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T. J. Harris Takes a Trip.—How He Looks At It.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
On the morning of Feb. 18, I was prepared for a little trip north and east, so I boarded the north bound train on the Frisco line for the first ride over this new road. I must say I was somewhat surprised to see the accommodations of this new road. Although entirely new, the accommodations and the smoothness of this road will compare with any in the state. While the majority perhaps that will read this are aware that I am in the real estate business; and while I must say that is my business and has been for the last six years, and while I am perfectly familiar with every crook and nook in Cowley County and have driven over most every section of land in the county and have sold land from $2.00 to $350.00 per acre, I must confess that I was somewhat surprised to go gliding through nice little villages which have sprung up in the last few months. I tell you it behooves a man to "git up and git," and see what is going on in his surrounding country.
The first village we found north of Winfield was Floral, lying on the Timber Creek slope, overlooking one among the prettiest valleys dotted over with neat little buildings. The next was the village of Wilmot, located up in the level prairie and surrounded with as nice a view in all directions as you would wish to behold. Like Floral, new houses loomed up in every direction. Next was the stirring little city of Atlanta, and here I note it was encouraging to me to see that the people out on the border of our county have the vim and push in them to build up such a nice village in such a short time. In Atlanta with their large new buildings under headway, their lumber yards, livery stables, and the big broad streets, the sight you get of it, one would think he had struck Broadway, New York. The next city of importance was the city of Wingate, located in the edge of Butler County. This city I had the history of before I reached it, as the windy editor of THE COURIER accompanied me this far. "This city," says the chief of the quill, "is bound to become a noted place, located as you see on this beautiful elevated ridge with the Rock creek valley meandering up to our left and the Timber creek valley rolling up to our right." "No doubt," I told him, "it would make a beautiful city." "Yes," he says, "I think we have got to the place." The train slackened and he alighted. Some friend was there to greet him and took his hand and welcomed him to the city. He led him to the highest knoll there was on the prairie and as the train pulled out, I could not see the city for the editors.

In my travels in both Kansas and Missouri I find every town, city, and village thriving and with bright prospects before them for the coming spring, and the citizens of each and every place trying to push every effort possible to make their town boom. So I say to the citizens of Winfield, do not let us lay back on our oars and think that we have reached our goal and that our city is the only one on the way to prosperity. If we do, we will be left. Let us make every effort, take hold of everything with energy and vim, and push. Let nothing go by that will be of interest to the city and if she won't boom, we will make her boom. I will never go back on old Cowley. I have been somewhat despondent myself while showing strangers over our county over last year's crop of corn. The stalks did not show up big enough to suit me nor the yield was not as large as I thought it ought to have been. But after my trip up through the fine Neosho valley and the northeastern part of the state (where they claim the finest corn soil of Kansas) and seeing the size of their stalks and the yield, I came back saying, "Well done good and faithful Cowley. She will do to stick to and 'don't you forget it.'"
Now, as the evening shades are drawing nigh, I find myself nearing Carthage, Missouri. Having to change roads at this place, I had to wait for the train from 6 p.m. to 11 p.m. During this time I had the pleasure of investigating the electric light, which they are using extensively in that city, notwithstanding they have a good system of gas works. In conversation with one Mr. Roe, who is in business there, and who is using one electric light, he told me that one electric lamp was worth a dozen gas jets, and to make his word good he lit six of his gas burners and turned off his electric lamp; and to compare it as near as I can, it was like stepping out of sunshine into moonshine. He stated that the electric lights were giving entire satisfaction, which I have no reason to doubt, for it had one tower upon the square, and I saw boys playing marbles by the light. You may doubt this, but if you will go with me to Carthage, I will satisfy you of the fact, and I want to say here, that the city council did not ask the company to erect a tower before they would grant them a franchise. They do not try to whip the devil around the stump in any such way. When the franchise was asked for, it was granted because they knew it would be of interest to the city, and the consequence is that the city, after night, is a beautiful glow of light.
Now, as I have said before, let nothing stand in the way, nor let nothing go by, that will lead our city on to prosperity, and I want to say I am for Winfield and Cowley County, first, last, and all the time. T. J. Harris.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
D. M. Ferry & Co., the well-known seedmen of Detroit, Michigan, announce that they are on their feet again and ready and anxious to receive orders for seeds from everyone of their old customers, and from as many new ones as feel kindly disposed toward them. They are in condition to fill promptly every order with new seeds of the best quality. On January 1st their immense warehouse was destroyed by fire. It was filled with probably the largest stock of assorted seeds ever gathered under one roof. Their books and papers were all saved, and every person who had ordered seeds of them will be supplied with his usual stock. They hard large quantities of seeds in their warehouses on their seed farms in the hands of their growers and not yet delivered, and on the way from Europe, which, together with their fully stocked branch Seed Store in Windsor, Ontario, close at hand, and the free and vigorous use of the telegraph and cable, enabled them to secure a new stock in a remarkably short time. Before the fire had subsided, they had secured new quarters and were devoting all their energies to their customers' interests. In thirty days from the fire they were in perfect working order again. When we consider the magnitude of their business, the appalling destruction of property at the most unfortunate season of the year, we doubt if the annals of history furnish a case of such rapid recuperation. Such energy deserves success.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
We have taken quite a drive over the county this week, and we found the prospect for wheat was never better at this season of the year. The fine rains that we have had lately and the beautiful spring-like weather that we are having insures a good wheat crop in 1886, and gives the farmers an opportunity to harvest their bountiful crop of corn. We enjoyed driving over the finest natural roads in the world. Every section line is a public highway. Fine farm houses and barns, beautiful groves and orchards in every direction. Kansas is indeed a beauty: a paradise for stock, and as nearly so for man as we may expect in this world. We also noticed in every neighborhood the pride of Kansas, a well-built schoolhouse. Having lived here 13 years, and driving over the county almost every week, yet we are surprised to see the rapid growth of improvements. A happy, healthy, intelligent, moral people, the peers of any in the United States, are building and beautifying homes of which they feel proud. Where a few years ago we saw only prairie, we now see groves of timber 20 to 40 feet high, and fine bearing orchards. Most of our farmers came here poor, some with less than nothing. We are acquainted with a number of them with farms worth from $4,000 to $10,000. These men would have been renters a hundred years if they had lived in the eastern States. Good land is cheap here yet.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
Our delegation to the Wichita G. A. R. encampment are profuse in praises of the grand reception, decoration, and entertainment afforded them by the people of Wichita. Specially marked was the attention of Marsh Murdock, whose Eagle office was headquarters for the "Vets." It was the most successful encampment the G. A. R. ever had in Kansas.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
Whiting & Son have a young yearling beaver, with its buzz saw teeth and dam-making tail. It was trapped three miles up the Walnut, where an army of these wood-cutters have slayed most of the trees along the bank for a mile or so. They will put it in the hands of a taxidermist and mount it on a limb as an ornament for their meat market.
One Man Shot and Lynching Threatened.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
Wednesday evening the train men on the S. K. informed us that three brothers named Weaver went into Danville, 8 miles east of Harper, yesterday, on a load of hay and there met Dell Shearer, a performer on a violin, whom they had hired over a year ago to play for a dance conducted by the Weaver brothers. Shearer failed to materialize, however, and left the Weaver dance without music, which made them wrathy and they threatened to lick Shearer the first time they saw him. Yesterday they proceeded to carry out their threats, whereupon Shearer pulled his "pop" and opened fire on them, which they returned, putting six holes through Shearer's body. The report comes that the Weaver brothers were bullies and Shearer a very quiet, gentlemanly young man. The victim was still alive last night, but it is impossible for him to recover. The citizens of Danville are much excited and threats of lynching have been made. The prisoners were taken to Harper last night for safekeeping.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
The spring is opening up and all manner of work is beginning. Employment can be found by every laboring man in our city who will work, and the spring schools are open for all the youth of our city; and there is no necessity of anyone loafing on our streets. Does the man who insists in being a loafer ever reflect how much less it would cost to be a decent and respectable laboring man. When you find a man wandering around this time of year without money or work, you can just set it down that that man is in this poverty stricken condition simply because he won't work when he gets an opportunity. Young man, don't idle your time away. You can find something to do to make a living. Anybody can be a man without much cost, but it costs something to be a loafer. It costs time, for no man can afford to be a first-class loafer without devoting his whole time to it. It costs money, for if you haven't got a cent, the time lost might have produced you much money if devoted to industry. It costs comfort, honor, dignity, self-respect, and respect of the public in general. Young man, go to work: be a gentleman or just kick yourself clean out of the country. We haven't got any use for you here. We want men with some get-up-and-get, who are not afraid to soil their hands with honest toil. There is no necessity of a man being without money in this country; there is lots of work to be done, so take off your coat and dive in and make money, spend it judiciously, and in time you will become a man of wealth and influence and be an honor to any community.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
There is not a city or county in the state that is in a better condition for the opening of trade, business, and work than is ours now. For two months the weather has been such that it was impossible for a man to do successful work, be he merchant, farmer, or mechanic. This enforced idleness has acted as fasting to a man's hunger and all are ready to go to work with greater energy than ever before. The warm days that we have already had demonstrate that it is only the end of winter, for which they are waiting. When that has come beyond cavil, then the fun will begin. The plow, rake, and planter are already being taken from their winter quarters and the grindstone of the farmer is busy whetting his tools. The carpenters and masons are bringing their eyes to bear on the frames and walls that are already built in their minds, the merchants have finished dusting their goods and marking down prices, and they will sell all they can put over their counters, and only a few days to wait. The backbone of winter may not be broken, but its neck is unjointed.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.

