, has telegraphed to the Secretary of the Interior, calling attention to an erroneous impression that the purpose for which troops have been recently ordered from San Francisco to Arizona is merely to protect the Indians from threatened attacks by the lawless white element. Governor Zulick says that his appeal to the Government for troops was for the protection of the lives and property of Arizonians from the attacks of murderous and thieving renegade Apaches. "No people on earth," he adds, "have exhibited a higher sense of law-abiding qualities than the Arizonians have shown under their terrible affliction of the past eight months." He remarks that his proclamation last week warning all evil disposed persons that the power of the Federal and Territorial Governments would be evoked to preserve the rights of all persons within the borders of Arizona, was directed against inflammatory publications in the territorial newspapers, and says: "It has had its effect, for the entire press in the Territory is now arrayed upon the side of law and order." He assures the Secretary that he will see that the San Carlos Reservation and the rights of the peaceful Indians are protected. In conclusion, he asks the Secretary for a statement to dispel the erroneous impression as to the purpose of his appeal for troops. In reply Acting Secretary Muldrow today telegraphed to the Governor that the Interior Department has received no dispatch from him suggesting a need for troops to protect the Indians on the San Carlos reservation, and that no action has been taken by the Government to concentrate troops in that vicinity for the purpose indicated. Mr. Muldrow adds: "The purpose of the Government has been and is to protect all persons in Arizona in the peaceful enjoyment of their rights and property and to punish law breakers, suppress outlaws, and maintain peace within the Territory."
Three Thousand Miles Laid in 1885.
Better Than Was Expected.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

CHICAGO, January 1. The Railway Age says: "When the year of 1885 opened very little was expected of it in the way of railway building. The record for the year, as we now present it, shows that this assumption was far from being correct, and that while the extent of new mileage added is less than in 1884, and very much less than in several previous years, it is by no means insignificant. We find that the total length of main line (not including second track, siding, or renewals) laid in the United States during 1885 was 3,113 miles. This is about 700 miles less than the new mileage of 1884. It is less than in any year since 1878, when the total was but 2,687 miles, while in 1875 the record of new construction reached only 1,711 miles. The work done, largely on branches and extensions of moderate length, has not included any very large lines, such as in previous years have helped greatly to swell the total. In New England and the East, almost no new track has been added. The principal activity has been in the Southern States, and the belt between the Missouri River and the Pacific States and Territories. The longest extension of the year has been that of the Fremont, Elkhorn & Missouri Valley line of the Chicago and Northwestern system, from Valentine, Nebraska, west and north, 191 miles to Buffalo Gap, Dakota Territory, whence it will be pushed in the spring to the Black Hills. Another very important work has been done in California by the extension of the California Southern Road, eighty-one miles to a connection with the Atlantic & Pacific, thus giving a continuous line under practically the same management from Kansas City and St. Louis to Los Angeles and San Diego."
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
MADRID, January 1. The Committees of the Cortes have approved a bill to prolong until 1892 all treaties of commerce which will expire in 1887. This virtually insures the renewal of negotiations for commercial treaties with England and the United States. The Commissioners have also approved a bill for reform in the Treasury services. Both Houses will confirm the bills. The session will close next week. Any attempt to raise a political debate will be promptly checked.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
BUFFALO, N. Y., January 1. This morning Charles Hermann, the wife murderer, was sentenced to be hanged February 12. Friends will try to secure a commutation of the sentence to life imprisonment.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
ALBANY, N. Y., December 30. While out hunting yesterday, Peter Hart, a farmer living near Knowersville, discovered a letter secreted in a tree, which stated the writer, John Robert Smith, and his partner, Haley, had been engaged in a number of robberies, which had netted $16,000. While escaping through the Heiderberg Hills, the partners had quarreled and Smith murdered Haley, and buried his body nearby. Smitten with remorse he buried the money and was about to drown himself in Warren's Lake. The letter is accompanied by a rude diagram showing where the body and money can be found, and Smith gives the latter to the finder. The entire population of Knowersville is now engaged in a search for the hidden treasure.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
ST. LOUIS, December 30. A correspondent at Brownsville, Texas, telegraphs as follows: Advices from Rio Grande City state that Major Kellogg, at the head of sixty United States soldiers, left Ringgold barracks for the Juan Maldon ranch, eighteen miles above, on the river, to arrest or disperse any armed forces there, gathered for the purpose of invading the city of Mier, Mexico. A deputy sheriff sent to reconnoiter, reported that there were about a dozen armed Mexicans on the ranch, and the efforts to get a force together there have proved abortive. It is also said the force is only a gathering of smugglers.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
SNOW HILL, MD., December 30. Samuel Blake was stabbed and almost instantly killed late last night by Ernest Bratton, near Girdle Tree Hill, Worcester County. Bratton was escorting a girl from a party, when Blake made an insulting remark and struck Bratton. The latter drew a knife and stabbed his opponent in the neck, severing the jugular vein. He made no effort to escape, and was lodged in jail.

The Alma Stage Riddled With Bullets.
Escape of the Brave Driver.
The People Petition the President and Congress for Protection.—List of Killed.
Interview With the Secretary of War.
Employment of Old Frontiersmen Advocated.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
ALBUQUERQUE, N. M., December 30. A special to the Journal, dated Silver City, December 27, was received today. It says that when the Alma stage, driven by Conductor Landerbaugh, came in Saturday looking like a sieve, after a severe attack by Apaches near the White House ranch, the people, eager for Indian news, gathered around the express office. The plucky stage driver said that six Indians lying in ambush had fired on him, when he gave the horses the reins and, drawing his rifle from the boot of the vehicle, gave the hostiles the best he had in the wagon. His rapid firing demoralized the reds, and although nearly every part of the stage was hit, one ball having passed through the mail sack, the driver escaped unhurt. He thinks if he had not been alone, he could have brought in a few scalps. Landerbaugh having refused to make the return trip to the Mogollons unless furnished with an escort by the Government, a dispatch to this effect was sent to the Postmaster General by Mr. O. S. Scott. The answer came back: "Consult the commandant at Fort Bayard, who will have instructions from the Secretary of War. The attack was only casual and is not likely to be repeated. Do your best to dispatch the mail." And this despite the fact that the country though which the mail has to pass has been overrun with hostiles during the entire summer, and the stage has escaped heretofore by sheer luck.
When the Postmaster General's dispatch was received, the following was at once wired to President Cleveland.
To His Excellency, Grover Cleveland, President of the United States, Washington, D. C.
During the past three weeks the following citizens have been murdered by Apaches in Socorro, Grant, and Graham Counties, most of them within one week, and their bodies have been identified: Messrs. Moore, Waldo, Williams, May, Wrights (two), Clark, Kinney, Tilley, Trior, Harris, Tapinaw, and Gassid; also four soldiers, Dr. Maddox, Surgeon United States Army, with the rank of Lieutenant, and two others whose names are not known. The Grand Jury report on the Indian murders is mailed you today. The Silver City and Alma mail coach was attacked yesterday. All outlying ranches are deserted and all industries are prostrated. We appeal to you and Congress for help
JAMES B. WOODS, Sheriff.
S. M. ASHENFELTER, District Attorney.
JAMES CORBIN, Acting Mayor.
O. S. SCOTT, Postmaster.

In addition to the names mentioned, over one hundred prominent citizens signed this memorial and the cost of wiring the message was defrayed by a public collection. A report has just reached Silver City of four more murders of white men by Indians. The excitement is fearful. Prominent citizens met and decided to at once organize and equip a picked company of rangers and send them into the field to see if old Indian fighters could not do what the United States soldiers had failed to do—exterminate or capture every Apache found off the reservation.
WASHINGTON, December 30. Senator Manderson and Congressmen Springer and Laird called upon the Secretary of War this morning to discuss with him the situation in southern New Mexico in relation to the Apache troubles. They represented to him the defenseless condition of the people and made known their purpose of introducing a bill in Congress providing for the special purpose of hunting down, and, if necessary, of exterminating the murderous band which has been making that region a desert. The Secretary entered heartily into the plans and promised to do everything in his power to forward the purpose they have in view. During the progress of the conversation, which lasted an hour, allusion was made to General Crook's record. Mr. Springer read to the Secretary a letter he had received from Judge Barnes, of the First Judicial District of Arizona, discussing the situation and setting forth the views of intelligent men of the locality as to the best remedy. This, in brief, was for the Government to raise a battalion of frontiersmen, to be lightly equipped, and whose duty should be to patrol the region in small parties, especially keeping in view the watering places. It was possible for the Indians to move more rapidly than the troops could by riding the ponies until they dropped from exhaustion and then stealing others, but they had to reach the watering places or perish themselves. Judge Barnes also proposed the arming and enlistment of a body of Papago Indians, a friendly, industrious race, as much annoyed by the renegade Apaches as the whites, to fight the Apaches. The Secretary said in reference to this plan that the army was already doing much of the service proposed. General Sheridan has been sent out to the scene of the disturbances, and General Crook, in whom they all had confidence, was in command. If these could not subdue the hostiles, none could. Mr. Springer said he did not know General Crook and had nothing against him, but judging him merely by results, he was a failure. The renegades did not number more than 200 men, and General Crook with 3,000 or 4,000 men at his command had been hunting them for years and had not succeeded in putting a stop to the outrages. Senator Manderson came to General Crook's defense, attributing to his skill and ability the pacification of the Indians of Nebraska. The bill referred to will be introduced by Congressman Laird of Nebraska.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
WASHINGTON, December 30. The Secretary of the Treasury received a telegram from Captain Hooper, of the revenue steamer Rush, at San Francisco, stating that after consultation with Captain Healy, of the Corwin, he had decided to undertake the search for the missing whaler Amethyst. He also inquired if the cruise should be limited to the Aleutian Islands, or whether he should push northward, following the ice pack as it broke up in the spring. Secretary Manning replied as follows: "Take the necessary supplies and proceed at once. Officers have been directed to report to you for duty immediately. Employ a surgeon and use your judgment as to the northern limit of the cruise." It is believed at the department that the Rush will be able to sail from San Francisco for Behring's Sea on Thursday next.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
LONDON, December 30. The President of the Birmingham Liberal Association denied the truth of the rumor that Bright intends to resign his seat in Parliament.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
DENVER, COL., December 31. This morning at three o'clock three masked men entered the engine room of the Marshall Coal Company's works near the town of Brice, forty miles from Denver, and captured the engineer and took him several hundred yards away and tied him, then returned and set fire to the hoisting works. The engine house, tramway, and several cars were completely destroyed, throwing several hundred men out of employment. Three weeks ago the wages of the men in these mines were cut down, when the Knights of Labor ordered a strike. The miners, rather than be without work at this time of the year, refused to obey. They continued to work, and this morning's outrage is supposed to be another outcropping of the Rock Springs troubles instigated by the Knights of Labor.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
WASHINGTON, December 31. The preparations for the President's reception at the White House on New Year's Day are complete and will be attended by at least one thousand persons, including the diplomatic staff, the Cabinet, the members of the Supreme Court, and the members of both houses of Congress. Miss Cleveland and Mrs. Hoyt, the sisters of the President, will be assisted by the wives of the Secretaries and by several other intimate friends. The reception ceremonies will be in charge of the Marshal of the District, Wilson.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
NEW YORK, December 31. Today the great wholesale dry goods firm of Bates, Reedy & Cooley will be dissolved, in consequence of the expiration of the partnership limitation. The stock, which was valued at $3,000,000, has for a month past been thrown on the market at twelve per cent discount for cash. Mr. Bates will go into the jobbing business, while Messrs. Reed and Cooley will organize a new firm in the dry goods commission trade. The dissolution has created quite an excitement in wholesale dry goods circles.
Convention at Kansas City to Consider the Improvement of the Missouri River.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
KANSAS CITY, December 30. The Board of Trade Hall presented a lively scene yesterday morning, and the floor was covered with groups of delegates, joking, laughing, and earnestly discussing the objects and probable course of the River Convention. Different delegations were assigned each a place by themselves, Kansas and Missouri heading the center, Montana and Dakota leading the right, while Nebraska and Iowa smilingly stood at the front on the left side. At eleven o'clock the blue ribbon assembly (for all the delegates wore blue badges), was called to order by L. R. Bolter, of Logan, Iowa. Hon. D. A. Magee, Mayor of Sioux City, Iowa, was called to the chair. After preliminary work had been accomplished, the Convention adjourned until two p.m.

At 2:30 o'clock the Convention was called to order by Chairman Magee and proceeded at once to business. The Committee on Credentials, through their chairman, reported as follows, and their report was adopted.
The Committee on Credentials met and elected George L. Wright, of St. Louis, Chairman, and W. S. Wise, of Plattsmouth, Nebraska, Secretary.
It was resolved by your Committee that the list of delegates to this Convention reported to the Secretary of the Convention shall be considered as the delegates of the Convention, subject to such additions as may be found necessary by the late arrival of some of the delegates. Your Committee beg leave to make this resolution as their report to this Convention. G. L. WRIGHT, Chairman, W. S. WISE, Secretary.
Next came the report of the Committee on Permanent Organization. The committee selected the following officers.
President: Nathan Cole, of St. Louis,
Vice Presidents: C. A. Chase, Omaha; Colonel Asa Barton, Faribault, Minnesota; Winslow O. Judson, St. Joseph; J. P. Baker, Fort Benton, M. T.; E. K. Converse, New Orleans; James Phelan, Memphis, Tenn.; Robert Atkinson, Ottawa, Kansas.
Secretary: H. M. Kirkpatrick, Kansas City.
Assistant Secretaries: Joseph E. Riggs, Lawrence, Kansas; Robert Windom, Plattsmouth, Nebraska.
The report was unanimously accepted and adopted.
Messrs. P. B. Walker, of St. Paul, and W. H. Miller, of Kansas City, were appointed a committee to escort President Cole to the platform.
Letters from Congressmen and other prominent men were read, regretting their inability to attend the convention.
The Committee on Resolutions appointed by the Executive Committee at the convention met last evening at the Coates House. Mr. McIntyre presided and Mr. Windom was Secretary. Among others present were Messrs. Bolter, of Iowa; Walker, of Minnesota; Baker, of Montana; Arthur, of Wyandotte; Aller, of Leavenworth, and Allen, of this city. A number of resolutions were offered by members of the committee and others present. A resolution was offered asking Congress to place a member of Congress interested in Western waterways upon the River and Harbor Committee. A resolution was offered to appoint two delegates from each State and Territory, to bear the resolutions of the committee to Congress on January 18, 1886, and to cooperate with delegates appointed for a similar purpose at St. Paul in September last.
A resolution was offered recommending Congress to apply for immediate use 50 per cent of the appropriation recommended by the commission for the improvement of the Missouri River, and to have the other 50 per cent of the appropriation take effect on and after July next.
After the discussion of these resolutions, a sub-committee of three, consisting of Dr. John Arthur, of Wyandotte; Mr. Allen, of this city, and Mr. Windom, was appointed to formulate the resolutions and present them to the convention at 9:30 this morning.

An Express Messenger Steals $8,000.
Arrested in Woman's Clothes.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
ST. LOUIS, December 30. A man named William E. Page, an Adams Express messenger, dressed in woman's clothes, was brought into police headquarters last night by Detective Frank Erskine and taken into Captain Fruchtis' private office, where he produced from various parts of his clothing $6,800 in money. In a statement made by the prisoner after being placed in a cell, he said he was express messenger and telegraph operator at Golden City, Barton County, Missouri, that he had stolen the money found upon him, and more besides, which he did not know what had become of it. He said he got drunk on Christmas day and has been drunk ever since. The money came from the Bank of Commerce, of Kansas City, to Aldrich, Niles & Co., of Golden City. He knew it was coming. When it arrived he took it and all the other money in the office, went home, bundled up a lot of his wife's clothes, went into the woods, dressed himself, and took a train for Springfield, Missouri. There he boarded a St. Louis & San Francisco train for St. Louis, and was arrested by Erskine between Pacific City and St. Louis. He says there were $8,000 with the package he stole, but he claims not to know where the remainder is. The detectives, however, think he secreted it. The robbery was committed on Monday, but was not discovered until last night. Page says he does not know why he committed the robbery except that it was a drunken freak. He says he could have taken a much larger sum a few days before. He has a wife and two children.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
GLOUCESTER, MASS., December 30. News was received last night of the loss of the schooner, Cleopatra, Captain, George W. Pendleton, of this port. The Captain and crew were taken off the vessel near George's Bank and taken to Philadelphia by a steamship. Three men, named Hanson, Hodge, and MacPherson, were drowned. A man named Nelson was killed and five others injured.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
ST. LOUIS, December 30. George Olds, late traffic manager of the Missouri Pacific Railroad, left last night for Montreal, where he will assume his new position of traffic manager of the Canadian Pacific. Colonel W. H. Newman, the newly appointed traffic manager of the Missouri Pacific, will enter upon his new office at once.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
LONDON, December 30. Lord Randolph Churchill, Secretary of State for India, is in Ireland. It is thought that his visit is for the purpose of obtaining information bearing on the Irish question to be used at the Cabinet council to be held shortly.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
BERLIN, December 30. Baron De Courcel, French Ambassador, and Count Herbert Bismarck, Under Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, signed a protocol defining the boundary of French and German territories in West Africa.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
CAIRO, ILL., January 1. Joseph Bansho, a farmer and trapper, living near Unity, Illinois, six miles from this city, was bitten by a dog last winter. The wound healed and the dog was killed. Yesterday Bansho noticed that the old wound had broken out again and was very much inflamed. The first sight of water threw him into violent convulsions, and he attacked his son, nineteen years old, and tried to choke him to death. Neighbors rushed in and the boy was saved. The afflicted man is now bound to a bedstead by strong ropes and it takes the combined efforts of two strong men to keep him from breaking his fastenings. He snaps and bites at his keepers and barks and howls like a dog. Bansho is a wealthy land owner.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
NEW YORK, January 1. Cashier Whitney, of the Treasury Department, arrived in this city yesterday, as the representative of Secretary Manning, to seal the sub-treasury vaults at the close of business. The ceremony was performed soon after five o'clock last evening. Two seals—the United States seal and the State seal—were attached to the doors of the vaults in which the moneys are stored. Treasurer Jordan will arrive Saturday, and will take charge until Mr. Acton's successor is appointed. Fourteen clerks from Washington will go over the books of the treasurer in this city during the next month to see if the accounts have been correctly kept. The moneys in the vaults, $36,000,000 in all, will also be counted.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
ALBANY, N. Y., January 1. Governor Hill was inaugurated today with great ceremony at ten o'clock. The Jacksonian Club met and was joined by several other organizations, and, proceeding to the Executive Mansion, escorted the Governor to the Assembly Chamber, where the inaugural ceremonies took place. A reception was then held in the Senate Chamber.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
The Edgar Thomson blast furnaces at Braddock, Pa., five in number, were closed down for an indefinite period on the 31st, throwing out of employment 700 men.
Commissioner Eaton Directs Attention to Some Facts for Office Seekers.
Immense Number of Applications From Districts Near the Capital.
The Drop Rule.
Uncertainty of Securing Appointments.
Too Many Female Applicants for the Few Vacancies.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

WASHINGTON, January 1. Commissioner Eaton has just made the following report relative to dropping applicants from the civil service records: "It was anticipated when the civil service examinations were provided for that the time would come when, for the various States and offices, there should be so great and needless a number of applicants as to make necessary some limitation of the time they should be allowed to retain their places upon the record books kept of those seeking to be examined. As the commission is required, with certain small exceptions, to notify all applicants for examination, in the order of the entry of their names upon those records, it is plain that so large numbers might in a short time have their names entered therein as to prevent, for years, perhaps, any other person being reached for examination. To enable the commission to prevent so unreasonable a monopoly, rule thirteen authorizes it to provide by regulation for dropping from the records the applicants whose names have been thereon for six months or more without having been reached in due course for examination. A regulation of that kind, while
would allow equal chances to all for being examined. If any of those dropped desire another chance of being reached for examination, they can make a new application and be entered upon the foot of the record. It hardly need be stated that the object of the examinations is not primarily to examine all of those who may apply, however excessive their numbers, but to give all applications equal opportunities for examination and to examine so many of them as are required to secure a sufficient number from whom to make the selection of competent persons for filling the vacancies in the public service. The number examined is sure to be many times greater than the number appointed. It would obviously be a waste of the time of the examiners and a needless labor to go with unlimited examinations regardless of the public needs, by which the chances of everyone examined for an office would be made more and more remote. It may take some time to cause the supply in the matter of the applications and appointments to fitly adjust themselves to each other, but with a proper regulation for dropping applicants from the record, it need not be doubted that in this matter, as in all others, such an adjustment will before long be reached. In most of the States thus far the number of applicants has not been beyond the number needed at the examinations, while in some of them and also at several of the post-offices and customs-offices and in the District of Columbia especially, the excess has become considerable. It was natural that solicitation for places and skill in securing them should be most developed in localities near Washington. The natural result has been that in these localities the number of applicants is most extensive. The primary object of the provision in the civil service act that applicants thereunder shall be apportioned among the States and Territories in the ratio of population was doubtless to prevent the natural consequence of these office-seeking habits near the capital, but it is in spirit none the less applicable to excessive office-seeking in other States. On the 1st of November last the records of the Commission showed the following facts:
"The District Columbia is entitled to only four appointments out of 1,000. It had 185 applicants seeking examination, being more than any public interest requires to be examined in the next five years.
"Maryland, which is entitled to nineteen applicants out of 1,000, had 284 applicants on the records, more than twice the number from the six New England States, with New Jersey and Delaware added.
"Virginia, which is entitled to three appointments out of 1,000, had 261 applicants, or more than twice as many as all those from Texas and all the other States bordering on the Gulf of Mexico, with those from South Carolina added.

"Delaware, which is entitled to three appointments out of 1,000, had more applicants than Wisconsin, Minnesota, Florida, and Vermont combined.
"But there are other States not so near Washington, from which the excess is considerable. Pennsylvania, which is entitled to eighty-six appointments out of 1,000, has 258 applicants and thirty-nine more than New York, which is entitled to 102 appointments out of 1,000.
"Ohio, which is entitled to sixty-four appointments out of 1,000, had 222 applicants on the records, being almost twice as many as there are from the States of Michigan, Wisconsin, Minnesota, Missouri, and Kansas.
"Indiana, which is entitled to forty applicants out of 1,000, had 132 applicants on the records, which exceeds those from the six States last named.
"West Virginia and Kentucky are the next States from which the applicants most tend to an excess. Few persons, I think, can regard it as just to allow those who have needlessly crowded on to these records to monopolize all the opportunities of being called for examination for the long time, which must elapse before they will be examined."
Where all who may present themselves cannot be examined, the same plan that each should have a fair and equal chance, and that if not reached, they should give way to others absolutely, or, if they prefer, go to the foot of the record for a second opportunity. It is especially worthy of notice that the excess of female applicants are much greater than that of males. More than one-half of the applicants from the District of Columbia and those from Maryland are females. There are eighty-one applicants from Virginia, seventy-five from Pennsylvania, and seventy-four from Ohio. But as many as six times as many males as females are requested by the departments for appointment, and the commission has no authority whatever on the subject. Such facts may be well considered by persons who are in the habit of advising an excessive number of women to attend the examination, and of complaining because no places can be found for them. Rule 13 has long since given a general notice that applicants not reached within six months are likely to be dropped, but to make the matter very clear in the future, I think there should be a definite regulation, as contemplated by that rule, and I herewith submit a draft of such a resolution."
The report was accepted, and a regulation has been adopted for carrying its recommendation into effect.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
CLEVELAND, OHIO, December 30. Patrick Cosgrove, aged thirty-five, employed at a furnace in Niles, Ohio, was overcome by gas this morning and fell twenty-five feet, striking on his head, and breaking his neck. Fire at the Peacock coal mine, near Mineral Ridge, Ohio, destroyed all the buildings, causing a loss of $10,000 and throwing one hundred men out of employment.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

CITY OF MEXICO, MEX., DECEMBER 30. The official announcement is made today that a Mexican Consulate has been located in Kansas City, and that the first Mexican Consul to represent that Republic in Kansas City will be Prof. Maurice Rahden. Mr. Rahden is now here, but will leave for the field of his new duties in a few days.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
PITTSBURGH, PA., December 30. A committee of flint glass workers and window glass workers and bottle blowers' unions is here perfecting a basis for the Amalgamation of the three organizations.
Another Order Issued by Commissioner Sparks.
Ready-Made Proofs to be Rejected.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
WASHINGTON, December 30. In view of the large number of defective, irregular, and insufficient proofs presented in public land cases, Commissioner Sparks, of the General Land Office, has issued a circular to registers and receivers of land offices in which he directs that proofs must in all cases be to the satisfaction of registers and receivers, and that cross-examinations should be directed to a verification of the material facts in the case, and especially to the actual facts of residence, and whether the entry is made or sought to be perfected for the claimant's own use and occupation or for the use and benefit of others. Ready-made proofs, presented merely for pro forma acknowledgment and verification, cross-examination, or evidence of identity, will not, it is stated, be considered such proofs as are required by law. Officers taking affidavits and testimony are required to call the attention of the parties and witnesses to the laws respecting false swearing, and the penalties therefor, and inform them of the purpose of the Government to hold all persons to a strict accountability to all statements made by them.
Several Passengers Though to be Killed and All More or Less Injured.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
ST. LOUIS, December 30. At noon today the first information was received of what may turn out to be a terrible disaster. The Wabash passenger coming south, it is reported, was wrecked at Nameoka, a station in Illinois, about thirty miles from here. The first report states that three passengers were killed and almost all the persons on the train were more or less seriously injured. It is impossible to obtain details at this late hour, but a second telegram verifies the report of the accident and states that two persons have died from injuries received and that several passengers are fatally injured. The first report states that the accident was caused by a broken rail and that the rear coaches were the most seriously injured. At the Wabash offices nothing can be learned other than that an accident has really occurred.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

CHICAGO, December 30. Dr. Rauch, Secretary of the State Board of Health, returned from Peoria last night, where he said he found thirteen cases of small-pox, but thought the city authorities had the disease fully under control. Hearing of small-pox at Eaton, Dr. Rauch drove there and learned of a case at a farm house several miles from town. Driving there he found a man suffering from the disease in its most malignant form. He also learned that the nature of the disease not being known thereabouts, a large party had been held at the house a night or two before. Dr. Rauch immediately drove back to town and telegraphed to Chicago for vaccine. He left instructions that every person who attended the party referred to be vaccinated at once. He thinks the spread of the disease there can be prevented in this way.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
DETROIT, December 30. Everything has been quiet among the Poles. A large number of Poles attended the inquest of John Lavitski, the Pole who was shot Christmas Day, but no trouble ensued. The inquest was adjourned until today. No doubt is expressed but that the verdict will be murder, by some person or persons unknown. Last night there was presented for the consideration of the aldermen a petition from the followers of Father Kolasinski, asking the city to interfere and compel the Bishop to reinstate that priest. It was tabled. It is reported that Kolasinski's emissaries have been among the Polish people circulating the report that a new priest would be consecrated this morning. As a natural consequence trouble is expected and the police are prepared to keep the peace.
The Efforts to Secure Their Pardon Attracting Attention in St. Paul.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
ST. PAUL, MINN., January 1. The brief dispatch sent out from Kansas City a few days ago to the effect that an officer from this city was in that region procuring papers in support of an application for the pardon of the Younger brothers now serving a life sentence in the penitentiary of Stillwater for participating in the Northfield murder and bank robbery attracts considerable attention here. The history of the brothers and their desperate deeds is too well known to need recital, and their release from confinement would create no little excitement, although they have a large number of sympathizers who hold that they are as deserving of their liberty as the Ford boys. The news from Kansas City, however, has led to the development that the Younger brothers have rich and very influential relatives living near Marshall, Missouri, who have been working covertly for years to obtain the pardon of the brothers. The influence of this family, so it is stated, extends to the national capital and efforts are now being made to influence the administration in the direction of clemency. A prison official says that he considers the probabilities of a pardon as very good. Mrs. Wyman, a rich widowed aunt of the prisoners, who has visited them monthly for nearly two years, was at the prison a few days ago, and intimated to the boys that she hoped shortly to have good news for them.
Contrary to what might have been expected from their desperate character prior to their conviction, the boys have proven model prisoners, and all are now holding responsible positions in the penitentiary. They have been given much time to study, the two younger having taken to law and thoroughly posted themselves in legal practice. Cole Younger, the eldest, has devoted himself to medicine, and has so far advanced as to be allowed to treat the other prisoners. All the brothers say that should they be pardoned, they will become professional men.
John Bull Gulps Down Burmah and Its Four Million Inhabitants.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
LONDON, January 1. Those who have predicted that General Prendergast's conquest of Burmah would not be followed by its absorption into British India are now shown to be very much out in their calculations. Today the Government will signalize the New Year by issuing a proclamation signed by Her Majesty, both as Queen of England and Empress of India, and addressed to the inhabitants of Great Britain and Indian, notifying them that the territories formerly governed by King Theebaw are no longer under his rule, but have become a part of Her Majesty's domain and will be administered during her pleasure by officers appointed by the Viceroy of India. The delay in issuing the proclamation is due to the time required to obtain the consent of the other Powers. Most of them made no objection, but it is said that the consent of France and Russia was tardily and reluctantly given.
[Articles varied in the spelling of former King. Some said "Thebaw."]
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
MOBERLY, Mo., January 1. The ill-feeling engendered here between the Wabash strikers and those who took their places last fall, and which was supposed to have long since been forgotten, cropped out again last night, when at precisely nine o'clock, Bill Radell, a non-union workman, stepped into McNinch's saloon, where he met Harry Barresford, one of the locked-out men, and a pronounced advocate of what he believed to be just, and without warning fired at Barresford, shooting him in the neck. The wood-be murderer dashed out of the saloon on a run and going through alleys and dark places, managed to get several blocks from the business center, but was captured by a posse. The victim is in a perilous condition. He is a clever, jovial fellow who gained some notoriety here during the recent strike by his prompt maneuvers and who was arrested and taken to Jefferson City.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
LOUISVILLE, KY., January 1. The Trades and Labor Assembly of Louisville, in a meeting tonight passed resolutions recommending to Speaker Carlisle the appointment on the labor committee of the following representatives said to be in sympathy with the labor cause: Albert Willis, Kentucky; O'Neil, Missouri; Weaver, Iowa; Foran, Ohio; Cole, Maryland; Bennett, North Carolina; Lawler, Illinois; Hohn, Louisiana; Levering, Massachusetts; Daniel, Virginia; Haynes, New Hampshire; James Farquhar, Hewett; Merriman, New York; Anderson, Kansas; Blount, Illinois; Bound, Pennsylvania; Collins, Massachusetts; Mayberry, Michigan; Reid, North Carolina; Stewart, Texas; Tarsney, Michigan; Taylor, Tennessee; Wade, Missouri; Wise, Virginia; Woodburn, Nevada; S. M. Campbell, Louisiana; and Findlay, Maryland. Mr. Cole is recommended as chairman.
Treasurer Jordan Likely to Meet With a Refusal When He Asks for the Funds.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

WASHINGTON, January 2. Treasurer Jordan left for New York last night to take charge of the sub-Treasury there. Eighteen expert counters also went for the purpose of counting the Government funds in the vaults. Treasurer Jordan may encounter some difficulty in obtaining possession of the office as it is understood that Mr. Acton, the present incumbent, asserts that in justice to himself and his bondsmen, he cannot turn over the moneys in his charge except to a successor regularly appointed by the President and confirmed by the Senate. This matter, however, has been fully discussed by high officials here, and the opinion prevails that Mr. Jordan can legally take possession. Should Mr. Acton resolutely refuse to turn over the funds to Mr. Jordan, the Secretary, it is said, could, if he considered it advisable, take advantage of section 3640 of the Revised Statutes, which provides that the Secretary of the Treasury may transfer the money in the hands of any depository of public moneys to the Treasury of the United States to the credit of the Treasurer.
Close of the Missouri River Improvement Convention at Kansas City.
Aid Wanted.—A light-house System Demanded.—Delegates Appointed.
Congress Recommended to Declare the Kansas River Navigable
From Fort Riley to Wyandotte.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
KANSAS CITY, Mo., December 31. At 10:30 o'clock yesterday morning the River Improvement Convention met at the Board of Trade hall for the second day's session. Although the weather was much more congenial, the attendance was not materially increased, but the interest displayed in the proceedings was conclusive evidence of the fact that all were in earnest. The new delegates enrolled were: Hon. C. B. Russell, of Lafayette County, Missouri; L. R. Elliott, President Board of Trade of Manhattan, Kansas; Colonel Lewis Phillips, Major J. G. Tremplee, A. N. White, C. M. Lachland, and Captain J. W. Bryant of Mexico, Missouri.
At nine o'clock, before the meeting of the Convention, the Executive Committee held a meeting in the Board of Trade Hall for the purpose of determining the place for the next meeting of the Convention and other matters. Chairman Bolter presided. On motion of G. D. Baker, and after considerable discussion, Omaha was chosen as the place of the next meeting, which will be opened on the first Wednesday in September, 1886. The Secretary introduced a resolution, which was adopted, to assess the different cities and Boards of Grade on the Missouri River, from St. Louis to Fort Benton, for the purpose of defraying the necessary expenses incurred by the Executive Committee in prosecuting the work in hand. The amount needed was estimated at $1,500, and the Secretary was instructed to call for 25 per cent of the amount immediately. A resolution was adopted instructing the Secretary to formulate a call for the Omaha Convention and to make the basis of representation the same as the Kansas City call, with the addition of ten delegates at large from each State and Territory, and to request the Governors of each State and Territory bordering on the Missouri River to appoint delegates in conformity thereto. The committee then adjourned to meet at the call of the President.
After the preliminaries of the opening the first work in the order of business was the report of the Committee on Resolutions, which was as follows.
To the President and Members of the Missouri River Valley Convention:
Your committee respectfully submit the following resolutions for your consideration.

WHEREAS, In view of the fact that appropriations are being asked from Congress for the improvement of the great Western waterways, and that this convention has been called in the interest of the great Missouri River Valley; therefore,
Resolved, That it is the earnest wish of the people of the Missouri Valley in convention assembled at Kansas City, Mo., these 29th and 30th days of December, 1885, that Congress do at once appropriate for improvement of the Missouri River one-half of the amount asked for by the Missouri Commission for the year ending June 30, 1867, in order that this commission may be able to resume their work as early in the spring as economy demands, and that we ask the Senators and Representatives of the Missouri Valley in Congress that they make it their foremost business to secure such an immediate appropriation.
Resolved, That this convention insist that a member of Congress from the Missouri Valley be placed upon the House Committee for Rivers and Harbors, as an act of patent justice to the people of the valley of the largest river in the Nation.
Resolved, That we recommend the establishment of the light house system from Kansas City to Fort Benton, and an adequate appropriation from Congress for the purpose of establishing and maintaining such system.
Resolved, That a committee consisting of two members from each of the States of Missouri, Iowa, Nebraska, Kansas, and Minnesota, and the Territories of Dakota and Montana, be appointed by the delegates present in this convention from the said States and Territories, whose duty it shall be to lay before Congress in the most effective manner the demands of this convention as expressed in these resolutions. The names of said committee to be reported to this convention before final adjournment, and that the respective board of Trade in the Missouri Valley be requested to add one member each to this committee.
Resolved, That it is the wish of this convention that the committee heretofore appointed, cooperate with the Executive Committee for the improvement of Western waterways, and the committee appointed by the late convention at St. Paul, in all their efforts to secure the results they were charged to seek.
Resolved, That we urge upon all Senators and Congressmen from the Missouri and Mississippi Valleys to heartily unite in order to secure proper and liberal appropriations for the improvement of Western and Northwestern waterways, and to demand such help from the National Government as the best interests of these sections justly demand, before voting the appropriation of public money for other and less National objects, and for sections of our country which have hitherto been most favored by the distribution of Government assistance.
Resolved, That we view with surprise and solicitude the omission of all mention of the needs of the Western waterways from the message of the President of the United States, and that we, as representatives of the people inhabiting the entire Valleys of the Missouri and Mississippi Rivers earnestly urge upon the President to call the attention of Congress, by special message, to the needs of these sections in the matter of international improvement, and we trust that the omission was made with the view of making a more emphatic and elaborate presentation by a special message at a later day.

Resolved, That we recommend Congress to pass a law declaring the Kansas River navigable from Fort Riley to the mouth at Wyandotte City. That all artificial obstructions are nuisances and as such must be removed or so altered that they no longer exist as impediments to steamboats and vessels coursing said river, and that in accordance with the recommendation of Major C. R. Sutter, United States engineer, an appropriation of $480,000 be made and expended to fitly and properly adapt said Kansas River to the more successful transit of commerce.
Resolved, That the attention of the Missouri River Commission is hereby respectfully called by this convention to the great damage done and threatened by the Missouri River at a point nearly opposite Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, where the Federal Government has large property interests, and where the iron bridge which spans the river is in imminent danger of losing its connection with the Missouri shore, thus destroying the most immediate communication between that important military post and the East. Respectfully submitted.
D. H. McINTYRE, Chairman.
R. B. WINDHAM, Secretary.
The resolutions were presented by the chairman of the committee, and pending their adoption he explained in detail the character of the work and the ways most conducive to its accomplishment.
Colonel Crisp of Independence opened the afternoon session. The following resolution was introduced by Mayor Neely of Leavenworth.
Resolved, That the Missouri River Commission is respectfully requested to so apportion the money appropriated for them by Congress as to protect the commercial points on the Missouri River from damage, such improvements to be a part of the general improvement of the same for purposes of navigation.
Mr. Walker of St. Paul introduced the following.
Resolved, That this convention respectfully demand of the Missouri River Commission as the custodians of our interests, an official expression of their judgment on the following questions:
First: How much money can be judiciously and economically expended per year in the improvement of the Missouri River.
Second: Does this Commission believe it wise to divide this river section as recommended by the Northwestern Water Ways Convention of St. Paul and by this convention and that the allotments of money by Congress should be equally divided and placed in charge of separate engineers.
Third: That the answer of these questions be requested in the form of a supplemental report to the Secretary of War.
The different delegations then took a recess of fifteen minutes for the purpose of selecting delegates to the meeting to be held in Washington January next. On returning the following were reported as provided by the resolutions.
Nebraska: R. B. Windham, C. Hartman.
Iowa: Judge James, Council Bluffs; F. F. Evens, Sioux City.
Missouri: R. R. W. Hartwig, St. Joseph; W. H. Miller, Kansas City.

Kansas: J. D. Barker, Girard; Dr. S. F. Nealy, Leavenworth.
Montana: T. C. Powers, Helena; T. A. Comings, Fort Benton.

Minnesota: Colonel W. Crooks, St. Paul; Platt B. Walker, St. Paul.
Dakota: W. H. Beadle, Yankton; W. Thompson, Bismarck.
A hearty welcome was assured the delegations on their visit to Omaha at their next meeting by Mr. Chase, ex-Mayor of that city.
A vote of thanks was then tendered Major Warner for kind consideration to the officers of the convention, the Kansas City Board of Trade, and to the citizens of Kansas City.
The farewell remarks by Judge Cole, of St. Louis, were touching, and filled with a charming vein of earnest enthusiasm.
The convention then adjourned.
Defeat of the Arabs Near Kosch in a Heavy Engagement.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
CAIRO, December 31. A dispatch from Kosch says Lieutenant General Stevenson, commander of the British forces, recently arrived here with large reinforcements and attacked the rebels who have been menacing the garrison several weeks. A three hours fight ensued, resulting in the British troops capturing Genisa village, near Kosch. The rebels were completely routed. The cavalry pursued the enemy, capturing two guns and two banners. The English lost one officer, killed, and twenty-one wounded. The Egyptian allies of the British lost six killed and thirteen wounded. A recent report stated that the Arabs at Genisa were riflemen. They had six guns and plenty of ammunition. The guns were placed in earth works and the line of fire was directed on the Nile, so as to oppose the passage of a steamer. Abd El Kader, Pasha, Minister of War, formerly Governor of the Soudan, in a recent conversation on the Egyptian question said: "If the English retire on Wady Haifa, they must retire on Assouan, then on Cairo. Every pace in advance gives the English 100 friends, every pace in retiring gives them 200 enemies, half in front, half in rear. England may gain victory after victory, but if they are followed by retreat, the English Government has uselessly wasted blood. There is not one in ten who will not believe in England's defeat. I say that a retirement now would be fatal." When asked whether the question was insoluble, he replied: "No; it requires two things. First, a fixed policy to crush the rebellion; and, second, money. Let England attack the enemy in force, and after the latter's defeat, open negotiations. With native emissaries and money, England could detach the soldiers who are now the backbone of the rebellion and also some tribes who are always jealous of each other." When asked what sum would be required, the Minister said: "Perhaps £2,000,000, but this policy would be the cheapest in the long run." The rout of the rebels was so complete that General Stephenson is hopeful that it will obviate the necessity for further operations. British men-of-war have been ordered to blockade the cost of Egypt from Massowah to Suez in order to prevent the importation into the Soudan of arms and ammunition for the Arabs. The Arabs fought stubbornly and five Emirs were killed. Twenty dead Arabs were found in one house.
Close of the Session at Topeka.—Papers Read.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

TOPEKA, KAS., December 31. The third day's session of the State Teachers' Association began at nine a.m. yesterday and at once resolved itself into the several sections. In the common school section the first paper was on "Preparing Students for Citizenship," by F. W. Hiddleson. The next paper was on "Geography," and it was discussed to considerable length. Miss Goodspeed, of Topeka, led the discussion. The next paper was on the subject of "Securing the Cooperation of Parents in Teaching," by Mrs. Nora D. Shawer, of Troy. In the college section the first paper read was on "Aesthetics," by Prof. G. W. Spring, of Lawrence. The next paper was on "Practical Instruction in English," by Eunice A. Lyman. A paper on "Original Work on the Part of Students," was read by President Wood, of Ottawa, and discussed by Prof. Canfield. The meeting closed with a paper on "The Election System," by Prof. McVicar of Washburn College. The normal session was opened by a talk by Dr. J. P. Williams of the State University on "Mechanical Pedagogy." Miss Ida Allborn of Baker University next read a paper on "What is Teaching?" Prof. Tillotson read a paper on "Model Recitation." O. R. Marvin of the State University read an excellent paper on "Light, Warmth, and Ventilation." The session was closed by Miss Emilie Kuhliman of the State Normal with the subject, "Kindergarten Work." All the different sections completed their programmes in the forenoon, and in the afternoon a union meeting was held. Resolutions of thanks were accepted and the closing session was held last evening, at which time an address was delivered by Chancellor Lippincott, and remarks made on the National Association. After this a few farewell speeches came and the association adjourned sine die.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
PITTSBURGH, PA., December 31. Father Lobietski, of the Penn avenue Polish Church, who recently figured as a defendant in an assault and battery suit, and against whom charges of drunkenness were preferred before Bishop Phelan of the diocese, has been suspended by the Roman Catholic Church. It is said that his followers in the church are very much exasperated over his removal, and threats of mobbing the Episcopal residence have been made.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
ST. LOUIS, December 31. William E. Page, the man who robbed the Adams Express Company at Golden City, on Monday, was taken back to that place last night by Detective Erskine. It is expected that Page will turn up an additional $1,400.
It Adjourns Sine Die.
The Cases Yet Remaining to Clear Up.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

WASHINGTON, D. C., January 2. The Court of Alabama Claims adjourned sine die Thursday evening, after an existence of two and a half years. Judge A. S. Draper, who was appointed a member of the court by President Arthur, left immediately for his home at Albany, N. Y., and it is understood he will be made Superintendent of Public Construction. Judge Asa French will depart from his home at South Braintree, Mass., about the 12th, but Judge Harlan has not yet determined when he will leave for Iowa. Since its organization the court has allowed 1,602 first-class, or direct, damage claims, involving about $5,100,000. It has passed upon 4,149 second class, or war premium, claims, awarding $10,705,000 to 3,642 claimants, decided 230 cases in favor of the United States and dismissing 267 cases. After the payment in full with interest to date of awards of the first-class claims, there will be sufficient on hand of the Geneva award fund to pay 51 per cent of the second-class claimants, and all the papers will be filed with the Secretary of State. The work that will be required to close up the court completely can be accomplished by the retention of the present clerical force until the close of the fiscal year, and the amount necessary for this expense will not exceed $15,000 for all contingencies.
He Goes All the Way to Washington to Lobby an Alleged Expense Account.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
WASHINGTON, January 2. Ex-Senator H. A. W. Tabor has been around Washington for the last two or three days. He says that he has come here to spend at least part of the winter. He has had heralded from the West in advance of his coming that he is again very rich. If Mr. Tabor has recovered anything like his lost fortune, it is incomprehensible that he should come to Washington for the purpose of lobbying through a small bill appropriating to him the sum of $7,058.05. This claim is based upon a charge made by Mr. Tabor when he was Postmaster at Leadville. He alleges that he disbursed this sum of money for necessary clerk hire. The employment of these clerks was not authorized by law or the department. Mr. Tabor was too exclusively employed in looking after mining interests at that time to be able to give any attention to the post-office. He hired clerks; and now, in spite of his alleged wealth, wants the United States to reimburse him. His bill will not be allowed. If the precedent were to be established of paying postmasters for the employment of extra clerks, so as to enable the heads of the offices to attend to their own private affairs, claims for millions of dollars would be put in at once.
His Inauguration as Governor of Virginia Pronounced a Brilliant Affair.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
RICHMOND, VA., January 2. Governor Fitzhugh Lee was inducted into office yesterday in the presence of the General Assembly of Virginia gathered in joint convention in the House of Delegates, the galleries and every inch of available standing room being occupied with interested spectators, including many ladies. The rotunda and approaches thereto were also crowded with people, all eagerly striving to gain admission to the hall, or to catch a glimpse of the new Governor as he passed. The inaugural ball and reception occurred at Armory Hall last night. Governor and Mrs. Lee occupied a dais at one side of the hall and were presented to the 1,500 ladies and gentlemen present. The ceremony occupied till midnight, when the banqueting and dancing began simultaneously. It was the most brilliant affair in the history of the old commonwealth. The beauty and chivalry of Richmond and other cities were fully represented. The hall was beautifully decorated with flags, banners, and palmetto leaves, and a palmetto tree sent from South Carolina for the occasion stood near the entrance.
Several Colored Men Killed by a Boiler Explosion in Mobile, Alabama.
A Gas Well Near Kittanning, Pennsylvania, Explodes, Injuring Several Persons.

Many Persons Asphyxiated in Kingston, Ontario.
An Organ Grinder Killed by Electricity.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
MOBILE, ALA., December 30. This morning one of the boilers of the Gulf City Oil Works exploded with terrific force, blowing out the east and west walls of the building and destroying the adjoining sheds. At the time of the explosion J. S. Staunton, of Social, Ga., the foreman and twenty-four colored hands were at work. A crowd soon collected and began extricating the wounded, whose cries could be heard from all parts of the debris. When the work was finished, it was found that ten were killed and injured, as follows: J. S. Staunton, fatally injured; Israel Brasley, fatally scalded, has since died; Archer Hicks, fireman, fatally injured; E. P. Jones, fatally scalded; Morris Wallace, Willis Black, Daniel Jackson, and Peter Chastein, burned to death, their charred bodies being found in the debris. Richard Hunter and William Borden were also seriously injured. The explosion is attributed to lack of water in the boiler. It occurred just after midnight. The whistle had just blown for lunch, or the casualties might have been greater. The Coroner, assisted by experts, is investigating the accident. The injured are being cared for at their homes.
KITTANNING, PA., DECEMBER 30. At a gas well being drilled for the Kittanning Iron Company, three miles from Kittanning, an explosion occurred about noon yesterday in which ten men were burned. The cause of the explosion is yet unknown. Detective Stevenson, who was but a few rods off, extinguished the fire under the boiler, which was but fifteen feet away from the derrick immediately after the explosion. He thinks the gas ignited from that, while others say it caught from a spark thrown from a piece of iron which was being sledged. The owners were at the well testing it and the pressure was so strong that it forced off the gauge. A sheet of flames enveloped everything in the vicinity and burned the derrick and rigging. Those burned were: Charles T. Nealer, Superintendent; Henry Colwell, President of the Kittanning Iron Company; George Miller, contractor; Andy Stoffer, tool dresser; George Knap and Frank Kiskadden, drillers; John C. Doty, watchman; two Lambin boys; one boy unknown. The attending physicians fear some of those injured will not survive.

KINGSTON, ONT., December 30. This city has met with a grievous affliction through corporate negligence. On Monday a gas main burst. The company was notified, but took no steps to remedy the defect, contenting themselves with notifying residents of the locality to open the doors and windows if they smelled gas. An immense volume of gas found its way through an old sewer for a mile into another portion of the city and got into the house by the sewer traps of closet pipes. The residents did not know their danger when they retired for the night. The alarm was first given by Jacob Stock, an old herb doctor, who discovered J. Sharp and wife, an aged couple, under the influence of gas and almost dead. Sharp was lying on the floor almost frozen. He had got up in the night, became unconscious, and was unable to retire to his wife or call her. He has since died. Mrs. Sharp is still unconscious and will die. J. Davis, a shoemaker, his wife, and daughter suffered likewise, and are not expected to recover. A large number of other families had to be carried from their houses, which were broken into and entered at the peril of the rescuers. Some who entered the houses to bring out the occupants were themselves nearly overpowered. Many of them are now under the care of doctors, and their recovery is doubtful.
NEW ORLEANS, December 30. Vincente Mangelia and Salvador Toveicie, two Italian organ grinders, were stationed at the corner of St. Louis and Charles streets today. Mangelia was turning the instrument and Toveicie was awaiting his turn. The latter leaned against a pole of the Louisiana Electric Light Company. A bright flash ran down, and Toveicie gave a piercing shriek and fell dead. Mangelia caught his falling body and was also knocked down and his hand burned to a crisp. There was no power on the wire, the circuit not being completed. It is supposed that the Louisiana wire was crossed by a Brush wire, and that the electricity ran down to the lower wire, and the pole being damp was carried to the ground.
LANCASTER, PA., December 30. The boiler of a threshing machine in a barn near New Providence exploded this morning, killing two young men named Christian Hildebrand and Edward Helm. The former was hurled fifty feet away. Frank Edwards was seriously scalded. The barn was set on fire and consumed with its contents. It contained twenty-three head of cattle, two mules, nine horses, three cows, ten hogs, 1,800 bushels of corn, 5,000 bushels of wheat, and a large amount of hay.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
CHATTANOOGA, TENN., December 30. Nine buildings on East Ninth street were destroyed by fire this morning. The following are the losses: R. B. Peeple, Jno. Sally, R. N. Brennan, J. P. McMullen, the hall of the sons and daughters of Zion, and Smith & Peck. The total loss $15,000. The insurance is $6,000.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
NEW YORK, December 30. Last evening Edward Livermore, a Wall street banker, was lodged in jail on an execution against his person by reason of a judgment held against him by James W. Freeman. He failed in 1879.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
PITTSBURGH, PA., December 30. Early this morning James Kane, a well-known rough, shot and killed John Wright, an inoffensive colored man. The latter had accidentally stumbled against Kane. The murderer was locked up.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
NEW YORK, December 30. The steamer Gellert, from Hamburg, arrived last night, reported: "December 27, at 1:30 a.m., rescued seventeen men from the wrecked schooner, Ivanhoe of Gloucester."
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
MADRID, December 30. The marriage of Infanta Eulolla has been postponed until February on account of mourning for King Alfonso.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
Five Lebanon, Ky., business houses were burned the other day.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
Mrs. George Augustus Sala died at Melbourne, Australia, recently.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
Des Moines officers have much difficulty in attempting to enforce the prohibition law.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
The Lancaster, Mass., National Bank closed its doors on the 31st. Cashier McNeil is missing.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
The propeller Pequot crushed into the ferryboat Alaska at New York recently. No lives were lost.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
Ephraim Beasley, a well-to-do farmer of Wilson County, Tenn., accidentally killed his son, aged six years. Mr. Beasley, who is very near-sighted, was chopping wood, when his son came in front of him and was struck by the ax, splitting his skull.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
There were 2,500 fires in New York in 1885, and the total loss was $3,800,000, as against 2,400 fires, with a total loss of $3,474,647 in 1884. The cost of 1,843 buildings projected during the year is $54,000,000.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
Attorney General O'Brien, of New York, it was reported, would defend the Emigrant Commissioners on the part of the State of New York in the suits which have been brought against them by the companies for $11,000,000 paid as head money.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
The shipping of New Brunswick has fallen off the past year 20,000 tons. The tonnage of vessels registered at St. John is the lowest since 1871. Thirty St. John vessels, valued at $330,000, have been lost during the year and only twenty vessels added. With two or three exceptions, all the ship yards in the province are idle.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
The Cork Steam Packet Company has declared a dividend of 2 ½ per cent, which the directors stated was all that was warranted by the profits of the company during the past year. At the end of 1884 the company paid a dividend of five per cent. The difference in the profits of the two years is due to the boycotting of the line by the cattle dealers.
FRANK H. GREER, Local Editor.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
Receipts in the local markets are light, with hogs, $2.75 to $3.20 per cwt.; wheat, .60 to .85; corn, .25 to .27; oats, .20 to .25; hay $4.00 per son; butter, .15 to .20; eggs, .15; chickens, $1.50 to $2.00 per dozen; turkeys, .5 to .6 per pound; Irish potatoes, $1.00; apples, $1.00 to $1.25.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
Last week a freighter floated a piece of red flannel from his wagon, as he carried a load of household goods, the property of a discharged employee at one of the agencies, in the direction of the city. "What are you flying your flag for?" a passer-by enquired. "The Territory has gone Democratic," was the ready reply, "and I am bringing out the remains of the Republican party. I thought we should have colors flying if we dispense with the beating of drums." This pretty correctly describes the situation. A few traders remain, appointed by a republican administration, and when their licenses expire and they are ejected from the Indian country as unauthorized persons, the Territory will be solidly democratic, and a nice fry there will be there for the next three or four years. Traveler.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
Correct, Mr. Geuda Springs Herald: "There is a rumor afloat that the K. C. & S. W. has either sold out to or made a long lease to the 'Frisco of its line of railroad, and that hereafter the 'Frisco will back up the K. C. & S. W. and the G. S. C. & W. We hope such is the fact as that will, beyond all question, make it a competing line with the Santa Fe, and not only give us a Kansas City connection, but a direct outlet to St. Louis. Keep the ball rolling. While we would rejoice at knowing that our road was backed up by a great trunk line, the 'Frisco, we would also like to see it managed by the enterprising men who built it, so far, and have proved themselves railroad men who know how to build and manage a road."
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
The magnificent new addition to the Central Ward school building is finished and is now occupied by Prof. Rice, with the high school, the departments of Miss Jessie Stretch, Miss Gregg, and Miss Bertha Wallis. The interior finish is fully as complete and neat as the exterior. This additional room greatly lessens the jam the schools have experienced this year so far. And yet we haven't school room enough. There is not a city in the State that shows a handsomer and more commodious school building than our Central Ward building, as now completed. It is a beauty and a joy forever—an honor to the city and the personal pride of every citizen.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
We are informed that Judge McDonald, while in Chicago a short time ago, called on the Sweet family, who wee quite extensive property holders in this city at one time, but allowed their property to be sold for taxes, and offered them $1,000 for their right to all property in Arkansas City, which they accepted, and made him a deed to that effect. If this be a fact, we shall look for some lively rackets in the real estate line, as the Sweets owned some valuable property here. This change in ownership may make it uncomfortable for some of our citizens who are holding tax titles. A. C. Democrat.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

No, THE COURIER don't give a two dollar book, a U. S. map, and a dozen chromo's to induce you to subscribe. We are not running a free gift notion store—we are running a paper first-class in every particular, a Daily and Weekly superior, size and age of our city considered, to any in all the fair west. This is the best and most liberal offer that could possibly be sent out. It catches every time. Every subscriber gets value received. Such a paper as THE COURIER has no trouble getting cash subscribers and plenty of them. People appreciate a good thing and are never slow to embrace it.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
General Green has, during the last two weeks, made sales aggregating $24,000. We found this out accidentally. The General never tells, and much less "blows" about his business. We think this pretty good for dull times, but there is no use in talking, when the General don't do business there is not much use in anybody else trying. He says he gets up in the forenoon, is an old soldier, but don't want anybody to raise money to help him. When he can't help himself and depend upon his own resources, he will quit this mundane sphere.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
The bus racket still waxeth. Al Terrill, one of Bangs' drivers, backed into Hoyland's bus the other day, skinning the legs of the latter's horses and making him exceedingly hot. Hoyland then had Terrill arrested. Harrod also ruffled the quiet and peace of Hoyland and was arrested. Both cases were passed in Snow's court today, till the attorneys are ready to take them up. McDonald & Webb are attorneys for the defendants.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
When, O! when will this slow Democratic administration put a mail service on the K. C. & S. W. railroad? THE COURIER has subscribers, both weekly and daily, at Floral, Wilmot, Atlanta, Wingate, and Latham who are entitled to a daily mail service and are much inconvenienced by having practically no regular mail service at all.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
F. W. McClellan says that this winter is a better time for his stock than were the months of October and November. His cattle are grazing on green grass in the timber, which is some eight inches high, and on a patch of timothy, which is green and high enough to get hold of well, and are getting fat on no other feed. Talk about climate, Cowley County beats the world.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
The Russia leather case, with silver traveling cup, the token of Miss Ida Trezise, was omitted from the list of presents at the Matlack-McMullen wedding. Also Mr. and Mrs. C. Collins and Mr. and Mrs. Frank Sydal and perhaps others were unintentionally omitted from the chronicle of those present.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
Some of the leading citizens of Winfield paid Attorney Henry Asp a deserving compliment in presenting him on Christmas with a silver tea service and a gold headed cane, as a token of his valuable services and deep interest in the welfare of their city. Henry, we congratulate. Udall Sentinel.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
While a farmer was standing in front of the post office Tuesday admiring the warm sun, he stepped back, putting his foot into vacancy, which caused him to throw his weight against the window, smashing one of the large panes of glass.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

J. S. Lyon is just finishing one of the neatest homes in the city, on east Ninth, nine blocks out. It is of the Queen Ann design, prettily painted and very complete on the interior, with about ten rooms. The location is admirable.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
Mr. and Mrs. F. D. Adams, daughter of Mrs. A. Defenbaugh and sister of Will and J. E. Jones, left on the Santa Fe today for their home in Butler County, after a two weeks visit here.
Her Chronicle of the Comings, Goings and Doings of Persons at Home and Abroad.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
The meetings at the Baptist church are doing much good and are well attended.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
R. C. Maurer, one of Dexter's wide awake farmers, was over from the Grouse Wednesday.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
James Scofield came in on the 'Frisco Monday eve from Pierce City for a week's visit.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
A. D. Speed was over from Wellington Monday eve looking as handsome and natty as ever.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
Walter Tomlin returned to the State University Saturday. Alva Graham went back today.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
Dr. and Mrs. W. T. Wright left last evening for a few weeks at Jacksonville, Illinois, among friends.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
John DeWater, from Ohio, an old friend of John McAllister, is here and will locate near Maple City.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
Married, January 1st, at Kansas City, Mo., by the Rev. De Frost Bishop, Mr. C. C. Pierce and Annie E. Quarles.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
Hon. J. Jay Buck, father of Livey T., came down from Emporia Saturday to remain until Saturday, visiting Col. McMullen.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
Frank McLain was down from Burden Friday, where he has been visiting a week. He is now located at McPherson.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
George Dresser and family have moved up from Arkansas City. He will take possession of Rodocker's gallery in a few days.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
Capt. John Lowry and wife are home from three weeks in Washington, D. C., and other places down east, having had a delightful time.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
P. A. Earl and Elothea Nichols; Geo. S. Jennings and Virginia R. Lowry are the latest matrimonial victims of the Probate Judge's office.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
Mrs. A. B. Lemmon and children returned to Newton Saturday, after spending the holidays with her parents, Mr. and Mrs. D. A. Millington.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
Al. Carr is down from Emporia to spend New Year's with his friends here. With beard all over his face, he is changed, but has the same laugh and twinkling eye.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
Robert Rodgers is in from Syracuse, for a few days at home. He and his father are running a lumber yard there and doing well. He will return Thursday.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
Mrs. W. G. Seaver has returned from an extensive visit in St. Joe and the care-worn, woe-begone visage of Walter has brightened and assumed its wonted smile.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
Joe Mitchell and Charlie Myres laid $12.25 on the "plain drunk" altar in Judge Turner's court Monday. They got too much mechanical purposes Saturday night.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
Mrs. E. Allison, living on the Dr. Rothrock farm, three miles southwest of town, died Monday. She was twenty-two years of age and leaves a husband and one child.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
C. W. Taylor is home from four weeks at his old home, Cassopolis, Michigan. He had a very enjoyable vacation and comes home renewed for active biz. His wife remained, for the winter.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
Tom K. Tingle came in from Harper Saturday evening, and has joined THE COURIER force. He is recently from Lima, Ohio, and an old friend of Willis A. Ritchie and Tom J. Eaton.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
Miss Mattie Harrison, of Hannibal, Missouri, is again here for a visit with her aunt, Mrs. J. C. Fuller. Miss Harrison, during her former visit here, made many friends who will be delighted at her return.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
The body of Mrs. E. Allison, who died Monday night at the Dr. Rothrock farm southwest of town, was sent over the S. K., last evening, to Shreve, Ohio, for interment. It was accompanied by husband and relatives.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
Miss Alida Moore, sister of Mrs. P. B. Lee, left Friday eve on the S. K. for her home in Bowling Green, Ohio. During her seven months visit here she proved up a claim in Clark County. Rev. Lee's little daughter, Edna, returns with Miss Moore to attend school.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
Marshal McFadden starts out in the morning on the poll tax warpath and those who don't want to see him had better prepare their cave and get in. Nothing but a perpetual hide will save you. And even then the marshal's keen scent may down you.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

Mrs. G. H. Buckman and daughter, Stella, after several weeks' visit at Cherryvale, have gone to Hannibal, Missouri, to visit another sister. The Judge makes a mighty jolly and handsome widower, but we are afraid the trial will soon begin to tell on him.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
The Republican says Rev. S. B. Fleming is to be retained as pastor of Arkansas City's Presbyterian church. He had decided to take the presidency of Wichita's Academy. The A. C. folks got up a big petition, raised his salary, and wouldn't let him go. They are very sensible.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
Old Boreas turned himself loose Saturday night, coming down from the north in withering blasts, mingled with snow. And still it howled Sunday and today, and to back it up, the news went over the wires today, "Look out for heavy cold wave." Get out your Alaskan garments.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
Dick Howard, of the A. C. Republican, was up Tuesday taking in the boss city of the Southwest. Dick continues to make the Republican bloom like a spring daisy, one of the best local papers that reaches our table. It usually looks very "holy" after we get through with it.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
Gene Wilber, of Rock, dropped in on THE COURIER Tuesday. He observed the magnificent large family bible presented to one of our force Christmas and was much taken with it. He remarked that he generally kept up with the late publications, but this had in some way escaped him.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
Among the long standing and highly esteemed patrons who complimented THE COURIER by New Year's calls were Mr. B. F. Walker of Southeast Walnut; Adam Sipe, of South Fairview; W. A. Freeman, of Winfield; Justus Fisher, of Liberty; John Bower, of Walnut; and R. R. Phelps, of Burden.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
D. Taylor exhibited in THE COURIER office, Friday eve, a wild cat pelt of immense proportions. It was killed by Will Davis in the Territory. It stood two and a half feet high and was four and a half feet long. Mr. Taylor expressed it to an Indianapolis taxidermist, to be stuffed. He will keep it as a representative of the wild west.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
Mr. James Thomas, of Silverdale township, who has been trapping along the Arkansas this season, caught a huge panther a few nights ago. He found the panther dead in a cottonwood tree, where it had climbed with the trap on its foot. The chain became entangled in the limbs, got around the panther's neck, and hung him. A. C. Democrat.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
Miss Mamie Baird entertained a number of her young friends Friday eve. She is a charming entertainer, and with music, cards, dancing, a choice luncheon, etc., all spent the evening most enjoyably. One of the pleasant events of the occasion was the recitation of Miss Minnie Baldwin, "Kentucky Belle." She is an elocutionist of superior natural talent and culture.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
J. H. Anderson, one of our live farmers, called Saturday. He thinks the prospects are for one of the best wheat crops we ever had and he hopes for better prices for the next crop. He compliments Bliss & Wood for keeping up the prices so high that no one can afford to ship wheat to Kansas City, or rather, so high that one can almost afford to ship from Kansas City to Winfield.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
The City Fathers held their regular conclave Monday night. Present: Mayor Graham and Councilmen Connor, Myers, Crippen, Baden, and Harter; absent, Councilmen Jennings, McDonald, and Hodges. A petition to close general merchandise stores on Sunday was tabled. Petition to fix the road to west bridge, ditto. The following bills were ordered paid.
Q. A. Glass, coal, $3.25; J. C. Fuller, rent council room, January, February, and March, $30; J. C. McMullen, rent fire department building, Dec., $25; City Officers salaries Dec., $129.98. Bill of Water Company for $1,572.50, hydrant rental from July 5, 1885, to Jan. 15, 1886, was found correct and the clerk ordered to issue an order for the amount, bearing 7 per cent interest. Bills of Hose Co. No. 1, $40; Hose Co. No. 2, $33; W. H. Clark, chief fire marshal, $4.00; Black & Rembaugh, $23.50. Treasurer's report for quarter ending Dec. 15th, 1885, was found correct. City Clerk was instructed to ascertain cost of lumber to re-floor west bridge. The finance com. was instructed to deduct, as usual, the moonlight nights from the Gas Company's bill, and the city attorney was instructed to carry the case of Winfield vs. the Gas Company to the Supreme Court. The marshal was ordered to have the K. C. & S. W. railroad fix its crossing on North Main. The curb-stones around the gas posts, where they interfere with water hydrants, were ordered fixed. The City agreed to furnish rock for crossing to Bliss & Wood's mill, that firm agreeing to lay the same. The Marshal was ordered to have Mr. Croco lay his walk according to ordinance.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
George Martin's new residence, corner of Manning and 10th, is progressing right along and will make a very neat home.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
The roads, for a day or two, have resembled the ragged edge of an old saw. But this bright sunshine will fix them all right.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
Did you ever realize how free from crime Winfield is? The only thing to break the monotony of Marshal McFadden and Night-watch McLain is a plain drunk occasionally. In a city with the continuous life and bustle of Winfield, this is remarkable, and would hardly be so if it wasn't for our excellent city and county police force. Our officials are always on deck and the "standing in" business is unknown to them. Everybody who kicks the "statoots" is mighty soon squelched.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

Now the Chinese washees are having a tough time in Wichita, the Knights of Labor having resolved against them. Refusing to pay any attention to warnings to leave, brick bats sailed through their windows and around their heads. But John washee pulled his little "pop" and stood them off. The Chinese being here by leave of law, should have decent treatment. They stand on their own merits. Their low, dirty habits are disgusting, but their frugality and indomitable energy are worthy of emulation by many a "Melican man." They are the greatest workers and savers on earth.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
He was one of the most woe-begone specimens of the male persuasion who has struck this town for many a day. His elbows were cut through his pantaloons, a tuft of hair protruded through the gallery of his hat, and his coat was buttoned with splinters pulled off of board fences. He inquired of our rambler work. When asked what he had done with his summer's earnings, he replied he "blowed it in," before leaving Missouri, and then struck for a prohibition state to make a stake. He only stayed long enough to beg a filling for his alimentary canal.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
Winfield's boom is steady and solid. It has come to stay. We are not depending, like many of our rivals, on an intervention of Providence to keep our heads above water and give us future vitality. Our surroundings and grand possibilities are sufficient to furnish trade for a city of 20,000 inhabitants, which we will have in a few years. Then our manufacturing interests are constantly widening, and our side resources are our net work of increasing railroads, our Imbecile Asylum, which will consume a large amount of produce, our college, whose students will come from all over the State, and various other public and private resources of extensive dimensions. The growth of Winfield and Cowley County have been steady and substantial and stands second to no city or county in the State, anywhere near their age. And all this advancement and future promise is backed by a people whose intelligence, energy, and social culture are absolutely unexcelled. If you would be wise, wealthy, and happy, cast your "wad" in Winfield.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
The Santa Fe is entirely blockaded by snow from Kansas City west. It had a thousand men at work Sunday and Monday clearing away the snow. The branch train came down from Newton, but the through traffic won't before tomorrow, if then. The northern and central part of the State had an immense snow storm, extending over Sunday and Monday. No through trains have gone over the main Santa Fe line since Saturday. The heaviest blockade is near Dodge City and further west. Our end of the storm was very slim.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

About 10 days ago R. E. Grubbs went to Winfield, ostensibly to pay his taxes and to see the K. C. & S. W. officers in regard to his putting a train boy on the route between here and Beaumont. He has not been seen or heard of since, although considerable inquiry has been made to learn his whereabouts. Before going Mr. Grubbs borrowed all the money he could on his stock of confections in his restaurant. The sum obtained was in the neighborhood of $300. When he was ready to go, he told his wife he was going to Winfield and took the early Santa Fe train. From Winfield he went to Cherryvale, where all trace of him was lost. The cause of his disappearance was, we are informed, the accumulation of debts.
A. C. Republican.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
Shame on the two young men who came to East Bolton from Geuda Springs to see their sweethearts. After they had started home, one of the wheels of their buggy broke, and they went to the residence of Mrs. Abi Davis, and said they lived in Arkansas City, and that if she would let them have a wheel from her buggy, they would return it the same evening. Three weeks rolled around before she heard of it, and when she heard of the property, it had been expressed from Geuda to Arkansas City, with express charges which Mrs. Davis had to pay, and, besides, the wheel is so damaged it cannot be used. A. C. Republican.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
Geo. H. Dresser, photographic artist, removed his studio to Winfield today. He has established his reputation in this city as a first-class workman, and many of his patrons regret his removal. Mr. Dresser has done a good business during his stay here, but being under contract to take Rodocker's gallery in Winfield, his change of base is a sort of legal necessity. Dresser is a useful citizen. A. C. Republican.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
Mr. E. B. Gault, of Vernon, interviewed the COURIER Tuesday. He says there was never a better prospect for wheat at this time of the year. His cattle and other stock are fattening on what they can graze from timothy and other green grasses. He has fed on only two or three of the worst days of this winter so far. Mr. Gault is one of our best farmers.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
We earnestly request all persons knowing themselves indebted to us to call and settle their accounts. Cooper & Taylor.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
Elder George Berry of Des Moines, Iowa, filled the pulpit of the Christian church Sunday.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
Sunday was a miserably bleak day, yet churches of the city were well filled, for the morning service. You can't keep Winfield people away from church, and nothing could speak higher for the superiority of our citizenship.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
One of our ministers said, Sunday, that if every christian would quit going to the postoffice on Sunday, they would very soon convert Uncle Sam and make him shut up his letter shop on the Lord's day. Uncle Sam is a hard man to tackle.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
The ministers have decided to put denominationalism in the background for awhile and make a general attack on the devil's breastworks. No opportunity will be given during these revival meetings to join the church. After the meetings are over, the converts can join any church their conscience dictates.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

Brother Kelly said in his sermon Sunday morning that he was going to get out of that "institution over there"—the parsonage. It checks the opportunity for him to receive socially the people he wants to. He must have more room. It is about time the M. E. folks were shoving that old parsonage off and putting up a handsome Queen Ann. That building was built in the early days, way back in 1873, and is clear out of harmony with the Winfield of today.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
Rev. Kelly preached a forcible sermon Sunday morning on "True Worship," based on the 33rd Psalm. He endorsed the modern public mode—the finest churches, the finest music, the finest preachers, and the finest general church appointments. He don't believe in the old-fashioned, plain, long-visaged, long-psalm religion that don't admit of high art in music or anything else. He wants plenty of mirth in religion—the fulfillment of its true import, happiness, peace, and prosperity, with a glorious beyond.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
"My son, be strong." This was the advice Paul gave to Timothy. In these days we need fellows with backbone, not sickly milk sops, lamb-like weaklings, or fashion-fettered fops, but strong men. We must be strong in faith, strong to resist temptation, strong to fight in a good cause, strong in physical energy, and vigorous in work. Not slothful, but full of the sacred vivacity, the heaven-born ardor which conquers every difficulty, and knows not the meaning of defeat. Never let fleshy lusts, the worlds false blandishments, or sins fatal attractions rob you of that which is the supreme glory of man—his strength of character. This is our sermon.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
A preacher spends hours and hours of weary toil on a sermon. He polishes it to the finest gloss and has some magnificent pith. What a happy thing for him that he can't look into minds of the majority of his congregation and ascertain how little of his sermon is retained. This morning we caught three or four deacons together. We hadn't been out to their church, and the thought occurred, now is the chance for a pious point. "What did your preacher preach about yesterday?" was queried. The one asked rubbed his pate, thought a minute, and called on one of the others. It went the round and not a man could tell the text and two of them acknowledged that they couldn't even tell the drift of the sermon. Now, this was no fault of the minister: he is one of the best in the State. It was inattention. People go to church, apparently more to liquidate an obligation than anything else, and sit through the services either asleep or dreaming of outside affairs. And this is more common among old church members than others. It is seldom we can find an "old sinner" who has been at church that can't tell all about the sermon. The deacons want to wake up.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

The first of the series of union revival meetings led by Rev. Patterson, the Chicago revivalist, began at the Baptist church Sunday. The house was packed and the meeting one of much zeal. The choir was the largest ever together in Winfield, over twenty of the city's best singers, including the members of the Presbyterian, Methodist, and Baptist choirs, with Miss Maud Kelly at the instrument. Revs. Kelly, Reider, Miller, and Snyder occupied the pulpit and assisted in the services. "One Thing Thou Lackest," was the subject of Rev. Patterson's sermon. It was very appropriately and effectively applied. Mr. Patterson is a gentleman of good appearance and talks business from the word go. There was no common-place exhortation about his sermon. He took a business foundation and in a quiet, conversational way argued his points. His manner, after he gets well started in, is winning, and his logic unanswerable. He has had great success all over the country in revival work. The meetings here start off very promisingly and much good is anticipated. Mr. Patterson's subject this afternoon was "Why some people's prayers are not answered." The meetings convene at 2 o'clock in the afternoon and 7 in the evening, to continue indefinitely.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
Last week we started from Winfield on a trip to the southwestern part of the county, arriving in Dexter Monday evening. Dexter supports a church, a good, lively newspaper, several stores, a photograph gallery, two livery stables, and a hotel. The school, under the management of Mr. McClelland, is in an excellent condition, but too crowded for room. However, the citizens have voted bonds, and expect soon to begin the erection of a $4,000 school building. The people here are anxiously awaiting the building of the D., M. & A. R. R. to this point as it will be a great benefit to them. We made the acquaintance of a number of the citizens among whom were Mr. Meredith, proprietor, and Mr. Whorton, local editor of the Dexter Eye, who have our thanks for favors shown us.
From Dexter we went to Otto, which place we had been told was "the Confederate X roads" and now we believe it. We found one man in this place who admitted that he could read and accordingly subscribed for THE COURIER. But he old us that he was not permanently located and did not know how long he would remain.
Next we went to Maple City, a thriving little place on the stage line between Otto and Arkansas City. Here we made the acquaintance of a number of THE COURIER's readers and secured several new subscribers. We also visited the fine stock farm of Josiah Johnson, about one and a half miles east of Maple City. Mr. Johnson took pleasure in showing us his herd of more than 50 short horn cattle and some high bred trotters. During our stay in Maple City, we visited the lyceum and were highly entertained, especially by the reading of the Maple Leaf, edited by Mr. Snyder. As the Leaf is quite outspoken, some of the boys asked us to "write up" the editor, but they will please excuse us, as it is out of our line of work.
Returning toward Dexter on New Year's day, the farmers had a barbecue near Mr. Houston's, about three and a half miles west of Dexter, and they very cordially invited us to partake of the feast with them, which we did and helped eat the first goat we had ever seen cooked. W. B. Mabey was the chief cook and he thoroughly understands his business. The farmers of this vicinity are very hospitable and we would be pleased to enjoy another feast with them. Here we met J. A. Elliott and A. Drury, both old subscribers to the COURIER, and they assisted us in increasing the list. ZEKE.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
Burton L. Weger vs. City of Winfield. Trial by jury and verdict for defendant, and that the case was without cause of action, throwing the costs on the plaintiff.

Marion Implement Company vs. Brotherton & Silver. Dismissed as per stipulation on file.
Sarah Cardiff vs. Michael Cardiff. Divorce granted on grounds of desertion and abuse, with alimony of $500 and custody of child, defendant to pay costs.
Motion was confirmed for the sale of real estate in case of Mary H. Buck vs. W. D. Matthews.
State vs. Martin L. Houser and Francis A. Shinkle, charged with obstructing the highway with wire fence. Defendants arraigned and plead not guilty.
The case of the Winfield Gas Company vs. the City of Winfield, on construction of ordinance whether the city shall pay for gas on moonlight nights or whether it shall be deducted from the $30 a year per post was grinding before Judge Torrance today. It was presented by the plaintiff in elaborate printed briefs. J. F. McMullen was for the plaintiff and Joe O'Hare for the defense. The Judge decided in favor of Gas Company.
A motion was filed Monday to quash the information in the Frank W. Graham trial, who is charged with getting away with $160 from his employers, A. V. Alexander & Co. The grounds are: that the information does not state facts sufficient to constitute a public offense. Ellis Lewis and A. A. Graham, father of Frank, are the defending attorneys, from Eskridge, Kansas.
The court was grinding today on the case of the Winfield Bank vs. J. B. Nipp and G. H. McIntire, a tax injunction suit.
The case of Simeon Vaughn, for the murder of David Hahn, a year ago, has been remanded to Sumner County, by consent of all parties. It was brought here on change of venue.
Winfield Bank vs. J. B. Nipp and G. H. McIntire, tax injunction suit. Case presented and taken under advisement.
O. M. Stewart vs. Davis A. Merydith et al. Trial by jury, and finding for plaintiff for $720.75, with judgment vs. Peter Thompson, on verdict.
C. E. Foss & Co. vs. Philip Sipe. Jury empaneled and sworn.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
The bridesmaid of today is a bride tonight. It has been vaguely hinted that the deed was contemplated. The "best fellow" of the contract has carried around with him a faraway look, as if expecting something very unusual—something of life-time moment. Now it is all over. Rev. H. D. Gans was called in Friday evening last and Mr. George Jennings and Miss Jennie Lowry were united in heart, hand, and fortune. It occurred at the home of the bride's parents, Capt. and Mrs. John Lowry, in the presence of only immediate relatives. Both are well known and popular among our young folks. Miss Lowry has grown to womanhood in Winfield, is a graduate of our High School, and has always been active in the city's society. Mr. Jennings is a brother of the Senator, A. H. and S. H., and one of Winfield's best young men—frugal, genial, and sturdy—just the kind of young man that oftenness make successes in life. THE COURIER, with many friends, wishes Mr. and Mrs. George Jennings all the happiness and prosperity obtainable in a long life.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

The Pleasant Hour Club met last evening and arranged for its fifth annual Bal Masque, at the Opera House on Thursday evening, the 19th inst. Committees were appointed as follows: On invitation, George T. Schuler, Addison Brown, and Frank H. Greer; On floor, J. L. Horning, D. L. Kretsinger, and J. L. M. Hill; On reception, Hon. W. P. Hackney and wife, Hon. C. C. Black and wife, Col. J. C. Fuller and wife, Senator J. C. Long and wife. With the great social activity that characterizes Winfield this winter, this ball will undoubtedly be one of the biggest successes the club has yet scored. Invitations will be issued to only the best people of this and surrounding cities. The indiscriminate scattering of invitations, as is to often the case in big balls of this kind, will be very carefully guarded against. The invitations will be out in a few days. The Club is determined to mark this occasion with eclat of the highest order.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
The revival meetings at the Baptist church, lead by Rev. Alexander Patterson, of Chicago, and the ministers of this city, start off with great zeal. Rev. Patterson based his sermon last night on Acts VI:18,—"Be it known unto you that through this man comes forgiveness of sin." It was a very earnest and forcible sermon, put in a simple, business way, proving that all men are sinners and that only through atonement is righteousness obtainable. Much interest is already manifested. Mrs. Patterson is a beautiful singer and adds much to the effect of the music. The large Baptist church is crowded for every service.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
Having got our mill fitted up with the most approved machinery and operated by a miller of large experience, we are making a first-class flour. Having fitted up for the purpose of doing an exchange trade, and being centrally located for the convenience of farmers who may have business in Winfield, we invite all to give us a trial and they will find at the top both for the quantity and quality of flour given for good wheat. Always on hand for sale or exchange. Flour, Graham Flour, Corn Meal, Hominy, Graham Feed and Ship Stuffs.
Kirk & Alexander, 8th ave., west of Lynn's store.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
To the public I wish to state that the affairs of the late Farmer's and Merchant's Bank, of Oxford, have been satisfactorily adjusted, I having paid every outstanding draft and every certificate of deposit, dollar for dollar. No man has or shall lose a dollar through me. The Bank will resume business again about January 1st, 1886, under the management of J. C. Brewster and L. J. Buchanan, the former, cashier, with a capital of twenty-five thousand dollars. It has been thought best to change the name of the Bank, and it will hereafter be known as the Sumner County Bank. James Brewster, Oxford, Kansas, December 19, 1885.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
I am agent for the celebrated Sandwich Corn Shellers. W. A. Lee.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

For Sale. A No. 1, 160 acre farm, 3½ miles northeast of Winfield. Well improved, good house, barn, and orchard, and one half of crop goes with farm. Price $8,500, ½ by Jan. 1st, 1886, balance in one year. See O. P. Fuller adjoining premises on east, or address C. A. Roberts, Santa Rosa, California.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
John C. Irvin, an old resident of Cowley, now in Lexington, Kentucky, sends us the following letter descriptive of Kentucky's pioneer days and material development. It contains many points of romantic interest.
In the first part of the last century, about twenty miles above Philadelphia, there stood on the banks of the Delaware a log cabin, in which lived Daniel Boone. He was born on the banks of the Delaware in 1734 and there he lived until he was about sixteen. Step into the log cabin and look at him. He has just returned from a little log hut, where an Irishman keeps a school for the boys and girls in the wild forest nook. There he stands, boy of muscle, quiet, self-reliant, with keen eyes and ready hands. As he grew up he showed great skill as a marksman. He was an elegant woodsman, easily threading the intricate forest in pursuit of game. He was sharp to follow a trail through the grass, over the dead leaves, and in and out of the swamps. If the boy could only have had the training in schools, as well as in nature, what a great power he might have been in after life. When Daniel was about sixteen, his father moved to North Carolina, to Holmon's Ford, on the Yadkin. In this wild, solitary country, Daniel Boone lived until he was a man, with a wife and family. But beyond the mountains was a new country, which lay along the banks of the Kentucky river, and which had been partially explored by Boone. So one day there set out for Kentucky a party of several families, including Boone and family. It was a journey of several hundred miles. Daniel was the leader of this pioneer band, and when they arrived at the point of their destination, they erected a log fort on the banks of the Kentucky; and other parties came so that the fort was enlarged and became quite a settlement. The fort was called Boonesborough, which was the center around which was grouped several other small forts, such as Harrodsboro, Boiling Spring, and St. Asaph.
Pioneers were laying the humble foundation stones of a flourishing state, but the opposition of the Indians was stubborn; and as the war of the Revolution opened, their hostilities were all the fiercer. It was a cunning, malignant fight on the part of the Indians, and at any point, bush covered and reaching out into the river, might be moored a birch bark canoe filled with Indians, ready at a moment's notice, to slip out and shoot down the river to attack the fort.
This structure was a stoutly palisaded enclosure, and here were ten log cabins, connected by palisades, forming a renowned palace of logs, and styled "the Gibraltar of Indian warfare." Boone was a leader among the colonists, quiet but very daring, keen, strong, cool—more than a match for his savage foes in a fair fight.
The following story of his capture and the siege of the "log Gibraltar" will illustrate the dangers of frontier life.
Salt was very much needed at the fort, and about one hundred miles away were valuable salt springs. Animals were fond of visiting these waters, and the four footed visitors would lick the salty earth about the springs, giving it the name of "Salt Licks."

Boone, with a party of thirty men, started for the supply of salt, cautiously stealing their way through the forest, lest the Indians might discover them. On reaching the springs they went busily to work, making salt by evaporating the water. Boone was off one day, hunting game to supply the salt makers with food, when lo! a hundred Indians came suddenly upon him and captured him; although Boone could run like a deer, the Indians got the advantage of him and he was made prisoner. The other salt makers also surrendered.
Boone's experience was of great interest, as the Indians admired his skill and courage, and would gladly have made him their chief. They "adopted" him into one of their families, scourging him in order to take the white blood out of him, painting his cheeks, and dressing him like an Indian. While they admired him, they watched him, for they knew that he was one of their most dangerous enemies.
He was now far from the fort at Boonesborough. The Indians knew as well as Boone that he could not get to the fort, though he escaped from them, unless he was able to hunt for game to supply himself with food as he journeyed.
They allowed him to go off with his rifle, but they would count his balls and charges of powder, so that, when he returned they would calculate whether he saved for flight any of his ammunition, probably expecting him to bring back so much game for so much powder and balls, holding him responsible for any deficiency. What did Boone do but cut the rifle balls in halves and ram down half charges of powder, hiding all of the savings for flight.
Boone overheard some interesting talk one day. His captors thought that he was ignorant of their language, as he pretended to be, and while they were gabbing away he heard them discuss a plan whereby four hundred and fifty men were to attack Boonesborough. A bloody Indian attack upon the forest home where his wife and children were. They were unaware of it, and he knew it, although he was an Indian captive a hundred and sixty miles away from the fort. He concluded that he must get home in some way, so one June morning, very early, the white man with his rifle on his shoulder, went out to hunt, but later, the "beloved adopted" son was missing.
There was great consternation in the Indian camp, many runners going out after him; but Boone was off for Boonesborough. Threading forests, splashing through brooks, traversing swamps, and crossing the Ohio in an old leaky canoe, which he found and mended; and he closed on the 20th the one hundred and sixty miles journey which he began on the 16th. This was a famous flight.
Arriving at the fort, he learned that his wife and children had returned to North Carolina, thinking that he had been killed by the Indians; but there was the fort to be defended. It was strengthened for a siege and provisions were laid in.
Boone was now forty-three, active, persistent, daring—and all of these resources he needed to cope with the Indians. How thickly they swarmed around the fort. They numbered over four hundred, and at their head was a British officer.
Indians on the warpath when they are daubed with paint, are naturally objects of terror, and what could fifty men in the fort do against these demons? Boone told the foe, though, that the colonists were determined to defend their fort as long as a man was living.

Then the enemy made a proposition: "If nine of us," is Boone's own record, "would come out and treat with them, they would immediately withdraw their forces from our walls and return home peaceably." Boone was vigilant. There went out nine of the strongest men to meet the other side, near the fort, in a spot covered by the rifles of the garrison.
The treaty prepared by the British officer, General Duquesne, was accepted, but Boone suspected that the Indians would not be satisfied; and what a trap the cunning savage thought they had laid to capture the post.
Old Blackfish, the Indian chief who had adopted Boone in his captivity, and from whom Boone had so ungratefully run away, proposed a ratification of the treaty, saying that their custom at treaties was to ratify by letting two Indians shake hands with each white man.
Boone consented knowing his own strength and the strength of his men, and remember what sure marksmen stood with leveled rifles behind him. Hands were joined, then what a scene! The Indians trying to haul off the whites, the other Indians springing forward, Boone's men struggling away, while crack! crack! crack! went the rifles at the fort; but Boone's party safely escaped, only one being wounded, and then the gates of the fort were closed.
For nine days and as many nights, the whooping, yelling enemy assailed the stronghold of the whites. They even attempted to undermine the post by starting at the waters' edge, they dug into the bank, but the garrison, detecting their design from the muddiness of the water, dug a trench that would cut across their underground avenue. The enemy discovered this and threw down the shovel and raised the siege and departed.
To show the skill of Boone as a marksman, it is said that he discovered one of the enemy in a tree 525 feet away, doing great damage with his gun. Boone aimed his rifle at him and when he fired, the Indian fell to the ground, a bullet having reached his brain.
In 1780 Boone and his brother were hunting when a party of Indians surprised them, killing the brother and chasing Boone, aided by a strong, sharp-scented dog, but Boone outran the Indians, killed the dog, and reached the fort in safety, after running about three miles.
It is a blessed fact that every war comes to an end, and Boone lived to see Kentucky rejoice in peace, and welcoming thousands of immigrants to his "Old Kentucky Home."
Ten years after the Indians had murdered his brother, Kentucky had a population of over seventy thousand.
In 1846 the remains of Boone and his wife were brought to Frankfort, Kentucky, with marked public honor, and there reinterred. How many there were in Kentucky to rise up and welcome home the body of the old pioneer.
Bible College, Lexington, Kentucky, December 17, 1885.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
J. B. Scofield made final settlement in the P. B. Court, yesterday, of the estate of N. M. Scofield.
F. M. Savage made final settlement in estate of Marinza Baun.
The matrimonial factory has ceased to grind: till another victim comes along.
Sarah Wilson made final settlement in the estate of Philander Wilson, deceased.
L. C. Fleming made final settlement in the estate of E. A. Huff, deceased.
L. D. Moore was appointed guardian of the estate of Mary H. Moore, a minor.

This week starts off dull matrimonially. No licenses issued since Friday. But the future bodes much.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
On and after March 1st, 1886, the sw ¼ of section 3, township 33, range 3, in Beaver township, owned by A. B. Story. A. H. Green, Agent.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
Skipped Market Reports.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
Recap. Notice to take Deposition. McDermott & Johnson, Attorneys for Plaintiff. District Court case: Robert O. Bradley, Plaintiff, Against Emily M. Defendant. Plaintiff to take depositions of sundry witnesses to be used as evidence in his behalf in above noted trial. The depositions to be taken at the office of Geo. E. Towne, situated over the store of Montgomery & Talcot, at the corner of Dunkirk street and the Square, in the town of Silver Creek, county of Chautauqua, January 21, 1886.
[Note: Am going to skip ads unless I find that they are new and have street addresses, which will help to locate them. MAW]
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
Painters, Grainers and Paper Hangers.
Estimates Furnished on all work and satisfaction guaranteed.
Corner 10th and Loomis St., opposite Court House square. WINFIELD, KANS.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
Orders left with J. J. Carson & Co. will receive prompt attention. No extra charge for transportation.
M W. SAWYER, Arkansas City.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
Plumbing, Gas and Steam Heating A Specialty.
We are Agents for the Eclipse and Althouse, Wheeler & Co. Windmills.
Dealers in Pumps, Pipe and Fittings.
Estimates furnished on short notice. We guarantee our work to be first-class.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

Shelf and Heavy Hardware,
Plumbers, Gas and Steam Fitters
Hose, Reeds, Lawn Sprinklers, Gas and Water Plumbing at Lowest Rates and
Satisfaction Guaranteed.
West side Main street between 9th and 10th avenues.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
Furniture and Carpets.
Having secured the exclusive right of the Patent Carpet Exhibitor, I am prepared to
than ever. Call and see the wonderful invention, even if you don't want to buy carpet. I will also keep in stock
Carpet Sweepers, Stretchers, Binding,
Oil Cloth, Carpet Felt, Door Mats, Rugs and Matting. Also the largest, latest, and most select styles of Parlor, Chamber, Dining, Office, and Kitchen Furniture to be found in the county. Picture frames of all kinds, oil paintings, chromos, water colors, brackets, towel and hat racks, foot rests and blacking boxes, and other articles too numerous to mention. Also keeps on hand a full line of mattresses. When in need of any article in my line, please call at
918 Main Street, East Side.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.

"Did you ever realize what a queer thing a woman is?" Queried a young married man to THE COURIER elongated this morning. "They are funny creatures, sure enough," he continued. "This last five months have been tough on me. I have been way out in the 'wild west' starting a business and proving up on a claim. I have only been home twice in all that time. You ought to see the letters my wife wrote me. She was dying to have me come home. She couldn't live another month without me. She would eat me up if she could get hold of me, and so on—you would know how it is yourself if you had a duckie darling. Well, I arrived here yesterday and rushed over home, expecting to surprise her and get a big reception. She was down town. I started in search of her. For two mortal hours I looked and looked among the jam of Main street and in the stores. At last I spied her and made rush. She was buying dry goods at the counter and this is about the reception I got. 'Why, Harry, is it you? I'll take four yards of that, please. When did you come? Have you any of a darker shade? Do you think these buttons will match nicely? Give me a dozen of those. You may show me some—' but I couldn't stand it any longer. With an awful pain in my pocket and feelings all broke up, I asked her how soon she would be home. 'Now, don't tease me, Harry,' she replied. 'Can't you see that I am busy shopping? You had better run along home. I'll come after awhile.' The pain in my pocket almost doubled me up as I wondered when she would let up. I went home. Four hours later my wife came home and with her about a wagon load of stuff. My heart went clear down to my toes and I thought the awful stitch in my pocket would kill me as the bundles were tumbled down on the floor. It took her all the evening to unwrap the packages and examine their contents—you know how a woman must go over everything she buys and hold it to the light and look at it from all points of the compass and talk about it. Well, about midnight my sweet little wife exclaimed: 'Oh, Harry, you've just come home and after being away so long and I haven't kissed you or told you I was glad to see you. Here.' And the little darling hopped around as though she had just got her eyes on me, since my return. And as long as I live I'll blame it all on that infernal shopping."
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
"My son," remarked a fond parent of this city, "I see you gradually becoming a man and have for several years been wiser than your old father and mother. You are now at the age when you wear tight pants, a very short coat, and an Alaska diamond on your small hands and carry a cigarette in your mouth shaded by a little fuzz on your upper lip. Yesterday you told your old mother that we were too old-fashioned that you were ashamed of us. You have the habit of coming home at 1 a.m. and informing us you have been attending church. The girls say you are 'so sweet' and men of sense call you a 'dude.' Now we never had a dude in our family before and I am going to make quick work of this one. I want you to take notice that the old man's scrip is mighty good at the bank and a dude's is at 100 per cent below par. Also that the old man's word is his bond and that your bond backed by my name will also pass, and that if you do wear a biled shirt, a tight pair of pants, and an Alaska diamond, and part your hair in the middle, the scratch of my hard old hand will do more than 100 pages of your autograph. The old man may not be worth noticing but he is very convenient to have about the first of very month 'and don't you forget it.' Now you are my only boy and you want to get up and hump yourself. You have the world before you and can make yourself just what you please. You ban be one of these beings upon two legs called a "dude" or a useful man respected and honored by your fellow citizens. After I am dead and gone, I don't want any dude representative, nor am I going to have one. John Henry, we will proceed to the woodshed where I will at once take some of the dude out of you and will continue the application from day to day until you are entirely remodeled." For some minutes the hiss of the shrill tremble, "I am no longer a dude, father; I ain't no dude."
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
The jury in the case of Foss & Co., Chicago Commission firm, vs. Philip Sipe, brought in a verdict last night for the defendant for $40.
Field & Co., St. Louis agricultural implement firm vs. Brotherton & Silver. Jury empaneled and evidence started, and pending a motion to one of the defendant's answer, a compromise was effected and the jury dismissed, Brotherton & Silver agreeing to pay $87.50.
Frank W. Graham, the A. V. Alexander & Co. peculator, at Arkansas City, was arraigned and plead not guilty. Case was set for trial on the 22nd.
J. W. Cottingham vs. K. C. & S. W. railroad appeal from right of way allowance. Now on trial by jury.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
A little frigidity in the atmosphere only adds vinegar to youth. The Pleasant Hour Club had the liveliest hop of the winter Friday evening. Without, it was stingingly cold, within the Opera House it was as warm and pleasant as a morning in May. Arthur Bangs, with his buses, gathered up the party, about twenty-five couples, in double-quick order, delivering them home with equal alacrity, in the "wee sma" hours. A livelier or more congenial party of young folks couldn't possibly be found. They went in from the start for a good time and supreme jollity reigned throughout. A number of strangers, ladies and gentlemen, were out and were delighted with the geniality and comeliness of the city's social circle as there represented.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
Colfax, W. T., December 28, 1885.
DEAR COURIER: I wish you a happy New Year; I also want you to correct the mistake made in my last letter. When you say we wanted to raise $1,200, it ought to have read $12,000. We have 140 students enrolled, with many more coming after the holidays. Then you will send us a few hundred dollars with more heart when you know it is $12,000 instead of $1,200. We need several times twelve thousand before we get through, for the building we have is like putting baby pants on a two-thirds grown young man. With great respect, I am as ever yours. J. Cairns.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
Mrs. George W. Sanderson, 1117 East 11th Avenue, died Thursday. The funeral occurs tomorrow at the Christian church, of which denomination she was a faithful member, at 2 o'clock p.m. She leaves a husband and two children, a boy and a girl, the former fourteen and the latter sixteen. Mrs. Sanderson was a lady of many estimable qualities and her death, scarcely without warning, is a very sad blow to her family and friends.
Of the Early History of Cowley County and Winfield.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
Thinking it would be an appropriate time in the beginning of the year to review the past, and get the personal experiences of our early settlers, we started out on an interviewing bout and first called on Cliff M. Wood, who answered our questions as follows.

"During the winter of 1868-1869 while counter jumping in the store of H. L. Hunt & Co., at Cottonwood Falls, Chase County, Kansas, I accidentally overheard a conversation between James Renfro and Frank Hunt concerning a beautiful country way down the walnut river in a wild Indian country near the Indian Territory, known on the map as Cowley County. My curiosity was somewhat excited and I at once determined to investigate and explore for myself. I went directly to a friend of mine, U. B. Warren, then a prosperous hardware merchant, doing business in the same town, and told him what I had heard. We both at once resolved to make the trip, and about the first day of April, joined team to a spring wagon and started up the south fork of the Cottonwood river, thence down the Walnut to El Dorado, then a small village, and the county seat of Butler County, where we stopped for the night. The next day we came on down the river as far as Muddy creek, at the north end of Cowley County, where we stayed all night with a cattle man by the name of Turner, the first habitation we came to in the county. Next morning we pulled out to explore the then forbidden ground we found below Turner's ranch. First came Eli Sayles', about two miles; next came John Jones' cattle ranch near the mouth of Rock creek; below him John Watson; after him we found no habitation or sign of civilization except signs of claim taking, until we reached James Renfro's claim, known now as the Gilleland or Taylor farm, where he had a neat little hewed log house erected with a good roof without doors, windows, or chinking. We stopped for information and something to eat. After dinner Mr. Renfro, Warren, and myself mounted our horses to explore the situation and condition of things at the mouth of Dutch creek (now Timber creek). About three-quarters of a mile below Renfro's, we came to Judge T. B. Ross' cabin, where his son John and mother now live. Mr. Ross had only a square pen of logs without a roof, doors, or windows. We then came on to Dutch creek and crossed at the ford just above where the bridge now stands. Upon reaching the top of the bank and coming out on the little prairie, I remarked, full of enthusiasm, "Gentlemen, there is my peach orchard and yonder on that elevated piece of ground is or will be the county seat of the county." The other men agreed with me after examining the mill site where Bliss & Wood's mill now stands. I proceeded to take a claim by blazing an oak tree yet standing on the ravine northwest of the depot, writing with lead pencil, "this claim taken by C. M. Wood." We then went back to Mr. Renfro's, from where we started back to Cottonwood Falls fully satisfied that we had found what we were looking for. Upon our return to Cottonwood, we told the people of this beautiful country, which to them seemed incredulous. I at once arranged my affairs and came down with goods for trade, such as flour, coffee, sugar, and in fact, quite a stock of general merchandise, with some building material, and commenced at once the erection of a house on the high ground about 25 rods southeast of where Bliss & Wood's mill now stands. This building was 18 x 26 feet, 10 feet high, made by cutting logs of uniform size about 14 inches in diameter, splitting them in two, hewing the flat sides, and taking off the bark, as it would peel off smooth, then these slabs were set upright in the ground two feet deep, batted on the inside with shaved "stakes," and made quite an imposing house with open front. When the house was not yet finished and when I was at work on it, a stranger came to me and introduced himself to me as E. C. Manning, from Manhattan, Kansas, who said he was looking up the country, and wanted to know if I wanted any help. "What kind of help?" (Noticing that he was not a laboring man.) He said, "With your town site." I told him I did, and after some talk he went away very much undecided as to the venture; was doubtful about the land coming into market.
I disposed of the most of my goods to the Osage Indians, who were on the way to their annual spring hunt and were water bound, the streams all being full of water from the numerous heavy storms that spring. The Indians were in camp on the ground where now stands the cemetery, northeast of town; some 2,000 strong, where they remained for some days, giving no great amount of trouble to the few squatters, but with a threatening, gloomy look, would point with finger to the north and say: "You, pucachee."

[We propose to give more of Mr. Wood's remarks and follow them by the results of interviews with other early settlers.]
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
Yes, we have had a lovely winter so far, almost continual autumn. Surprises are said to be the spice of life. Perhaps they are. But the surprise Old Boreas has heaped upon us, all in a pile, doubled everybody and everything into a double-twisted, double-concentrated bow-knot. Wednesday night a genuine, Simon-pure, old fashioned Kansas blizzard struck the town on the northwest corner. Old Boreas came down on his muscle, his breath laden with snow and ice, scooped up among the rugged hills of Alaska and the bleak prairies of Manitoba and Dakota. It howled and shrieked around the corners and split in thin whistles among the telephone wires, driving everybody indoors, except the "oldest inhabitants," who appeared to be perfectly at home. Two or three of him struck THE COURIER with the declaration that this was the only day of the winter that reminded him of old times. Yes, it was a regular. It made ground hogs, Jack rabbits, and coyotes hunt their holes and the old family cat crawl under the stove. The little birds that only a day or two ago were swindled into the belief that this was to be the mildest winter for many a year, winked and blinked and tucked their heads under their wings, looking stiffer'n a poker. The benign countenance of the stove was the sweetest consolation. No business was done and nobody appeared to care. The clerks gazed listlessly out of the store doors and shivered at the prospect without. The center of the street was as uninviting as the ragged edge of a barbed wire fence. A gentleman just from Bliss & Wood's mill declared that the streak of smoke issuing from the smoke stack of the mill was solidified and the boys, dressed in buffalo coats and caps and pants made of coon skins, were amusing themselves by sliding up that column of smoke and climbing down. A gentleman had a gun repaired at Plank's and loaded it up to see how it would work, but the blaze froze into an icicle at the muzzle before it could escape. The head of the only whiskey barrel in town was knocked in and the stuff chopped out with a hatchet and sold at fifty cents an inch. A beer keg in a church member's cellar froze solid, bursted, and the explosion tore up the whole neighborhood, like a dynamite invasion. The only drink that wasn't frozen was kerosene oil, which, with ice pudding and frosted pancakes, have been the diet of the day. The intellectual machinery of poor e. c. is all frozen into a conglomerate mass and can't be thawed out before the Fourth of July. Everybody swears that all the matches in town have been consumed trying to thaw out the coal to make it combustible. The electricity froze around the instruments in the depots in great chunks. All the concentrated lye and plug tobacco in the town is frozen solid and dead hogs stand around on their hind feet—in the butcher shops, while dogs' tails about three feet long and as stiff as pokers, stick out of the sausage grinders. The merchants declare the necessity of keeping red hot pokers to run down the throats of their customers to thaw out their talking apparatus so they can tell what they want. We hear that Arkansas City held a mass meeting today, around a red hot stove, to talk up the feasibility of moving their town to South Africa, while it is froze up into a little round ball about as big as your fist. The Telegram is said to be one solid cake of ice and no editorials need be expected before the next Democratic convention. Every news item in town is frozen up so tight that a fifty horse power engine couldn't phase 'em. We haven't told half. And it wasn't a very cold day either.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
The storm shut off everything Thursday. The attendance at the revival meetings at the Baptist church was in vast contrast to the previous night. Only a very few were out and the exercises were of a general nature.
How a Young Man Tried to Marry But Landed in Jail.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
Jake Henry, living near Wellington, who, we learn, is not unknown to fame in his neighborhood, had paid his addresses to Miss Mary Wamsley, for some six months, says the Wellington Press. This ripened into a determination, a few days ago, to the effect that Jacob and Mary should know each other as husband and wife. Fate had decreed otherwise, but the young lover decided to die game. Mr. Henry came to Wellington to get the papers that would authorize him to marry the idol of his affections. Right here trouble commenced. Jacob could not get the papers because his intended bride was only sixteen, and he presented no evidence that the parents of the girl had consented to the union. It was arranged by the young people, and here is where we think Jake showed the white feather, that the intended bride should carry the news of their intentions to her father. This she did, and right here Mr. Henry and the intended Mrs. Henry met the second very pugnacious obstacle to the consummation of their plans for happiness. The fact is the stern parent brought his big foot down very emphatically on the wedding. He decided to stop the proceedings at once and no mistake. He call to his aid a neighboring justice and constable and when Mr. Henry returned from the city, he found a very different reception from the hand of his father-in-law expectant from that he had anticipated. Where he had been an accepted visitor, he found gall, and his love sick ears were greeted by a harsh order to leave the premises instanter and forever. Henry did not like the sudden and chilly change in the atmosphere. He inquired the cause thereof, but the old man was not in an explaining mood and by his request Justice Roach supplemented the order from the high court of the vicinity. Constable Kock was "on deck" and thought he would arrest Mr. Henry, but Mr. Henry thought he wouldn't. He proceeded to the public highway and told the officers they could not arrest him as he had done nothing to be arrested for. Right here it is claimed that the lover committed a breach of the peace. He is reported to have made war like demonstrations. Going from there he went to the residence of Mr. Emmons. The officers reinforced by calling to their aid Mr. Thralls. It was deemed best not to use any violence on Henry, but an attempt was made to put him in a wagon. This was a flat failure. More help was received by the officers. They met Henry as they moved towards the residence of Emmons, when he proposed to go with the officers of Emmons should be allowed to accompany him. Whether this was acceded to by the officers it is not stated, but the cavalcade finally arrived before Justice Roach, where the officer stuck Henry with a fine of $25 and costs. Henry demanded a trial but the justice said he had sufficient evidence to hold him, and the next step was to land Mr. Henry in the county jail at Wellington, where he now languishes, contemplating how much happier his situation would have been had not the law against marrying minors and the will of a stubborn parent been in his way.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
The curtain is again falling on the last act of another week. The changing scenes of seven more days are shifted from the stage and we rejoice at the coming of another blessed Sabbath—the day when the haunts of weary toil are vacated for rest, sweet rest. The work of the week is done, the labor for good or evil has closed, and we await the dawning of another week. Perhaps we can dwell with gratitude on the good we have accomplished, or perhaps we dread the retrospect of the evil we have wrought. With bright hopes we look forward to the coming week. Were the great rejuvenator, hope, knocked from under us, what a dilapidated set of beings we would be. Hope is the main ballast of the human race. Without it, backed by an honest purpose, the whole of enterprise and progress would stop still, never to go again. It spurs us as we scale the rugged slopes of life. Man is born to hopes and aspirations, as the sparks fly upward, unless nature is brutalized and its immortality squelched. As we look next week in the face, what fond anticipations thrill our soul. Many of our future dreams are unreal, but they tickle the fancy and brighten and strengthen life. As we peer into the mighty universe before us, the bright flames of hope and ambition grow stronger and brighter, and wind their gleaming tendrils in and around the mass of darkness and mystery of the future, lighting its crevices with a view almost real—with just enough uncertainty to buoy us for the labor that brings success. The realizations of the week before us may be few. All our bright hopes may end in darkness. Could we lift the veil and get but a glance, life might lose all its zest, and our beings sink to the lowest depths of despondency. But the veil lifts by degrees. And it is well that it does. Verily, the happiness of pursuit is great; our imaginations are vivid. And it is well that they are.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.

If ever a man deserved to be whipped from the face of the globe without being allowed time to go around and get his life insured, it is the person who invented the swear-off annex to the otherwise irreproachable holiday of New Year's, remarks the bald-headed bachelor of the Wichita Eagle. This exponent of misfit cerebral development comes under the wire a safe lead as an altitudinous crank with the woman who tries to run through a year's wild career as managing editor of a diary, an easy second. Just why, in the choice language of the country correspondent, he should "cast a gloom over our community" by his struggles, is what no philosopher has ever been able to discover. Everyone has noticed how blighting in effect is the swear-off announcement on a company of savants when the mystic scientific formula of "Lestakesuthin" is uttered by one of their number, and there is a general move toward the druggists around the corner where pleasing experiments in alchemy are conducted. In just the same way Joy goes off alone and dines when anyone of the learned gentlemen draws a case of Havanas, his own private importation from Derby, on the crowd; and the man with good intention, reaches out his hand, then drops it, looking like a quarter-less boy on the wrong side of a circus tent, and explains with considerable feeling, how the doctor has ordered him to give up smoking. This is what you may call grief, prime, first-quality grief, no old, shelf-worn, last season's stock, but the fresh marketable article. The canker eats into the soul of the swearer-off, as someone in the crowd throws out a remark like this: "Oh, yes; today is New Year's. It's all right, but I would hate to meet you with a pocketful of cigars a week from today."
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
Reports come that a great many people froze to death in the western counties. We can get nothing authentic. There is probably much truth in the reports. In that new country, with some people miles from fuel, with poor, un-plastered houses and scanty bed-clothing, a great many people must have perished and few could escape much suffering. Then a great many movers are just going into that country, "camping out" as they go. Such of these as were caught far from shelter by Thursday's storm, couldn't have something definite in a day or two, at least. The snow has almost shut off communication with western Kansas, especially points far from the railroad and wire.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
When we think how many families there are in this world who want for fire and food during this storm—how many little ones cry around a mother's knee for bread, how grateful we should be for the blessings God has given us, and in return for these blessings, should we not search out the needy and see that they have provisions and coal? God will reward the man who not only pities the poor in word, but reaches his hand into his pocket and pays for something that will bring comfort and joy to these needy ones. We haven't much use for the man who sits in his cosy room before the fire smoking his pipe with ease and saying, "Oh, how I pity the poor, who probably are now hovering over a half smothered coal of fire without fuel with which to enliven and strengthen the fast dying spark," and never offering to help from his bountiful stove those who are so deserving of his aid. Let us try and make these people feel that they are in a land of sympathy, where the feeling for our fellow man is warm, and our appreciation of comfort is shown by our acts of charity. "The poor we have with us always," so let us each hunt out some one family who needs assistance and bring sunlight and joy into some home where all is darkness and gloom.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
Ink bespattered,
Clothing tattered,
With his broom in hand,
Leaning, cleaning,
Rubbing, scrubbing,
Under every stand.
'Neath the cases,
Types and spaces—
Trampled where they fell—
By this Pluto
Doomed to go to
Printers' leather "hell."
Running hither,
Darting thither,

Tail of all the staff,
Out and indoors,
Doing all chores,
Bringing in the laugh.
Runs for copy—nor dares stop he
For his paper hat;
All the printers, save the foreman,
Yelling for some "phat."
"Proves" the galleys; then he sallies,
On Satanic pinion,
From the news-room to the sanctum—
Part of his dominion.
And the bosses—often cross as
Bears within their holes—
Make the devil find his level
Stirring up the coals.
Washing roller, bringing coal, or
Lugging water-pail;
Time he wastes not at the paste-pot,
Wrapping up the mail.
When the week's done,
Then he seeks one,
Where the greenbacks lay,
There to settle,
For the little
Devil is to pay.
In this spirit
There is merit,
Far from taint or shame;
Often gaining
By his training,
Good and honored name.
Great debaters,
Scientific men,
Have arisen
From the prison
Of the printer's den.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
The various churches of the city, closed a week for the revival meetings, had their usual services Sunday morning.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.

Elder J. M. Vawter, of Marion, Iowa, has been called to take charge of the Christian church. This gentleman is spoken of very highly as a christian and a minister.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
On the Sunday preceding Christmas, there were 308 in attendance at the Methodist Sunday School, the week following, 315; the next Sabbath, 312; and yesterday, 385, of which number over 70 were in the infant class. Thus it seems that the gospel has greater charms than the hope of Christmas gifts. The attendance Sunday was the largest in the whole history of the school.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
One week of the Union revival services has passed, with two meetings daily, led by Rev. Patterson, the Chicago evangelist, assisted by all the ministers of this city. The interest manifested is wonderful. About a hundred and fifty souls have yielded to the knockings of the spirit, and dozens of others are deeply interested. Not an evening during the week, excepting Thursday evening, when the terrible storm was raging, has the large Baptist church been capable of receiving with comfort, the immense crowds out. Every foot of standing room, in the aisles, corridors, and every place, was occupied.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
The men's meeting at the Baptist church Sunday afternoon was well attended, the house being crowded. Rev. Patterson selected as his text, Galatians, 6-7-8: "Be not deceived, God is not mocked. Whatsoever man soweth that shall he also reap." It was an excellent discourse, full of warnings to young men and parents. The speaker pointed out the indiscretions of youth and the effect that were sure to follow. Several illustrations were given, where the young man's downfall was traced from the first drink at home or the first game of cards. Particularly were parents admonished to look out for their children and the temptations thoughtlessly placed before them at home. Such sermons do the public great good. Rev. Patterson speaks right to the point and hits the nail on the head every time. He uses only just the words necessary and most proper. There is no rubbish or waste matter in his sermons. He loads with the choicest ammunition and aims directly at the sinner's weakest point and hits the mark every time.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.

Rev. Patterson's subject at the Baptist church Sunday night was, "And the Lord said, 'My spirit shall not always strive with man.'" He cited how day after day and year after year the spirit of the Lord strived with men and that, many times after long years of resistence, the wrath of God was turned on them—He ceased to persuade and showed His mighty power. The longer you resist, the more hardened becomes your conscience, the further away from the spirit you get, until finally it is irretrievably too late and you go down to death with the record of a wasted life and the surety of eternal torment. Think of a man resisting God—His maker and the supreme ruler of the universe! Is it any wonder, after years and years of loving persuasion, the Lord sometimes turns his back? It was a sermon full of practical pith, free from verbiage. Every word, put in a commonplace, conversational way, counted something. A great deal in few words, is the gist of Rev. Patterson's sermons. His audience was as large as ever listened to a sermon in Winfield. Long before the hour for beginning the services, the church was filled to its utmost capacity, and the Presbyterian church, already heated and lighted for an emergency, accommodated the overflow. This church was also crowded, and Revs. Reider, Kelly, and Miller conducted the services. Rev. Reider delivered a very forcible sermon, on the text, "They cry peace, peace, and there is no peace." The leading thought was that the only real, genuine Christ, in the sweet consciousness of living right in the sight of God. At the Baptist and Presbyterian churches together, some twenty-five or thirty went forward.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
Did you ever stop to think as you read THE COURIER what a tireless letter-writer it is? Week after week, reaching into year after year, it goes on, telling of marriages, births, deaths, the comings and goings of people, the business successes or failures, the accidents, crops, improvements, in fact events of all kinds. All is grist that comes from the hopper of a good newspaper. Why, if you would undertake to write a letter each week to your absent friend and tell half the news your local paper gives, you would soon give up in despair. The supposed pleasure would soon become tiresome, the letters grow shorter, father apart, and finally quit as tiresome. Why is the difference? Because to the newspaper man it is business.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
Again do bleeding hearts realize that sorrow is the accompaniment of joy in the story of life. At 1 o'clock last night the soul of Marie, the sweet little ten months old daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Fred Bahntge, took its flight. She had been ill but a day or so, and no danger was anticipated until a short time before the fatal hour, when a congestive chill ended all. The funeral takes place at 2 o'clock tomorrow, from the residence, east 12th avenue, one block south of S. H. Rodgers. It will be conducted by Rev. J. C. Miller, of the Presbyterian church.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
In one of the epistles in the New Testament, there is a verse that reads, "Owe no man anything." We recommend that for a text, and would suggest in our humble way, that if preached upon and its good advice urged from every pulpit in Kansas, the field for temporal good is greater from that standpoint than any other in the book. That text followed would do away with hard times, it would make business brisk, lighten the load of many a businessman, fill savings banks, and make many a happy home. Debt is slavery. Udall Sentinel.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
A little off, Mr. Udall Sentinel: "The Winfield Courier, of last week, has a letter from this place wherein the writer asserts that buyers are not paying as much for grain as it is worth. George, you're off. It is a notorious fact that all summer wheat has ruled about five cents higher than in Winfield. The Sentinel claims the privilege of blowing up our businessmen when it thinks they need it, and it cannot allow outsiders to write untruths to the rural press, without calling attention to their misstatements."
Not Much. Winfield can never be downed on prices in anything that appears in the local markets of the county. Our millers have been paying prices way above the shippers prices, right along. Wheat could be bought, any time this year, most anywhere and shipped in here at a cost not exceeding what our buyers paid on the streets.
Certain Protection Against Loss.—Negotiable and Bankable.

Some of the Advantages of the Express Money Order System.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
Wells, Fargo & Co.'s express, in pursuance of that enterprising spirit which always characterizes its management, of extending to the public every possible facility and convenience in the express business, has adopted the express money order system, which has met with such universal favor among insurance companies, merchants, publishers, businessmen and the public in the east, where many, having learned to appreciate the advantages of this system, request their customers to make remittances in this way.
All agents of Wells, Fargo & Co.'s express are supplied with money orders, bound in small books, each one containing ten, twenty, or fifty orders, and each order can be issued for any sum from $1 to $5. They are for sale at all the company's offices in Arizona, British Columbia, California, Colorado, Dakota, Idaho, Iowa, Kansas, Louisiana, Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, New Mexico, Oregon, Texas, Utah, Washington Territory, Wisconsin, Wyoming.
Express money orders are undoubtedly a great public convenience. It is not necessary to make written application to obtain them, and they are perfectly negotiable. They can be deposited in banks, remitted as exchange, or paid through bank clearing houses. They insure the public against loss, the company being responsible for the payment of all money orders issued by its agents, while ample provision has been made for refunding money without unnecessary delay in case the orders are lost or misplaced.
Express money orders are payable without any deduction for exchange at 8,000 offices in the United States and Canada, including offices of the American Express company; United States Express Company; Canada Express Company; Delaware, Lackawanna & Western Express Company; Denver & Rio Grande Railway Express; Intercolonial Express Company; and National Express Company.
The rates charged for express money orders in various sums are exceedingly moderate, viz.: For $1 to $5, 5 cents; Over $5 to $10, 8 cents; Over $10 to $20, 10 cents; Over $20 to $30, 12 cents; Over $30 to $40, 15 cents; Over $40 to $50, 20 cents.
Upon comparison we find these rates to be lower than those charged for post-office money orders.
The express money orders, at the option of the purchaser are made payable "to order" or "to bearer," and when "to bearer," they will be redeemed without identification, which is an accommodation to travelers and strangers.
This system will prove a great benefit to the public, and we prophesy for it the encouragement and success it deserves.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
The Arkansas City Republican thinks it has struck a bonanza point in the following, but is clear off its pedals:

"Our readers are well acquainted with that enterprising journal at Winfield by the name of THE COURIER. We all know that it would not speak falsely, not even in behalf of Winfield. Neither would it antagonize the interests of the country seat, yet that astute journal reports a very big decline in real estate. A short time ago THE COURIER told the American people that the Winfield National Bank had purchased a corner lot on Main street, on which a frame building stood, the consideration being $12,000. Tuesday in the real estate transfers, which THE COURIER publishes, was sold for only $9,500. Great Scotts! How the real estate business fluctuates in Winfield. One day a man is rich in that market, and the next day poor. Life is too uncertain at the county seat for us."
Yes, the lot mentioned was transferred in name, but not in ownership. There was no purchase about it. The old deed stood in the name of the Winfield Bank, an organized corporation. This corporation changed to the Winfield National Bank a short time ago, with about the same names forming the new corporation. To make the ownership of the lot coincide with the new incorporation, the deed was changed. The consideration cut no figure whatever. It could just as well have been one collar. That lot is one of the best locations in the city, has a magnificent building, and couldn't be bought for scarcely four times the amount named in that deed. We don't suppose it could be bought for any price. Try again, Dick.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
We are glad to see it moderating. We expect old settlers will say "this is the coldest spell we ever had and something unusual for Kansas and perhaps it will never occur again." Very likely it will be an Indian summer from now on. We recollect just such a time as this occurred when we first landed in Sunny Kansas and an old settler revealed the foregoing to us, and we felt much consoled for the frozen ears and nose we were then wearing. It wasn't but a few days until we had a still tougher time and we came to the conclusion there was nothing that could be called an absolute certainty except death and taxes. Today it is moderating, and many poor people will be relieved from hunger and cold, we hope. We will probably have warm weather in a few days—and probably we won't. Old Probabilities has been frozen up so tight in the last few days that there is a chance of him being no more good this winter. No doubt many poor folks here have suffered. It is hard enough during the cold season for them to get along with moderate cold, but when Mr. Boreas gets on such a spree, as he is now getting over, it is a bitter pill.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
New Year's day came on Friday; Washington's birthday comes on Monday; Valentine's day on Sunday; April fools day on Thursday; Memorial day on Sunday; Fourth of July on Sunday; St. Patrick's day on Wednesday; Christmas on Saturday; Easter Sunday will be the 25th of April. Lent begins March 10th. There will be two eclipses, both of the sun, one March 5th, visible in the United States west of the Susquehanna river. This will be annular. The other on August 29th, visible as a partial eclipse here.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
The heating apparatus of the Baptist church was out of gear Friday and the union revival services were held in the Presbyterian church with a large audience. Rev. Patterson's text was Job ix:2—"How shall a man get right in the sight of God?" It was a very practical sermon, abjuring men to live as near perfection, according to the divine and human law, as possible. Think right, do right, and be right. Ten or twelve new converts went forward.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.

The Frisco train didn't get in Thursday. The S. K. east bound didn't get here till 8 o'clock, having stuck in a snow drift at Oxford. It laid over here last night, leaving for the east at 10 this morning. The west-bound S. K. Passenger didn't leave K. C. last night. This is about the worst time the railroads of Kansas have ever experienced. And "down east" it must be awful. No regularity of trains can be expected for a week.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
W. H. Smith has his boot and shoe stock loaded on the rail, to go to Leavenworth Monday, where he will open a large store. Mr. Smith and sister, Miss Julia, leave Tuesday. Johnnie Willis goes along, starting tomorrow. The departure of Mr. Smith and sister, after six years or more residence here, is greatly regretted by their many warm friends. Mr. Smith thinks he has an opening at Leavenworth unexcelled.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
Cherryvale is suffering at the hands of the incendiary. In the past two months several fires have occurred in the town and their derivation is hard to judge. A man was arrested on suspicion, but there is nothing definite. The citizens are up in arms, as it were; and if the guilty party is caught, there is a grave possibility of a lynching bee.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
The Pleasant Hour Club was headed off by the storm Thursday after all. The awful storm was too much for the busses. Of course, they weren't brought out. No horse would face such a blizzard—nobody would want him to. The club will now wait for the masquerade, invitations for which will be out tomorrow.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
The K. C. Star's weather report says to peel your eye for a heavy cold wave and big snow storm tomorrow. Our weather eye is blind.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
Commencing with the first number of volume 14 for 1886 the WEEKLY COURIER will be enlarged by adding two full pages of reading matter. . . . [Item already printed earlier.]
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
Bridge meetings will be held as follows.
At schoolhouse, District No. 48, Oldham Schoolhouse, Tuesday evening, Jan. 19th, 1886.
At Mount Zion schoolhouse, District No. 50, Wednesday evening, Jan. 20th, 1886.
At Vernon Center schoolhouse, District 12, Friday evening, Jan. 22nd, 1886.
The voters of Vernon Township should not fail to attend these meetings. Good roads and bridges make a country convenient and valuable. At a trifling cost Vernon Township can now get a splendid bridge and one of the best roads, direct to markets, our county seat, and our Fair Grounds. Let everybody come. Good speakers will be present at these meetings.
By order of J. M. Householder, H. H. Martin, and Wm. Carter, Township Officers.
In Rock Creek Township.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
At Green Valley schoolhouse, Friday evening, Jan. 22nd, 1886.
At Rock Valley schoolhouse, Saturday evening, Jan. 23rd, 1886.
At Davis schoolhouse, Monday evening, Jan. 25th, a886.
At Rock schoolhouse Tuesday evening, January 26th, 1886.
It is hoped that every citizen of Rock Creek township, whether for or against the railroad proposition now being considered, will attend these meetings, carefully consider and act on the facts submitted, drink in a little of the spirit of progress that is making our fair state the theme of the east, and bind our township with the bands of steel to the enterprise and development of all Christendom. This is our desire, and what we have been praying for for the last ten years. Why not rise as one man and get, now, what is within our reach, place ourselves upon what will be the shortest through line from Texas to Kansas City and Chicago. Delays are dangerous. Let every citizen attend these meetings. Good speakers will be in attendance. By order of Rock Creek township committee.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
Meetings to discuss the railroad proposition in Fairview Township will be held as follows.
At Prairie Grove schoolhouse, Friday evening, Jan. 15th, 1886.
At School House New Voting precinct, Wednesday evening, Jan. 20th, 1886.
At Curfman schoolhouse, Monday evening, Jan. 25th, 1886.
Let everybody attend these meetings. Now is our chance to secure for ourselves the shortest through line from Texas to Kansas City and Chicago. Shall we get this to our advantage or shall we let it go elsewhere to our damage everlastingly. Good speakers will be in attendance. By order of Fairview Township Committee.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
Twenty-nine newspapers and periodicals are published in Topeka.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
A company of capitalists are figuring on an underground railroad up Broadway, New York.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
There are 14,352,815 acres of land in cultivation in Kansas, about eleven acres to each inhabitant of the State.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
The attempt of the Democrats in congress to sit down on Mr. Randall is liable to make him the strongest man in his party.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
The Douglas Tribune says that Puffer, engineer on the Santa Fe branch, was held up by tramps in Douglas last week and robbed of forty cents.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
The gold and silver money of this country amounts to about $900,000,000, about two-thirds being gold and one-third silver.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
The winter wheat in the State at this time is estimated by Wm. Sims, secretary of the state board of agriculture, at 1,801,151 acres.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
Dakota cannot hope to bulldoze her way into the Union with a blizzard. She has a right to come in, and should not impair that right by violence.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
It is said that Florida is wintering over 150,000 Northern guests. Now would be a good time to take a census in that State, or to hold an election to break the Solid South.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
The weekly Winfield COURIER is thirteen years old. THE COURIER has always been a good paper, one among the best in the State, and has done much in making Winfield the town it is. Wellington Press.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
The New York Tribune remarks: "Hosts of great speeches are now being prepared on the silver question. The congressman who handles the subject most wisely will be the one who burns up his speech before he delivers it."
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
The public debt statement for December will show another increase of about $2,000,000, it is said. But, on the other hand, Auditor Chenoweth proclaims a saving of $7.50 by the reduction of an army officer's travel account, and so the administration's desperate efforts at economy have not been entirely fruitless.
Few Of Our United States Senators Under Fifty.
Only One Under Forty.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
The average age of the members of the Senate, as a body, is about 58 years. The oldest Senator is Morrill, of Vermont, who was 75 last April. Mr. Payne, of Ohio, is the second oldest member. He was 75 the 30th of November last. This includes all of the 70 class. The youngest Senator is Kenna, of West Virginia, 37. The next younger, Riddleberger of Virginia, 45. There are three blushing and bashful Senators who refuse to own up when Father Time commenced to keep tab on them. These men are Logan of Illinois, Harris of Tennessee, and Spooner of Wisconsin. They are all, however, old enough to vote, although the latter might be challenged in this respect at the polls if the contest was close and exciting. It is somewhat coincident that Nevada is represented by two Senators of foreign birth, Jones having been born in England, and Fair at Belfast, Ireland. Sewell, of New Jersey, was also born in Ireland, and also Jones of Florida. Beck first saw the light of day in Bonnie Blue Scotland.

Taken as a whole the disposition of the people seems to be to send old men to the Senate. Take, for instance, the 60 class. There are today sixteen members over 60 years of age. These are Morgan, of Alabama, 61; Pugh, his colleague, 65; Stanford, of California, 61; Brown, of Georgia, 64; Colquit, of the same State, 61; Beck, 63; Wilson, of Maryland, 65; Dawes, 69; Conger, 67; Van Wyck, 61; Pike, of New Hampshire, 66; Evarts, 67; Sherman, 62; Wade Hampton, 67; Maxey, 60; Sawyer, of Wisconsin, 69; and Salusbury, of Delaware, 68.
The young men in the Senate, who are in the 40s are Jones of Arkansas, 46; Berry, his colleague, 44; Gray, of Delaware, Bayard's successor, 45; Plumb, 49; Blackburn, 47; Hale, 49; Gorman, of Maryland, 46; Sabin, 42; Manderson, 48; Miller, of New York, Conkling's successor, 47; Mitchell, of Pennsylvania, 47; Aldrich, 44; Butler, of South Carolina, 49; Riddleberger, 41. Senator Kenna is the only member of the Senate under 40.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
The principal objection of those who oppose voting the railroad bonds in Rock, Fairview, and Walnut townships to the El Dorado and Walnut Valley railroad is that it will increase their taxes.
That such is not the fact is proved by the statistics taken from the public records of the county which we have once before published and now publish again.
The assessed valuation 1885: $132,800.00.
Tax levy of 1885 except school and road: $2,184.80.
Interest on $18,000 bonds asked for at 6 per cent: $1,080.00.
Valuation with proposed road bed: $178,200.00.
The present rate of taxation on township with road bed, will produce: $3,137.99.
Tax to be raised with interest on bonds: $3,284.80.
Difference and amount to be raised: $226.91.
The assessed valuation 1885: $116,365.00.
Tax levy of 1885 except school and road: $1,844.15.
Interest on $10,000 bonds asked for, 6 per cent: $600.00
Valuation with proposed road bed: $183,835.00.
The present rate of taxation on township with road bed, will produce: $3,143.77.
Tax to be raised with interest on bonds: $2,444.15.
Difference in amount in favor of township: $699.62.
The assessed valuation 1885: $251,338.00.
Tax levy of 1885 except school and road: $3,642.51.
Interest on $15,000 bonds asked for, 6 per cent: $900.00
Valuation with proposed road bed: $305,838.00.
Same rate taxation will produce: $5,229.82.
Total tax with interest on bonds: $4,542.51.
Difference in favor of township: $687.37.
Windsor township in 1879 had a valuation of $73,129.00.
Valuation 1881 with S. K. R. R.: $193,153.00.
Increase in valuation: $129,020.00
Maple township, 1879, had a valuation of $70,307.00.
Valuation 1881 with R. R.: $90,208.00.

Increase in valuation: $20,000.00
The chief objection we have heard from Walnut township is that there is no condition in the propositions, nor any binding writing from the Santa Fe company, to compel it to make a union depot, division station, engine house, or machine shops at Winfield. The answer is that this matter has been well considered, and the best lawyers in the state give the opinion that any writing outside the proposition would be legally void and that such provisions in the proposition would be held as a bid or bribe for votes and prevent the issue of the bonds should anyone apply for an injunction. This matter was freely discussed with the committee at Topeka, and they were satisfied that it was not only useless but fatal to insert such conditions in the proposition. Reason assures us that the company would never extend this branch to Winfield to compete with the other two branches of the Santa Fe at a cost to them of $12,000 to $15,000 a mile, merely to secure $3,000 a mile in township bonds. The bonds are one of the inducements, perhaps the only inducement, for them to prefer Winfield to Wellington, as these division shops, union depot, and general southern headquarters, which reason shows that they need to perfect their system. So if these bonds fail to carry in any of these townships, we are left out in the cold and Wellington becomes the great commercial center; but if all are carried, Winfield becomes the emporium, and we have a trunk road almost an air line from Kansas City and Topeka to Texas with two or more passenger trains each way and other business in proportion.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
The list of distinguished men, some of them with reputations world-wide, who died in the year just closed, is so large as to be almost surprising. They embrace many callings. First comes the name of our hero, General Grant, the commander of the greatest army, and most successful soldier of modern times. The other distinguished American soldiers who died during the year are McClellan, McDowell, Sackett, and McQuade. Among the politicians and statesmen are Vice-President Thomas A. Hendricks, Ex-Senators Reuben E. Fenton, Frelinghuysen, and Sharon; Malcolm Hay, E. K. Apgar, Robert Toombs. Our clergy lost Cardinal McCloskey, Dr. Tying, and Dr. Irenaeus Prime. Commercial circles will miss several great leaders, William H. Vanderbilt, Sir Moses Montefiore, Commodore Garrison, H. B. Claflin, and F. Winston. The others: King Alphonso, of Spain; Prince Fredrick Charles, of Prussia; generally regarded as the ablest general in Germany after Von Moltke; and Gen. Stewart, who lost his life in the recent campaign in the Soudan; as did Gen. Gordon, the hero of Khartoum and Col. Burnaby. Next comes Gen. Manteupel, a prominent figure during the Franco-Prussian war, and afterward governor of Alsace and Lorraine. Literature lost Victor Hugo, Edmond About, Richard Grant White, and Lord Houghton. Among the musicians are Dr. Leopold Damrosch and Franz Apt. The stage was deprived of John McCollough, and the bar of Emory Storrs and Myra Clark Gaines.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
Ten head of fine Hereford bulls for sale. From good native cows and full blood Hereford bull, registered in American Herd book, Vol. 3. 8 miles south and 2 miles east of Oxford.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
Tuesday morning, the 12th, the Board of County Commissioners "designated" THE WINFIELD COURIER as the official paper of the county.
The law requires the Board to designate some newspaper as the official paper of the county and fixes the compensation just as it fixes the compensation of county officers and their clerks. It has been a habit in some counties for the commissioners to take bids for the county printing and let it to the lowest bidder, but the evils of that habit have been such that nearly all the prominent counties of the State have abandoned it and now follow the example of the State in relation to the State printing, simply designating the paper in which the public advertising shall be published. In that way the Board uses its judgment as to what paper will best subserve the objects of the law, do its work most thoroughly, and give greatest publicity. Our commissioners have adopted these precedents and have set a precedent that should be followed hereafter.
We do not believe that the people of this county want their work done for nothing or for less than a fair compensation. Neither do we believe that they desire it done in the paper having the least circulation for the least price. It costs many times as much to print a large and respectable paper having a large circulation as it does a small paper having a small circulation and the former properly commands many times as high prices for advertising as the latter. The legal rates are lower than the rates THE COURIER regularly gets for advertising but are five times greater than a paper of very limited circulation could get of businessmen. If publicity is the object of publication, the county can afford to pay the greater price for the greater publicity, just as can other advertisers. The legal rates are supposed to be as low as reasonable in a good paper in a good county; indeed the law was made when there were no great papers and populous counties in the State. It was made for counties of less than one fourth the population that Cowley County now has when the leading papers of such counties had not one-fifth the circulation that THE COURIER now has.
We have to cordially thank the very large number of prominent men all over the county who volunteered their influence to secure the designation to THE COURIER, and manifested great interest in that behalf, and we have reasons to believe that there are thousands of taxpayers in the county who are highly gratified with the result. We believe the voters of the county, by a two-thirds majority, would approve of the action of Commissioners.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
In 1883, Kansas produced nearly 4,500,000 pounds of wool—not quite enough to clothe her population for one year, since the per capita consummation of wool, as shown by census statistics, lies between 5½ and 6¾ pounds per annum, and the population of the state was nearly a million in 1880.
This wool was practically all sent out of the state, as Kansas has but a few small manufactories of wool. It is safe to assume that this wool all went to New England, and that it cost, in freight, commissions, etc., not less than 5 cents per pound to send it there, or a total of $225,000.

To manufacture this wool required a capital of about $2,000,000 (see census statistics), and gave employment to nearly 2,000 operatives, who received wages amounting to about $550,000. The finished product was worth approximately $3,000,000, wholesale, and this product, or its equivalent, was shipped back to Kansas, paying an additional freightage of probably not less than $175,000, and was there sold to the producers of the original wool and their neighbors, while the manufacturers made a very large profit on their capital.
To sum up: Kansas has paid for the luxury of having her wool crop of one year manufactured by New England, the following items.
Freight and commissions, $400,000; Wages of factory operatives, $550,000; Profit on manufacturing capital, $200,000. This totals up to $1,150,000.
But this does not tell the whole tale. Kansas not only paid the wages of these 2,000 operatives, but also paid transportation over 2,000 miles of railway on the corn, wheat, and meat they and their families consumed, and paid the New England butchers and bakers their very liberal commissions for retailing this food.
In other words, Kansas paid out to other states for manufacturing her woolen clothing for one year, more than half enough money to have built the manufactories and stocked them with machinery and furnished the floating capital necessary to work up her wool into that clothing.
A Big Event For the G. A. R. "Boys" and the W. R. C. "Girls."
Feast and Reason.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
Monday evening was the occasion of a very enjoyable time at the Post, it being the installation of the new officers elect. The boys have a very roomy and well furnished Post room and well fitted for entertaining a crowd. The Woman's Relief Corps was out in full strength and quite a number of visitors. Everybody was sociable and jolly and the reporter felt just like a school boy on holiday. We like to mingle in such a crowd. We feel better for days afterward.

After the installation the ladies of the Relief Corps slyly brought out some mysterious looking packages and soon revealed a feast that every old "vet," including the reporter, began to grin about and never let up until they reached home and had to send for the doctor. Cakes, oranges, candy, apples, and everything good was passed around in abundance. The reporter and John Arrowsmith were on the sick list and looked as blue as indigo because they couldn't eat anything. Dr. Wells' friends watched him closely and whenever the bald place on his head began to turn blue, they pounded him on the back, and took away his dish. Tom Soward and Capt. Nipp were cautioned by their friends several times to eat slower, but you might as well have told them, during the war, to fight slower. They are excusable as they confidently told the reporter they had been expecting this and had fasted since the day before. Earnest Reynolds never grunted after the cake began to go around. He looked down at the floor and lost no time. It is estimated that the Post lost $4.67 by his presence. As for Siverd, words will not express his troubles. Three times was he choked on an orange. His friends are very much worried about him, as he has been troubled for years with dyspepsia. After the feast it was noticed that the Captain's pockets stuck out like an air balloon, and it is thought he is injured internally. Space will not allow us to speak of the other boys. They all did justice to everything. Their gastronomical propensities worked like a charm.
The following were the officers installed: A. B. Limerick, Post Commander; J. E. Snow, S. V. P.; J. J. Carson, J. V. P.; T. H. Soward, Q. M.; H. L. Wells, Surgeon; H. H. Siverd, O. B.; J. H. Snyder, C.; C. L. McRoberts, O. G.; Lewis Conrad, A.; D. C. Beach, S. M.
The following are the officers of the Woman's Relief Corps: Mrs. Elma Dalton, P.; Mrs. Julia Caton, S. V. P.; Mrs. H. L. Wells, J. V. P.; Mrs. Dr. Pickens, Treasurer; Mrs. D. C. Beach, Secretary; Mrs. Lewis Conrad, C.; Mrs. A. J. Thompson, C.; Mrs. C. Trump, G.
The installation ceremonies were beautiful. We don't believe there is any city in Kansas that can boast of a better Post than Winfield.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
About November 20th, two 3-year-old Mexican steers branded I L on left side. A liberal reward for information leading to their recovery. Address Charles H. Elliott, Post office, New Salem.
Newsy Notes Gathered by The "Courier's" Corps of Neighborhood Correspondents.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
There is some talk of a brass band in Torrance.
Mrs. King arrived home from her trip to Schell City, last week.
Link Branson arrived home from his Eureka trip all safe and sound.
Mrs. W. B. Galloway spent several days in Arkansas City last week.
J. D. Maurer and I. H. Phenis were in Winfield several days last week, being caught in the storm.
Will Frazier and Joe Henderson of Burden spent Sunday evening at Capital Hill.
John Allen and his sons arrived home from Ford County last week. Mr. Allen will move his family out there in a few weeks or as soon as it is warmer.
Mat Jackson received word Saturday that his brother George's little girl was dead. Mr. and Mrs. Jackson have the sympathy of their many friends here in this, their sad bereavement.
The supper given by the Ladies Missionary Society on New Year's eve deserves all the praise we can give it, although there were not as many there as there would have been had it not been for other amusements. Everything went off nicely and all seemed to enjoy themselves hugely. They cleared twenty dollars.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
Mrs. Campbell visited the city of Winfield last Wednesday.
Sunday School every Sunday at the schoolhouse at 10 a.m.
Mrs. Frank Campbell took in the city of Grenola last Saturday.
We have been having extreme cold weather for the past week.
Preaching at the schoolhouse every two weeks by J. W. Warren.
Mr. Cyrus and Mr. Faucette have gone to Arkansas to look at the country.
There will be spelling school at the schoolhouse next Wednesday night.

Miss Cora Campbell has been lying very ill for some days with putrid sore throat.
During the last snow storm quite a number of our farmers lost several head of stock.
Mr. and Mrs. Maxey, of this place, took the train Sunday evening for Ohio, their future home.
Miss Carrie Hord left this place last week for Winfield, where she will visit her many friends and relations.
Mr. Overpeck, of Grand Summit, will leave this place in a short time for Indiana. We wonder if Miss Gertie is going.
Another New Year has made its appearance. We hope it will bring tidings of pleasure and prosperity to our country.
Quite an accident happened to a party of the young people on their return home from the oyster supper Thursday night, Dec. 29th. The horses running away, upset the wagon and threw the contents abroad. Several were hurt, not seriously, Mr. Sid Spradlin being knocked senseless and Miss Etta John having her shoulder thrown out of place.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
Sunny Kansas still ahead, for the late blizzard certainly caps the climax.
Miss Howard did not get to her school the 7th, but several of her pupils did. It was vice versa next day.
No loss of lives in this county as I have heard, but considerable lots of stock, especially swine and poultry.
Lon Bryant has taken a trip to Chase County with a view of locating, if suited. He thinks he will be much better suited there than out west.
THE COURIER surprised its many subscribers last week by an additional sheet filled with news of interest. THE COURIER is always in the lead.
The Douglass hack driver was on time the day of the blizzard, but did not return until the next day. He thinks no one could have made the trip without freezing. He says the cold is more piercing here than in Colorado.
George Brown's farm looks better enclosed with a neat wire fence. George's improvements in the last year show that he knows what is needed to help build up the country. I hope all who are able financially will follow his example.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
What did you think of our blizzard last week?
Mr. C. S. Byers spent New Year's with his best girl near Rock P. O.
Miss Sile Williams of Rock P. O., spent Christmas with her sister, Mrs. C. Whitson.
Miss Belle McCullough and Misses Mollie and Sue Teters visited relatives in Pleasant Valley during holidays.
Elmer Stiverson visited S. D. Fisher's during holidays. Mr. Stiverson is teaching school two miles east of Arkansas City.
Mr. Dowler's brother-in-law, of Nebraska, is visiting him. I did not learn his name, but he says if he can dispose of his property in Nebraska, he will settle in Cowley County. Let them come.

A few of the young folks of Pleasant Valley and Beaver met at the home of Mr. and Mrs. F. M. Benson, New Year's evening, and after amusing themselves awhile chatting and playing various games, oysters were served, all doing justice to their portion. After supper all enjoyed themselves in various ways and in spite of anything they could do, the rain continued to pour down until morning. We won't tell when the lads and lasses pulled for home.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
Health good in this "neck o' woods."
Jimmie Rucker has recovered from the mumps.
Lon Bryant went up to Chase County last week on the hunt of a location.
Stock that were exposed to the storm last week suffered a great deal.
Last Friday morning the thermometer registered 24 degrees below zero at Bethel.
The Bethel school "marm" failed to make her appearance at the schoolhouse Thursday on account of the storm. Some of the pupils were on time in spite of the weather.
Wires are all down, trains are on the standstill, and consequently we cannot give much news from this vicinity. Just be patient until the cold weather lets up and we will give you more.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
The court room is being remodeled, for which purpose court adjourned from Monday afternoon to tomorrow morning. The Judge's bench, clerk's "roost," and the jury box are being placed along the east wall instead of the south. The platform extends from the stove out, taking in the jury, who have needed elevation for some time. The jury will now sit in the southeast corner, the Judge before the center window, and the genial Ed Pate next to the stove. The change is made to give the bench, jury, and clerk a little warmth. The east jury room will be a private office for caucusing attorneys. The arrangement is much more convenient and comfortable. It will seat the auditors facing the rising sun, instead of the south pole. The changes will be ready to greet the Court at its opening in the morning.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
The firm heretofore doing business under the firm name of Whiting Bros. is this day dissolved by mutual consent, Fred A. Whiting retiring. Whiting & Son will continue in business at the old place, assuming all liabilities and collecting all debts due the old firm.
Winfield, January 1, 1886.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
The firm heretofore doing business under the firm name of Kraft & Dix is this day dissolved by mutual consent, John W. Dix retiring. J. G. Kraft will continue the business at the same place and assume all liabilities and collect all debts.

J. W. DIX.
Winfield, January 7, 1886.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
Jarvis, Conklin & Co. are now prepared to make choice loans of $200 and upwards upon real estate security without any delay further than is necessary to perfect title. Money will be paid when the papers are expected and no waiting for approval by eastern investors will be required. They are the only loan agents in Kansas who give the privilege of paying a mortgage in installments at any interest payment, and write the privilege in the mortgage. A verbal promise of this privilege does not bind the investor. They are also the only loan agents handling eastern money who deliver the coupons when the interest is paid. Annual or semi-annual interest given, and the lowest rates guaranteed.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
Skipped reports re Grain and Provisions from St. Louis, Chicago, New York, and Kansas City.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
On and after March 1st, 1886, the sw qr of section 3, township 23, range 3, in Beaver township, owned by A. B. Story. A. H. Green, Agent
[Note: Heretofore everything pertaining to the following showed that her name was "Freylinger." I can't help but think the newspaper erred in the spelling of her last name. MAW]
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
Recap. W. P. Hackney, applied for application to seek a pardon for Mary Frielynger, a convict, from the Governor of the State of Kansas at the November 1886 term. She had been sentenced to the penitentiary for the period of her natural life.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
Just received four crates of meat, uncanvassed. Hams and Breakfast Bacon, dry, salt, and smoked Bacon at Wallis & Wallis'.
We will for the next 60 days slaughter prices and sell glass and queensware at greatly reduced prices to avoid the trouble and expense of moving. Wallis & Wallis.
All parties indebted to us will please settle before the 20 inst. as our demand for money is urgent. Wallis & Wallis.
Contemplating a change very soon and in order to settle up our business, we will slaughter prices and sell for cash until we close out. Wallis & Wallis.
For Sale. A No. 1 160 acre farm 3½ miles northeast of Winfield. Well improved, good house, barn, and orchard, and one half of crop good with farm. Price, $8,500, ½ by Jan. 1st, 1886, balance in one year. See O. P. Fuller adjoining premises on east, or address C. A. Roberts, Santa Rosa, California.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
Office of Kansas City & Southwestern Railroad Company.
Winfield, Kansas, Jan. 9th, 1886.
Notice is hereby given that a special meeting of the stockholders of the Kansas City & Southwestern Railroad Company will be held at the office of the Secretary of said company in the City of Winfield, County of Cowley, State of Kansas, at 8 o'clock p.m., on the 30th day of January A. D. 1886, for the following purposes:
1. To consider and vote upon a proposition to ratify and adopt the action of the Board of Directors of this Company in making, executing, and delivering of the lease of said Kansas City & Southwestern Railroad, constructed and unconstructed, together with its property and franchises, to the St. Louis & San Francisco Railway Company for the full term of 98 years, together with all its property, rights, privileges and immunities.
2. To consider and vote upon a proposition to ratify and approve the action of the Board of Directors of this Company in making, issuing, and negotiating the bonds of this company for the sum of Twelve Thousand Dollars per mile for each and every mile of railroad constructed by this Company south of the crossing of the Neosha river in Coffey County, in the State of Kansas, and Fifteen Thousand Dollars per mile for each and every mile constructed by said company between the said cross of the said Neosha river and the city of Kansas City in the state of Missouri, and securing the payment of the same by deed or trust to be made, executed, and delivered to the Farmers' Loan and Trust Company of New York, upon all the railway constructed and unconstructed, and other property and franchises and immunities of this company.
By order of the Board of Directors.
HENRY E. ASP, Secretary.
Reconvening of Congress.
$1,000,000 Monuments for Lincoln and Grant.
Edmunds' Utah Bill Under Discussion.
A Bill to Divide Indian Lands.
The House Committee Not Yet Announced.
The Call for Bills Shows 790 for the Day.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
WASHINGTON, January 6. Precisely at noon yesterday the Senate was called to order by Senator Sherman, President pro tem, who, after prayer and the reading of the journal, laid before the members the credentials of John W. Daniel, the newly elected United States Senator from Virginia, which were read and laid on the table. Also a communication from General W. B. Franklin, President of the National Home for disabled volunteer soldiers, notifying the Senate of the death of General George B. McClellan.
Mr. Harrison, from the Committee on Territories, reported favorably a bill to legalize the electors of the Ninth Territorial Legislature Assembly of Wyoming. This was read the third time and passed.
Among the bills introduced and referred were the following.

By Mr. Blair: To give the right of trial by jury to claimants for pensions whose applications have been rejected by the Secretary of the Interior on an appeal from the decision of the Commissioner of Pensions; also to provide for the erection of monuments to Abraham Lincoln and U. S. Grant.
By Mr. Cullom: To facilitate promotions in the army by retiring from active service, on their own application, officers who served in the war of the rebellion.
By Mr. Miller: To increase the pension for the loss of both arms, or both legs, or the sight of both eyes, or other injuries resulting in total helplessness.
By Mr. Morgan: To substitute silver dollars in place of gold coin and currency in the several reserve funds held in the treasury.
By Mr. Hoar: A joint resolution providing that no part of the army appropriation act of 1885 shall be construed so as to deprive any assistant surgeon of the army of rights to which he is entitled by reason of his volunteer service in the army.
By Mr. Ingalls: To establish a national university in the District of Columbia. The sum of $5,000,000 is granted to the board of regents in a perpetual registered certificate of the United States, to be unassignable and bearing five per cent interest, the interest to be paid quarterly. So much of the interest as is needed for sites, buildings, etc., may be so used.
By Mr. Plumb: Granting the right of way through the Indian Territory to the Kansas City, Fort Scott & Gulf Railway company.
The bill introduced by Senator Blair to provide for the erection of monuments in this city to President Lincoln and General Grant provides that they shall be similar to the Washington monument and cost $1,000,000 each. None but American citizens are to be employed on this work.
A resolution was offered by Mr. Hoar and was by request, referred to the Committee on Foreign Relations, requesting the President to take measures for revising and extending the extradition treaties, so as to cover cases of embezzlement and other breaches of trust.
Mr. Sherman offered a concurrent resolution accepting the marble statue of ex-President Garfield presented to Congress by the State of Ohio and now in position in the Statuary Hall at the Capitol.
Mr. Sherman delivered a brief but warm eulogy of ex-President Garfield, and moved the adoption of the resolution offered. It was then agreed to.
Mr. Gray gave notice that he would tomorrow call up Mr. Beck's silver resolution for the purpose of making some remarks.
The chair then laid before the Senate the resolution offered by Mr. Harrison, directing an inquiry into the alleged practice of late pension officers in taking into account in the granting of pensions considerations other than the merits of the applications. Mr. Harrison requested that the resolution might go over for one day, and by unanimous consent it went over.
Mr. Van Wyck offered a resolution, which was agreed to, directing the Committee on Education and Labor to inquire how many hours of labor per day were expected of men and boys in the employ of street car and other corporations in the District of Columbia, and to report whether such number of hours of labor were unreasonable and inconsistent with former acts of Congress, and, if so, what remedy was necessary in the premises.

Mr. Edmunds then called up the Utah bill reported by him from the Committee on the Judiciary. An extended debate ensued on the amendment by Mr. Hoar to allow woman suffrage in Utah.
A message was received from the President transmitting the draft of a bill to provide for the allotment of lands in severalty to the Indians. It was read and referred.
Mr. Wilson, of Iowa, then brought up the resolution heretofore offered by him, calling on the Secretary of the Interior for a copy of each report made by the Government Directors of the Union Pacific Railroad from the first appointment of such directors to the present time.
On the conclusion of Mr. Wilson's remarks, the Judicial Salary bill was, on motion of Mr. Hoar, placed before the Senate. Without further action, however, the Senate went into executive session and, when at 7:05 p.m., the doors reopened, adjourned.
Mr. Muller, of New York, made his appearance in the House Tuesday morning for the first time and took the oath of office. After the reading of the journal the Hoar Presidential bill and the Senate resolution proposing certain joint rules were referred to the appropriate committees. Contrary to general expectation the committees were not announced and the Speaker immediately proceeded to call the States for the introduction of bills and resolutions. Under this call the following bills were introduced.
By Mr. McComas, of Maryland: A bill to establish a post-office savings bank, and to establish a postal telegraph; also a bill for the redemption of the trade dollar.
By Mr. Long, of Massachusetts: A bill providing that cabinet officers may occupy seats in the House of Representatives.
By Mr. Lovering, of Massachusetts: A bill providing for the adjustment of the accounts of laborers under the eight hour law.
By Mr. Collins, of Massachusetts: A bill to establish a uniform system of bankruptcy.
By Mr. Cutcheon, of Michigan: To reform the civil service and preserve the constitutional distinction between legislative and executive duties by the organization of a bureau of civil appointments.
By Mr. Maybury, of Michigan: For the importation, free of duty, of ores of iron, lead, copper, and zinc, and bituminous coal, salt, and lumber; also a resolution calling on the Secretary of State for information as to the action taken by this Government, under the provisions of 1878, relative to commercial relations with Canada; also for the renewal of commercial relations with the British possessions in North America.
By Mr. O'Donnell, of Michigan: To repeal the duty on sugar and provide a bounty for the cultivation of sugar in the United States.
By Mr. Straight, of Minnesota: To amend the timber culture act.
By Mr. Nelson, of Minnesota: To place hemp and manilla on the free list.
By Mr. Singleton, of Mississippi: To reduce the expense of public printing and binding.
By Mr. Morgan, of Mississippi: For the establishment of agricultural experiment stations.
By Mr. Laird, of Nebraska: Declaring forfeited lands granted to railroads on which the cost of surveying and conveying has not been paid; also to prevent the acquisition of property by aliens; also to increase the efficiency of the infantry branch of the army; also a resolution calling on the Commissioner of the General Land Office for information concerning the suspension of the issuance of patents to lands taken by settlers pursuant to law.

By Mr. McAdoo, of New Jersey: To prevent fraudulent entries on the public domain; also to prevent aliens other than bona fide settlers from owning lands in the Territories.
By Mr. Buchanan, of New Jersey: To repeal the tobacco tax; also to enable persons in the civil service to inspect and answer charges made against them; also for the retirement and recoinage of the trade dollar.
By Mr. Hewitt, of New York: To carry into effect the convention between the United States and Mexico, signed January 20, 1883; also, to secure a uniform standard of value; also, authorizing the purchase of foreign built ships by citizens of the United States for use in the foreign carrying trade.
By Mr. Beach, of New York: To give honorably discharged soldiers and sailors preference in public appointments; also, proposing constitutional amendments to prevent special legislation and to prohibit legislation on appropriation bills; to raise a statute of limitations on claims against the Government; giving the President power to veto one or more items in appropriation bills; to establish uniform laws on the subject of marriage and divorce; to prevent the giving of public property or credit in aid of private or corporate enterprises.
By Mr. Baker, of New York: To create an inter-State commerce commission.
By Mr. Weber, of New York: For the permanent improvement of the Erie and Oswego canals, and to secure the freedom of the same to the commerce of the United States.
By Mr. Adams, of New York: To allow all duties on imports to be paid by certified check on any national bank duly organized under the law of the United States; also to establish a uniform system of bankruptcy.
By Mr. Downey, of New York: For the erection of a monument to General U. S. Grant in New York City. It appropriates $200,000 for the purpose, to be expended under the direction of the Secretary of War by a commission, to be appointed by the President, provided that none of the money shall be expended until the additional sum of $250,000 has been raised by private subscription.
By Mr. James, of New York: To prohibit any Government employee from contracting out the labor of prisoners.
By Mr. Merriman, of New York: To provide a better system for the trial of custom cases, also to establish a bureau of transportation in the Interior Department.
By Mr. Parker, of New York: To tax the manufacturer and seller of oleomargarine.
By Mr. James, of New York: Providing that residents of each State and Territory may, within other States and Territories and within the District of Columbia, solicit from dealers or merchants orders for goods and merchandise by sample, catalogue, card price list, description, or other representations without payment of any license or mercantile tax. The bill was prepared by the Traders and Travelers Union of New York.
By Mr. Dockery, of Missouri: Resolutions of the Missouri Legislature in opposition to the Buckner bill suspending the coinage of silver; also allowing receivers or railroads appointed by the Federal authorities to be sued in the State courts; also abolishing the duty on lumber.
By Mr. Bliss, of New York: For the relief of non-commissioned officers and privates of the Greely Arctic expedition.