If you really want Winfield to boom and boom big, use her newspapers. If you are in business, let the people know it. The successful men of every town, especially in the west where the papers are the great information medium, are the ones who advertise the most: who make this branch of their business a study. If you don't know how to advertise, THE COURIER can give you a few pointers that will pay a hundred cents on the dollar and there are other ways in which you can boom the town. If you have any suggestions to make in regard to public affairs, THE COURIER will afford you the chance if you will express yourself within bounds as to length and manner. If you have built a house, or propose to build one; if you have laid out an addition to the city or propose to do so; if you have added or expect to add in any way to Winfield, tell the papers.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
The Webster Literary Society met at Normal Hall, Thursday, and quite an interesting meeting was held. The question for discussion was, "That the credit system should be abolished." It was decided in favor of the negative. It was argued by Messrs. M. Owen, Carl Wood, and B. Bartlett on the affirmative and by Prof. Inskeep, J. C. Bradshaw, and J. Smith on the negative. Some excellent speeches were made, after which "The Literary Casket," a bright and spicy sheet edited by Miss Emma S. Howland, was read. It consisted of many practical points and some good jokes on the boys.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
Sol Palmer, line manipulator of the Western Union Telegraph Company, was in the city Thursday and today, and arranged for the establishment of an up-town telegraph office. The company's business here has increased until this move is a necessity. The room in the Winfield National Bank extension, formerly occupied by K. C. & S. W. paymaster, Carey, has been rented. Lines connecting all the depots with this office will be put in at once and an operator given charge. This will be a big convenience to the company's patrons and greatly increase telegraphic business.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
A young lady of our acquaintance writes the following about a young fellow whom she classes as a "dude." "He calls about once and has called once a week for about a year, and is likely to call once a week as long as I have a good fire and plenty of gas to burn. But does he ever ask me to go to the theater? Oh, no! That might cost a few dollars, and the thought of spending money on any person but himself never enters his brain. Not but what he could afford it, but he is so selfish and so egotistical that he only has one thought—himself! If it were only one that had this detestable failing, it would not be so intolerable, but alas, it is almost everyone. Now, don't think this is the complaint of an old maid. It is simply the truth from a young lady not yet in her 22nd year." Our advice to the young lady is to combine with other young ladies and cut the acquaintance, not only of this dude but the dudes in general. A dude is no good, either for family or any other use. C.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
All newspaper men are familiar with the man who "gets more papers than he can read now," and therefore has no use for his local paper. This man takes a "family journal," published somewhere, which furnishes him with a most interesting monthly digest of information under the all-absorbing caption of "Irene's Fate," "Thrice Wooed and Won," or "Philosophical Musings," or something of that sort. Meanwhile his wife can sit on the corner of the wood box and feed her starving intellect upon the household receipts contained in the back of Dr. Jayne's almanac.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.

The rink closed for this season Thursday with a masked carnival. Could this large building be used to a better advantage, and could not the owner make more money and do the city more good by using this fine building for some other purpose? What is he going to do with it, we are not prepared to say, but should judge that it could be used to a better profit to the proprietor and more of a credit to the city.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
Winfield's child elocutionist recited before the G. A. R. encampment at Wichita. The Beacon says: "The first thing given was a recitation by little Maud Scott, of Winfield, a child but four years old, and her elocutionary powers and delivery are wonderful. She delivered two recitations during the evening and called forth cheer after cheer. She is certainly a prodigy."
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
An Atchison man has struck an original way of furnishing stimulants to the citizens of that city. His plan is to run pipes from a saloon situated on the Missouri side of the river to a room on the Kansas side, and then by means of a telephone, fill orders by forcing the liquor through the pipe. This plan, however, will not benefit Wichita to any great extent.
C. M. Wood's Story Continued.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
Young people were quite scarce during the first winter of these settlements, there only being three young ladies in the whole neighborhood—Emma and Hattie Ross, daughters of Judge T. B. Ross, and Julia Monforte, daughter of Capt. J. C. Monforte, who came into the settlement some time in November, 1869. I think at least we found them here when my wife and I came back from Cottonwood Falls in November. Dr. W. G. Graham helped them to select and locate three good claims about three miles up Timber Creek. The family consisted of the Captain, his wife, two sons, and two daughters. The two sons being of age took claims adjoining that of their father and held onto them for some years, but hard times and disappointment drove them to part with them. The Captain held on to his claim, worked diligently in connection with his sons and from year to year improved it until it is now one of the most valuable farms in the county and is owned by Alvin and J. C. Monforte, Jr.

When I first made the acquaintance of the Monforte family, I was up the creek one day on some business (I cannot recollect what now), and found them encamped in the timber on the Captain's claim. It was a cold winter day and I recollect that they were not at all used to such a life, having come from the City of Buffalo, New York. The Captain and his wife were then getting along in years. The Captain's head being as white as snow, it looked to me as if he had made a wrong movement for one so far along in life, and I think I so expressed myself to him. He said that he had been a sea Captain, but that he now found himself with grown children, and that he had come west to fix them so that they would be able to take care of themselves. Julia and her little sister looked so delicate I recollect well how I pitied them there as they shivered with the cold. But with the determination of a person who will take such a task, the family have lived on from year to year and by perseverance and industry, are all in comfortable circumstances. Will and J. C. Monforte still carry on the farm and take care of the old folks, who are now too old to work much. Julia married Sid Cure, a thrifty farmer and an old soldier, who now lives on his claim in Walnut township. Hattie married a Mr. Wilson, who came here a few years since from Scotland, and bought one of the best farms in the same neighborhood where they still reside. He is a quiet, thrifty farmer, and she is making him a good wife and helpmate.
Later on came one Mr. Hill, the husband of another one of the Captain's daughters. He also took a claim nearby and remained a year or so, having much sickness in his family, and being so unfortunate as to lose a little girl. They got discouraged, sold out, and left the country, since which time I have lost sight of them. I recollect well that my wife and I attended the funeral of Mr. and Mrs. Hill's child, at their claim, where the services were conducted by the Rev. E. P. Hickok, another early settler, which I may speak of more fully at another time. This was the first funeral, to my knowledge, in the county; and notwithstanding I had recently come out of the army, where death and desolation were all around me, I never before witnessed so solemn and impressive a scene as I did there and then. The lonely, wild, and desolate condition of the country, added to the grief of the parents and the fact that it was the first instance in which we had been made to feel that death would follow us wherever we went—all of these things made the occasion very impressive indeed.
Still later Mrs. Dr. Andrews, another of the Captain's daughters, came with her husband and settled in Winfield. She became a widow and since has married Rev. P. D. Lahr, and is now living at Towanda, Kansas. The Captain is still living with his sons on the old claim.
I hope the reader will excuse me for entering into the details of the settlement of the Monforte family, for I cannot resist the temptation to speak of such heroism when it is brought so favorably to my recollection.
Some may ask from where and how did you get the necessaries of life. Well, our goods were hauled from Leavenworth, Kansas, some 260 miles, by wagon. Occasionally some farmer from the settlement would come through here with cured pork and sell it to us. Frequently hunting parties would cross the Arkansas river when the buffalo were plenty and would kill and load their wagons and bring home plenty of meat, which they would divide with their neighbors, selling to such as were able to pay them, and giving to such as were not. To show the difference in the price of living then and now, I will give a few prices: Good flour, $6 to $8 per 100 lbs.; corn meal, $3.50 to $4.00 per 100 lbs.; corn $2.25 per bushel; potatoes, $2.00 to $2.50 per bushel; smoked hams and bacon, 25 to 30 cents per lb.; butter, 50 cents per lb., and coffee, 3 pounds for $1.00; sugar, 4 and 5 pounds for $1.00, and everything else in proportion. The boys used to go hunting buffalo and would load their wagons with only the hams of young cows cut off with the skin and hair on, which they would sell in the settlement from 6 to 8 cents per pound, and when the skin was taken off, it would reduce the weight so that the meat would cost about 10 to 12 cents per pound. Allow me to say here that I almost forgot to tell you more about the Ross girls. Emma, in a few years, married, I think, a Mr. Bryant, but she has been dead some years. Pattie is still single and lives with her mother and brother, John, on the old homestead, as hearty, good natured today and looking almost as fresh and young as she did sixteen years ago. I will close now by saying that if my memory has been at fault in any material matter spoken of, I ask pardon of those whom it may affect.

It has been the general opinion heretofore that the Indians of this country were a noble and brave people, though savage in their nature, honest and unsophisticated, and that they were incapable of taking care of themselves in trading and dickering with the white men. Hence all that was necessary for a man to do to get rich off of them was to get the chance to trade and barter for what they might have to dispose of. Now, this is a mistake which many persons have learned to their sorrow. In my own experience I have found the Indian as sharp at driving a bargain and as good a judge of values, so far as they have become acquainted with the article for trade, as the average white man, and that their habits of indolence has much more to do with their poverty than any other one thing.
In the first winter of our settlement here, the Osage Indians conceived the idea of raising a stake by levying a tax or giving a license to each claim holder, allowing them to remain on their claims for the sum of $5 per annum, to be paid in advance, for which they would give a receipt in which they would state that such person was to be protected in all of the rights that the general government could give them in living on and holding a claim of 160 acres of land. Chetopa, in company with Bill Conner, his interpreter, of whom I have heretofore spoken, would go from one settler to another, making this proposition to them, and in some instances was successful in getting the coveted $5. Chetopa came to me one day in this manner and was told that he need not expect anything. So he good naturedly made me a present of one of his receipts, saying that he was my friend and that he would not charge me anything.
The following is a true copy of my receipt, which has been preserved by Mrs. Wood as a memento of those times.
Dutch Creek, Cowley County, January 18, 1870
This is to certify that C. M. Wood has made presents to the amount of six dollars to Chetopa, Chief of the Little Osage Indians for which said C. M. Wood is to be protected in his claim and property by the said Indians for one year from date.
CHETOPA, his x mark.

This seemed to please him very much and he went away seeming to feel that he had made a good point. I soon found out that other settlers had told him that if I would pay him, they would do the same, so he went back to them telling that I had paid, now they must do the same or else leave here. Next day quite a number of settlers came to me asking about the matter when I told them the facts in the case. Some of them had thought best and had paid their money, others had put him off until they would get at the truth of this matter, promising to pay if all the rest had to. This thing stopped right here and I never heard Chetopa speak about the matter again. He acted as though he was conscious of doing a mean act, which I found out afterwards was put up by Bill Conner. During the winter Chetopa would often come to our house, generally in company with other Indians, and at all times acted the part of a perfect gentleman. He would not allow other Indians to spit tobacco juice on the floor; but would admonish them to spit in a spittoon, which they would do when he was present. He would occasionally take a meal of victuals with us, but the first time it took some persuasion to get him to sit down at the table with us. He was always neat and mannerly, and Mrs. Wood used to remark that she would be much better pleased if all white men eating at our table were as nice as he was. He came to our house one night, all alone, it being quite late. We asked him to remain all night, which he did. Mrs. Wood made him a bed on the floor out of six or eight buffalo robes, of which we had plenty at that time. When he came to lie down, he looked up at us and said, "logany," (meaning good). We all slept well and he left after breakfast next morning in good spirts.
The Indians would often bring things which they had traded for at the store, and hand them over to Mrs. Wood for safekeeping. She would mark them and put them away upstairs, where many things would remain uncalled for for days at a time. These little incidents only go to show that they had more confidence in Mrs. Wood than they had in me or some of their own people, for they would say, "Too many bad Indian; steal heap." Chetopa at one time bought a fine saddle of Baker, and Manning gave him a very nice bridle, both of which he took to Mrs. Wood and left them for about a month, and when he came riding up to our house one day on a very fine, large American horse, he seemed to be under some excitement, and called for his saddle and bridle, which were brought downstairs, when he put both saddle and bridle on his horse, and as proud a man as can be, rode off across the prairie at full gallop, looking more like that noble Indian so much spoken of by our poets, and especially John G. Whittier, than any Indian I have ever seen, before or since.
One day while I was trading with two old Indians, a couple of white men came into the house by the name of Beadle and Tryon, who had taken the Kickapoo corral claim. Mr. Tryon said, "I am going to have some fun with these fellows," and thereupon drew a sack having some coffee in it and acted as though he was going to strike one of them. The Indian whipped out his butcher knife, which he had hidden under his blanket, and made at Tryon with the full intention of cutting him up. Mr. Tryon was much scared and jumped across the house out of his way. The Indian persisted in his intention; and it took some considerable talk from me before he was satisfied that it was only intended for a joke. I don't think Mr. Tryon has ever joked another Indian in that way, but has learned that such movements might not be very healthy.
If these stories should prove to be interesting, I shall feel that I have been well paid for writing them, as it is not at all unpleasant for me to go back and look over the old ground, for in fact, notwithstanding it may seem like a hard life to live, I believe that I enjoyed it as well as any portion of my life, as there was a fascination about the excitement that is pleasant to experience.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
Why not tax the festive drummer for the support of a town, as well as any other peddler? There would of course be a great kick made at first because the drummer, next to the lofty brakeman on a railroad train, is the greatest man on earth. But the idea, on business principles, is not a bad one. The wholesale houses in large cities live off of the merchants of smaller cities, and can well afford to contribute to the support of the towns throughout the country that give them a business and riches—just as well, in fact, as the local merchant can who gives the first profit on their sales. Conway Springs Star.