By Mr. Phelps, of New Jersey: A resolution of the Legislature of New Jersey asking for a Congressional inquiry into the fitness of Alaska for the purposes of a penal colony and the advisability of establishing there a place of confinement for long term convicts; also a bill providing for the monumental decorations of battlefields of the revolution. This is similar to the bill introduced in the Senate by Mr. Sewell.
By Mr. Barksdale, of Mississippi: To remove the restrictions on the coinage of the standard silver dollar and to coin the same on the conditions prescribed for gold coinage; also to extend the time for the completion of the Gulf & Ship Island Railroad; also repealing so much of the act of 1883 as limits the investigation of claims by the Court of Claims.
By Mr. Bennett, of North Carolina: To prevent the intermarriage of the white and negro races in the District of Columbia.
By Mr. O'Hara, of North Carolina: To reimburse the depositors of the Freedman's Savings Trust Company.
By Mr. Johnson, of North Carolina: To abolish internal revenue taxation.
Similar bills were introduced by other members of the North Carolina delegation.
By Mr. Reed, of North Carolina: Reducing t he duty on steel rails to $7 per ton.
By Mr. Lovering, of Massachusetts: A bill providing for the payment of $8 per month to honorably discharged soldiers of the late war.
By Mr. Land, of Nebraska: A joint resolution authorizing the President to call out two volunteer regiments of cavalry in the Territories of New Mexico and Arizona, to be enlisted and officered from citizens of such Territories for the suppression of Indian hostilities; also a joint resolution instructing the Commissioner of the General Land Office to pass to patent all uncontested homestead and pre-emption claims against which a specific charge of fraud is not pending or proved, and also calling on such officer for a statement in detail of the reason for issuing the order of April 3, suspending the issuance of patents; also a bill to establish a soldiers' home in Nebraska, Iowa, Wisconsin, or Minnesota.
Bills were introduced for the erection of public buildings at the following places: Rome, Marine City, La Pierre, Mount Clemens, East Saginaw, Jackson, and Grand Haven, Michigan; Duluth, Minnesota; Vicksburg, Mississippi; Sedalia and Springfield, Missouri; and Beatrice and Hastings, Nebraska. Without completing the call the House adjourned. The number of bills introduced yesterday was 790.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.

The Ohio House of Representatives has adopted a resolution authorizing the Committee on Privileges and Elections to make a proper investigation of the Hamilton County election cases.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.

SPRINGFIELD, ILL., January 9. "Butter vs. Butterine" engrosses the time and attention of the State Board of Agriculture at its session today. The Elgin dairymen want the board to memorialize Congress to suppress all imitations of the natural bovine product, or to provide for its inspection, and the butterine manufacturers, who are represented by counsel, want the inspection to include the product of the creameries. All the morning session was spent in a discussion of resolutions, amendments, and substitutes proposed in the interest of each side. The fight bids fair to become a heavy one.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
INDIANAPOLIS, IND., January 9. At the Hendricks Monument Association meeting today the officers made an encouraging report. They say that in every quarter sentiment is found ready-made and awaiting the presentation of requisite machinery in the way of committees and subscription books, etc.; that a monument of noble proportions may fairly be anticipated. The Secretary is just in from Chicago and reports a cordial cooperation there, with Potter Palmer at the head. A telegram was received this morning from Judge Woodbury, one of Boston's most honored citizens, saying: "The Eastern friends of the late Vice President are interested in your efforts to raise a public monument to his memory."
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
COUNCIL GROVE, KAN., January 9. A Missouri Pacific passenger train was wrecked by the snow in the Downing cut, eight miles north of town, Thursday evening. Conductor John A. Brown and Mail Messenger John Pullman started to walk back to this place for assistance. In walking across a bridge, Pullman slipped and fell, breaking a bone in his left leg. Conductor Brown carried the injured man to this city, a distance of several miles. The wind was blowing a blizzard and the thermometer indicated 22 degrees below zero. The train was imbedded in a snowbank all night and was brought back to this place yesterday morning. The passengers are all comfortably cared for by the trainmen.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
MEXICO, MO., January 9. About four o'clock this morning the little town of Tarber, east of here in this (Adrian) County, was visited by a disastrous fire, the losses from which will reach fully $15,000, if not more. Nearly the entire business portion of the town was destroyed. The fire originated in A. B. Sutton's drug store, which, together with the contents, was a total loss; worth $3,000, insured for $1,000; Bay & Gilliland's loss on house and goods, $8,000, insured for $2,500; Mrs. J. A. Draper, loss on building, $450, insured for $300; S. C. Adams, loss of building, $700, insured for $400; Crow, Lee & Co.'s loss on stock, $6,000, insured for $4,000.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
WASHINGTON, January 9. It is rumored in army circles that the President will shortly recommend to Congress the passage of a bill authorizing him to fill the office of Judge Advocate General of the army. General Swaim, who formerly held that office, was sentenced by court martial to suspension for twelve years, at the end of which period he will be placed on the retired list. It is said that the President desires to fill the office, but is uncertain as to his powers in the premises. A plan has been suggested that he nominate a person for the office and let the Senate pass on the legal questions at issue.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.

INDIANAPOLIS, IND., January 9. The Democratic State Central Committee convened here this morning. After auditing accounts the committee will proceed to fix dates for the handling of primaries and district and State conventions for the coming elections.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
WILMINGTON, DEL., January 9. Early this morning a terrible collision occurred on the Wilmington & Northern Road. Three men were killed.
Increasing Destruction by the Torrents in Pennsylvania.—Collieries Swamped.
More Bridges Swept Away.—Great Loss of Lumber.—Damage, $5,000,000.
Floods and Loss of Life at Kingston, N. Y.
Rising Waters in Maryland and Vermont.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
EMPORIA, PA., January 6. Yesterday's flood in the valley reached its greatest height about midnight. To save their lives families in many cases were obliged to leave their homes with barely sufficient clothing to cover their nakedness. All houses directly along the banks of the river were swept away by the rushing waters along with the logs and debris. Near Renovo and about five miles west of Young Woman's Creek, the large wooden bridge recently built across the west branch of the Susquehanna was completely swept away. At this hour there are no evidences that the waters are subsiding, and the people are greatly excited and fear much more danger should the rain continue, as this is distinctly a lumbering country. The heaviest losers will be the lumbermen, who have been unable to control their log booms. Logs are scattered all over the country, and it will not be possible to have them gathered and returned. It is now estimated that the total losses will approximate $5,000,000. A number of families in this vicinity have lost all but their lives. All such are being provided for by charitable and more fortunate citizens. In this place the situation remains unchanged. Logs are coming down the river, but in smaller quantities. The cities of Lock Haven and Williamsport, lower down the river, were flooded last night, and considerable damage has been done to the business portions. The railroads were running their trains by telegraph last night, but all the Western Union wires were still down and but very meager reports were obtainable. The flood in the Susquehanna River at Lock Haven is within two feet of being as high as in 1865. A greater part of the city is flooded, but the damage cannot yet be estimated. A large quantity of saw logs has broken loose in the creeks and are passing here. The Pennsylvania is reported badly damaged. The water is still rising.

HARRISBURG, PA., January 6. The railroad wreck at Duncannon, caused by the collapse of a pier at the bridge over Sherman's Creek on account of the flood, was visited today by thousands of people. All of those known to have been on the train at the time it went down have been accounted for except A. C. McColn, the fireman, and T. B. Baldwin, the conductor, who were drowned. Engineer Noel, whose death was reported last night, was rescued alive, having floated on a railroad tie to a point about a mile below the scene of the wreck. The water in the river at this point rose on an average of six inches per hour all day, and at ten o'clock last night had almost reached the Cumberland Valley Railroad bridge. It registered eighteen feet three inches, and is rising at the rate of three feet three and one-half inches per hour. The creek in the lower section of the city has overflowed its banks and the people have been compelled to go to their houses in boats.
HAZELTON, PA., January 6. Last night's rain storm did a vast amount of damage throughout this section of the anthracite coal region. Five of the collieries of A. Pardee & Co. are completely drowned out, the water having entered the mines from a large creek which burst into an old breast of the Laurel Hill workings, and poured steadily through this opening from twelve o'clock Monday night until six o'clock last evening. Twenty-three mules were drowned and all the pumps were submerged. The Crystal Ridge, Sugar Loaf, Sandy Run, Audenried, Honeybrook, and Stockton slopes are also flooded. The water again broke into the Harleigh and Ebervale mines, which were recently flooded, and the situation is now more serious than before. All the pumps are lost and the water is rising rapidly. It is impossible to say what the losses will aggregate, but it must necessarily be heavy.
PORT DEPOSIT, Mo., January 6. The recent heavy rains have caused a rapid rise in the Susquehanna River, and the water is now three feet above the high water mark and gaining steadily. Large quantities of logs and driftwood have been going down all day, and reports from up the river indicate a general flood, but the rush of water will not reach this point before tomorrow. Considerable apprehension is felt by the Pennsylvania Railroad. Officials and men are on the watch at all points, Many lumber yards are submerged under six feet of water and it is estimated that over 1,000,000 feet of valuable logs went afloat today from about Williamsport, Pennsylvania.
WILLIAMSPORT, PA., January 6. The river is still rising slowly, but it is believed it has commenced falling at the head of the stream. The wires are all down west of Renova. Several million feet of new logs went down this morning, chiefly owned by firms of this city. The water is now surrounding the Philadelphia & Reading Station in this city, and the tracks are covered both above and below the station. No trains have gone out on the Pine Creek or Beech Roads today. Almost the entire territory, between the canal and the river in this city, is submerged and great damage has been done.
ALLENTOWN, PA., January 6. The water in the Lehigh River was swollen eight feet by the rain of yesterday. Today the city is practically without drinking water, as the pumps at the water works were flooded and rendered useless. The Grossman furniture factory was compelled to shut down. At Bethlehem the water is backing into the boiler house and at the Bethlehem Iron works and putting out the fires. That company was obliged to shut down. The mill will be idle for some time.
RONDOUT, N. Y., January 6. The rainfall this morning was the heaviest known here for many years. The snow on the Catskill mountains, together with the rain, caused a flood in Esop's Creek which rose rapidly, imprisoning a number of families on the flats near Kingston. The current was so strong that row boats in attempting to reach the houses were swamped. The water was as high as the windows of the first stories of a number of dwellings.

EASTON, PA., January 6. Yesterday afternoon the Lehigh River here was sixteen feet high, and the Delaware River eighteen feet. The first floors of several mills were covered with water, and work has been suspended. Trains on the Lehigh Valley and the Lehigh & Susquehanna Railroads are delayed by land slides and washouts. The coal and freight trains on the latter road have been abandoned.
WILKES-BARRE, PA., January 6. For the past twenty-four hours, a wind and rain storm of great violence has prevailed in this section, doing much damage to buildings in the country districts. Last evening the Susquehanna River was rapidly rising, and at seven o'clock was thirteen feet above low water mark.
SPRINGFIELD, VT., January 5. High water in the Black River carried out fifty feet of the dam of the Vermont Novelty Works Company yesterday. The water is the highest since the great flood of 1869.
It Absorbs Other Lines in Kansas.
Work Commenced on New Extensions.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
BOSTON, MASS., January 6. The Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe Railroad Directors met this morning and declared the usual dividend of 1½ per cent, payable February 15. The company has issued a circular notifying the stockholders that certain new lines in the State of Kansas have been acquired, which the managers believe will be self-sustaining from the start. The total mileage which it proposes to construct, work on some of the roads having been commenced already, is about 450 miles, and the estimated cost is $6,300,000, toward which there will be local aid to the extent of $700,000, leaving $5,600,000 to be provided. The Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe Company has agreed to construct and equip about 450 miles of the Chicago, Kansas & Western Railroad, on certain conditions. The directors have decided to offer the first mortgage and income bonds of the Chicago, Kansas & Western to the stockholders in blocks of $1,000 each. All subscriptions must be received at the office of the company in this city before January 23. For each $1,000 cash, the Atchison Company will deliver $1,000 of the first mortgage five per cent, paid bonds of the Chicago, Kansas & Western Railroad Company, having forty years to run, interest payable half yearly, principal and interest being guaranteed by the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe Railroad Company, and $500 of the same company's currency 6 per cent income bonds having forty years to run. Ten per cent must be paid in cash on notice of the acceptance of the subscription; 10 per cent, within thirty days thereafter, and the remainder as called, but not to exceed 20 per cent in any one month.
Treasury Reserves to be Held Partially in Silver.
Also the Redemption Fund to be in Silver.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.

WASHINGTON, January 6. Among the bills introduced in the Senate yesterday was one by Senator Morgan providing for the substitution of silver dollars in part in the place of gold coin and currency in several of the reserved funds held in the Treasury. It requires the Secretary to place to the credit of the reserve fund $100,000,000 of gold coin now held in the Treasury for the redemption of the legal tender United States notes, not to exceed $50,000,000 in standard silver dollars now in the Treasury or that shall come into the Treasury in the excess of the amount required for the redemption of silver certificates. Such silver dollars shall be so applied to the reserve fund from time to time until the sum shall be $50,000,000, and as such silver dollars are placed in this fund, an equal sum of gold coin, not to exceed $50,000,000, shall be withdrawn from the reserve fund and covered into the Treasury. It also requires that the Secretary of the Treasury place such standard silver dollars to the credit of the several funds held in the Treasury for the redemption of the notes of National banks that have failed or are in process of liquidation, and the five per cent redemption fund of the National banks to the extent of half of such of the several funds as there shall be any time held in the Treasury. The Secretary of the Treasury is required from time to time to withdraw from such funds and cover into the Treasury an amount of United States legal tender notes or National bank notes, equal to the amount of silver dollars, so deposited by him to the credit of the fund.
Senator Ingalls' Scheme for the Establishment of a National University
At Washington.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
WASHINGTON, January 6. Among the bills introduced in the Senate yesterday was one by Mr. Ingalls providing for an appropriation of $500,000 for the establishment of a National University in the District of Columbia. The Treasurer of the United States is to be Treasurer of the University. No chair for instruction sectarian in religion or partisan in politics is to be maintained, and no sectarian or partisan test is to be allowed in selecting officers or professors. Chairs of faculties may be endowed by gift, bequest, etc., but no amount less than $100,000 is to be considered as endowment. Instruction is to be as nearly free as is consistent with the income, and no person is to be admitted for regular study and graduation who has not previously received the degree of bachelor of arts, or a degree of equal value, from some recognized institution. States and Territories shall be entitled to scholarship in the ratio of one for each Representative or delegate, and two for each Senator. These scholarships shall secure free instruction for five years. The Governor of each State shall nominate candidates for life scholarships and each State Secretary shall be entitled to one life scholarship. Two classes of fellowships are established, one open to the competition of the graduates best acquitting themselves, and the other open to learned men of all nations who have merited distinction.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.

WASHINGTON, January 6. The summary dismissal of Marshall Parks, a clerk in the General Land Office, it is alleged, was occasioned by the discovery that he had been furnishing information from the files of the office to his brother-in-law, Captain A. A. Thomas, formerly of the Kirwin, Kansas, land office, but now publisher of the Reporter, a monthly journal in this city which has persistently denounced Commissioner Sparks.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
CLEVELAND, Ohio, January 6. Early this morning a large refined oil tank containing 15,000 barrels of oil caught fire at the Standard Oil Works and burned fiercely. The city fire department, assisted by the apparatus at the works, prevented the fire from spreading to the other tanks adjacent. The loss will be heavy.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
NEW YORK, January 6. The execution of Beckwith, the Hudson murderer, which was to take place next Friday, has been postponed. The doomed man has been allowed an appeal.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
NEW YORK, January 6. Chief Executive Arthur, of the National Association of Locomotive Engineers, who was to have met the manager of the Manhattan Elevated at 11 a.m. today, is in consultation with members of his organization, and the refusal of the road to meet the demands of the employees will certainly be met by a general strike before the day is ended. Arthur, interviewed, said:
"I have examined their grievance carefully," he said, "and I think they ask for nothing that is not reasonable. They complain of petty annoyances from small officials, but their main objection pertains to the number of hours they are compelled to work. They have shown how the road could be run at very little additional expense and very little increase in the force by making changes here and there in the present system. In 1880 the engineers received $3.50 for eight hours work. They were asked by Mr. Winslow, under whose administration the road was conducted, to assist the company by working ten hours a day without extra pay. They agreed to do so, I think, until the following spring. If the company could pay the men $3.50 for eight hours work in 1880, it certainly could do so now, as its business has increased wonderfully. The men complain that their hours have been increased bit by bit until they sometimes work more than ten hours a day. There will always be differences between capital and labor, and these differences I am in favor of settling by arbitration. The demands of the engineers are just. The company has now refused to concede that, and the upshot of this difference will be a general strike. I have heard the men's statement. I was to have heard the company's side today, as I had received notice that Manager Haine would be ready with an answer to the men's proposition."
The refusal makes a strike certain.

SPRINGFIELD, ILL., January 6. In their annual report to the Governor for the year ending July 1, 1885, the Railroad and Warehouse Commissioners of Illinois show that the roads reported to the board representatives an increase in their capital stock of $16,530,668, making the average amount of stock per mile $28,295. The aggregate gross income amounts to $104,483,080. This amount, in comparison with the gross income for 1884, shows a decrease of $15,744,988. It is principally due to a loss of income from the freight department. An increase of $513,825 is observed in the amount of gross earnings from Illinois business. The number of roads reporting is the same as a year ago, and the increase of mileage reported is slight, few extensions having been made.
NEW YORK, January 6. Perhaps the most important railroad meeting of this year is the one which assembled here today in the office of Commissioner Fink. It is the first meeting, per agreement of the Eastern Freight Line Managers, and the result of the conference will be awaited with interest by railroad men and merchants throughout the country. The main lines connected with this prospective freight bureau are the Lake Shore and New York Central lines. These are represented at today's meeting by Presidents Newell and Hayden respectively. A line of future action will be laid out, and dates fixed for the auditing and settling of the mutual accounts.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
LITTLE ROCK, ARK., January 4. A peddler named Spaulding from Indianapolis, is reported as having been murdered in the Pineries between Harrison and Springfield, Mo. He had several hundred dollars and it is believed was murdered for his money.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
CHATTANOOGA, TENN., January 4. S. Rosenthal, wholesale liquor merchant, assigned today. Liabilities, $16,000; assets, $5,000. The creditors live in New York, Baltimore, and Cincinnati.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
CINCINNATI, OHIO, January 4. The Legislature met this morning and organized by electing the caucus nominees for Speaker of the House and President of the Senate.
Speaker Carlisle Announces the Committees in the House of Representatives.
Randall Chairman of Committee of Appropriations.
Morrison Chairman of Ways and Means Committee.
Bland Chairman of Rivers and Harbors, Springer of Claims,
King of Mississippi River.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
WASHINGTON, January 8. Speaker Carlisle yesterday afternoon announced the names of the chairmen of the following House committees:

Elections, Turner of Georgia; Appropriations, Randall of Pennsylvania; Ways and Means, Morrison of Illinois; Naval Affairs, Herbert of Alabama; Military Affairs, Bragg of Wisconsin; Foreign Affairs, Belmont of New York; Banking and Currency, Curtin of Pennsylvania; Coinage, Weights and Measures, Bland of Missouri; Rivers and Harbors, Willis of Kentucky; Labor, O'Neill of Missouri; Patents, Mitchell of Connecticut; Pacific Railways, Throckmorton of Texas; Commerce, Reagan of Texas; Public Lands, Cobb of Indiana; Judiciary, Tucker of Virginia; Indian Affairs, Wellborn, of Texas; Post-offices and Post-roads, Blount of Georgia; Claims, Springer of Illinois; Accounts, Spriggs of New York; Invalid Pensions, Matson of Indiana; Militia, Muller of New York; War Claims, Geddes of Ohio; Mississippi River, King of Louisiana; Education, Aiken of South Carolina; Pensions, Eldridge of Michigan; Private Land Claims, Halsell of Kentucky; District of Columbia, Barbour of Virginia; Reform in the Civil Service, Cox of North Carolina; American Ship Building, Dunn of Arkansas.
The following is the list of the House committees announced by Speaker Carlisle.
Ways and Means: Morrison of Illinois, Mills of Texas, Hewitt of New York, McMillan of Tennessee, Harris of Louisiana, Breckenridge of Arkansas, Maybury of Michigan, Breckenridge of Kentucky, Kelley of Pennsylvania, Hiscock of New York, Browne of Indiana, Reed of Maine, and McKinley of Ohio.
Appropriations: Randall of Pennsylvania, Ferney of Alabama, Holman of Indiana, Townshend of Illinois, Burnes of Missouri, Cabell of Virginia, Le Fevre of Ohio, Adams of New York, Wilson of West Virginia, Cannon of Illinois, Ryan of Kansas, Butterworth of Ohio, Long of Massachusetts, McComas of Maryland, and Henderson of Iowa.
Coinage, Weights and Measures: Bland of Missouri, Langham of Texas, Seymoure of Connecticut, Hemphill of South Carolina, Norwood of Georgia, Scott of Pennsylvania, McCreary of Kentucky, Bynum of Indiana, James of New York, Rockwell of Massachusetts, Little of Ohio, Felton of California, Fuller of Iowa, and Toole of Montana.
Rivers and Harbors: Willis of Kentucky, Blanchard of Louisiana, Jones of Alabama, Murphy of Iowa, Gibson of West Virginia, Stewart of Texas, Carlton of Michigan, Cutchings of Mississippi, Glover of Missouri, Henderson of Illinois, Bayne of Pennsylvania, Stone of Massachusetts, Burleigh of New York, Grosvenor of Ohio, and Markham of California.
Foreign Affairs: Belmont of New York, Clements of Georgia, Cox of North Carolina, Singleton of Mississippi, Worthington of Illinois, Daniel of Vermont, McCreary of Kentucky, Crain of Texas, Rice of Massachusetts, Waite of Connecticut, Ketcham of New York, Phelps of New Jersey, and Hitt of Illinois.
Naval Affairs: Herbert of Alabama, Hewitt of New York, Wise of Virginia, Ballentine of Tennessee, McAdoo of New Jersey, Norwood of Georgia, Love of Delaware, Sayres of Texas, Harmer of Pennsylvania, Thomas of Illinois, Goff of West Virginia, Boutelle of Maine, Buck of Connecticut.
Public Lands: Cobb of Indiana, Henley of California, Van Eaton of Mississippi, Foran of Ohio, Laffron of Kentucky, Stone of Missouri, Landis of Illinois, McRea of Arkansas, Straight of Minnesota, Anderson of Kansas, Payson of Illinois, Stephenson of Wisconsin, Jackson of Pennsylvania, Voorhees of Washington Territory.
Territories: Hill of Ohio, Springer of Illinois, Spriggs of New York, Barnes of Georgia, Sadler of Alabama, Boyle of Pennsylvania, Perry of South Carolina, Dawson of Missouri, Struble of Iowa, Baker of New York, Cooper of Ohio, Herman of Oregon, Symes of Colorado, Joseph of New Mexico.
Mines and Mining: Clardy of Missouri, O'Ferrell of Virginia, Hill of Ohio, Skinner of North Carolina, Jones of Texas, New of Tennessee, Gay of Louisiana, Barr of Mississippi, White of Minnesota, Woodburn of Nevada, Lindsley of New York, Symes of Colorado, McKenna of California, and Bean of Arizona.

Pacific Railways: Throckmorton of Texas, Crisp of Georgia, Cabell of Virginia, Dunn of Arkansas, Bliss of New York, Tillman of South Carolina, Outhwaite of Ohio, Richardson of Tennessee, Hanback of Kansas, Holmes of Iowa, Everhart of Pennsylvania, Hayden of Massachusetts, and Weber of New York.
Elections: Turner of Georgia, Lowry of Indiana, Robertson of Kentucky, Martin of Alabama, Pettibone of Tennessee, Hahn of Louisiana, Hopkins of Illinois, Dorsey of Nebraska, Boyle of Pennsylvania, Henderson of North Carolina, Green of New Jersey, Croxton of Virginia, Hall of Iowa, Payne of New York, and Ely of Massachusetts.
Commerce: Reagan of Texas, Clardy of Missouri, Crisp of Georgia, Caldwell of Tennessee, O'Ferrell of Virginia, Tarsney of Michigan, Pulitzer of New York, Bynum of Indiana, Erwin of Louisiana, O'Neill of Pennsylvania, Davis of Massachusetts, Dunham of Illinois, Weaver of Nebraska, Johnson of New York, and Morrow of California.
Judiciary: Tucker of Virginia, Hammond of Georgia, Culberson of Texas, Collins of Massachusetts. Seney of Ohio, Oates of Alabama, Eden of Illinois, Rodgers of Arkansas, Bennett of North Carolina, E. B. Taylor of Ohio, Parker of New York, Ranney of Massachusetts, Hepburn of Iowa, Steward of Vermont, and Caswell of Wisconsin.
Banking and Currency: Curtin of Pennsylvania, Miller of Texas, Candler of Georgia, Wilkins of Ohio, Arnot of New York, Snyder of West Virginia, Howard of Indiana, Hutton of Missouri, Dingley of Maine, Brumm of Pennsylvania, Adams of Illinois, Brady of Virginia, and Woodbury of Nebraska.
Agriculture: Hatch of Missouri, Aiken of South Carolina, Green of North Carolina, Winans of Michigan, Frederick of Iowa, Davidson of Alabama, Stahlnecker of New York, Morgan of Mississippi, Glass of Tennessee, White of Minnesota, Funston of Kansas, Price of Wisconsin, Hines of New Jersey, Pierce of Rhode Island, Swinburne of New York, and Gifford of Dakota.
Military Affairs: Bragg of Wisconsin, Wheeler of Alabama, Wolford of Kentucky, Ermentrout of Pennsylvania, Dargan of South Carolina, Findlay of Maryland, Viele of New York, Anderson of Ohio, Steele of Indiana, Laird of Nebraska, Cutcheon of Michigan, Fouk of Tennessee, Negley of Pennsylvania, and Carr of Wyoming.
Post-offices and Post Roads: Blount of Georgia, Ward of Indiana, Riggs of Illinois, Taylor of Tennessee, Jones of Texas, Dockery of Missouri, Warner of Ohio, Merriman of New York, Barry of Mississippi, Gingham of Pennsylvania, Wakefield of Minnesota, Burroughs of Michigan, Guenther of Wisconsin, Millard of New York, Peters of Kansas, and Caine of Utah.
Indian Affairs: Wellborn of Texas, Peel of Arkansas, Skinner of North Carolina, Storm of Pennsylvania, Felix Campbell of New York, Hale of Missouri, Allen of Mississippi, Ward of Illinois, Perkins of Kansas, Nelson of Minnesota, La Follette of Wisconsin, Sessions of New York, Allen of Massachusetts, and Halley of Idaho.
Railways and Canals: Davidson of Florida, Murphy of Iowa, Irion of Louisiana, Ellsbury of Ohio, Henderson of North Carolina, Stone of Kentucky, Cole of Maryland, Pidcock of New Jersey, Atkinson of Pennsylvania, Plumb of Illinois, Weber of New York, Vanschalck of Wisconsin, and Pierce of Rhode Island.
Manufactures: Wise of Virginia, Swope of California, LeFevre of Ohio, Wilson of West Virginia, Cutchings of Mississippi, Lawler of Illinois, Pinder of New York, Campbell of Pennsylvania, Vanschalck of Wisconsin, Hines of New Jersey.

Public Buildings and Grounds: Dibble of South Carolina, Reese of Georgia, Snyder of West Virginia, Henley of California, Wilkins of Ohio, Worthington of Illinois, Cole of Maryland, Johnson of North Carolina, Milliken of Maine, Brown of Pennsylvania, Rockwell of Massachusetts, Wade of Missouri, and Owen of Indiana.
Levees and Improvement of the Mississippi River: King of Louisiana, Rankin of Wisconsin, Van Eaton of Mississippi, Kleimer of Indiana, Dowdney of New York, McRea of Arkansas, Glass of Tennessee, Dawson of Missouri, Brown of Ohio, Whiting of Massachusetts, Morrill of Kansas, Bunnell of Pennsylvania, and Grout of Vermont.
Education: Aiken of South Carolina, Candler of Georgia, Willis of Kentucky, Curtin of Pennsylvania, Miller of Texas, Maybury of Michigan, Burns of Missouri, Mahoney of New York, Strait of Minnesota, Whiting of Massachusetts, Campbell of Pennsylvania, I. H. Taylor of Ohio, and O'Donnell of Michigan.
On Labor: O'Neill of Missouri, Foran of Ohio, Lovering of Massachusetts, Weaver of Iowa, Lawler of Illinois, Daniel of Virginia, Tarsney of Michigan, Crain of Texas, Funston of Kansas, James of New York, Haynes of New Hampshire, Bound of Pennsylvania, and Buchanan of New Jersey.
Military: Muller of New York, Forney of Alabama, McAdoo of New Jersey, Peele of Arkansas, Collins of Massachusetts, Ballentine of Tennessee, Breckenridge of Kentucky, Compton of Maryland, Hopkins of Illinois, Hayden of Massachusetts, Moffitt of Michigan, Owen of Indiana, Wade of Missouri.
Patents: Mitchell of Connecticut, Halsell of Kentucky, Townshend of Illinois, Martin of Alabama, Barnes of Georgia, Morgan of Mississippi, Fisher of Michigan, Cowles of North Carolina, Atkinson of Pennsylvania, West of New York, Lehlbach of New Jersey, Gilfillan of Minnesota, and Plumb of Illinois.
Invalid Pensions: Matson of Indiana, Winans of Michigan, Lovering of Massachusetts, Neece of Illinois, Swope of Pennsylvania, Taulbee of Kentucky, Pidcock of New Jersey, Ellsbury of Ohio, Pindar of New York, Morrill of Kansas, Haynes of New Hampshire, O'Hara of North Carolina, Sawyer of New York, Conger of Iowa, Louttit of California.
Pensions: Eldridge of Michigan, Woolford of Kentucky, Jones of Alabama, Scott of Pennsylvania, Cowles of North Carolina, Landes of Illinois, Mahoney of New York, Hutton of Missouri, Struble of Iowa, Taylor of Tennessee, Brady of Virginia, White of Pennsylvania, Thompson of Ohio.
Claims: Springer of Illinois, Muller of New York, Lanham of Texas, Shaw of Maryland, Howard of Indiana, Dougherty of Florida, Trigg of Virginia, Neal of Tennessee, Sowden of Pennsylvania, McKenna of California, Warner of Missouri, Fleeger of Pennsylvania, Buchanan of New Jersey, and Gallinger of New Hampshire.
War Claims: Geddes of Ohio, Kleimer of Indiana, Stone of Kentucky, Tim J. Campbell of New York, Richardson of Tennessee, Perry of North Carolina, Libby of Virginia, Smalls of South Carolina, Heistand of Pennsylvania, Johnston of Indiana, and Lyman of Iowa.
Private Land Claims: Halsell of Kentucky, Barksdale of Mississippi, St. Martin of Louisiana, Eldridge of Michigan, Sadler of Alabama, Croxton of Virginia, Hall of Iowa, Reid of North Carolina, Osborn of Pennsylvania, Ely of Massachusetts, Thomas of Wisconsin, Dorsey of Nebraska, and Thompson of Ohio.

District of Columbia: Barbour of Virginia, Hemphill of South Carolina, Campbell of Ohio. Dowdney of New York, Compton of Maryland, Gay of Louisiana, Ford of Indiana, Heard of Missouri, Rowell of Illinois, Wadsworth of Kentucky, Scranton of Pennsylvania, Davenport of New York, and Grout of Vermont.
Revision of the Laws: Oats of Alabama, Turner of Georgia, Adams of New York, Outhwaite of Ohio, Ford of Indiana, Laffron of Kentucky, Dougherty of Florida, Hale of Missouri, Payne of New York, Thomas of Illinois, Fuller of Georgia, Gillfillan of Minnesota, White of Pennsylvania.
Expenditures in the State Department: Bennett of North Carolina, Tillman of South Carolina, Love of Delaware, Arnot of New York, Scranton of Pennsylvania, Lyman of Iowa, Louttit of California.
Expenditures in the Treasury Department: Lowery of Indiana, Bland of Missouri, Breckenridge of Arkansas, Shaw of Maryland, Hahn of Louisiana, Bunnell of Pennsylvania, and Johnston of Indiana.
Expenditures in the War Department: Robertson of Kentucky, Wheeler of Alabama, Viele of New York, Anderson of Ohio, Johnson of New York, Warner of Missouri, and Fleeger of Pennsylvania.
Expenditures in the Navy Department: Taylor of Tennessee, Sowden of Pennsylvania, Davidson of Florida, Tim J. Campbell of New York, Rowell of Illinois, Brown of Pennsylvania, Thomas of Wisconsin.
Expenditures in the Post-office Department: Reese of Georgia, Warner of Ohio, Ward of Indiana, Davidson of Alabama, Z. Taylor of Tennessee, Herman of Oregon, Baird of Pennsylvania.
Expenditures in the Department of Justice: Gibson of West Virginia, Hammond of Georgia, Seymoure of Connecticut, Ward of Illinois, Milliken of Maine, Hanback of Kansas, and Sawyer of New York.
Expenditures in the Interior Department: Weaver of Iowa, Dargan of South Carolina, Harris of Georgia, Culberson of Texas, Brumm of Pennsylvania, Libby of Virginia, and Davenport of New York.
Expenditures on Public Buildings and Grounds: Beach of New York, O'Neill of Missouri, Seney of Ohio, Riggs of Illinois, Pettibone of Tennessee, O'Hara of North Carolina, Gallinger of New Hampshire.
An Annual Social Gathering of Buckeye Democrats
Taking a Significant Political Complexion.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.

COLUMBUS, OHIO, January 8. Prominent Democrats from all parts of the State are arriving here today in response to the call, headed by ex-Senator Allen G. Thurman, for a gathering of the Democratic clans tomorrow. Among the Buckeye Democrats January 8 is commonly known as "St. Jackson's Day," and the occasion has become one of great significance in State Democratic circles. It is the real secret conference as to the plan of the arty fight for the year following, and the occasion upon which the leaders devise their plans to aid and support one another, under the plea of getting together to do honor to "Old Hickory." The leaders can get together, hold a banquet, and make up their plans much on the same principle as characterizes the annual English political "Whitebait" dinner at Greenwich. When the celebration originated in Wooster, Wayne County, some thirty years ago, it was intended to make it merely a social affair, but of late years it has gradually drifted into a political conclave. From the tone of the call this year, it is believed that Senator Thurman and his associates have something important on hand.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
LONDON, January 8. Vereschagin, the painter of "The Resurrection" and "The Holy Family," went to Vienna to attend the trial in the suit against him for allowing photographs of his pictures to be sold without proper authorization, but he decided not to address the court, as he had at first intended. He was fine five florins. Vereschagin says that he has handed the public prosecutor a letter implicating high personages in Vienna in a conspiracy to destroy his paintings. He declares it was not the act of a madman, but the result of a plot. Up to the present he has failed to secure an opportunity to exhibit his pictures in London.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
NEW YORK, January 8. On November 29, six of the crew of the whaling schooner Mary E. Simmons were separated from their vessel by being towed in the wake of a whale which they had harpooned, and after three days exposure without food or water were picked up by a passing vessel and taken to Pernambuco, whence they came to this port on the steamer Advance, arriving yesterday.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
PARIS, January 8. The work of widening the Suez Canal is delayed owing to the refusal of the Egyptian Government to sanction a modification of the treaty so as to allow interest on the proposed loan of £8,000,000 to be paid out of the loan itself instead of from the receipts of the canal, as stipulated by the treaty.
A Good Many Important Places Filled by Missouri Members.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.

WASHINGTON, January 6. Missouri fares well in the distribution of chairmanships. It is stated on quite good authority that Mr. Dockery would have been put at the head of the Post-office Committee, but for the fact of too much having already been allotted to Missouri. As it was, he could have been chairman of the Committee of Accounts had he desired, and that would have given Missouri five chairmanships. The Ways and Means Committee is composed of Messrs. Morrison, of Illinois, Mills of Texas, Hewitt of New York, Breckenridge of Arkansas, Breckenridge of Kentucky, Harris of Georgia, McMillan of Tennessee, Maybury of Michigan, Kelley of Pennsylvania, Megan of Ohio, Hiscock of New York, Reed of Maine, and Brown of Indiana. It is strictly a committee for revenue reforms. There is no occasion to change the army of chairmanships as sent yesterday. Mr. Carlisle, when he went to the capitol yesterday morning fully expected to announce the committees, but he hesitated before the storm raised by the Randall Democrats. Mr. Morrison urged that there be no delay; but the Speaker held over until tomorrow in the hope of being able to smooth things a little. The following is the disposition made of the Missouri delegation by Speaker Carlisle. Mr. Bland is chairman of Coinage, Weights and Measures. Mr. Barnes is a member of the Appropriations, also a member of the Committee on Education. Mr. Clardy is Chairman of the Committee on Expenditures in the Interior Department, also a member of the Commerce Committee. Mr. Dawson is a member of the Committee on Territories, also a member of the Committee on Levees and Improvement of the Mississippi. Mr. Dockery is a member of the Committee on Post-offices and Post-roads, also a member of the Committee on Accounts. Mr. Glover is a member of the Committee on Rivers and Harbors. Mr. Hale is a member of the Committee on Indian Affairs. Mr. Hatch is Chairman of the Agriculture Committee. Mr. Heard is a member of the Presidential Count, also a member of the Committee on the District of Columbia. Mr. Hutton is a member of the Committee on Banking and Currency. Mr. O'Neill is Chairman of the Committee on Labor. Mr. Stone is a member of the Committee on Public Lands. Mr. Wade is a member of the Committee on Public Buildings and Grounds. Mr. Warner is a member of the Committee on Claims. Mr. Clardy has asked for a place on the Committee on Mines and Mining, in place of that on Expenditures in the Interior Department.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
ATLANTA, GA., January 4. The prohibition fight is up in two courts this morning. In the State court Judge Clarke is hearing arguments upon a mandamus nisi requiring the ordinary to show cause, why he should not hear the contest which was filed after he had declared the result; while in the United States Circuit Court, Judge Pardee, who has come from New Orleans for the purpose, is hearing arguments upon the constitutionality of the law. The brewers and saloon-keepers are determined to leave no stone unturned to defeat the purpose of the law or to postpone its going into effect.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
CHICAGO, January 4. The Special Committee appointed to arrange for the National Irish Convention on the 26th of this month met today. It is understood that they will cancel many of the orders recently issued with reference to the festivities at that time, as the actual convention has been postponed, and the meeting on the 20th will be but a delegate assembly.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
ST. LOUIS, January 4. The Master's special report ordering the foreclosure and sale of the Wabash Road was filed in the United States Circuit Court today. The sale will probably take place early in March, and the road, it is believed, will be purchased by the bondholders under the second mortgage.
Silver and Polygamy Engage the Senate's Attention.—Hoar's Amendment.
Permitting Woman Suffrage in Utah Defeated by 37 to 11.
The House Calls the States for Bills All Day.

Eight Hundred and Eighty-Two Introduced.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
WASHINGTON, January 7. The chair laid before the Senate yesterday a letter from the Postmaster General, complying with the call of the recent Senate resolution in respect to the appointment on postmasters in Maine, alleged to have been procured through the influence of S. B. Brown, Chairman of the Democratic Committee of that State. On motion of Mr. Hale the communication of the Postmaster General was referred to the Committee on Civil Service Reform. Among the bills introduced and appropriately referred were the following.
By Senator Hoar: To fix the time for the meeting of Congress. (It fixes the time for the meeting of Congress in 1886 and every second year thereafter on the first Monday in October, and in 1887 and every second year thereafter on the second Monday in November.) In introducing the bill Senator Hoar said that all must concede that the business of the country was increasing so fast that longer sessions of Congress were necessary.
Senator Gray called up Senator Beck's recent resolution of inquiry regarding the payment of customs duties in coin and the application of that coin to the purposes of the sinking fund, etc. In the debate that followed Senator McPherson took strong grounds against the resolution. On the conclusion of McPherson's remarks, Senator Brown gave notice that tomorrow he would ask to be heard on the resolution of Senator Beck.
Senator Hoar called attention to the anomalous condition of business in the Senate, there being several important bills already reported from the committees, which bills were being delayed by a silver debate which would have to be repeated when the Finance Committee should come to report a bill dealing with the coinage.
On motion of Senator Edmunds, the Senate then took up the Utah bill, the pending question being on Senator Hoar's motion to strike out the section that would disfranchise the women of Utah. A vote having been reached on the amendment, it was rejected, yeas, 11, nays, 37. The section disfranchising the women remains, therefore, part of the bill.
An amendment proposed by Senator Edmunds was agreed to, providing that marriage within, but not including the fourth degree of consanguinity, shall be deemed incestuous and punishable by imprisonment.
Senator Van Wyck offered an amendment dispensing with the Utah commission, so-called. Rejected.
Senator Morgan opposed the provision for trustees to administer the affairs of the Mormon Church. He characterized polygamy as an "offense that stinks in the nostrils of civilization," and he thought if anything was to be done about it, it should be torn up root and branch. Debate on the bill went over.
Mr. Voorhees gave notice that, on Wednesday, the 20th of January, he would call up his resolution expressing the sense of the Senate in the death of the late Vice President Hendricks.
Mr. Morgan offered a resolution, which was agreed to, directing the Committee on Indian Affairs to consider and report whether a wise policy in the civilization of the Indians required the establishment of a school west of the Mississippi River, based on the principle of military enlistment, instruction, and discipline of Indian youths, with a view to qualifying them for service in the United States army.

Mr. Hoar asked and obtained unanimous consent to have the United States Judicial Salary bill stand over as unfinished business until Monday next at two o'clock.
Mr. Blair, from the Committee on Education and Labor, reported favorably a bill to aid in the establishment of common schools—the same as the bill that passed the Senate last Congress. The Senate adjourned.
The call of States for the Introduction of bills and resolutions in the House yesterday was resumed, and the following were introduced and referred.
By Mr. Seney, of Ohio: To repeal the civil service act; also, to make shareholders in national banks individually liable for the bank's liabilities; also, to retire the trade dollar; also, to regulate the removal of causes from State to Federal Courts.
By Mr. E. B. Taylor, of Ohio: To restore the rates of duty on imported wool.
By Mr. Hill, of Ohio: For the restoration of wages in the Government printing office.
By Mr. Little, of Ohio: Requiring national banking associations to keep three-fourths of their required resources in coin of unlimited legal tender, at least two-fifths of which coin shall be silver.
By Mr. Herman, of Oregon: To place General Rufus Ingalls on the retired list; also fixing the salary of United States District Judges at $5,000 per annum.
By Mr. Kelley, of Pennsylvania: For the further limitation of the coinage of the silver dollar. (This is identical with the bill introduced by Mr. Kelley in the Forty-eighth Congress.)
By Mr. Brumm, of Pennsylvania: To retire national bank notes and substitute therefor Treasury notes; also to facilitate the payment of the public debt, and provide a uniform paper circulation.
By Mr. Bayne, of Pennsylvania: Proposing a constitutional amendment providing for the election of certain United States officers by the people; also repealing the internal revenue tax on tobacco; also for the purchase of condemnation of the works of the Monongahela Navigation Company; also to protect public works against trespass or injury. This bill was prepared by the engineer corps, and was intended to protect Government works on rivers and harbors from injury. Also for the retirement of General Alfred Pleasanton.
By Mr. Bingham, of Pennsylvania: For extending the letter carriers' service to cities of 10,000 inhabitants. Also, prohibiting the mailing of any newspaper or publication containing lottery advertisements. Also, to provide for the establishment of a postal telegraph system.
By Mr. Curtin, of Pennsylvania: To equalize the pensions of all utterly helpless pensioned soldiers.
By Mr. O'Neill, of Pennsylvania: For the preliminary survey of a ship canal to connect the Delaware River near Camden with the Atlantic Ocean. Also, the following:

Resolved, By the House of Representatives, That inasmuch as the business interests of the whole country are adverse to any reduction of the tariff on goods of foreign manufacture, and are recording their protests against a policy which they believe, if carried into operation, would result injuriously to all the people of the United States, it is the sense of this house that it would be inexpedient, unwise, and harmful to the laboring and business interests of the country to attempt a revision of the tariff having for its object a further reduction of the duties on goods, ware, and merchandise of foreign manufacture and which, owing to the low price of labor in Europe, enter into injurious competition with the products of American labor and capital.
By Mr. Evans, of Pennsylvania: To suspend the coinage of the silver dollar, and also to promote peace among nations by the establishment of an international tribunal.
By Mr. Storm, of Pennsylvania: For the retirement of the trade dollar.
By Mr. Negley, of Pennsylvania: For the relief of the merchant marine of the United States engaged in foreign trade. Also authorizing the Secretary of War to make contracts with responsible manufacturers, located on convenient railway lines and water transportation, for the supply of rough-bored, rough-turned, and tempered steel, for the fabrication of improved ordnance, adapted to modern warfare, and to contract for the erection at Pittsburgh of a gun factory, at a cost not exceeding $1,000,000.
By Mr. Randall, of Pennsylvania: Providing for the filling of vacancies in the office of President and Vice President. Also, limiting the time within which claims against the United States may be filed and prosecuted. Also, proposing a constitutional amendment, giving the President power to veto specific items in appropriation bills.
By Mr. Harmer, of Pennsylvania: To promote the efficiency of the army. Also, granting a gratuity to persons having served faithfully for twenty-five years in the postal service, or who after ten years' service shall become physically or mentally disabled.
By Mr. Tillman, of South Carolina, for the free coinage of the silver dollar.
By Mr. Caldwell, of Pennsylvania: To devote the proceeds of the sales of public lands to educational purposes.
By Mr. Mills, of Texas: Directing the Secretary of the Treasury to call $50,000,000 three per cent bonds and pay them in coin of standard value, as is specified in said bonds. Also, requesting the President to give notice of the termination of the convention of 1875 with the King of Hawaiian islands.
By Mr. Reagan, of Texas: To regulate Inter-State commerce. Also, to incorporate the Atlantic & Pacific Ship Railway Company. (This is the Eads bill.) Also, to provide for the issue of silver certificates on the deposit of standard silver dollars.
By Mr. Culberson, of Texas: To pay out of the surplus money in the Treasury the matured obligations of the Government. Also, to prevent contraction of the currency. (This is the same bill introduced by Mr. Culberson last session.)
By Mr. Miller, of Texas: To establish a national live stock highway.
By Mr. Stewart, of Texas: To carry into operation the convention between the United States and Mexico. Also, to authorize a retired list for privates and non-commissioned officers of the army.
By Mr. Wise, of Virginia: Calling on the Secretary of State for copies of the Kelley correspondence.
By Mr. Brady, of Virginia: For the removal of all political disabilities.
Bills were introduced for the erection of public buildings at the following places: Zanesville, Hamilton, Dayton, Portsmouth, and Mansfield, Ohio; Rosebury, Oregon City, and Portland, Oregon; Alleghany, Pennsylvania; and San Antonio, El Paso, Jefferson, Texarkana, Houston, and Brownsville, Texas.

Before the conclusion of the call, the House adjourned. There were 882 bills introduced during the day.
The Late King of Spain's Mistress Puts in a Claim for Herself and Boy.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
MADRID, January 7. A scandal growing out of the irregular amours of the late King Alfonso, which was winked at during his life, and was suppressed by common consent after his death, is now giving trouble to his executors. The young King is said to have had many affairs of gallantry with various kinds of ladies, especially during the period in 1878-79 intervening between the death of Mercedes and his marriages to Queen Christian. It was at this time when the royal widower was not yet twenty-one years old that he met the Senorita Borghi, who was then a singer of light roles in the theater De La Zaruelu, the opera comique of Madrid. The King's patronage obtained for her a splendid engagement at the Theater Real, and she soon became the rage among the young bloods of Madrid. King Alfonso had hitherto only visited the senorita occasionally, but he became annoyed at her swarm of admirers and established her in a small castle near Madrid and became her sole protector. A few months later he was married to the Archduchess Maria Christina, of Austria, and his visits to the Borghi castle became less frequent. Senorita Borghi has a child of which she claims King Alfonso was the father. The child is a boy, and is several months older than the baby Queen, Mercedes. If he had been born in wedlock, the question of the Spanish succession would speedily be settled in his favor. The Senorita does not claim that the boy is legitimate, but she is making a stout fight in his behalf. She has sued the King's executors for the maintenance of herself and son in suitable state, and she produces various documents in which King Alfonso promised to give her the castle in which she lived, and to make suitable provisions for herself and child in any event. The executors say that the child's claim is baseless, and that the pretended letters from Alfonso are forgeries. It is probable, however, that the matter will be privately compromised to avoid a posthumous scandal affecting the King of Spain.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
WASHINGTON, January 7. Missouri members are receiving petitions in such numbers and of such length as to create the impression that the State is being quite thoroughly worked. The petitions all alike demand continued coinage of silver, the issue of silver certificates in small denominations, and the reissue of legal tender notes. The fifth demand is most remarkable. It reads as follows: "We demand that Congress authorize and instruct the Secretary of the Treasury, under proper restrictions, to issue and loan directly to our people, especially to farmers, such sums of legal tender currency as may be required to relieve them from the unbearable burden of debt now resting upon them on the same time and terms as the law now enables the National banks to obtain currency, the same to be secured by mortgage or trust deed upon real estate worth 50 per cent more than the amount of such loans."
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.

MACON, MO., January 7. R. C. Cheever, a farmer, living three miles southeast of Macon, suicided yesterday at two o'clock p.m. He had been in bad health for some time. Yesterday he told his wife he was going out to be gone a short time. In a few moments she heard the report of a gun and rushed out, finding him in an out house dead. He had killed himself with a musket heavily loaded with shot.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
PHILADELPHIA, PA., January 7. About two years ago the residence of a number of prominent men in Bordentown, N. J., were entered and robbed. Thomas Moran, a track walker on the Pennsylvania Railroad, discovered the plunder hidden under a pile of railroad ties and upon his evidence two thieves were sent for short terms to the State prison. After their sentence they told Moran that they would get square with him. Yesterday afternoon his dead body was found in the canal close to the line of the railroad near the scene of the murder. The tracks of Moran and the murderers are clearly marked in the mud. They indicate that he was pursued for some fifty yards, then overtaken and killed by two shots, one glancing the forehead lengthwise and the other penetrating the neck and severing the carotid artery. The body was then thrown into the canal head foremost with the legs resting on the bank. A Frenchman was arrested at Trenton last night, who is suspected of being the murderer. At the scene of the tragedy, a cloth covered coat button was picked up, which may serve the authorities to discover the criminal.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
SAN ANTONIO, TEXAS, January 7. Sheriff Kinney, of La Salle County, is now preparing the scaffold on which Jose Maria Mendiola is to be hung on the 15th instant at Cotulla. Mendiola says he is ready to go as soon as the Sheriff says the word and refused to be interviewed or make any confession concerning his murder of G. W. Hodges. All he will say is that he wants to smoke a cigar just before he is hung. He has the appearance of a cowardly coyote, more than a species of humanity, and walks around in his cell whistling with as much unconcern as if he could walk out if so desired. The murder was most foul and unprovoked, and there will be no regrets expressed for him in that section when his neck is broken.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.

LITTLE ROCK, January 7. Information was received from Locksburg, Little River County, this State, which says that yesterday morning Sheriff Weller and Deputy Park arrested Richard Ashton on an indictment from Clark County charging him with assault with intent to kill. Ashton went to Locksburg a few weeks ago and had been working for Alexander Wofford since, living on his place. He says the difficulty occurred about a year ago. He and another man were playing cards and got into a difficulty over the deal when he shot him three times. He was placed in jail to await the arrival of officers from Clark County.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.

NASHVILLE, TENN., January 7. Considerable excitement prevails at Juno, Henderson County, on account of a war between the temperance and whiskey factions. Application was recently made under the four-mile law for a charter for a school at Sand Hill, three miles from Juno. A notice was posted at the schoolhouse by unknown persons that if application was granted, the building would be burned. The temperance people renewed their efforts to secure a charter and the school was destroyed by fire. Notice has also been given that other buildings will go the same way.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
OCONEE, ILL., January 7. Jacob Batton, of this place, a young man about twenty-three years of age, was arrested here this morning, by Sheriff Allen, of Clinton County, Ill., charged with stealing a horse and buggy at Centralia last September during the soldiers' reunion at that place. The Sheriff claims that the proof is positive against Batton. Several other parties here are supposed to be connected with him in the same business and it is probable that they will be arrested shortly for the same offense.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
FT. SMITH, ARK., January 7. Another big batch of United States prisoners from the Indian Territory left here today for the House of Correction at Detroit. They have been convicted at the present term of court of various crimes, among others introducing and selling whiskey in the Indian Territory, larceny, assault with intent to kill, and manslaughter.
Provisions of Scott's Silver Bill.
A Place in Store for General McClernand.
A Land Office Decision Affecting 2,500,000 Acres.
Apache Outrages.
Joseph's Bill to Authorize a Volunteer Company.
Postal Bills.—Direct Taxation.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
WASHINGTON, January 7. Mr. Scott, of Pennsylvania, has introduced a bill to regulate the coinage of the standard silver dollar. It repeals all that part of the act of February 28, 1878, which authorizes the Secretary of the Treasury to purchase not less than $2,000,000 worth of silver bullion per month and cause the same to be coined. It provides that whenever the standard silver dollars now in the Territory shall be reduced in amount to $20,000,000, the Secretary of the Treasury shall set that sum aside in a specified sum to be known as the silver coinage adjustment fund. If by payments on lawful demands made on that sum, the amount thereof on the last day of any month shall be reduced below that amount, the Secretary is authorized to coin in the following month sufficient silver dollars to bring the amount up to $20,000,000 and to coin as many silver dollars in every month as shall be necessary to restore the f und to $20,000,000 provided it shall have been reduced below that fund in the month immediately preceding. He is also authorized to purchase from time to time at the market price silver bullion in such quantities as shall enable him to carry out the provisions of the act. It appropriates a sufficient sum to carry out its provisions.

WASHINGTON, January 7. Some months ago Mr. Tilden wrote a letter to the President in which he stated that while he had no favors to ask of the administration, yet he was especially desirous that General McClernand, of Springfield, Illinois, should be provided for. Referring to this matter this morning, the President said that he had not lost sight of General McClernand nor forgotten Mr. Tilden's request, and he further said that his present determination was to appoint General McClernand to the Presidency of the Utah Commission, in place of Governor Ramsey, of Minnesota, the present incumbent, who has signified his willingness to retire whenever it may suit the pleasure of the President.
WASHINGTON, January 7. Land Commissioner Sparks has made a decision affecting a grant of lands within the conflicting limits of the Atlantic & Pacific, and the branch line of the Southern Pacific Railroads in California, holding that the latter company has no legal claim to the land embraced within the indemnity belt of the former. The decision is based upon the provision in the granting act of the Southern Pacific Road that "it shall in no way affect or impair the right, present or prospective, of the Atlantic & Pacific Railroad Company, or any other railroad company." The Commissioner holds that the right to indemnity was a prospective right, and although the Southern Pacific constructed its roads and the Atlantic & Pacific has not, still the lands not being granted to the Southern Pacific, that company can have no right to them. This decision affects odd numbered sections with an area of 8,000 square miles, or about 2,500,000 acres.
WASHINGTON, January 7. Delegate Joseph, of New Mexico, will introduce in the House a bill to provide for the organization of a regiment of volunteers in New Mexico and Arizona for the purpose of suppressing outrages on settlers committed by the hostile Indians. Each company shall be composed of thirty native Mexicans, ten Americans, and ten Pueblo Indians. They shall each be mounted and furnished with two native horses or Indian ponies and armed with weapons suitable to Indian warfare. Each private shall receive $50 per month and the officers shall receive the amounts allowed for such officers in the regular army. All officers and privates shall be mustered in, subject to and with the benefit of all pension laws of the United States now in force, both as to themselves and their wives, children, and dependent relatives. For the purpose of carrying this act into effect, the sum of $500,000 is appropriated, to be immediately available.

WASHINGTON, January 7. Mr. Seney, of Ohio, has introduced a bill in the House to amend the revised statutes relating to letter carriers so as to authorize the employment of one letter carrier in each town where the gross postal revenues are more than $7,000 and less than $10,000 per annum. Where the receipts exceed $10,000, the Postmaster General is to designate the number of carriers to be employed. The bill introduced by Mr. Hill, of Ohio, to provide for the construction of post-offices in the United States authorizes the Postmaster General to construct fire-proof post-office buildings in all third class. The cost of the buildings is not to exceed $30,000 in towns of the second class and $15,000 in towns of the third class, the buildings to be of uniform size and constructed under the direction of a chief architect of the Post-office Department.

WASHINGTON, January 7. The bill introduced by Mr. Ermentrout, of Pennsylvania, reducing the penal sum of the bond required from persons engaged in the manufacture of cigars, allows the Collector of Internal Revenue to fix the bond at no less than $100, with an addition of $10 for each person proposed to be employed by the manufacturer. Mr. Regan proposed a constitutional amendment striking out the constitutional prohibition against direct taxation and providing that direct taxes when levied by the United States shall be apportioned between the States on the basis of the value of property, and the States shall have the right to collect the same by their own officers, and from subject of taxation provided by their own laws.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
LONDON, January 8. A dispatch to the Daily News from Constantinople says that the financial difficulties of the Turkish Government are increasing. The soldiers are clamoring for their pay, and it is proposed to issue paper money.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
LONDON, January 7. Michael Davitt has promised to visit Wales in February, for the purpose of assisting in an agrarian agitation and aiding in the formation of a Welsh land league.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
A wreck occurred on the Chesapeake & Ohio Road at Stretchers Neck tunnel, near Hinton, West Virginia, recently, by which three men were killed and three officers wounded. The men were raising the track in the tunnel when a freight train entered and was derailed, piling the cars in confusion.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
LAMAR, Mo., January 4. The early risers yesterday morning in our usually quiet city were surprised to hear that during the night, the wife of Mr. C. Vappell, Jr., had committed suicide by drowning in a well at the stable. The facts as near as can be learned are that the woman, who was a very estimable lady, had been grieving for some time over the death of her youngest child, a baby about six months old, but nothing serious was thought of her actions. Last evening while her husband was down town with his father, she left her two children with her mother-in-law and stepped out of doors. Not returning by nine o'clock, and her husband coming home then, began inquiring of the neighbors. No trace being found of her, the city marshal and night watch were summoned, and these with the neighbors searched diligently for her until twelve o'clock, when Harry Hall discovered her body floating in the well where it is supposed it had been about three hours. When the act was performed, she certainly was laboring under temporary insanity as she had torn every shred of her garments off except her shoes and stockings, and threw them in the well. The husband has the sympathy of the city. She left no word or note staking the cause of the suicide.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
WALNUT RIDGE, ARK., January 4. A most unfortunate affair occurred at this place yesterday between John Scott and Frank Israel, It seems the two men had been having some trouble and having met in the drug store of Mr. Sexton, from words they came to blow. Mr. Sexton attempted to separate them when Israel knocked him down with his club. The druggist rose with a knife and cut Israel across the abdomen, inflicting a dangerous wound. It is thought Israel will die. Mr. Sexton was arrested and gave bond.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
DODGE CITY, KAN., January 4. The examination of Mayor Wright, of this city, for a felonious assault upon one M. M. Sutton, was begun before Judge Strong this morning. The case has created intense interest throughout this section, as the details of the charge are not yet known. The defendant is represented by the best attorneys in the State.
General Sheridan Figures Out the Indian Problem by Simple Division.
He Would Divide the Lands in Severalty and Establish a Relief Fund.
Immense Tracts of Land Occupied by a Few Savages.
Almost a Square Mile Per Head.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
WASHINGTON, January 4. In response to a request for additional information explanatory of the recommendations in his last annual report in regard to the Indian question, Lieutenant General Sheridan has written the following statement.
"In my annual report for 1885, I recommended that each Indian family be given and located upon 320 acres now provided for them by law in the course of actual settlement; that the Government then condemn the remainder of each reservation and buy it in at $1.25 per acre and with the proceeds purchase Government bonds to be held in trust by the Interior Department, giving to the Indians each year the interest on the bonds for their support. I cited in illustration of what would be the practical workings of this suggestion, the case of the Crows, the Cheyennes, and Arapahos and the Utes, but the limits of my report did not permit a full recitation of the advantages that would accrue to the Indian, nor any allusion to the large amount of

that would thereby be opened to settlement and increase by so much the material prospects of the nation. When it is attempted to deal with this subject more in detail, a difficulty is at once encountered in that neither the actual area of the various reservations has been actually determined nor the population of the Indians occupying them known within approximate limits. It will, therefore, not be possible to show the exact working of the method proposed, but a general summary covering the cases of the larger reservations in each territory and the most populous of the different tribes. Since the appropriations for the support of the Indians are not in every case made specially for those upon any particular reservation, but rather collectively for those inhabiting some State or Territory, in making comparisons with the sum now required for the subsistence of the Indians and the annuities allowed them by treaty, the aggregate for a Territory or for several Territories has necessarily been considered rather than for each tribe or reservation. In Dakota the
are the Fort Berthold and those inhabited by the various bands of Sioux. The Fort Berthold reservation, with an area of over 2,900,000 acres, has a population of 1,300 people; the others, an area of nearly 22,000,000 acres and a population of about 25,800. Carrying out the proposals of my report would, in the former case, afford an annual income of over $140,000 and in the latter case a surplus unoccupied by the Indians of over 20,500,000 acres, or an extent of territory equal to the combined area of the States of New Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts, and Connecticut; the proceeds of which at four per cent per annum would yield an interest of over $1,000,000. On two of the smaller reservations—the Devil's Lake and South Mountain, area 276,840, population over 1,800—nearly half the land would be required by the Indians. In this case then the income from the surplus would be small, being a little less than $8,000 per annum. In Montana the Blackfeet reservation contains over 21,500,000 acres and a population of less than 7,000 Indians. The surplus land, equal to the area of the State of Maine, would then return an income of $1,060,000. The Crow reservation, mentioned in my report, could in a similar manner be made to produce an annual sum of $223,000.
"Considering all the Indians and reservations in the Territories of Dakota and Montana, we have an aggregate area of over 54,000,000 acres and a population of less than 45,000. The surplus area of nearly 811,000 square miles would produce an annual interest of over $2,500,000. The appropriations for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1884, for fulfilling treaties with these tribes and for their subsistence and civilization and the pay of the employees incident to such undertaking amount to about $10,000 less than this sum. In Wyoming the Shoshones are located upon the Wind River reservation. One hundred and seventeen thousand dollars per year could be realized from that surplus land. In Idaho the Fort Hall Reservation, occupied by the Bannocks and Shoshones, would in the same way produce each year $55,000, and the Coeur D'Alene Reservation, $28,000. In these two territories of Wyoming and Idaho, the total area of the reservations are nearly 5,000,000 acres, and the total population nearly 6,000. An area of nearly 7,200 square miles—almost equal to the State of New Jersey—would not be required for the Indians, and an income would be yielded of about $235,000, a sum more than $100,000 in excess of the appropriation for the current year. In Oregon the most populous reservation is the Klamath, with

but less than 1,000 inhabitants. It would yield nearly $50,000 a year. In Washington Territory the Yakimas, about 3,200 in number, occupy the reservation of 800,000 acres of the same name. Here the surplus land would bear but $30,000 a year. In this State and Territory the reservation, with a total population of about 16,000, embraces 8,400,000 acres, or about seven and one-half million acres more than would be required by them under the plan proposed, which would produce per annum $370,000, or about $300,000 more than is appropriated for these Indians. The different bands of Utes in Utah and Colorado number about 3,650 and their reservations include over 5,000,000 acres, of which the surplus portion would produce a yearly income of about $240,000, or about $175,000 more than is being disbursed this year for their benefit. In New Mexico the Navajos on the reservation of the same name have now 8,000,000 acres for a population of 23,000 people. Here the surplus land would yield over $350,000 a year. For the surplus lands of the Mescalero Apaches' reservation, the income would be nearly $20,000. In Arizona the principal reservation is the White Mountain, with the agency at San Carlos. It embraces more than 2,500,000 acres. Considerable uncertainty exists as to its population, but it is probably about 3,000 in the vicinity of the agency, and 20,000 more who have removed into the northern part, and are now engaged in farming and in efforts to make themselves self-supporting. The latter would, however, be entitled to all the benefits obtained by the agency Indians in any scheme looking to the promotion of the general prosperity.
"Carrying out the proposals of my report would leave a balance of considerably over 2,000,000 acres with, according to the plan, about $110,000 per year.
"Considering collectively the Indians of New Mexico and Arizona, we have reservations embracing 16,500,000 acres inhabited by nearly 53,000 people. The surplus land would included about 13,750,000 of acres, which would yield according to the plan proposed, nearly $640,000—a sum greater by $350,000 than that appropriated for the current year for the support of these Indians. In the Indian Territory the Cheyennes and Arapaho, the Kiowa and Comanche, and the Wichita reservations embrace over 8,000,000 acres. The population is about 7,750. The income from the surplus land would come within $75,000 of equaling the amount appropriated. Considering all the Indians, we have a total population of nearly 80,000, and an extent of reservation of 13,500,000 acres, which would produce an annual income of about $1,333,000. The Indian reservations of the United States contain about 200,000 square miles; their population is about 260,000. Twenty-six thousand square miles would locate each family upon a half section of land, leaving a surplus of about 170,000 square miles, which according to the plan I have proposed would produce annually $4,480,000. This amount exceeds by about $6,600,000 the entire sum appropriated for the payment of their annuities and for their subsistence and civilization. The policy advocated in my report would be most advantageously applied gradually, the general government of the Indians being continued according to the methods now in vogue or such improvement of them as time and experience may suggest. The ultimate development of the suggested policy would, as the Indians advance in civilization and intelligence, result in the return to them of the principal derived from the sale of their lands which, until such measures were authorized by act of Congress, would be held as a trust for their benefit and the income supplied to their support."
A Pointed Question Leads a Church Session Into Hostilities.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.

LITTLE ROCK, ARK., January 7. The Missionary Baptist Church in Asby township was the scene yesterday of a disgraceful row. The congregation is composed of colored people with four deacons: Thomas S. Snowden, John Harris, G. W. Stout, and Zack Battle. The wife of Deacon Snowden was charged with loving one of the other deacons and was placed on trial. Deacon John Harris was regarded as the senior deacon, whose duty it was to question the witnesses, prosecuting the case for the church. Deacon Snowden, the husband of the accused, was present. Deacon Harris put a question that offended Deacon Snowden, when suddenly Snowden arose, saying: "I'll be if dis thing hain't got fur enough. I won't have my wife 'sposed dis way. Take dat, Deacon Harris, fur yer useless lip in dis matter." Deacon Harris at that time fell sprawling upon the floor; having received a heavy blow in the mouth, which loosened his teeth and made the blood flow freely. A general hand-to-hand fight followed. The other two deacons assisted Snowden in giving Harris a severe beating. Several of the parties were found to be seriously injured.
The Split in Odd Fellowship by the Expulsion of the Patriarchs.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
CHICAGO, January 7. The civil war between the Patriarchal Circle and the Independent Order of Odd Fellows is now on in full earnest. It will be remembered that the Sovereign Grand Lodge at its meeting in Baltimore last summer decided that all Odd Fellows should withdraw from the Circle or be expelled from the order. January 1st was the date decided upon as the limit of time to be allowed for obedience to this mandate, and it is reported that a large number of Odd Fellows have severed their connection with the order rather than submit. Among these is Peter Van Vechten, of Milwaukee, who has been an Odd Fellow for thirty-four years and has held almost every office in the gift of the order. A new Patriarchal Circle with fifty members is to be organized in that city next week and still another is to be brought into existence in Chicago. With last reports the various State lodges had not commenced to enforce the mandate, but expulsions on a wholesale scale are expected during the next three weeks.
A Life Lost and Two or Three Persons
Wounded by an Explosion at Webb City, Missouri.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
WEBB CITY, Mo., January 7. At Joe Rosenthal's mines, on the Walker tract one mile southeast of town, the boiler exploded yesterday morning, injuring four men. Ex-County Judge James H. Cook received a fracture of the skull over and back of the left ear. He died within an hour. Joe Rosenthal received a slight fracture of the skull over the left eye, an ugly wound in the neck, and the right side was scalded. L. A. Mobley had his right leg broken near the hip. He received several other bruises, and was badly scalded. G. W. Mobley, brother of L. A. Mobley, was slightly scalded and has a few minor bruises. At present Joe Rosenthal and L. A. Mobley's wounds are not considered fatal. The explosion was caused by the imperfect construction of the boiler. The boiler house was completely wrecked, while the main body of the boiler was only slightly damaged, but blown to the rear over a hundred yards.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.

BUFFALO, N. Y., January 7. A meeting of prominent tobacco growers and dealers was held here today. All the New England States were represented, as well as New York, Pennsylvania, and Wisconsin. The conference agreed upon three propositions: First, to ask Congress to levy a proper duty upon a whole bale of tobacco, not exempting any portion thereof; second, to cause the duty on unstemmed tobacco to be fixed at $1.50, and stemmed at $2; third, that the standard of taxation should be upon wrappers.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
LONDON, January 7. Advices from Warsaw say that forty persons have been arrested there on a charge of being implicated in Nihilistic conspiracies. An unsuccessful attempt was made recently to murder two police spies. The official investigation which followed these attempted assassinations led to the arrests that have just been made. The majority of the alleged conspirators are Russians and are of good social rank.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
INDIANAPOLIS, IND., January 7. The Delegate State Board of Agriculture opened its session in the State Agricultural Rooms this morning. Papers on various subjects pertaining to agriculture are being read. Premiums for the best exhibits of corn and wheat will be awarded tomorrow. The meeting is proving an eminent success, and fully a thousand persons are in attendance from all parts of this and neighboring States.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
DENVER, January 7. A storm of unusual violence prevails in the mountains. The blockades on the railroads are the worse known for years. At towns in Northern Colorado, the thermometer varies from twenty to thirty degrees below zero. The intensely cold weather was accompanied by high winds blowing from the north. The zero laden winds blowing east and striking the warmer atmosphere caused a heavy snow fall in Kansas.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
CHICAGO, January 7. Early this morning Gus Reeba, a clerk at John Bartlet's tenant lodging house, at No. 217 State street, was fatally shot by a cripple known as "Peggy" Train. The latter called at the house last night and paid for a bed, but being drunk and disorderly, was turned out. This morning he returned and demanded his money. On being refused he drew a pistol and fired at Reeba, who fell down fatally wounded. "Peggy" has been arrested.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
DES MOINES, IA., January 7. Judge Seward Smith, whose symptoms of insanity were mentioned recently, was adjudged insane by a legally appointed commission, and he was taken to the asylum at Mount Pleasant. His malady has none of the symptoms of an incurable character and it is believed that his confinement will be very brief.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
GALVESTON, TEX., January 7. At an auction sale yesterday the ranch of the deceased Earl of Aylesford was bought by the Earl's youngest brother.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.

The latest, though entirely expected, chapter in the famous Hill-Sharon divorce case, was the announced marriage of the fair plaintiff, Sarah Althea Hill, to one of her counsel, Judge David Terry, of Stockton, famous in California as having killed Senator Broderick in a duel some years ago.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
AUBURN, NEB., January 4. A sudden change in the weather took place here early yesterday morning, and winter has fairly set in. It began snowing at daylight and continued unceasingly until three o'clock in the afternoon. A stiff breeze is blowing from the north, which increases the severity of the cold. Advices from Northern Nebraska have been received saying that a blizzard is prevailing in that part of the State and no doubt its effects will be felt here for a few days. Owing to the recent rains and the severe cold following, the roads are in a terrible condition and travel by wagon is almost impossible.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
COLBY, VIA OAKLEY, KAN., January 4. One of the worst snow storms of the season is prevailing in Western Kansas. About eight inches of snow has fallen accompanied by a high wind, drifting the snow in great heaps. On account of the fury of the storm, all travel has ceased. Settlers generally are all supplied with feed for stock. A great deal of rain and snow has fallen in Thomas County in the last three weeks.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
WASHINGTON, January 4. The committee selected by the Secretaries of War and Navy, consisting of General Hazen of the army and Lieutenant Reeder and Commander Hoff of the navy to report upon a more desirable code of signals for the United States, has held several meetings the past week. It was agreed to procure the different codes now used by the different Governments of the world and to instruct a certain number of the men at Fort Mier in the use of each of them. When sufficient time has elapsed, the committee will hold a sort of competitive examination to ascertain which power in their estimation has the best system. It will then be the duty of the three officers to endeavor to devise one better than that selected at the trial. Their report will be submitted to the Secretary, who in turn will submit it to Congress for action. By this course it is hoped that a simplified and improved code of signals will be produced to be used in both the naval and military services.
Work Impending in Congress.
Not Much Expected for the Week.
The Government Financial Exhibit for December.
Increase of Debt: $9,089,940.
A Correspondent Gives the Views of President Cleveland
On the Silver and Other Questions.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.

WASHINGTON, January 4. But little visible work is expected of Congress this week. So far the Senate Committees have had no regular meetings and nothing has been done with the Presidential nominations except references and everything awaits the committees' work. When Congress reassembles the resolution affecting the Dakota statehood will come up as unfinished business in the Senate or will be reported in another form from another committee. Mr. Harrison expects to talk some time upon the question combating the Butler resolution, which inquires if the statehood movement is not revolutionary and against good order; and as the matter will come up from day to day, others will speak, and it is not likely that the resolution will be disposed of before the end of the week. It is reported that Senator Beck will renew his opposition to the proposition to suspend the silver coinage and the general financial policy so far as outlined by the Administration, but the report has not been confirmed. By the middle of the week, it is thought the committees will begin reporting nominations, so that much of the time will be consumed by executive sessions to make confirmations. It is probable that Speaker Carlisle will announce the committees as soon as the House meets, so as to give the chairman an opportunity to arrange for work. Then the call of the States for the introduction of bills will be returned as unfinished business. This will likely not be completed until Wednesday, when the House, it is believed, will take a recess until the following Monday. There will not be much accomplished except by the committees, there being nothing on the Speaker's table for immediate consideration. There may, however, be some resolutions sprung upon the House which will occupy the time. Speaker Carlisle has about completed the committees and expects to announce them to the House Tuesday. While he has endeavored to meet the wishes of the older and more prominent members, there will be some disappointments. It is said that Mr. Willis, of Kentucky, is an aspirant for the chairmanship of the Committee on Labor, which is being sought by old members, as it promises to be one of the most important during the present Congress.
[I skipped the "public debt statement" for the month of December.]
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
NEW YORK, January 4. A World correspondent in an interview with President Cleveland yesterday asked how he regarded Senator Beck's speech upon the tariff. The answer was, "My own personal idea about that is that the only practical way to pass a bill would be to have the proper committees charged with the work take up the subject in a business fashion, and modify the present law in such a way as to help poor people who labor, and to take away needless protection from the few who have grown inordinately rich at the expense of the many." Referring to the subject of the consideration by the Senate of his appointments, the President said: "I have made no hasty selection of officers, but on the contrary have given very much time and investigation to the subject, appreciating that very much depends on the personnel of the Government. Possibly I may have erred in some instances, but I am sure they are few, and I have every evidence that the country is satisfied with the new officials. I have no knowledge as to what course the Senate will pursue, but I have no idea that it will assume to interfere with the prerogatives of the President. I have my duties and it has its duties. One thing I do not believe, and that is that the United States Senate will spend its time in listening to the petty criticisms of Appointees which come from disappointed applicants for office."

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
Twenty-five Poles were excommunicated from St. Procop's Church, Cleveland, Ohio, recently. They threatened a disturbance, but were overawed by the police.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
LITTLE ROCK, ARK., January 4. An Indian Territory special says that an attempt is being made by a number of leading Cherokees to set aside the lease of the tract of land known as the Cherokee outland [outlet] to a syndicate of cattlemen. The land embraced more than six million acres and includes all the unoccupied lands of the Cherokee Nation lying west of the Arkansas River. The lease was made in July, 1883, by an act of the Cherokee Council which directed Chief Bushyhead to let the land in question for a term of five years at a rental of $100,000 per year, the money to be divided per capita among the Cherokee people. The lessees are prominent Western stockmen. It is claimed that the bill authorizing the lease was railroaded through the Council; that the Cherokee speaking members did not understand it, and that the consideration was too small. The Cherokees who oppose it hope to obtain an investigation by a Congressional committee as to the means used in securing the lease, in which event they are confident it will be abrogated.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
WASHINGTON, January 4. The case of the Eastern band of Cherokees against the Western band of Cherokees, claiming a division of moneys arising from the sale of Cherokee land is at the head of the Supreme Court calendar, and will come under hearing tomorrow. Colonel William A. Phillips is counsel for the Western band, and Ex-Governor Crawford and Colonel Gilpatrick of Leavenworth appear for the Eastern claimants.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
ST. LOUIS, January 4. The trial of Hugh M. Brooks, alias Maxwell, is set for next month, but a continuance will probably be asked by the defense. There will be some sensational developments, as the prosecution will produce numerous witnesses, including a woman from San Franciso whom he came near shooting when she entered his room after a short absence, he thinking she was an officer; also the photographer from Toronto, Canada, who took Preller's picture.
A Disputed Right of Way to Michigan
Cutting and Filling.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.

HOWELL, MICH., January 5. For some time there has been a dispute between the Toledo, Ann Arbor & Northern Michigan and Detroit, Lansing & Northern Railroads about the right of the former road to cross the latter's track in extending its line. The case was brought into court and an appeal is now pending. Yesterday morning a force of about one hundred and fifty Toledo, Ann Arbor & Northern Michigan employees was taken to the point of the projected crossing and began the work of dragging under the Lansing Road. They made a cut, braced up the track of the Lansing Road, and constructed the line of the Toledo Road under it. The workers were protected by an armed force, which left last night when the work was completed. This morning about 500 men were taken to the place by the Lansing Road people and they proceeded to fill the cut made under their road. There were 150 men on the ground in the interest of the Ann Arbor Road, and this afternoon they drove away the force of the Lansing Road from the bridge and then cut the telegraph wires of the Detroit, Lansing & Northern Road and tore up the track for half a mile on each side of the cut. The traffic on the road between Geneva and Dowlerville is now interrupted. What the next step will be is a matter of doubt. An appeal by the Lansing people was made to Governor Alger for assistance, but he declared that he had no authority to call on the militia except at the request of the Sheriff, which had not yet been made.
Dacoits Overrunning Burmah.
Reinforcements for India.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
LONDON, January 5. A recent dispatch from Rangoon says: "The situation is becoming serious. Both Upper and Lower Burmah are now infested with Dacoits, who are overrunning whole districts. In Upper Burmah particularly they are burning and pillaging numberless villages. The poor people are flying to the larger towns for refuge in a state of panic, leaving the homes to be plundered by the marauders. The garrison at this place is almost denuded of troops in order to meet the demands of the army of occupation, and it is still impossible to supply all the men needed to maintain order in the conquered country. A large force of Ghoorkas are wanted to cope with the Dacoits successfully. The prospects are not encouraging. Those who most loudly called for the annexation of Upper Burmah a short time since have considerably modified their opinion and there are many who believe such a policy will prove disastrous. The steamer Hankow was to sail from Portsmouth, England, on Saturday last, with 1,000 men to reinforce the British army in India. The steamer Deccan is to leave on the 13th instant with 1,000 more men, and the steamer Euphrates on the 10th with a similar number.
The Rock Island Contemplating Extensive Additions.
Four Hundred New Miles of Track.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
CHICAGO, January 5. It was rumored here yesterday that the Rock Island Road had decided upon an important addition to its system, namely an extension of its main line into Kansas, and the construction of short lines from Larkin to Atchison and St. Joseph, so as to make river connections at these two points. Today this report was confirmed by a responsible official of the road. The number of miles of new track projected is about 400. The extension will be virtually a complete line, and in its charter, which places the capital stock at $15,000,000, the company is named the Chicago, Kansas & Nebraska. This move is regarded as most important, as it will bring the Rock Island Road into competition with all the big lines west of the Missouri.

Six Lives Lost by a Freight Train Breaking Down a Bridge.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
HARRISBURG, PA., January 5. About half past eight o'clock last evening a freight train on the Pennsylvania Railroad was crossing the bridge at Sherman's Creek, when one of the spans, weakened by high water, gave way and precipitated the engine and eight cars into the stream, which empties at that point into the Susquehanna River. Five men went down with the wreck. Two of the crew succeeded in rescuing the engineer, who was badly hurt. A brakeman named Turbit was gotten on shore and conveyed to the station at Duncannon, where he died. The conductor of No. 1 is reported dead, and the fireman and two brakemen are missing.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
WASHINGTON, January 5. The State of California today filed with Secretary Lamar complaints against the Commissioner of the General Land Office, for not preparing patents for lands granted the State of California by Congress, and subsequently confirmed to her by Secretary Browning ion 1866, and certified to the State by Commissioner Joseph S. Wilson in the same year, and which Land Commissioner Sparks has decided may be still further contested by anyone desiring to claim them under other laws.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
WASHINGTON, January 5. It is said at the Treasury Department that the President will probably nominate an assistant treasurer for New York City tomorrow or the next day, with the view of having the new appointee, if he shall have been confirmed by the Senate, assume charge of the sub-treasury next Monday. The count of moneys and securities, which began this morning, will continue without interruption until completed. It is hoped that the formal transfer of the office to Mr. Acton's successor can be made during its progress.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
WASHINGTON, January 5. Serious charges affecting the personal and official character of Judge Pollard, of Indiana, who was appointed Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of Montana, in place of Judge Coburn, of Indiana, suspended, have been filed with the Senate Committee of the Judiciary, and the members of that committee say they furnish sufficient grounds to prevent his confirmation.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
KANSAS CITY, Mo., January 5. Thomas W. Keene, the well known tragedian, received a stroke of paralysis Sunday evening, necessitating the canceling of his engagement in this city. It was reported this morning that he was improving.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.

George W. Tyler, leading counsel for Sarah Althea Hill in her famous case for divorce against the late ex-Senator Sharon, was indicted at San Francisco by the county grand jury for felony. The crime with which he is charged is being a party to a false affidavit.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
NASHVILLE, TENN., January 9. In the Criminal Court this morning the Bryan case was resumed. Every available seat in the court room was occupied and many persons contented themselves by standing. The State introduced the detective, who detailed the circumstances of the arrest and the damaging admissions made by Bryan. When Bryan was arrested he started towards the bureau, but was stopped. He afterwards said that if he had got to the bureau, the thing would have been settled then and there. At another time he said: "There are things connected with this affair that I would die before I would acknowledge." Detective Porter identified the paper found in Bryan's room, which is like the paper on which the letters were written. Miss Hattie Prachett, who wore Miss Dorman's clothes and acted as a decoy, testified that she was told where to go, and the door would be a little open. The door was a little open, and when she stepped in, Bryan threw his arms around her and said, "Dear, I was afraid you were not coming." He first pulled the window shade down before he threw his arms around her. She told him to pull down the other shade, and he did so. This closed the evidence for the State, and the defense asked that the letters be withdrawn, as there was no evidence that Bryan wrote them. After argument Judge Allen announced that he would leave the authenticity of the letters to the jury. Several character witnesses were introduced by the defense, and several who testified that the letters were not in Bryan's handwriting.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
BLOOMINGTON, ILL., January 9. A fatal disease has made its appearance among the milch cows in many of the counties of Central Illinois, which is attributed to the eating of mouldy and rotten corn which farmers left in the fields. The animals when first attacked, are seized with dizziness and fall down, many of them dying. A disease similar to epizootic has broken out among the horses, a number having already died from the disease.
Forgeries on the State of Missouri.
Impending Suit in New York.
Chief Justice Powers, of Utah, Accused of Serious Offenses.
Collector Barnum.—He is Accused of Removing "Old Soldiers."
The Grant Monument and Congress.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.

ST. LOUIS, January 5. Adjutant General Jamison arrived this morning from Jefferson City, en route to New York, and registered at the Southern. To your correspondent the General stated that the object of his trip was to be present in New York on the trial of the Crafton claims forgerers on Friday next. The forgeries consist of signing of the name of ex-Governor Silas Woodson, of Missouri, to Missouri military certificates, issued under an act of the State Legislature in 1874, for the satisfaction of obligations incurred by the State in the late war." Said he: "I carry with me the books of the Adjutant General's office, containing the stubs of the bona-fide certificates, which, it is charged, have been forged. These stubs contain the necessary information to establish beyond doubt the question of the forgeries. On my return trip I shall stop over several days at Washington and have a chat with the politicians."
WASHINGTON, January 5. The case of Chief Justice Powers, of Utah, threatens to become a National issue. Regularly formulated charges of the most serious nature have been prepared by Mr. Powers' Michigan neighbors, and sent to the President. The appointment will not be withdrawn, however, and the charges will be turned over to the Senate Judiciary Committee. Judges Cooley and Sherwood of the Supreme Court of Michigan have withdrawn their endorsement of Powers, and Judge Champlin, who refused to endorse him, has written a strong letter to the President. Mr. Justice Field, of the United States Supreme Court, is understood to be supporting Powers.
WASHINGTON, January 5. The nomination of Freeman Barnum to be Collector at St. Louis, is not to go through the Senate unscathed. Charges have been forwarded here to be put in the hands of the committee, to which the appointment has been referred. Opposition to Mr. Barnum is based not upon any old record but upon what he has done since he stepped into Mr. Sturgeon's place. The charges give the names of several "old soldiers" whom he has discharged to make places for Democrats, and it is claimed that in doing this, Mr. Barnum has violated a law requiring that precedence shall be given to veterans.
WASHINGTON, January 5. It is understood that the members of the New York Grant Monument Committee will sends over representatives to make a careful canvass for subscriptions; and further, that appeals will be made to Congress for an appropriation. Congress will undoubtedly appropriate money to construct a monument to Grant, but it is questionable whether the monument will be located here in Washington. If the precedents were to be established of Congress appropriating money in aid of monument enterprises elsewhere, appeals would be made from too many directions.
JEFFERSON CITY, Mo., January 5. At a meeting of the Prison Inspectors this morning, it was agreed to start out on a tour of branch penitentiary location investigation on Thursday, the 7th inst., the weather being favorable. Lexington and Weston are points to be visited. Governor Marmaduke left last night for Carthage, to attend the tenth annual celebration of the Carthage Light Guards.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.

NEW YORK, January 5. A meeting of the friends of the late John McCullough, who propose to erect a monument to his memory, is being held at the Hoffman House today. Among those present are John W. Mackay, of California; James E. Fair, of Nevada; William F. Johnson, of Philadelphia, one of the executors of McCullough's will; and Captain Connors. It is now considered as definitely settled that the remains will not be removed to St. Louis, and that the monument will be erected over the grave or in Fairmount Park in Philadelphia. The amount necessary for the monument will probably be subscribed in full before the close of today's meeting. Mr. McCullough's estate has sold the manuscript copyright and paraphernalia of the "Gladiator" to James W. Collier, of the Union Square Theater, for $5,000 cash. He will soon bring it out with James W. Collier, his nephew, and at one time McCullough's leading man in the title roll.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
WASHINGTON, January 5. The Supreme Court of the United States today rendered a decision in the case of Paymaster General Smith, of the United States Navy, against whom charges of irregularities in the accounts were preferred. Counsel for the Paymaster General contended that the client, being a disbursing officer, was a civil officer, therefore not amenable to court martial. The Supreme Court of the District of Columbia decided that General Smith was accountable to naval law and therefore within the jurisdiction of the court-martial. The case was an appealed one and the United States Supreme Court's decision today affirms the decision of the court below. The Paymaster General will consequently have to stand a trial by court-martial.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
HAMMOND, IND., January 5. Mayor Towle, of this place, was arrested today by United States Marshal Hawkins and taken to Indianapolis. His arrest grew out of a dispute between him and the New Albany Railway over a bridge. Towle claims the land on both sides of the river to the bridge, and demanded $4,000 for the same, which the railway company refused to grant. Sunday morning Towle fastened a boat in the draw in such a manner as to prevent the closing of the bridge, and the mail train was obliged to wait the arrival of Marshal Hawkins, who closed the bridge and arrested Towle for obstructing the United States mail.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
NEW YORK, January 5. The Daily Commercial Bulletin estimates the fire losses in the United States and Canada in December at $9,200,000 and the aggregate loss in 1885 at $94,200,000 or $15,000,000 less than in 1884. The Bulletin gives a list of 168 fires of $10,000 and upward in December, including seventeen fires where the reported loss was $100,000 and more.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
HIGGINSVILLE, Mo., January 9. A lad, who gave his name as Martin, presented a check at the American Bank in this city today for $200, with the name of Jackson Carder, ex-President of the Bank of Higginsville, signed thereto. The cashier at once recognized the signature as a forgery and had the young man arrested. His talk and the awkwardness with which the check was made out proved him to be a novice in that line. He acknowledged to having forged the check, and said he was told to do it by Thomas Brandon, one of his neighbors in the country, four miles east of here. Brandon was also arrested and both parties are in jail here now. The young man had cashed a check for $10 at one of the stores only a few weeks ago, which also proved to be a forgery of a prominent farmer's name. As the amount was small, the matter was not investigated.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.

HELENA, M. T., January 9. The case of Hon. Burt Querney, the English Lord accused of forgery, came up for hearing but was continued by request of the counsel. There have been no new developments in his case since yesterday, except that telegrams he had sent to England to raise funds met with unfavorable replies. His mother in England, who has been telegraphed of his arrest and need of money, responded by cable that she was sorry for him, but would not help him. He still thinks, however, he will be able to make arrangements for a satisfactory adjustment of his financial difficulties.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
DECATUR, ILL., January 9. This morning Chas. Gibbs was placed in the county jail, for stealing a $200 horse from Supervisor Smith of Mt. Zion township, who had the horse in his possession. Gibbs, when arrested in his dwelling, made an attempt to kill the officer, Constable Mayes, who fortunately got the drop on him with a revolver. Gibbs is a young man of good address and rather stylish in appearance. He refused to give his name until put in jail, and then only with great reluctance. The horse was stolen two weeks ago. It is supposed that others are implicated.
Carlisle Finishes Up His Work.
Names of Chairmen of Committees.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
WASHINGTON, January 5. Both Houses of Congress reconvened this morning and proceeded promptly with the business on the table of their respective bodies. The holiday vacation is generally a period of total abstinence from public business of any kind; hence there were but few committee meetings of the Senate, and that body is today again discussing the Dakota squabble.
WASHINGTON, January 3. Mr. Carlisle was at work upon his committees until one o'clock this morning, and the following are the chairmen to be announced.
On Elections, Mr. Turner of Georgia.
Ways and Means, Mr. Morrison of Illinois.
Appropriations, Mr. Randall of Pennsylvania.
Foreign Affairs, Mr. Belmont of New York.
Naval Affairs, Mr. Herbert of Alabama.
War Claims, Mr. Geddes of Ohio.
Military Affairs, Mr. Bragg of Wisconsin.
Commerce, Mr. Reagan of Texas.
Pacific Railways, Mr. Throckmorton of Texas.
Post-offices and Post Roads, Mr. Blount of Georgia.
Accounts, Mr. Lore of Delaware.
Agriculture, Mr. Hatch of Missouri.
Indian Affairs, Mr. Wellborn of Texas.
Judiciary, Mr. Tucker of Virginia.
Rivers and Harbors, Mr. Willis of Kentucky.

Public Lands, Mr. Cobb of Indiana.
Coinage, Weights and Measures, Mr. Bland of Missouri.
Banking and Currency, Mr. Curtin of Pennsylvania.
Territories, Mr. Hill of Ohio.
Public Buildings and Grounds, Mr. Dibble of Alabama.
Education, Mr. Aiken of South Carolina.
Private Land Claims, Mr. Halsell of Kentucky.
Labor, Mr. O'Neill of Missouri.
Manufacturing, Mr. Wise of Virginia.
Patents, Mr. Mitchell of Connecticut.
District of Columbia, Mr. Barbour of Virginia.
Revision of Laws, Mr. Oates of Alabama.
Expenditures of the War Department, Mr. Robertson of Kentucky.
Expenditures of the Navy Department, Mr. Hewitt of New York.
Expenditures of the Interior Department, Mr. Clardy of Missouri.
Expenditures of Public Buildings, Mr. Wilkins of Ohio.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
PITTSBURGH, January 5. Near Uhrichsville, Ohio, James Parker, a farmer, took a load of grain to Kail's mill, and there being no one but Mrs. Kail on the premises, she went out to show Parker where to put the grain. While he was unloading, Parker fell in a fit and rolled on the ground in fearful convulsions, shrieking, groaning, frothing at the mouth, and tearing his flesh with his finger nails till his face was covered with froth and blood. The horrible spectacle so frightened Mrs. Kail, who was in delicate health, that she ran to the house and fell on the floor, where she died in less than five minutes.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
WASHINGTON, January 5. Senator Van Wyck said last evening that he did not see how his Republican associates could make very much of a grand fight on nominations. If they wished to take up the consideration of one objectionable nomination, it would take at least one session of the Senate, and as there are upwards of two thousand appointments in, it will readily be seen that it is a physical improbability on the part of the representative Senators to make a general fight, and Mr. Van Wyck has no doubt that a number of particular appointments will be picked up for objection and upon these a fight will be made.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.

WASHINGTON, January 5. Hon. A. Boyton, a member of the Democratic Territorial Committee of Dakota, has written a letter to Senator Harrison, Chairman of the Committee on Territories, protesting against the action of the last Legislature of Dakota Territory in appropriating the territorial revenue assessed in all the counties in that Territory for the expenses of a convention composed of delegates from only a portion of the counties, and against the action of a convention held at Sioux Falls, in the southeastern part of the Territory, and the assumption of power of a so-called State Legislature recently convened at Huron.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
NEW YORK, January 5. For the first time in some months, an ocean steamer arrived in the harbor today bound from Liverpool with about $40,000 in gold, showing an exchange in our favor. When the vessel left its European port, it was asserted that this shipment was exceptional and would probably not be repeated for some time. This argument on the anti-silver coinage has been anticipated by the announcement that another shipment of gold left Liverpool for Halifax yesterday.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
SAN ANTONIO, TEX., January 5. At St. Hiding on Sunday evening two negroes named Perkins and Celesta, engaged in a row over the ownership of a whip, which both claimed. A fight ensued, in which Perkins stabbed his antagonist in the neck, inflicting what is believed to be a fatal wound, though the carotid artery was not severed. The wounded man was taken home, and Perkins is in jail to await further developments.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
DALLAS, TEX., January 5. The usual daily tragedy for Dallas occurred in due form on schedule time this evening, in the mortal carving of William Lee by Isaac Neal. The latter was howling drunk and swaggering up to Lee, plunged a knife into his back without cause or offense of any kind. Lee is in a dying condition. Neal was captured and jailed.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
BROWNSVILLE, TEX., January 5. Sunday afternoon the store of Charles Schunier near Paloma's ranch, Hidalgo, was attacked by bandits from Las Cuvas, Mexico, under Selon Chico, a notorious desperado. They shot Schunier through the head, inflicting a mortal wound, and escaped to the land of God and Liberty, taking all portable goods of any value found in the store.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
WASHINGTON, January 5. The President today sent in the following nominations to the Senate: O. Powers, Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of Utah. Postmasters: G. L. Phillips, Bethany, Mo.; W. A. Wright, Moberly, Mo.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
CHICAGO, January 5. There is nothing new regarding the box factory strike. About thirty non-union nailers went to work this morning unmolested.
Terrible Weather in the Northwest.
Fears of Disaster in the Sugar Belt.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.

CHICAGO, January 9. The blizzard raging throughout Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Nebraska, Dakota, and Minnesota is declared to be of wider extent and more fierce in character than has been known before in years. All the Western trains are behind time, many have been snowed in and abandoned, and very little can be learned concerning them or of the effects of the storm, owing to the blowing down of telegraph poles and wires and the stoppage of telegraphic communication.
The temperature through Dakota is stated to be from twenty to forty degrees below, with a wild blizzard blowing.
A telegram from Fargo says the thermometer registered 27 degrees below at noon yesterday. The day was described as the roughest experience that the city has yet had in the way of boisterous weather.
Bismarck reported a high wind, with the thermometer 35 degrees below zero.
A high wind is prevailing at Sioux City, and the temperature is 20 degrees below.
Omaha registered 20 degrees below.
Telegraph communication with Omaha had been cut off nearly all day. California telegrams were being sent by way of St. Paul and the Northern Pacific, with only one wire working.
A telegram from Des Moines, Iowa, says the cold wave continues there with a high wind and drifting snow. All the through trains west of there are blocked and the branch roads are snowed under.
The Chicago and Burlington trains are stuck fast in drifts about fifteen miles south of Des Moines.
The Wabash road south from that city is badly drifted.
The Fort Dodge and narrow gauge roads have been abandoned.
The snow storm prevailed throughout Illinois all day, but the weather has not been very severe so far, but has been growing colder tonight.
All the roads to Omaha are reported practically blockaded in Central Iowa.
Popularity of Senator Beck in His Stand On the Silver Question.
He is the Recipient of Commendatory Letters and Testimonials.—The Senate.
Republicans Friendly to the Executive Nominations.—Speaker Carlisle Busy.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.

WASHINGTON, January 5. During the holiday recess of Congress and since the delivery of his speech in favor of silver coinage, Senator Beck has received more letters than any other member of the Senate. In fact, letters have come to him by the hundreds daily, all of them commending the position he has taken, and urging him to stand firm in support of the silver dollar. While the bulk of these letters have come from the West and South, not a few have been sent by residents of the East. Among the tributes of commendation that reached Senator Beck by mail during the holidays was one from the youngest daughter of Mr. Jefferson Davis, of Mississippi. It is a neat little watercolor painting representing a silvery moon looking down through a sheen of silvery clouds upon a prosperous landscape. Underneath was written in Miss Davis' hand, "Diana's Tribute to the Champion of Silver." It is perhaps fair to say that all the commendations he has received failed to please the Senator as much as this little picture. Western members of Congress who have returned to Washington from their holiday vacation say the prospects are poor for anti-silver legislation in the House this session, many of them having interviewed their constituents, while some come back more determined than ever to uphold the dollar of the "daddies."
The Republicans in the House, as a rule, are very well disposed toward President Cleveland and are in favor of giving him a fair show. They will, to a great extent, it is said by some who are in a position to speak for the party, favor liberal appropriations, particularly for the navy and for land defenses. They are in favor of giving Secretary Whitney all the money he needs to carry out his plans for building up the navy, and they say they will not use the argument that was advanced against them when in power, that the navy ought to be built, but the present party can't be trusted to do it. They will favor just as liberal appropriations under Whitney as they favored and could not get under Chandler.
The most interesting and important feature of the present week in the House of Representatives will be, of course, the announcement of the membership of the various committees, which will formulate the work to be done by the Forty-ninth Congress. Throughout the holiday recess, Speaker Carlisle has been busily engaged in forming the committees, and yesterday he occupied one of the rooms at the Capitol and, denying himself to all callers, devoted himself to the completion of the task. Unless something unforeseen should happen, the result of his labors will be announced to the House immediately after the reading of the journal. Then, in obedience to the order of the House, the call of States for the introduction of bills and resolutions will be resumed at the point where it was interrupted by the adjournment for the holidays. The call will probably not be completed until late Wednesday afternoon.
There were 1,604 bills introduced the day before the recess by eighty-nine members, an average of over eleven bills to each Representative. Should this average be kept up, nearly 3,000 additional measures will be referred today and Wednesday to the newly appointed committees. The Hoar Presidential Succession bill remains upon the Speaker's table, and though an attempt may be made to pass it by unanimous consent, it will, in all likelihood, be referred to the committee having jurisdiction over its subject matter. Should this be done the House will find itself on Thursday without any business before it, and an adjournment until Monday will probably be taken to enable the committees to organize and to consider and report proposed legislation.

The bill to fix the salaries of Judges of the District Court and the resolution of inquiry with regard to the action of the authorities of Dakota are the unfinished matters before the Senate. The committees of the body are expected to begin work in earnest during the week. It is expected that not much legislative work will be undertaken in the Senate, other than the consideration of the two measures named. Probably a large part of the time of the Senate will be spent with closed doors in an endeavor to dispose of the great number of accumulated nominations. Chairman Harrison has decided not to call an extra meeting of the Senate Committee on Territories so as to report the Butler resolution on Dakota tomorrow, but to wait until Friday for the regular meeting of the committees. The subject will not therefore come up for discussion before the end of the week. Mr. Wilson, of Iowa, expects to speak on his Union Pacific Railroad resolution tomorrow, and the resolution by Mr. Beck inquiring whether the Secretary of the Treasury has conformed to the law on the subject of liquidating the public debt will also be called up if possible.
The Flight of Banker McNeil.—Said To Have Partners in Guilt.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
CLINTON, MASS., January 5. The notes taken by the absconding President, McNeil, of the Lancaster National bank on the night of his departure, and which aggregate about $24,000 face value, are now said to be notes discounted by the bank and on which money had been obtained. Besides this there is said to be a package containing upwards of $50,000 of the assets of the bank missing and various reasons are advanced as to why these securities were taken away. One rumor is that there is a conspiracy of large proportions soon to be uncovered and that McNeil is only one of the parties interested. National Bank Examiner Gotchell says the books of the bank have been falsified and it is slow work to analyze the accounts and detect fraudulent entries. Packages containing upward of $50,000 of the assets of the Lancaster National bank are now said to be missing in addition to the $24,000 worth of notes taken by President McNeil. There is a rumor that a conspiracy of large proportions is soon to be uncovered and that McNeil is only one of the parties interested.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
King Milan arrived at Belgrade on the 4th and met with an enthusiastic reception. The municipal authorities presented an address to the King, assuring him of their loyalty.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
INDIANAPOLIS, IND., January 9. United States District Attorney Lamb went today to Fort Wayne to attend the preliminary examination of James H. Barnes, who was arrested in Steuben County for various offenses in the northern part of the State. He is known to have most extraordinary nerve. He pretended to be a pension examiner in several places and collected from twenty-five cents to five dollars from a number of pensioners for examining them. He went into La Grange and personated a special officer of the Post-office Department and for a time created great consternation. He demanded an accounting from the postmaster and when it was not promptly made, dismissed the official, took all his money, stamps, papers, etc., and put another in this place, after which he left town with the calm consciousness of a duty well done. The joke of the whole matter is that the Postmaster did not even question Barnes' authority, and did not stop to think he could not be removed from office in any such summary manner.
Attempt to Enjoin the Sale of the St. Louis, Hannibal & Keokuk Railroad.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.

ST. LOUIS, January 9. John L. Blair and P. R. Pyne, executors of Moses Taylor, entered a petition today in the United States Circuit Court, setting forth a grievance against James L. Walker, William Van Ness, and Sheriff John Filder, of Pike County. The complainants are the recent purchasers of the St. Louis, Hannibal & Keokuk Railroad, and they allege that the Sheriff of Pike County has advertised the property for sale on the 13th to satisfy a judgment of $27,942.00, in favor of Walker & Van Ness, in respect of indebtedness of the Missouri & Iowa Railroad Company. The parties filed their claim with the master in respect of the judgment and wanted it asserted as a lien against the Hannibal & Keokuk, but the United States Court dismissed the petition. The court is now asked to restrain the sale and enjoin interference with the property. The receiver has not yet been discharged by the court.
Death of Dr. Weymer, A Noted Siberian Exile.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
LONDON, January 4. A dispatch from St. Petersburg confirms the report of the death of Dr. Weymar, in the Siberian lead mines. His history is sad and peculiar. He had at one time the most lucrative practice in Russia. He was the Chief Court physician under the late Czar and the confidential medical attendant of the Czarovitch, now Alexander III. His favor and influence at court were boundless, but it is alleged that for years he led a dual existence. While fawning upon the Court, basking in its favor and getting its secrets, he was said to have been the most active partisan in all the great Nihilist crimes of recent years. One day in 1880 all Russia was shocked by the murder of General Messendoff. The crime was surrounded with the deepest mystery. The only clue found by the detectives of the months of search was that the carriage in which the assassins made their escape was owned by Dr. Weymar. The doctor was arrested and confined in the prison of St. Peter and St. Paul for many months. He protested that he knew nothing of the plot to murder General Messendoff, and that his horse and carriage must have been stolen by the murderers. While Dr. Weymar was in prison the Czar was murdered. When the doctor was tried, it was shown that he had been an intimate friend of Saloneff, who was supposed to be the actual murderer of the Czar, and who was hanged for that crime. Dr. Weymar was promptly convicted. His real estate was confiscated and he was exiled to Transbalkalia, in Eastern Siberia. In October, 1884, a Nihilist named Lapatin was arrested for the murder of General Messendoff. He was convicted and hanged. His last words were to the effect that Dr. Weymar was innocent.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
LANSING, IA., January 4. The Mirror today says it is authentically stated that there exists near the village of Spring Grove, in Houston County, Minnesota, a large number of cases of leprosy. The afflicted persons are all Scandinavians from the northern part of Norway. The first case which appeared was upon the person of an old man, and was at first thought to be measles, as red spots appeared all over the body. Later he was seized with excruciating pains in his limbs. The extremities began to wither. This continued and the epidermis began to scale off, and now there is but a semblance of skin over the flesh. The body retains its flesh, but the limbs have withered and dried until the fingers and toes seem like sticks and ready to drop off. This disease also exists in three or four other families, all related. Physicians from Decorah pronounce it leprosy and say the disease was imported.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
VINCENNES, IND., January 4. The Ohio & Mississippi Railroad train had a novel express package last night in the person of an eighteen months old babe, which was shipped from Cincinnati to Vincennes without any other attendant than the kind officers of the train and willing passengers. The child was George Solomon, and the boy was shipped to his grandmother here for safekeeping, his parents having separated. The infant sat up all the way, 200 miles, and never cried. When he reached the Vincennes depot, Master Meckling bundled the cherub up, and taking him in his arms, volunteered to carry him to the street and number as labeled. The grandmother was overjoyed to receive him and paid his fare willingly, which was $5.50. Conductor McCollum says the babe was the youngest passenger on record traveling alone.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
ANNAPOLIS, MD., January 4. It has leaked out that four or five days ago Naval Cadets Welch, Waters, Gillespie, and Steber went into the room of Cadet Lewis Driggs, for hazing whom Cadet Wiley was recently dismissed, and gave him a thrashing. Driggs made a statement of the affair to Captain Ramsey, and the belligerent cadets will have to face a court martial. In the meantime a second classman is detailed daily to protect Cadet Driggs. The members of the second class are highly indignant because one of them is kept on guard at the door of a fourth classman, and they intend to send a protest to the Secretary of the Navy.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
MILWAUKEE, January 4. The spring term of the United States Court opened today. Among the important cases on the calendar are the suit of W. O'Connor, of Watertown, Wis., against Bishop Ireland, of Minnesota, the famous Catholic temperance orator, to recover a large sum alleged to be due as commission on the sale of some lands, and that of Sydney Rosenfield, the opera composer, against Manager McCaull and others for damages growing out of the "Black Hussar" imbroglio.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
PITTSBURGH, PA., January 4. A desperate attempt to burn the town of Tarentum was made early this morning. The fire was first discovered in Essler's livery stable on Gaines street. It soon spread to Rue & Jones' grocery store and Dr. Volzer's residence, and all were destroyed. The villains had taken every precaution to make the destruction sure. They had cut the ropes of two of the alarm bells and broken the principal pumps in the village, and carried off the fire buckets and tubs.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.

NEW YORK, January 4. The great chess contest opened at Manhattan club rooms this morning. Both the contestants, Zuckertort and Steinitz were in splendid form and started out with brilliant moves. The rooms are tastily decorated in honor of the event, and the attendance up to noon today was exceedingly large. Betting is about even. The contest is for $2,000 and the championship of the world. Many chess enthusiasts from abroad are here.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
BROOKLYN, January 4. Fire broke out in the extensive hat factory of the Dunlap & Co. hat factory here this morning. The employees in the building rushed out before the flames had gained much headway. When the fire brigade arrived, the entire building was in flames, and has proven almost a total loss. The loss is estimated at over $250,000, while the insurance is about $200,000 on the building and contents.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
OGDEN, UTAH, January 4. Charles W. Hemingway, editor of the Ogden Herald (Mormon) was today sentenced to pay a fine of $1,000 and to spend six months in the county jail. He was convicted of criminal libel on December 19. The indictment was for publishing libelous articles concerning the official actions of the United States officials incident to the prosecution of polygamy cases.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
LONDON, January 4. Advices from Cairo say that the Arabs lost 600 men in the battle with the British forces which was fought near Kasheh recently. The Arabs are reported to be flying in the direction of Dongola.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
MATTOON, ILL., January 7. Three well dressed young men, strangers in the city, were arrested last evening on the suspicion of being professional burglars. They had in their possession several gold watches and other articles of valuable jewelry, which they were attempting to dispose of piecemeal. They came in from the north, and probably from the vicinity of Chicago. They are held to await investigation.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
OMAHA, NEB., January 7. At Sidney today Jim Rennolds, the murderer of James and John Pinkston, father and son, was sentenced by Judge Homer to be hanged May 21. Rennolds killed the Pinkstons in September last in their tent on a homestead claim, three hundred miles north of Sidney, with an ax, his object being robbery.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
BISMARCK, DAK., January 7. The first real blizzard of the season struck this section last evening and the indications are it will last three days. The thermometer is thirty degrees below zero at Assinaboine. The cold wave is coming southeast. Up to the time of the arrival of the present storm, the weather has been warm and pleasant. It is feared that some of the settlers in the rural districts are unprepared for the change. Trains are still running on time and no reports of suffering among the people have been received.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.

LONDON, January 7. An Irish banker has sent letters to the newspapers denying the correctness of Archbishop Corrigan's estimate that Irish-American remittances amount to £8,000,000 annually. He says the gross amount of drafts payable on American accounts at all the banks in Ireland is about £400,000 yearly.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
ST. PAUL, MINN., January 7. From specials from Glendive, M. T., Grand Forks, Fargo, and Mitchell, D. T., it appears that a cold wave with snow is coming rapidly eastward. The mercury is rated from 10 to 20 degrees below zero at these points.
Blizzards and Snow Storms Reported in Nebraska, Iowa, and Minnesota.
Business and Travel Suspended.
The Storm Letting up.—Heavy Rainstorms East.
Damage by Floods Estimated at $3,000,000.
Big Rise in an Alabama River.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
CHICAGO, January 5. A severe snow and sleet storm which has been raging since Saturday throughout the Northwest has seriously interfered with the telegraph wires in all directions. All lines west of here are down, and communication from the East is very uncertain. Dispatches received at Sioux City, Ia., last night reported a blizzard there. It has been snowing and blowing steadily since Saturday. There was already a foot of snow on the ground, and no sign of the storm abating. Des Moines, Ia., also reported a heavy storm, and St. Paul dispatches reported the same throughout Minnesota and Dakota.
LINCOLN, NEB., January 4. The snow storm which began before daylight Saturday morning has proven the most serious for years. It has been accompanied throughout by heavy wind from the north, which has not yet abated. Business has been almost entirely suspended, and all railroad trains have been abandoned. No trains have arrived or departed today, and engines with snow plows make only the slightest progress. The Burlington people have made no attempt to run trains on the short line; and the main line trains are snowed into the cuts. The storm is general throughout the State.
OMAHA, NEB., January 4. The snow storm of Saturday and Sunday extended westward as far as North Platte, 250 miles from Omaha. About one foot of snow fell. The blizzard, which was blowing all day Sunday and Monday, drifted snow badly, interfering with railway travel. Snow is piled into banks of six feet high in the streets of Omaha, entirely suspending street car travel. The wind subsided last night. The temperature is moderating. Railway trains are moving, but are behind time.

ST. PAUL, MINN., January 5. A severe wind and snow storm set in last night and this morning the streets and the sidewalks of this city and Minneapolis were blockaded in many places by drifts two and three feet deep. It is the worst storm this season. The streets are greatly impeded. No reports from the West and Northwest have been received as yet, but it is thought all lines of railway will be blockaded. Inquiry at railroad offices shows that the storm did not extend to points directly west and northwest though a light snow fell in many places. Trains on the Manitoba & Northern Pacific are on time. No blockades are reported. The storm is most severe in Iowa and Nebraska.
BRADFORD, PA., January 5. A special to the Era from Emporium says: Heavy rains for the past two days and large quantities of snow on the timbered hills have conspired to produce the most violent flood known in many years along the Driftwood and Sinnamahooning creeks. Today millions of logs broke from their fastenings, and are going down the swollen river at a terrific rate. It is said the loss to lumbermen will approach $3,000,000. At this place there is over two feet of water in many of the streets. All telegraphic communication to the East is lost, and trans of the Philadelphia & Erie Railroad are obliged to flag their way East. Reports from Cameron state that the greater part of that place is under water and residents are in great fear lest their houses be swept away. Many residences had to be vacated. A million feet of logs were torn loose and swept down Hunt's Run. Saw mills and dams in various places along the creeks are much exposed and in imminent danger of being carried away. The water is well up in Driftwood, where considerable damage has been done. This is a night of great anxiety and excitement all through the valley. No further idea of the loss can be obtained until daylight. The water has risen slowly.
PITTSBURGH, PA., January 5. A Dawson, Pa., special says: About ten o'clock this morning during the prevalence of a heavy wind storm, the roof, the gable, and chimneys of the Tyrone schoolhouse were blown down. A little child of D. T. Strickler's was buried in the debris, and when extricated, was found to be badly hurt about the head and face. A boy of David Newcomer's had his skull fractured, and is in a precarious condition. Several more of the children attending school were more or less scratched and bruised, but not seriously hurt. The greatest excitement prevailed for a time, as it was reported that many had been killed.
PITTSBURGH, PA., January 5. It has been raining here almost incessantly since Saturday night. Telegraphic communication with the East has been seriously interfered with. The wires on all the routes are working hard, and quite a number of them are prostrated by the high winds.
NEW YORK, January 5. Rain has been falling here almost continuously during the past thirty-six hours, and a strong wind is blowing in puffs, greatly interfering with telegraphic communication in every direction. Wires to the West have been in a particularly bad plight most of the day.

MONTGOMERY, ALA., January 5. A special announces a big rise in the Warrior River. It has risen sixty feet at Tuscaloosa; at Greensboro six and three-quarters inches of rain fell in eighteen hours. Nearly all the railroads in the State suffered some damage, but the delays were only for a few hours. When the south bound train on the Louisville & Nashville Road was about four miles from this city last night, Dr. D. B. Hamilton, of New Orleans, fell from the platform of the car, receiving injuries from which he died in a short time. He was returning with his daughter from Nashville, and they had in charge the body of her son, who was accidentally shot and killed near that city. The remains of both were carried to New Orleans on the same train.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
CHICAGO, ILL., January 5. The report of the December Grand Jury censuring the city authorities for their laxity in closing the saloons at midnight and enforcing other city ordinances has stirred up police circles. Today warrants were sworn out against at least twelve saloon keepers for keeping open after legal hours. Two of them, who appeared in Justice Meech's court, were promptly fined $20 and costs.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
MOBILE, ALA., January 9. A fire broke out yesterday afternoon in the wholesale grocery house of T. G. Bush & Co. There was a heavy wind and the department, owing to an error in the alarm, went to the rear of the town before locating the fire. The fire quickly consumed all the storehouses in the block but one, and damaged the store on the opposite side of Michael street, occupied by Little, Wilkerson & Co., grocers and commission merchants. The stores destroyed were: Nos. 38, 40, and 42 Commerce street, occupied by G. M. Torchheimer & Co., who had $75,000 stock; Nos. 46, 48, 50, and 52, occupied by T. G. Bush & Co., stock valued at $75,000; and a number of smaller dealers and cotton factors. The total loss is $160,000; insurance, $110,000.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
TAMAQUA, PA., January 9. The dam across the Wabash Creek at Reevesdale, near this place, burst this morning. A passenger train from Pottsville was just opposite the dam when it broke. The backwater struck the cars and ran into the heaters under them, causing a vast volume of steam to arise and envelop the entire train. The passengers were much frightened. The engine, however, escaped the flood and pulled the train safely through the water. The tracks of the Philadelphia & Reading Railroad were much washed and completely inundated, delaying all trains. The burst was caused by the breaking of an old tunnel in the abandoned Reevesdale colliery.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
CLEVELAND, O., January 9. While Benjamin Scott, Mayor of Zanesville, Logan County, was attempting to rescue property from a burning house today, a heavy timber fell upon him, inflicting injuries which caused his death.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.

ATLANTA, GA., January 9. An important traffic arrangement goes into effect late today. The parties to the new agreement, which holds good for five years, are the Western Railway of Alabama and the Cincinnati, Selma & Mobile Road. The officials of the latter road retire and those of the former will act in dual capacities. General Manager C. C. Gubb assumes the general management of the combined roads.
FRANK H. GREER, Local Editor.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
The Democrat wants Arkansas City to reform—climb out of the mire and brace up: "If the people of this place would earnestly encourage and support art societies, reading circles, public libraries, and other methods of culture and education of high character, they would do much towards improving the reputation of the city. It is frequently charged by people of other towns envious of Arkansas City that this town finds delight only in sensual pleasures: in fruit forbidden by the highest code of ethics. They say that our drug stores sell too much whiskey; that there are too many hoodlums here; that people who consider themselves well up socially delight in poker parties and other styles of gambling; that our great men quarrel, punch each other's eyes, throw rocks, etc. Of course, we know all this is not true, but a good way to disprove it is to make Arkansas City the center of refinement and the polite arts, to improve its morals, its music, its art, its education, its temperance, its good behavior, all of which go to make up its general reputation."
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
Winfield has been treated to its first dose a la Sullivan. It was more sorrowful for the sluggers than for the town. Their audiences were so thin they could hardly be seen, and the calf-necked celebrities had to take up a collection to pay their city license. The day of sparring matches and professional sluggers has gone. They may get a little encouragement among the slum of the larger cities, but out here in the enterprising west, the development and exhibition of brute muscle is overshadowed by the development of the intellectual and refined. The balmy atmosphere itself, with a few common laws of hygiene, together with indomitable energy, give us all the muscle we want. Bullish force falls on the desert air, especially when exhibited in a manner only typical of the jungles of heathendom. Those whose curiosity does take them to a sparring exhibition, come away disgusted. There is nothing elevating about it. It only excites for the moment, with an effect only discreditable.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
The oldest inhabitant now comes forth with the very truthful and undisputed declaration that Thursday was the worst night Cowley County ever saw. It was a night that the very sight of would almost freeze the blood in your veins. The wind howled, whistled, and shrieked; and the blinding snow cut like a circular saw. The temperature, at 6 o'clock, was two degrees above zero, but the terrible wind would pierce your frame like lightning. At 10 o'clock last night the thermometer stood six below, and at 7 o'clock this morning, on the north side of the building, stood sixteen below. A great number of stock must have perished last night all over the country.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.

A swell young man of the town bought a nightgown two weeks ago and it has been a source of much trouble to him. The gown is about as long as a church stove pipe and about equal in size, having twelve buttons down in front. If he puts the gown on, he can't button it; and if he buttons it, before putting it on, he can't pull it over his head. Hearing a racket in his room, the man of the house stepped in where he found the swell young gentleman down on the floor with the gown spread out, trying to crawl into it. He finally succeeded, but he had to have it cut open in the back the next morning before he could get it off.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
A student of physiology can find entertainment at the postoffice any noon. Away back at the rear end of the long line of men pressing forward to get letters is a man who wants to hear from home. He is radiant with the hope of getting a letter. He keeps his place and grows more radiant as he advances inch by inch. Finally, after he has been crawling up to the posthole for an hour or two, he stretches his neck forward and eagerly says: "Anything for John W ?" The window of the delivery comes down with a slam, and the change upon that man's face is like a norther sweeping across the skies of sunny Kansas.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
A number of suffering families have been found since the beginning of this storm. What condition more desperate than to face such awful frigidity with no coal and little provisions in the house. Marshal McFadden found two or three families of such today, and supplied them on his own responsibility. The marshal and that natural philanthropist, Capt. Siverd, have been busily looking after the poor, all day. Our people are too generous and noble-hearted to let any suffer whose wants are known.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
The telegram from Wichita Thursday, supposed to announce the death of Mrs. Emily Houston, announced the death of Mrs. J. D. Hewitt. The similarity of the names, without initials, and the fact that the telegram summoned Mrs. Platter, caused the misinterpretation. This will be a relief to Mrs. Houston's many friends, who were shocked at the report of her death. Mrs. Hewitt was the wife of Wichita's Presbyterian minister and a noble lady.
[Ouch! First they had Hewitt; then Hewett. Do not know which is correct!]
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
Some people seem to doubt the veracity of THE COURIER's weather article, last evening. Had you stepped out last night, perched your frame on the apex of a snow drift about two minutes, you would have mighty suddenly declared that truth is mighty and must prevail. We could double the story today without the least exaggeration. But we don't want to kill any of our readers, and so refrain.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
The A. C. Democrat gives the pedigree of two columns of old, baldheaded, stingy, measly bachelors who want better halves. The Democrat is exercising its philanthropy in a useless cause. The day of those old sinners has passed long ago. There isn't a girl in the country that would have the fourth of one, with a whole prize and chromo shop thrown in. They would sour on a spinster of forty.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.

The Adelaide Moore Company wanted to play Romeo and Juliet here, in which play Miss Moore is a brilliant star, but the stage of our Opera House was found too small to admit the balcony. This is much regretted. Winfield's superior intelligence, refinement, and enterprise has high appreciation of Shakespearian masterpieces. However, Ingomar is a first-class play and will be well received.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
We see in the Atlanta Advertiser of January 1st, a notice of the death of Mrs. Martha Gilliard, of Baltimore, Kansas, one of the pioneers of this part of Cowley County. Mother Gilliard was well known in eastern Cowley for her Christian kindness and motherly care of the needy in the early days of her neighborhood. Truly a mother in Israel has gone to her reward. Enterprise.
[First time they had Gililard; second time Gilliard.]
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
The merchants of Arkansas City have petitioned the City Council to impose a license of $25 a day on itinerant street hawkers, of the dry goods and general notion persuasion. This is proper. Give the home men, who give the town all the prestige and reputation it has, all the trade. Inroads of shoddy fakirs shouldn't be tolerated anywhere. Winfield should get her license up.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
Willis A. Ritchie returned Thursday on the Frisco, from a delightful vacation of two weeks, visiting relatives and friends at Lima, Ohio, his old home. His sister, Miss Ida, returned with him, for a visit of some weeks. She is an admirable young lady, and will be most happily welcomed by the city's social circle, to which she will prove an agreeable acquisition.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
We are informed that another movement is on foot at Geuda Springs to organize a joint-stock company to construct an excursion steamer to run from Geuda to various points on the river in this vicinity, especially to Arkansas City and Oxford. It is proposed to build a boat of about the dimensions of the "Kansas Millers." A. C. Democrat.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
The Enterprise says "Winfield is still harping on innumerable adaptabilities." Yes, and they are becoming famous all over the country, drawing like brown sugar in fly time. We are getting there, Father Abraham, one hundred thousand strong, and don't cease to remember it.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
A man was shot through the head with a piece of torpedo at Herrington, Christmas morning; someone placed a torpedo on the railroad, a passing engine exploded it, with the result given above. His recovery is doubtful.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
Prof. Moore spent his vacation with his sister at Winfield, where he had a good time and lots of good things to eat. The Professor is a pleasant fellow and makes many warm friends wherever he goes. Enterprise.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
We will continue to sell our hardware and tinware at cost until it is closed out. Cooper & Taylor.

Her Chronicle of the Comings, Goings and Doings of Persons at Home and Abroad.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
Senator Hackney came in this Saturday from the east.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
J. H. Roblee and wife, St. Louis, Sundayed at the Brettun.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
Mrs. E. D. Garlick has been quite sick for several days, but is now better.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
S. B. Sherman, of Cambridge, has been in the hub a day or two, snow-bound.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
Edward E. Crebs and wife, of Carmine, Illinois, are visiting H. H. Hosmer and family.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
Nixie Ackerman, editor of the Latham Journal, was in the Metropolis Monday night.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
J. B. Ewell, Tannehill, Ohio, is hung up at the Brettun, away from the gale's fierce howl.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
Mr. and Mrs. H. H. Hosmer returned Friday from two weeks in Clay Center, visiting friends.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
Mrs. J. E. Platter returned from Wichita Friday, where she attended the funeral of Mrs. J. D. Hewitt.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
Tommie Matthews, nephew of James Kirk, is back again after a long absence in Pratt County, taking a claim.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
C. A. Hall, wife and sister, of Wellington, were at the Brettun Thursday, snow-bound, going east this morning.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
E. C. Vosburg, bookkeeper for the Chicago Lumber Company, returned Saturday from two weeks at Wichita.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
S. G. Martin and daughter, of Pleasant Valley, left Wednesday for Monmouth, Illinois, to spend several weeks among old friends.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
Dick Howard, the bustling young Republican man, who always has a big word for the Terminus, was in the hub Monday.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
J. A. Hurst has mounted a buck's head for J. G. Kraft, which is a beauty and shows Mr. Hurst to be an expert in this business.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
T. A. Blanchard, of Walnut, lost eight head of hogs. His hogs piled themselves up to keep warm and eight of them smothered to death.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.

Mrs. John W. Arrowsmith returned on the S. K. at 3 o'clock Saturday, having been four days on the road, most of the time in snow blockades.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
Wm. Pottle, advance agent of the Wilber's Theatrical Company, was here Friday. His show is billed for five nights next week, beginning Tuesday.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
The two Italians who spent several weeks here last winter, giving music for several dances, are again at the Central from Wichita, to remain several days.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
Hon. J. D. Guthrie, County Commissioner elect from the 2nd District, was in the city last Friday. The storm was too much for a return, so he put in the night in the city.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
The "Chautauqua" meets next Friday night at Mrs. G. S. Manser's for a general good time. Everybody is cordially invited to come and bring their friends along. By order Com.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
Miss Hattie Stolp left Tuesday for a three week's visit at her old home, Joliet, Illinois, and in Chicago. After a year's absence in the "wild west," her visit will prove very enjoyable.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
Mrs. A. D. Hendricks and little Harry returned Friday from Pleasant Hill, Missouri, where they had been summoned by the serious illness of Mrs. Hendricks' aged mother, but left her very much better.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
Ed. Freeman was assessed $15.50 in Judge Turner's court Friday on conviction of using abusive and obscene language at one of the depots. This is another case connected with the 'bus racket.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
A. A. Graham, father of Frank W. Graham, the Arkansas City peculator, returned to Eskridge, Kansas, Friday, after several weeks here looking after his son's case. He is an attorney, and will return on the 22nd.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
The hot water pipes in the residence of C. C. Black burst Monday. They had been frozen up for some time and when suddenly heated up, burst, breaking up the floor in one of the rooms, but doing no other damage.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
Senator W. P. Hackney, of Winfield, attorney for the Southern Kansas railroad, was in attendance upon court this morning, but returned home by way of Harper City this afternoon. Wednesday's Anthony Herald.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
S. A. Cook, one of Winfield's prominent architects, was in Dexter Saturday. Mr. Cook will furnish the plans and specifications of our new school building and informs us that they will be ready by the 20th of January.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.

Joseph Poor drove into the open gas trench in front of the St. James hotel, Thursday. The horse went in with all fours; but fortunately, neither the horse nor buggy was damaged. But Joe put up for the night and made no further ventures.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
Deputy U. S. Marshal Thompson arrived Thursday from Topeka and returned today with Henry Watkins, who was indicted by the U. S. grand jury for selling whiskey. He was released yesterday from a sentence here for the same offense.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
The big freeze up tickled the ice men. For two or three days, they have been filling their ice houses at a lively rate, with as good ice as any winter ever afforded. Saturday it was seven inches thick and still freezing. The full supply will be put up this pull.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
Will V. McConn, formerly on the Arkansas City Traveler, but for the last year in the real estate business at Belle Plaine, has bought a half interest in the Belle Plain News, J. J. Burns' paper, and again takes up the quill. Will is a rustler and a good writer.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
Harry Sickafoose left on the S. K. Tuesday for a visit to his old home, South Whitley, Indiana, with his parents and old friends. After a year or more incessant confinement in the store, he can take this vacation with easy grace. He will be absent three weeks or longer.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
Maj. L. L. Bell, of Greenville, Ohio, has located in Winfield, at present entering the insurance and real estate business. He comes very highly recommended as a former capitalist and prominent citizen of Greenville, and will make a valuable acquisition to our business circle.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
E. H. Nixon came over from Medicine Lodge Monday evening. He was accompanied by Mrs. A. L. Noble, wife of the city attorney of that place. Mrs. Nixon, who has been visiting her parents here for several weeks, will return to Medicine Lodge with her husband in the morning. Mrs. Noble will return with them.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
Asa Owens, Orderly Sergeant of Capt. McDermott's Company, was here for a few days last week visiting his old comrade. Mr. Owen had started east, from the western counties, got snow-bound at Newton, and ran down here for a visit, which was very enjoyable to both. He took the S. K. Saturday evening, for the east.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
Miss Alida Moore, sister of Prof. Moore of this place, who has been visiting her sister, Mrs. Lee, of Winfield, for some months past, started to return to her home in Bowling Green, Ohio, last Monday, accompanied by Mrs. Lee's pretty little daughter, Edna, but stopped off at Burden for a day's visit with her brother before leaving Kansas. Enterprise.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
Misses Belle Barnes and Lotta Gates, after a three week's delightful vacation with their folks at home, returned Monday to the Jacksonville, Illinois, college. They are charming young ladies, vivacious and comely, and won many friends here during their vacation. Miss Gates will return in May, but Miss Barnes will remain permanently with eastern relatives.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
Miss Alida Moore, sister of Prof. Moore, of this city, accompanied by her niece, Miss Edna Lee, of Winfield, stopped here last Monday evening and remained until Tuesday evening. They were on their way to Miss Alida's home in Bowling Green, Ohio. The Prof. and sister each proved up on a claim in Clark County last summer, and the young lady returns the happy possessor of 100 acres of Kansas land. Enterprise.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
Tickled? Don't he look like it? Look at that grin as broad as Main street on his handsome phiz! See him tip toe. You can see in a minute that something peculiar, out of the general routine of drugs and coal, has struck him. He is Quincy A. Glass, and as he wildly gesticulates, accompanied by that gigantic smile, you rapidly perceive it's a boy, regulation weight and as pretty and rosy as a spring daisy. Born yesterday.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
Rev. Sam Jones has put his sermons, delivered free of cost, in "fine large print," and is distributing them with a generous hand to the degenerate newspaper men of Kansas. The truly good, those who have churches of their own and do not absorb religion on the sensational plan, are left out. So far, not a copy has been received in Winfield, and we take it as an admission that "the craft" here is as good, on an average, as the Rev. Samuel.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
Among the intelligent and energetic farmers who have visited THE COURIER office during the recent cold snap are M. B. Rupp, of Beaver; Sam Walck, of Maple; John A. Smith, of Silverdale; T. R. Carson, of Richland; A. W. Beswick, of Vernon; D. S. Sherrard, of Pleasant Valley; G. A. Lindsay, of Walnut; P. Belveal, of Winfield; W. J. Orr, of Walnut; J. W. Evans, of Dexter; Henry Ireton, of Seeley; John H. Tharp, of Vernon; Geo. Erickson, of Cedarvale; and Henry Falkingham, of Winfield.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
The Cherryvale Globe-Torch has the following handsome compliment for Miss May Roland, for a number of years a resident of Winfield and prominent in our social circle: "We refer to the portrait of Mrs. Geo. Beerbower, recently painted by Miss May Roland. Monday evening, in company with several others, we had the pleasure of viewing this remarkable production. Remarkable because of its perfect likeness to the original, and because it is actually the second attempt of portrait painting by a young lady who has never received a single lesson in the art. We unhesitatingly pronounce this a superb piece of work, and congratulate Miss Roland on her remarkable talent, which we hope she will no longer keep folded away in a napkin, so to speak. The picture is attracting much attention of our best artists, all of whom pronounce it a great achievement and are profuse in praise of the talented artist."
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.

Winfield has seldom witnessed a better performance than that at the Opera House Monday night, "Ingomar the Barbarian," as presented by Miss Adelaide Moore and her splendid company. The play itself, of Greek location and adapted from the German by Mrs. Lovell, the great English dramatist, is of a peculiar romance that at once charms the auditor. The threads are easily followed and have a big moral for man who would again resist the sweet influence of gentle woman. A war between Greeks and Barbarians was raging: Myron, splendidly acted by C. J. Fyffee, was taken captive by the Barbarians. His ransom was thirty pieces of silver, none of which his family could raise. Here comes on the scene Polydor, a groveling miser, the counterpart of Louis XI and Fagan, which character was wonderfully depicted by Walter Lennox. His looks and acts would almost freeze your blood. His offers to ransom for the hand of Parthenia are at first accepted, then, as his cringes widened, were spurned, and the daughter went forth into the mountains and threw herself at the feet of Ingomar as a personal ransom. The father was freed and the daughter remained. She gradually softened Ingomar's barbarous nature, with her gentle manners and womanly tact, until he yielded entire, her perfect slave, he the terror of all Greece, but the servant of her beck and call. She, too, was won by the manhood his rough garb concealed and soon "two souls with but a single thought, two hearts that beat as one" left their rugged mountain home and entered the walls of the capital of Greece, Ingomar taking on the manners of the Greek, casting aside his sword and taking the plow and the grub—all the effect of woman's magic influence. At first thought to be a spy, he was the means of cementing the mountaineers and the Greeks. As Parthenia, Miss Moore completely captivated all, combining with personal beauty a sweet, musical voice, and exceptionally graceful stage presence. Chas. Bennett's impersonation of Ingomar was perfected by a well adapted physique, deep, well-rounded voice, and a pleasant face. The support, without an exception, was first-class, as good throughout as we have ever had here. The play deserved and would have had a much larger house had the weather been good.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
We have found coal. For years and years philosophers have argued that Winfield and surroundings were underlaid with coal. But nobody could be found who would sink money in a prospective hole. The state, unconsciously, has done it. David Dix, digging the well at the Imbecile Asylum, yesterday, struck a 6-inch vein of first-class hard coal—a solid strata. It is very similar to the Cannon City coal so popular here. It was tried and burns splendidly. The vein is just 145 feet below the surface at the foot of the Imbecile mound. Signs of coal have been noticed before on the road down. The indications are that this is only the first layer of a rich bed of coal. Prospectors and capitalists are considerably worked up and it will probably be an easy matter to organize a big stock company for further investigations. There is no doubt that we have plenty of coal under us. All we have to do is to dig for it.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.

The big six-page WEEKLY COURIER of last week was the recipient of scores of praises. All pronounced it as fine Weekly as they ever saw—as beautifully printed and as complete in every way. It contained a vast amount of news, from all over the world, with five times as much local news as any other paper in the county publishes. And our weekly this week is even better. We found it impossible to lead the matter and get it all in, so this week we present about twenty columns of home news, in solid minion, with eighteen columns of the latest general news and miscellany, full market reports, and editorial comment on the important moves of the past week. THE COURIER is satisfied with nothing but par-excellence and that our determination is realized, is gratifyingly evidenced in the many words of praise from thousands of readers.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
There will be a mass meeting of voters of Winfield at the Court House on Saturday evening at half past 7 o'clock, to consider the coming elections. The interests of this city are at stake and every voter should make it his special business to be present. The preliminary work has been done and the time of the final struggle is at hand. Come without fail.
J. E. CONKLIN, Chairman Executive Committee.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
The mad dog scare is still raging in Beaver. John Vandever was in town today and reported that J. W. Browning lost a fine colt last evening, resulting from a mad dog bite twenty-seven days ago. This makes three head of stock Mr. Brown has lost, with two more valuable horses he knows are bitten and expects nothing else but death. John Watts and Buck Tannehill have lost a number of hogs. The dogs of Dr. Marsha and Mr. Tannehill are thought to have been bitten. A caucus was held last evening and the determination reached to go out this morning, round up and kill every dog in the neighborhood. The first mad dog got in good work before Mr. Browning realized it was mad.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
Mr. C. W. Armstrong died at his home on North Millington street, Saturday night. For years he has been quite feeble from age, and in the last year bronchitis has been doing its deadly work, finally carrying him off. He was in his sixtieth year and leaves a wife, a son, and three daughters. He was a devout member of the Baptist church. His life was long and very useful. In is younger days, before the debilities of age put their ban on excessive energy, he was one of the most active men in both mind and body. The funeral was deferred to await the arrival of absent relatives and occurred Tuesday, at 10 o'clock, from his late residence, conducted by Rev. J. H. Reider.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
The last few days have been rough on stock. So few persons have ventured to the city that we are unable to give anything more than a rough idea of the extent of damages. In this city fowls and some domestic animals have frozen. C. W. Saunders, southwest of this city, lost fifteen head of cattle. C. L. Darr lost one cow or calf. We presume the loss has been great. Such a sudden and severe Polar wave could not fail to do immense damage.
Burden Eagle.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
W. D. Clapp and Miss Phoebe Whiteneck were joined in the bonds of matrimony Sunday afternoon, at the residence of the bride's mother, on south Main, by Rev. Kelly. The groom is an industrious, steady young man in the employ of George Klaus. The bride is an estimable young lady, well known here. We send an old shoe after the happy couple and with it all the joy imaginable.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.

All hunters in the Territory without a permit from Colonel Sumner, commanding the United States troops at Caldwell, have been arrested by the military and taken to Fort Reno, and all who pass the Territory line without permission are arrested. The Kansas line is being patrolled by mounted videttes, and this paradise of hunters is as unaccessible to white men as though located in the moon.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
Harris, Clark & Huffman sold Monday a half block on 10th avenue in A. J. Thompson's addition, to Mr. Wikoff, of Peoria, Illinois. Mr. Wikoff will at once erect a fine residence and make this his future home. Price paid, $1,400. Mr. Wykoff is a man of wealth and intelligence and is a great acquisition to our city.
[Note: First two times, Wikoff. Last time, Wykoff. Wonder if this should be "Wyckoff."]
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
A. H. Doane has sold his coal business to Ivan Robinson. Mr. Robinson is well known here and will carry on the business satisfactory to all. A. H. Will be a man of leisure for a few days. It will seem very queer to think of A. H. out of the coal business. For five years he has been one of our prominent fuel dispensers.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
A man will pay almost any amount to suppress a little four-line newspaper squib concerning himself, but if you ask the same man for an advertisement, he would tell you it's just a waste of money, for nobody will ever read it.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
The Santa Fe is clear all the way east and west as far as Spearville, a small station east and near Dodge City.
How Cowley's Alimentary Canals Flourished in December.
The Druggists Liquid Filings.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.

The late frigidity shows its effects on the druggists as much as other people—in the lateness of their liquid filings. Here it is twelve days after the first of the month and not till yesterday did the last batch of liquid refreshment files roll into the Probate Judge. With the filings complete, we are again prepared to examine the spiritus fermenti condition of the county. To those interested in the effect of prohibition, this record never grows stale. Every month it contains information of statistical verity. Ever since the first publication of this record, after the adoption of this law, last winter, the record has been gradually diminishing. Every month THE COURIER has noted changes evidencing the regard with which the law is observed in this county. The argument that some of the druggists don't file half the statements has little weight in the face of the outward evidence. Where there is much fire, there must be some smoke. Drunk men in Cowley County are getting as scarce as angel's visits and the opportunity for getting liquid refreshments as barren as the ceiling of an old hen's mouth. The facts are the prohibitory law has become commonly accepted as too dangerous a thing to buck. The few men who have tried to violate it find that, in the hands of officials to whom the "standing in" business is unknown and to whom duty is paramount, it kicks with a wickedness eclipsing a mule and never lets up till it has kicked the stuffing out of their "wad" and lands them in the bastille. This is as regards general violators. The record, as here given, and the outward guarantees in the sour-visaged individuals who mosey disappointedly out of the drug stores with vengeance instead of "rot-gut" on their lips, proves that the druggists of Cowley County are doing as nearly the square thing as possible. It is no easy thing for a druggist to keep from violating the law. He has to refuse daily, some of his best friends—use caution that is likely to make enemies out good general customers. But the sensible man—the man who understands the iron-clad conditions of the law as regards the "beverage" business, only thinks the more of a druggist for refusing, if it is a cold morning and his constitution cries for fire, regardless of the effect on his by-laws. The record for December is remarkably good.
[Skipped breakdown as given.]
Druggists mentioned: Williams, Glass, Harter, and Brown at Winfield; Steinberger, Fairclo, Mowry & Co., Eddy, Kellogg & Co., Brown, Balyeat & Co. at Arkansas City. Other towns: Woolsey, Burden; Roberts, Udall; Martin, Udall; Rule, Cambridge; Phelps, Dexter; Phelps, Burden; Hooker, Burden; Taylor, Floral.
The statements show 4 bottles bitters, and 49 of stout; 2 of porter, and 1 of champagne sold the county during the month.
In November there were filed 3416 statements, representing 1907 pints of whiskey, 307 pints alcohol, 149 pints brandy, 367 bottles beer, and 153 pints "other drinks." The record for December, as noted above, shows but 3152 statements, a decrease of 264, representing only 1541 pints of whiskey, a decrease of 366 pints; 412 pints alcohol, an increase of 105 pints; 106 pints brandy, a decrease of 43 pints; 289 bottles beer, a decrease of 76 bottles; 180 pints other drinks, a slight increase. So it will be seen that the sales of all liquids most used as beverages or "medicine," are gradually declining. People are rapidly concluding, through sad necessity, that whiskey and beer are not the only sure panacea for every ill and pain and vicissitude of life—even a guilty conscience. Arkansas City leads the van in the medicine business, as usual, showing a handsome decrease of 258 statements. The miasma of the canal seems to be slightly dissipated by the blasts of winter. Winfield's record in statements shows an increase of one, with decrease of 130 pints of whiskey. Our druggists have gone clear back on beer. The other towns show a good record, a decrease of 3 statements, representing a decrease of 100 pints of whiskey. Their beer record is remarkably good, showing only 18 bottles against 231 in November. Steinberger still keeps the lead at Arkansas City, with Balyeat & Co. and W. D. Mowry very close seconds. It is darkly hinted that one or two "blind tigers" at the Terminus are gobbling all the beverage business. Our officials will knock the wadding out them very shortly, if this is the case. Considering the cold weather and big demand, the record for December is remarkably good—can't be equaled by any county in the State. It is a record to be proud of—one whose veracity is fully backed up by the good order, prosperity, and happiness that marks our people. Compare this record with old saloon rule, when ten times as much "stuff" was sold in a single day, with drunk men visible at any hour, and you have the wonderful effect of prohibition in Cowley County.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.

The bonds for the branch of the K. C. & S. W. railroad from Arkansas City to Caldwell were voted on Monday and carried by the following majorities.
South Haven township, 211; Caldwell township, 461; Walton township, 62; Falls township, 30; Guelph township, 10.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
The 'Frisco line, like all other railroads, had a tough time in the late storm. Last Thursday morning the train on the Winfield branch reached the main line all right, switched off on the main track at Beaumont, ran down west of the depot, and arranged their cars for the through train, when the engine died—froze up solid. There they stood, with no power to move and in danger of being dashed to pieces by the east bound 'Frisco train, due in a few minutes. H. B. North took in the situation, and running down the track half a mile, stood there several hours to flag the train. He was relieved by two of the train men footing it up the track with the information that their engine too was dead, a mile back. North's face, ears, and feet were badly frozen; and had relief not come, he would have probably frozen to death, almost unconsciously. Near Beaumont, between Thursday and Saturday, seven or eight engines died, and not until Saturday did the trains get out. A number of passengers were dangerously frozen. The train on our branch didn't get in till Saturday night, having been out three days.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
C. M. Scott went up to Winfield Tuesday to attend court. He was called up in behalf of a Kiowa Indian, who was arrested some time since over at New Salem for attempted burglary. The Indian is unable to talk English; therefore, C. M. was sent up to plead his case. The case came up before Judge Torrance Tuesday, but was postponed for a few days. The Indian told C. M. that he was over to Salem, and as it was cold, he went into the store to warm. When it became time for the proprietor to close up business, he drove him out, and that he camped outside in front of the store window. During the night the red-skin was awakened by someone walking in the store. He got up and went to the window and struck a match, holding it up by his face so whoever was in there could see who it was. The owner of the store supposed the Indian wanted to burglarize him and blazed away with a shot gun, perforating an ear of the Indian. This scared poor Lo so badly that he scampered off and found lodgings in a corn-shock. Next morning he was arrested and now stands committed, awaiting trial. A. C. Republican.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
We have got a little out of patience with a few people that we saw looking over the new postoffice, whose only criticism was that it is "too fine." That sort of feeling has kept many a promising town in the backwoods. When citizens think anything is too good for their town, but might do somewhere else, they had just better get out and give room to somebody that can stand improvements and progress, and who can appreciate a good thing when they see it. Udall Sentinel.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.

Sometimes I wonder what a mean man thinks about and what he thinks himself when he goes to bed, and the darkness closes in around him, and he is compelled to be honest with himself, and not a bright thought, not a word of blessing, not a grateful look, not a deed of charity that an act of his has called forth during the day, comes to bless him. Till the revenge we ever want on a mean man is the simple knowledge that once a day, at least, he is compelled to think about himself. Bob Burdette.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
L. D. Latham and family arrived last evening from the east.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
Personal property tax of Silas Kennedy, of Bolton township, was remitted, being erroneously assessed.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
J. A. Cochran, Trustee of Liberty township, was authorized to spend $5 a week in aid of Milton Bishop and family paupers.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
Personal property assessment of P. McCommon, being erroneously assessed in Burden city, was transferred to district 94, according to levy thereon.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
Henry Watkins, sentenced to 30 days in jail from Buckman's court, for selling liquor, was released, sentence having expired.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
E. J. Horsman appointed clerk of Windsor township.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
Viewers' report in the E. H. Long county road was adopted, except a small portion not vacated.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
One dollar and fifty cents per week in merchandise from Baden, ordered for support of S. M. Coryell, a pauper said merchandise to be delivered to Eli Blanden.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
Mr. Love's cattle, 600 assessed, the board found that only sixty-five head were properly assessed in Creswell township, and the error was remitted.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
The Board of County Commissioners Saturday, adopted the following: "In view of the retirement of Commissioner Walton, after three years' service, we, the remaining members of the Board, wish to express our appreciation of his valuable services. By his sound judgment, general intelligence, and unfailing diligence, as well as by his uniform courtesy, he has made our duties less irksome and contributed largely to the success of our labors. Our remembrance of him will always be kindly, and we tender him our best wishes for his future happiness and prosperity." To Capt. J. S. Hunt: "The Commissioners of Cowley County desire to express to you, at this expiration of your term of office, our appreciation of your ability in the conduct of a county office and to say that as a public servant all the duties of the office have been discharged accurately and faithfully, and that as a courteous and able assistant to the County Commissioners in their duties, they will remember you for years. They desire also to express the hope that your future may be crowned with the success your merit deserves. S. C. SMITH, J. A. IRWIN."

The new Board, with J. D. Guthrie, of Bolton, the new member, met Monday and organized by electing Capt. S. C. Smith, chairman.
The first business brought up was the letting of the county printing. THE COURIER was designated as the official paper of the county for the coming year, at legal rates.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
The bodies of Wm. Gilbert and a neighbor, living four miles southwest of Salt City, in Walton township, Sumner County, were found Monday down on Duck creek in the Territory, where they froze to death in the terrible storm of last Thursday. They started early Thursday morning, before the storm set in, for wood. Each had a good team and wagon. Whether the teams perished or not is unknown. They were not found with the bodies. The particulars are scanty. Gilbert was a young man and a cousin of Mrs. Sampson Johnson, of Pleasant Valley. Both men were well-to-do farmers.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
The following officers were duly installed at the regular meeting Jan. 6th: J. E. Snow, T. O.; W. L. Pridgeon, Capt.; E. Branson, 1st Lieut.; C. W. Naws, 2nd Lieut.; A. M. Swindler, Chap.; C. M. Storms, O. S.; F. S. Elder, G.; S. H. Caton, C. O.' J. H. Swindler, S. G.; E. S. Spring, C. G. The camp is prospering finely, having a good membership of our best young men, who are keeping up a live interest.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
I hereby give notice to the public that I will make a discount of 15 per cent on all suits and overcoats until March 1st. I do this to dispose of my fall and winter stock and make room for my spring goods, and to give as much employment as possible to my hands during the dull season. This is no humbug. Try me. A. Herpich, merchant tailor, over Henry Goldsmith's.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
We desire to extend our thanks to the kind friends that have helped us through our late bereavement and to the high school in dismissing to attend services.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
Owing to the short ice season of Southern Kansas, Mr. Manny worked a large force of men Sunday. Frank was ready for an emergency. He has an improved ice buzz saw which, with the assistance of three men, he can turn out 60 tons per day. Fifteen men took it from the saw and loaded it on the elevator and ten men in the packing rooms took care of all that came in. If everything runs smoothly, three days more will fill his houses.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.

The Santa Fe is under fearful heavy expense as the result of this big storm. It will knock considerable of the stuffing out of its big wad of profits for this year. At the La Clede, the Santa Fe hotel at Newton, the company is now boarding 204 passengers, west-bound. Twelve miles between Newton and Garden City, an arrival from Newton today informed us, are still impassible.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
Saturday morning we noticed a driver cruelly beating a poor horse that through lack of feed and from overwork was unable to move the load to which he was attached. The man who will beat a horse under such circumstances ought to be forced to read two of St. John's speeches, and then be muzzled six months in a dining room with nothing to read except our transient e. c. and the Oklahoma War Chief, and no nourishment except pond water and dry beans administered with a shot gun.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
The S. K. west bound passenger, due here at 10:38 Friday morning, didn't reach hee till three this morning. No regular west bound passenger went through today, on time, but the road is now cleared and the east bound passenger will go through on schedule time. The freight will go west at 10 o'clock, carrying passengers as far as Wellington.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
The mad dog deviltry in Beaver township is supposed to have had its origin in a fight between Mr. Browning's dog and a skunk. The dog killed the skunk, but in a few days went mad. Mr. Browning had a dog, a few years ago, whose fight with a skunk had the same effect. He is satisfied that was the cause.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
There are the times when a newspaper man has to reach into the great chasm of his gigantic intellect and, with a long pole, fish around in the pasture of imagination for numerous "fill-ups." But the average journalist is always equal to the occasion. He can always fish out something from his vast storehouse.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
The District Court has been grinding since Thursday noon, by jury, on the case of J. W. Cottingham vs. the K. C. & S. W. railroad, appeal from right of way damages. This is the first railroad damage suit in our District Court, under Judge Torrance's jurisdiction, if not the first in the history of the county.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
With the beginning of the New Year, the secret orders take on new executives. The recorders will confer a favor on THE COURIER and benefit their order by leaving us the names of the new chiefs, for the society directory. Bring them in at once. The directory will run right along now.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
Railroad building has been reduced to a science. A thousand miles of railroad can be graded, ironed, and furnished with rolling stock, and a dividend of 25 percent declared by any ordinary Kansan in one evening. He will do it all alone in his little library with his little pen.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
The W. R. C. in special session Wednesday, tendered a vote of thanks to the Courier Band for music furnished on New Year's day, and also to the citizens generally, for their liberal donations and patronage. By order of the Corps. Elma B. Dalton, Secretary.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.

Thursday eve was an awful one on THE COURIER carrier boys. It was as tough a trip as they will ever experience. The snow almost blinded them and the cold was intense. The first and fourth ward boys, however, didn't get through till this morning.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
We are in receipt of the statement of the Burden Bank on Dec. 31. It shows resources of over sixty thousand dollars and seems to be prospering finely. The Henthorn boys are rustlers from way back.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
The steam pipes of the Brettun froze up Thursday and the house and contents nearly froze out this morning. They were soon thawed out and a congenial atmosphere restored.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
Talk about the "glad new year," there is more depression throughout the country from the beginning of the new year until the latter part of February, than at any other period.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
Married, at the Baptist Parsonage on the 10th inst., by Rev. J. H. Reider, Edward S. Donnelly and Sadie Scott, both of Arkansas City, Kansas.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
The Santa Fe came in Friday an hour and a half late, from Newton. No trains running on the main line.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
W. J. Flood returned yesterday from several week's visit to his folks in Chicago. He reports very cold weather in the east.
Mr. Lewis Brown and Miss Lena Walrath are Joined In The
Matrimonial Bond.—A Big Event.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
How blest is the tie that binds
In union sweet, according minds:
How swift the Heavenly course they run,
Whose hearts, whose faith, whose hopes are one.
The words cementing two more hearts have been pronounced, and Mr. Lewis Brown and Miss Lena Walrath are no longer known singly. The happy event wedding them was celebrated last night, at the well appointed home of the bride's brother and sister, Mr. and Mrs. C. Collins. The occasion was no surprise. It had been anticipated with interest for some time. The general anticipation only made the event the more complete. At an early hour last evening, the large double parlors of Mr. and Mrs. Collins' home were a lively scene, thronged with youth, beauty, and age.

Rev. and Mrs. Kelly; Rev. and Mrs. Reider; Mr. and Mrs. A. Gridley; Mr. and Mrs. E. P. Young; Mr. and Mrs. Blackman; Mr. and Mrs. Dalton; Mr. and Mrs. H. E. Silliman; Mr. and Mrs. S. B. Park; Mr. and Mrs. S. D. Pryor; Mr. and Mrs. Frank W. Finch; Mr. and Mrs. O. Branham; Mr. and Mrs. J. H. Vance; Mr. and Mrs. A. Graff, Wellington; Mr. and Mrs. H. Brown and Ralph; Mr. and Mrs. J. C. McMullen; Mr. and Mrs. A. H. Doane; Mr. and Mrs. M. L. Read; Mr. and Mrs. S. H. Myton; Mr. and Mrs. B. F. Wood; Mr. and Mrs. D. A. Millington; Mr. and Mrs. J. C. Fuller; Mr. and Mrs. W. P. Hackney; Mr. and Mrs. Geo. W. Robinson; Mr. and Mrs. Frank K. Raymond; Mr. and Mrs. J. S. Hunt; Mr. and Mrs. J. J. Carson; Mr. and Mrs. G. W. Miller; Mrs. M. L. Robinson; Mrs. T. H. Soward; Mrs. B. H. Riddell; Misses Mattie Harrison, of Hannibal, Mo.; Lola Silliman, Leota Gary, Anna Hunt, Alice Thompson, Ida Ritchie, Clara Wilson, Julia B. March, Ida Johnston, Nellie and Kate Rodgers; Ora Worden, of Garnett; Nellie and Alice Aldrich, Minnie Taylor, Nellie McMullen, Lou Gregg, Maud Kelly, Mattie Reider, Hattie and Mamie Young; Messrs. W. C. Robinson, Will Hodges, Addison Brown, Jas. Lorton, L. J. Buck, Everett and George Schuler, W. A. Ritchie, C. E. Pugh, Chas. H. Slack, Jno. Brooks, Frank H. Greer, Will Brown, Harry Caton, Lewis Plank, P. S. Hills, J. L. M. Hill, Ed J. McMullen, and M. Hahn.
It was a wonderfully lively crowd, full of hearty cheer and genuine good will. All exhibited that feeling of perfect freedom necessary to true social intercourse. All were on the qui vive for a peep at the bride and groom. At a few minutes before nine the wedding march was struck up by Mrs. F. D. Blackman and the bridal pair came lightly down the stairs, the bride attended by her brother, Mr. Collins, and the groom by the bride's sister, and took position in the west parlor. The bride's appearance was beautiful. She was attired in an elegant costume of white albatross, with wax-bead trimming and natural Roman hyacinth and narcissus flowers. Mrs. Collins wore a handsome brown silk. Of course the groom was dressed in "conventional black," with the usual white tie and kids. Art is partial to brides. They can attire in a hundred beautiful ways; but there is no diversity for grooms. The Prince Albert, the white cravat and white gloves will ever prevail. The ceremony was pronounced by Rev. J. H. Reider, and was beautiful and impressive, acceded to by the bridal pair with a firmness indicating well directed composure. The eternal "I do's" consummated, Rev. B. Kelly offered a feeling prayer for the future of the wedded pair. Mr. and Mrs. Lewis Brown were then besieged by a throng of hearty congratulations, lasting half an hour, when the guests again "turned themselves loose" for a good time, taking turns for a glance at the splendid array of kind remembrances, which were unusual in diversity and usefulness.
Bronze relief picture, Chas. S. Dever.
Willow work basket, satin ribbon interwoven, Alice Thompson and Clara Wilson.
Silver and cut glass jelly dish, Mr. and Mrs. J. C. Fuller and Miss Mattie Harrison.
Silver tooth pick holder, Nellie McMullen.
Painting and easel, Mr. and Mrs. F. K. Raymond.
Steel engraving, "A brown study," Lewin Plank, Harry Caton, Harry Park, and Willie Brown.
Library table and camp rocker, Mr. and Mrs. T. H. Soward, Mr. and Mrs. C. A. Bliss, Mr. and Mrs. Q. A. Glass, Mr. and Mrs. O. Branham, Mr. and Mrs. E. S. Bliss, Mr. and Mrs. S. B. Park, Rev. and Mrs. J. H. Reider, Mr. and Mrs. S. Dalton, Mr. and Mrs. E. H. Bliss, and Mr. and Mrs. B. F. Wood.
Illustrated poem "Buttercup and Daisies," Mr. and Mrs. J. R. Ellsberry, Mason City, Illinois.
Silver pie knife and satin lined case, Mr. and Mrs. J. J. Carson, Mr. and Mrs. G. W. Miller, and Mr. John Brooks.