Get out with your drummer tax! It's the thinnest kind of advocacy. Consider the thousands of dollars gathered all over Kansas by traveling men. They always get the best and pay the best. Half the hotels in the state would have to shut up shop if the festive drummer was to cease his peripatetic visits. From a dozen to thirty or more of these commercial men visit Winfield every day. Besides the money they leave, the convenience and saving to merchants is great. Suppose every time a merchant wanted to "stock up" in any branch, he would either have to "go to market" or order by letter. The result would be inconvenience, additional expense, and dissatisfaction in getting orders filled. The drummer is no peddler: he is a legitimate merchant in the avenues of trade, and as time goes on, will become more popular and useful to the wholesale houses, the local merchants, and the country in general. He increases business, all around, ten-fold, makes life and novelty in trade, and is variously a great individual whom you can't keep down. He is incorrigible and indispensable.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
Sid Cure, Prof. Limerick, A. B. Arment, G. H. McIntire, P. P. Powell, of Winfield; H. C. McDorman, Joe Church, James Nicholson, Boone Daniels, of Dexter, got home Thursday from the G. A. R. encampment at Wichita. J. E. Snow, the ladies' man of our delegation, was detained to deliver the inaugural address, tonight, of the Woman's Relief Corps. Our "boys" are enthusiastic over the success of this annual encampment, pronouncing it the heartiest meeting ever held in the State. There were a thousand or fifteen hundred old soldiers present, and a rousing commingling that renewed the old time warmth. The Grand officers were elected as follows: Department commander, C. J. McDivitt, of Abilene; Senior vice-department commander, T. H. Soward, of Winfield; Junior vice-commander, J. D. Baker, of Girard; Chaplain, Allen G. Buckner. Especially enthusiastic is our delegation over the glory of "our Tom." Judge Soward, elected to the next highest position in the department of Kansas, captivated the whole encampment by his eloquent speeches. He was frequently called out, making a speech last night, which, though impromptu, our fellows declare the finest effort they had ever known Judge to make. The election of Judge Soward to vice-commander is an honor worthily bestowed, and one which Winfield fully appreciates.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
When Janitor Fleming, of the 2nd ward school building, opened the building before daylight Thursday morning, he found upon entering Miss Campbell's room, five tramps stretched out full length and wrapped in the arms of Morpheus, a pleasing smile wreathing their pale and interesting countenances. Mr. Fleming broke their slumbers by a peremptory demand to "arise, take up thy bed, and walk," which they did, asking no questions. The teachers found several little things missing yesterday. Mr. Fleming thinks they had a key that they unlocked the front door with, though they said they got in through a window. The janitor is very careful to lock everything.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
Seven hundred and fifty million dollars are annually employed to sustain the saloons of the land: $2,000,000 per day. This is only one form of the many influences at work to destroy young men. There are but few influences at work to benefit young men. The Young Men's Christian Association is one of these influences. Over $2,000 per day it employs to help young men, while by the saloons alone are $2,000,000 per day employed to ruin them. This should awaken thought that should lead to more effort in the interest of young men.
The Watchman.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.

We hear that one of our old Winfield men, Mr. James Renox, his father, and whole family were frozen to death near Richfield, Kansas County, during the late cold spell. Jim was found dead, apparently in the act of putting the harness on one of his horses, and his father and family were found in the house frozen, having run out of fuel. Mr. James Renox will be remembered as having lived here for a long time, and engaged in selling and buying horses on our streets. His friends here will regret to hear of the sad fate of this family.
[Note: Paper really confused me on the above item, followed by another item in same March 4th issue that calls him by another name: "Jim Rennick." What can I say? The errors made by paper were many in these six-page issues. I have no idea what the real name is of the individual who is supposed to have frozen to death and then later, was still alive.
One might ask: "Renox" or "Rennick." That is the question. MAW]
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
Nature smiles upon happy people in every clime and at all times. Life is about what we make it, as is the minister's sermon, a lawyer's argument, a newspaper, and everything else for that matter. Southern Kansas is especially blessed year by year, and with few exceptions there are none here who are industrious, are able to procure all the necessaries of life, and many are there indeed who are enabled to gain fame and fortune from the natural growth of an unsurpassed productive country.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
About fifty couples from the rural districts gathered at the rink Friday and tripped the light fantastic to the music of the Roberts Orchestra and the prompting of Chas. Gay till a late hour. This is a big thing for the country boys, as the rink floor is as fine as can be found for this amusement—spacious and smooth as glass.
Her Chronicle of the Comings, Goings, and Doings of Persons at Home and Abroad.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
S. D. Pryor took in the Terminus today, on legal business.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
Sam Gilbert is down from Wichita—Stereotyped by Chicago stereotyping Co.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
J. S. Hubbard and family left Monday morning for Richfield, Kansas County.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
William Duncan brought in 27 head of hogs from 8 miles south of town Thursday.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
F. N. Oliver and Geo. C. Cross are here from Wichita, hung up with Harter & Hill.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
Mr. and Mrs. E. F. Blair have gone to Wichita to attend the G. A. R. encampment.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
Miss Clara Brooks left last Friday to spend a week with the Misses Dennis, at Grenola.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
Mrs. P. P. Powell went to Wellington last Friday to visit a few days with relatives.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
A. A. Harris, Cincinnati, bombarding our merchants Friday, hung up at the Brettun.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
William D. Carey came in from El Dorado Thursday, where he has been on railroad business.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
Col. Peckham, attorney for the D., M. & A., came in from Wichita on his way to his home at Sedan.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
Hop Shivvers is a widower for a few days, his wife having gone to Wichita to visit with her sister.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
Judge Snow made an address to the ladies of the Woman's Relief Corps at Wichita Thursday.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
A. E. Kirkpatrick, mine host of the Central Avenue Hotel, Arkansas City, was on our streets Thursday.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
M. R. Arnett and Miss Alice Marshall were married by Judge Gans at the Central parlors Thursday.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
Dr. Stiles is over from Oxford. He has sold out there and intends moving back to Winfield in about ten days.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
W. C. Pellforn, W. K. Prankard, J. H. Orr, and Geo. D. Cook, Chicago drummers, hashed Thursday at the Brettun.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
Mrs. Wes. Ferguson and daughter of Arkansas City, are in the city visiting Mrs. Cal Ferguson for a few days.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
Prof. Morgan Caraway, of Great Bend, was in the city Thursday, viewing the Queen City and visiting acquaintances.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
Wes. Ferguson, a brother, of Arkansas City, has charge of Cal. Ferguson's stable during the latter's absence at Dodge City.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
Jake Musgrove, one of the old timers of this section, was over from South Haven Friday. He's as fat and jolly as ever.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
Mrs. E. S. Burros, sister of Mrs. Dr. W. T. Wright, who has been visiting here for the past two weeks, went east Thursday.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
Mr. Blackman, who has been living on East 10th, has rented the Olds House. Mr. Olds and family will leave Monday for the West.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.

Misses Nona Calhoun and Bert Morford are off for a few week's visit at Joplin, Missouri, Miss Morford's old home, and at Galena, Kansas.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
Bob O'Neil came in Thursday from Meade County, where he is engaged in the land business, to visit a few days with his parents.
Dr. S. R. Marsh has a severe attack of pneumonia, and won't get out for a week or more. He is being cared for at Rev. Snyder's house.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
Dave Dix is the happy "dad" of a fine boy of regulation weight—as signified by his countenance Friday and the presentation of the cigars.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
The roads are drying up and again the hay and corn are rolling in. The prices are good, however, and no danger of flooding the market.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
W. L. Moorehouse is putting up a building on North Main, near the S. K. track, to be rented for a railroad lunch counter and restaurant.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
J. Stewart, F. Murney, C. W. Aldriade, W. J. Flynn, and J. E. Moore, K. C. men of wares, stuck their pedals under the Brettun tables Thursday.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
The little child of Mr. and Mrs. Wilkinson, who has been very sick for some time, is now much better, and hopes are entertained of its recovery.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
W. L. Pridgeon was elected to the office of Judge Advocate of the Kansas division of Sons of Veterans at Wichita Thursday at the encampment.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
Miss Alice Thomas, of Indianapolis, Indiana, arrived Friday, and will spend some months in the home of Mrs. M. Wood. She came to benefit her health.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
Roy Stidger and his friend, C. C. Bardell, are here from Moundsville, West Virginia. Roy will likely locate at Richfield. Mrs. Stidger will be here in a few days.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
County Commissioner J. A. Irwin has returned from his La Belle, Missouri, visit, having spent a very pleasant month with his aged mother and old friends.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
J. Beard, of the Fruit House, will move shortly into the building now occupied by Kennedy's butcher shop, on 9th avenue, near Judge Snow's office.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
Miss Mary Hamill has resigned her position in the second primary in the west ward. Mrs. F. C. Williams was elected to take her place next Monday.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
Henry Saunders shipped a car load of mutton to Boston Friday. Mr. Saunders will slaughter about 3,000 head this summer and ship them to the eastern markets.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
Sam Kleeman is among the Winfield merchants now in the east buying a big stock of various wares. Samuel will have a selection that will get to the front.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
Mr. and Mrs. Geo. Moor, sister and brother-in-law of J. W. Curns, came over from Fort Scott Thursday and will remain for a week with Mr. and Mrs. Curns.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
Miss Lou Ridenour went to Kansas City Thursday to assist in taking care of Mrs. Joe. Mooso, who went there two weeks ago for medical treatment, and is much worse.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
Judge T. H. Soward and wife returned from the G. A. R. encampment at Wichita Friday. They were the guests of Mr. and Mrs. S. L. Gilbert while at Wichita.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
The old shells that have disgraced 9th avenue for a decade are now being shoved off the First National Bank lot, ready for the erection of the magnificent bank building.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
John T. Schonover, of the law firm of Ruggles and Schonover, of Wichita, spent Thursday in the city, a guest of Willis A. Ritchie. Mr. Schonover is formerly of Lima, Ohio.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
L. K. Richards, C. H. Kennell, F. T. Morophy, T. L. Howse, Batt Domelby, John O'Toale, Frank Hays, and Frank Herbert, Frisco telegraph men, were at the Lindell Thursday.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
Tom J. Harris, of Harris, Clark & Huffman, got home Wednesday from a week's rambles in Missouri and places in Kansas on business. He gives his rail reflections in the Daily.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
Architect S. A. Cook started to Kansas City Wednesday to secure several first-class workmen. He says he is behind with his business and must have two or three good men at soon as possible.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
F. J. Newton, the cornetist, has returned from three months in Fulton, New York, his old home. His brother, J. D. Newton, returned with him to remain. They go to Richfield in a few days to prospect.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
Rev. C. J. Bowles, Jr., pastor of the Columbus Baptist church, is in the city, and made a few very timely remarks to the Baptist people of this place Thursday at the prayer meeting of that church.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
L. A. Millspaugh, the St. Joe foot gear man, one of "our boys," came in Thursday from a tour of Southern Missouri and Eastern Kansas. Ob. represents a big firm and sells a pile of boots and shoes.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.