Stand Mirror, plush frame, Charles H. Slack.
Silver soup ladle, J. L. H. Hill.
Half dozen gold band, decorated fruit plates, Mr. and Mrs. Fred Blackman.
Pearl paper knife and photo, Ada H. Peck, Topeka.
Stand mirror, bronze relief frame, Ida Johnston.
Half dozen silver tea spoons, groom's mother.
Silver butter dish, Everett and George Schuler, James Lorton, Ed J. McMullen, L. J. Buck, and Frank H. Greer.
Cut glass and silver berry dish, Mr. and Mrs. J. S. Mann.
Brass relief picture, Mr. and Mrs. E. H. Nixon and Mr. and Mrs. W. J. Wilson.
Silver salt cellar, Mrs. B. H. Riddell.
Silver cake basket, Nellie and Kate Rodgers, Bertha Wallis, Bessie Handy, Lola Silliman, and Maud Kelly.
Set glass finger bowls, Mr. and Mrs. J. S. Hunt and Miss Anna.
Silver and pearl agate tea pot, Mr. and Mrs. S. H. Myton and daughters, Josie and Lula.
China tea set, gold band, Mr. and Mrs. S. D. Pryor, Mr. and Mrs. C. A. Bliss, Mr. and Mrs. H. E. Silliman, Mr. and Mrs. E. P. Young, and Mr. and Mrs. J. C. Long.
Counterpane, Mr. and Mrs. A. Graff, Wellington.
White apron, Mrs. A. Graff and Mrs. Gooding, Wellington.
Milton's Paradise Lost, illustrated by Dore, P. H. Albright and P. S. Hills.
Silver and glass fruit dish, Mr. and Mrs. Frank W. Finch.
Napkins and table spread and pair white woolen blankets, groom's family.
Cut glass and silver fruit dish, Mr. and Mrs. J. C. McMullen.
Pair bronze pedestal vases, Mr. and Mrs. A. Graff, Wellington.
Hand embroidered banner, Miss Julia B. March.
Pair vases, Hattie, Mamie, and Willis Young.
Half dozen Doilies, Miss Ida Briggs, Lawrence.
Colored glass fruit and sauce dishes, Nettie and Anna McCoy.
Silver tooth pick holder, mounted, Mr. and Mrs. A. Gridley.
Silver butter knife, pickle fork, and sugar spoon, in velvet lined case, Ida Johnston, Minnie Taylor, and Leota Gary.
Set silver fruit knives, Will Thew, Oxford.
Set silver knives and forks, Mr. and Mrs. G. Morris, Harper.
"Jane Austin," book, Millie Chandler, Oxford.
Dozen napkins, Mattie Reider and Louise Gregg.
Silver and pearl agate water service, Rev. and Mrs. B. Kelly, Mr. and Mrs. M. L. Robinson, Mr. and Mrs. M. L. Read, Mr. and Mrs. S. H. Myton, Dr. and Mrs. Van Doren, Misses Nellie and Alice Aldrich, W. C. Robinson, A. F. Hopkins, and Will E. Hodges.
Dozen napkins and two pair towels, Senator and Mrs. W. P. Hackney.
Marble top center table, groom's family.
Set silver knives and forks and hand painted plaque, Mr. and Mrs. Collins, brother and sister of the bride.

Upholstered plush rocker, Mr. and Mrs. G. W. Robinson, Mr. and Mrs. W. C. Root, Mr. and Mrs. J. H. Vance, Mr. and Mrs. D. A. Millington, Mr. and Mrs. A. H. Doane, C. E. Pugh, W. A. Ritchie, and M. Hahn.
Rattan rocker, Mr. and Mrs. J. W. Johnston.
Dozen glass sauce dishes and glass tea set, groom's family.
Plush panel with white plush anchor, J. C. Simmons, Kansas City.
Hand painted brass plaque, Miss Hattie Fisher, Seneca Falls, New York.
Set dinner knives, Mrs. A. Limbocker, Elsworth, Wisconsin.
Set silver forks, Mr. and Mrs. C. Collins.
Boxes natural flowers, Mrs. G. W. Miller, Misses Nellie and Alice Aldrich, and Miss Emma Strong, one each.
The repast was very fine, embracing substantials and choice delicacies in great variety and abundance. The entertainment of Mr. and Mrs. Collins was most whole-souled and acceptable, making all perfectly at home. Not till a late hour did the guests depart, each bearing a piece of the bridal cake to sweeten their dreams, and all bidding very appreciative adieus to the agreeable entertainers.
Mr. and Mrs. Brown are a very appropriately mated couple, of like dispositions and aspirations and a deep-seated affection for each other that can result in nothing but a most happy wedded life. The bride is truly a womanly woman, of attractive appearance and winning manner, with the character, culture, and stability that lastingly adorn. She is a beautiful singer and her services in the Baptist choir, of which church she is a member, have been very valuable and highly appreciated. Mr. Brown is truly one of "our boys," having grown up in Winfield. He is partner in one of the city's leading drug firms, that of Brown & Son, and has always been prominent among Winfield's best young men. His moral stamina and interest in church matters are specially marked. For years he has been a member of the Methodist choir, the church of his choice. Of close business application, admirable character, and genial, though quiet disposition, his future can only be brightly mapped. The only cross in this union is religious creed—he is a Methodist and she a Baptist, which of course has all been smoothed ere this. THE COURIER, with the many warm friends of Mr. and Mrs. Brown, wishes them a long life of happiness and prosperity unalloyed.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
Tisdale was our stopping place last week. It is on the Dexter and Winfield stage line and has two stores, a church, public hall, schoolhouse, and blacksmith shop. Arriving there Monday evening we made the acquaintance of Chancy Hewitt, who invited us to take a walk—not leave the place, but to walk home with him and stop overnight. He said he always took care of newspaper men and ministers. We gladly accepted his kind invitation and have been happy ever since to think we were so fortunate.
Mr. Hewitt is one of the early settlers, if not the first actual settler in Cowley County, and accordingly is well posted in the history of the county. He has been engaged in business in Tisdale the last eighteen months and as his clerk, Mr. Bliss, is P. M., his store is well known to the people of that vicinity.

J. J. Conrad, in the other store, seemed to be having plenty of company, but still found time to subscribe for THE COURIER.
The school here has about 75 pupils enrolled and is under the management of Mr. Vaughn.
Mr. Bradley, the blacksmith, an old subscriber, we found busy in his shop.
In traveling through the country about Tisdale, we met a number of the old readers of THE COURIER, and Wednesday night found us with our old friend, John Moreland, an Iowa man we had not seen for years. Here we were storm bound until Friday morning and then Mr. Moreland insisted that we should stay longer, but we thought the weather was pleasant enough for us to go on; however, we soon found our mistake and have been nursing a badly frozen ear ever since. Next time we may know enough to take advice. We heard of several cases of frozen ears and faces about Tisdale but nothing more serious. ZEKE.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
The agreeable home of Mr. and Mrs. G. W. Miller was a lively scene Tuesday evening. It was the occasion of the twentieth wedding anniversary of Mr. and Mrs. Miller, which fact was unknown to the guests until their arrival, making the event all the more appropriate and lively. It was one of the jolliest gatherings of married people, old and young, composed as follows, as near as we can recall: Mr. and Mrs. D. A. Millington, Mr. and Mrs. J. C. Fuller, Mr. and Mrs. W. P. Hackney, Mr. and Mrs. F. C. Hunt, Mr. and Mrs. C. L. Harter, Dr. and Mrs. T. B. Tandy, Dr. and Mrs. Geo. Emerson, Mr. and Mrs. S. D. Pryor, Col. and Mrs. Wm. Whiting, Mr. and Mrs. Ed G. Cole, Mr. and Mrs. A. H. Doane, Mr. and Mrs. J. F. Balliet, Mr. and Mrs. Handy, Mr. and Mrs. O. Branham, Mr. and Mrs. Mitchell, Mr. and Mrs. J. J. Carson, Mr. and Mrs. F. S. Jennings, Mr. and Mrs. J. F. McMullen, Mr. and Mrs. R. E. Wallis, Mr. and Mrs. E. P. Greer, Mr. and Mrs. J. B. Lynn, Mr. and Mrs. Warren Stone, Mr. and Mrs. C. H. Buford, Mr. and Mrs. J. W. Warner, Mr. and Mrs. E. D. Taylor, Mr. and Mrs. A. E. Baird, Mr. and Mrs. W. H. Albro, Mrs. Alice Bishop, Mrs. Scothorn, Mrs. R. B. Waite, Mrs. Hartwell, Mrs. A. T. Spotswood, Mr. Wm. Whiting, Mr. J. R. Brooks, and Mr. D. Taylor. The warm-hearted hospitality of Mr. and Mrs. Miller was at its best, and their admirable entertainment made the freest and heartiest enjoyment. The collation was exceptionally excellent. In the folding doors was a handsome banner inscribed 1866-1886, indicative of the anniversary. Not till after twelve o'clock did the guests depart, in the realization of having spent one of the happiest evenings of the winter.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
The jury in right of way damage case of J. W. Cottingham vs. the K. C. & S. W. railroad, brought in a verdict, Saturday night, for the plaintiff for $402.50. This case was one in which the County Commissioners had, through an oversight, failed to award damages. The amount recovered for the half mile just about averaged with what had been allowed along the line.
Hill vs. Rupert, suit to quiet title—judgment by default perfecting deed to se qr 11-31-3e in favor of plaintiff.

Chas. I. Forsyth, recently located here from Lincoln, Illinois, and G. E. Lindsley, from Waverly, New York, were examined this morning by a committee composed of Judge Dalton, Joseph O'Hare, and Lovell H. Webb. They passed a good examination and were admitted to the bar. In admitting them Judge Torrance cited the fact that in joining this Cowley County bar, they were entering a body of lawyers to whom petty jealousies were unknown—a bar whose members with but one or two exceptions have worked themselves up since settling in Winfield, and whose indomitable energy, ambition, and close application have placed most of them among the best attorneys of the west. Mr. Forsyth is a man of middle years, without family, who has practiced for eleven years and appears to be a man of ability and experience. Mr. Lindsley is a young man who has moved west to commence permanently his chosen vocation. His examination shows much careful study and a keen insight. He is of good appearance and indicates the grit and vim that bring success in the bustling west.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
There is a man in Winfield, who, according to THE COURIER, though still young, is 188 years old. He was born in the South Sea Islands, shipwrecked at a 8 years of age, was interpreter at Castle Garden at 15, was 21 years in the British army from which he retired to Scotland, for many years served in the Mexican and Franco-Prussian wars, was general superintendent of the Northern Pacific railway, was in Canada ten years, was foreman of a cattle company of Texas, was in the lumber business in St. Paul 11 years, farmed in Mexico for 10 years, was in Chicago 6 years, was in Wheeling West Virginia, seven years, and divers other places until he went to Winfield, where he is now engaged in booming, (or bumming) the town. Emporia Republican.
He can be seen any of these cold days around the warm stove of any of our lunch counters or livery stable offices, and occasionally he squeezes in and looks, for hours at a time, at the benign countenance of the third class hotel stove. He used to sit around the saloon stove and hug the free lunch counters. Yes, and occasionally you find him in higher circles. He has been called the great American blowhard, but when he gets hold of such incredulity, he convinces it in two shakes of a dead coyote's tail, that the accuser himself is the liar. He is a historic wonder, and will probably never die.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
"The wages of sin is death, but the gift of God is eternal life."—Romans vi:23, was the subject of Rev. Patterson's sermon at the Baptist church Monday night. He pointed out how man will pile up his sins. The more sins he commits, the larger wages, at death, he pays for hell. On the other hand, the gift of salvation is free and the sweets of the present life and the life to come are made perpetual and satisfactory, with a glorious end of this life, awaking in eternal joy. The audience was immense and the interest great. Five of the front rows of seats were filled with new inquirers—about thirty. With those last night, about one hundred and fifty have been converted at these meetings—a wonderful harvest. Mr. Patterson will not likely remain longer than Friday night. He has pressing invitations to three other places. He will likely go to Clay Center next. His labors here, with those of our home ministers, have certainly been greatly blessed. Such an outpouring of the spirit was never before witnessed in Winfield.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
These are tough times for newspapers. Many of the wires are down and local news is scarce. Beginning with Saturday's paper, the Wichita Eagle has been the thinnest its existence has ever know. Not a line of telegraphic news, owing to the telegraph lines on the main line being down, and but three columns of doubly "padded" local matter, with a little editorial and miscellany. THE COURIER has felt the freeze up some, but has double discounted the Eagle right along, for pure pith; any one of its issues since the storm containing more reading matter than the Eagle and many other city dailies that have struck our sanctum. The Emporia Republican, the Topeka and other state papers are alike: very thin. But with the return of normal elements, they will again warm up.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
Saturday was a big matrimonial day, after three o'clock. Not a license had been issued for a week, and Judge Gans was desperately concocting another chromo scheme, when the pall was lifted from his spirit and five victims rolled in right after the other, as follows: Wm. H. Probasco and Sarah C. Bunnell; Alex. M. Scott and Nellie Gilbert; Edward D. Donnelly and Sadie Scott; Wm. D. Clapp and Phebe Whiteneck; Dennis O. Buck and Nancy E. Biby. These were the only victims since January 1st.
Robert Vermilye made final settlement in estate of J. F. Vermilye, deceased.
T. S. Covert made final settlement in estate of M. T. Covert, deceased.
[Unless it is an unusual ad, am going to skip inasmuch as there is so much more data in each issue. Also, if address shows address, will make note of new ones.]
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
Another Proclamation.
Prior to taking inventory (February 1st), all good will be sold at cost for cash. We hereby enumerate a few of the thousands of bargains in store for you.
Best prints, 5 cents per yard; Indigo blue prints, 6½ cents per yard; Good sheetings, 5 cents per yard; All wool Flannel, 22 cents, worth 35 cents per yard; Extra heavy Flannel, 28 cents, worth 40 cents per yard; Good table linens, 18 cents, worth 30 cents per yard; Cheviot shirtings, 8 cents, worth 12½ cents per yard; Extra heavy Cheviot shirtings, 10 cents, worth 15 cents per yard.

5 cents a yard (cheaper than calico); Plain and Brocaded Worsted, 10 cents, worth 15 cents; The largest line of Dress Goods in the city, and not one allowed to be sold above cost. Wool Blankets, $1.50, worth $2.00; Wool Blankets, $2.00, worth $3.50; Wool Blankets, $2.50, worth $4.00. Good Jeans 10 cents, worth 16 cents; Fine Jeans 15 cents, worth 25 cents; Heavy Jeans, 20 cents, worth 35 cents. All wool Cassimeres at less than manufacturer's prices.
Ladies' and Gent's Underwear.
At 10 cents, less than the wholesale value; Pins three papers for 5 cents; Shawls from 20 cents to $4.00. Children's cloaks $1.25, worth $2.50; Misses' cloaks $2.00, worth $4.00.

Ladies' cloaks and Newmarkets at 50 cents on the dollar. These goods must and shall be sold by February 1st. The celebrated and well known
"Super" and "extra super" at net cost. I repeat that not one article will be sold above cost for cash. Orders taken at 10 per cent discount. Avail yourselves of this opportunity to secure the best bargains ever offered in Winfield.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
Call and Examine Our Long list of Farm and City Property.
Office over Winfield Bank. Winfield, Kansas.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
Recap Notice of Garnishment. J. F. McMullen, Plaintiff's Attorney. Attest: J. E. Snow, Justice of the Peace. Before J. E. Snow, Justice of the Peace, City of Winfield, Cowley County, State of Kansas, Wm. L. Blair, plaintiff, vs. Jos. W. Timmons and Jonathan Duncan, defendants. Garnishment issued to recover $100 and interest at 12 per cent from March 25, 1885. To be heard January 29, 1886.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
Wm. B. Norman, Assignee of J. E. Coulter, assignor; Hackney & Asp, Attorneys for Assignee. Notice to all creditors in estate of J. E. Coulter, assignor. Two consecutive days beginning April 12, 1886, for creditors to make their claims.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
The devil came to earth one day
And into a court-house wended his way
Just as an attorney, with very grave face,
Was rising to argue the points in the case.

Now a lawyer his majesty never had seen,
For to his dominion one never had been;
And he felt very curious to the reason to know
Why none had been sent to the region below.
'Twas the fault of his agents, his majesty thought,
That none of these lawyers had never been caught;
And for his own pleasure he had a desire
To come to earth and the reason inquire.
Well, the lawyer who rose with visage so grave,
Made out his opponent a consummate knave

And the old devil himself was much amused
To hear the attorney so greatly abused.
As soon as the speaker had come to a close,
The counsel opposing him quietly arose,
And heaped such abuse on the head of the first
That made him appear of all villains the worst.
Thus they quarreled, contended, and argued so long,
'Twas hard to determine the one that was wrong;
And concluded he had heard quite enough of the fuss,
Old Nick turned away and soliloquized thus:
"If all they have said of each other is true,
The devil has not been robbed out of his due.
I am satisfied now, 'tis all very well—
The lawyers would ruin the morals of hell.
They have puzzled the court with villainous cavil
And I am free to confess they have puzzled the devil.
My agents are right to let lawyers go bail—
If I had them they'd swindle me out of my tail.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
We thought Cowley County was famous. And it is famous. But here is one earnest inquirer that hasn't yet heard all and as he seems so sincere about it, THE COURIER will proceed to give him a few pointers that will open his eyes. The following letter has been received from Cleveland, Ohio, by Register Soward.
"To the Recorder of Cowley Co., Kans. Dear Sir: You will please pardon me for addressing you, but as I wish to ascertain something about your part of the state and country, I thought you would be able and willing to inform me. I am, with others, thinking some of locating in the west, and your county has been spoken of. I am in the mercantile trade here and if I could strike the right place—where a new town has been located, or where one will be located, I would pack up and come west. Or if I could sell out, I would buy a farm. What are your railroad prospects? I see by the map that your county is not very well supplied with railroads. What is the climate and soil? Is it good for farming and stock raising? Is there any good land not yet taken up? At what price is land held at? What is the population of your town? Do you have in mind any place where a person can locate in trade with a prospect of doing well? I might ask you many more questions, but do not wish to weary you. If anything you have in mind that will be of interest to me that I have not asked you about, please write me about it, and if you will please answer this soon, I will be ever so much obliged to you. J. P. Casterline, 1938 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, Ohio."

A great many similar inquiries are coming to various individuals and as spokesman for the crowd, THE COURIER will answer. Cowley is not a young county. It is fifteen years old and the liveliest maiden you ever saw. The counties in Ohio that can down it in population and wealth are not many. And there isn't a county in the whole Buckeye State that can show one-tenth the enterprise, progress, and double concentrated vim. Our permanent progress is just on the firm footing that is bound to place us clear in the lead of western counties. We have three railroads, the Frisco line, direct connection with St. Louis and the East; the Santa Fe and the Southern Kansas—three first-class lines; the Denver, Memphis & Atlantic is but twenty miles off and will soon reach us, while the extension of the Florence, El Dorado & Walnut to Winfield and through the Indian Territory to Ft. Worth, Texas, is a surety within the next six months. It will reach Winfield by April. This gives us five competing lines of railroad. Our new map will blot out the deception of the old one. When a county is growing as rapidly as Cowley, it is hard for the maps to keep up. Our climate is an importation from Italy, with a little spice from Alaska this winter, and our soil is a rich, black loam that will grow everything, with a prolificness that will make your eyes bulge out. Any land to be taken up? Think of a county as well improved, as advanced in agriculture, fine stock, and all that go to make civilization even superior to any in the east and you will at once perceive that the time for pre-emption has long since passed. But you can get land at any price—from $1.50 an acre to $2.00 and upwards. Winfield is a beautiful city of 8,500 population, with water works, gas works, and all modern conveniences. Some of the business blocks erected in the last year and being now erected would do credit to Cleveland—show up with many of your best buildings. Any man with the means for a start, backed by business tact, energy, and vim, can grow wealthy, wise, and happy in Cowley with more alacrity and satisfaction than in any place on the globe. Our people are all prosperous and contented, with a splendid immigration of the best people of the east. The fact that in the last year Winfield's new buildings and improvements foot up nearly a million dollars is a good pointer.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
Lincoln Biddinsell [?], the young man brought up from Arkansas City by Sheriff McIntire Thursday, had a trial by jury in the Probate Court this morning, and was judged insane. Dr. Mendenhall was the examining physician and testified to enlargement of the brain with its origin in early youth, as the cause. The victim is a good-looking young man of twenty-three, well-dressed, and showing every indication of refinement and good breeding. He came to Arkansas City a month ago, and in a short time showed unmistakable signs of insanity. His memory is momentary—can't hold anything, and he is entirely incapable of self-dependence. He put up at the Leland hotel and his board was paid by his parents, who live in Brooklyn, N. Y. They enjoined secrecy as to who was paying his board—wanted him to think his support depended on his own efforts. It looks a little as though his relatives had sent him west to get rid of him. The money all came through an agent. The young man talks quite rationally at times, and is quiet and orderly. His case is complete imbecility—incapable of doing for himself. He has no friends in this section. He will be sent to the State Asylum, Osawatomie, as soon as the proper returns can be made.
[A later article calls him "Lincoln Addimell."]
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
Notice to the voters of Walnut township, Cowley County. The Railroad bond election on the 27th day of January, 1886, will be held at Phillip Belveal's residence, just south-west of the Water Works reservoir, in said townshi8p, east of the city of Winfield.

John C. Roberts, Trustee; T. A. Blanchard, J. P.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
With its gas power, new presses, and its general unexcelled facilities, THE COURIER job printing department can meet eastern prices on any work. The Wilber Theater Company have been getting their printing done by a large eastern establishment, whose prices and quality THE COURIER easily met and run them about two hundred thousand advertising bills, of various sizes. Our presses were running all night Friday and showed up this morning a whole dray load of work. We can do about any work that can be done anywhere, with neatness and alacrity. We don't propose that any one shall find need of sending off for anything. Three to five first-class men are kept busy in our job department and our work can't be beaten.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
The social hop at the Rink Friday eve was very well attended considering the fact of the show and the weather—both being antagonistic to the lucrative interest of the ball. Everything went off very smoothly under the guidance of Chas. Gay and the fine music of the Roberts Orchestra. The Rink was a busy throng of whirling dancers until the hands on the dial were nearing the hour of two, when they separated in the sweet realization that they had passed one of the most enjoyable evenings of the season. There will be another special ball given tonight at the Rink.
C. M. Wood's Story Continued.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
Yes, it was about sixteen and a half years ago that I was trading with the Osage Indians in the house spoken of, from the 16th to 22nd of June, 1869. The first two days they seemed quite civil, but asked many questions. They wanted to know what we were going to do here; (there being with me at that time a Mr. Patterson and son, a lad of 12 or 14 years, William Stansbury, and two other young men, claim hunters—I do not recollect their names.)

Will or Bill Conner, a half breed French and Indian, and interpreter for the Indians came to me and said, "The Indians have held a council in camp and have decided to make you leave and will soon send you such orders." I sent word to their chiefs, amongst which were White Hair, head chief; Hard Rope, war chief; Strike Ax, 2nd war chief; and Chetopa, chief counselor of the whole nation—that I wished to talk to them. They sent word back by Conner that they would come the next day and they would see me at two o'clock p.m. So I arranged my house for their reception by piling my goods in one corner and covering them up with a wagon sheet. The appointed time came and so did the Indians, with all the usual pomp and display of an Indian council. The four chiefs, with interpreter and about twelve or fifteen other braves and head men, arranged themselves in a circle in my house, placing me in the ring directly opposite White Hair, who spoke first, asking me what I wanted with them? A perfect silence ensued for some moments—then sitting down, I told them that on the eastern end of their lands were many white men and that there was quite a number above me on the river; that many more were coming, and that there were below me twenty-five or thirty men surveying a railroad which would, no doubt, be built in a short time; that the Great Father was going to buy this land for his children and that I desired to be friendly with them and keep such goods in store as they would need, etc.
White Hair rose to his feet with much solemnity—he was a very old man with white hair, full face and form, in fact, a perfect type of the best class of Indians. He said that he was friendly to the pale faces and had been for many years; that this land belonged to the Osages; that he was very much surprised to see such a man trying to take their land from them, and with much flattery asked me to go away. He said if I stayed their country would all be taken from them; that they had not yet sold it; that it would be time enough for me after they had sold. He was followed by the other chief, who spoke in much the same way until it came Chetopa's turn. He being a spare, sharp featured, consumptive looking man, with a very penetrating, determined look, informed me that at 4 o'clock the next day, I must go or my house would be burned over my head, and asked me if I would go. I bluntly refused to go. They filed out of my house and went back to their wigwams followed by about 400 of their braves.

Bill Conner came to me next morning and told me that the Indians had a private council and in that they disagreed. Chetopa and the Little Osages wanted me to stay, but the Big Hills said I must go. Upon this I sent him back with some presents, such as tobacco, etc., telling him to report conditions soon to me; so about 3 o'clock came a message from Conner with written instructions from Chetopa, to leave, go up the river, and when they were gone to come back. This letter was signed "your friend, Chetopa." So we put what remaining goods we had into a wagon, locked the house, drove down to the ford on Timber Creek and found the water too high to cross. I got on my horse, went up to the Indian camp and found White Hair. He would not listen, but sent me to Hard Rope, who listened to me but seemed very determined. I asked him to keep his people away from my camp until I could cross the creek. He said I should be protected; to go back and remain until I could cross the water with safety. I went back and in a few minutes an Indian came to me, who could talk English, and said he was one of Hard Rope's warriors, that he had been sent to stay with me and protect me. While I was arranging for his comfort, as it was now about dusk, I heard a hoop and yell, and looking up I saw eight or ten Indians coming mounted, and on full run, evidently meaning mischief. My protector went out, met them, talked to them a few minutes, when they leisurely turned their ponies and went back. We had no more disturbance that night and the water having run down to some extent, I concluded to venture in the next morning. But when the team got nearly through, they mired down, and could not pull the wagon out. By the time the team was gotten out, there were some ten or twelve Indians, who stripped off what few clothes they had on, and with the white men and myself commenced carrying the goods to the top of the bank. When the wagon was unloaded, we all took hold and pulled it to the top of the bank, reloaded, gave the Indians a plug of tobacco apiece, then moved on up to my friend Renfro's ranch, where we stayed all day and that night. The next morning the Indians were all on the move by daylight. Chetopa, with some of his warriors, came by Renfro's, where I had a long talk with Chetopa, through Bill Conner. He told me that I should go back, get much goods, and be ready to trade with them when they returned from the hunt; said he was council chief and would protect me. I told him that his people had said that they would burn my house, but he said no, that they would not do it if I would promise to bring some goods, so I gave him some tobacco and medicine, he being sick.
(To Be Continued.)
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
This snow is a picnic for the boys. It came down as soft and white as flour—just damp enough for magnificent snow-balling, the first good chance the boys have had this winter. Everybody got it, from all hands. There is more pure, wildly hilarious fun in taking a pedestrian on the side of the head with a big snow ball than in anything else in the world. It makes the school urchin dance for joy, as the old cuss turns with the determination of annihilating the urchin—but he never can catch him, so he just as well go on. Snow-balling always was full of great big gobs of "bully" fun, and always will be. Fashion don't hurt it. It is always rare and spicy. Napoleon Bonaparte first evidenced his military skill by dividing the boys into two hostile factions for a snow-balling match. He would superintendent the erection of a line of snow breastworks and then lead one of the armies to victory. The "kids" and "kiddesses" of the Central ward has such a battle today, and as we watched them, we felt like slinging off our coat and wading in too. Thoughts of the big time around the old frame schoolhouse, in the never to return past, came crowding up; the times when the whole school, teacher, visitors, and pupils, took part, firing hard balls that would sometimes keel their victims over; and sometimes the retreating, beaten contestants were driven clear into the schoolhouse, and desks, slates, books, and maps were riddled with the snow bullets. Fun? Well, we should say so! Fun whose equal will never return. The thought of it makes us feel like peeling our coat and gloves and letting in on somebody. It's most too good a thing to let slip.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
Many hundreds of years ago, this noble animal was mistreated by Mr. Balaam, a pioneer who took a claim near Jerusalem, and while going to the country postoffice, he, with malice aforethought, belabored the above forefather of the mule we are going to speak about, and was becomingly reprimanded by his victim. From that day to this the mule has been recognized as misused and of very deep feeling; in fact, he has been known to feel for you when you least expected it. As the reporter was passing by Hurly's blacksmith shop today, he noticed some dozen or more men with rope and tackles, jerking and twisting away on a small black mule with a glass eye and hind heels. This descendant of Mr. Balaam's mule had a meek, lowly look, and no doubt would have spoken or felt with his feelers, but a large rope around his throat and heels stopped him short of doing so. The reporter crept up and looked him square in the eye, and a brotherly affection passed from one to the other, and we determined then and there that a mule was the most harmless and innocent looking being upon the earth—when tied head and heels, no matter was said to the contrary. About this time the mule seemed to desire a close acquaintance with the quill driver, and approached him. The mule, being weighted down with four men, his progress was slow, but the reporter's was fast. We left never more to return until that noble animal homeward goes.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.

I accepted the position tendered me, L. C. S., I believe that is the way they generally put it, when a fellow wants a place awful bad and don't get it, he puts it like this: Mr. So-and-so has declined the position of L. C. S. But I accepted. My duties are very numerous; in fact, too numerous to mention. It is hard work, but I enjoy it. The greatest trouble I have is to find my room, in the morning. (You needn't smile.) I mean my room in the capital; for we all have our separate rooms. I have got so that I can find the office where I have to report every day, in half an hour after I enter the building, and may, in the course of time, find a shorter cut, but when I leave there to go to my room, is when the trouble comes. I start out in one direction, thinking of course I am all right, looking for the door plate, and walking until I am clear worn out, at last approaching a policeman (for there are a few here, one about every fifteen feet) but, although some of them were raised in the building, they cannot always direct you to a certainty. I asked one the other day, but he was wondering himself, he had lost his beat. It is really a very complicated building, and it takes one some time to become familiar with it. The only thing that is cheap here is amusements. All except two theaters the general admission is ten cents, reserved seats 20 and 25 cents, and they all have two performances daily, but amusements don't feed or clothe a person, and when you come to the necessities of life, everything is way up, butter 40 cents, eggs 35 cents, Planter House steaks 20 to 25 cents per pound. Rents are almost as high as in Winfield, and clothing about the same. The weather has been very pleasant here, until the night of the eighth, when the wind whirled around to the northwest and before morning there was a foot of snow; and cold! It seemed to me not less than 46 below zero. It is so cold now that the ink freezes on my pen and my fingers are numb. C. E. S.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.

Again Thursday night was the Baptist church packed with thoughtful people for the union revival services. Rev. Patterson discoursed on Luke, XII:20—"Thou fool, this night shall thy soul be required of thee." This man was a fool because he was straining efforts to lay up self-treasures. He had worked hard all his life. He had been honest with men, but his sole aim was to lay up riches, that he might "take it easy" after awhile. In the contemplation of his past labors and the temporal fruits they had yielded, that the time had come for ease. God said, "Thou fool, this night shall thy soul be required of thee." Money doesn't make satisfying happiness—there is something lacking. All the riches of the world couldn't ward off troubles. It don't pay to strive only for wealth—for someone else to spend when you are gone. Get your soul happy, and you will have true content. Let your energies gain a comfortable competency, one enabling you to live well and throw sunshine around you. But don't neglect your spiritual riches. You may be honest, kind, and true to family and friends, but without heavenly grace, your doom is hell. The disbeliever in God's existence is not the only infidel. The church member who says there is no harm in this and that common dissipation or evil, and goes right ahead in following self-enjoyment in questionable channels, is the worse infidel on earth. Don't rob yourself of your own soul. Get yourself right with God; and all other things, through the agency of proper energy, will be added unto you.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
Word is brought to us every week that "certain parties steal my paper, take it right out of my box." In the second ward, a short time ago, the boy left the paper at a certain house and it had scarcely reached the ground before a being bearing all the resemblance of a man stepped off the sidewalk, picked up the paper, and coolly walked away with it. The gentleman of the house saw him and was petrified. Quite often a party comes to the office after his paper, charging the boy with missing him. Of course, the boys do miss once in a while, but far more frequently the "paper thief" is on the war path. We are glad to know that THE DAILY is in such demand that men will have it if they have to steal it, but we can't help but think that a person is very low in life that will deliberately steal his neighbor's paper from his box and under the very nose of the carrier boy. Mr. Paper Thief, you want to let up or the law will take its course. You are just as guilty of theft as if you stole a hat or coat. If not stopped, we will make a glorious example of you before the court of justice.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
EDS. COURIER: Notwithstanding the enterprise and intelligence which prevails to so large an extent at Arkansas City, there is one person living there who, apparently, is very much lacking in common cents. I refer to the gentleman who sells tickets at the A., T. & S. F. depot. I am in the habit of visiting the Terminus occasionally and I have been struck with the frequency of the occasions when the ticket seller was out of pennies. So that, as an illustration, when the traveler wanted a ticket to Winfield, he paid forty cents for his ticket instead of thirty-seven, the legal fare. Now, Mr. Editor, if this man is recently the father of twins, or if unmarried, his best girl is addicted to any pernicious habits—like attending the theatre, weddings in high life, or the like, there may be some excuse for his lack of cents, but otherwise not. Three cents is a small sum in itself, but the principle is wrong and someone is to blame—either this man or the railroad company—and the party to blame should have a shaking up, whoever it may be. Your Sore Friend, P. H. ALBRIGHT.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
The G. O. Club had a very delightful meeting Thursday eve in the pleasant home of Miss Mary Berkey. The sleet and rain didn't brook many of the members. Arthur Bangs' cabs were brought out and headed off the weather. It was a jolly gathering, composed of Misses Ida Ritchie, Anna Johnson, Mattie Harrison, Ora Worden, Lizzie and Margie Wallis, Nellie and Kate Rodgers, Ida Johnston, Minnie Taylor, and Josie Pixley; Messrs. A. F. Hopkins, Tom J. Eaton, Willis A. Ritchie, Everett T. and Geo. H. Schuler, G. E. Lindsley, L. J. Buck, J. W. Spindler, Ed J. McMullen, Addison Brown, and Frank H. Greer. The entertainment of Miss Mary Berkey, nicely assisted by her sisters, Mrs. Bishop and Miss Eva, was most agreeable. Various amusements, supplemented by music and a choice luncheon, made the evening pass very happily to all.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.

Careful examination, by experts, of the Imbecile Hill coal, proves it to be a first class quality—as good as can be found anywhere. There is no doubt that we have been quietly sitting over a large bed of coal all these years. What we want to do now is to form a company and dig. You generally have to "dig" for everything in this country. The man who won't dig always gets left. If a solid six inch vein of coal can be found, as in the Imbecile well, 145 feet down, what will be the result farther down? The shaft at the Kansas penitentiary is a thousand feet deep, seven hundred feet of which was thrown out at great expense with but slight prospects. The beds once reached, the supply is inexhaustible. Let's dig.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
The Anthony Daily Republican truthfully remarks: "The Winfield Daily COURIER has an advertising patronage of fifteen columns. That's what we call substantial encouragement to a local daily." Yes, that is the result of a live paper and a live people in a live town. We haven't very many sleepy businessmen in Winfield. If you want to know who the sleepy ones are, find those who don't advertise in THE COURIER. The city's best firms, the ones who maintain the enterprise, progress and vim of our city, are always represented in either THE DAILY or WEEKLY COURIER, or both. They are big spreaders of printers ink and know where to get value received—where to find the best paper and best circulation.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
Again are parental hearts bleeding in the realization that with the joys of life, come also the sorrows. The last child, a sweet little three-year-old girl, of Mr. and Mrs. J. R. Clark, died Sunday of congestion of the brain. This is the third child Mr. and Mrs. Clark have lost since they came here—they are all taken away in a year. Sad indeed do the inevitable rulings seem to these grief stricken parents. The funeral took place from the residence, 718 East 7th avenue, at 2 o'clock Monday.
An Individual from "Down East" Whom It Knocked Out in One Round.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
Friday evening an individual strolled into THE COURIER sanctum and asked if the "boss" of this light of civilization was in. He seemed to be a man of sorrow—some great grief seemed to have monkeyed with his frame. His ears were swelled until they hung on the sides of his head like boxing gloves and his nose stood out like a red switch light at a railroad junction. One foot was wrapped in a piece of bed quilt and a No. 13 overshoe, and his hand was tied up as if it had run through a corn sheller. We invited him to take a stool, but he silently searched in his vest pocket and made no reply. At last he drew out a piece of paper, which he handed to the scribe with the remark:
"Are you the individual who penned this article?"
The scribe gazed upon the article and read as follows:

"The Italy of America.—Ye people of the frozen North, why will you continue to shiver in the boreal blasts of a country where the icy chains of winter fetter the steps of spring, and where the cold winds of autumn drive out the timid summer ere she has gathered the harvest home? Come to Kansas, the Italy of America, whose skies are as calm as the painter's canvass and where hoary winter has yielded permanent possession to laughing spring. Where spring and autumn both give place to sunny haired summer, who fills from her horn of plenty the bins of yellow grain.—Where the zephyrs blow soft from a southern clime and where the music of birds mingle with the murmur of the clear running stream."
"Yes, we did pen that production way back in the last of October," we hesitatingly remarked. Would you like to subscribe for our great DAILY or WEEKLY?" With a look of withering reproach and sorrow, he ejaculated:
"You see in me the wreck of my former self, the busted remnant of a once noble man. I am the victim of misplaced confidence. For eight days my only ambition has been to live to confront you with the great ruin you have wrought and remark to your face that you are a dod-gasted liar. I read that piece in THE COURIER among the mountains of Pennsylvania the first of November, when it was cold enough to freeze a man's recollection. A friend of mine out here sent me your measly sheet with that item marked. I read your article, and said that's the sort of a country for me and pulled my freight westward. I thought a tent and a linen duster would be good enough for this country. Look at me now. You see what your dod-gasted 'gentle zephyr' did for those ears, do you? That nose looks like a 'soft Italian sky,' don't it? That foot with three toes frozen off looks as if winter had sold out to spring and moved out of the country? Oh, yes! I think one of you editors would have the gall to brace your feet against the north pole and lie about the beautiful tropical climate."
He ceased, and throwing another withering glance athwart the bridge of his aurora borealis colored nostril at the scribe, limped out. But the man of news heeded him not—grabbed his faber and waded in on an item, showing by undoubted evidence that the sand plum of Kansas grows larger than the muskmelon of the east, and is sweeter to the taste than the nectar of the gods.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.

The interest in the union revival meetings is still unabating. Numbers of penitent souls are still finding the right path—forswearing the evil and choosing the good. Over two hundred converts are reported, so far—a wonderful harvest. Rev. Patterson discoursed Friday night on Mark xvi:26: "He that believeth and is baptized shall be saved, but he that believed not shall be damned." Bad air will kill any man. So will unbelief—the foulest air in the atmosphere of earth. Religion and the Bible are not earth. Religion and the Bible are not only historical facts reflecting the past—they are the commands and essentials to right living and a peaceful beyond. To be saved a man must do more than think there is a God—he must believe it with an unshakeable belief, as the facts warrant. He must believe in Jesus Christ, the son of God, and the only ransom for sinners. If we have such belief, a true love in our hearts, we will not stand in the dark and talk about others. Our conduct will brightly reveal our christian character. The professor that doubts and fears God, secretly questions His promise, is as great a sinner as he who makes no profession. Unbelief will darken the soul! Uproot it from the heart. Base your belief on the Bible—it is the only word of God and the sure foundation. The Bible and its constantly fulfilling prophecies is positive proof of God's existence. The infidel hasn't a particle of proof that there is no God. Some men would rather believe a lie than the truth. God helps us to truth. A man never tries to pass a counterfeit on a bad bank. Heaven is the best bank in existence—counterfeits try to pass in, but they never make it. Religion is a grand thing; you all know it. Get rid of your sins. Keep rid of them. Let your present goal be right living and your future goal heaven. Thus you will be wise, happy, contented, and prosperous. Mr. Patterson remains here over Sunday, when he goes to Clay Center.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
At her parents' home on South Manning St., Winfield, Kansas, on the 14th inst., Sylvia J. Tomlinson, oldest child and only daughter of Hannah and Thomas Tomlinson. Sylvia was born March 27, 1876, in Marion County, Indiana, and with her parents moved to Kansas September 1, 1884. On November 1, 1885, the family moved to Winfield. Sylvia was a child of unusual intelligence for one of her years. Her sweet, amiable disposition caused her to be greatly loved by all who knew her, and to know her was to love her. She was not afraid to die.
Gently fold Sylvia's hands,
Softly smooth her pallid brow;
She has passed from mortal life,
And sings with angels now.
Yes, she's in that home on high,
She longed so much to gain;
Singing with the angels bright,
Free from sorrow, free from pain.
Free to wear a golden crown,
Mid a white robed angel throng;
Free to sing her Savior's praise,
In a sweet and heavenly song.
She is just across the river,
Waiting for her parents dear;
The little brother, playmates,
That she loved as well when here.
The funeral services were held at her parents' home on the 16th inst., conducted by Rev. J. H. Reider.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
Sealed proposals for furnishing materials and labor for the erection of a school building for district No. 5, at Dexter, Kansas, will be received until 6 o'clock p.m., February 8th, 1886, at the store of Rudolph Hite in Dexter, Kansas.
Plans and specifications may be seen at the office of S. A. Cook, Architect, corner Main and 10th avenue, Winfield, Kansas, and at the store of Rudolph Hite, in Dexter, Kansas, on and after January 20th, 1886.
Bids will be received for the whole building or for excavating and stone work, carpenter work, plastering, tin work, and painting separately. A bond to double the amount of the bid must accompany each bid.
The right is reserved to reject any or all bids.

Bids to be addressed to Secretary of School Board, Dexter, Kansas, endorsed "proposal for school building at Dexter, Kansas."
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
WINFIELD, KANSAS, Jan. 11, 1886.
WHEREAS, In view of the loss we have sustained by the death of our comrade, Lafayette Wise, and of the still heavier loss sustained by those who are nearest and dearest to him, therefore be it
Resolved, That it is but a just tribute to the memory of our departed comrade to say that in regretting his removal from our midst, we mourn for one who was, in every way worthy of our respect and regard.
Resolved, That we sincerely condole with the friends of the deceased on the dispensation with which it has pleased Divine Providence to afflict them, and commend them for consolation to Him who orders all things for the best, and whose chastisements are meant in mercy.
Resolved, That a copy of these resolutions be furnished each of the city papers and the same be spread upon the minutes of this Post.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
The American Humane Association offers the following suggestions relative to fowls, horses, and cattle to persons having these in charge, in the northern latitudes, during the winter months.
Do not compel domestic fowls to roost in trees. Aside from danger of being captured by owls and other enemies, the swaying of the branches upon which they are sitting will prevent them from getting rest; while in the severely cold weather, thus exposed, feet and combs are frozen and the bird is so benumbed as to make it impossible for it to be of much profit on the farm. Securely sheltered from wind and storm, and allowed to sit on a broad roost, feet are thus kept warm, refreshing rest is obtained, and the fowl is much stronger, healthier, and more profitable to its owner.
Do not clip horses during the winter months. With the same propriety we might cut the hair from a dog or shear a sheep at this season of the year. The argument in behalf of the practice is that the horse in perspiration will dry more quickly if the hair is short. If the animal is thoroughly blanketed and kept in a sheltered or warm place, after being driven, no danger results from perspiration, whatever the length of hair; while the horse that has been deprived of its coat in the winter time suffers perpetually while being exposed to the cold.
It is a cruelty inflicted upon beautiful carriage horses for the purpose of style. Blessed is the ordinary work horse, in the winter time, for, however much it may perspire, it is allowed to carry its full growth of hair during the cold weather.

Do not leave cattle to stand shivering, while extremities often freeze, in the snow storms and severe winds of winter, when a little time would suffice to construct of boards, rails, or poles, a support upon or around which may be placed hay, straw, or weeds, thus making a shelter that may comfortably protect them. Cattle kept in fairly warm condition throughout the winter will, as milkers, give a larger and better yield of milk, and as beeves will take on flesh much more rapidly than if left exposed to inclement weather.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
We are sadly in need of a public place for our young men to spend their evenings. We believe that our young men, as a class, cannot be surpassed in any city of Kansas for morality and culture. We believe our city is as orderly and its citizens, as a class, are as zealous in church work as any city in Kansas. With all this it stands us well in hand to look after the young men and young women. Rev. Patterson truly said: "Tell me how a young man spends his time from supper till bedtime and I will tell you his career in life." What we want is some place for the young men to spend their evenings to advantage. Many a gambler and drunkard is made on winter evenings. We, as Christian people, and having boys and girls fast growing into manhood and womanhood, it is to our vital interest to throw such advantages in their way as to make true men and women of them. It is rather strange with our reputation as Christian people, that we have no Young Men's Christian Association here. Our sister cities have and we should by all means. Let someone start this good work and organize at once and in connection with this have a free reading room, complete with all the latest and best literature and have amusements that will be sure to draw the young people every evening. It will not only educate our young people morally, but mentally. We are satisfied that our citizens would subscribe to a fund to rent a suite of rooms and start it to going. Will someone make a move in this direction? Will some minister of the city take the first step?
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
It was all over a pretty, rosy-cheeked, vivacious girl who has broken more than one fellow all up. Both fellows had as severe case of genuine struckology as ever graced male delusion. They were bitter rivals. Sunday they met. One taunted the other by presenting an image, as entrancing as a chromo lithograph, of the darling of his affections. The other's eyes gleamed and with a demoniac groan he sprang forward. They clinched. The war was bitter: the gory determination awful. They writhed and twisted, as all along they sought to settle the rivalry by brute force. The horrible demon of jealousy was egging them on—was consuming them with a burning fire of hate unquenchable. The antagonists were evenly matched, but their fury was awful, and had not two disinterested parties happened long and separated the pugilists, no telling the terrible outcome. But the end is not yet. A fair and radiant maiden may yet be the death of one, if not two, of Winfield's best young men. Their rivalry is desperate, both declaring supremacy or death. How did we catch on, boys? Easy enough. Watch out that the old lady don't fire you both with withering vengeance. Never neglect the keen eye of your probable mother-in-law. The road to true love is rough. But you can't both get one heart and one had jut as well saw off. Leave it to the girl and her ma, and let the unfortunate bide the consequences like a man.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.

Friday eve at 11 o'clock the COURIER gas engine and cylinder press commenced printing a job of one hundred thousand bills for the Lyceum Theater Company. The job was completed at six o'clock next morning, a run of 100,000 copies in seven hours. Considering that the patrons highly complimented the neatness and beauty of the job, we think this was pretty lively work.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
A Kansas town is much like the individual businessman—it must be constantly at work even if it holds its own. Last year we did much; but what we did has excited the rivalry and jealousy of competing points; and it is now absolutely necessary that we carry the present railroad proposition now before us and failing so to do, the future loss is simply incalculable. While there is no doubt about Winfield, there is some doubt about some of the townships north of us. One of the mysteries of the situation is that any argument would be necessary with any of the farmers interested, for there is not a piece of land in Walnut, Fairview, or Rock townships but what will be increased in value one fourth with the completion of the El Dorado and Walnut Valley railroad. Furthermore, if these bonds are defeated, the lands in said townships will fall off in price. The situation is grave—much more so than we like to acknowledge.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
You businessmen who have done little or no advertising during the past year just sit down a moment and compare your trade with that of your neighbor who availed himself of the medium of a live country paper and kept his bargains before the public, In trying to be economical, haven't you really lost money? Is it true economy not to advertise? You say you couldn't afford to advertise, that it costs too much, and yet here are men who came to town a year ago unknown, and today have as good, if not a better paying trade, than you have. They believe in printer's ink. They know that the people read the papers; that they scan every advertising column for bargains, and that where competition is great, bargains must be advertised. It is a waste of money to hang sign boards on country roads and bridges. To placard your name on fences and lamp posts is about as useless as to attach your name to a garment already sold.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
According to figures given in the WINFIELD COURIER, young Phelps, at Dexter, sold 206 pints of whiskey during the month of December—more than any other druggist in the county. Our druggist, Dr. Rule, only sold 30 pints—176 pints less than Phelps. There must be a screw loose somewhere. The little druggist at Dexter is doing a lively business in the whiskey line. Very sickly neighborhood, perhaps, you know, of course. Cambridge News.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
Have you a keen interest in the welfare of our city and county? Then be at the mass meeting at the Court House tonight to consider the new railroad—the through route to Fort Worth—the best route we will ever have a chance to secure. Never sit down. The community that always grabs for the golden egg is sure of success. The egg will never come without your energy.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.

The sleighing Saturday was elegant, far better than at any time this winter. The small boy was in his happiest element, with his hand sled hitched on every passing vehicle.
Its Interesting Meeting in Winfield Last Saturday.
Various Things Discussed.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
The Cowley County Teachers' Association met in regular monthly session in the Central Ward school building Saturday last, with a good attendance from all over the county.
Prof. Rice led out with an excellent paper on "How shall we accomplish the moral and spiritual education of our pupils?" His paper was admirable and will be published. "Should stenography be taught in the public schools" was papered by P. H. Finfrock, who took the negative on the grounds that our schools were already too crowded. Prof. Finfrock is an eclectic short-hand writer and gave some interesting facts in regard to the science. W. B. Holland and other stenographers next took the floor and boldly asserted that stenography should be made universal, and that the best means to accomplish this would be to introduce it through the public schools. He showed that our present alphabet is very complex, requiring, on an average, four and one-half movements to make each letter. He very pointedly asked why it was necessary to make the letter "m" as it is made, requiring seven movements, when a simple dash (-) would do as well. He claimed that, in order to be faster, a short-hand system would have to be easier learned than long-hand. F. E. Haughey next took the floor and took the negative side, giving as his reasons that our schools were already too incompetent and that not one person in ten could make successful reporters. Mr. Holland replied by stating that he (Mr. Holland) had spent fifteen years writing long-hand before he was able to write a very poor hand at the rate of thirty words per minute, while one month's desultory practice in eclectic stenography gave him a speed of sixty words per minute. Prof. Wood also thought that we should make improvements in writing as in everything else and Prof. Limerick thought that stenography would make itself universal. Miss Campbell, an old reporter, also made some remarks showing the difficulties of the Pitman system.
Prof. I. N. Inskeep met with very serious trouble in organizing the teachers into a class for a model lesson in percentage, and Prof. Rice would occasionally surround him by saying he had forgotten some point which had been especially impressed on his memory. Prof. Inskeep said he would use analysis in teaching percentage, and he gave the teachers several good points.
Prof. Limerick read a very exhaustive paper on the advantages of the township or county system over the district system. He set forth as some of the difficulties met with in district systems that would be obviated by a county system: short term, low wages, having to wait for pay after it was earned, railroads only paying taxes to districts through which they pass. He read reports from state superintendents of Wisconsin, Iowa, California, and Indiana, and was very bitter in denunciation of our district system, and we think his remarks made a decided impression on most of our teachers.

Mr. Haughey gave a synopsis of the Iowa system, and Prof. Wood did Indiana the same honor. "What are the best methods of teaching the effects of stimulants and narcotics" was answered by R. B. Corson, who said "teach all the bad physiological effects, and keep repeating them." Miss Kelly thought that good results would follow teaching of the financial effects.
There were over forty teachers in attendance and usual interest was manifested. The next meeting will be held at Cambridge, February 20th, and a Friday night program will be prepared. Teachers can go from Winfield on the Friday afternoon passenger and come back Saturday night on the freight train. Accommodations will be furnished all teachers free of charge. We append the program for next meeting.
1. Methods of teaching history. H. F. Alberts, R. B. Moore, and Miss Williams.
2. The extent and purpose of a language course in common schools. Miss Ella Kelly, P. H. Finfrock, and S. J. Shively.
3. How should Geography of U. S. be taught? H. G. Norton and Miss Maud Pearson.
4. How shall a teacher proceed to classify an ungraded school on the first day? Miss Dickey.
5. Exercises in pronunciation. Prof. Rice and Miss Campbell.
6. The importance of voice culture to good reading. W. H. Finfrock and H. A. Owen.
7. Methods of teaching spelling. R. B. Corson and Mrs. Limerick.
8. Best methods of teaching penmanship. D. W. Ramage, W. H. Lucas, and I. N. Inskeep.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
The County Commissioners have designated THE COURIER as the official paper of the county. To this action we believe a large majority of the people of the county will say amen. The Tribune got the printing last year and consequently very few people ever saw the printed matter. The Tribune itself is a bastard, and it got papers of like caliber to assist in sending out official matter in "supplement" form, printed by Baker's Topeka Newspaper, Union. THE COURIER has a larger circulation than the Tribune and its hybrid constituents, combined. The Tribune shows up a list of 2,000. We know how utterly valueless it is. We know it from the way the list in Burden runs, and we would not give fifteen cents on the dollar for the whole list. We are glad the county printing is out of the hands of a fraud and sucker, and believe the people of the county will hail with joy the change, in spite of the terrifying effects of that mighty name—B. T. D. Burden Eagle.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
Many of our farmer friends do not realize the advantages of living on the line of a trunk road as compared with a branch. Not one but what knows his land is more valuable when it abuts on a state or county road, than if it has only a neighborhood road. The El Dorado & Walnut Valley Railroad will in less than two years be the main line from the east to Galveston, Texas. It will shorten the distance from Kansas City to this point forty miles, making a corresponding reduction in freight and passenger tariffs. Great passenger trains like those on the main line of the Santa Fe will, with the competition of this road, be sweeping up and down this valley. Such results must not be defeated through any lack of effort on our part.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.

In the first generation a man reckons only two ancestors: his father and mother. In the second generation the two are changed into four, since he has two grandfathers and two grandmothers. Each of these four had two parents, and thus in the third generation there are found to be eight ancestors—that is, eight great-grandparents. In the fourth generation the number of ancestors is sixteen, in the fifth thirty-two, and in the sixth sixty-four. In the seventh generation the number of ancestors is 158; in the tenth 1,024; in the twentieth 1,048,576; in the thirtieth 1,073,751,824. This may prove that all the world's akin.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
Many well meaning people think the El Dorado & Walnut Valley railroad will be built from Douglass to Winfield even if we should fail to carry the proposed township bonds. Do not lay any such flattering deduction to your soul! If these bonds fail to carry in any one of these townships, this road is lost forever. We know whereof we speak, and Winfield could not secure the road even if she would put up an amount of hard dollars equal to the total of the bonds. Leave nothing undone on your part that may cause you a lifelong regret.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
An Irishman, from Chautauqua County, dropped into Whiting Bros. meat store Thursday, and sitting down by the stove, in a few minutes dropped over in a drunken sleep. George Miller happening in, fixed him up in the latest fashion and went out, telling parties he met that there was a frozen man there, just brought in from the Territory. Soon the crowd commenced filing in uttering expressions of sympathy as they looked at the victim. For an hour the crowd kept up the dead march; and not till Paddy woke up, did they realize he had resurrected.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
During the union revival meetings, there have been many who have professed faith in Christ, and have made a confession of sins, and now wish to be known as christian followers of Christ. To all such the pastors of the churches engaged in this work wish to say that at the close of the Sabbath morning services an opportunity will be given for such to express their preference of the churches. Let each attend the church of their choice and avail themselves of this opportunity.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
Stand by the men who manifest their energy and public spirit and invest their capital in improving the town. Every good building that goes up, every vigorously pushed enterprise that brings business to the town, helps every individual who does business or owns property.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
At Vernon Center schoolhouse, District No. 88, Thursday evening, Jan. 21st, 1886.
At Schwantes schoolhouse, District 12, Friday evening, Jan. 22nd, 1886.
The voters of Vernon Township should not fail to attend these meetings. Good roads and bridges make a country convenient and valuable. At a trifling cost Vernon Township can now get a splendid bridge and one of the best roads, direct to markets, our county seat, and our Fair Grounds. Let everybody come. Good speakers will be present at these meetings. By order of J. M. Householder, H. H. Martin, and Wm. Carter, Township Officers.
In Rock Creek Township.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
At Green Valley schoolhouse, Friday evening, Jan. 22nd, 1886.
At Rock Valley schoolhouse, Saturday evening, Jan. 23rd.
At Darien schoolhouse, Monday evening, Jan. 25th, 1886.
At Rock schoolhouse, Tuesday evening, Jan. 26th.
It is hoped that every citizen of Rock Creek township, whether for or against the railroad proposition now being considered, will attend these meetings, carefully consider and act on the facts submitted, drink in a little of the spirit of progress that is making our fair state the theme of the east, and bind our township with the bands of steel to the enterprise and development of all Christendom. This is our desire, and what we have been praying for for the last ten years. Why not rise as one man and get, now, what is within our reach, place ourselves upon what will be the shortest through line from Texas to Kansas City and Chicago. Delays are dangerous. Let every citizen attend these meetings. Good speakers will be in attendance. By order of the Rock Creek township committee.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
Meetings to discuss the railroad proposition in Fairview Township will be held as follows:
At Curfman schoolhouse, Monday evening, Jan. 25th, 1886.
Let everybody attend these meetings. Now is our chance to secure for ourselves the shortest through line from Texas to Kansas City and Chicago. Shall we get this to our advantage or shall we let it go elsewhere to our damage everlastingly? Good speakers will be in attendance. By order of Fairview Township Committee.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
Perhaps Mr. Cleveland is not to be blamed so much for his assertion of the prevalence of newspaper lying. He was doubtless honest in his intention, but he ought not to confine his reading to the party organs.
Vote for the Bonds.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
The approaching bond elections for the extension of the El Dorado and Walnut Valley railroad from Douglass to Winfield are a crisis in the history of Winfield and of the utmost importance to the townships of Rock, Fairview, and Walnut.

The Santa Fe company are going to make a trunk line and almost air line route from Kansas City and from Atchison and Topeka, through Kansas and the Indian Territory to Texas; and this route will be of equal importance and do equal business with the present main line of the Santa Fe. The company are doing the preparatory work of building from Emporia to El Dorado, thus filling up one link in the chain, and will fill another by either building from Douglass direct to Wellington or from Douglass direct to Winfield. On the route to Wellington, bonds would be freely voted and it was the original intention of the company to build in that direction, and they went so far as to buy grounds in Wellington for their roundhouses, division station, and shops, and were only induced to suspend operations in this direction by the proposition to vote $60,000 in bonds for the extension to Winfield. If these bonds fail or any portion of them, Wellington instead of Winfield will get the immense advantage of this important movement.
If all these bonds are carried, Winfield gets the benefits of having the division station for three railroads, gets the roundhouse and shops for all this system of roads, gets an expenditure of hundreds of thousands of dollars in new capital in building and improvements, and gets many thousands of new population and many new manufacturing establishments. The people of Rock, Fairview, and Walnut townships get eighteen miles of railroad to tax, which will reduce their rate of taxation, get convenient railroad stations, and trading places to market their produce, get away from home and back again conveniently and quickly without long rides by wagon through mud or facing keen winds or hot suns, and above all, they get a new market among the new manufacturing population, railroad mechanics and employees, builders and workmen of Winfield for everything they can raise in the line of vegetables, eggs, chickens, turkeys, and meats of all kinds, probably doubling the demand and almost doubling the prices they will get, thus rendering the farms of almost double the value they are at present. In this most important phase of the mater, the citizens of Walnut township will gain the most for they are the nearest by and most convenient to the market, but Fairview will be benefitted to an extent worth hundreds of thousands of dollars, and Rock will be largely benefitted.
Of course, the citizens of Winfield will vote practically unanimously for the bonds and would do so if the sum asked of them were many times as great and within their legal limits. They are doing all they are permitted to do by the statutes. It would seem that Walnut should be as unanimous for its $15,000 of bonds, not only because it will reduce the rate of their taxation and will be worth to them ten times the amount of the bonds, but because the benefits that Winfield derives from her expenditures of hundreds of thousands of dollars for railroads, college, and other improvements are almost equally shared by the citizens of Walnut township.
So far as Fairview is concerned, she is not so largely benefitted by Winfield's expenditures, but is benefitted to such extent that she should wish to contribute to the sum even though she were not directly benefitted. But she needs a railroad badly and is not sure of any. We hope that the D., M. & A. will be built, but it is not a corporation which commands its millions like the Santa Fe and there can be no certainty that it can succeed; but if these bonds are voted, this road from Douglass to Winfield will be built without any question of doubt, and it would be of many times the benefit to Fairview that the D., M. & A. could be alone. But suppose they get both roads. It will only cost them $20,000 in bonds and $1,200 yearly interest, while it will give them $200,000 worth of railroad to tax, which will be assessed $90,000 at least and pay taxes to the amount of $2,400 a year besides running all the schools of the township. Besides it will bring in other property to the extent of probably another $90,000 of assessed value, which will a great deal more than double the assessment roll of $116,365 and reduce the rate of taxation more than one half for present purposes. It will be suicidal if Fairview fails to vote the bonds.
Rock has an assessed valuation of $132,800.
The railroad to Rock will be assessed at about $42,000.

The railroad will build up a town, bring in stocks of goods. Money to exceed in improvement to the amount of an assessed valuation of at least $43,000.
The total of the last two items ($85,000) will take the assessment rolls to $217,800 for Rock Township. Rock presently pays taxes outside of road and school $2,185 on $132,800. At the same rate of taxation, the $217,800 will produce $3,585, or $1,400 more than it does now. This $1,400 will pay the $1,080 interest on the bonds and leave $320 profit to the township. So Rock makes a speculation in the way of taxes by voting the bonds and her appreciation of the many greater and more important benefits to accrue, will, we doubt not, cause her citizens to vote the bonds.
In Paying Taxes.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
If those persons who are afraid to vote the bonds of their township next Tuesday for fear of increase of taxes will study the following table of statistics of Cowley County taken from the public records, they will vote the bonds merely as a speculation, simply on the ground of the taxes they will pay on their property and the reduction of taxation on individual property.
Total average value per mile of Southern Kansas railroad in Cowley County for 1885, $6,203.24.
Walnut township was taxed to pay interest on bonds of same, $181.95.
The railroad valuation in Walnut township for 1885 was $41,020.
[Note: At this point it was impossible to read small figures correctly and set up the data given as paper did. Will try to give breakdown. Paper proceeded to give very confusing statistical data.]

Breakdown of tax [road tax, state tax, county tax, railroad bond, township, and Districts (1, 45, 127): $1,315.02.
Total tax on all railroads in county for all purposes, $17,424.12.
Total amount levied to pay interest on railroad bonds on all property in county other than railroad property: $3,986.04.
[The above statement was certified by J. S. Hunt.]
[More statistical data followed showing tax paid by Southern Kansas railroad in Cowley County for the year 1885 by townships; also interest paid by townships on railroad bonds. Number of miles of track in the county: 40.26. Assessed value per mile: $6,203.62. Total valuation in county: $260,137.96.]
[This was followed by tax paid by railroad in Windsor township, Silver Creek township, Richland township, Walnut township, and Vernon township.] Statement then made that the total tax paid to Southern Kansas railroad in excess in the five townships: $4,271.72.]

In addition to above tax, the railroad company pays the 10 mill Co. levy on $260,140, amounting to $260,140 and 1 mill on same for railroad bond fund; $260.14, making a total of $2,861.54, which is applied exclusively to the payment of interest on railroad bonds. The above statement was certified by J. B. Nipp, Treasurer. John C. Roberts certified that he had examined the above records in relation to Walnut township and found them correct.
In the above statement for Walnut township are included $124.86 road tax paid by the S. K. railroad company. The road tax levy in Walnut township was three mills. This tax is paid by the citizen taxpayers of the township mostly, in labor on the public roads, but that which is not paid in, labor is returned to the county clerk, put on the tax rolls of the county, and collected by the treasurer in cash. The railroad pays in cash and the cash is used in the township for buying tools and bridge timber, and to pay for such labor as is not supplied by the citizens on their taxes. Thus Walnut township receives directly in cash from the S. K. railroad $124.86 as road tax, which alone will go far toward paying the interest on the bonds.
Fairview township having but very little of the S. K. railroad, gets much less of this road tax money from that railroad, but she has the same three mill tax.
Rock township has a 2 mill road tax, but gets no money from any railroad on account of it, for she has no track within her limits. When she has a railroad in her limits assessed at $40,000, she will levy a 3 mill road tax and receive from that railroad $120 a year thereon.
Fairview, if she gets this road, though the D., M. & A. should not be built, will have an assessed value of railroads amounting to $70,000 and receive from them $210 a year in cash.
Walnut will receive, if these bonds carry, $150 more a year from railroads on this road tax, raising the amount to $276 a year.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
A splendid trio! Vick's Early Scarlet Globe Radish, Vick's Ideal Dwarf Cauliflower, Vick's King of Dwarfs Pea. The claim made for the Radish is that of the earliest and best variety for forcing, of handsome color, mild flavor, crisp and juicy, excellent also for garden culture. The introducers are confident the Cauliflower will prove superior to any other and the claim is based on the following distinct points: Extreme earliness in heading, produces larger and more solid heads, will stand longer without breaking, and, most important of all, the protecting habit of growth of the inner leaves, which, growing toward the center, completely shelters the head from the rays of the sun. For the King of Dwarfs Pea, the claim is made that it will fill a place not occupied by any other dwarf. The vines are sturdy and remarkably vigorous, bearing a profusion of pods, which are closely packed with large Peas, while in flavor it is unsurpassed. We recommend our readers who are interested in gardening to send to James Vick, Seedsman, Rochester, N. Y., ten cents for a copy of the Floral Guide, a beautiful and instructive book of nearly 150 pages about Flowers and Vegetables, and over 1,000 illustrations. The amount paid for the book may be deducted from the first order.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
It is a constant cry of some objectors to voting bonds for railroads that our taxes are constantly increasing year by year, but such is not the fact. On the contrary, the rates of taxation in our county ever since we got a railroad have been decreasing year by year as is proved by the following taken from the county records and by the tax receipts themselves.
General tax levies of Cowley County, Kansas, from 1880 to 1885 inclusive:
1880: State tax 5.5 mills; County tax 10 mills; Co. fund bonds 1.25 mills; R R bonds 7 mills. Total: 23.75 mills.

1881: State tax 5 mills; County tax 10 mills; Co. bond tax 1 mill; R R bond tax 3 mills.
Total: 19.00 mills.
1882: State tax 3.5 mills; County tax 10 mills; Co. bond tax 1 mill; Co. bond sinking fund 3 mills; R R bond fund 1.5 mills. Total 20.00 mills.
1883: State tax 4.3 mills; County tax 10 mills; Co. bond tax 1 mill. Co. sinking fund 3 mills; Co. poor farm 1.5 mills. Total: 19.80 mills.
1884: State tax 4.5 mills; County tax 8 mills; Co. sinking fund 3 mills; Co. poor farm 1.2 mills, R R bond tax 1 mill. Total: 17.70 mills.
1885: State tax 1.15 mills; County tax 10 mills; Co. poor farm 5 mills; R R bond tax 1 mill; Furnishing poor house 1 mills. Total 15.75 mills.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
We have heard some very curious and absurd objections to voting the bonds of walnut township, the most forcible of which is that the railroad may be built directly to Seeley and make the junction there, using the present track from Seeley to Winfield for the railroad from Douglass and not building a foot of road in Walnut township; therefore, if the walnut bonds are voted, she may have bonds and interest to pay and not have a foot of railroad to tax. We would call attention to the fact that the proposition provides that the bonds shall not be issued unless the road is built and in operation from Douglass to a connection with the A. K. railroad at a point east of the present crossing of the S. K. and Wichita & S. W. roads. So they have got to build a new road as far as to that point at least whether they build by way of Seeley or through Walnut township, or they cannot get the bonds. It is absurd to suppose they will build the road by the longer and most expensive way.
In the second place, we wish to call their attention to the law on the subject which is referred to in, and made a part of the proposition. It is the law which enables townships to vote bonds in aid of building railroads and expressly provides: That no township bonds shall be issued in excess of four thousand dollars per mile of railroad actually built and in operation within the township voting the bonds. So if the bonds of Walnut are voted and the company fail to build any railroad within Walnut township within the time named, the bonds can never be issued. If they should build only one mile in Walnut township, in the time named, only $4,000 of the bonds could be issued, and the whole $15,000 could never be issued unless at least three and three-fourths miles of their railroad are built and in operation in Walnut township within the time named.
What do the company want you to vote bonds for if they do not intend to build the road in a way to get the bonds? What are they spending their time and money fooling around in this way for if they do not expect to earn and get the bonds? Answer us that and then we will try to see what force thee is in it.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.

We are credibly informed that parties from Douglass are in Rock and Fairview townships with money from Wellington, offering to bribe voters in those townships to vote against the bonds and that Wellington men have raised a large sum of money for that purpose. Five dollars is a minimum offer, but one woman was offered one hundred dollars if she would induce her husband to vote against the bonds. This worked the husband up and he is now hot for the bonds.
We want to assure the voters in those townships that they will never get the money unless it is paid in advance. Men who will attempt to carry an election by fraud and bribery will not redeem such promises, were never known to. Get your money in advance and get high rates, then VOTE FOR THE BONDS. If you take the money and then go back on the fraud who offers it, we guess it would be all right enough and certainly would serve them right; but if you accept their money and then vote as they require, you are a bribe taker and a fraud like them.
But this shows the great importance of this election in the eyes of Wellington men. They know that this road if built from Douglass to Winfield will be a part of a great trunk line from the Missouri river to and through Texas, and Winfield be the division station of a great system of roads, but if the bonds are defeated, this great route will go from Douglass through Mulvane and Wellington, giving the townships of Sumner County and Wellington the advantages which we expect for our townships and Winfield.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
EDS. COURIER: I desire to call the attention of the citizens on the line of the proposed extension of the El Dorado branch Santa Fe road, to the importance of their making no mistake at this time. That if they desire to be on the line of a main trunk line they must act promptly and secure the road at once. The Santa Fe is going to the state of Texas, and if it does not go by way of Winfield, it will go by Wellington and Caldwell, or a route down the Howard and Emporia branch. These communities are alive to the importance of obtaining this prize, but one line will constructed.
The option is with the people between Winfield and Douglass, to secure this line, add 75 per cent to the cash value of their real estate, create a permanent market which the south affords for all their productions for years to come at 15 per cent more than a northern market. I urge them to vote the bonds. Let no blind idea that the road will come lull them to the belief that the road will come without aid. To everyone out of debt or in debt, I urge, add to your wealth and help provide the means to make this county the best in the state.
The 27th of January seals the fate of this road, and its rejection will be seized by other localities, its benefits build them up to wealth, and cause the blindness that will not see benefits, to be reproached hereafter. HENRY T. SUMNER, Arkansas City.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.

Vick's Floral Guide for 1886, the pioneer seed annual of America, comes to us this year a real gem, not a dry list of hard botanical names, but over thirty pages of reading matter, among which are articles on Roses, House Plants, Cheap Greenhouse, Onion Culture, Mushrooms, Manures, Young Gardeners, and very interesting reading, followed by about 150 pages containing illustrations, descriptions, and prices of seemingly everything the heart could desire in the line of Seeds, Plants, Bulbs, Potatoes, etc. It is a mystery how this firm can afford to publish, and really give away, this beautiful work of nearly 200 pages of finest paper, with hundreds of illustrations and two fine Colored Plates, all enclosed in an elegant cover. Anyone desiring goods in this line cannot do better than send 10 cents for the Floral Guide, to James Vick's, Seedsman, Rochester, N. Y. Deduct the 10 cents from first order sent for seeds.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
We are authorized to announce that the board of directors of the Santa Fe railroad company, after several years of comparative quiet, has again formally entered the field of new railroad construction.
The magnitude of the work under contemplation is indicated by the fact that a construction department has been created; and that Mr. Robinson has been tendered and has accepted the position of vice-president, with the increase of salary which the position commands, and he is to take charge of the new department on the 1st of February.
Mr. C. H. Smith will at the same time take charge of the operations of the Santa Fe system, as heretofore announced by circular.
Everybody from the Missouri river to Arizona knows that Mr. Robinson cannot be driven, flattered, or bribed from what he believes to be his duty to his employers, to those whom he employs and to the public, whose rights he always respects; and that with these qualities, not often combined in one man, he has a phenomenal memory, experience as an engineer, intuitive knowledge of men, and an enthusiasm for labor which he transmits to all about him. In these modern times when population and business are shifting to and fro, often appearing and disappearing in unexpected places, the railroad man who can best anticipate the future and supply its wants is the most valuable to his employers and to the public.
In this respect Mr. Robinson's judgment appears the most prominent as shown by the history of his work in the past, and it is said to be a rule with him never to make a personal investment in anticipation of possible future construction, fearing that it might insensibly influence his judgment as to the advisability of the work.
After all, the highest tribute to the man is that no one ever left his presence after a business interview with the suspicion that he had attempted to humbug or mislead. He may deny the request or he may be silent on the subject, but he is never insincere.
The Commonwealth says to its business friends in the east who are looking for safe investments, do not fear to put your money in the hands of a man with such qualifications; and to our friends in Kansas and adjacent states and territories who want new roads, we say if you can get a promise from Mr. Robinson, that he will build you a road, it is as good as a guarantee that you will secure it, and also that your locality is valuable, and has a bright future.
We take pleasure at this time, in correcting unfounded rumors as to want of harmony in the Santa Fe management, and in paying tribute to the qualifications of a man who has so fully earned his promotion, whose quiet labors have been fruitful of such rich results, and whose modesty is so proverbial that his name seldom appears in print.
We have reason to believe that this new division of labor in the general offices means more than appears on the surface. It certainly means a large additional number of employees in this state, new expenditures of money, an increase in population and production, and it may mean that the Santa Fe system is, as yet, in its early stage of growth. Commonwealth.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
We arrived at Udall last Friday and at once began looking for COURIER subscribers. Our efforts were well rewarded.
This place will hereafter be regularly represented in the COURIER columns, but as the correspondent did not want to send any items for this issue, we will take his place.
Udall again has two first class hotels, S. Moore having taken charge of the Devore House and doing a good business.
Mr. Kelley, at the Commercial Hotel, also has good custom.
We visited the mill and found it is running full blast. Mr. Martin informed us that they had shipped 60,000 pounds of flour last week. Pretty good for Udall even if "G" did say that farmers could not sell their wheat here.
Jeff Hammond, the engineer at the mill, has been on the sick list for several days.
Prof. J. W. Campf preached his last sermon in the Christian Church at this place last Sunday. Prof. Campf has been here about two years and part of that time had charge of the school. We did not learn what he now intends to do.
There was a dance at Jesse Cravens', south of town, Friday night. Several persons from here attended.
Noah Douglass and Miss May Hammond were married by Rev. John McCallister at the home of Ed. G. Roberts last Saturday evening. They have gone to keeping house at once instead of going on a tour and boarding with their friends until spring. We have smoked to their happiness.
Rev. Churchill, of Derby, occupied the pulpit in the Baptist Church last Sunday.
Prof. Campbell, the principal of the school, reports having cleared about $17 by the recent entertainments given for the benefit of the school library. The money has been invested to good advantage. There will be another entertainment soon for the same fund.
The boys at the City Hotel are determined to keep the stove warm. Ask Moore about it.
The Mill Co. shipped another carload of flour this week.
W. B. Norman was laid up with neuralgia the first of the week. ZEKE.
Udall, Kansas, January 19.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.

These rambling lines are penned in the hope that they may help remove the scales from the eyes of some of our worthy citizens who oppose the voting of bonds for a new bridge on the 26th inst. There seems to be a prejudice existing among the minds of many that Winfield is altogether selfish in the matter, and does not return a fair equivalent for all the benefits she derives from her surrounding territory. I say the benefits are mutual. If the country helps build up a large city and commercial centre, she gains immensely by it. It enhances the value of every farm—makes a market for all the produce, and adds to the prices of all the farmer has to sell. By voting the bonds no man will have a dollar a year more tax to pay until the bonds are paid off—and how many can afford to drive the distance (not considering the condition of the road now) they must now for five dollars a year—besides running the gauntlet of life and death, for how many times will persons be in jeopardy in going into Winfield by the west bridge?
Again, if Winfield has not been a benefit to all the surrounding country, just suppose she was a poor little hamlet (a few houses without her splendid railroad facilities), what do you suppose your lands would be worth today? Possibly fifteen or twenty dollars an acre where you now have no trouble to get fifty. And let me tell you, my worthy neighbors, if you help build this bridge and give your aid in every legitimate way to make Winfield the great city and the metropolis she is destined to become, ten years will not pass over you before it will be easier to get $100 an acre than $50 now. So, friends, weigh the matter well before you decide to vote against the bonds. Remember your prosperity to a great extent is dependent on the well being and progress of Winfield. The growth of both are identical. P. WATTS [?]
Kellogg, Kansas, Jan. 18th, 1886. [Not sure of last name of writer above. Scratched!]
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
Silverdale township comes to the front this week with a sensation, remarks the Republican. It appears from the story told us by a citizen of Silverdale that the marriage vow is not always binding in that township. Some months ago Dan Bunnell secured a divorce from Mrs. Bunnell. That lady, although a divorced wife, refused to leave the home and shelter of Mr. Bunnell. He has repeatedly tried to get her off, but has never succeeded. Here of late one Wm. Probasco came courting the fair lady and by persistent efforts succeeded in obtaining Mrs. Bunnell's consent to marry him. The wedding came off last Sunday, Rev. Phillips performing the ceremony. Mr. Bunnell was in attendance upon the wedding and congratulated the couple heartily. He also built and furnished them a house in which to go to housekeeping. After the congratulations Mr. and Mrs. Probasco went to their new home. Last Tuesday Mrs. Probasco returned to Mr. Bunnell's house and vowed she would live with Mr. Probasco no longer. With this threat she disappeared and has not been seen or heard of since. Whither she has gone no one knows. Where the fault lies no one knows. Whether it was possessed by Probasco or the woman, we cannot say. Perhaps Judge Gans is getting to be an inefficient probate judge and don't make the license as binding as he used to.
Newsy Notes Gathered by The "Courier's" Corps of Neighborhood Correspondents.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
The public roads having a longitudinal course are rendered impassable by snow drifts.
The extraordinary frigidity branded several ears and noses among the species Homo of this community.
Old Boreas is entitled to the belt. He downed mercury and the "oldest inhabitant" and made zero ashamed of itself.
We notice "Rural" of this community has made his appearance in the Kansas Farmer. A man should have room according to his capacity.
When the "oldest inhabitant" gets thoroughly thawed out, we predict the atmosphere will assume a blueish hue as the result of his anathemas.

A supper was given at the M. E. church last night in which oysters were conspicuous. Business prevented "Mark's" attendance, and he has not learned the net proceeds, which are to be applied for the benefit of the pastor.
"Mark" enjoyed a pleasant visit one day during the past week from "Jumbo" of the Tribune. He is an affable and intelligent young man and wields the reportorial pen with ease and grace as if "to the manner born." As a checker player, "Jumbo" is science personified.
Mr. and Mrs. Sim Beach mourn the loss of their little baby girl. She winged her flight to the spirit world last Friday evening, the 8th inst. The funeral obsequies were conducted by Rev. J. H. Snyder, of Winfield, the following day at the P. V. M. E. church. The text, "The Lord gave and the Lord hath taken away," etc., was beautifully expounded to a sympathetic audience.
Gone is the pet of the household,
Torn from the sweet, loving embrace
Of fond parents whose deep sorrows
Can no earthly pleasures displace.
The WEEKLY COURIER has truly assumed metropolitan airs. It is to be hoped that henceforth it will be able to gather all the "cream." We have one objection to the enlarged COURIER—it contains more news than an ordinary businessman has time to digest. "Mark" receives regularly twenty-two periodicals and cannot do justice to one-half of them—merely glance at their contents and devour the thickest "cream." Therefore, enlargements are not hailed with supreme joy. The line should be drawn somewhere and "Mark" draws on the present size of the COURIER.
The Centennial literary is progressing nicely. The society possesses sufficient magnetism to attract visitors from a distance of five miles. Spectators are welcome so long as they maintain order and respect the rules of the society. The question, "Resolved, That women should be permitted to vote at all elections," was discussed last Tuesday evening, and the judges' decision was rendered in favor of the affirmative. Next Tuesday evening the question for discussion is, "Resolved, That the U. S. Government has a right to open the Indian Territory for the settlement of white men." The evening Post is a sprightly journal, edited by the talented gentlemen, Ed. Garrett and Ed. Byers. "Backer Juice" and "Murphy," correspondents of the Tribune, from Beaver, are among the regularly distinguished (?) visitors at the Centennial literary. The attendance of the former scribe seems to be prompted by malicious motives, judging from his nonsensical tirade and splenic attack on one of our editors in a late issue of said journal. His untruthful statements and idiotic remarks would cause a blush of shame to mount the cheeks of that veteran prevaricator, Baron Munchausen. Be just and fair, "B. J.," and give honor and credit to whom it is justly due.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
J. C. Hendrickson killed a large wolf last week.
Wm. Irwin spent several days in the hub last week.
Capt. Rowe and sons sold a car load of fat hogs last week.
Who hasn't a bad cold?
J. C. Hendrickson lost 70 head of sheep in the blizzard of the 7th.
Mrs. N. S. Crawford spent the holidays with her parents in Winfield.
G. W. Rowe spent several days with New Salem friends last week.