L. J. Webb, formerly of this city, now of Topeka, was elected Colonel, commanding Kansas division of Sons of Veterans, at Wichita Thursday. F. B. Waldren of this city was given a position on Webb's staff.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
Capt. Nipp, Sen. Long, Judge Snow, John Ledlie and wife, and Mrs. Samuel Dalton came down from Wichita Friday, where they have been attending the encampment and Woman's Relief Corps of the Kansas district.
A County Couple "Do" the Town in Royal Shape.—Hungry But Happy.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
About one o'clock Friday afternoon a couple from one of the out-lying townships made their appearance on Main street, and for four hours strutted up and down the street, arm in arm, apparently as contented as a June bug is when he smiles serenely upon the coquettish grasshopper of the feminine persuasion. A ripple of happiness played upon their countenances that was pleasing to the eyes of a criticizing public. She showered artful glances upon him, while he reciprocated the compliment by tickling her under the jaw ever and anon. Their attire was of a style which is almost wholly a stranger to this section of civilization. His hat in its younger days of the plug stripe, maybe, but as age settled upon it, holes appeared and rips were noticeable. It looked as though someone had used it for a mattress; aside from this his hair was visible through a crevice in the side. His coat resembled a flag that had seen four years' service in the late war and had since been used as a leather renovator; his pantaloon legs were probably the same length when made, but one had shrunk considerably and the other looked like it had been telescoped in a railway accident and landed several inches above his ankle; sunset patches adorned the pantaloons, and otherwise they presented a queer spectacle. One large toe was squeezed through a hole in the left shoe, his feet spread out on the walk like ham sandwiches. The young lady wore a small straw hat on the top of her cranium, on which bloomed a patch of artificial flowers. She wore bangs. But the kind! Gracious! They were the queerest specimen ever seen. Yellow in color, straight as a shingle, and of different lengths! They fell over her forehead like driftwood in a slow tide. A red collar, with a green ribbon, was wrapped around her neck. Her dress was a Mother Hubbard, with a xxx flour patch on the bustle. It struck her brogan shoe tops and flopped carelessly in the wind. He was eating crackers from one hand; in the other was a long link of healthy-looking bologna sausage, which he and his girl would ravenously gnaw. She was engaged in nibbling a hunk of squashy-looking cheese. Every now and then she would take a bite, then he, and thus they went along in perfect contentment, so far as the world was concerned.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
Says the probate judge of Barber County, Judge Hardy: "I shall be compelled to revoke all permits issued to druggists in Medicine Lodge. Everyone of them have abused the privilege and forbearance has ceased to be a virtue with me. I saw five barrels of liquor consigned to a druggist going to a saloon in this town and that settled it with me. I have had the impression for some time that the druggists have been supplying the saloons, but could not get sufficient evidence; but now I am satisfied."

Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
The Wellington Press announces in a half a column the mysterious existence in Sumner County of some mysterious heir to a mysterious fortune of $80,000,000, and that some very mysterious individual, mysteriously bent on ascertaining whether or not he was really the only heir, or did this other mysterious heir live in Sumner. This mysterious eastern heir was dark and unfathomable in his movements—floating around like an apparition.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
Tom H. Soward, senior vice commander, of Winfield, and J. D. Burke, junior vice commander, of Girard, and Col. St. Clair, of Sumner, were the last delegation last night to call to congratulate Wichita and her Eagle. Commander Soward said he had attended the national encampment at Chicago and encampments at several other points, and he was glad to say that Wichita's street arches surpassed everything of the kind he ever saw. Eagle.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
Fred Kropp has succeeded in getting the wall of the Carson building back to its former position and the work of underlaying has commenced and will be ready for the joining of the wall of the McMullen building in a few days. This has been a big job; being compelled to suspend a solid stone wall, but Fred is an expert at the business and can move anything from a chicken coop to a two-story brick house.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
The old Schofield livery barn, one of the oldest and homeliest landmarks in Winfield, will soon be moved on north Main next to the old foundry building, where Frank Schofield will continue his livery business. A. H. Doane will erect a handsome business house in its place. And still we boom. The old shells will all be banished from Main street before 1886 goes out.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
Go in, Harper Graphic and Anthony Republican. We admire your freedom and grit. Keep yourself well groomed, your liver right-side up, and your spirits damp, and you may keep in sight. The only thing in the way of our gait is the light weight on the other end. Give us a chance to "even up." Cast a little bread, at least. That it will return to you ten-fold in a few days is very evident.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
The Presbyterian folks have not had a regularly appointed pastor since Rev. Kirkwood left them until Thursday. The members unanimously chose Rev. Miller as their pastor last night. Rev. Miller has been preaching here for this church for some time past and has proven himself to be the very man they want. He is a good speaker, an earnest worker, and will no doubt keep up a glowing interest in this church.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
Farmers should profit by last year's experience and get their work in at plowing as early as possible so as not to be delayed when seeding time comes with wet weather. Planting should be done as early as practicable. Last year so much rain fell as to delay planting until quite late. The time that was spent at plowing should have been spent at seeding. Never put anything off until tomorrow that can be done today.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.

John W. Locke, deputy sheriff of Neosho County, was here Thursday from Chanute and took back with him Saunders, the tool thief gobbled here yesterday. Saunders' original steal was worth $60, but he sold most of the tools at Cherryvale and Independence.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
A. H. Doane is having the old blacksmith shop occupied by Weaver & Keller moved to the rear of the lot on which it now stands, corner 9th and Millington streets, and will commence immediately to erect a business building on the corner where it formerly stood.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
J. P. Baden will ship another car load of butter this afternoon to Chicago. He turns out about 3,000 pounds per day. He will also ship a car load of eggs this afternoon to Chicago. He furnishes many of the eastern markets with butter, eggs, and produce.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
Fred Ballein left Thursday for Chicago and New York to lay in the big spring stock for Baden's headquarters. Fred has "caught on" to about all there is in dry goods, with his keen observation and will select a splendid stock.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
The mad dog scare is raging in our city. A dog on east 10th avenue had what was supposed to be a hydrophobic fit this morning, and was quickly started on the road to the "happy hunting ground." This is the only case we have had for two years.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
Hudson Bros. are at work on a huge town clock, of their own model and manufacture. It will weigh a thousand pounds and adorn the top of their business house, with a bell striker that will stroke the hours to be heard a mile.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
Burden's amateur talent is coming to the front in fine shape, in the interests of that town's public library. A program is before us for a musical and dramatic entertainment tomorrow evening that promises much interest.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
Rev. J. P. Henderson came in Thursday from Fowler, Meade County, where he has been for six weeks back. He says spring improvements have begun out there in earnest and everybody is in good spirits. Same here.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
J. S. Mann has just received one of the "slickest" mirrors to show the fit of clothing that has yet struck the town. You can see the back as well as the front of a suit. It came from Stein, Black & Co., New York.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
Somebody who knows says: Any young man is made better by a kind sister's love. It is not absolutely necessary that it be his own sister.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
You all know Brown & Son, the Winfield druggists. They sell and recommend Chamberlain's Cough Remedy. The best made for coughs, colds, croup, or sore throat.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
We notice that some postmasters and newspaper publishers have been getting into trouble for sending newspapers through the mails in which were folded supplements containing advertisements. The laws and regulations of the Post Office Department provide that supplements shall be folded in the main issue of the paper and shall contain no matter which is not germane to the matter in the paper and no advertisements unless accompanied by the affidavit of the publisher that the advertisement is a part of the matter of the regular issue and paid for at the same rates as such space and matter is paid for in the regular issue. The penalty for depositing in the postoffice for mailing as second class matter newspapers containing dodgers and supplements violating the above rules, is ten dollars for each paper so deposited and subjecting the whole batch to third class postage. We know of publishers within a thousand miles of here who have folded dodgers and bill posters as supplements, but disguised them by reading matter in the margins, and one case which has recently come under our observation where the bill poster was not attempted to be disguised in any other way than by the words at the head to show that it was a supplement to the paper. The publisher probably got $3.00 for printing the poster covering the space of a $30.00 advertisement, and attempted to help the advertiser to swindle the government out of $10.00 on the postage while he was himself giving his customer $30.00 worth of advertising for $3.00. Besides this, should the postal authorities be notified of his attempt, it would subject the publisher to a fine of $10,000.00 on a thousand copies and that would not be a very paying business.
Besides violating the law, which is the great consideration, and the penalty if detected, it is the most consummate fool operation that a publisher can be guilty of.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
The southern ex-rebel leaders, who are just now "on top" at Washington, are making the most of their opportunity. As a sample, the official records show that Senator Vance, of North Carolina, has managed to have the names of seventeen members of his own family, including his three sons, entered on the government payrolls, their pay aggregating $25,320 a year. The remark recently made by a distinguished southern Democrat that "we have been out for twenty-five years, and must now make up for lost time," was not made in jest.

The investigation of the rolls of employees of the house of representatives, prompted by the allegation that many names are carried of those who perform the service for the pay drawn, is proving to be fruitful of interesting revelations. It is shown that the doorkeeper has on his rolls 140 employees, the clerk 45, the sergeant-at-arms 8, postmaster 21, the speaker 10, annual clerks 40, and session clerks 35—a total of 293, and drawing salaries that aggregate $407,632 per annum. The doorkeeper seems to have had the hardest time of it in his endeavor to accommodate congressmen who had constituents hungry for a taste of official life at Washington, and in his willingness to make himself agreeable all around, he has provided for more pegs than there were holes; and it is said his roll shows four or five newspaper correspondents whose relations to the duties of the positions to which they are ostensibly assigned consist in the not unpleasant task of drawing their salaries once a month. The officials before named assert that everything can be made plain, and the investigating committees will give them an opportunity of doing so. The examination thus far into the affairs of the doorkeeper has revealed anything but a creditable condition.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
Some time ago the landed proprietors of Florida induced Joe Pulitzer of the New York World to issue a special edition of his paper for them. He did so. In it the peninsula was painted in the most glowing terms and held up as a veritable paradise. This stirred the jealousy of the New York Herald, and it sent down a gang of reporters, who declared that the whole thing was a delusion. "The land is a swamp. Nothing is plenty but mosquitoes. Malaria sweeps over the groves, rendering life a burden; and the whole state is in the hands of real estate sharks, while the late cold snap has ruined all the orange orchards and reduced thousands to absolute poverty." The Florida people are calling upon the World to refute these tales as vile slanders. Joe is willing to do it if the people there will append their signatures to the statement to pay him a dollar a line. The first edition, however, exhausted their finances, and they are now in trouble up to their necks. The good results of their first venture are more than wasted, and they are cursing the New York sheets for a set of mercenary wretches, who have fleeced them without giving them the slightest satisfaction. Newspaper men are now looked upon in Florida with the eye of suspicion.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
The big four counties of the State are situated in a block on the Arkansas Valley. These four counties contain one-tenth of the entire population of Kansas. Think of it. These counties are Sedgwick, Sumner, Cowley, and Butler. These counties will send four senators and eleven representatives to the legislature. No such block of four counties can be found in the State. There cannot be found even two adjoining counties in the state with three representatives each. Those of our visitors who have cast their eyes out over this valley need not be told why this is so—why this section of the state leads all others in development and prosperity. All of Kansas is good, but the little block of sixty or eighty miles square, lying on the lower Arkansas Valley cannot be matched inside the State, and of course can't be matched outside of the State. Eagle.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
The passage of the pharmacy bill was due almost exclusively to the individual exertions of Chancellor Lippincott. It had been given up as hopeless by all the friends when the chancellor took the matter in hand personally and secured its passage. Lawrence Journal.
The above exhibits the earmarks of Chancellor Lippincott, and we will bet a hat that he wrote it himself and asked to have it inserted in the form above. The fact is that the Chancellor's "individual exertions" were neither noticed nor known in the matter, and would have had no effect had they been noticed. The bill was passed through the efforts of Senator Barker and Representatives Roberts and Cos, men of character and influence and very popular in the legislature. To them all the honors belong.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
Dr. F. M. Cooper, formerly of Winfield, but now of Burlington, Kansas, sent us a treatise on the "Oxygen treatment, a remedy in disease, mode of action and results, by a natural process of revitalization," written by himself and published in a neat pamphlet form. Dr. Cooper is a natural scientist, has acquired much by study and experience, and we have great faith in the results of his practical research. We always knew he had in him the elements of success.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
The Red Gulch Dam was an Arizona newspaper, and the Red Gulch Fool another. They have now been consolidated and the name united in hyphened connection. The joint name is said to be Arizona for mugwump.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
Last Saturday the Governor appointed the above named gentleman Judge of the newly created twenty-third judicial district. The appointment is an eminently proper one. Among the many bright young lawyers of wester Kansas, Judge Osborn is perhaps the most thoroughly equipped for these high honors. He represented Trego County on the floor of the House during the last two sessions and was early recognized as one of the most prominent and useful members. That his judicial career will be one of honor and marked by ability of the highest order none who know him will for a moment doubt.
Newsy Notes Gathered by the "Courier's" Corps of Neighborhood Correspondents.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
Railroad is all the talk in this vicinity at present.
Charley Piper has gone to his claim in Finney County.
John Anderson and family spent Sunday at Lon Bryant's.
Mr. Shelton and Mrs. Emery, of Winfield, Sundayed at Uncle Joe Hassell's.
J. F. Martin and wife were visiting at their son-in-law's, Wm. Schwantes, Sunday.
The blizzard has not yet made its appearance, but gloomy weather in its place.
Attie Weakly will assist Grandma Weakly with her general house work for a time.
J. A. Rucker has marketed most of his wheat. The price received was 93 cents per bushel.
Winter is certainly over for Mrs. B. D. Hanna has been calling on some of her neighbors.
Frank and Hon. Weakly went to Winfield last Saturday and purchased a lot of barb wire.
Charley Bryant has set in for general farm work at Uncle Bob Weakly's. He gets $20 per month.
The neighbors hardly get the question asked, how are the folks, Lon? Until the answer greets them, "It's a boy."
I often glance at "Old Sledge's" items and believe he hits the mark better than "Rodent." If not, he is badly off.
George Arnold is very anxious to look after a claim, and his anxiety will increase so much now that we would say go, George.

Mrs. Al Rucker made a flying trip to Winfield lately and contemplates visiting some this week. She is enjoying excellent health.
Miss Capitola Lynn is the next to catch the western fever, and will take a trip this week. May success attend her in her investment.
"Rodent," a Bethel correspondent, in last week's COURIER, was counting up the new kids in this vicinity, but counted one too many. Don't count so soon.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
Miss Eva Reynolds was in Winfield one day last week.
Mr. Branson and wife, of Eureka, are visiting their sons here.
Mrs. H. R. Branson is quite sick. We hope she is not dangerous.
Mr. Cliff Rockwell went to Ford County Monday with Mr. Allen.
Miss Ida Straughn spent several days with her aunt, Mrs. Gardenhire.
Mr. Higbee is to be our new postmaster. We understand he is to take charge soon.
Several of our young people attended the play at Burden Friday night. They say it was good.
Mr. Sharp, from Taylorsville, came in Saturday morning. He will spend the summer in the Territory.
Mr. John Allen and family left Monday for Ford County. We wish them success in their new home.
Mr. Tom Jones, of East Prairie, has arrived home from his trip to Missouri. We welcome him back.
Mr. Lu Hewton [?]has sold out here, going back to his old home, Indianapolis, Indiana. We are sorry to lose him as he was one of the best.
Mr. Will Higbee arrived here from Schell City Sunday morning, to spend several days with his parents and friends. We are glad to see him.
The party at A. G. Elliott's Wednesday night was a grand affair. It was well attended by the young people from Dexter and Torrance. All seemed to enjoy themselves.
Mr. H. G. Norton closed his school here Friday evening and returned to Winfield. His school should have lasted a month longer, but for some financial trouble. Miss Rittenhouse will teach a month longer.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
The K. C. & S. W. R. R. company have reached this locality with their telegraph poles.
No spring seeding has been done yet in this community, but much preparation is being made.
Prof. Blake's prognostications have come to pass on the weather, for the first few days of March.
Timme says, "the dude is bounced and will soon be seen with gripsack in hand riding on a tie pass, going north from Hackney."
J. W. Feuquay represented "these diggins" at the G. A. R. encampment at Wichita, and reports a lively time and large attendance.
Ed. Watt has severed his relations with the commercial school of Winfield, to put in practice the knowledge acquired on his father's farm.

Ed. Garrett closes his winter term of school today in district 4. Ed. gets the spring term without any of the trials, vexations, and tribulations of his fellow teachers in adjoining districts.
A three-cornered feud is at present brewing among the patrons, school board, and teacher in district 115. The occasion of the trouble is concerning who shall teach the spring term.
Jacob Nixon's horticultural article in last week's COURIER was interesting and instructive, and worthy of perusal by every farmer. Jake is a close observer and good authority on horticultural matters.
Miss Mattie Victor and E. W. Ewing are contesting for the privilege of teaching the spring school at Victor. They are both circulating petitions among the patrons of the school, and Miss Mattie, at last accounts, was several points ahead.
The members of the temperance union of Irwin Chapel refuse to be comforted and commune in sweet fellowship any longer. Discord and disruption seem to be their inevitable doom. A small house for one family will do, but never was one house built large enough for two.
Two members of the school boards of districts 131 and 10 have discovered a new way of employing teachers for their respective schools, viz: the member of the former district swaps his daughter for the wife of the member of the latter district. In the traffic, the old teachers who taught the fall and winter schools got left on teaching the spring terms. Verily the ways of the pedagogue are troublesome and mysterious.
It is a "dead give away" on the strength of a school board's backbone when they write a very polite note to a teacher endorsing his methods of teaching and discipline, and acknowledging that they have no fault to find as a board, but in order to pacify the animosities of a couple of families in the district, they are obliged to change teachers for the spring term. There are too many such favoring, sycophant school boards everywhere, whose actions are largely instrumental in retarding the progress of education generally.
The Enterprise lyceum did not have the backbone to "tackle" the Centennials on joint debate. However, the latter society have accepted a challenge from the Tannehill literary, and Greek will meet Greek next Thursday evening, March 4th, at the Tannehill schoolhouse. The following question will be the subject of debate: "Resolved, That it would be to the best interest of the farmers of Beaver township to vote $15,000 aid for the building of an air line railroad from Winfield to Geuda Springs, with side track and depot in the center of the township on said line of railroad." The Centennials will be represented, as regards speakers, by Messrs. Mose Teeter, Geo. Teeter, Ed. Byers, W. B. Holland, and M. H. Markum, on the negative.