Rev. Tull has been spending a few days here visiting friends and relatives.
M. D. Foster and lady took New Year's dinner with R. F. Roberts in Cambridge.
As nothing has been said of folks from these parts lately, we thought a word might not come amiss.
D. T. King, who has been living in Cambridge the past year, has moved back to his claim in Otter Valley.
Charley Davis and wife, of Winfield, have been visiting Mrs. Davis' parents, Mr. and Mrs. Palmer, the past week.
Dr. O'Connor, of East Otter, has moved to Grenola. He has given up farming and is going to practice medicine again. He is a splendid physician and we hated to give him up.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
Vernon Library Association held its annual election for officers.
It is proposed to build a fine schoolhouse in this town. The probable cost of the building will be $1,500.
Father Romine is spending several weeks out west. He will possibly move to the west in the spring. We would be sorry to see him go.
The Christian church will erect a large and commodious church in the early spring time. The subscription papers are being circulated now and are receiving large contributions.
The Grange Mill is building up a large custom trade. They are also dealing in coal, which is sold for fifty cents a ton less than the same can be bought in your city. They have lately erected a good dwelling house for their chief miller, and so the good work goes on.
We understand the trustees will enforce the law on all who do not conduct themselves properly. This is right. Those who do not know how to behave themselves should keep away. It is time that all should learn that we no longer live on the border and that the vaunted bravado and lawless doings of the cowboy will no longer be tolerated by our law-abiding citizens.
Your many readers perhaps imagine that this place has gone off into a Rip Van Winkle sleep. They are mistaken, however, as we are doing our full share towards making two blades of grass grow where only one grew before, and in every way adding to the moral dignity and enlightenment of the community.
There was a large turnout at the temperance meeting at Mt. Zion church on Tuesday eve. The speaking was excellent, but the order was terrible. The following day two of the young bloods were pulled before Squire Earhart, where they plead guilty and put up costs and fines to the amount of about $8.
On Saturday, the 16th inst., the organization of our new school district, No. 146, was fully completed by the election of school officers. The following were unanimously elected: H. H. Martin, Director; J. M. Householder, Clerk; Wm. Murray, Treasurer. This is an efficient and progressive board, and we feel confident that the arduous duties of the position will be well discharged.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
Dr. Long has moved into another house.

Mr. Stiff has rented the Central hotel and the hungry traveler or village boarder will find a genial host and amiable hostess ready to see their guests filled to the utmost capacity and sent on their way only a little lighter in pocket.
Mr. and Mrs. Fitzgerald visited friends in this vicinity last week.
Mr. Bovee and family are visiting in Salem.
Mr. McMillen has not returned from his sad home going, and in place of the smiling faces that greeted him three years ago, he met tearful ones, and found his loved mother asleep in the long, last sleep. He has the sympathy of his many friends and neighbors in his sad affliction.
Death and disease can never come
To those we love in the blest home.
From that bright land no tidings come,
To grieve our hearts and strike us dumb.
With anguish that no tongue can tell,
About our friends we love so well,
When the message comes to bid us there
We know we shall find them free from care
And not asleep in death's embrace,
But immortal fame, with an angel face.
J. W. Hoyland received the sad intelligence from Iowa that his dear sister, Mrs. Jane Mitcheltree, was buried in the Forest Home cemetery, Jan. 10th. One son remains of her four grown children. The rest are sleeping in death. The aged husband seems tottering on the brink of the grave.
Sleep, ear one, sleep, death brings repose,
For when on earth thine eye lids close,
They open in the better land,
To gaze upon the happy band.
Of sons and daughters not so blest
When mother is with them at rest.
Conscious, triumphant, Oh how happy the end,
As this dear one, her loved ones to God did commend.
The frost king seems to be staying in Kansas to prove his claim. No stock has died in this vicinity from the severity of the weather, or if so "Olivia" has not been informed. Mr. McMillen, the McHenry Bros., and Mrs. Gilmore, also Mr. Williams and others, have lost hogs with that hog disease that seems to be going the rounds. "Hogee meat" has lost its attraction to a good many Salemites.

The concert came off and the young people did well. The program was good and well carried out, and all present seemed highly pleased. Some have insisted on them having it over, and think a good attendance could be had. That speaks well in their favor. They donated the sheet music and curtains to the Ladies Aid Society, and any school or society can buy the curtains, etc., any time they wish. The money was also turned into the ladies' treasury, enriching it to the amount of $9.30. Over $14.00 was taken in but curtains, hall rent, etc., took some of the funds. I will say that one and all pleased me with the part assigned them, and I wish a literary and musical feast was served often. Our young people have the talent to please Salemites and are ambitious to please those from abroad. Let us have one more this winter.
Mrs. Shields and children have arrived from their Wisconsin trip. Mr. Shields has gone to Omaha to visit relatives before his return.
Mr. Stevens, who some time ago bought Mr. S. A. Chapell's farm, has moved; he and family, also Mrs. Chapell are residents of one house.
It is too cold to gather in items, so for the present "Aurevoir."
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
Adam Sipe lost fifteen hogs during the cold snap. Rob Weakly also lost several.
Yes, certainly, the late blizzard is given up as the worst the old settler ever saw in Kansas.
Jerome Hassell is hauling off corn for which he gets twenty-nine and thirty cents per bushel.
Mrs. Emery is in Winfield at this writing. We presume she likes the city better than the country.
Lon Bryant returned from Chase County a few days ago and reports everything in bad condition between here and Chase.
Miss Howard, our school teacher, stayed in the country the latter part of last week, and thus avoided a bad drive to her school.
The many friends of Mrs. Lou Gilbert were much pained to hear of her sad bereavement: the death of her husband, who froze to death that cold Thursday.
The best advice given to men in general will be found in the "temperance and tobacco catechism." All who have not got one should get one immediately and read it. The only encouragement to tobacco users that I find in the Bible is this: "He that is filthy, let him be filthy still."
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
H. C. Tomlinson, of Indianapolis, is here, called here by the affliction of the family of his brother, T. C., whose last two children have been taken away by diphtheria in less than a week. H. C. Tomlinson is an old friend of Dr. Arnold, and in company with the latter, called on THE COURIER.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
The union revival meetings at the Baptist church still continue, with great interest and vim, conducted by the ministers of the city, who will preach alternately during the week. Many new converts are still asserting themselves.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
Farmers, I want your poultry at good prices. J. P. Baden.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
You all know Brown & Son, the Winfield druggists. They sell and recommend Chamberlain's Cough Remedy. The best made for coughs, colds, croup, or sore throat.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.

A. C. Bangs' Omnibus and Transfer Co. have the finest line of carriages in the city and can furnish them for parties, weddings, operas and funerals, on short notice, day or night, at reasonable terms. Baggage called for and delivered to any train, day or night. Leave orders at A. H. Doane's coal office, or at the Brettun.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
About November 20th, two 3-year-old Mexican steers, branded IL on left side. A liberal reward for information leading to their recovery. Address Charles H. Elliott, Post-office, New Salem.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
We can sell goods cheaper.
We have no trouble with book accounts.
We have no bills to worry you monthly.
We have no losses in bad accounts.
We can dispense with our bookkeeper.
We can make it more convenient, and less expense for you to buy for cash.
All goods sold for cash or its equivalent. Cooper & Taylor.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
The following are the real estate transfers filed in the office of Register of Deeds since our last issue.
Highland Park Town Co. to Chas. Gay, lots 4 & 5, blk 11, H P ad to Winfield: $150
Fred W Farrar et ux to Alfred P Gage, lots, 1, 2 & 3, blk 53, A C: $500
James K. Patterson et ux to Frank J Hess, lots 7 & 8, blk 53, A C: $1.00
James H Campbell et ux to Millard C Copple, lots 10 & 11, blk 46, A C: $1,160
John W Ruby et ux to Edward Woodcock, lot 17, blk 163, Canal Co.'s ad to A C: $1,500
J C McMullen et ux to A H Doane, lot 5, blk 126, Winfield: $700
Wm L Mullen et ux to A H Doane, lot 6, blk 126, Winfield: $2,000
B F Bays to D D Drake, n hf nw qr & se qr nw qr 20-32-8e, 120 acres: $750
Sarah H Floyd to George Erickson, sw qr sw qr 3-34-8e, q-c: $1.00
George Jones et ux to [? name not given], w hf ne qr 20-34-6e, 80 acres: $1,000
A D Edwards et ux to Jeremiah Weakly, e hf sw qr 28-35-5e, 79 acres, q-c: $1.00
W E Harmon et ux to Isaac W Davis, lot 7, blk 245, Citizens ad to Winfield: $400
Perry Bishop to Charles Carnes, lot 1 and se qr ne qr 1-34-5e: $250
Frederick W Maddux et ux to Eli Youngheim, 4½ [?] in se qr 16-32-4e: $350
Daniel Feagins et ux to Thomas J Feagins, lots 3, 4, 5 and 6, blk 38, A C: $1,500
A T Cooper et ux to James R Wilson, s hf nw qr 10-35-3e: $2,000
Rachael Pugsley and husband to Ira N Holmes, lots 16, 17, and 18, blk 111, Winfield: 4,000
Samuel Nicholson et ux to James Vogt, sw qr 2-34-7e, 160 acres: $800
Andrew Bell et ux to John W Black, w hf sw qr 24-32-7e, 80 acres: $1,000
Floral Imp Co to W L Gilbert, lot 3, blk 34, Floral: $50.00

Geo W Long to Viola G Crabtree, e hf nw qr sw qr ne qr and se qr ne qr 11-32-7e: $2,000
Phillip Huffman ex ux to Malinda Clay, tract in 27-34-6e: $100.00
A J Fowler to B F Boys, s hf sw qr, sec 5, and se qr ne qr 6-30-8e: $1,200
Henry A Dinkle to Henry T Trice, se qr 4-30-8e: $1,200
W H Mendenhall et ux to [? left out] w hf se qr 21-33-6e, 80 acres: $450.00
John G Hiatt to Lidia E Hiatt, hf of 640 acres in 31-8e [?], $2,000
Chas M McIntire et ux to Lizzie H Benedict, lots 19 and 20, blk 157, A C: $125.00
Cyrus Wilson to John Murray, lots 1, 2, 3, and 4, blk 10, A C: $800
Frank J Hess et ux to Lewis Conover, lots 3 and 4, blk 117, A C: $30.00
Josiah C Bear et ux to Hiram W Jewett, s hf se qr 33-31-4e, 80 acres: $1,030
Adolphus G Lowe et ux to Lewis V Coombs, lots 9 and 10, blk 56, A C: $2,000
Floral Imp Co to W H Miller, lots 13, 14, 16, and blk 26, Floral: $100.00
F C Nommsen et ux to Josephine Edwards, lots 10 and 11, 202 Andrews ad to Winfield: $600
James C Topliff et ux to Frank J Hess, lots 24, 25, and 26, blk 92, A C: $1,000
W T Wright to Lydia A Wright, se qr 24-32-4e, 160 acres: $500.00
John F McDowell et ux to John H Detwiler, e hf ne qr sec 22 and n hf nw qr 23-34-7e, 160 acres: $1,200
Leonard T Harned et ux to Sarah F Kidwell, w hf se qr 27-30-6e, 80 acres: $1,200
Isaac W Davis et ux to B W Trout, n hf ne qr 35-33-5e, 80 acres: $400
John C Rowland et ux to Electa Rowland, lots 3 and 4, blk 167, Winfield: $700
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
I have been a resident of the city for years; have heretofore been compelled to vote for bonds to open up some men's farms in order to get thoroughfares into the city. Now, before we vote bonds for two additional bridges, let us have the roads opened so we can get directly to the Bliss & Wood bridge, viz: 6th and 7th avenues west. If bonds are voted first, then the next move will be to tax the city $2,500 or $3,000 to open the above ways.
Robert Hudson, Sr.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
Sealed proposals will be received until noon of Thursday, Feb. 4th, 1886, at the office of W. A. Ritchie & Co., for the erection and completion of an Office Building for J. C. McMullen, Esq., according to drawings and specifications prepared by W. A. Ritchie & Co., Architects, which are now on file at their offices in the west end of the Winfield National Bank extension. Bids will be received on the building complete or on the different parts of the work. The right is reserved to reject any or all bids. Willis A. Ritchie & Co., Architects.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
For the apprehension of the party who stole the overcoat off of the dummy in front of my store on Tuesday afternoon, Jan. 19th. The coat was a light gray twill with a greenish cast, large plaid lining and No. 35.
[Person who put in above ad not identified in notice.]

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
As a rule people tire themselves in their efforts to get a railroad into their town or city, and, after they get it, tire themselves a great deal more in abusing it as "a monopoly." And yet the men who build railroads, rarely, if ever, get their money back even with moderate interest. There are multitudes of men who lose no opportunity to denounce such monopolies when they have quadrupled the value of every goot and acre of real estate they possess. There should be reason in all things. Chicago Inter-Ocean.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
Skipped "Grain and Provisions" reports from St. Louis, Chicago, New York, and Kansas City. Also skipped "Latest Market Reports" that followed from Kansas City.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
Recap: W. C. Root & Co. had ad "For Bargains in Ladies' Fine Shoes" on their Bargain Counter.
34 pairs Ladies' Cur Kid Waukenphast Button Shoes, Wright & Peters' make $4.35, Former price $5.00
10 pairs Ladies' Cur Kid Waukenphast Button Boots, Reynolds Bros.' make, $2.75 to $3.15.
5 pairs Ladies Cur Kid, Cloth Top Button Boots, Reynolds' Bros.' make, $2.90. Former price $3.50
10 pairs Ladies' Dongold Best Make Button Boots, J. & T. Cousin's make, $4.00
17 pairs Ladies' Cur Kid Button Boots, Zeigler Bros.' make, $2.75 to $3.15.
11 pairs Ladies' Kid, Good Quality Button Boots, Zeigler Bros.' make, $2.70.
W. C. ROOT & CO.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
You have read what I have to say of cost sales; that I sell goods for profit and buy them so as to compete with the trade. To convince you of these facts, I have bought and will open on Saturday next (and not until then) one case of calico, Ten Yards for 25 Cents.
A double width Cashmere at 25 cents per yard; Alpacas all collars at 10 cents per yard.
Several lines of dry goods at correspondingly low prices. 78 pairs blankets, white and colored, at $2.37; worth $4.00 per pair; 10 dozen Turkish towels at 5 cents each.
A line of Cloaks and Shawls! At less than others can buy them. Ladies' and Gent's underwear and a full line of hosiery at prices that will surprise you. Come and be convinced that I can SAVE YOU MONEY!
S. KLEEMAN, 813 Main Street.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
Great Discount Sale. Overcoats and Heavy Underwear, and Hats and Caps.
We will place on sale this day 200 men's, boys' and children's OVERCOATS. One Thousand men's and boys' heavy Undershirts and Drawers. And our entire stock of Hats and Caps at a Discount of 20 per cent, or 80 cents on the Dollar. $5.00 overcoats to $4.00.

Beck and Vance Make a Fresh Attack on the Silver Policy of the Government.
The Debate in the Senate.
The House of Representatives Takes Up the Question.
Reagan's Attack on the Financial Part of the President's Message.
Other Matters in Congress.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
WASHINGTON, January 13. When the Senate was called to order yesterday, the President pro tem asked permission to be absent after tomorrow for the remainder of the week. Unanimous consent was given.
Mr. Beck submitted for reference to the Committee of Finance a substitute for the Eustis resolution, which provides that the Secretary of the Treasury should be directed in all payments hereafter of interest on bonds and notes of the United States and in the purchase or payment of one per cent of the entire debt of the United States for a sinking fund as now required by law to pay out gold and silver coin as nearly as possible in the same proportion on which gold coin and certificates and silver coin were received during the preceding fiscal year for duties on imported goods. Mr. Beck said that he had heard many cases in clubs and in cross roads debating societies; had heard pleas made from the tail end of gingerbread carts, and had read endless platitudes in the Congressional Record; but he had never met or seen a worse abuse of logic, or a feebler attempt to outrage common sense, than the arguments used by bankers, bondholders, and gold men generally in the discussion of this silver question. The rapacity of avarice was so repugnant to the common sense of mankind that it always sought to disguise its ugliness by the assumption of the garb of virtue. So the bondholders and bankers told the people that they wanted the silver coinage stopped, not for their own advantage, but for the sake of the poor working man, whom they preferred to their own chiefest joy.
Mr. Vance ridiculed this pretension, and said the war on silver was in the interest, not of those who labored, but of those who speculated in money. In reply to the statement that the people would not take the silver dollar and that when issued, it had always come back to the Treasury, Mr. Vance contended that the law required the Government's officers to pay it out; and if it came back, to pay it out again. If the officers of the Government had done their duty and complied with the laws, there would have been no difficulty with the silver dollar: they had refused to pay it out and there never had been another instance in American history in which the country's officers had boldly taken on themselves absolute discretion as to whether they would or would not execute the law. The money lords of this time were the real controllers of monetary affairs. They were the successors of feudal lords of the middle ages, but they did not have the same class of persons to deal with. "Of one thing I can assure them," Mr. Vance said in conclusion, "that is, that in this country where the people rule, silver is not going to be demonetized."
Mr. Dolph then offered the following resolutions which were agreed to.

Resolved, That the Judiciary Committee be directed to consider and report whether or not a statute limiting the time within which all actions and suits must be brought by the United States against its citizens is desirable and, if in the judgment of the committee, such a statute should be passed by Congress, to report a bill for that purpose.
Resolved, That the committee be directed to consider and report to the Senate whether the United States ought to hold itself liable to its citizens sustaining injury and loss on account of the negligence or misconduct of its officers or agents, and if said committee shall report that the United States ought to be held liable in any case to its citizens for such injury and loss, it be directed to report a bill to define the liability of the Government, and to authorize suits to be brought against it in such cases, specifying the courts in which the same may be brought and the manner of bringing and prosecuting the same to final judgment.
Among the bills introduced yesterday were the following.
By Mr. Platt: To amend the law relating to patents, trade marks, and copyrights. It provides that during the term of letters patent for a design, it shall not be lawful for any person without license from the patentee or his assignee to apply such design or any colorable imitation thereof for purposes of sale to any article of manufacture nor to sell any such design, knowing it to be without the license of the patentee. Damages may be recovered for loss sustained through such illegal manufacture and sale.
By Mr. Miller, of New York: Providing that on all goods which are on shipboard within the limits of any port of entry, or in the customs office when the tariff act of March 3, 1883, went into effect, duty should be assessed at the reduced rate provided by the act and all duties exacted above the rate should be refunded.
By Mr. Ingalls: Providing that all bona fide claimants and occupants of lands in Kansas, which were allotted to certain New York Indians, shall be entitled to purchase the lands occupied by them, not exceeding 160 acres to each, on payment of $1.25 per acre, the proceeds of the sale to be paid the Indians. Any lands not entered by such settlers within six months are to be sold at $3 per acre.
By Mr. Jones, of Arkansas: Conferring jurisdiction in certain civil cases arising in the Indian Territory on the United States Circuit and District Courts for the Western District of Arkansas, the Northern District of Texas, and the District of Kansas.
By Mr. Wilson, of Iowa: For the establishment of a bureau of Public documents in the Interior Department.
After an executive session the Senate adjourned.
When the House met yesterday morning the Speaker announced the Appointment of Messrs. Singleton of Mississippi, Wilson of West Virginia. and Phelps of New Jersey, as members of the Board of Regents of the Smithsonian Institution.
Mr. Caldwell, of Tennessee, from the Committee on Laws regulating the Election of President and Vice President, reported back without amendment the Hoar Presidential Succession bill and it was placed on the calendar.
Mr. Cooper, of Ohio, gave notice that he would file a minority report.
Mr. Hill, of Ohio, from the Committee on Territories, reported the bill legalizing the election of the Territorial Legislative Assembly of Wyoming. It was placed on the calendar.

The Speaker then proceeded under the new rule to call the committees for the purpose of permitting them to call up measures for immediate action. On behalf of the Judiciary Committee, Mr. Hammond, of Georgia, called up and the House passed a bill amending section 643, revised statutes, by adding the following provision.
Provided, That when any criminal prosecution shall be removed from a State Court to a United States Court, before a presentment by a grand jury or indictment or information shall have been made and filed against defendants in the State Court, it shall be lawful for the State Court to proceed in such case so far as to have such presentment or indictment or information made and filed in said State Court, and after the same is so made and filed, the Clerk of the United States Court shall issue a writ of certiorari to the State Court, for like purpose and with like effect as if the case had been so removed after such presentment or indictment was made and filed in such court.
The House then, on motion of Mr. Reagan, went into Committee of the Whole, with Blount of Georgia in the chair, for the consideration of the President's message.

Mr. Reagan took the floor with a long and carefully prepared speech on the financial value, condemning the National banking system and arguing in favor of applying a portion of the surplus in the treasury to the gradual payment of the public debt. He earnestly combated the proposition to suspend the coinage of the silver dollar, maintaining that such a course would have the effect of making a few more millionaires and of adding largely to the army of tramps and paupers. He ridiculed the dire prophecies which were made by the advocates of the single standard as to the result of the continued coinage of silver, and he quoted from statistics to show that so far from the prophecy, made at the time of passage of the Bland act that the gold would pour out of the Treasury having been verified, the contrary has been the truth. It would be found, he contended, that gold had been coming and silver had been going out. He denounced the scheme for demonetizing silver as a crime against right, decency, humanity, and civilization. It was the duty of the Democratic party to protect the people against this cunning and wicked scheme of robbery. In order to protect them he would provide for the free and unlimited coinage of silver and would issue certificates on all deposits of silver coin or bullion. He would then amend the specie resumption act so as to repeal the reservation $100,000,000 legal tender notes and would provide for the reservation of $50,000,000; he would require the Secretary of the Treasury to pay out silver as he did gold and to pay out all above $50,000,000 reserve and reduce the principal of the public debt to that extent. He would provide that no more National banks should be chartered and that when the charters of those now existing expired the circulation thus called in should be replaced by the issue of United States Treasury notes. He profoundly regretted that there should be differences within the Democratic party on the silver question. The President in his message and the Secretary of the Treasury in his report had taken statesmen-like views of many questions, but on this question he would not agree with them. He would follow the traditions and principles of the Democratic party and uphold the interests of the people. The Democratic party was now on trial; the Republican party had been turned out of power because it has abandoned the people on all great questions such as the tariff, inter-State commerce, and the coinage of silver, and had betrayed its trust to the money powers. The Democratic party had come into power because it had resisted and denounced this course, and now leading Democrats were found asking that the Democrats as a party take upon this question the very position that had led to the downfall of he Republican party. If it did this, the Democrats ought to join the Republican party, for on this question there would be no difference between the two parties; if it did, then the Democratic party ought to cease to exist. It had been the party of the people, resisting monopoly all through its history and defending and protecting the rights of the people. If it should ever become the defender of corporations and monopolies and money kings as against the rights of the people, it would cease to become the Democratic party, and the people would have to look elsewhere for the guardianship, protection, and defense of their rights.
Mr. Bland, of Missouri, said that he had no doubt that the Committee on Coinage, Weights, and Measures would report some measure on the silver question at an early day and if necessary, give weeks for discussion. He therefore moved that the committee rise in order that the debate might be postponed until it came up in regular order.
Mr. Symes, of Colorado, asked whether the gentleman could inform the House with any degree of certainty whether the committee would report in one, two, or three days, or in a week.
Mr. Bland could not say exactly when it would report or what it would report, but he had no doubt the subject would come up in regular order.
Mr. Symes said that he knew a number of gentlemen on the floor who desired to deliver silver speeches, which were becoming somewhat cold, owing to the daily discussion in the Senate. He, therefore, gave notice that at as early a day as possible, provided the Coinage Committee did not report an appropriate subject for debate, he would move that the House go into Committee of the Whole in order to give these gentlemen an opportunity to deliver their speeches. In fact, he was willing they should have the opportunity today.
The question was put on Mr. Bland's motion and although it was solidly opposed by the Republicans it was carried by a vote of 79 to 73 and the House adjourned.
Two or Three Train Hands Killed on the Texas & St. Louis.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
CORSICANA, TEX., January 13. A construction train on the Texas & St. Louis Railroad, while backing up to the Powell Station about nine miles east of here, jumped the track. Nothing but the engine remained. The caboose and cars took fire and were consumed. William Holland, bridge boss, who had just arrived here to go to work, was killed. His mother, wife, and two children are at Powell. Pat Patton, one of the bridge gang, who is from near St. Louis, was also killed by a flat car falling on him after he had jumped from the trains. Tom Baker had his shoulder crushed and is badly injured internally and it is thought that he will probably die. He leaves a wife and two children in Tyler County. The conductor and another employee were also considerably bruised, but not fatally. The dead bodies were brought to this city last night, as were also the wounded men, who are now receiving surgical attention.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
NEW YORK, January 13. The following letter was made public last evening.
To the Bondholders and Stockholders of the Northern Pacific Railroad Company:

It is publicly stated that Commissioner Sparks, of the General Land Office, has rendered a decision to the effect that this company has no grant of lands for its road between the Columbia River and Puget Sound. There is no foundation in law or reason for such a decision. Appeal will at once be taken to the Secretary of the Interior, and if necessary the company will resort to the courts to maintain its rights. Neither you nor purchasers of the lands of this company need entertain the slightest apprehension as to the result.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
A dispatch from Berlin says: Admiral Knorr has been ordered to Samoa to settle the differences between the German Government and King Malieloa. Germany has no intention to violate the neutrality agreement with England and America.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
WASHINGTON, January 8. The President yesterday, in answer to a resolution adopted by the Senate December 9, transmitted copies of documents showing the action taken by him to ascertain the sentiments of foreign Governments in regard to the establishment of an international ratio between gold and silver. The correspondence is accompanied by a letter from Secretary Bayard to the President in which he says in part: "It has been the object of this department and its agents, whilst avowing its readiness to co-operate, not so much to impress our own opinions and wishes upon others as to obtain well considered and independent views from the most influential, responsible, and competent sources in order to lay before Congress; first, the actual status of metallic currencies in the respective European countries; and, secondly, the intentions and policies of those governments in relation to the subject, with details of their action up to the present time. It is believed that the accompanying letters from the Ministers of the United States to Great Britain, France, and German, respectively, summarize and convey the true condition of the opinions and intentions of the Governments and people to whom they have been severally accredited."
The letter then mentions the designation of Mr. Marble as a confidential agent to obtain information on the subject, and says: "No separate report by Mr. Marble has been made, because the results of his investigations appear fully in the letters of Messrs. Phelps, McLane, and Pendleton." The correspondence opens with a letter from Secretary Bayard to Manton Marble, notifying him of his designation to visit Europe on the mission above indicated. Letters were also addressed to the American Ministers at London, Paris, and Berlin, notifying them of Mr. Marble's visit and asking their cooperation.

A reply was received from Minister Phelps under date of London, October 20, 1885, in which he gives the result of conferences by himself and Mr. Marble with the leading members of Her Majesty's Government and says: "From these as well as other sources, I am satisfied that the British Government will inflexibly adhere to their past and present policy in respect to coinage; that they will not depart from the gold standard now and so long established; that they will not become a party to any international arrangement or union for the creation of a bimetallic standard at a common ratio between gold and silver for the purpose of making both an unlimited legal tender, nor adopt such double standard."
A reply from Minister McLane at Paris, dated October 1, 1885, expresses his opinion that "while France would gladly receive the intelligence that the French ratio of 15½ of silver to 1 of gold had been reached, no consideration of future consequences could induce her to adopt the American ratio of 16 to 1, still less would she adopt any higher ratio to assimilate the present commercial or market value of silver with the value of gold, nor would she consent at any ratio now to permit an unrestricted or even a limited coinage of silver at her mints. The present purpose of her Government and people is to maintain, if possible, the two metals at their present ratio of 15½ to 1 in domestic circulation and international exchange." Mr. McLane says that the facts obtained naturally suggest that the United States, the greatest gold and silver country in the world, should suspend its silver coinage in order to utilize part of the Treasury reserve.
Minister Pendleton in his reply, dated Berlin, October 19, 1885, gives his conclusions briefly as follows: "The adhesion of Germany to an international bimetallic union such as was proposed by the United States and France in 1884 can scarcely be expected, it seems to me, within any limit of time now to be predicted. The cooperation of Germany in such a union may be sought with fair hopes of success whenever it becomes possible to include in such a union England and Russia, the former of which seems to cleave tenaciously to her gold monometalism, while the latter staggers under the evils of a depreciated and largely fluctuating paper money. The adhesion of England at least is certainly now and would probably for an indefinite period be regarded by Germany [if there was more to be said in this article, it was chopped off at the end of the word "Germany" and not finished. This happened quite often during this time span.]
Terrible Suffering of the Crew of the Hylton Castle Off Long Island.
The Captain and Ten of the Crew Still Missing.
Sufferings on the Kansas Plains.
Two Young Women and a Whole Family Frozen to Death.
Great Loss of Stock.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
HUNTER'S POINT, L. I., January 13. The ten shipwrecked sailors from the steamer Hylton Castle arrived here yesterday afternoon. The men had nothing but the clothing they wore, having been unable to save anything from the vessel. Chief Mate John Marshall told the following story of the wreck and sufferings of the officers and crew.

"We left New York Friday morning. The Hylton Castle is a tramp steamer; was loaded with corn for Rouen, France. There were twenty-two persons on board, including the Captain. About three p.m., when we were out about fifty miles east of Sandy Hook, we encountered a terrible snowstorm. The wind blew a hurricane and the big waves washed over the steamer's decks and tossed her about like a raft. For several hours we did not know where we were and the vessel was straining badly. The storm grew worse and the vessel became unmanageable, refusing to answer her rudder, and every moment we expected to be engulfed by the sea. The Captain remained on the bridge, but he and the wheelman had to be lashed to their posts. When the storm was at its height, the steamer sprang a leak and water began to pour into the hold. The pumps were set to work, but failed to keep the water from rising and Captain Colvin, as best he could, headed his ship toward New York. The men were half frozen and the rigging was covered with ice; every movable thing on deck was washed away; the tarpaulins on two of the hatches had been carried off, and the water was steadily gaining in the hold. All day Sunday the pumps were kept working, while the wheelsman tried to keep the vessel headed for New York. As night drew on the water reached the engine room, and by nine o'clock the fires were extinguished. Those on board gave up all hope of ever seeing another day. A night of suspense was spent and at six o'clock on Monday morning the Fire Island light was sighted. As near as could be guessed, the vessel was twelve or fifteen miles southeast of the light. At nine o'clock, seeing there was no hope of saving the steamer, Captain Colvin piped all hands and ordered the life boat and launch to be lowered. Half an hour later I and my companions took to the launch and were immediately followed by the officers and the rest of the crew, who took the life boat. We rowed away from the steamer and about ten o'clock, when we had gone about two miles toward shore, we saw her go down bow first and in a few seconds not a spar or topmast could be seen.
"We kept company until about six or seven miles from land, when it took a more easterly course and we soon lost sight of it. Myself and men were greatly exhausted and many of us had our hands and ears frozen. We made slow progress. About four p.m., when we were about a mile off shore, a boat from the lifesaving station came to our assistance. We were landed and provided with dry warm clothing and plenty of food, which we greatly needed, having had nothing to eat for nearly eighteen hours. We were told by a man on the train that a boat had been picked up with one man in it.
"The men in the missing life boat were: Captain Colvin, of Shields; Chief Engineer John Amiss, of Jarrow; John A. Scott, of London, second mate; Elijah Stephenson, carpenter; James Heatley, fireman; Thomas Lovell, fireman; John Black, fireman; Thomas Fisher, fireman; Theodore Larsen and John Rees, seamen. All the men praise the conduct of Captain Colvin, who stuck to the sinking vessel to the last. Dispatches received from Brook Haven, Patchegue, Bay Shore, and Babylon states that no news of the missing Captain Colvin and the remainder of the crew of the steamer Hylton Castle has been received at any of those points, although the men may have landed on the beach. Communication between the life-saving station and the mainland is now impossible. The Great South Bay is now frozen over. A party of reporters and wrecking agents started from here for Fire Island on an iceboat this morning."

KANSAS CITY, MO., January 13. The Times says: Reports have been received which indicate that the recent storm was the worst that was ever experienced on the Kansas plains. Colonel S. S. Prouty, editor of the Dodge City Cowboy, arrived from Dodge City today, and states the death and destruction wrought by the storm is something fearful and positively without a parallel in the history of the State. At Dodge City the velocity of the wind was forty-four miles per hour, and the mercury ten degrees below zero. Business throughout the western half of the State has been paralyzed for two weeks past. Three hundred men during the worst part of the storm were engaged in clearing the track at Spearville, near Dodge City. In many sections on the Santa Fe line the snow plow was ineffective and the snow had to be cleared by the slow process of shoveling. The stage from Fort Supply, which was due at Dodge City Wednesday last, did not arrive until Sunday. The driver encountered the blizzard in Clarke County and took refuge with his horses in an abandoned dugout, where he remained for forty-eight hours without fuel or water. Near the dugout in which the driver was cooped up lived an old lady and her two daughters. In an attempt to reach the house of a son on an adjoining claim, the two daughters perished in the storm. The mother managed to reach her son's house, but was terribly frostbitten and is in a critical condition. The bodies of the young women have been recovered. Many persons who were out in the storm are missing, and it is thought they have perished. The suffering among the new settlers on the plains is beyond description. Most of them had erected mere wooden habitations. Coal is the only fuel that can be obtained, and in many instances it has to be hauled seventy-five to one hundred miles. In Wichita County a family of seven—father, mother, and five children—were frozen to death. The stock interests in Western Kansas, particularly the range cattle, have received their death blow if the reports of the damage from this storm are true. The irrigating ditch a short distance from Dodge City is filled for miles with cattle frozen to death. They had taken refuge in the ditch from the terrible wind and there died. Many of the small herds of the new settlers haves been entirely destroyed.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
Mr. Floquet has been re-elected President of the French Chamber of Deputies.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
ROME, GA., January 12. While Ben H. Allman was sitting at the breakfast table this morning, he drew a pistol and, placing the muzzle to his heart, fired. Mental depression over debts drove him to the act.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
CHICAGO, ILL., January 12. At seven o'clock this morning the extensive warehouse of Fred C. Vehmeyer, No. 182 Kinzie street, was discovered on fire. The entire fire department was called out, but before the first engine arrived the flames had spread to all parts of the building. The firemen directed their efforts to saving the adjoining property, and on account of the intense cold they worked under great disadvantage. The fire was confined to the burning building after a desperate battle. The loss is estimated at $250,000; partially insured.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
LONDON, January 12. Parliament opened today. There were large crowds in and around the building. A careful search of the Parliament buildings failed to reveal any dynamite concealed. The Hon. Arthur Wellesley Peel was re-elected Speaker. Charles Bradlaugh, the atheistic member for Northampton, repeated expelled, took the oath, there being no one present to oppose him. Mr. Gladstone also took the oath. He was among the first to arrive.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
COLUMBUS, OHIO, January 15. Both houses convened at noon today and voted separately for United States Senator. John Sherman was the choice. The joint election will occur tomorrow.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
NEW YORK, January 12. Fire this morning in the building No. 4, Great Jones street, occupied by manufacturing firms, did damage amounting to nearly $60,000.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
ST. LOUIS, January 12. The river is declining very fast. Two and a half feet of a decline is recorded since yesterday, and ice is growing heavier all the while.
A Long List of Confirmations.—Postmasters Nominated.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
WASHINGTON, January 13. When the Senate went into executive session yesterday, it at once proceeded to take up the nominations reported from the committee, and after some debate confirmed the following.
Assistant Secretary of the Interior: George A. Jenks.
First Assistant Secretary of the Interior: Henry L. Muldrow.
First Deputy Commissioner of Pensions: William E. McLean.
Second Deputy Commissioner of Pensions: Joseph J. Bartlett.
Assistant Commissioner of Patents: Robert B. Vance.
Assistant Treasurer of the United States: James W. Welpley, of New York.
Assistant Secretary of the Treasury: William E. Smith, of New York.
Treasurer of the United States: Conrad N. Jordan, of New Jersey.
Collectors of Internal Revenue: Hunter Wood, for the second district of Kentucky; George H. Davidson, for the sixth district of Kentucky.
Brigadier General: Colonel John Gibbon.
Inspector General, with the rank of Brigadier General: Colonel Absalom Baird.
Inspector General, with the rank of Major: Captain Henry J. Farnsworth.
Assistant Quartermaster, with the rank of Captain: First Lieutenant Francis B. Jones.
First Lieutenant of Ordnance: Second Lieutenant Sydney E. Stuart.
Secretary of Legation: C. H. Dougherty, of Pennsylvania, at Rome.
A large number of postmasters were also confirmed, none, however, in Western States.

Postmasters: James F. Stuart, Van Buren, Ark.; John W. Owen, Jonesboro, Ark.; A. E. Buddicks, Montrose, Col.; Thomas B. Crawford, Grand Junction, Col.; David Frokes, Ouray, Col.; Milton H. Huntress, Breckenridge, Col.; Charles C. Hathaway, Del Norte, Col.; Charles C. Hathaway, Del Norte, Col.; Matthew D. Crow, Pueblo, Col.; Lyman Thompson, South Pueblo, Col.; Charles Door, Fort Madison, Ia.; C. C. Colclo, Carroll, Ia.; W. C. Clarke, Paducah, Ky.; A. H. Dudley, Princeton, Ky.; James Kennedy, Owensboro, Ky.; Thomas M. Goodnight, Franklin, Ky.; Samuel M. Peacock, Lancaster, Ky.; James R. Marrs, Danville, Ky.; Augustin C. Respess, Maysville, Ky.; E. H. Porter, Bowling Green, Ky.; William W. Wather, Lebanon, Ky.; James D. Watson, Mayfield, Ky.; Mrs. O. A. Hastings, Fort Gibson, Miss.; J. C. Reed, Corinth, Miss.; G. W. Thomas, Canton, Miss.; T. J. Stokes, Macon, Miss.; J. W. McMaster, Hazlehurst, Miss.; S. W. Shields, Morristown, Tenn.; Frank White, Murfreesboro, Tenn.; W. L. Norton, Tullahoma, Tenn.; Henry C. McLaurine, Pulaski, Tenn.; Thomas J. Lane, Greenville, Tenn.; James M. King, Knoxville, Tenn.; B. F. Cheatham, Nashville, Tenn.; Mary H. Edwards, Cleveland, Tenn.; John Stack, Bristol, Tenn.; Charles R. Coke, Victoria, Tex.; Mary Levique, Lake Charles, La.; G. Krees, Louisville, Idaho; Henry Brown, Hailey, Idaho; Charles A. Foster, Bellevue, Idaho; J. B. Williams, Ketchum, Idaho; and Albert C. Snyder, Cheyenne, Wyo.
The President sent the following nominations to the Senate yesterday:
Postmasters: George B. Gerald at Waco, Texas, salary $2,500; Dewitt C. Jones at Columbus, Ohio, salary $3,400; Edmund Knapp at Garrettsville, Ohio, salary $1,100; William H. Harry at Watseka, Illinois, salary $1,400; Thomas Richards at Stanford, Kentucky, salary $1,400; Patrick Colligan, at Alpena, Michigan, salary $1,900; William H. Elgar, at Platteville, Wisconsin, salary $1,500; George Crawford, at Mineral Point, Wisconsin, salary $1,500; Russell Chapman, at San Rafael, California, salary $1,600.
A Crazy Man Kills a Sheriff and is Lynched By a Mob.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
OMAHA, January 13. Yesterday morning a Bohemian named Lapour, who has been insane and was confined in the county jail at Schuyler for two months, assaulted Sheriff Degman as he was giving him his breakfast. The prisoner struck him over the head with a piece of scantling, from which he had been cutting his kindling. He then made his escape, but was recaptured by ex-Sheriff McCurdy. Degman died in an hour, his skull having been fractured. Lapour had been in the insane asylum, but had been discharged on the ground that he was not insane. About two months ago he was arrested for abusing his family, and in default of bail he was sent to jail to await the action of the District Court, which a week ago thought it advisable to still keep him in jail. At 11:40 last night a large crowd surrounded the court house, took the prisoner, Lapour, from the jail, and hung him to a neighboring tree.
Democrats from Cincinnati Bounced.
Election of Sherman Assured.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.

COLUMBUS, O., January 13. The Committee on Privileges and Elections in the House of Representatives yesterday morning reported a resolution to unseat the Democratic members from Hamilton County. The resolution was amended to provide for a hearing to be accorded the unseated members, and was adopted under the previous question. The seats were then declared vacant amid the greatest confusion in the midst of a howling mob. The nine Republican members then came forward and were sworn in by the Speaker and were cheered by the Republicans, and jeered by the Democrats. The Speaker ordered the Democratic members to turn over the keys to their desks. The action of yesterday gives ample assurance for the election of Sherman, and will give him two majority on joint ballot in the convention of the two branches tomorrow.
COLUMBUS, O, January 13. The Senate and House met in joint convention at noon today and elected John Sherman to the United States Senate. It required seventy-four votes to elect. Sherman received eight-four votes and Allen G. Thurman sixty-two.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
CONSTANTINOPLE, January 13. Prince Alexander and the Porte have come to an understanding on the following conditions: That the union of the Bulgarias be recognized by the Porte; that the Bulgarian army be at the disposal of Turkey in the event of war with Greece or Servia; that tribute be paid regularly to the Porte; that the customs rights of the Porte be maintained, and that Prince Alexander go to Constantinople to be invested with the Governorship of Eastern Roumelia.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
CHICAGO, January 13. At the type setting tournament last evening, Barnes took the lead in the number of ems set, as well as for good workmanship, by setting 2,880 ½ in an hour and a half. This was counted from uncorrected proof. McCann came next with 2,828 net, and Hudson third with 2,745 net. After the close of the evening's work, Barnes accomplished the feat of setting 356 ems in half an hour with his lower case reversed.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
[London Judy.]
Two yokels, talking about the history of their native village. Says the younger of the two: "Oi b'leve th' village were ca'd loike it be along o' they Romans a-passin' threw." The Old 'Un: "How long ago may that a-been, lad?" The Young 'Un: "O, some toime ago, ol b'leve." The Old 'Un: "It couldn't a-been P my toime, becca's I rec'on my memory's middlin' good but 'm darned if I can recollect no Roman folks a-passin' through these 'ere parts."
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
[Athens (Georgia) Banner.]
Some weeks since an Athens merchant sold a young man from Elbert County a suit of wedding clothes that were shipped C. O. D. per express. Last week the package was returned, with a letter from the young man, saying that his girl had gone back on him, and, as he would not need the wedding garments, that he had returned them. The merchant let him off from the trade.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
[Philadelphia Call.]
Bagley: "Excuse me, but I must leave you."
De Guy: "What is your hurry?"

Bagley: "The bells are calling me to church and I— "
De Guy: (detaining him) "See here, you are goin to be taken in as I was last Sunday. The plainest lot of girls I ever saw—not a single belle among them."
Terrible List of Persons Frozen to Death in Southwestern Kansas.
Men Perish Within a Few Yards of Help.
Mother and Children Dead.
Finney, Hamilton, and Scott Counties Send in a List of Deaths.
Further Bad News Expected.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
KANSAS CITY, January 13. Specials from Kansas say: The list of casualties resulting from the late blizzard grows alarmingly large. Two women in Seward County, two brothers in Ford County, two unknown men in Ellis County, and a man in Lincoln County were reported frozen to death up to yesterday. As returns from searching parties come in, it is found that the frost king has claimed yet more victims.
A mother and two small children were frozen to death in their claim shanty, ten miles northeast of Garden City. Their supplies of food and coal were exhausted, and the father had started to Garden City for both. He is still missing and it is believed he is frozen, and thus an entire family is swept away.
A young man named Elmer Smith started for his claim four miles from Scott Center, in Scott County, Wednesday evening, and was lost on the prairie. He has not since been heard of. It is supposed he became bewildered, and falling down, was frozen to death. At Syracuse, in Hamilton County, the bodies of M. F. Israel and another man, unknown, were brought in frozen to death. They had perished within 100 yards of Israel's house.
The body of Mr. Ford was found twenty miles away from his home in Finney County. He had started home from Lakin with a load of hay and had passed within thirty yards of his own house, as the tracks of his wagon in the icy snow showed, and blinded and bewildered by the storm, had moved on until he reached a final resting place, twenty miles away. His team was found within three miles of his body.
S. Higgs, who started to return home from Kendall about an hour before sunset, was found dead in the snow two miles east of the town. He had passed within fifty feet of a house where he could have found shelter. His body was found about 250 yards from the house. He leaves a wife and four children.
Two young ladies by the name of Beetcher were found frozen last Thursday. They, with their mother, aged sixty years, started to a house less than a mile away and succeeded in getting within a few yards of the house, where they were all found Friday morning. The old lady was alive and will recover from her injuries.

H. O. Ward and George Chapman, of Syracuse, and Isaac Staffle, of Windom, Kansas, started last Wednesday for Greeley County. They were caught in the storm twenty miles out, and after turning their teams loose, they started to walk back. Chapman perished with cold shortly after starting, and Staffle got within five miles of town and died. Ward got in at four o'clock Thursday morning with both feet frozen and will lose them. Staffle's body was found yesterday. Chapman's body and the teams are still out.
Two men named Meller and Powelson had a terrible experience in a journey from WaKeeney to Scott City. They traveled together until one o'clock Thursday morning, when Meller gave up and sank to the ground. Powelson tried to urge him to another trial, but his entreaties were of no avail, so he started on alone. Meller remained where he was until one o'clock in the afternoon, when he stopped, and cut his boots off his feet, and found that one of them was frozen stiff. He hung his boots around his neck and started on. His gloves were so frozen that he could not get them on, so was compelled to go bare-handed. He kept on his journey until the banks of the Smoky Hill River were reached, when he struck the camp of a number of Scott City gentlemen, who were prospecting for coal. They took him into the camp and poulticed his feet, hands, and face, which were badly frozen. When he related his story, Isaac Ruddock, one of the prospectors, started for Scott City in quest of aid for the frozen man and for men to search for Powelson. When Mr. Ruddock reached Scott City and related the state of affairs to the citizens, a large number started in search of the missing man. The horses are also missing, and it is believed that both man and horses are dead. It is said that Mr. Powelson had several hundred dollars on his person. The relief party brought Meller in from the camp, and it is thought his life will be saved.
It is believed that the terrible report is but begun. The above are principally from the Southwestern part of the State. From the Central, the Western, and the Northwestern part of the State no reports have been made. The whole western portion of Kansas is dotted with claim shanties that are mere temporary structures of rough boards, and which would not afford protection.
If the loss of cattle can be spoken of in this connection that loss will be most severe. In some instances entire herds have been frozen, and in other herds the losses will run from twenty to ninety per cent. The great irrigation ditches and the railroad cuts were filled with dead cattle. The greatest sufferers in cattle were the blooded and graded stock, the natives standing the blizzard much better.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
EL PASO, TEX., January 15. The Mormons of Pima, Ariz., have requested Governor Zulick to supply them with arms to protect themselves from the Apaches. This action on the part of the Mormons is causing much comment, as it is well known to local inhabitants that they have always been friendly to the Apaches, having frequently supplied them with food, horses, and arms. It is believed that the hostiles need arms and that the Mormons will give those furnished them to the Indians if the Governor complies with their request.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
WASHINGTON, January 15. The number of employees required in the customs service the next fiscal year is estimated at 4,026, and the total expense of collection at $6,501,583. The persons employed during the year ended June 30, 1885, numbered 4,527, and the expense of collection was $6,918,291.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
[Chicago Herald.]
The body of a woman buried six years ago at Louisville, Kentucky, has been exhumed and found to be in a perfect state of petrifaction. This is supposed to result from some peculiar quality of the soil, but it is believed by scientists that could widows and widowers after death only see what their bereaved partners are doing, they would nearly all be petrified.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
[Jacksonville (Fla.) Times-Union.]
A curiosity was discovered at Clear Water Harbor a few days ago by S. J. Reynolds, who caught a fish (sheepshead), which had all the scales on each side turned the wrong way, so that he had to scale the fish from the head to the tail, instead of the usual way.
[There were other items like above, but all were obscured by ink blobs. I skipped.]
That He Has Always Borne Willing Testimony to General Grant's Abilities.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
BALTIMORE, January 16. The Sun publishes the following letter from General W. T. Sherman in relation to General Grant and a recent statement in the North American Review.
ST. LOUIS, January 7, 1886.
Rev. George Morris, Baltimore:
Dear Sir: I have received your letter of the 7th, with newspaper slip enclosed. Of course I have read carefully the first volume of General Grant's Memoirs and regard it as admirable in every sense, and now await the second volume, which I doubt not will be equally reliable and interesting. From the day I reported to him at Paducah till his death, our relations were as brothers rather than as commander and commanded, and it is utterly impossible that I could have written or spoken the words as quoted in the December number of the North American Review.
I have a large correspondence, and converse freely with thousands of people, and as is natural we often speculate what might have been had General Grant gone to the rear and C. F. Smith fought the battle of Shiloh, what might have been had Washington accepted his warrant in the English navy, etc., but that I could have written the positive expression "That had C. F. Smith lived, General Grant would have disappeared from history," is an impossibility. Personally I want to live in peace, and avoid all controversy, but I am confident in good time we shall learn on what authority or hearsay that this publication is based.

I enclose with this a slip containing my last public utterance about General Grant, when I announced his death to his old comrades of the Army of the Tennessee. I don't believe any man, living or dead, has borne more willing testimony to General Grant's great qualities, especially as demonstrated at Henry, Donelson, Shiloh, and Vicksburg, than myself.
Yours truly, W. T. SHERMAN.
General Sherman enclosed a printed copy of a portion of his speech to the Army of the Tennessee, announcing the death of General Grant and eulogizing him in the most flattering terms.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
CHICAGO, January 16. Speaking this morning of the report that his company was about to make extensive extensions into Kansas, President Cable, of the Rock Island Road, said that he was not prepared to admit that it intended to build into the section. The charter to build into the Southwest had, however, undoubtedly been obtained by parties in the interest of the Rock Island, but that road was not prepared to definitely announce that it proposed to extend its line. At the same time there was no intention of trying to frighten anybody, and it was neither trying to secure better traffic arrangements with the Santa Fe or endeavoring to force the Union Pacific to sell the St. Joseph & Grand Island Road. If the Rock Island built a new road, it would be to secure new business and for no other purpose.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
SAN ANTONIO, TEX., January 16. The search for buried treasure among the old Mexican ruins of San Antonio, where vast sums are supposed to be hidden beneath the crumbling walls, is of periodical occurrence. In fact, it has been known to become epidemic. While some have been rewarded, the majority of the treasure hunters have been disappointed, giving up the search in disgust. A good deal of excitement was occasioned this morning in tearing down an old adobe on Commerce street, belonging to an ancient Mexican family, over the report that a vast amount of treasure was hidden beneath the walls and has laid there since the war of Texas Independence. A long and anxious search was made, but thus far has resulted in no startling developments.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
HANNIBAL, Mo., January 16. The rain last night turned to snow and has continued throughout today, until the earth is covered to a depth of several inches. The river is still full of heavy floating ice. Notwithstanding this fact a covered boat or skiff passed down the river today en route to St. Louis. The crew hail from Keithsburg, Illinois, and made the entire trip by water, fighting their way through the ice. They do not seem to be daunted by dangers ahead, but pursued their way as if the river was barren of ice. As the boat passed it attracted a large crowd of spectators.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.

CARTHAGE, Mo., January 16. As M. I. Parker, a farmer living three miles east of town, was going home last evening, he was halted in the suburbs of the city by a man who presented a revolver and demanded his horse and money. Parker dismounted, and as the robber was getting on the horse, the farmer dealt him a blow on the head, and made his escape. In consequence of this attempted robbery, the police raided the cave and the Hubbard Springs this morning and captured sixteen tramps, one of whom is supposed to be the would-be robber.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
CHICAGO, January 16. The Times this morning gives reports from nearly 500 points as to the crop of corn and hogs in the Northwest and Southwest. It appears that the yield of corn has been overestimated and the quality ranked too high. Hog cholera has made its appearance in every State of the corn belt, forcing hogs on the market much more rapidly than usual, and it is probable that the receipts at packing points for the remainder of the season will be less than last year.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
CLEVELAND, O., January 16. All danger of a water famine is now believed to be past. Two pumps are now working eight strokes per minute and they can furnish 16,000,000 gallons of water in twenty-four hours. This, it is thought, will supply the city's needs if care is taken, although 34,500,000 gallons were used on Wednesday. The water works officials think the stream in the tunnel will gradually increase in size and that all the pumps can be started again within a day or two.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
CHICAGO, January 16. Yesterday morning a serious riot occurred at Halstead and Green streets between the strikers at Maxwell and a number of new employees. The gang of strikers, who numbered about fifteen, were armed with clubs, while the non-unionists were more than three times the number of the assailants. The attack was fierce, but short-lived. Only one man was reported injured. The police succeeded in arresting three men.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
LONDON, January 16. A meeting of Liberal members of the House of Commons is being held here today to determine upon the policy to be pursued in the House after the reception of the Queen's speech. It is expected that this afternoon Mr. Gladstone will make a frank statement of the principles upon which he would be willing to settle the Irish question.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
KANSAS CITY, Mo., January 16. The Times says: Information was received at the Commercial Agencies in Kansas City yesterday to the effect that a flouring mill company at Wichita had failed during the day, with liabilities amounting to $50,000. It was also reported that the Topeka cracker factory had gone under, leaving a large list of creditors.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
[Next five items were all "upside down" in newspaper. Did not try to copy.]

Henry Stair Hanged for the Double Murder on the Marmaton Bottoms.
A Villainous and Foul Murder.
Escape of His Paramour, Nannetta Osborn.
The Negro Wilson Hanged in St. Louis.
Mulkowski, of Chicago, Gets a Respite.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
NEVADA, Mo., January 15. Henry S. Stair was hanged here today. He was visited by his father about nine o'clock last night, after which the son spent most of the time writing until four a.m., when he went to sleep. He awoke at 8:15 and partook of a light breakfast, after which he was shaved. Large crowds of people surged through the streets all the morning, tramping between the jail and gallows, which is erected in the eastern part of the city in a ravine in a natural amphitheater about a mile from the jail. Trains from Sedalia and Kansas City arrived at 10:30 o'clock, bringing hundreds of people to witness the execution.
NEVADA, Mo., January 15. The crime for which Henry Stair was hanged today was cold-blooded and brutal in the extreme. From the evidence adduced at the trial and the confessions of Nannetta Osborn, Stair's paramour, the circumstances connected with the dastardly deed are summed up as follows.
About July 1 Stair and his paramour, Nannetta Osborn, arrived at this place from Fort Scott, Kansas, where they had lived for about a month, and after stopping two or three days with a family named Lynn, took a small house in the west part of town and engaged in the laundry business in a small way.
The house was the same occupied by William Fox at the time he murdered William Howard, a peddler, which murder was committed in a grove of timber in the southeastern suburbs of this place, and for which Fox was convicted and hanged here in the fall of 1883.
About two weeks after the arrival here of the Stairs, Jacob Sewell and his son, Mack, a boy sixteen years of age, arrived here from the vicinity of Fort Scott, where they had raised a small crop, and camped on a vacant plot of land in the extreme western suburbs, near the fair grounds. The elder Sewell had formed a slight acquaintance with the Stairs, first meeting them at Springfield, Missouri; then at Fort Scott. Upon Sewell's arrival here he visited Stair for the purpose of securing his assistance in obtaining a lot or pasture for his four horses. His outfit consisted of the two teams, two wagons, a lot of farming utensils, beds and bedding, etc. The Sewell's and Stairs became very intimate, and the visits of the latter to Sewell's camp were very frequent. The elder Sewell took sick in a few days and was confined to his bed, which was in one of his wagons. Stair and the woman Osborn were his constant attendants, and it was during the sickness of the old man that Stair concocted the plan for murdering him and his son and leaving the country with his property. Stair, in the meantime, selected a lonely swamp in the Marmaton bottom, some six miles north of this place, for secreting the bodies after the murder should have been accomplished, arranged his plans and a story supposed by him to be entirely plausible, in case he should be detected and arrested.

Everything arranged to his satisfaction, on the night of August 5, 1885, Stair went to the Sewell camp, found an old ax, first entered the wagon where the elder Sewell was sleeping, crushed his skull and then cut his throat. He then went to the boy, who was sleeping on the ground nearby, and with the same weapon, murdered him and placed his body in the wagon beside that of his father. He then returned to his house, packed up a portion of his scanty supply of furniture and taking the woman with him, returned to the Sewell camp. The loose property was loaded into one of the wagons, the teams harnessed and hitched up, and the wagon driven to the Stair house, Stair himself driving the covered wagon containing the bodies of his victims, and the woman following with the other. Here the few articles previously packed were added to the load, and the procession moved out in a northerly direction in the order observed on leaving the camp.
The point selected by Stair in which to deposit the bodies was reached at about 4:30 o'clock in the morning. The road by which they entered the river bottom was extremely rough and unfrequented, and this and the unusual hour attracted the attention of persons living near that point, which afterward led to an investigation, the discovery of the bodies, and the prompt capture of the murderers. Arriving at the river bottom, Stair found some parties at work digging for treasure supposed to have been secreted during the war, and was compelled to remain over all that day. The next night, he took the bodies from the wagon, dragged them to the rocky cliff and deposited them under an overhanging rock. He then covered them with leaves and an old quarry rock. Early next morning the outfit drove out of the bottom by the same road by which they entered it, and after reaching the prairie, turned east.
The same morning the bodies were discovered by parties residing near, who saw the wagons enter the bottom and suspected something wrong. Word was sent to town. The Coroner and officers were soon on the ground, and while the former was preparing for an inquest, the latter went in pursuit and came up with the supposed murderers near Harwood, some fourteen miles east of the point at which the bodies were secreted. When overtaken by Marshal Brady, of this place, and Deputy Sheriff White, Stair and the woman had camped on a small stream, and were immediately returned to this place and lodged in jail. A special term of court was called for this trial. On August 24 they were indicted for murder in the first degree by the grand jury, and their trial began next day. The jury was selected from a venire of three hundred men summoned for that purpose; and after an exciting trial lasting four days, they returned a verdict of guilty as found in the indictment. Both were sentenced to be hanged on October 23. Stair's counsel got the case before the Supreme Court and a finding of the Lower Court was sustained in the case of Stair, and the date of execution fixed for today. The decision in the case of the woman, Nannetta Osborn, was reversed and remanded, which gives her the benefit of a new trial.
Henry S. Stair was born in Marshall County, Indiana, in 1851, and is consequently thirty-four years of age. His aged father, Frederick Stair, has been here some two weeks, and has been untiring in his efforts to secure executive clemency in the case of his unfortunate son. Governor Marmaduke visited this place recently, investigated the case thoroughly, visited the condemned man in his cell, and refused to interfere with the carrying out of the sentence.

The rope with which Stair was hanged is the same prepared for the execution of Hop Kirk at Clinton, and was tendered Sheriff Hill for use on this occasion by Sheriff Elliston, of Henry County. It is an ordinary hemp rope five-eighths of an inch in diameter and twelve feet long. The scaffold was erected on the same spot on which Fox was executed in the fall of 1883.
ST. LOUIS, January 15. The arrangements for the hanging of Wilson were completed last night. The condemned man was visited in his cell at 6:20, just after his breakfast, by the Sheriff, who read the death warrant to him. He then was conducted to the gallows, where the execution took place.
CHICAGO, January 15. Frank Mulkowsky, the ex-galley convict from Poland, who was convicted last December of the brutal murder of Mrs. Agnes Kleidziek, should have expatiated his crime upon the scaffold this morning, but the action of Governor Oglesby, who on Tuesday granted him a respite, has increased his days on earth by a couple of months. Mulkowsky, who had given up hope and expected to go to the scaffold today, was in high glee when he arose this morning and expressed his intention of celebrating his good fortune by having a gala time all to himself. Although the evidence of the trial was overwhelming, he persists in declaring his innocence, and flatters himself that he will never die by the rope.
Stephen Merritt Gets an Installment on His Bill for the Grant Funeral.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
NEW YORK, January 15. Undertaker, preacher, and would-be Congressman Stephen Merritt, who had charge of the arrangements for General Grant's funeral last fall, said last night that he hoped to receive a check in part payment of his bill before the close of banking hours today. The account amounts to $14,163.75, and when two weeks after the funeral it was sent into General Hancock's division of the War Department, the undertaker was happy in the expectation of a remittance within a month. But that period passed and another month, and a third; and the reverend tradesman began to feel a trifle uneasy. Inquiry developed the fact that the account had been credited and forwarded to Washington, and it began to look as though it might have been lost in one of the numerous pigeon-holes of the Quartermaster's Department. So a few days ago, Mr. Merritt, whose patience was by this time well nigh exhausted, sent his son to the National capital to look into the matter. By some coincidence on the very day the young man arrived, the bill was transmitted to the Treasury Department from the office of Quartermaster General Holbird, and he was advised that an order for $12,000 would be sent to his father through General Hancock before this evening. This amount covers several items in the bill, and as it exhausts the appropriation made for the funeral, a special appropriation will be necessary to meet the balance.
A Derailed Passenger Train Tears Its Way Across a Bridge.
A Bold Engineer.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.

NEW YORK, January 15. Yesterday morning the north-bound express on the New York & Long Island Railroad, filled with prominent businessmen coming to their offices, was near Matawan and was about to go upon a trestle bridge 500 feet long, when the cars were derailed by a broken frog. The cars, after dropping down on the ties, ran across the bridge, snapping the steel rails into bits and tearing the wooden structure into splinters. The rear car lost its trucks and ran a long distance on its floor beams. George Clicknor, the engineer, finding it impossible to stop the engine, which was tearing along at the rate of thirty miles an hour, saw that the only hope lay in increasing his speed. He threw open the throttle, and thus prevented the cars from toppling over the bridge. The cars swayed from side to side, but they were safely carried out of danger. The passengers were more or less shaken up, but nobody was seriously hurt.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
CHATTANOOGA, TENN., January 15. While a freight train was passing through the tunnel of the East Tennessee, Virginia & Georgia Railroad under Missionary Ridge at noon today, a locomotive which was loaded on flat cars scraped the archtop of the tunnel, displacing several arch bars, causing a cave in. About thirty feet of arching fell and the train split in twain. The engine was derailed and one car of loaded merchandise was entirely crushed. The tracks will be blocked twenty-four hours. Passengers on the main line are being transferred over the ridge and passengers on the Georgia Division by the Western & Atlantic to Dalton, Georgia, thence south.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
ST. LOUIS, January 15. A special dispatch from Deming, New Mexico, published this morning, says that a gentleman who is connected with the territorial Government affairs is authority for the statement that the territorial Government is actually negotiating with Colonel Baylor, of Texas, the noted Indian fighter, to raise a body of rangers to come over into New Mexico and exterminate the Apaches. Baylor has had great experience as an Indian hunter, and it is thought that with a couple of hundred picked rangers, he could capture the Apaches or bring their scalps in long before the army succeed in getting sight of them.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
WASHINGTON, January 15. In reply to a letter from ex-Delegate Downey, of Wyoming, in behalf of a prominent cattleman of that Territory, against whom proceedings have been recommended to compel the removal of fences maintained by him enclosing public lands, requesting that proceedings be postponed until spring, the Assistant Commissioner of the General Land Office has written, denying the request, and stating that it is the intention of the Land Office to prosecute such proceedings as rapidly as possible, and to continue them until every unlawful enclosure has been removed from public lands.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
CHICAGO, January 15. A little girl of ten years, with a tab reading "For Cheyenne, with care," attached to her breast by a strip of blue ribbon, passed through Chicago last night en route for Denver. Her name is Katie Erb and she hails from Newark, N. J. Her mother is a notorious woman of that place, and the Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children, learning that her father was a well-to-do resident of Cheyenne, acquainted him with the facts and secured from him a promise to receive and care for her.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
WASHINGTON, January 15. Admiral Porter is seriously sick.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
The White Star line steamer Germanic, which stranded in the harbor at Liverpool during the gale, has been floated.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
The outbreak of small-pox in Chicago has been laid to the door of a quack or unlicensed doctor named Bertholdi, who ignorantly treated the disease for something else. The quack fled, but was arrested and jailed.
A Warning From the Grim Chancellor.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
LONDON, January 11. The Greek Government has made overtures to the Government of Montenegro looking to the formation of an alliance, both offensive and defensive, against the Porte. The King of Greece will leave his capital shortly for the Thessaly frontier to inspect the armies. It is supposed that this will be the prelude to the beginning of hostilities. The Greek Government has received from Prince Bismarck a reply to the circular note recently sent to the great powers concerning the Balkan question and the attitude of Greece in connection therewith. The German Chancellor warns Greece that if she engages in a war with Turkey, she will do so at her own risk; that she can expect no assistance from any of the great powers, all of which will hold themselves aloof from the controversy.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
WASHINGTON, January 11. Representative Dingley, of Maine, the leading Republican member of the Committee on Banking and Currency, expresses the opinion that this Congress will not reach any action for the relief of National banks beyond the possible enactment of a law similar to the McPherson bill, which passed the Senate during the last Congress. Mr. Dingley thinks that the Eustis resolution directing the Secretary of the Treasury to make the next payments of bonds in silver will pass, as there are a great many men in Congress, who, while opposed to the idea, will vote for the resolution in order to test the result. When asked for his opinion as to the financial effect of the resolution, the Congressman said he believed the result would be to force gold to a premium of five per cent, or more.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.

MILWAUKEE, January 11. The eyes of Milwaukee Odd Fellowship are focused today upon Lodge No. 2, which meets tonight to install officers. A majority of the members of this lodge belong to the Patriarchal Circle, and considerable anxiety is manifested concerning the action that will be taken by the body regarding the edict of the Sovereign Grand Lodge. A prominent member of the Circle says that it has been decided to appeal to the courts for protection, as more than one Supreme Court has decided that they cannot reinstate expelled members in such voluntary associations as Masonic and other bodies. He is not sanguine that the appeal will be successful.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
CINCINNATI, Ohio, January 11. At 6:30 o'clock this morning the five-story building of Jewett & Adams, manufacturers of burlaps, bags, etc., Nos. 81 to 87 Water street, was discovered on fire. The fire department was called out, and although the intense cold hampered them very much, the firemen succeeded in confining the fire to the building. Jewett & Adams' loss is fully $50,000. The following commission houses suffered losses: Mullen, Brown & Co., $20,000; H. C. Gilbert & Co., $7,000; Welber & Co., $2,000. The building was damaged $25,000.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
OTTAWA, ILL., January 13. The most prominent feature of the calendar of the La Salle County Court, the January session of which opened this morning, is the Reddick will contest, which was instituted at the last term. The will which involves about $350,000 bequeathed a large sum to the city of Ottawa for a public library and makes numerous other philanthropic bequests. A strong fight will be made to break it.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
CINCINNATI, O., January 11. An old man was found murdered in Newport yesterday. He was identified as Conrad Heimick, of Boonville, Boone County, Missouri. He had been stopping lately at the Farmers' Hotel in this city. He had relatives in Rising Sun, Indiana, and intended to start for that place next Wednesday.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
LONDON, January 11. General Bazaine, ex-Marshal of France, who is living in Madrid, is enduring great privation, and charitable appeals are being made to his comrades in his behalf. Several English Generals have contributed to a fund that has been started for the benefit of the ex-Marshal.
A Young Woman With a Sad History Declared Insane.
Missouri Jail Breaking.
Five Prisoners Get Out at Poplar Bluff.
Tony Young Men Accused of Theft.
An Alleged Cracksman Arrested.
An Arkansas Physician Assassinated.
Hubbard Gets Seven Years.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.

PALESTINE, TEX., January 16. Virginia Mason, a young white woman twenty-three years of age, was adjudged insane in the County Court this morning. This unfortunate woman has had a terrible history. She was brought to this place in September last by her brother, who lives somewhere near Murfreesboro, Tennessee, and left her in a boarding house. Two months ago she gave birth to an illegitimate child, and two days afterward appeared at the International Hotel with the child in her arms and her reason deserted. She has been insane ever since, and yesterday the proprietor of the hotel, having been unable to get a word from her relatives, placed her in charge of the county authorities, and she will be sent to the asylum. In her lucid moments the poor woman claims to have property, and an interest in an estate at Murfreesboro, Tennessee.
POPLAR BLUFF, Mo., January 16. George Jackson, John Wilson, Jack Hurd, Jack Rice, colored, and Nancy Crow made their escape from Butler County jail yesterday. Jackson, Wilson, and Hurd were in for breaking the seals from an Iron Mountain car in this city on November 22. Jack Rice and Nancy Crow were confined behind the grates for theft. The janitor, who was in charge of the jail, yesterday left the key in the door while he went out to bring in an armful of wood. Nancy Crow, who was in the outer corridor, took advantage of the situation and turned the key, allowing all the four prisoners named to escape. The news was quickly conveyed to the Sheriff, but too late. The prisoners, including the woman, had reached the woods and up to the present time have not been captured.
SPRINGFIELD, ILL., January 16. Five young men, giving their names as Mike Shively, Edward Gregory, Mike Welch, William Hayden, and James Harden, were arrested here last evening on suspicion of having been implicated in a robbery at Jacksonville. Shively is said to be an ex-convict. They were conveyed to Jacksonville last night in charge of an officer. They all had money about them in sums ranging from $10 to $100. Three of the young men, however, are said to be sons of very reputable parents and strongly assert their innocence.
LITTLE ROCK, ARK., January 18. Frank Hall, the alleged cracksman, of Galesburg, Illinois, arrested here recently on the charge of robbing the safe of the Southern Express Company at Brinkley, in this State, is now under confinement in the county jail in this city. He was first taken to Brinkley, where he was tried before a magistrate, after which he was placed in jail at Clarendon to await his trial. Fearing he might make his escape, the officers have brought him here for greater security. Hall is emphatic in his protestations of innocence and threatens the company with a heavy damage suit.
LITTLE ROCK, ARK., January 16. Two girls of this city named Annie Meyers and Mattie Becker, have mysteriously disappeared, and it is believed have departed on the south bound train yesterday on the Arkansas Valley route. The mothers of the girls applied to the police for information. The girls took with them all their best clothing, as if they intended to be absent some time. The mothers of the girls are both widows and almost frantic with grief at the unaccountable conduct of their children.

TEXARKANA, ARK., January 16. News reached here from New Boston, twenty miles west of this place, that at ten o'clock this morning Dr. Thad Shaw, a prominent citizen and physician of Bowie County, while sitting on his horse, in front of Joe Tyser's drug store, was shot and instantly killed by an unknown party. Suspicion, however, rests upon a relative of Jas. Busick, killed by deceased about a year ago and for which Shaw was indicted by the last Grand Jury, case being still in the courts.
CHICAGO, ILL., January 16. Ex-Cashier B. P. O. Hubbard, who was convicted a few weeks ago on the charge of embezzling $112,000 from the Monmouth, Illinois, National Bank, was today brought before Judge Blodgett for sentence. The court refused to grant a new trial and then fixed the sentence at seven years in the Penitentiary. The time of Hubbard's departure has not yet been fixed.
NASHVILLE, TENN., January 16. Mrs. Mary Humphreys, late of Indiana, was arrested today by detectives and bound over for trial on the charge of defrauding the Government. She is accused of having drawn a pension for fifteen years, although she afterwards married and her second husband is still living. She will be taken to Indiana for trial.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
JEFFERSON CITY, Mo., January 16. The Sheriff of Cole County today closed the doors of H. Meyers' large clothing and gents' furnishing goods house on a number of attachments sued out by his creditors. The attachments footed up in the aggregate $7,500. His liabilities amount to $14,000 and the assets to between $12,000 and $13,000. The principal creditors are the Exchange Bank of this city, Mrs. Ghyman, of New York, Joseph Obermeyer, of this city, J. H. Meyer & Bro., of Chicago, and Myerberg & Rothschild, of St. Louis.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
MEMPHIS, TENN., January 16. The Memphis, Selma & Brunswick Railroad Company passed into the hands of a receiver, in the person of E. B. McHenry, of this city, who will administer the affairs of the company in the interest of the Guaranty Trust and Safe Deposit Company, of Philadelphia, who are trustees of the mortgage bonds to the amount of $1,000,000.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
GAINESVILLE, TEX., January 16. Stockmen in from the Cheyenne and Arapaho reservations report that in Greer County and on the Wichita and Comanche reservation thousands of cattle were frozen to death by the recent blizzard. The extent of the loss to stock in Indian Territory is unusually heavy. The winter has been a terribly severe one.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
A goose that crows like a rooster is one of the novelties at Cumberland, Maryland.
A twenty-year-old Milwaukee girl earns forty dollars a month tending switch there.
A Wisconsin man has been sued for damages because his bees trespassed on a neighbor's sheep pasture.
Eben Lancaster, of East Bowdoinham, Me., celebrated his eighty-fifth birthday by building a "break-up" plow in the field all day.
Three negro urchins charged with burglary in Atlanta were so small that when brought into court the Sheriff was asked if he brought them in a rat-trap.

A family living at Glasco, twenty-four miles from Kingston, N. Y., sold their winter's pork at a great sacrifice to obtain money to visit the circus.
A big bear hunt, in which all the able-bodied citizens of Hope, Mo., engaged the other day resulted in the capture of a calf, which had been the supposed bear.
The Berlin Vossische Zeitung reminds its readers that two centuries ago the population of Berlin was only 17,400, of whom 5,000 were French, chiefly Huguenot exiles.
The water is very low in Honey Lake, Nevada, and the fish are dying by hundreds. Fish-hawks and pelicans hover overhead so thick as to dim the light of the sun.
After a long chase a West Virginia man captured an eloping daughter, and escorted her to her home, only to be informed that his other daughter had left with a young man during his absence.
A North Topeka (Kansas) man is afflicted with the delusion that he is constantly being summoned by telephone. He started across the river in his night clothes recently in response to one of these imaginary calls.
A Cincinnati man who died recently was buried in a coffin built by himself and painted red, white, and blue. He left directions for a monument crowned by the figure of an American eagle to be erected at the head of his grave.
The Senate Confirms an Extensive List of Presidential Nominations.
Consuls, Ministers, Department Officials, etc.
New Postmasters Confirmed.
No Great Objection Developed.
The Executive Found Willing to Impart Information.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
WASHINGTON, January 14. The Senate in executive session yesterday confirmed the following nominations.
United States Ministers: Jabez I. McCurry, of Richmond, Va., to Spain; George V. N. Lathrop, of Detroit, Mich., to Russia; Frederick H. Winston, of Chicago, Ill., to Persia; John B. Stallo, of Cincinnati, O., to Italy; Charles L. Scott, of Alabama, to Venezuela; Moses A. Hopkins, of North Carolina, to Liberia; John E. Thompson, of Brooklyn, N. Y., to Hayti; Charles Denby, of Indiana, to China; William A. Seay, of Pennsylvania, to Roumania, Servia, and Greece.
Consuls General of the United States: Pierce M. B. Young, of Georgia, at St. Petersburg; M. H. Phelan, of St. Louis, Mo., at Halifax, N. S.
Secretaries of Legation: August Jay, of New York, Second Secretary at Paris; Charles Denby, Jr., Second Secretary at Pekin; William W. Rockhill, of Maryland, at Pekin; James F. Lee, of Maryland, in Austro-Hungary; Joseph L. Morgan, of South Carolina, to Mexico.
Charge d'affaires: John E. Bacon, of South Carolina, to Paraguay and Uruguay.
United States District Attorneys: William C. Perry, of Fort Scott, Kansas, for the District of Kansas; George N. Baxter, of Minnesota, for the District of Minnesota.
Pension Agents: Franz Cigel, of New York, at New York City; Don Carlos, of Kentucky, at Louisville; Charles Zollinger, of Indiana, at Indianapolis.
Assistant Attorney General: Robert A. Howard, of Arkansas.

United States Marshals: Albert A. Wilson, of the District of Columbia, for the District of Columbia; John W. Neims, of Georgia, for the District of Georgia; Martin T. McMahon, of New York, for the Southern District of New York.
Deputy Second Comptroller of the Treasury: Richard McMahon, of West Virginia.
First Auditor of the Treasury: James G. Chenoweth, of Texas.
Commissioner of the District of Columbia: William B. Webb, of the District of Columbia.
Deputy Third Auditor of the Treasury: William H. Welsh, of Maryland.
Examiner of Claims: Francis Wharton, of Pennsylvania, in the Department of State.
Collectors of Internal Revenue: William A. Beach, of New York, for the Twenty-first district of New York; Alexander Troop, of Connecticut, for the district of Connecticut.
Registers of Land Offices: Clate M. Ralston, of Kansas, at Independence, Kansas; Nathaniel H. Harris, of Mississippi, at Aberdeen, Dakota; James D. Stewart, of Mississippi, at Jackson, Mississippi; Robert C. Yeakle, of Arkansas, at Little Rock, Arkansas; James R. DeReamer, of Colorado, at Leadville.
Indian Agents: Moses Neal, of Kansas, at the Sac and Fox Agency, Indian Territory; E. S. Carson, of Texas, at the Ouray Agency, Utah; Jesse Lee Hall, of Texas, at the Kiowa, Comanche, and Wichita Agency, Indian Territory.
Receivers of Public Moneys: Samuel L. Gilbert, of Kansas, at Wichita, Kansas; Samuel Tannhauser, of Kansas, at Garden City, Kansas; Tully Scott, of Kansas, at Oberlin, Kansas; Henry L. Beckett, of Kansas, at Larned, Kansas; Alfred T. King, of Arkansas, at Harrison, Arkansas; Hugh C. Wallace, of Utah, at Salt Lake City; Andrew J. Quinby, of Arkansas, at Little Rock, Arkansas; William K. Edgar, of Missouri, at Trenton, Missouri.
The Kansas, Missouri and Nebraska postmasters whose appointments were confirmed were as follows.
In Kansas: Ethan Wall at Kingman, B. J. Sheridan at Paola, George C. Rembaugh at Winfield, Cyrus A. Rieder at Anthony, T. A. McCleary, at Medicine Lodge, J. A. Manley at Mound City, R. T. Lawsonon at Junction City, J. P. Degarnette at Chetopa, H. V. Gavigan at Columbus, F. W. Frye at Parsons, B. F. Devore at Independence, John F. Cottrell at Fort Scott, Colin Campbell at Florence, Samuel T. Carico at Harper, William C. Butts at Valley Falls, Hattie P. Blair at Great Bend, and Max Alwens at Bellville.
In Missouri: S. T. Bassett, Richmond, O. J. C. Evans at St. Joseph, T. H. Frame at Liberty, C. W. Freeman at Brookfield, P. S. Fulkerson at Leamington, W. A. Wright at Moberly, E. T. Phillips at Bethany, U. A. Warde at Butler, W. H. Pipkin at Springfield, James S. McGee at Paris, Charles W. Hodge at Columbia, G. M. Harwood at Harrisonville, H. S. Herbert at Rolla, William Grosbeck at Independence, S. D. Garth at Clinton.
In Nebraska: Miss Caradova Clark at Blair, Edwin T. Best at Neligh, John A. Framley at Stromsburg, Albert Watkins at Lincoln, T. E. Wilson at David City, J. S. Kittle at Seward, Edward H. Krier at Plum Creek, Alvin S. March at Red Cloud, James Murray at Fremont, Simon Sawyer at Fairmount, A. P. Sharp at McCook, Ed J. Spohn at Superior, S. S. Sturtevant at Fullerton, G. A. Tracy at Wilbur.