It is high time that the farmers who patronize Winfield as a market should petition the city council to compel the city weigh master to remove his scales from Main street to some convenient avenue. He should also be compelled to secure a lot and erect a suitable pen for holding stock to be weighed, and a stock frame for confining stock on his scales when weighing. It is brutish and heathenish, to say the least, to expose loose stock on Main street to be run into by passing vehicles that constantly throng this thoroughfare. Then this barbarous treatment that stock must necessarily receive to force them onto an open platform scales, placed along a pavement where a continual stream of people are floating up and down, should be condemned without any argument. The spectacle of stout, robust men tramping around in the mud with clubs and horse-whips in their hands, beating and pounding helpless stock, is extremely shocking to the sensitive nerves and delicate constitution of ladies and children, who are unavoidably present on Main street. These scales should be removed near some livery barn where arrangements might be made for a yard for holding stock until weighed. Unless these conditions are complied with, farmers having stock to sell should play the boycotting scheme on Winfield.
"Mark" has received a copy of the report of the State Board of Agriculture for the quarter ending December 31, 1885; also the second annual report of the Live Stock Sanitary Commission. The Board's report embraces a fund of useful and valuable information. Over 5,000 acres are seeded to tame grasses in Cowley County: 60,000 acres seeded to winter wheat last fall in our county, and its condition at the close of December was 100 per cent. But it is highly probable that the month of January reduced this condition at least one-quarter, with the critical month of March yet to hear from. The article, "A Little Talk to a Young Farmer," by our Jas. F. Martin, should be read by every young man on the farm and nine-tenths of the older men. The articles, "The Farmer Boy," by A. P. Collins; "Plowing Considered With Reference to Depth and Time," by Martin Mohler; and "Farming For Profit," by L. M. Pickering, are all valuable productions, and should be carefully read by every farmer. The map appended, showing at a glance the population of the State by counties, is a very concise and convenient tabulation. The middle of Cowley is on the meridian of the center of population for the state. Our county ranks five in the number of inhabitants, 29,555. Leavenworth leads in population, followed in their order by Shawnee, Sedgwick, and Sumner.
A Nocturnal Safe Blower That Didn't Get There.
A Good One on Somebody.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.

At three o'clock Tuesday night Tom H. Harrod, at the jail, was roused out by Jimmy Vance, a brother of Mrs. Bobbett, and rooming next to Hackney & Asp's office, with the startling information that the big safe in Hackney & Asp's office, full of valuables, was being bored. Tom yanked on a skimming of "duds" and rushed out into darkness surpassing "a stack of black cats," accompanied by drizzling rain. Noiselessly he made around to the back window of the office, tumbling into a half dozen mud-holes head-over-heels in transit, and placed his ear to the pane. The same sound that the boy had heard—chump, chump, hard and then soft, caught Tom's ear. He flew back to the jail, woke up Sheriff McIntire, who went over to guard the office while Tom went for Henry Asp and the office key. Scarcely taking time to jerk on his coat, shoes, and pants, all without buttoning, Henry accompanied Tom back. All listened and heard that same sound, as of a drill slowly penetrating the safe, now hard and then easy. Their hearts ran up into their mouths. After waiting, listening, and watching for a considerable time, there appeared to be no surcease or increase, and doubt as to the real existence of a burglar began to crawl into their minds, while Vance, the young "Wall Street detective," stood shiveringly waiting for b-l-o-o-d. With guns ready for gore, the door was noiselessly unlocked and the premises carefully reconnoitered. No burglar, and Henry's hair gradually resumed its lay as they hunted around for the source of the noise, which still continued. Finally the whole thing dawned. It was the drip, drip of the water spout of the abutting boarding house. This is what excited the boy and fooled the officials. It was a water hall and a good joke all around.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
"Talk about the mean, low, little contemptible things some men will stoop to for the sake of money, the story told us the other day about a man in Winfield trying to sell his deceased wife's false teeth to a dentist in this city, caps the climax. Wellington Press."
Yes, he was a Son-of-a-Gun from the headwaters, Wellington. But he struck the wrong town in which to try palming off his decayed truck. He was pummeled and yanked till his yells for mercy attracted a Wichita man, who gobbled up the teeth and loaned the poor devil ten cents with which to take the first train for purgatory.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
J. J. Carson & Co. have just received a large stock of boy's and children's clothing.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
A span of four-year-old mules, wagon and harness. Call on J. B. Nipp.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
Good new geese feathers at the St. James Hotel at once.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
The following are the real estate transfers filed in the office of Register of Deeds yesterday.
Mary E Martin and hus to J Wade McDonald, ne qr 15-33-4e and tract in ne qr 23-3-4e: $1,000
C W Wishard to J W Searle, e hf ne qr and w hf nw qr 15-35-7e, 160 acres: $1,200
Edgar S Wilson et ux to Charles W Wishard, e hf ne qr 15-35-7e: $1,200
A G Lowe et ux to Mariah Brown, lots 21 and 22, blk 155, A C: $200
D R Beatty et ux to A D Hawk, lot 3, blk 63, A C: $100
Alexander Crow et ux to Anna E Holloway, lots 20, 21, 22 and 23, blk 132, A C: $1,000
J P Stewart et ux to W L Morehouse, lot 6, blk 226, Citizens ad to Winfield: $600
Rachel Hines and hus to Christopher C Brown, n hf lot 7, block 3, Dexter: $200
R M Campbell to John Cox, lots 5 and 6, blk 8, New Salem: $150
A D Edwards et al to Jeremiah Weakly, e hf sw qr 23-34-5e: $225
M Brettun to John Smith, w hf ne qr 11-33-3e, Sheriff's dead: $376
Martha Brockett and hus to Martin Stafford, tract in se qr 21-32-4e: $600
A V Polk et ux to A S Holmes, lots 7 and 8, blk 19, Wilmot: $125
Wilmot Town Co to A V Polk, lots 7 and 8, blk 19, Wilmot: $125
Wm J Gamel et ux to Theodore Curtis, lot 7 and n hf lot 8, blk 49, A C: $500
Thomas J Feagins to M A Thompson, lots 3, 4, 5 and 6, blk 38, A C: $2,000
W P Carrer et ux to Wm F Carrer, se qr 10-31-6e, 160 acres, $2,000

J W Leach et ux to W T Wagner, s hf nw qr 34-32-6e, 80 acres: $1,500
S B Sherman et al to Margaret J Weaverling, pt lot 32, blk 12, Cambridge: $20.00
P Willis Smith et al to J P Stewart, tract in lots 5 and 6, Udall: $1,500
James K Miller et ux to John A Eaton et al, se qr and lots 3 and 4 & s hf nw qr 3-34-7e: $2,500
Annie Stilson et ux to Mary Crawford, s hf se qr & se qr sw qr 34-31-7e: $600
James Voyt et ux to Benj F Whipp, s hf 2-34-7e: $2,000
Martha Jane Shindle and husband to Jamison Vawter, lots 19 and 20, blk 77, A C: $1,100
Jamison Vawter et ux to Martha Jane Shindle, lots 21 and 22, blk 80, A C: $1,500
J P Stewart et ux to Nancy I Lowe, lots 7, 8 and 9, blk 192, Loomis ad to Winfield: $1,200
Martha I Martin et al to B W Matlack, ne qr 34-31-6e, 160 acres: $40.00
Lydia Welch to J Wade McDonald, ne qr 34-31-5e: $30.00
J R Musgrove et ux to F C Hunt, lots 1, 2, 3 & 4, blk 48, Musgrove's ad to Winfield: $300.00
Highland Park Town Company to W G Graham, lots 1 & 14, blk 5, and lots 10, 11 & 12, blk 29, H P ad to Winfield: $1,500
Highland Park Town Company to Wm Newton, lots 2 & 3, blk 5, and lots 1, 2 & 3, blk 29, H P ad to Winfield: $1,500
W L Morehouse et ux to Henry N Eastin, lot 6, blk 226, Citizens ad to Winfield: $700
Byron Farrar et ux to Fred W Farrar, lots 1, 2 & 3, blk 54, A C: $3,000
Mark Morris to H J Acheson, lots 27 & 28, blk 110, A C: $75.00
Lyman B Kellogg et al to Mark Morris, lot 27 & 28, blk 119, A C: $20.00
A J Thompson et ux to J A Bennett, lots 7, 8 and 9, blk 286, Winfield: $550
Chas H Anthis et ux to Frank McFarlin, e hf se qr 31-34-6e, 80 acres: $800
A J Thompson et ux to W J Lundy, tract in nw qr 27-32-4e: $700
John B Lynn, C C Black et al to Island Park Land Company, tract in sw qr 25-32-4e: $25,000
Wm Davis et ux to David Jasper Wiles, e hf nw qr & w hf ne qr 8-33-5e: $150
John Wieck to Elizabeth Jane Baker, lots 10, 11 & 12, blk 171, Leonard's ad to A C: $500
M S Houghton et ux to James C. Topliff, lots 23 & 24, blk 75, A C, q-c: $37.00
B W Matlack et ux to Ella Schooley, lot 15, blk 94, A C, q-c: $10.00
David M Harter et ux to Charles L Harter, lot 1, blk 228, Winfield: $1,200
Mary J Swarts & hus to Susie L Swarts, lots 1, 2, 3 & 4, blk 487, Swarts' ad to A C: $1,200
Matilda Wilson & hus to J P Stewart, lots 1 & 2, blk 9, Moffett's ad to Udall: $1,000
Joseph W. Calhoun to Robert Estus, lots 23, 24, 25, 26, 27 & 28, blk 8, McLaughlin's ad to A C: $800
Read & Robinson to G L Gale, Sheriff's deed to lots 8, 9 & 10, blk 15, Robinson's ad to Winfield: $1,070
Geo L Gale et ux to F C King and John Fildes, lots 8, 9 & 10, blk 15, Robinson's ad to Winfield: $1,070