Most of the above were cases in which no objection had been made, being chiefly of men who had been appointed to fill vacancies. A few like that of Postmaster Judd, of Chicago, whose predecessor was suspended, were cases in respect to which the committee had called for information from the Executive departments. It is the opinion of a majority of the Senators that the Senate ought to have information, whenever it chooses to call for it, with respect to the reasons for making removals. It has been the habit of the Senate to call upon the heads of departments for information of this kind from the foundation of the Government, though it remains an open question whether it can be demanded as a constitutional right. None of the committees have as yet reported any instances of refusal on the part of the administration to furnish the information called for, while on the other hand many responses to inquiries in respect to particular cases have been received. There is consequently as yet no issue between the administration and the Senate in this regard. The subject was not discussed in the Senate yesterday. If the issue is ever squarely made, it will probably be discussed with open doors and is not likely to be made a party question.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
CHICAGO, ILL., January 16. The State Assembly of the Knights of Labor closed its session at Decatur last night, and in a resolution denounced five of the leading boot and shoe houses of Chicago for employing convict labor and called on the public to boycott their goods. The firms in the list are M. B. Wells, Selz, Schwab & Co., C. H. Fargo & Co., P. M. Henderson and Phelps, Dodge & Palmer. Boots and shoes are made for M. B. Wells at the Waupun prison in Wisconsin; Selz, Schwab & Co. have goods manufactured at Joliet; the Fargo firm get goods from the prisons at Ionia and Jackson, Michigan; C. M. Henderson handles boots and shoes made in the penitentiaries at Jefferson City, Missouri, and Allegheny City; and Phelps, Dodge & Palmer deal in goods turned out at the prisons in Michigan City. Without exception, these firms today expressed their indifference to the action of the Knights and disclaimed any belief that the boycott would materially affect their business.
Prominent Merchants of Charleston, W. Va., Implicated In a Conspiracy
To Defraud Insurance Companies.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
NEW YORK, January 16. The Times this morning publishes the following special from Charleston, W. Va.: There is great excitement here over the discovery that some of the most prominent citizens in town for years past have been organized into a regular society for the destruction of property by fire, thus procuring the insurance. Several arrests have been made, and others will follow within two days. For several years back, fires of evidently incendiary origin have been very frequent in the region of West Virginia and Maryland, of which this place is the center, insurance companies of Wheeling and several Eastern cities suffering to the extent of thousands of dollars. W. S. and P. L. Morgan, prominent citizens, were arrested last night, and other important arrests are expected. Every insurance company in Wheeling lost through this plot to defraud.
Some of the Matters Before House Committees.

Organization of Sub-Committees.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
WASHINGTON, January 14. The Committee on Territories at its meeting yesterday referred several bills to sub-committees, among them being one to create the Territory of Oklahoma, which went to Messrs. Barnes, Perry, Herman, and Joseph as a sub-committee.
Representative Fredericks' bill to enable Dakota to form a constitution was referred to a sub-committee of three, of which Representative Boyle is chairman.
The Committee on Commerce of the House has decided to hear an argument by Dr. Holt, of New Orleans, favoring a governmental investigation as to the efficacy of the Brazilian discovery for the prevention of yellow fever by inoculation with yellow fever virus in an attenuated form.
The resignation of Mr. Curtin, of Pennsylvania, from the Chairmanship of the Committee on Banking and Currency, devolves the duties of that position upon Mr. Miller, of Texas, who will be entitled to hold it permanently unless the committee elects some other one of its members to preside over its deliberations, as it is authorized to do by rule 10 of the House.
The Committee on Naval Affairs of the House met yesterday and adopted the plan of subdivision of its work proposed by Chairman Herbert. The following sub-committees were constituted and the members assigned as follows: Organization of the Navy, Messrs. Hewitt, McAdoo, Herbert, Hefner, and Goff; Construction and Repairs and Steam Engineering, Messrs. Herbert, Love, Harmer, Goff, and Thomas; Ordnance and Navy Yards, Messrs. McAdoo, Sayers, Love, Harmer, and Boutelle.
Mr. Boutelle's resolution of inquiry relative to the alleged misconduct of the United States Commandant of the Norfolk Navy Yard was referred to the Sub-committee on Ordnance and Navy Yards.
The House Committee on Agriculture organized yesterday, and appointed R. M. Wallace, of Missouri, as clerk. Three standing sub-committees were created: one on appropriations to consist of five members, one on the Department of Agriculture to consist of five members and charged with matters relating to the organization and conduct of the department, and one on farm products, seeds, and plants to consist of five members.
A Lady Cries "Fire!" in an Opera House and a Panic Results.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
CHICAGO, ILL., January 14. At an entertainment given last night by the Conservatory of Music, in the Chicago Opera House, the house being packed to its utmost capacity, a smell of something burning was perceived, and a lady in a box shouted "Fire!" A regular stampede began, and Mr. Samuel Kayser jumped on the stage and cried aloud that it was only a bundle of paper burning and many resumed their seats, and those who were rushing out began to take it more calmly. Most of those present were ladies. After the fright was over, the performance continued with a rather thinned house, and it was found that no one had sustained any serious injury.

NEW YORK, January 14. A boxing entertainment was given by the New York Athletic Club, at their rooms last evening, and while two local boxers were trying their best to knock each other off the stage, someone shouted "fire." In an instant the audience of 1,500 persons was on its feet and fighting to get down the stairway. A scene of intense excitement ensued and it was with the utmost difficulty that the panic stricken crowd could be persuaded to believe that there was no fire at all, and that the smoke which filled the hall was caused by a defective chimney. The panic was luckily averted, but the major portion of the crowd left the building, having lost all interest in the boxing bout.
A Cave-In at the Happendin Ore Mine Entombs a Number of Miners.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
ALBURTIS, PA., January 14. A terrible cave-in occurred yesterday afternoon at Rittenhouse Gap, at the Happendin ore mine and buried quite a number of men. Intense excitement prevails and it is thought that perhaps a dozen were entombed. The following bodies have been dug out: James Shiffert, leaves a wife and three children; Frank Eck, leaves a wife and one child; G. L. Miller, single. The appearance of the dead bodies showed that the men had been suffocated. When found they were in an upright position, with tools in their hands. Large gangs of men have been put to work to rescue the others entombed in the slope, which is nearly 300 feet deep.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
CINCINNATI, January 16. The Cincinnati Price Current says that the total number of hogs packed in the West last week was 255,000 against 520,000 last year. The total to date since November 1 is 4,615,000 against 4,695,000 last year. The movement at the principals points since November 1, is as follows.
Chicago, 1,820,000; Kansas City, 645,000; Cincinnati, 285,000; St. Louis, 265,000; Milwaukee, 231,000; Indianapolis, 210,000; Cedar Rapids, Iowa, 131,000; Louisville, 120,000; St. Joseph, Mo., 87,000; Cleveland, 48,000.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
WASHINGTON, January 14. Harry C. Alliger, a mailing clerk in the city post-office, was arrested by Post-office Inspectors this morning, charged with rifling the mails. At the time of his arrest, five letters were found on his person, three of which had been opened and robbed of a $10 note, a check, and a postal order. The letters were taken from the official mail and were addressed to the Secretary of the Treasury, the United States Treasurer, and the Commissioner of Patents. Alliger confessed that he had been rifling the official mails for the past five months.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
LONDON, January 14. A cyclone lasting about twenty minutes struck the middle districts of England yesterday afternoon, playing sad havoc with farm houses and other property. The railway station at Stratford-on-Avon was unroofed and the debris strewn across the track, resulting in a suspension of traffic. Several heavy lifting cranes used in unloading cars were blown over at Wednesburg, killing two men. Reports are coming in from all directions, bringing news of the destruction of houses and the uprooting of trees.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
KANSAS CITY, Mo., January 14. The funeral of Rev. H. D. Jardine, who killed himself at St. Louis on Sunday by an overdose of chloroform, took place at St. Mary's Church in this city yesterday. The officiating clergyman, Rev. George C. Betts, was very bitter in his remarks against the alleged enemies of the deceased, speaking of them as assassins, etc. A great number of women were in attendance at the funeral.
Disappointed Democrats Accused of Secretly Annoying President Cleveland.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
WASHINGTON, January 11. Certain appointments made by the President within the last six months have created great dissatisfaction. This is only natural, as the offices were hotly sought after by influential members of the Democratic party. It was supposed, however, that with the appointment of one or the other of candidates for an office, the animosity which characterized the contest for it would cease. Since Congress convened, however, certain members not willing to abide by the President's decisions against them in a square fight for patronage, have gone secretly to Republican Senators and supplied them with all the facts in their possession that might assist in defeating the confirmation of those office holders whose appointments they opposed. These facts have come to the ears of the President recently. He is understood to be very much displeased. In fact, he is said to "have a little list" of Democratic Congressmen who have been furnishing ammunition to the enemy, and the gentlemen who figure in it may look for no more favors from the administration.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
BALDWIN, WIS., January 11. During the temporary absence from the house of John Anderson, an employee of the Woodville Lumber Company, Saturday night, his wife after putting the younger child to bed left the two others, one about five and the other four years of age, and went to the stable to milk a cow. In some way unknown the children overturned a lamp, exploding it, and the clothes of the youngest child were set on fire. It would have been burned to death had not the older one carried it out doors and extinguished the flames with snow. The mother was very badly burned trying to rescue the baby, and would have perished in the flames had not the neighbors prevented her from making a second attempt. The house with its contents was entirely consumed. In the debris the charred body of the baby was found.
A Drunken Landowner Murders His Tenant Near Zanesville, Ohio.
A Bold Farm Captures and Brings in Six of the Escaped Arkansas Convicts.
Shooting at a Polish Wedding.
A Masher Cowhided.
Convicted of Double Murder.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.

ZANESVILLE, OHIO, January 14. News was received this morning of the third shocking murder in Muskingum County within a year. George Gallogly and Gordon Apperson reside on a farm near Highhill, seventeen miles southeast of this city and near the Guernsey County line, five miles from a railroad. Gallogly, who is a widower, forty-two years old, is well off and owns the farm, Apperson being the tenant. With Apperson and his family, consisting of a wife and several children, resides a sister of his wife, Carrie Bryceland, aged seventeen, to whom Gallogly is about to be married, contrary to the wishes of the Apperson family. Yesterday Gallogly started for this city to get his marriage license, but no trains coming into town, he stopped at Chandlersville, the scene of the Huffman murder, got drunk, and returned home about 2:30 o'clock this morning. He reached Apperson's house and, after quarreling with him, struck him over the head with a chair, fracturing his skull and killing him instantly in the presence of the terror-stricken family. Apperson's body fell back into a large open fireplace and was partly consumed before it could be rescued. Gallogly then started for Zanesville, ostensibly to give himself up. He was seen on the streets here during the morning, but no attempt was made to apprehend him, as the officers knew nothing of his crime. It was not until noon that a private dispatch to Manager Gordon, of the Baltimore & Ohio telegraph office, from a small station on the B. & O., conveyed the news of the crime. The Mayor was immediately telephoned, and the Deputy Marshal, who had seen Gallogly only a few minutes before, started in search of him, but he was not to be found. Later it was learned that Gallogly had consulted a lawyer in the city, who advised him to go home and give himself up. He had a cut on his head and bruises on his face, and had the wounds dressed by a physician. He claims to have no knowledge of how the affair occurred. Apperson was township clerk, a quiet, inoffensive, delicate man, with a family of a wife and two children.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
LITTLE ROCK, ARK., January 14. A week or two since particulars were published of the escape by tunneling of a number of convicts employed in the mines at Coal Hill, a number of officers, in the hope of obtaining the reward for the capture, went in pursuit of the prisoners, following several of them off toward the Indian Territory. To the great surprise of the lessees, an old farmer made his appearance at the camp today, called for the Captain, gave his name as James Johnson, and had six of the refugees in tow, all standing in a row with their hands on each other's shoulders and with the lock step. He told how he had heard of the escape, and believing on account of the intensely cold weather the men would seek shelter instead of traveling, decided to undertake the capture. He located ten of them last night when they were sleeping in a hay stack and captured their guard and five of his companions. The remainder escaped, but he believes he knows their location. He would give no information and would not even wait for the reward, but started off at once through the woods. He told the officers when he left that he would soon return with more convicts, and would then take the reward for all he obtained. The old pioneer who made the capture was armed with a double barrel shot tun, one of the barrels being worthless. He did not a fire a shot in his capture. Considerable interest in the case has been aroused. His return is awaited with anxiety.

READING, PA., January 14. A number of Polanders of both sexes were engaged at midnight in celebrating the marriage of Cecoll, one of their number, to Anna Stofka, in a miserable frame tenement near Eckerts' furnace. There was fiddling and dancing and any amount of drinking. A lad named Zwardoski, with others, was attracted by the sounds of revelry, and he peeped in the door to see the fun. One of the dancing Polanders caught sight of him and became furiously enraged. He drew a 38 calibre and without provocation fired two shots. One of them penetrated the hip of Zwardoski to the depth of three inches, the other went harmlessly through the window. The boy was carried to a physician and the ball extracted. His present condition is extremely critical. A policeman entered the premises of Cecoll and arrested one Bollek for the offense. When a square away he was followed by the whole gang of Poles, with knives and other weapons, who attempted to secure Bollek. The policeman's call for help was answered by citizens and other police officers, who, with cocked pistols, kept the rescuers at bay and brought their man to the station house. Bollek was today released, as it was proven that the man who did the shooting was none other than the drunken groom, Cecoll, who was arrested in bed this morning. He will be held by the authorities to await the result of Zwardoski's injuries.
PALESTINE, TEX., January 14. There was an exciting little cowhiding scene at the Watson Hotel at ten o'clock last night. One John Gray, a masher, who works in Charley Finger's paint shop, had been paying attention to a respectable young servant girl, who worked at the Watson House. On her refusal to marry him, it is said he began circulating false reports about her character, claiming among other things he had seduced her. Last night several gentlemen boarding at the hotel assured the young girl they would stand by her if she desired to redress her wrongs. A heavy cowhide was procured and Gray was invited into the parlor. No sooner had he entered than the avenging cowhide fell mercilessly upon his back, shoulders, and face. Knowing that resistance was useless, Gray took his castigation without a word or movement, and will probably hesitate before he slanders another woman.
DES MOINES, IQ., January 14. At eight o'clock this morning the jury in the trial of Nate Rosenburger for the murder of his wife and father in Hardin County, rendered a verdict of guilty of murder in the first degree, fixing the punishment at imprisonment for life. The jury had been out twenty-four hours, and stuck to their deliberations all night. The trial has been one of intense interest, and has been ably conducted on both sides. There will be a feeling of relief at the verdict among the people of Hardin County, to whom these desperadoes had become a terror. Rosenburger was a member of a notorious gang in Hardin County, two of whom were lynched at Eldorado last spring.
Some Grave Objections Discovered by the House Committee.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.

WASHINGTON, January 14. In reporting the Hoar bill to regulate the presidential succession to the House, the majority of the Committee on the Election of President and Vice President say it is absolutely necessary to provide for the success under the circumstances now existing, leaving further and satisfactory provisions for contingencies which may possibly arise to other measures hereafter to be proposed. As to the question of the advisability of changing the present law, the majority say that they are confronted by many difficulties that arise in the endeavor to assert in the constitutionality of the present system. There are grave doubts as to whether the President pro tempore of the Senate or the Speaker of the House are such officers of the United States as, in the meaning and intent of the constitution, could succeed to the Presidential office, the statutes providing therefor to the contrary notwithstanding. Those doubts would disturb the succession under the present statutes and would in all probability lead to a contest that would disquiet the Nation, unsettle business, and disturb the peace of the country. A grave objection to the present system in the system of the majority is the fact that it merges the executive branch into the legislative branch of the Government and annunciates [?] the powers and duties of the chief executive officer by the position of the President pro tem of the Senate or Speaker of the House. As President of the Senate, he would preside over the proceedings involving the confirmation of his own nominations and as Speaker of the House, he could vote to sustain his own vetoes, and, as either House of Congress might expel one of its members, the acting President might be expelled. After further discussing the subject, the majority conclude that the President pro tempore of the Senate and the Speaker of the House are in no sense officers of the United States upon whom the Presidential succession could devolve. The majority of the committee think that a Cabinet officer, selected by the chosen President of the people, by and with the consent of the Senate, is certainly a proper successor to the administration of the Government for the remainder of a term.
Mr. Cooper, of Ohio, in his minority report, holds that the Hoar bill does not provide for filling a vacancy in the Presidency caused by inability or death of the President-elect and Vice President-elect. "The majority of the committee," says Mr. Cooper, "argue that the words 'President' and 'Vice President' include those officers elect. But if that be so, then another objection arises, which is that if the President-elect and Vice President-elect be disabled or die, the successor to the Presidency would be the Secretary of State of an old, dead administration. Thus a mere clerk to a President, whose party may have been signally defeated at the polls, would for four years discharge the duties of President in opposition to the will of the people." Another objection to the bill as reported is that the terms upon which the acting President holds office and his salary are not sufficiently definite. "Is he privileged?" asks Mr. Cooper, "to appoint a cabinet? If so, would not the Secretary of State be justified under the Hoar bill in usurping the Presidential office? Would his salary be that of President or Secretary of State? And would he hold both offices? These are questions of importance that are not determined by the language of the bill. In the opinion of the minority, the Presidential office should always be elective and any arrangement made for filling vacancies should be in the nature of a temporary expedient to carry on the Government until the vacancy can be filled by an election."
Conference in Philadelphia.—A Tariff Resolution.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.

PHILADELPHIA, January 14. The Eastern bar iron conference held a meeting yesterday afternoon. There was an unusually large attendance, representatives being present from all the leading rolling mills east of the Alleghenies. The feeling was entirely harmonious, and it was thought at present that while there was no prospect or desire for a boom this year, business would be conducted on a paying basis and prices firmly maintained. The conference decided that as freights and fuel, pig iron and scraps, and in some cases labor, have advanced, the mills should advance the price 1/10 of a cent per pound to cover the increased cost of production. The schedule of extras for small iron was referred to a committee for revision. The following tariff resolutions were adopted.
WHEREAS, The demand for all kinds of manufactured products has been gradually improving for several months, and there are now substantial business reasons for believing that the year which has just opened will witness at least reasonable prosperity in the American iron trade, affording ample employment at fair wages to an increased number of our people; therefore, be it
Resolved, That we call upon Congress to refrain from attempting a general revision of duties for the purpose of reduction, as it will check the growth of confidence, and will make consumers again limit their orders, causing a serious shrinkage of business, and involving the closing of many works and the discharge of numerous workmen.
The Exports of Breadstuffs and Cotton From the United States.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
WASHINGTON, January 14. The Chief of the Bureau of Statistics reports that the total values of exports of breadstuffs from the United States during the month of December, 1885, and for the six and twelve months ended December 31, 1885, as compared with similar exports during the corresponding period of the preceding year were as follows: December, 1884, $14,361,542; 1885, $10,117,212. Six months ended December 31, 1884, $70,700,507; 1885, $52,998,732. Twelve months ended December 31, 1884, $147,818,403; 1885, $120,757,260.
The Chief of the Bureau of Statistics reports that the exports of cotton from the United States during the month of December, 1885, and for the four months ended December 31, 1885, as compared with similar exports during the corresponding periods of the preceding year as follows. Total for December, 1885, 668,134 bales, $31,775,268; 1884, 810,590 bales, $41,548,502. Total for four months ended December 31, 1885, 2,066,932 bales, $101,507,931; December 31, 1884, 2,311,468 bales, $116,199,438.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
At Fort Wayne, Indiana, recently, the boiler in the basement of St. Mary's Catholic Church exploded, instantly killing Engineer Anthony Evans and a little school girl. A few minutes later fire broke out, destroying the building. Loss, about $15,000.
[Philadelphia Press.]
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.

Lecturer Smith, at the Ninth and Arch streets museum, is badly hurt about the neck and face. His injuries are the result of an effort to part the two living skeletons, Morelda and Dorrington, who became involved in a serious altercation at the close of the entertainment the other afternoon.
Dorrington was here last year. He hails from West Virginia, and weighs forty-six pounds. Morelda has never visited this city before. When Skeleton Dorrington was here last year, he had among his female conquests a not ill-looking young woman who gave the name of Mary Ellison, and who comes from Bridgeburg. Last winter she fell in love with Dorrington's angular features at first sight. She bought innumerable quantities of his photographs in order to gain his acquaintance, and then accompanied him regularly on his way to the museum from his boarding-house on North Ninth street. During Dorrington's absence from the city, the pair corresponded regularly, and when the skeleton came back here recently, he expected fully to fulfill an engagement of marriage which had been contracted between them.
From the first sight of Dorrington's colleague, Miss Ellison began to grow cold toward her first anatomical darling. She had always been accustomed to stand for a long time each day admiringly before his platform in old times, and when he came back to share the same rostrum with a rival and find his lady love's glances all given to the latter, he was maddened. The men have frequently had words about it, and yesterday Skeleton Dorrington bitterly reproached Miss Ellison with her unfaithfulness. He says that she told him that her affections were unalterably changed, and he acted upon a supposition of such a state of feelings in her. Just after the crowd had been cleared from the freak hall yesterday afternoon, he struck Morelda savagely in the left eye with the words: "You can take that with her." Morelda thrust his hand in the pocket of his apology for trousers and seemed about to draw a knife, when the lecturer rushed in, and, in endeavoring to separate the skeletons, received the injuries from which he at present suffers.
How an Egg-Devouring Canine Was Cured By His Owner.
[Kingston (New York) Leader.]
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
John Borley of Rondout owns a dog. He is also the possessor of a number of chickens. For a long time no eggs were forthcoming. He regarded this as very strange, as the fowls were always fed well and had the best attention paid them. But, day after day, when he went to the nest in search of hen fruit, he invariably drew a blank. He was positive that something was wrong, and therefore decided to keep a watch, for one day at least, to try and discover the thief. Accordingly he concealed himself in the hen-house. After he had been there a short time numerous cacklings convinced him that the chickens had got in their work. Immediately after the cackling ceased, Mr. Borley was astonished to see his dog come sneaking into the hen-house, cautiously looking first this and then that way. When satisfied that it was not observed, the dog went to the nests and sucked all the eggs, taking good care to carry off the shells in its mouth, which it deposited into a hole in the ground, and then scratched dirt on them. Mr. Borley had discovered the thief. He at once put on his thinking cap to devise a plan which would put a stop to further depredations by the canine. Going into the house, he had an egg cooked. Calling the canine, he crammed the hot egg into its mouth, grabbed its jaws, and held them closed for a moment. The dog was never known after that to suck eggs.

The Impending Inter-State Commerce Bill in Congress.—Exhaustive Report.
Commissioner Kiernan Deprecates Reckless and Needless Railroad Construction.
A Lengthy Contribution from the Kansas Commissioners.
Views of a Railroad Representative.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
WASHINGTON, January 18. Senator Cullom's select Committee on Inter-state Railroad Transportation will probably report to the Senate today or tomorrow an original Inter-state Commerce bill, and at the same time submit an exhaustive report in its support. The committee, which spent a good part of the summer in investigation, has been holding daily sessions since the assembling of Congress. In addition to the two or three volumes of oral testimony which the committee has taken in its pursuit of information upon the subject, an appendix containing a number of interesting papers from leading authorities has been printed for the use of the committee and will be made public with the report.
John D. Kiernan, Chairman of the New York Railroad Commission, contributes a statement supplemental to the views he expressed orally to the committee. He deals first with the history of the contest between the railroads and its patrons, in the presence of which history, he says, many crude ideas as to the usefulness and practicability of rate fixing, penal legislation, pro rata laws, maximum and minimum rate laws, etc., disappear, and it becomes clear that proposed legislation must be broader in its aims and less disturbing in its action than that heretofore at times in vogue. The low through rates of today, Mr. Kernan says, as pointed out by railroads as a reason why no legislation is needed, have little to do with the question. They are a phase of universal depression intensified by reckless and needless railroad construction. Unnecessary railroads, Mr. Kiernan says, sooner or later become public burdens. They are neither efficiently maintained or operated, nor do they permit competitors to fulfill their public obligations. Congress cannot apply the remedy chiefly needed. The State whose railroads are already sufficient in number and extent for public use at fair rates can and ought to enact laws providing that no roads should be chartered unless a public necessity for the line is found to exist, as in Massachusetts, and as recommended by the New York Railroad Commission to the Legislature; that at least fifty per cent of the stock be paid in before domain is exercised or construction begun, and that the issue of bonds shall bear a fair relation to the stock issued and paid in.

The Board of Railroad Commissioners of Kansas contributes to this volume a paper which expresses the opinion that a National commission should be established vested with certain supervisory powers over the subject of Inter-state commerce. These powers should be confined to the function of regulation, and not to the management of the business of Inter-state commerce. It would, the board thinks, serve no useful or practical purpose to give such a commission the power to establish maximum rates for either passenger or freight traffic over Inter-state railways, the subject being too large to deal with by such a body of men even though composed of men trained in the study and business of railroad affairs. There are, the board says, two classes of Inter-state traffic over railroad lines, one between interim points and the seaboard, and the other across State lines, but still local. It is obvious that the rates adopted for the one class would furnish no criterion or base of rates for the other. The great cereal crops raised in the Mississippi Valley and the meat product in the trans-Mississippi, in the production of which the country is vitally interested, can only be maintained by a system of rates for their transportation to the seaboard, which, while they involve no loss, would, if the same rates were obligatory upon them as to all traffic carried over their lines, could in every road in the business lead into bankruptcy. To devise a system of maximum rates covering every species of Inter-state traffic on the basis of rates for long hauls from the extreme West to the East would paralyze every railroad engaged in the business. On the other hand, to equalize the rates as between long and short points, the board thinks, if railroad property is to be preserved and its efficiency maintained, advance the rates on great distances to such an extent as to put an embargo upon the movement of the cereal crops of the extreme West, or the trans-Mississippi region, a result which would be little less disastrous to the East than to the West. While the power to establish maximum rates to govern Inter-state traffic could not be wisely or usefully employed by a National Railroad Commission, such a body might usefully exercise the function of entertaining complaints from shippers of undue or unreasonable charges on the part of railroad companies and judge as to the reasonableness or otherwise of the charges complained of. In this way a prima facie case might be made for the courts. Complaints for extortion and of unjust discrimination might be investigated in like manner, and where evils of the classes named were found to exist and remain uncorrected, an adequate appropriate remedy could be invoked through the courts. Nearly all causes of complaint on the part of the shippers arising in the business of transportation might usefully be committed to the investigation and correction of such a commission, and the board feels safe in expressing the opinion based upon the experience of State Commissions that cases would seldom arise in which coercive power would have to be invoked to make the correction effectual. The board discusses the importance of maintaining uniformity and stability of rates and the evils which result from secret concessions made to particular individuals or communities. The board thinks that violent fluctuations of rates consequent on rate wars result usually in benefits to the few at the ultimate expense of the many. Contracts or agreements between rival companies to carry on Inter-state traffic should be submitted to a commission established by Congress, whose judgment as to the reasonableness of the proposed rates should be necessary to the validity of the contract, which contract should then be invested with a legal status and be enforced in the courts.

Mr. Charles E. Perkins, President of the Chicago, Burlington & Quincy Railroad Company, contributes an interesting paper, setting forth what may be assumed to be the railroad side of the question. He assumes that it is the settled policy of most of the States to permit railroad construction to be free and also that the English common law doctrines relative to common carriers are not now open to discussion. Many of them are relics of an age of horse power or water craft. He thinks the best method of preventing extortion or unjust discrimination is by an appeal to the courts, but he says that very little if any extortion is practiced, in evidence of which he points to the fact that few cases are taken to the court or made public, and the records of State Railroad Commissions show very few complaints and still fewer decisions by the commissions against the roads. Through rates, Mr. Perkins says, are generally lower than local rates because through business is wholesale business, larger in amount and therefore less expensive to transact and for the additional reasons that the competition for it is more severe and that through rates are more generally affected by direct water route competition. But it is obviously inexpedient to require railroads to reduce local rates because the combined influence of a large aggregate traffic and the competition of other railroads, water routes, or rival markets, which influences are not felt at local points, may make it for their interest to participate in the through business on a very small margin of profit. If all traders were compelled to sell everything on the basis of the lowest margin of profit which they might find it necessary to take on some one thing, the effect would be the same over a wide field as the effects of requiring railroads either to give up the through business or reduce their local rates correspondingly. It is no more for the interest of the public to make railroads unprofitable, Mr. Perkins thinks, than to make business generally unprofitable. Perhaps the best evidence that the local rates of railroads throughout the country are reasonable is to be found in the prosperity of local points all over the country, and by comparison with railroad charges elsewhere in the world. It has sometimes been assumed that competition does not exist in what are called local points, but this is not true. The markets of Chicago and St. Louis influence the rates between local points on a railroad in Southern Iowa and those rates vice versa. Again between two railroads, even if they are a considerable distance apart, there is about half way a belt of country the inhabitants of which can generally go to either road and the contest between the railroads to secure the business of that belt influences the prices of transportation not only on that particular traffic but also on other business which is transacted at the same station on the respective roads. Railroads, Mr. Perkins declares, must remain in the country where they are, whatever happens, and their punishment for excessive charges, while it would be a little slower in coming than that of the individual merchant, would be far more certain and severe because their business would be ruined, or other roads would be built as permanent competitors. Nevertheless, it is true and will remain true as long as railroads are conducted on business principles, that trade centers will be able to obtain lower rates of transportation than local points for precisely the same reason that such places are able to obtain many conveniences and luxuries which local points do not and cannot enjoy. Those who desire water and gas within houses or many and cheap amusements or the lowest rates of freight, must go to where there are enough other persons who desire the same to make it profitable to supply them. This is not because the railroads wish it to be so, but because in the nature of things it must be so. It is manifestly, Mr. Perkins concludes, not for the interest of any railroad to arbitrarily drive business away from a local point, where it carries all there is to a point where the traffic must be divided with other roads. It has been said that railroads make the trade centers, but such is not a fact. The tendency of the railroad is to put different trade centers on an equality by the annihilation of distance, but they no more make centers of population and trade than do other manufacturers and traders who seek such points for their own profit. Most, if not all the cases of alleged unreasonableness in railroad charges will, on careful investigation, be found to be due to a misapprehension or misunderstanding of the facts. The experience of State Commissions shows this to be true. To require absolute equality of rates and that changes should not be made without public notice would be a great inconvenience to the business community.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
BOSTON, MASS., January 18. A most enthusiastic meeting of the Irish Nationalists of Boston was held in New Era Hall last evening. The spacious chamber was crowded. John Boyle O'Reilly delivered an eloquent address in which he advocated in unquestioned terms the use of dynamite to aid in the subjection and downfall of English rule in Ireland. Other speakers were the Hon. Philip J. Doherty and the Hon. John E. Fitzgerald, who followed the example of their predecessor and guaranteed their support to any movement toward the independence of the Irish people.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
MOUNT PLEASANT, PA., January 18. Serious trouble and perhaps bloodshed is expected at the Standard and Moorewood coke works. The striking Hungarians have been drinking all day and threaten violence to any of the men who go to work. The coke company have secured a number of workmen and will attempt to operate their oven. Fearing an outbreak the Sheriff of Westmoreland County, in response to a telegram asking for assistance, sent a posse of twenty men from Greensburg last night to protect the workmen and the company's property.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
NEW YORK, January 18. In an address yesterday before the American Temperance Association in Chickering Hall, Joseph Cook, of Boston, said: "We are the most drunken people on the planet, and the palm for red noses should be awarded to Irish, Germans, and Americans. To make the knowledge of alcoholic effects on the human system compulsory in schools is the way to take the bull by the horns." Mr. Cook had not lost all hope yet that the Republican party would yet lend a crusade against the liquor interests.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
KANSAS CITY, Mo., January 18. S. S. Baker, a well known pawnbroker of Main street, went crazy yesterday afternoon. He drove off in a sleigh with two of his neighbor's children and has not been heard from at the time of writing. There are facts that all perished in the snow storm of last night. Anxious search is being made.
KANSAS CITY, Mo., January 18. Baker and the two children were found today wandering aimlessly about Rush Bottoms, four miles north of Independence.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
OURAY, COL., January 18. Ruby Trust's cabin on Mount Sneffle was carried away this morning by a snow slide, burying six men. A relief party was immediately formed and the victims were recovered. Martin Pearson and Andy Peterson were found dead and the other four badly injured.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
WASHINGTON, January 18. The celebrated Illinois case of Joseph Chesterfield Mackin and W. Gallagher was reached on the calendar today and printed arguments in behalf of the appellants and respondents were filed. This is the case in which Mackin and his accomplice were convicted and sentenced to two years' imprisonment for tampering with the vote of the Congressional candidates in the Second Precinct of the Eighteenth Ward of Chicago, and has no relation to the perjury case in which Mackin was sentenced by the County Court to five years' imprisonment at Joliet. The appeal is based upon the claim that under the fifth amendment to the Constitution proceedings upon an infamous crime can be had only by way of indictment and not by information, which was the means adopted in the Mackin case. This position is vigorously combated in behalf of the United States by General J. B. Hawley and District Attorney Guttrill, who, in a printed pamphlet of eighty-two pages, contend that the meaning of "a capital or otherwise infamous crime" extended only to loss of life of members. The arguments are very technical and countless authorities are cited.
A Schooner Blown 160 Miles From Shore.
Reaches Boston Covered With Ice.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
BOSTON, MASS., January 18. It was not an iceberg that sailed up Boston Harbor today, but the ice-clad Philadelphia schooner "Brigadier," which it was feared was lost in the recent hurricane, and which was blown 160 miles off shore. Captain Cousins says that the blinding tornado and hailstorm that struck the vessel off Highland Lights Saturday morning blew the foresail, forestay sail, and mainsail from the bolt ropes, filled her half full of water, and stove the bulwarks and water casks. It carried away the boats, shipped the cargo, and left the vessel on her beam ends. The driving hail made the Captain totally blind for twelve hours. Sunday morning a heavy sea boarded the vessel, sweeping off a sailor named Roberts, who was trying to secure what was left of the mainsail. By a miracle, however, the same sea swept him back again, crashing him against the bulwarks. He grasped the rope and was drawn on board more dead than alive. The crew worked all day Sunday cutting off ice and in the afternoon she righted. She was blown 160 miles off shore and has ever since been fighting head winds with a half-frozen crew.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
CHAMPAIGN, ILL., January 18. An interesting elopement which occurred here yesterday morning was brought to light today. The parties were Charles W. Briggs and Miss Ella Young, daughter of a reputable widow lady of Bondville, near here. Mrs. Young had kept her daughter very closely housed, but while she attended an evening revival meeting at which Briggs was present, a friend of his conveyed the daughter by carriage to this city and Briggs hastened here. They fled to St. Louis as is supposed.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.

PEORIA, ILL., January 18. The trouble in the whiskey pool here seems to be that not enough of money was subscribed to pay for surplus goods. There has been more or less cutting on the pool price for some time. Spellman & Co., of Pekin, are charged with flagrant breaches of their agreement in the pool, while this company charges that the fault is with the Peoria house. Money is being subscribed to burst the pool.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
PHILADELPHIA, PA., January 18. United States Marshal Newman yesterday landed in Newcastle jail on the charge of mutiny Carl Smith, John Quoheg, Claus Christian, Thomas MacCready, John Greco, G. Milton, Jacob Wilson, C. Bird, Abram Remsen, and Edward Aken. The men claim that the mate ordered them to cut away the mizzen mast, which was done, but the mate denies the assertion.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
SYRACUSE, N. Y., January 18. Alfred H. Hastings and Frederick Mann, the former leading man and the latter juvenile in George C. Miln's company, claimed that their salaries had not been paid and left the company today. Hastings says he is out
[Article ceased after the word "out" and was not continued in the next column of paper.]
But Little Expected to be Done This Week in Congress.—Speaker Carlisle.
Thinks Legislation is Too Embryotic at Present to Afford Indications.
The Sad Death of Miss Bayard.
White House Reception Suspended.—Funeral Arrangements.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
WASHINGTON, January 18. The past week having been devoted by the Senate largely to speech making and executive business, the calendar remains almost as it was at the beginning of the week with respect to measures of general legislation. The Judicial Salary bill is the unfinished business. The Dakota bill, the Supply bill, and the Electoral Count bill are to be brought forward for debate and action as soon as possible and an understanding will probably be reached by Monday or Tuesday by the Senators respectively in charge of these measures as to the order to which they shall be taken.
Senator Harrison's resolution looking to an inquiry as to certain statements of the Commissioner of Pensions regarding the official acts of his predecessors and Senator Voorhees' substitute are still pending. Senator Eustis has given notice of his intention to deliver a speech on Tuesday upon his resolution to pay in silver the bonds that have been called for redemption on February 1. This resolution, with Mr. Beck's substitute for it is still in the Finance Committee's hands, with no probability of receiving early action.

In the House today, after the introduction of bills, the committees will be called for motions to pass bills before each committee under a suspension of the rules. A two-thirds rule is required in every instance. The Committee on Military Affairs will avail itself of this opportunity to bring before the House the Senate bill appropriating $450,000 to purchase the old Produce Exchange building in New York City for army purposes. Among the more important measures that are likely to be discussed in committee and reported to the House this week are the bills known as the McPherson bill in the last Congress, authorizing National banks to increase their circulating notes to the full amount of their security bonds; the bill authorizing the Comptroller of the Currency to sanction changes of name and increase their circulating notes to the full amount of their security bonds; the bill authorizing the Comptroller of the Currency to sanction changes of name and increases of capital stock by National banks; the Oklahoma bill, Mr. Hatch's bill to create a department of agriculture, and Mr. Watson's bill to increase the pension of widows. The Boutelle resolution relative to the Norfolk Navy Yard will be further considered by the Committee on Naval Affairs tomorrow or Tuesday. The author of the resolution has little doubt that it will be reported to the House on Wednesday and as it is a privileged resolution, immediate action can be demanded. If the tone of the discussion of the measure in the committee can be taken as an indication of the discussion to follow in the House that body will find thrust upon it an especially political debate.
"Legislation is too much in an embryotic state to give one any chance to make a prediction," said Speaker Carlisle last night. "There is nothing in view in the House but the regular order. Tomorrow the States will be called for the introduction of bills, after which it will be in order for committees to move to suspend the rules for the consideration of measures they may want to call up. Each committee can have the rules suspended for one bill. I don't know, however, that any of the committees desire to suspend the rules, as there is nothing on my desk now. Beyond this it cannot be predicted what work the House will do during the week." The President's message is yet before the House, and silver speeches may occupy much of the time during the week. This subject seems to be an almost inexhaustible one in both branches of Congress.
WASHINGTON, January 18. Miss Kate Bayard, the eldest daughter of the Secretary of State, died suddenly about three o'clock Saturday afternoon. The reception at the White House was suspended immediately upon the receipt of the news of her death. The immediate cause of Miss Bayard's death was disease of the heart. She had been troubled with weakness of that organ, and had been treated by the family physician at intervals for several years. At the reception at her father's house Friday night, it was remarked that she was unusually animated and exerted herself to the utmost to entertain the guests. It is presumed that the undue exertion may have precipitated the fatal attack. The new of Miss Bayard's sudden death caused a profound sensation throughout the city and for a time in the absence of any definite details, a number of wild rumors were circulated. Miss Bayard had accepted an invitation to assist Miss Cleveland at her reception Saturday, and that lady and her guests, Mrs. Utley and Miss Love, who were also to assist at the reception, were awaiting Miss Bayard's arrival when they received the news of her death. The remains of Miss Bayard will be taken to Wilmington, Delaware, this afternoon, where her funeral will take place tomorrow. Her remains will be buried in the old Swede churchyard there, where the father and mother of the Secretary and several of his children are buried.
Barnes Takes First Prize, McCann Second, and Levy Third.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.

CHICAGO, ILL., January 8. When Saturday's figures were corrected, it was found that Levy had taken third place in the type setting contest. It was impossible to get a verified table last night, but as near as can be ascertained the total number of ems set by each man at the close of the tournament were: Barnes, 38,210¾; McCann, 37,805½; Levy, 33,918; Hudson, 33,765¼; Monheimer, 33,347½; Creevy, 33,230; and Dejarnett, 31,429. This gives Barnes the first, McCann the second, and Levy the third prize. The prize for which the men contended was the championship and a gold medal set with a huge diamond. The second prize is an emblematical water server, and the third a handsome cup. Both McCann and Barnes cut down Arensberg's one hour record last night, setting 2,150 and 2,092 respectively.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
KANSAS CITY, Mo., January 18. A miniature volcano was discovered by a colored man named Hackley near Argentine, Kansas, Saturday morning. Noticing heat on the ground, he commenced picking at some rocks when they suddenly slipped down a hole. Smoke can be distinctly seen and people are anxious about what is coming up.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
The Postmaster General has refused the request of petitioners in Baltimore for a Sunday delivery of the mails.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
ADRIAN, MICH., January 18. Thomas Campsie and wife were found yesterday afternoon in bed insensible from coal gas which had escaped from a stove, one of the lids of which had been removed. Mrs. Campsie died this morning. Mr. Campsie's condition is critical and he cannot recover.
A Light Seen in the Mine, and It is Thought the Imprisoned Miners
Are Alive and Living on Mule Meat.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
NEW YORK, January 18. A Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania, special, dated yesterday, says the people of Nanticoke were greatly agitated last night by the report that two of the rescuing party, Davis and Ballister, working in the mine where the men are imprisoned, had seen a light ahead of them. It is said that they were digging through the sand near the fourth counter door when they espied a light about forty yards away. It was elevated to the highest pitch, which would confirm the theory that the men in the chamber were high up out of danger's way. Davis thinks the light was that from a miner's lamp. It was visible for about three minutes and the conclusion was reached that the men who carried it had been down in the gangway probably for water or meat from the body of a mule and after they had been supplied, returned to where they had been living all these many days and nights. Davis says he is willing to stake his house and lot that at least some of the men are alive. He says the air is good, and with plenty of water and mule flesh, the men could live comfortably. Davis and another rescuer called long and loud, but heard no response. It is thought that the men were too weak to respond. Additional men were put at work, and it is hoped they will reach the place where the light was seen by tomorrow at ten a.m.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
FT. SMITH, ARK., January 18. Six prisoners were brought in from the Cherokee country this morning, by Deputy United States Marshal H. Smith.
FRANK H. GREER, Local Editor.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
Receipts in the local markets are light, with quotations as follows: Wheat, all good milling grades, brings .75 to .90; corn, .28 to .30; oats, 25. There is a small run of hogs, stockers $2.00 to $3.20. Hay is a glut in the market. It brings from $3.00 to $3.50 per ton. Cattle: cows $3.60, fat bulls $1.25 to $1.80, with good demand. The demand in small produce is strong, with eggs .15; butter .15; chickens .4 per lb.; turkeys .6; potatoes $1; applies $1.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
A sad case is presented at the county jail. Thursday Sheriff McIntire brought up from Arkansas City Lincoln Addimell [?], a young man neatly dressed, good looking, and having every appearance of refined breeding and education. He came to Arkansas City a month or more ago seeking work—anything to gain a livelihood. He put up at the Leland and was of the appearance that made his offer to do even farm work look very much out of place. He got something to do, but his memory was on a gradual fail. His mind showed a weakness bordering on imbecility. It was soon found that he is perfectly incapable of caring of himself. Every indication shows that the cause has been brewing for years and the climax has at last come. He talks rationally, but has no memory or concentration. He is an imbecile who must have a guardian. He will be given a trial in the Probate court, and will probably be sent to the asylum. He is about twenty-five years old, and says his parents live in Brooklyn, New York, and that he has no relatives in Kansas. Though well dressed, he is moneyless.
[An earlier article called him "Lincoln Biddensell."]
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
It was at the depot, we always go to see who goes and comes, and while waiting for the train to roll in, our fancy busied itself with the thought of those trains which are punctual as fate itself, and whose pale conductor takes up passengers at but one station—that one between this and the other shore. These trains are running every hour, and we are all waiting for one that shall bear us away. There are morning trains filled with bright-eyed, happy-hearted little ones; the noon trains, into which pleasure seekers, and earnest workers, the strong men and the comely women are hastily crowded; and the night trains, on which the aged, the sorrow-stricken, and infirm, who have long "waited for the train," gladly embark for the little distance they have yet to go. The "All-aboard" has a startling thrill, for the "Good night" is spoken not again—no passenger returneth.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.

Said a leading merchant to the reporter today: "How do you manage to have t he market report all O. K. and as early as any we can get here? I noticed the report on eggs day before yesterday in your daily and afterwards saw the same report in other dailies only later; also received a telegram verifying your report, some time after it came out in your paper." My dear sir; do you suppose we are publishing stale news—events that occurred in Noah's times. Not much. We are running a live paper up with the times in everything. This evening's paper contains the markets and news up to ten p.m. last night. This is a rapidly progressing world and we are going to stay right along with it or hang up the fiddle and the bow.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
There is a family across the river whose main business appears to be to pilfer the neighborhood. Mr. Shepard, while in town with his family the other night went home to find a barrel of fresh pork and all his sausage stolen. Mr. McClung, a little way over in Vernon, also lost a large slaughtered porker. Col. McMullen's corn crib has been repeatedly drawn from. The people over there are getting a little tired of this thieving and have put the officers on the scent. The thieves are spotted and about the next haul they make will find them in the cooler.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
Capt. C. E. Steuven, through the influence of Senator Hackney with Senator Plumb, has received an appointment as messenger to the U. S. Senate, at a salary of $1,400 a year. He went on to Washington expecting the appointment and was not disappointed. It is a responsible position, with not a little honor attached to it, and is very worthily bestowed. The Captain is of imposing form, quick as lightning, with an experience in diplomacy that well fits him for such a position. He is now discharging the duties of the position and will likely move his family to Washington.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
Cowley County will contract heavy immigration the coming season. Its pushing, prosperous towns, competing railroads, fine churches, substantial schoolhouses, thrifty farmers, productive farms, enterprising merchants, and reasonable prices on improved and unimproved lands, speak for themselves. An intelligent man does not have to be told these things, nor even to read it in print. He needs but to see it in person to be convinced and is sure to invest his means to good advantage in our midst.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
The following officers of Winfield Lodge No. 101, I. O. O. F., were installed for the ensuing year: Jos. O'Hare, N. G.; A. B. Taylor, V. G.; D. C. Beach, Rec. Secretary; J. P. Stewart, Per. Secretary. S. J. Helper, Treasurer; M. B. Shields, Conductor; J. W. Chancy, Warden; J. H. Vance, R. S. to N. G.; M. Hahn, L. S. to N. G.; H. H. Siverd, L. S. to V. G.; A. Snowhill, R. S. to V. G. This order has a very strong organization here, and is in fine working order.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
The Young People's Social and Literary Club had a very enjoyable meeting Friday evening in the commodious home of Mr. and Mrs. G. S. Manser. This home is specially adapted for such a gathering and with the genial hospitality of the entertainers, all were delighted. Not as many as usual were present, owing to an understanding among some that the meeting was postponed. An excellent program was rendered.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.

Sol Burkhalter came in from Fowler, Meade County, Friday evening. He reports four men frozen to death at Dodge, but none near Fowler. He says the reports of great loss of life in that country are exaggerated. A large number of cattle perished. George Fowler lost 108 head of sheep. Sol thinks the storm in the "wild west" was less severe than here.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
Someone has figured out that life is like harness because it contains "traces!" of care, "lines" of trouble, "bits" of good fortune, "breeches" of good manners, and "bridled" tongues, and everyone has a "tug" to pull through a severe cold unless they take Chamberlain's Cough Remedy. Best buy a bottle before you get strapped.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
Be honest in small things. A man who is dishonest in small things is very apt to be so in larger transactions. Don't allow the habit of being dishonest in small transactions get a hold on you. Man, it has been said, is a bundle of habits; and habit is second nature. It is man's best friend or worse enemy.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
The Western Union telegraph line from Beaumont to Winfield, on the 'Frisco line, was finished Saturday and is dispensing electricity in good shape. This is a convenience that has been badly needed in this line. The next thing, and in a short time, will be a regular mail on this route.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
Sylvia, the ten year old child of Mr. and Mrs. T. C. Tomlinson, who live on South Menor, died Thursday at 4 p.m., of diphtheria. Sylvia was a beautiful little girl. Her broken hearted parents have the sympathy of all. The body will probably be taken east for interment.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
Our exchanges are making a great ado about the man that predicted an open winter and threatening all sorts of punishment if he shows up. Good Lord! What do you want? Open! Ain't it wide open, and everything coming out. Commend us to the man that can close it.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
E. A. Henthorn, the banker of elongated shape, high-water pants, and keen rustle, was over from Burden again Friday. We get this item from the "phat" galley. If E. A. continues his visits to frequently, we'll get this item stereotyped.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
Mrs. E. P. Hickok returned from the snow-bound regions of the west Saturday. She hoped to get back in time for the Brown-Walrath wedding, but failed. Her compliments were presented today with a handsome set of silver spoons.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
The hay men have been crowding the streets with load after load for the past two or three days in anticipation of higher prices, not allowing any to be hauled to market.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
The fine French plate front has been put in I. W. Randall's new business block on south Main, and the building is nearly completed. It will be occupied by Mr. Taylor, the new exclusive queensware man.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.

The heating apparatus of the second ward school building was out of gear Thursday and no school was had in that building. It was all right today.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
The name of Mr. and Mrs. Bliss was accidentally omitted from the list of the Brown-Walrath wedding guests.
Her Chronicle of the Comings, Goings and Doings of Persons at Home and Abroad.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
Mr. S. L. Harter returned Saturday from three days at K. C.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
S. F. Jackson and Robert Wagstaff, K. C., were doing the City Friday.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
J. J. Burns was over from Belle Plain Friday on D. M. & A. business.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
Henry Tisdale, pioneer stage and bus man of the Southwest, is in the city.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
Lon Wharton, of the Dexter Eye, came over Friday to Sunday with his family.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
D. Taylor is in the east on a hurried business trip, to return Thursday or Friday.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
Mr. Gutches, of Fairview, has lost 37 hogs by cholera, and has more that are sick.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
Mrs. Lynch, mother of Mrs. Ray Oliver, came down from Wichita Friday for a visit.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
S. S. Moore, one of the leading citizens of Burden, was in the city Saturday on business.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
Mr. Brewington, of Fairview, lost 113 sheep by smothering on the cold night of the 7th.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
Mrs. Emma Huff and sister were down from Udall Monday visiting friends and relatives.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
Dr. H. F. Hornaday is back from his eastern trip—followed the other blizzard right along.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
Ed G. Gray, the smiling deputy county clerk, Sundayed at the Terminus, with his "brother."
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
W. J. Flynn and J. P. Newman, K. C., crossed their pedals under the Brettun tables Thursday.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
Judge Pyburn and Cal Swarts, leading attorneys of the Terminus, were up Monday courting.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
Senator J. C. Long is home from a week in Philadelphia and other eastern cities on business.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.

N. A. Teeter, formerly with J. P. Baden, is down from Peabody for a visit with his old friends.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
G. G. Griffin, M. C. Beymer, Ed. R. Rhodes, and J. H. Snyder decorated the Brettun register Friday.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
A. E. Kirkpatrick and W. L. Wood, of the Central Avenue hotel, Arkansas City, were in town Friday on business.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
Mrs. Zook has taken rooms at R. S. Wilson's, on 11th avenue, where she will be glad to see her friends.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
Geo.. H. Williams, Dr. Hornaday, S. P. Strong, and others prominent in Rock, spent last Friday in the city.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
Marshal McFadden is around gathering in the remainder of the occupation tax. He says it must come.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
Frank Barclay came in Friday from Beatrice, Nebraska, and will circulate a week among his many friends here.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
John R. Sumpter was in from Beaver Friday and reports the mad-dog scare all over. No more signs of rabies.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
C. C. Black and J. J. Burns went to Topeka Saturday, and will be there next week on D., M. & A. business.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
J. S. Converse, of the Oxford Register, was over Saturday evening, and enjoyed the tranquil jam of the Opera House.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
James M. Shivvers and wife, son of H. T. Shivvers, arrived today from Champaign, Illinois, and will locate among us.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
John Randall and wife came down from Floral Monday evening to visit her parents, Mr. and Mrs. F. M. Freeland.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
Marshal Billy Gray, W. J. Woods, and J. H. Park were up from the Terminus Friday, in the Biddinsell insanity case.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
B. A. Phelps, W. H. Heaverin, T. W. Tharp, and C. R. Smith were quartered at the Brettun Monday from America's hades.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.

Mrs. F. M. Friend, Mrs. Col. Whiting, and Mrs. Ed. Nelson went up to Latham Friday morning to visit with Mrs. J. M. Lambert.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
Al Terrill is now working the Santa Fe trains from Mulvane to Arkansas City, for Arthur Bangs' bus line here and at the Terminus.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
Will T. Madden and Chas. I. Forsyth, the new attorney from Lincoln, Illinois, have formed a law partnership. It will make a good firm.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
Mrs. J. H. Vance and son returned Thursday evening from a month at Pierce City, Missouri. Jim had all he wanted of widowerhood.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
Sheriff McIntire got on his war paint Saturday and left on the Santa Fe for a western trip of a few days. Something will "drap" before long.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
Miss Jennie Bangs, sister of Arthur, arrived Thursday from Boston, having visited at Lawrence six weeks, and will make Winfield her home.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
W. H. Smith left on the S. K. Friday for 11worth [Leavenworth?]. Miss Julia visits two months in the east before joining Mr. Smith at their new home.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
W. A. Graham held the lucky number, 3494, which drew the silver water service at the close of the Wilber Theater engagement Saturday night.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
Lon Whorton's little girl was taken down with diphtheria Sunday, compelling him to let the Dexter Eye blink under other hands for a day or two.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.

Little Maud Scott, after a very successful tour with her father into Missouri, has returned and will entertain the people of Winfield in the near future.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
John McMurray, Jno. B. Barrett, Jno. P. Dales, Wm. Leitch, A. W. Percy, W. D. Gilmer, and Dan Y. Wheeler put their No. 11's under the Brettun tables Friday.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
Senator Jennings and Representatives Ed. P. Greer, Louis P. King, and John D. Maurer went to Topeka Sunday to attend the special session of the Legislature.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
Frank T. Berkey is over from Lakin, Finney County, for a few days' visit with the folks at home. Frank is doing well in the new west and looks fat, sleek, and happy.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
Will R. Lorton was down from Wilmot Tuesday. He is a brother of our Jim in the Winfield National Bank, and is as bright and gentlemanly as his brother.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.

The Whist Club had a very pleasant meeting in the home of Mr. and Mrs. W. J. Wilson Thursday eve. There were five tables, with an interest and vim most enjoyable.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
Frank J. Hess has leased Highland Opera House, Arkansas City, and promises some fine entertainments during the coming season. He will make a rustling manager.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
W. H. White, one of the best farmers of Ninnescah township, was in to see us Tuesday. He thinks there was no loss of stock in his neighborhood during the late unpleasantness.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
Architect Ritchie has moved his architectural rooms to the west rooms of the Winfield National Bank extension, second floor. These rooms are large, airy, and generally pleasant.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
D. M. Adams has sold his fine Pleasant Valley farm and will move to Rome, Sumner County. He is one of our county's best farmers and citizens and we regret to see him depart.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
Geo. Stalter, of Rock, lost his house and all its contents by fire Thursday, while all were away from home. The fire was too far underway when the neighbors arrived to save anything.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
Mrs. Major Sleeth, of Arkansas City, died Tuesday morning. She was one of the oldest inhabitants of that place. She was a woman of noble character and her death is deeply mourned by all who knew her.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
Miss Julia Smith is off for Leavenworth, where she and her brother will make their home. W. H. will go in a few days. Johnnie Willis is now there getting the big stock of boots and shoes shelved for the opening.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
Nellie C. Bailey still manages to keep to the front. Her latest episode is the suing of the Wichita Beacon, for publishing a lie—that she was drunk and behaved shockingly on the Santa Fe train while it was snow-bound at Osage City.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
John A. Eaton arrived Friday with his family, from Ohio. For the present they will have quarters at the Brettun. The furniture for their elegant new house, which is about finished, is nearly all here and they will soon be settled down at home.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
John Johnson, an old Cowley County boy, is down from Butler County visiting his brother, Samson, of Pleasant Valley, and fell into our den with his old friend, O. T. Wright, Tuesday. The ravages of time don't seem to phase John: not even his bachelorhood.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
John Elliot and wife, late of Montana, have been very undecided as to staying in Cowley, but since Thursday have concluded to stay, as John thinks this county just as prolific as anywhere, for go where you will, there will be squalls occasionally. It's a girl and weighs 9 pounds avoirdupois.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.

Hon. Geo. D. Thompson, of Harper, was in the city Friday. Among the many bright and promising young men of Kansas, Mr. Thompson occupies the front rank, exerting an influence in State affairs reaching far beyond his years. He is at the head of the First National Bank of Harper.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
P. T. Walton, of the State Bank of Burden, was in the hub Wednesday.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
Capt. J. B. Nipp went to Topeka Wednesday, Legislature scheme, you know.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
Mrs. W. L. Webb, after a visit of some weeks with relatives and friends here, returned to Kansas City on the S. K. Wednesday.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
John M. Reed, the painter, has gone to join his wife and children in Canada for a visit. He will also visit his parents in Ohio. He will be gone two months.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
Senator Long and C. A. Bliss left Tuesday for a day or so at Kansas City. Mr. Bliss meets the directors of the Southwestern Millers Association at Kansas City.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
Mrs. E. Vredenburg, the Wichita masquerade costumer, arrived Tuesday and her rooms at the Brettun have been crowded all afternoon with costume seekers. Her line is very full and complete.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
County Clerk Smock and the rustling Ed G. Gray begin, this week, to make up the tax rolls for 1886. It is a huge job, one of the most painstaking, and will keep them racking, with the routine work, between now and April.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
County Surveyor Haight is getting out a new map of Winfield, showing all the additions, with a scale of 250 feet to the inch. It will be complete and artistic. This is the only one of this kind ever gotten out. It will be a big thing for real estate men and people generally.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
Coleman Castello, an inmate of the poor house, tried to run the ranch Tuesday and on complaint of Nelson Utley, the landlord, is now at the jail to answer the charge of disturbing the peace. Castello has but one leg and is not very bright.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
Elmer Current, of this place, has gone and done it. He was married to Miss Annie Wallace, of Nevada, Missouri, on Wednesday of last week. The wedding took place at the bride's home in Nevada. We wish them smooth sailing on the matrimonial sea. They have located in Winfield. Cambridge News.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
Deputy U. S. Marshal Currier came down from Leavenworth Saturday and returned today with James Jones, who has been lying in our jail under a commitment of U. S. Commissioner Webb for selling liquor in the Fair Ground Park without a license from Uncle Sam. He will plead guilty before the U. S. District Court at Leavenworth.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.

Mr. E. R. Holmes, one of the substantial farmers of Vernon, and a man of judgment and taste, called on THE COURIER Monday and gave his opinion that THE WEEKLY COURIER is now the best newspaper published. He thinks the late freeze out has not hurt his wheat, which was a perfect and even mat of green before the late snows covered it.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
Mr. A. T. Spotswood telegraphed Mrs. Spotswood from Richfield, Kansas, county, that the storm of last week was not nearly so severe in that region as it was here, and that everything around there was lovely and in good shape. It was fortunate for those in that country that the storm was not so fearful there while they are yet unprepared and in meagre circumstances.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
J. B. Nipp, of Winfield, one of the most wide awake and stirring men of this western country, paid us a visit Monday. The Captain holds large interests in this section of the State and a bank account sufficient to see him through. Syracuse Journal.
That's the way to talk about our county men. If the Captain is fixed that way, he can probably hold his "nip." Udall Sentinel.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
A. McDonald, a sub-contractor on the K. C. & S. W., was waylaid at the canal bridge at Arkansas City the other night, going to his camp with a load of provisions. His team was stopped and he fiercely attacked by two disguised men, who beat him with clubs. He was knocked from his wagon and left lying on the ground senseless, where he was discovered by a traveler and brought to town. He thinks the attack was on an old grudge and not for robbery.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
The District Court moved out into the country Friday. The court, jury, counsel, and bailiff went out on the 'Frisco this morning to view the Nancy Cottingham land, near Floral, which appeal from the commissioners railroad right of way award is now being tried.
The case of Nancy Cottingham vs. the K. C. & S. W. Railroad Company has at last been brought to a final, after four days grinding. The jury found for the plaintiff, with a judgment of $700. The Commissioners awarded $400, from which the appeal was taken. The judgment gives $180 for the land, just 4½ acres, and $520 as damages to the adjacent premises. The cost of the suit, with the judgment, will run a total of $1,000 or more. It is impossible to get justice for a railroad company. There is a standing prejudice against them, as "soulless corporations," that can't be uprooted. If the K. C. & S. W. folks have to pay such right of way damages in the remaining numerous suits, it will go hard with them—knock the wind completely out of the charms of railroad building.
Jeremiah Weakly vs. Burton D. Guinn; Francis M. Mallett vs. Burton D. Guinn; and Wesley Mallett vs. Burton D. Guinn continued by consent to next term.
N. M. Persing vs. Oscar Henderson: continued.
James Hollingsworth vs. K. C. & S. W. railroad company—another appeal from right of way award of County Commissioners. Jury empaneled and with judge and bailiff went out today to view the premises in dispute.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
The first number of the Monitor, a new Republican weekly paper just set on its pegs at Wellington, has struck our sanctum. It looks neat and healthy, for an infant. It should rattle around among the old bones of that Rip Van Winkle burg and redeem its reputation of the poorest newspaper town in the state. A vigorous sheet with backbone and experience, will bring out the kinks. A town should be expected to support only such papers as are an honor and benefit to their city and county. Newspapers like business firms, must stand on their enterprise and merit. Sleepy papers, whose style of typography is calculated to make a mule sick, deserve no patronage, and should not expect it. Only death awaits them. A wide-awake, rustling paper, one that strenuously battles for the right, for the upbuilding of its city, county, and state; that gives value received—a paper worthy the personal pride of every inhabitant, is as sure of sparkling success as the sun is to shine. Nothing can phase it.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
How sweet is the sound of the silvery sleigh bells.
As down the long streets the gay persons go.
But the tall eastern stranger can scarce keep from smiling,
As he asks the sleigh riders, "Where is your snow?"
The sweet little maidens look hastily down
At the beautiful snow that covers the ground.
Then, still casting their eyes on the street,
They exclaim, "Can't you see, it is near an inch deep."
The stranger, he smiled, and then muttered low
To himself, as he passed on, "Well, I don't know
But what I've come to just the right spot,
Where it's never too cold or never too hot,
Where in summer the blue birds sing their songs of praise
And in winter the snow birds the wheat field inveighs."
So saying he goes to seek his night's rest,
With a determination to stay in the west.
M. E. A., At School.
Of Mary A. Sanderson, Our Dear Departed Sister.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
Since thou art now among the blest,
No more by sin and sorrow pressed.
But hushed in quiet sleep,
For thee we need not weep.
Thy toils are over, thy troubles cease,
From earthly cares, in sweet release,

Thine eyelids gently close;
And soft be thy repose.
And thus shall faith's consoling power,
The tears of love restrain;
For none that saw thy parting hour,
Could wish them back again.
O. M., Winfield, Jan. 10, 1886.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
No lady need have the least delicacy in masking at the ball tomorrow evening. None but the best society people of this and surrounding cities have been issued invitations. There is not a name on the list of invited whose respectability is not known either by the committee on invitation or by some prominent member of the club. The club has guarded very carefully against the promiscuous attendance that is too apt to mar the pleasures of such an occasion. No one whose name is not on the list of invited can get into the hall, masked. The number of maskers, and the selectness, promises to far exceed any Bal Masque the Pleasant Hour Club has ever given.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
Burden, Jan. 20. In your write up of the Burden excitement, you got things as badly mixed up as your reporter could get it to you. When you call the perpetrators of the effigy business "barbarians," you strike at what popular sentiment would call justice. When you use my name in the connection it is used, you falsify. J. W. Henthorn.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
A car load of York State apples and I will make special prices to the trade. J. P. Baden.
The Big Revival Meetings.
Their Result.—Other Religious Items.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
The ministers of the city will continue the union revival meetings as long as the interest warrants.
The convert's meeting at the Baptist church Sunday afternoon was one of great interest and evidenced forcibly the grand good wrought by the union revival meetings. One hundred and sixty-seven new converts gave testimony.
The large overflow meeting at the Presbyterian Church was conducted by Revs. Miller and Reider, the former preaching on the parable of the prodigal son. Both meetings were very fruitful, a large number inquiring and experiencing a change of heart.
Regular services were held in the different churches Sunday. At the close of each, the doors of the church were opened for new members. No opportunity has been given before, during the revival, to join the church. It was decided at the beginning that denominationalism should take the background until the meetings were over, when all converts could join any church their conscience dictated. Nearly two hundred joined the various churches Sunday.

The ministers made warm attacks, in their Sunday morning sermons, on dancing and card playing, denouncing them to the bitter end. Rev. Miller cited Presbyterian discipline clear back to 1818 denouncing cards and dancing. Brother Kelly, taking as a cue THE COURIER's gambling den item Saturday evening, hit card-playing some bitter licks, and also gave it to dancing and dancers. The preachers should damn the abuse, not the use. Might as well kill every horse in the land because some men put them on the race track to bet on. All these amusements, in themselves, are perfectly innocent. Nothing is wrong excepting as we make wrong of it. The biggest dance on record is recorded in the parable of the prodigal son. Joy vents itself in music and dancing as naturally as the sparks fly upward. What we want is more true manhood and womanhood—men and women who will shun excesses and wrongs with characters invulnerable.
Rev. Patterson preached his last sermon here Sunday to an audience packing every available space in the Baptist Church. His text was: "I pray thee, have me excused," from the parable of the Lord likening the kingdom of heaven to a man who sent out invitations to a big banquet, and when regret after regret "I pray thee have me excused," came with one excuse and another, he sent his servants into the highways and byways that his feast might be eaten and his house filled. "Whosoever will may come," is God's invitation. Year after year do you send in your regrets, in various ways, until finally too late. He described heaven as a place where life is the same as on earth, except without sin—where we shall have a grand reunion, knowing each other as we are known here. Rev. Patterson goes from here to Leavenworth, for a week, and then to Clay Center. The members of the various churches raised a good sum as remuneration for his services, though he asked for nothing. He is one of the most effective evangelists ever in Kansas, and is doing a world of good.
The interest awakened by the union revival meetings is wonderful. Night after night is the Baptist church incapable of receiving the crowds. Many souls are being saved. And these attacks on the devil's breastworks extend all over Kansas and the union. Scarcely a town in the country but has held a revival meeting this winter. If these revivals are of spiritual value to man and the community, we will at once realize the effect in our social and business life If an internal change has really taken place in so many hearts in Winfield; if the interest is as wide-spread as evidenced, we will see the manifestations of its efficiency in the general life of our city. The effect should be noticeable. There should be more honesty in business. There should be more peace and harmony among different classes; more righteousness between man and man. There should be less suffering among the poor. The city's moral condition should be much improved. The influence on these regenerated and saved souls, as they come out into the activities of life with the almighty force of truth and love, should penetrate the social and business arena of our city with all-pervading effect, exhibiting the force of true character . Religion is not all self-love—it is love for others and should effect those around you. The man who professes love for God only through fear of eternal damnation or through the hope of possessing the riches of the New Jerusalem, is actuated by self-love, and loves neither God nor his neighbor. True religion inculcates a philanthropic spirit—a spirit that reaches down into the gutter, if need be, with a helping hand; that has a kind word for fallen humanity, male or female; that seeks to scatter sunshine, love, and truth among the world's benighted, assisting them to right thinking and right doing. Such we hope will be the result in Winfield.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
Burden is all stirred up over a war started regarding the management of the Burden Lyceum Association, whose fine building is just now ready for opening. J. W. Henthorn, editor of the Eagle, charged the executives, in the Eagle, with running the association for personal ends, whereupon Samuel J. Day, president, fired back through the Enterprise, denying any such statements and accusing Henthorn with neglecting his duty as a director. Henthorn then shot another column and a half fire at Day, with allusions to the latter's personal character that set Mr. Day, his friends, and the whole town on fire. The principals came together Saturday in a suit of a landlord against Henthorn to oust the latter, when the fusillade reached a fever heat, with the whole population taking part. Sunday morning found an effigy, intended to represent Mr. Day, hanging across Main street. This act was undoubtedly the work of some irresponsible barbarians, whose interference was entirely unwarranted. The act has the indignation of all, and is greatly deplored by Mr. Henthorn himself. Opinion is considerably divided between the principals and the affair is the talk of the town. The excitement is intense.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
The interest in the Bal Masque of the Pleasant Hour Club Thursday evening is warming up. Arkansas City, Burden, and other towns, a number of whose best citizens were invited, send word that they will be on hand with good delegations. And all of Winfield's society people, married and single, will be there. The gentlemen who intend to mask will bear in mind that they must procure tickets of admission from the secretary at Brown & Son's drug store, one for yourself and one for your lady, when your order for a carriage for your lady will be taken, and the carriage sent for her at the hour you name. No one can procure tickets whose name is not on the list of invited. There can be no misrepresentation of sex, and all maskers must raise their masks to a committee and leave with the committee a card, with your name and character represented. The Roberts Orchestra is preparing a special program of superb music. The invitation to spectators is general.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
Mentioning Lincoln Addinsell, the youth of mild lunacy who is in the bastille adjudged insane and awaiting the asylum, the Republican says: "At times the boy appeared to be perfectly rational but there other times when it was dangerous for him to be at liberty. He threatened to kill several of our citizens for some supposed injury and there is no doubt but if he had had a chance, he would have put his threat into execution. Only last Saturday he met a couple of ladies on the street and demanded that they shake hands with him. The ladies ran into a store nearby and thus escaped. During the progress of services at one of our churches last Sunday, he interrupted the singing of a duet by two ladies by joining in. When admonished by the minister to keep quiet, he became angry and jumping up, began to talk and swear. He was quieted finally."
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.

The Whist Club met Monday evening with Mr. and Mrs. Fred C. Hunt. There were ten couples present and a very pleasurable evening spent. The requisite number of games for the championship of the winter were finished and Miss Ida Ritchie and Tom J. Eaton were declared the champions. The competition during the last few meetings grew very warm, and some highly scientific playing was recorded. New officers were elected as follows: Dr. Emerson, president, and Fred C. Hunt was re-elected secretary and referee. The next meeting, Tuesday evening next, will be with Mr. and Mrs. J. C. Fuller. Hereafter, all members who can't be present are to send their regret by the morning before the meeting, that even tables may be arranged.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
Sol. Miller has very little confidence in the Truly Good. In his remarks at the beginning of 1886, he said: "If everybody who know themselves guilty of secret offenses, which, if made public, would subject them to the penitentiary, should on the first day of the new year, voluntarily go to that penal institution, all the travel would tend to one point. There would be nobody left for guards."
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
Bolton township society is enlivened this week by a real genuine case of elopement, says the Republican. The participants were A. Scott and Miss Ella Gilbert, daughter of A. J. Gilbert. It was brought about by the old story of stern parents not allowing true love to run along smoothly. The parents were opposed to their daughter marrying Mr. Scott, but when that young lady attained her majority, she did as her heart dictated. The wedding occurred last Tuesday night at the residence of Rev. Vie, in Bolton township. Last Tuesday evening Mr. Scott went to the home of his lady love to take her to a social gathering at a neighbor's. Instead, the couple went and were united in marriage. Immediately after the ceremony was performed, the happy couple went to the home of Mr. Scott, which he had prepared to receive his bride, and commenced house-keeping. The groom is a young man, industrious, and is the owner of a good farm. The bride is one of the most estimable young ladies in Bolton township.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
After you get on your ear and make up your mind to "stop" your paper to make the editor feel humiliated, just poke your finger in water and then pull it out and look for the hole. Then you will know how sadly you are missed. The man who thinks a paper cannot survive without his support ought to go off and stay awhile. When he comes back he will find that half his friends didn't know he was gone. The other half didn't care a cent and the world at large hadn't kept any account of his movements whatever. You will find things, even in THE COURIER, you cannot endorse. Even the Bible is rather plain and hits some hard licks. If you were to get mad and burn your Bible, the hundreds of presses would still go on printing them; and if you were to stop your paper and call the editor all sorts of ugly names, the paper would still be published. And what is more, you will sneak around and borrow a copy of it every week from your neighbor. It is much better to keep your vest pulled down and your subscription paid up.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
Hon. Walter G. Seaver gets off this in the Telegram.

Some have an insane idea that they should use the prefix "Hon." every time they speak of some petty politician. We always supposed the prefix "Honorable" was to be used only in addressing members of the legislature, of congress, of the U. S. Senate, and of cabinet and of high government officials. But the title is becoming very cheap now and if you want to see it before your name, all that is necessary for you to do is to hunt up some reporter with a "two for a nickel" cigar and you will be spoken of in the Bungtown Bazoo as 'Hon. Simon Rustycusa.'"
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
An instance of what is accomplished by persistent and long standing economy came to light on Saturday, when an old colored man, Mr. Harvy, residing on Judge Turner's farm south of town, drove up to the Citizens bank and unloaded a box of specie for deposit. After calling on W. E. Clark to watch the bank officials, the count was made showing over $3,000 in silver and gold, representing the savings of many years. Mr. Harvy lost his wife a few days ago and says this money is for his children, Seawood, Mary, and Charles. The children, we understand, all inherit the same economical characteristic, and are liable in the near future to buy out one of our banks and run it in the interest of the freedmen. Independence Reporter.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
This "slickerish" weather makes it dangerous to be safe. Friday morning a lady of weight, about two hundred pounds, went to turn the corner of Main and Ninth. Her feet went north, four feet in the air, and her head south, down to the stone pavement. The awful fall jarred everything for a block around, a number of French plate windows being cracked and some fellows badly scared. And the saddest thing of all was that no one was gallant enough to rush to the rescue. Had she been a sweet young miss, the dudes of the whole block would have flown like oiled lightning to see which could assist her up first. Queer, isn't it?
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
The late blizzard admonishes stone buildings. The frame houses in Kansas seem to fail in keeping out what Artemus Ward calls the "coarsest of the cold." Build stone bridges, stone houses, stone barns, stone fences, and stone corrals. God Almighty has provided us an abundance of stone, and we think we should use it. Stone makes a warm house in winter and a cool house in summer; a stone bridge will not fall down nor rot away, while a stone barn will last forever. Let us build more of stone.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
The G. A. R. and W. R. C., two of the noblest orders in existence, have done a mint of good work this winter in looking after and caring for the poor. They have hunted out deserving families and kept them comfortable—families who, without their aid, would have probably suffered greatly. These Orders in Winfield are among the very strongest in the State. They are workers. Where there is active work, there is always active live—solidity and prosperity of the right kind.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.

Kansas weather is the counterpart of a wilful maiden—one day all smiles and sunshine, the next stormy and threatening. She was crying Friday—great big white tears. Her best fellow will now borrow seven dollars, or try it desperately hard, and take her sleigh riding and then she will smile again, her sweetest, most charming smile. If he can't raise the seven dollars, look out for an awful blizzard.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
Cowley County is no more prolific in anything than in "younguns." The official school census gives us 10,652, the fourth county in the State in school population. We not only excel in number of children, but our schools stand way in the lead in general facilities and efficiency. Education, superior intelligence, is our great bulwark—a big card toward the fame we are achieving all over the Union.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
Accounts of the damage by the late blizzard in the west are yet very meager and we will probably never know the full extent of the losses. Once in a while a report strays into a paper of someone freezing to death, but in the counties away from the railroads the reports are slow coming in, and the full report will never be given. The losses of life are not near as great as at first supposed.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
Our ice men are happy. Their harvest is over, their houses are full, and with tickling pocket they look forward to the hottest summer Winfield ever saw. The ice men rejoice in both devilish heat and devilish cold—one depends entirely on the other. The ice harvest this winter has never been excelled—from seven to twelve inches thick, clear and ripe.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
A meeting of the stockholders of the Winfield National Bank was held Tuesday, Jan. 12th, 1886. C. Perry, Arthur H. Green, Geo. Emerson, J. B. Lynn, Geo. H. Williams, Henry R. Branson, and H. B. Schuler were elected directors. The officers elected are H. B. Schuler, President; Everett Schuler, cashier; and Geo. H. Schuler, assistant cashier.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
Commissioner J. A. Irwin was over from Windsor Monday. He leaves in a few days for a three week's visit to his aged mother in La Relle, Mo. His mother is 82 years old and yet quite buoyant. Mr. Irwin takes with him a copy of each of Cowley's twelve papers, as the best possible index to the county's material prosperity and worth.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
The interests of every person in Winfield who owns a foot of ground or is in business are at stake. Let every citizen feel that he must do his level best to carry these bonds, and then in the event of failure you can console yourself with the thought that you did your full duty.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
Miss Ora Worden, after a month's visit with her friends, Misses Nellie and Kate Rodgers, returned, via the S. K. Friday evening, to her home in Garnett. She is a very attractive young lady and made many friends during her visit.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
The officials have again found a secret gambling den and have eight of the victims ready for dissecting before Judge Snow. Most of them are young men, some quite young, who have no doubt laid down a number of good wads on the paste-board altar.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.

It is wonderful how a little loss will knock the equilibrium out of a man. Wm. D. Carey has assassinated his moustache, a transformation wonderful to behold. Handsome before, he now looks "perfectly horrid."
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
The Winfield COURIER thinks they had cold weather last week and brags that their thermometer got down to 16 degrees. We go you four better, boys, we marked 20 degrees.
Udall Sentinel.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
Though this snow wasn't heavy, being followed by a freeze made a solid and slick bottom for sleighing. Several cutters, with their jolly bells, were out Friday night and Saturday morning.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
Marshal McFadden got downtown Monday for the first time since last Thursday. He has had a severe siege of lung fever. It will be some days before he will be himself again.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
There was but one certificate of unalloyed bliss issued by Judge Gans Monday, Wm. J. Calvin and Elpha White, of Fairview township.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
Allow me to ask you a few questions that your strictures in Monday's COURIER upon dancing, etc., called out. You say "joy vents itself in music and dancing as naturally as sparks fly upward." I have reached close on three score and ten, and have never once expressed my joy in a dance nor ever had any desire to do so. For about fifty-five years, I have rejoiced in God, my Savior, and now as I am nearing the end of my journey, my joy increases, and my hope of heaven brightens. My joy vents itself in thanksgiving and praise to God for his loving kindness and tender mercies to me, and for my hope of eternal life through his son, the Lord Jesus. Have I been wrong all these years in giving vent to my joy in the way I have done? Please answer me plainly. YOUR FRIEND.