J R Ferguson to Aramanta Ferguson, e hf ne qr 18-30-6e: $1,500
Thomas S Smith et ux to Preston King, e hf sw qr 3-34-6e: $275
David Derflinger et ux to William Hoyt, lot 3, 5-33-63 & tract in nw qr se qr 7-33-6e, q-c: $1.00
C W Jones et al to Ed J McLean, 3/4 of tract in 36-32-6e: $95.00
Geo W Parks et al to W O Johnson, lots 1, 5 & 3, blk 260, Fuller's ad to Winfield: $1,000
Thos J Smith et ux to Franklin P Smith, n hf se qr 5-33-5e, q-c: $1.00
Highland Park Town Co to J B Lynn, lots 1, 2, 3, 10, 11 & 12, blk 20, H P's ad to Winfield: $1,050
Adolphus G Lowe et ux to Wm R Heminan, los 15 & 16, blk 118, A C: $150.00
Samuel S McDowell et ux to Adolphus G Lowe, lot 3, blk 170, Leonard's ad to A C: $1,800
Charles Wise to Allie I Thompson, lots 21 & 23, blk 130, A C: $200.00
James Hill et ux to Adolphus G Lowe, lot 4, blk 170, Leonard's ad to A C: $200.00
L C Norton et ux to Frank J Hess, se qr ne qr 25-34-3e, q-c: $1.00
Owen S Gibson et ux to James W Fox, lots 27 & 28, blk 139, A C: $1,000
Wm E Ruckman et ux to Ella S Gates, lots 19 & 20, blk 154, A C: $50.00
James W Cox et ux to Owen S Gibson, e hf ne qr 31-34-5e & w hf ne qr & e hf nw qr except 25 acres 31-34-5e: $3,000
College Hill Town Co to G W Oglesby, lots 1 & 2, blk 3, C H ad to Winfield: $150.00
Mary B Hoyland & hus to Wm D Frederick, lots 1 & 2, blk 12, H P ad to Winfield: $700
John C Rowland et ux to Andrew M Journey, lot 3, blk 227, Fuller's ad to Winfield: $700
Francis S Rider et ux to Ira Holmes, lot 6, blk 148, Winfield: $1,800
Francis M Munday et ux to Geo H Stotler, nw qr 11-31-4e: $300
Ella Schooley & hus to Andrew J Pyburn, lots 15, 16 & 17, blk 94, A C: $1,700
The Senate in Executive Session.
Consent Refused To the Nominations of Pillsbury and Chase.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
WASHINGTON, March 2. The first thing yesterday morning, the Chair laid before the Senate a letter from the Secretary of the Treasury transmitting a reply to the recent Senate resolution calling for a report showing the claims, accounts, and vouchers suspended in that department. In discussing the motion to print the papers, Mr. Hale said that the accounting officers of the Treasury had lately taken a course which seemed to him extraordinary in holding up or suspending accounts or vouchers of officers of the Government who, according to custom and the usual authorization, had paid out moneys which had been entrusted to them for the purpose of being so paid out. The contention of the accounting officers of the Treasury, Mr. Hale said, was that the payments were not authorized. The papers, which are voluminous, were ordered printed.

Mr. Pugh, representing the minority on the Judiciary Committee, submitted the views of the minority on the resolution referred to that committee concerning the office of district attorney for the Southern District of Alabama. It was ordered printed in the Congressional Record and also in separate form.
At 12:20 p.m., on motion of Mr. Hale, the Senate went into executive session.
At 2:40 p.m. the Senate doors were opened and the Chair laid before the members a lengthy message from the President bearing on the right of the Senate to have access to the papers, etc., in the executive departments relating to suspensions from office.
When the message had been read, Mr. Edmunds said that it reminded him of a communication of King Charles I to Parliament. He also said that the President unintentionally, no doubt, entirely misrepresented the question involved between the Senate and himself.
Mr. Harris remarked that for reasons to which he might not refer here he had no desire to discuss the matter involved, and moved the message be printed and lie on the table.
"I think I am safe in saying," remarked Mr. Edmunds, "that it is the first time in the history of the Republic that any President of the United States has undertaken to interfere with the deliberations of either house of Congress on questions pending before them, otherwise than by messages on the state of the Union, which the constitution commands him to make from time to time. This message is devoted solely to a question for the Senate itself in regard to what it has under consideration. That is its singularity. It, I think, will strike reflecting people in this country as somewhat extraordinary—if, in these days of reform, anything at all can be thought extraordinary. The Senate of the United States, in its communications to the heads of departments—not his heads of departments, but the heads of departments created by law—directed them to transmit certain official papers and that is all. The President of the United States undertakes to change the question into a consideration by the Senate of his reasons or motives for putting a civil officer, as it might be called, "under arrest," with which the Senate has not undertaken, in any way, to make any question at all. By every message he has sent to this body—and they are all public—he has asked the Senate to advise and consent to the removal of one officer and the appointment of another. This is what he has done, and the Senate, in calling for those papers, to say nothing of the wider considerations about any deficiencies in the Department of Justice, is asked to remove these officers without knowing the condition of the administration of their offices."
After some further sparring between Messrs. Edmunds and Harris as to the disposition of the message, the motion of Mr. Edmunds was agreed to, referring it to the Judiciary Committee and ordering it printed.
In executive session John H. Shaffer was confirmed as postmaster at Kankakee, Illinois, while the nominations of Pillsbury and Chase, to be collectors of internal revenue at Boston and Portland, respectively, were rejected.
Petitioners Want Daniel Manning Impeached For Violating the Silver Law.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
WASHINGTON, March 2. In the House yesterday, under the call of States, the following bills were introduced and referred.
By Mr. Moore, of Delaware: To repeal the patent laws now in force and establishing another system of rewards for inventions.

By Mr. Springer, of Illinois: A resolution directing the Committee on Expenditures in the Interior Department to investigate the expenditures and management of the Pension Bureau during the present and previous administrations; also, to ascertain what foundation exists for the statement of Commissioner Black in regard to partisan use and extravagant management of that bureau during the terms of his predecessors.
By Mr. Joseph, of New Mexico: Appropriating $200,000 for the establishing of a new military post at Deming, New Mexico.
By Mr. Neal, of Tennessee: To repeal the internal revenue laws.
By Mr. Butterworth, of Ohio: To create a department of industry and bureau of labor.
By Mr. Hewitt, of New York: To admit free of duty lumber, salt, coke, coal, and iron ore produced or mined in the Dominion of Canada.
Mr. Brumm, of Pennsylvania, asked unanimous consent to have printed in the Record's memorial signed by J. P. Brigham and others, asking for the impeachment of Daniel Manning, Secretary of the Treasury, for high crimes and misdemeanors in the execution of the silver law.
Mr. Beach, of New York, objected.
The Senate bill was passed for the erection of a public building and alteration of the jail at Fort Smith, Arkansas.
Mr. Eldridge, of Michigan, moved to suspend the rules and pass the Mexican Pension bill, with a proviso exempting from its provisions persons politically disabled. After a debate and pending action upon the motion, the House adjourned.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
RICH HILL, Mo., March 2. A young man whose name we could not learn, living near New Home, in this county, loaded his shot gun to kill skunks (as they had been devastating the chicken house). Himself and some companions went about one mile in the woods where there was a hollow log and waited for the aforesaid animals to come out. While thus waiting, he had his gun cocked and was ready to shoot, when he set the stock of the gun on the ground and placed his left hand on the top of the barrel. By some manner unknown to the young man, it went off, shooting the contents (No. 3 shot) in his left hand and eye, totally destroying the eye and mutilating the land. Drs. Gillett and Long amputated the hand.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
CHICAGO, March 2. Elizabeth Schwartz, a richly dressed and handsome lady, was arrested today, charged with bigamy. The prosecutor is Count Anton Hodgurski, who says that he was married to Elizabeth some years ago in Germany, but that being angered at some fancied slight at a reception, she ran away. He followed her to this country, and after many months, succeeded in locating her in Chicago. In his ordinary dress he was unable to pursue his search, and so, assuming the disguise of a ragpicker, he diligently went through every quarter of the city until today he discovered his truant wife on Eighteenth street. The former Countess Hodgurski is now married to N. L. Schwartz, a wealthy merchant, who gave bonds of $3,000 for her appearance.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.

PHILADELPHIA, March 2. Said a well known and prominent Baltimore and Ohio Railroad official today: "When will the trouble between my road and the Pennsylvania cease? Very shortly. You may depend on that. You can even go further and say that the trains of the Baltimore & Ohio will be running into Jersey City over the Pennsylvania tracks within the next sixty days. The negotiations are now on foot and there is not the slightest doubt in my mind but they will be perfected very speedily. Will the transcontinental rate cut last? That I can't tell. It has stimulated travel, wonderfully. We had ten through passengers for San Francisco yesterday."
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
NEW YORK, March 2. A rumor was circulated about the city yesterday that John Kelly was dead, but it was found to be wholly untrue. He is suffering from nervous prostration and insomnia, and for several weeks has been unable to digest any food except milk, which is given to him in small quantities. He has become greatly reduced in flesh, and his lack of nourishment and sleep have made him very weak. Although his condition has not materially changed from what it was some weeks ago, he is daily becoming weaker, and has lost his strength of mind, and his dissolution is not many days distant.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
Skipped Grain and Provisions reports for St. Louis, Chicago, New York, and Kansas City. STREAKS OF SUNSHINE.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
Skipped. Everything was a repeat from previous issues. Really cannot understand why they kept printing this item.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
Recap: Franklin P. Smith, Plaintiff, vs. Arthur Shupe, Mary E. Shupe, Eva Smith, Alma Smith, Elma Smith, Bert Smith, Sarah J. Smith, William O. Mounts, Frank T. M. Smith, Oscar Smith, Wilson Walters, Elizabeth Walters, and Jonathan Duncan as administrator of the estate of Charles F. Smith, deceased. Defendants. Franklin P. Smith, By Jennings & Troup, His Attorneys. Petition to be heard April 17, 1886, to quiet title of plaintiff to real estate.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
Recap: Sheriff's Sale by G. H. McIntire to be made Monday, March 15, 1886, to settle suit by S. E. Hunt, Plaintiff, vs. A. A. Knox and Sophronia Knox, plaintiffs, by selling goods and chattels: 1 sorrel horse about eight years old; 1 four year old cow; 1 steer, yearling in spring; 2 heifers, yearlings in spring; 1 lumber wagon schutler make, with box, sideboards and spring seat; 1 windmill and gearing; 7 shoats, all now at the farm of said defendants, in Beaver township.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.

WHEREAS, on the 2nd day of March, A. D., 1886, the Board of County Commissioners of the County of Cowley, in the State of Kansas, duly made, and caused to be entered of record in the office of the County Clerk of said county, the following order to-wit:
NOW, on this 2nd day of March, A. D. 1886, at a special meeting of the Board of County Commissioners of Cowley County, Kansas, duly convened, present: S. C. Smith, Chairman; and J. A. Irwin and J. D. Guthrie, Commissioners, S. J. Smock, County Clerk, and Henry E. Asp, County Attorney, there is presented to said Board of County Commissioners an act of the legislature of the State of Kansas, entitled, "An act in relation to building and maintaining bridges in Cowley County, Kansas, and to provide for levying and collecting taxes for such purposes." Approved February 18, 1886. And upon consideration of said act, it is ordered by the said Board of County Commissioners that a special election be and is hereby called to be held in said County of Cowley, on Tuesday, the 8th day of April, A. D. 1886, for the purpose of taking the sense of the electors of said Cowley County as to whether the said act of the legislature of the State of Kansas shall be in force in said Cowley County; and for the purpose of determining the said proposition.
And it is further ordered that the Sheriff of said county give at least twenty days' notice of said election, of the time and places of the holding thereof, by proclamation, and by publishing the same for at least twenty days in the WINFIELD COURIER, a weekly newspaper printed and published in said County of Cowley, and of general circulation therein, and being the official paper of said county, and by posting the same as written or printed handbills at each of the several voting precincts in said county, at least twenty days before the time of the holding of said election.
And it is further ordered that the votes and ballots for the said proposition shall have written or printed thereon the following words: "For the Special Bridge Act," and the ballots and votes against said proposition shall have written or printed thereon these words: "Against the Special Bridge Act."
And it is further ordered that in said proclamation the said sheriff set forth the foregoing order in full.
Done by the Board of County Commissioners of the county of Cowley in the State of Kansas, this 2nd day of March, 1886
County Commissioners of Cowley County, Kansas.
Now, therefore, I, G. H. McIntire, Sheriff of the county of Cowley, in the state of Kansas, under and by virtue of the foregoing order of the Board of County Commissioners of said county of Cowley, and the authority in me vested by law as such Sheriff, do hereby proclaim and make known that on Tuesday, the 5th day of April, A. D. 1886, there will be held a special election in said county of Cowley, at the usual voting precincts therein, for the purpose and in the manner and form as set forth in said order of the said Board of County Commissioners of said Cowley County, and that in all other respects said election will be held, the returns made and the result ascertained in the same manner as is provided by law for general elections.
Done at the Sheriff's office in the city of Winfield, in the county of Cowley, state of Kansas, this 3rd day of March, A. D. 1886.