The above comes from a gentleman whose example is the greatest evidence of the peace and joy of the Christian religion. His countenance is always happy, his words cheering, his association stimulating. His long life has been devoted to God and humanity. His religion is practical. He don't hold aloof from sinners through a seeming fear of contamination. He seeks them for the good he can do them—not by long lectures and sanctimonious admonitions persistently thrust, but by his example of true manhood, by his joyous words and ready encouragement. His joy vents itself in this way with a satisfaction most admirable. This is his sweetest joy and the world's greatest good. But all are not alike. Few can reach the pinnacle of his faith, even though they have his years. Youthful joy must vent itself in the hilarity prompted by the vigor and tastes. Many can't dance and have no love for music—neither has thrills of joy for them. To others these are natural channels of joy. That dancing is wrong in itself none can declare. When carried on properly it cultivates grace, ease of manner in society, and is healthful. Wrong can be made of it. It can be carried to excess and its associations may become damaging. So can thousands of things that the pulpit and press countenance. Let the happy soul, if it thus finds delight, revel moderately in music and dance. Let the associations be governed, just as all social gatherings should be governed, by the standard of good character. As carried on in Winfield, by the Pleasant Hour Club, for instance, and as indulged in the parlors of some of our homes, there is no better amusement: no more graceful or enlivening past-time. It don't cultivate intellect—social parties are not for that purpose; they are for relaxation for the mind is drowning things weighty in "airy pleasantries"—just as the case at church socials or other places of social intent. Let the hours be reasonable and the associations as elevating as possible, and it can be nothing but the most innocent, invigorating, and acceptable amusement—fully in keeping with true character and the purest existence. Let all dance for joy whose natures best find it in that way, reverencing every character that finds its enjoyment in different channels, in keeping with morality and sound judgment. Nothing is wrong unless you make it so. It is not the use, but the abuse that should be discountenanced.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
The El Dorado Republican tells of a bad case of dejected humanity. "He was observed sitting on the stone steps in front of the Exchange National Bank. His head was bowed don on his knees and he seemed careless alike of the cold and the passers-by. A man went up to him and asked him what was the trouble, but he received the reply, 'Go away and let me alone.' The man had been sitting there probably two hours when a man who knew him tried to induce him to go home and go to bed, but the fellow objected—didn't want to be disturbed. After awhile an officer came up and compelled the man to go home, going with him to see that he obeyed. Now it transpires that this man, who is a mechanic about 35 years old and who lives in this town, has had some love trouble. He yesterday evening, wrote a note to the object of his affections, bidding her goodbye forever, saying she would never see him alive again. He then went down town and sat on the bank corner, determined to wait there until he froze to death or determine on the easiest way to shuffle off this mortal coil."
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
A pleasant party met at the residence of Mr. and Mrs. R. E. Wallis Tuesday eve and were charmingly entertained by the host and hostess and their four vivacious daughters. After a session of general conversation and a very excellent and elaborate collation, the company retired with a high sense of enjoyment. Those present as far as now occurs to us were: Mr. and Mrs. M. L. Robinson, Mr. and Mrs. Sam Pryor, Dr. and Mrs. Evans, Mr. and Mrs. J. S. Hunt, Mr. and Mrs. Journey, Mr. and Mrs. A. H. Doane, Mr. and Mrs. J. L. Horning, Mr. and Mrs. G. W. Miller, Mr. and Mrs. Ray Oliver, Mr. and Mrs. H. Brown, Mr. and Mrs. E. Beeny, Mr. and Mrs. J. J. Carson, Dr. and Mrs. Geo. Emerson, Mr. and Mrs. A. E. Baird, Mr. and Mrs. D. A. Millington, Hon. And Mrs. W. P. Hackney, Col. And Mrs. J. C. McMullen, Mr. and Mrs. J. F. McMullen, Mr. and Mrs. J. H. Bullen, Mr. and Mrs. S. Lowe, Mr. and Mrs. D. L. Kretsinger, Mrs. Col. Whiting, Mrs. Will Whiting, Mrs. A. T. Spotswood, Mr. G. H. Allen, and Miss Agnes Lynch, Wichita.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.

The funeral of Ada, the bright little three-year-old daughter of Mr. and Mrs. J. R. Clark, was well attended at 2 o'clock Monday from the residence, 718 East 7th Avenue, conducted by Rev. B. Kelly. Heavy indeed is the pall that hangs over these parental hearts—three little ones, all the joy and light of their household, taken away in little more than a year. No words can lift the sorrow that well nigh engulfs them—even time, with its eternal soothing, cannot lift it. There is only the sweet, divine consolation that their treasures have withered on earth to bloom in heaven. Mr. and Mrs. Clark desire THE COURIER to express their heart-felt thanks to the many friends whose kind acts and words have been tendered in their bereavement.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
The Woman's Suffrage Society met Tuesday evening at the home of Mrs. C. Strong, with a good attendance and much interest. Mrs. Frank W. Finch read a well-written essay on "Power," evidencing considerable philosophy and thought. Mrs. Olmstead gave some fine instrumental music, accompanied vocally by Miss Williams. Discussion was had on the subject of petitioning the Legislature for the right of suffrage for women in Kansas, by Mrs. C. Strong, Mrs. J. W. Curns, Mrs. C. H. Greer, Mrs. Dr. Bailey, and others. These petitions have been circulated by the society here and those all over the state and largely signed, ready for the State solons. A committee of women from the State Suffrage Society will likely present them and urge their justice and expediency.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
The Marshal has notified the billiard saloon keepers that throwing dice for cigars or anything else, playing pool or billiards for cigars or who shall pay for the use of the table, or anything else, will be prosecuted for keeping a gambling house. The Marshal and Capt. Siverd are to report any violation of these injunctions to Senator Hackney or Mr. Asp, who have signified their determination to break these holes up if they have to jail the violators. The parties recently captured for gambling can testify that it don't pay. Boys, look out or some of you will be playing checkers with your nose.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
Mr. M. L. Martin, of Vernon, lays upon our table the largest and finest apple we have seen this winter. It is a slightly acid, pleasant flavored apple, of a hitherto unnamed variety and a first-class keeper. Mr. Martin recently sent samples to the State Horticultural Society for christening, and the Society named it, "Kansas Keeper." Mr. Martin has a considerable quantity of them on hand. He also left us a specimen of winter pear, which promises to keep well all winter and come out fresh and juicy in the spring.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
Death has again come with his relentless hand and taken the last child in the home of Mr. T. C. Tomlinson, on south Menor. It has been but a few days since Sylvia, a bright-eyed little girl was taken away. Tuesday eve Charlie, their only little boy, breathed his last, and their home is left desolate by diphtheria's terrible scourge. Mrs. Tomlinson is also quite sick with the same disease. Mr. and Mrs. Tomlinson have the sympathy of the entire community in their great trouble.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
The Woman's Christian Temperance Union of this city has honored THE COURIER with a temperance calendar, very convenient and artistic, with an effective motto for every day in the year. They were sent for especially for the press of the county and make a very useful souvenir.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
Some needy party had the brass to walk off with a good overcoat from in front of Baden's store yesterday afternoon. It being in broad daylight, this is the boldest steal that has happened for some time. If Mr. Baden can get the scoundrel, it will go hard with him.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
Under the supervision of Sheriff McIntire, the court room has been greatly transformed. The new appointment gives dignity becoming the Honorable the District Court of Cowley County. The jury is now perched upon a gradually inclining elevation, the rows gradually grading, in view. The court and bar are fenced in by a neat railing with a forbidding gate. The court sits behind a new, finely varnished walnut desk, while Clerk Pate's quarters are much more convenient. The lawyers who want conclave needn't go to the dark recesses of the jail: the east jury room being assigned them. The whole jurisdiction adorns the east side of the court room. The space given the bar to cave [?] around in is larger. The audience room is smaller and will be less convenient for public gatherings. But for judicial use, the improvement is great. It has been needed for a long time. The court began to grind again this afternoon after three days adjournment.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
The Winfield market offers more for wheat today than any other market in the world. That is stating it strong, but the facts will bear out the statement. One of the principal farmers of Fairview township has about four thousand bushels of wheat, and he claimed that Bliss & Wood was controlling this market to the detriment of the producers. Mr. Wood told him in answer that he might get the quotation of any domestic or foreign market in the world, and that Bliss & Wood would give him one cent more per bushel than the highest quotation. We are simply tired of hearing people talk about Bliss & Wood oppressing the farmer. It is not true, and never was. Close their mill and the price of wheat in this market will fall off one fourth. They have bulled this market during the past six months and have lost money by so doing.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
Monday night was the prettiest for sleighing Winfield ever saw. The snow was not deep, but covered the ground evenly and was almost as solid and smooth as ice. The moon was bright and the air crisp, giving the merry sleigh bells an echo keen and thrilling. A number of cutters were out and the victims, otherwise good young men, are rustling around among their friends today, striking for loans sufficient to appease the horrible appetite of the liveryman. The pleasures of "the best girl" must be reverenced—if it takes an irredeemable mortgage on the entire future of the unfortunate young man. Funny the boys don't kick, isn't it?
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.

The DAILY COURIER of Wednesday contained over a column and a half article on the wedding of Mr. Lewis Brown and Miss Lena Walrath, which took place at the residence of Mr. C. Collins, in Winfield, on Tuesday evening. The wedding was truly a grand affair, there being over one hundred guests present. The presents to the bride and groom were very numerous, the list occupying very near a column in THE COURIER. Among them we notice that some of the donors are residents of this city. Oxford Register.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
The denizens of Winfield claim they have found a 6-inch vein of coal. It was discovered at a depth of 150 ft. by a man who was digging a well for the Imbecile asylum. We can beat that down at Arkansas City. We know of a man who discovered a half-ton of coal at our back door last week while we were asleep. A half-ton discovery will beat a six-inch one all to pieces. The man who found our half-ton vein did not have to dig 150 feet down in the ground, either. A. C. Republican.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
"Kansas Day," January 29th, the day on which our State was admitted into the Union twenty-five years ago, will be celebrated in grand and booming style at the State Capital. It is also proposed to observe the day throughout the State with local celebrations, and especially to observe the day with appropriate exercises in the public schools. Our city schools and those all over fair Cowley will manifest their love of our grand State and their true patriotism by exercises appropriate to a proper celebration.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
Ottawa authorities offer inducements to tramps that are likely to make them steer clear of that city. Circulars containing the following have been issued on the railroads and in the surrounding country: "Wanted—2,000 able-bodied tramps to work on the city rock pile, Ottawa, Kansas. If convenient, come at the rate of five per day. Ten days work with board and lodging furnished free. The influence of the city is excellent—17 churches and a flourishing Young Men's Christian Association."
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
Mrs. Albro Monday gave the better half of THE COURIER CO. a very pleasant ride after her sprightly pony team in her gay light New England cutter accompanied by the exhilarating music of strings of bells. Mrs. Albro is a lady whose joyous and social nature thrills under the excitement of just such sleigh rides, and yet she deeply sympathizes with the suffering. Many are the poor and friendless boys and girls that she has relieved and cared for and made happier and better.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
The Santa Fe has waked up the wrong passenger. The great Frisco Trunk line has invaded her territory, and backed up by Jay Gould, Russell Sage, Jessie Seligman, and other prominent financiers, who are opposed to the Santa Fe, have purchased the K. C. & S. W. and taken the contract of the K. C. & S. W. to push that road on from Arkansas City to Caldwell, and west, with another line south through the Indian Territory to the Gulf.
Geuda Springs Herald.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.

Manager Myers created a novelty last week most acceptable: the Opera House warm and comfortable for every performance. And he proposes to keep it so. Heretofore the hall has had an Alaskan atmosphere at about every performance—the only thing hot being the tempers and patience of the patrons. He has exhibited that the hall can be kept warm and is bound to have it so. All needed is proper attention!
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
As often stated, the way to build up a town and country, is to push it. No man ever made a fortune by waiting for the fortune to come to him. It is the rustler that moves business. It is the man of energy that makes the rustler. And so it is with a city. The sleepy fellow never grasps golden opportunities. They, like the fat hog, only look for something to fill the stomach, and then a mud hold to lay down in.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
Twelve book agents made a simultaneous break on the Central dining room Monday. It was an awful siege—calculated to stampede even the boldest denizens. They got out without a victim. A tremor like a wicked earthquake has permeated the whole town. Look out. This is the biggest dose of all and somebody must deliver.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
Mr. Sherman a farmer east of town, planted corn on Christmas day and the day following: fifteen acres in all. Solomon Fields planted considerable corn about the same time, but we did not learn the exact number of acres. The ground was in good condition and the planting was done as an experiment. Mulvane Record.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
Saturday afternoon caught two matrimonial victims, Noah M. Douglass and Florence Hammond; Wm. Potter and Lydia Klaus, the latter couple being married at the home of her father, Geo. Klaus, the drayman. It is quite a youthful couple: he twenty-two and she only thirteen.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
A new school district is being formed in Vernon township, with Kellogg about the center. It is taken from district 8, 50, and 68, and has a valuation of about forty-two thousand dollars. This indicates a graded school soon at Kellogg.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
There will be a festival at Darien schoolhouse, in Rock township, on Friday evening, January 29th, for the purpose of raising funds to purchase an organ for the Sunday school. All are cordially invited. A good time is anticipated.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
The Woman's Suffrage Society of this city is circulating petitions asking the Kansas Legislature to enact a law this winter granting woman suffrage. The Suffrage societies all over the State have combined in this effort.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
Thursday afternoon caught one matrimonial victim: the first one since Tuesday. H. C. Cotton and Delia Derusha, who were married in this city at 4 o'clock today.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
Married by J. H. Reider, in Winfield, January 17th, 1886, at the home of George Klaus, on 11th avenue, Wm. H. Potter and Lydia B. Klaus.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.

The voting precinct has not been changed in Fairview. It still remains at the Little Dutch schoolhouse. Voters will remember this.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
The pupils of the Southern Kansas Normal School met Thursday at their hall and organized a debating society.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
The Dexter folks call the stage line between there and Winfield the D., M. & A.. There is some consolation in that.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
Baden will sell goods very cheap for the next 30 days.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
Never borrow money on real estate, either city or country property, until you have consulted with P. H. Albright & Co.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
Jarvis, Conklin & Co. are now prepared to make choice loans of $200 and upwards upon real estate security without any delay further than is necessary to perfect title. Money will be paid when the papers are executed and no waiting for approval by eastern investors will be required. They are the only loan agents in Kansas who give the privilege of paying a mortgage in installments at any interest payment, and write the privilege in the mortgage. A verbal promise of this privilege does not bind the investor. They are also the only loan agents handling eastern money who deliver the coupons when the interest is paid. Annual or semi-annual interest given, and the lowest rates guaranteed.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
For enterprise, push, and a desire to get such goods as will give the trade satisfaction. J. N. Harter the Druggist leads all competition. He sells Dr. Bosanko's Cough and Lung Syrup, because it is the best medicine on the market for Coughs, Colds, Croup, and Primary Consumption. Price 50 cents and $1.00. Samples free.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
Use "Perfection Oil" for your lamps. Pure, non-explosive, and highly refined, at Brown & Son's.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
The firm heretofore doing business under the firm name of Whiting Bros. Is this day dissolved by mutual consent, Fred A. Whiting retiring. Whiting & Son will continue in business at the old place, assuming all liabilities and collecting all debts due the old firm.
Winfield, Jan. 1, 1886.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.

The firm heretofore doing business under the firm name of Kraft & Dix is this day dissolved by mutual consent, John W. Dix retiring. J. G. Kraft will continue the business at the same place and assume all liabilities and collect all debts.
Winfield, Jan. 7, 1886.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
Ten head of fine Hereford bulls for sale. From good native cows and full blood Hereford bull, registered in American Herd book, Vol. 3, 8 miles south and 2 miles east of Oxford.
L. F. Johnson.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
Having got our mill fitted up with the most approved machinery and operated by a miller of large experience, we are making a first-class flour. Having fitted up for the purpose of doing an exchange trade, and being centrally located for the convenience of farmers who may have business in Winfield, we invite all to give us a trial and they will find at the top both for the quantity and quality of flour given for good wheat. Always on hand for dale or exchange, Flour, Graham Flour, Corn Meal, Hominy, Grain Feed, and Ship Stuffs.
Kirk & Alexander, 8th ave., west of Lynn's store.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
For 50 cents, postal note, we will send post paid, a golden box of beautiful specimens from twenty different mines of Colorado. The specimens are beautifully arranged and cemented to a card in the box with the name and place from which it came, printed under each specimen. Each box contains a scarf pin, made of a large beautiful nugget so closely resembling gold that the best judges can hardly distinguish the difference. Circulars describing our specimens and curiosities sent free in each box. Address, S. W. Terrill & Co., Denver, Colorado.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
On and after March 1st, 1886, the sw ½ of section 3, township 33, range 3, in Beaver township, owned by A. B. Story. A. H. Green, Agent.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
Dairy farm 1½ miles east of Winfield, 320 acres with running water and well. Good house, stables, and granaries; 40 acres with rock fence. Suitable tenant can get it for a number of years. Apply at Kirk & Alexander's mill, Winfield.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
Office of Kansas City & Southwestern Railroad Company.
Winfield, Kansas, January 9th, 1886.
Notice is hereby given that a special meeting of the stockholders of the Kansas City & Southwestern Railroad Company will be held in the City of Winfield, County of Cowley, State of Kansas, at 8 o'clock p.m., on the 30th day of January, A. D., 1886, for the following purposes.

1. To consider and vote upon a proposition to ratify and adopt the action of the Board of Directors of this Company in making, executing, and delivering of the lease of said Kansas City & Southwestern Railroad, constructed and unconstructed, together with its property and franchises, to the St. Louis & San Francisco Railway Company for the full term of 98 years, together with all its property, rights, privileges, and immunities.
2. To consider and vote upon a proposition to ratify and approve the action of the Board of Directors of this Company in making, issuing, and negotiating the bonds of this company for the sum of Twelve Thousand Dollars per mile for each and every mile of railroad constructed by this Company south of the crossing of the Neosha river in Coffey County, in the State of Kansas, and Fifteen Thousand Dollars per mile for each and every mile constructed by said company between the said crossing of the said Neosha river and the city of Kansas City in the state of Missouri, and securing the payment of the same by deed or trust to be made, executed, and delivered to the Farmers' Loan and Trust Company of New York, upon all the railway constructed and unconstructed, and other property and franchises and immunities of this company.
By order of the Board of Directors.
HENRY E. ASP, Secretary.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
Recap. In the District Court within and for the County of Cowley, and State of Kansas.
Elmira Only, plaintiff, vs. Joseph Only, defendant. Hackney & Asp, Attorneys for plaintiff. Divorce petition. To be answered by February 18, 1886.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
Recap. J. F. McMullen, Plaintiff's Attorney. Attest: J. E. Snow, Justice of the Peace.
Before J. E. Snow, Justice of the Peace, City of Winfield, Cowley County, State of Kansas. Wm. L. Blair, plaintiff, vs. Jos. W. Timmons and Jonathan Duncan, defendants.
Garnishment: $100 and interest thereon at the rate of 12 per cent per annum from March 26, 1885. To be heard January 29, 1886, at 10 o'clock a.m.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
Recap. Probate court. Estate of Morgan Watts, deceased. Jas. W. Connor, Administrator. Forsythe & Madden, Attorneys. Date of settlement and discharge: April 5, 1886.
Skipped: Legal Notices re Sheriff's Election Proclamation for Rock Creek Township and Vernon Township Election Proclamation. Covered before.
C. M. Wood's Story Continued.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 28, 1886.

Then Mr. Renfro's boys, John and Firman, put me across the raging Walnut in a boat. I mounted my horse and went directly back to Cottonwood Falls, where I was several days buying goods and arranging to come back. This was about the 22nd to 25th of June, for on the 26th day of June, I was married to Miss Melinda Jones, from Springfield, Ohio, at the residence of Judge W. R. Brown, at Cottonwood Falls.
Here I again met Col. E. C. Manning; found him sitting on the door-sill of J. S. Doolittle's store, said he had made up his mind to locate some place on the Walnut, not certain where, yet I tried to get him to come to Lagonda. He said he might do so. I then left him to his musings.
In two or three days I loaded several teams with goods and started them on ahead for my store, following in a few hours on horseback. When about 20 miles on my road, I met a stranger in a wagon, who stopped me and asked, "Is your name Wood?" Being answered in the affirmative, he continued: "Your store has been burned by the Indians." I told him I could not think it was true, but he seemed confident, and said he got his information from Douglass. This gave me hopes, as there was some rivalry between Douglass and Lagonda, as this place was then called, a name given it by my wife before we were married, being an Indian name meaning "Clear Waters."
So I pressed on until I came up with my teams when I told them to go on as far as Douglass and remain there until they heard from me, which I thought would be nearly as soon as they could get there. In haste, I came on to Lagonda, and when I turned around the corner of the timber in sight of my store, I beheld that there was nothing left of that, to me, once grand building but the blackened and charred stockade. Desolation reigned supreme. No Indians to be seen, no white men to be seen; all was gone except an indomitable will. I then and there determined to build again at once, but on my individual claim, the burnt house being built to hold the town site. So I returned to Douglass, stored my goods, paid my teamsters, and commenced to haul the logs, and on about the last of June had raised to the square the log cabin now standing on the banks of the ravine northwest of the north depot.
By this time I was found by W. W. Andrews, from Leavenworth, who camped on the ground with me by the side of my second house. We slept well that night and early in the morning, while getting breakfast, we heard that unearthly noise made by 2,000 Indians crossing the Walnut river at the Kickapoo ford west of the Tunnel mill. The neighing of ponies, yelping of Indian dogs, screaming of squaws, intermingled with rattling of pans and cooking utensils broke out on the air of that still June morning, making music for us not very desirable to listen to. In a few minutes came a lone Indian, much hungry. We fed him and were soon startled by the war whoops of twenty-five Indian braves—stripped to the waist, on bare back ponies, with lances in hand, coming down on us with the speed of the wind, holding aloft their spears, or lances. As they approached I walked toward them with navy pistol in hand, determined to do or die. When they arrived in pistol shot, I called a halt, which was obeyed, when they came filing up in single file with lance lowered, riding around, then raising their lances in the air with a threatening look.
I recognized a one-eyed Indian among them whom I knew could talk English. I said, "You talk English?" He shook his head. I told him that he was a liar, that I knew him. He said, "Talk little." I said, "What you come here in this shape for?" He said, "To look around." I said, "You have looked around, now pucachee!" After staying around a few minutes, they filed off and went over the hill toward the rising sun.

Mr. Andrews and I held a council of war and concluded to load up and cross the creek out of the track of the returning Indians, so we proceeded back to James Renfro's, where we found Chetopa with about twenty-five braves. He had ordered Renfro and all other white men to go north beyond their lands; but when I came up, he at once said I should stay. I told him his men had burned my house, but I had built another, and I wished him to go back with me and protect me from a second fire. He said that he would, whereupon Mr. Patterson volunteered to accompany me on horseback. We marched in front of the Indians, and when about halfway back, discovered an immense cloud of smoke ascending up from the location of my new home. I turned in my saddle and remarked to Chetopa, "They have done it, come on and help put it out." Then Patterson and myself put our horses under full speed until we reached the fire. Having no vessels for water, we at once stripped off our saddles and took the blankets and let them down into a well I had dug in the side of the bank close by, and then slapped the wet blankets on the logs until we got the fire under control, and about that time the Indians came up. They sat on their ponies a few minutes, when Chetopa ordered an old Indian to dismount and help put out the fire. I at once set a muley fork in the shallow well, sat down on the pins, and dipped up water with my hat, which they carried and threw on the fire until it was out. While leaning over the well, the Indian dropped a stone pipe out of his mouth into the well, the water being about three and a half feet deep. I went clean under the water, got his pipe, and he received it from me with the word, "Logany," mounted his pony, and went away. Anyone desiring to see the charred logs at the southeast corner of the oldest house this side of Judge Ross, can take a walk to Island Park Place Addition and there he can see it for himself.
And now, after the second house had been fired by the Indians, who had ordered James Renfro to pack up and leave their reserve, and who had shown their hostility in other ways (stealing Judge T. B. Ross' horses and ordering him to leave), a council was held by the squatters in which it was decided to move north to or near the Reserve line and await developments. Renfro moved up near Muddy creek with cattle, horses, and family. W. W. Andrews, Mr. Patterson, and myself formed a company for putting up prairie hay. I went to Cottonwood Falls, bought a mowing machine and other tools, laid in a quantity of provisions, and returned about the 10th of July to Douglass. Mr. Andrews and Mr. Patterson meanwhile had selected hay grounds about four miles southwest of Douglass, on what is known as Eight Mile creek, and between Eight Mile and the Walnut river, where lay a fine piece of bottom land and upon which grew as fine blue stem prairie grass as anyone could wish to see. The land is now owned by a Mr. Osborne and sons. We at once struck camp, made what the boys called a go-devil for dragging hay to the rick, started the machine, and started stacking as fast as the weather would permit, as 1869 was the wettest year that I have ever experienced since coming to this State. We continued work for about three weeks, getting up a large amount of hay, when I went back to Cottonwood Falls, bought a tent, some cooking utensils, and such articles as were necessary for the comfort of Mrs. Wood, who came back with me.

Upon our return we set up tent keeping. The weather had become more propitious for haying so we went at it again in full force. After getting up 325 tons for ourselves, we contracted and put up hay for one McFadden, also for Martindale and Cady—all of whom were squatters on this land—after which we sold our hay to a Mr. Moss, who wintered a large number of cattle the following winter.
After settling up our hay business, Mr. Andrews and myself hitched our four horses to our wagon, loaded in some goods, and with Mrs. Woods started down the Walnut river again, arriving at Judge Ross' claim the same day. I forgot to mention that Judge Ross had not vacated or abandoned his claim on account of Indians, even temporarily as many others of us did. The noble old man used to make fun of us and say that we had not the right kind of grit for successful pioneers. He used to tell us how he was born in a fort, cradled in a fort, and knew what Indians and danger were.
After dinner Mr. Andrews, Mrs. Wood, and myself mounted on horseback, came on down the river to reconnoiter and decide our future course. We came back to our cabin, which had been spared by the Indians. It was surrounded by prairie grass standing from six to ten feet high, all headed out and ripe, representing as nearly an unlimited rye field as anyone could imagine. From the cabin we rode up Timber creek to the old Indian camp, where stood the remains of their tepees or wigwams, such as one will see wherever Indians camp for a few days at a time. After looking over the ground for some minutes, I called out to Mr. Andrews to hold my horse as I wanted to get a watermelon. Mr. Andrews at the same moment called out to me, "Hold my gun until I get this watermelon." Then we both dismounted at once, holding our own horse and gun, picking each our own watermelon. Assisting Mrs. Wood to alight we sat down on the prairie and ate two as good melons as one would wish for. The seed, having been planted in the spring by the Indians during the succession of showers and sunshine, had grown to perfection. After eating our melons we remounted, returned to the cabin, and there held a council. Mrs. Wood said, "This will some day make a very good country; the soil must be good to grow such grass." I asked her if she wanted to try to settle here, with me. "Yes," she said. "I can stay wherever you can. Let us try it." Mr. Andrews said, "I will take the claim due east of you," and proceeded to do so. Then we went back to our old hay camp and moved our traps down to the cabin, where I set up a tent and went at once to work putting up some hay for my team, which came in very good play not only for my own horses but for many others who came later. However, the green grass was good in the timber during the entire winter, except now and then, but a few hours at a time when covered by light snow. Up to this time my house was only a pen of logs without a roof, floor, doors, or windows, and we were living in our tent. I proceeded to get some clap-boards split out of green timber, some rafters and studding for gables, and with the assistance of Mrs. Wood, erected the rafters and nailed on the boards. I next cut out the poles for the doors, hewed out a puncheon floor, laid it down, and moved in. This done, Mrs. Wood and I concluded to make a trip up the country to Cottonwood Falls for supplies such as a stove, lumber for doors, windows, etc.

Mr. Andrews said he was looking for a Dr. W. G. Graham, wife, and child; and said he was coming prepared to stay. He asked if we would give him shelter until he could provide for himself. We told him certainly, he could move right into our cabin, and the next day I went up the country a few miles to some squatters' cabins to prepare for our trip, and who should I meet but a man with a fine yoke of oxen drawing a wagon loaded with a woman and child, a little boy. This was about three miles north of my cabin. I asked him at once who he was and where he was going. He said he was Dr. Graham from Leavenworth, and that he was hunting for Wood's ranch. I told him I was Wood. He asked me if Mr. Andrews had spoken to me about shelter. I told him that he had; that it was all right, and that as he was heavy loaded and his team was tired, he should let his wife and child get in my wagon; also put in part of his load. I would go on to our cabin and prepare to make them comfortable, after which I pointed out the timber where he would find a ford, and told him to follow me. I arrived in good time, when our wives set to work to cook something for the inner man, on a camp fire.
(To Be Continued.)
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 28, 1886.
It is doubtful if there is another city in the west that can boast of being ahead of Wichita in the number of church attendance or fine church edifices, according to the number of people. Notwithstanding the fact that Sunday was cold and disagreeable and for the most part a light snow falling, the attendance at the M. E. Sunday School was 421. The attendance at the other Sunday schools, a half dozen in number, was equally as large. The churches were mostly all well attended, and a traveling man at one of the leading hotels of the city, made the statement that Wichita and Kansas in general beat the world in church attendance, and that he was agreeably surprised to see so many people at the churches. Wichita Eagle.
Winfield is the city that can completely lay you in the shade—as it is rapidly doing in everything else. Wichita has no church edifice that will compare with even our second best. Our Baptist church is pronounced by everybody who enters it as one of the very best church buildings in the west—superior in interior decoration and furnishing and general commodious appointments to any in Topeka, Leavenworth, or Atchison. It is of the latest architecture and metropolitan in everything. And we have three others that follow it closely—that would do credit to cities twice our size. As to church goers, we won't take a back seat for anybody. Our seven churches are filled to overflowing for their every service. And the attendance includes saints and sinners. Our ministers are eloquent, zealous, logical men, who furnish intellectual as well as spiritual food. The attendance at the late union revival meetings, led by Rev. Patterson, the Chicago evangelist, was something marvelous, the astonishment of every visitor. And all this goes hand in hand with a material prosperity absolutely unexcelled. Our people are of superior character, "git up and dust," in public enterprises, individually frugal and prosperous, and the happiest beings on earth. Call again, Mr. Eagle.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 28, 1886.
There was an exhibition of fancy skating given at the rink last Wednesday night to almost the usual attendance.
Will and Joe, our handsome druggists, were over to Torrance again Tuesday evening. No, they don't live over there; that's a mistake.
As far as known now, the opening of the Library and Lyceum is expected to take place on Friday evening, Jan. 29th. The excellent and interesting temperance drama, "The Last Leaf," will then be presented.

The last school report shows that there are three hundred and sixteen pupils enrolled in our public schools. An election has been called for Saturday, the 30th inst., to vote $2,000 in bonds to build additional school room. So we grow.
The Burden Eagle has changed hands, the Eagle Publishing Co., having sold out to R. D. Lake. He takes possession immediately, and, we understand, expects to edit the paper himself, J. W. Henthorn retiring. Mr. Henthorn has been connected with a newspaper in this place almost from the founding of the town, and although he may have made mistakes and enemies enough, still he has done much for the growth of the place. As for the "late unpleasantness," which has occupied the attention of our citizens for a few days, the less said about it the better. It will soon be forgotten unless reopened by the parties interested. Such occurrences do not help a town any and should be deplored by all.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 28, 1886.
The Grand Commander of the Select Knights of the Ancient Order of United Workmen of Kansas, has issued an order forming the Kansas Legions into eight Grand Divisions. Each Legion will elect a delegate to meet at the Grand Division conclave. These division conclaves will be held on Tuesday, the 9th day of February, for the purpose of electing division commanders. The meetings will be called to order at 2 o'clock p.m. In case any division fails to elect a commander, the Grand Commander will appoint one. The fifth division, the conclave of which will be held in Winfield, embraces the following legions: Sumner No. 10, of Wellington; Creswell No. 15, of Arkansas City; Cowley No. 16, of Winfield; Mystic No. 34, of El Dorado; Blair No. 40, of Dexter; Burden No. 44, of Burden; Forest City No. 45, of Wichita; and Kingman No. 51, of Kingman. The visitors to Winfield will be given a reception that will make their visit one of most pleasant remembrance.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 28, 1886.
The stockholders of the K. C. & S. W. railroad company held an annual meeting at the office of Henry E. Asp Wednesday. The lease of the road to the Frisco from Beaumont to the Territory line was confirmed. The Frisco gives 25 per cent of the gross earnings, guaranteeing the interest on the mortgage bonds, should the earnings be insufficient. The K. C. & S. W. company still exists and has all the arrangements made to push its line to Kansas City and other directions. The new directors, as elected last night, are: James Dun, assistant general manager of the Frisco Co.; A. Douglass, auditor of Frisco; John O. Day, general attorney Frisco; E. D. Kenna, assistant attorney of Frisco; B. F. Hobert, C. M. Condon, Henry E. Asp, and James Hill. The executive officers stand as before.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 28, 1886.
The engine on the west bound S. K. Friday evening froze up near Miland, Sumner County, and died. It was a lack of water in the boiler, coupled with the extreme frigidity. The train didn't pass through here until about nine o'clock this morning.
The Pleasant Hour Club Scores Another Big Success in Its Annual
Bal Masque at the Opera House Last Night.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 28, 1886.
Never did Winfield have a more successful and thoroughly pleasurable social event than last Thursday night at the Opera House, the fifth annual Bal Masque of the Pleasant Hour Club. It was the talk of the town from the issuing of the invitations and fully met the fondest expectations. The enthusiasm of the city's young society people has been warm all winter—keener than for years, which insures supreme enjoyment of their every social gathering. But of course this was the eclat affair, as to arrangements and anticipation. By 9 o'clock the maskers, under the expeditious carriage accommodation of Arthur Bangs, were about all present, and the hall represented a novel and romantically interesting scene. The devil and the heavenly angel, wings and all, pooled issues and consorted as though the millennium was indeed at hand. The peasant and the lord clasped arms and drowned all distinction, while Uncle Sam watched the antics of the clown, the Castle Garden twins, and pussy kids with a satisfaction banishing all weights of state. At a little past nine, the grand promenade was formed and then the fun for the large audience of spectators, as well as for the weird and ghostly maskers, began in earnest.
On with the dance, let joy be unconfined!
No sleep till morn when youth and pleasure meet,
To chase the going hours with flying feet.
With the superb music of the Roberts' orchestra, the splendid prompting of Chas. Gay and J. L. M. Hill as chief floor manager, the dances went on with a smoothness admirable. In manipulating the floor Mr. Hill, agreeably assisted by A. H. Doane, was perfectly at home, with a genial promptness at once recognized. About 65 couples were in mask, just enough to nicely fill the floor, without the crowd and jam too apt to mar the pleasure of such an occasion. The number of really fine costumes, especially among the ladies, was unusual and the disguises were remarkably good. At 11 o'clock the jolly maskers were lined around the hall and the masks lifted, when the usual "Well, who on earth would have ever thought it!" "Why, I knew you as soon as you took off your mask!" "How completely you fooled us, and what a dumpling of a suit." A thousand ludicrous surprises were vented, as the "great unknown" confronted each other.
Mrs. Senator Hackney, as "Airy Fairy Lillian," was richly costumed and completely disguised.
Misses Nona Calhoun and Bert Morford, in their pink dominos and cute bonnets, were perfection twins, as to appearance, and fooled everybody.
Mrs. Frank W. Doane, in attractive colors and good disguise, was a splendid Spanish girl.
Miss Jennie Bangs was "Dolly Varden" to a T, with all her vivacious oddities of dress and action.
Mrs. C. L. Harter, Mrs. Ray Oliver, and Misses Lizzie and Margie Wallis concealed their identity as a lively quartette of black dominos, with church spire crowns. Nobody "caught on"—impossible with such a complete covering. Miss Lizzie also appeared as The Daughter of the Regiment, with a neat suit of stars and stripes.
Mrs. A. B. Taylor wore a very pretty costume, with bell trimming, and kept up a continual jingle.

Appropriate to the almanac, Mrs. Evelyn Judd cast the rays of the "full moon," with identity unfathomable.
Mrs. A. C. Bangs dressed as a pretty waitress, and with ringing bell called the folks to "5 o'clock tea."
Mrs. C. C. Black represented splendidly a peasant girl, and kept her identity from all.
Mrs. P. F. Wright appeared in a neat fancy costume.
Miss Emma Strong, in keeping with the elements, was dressed in snow and made a very frigid appearance—the opposite to the young lady herself.
Miss Nina Anderson was arrayed in The National Colors: a beautiful suit of red, white, and blue satin.
Mrs. J. C. Fuller was a French peasant girl, with the odd hat and costume complete, a good disguise.
Mrs. George C. Rembaugh was a Spanish girl, lively and graceful.
Miss Mattie T. Harrison, one of the most graceful dancers on the floor, was attired in a handsome fancy costume, black satin, lace-trimmed.
Miss Carrie B. Anderson was an Italian girl, with raven hair and varied colors, taking the character very nicely.
Miss Eva M. Dodds was happy, buoyant spring, with all its violets and daisies: a smile naturally taken.
Mrs. Perkins was attired in a fancy dress, rich and appropriate.
Mrs. D. Rodocker was a "fly brush," with a rustle of paper strips of numerous colors.
Miss Sadie French, as the Gypsy, "Madame Zygii Zuigari," was a thorough success, with a very pretty costume and raven hair.
Mrs. Will Whiting, a flower girl, was blithe and nicely costumed.
Mrs. C. S. Hewitt completely concealed her identity in a red domino.
Miss Ida Ritchie, the Quakeress, had all the peculiarities of dress and manner of that queerest of beings. She took the character splendidly.
Mrs. W. H. Albro wore a rich Oriental costume of red satin, lace trimmed, and beautifully made.
Miss Clara Brooks, as Topsy, was one of the liveliest characters on the floor, and puzzled all the boys.
Miss Nellie Cole, very appropriately represented as an angel, with an airy costume of beautifully figured Swiss, with the wings, crown and all: as pretty as a nymph.
Mrs. Dr. Emerson was attired in the peculiar Egyptian array, with silver bangles on pretty colored satin. She was taken for everybody else but herself.
Miss Kate B. Rodgers was a charming Scotch Lassie, with plaid colors and highland romance, and was well disguised.
Miss Mamie Baird was a representative of Ceres, the goddess of grain, and carried the character nicely.
Mrs. Ed. G. Cole was a rollicking peanut girl and bated all the boys with peanuts. Her suit was very pretty.

Mrs. B. H. Riddell was the center of attraction: Little Bo-Peep, with her short dress and shepherdess crook, and captivated all the gentlemen. Her costume was one of the very prettiest and her identity mum.
Miss May Hodges was an unique representation of a school girl, with her jump rope and roguish hat.
Mrs. I. W. Randall appeared in a handsome fancy costume and was well disguised.
Miss Bertha Barnes was a romantic representation of "Pocahontas," in a lovely gold-colored satin dress with bead and arrow-head trimming and tall, feathered hat. It was a rich and pretty costume.
Mrs. H. H. Hosmer, as mamma's little baby, was a very cute character, with her small stature and little lace bonnet and flowing gown.
Miss Grace Kincaid wore a handsomely made fancy costume, and being a visitor in the city, had no fear of detection.
Mrs. James Vance was a very fine simile of the daughter of the regiment, with a tasty costume of national colors.
Miss Fannie Saunders, as "Aurora," was a pretty star, in Swiss array, and with her blond hair, confused everybody.
Miss Maggie Harper, in a beautiful black satin, lace trimmed costume, represented a Spanish girl very nicely.
Mrs. F. C. Hunt, the waiting maid, fooled everybody and was neatly costumed.
Miss Libbie Whitney, in a neat fancy costume, was among those whose disguises were most complete.
Mrs. W. R. Gray made an imposing Spanish girl, in a very pretty raven costume.
As an English Lord, Amos Snowhill was immense, with his rich "togging" and blonde wig.
Will A. Schuler, of Medicine Lodge, was a handsomely caparisoned cadet, just from West Point, all covered with the satin signs of relentless war.
Bret Crapster made a good sailor boy, but the tide was too high and swept away his mask early in the evening. As soon as it dropped, everybody knew him. He danced the evening through, all the same.
Captain Kidd, with his brace of wicked revolvers and bowies was there in all his glory, only to turn into mamma's awkward, pug-nosed "kid," "ma look at him style," before the evening was half over. Sam Kleeman was the impersonator and did it well.
Will R. Gray was a tall success as a Highlander, but somehow a few "caught on."
C. S. Hewitt was arrayed in a yellow domino, covering his identity entirely.
A. B. Taylor made a good looking Spaniard and had on a fine suit.
Frank Weaverling, little Frank, was an imposing Spanish Prince, and flew around among the Spanish girls at a lively rate.
A Snow Storm, the blizzard of the 7, was depicted by Frank N. Strong, who was the counterpart to his sister, Miss Emma. Mr. and Mrs. Snow Storm were an attractive couple.
Now we deliver the bakery. Old Father Time gets it. It was a tall clock, of antiquated design, and H. H. Hosmer was the "ticker" and winked at the girls through the key holes.

Willis A. Ritchie, Livey J. Buck, and Frank H. Greer were papa's baby boys, with ludicrous make up and corporosity just alike, with whistle and rattle box accompaniment. Ritchie also appeared as the French Marquis; Buck as "Ingomar, the Barbarian," and Greer as the "Bosting Dude."
The Turkish Zouave was well taken by Moore Tanner, in regulation behavior.
Will McClellan was a sailor boy and got around over the terpsichorean ship in elegant shape.
Geo. W. Wright was a well-made up clown and got in the antics in proper shape.
The cutest characters among the gentlemen were the twin Dutchmen, fresh from Castle Garden, with their Dutchy mugs, and little pussy figures. The girls were completely gone on them from the start. They were a ludicrous looking pair, sure enough, Tom J. Eaton and Ed. J. McMullen. The disguise was perfect.
S. D. Harper, a Page, had one of the richest costumes, with curly blonde wig. Few caught on.
The K. P., with regulation uniform, was Eli Youngheim, whose mask "kerflumixed" and spoiled much of his fun.
Prince Ettriopia was finely represented by Phil Kleeman, in dazzling costume and wiry movement.
The occasion was jockeyed by W. D. Carey, whose cute cap and old-gold caparison caught all the girls. He was a very tony looking jockey.
E. R. Greer represented the Turk, on the spotted war path.
Uncle Sam is always around, taking in the actions of his numerous family and of course he was present on this occasion: tall hat and slim form, gray locks, and E Pluribus Unum pants and swallow-tailed coat. I. W. Randall took this character finely.
I. Martin was the king of the bat: the base-ball man, and got around lively.
The granger boy, with his gawky style, pig feet, and generally funny make-up, was well impersonated by F. W. Doane.
C. Whitington wore a fancy costume, with numerous highfalutin adornment, and had no trouble about concealing his identity.
Everett Schuler looked well as a Spanish gent and was taken for everybody. His suit was convenient and handsome.
J. F. Balliet was unique as Mikado, and like that opera, was all the rage. His suit was novel and pretty.
Hizoner, the Devil, a regular horny, red devil, was taken in all his hideousness by Frank F. Leland, and the folks associated as though his majesty was quite acceptable.
George H. Schuler was another devil, a black devil, with the usual pitchfork prongs, and with the red devil, came near ruling the roost. The influence of the angel on the black devil, however, was wonderfully taming.
Capt. Whiting was a tony jockey, wearing a rich satin cap and suit.
Harry Bahntge, as the Dutch clown, was awarded a share of the bakery. His rotund and symmetrical shape, pretty phiz, and general gait were very captivating.

At twelve o'clock an excellent supper was served by T. F. Axtell, for which the dancers were amply ready, and which was served in good style. Not till after two o'clock did the merry participants take the carriages for home, in the full realization of having spent one of the most enjoyable evenings of the city's history. It was certainly a very satisfactory ball throughout, fully bearing out the splendid reputation of the Pleasant Hour Club.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 28, 1886.
Nothing pulls like taffy. We've tried it and know. On Friday night we were invited out to a taffy pulling. We won't give the place away, for the whole household is glued down and incapable of defense. It was a small gathering of beaux and belles. The boiling of the molasses was attended to by the belles before mentioned, each armed with a Ben Butler wand, with which they made the contents of the pots hustle and prepare to be pulled. There is something attractive about taffy or else there is about us, for in some way we stuck together most persistently. We buttered our fingers, we actually washed our hands, and still the stuff stuck to us like grim death to a deceased coon. Inwardly we groaned while our face wore the same sweet smile it carries when the printers yell for copy. When the taffy came to us from the plate for us to pull, it was the color of stained walnut, but when we got through with it, the taffy appeared like the unclean bottom of a kitchen pot and yet there were those whose deft fairy fingers (or words to that effect) could transform this stuff to the color of the foretop of a blondined Wellington damsel. We did everything with the taffy but sit on it: a loving friend had warned us against that. It is entwined in our memory yet, also our hair. Thoughts of it did not vanish with retirement: it followed us in our dreams. It clung to us and disturbed our slumbers, and we had only eaten three plates of it. Beware of taffy, my boy! It will ruin your prospects and your pants. It will stick you to anything but something nice. It will tarnish your standing. If you eat it, you will have the delirium nightmare, and a regular bucking mustang at that. It will hold together anything but soul and body, unless it is a woman of jaws. Never take a pull, my boy, "schore off." And yet we would like to see another such party, not because we want to get even with the people who did not go to this one but because everyone enjoyed the evening and pleasure went with profit for a good cause.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 28, 1886.

One of the saddest sights to be seen on God's foot-stool is that of a young man with the light of intelligence in his eye, the evidence of ability and vigor in his conversation and movements, who is the idol of his mother, the pet of his sisters, staggering along under a load of liquor that has stolen his senses and rendered him indifferent to the opinion of friends, the tears of sisters, the prayers and heart breaks of mother, and the grief and shame of all. Such a sight we saw last Friday. Poor fellow! He started way back yonder, thinking he was manifesting his manhood; that he was showing his independence of others; that he could drink or let it alone, just as he pleased. But the inevitable time had come when he finds that all the manhood left him is of no avail—he cannot let it alone. Yes, he confesses the despotism of drink. With an eye like a vulture, he seeks it anyway and every way. His fortune, his manhood, his self-respect, and the respect of others is going down, down, into the terrible vortex of self-indulgence. Starting with wealth, with bright native intellect, and all the opportunities that affluence and loving relatives could bestow, all are laid on the saddest altar of life, "it might have been." The struggles have been many and desperate—but avail naught. Could he but assert the fearless grit essential to be sober, to be temperate, to be the man his natural capacities entitle him to be—a man in the truest sense of the word, his youth yet gives ample scope for the highest pinnacle of success.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 28, 1886.
The local's comments on the award of the jury in the case of Nancy Cottingham vs. the K. C. & S. W. railroad company in the District Court, was Wednesday objected to by the attorney for plaintiff. The judge expressed the opinion that the comment was improper in a newspaper during the pendency of other actions involving the same or similar issues. The local made the comment without thought of such an objection, but on the consideration that the case commented on was settled and disposed of and therefore open for newspaper criticism. THE COURIER regrets that it was not notified of the objection before the Weekly went to press, as such notification would have kept it out of the Weekly. It had no thought of prejudicing any other case, and indeed, the item had escaped the particular notice of the editor, who supposes that the jury made a fair decision according to their best judgment of the evidence placed before them, and desires to counteract any influence this may have prejudicial to other cases. He believes and expects our jurors will render conscientious verdicts in these cases and hopes that our farmers who are damaged by the railroad will get all the damages they are justly entitled to. THE COURIER will conform its comments to the views expressed by the court.
What Transpired at our Different Churches Sunday.
Various Religious Nuggets.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 28, 1886.
Rev. Snyder held the usual morning services at the United Brethren church, with a good sermon and the signification of a number for church membership.
The A. M. E. folks had no preaching Sunday, it being Rev. Young's day at Arkansas City; but the usual class meeting and Sunday school were well attended. The new addition to their church is about completed.
The union revival meetings, conducted by the pastors of the city, will continue this week, held in the Presbyterian church. Since the beginning of these meetings, over two hundred souls have been converted, about all of whom have joined some one of the churches.
Rev. H. D. Gans preached at the Christian church Sunday morning and evening. His evening sermon was a wonderfully clear cut argument, on the conversion of Saul of Tarsus; what it took to convert him, how he received conversion, and its results. The Reverend is a very pithy, smooth talker and had large congregations yesterday.
Union services were held Sunday in the Baptist and Presbyterian churches. At the former Revs. Kelly and Snyder gave sermons and exhortations and at the latter Revs. Miller and Reider. At both places numbers arose for prayers and a signification of a change of heart. It is astonishing how the interest in these meetings continues.
Rev. Reider's sermon at the Baptist church was based on Joshua xxiv-14: "Now, therefore, fear the Lord, and serve Him in sincerity and truth," etc. It was a forcible appeal for right living and right doing. The name of a large number of converts were taken for Baptism and membership, as soon as the union meetings close.

At the Presbyterian church, Sunday morning, Rev. Miller preached a foreign missionary sermon, based on "In thee shall all the nations of the earth rejoice," from the 8th chapter of Genesis. God's blessing is manifest to all mankind if they will open their eyes and investigate. The earth shall yet become entirely subject to Him—every knee shall bow and every tongue confess. Twelve or more handed in their names for church membership.
The fame of THE DAILY COURIER has reached Philadelphia and we are in receipt of the following: "I have read your reports of the preaching of Rev. Alexander Patterson with very great interest and will thank you to send me such number of copies as the enclosed will pay for and oblige. Yours truly, Geo. H. Stewart, Philadelphia, lock box 1601." This is certainly a fine compliment to THE COURIER as a religious journal.
Rev. Kelly, at the Methodist church in the morning, preached an enthusiastic discourse on Jeremiah xxiii:6: "And this is the name whereby he shall be called, the Lord, our righteousness." It was an exposition of the fulfilled promises of God in the sending of His Son to atone for the sins of the world; of the surety of the fulfillment of every promise of God. He never made a promise which was not fulfilled at some time and in some way. At the close of the services fifteen gave their names for membership in the church.
Again Sunday were the six churches of the city filled to overflowing for their every service. You can't keep the people of Winfield away from church. They believe in treating themselves and the All-wise, who gave them the breath of life, well. And this is proper. Sunday is for relaxation, temporarily, and for enhancement spiritually. The man who works on Sunday, unless the ox is absolutely in the ditch, is a cringing miser—is trying to turn the candle at both ends and is worse than a beast of burden, a mule or an ox. Happiest is the man who gets on his best behavior on Sunday, takes the arm of his wife, if he has one, and goes to church. If you are a saint, this is a duty. If you are an old sinner, go for the sake of the old time when you were young—for what boy has escaped the Sunday school and church in his swaddling days; go to recall those happy days before the stress and strife of life began, the time when the sky always looked bright. Go for the old associations that may return, the memories that may awaken, the old thoughts that may come back. You may fail to hear the sermon; its echo may die away in a confused murmur, yet the message may be coming to you far more saving than any the minister spoke. Then the singing is beautiful and inspiring, and before you know it, your old musty voice will be joining in with the congregation. Nobody was ever hurt by going to church, gentle reader. No diabolical deeds, no murders, no robberies, no low treachery are ever planned in church. No! The influences, that swarm around you in an atmosphere of purest light serene, soften the heart, allay avariciousness and tone up the whole being—ballast it for the trials and hardships of life.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 28, 1886.

The El Dorado Republican advocates the kid-gloving of its Terpsichorean club. It says: "It is only within the past year that our efforts to attain the acme of a first-class dancing club have been laurel crowned. But we have attained that height and are rewarded by the existence of the ne plus ultra of Terpsichorean clubs, the "Entre Nous." The club is composed of ladies and gentlemen who are, without doubt, au fait in all the requirements of etiquette and good taste, and who make the same manifest, with one exception. This exception rests with the gentlemen, who, it seems, have foresworn the use of gloves in dancing. With some gentlemen it is a prejudice, they deeming it an affectation and entirely superfluous. Not so however, especially under the circumstances of this club, which makes it a duty, easily recognized when once suggested. The balls of our club have grown to that importance as regards dress that ladies out vie each other in displaying recherche toilettes. Their pride and their purses are equally aroused. A lady will spend days in modeling a costume to her fancy, and as long in having it wrought into "a thing of beauty," but which alas! cannot remain a "joy forever," even for one season, because of the indelible stains caused by perspiring hands. A most charming dress was thus ruined during a late dance given by the club. A dress that was so admired and discanted on by the gallant partners of her, who so gracefully wore it, yet the next day's investigation found it despoiled of much of its beauty; entire hand marks were here and there visible, so as to render it unfit for future inspection. There may be dissenters to this glove notion, who will declare it a great expense. Not so great as imagined. Not necessarily so. White gloves are not indispensable as a ball glove nor even the 'opera' shades, though may be preferable, but darker tints are allowable and in good taste. The new shades of creamy brown are both lovely and endurable in color. A pair of good standard gloves of that color would, with care, endure an entire season. Then by all means wear gloves hereafter, in dancing, and spare your fair partner of bewailing the ruin of some choice garment. Be sure 'they will arise' en masse and call you blessed."
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 28, 1886.
Winfield, Kansas, January 23, 1886. I just met one of the officials of the A. T. & S. F. railroad, who knows fully the plans of the company, and he said unqualifiedly that arrangements were completed and surveys partially made to build 100 miles southwest from Arkansas City toward Texas this year if the aid asked from Cowley County townships and Winfield was voted. Now no well-informed man doubt that this extension from Douglass to Winfield means a track of a through line to Texas, Fort Worth, and Galveston, at an early day. If we don't get it, some other place will. And all men should know from the efforts that are being made in other towns, the money that is being spent to defeat the proposition, the committees that have been sent to Washington to secure a right of way across the Territory from Hunnewell, all in the event of a defeat of the proposition now pending in this county. I say all this should convince any man that the hour of greatest peril to our town and county has arrived, the fight for supremacy for Southern Kansas towns and localities, which must, inevitably, to a very great extent, settle for weal or woe, the future of Winfield and Cowley County. J. S. HUNT.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 28, 1886.
The Walnut Valley Lyceum, four miles northeast, in Walnut township, was to have discussed the question, "Resolved, that the bonds for the Santa Fe extension should be defeated." With the thermometer hugging zero with a vengeance, of course the principals weren't all present and the question was not debated, judicially. Joseph O'Hare, Will T. Madden, and Chas. I. Forsyth were there and the discussion was general.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 28, 1886.
"A secret gambling den was discovered and raided by the Winfield police the other night and eight nice young men hauled up before the justice for participating. Wellington is remarkably free from gambling dens. No doubt there is some gambling done as there always is in cities, but it is seldom a city of this size is found without a regularly equipped gambling resort, conducted very quietly, of course, and not acknowledged to be in existence by the authorities, but which every sporting man knows how to find. This state of affairs is due to the vigilance of our city officers." Press.
The same here. It's a mighty sly gambling den that can evade the keen eyes and determination of county attorneys Hackney & Asp, Capt. Siverd, and Marshal McFadden. The "dens" are all routed, scarcely before they get firmly founded. That it don't pay to buck the tiger, the boys can sadly testify, not only by the wads they have laid on the paste-board altar but by the $58 assessments of Judge Snow.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 28, 1886.
At its last meeting the Degree of Honor, A. O. U. W., passed the following resolutions.
WHEREAS, By a dispensation of Divine Providence, our esteemed sister, Mrs. Geo. Sanderson, has been taken from our number here to the Grand Lodge above. Therefore, be it
Resolved, That in the life of our deceased sister, we recognize an exemplary Christian character, a devoted wife and mother, always to be found where her advice could best direct, or helping hand forward a good work.
Resolved, That we condole with the family of her who lived to gladden their hearts, then "Like a little drooping, she bowed her head and died." We commend them for consolation to Him who rules all that is done for our good.
Resolved, That a copy of the resolutions be furnished the city papers.
Mrs. S. G. Gary, Mrs. F. H. Bull, Mrs. A. H. Limerick.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 28, 1886.
After the harvest comes the host and lots of people let the frost catch them. There is going to be a harvest this year—a big crop of people, railroads, and things. Wellington is not the kind of town that gets frost-bitten. Not much. Her folks either belong to the Eli family or are near relations to that celebrated going. Press.
Yes, but your Eli proclivities seem to have been hid under a bushel during the last year, while Winfield and other rivals walked right way with you. It is the prospect of the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe extension from Douglas that is waking Wellington and Sumner County up now. We get it, if our votes say so, and we are certain that every voter, with a clear and intelligent consideration for his own welfare and that of Cowley County, will grab the golden apple when he has a chance. It is now or never.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 28, 1886.

The plans for the new First National Bank building, on the McGuire corner, as pencil sketched by Architect Ritchie, show a structure whose magnificence can't be discounted in the state. It is full a hundred and forty feet deep, ninety feet of which will be used for the bank and its private offices, and the remainder will be three store rooms forty-eight feet deep, extending on Col. Alexander's lot, who will build at the same time. The building is full three stories high, with large windows and modern relief clear along its Ninth and Main fronts. The stairway will lead up from the center of the building on Ninth. Its entire arrangement is of modern architecture, unexcelled in exterior design and interior appointments. The First National Bank folks are determined to lay everything in the shade with this structure, and the plans are proof that they will.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 28, 1886.
Farmers say that the snow on the ground, covering it like a mantle, is worth thousands to this wheat, and that the longer it stays the better. The snow now covers the entire ground and is frozen, as well as the ground under it, and when it thaws out in the spring, the ground will absorb it uniformly and the frost will leave the soil light and pulverized. Soon the warmth of the earth will cause the roots of the wheat to reach down and gather the nutriment of the soil, and when spring draws out the growing stem, it will spring forth with much vitality. It is said on good authority that the volume of snow-fall is yearly increasing, and if so, it augurs well for the agriculturist, and it has long been an adage of the farmer that a heavy snow is as good as a coat of manure. This being the case, the wheat crop ought to be an increasing product of Kansas.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 28, 1886.
He slapped at his chest and uttered a vow, Sounding
"Hello! O Hello!"
And a cold perspiration bespangled his brow,
"O Hello! O Hello! O Hello!"
He sobbed and he sighed, and he grew very pale,
And an echo arose like an agonizing wail,
As piercing as the tap on a tin dinner pail,
"O Hello! O Hello! O Hello!"
It was almost as certain as life that his name wasn't
"Hello! O Hello! O Hello!"
But 'twas a powerful passion that made him exclaim,
"O Hello! O Hello! O Hello!"
Then his voice dropped into a perilous sign,
He perished right there—and would you know why?
Because tightly lodged in his throat was the cry,
"O Hello! O Hello! O Hello!"
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 28, 1886.

The case of J. W. Cottingham vs. the K. C. & S. W. went to the jury Friday. The verdict awarded $1,200 right of way damages, against the $380 awarded by the County Commissioners. It took three days to try the case, with costs of about $200. Cottingham's farm, as the evidence showed, was badly cut up.
A jury was empaneled last night in the right of way appeal of M. C. Headrick, and today the jury, court, counsel, and bailiff went out to view the premises. A very cold trip it was. This will be the last railroad case tried this term, which will continue through January.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 28, 1886.
The city marshal of Winfield has notified the billiard saloon keepers of that city that throwing dice for cigars or anything else, playing pool or billiards for cigars or anything else, will be prosecuted for keeping a gambling house. There is ample room for work of just such a character here. A good many places where cigars are for sale are provided with the dice box. We heard an old smoker say recently that he had quit smoking because he could not buy one cigar for himself without buying from one to three for somebody else, and very often had to gamble for it. Harper Sentinel.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 28, 1886.
The Indians ought to be civilized, says the Democrat. They ought to be taught to plow, to hoe, to raise cattle and hogs, to sell dry goods, clothing, and groceries, to bury their dead under marble slabs with complimentary epitaphs, to travel on roller skates, go to shows and laugh or cry, to insure and burn up unsalable stocks of goods, to elect legislators and reform the world with tons of laws, to play poker and faro, to talk about their neighbors, to carry canes and wear ear muffs, to drink champagne and commit suicide—just as white men do. Yes, the Indian ought to be civilized.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 28, 1886.
We make our own skies very largely. Our hearts cast their shadows without us; and the projections of these shadows tinge the world for us—our world. We find on this earth, in a measure, whatever we bring the eyes to see. A joyous heart finds much joy in any circumstances and experience. A gloomy heart finds no end of gloom. A songful spirit hears music everywhere; but a life that has no music in itself never hears a songful note, even amid the sweetest and richest of harmonies.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 28, 1886.
Messrs. F. Uhl and John F. Gill, contractors for the new city building, arrived Friday from Cleveland, Ohio. They propose to make Winfield their home hereafter; and to establish themselves, made a very low bid on the city building. They are contractors of experience and their standing in Cleveland, as evidenced by recommendations, is first-class. Work on the city building will begin as soon as the weather will permit.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 28, 1886.
Fortunes have been made in the legitimate increase in values in this city, but we must remember that skilled labor combined with capital is the basis of values. We must never close our eyes to the importance of more manufactures in Winfield—more resources for mechanics and laboring men. The Santa Fe extension and machine shops, which are now in our reach, if we will but take it, will be a big stride in this direction.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 28, 1886.
The Atchison Globe is responsible for the following parody. Of course, the readers will understand that the murderer who sings the song is Baldwin, who murdered his sister, and has just been sentenced.
In a nice secluded jail sat the hero of this tale—singing, humming all the while, with a sort of happy smile, as he winked his gleaming eye at the sheriff passing by—"With a lawyer for a friend, he'll acquit me in the end." As he squatted in the gloom, in the little stone walled room, where of light there was no ray, still with courage he would say—"I'm a murderer, you see, but that makes no odds to me; in the gloom and in the jail, on my bunk I still will wail— "With a lawyer for a friend, he'll acquit me in the end." When he had his little trial, still he sat there with a smile. When the jury's verdict said that he left his sister dead; when the law gave him a pinch and the people talked of Lynch, still he said without a sigh and a twinkle in his eye—"With a lawyer for a friend, he'll acquit me in the end." When the trial at last was o'er, and they locked on him the door, with his guilt still on his face, still he walked the narrow place, crying through the iron door, as he often cried before—"With a lawyer for a friend, he'll acquit me in the end." Now it seems that he was right, and the law has lost its might, for it seems that jurymen, who would send him to the pen, an opinion did express, which destroyed their usefulness and the killer's sweet voice rings, as behind the bars he sings—"With a lawyer for a friend, he'll acquit me in the end." Kill whoever you desire, throw your uncle in the fire, jab a knife in someone's form, kill your dad with chloroform; poison all who are in your way, and you'll have the right to say—"With a lawyer for a friend, he'll acquit me in the end." From "The Murderer's Song," by Tinquill.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 28, 1886.
Newspaper advertising as an art, is, perhaps, in its infancy, but it has already reached a high state of development and has become one of the most interesting subjects of study connected with the greatest power of the age: the press. With the history of the progress of national and international advertising upon scientific principles, the name of George P. Rowell will always be inseparably linked. Twenty years ago he looked far enough into the future to see that the old methods would have to be dropped, and that the great medium of communication between those who wished to sell and those who wished to buy would be the columns of the newspaper. With this idea in view, he went to work and has succeeded in establishing the greatest advertising agency in the world. Over 13,000 newspapers and periodicals are represented in this American Newspaper Directory. The secret of Mr. Rowell's success is not hard to find. He does business in a fair, square way, performs what he promises, and lives up to the very letter of his contracts, both with the advertiser and the newspaper publisher. It is not, therefore, surprising that he stands high in the estimation of the business community.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 28, 1886.

John Holmes has a well in his coral which, when first dug several years ago, was supposed to have tapped a vein of coal oil on account of the smell and flavor of the water therein, and it has remained unused until the hog cholera broke out in the neighborhood. John naturally supposed that if mineral water was beneficial to "big bugs" who yearly attended "health cure" resorts, his mineral well might be good for his hogs, so when a hog shows symptoms of cholera, he turns it into the corral and gives it all the water it will drink, and it is said that a sick hog will drink it with avidity, and the result is that the hogs that were sick and drank that water are in better condition than those that were not sick at all.
Chase County Leader.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 28, 1886.
When fruit does harm it is because it is eaten in improper quantities, or before it is ripened and fit for the human stomach. A distinguished physician has said that if his patients would make a practice of eating a couple of good oranges before breakfast from February to June, his practice would be gone. The principal evil is that we do not eat enough of fruit; that we injure its finer qualities with sugar, that we drown them in cream. We need the medical action of the pure fruit acids in our system and their cooling, corrective influence.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 28, 1886.
Brakemen on freight trains report a novel mode of catching rabbits while waiting on sidings in the country. During the recent snow storms, these animals have taken refuge in the culverts under the track. One end is closed up with a large sack, and a pile of burning waste thrust into the other on the long ash scraper; the rabbits, to escape the fire, run into the sack, where they are held prisoners. This has become very profitable work for some of the railroad employees, as many as eight rabbits being caught in one culvert.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 28, 1886.
First, keep warm. Second, eat regularly and slowly. Third, maintain regular bodily habits. Fourth, take early and very light suppers, or better, none at all. Fifth, keep a clear skin. Sixth, get plenty of sleep at night. Seventh, keep cheerful and respectable company. Eighth, keep out of debt. Ninth, don't set your mind on things you don't need. Tenth, mind your own business. Eleventh, don't set up to be a sharp of any kind. Twelfth, subdue curiosity.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 28, 1886.
Under Republican rule there were 2748 old Union soldiers employed about Washington in various capacities by the government. Now, under Democratic rule, there are only 68 of them left and their places are supplied by 2680 old rebel soldiers. Of the 68 remaining, 17 are employed in cleaning spittoons. Moral: Old soldiers should avoid waving the "bloody shirt" by voting the Democratic ticket.
The Railroad Bonds Carried Beyond a Doubt All Along the Line.
Unprecedented Prosperity Assured Winfield and Cowley County in 1886.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 28, 1886.

The bonds for the Santa Fe extension from Douglass are carried all along the line, without a doubt. The big licks put in their favor roll up grand results. Judge Soward and P. H. Albright left Rock at 10 o'clock and forty-one votes had then been cast, with but one against. Coming on down to Fairview, they left there at 12 o'clock, about eighty votes had been cast with about twenty against. At 3 o'clock Walnut had cast 201 votes with but 78 against. The supporters in these townships worked like beavers, completely overshadowing the fighters, who were at first numerous and made things look very dubious. In Winfield at 3:30 the First Ward had cast 161 votes for and 5 against; the second ward 101 for and 2 against; the 3rd, 117 for and none against, and the 4th, 90 for and none against. The 3rd and 4th wards are to be congratulated on their enterprise and intelligence. They don't appear to have a single mullet-head or kicker. The securing of this road is another big step in the onward progress of Winfield and Cowley County. It insures prosperity in 1886 unprecedented: puts us clear on top of every rival.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 28, 1886.
I wish women would mind their own affairs. What do we want with the women suffering any more than they now are. They want to vote, eh? They want to run for office? Mighty pretty things they are running for office, through one of these blizzards with their whole character laid bare, with their whole past lives uncovered, all that they ever did or said, or didn't say or do, laid upon the table and scrutinized by every voter, male and female.
Imagine an election day to be like a show day. Everybody off at the polls with the house left desolate, to the mercy of tramps and robbers. A fine procession it would be with the "family organ," the mouth organ, the flannels, the long dresses, the short dresses, the hoops and the bustles, a whole row of "kids" and the little dog, and amid such a jingle a rumble and a roar, the average woman wouldn't know whether she was voting for style or a dog tax.
On the other hand suppose, just suppose the case, for it could not be real, that a woman could put all these things behind her to attend the caucuses, campaign meetings, and elections; but suppose she did, she would be so taken up with home thoughts and so out of her sphere that she would not know (the average woman, I mean) whether she wanted to vote for Washington or the Jay Gould railroad, or which party she was for, and by the time she reached home, would not know whether she voted for Sam Patch or for Sam Jones, for pathmaster.
Now, laying all jokes aside, we now have the temperance question settled, and it appears to me that it is an unnecessary evil to add to the already too burdensome mass of conglomerated politicians and voters, the other half of more conglomerated humanity.
If the women are, as they say, a more refined class than men, we want them to say so, so they can knock off some of the rough places, to take the rough from the rough and place with the refined and it will be refined; but on the other hand, if the finer mingle with the sterner part of humanity in their every life and business, it will be a detriment to it and what will we fall back on?
We are wrong by birth and wrong will prevail; only by continual warfare will right overcome.
It seems to me that it could only be the old maids and widows who desire this change, or women who have husbands who don't know enough to pound sand in a rat hold, or, as a last year's bird-nest.
The whole secret of politics would become wide open if women were taken in to the secret of it, for as you know, "women can't keep a secret."

But, if they will still persist in having Woman Suffrage, and are determined to bring about the change, I for one, rather than have a kiss, will let them have my pants. Yours with respect, TOM THUMB.
The above article almost impossible to read. The next one was even more difficult.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 28, 1886.
The little backward town over on the Walnut, rightly named "Windfield," is growing terrible because they are to get another branch from the Santa Fe. We will simply ask the COURIER if Arkansas City don't get the same branch, and how Winfield is to be benefitted by its construction, and will advise that little sheet not to lose any sleep on account of Wellington. We will take care of ourselves. Press.
Very innocent, that. On the main line of one of the biggest trunk lines of the country, running direct from Kansas City, Kansas to Ft. Worth, Texas, with the machine shops and round houses here for the three S. F. Lines, giving us a city with five splendid lines of railway, are only the vestibule to the great benefits Winfield will derive. Feel kind of sick, don't you, Wellington, watching the great railroad center and commercial and educational metropolis of the great southwest building up like magic over here. It is sad—for you.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 28, 1886.
Wellington has got the coal fever, too, and has formed a large stock company and contracted with a Joplin, Missouri, coal miner to sink a shaft 2,000 ft. deep or more, if necessary. They have made no finds, but are making the experiment merely on hope—on the theory that Wellington is built on rich coal fields. With the surety Winfield has in the recent discovery of fine veins of good coal, it will be an easy matter to form a stock company with plenty of capital. Steps are now being taken in this direction and will materialize at once. It don't take our bustling capitalists and enterprises long to make any project boom that promises much for our grand city and country. A three foot vein of good, inexhaustible coal right at our doors will bring benefits wonderful—a regular gold mine for every fuel consumer. We'll excel [?], you bet. The very promising discoveries of coal in the Asylum well are the talk of the town.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 28, 1886.
The interest is still keen in the union revival meetings, which will be continued through this week at the Presbyterian church. Rev. Kelly discoursed last night on John xiv:26: "Jesus saith unto him, I am the way, and the truth, and the life; no man cometh to the Father but by me." It was a strong exposition of the Christian faith—repent and believe, the only one through which humanity can gain heavenly peace and promise. Seven new converts asserted themselves. The audience was large and full of deep concern.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 28, 1886.
We can sell goods cheaper.
We have no trouble with book accounts.
We have no bills to worry you monthly.
We have no losses in bad accounts.
We can run our business with less expense.

We can dispense with our bookkeeper.
We can make it more convenient, and less expense for you to buy for cash.
All goods sold for cash or its equivalent.
Cooper & Taylor.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 28, 1886.
Having bought the Coal and Wood Yard of A. H. Doane, I would respectfully ask the many and old time patrons of Mr. Doane to continue their trade at the old stand, assuring all that the same liberal methods of dealing will be continued in the future as in the past, with full stock, low prices, and prompt delivery of orders, I am, Respectfully,
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 28, 1886.
The bridge bonds are carried. Out of a vote of 302 Winfield only had 17 against. But it was a close pull in Vernon. The fight was warm and determined and the vote shows only 1 majority in favor. This is enough. It insures the bridges. Those greatly needed improvements will be constructed with the opening of spring, giving Vernon direct and convenient access to our city and giving our citizens convenient and easy exit. They are improvements absolutely necessary now and the benefits will increase as the city and county advance.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 28, 1886.
Tuesday on the bridge proposition 180 persons voted, of which 3 cast double votes, 2 double votes for and 1 double vote against. The three double votes were rejected and the county stood: For the bridge bonds, 89; Against the bridge bonds, 88. Majority for: 1.
Newsy Notes Gathered by The "Courier's" Corps of Neighborhood Correspondents.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 28, 1886.
The Burden social club will give a hop next Friday night.
Our town has been crowded and lively during the last two days in spite of it being very disagreeable getting around.
Judge Gans did not fill his appointment at the Christian church last Sunday, to the disappointment of many. Mr. Kempton preached instead. There will be a meeting at the Baptist church next Sunday, preaching by Elder Childs both in the morning and evening.
The opening of the Library Building has been postponed until Friday evening, Feb. 2nd, on account of the scenery not being ready. There will be given a drama, "The Last Loaf," after which supper will be served in the Dyer building nearby. A meeting of the stockholders will be held the next day.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 28, 1886.
Almost everyone you meet is sporting a frost bite.
Jerome Hassell has bought two ponies of which he seems very proud.
Frank Weakly made a trip to St. Louis last week with two car loads of fat sheep.

Mrs. Shelton and her sister, Mrs. Carney, spent the day at J. A. Ruckers recently.
Mrs. Sipe and her niece, Mrs. Summer, who has lately returned from Colorado, were at Bob Weakly's visiting recently.
Mr. McClaren, living on the Jordon farm, has been quite sick for several days, but has recovered sufficiently to be stirring around again.
Mr. Recket [?] has bought the Gilliland farm on the river and has paid a good round price for it. He is all right unless Walnut gets on a high.
Nute Slade is again in the employ of Mentch & Son, and it is hoped that he will prove to be a good trusty agent in the future and never again give his employers trouble.
Mrs. Earhart is very successful in capturing red birds. She took ten to Winfield a few days ago. She says she has caught fifty this winter and has sold most all of them.
The speakers in behalf of the R R were out at Bethel at the appointed hour and did some slick talking and perhaps made some converts. Well, if the railroads must come, hurry up, for I would like to emigrate to a warmer climate and would just as leave sell to the railroad as to a farmer.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 28, 1886.
Weather cold and items scarce.
Charlie Thomas drives a $400 team of mules now.
Mr. Will Fisher and wife, of Winfield, visited his parents here one day last week.
Mr. Jake Little gave a social hop at his home one night last week. A good time is reported.
Mr. Howell is feeding 175 head of steers and has just received five car loads of corn at 28 cents a bushel.
There was an agreeable surprise given Mr. Fisher on the evening of the 18th, it being the occasion of his fiftieth birthday. Oysters were served and they had the usual good time. Mr. Fisher has lived to see a quarter of a century and bids full to live to see three quarters of a century.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 28, 1886.
I. H. Phenis has been under the weather for several days.
Lou Newton is stopping here for a time.
Johnny Carson has been quite sick for several days with the Asthma, but at this writing, is better.
The Mite Society meets at Capital Hill Saturday night. Everybody is invited.
There was a railroad meeting at the schoolhouse Monday night.
Will and Joe were here again Tuesday night.
Henry Branson's children have been sick with the fever, but are getting better.
Mr. Ridgeway and son shipped three car loads of cattle last week.
Kid Crawford and Sam Day were down from Burden Sunday.
Lou Wilson was caught in the storm Friday at Winfield and didn't get home until Sunday night.

Miss Lillie Henson met with quite a serious accident, which may prove fatal. While riding home from Mr. Branson's, her horse slipped and fell, falling on her. She is very bad and there is little hope for her recovery.
R. D. Brownfield, the gay young operator from Wellington, spent Thursday night with friends here, returning to Wellington Friday morning. Come again, Dick.
Rett Elliott was in our city last week canvassing for a book. We are always glad to see her.
Mrs. John D. Maurer received a telegram Monday morning telling her that Mr. Maurer was very sick at Topeka. She drove over to Winfield and took the A. T. & S. F. for Topeka.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 28, 1886.
There is considerable sickness among the children of the vicinity.
One of Henry Branson's twin children has lung fever.
Little Grace Peabody has been sick the past week with malarial fever, but is now mending.
Hon. J. D. Maurer started for Topeka last Friday.
The late blizzard was hard on stock as a number of hogs and cattle froze to death.
Mr. Henry Branson was the recipient of quite a valuable New Year's present from his wife, it being a handsome ten and a half pound boy.
Mr. Secrest is contemplating a trip to New Mexico as soon as the weather moderates.
Norman Hall has commenced the erection of a new barn.
W. W. Underwood has moved into his new dwelling.
Mr. Bibler has taken in a new partner. He arrived about a week ago and weighed ten pounds.
Several of our merchants have been busy putting up ice.
The G. A. R. boys gave a public installment and bean supper Saturday evening at the schoolhouse. A very large crowd was present to enjoy the feast, and among the throng was our long editor of the Eye. The Dexter string band rendered some very good music for the occasion, while the old soldiers helped to entertain the audience by singing their old war songs, and a more jolly crowd of soldiers than Dexter affords is hard to scare up.
L. B. Bullington and wife and Miss Minnie Secret were the guests of J. D. Salmons Saturday and Sunday.
Dr. Elliott and wife, of Torrance, attended the G. A. R. supper here last Saturday.
The news came over the wires Sunday that Hon. J. D. Maurer was very sick at Topeka and dispatched for his wife to come. She started Monday.
Miss Leona Underwood has been absent from school several days on account of sickness.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 28, 1886.
George Robinson has filed in the Probate court report of sale of real estate belonging to Lena L. Williamson, a minor. Sale confirmed.
George W. Robinson filed second annual settlement as guardian in the estate of Ella and Martie Boggs, minors.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 28, 1886.

Our article Tuesday evening on "God pity the poor," stirred up the whole town. That such barbarism could exist in Winfield was a marvel to all. The family alluded to is in abject circumstances, but through the efforts of Marshal McFadden and our generous hearted citizens, are now being well cared for. Dozens of people were ready today with substantial assistance. The Woman's Relief Corps took the matter in hand this afternoon and under the sympathies of these noble ladies, with a host of others who stand willing, no more want will come to that household. The young lady with the pneumonia is very low and the one with the frozen limbs is improving. Her flesh is so tender that the mere pressure of the finger makes an indenture as in dough.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 28, 1886.
The best logic on earth, Mr. Wellington Press. Daily merit wins, in the newspaper business. We appreciate your realization of its force. You hit us exactly: "A wide awake, rustling paper, one that strenuously battles for the right, for the upbuilding of the city, county, and state; that gives value received—a paper worthy the persona