G. H. McINTIRE, Sheriff.
[Note: I skipped the Act bringing about the above election for bridge construction. It was very lengthy. The law referred to was Senate Bill No. 2, February 20, 1886.]
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
No. 1, 300 acres, choice Arkansas river bottom land, 9 miles southwest of Winfield; 200 acres in cultivation; 100 acres fenced; good orchard; well watered; 2 small houses. A splendid farm for grain or stock. Price, $10,000.
No. 14, 160 acres, 2½ miles from Dexter; 80 acres cultivated; all under fence; comfortable house, stable and other buildings; abundance of all kinds of fruit; 10 acres of timber; well watered. Price, $4,000.
No. 17, 160 acres, 7 miles from Winfield, adjoins good R. R. station, with church and school; all in cultivation and in pasture; fenced and cross fenced; good buildings of all kinds. This is one of the best farms in the county and cheap at $8,000.
No. 21, 160 acres, 2½ miles from Cambridge; 60 acres cultivated; comfortable house and stable; good orchard and pasture; 12 acres timber; clover meadow; all good land. Price, $2,000.
No. 27, 240 acres, 1 mile from Winfield; 120 acres in cultivation, good dwelling house, stables, bins and crib; living water; 3 good wells; 10 acres orchard; 2½ acres vineyard; in fact everything necessary to make a farm profitable and convenient. Easy terms. Price, $7,500.
No. 28, 120 acres 2 miles from Winfield; all good smooth land and all in cultivation; no other improvements except all under fence; a choice piece of land, well adapted to fruit, grazing or grain. Price, $4,500.
No. 32, 160 acres, 50 acres bottom land in cultivation; 100 acres slope land; barn worth $1,000; good four room house, buggy house, granaries and bins; good orchard, 2 wells, spring cow pond. This is one of the best improved farms in the county, is situated about 25 miles from Winfield 2½ miles from a thriving railroad town, ½ mile from one of the best schoolhouses in the county. Price $3,200; will take city property worth from $1,000 to $1,000 in part pay, or $1,000 to $1,200 cash, and balance on time.
No. 30, a good 5 room house, with cellar, porch and veranda; corner lot, fenced, and well, set in fruit and shade trees; good well; coal house, henery and stable; nice location. Price $1,500; part cash and balance on time at 8 per cent.
No. 31, a good 5 room house, all on first floor, and nearly new; 1 lot, good well and other conveniences; a nice property, very convenient. Price, $1,200
No. 52, a good 6 room house, with four lots; good barn, abundance of fruit, of all varieties; centrally located and one of the best locations in the city. Price, $4,500
The above is only a small portion of the property for sale on my books. I have other farms, besides a great many vacant lots in the city, and small tracts in the suburbs. In short, I have as good a list to select from, which are offered at prices and terms as reasonable, as can be had in the city. Parties desiring to purchase, or to talk about lands and real estate generally, are cordially invited to visit the Cowley County Land Office, where you will at all times get courteous treatment, whether you buy of me or not.

The Senator Attacks the Education Bill As a Dangerous Piece of Centralization.
The Bill For a Grant Monument Passed in the Senate.
The Fuss With Cleveland.
House Committee Report on the Surplus in the Treasury.
Favors Applying It to Debt Reduction.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
WASHINGTON, Feb. 24. In the Senate yesterday among the bills reported favorably from committees and placed on the calendar was one by Van Wyck from the Committee on Public Lands to confirm entries of public lands made under the public land laws of the United States.
Senator Van Wyck said the purpose of the bill is to quiet the apprehension of settlers who fear that some of the rulings of Commissioner Sparks may have the effect of canceling claims which were taken in good faith under the laws as interpreted by former commissioners. He proposes to crystalize certain well recognized principles of practice into a statute.
Among the bills introduced and appropriately referred was one by Mr. Edmunds to facilitate the administration of the laws in Alaska. Mr. Edmunds explained that persons appointed to office in Alaska could not give bond in that Territory and the bill was intended to enable such persons to give bond in the States from which they were appointed.
Mr. Morgan offered a preamble and resolution, which, at his request, was ordered printed and laid on the table for the present, the purpose of which is to show that the Senate Judiciary Committee has not authority to arraign the Attorney General as it did in its recent report, and accompanying resolutions in regard to the refusal of the Attorney General to transmit to the committee certain papers in regard to the removal of officers, which were asked for by the committee. The preamble says, referring to the recent Judiciary Committee resolution: "If said resolution is adopted as being true upon its face and as a matter of law, it will thereby announce a pre-judgment of the majority of this body without any trial according to law; that the Attorney General of the United States is guilty and condemned for wilfully committing an offense in the conduct of his office which is in violation of his official duty and is subversive of the fundamental principles of the Government of the United States; the Attorney General is only amenable to the condemnation of the Senate when sitting with the Chief Justice of the United States as a court of impeachment to hear and decide upon the articles of impeachment presented by the House of Representatives.
Mr. Dolph, from the Committee on Public Lands, reported a resolution calling on the Secretary of the Interior for full information concerning the selection, surveying, and patenting of the lands given in aid of the construction of the Northern Pacific railroad. The resolution was agreed to.
Mr. Hoar called up the bid appropriating $250,000 for the erection of a monument in Washington City to the memory of General Grant. The bill was passed.

When the Education bill was placed before the Senate, Mr. Gray took the floor in opposition to the bill, taking the ground that education in the States was not only wholly outside of the jurisdiction of the United States Government, but exclusively in that of the several States. In conclusion, Mr. Gray said: "I trust it may not be considered presumption in me if I beg the Senators, older, more experienced, and wiser than I, to hesitate long before taking the first step in this new and unexplored pathway of Federal encroachments. Down its dark vistas I see shapes of such direful portent that I shrink from the encounter. Over the level bulwarks of the Constitution will come thronging, thick and fast, the armies of centralization and the enemies of local government. We may still find life worth living under the new dispensation, but will never cease to mourn the constitution of our fathers wounded to death in the house of its friends. I have no desire to see the map of the United States painted over with one color. I at least shall not assist in thus obliterating the lines of States, and with them the ancient landmarks of the constitution."
Mr. Plumb also opposed the bill. He regarded it as an anomaly in legislation, appropriating the money not only for one year but for eight years. He had no doubt that at the end of the eight years, if the pabulum now provided were not continued, conventions would meet and delegations would be sent to Washington to urge Congress to keep on appropriating more money. We must therefore understand that in passing this bill, we were arranging for expenditures for generations yet to come. Large appropriations had come to have something attractive in them and an appropriation of $7,000,000 was seventy-seven times more attractive than an appropriation of $1,000,000. "This bill," Mr. Plumb said, "was the outgrowth of that demoralized and demoralizing period preceding the last Presidential election. If there was any period when public men were less qualified than at any other to give wise and careful consideration to the financial affairs of the Government, it was the season preceding a Presidential election when the issues were being made. The interests of candidates were being forwarded when we were laying plans and plots whereby we might catch an unwary opponent or appeal to some class or section for its vote."
Mr. Plumb said he could count on the fingers of his hands the Senators who really favored the bill independent of some such reason, and if the bill could in some way be got rid of without submitting it to a vote, nine Senators in every ten would not regret it. A dangerous piece of legislation was about to be enacted that did not meet the calm and considerate approval of those who would vote for it. Mr. Plumb quoted statistics to show the assessed valuation of property in the United States, and insisted that each such State was amply able to educate its own illiterates. He quoted figures showing that much the larger proportion of the money would go to the States of the South, and much the larger part of it be supplied by the States of the North and West. The whole theory of the bill was false; that theory being that the Southern States were not able to give a common school education to their illiterates. If the bill was constitutional, there were no longer any States, except as they might exist in the imagination, because they had no function that was not subject to the will of the general Government. If that was constitutional, it was constitutional to abrogate the State. If Congress could aid education in this way, it could seize and control the entire system of State education. Mr. Plumb, however, could not discuss the constitutionality of the measure. It was enough to know that it was an unwise and unwarrantable expenditure of public money. The general Government was under no obligation to remove the ignorance of the South. The blacks who were freed by the war would receive no benefit from this bill.

Mr. Plumb contrasted the achievements of Kansas since the war with those of the States of the South. "When the war closed," he said, "and for five years afterward, there was not one of those States that did not have a taxable valuation largely in excess of Kansas; yet Kansas has contributed for the support of its common schools more than four times as much as any Southern State. Kansas expended $3,000,000 on common schools last year. Education was the sign by which the people of Kansas had conquered. What the South wanted was such an arrangement of its affairs as would induce good men to go there and to build up communities. It was not money that was lacking, but the spirit to do the work. Money did not educate the people. Education was born of the determination to know."
"The South, however," Mr. Plumb was glad to say, "was, year by year, increasing its expenditures for education." Mr. Plumb believed that if left alone and not encouraged to reach its hand into the National Treasury, it would continue to increase its expenditures for that object.
Mr. Call spoke in favor of the bill. He recognized the constitutional power of the General Government to aid the States, with their own consent, and the constitutional power of the States to aid the General Government. Such aid had been recognized as constitutional from the foundation of the Government. "The South was not without self-reliance," Mr. Call said; "its people had already taxed themselves to the utmost, but their land was not, as was the case with Kansas, a readily convertible asset."
Before the Senate Senators Gray and Plumb spoke in opposition and Senator Call in favor of the bill.
After a short executive session, the Senate adjourned.
In the House yesterday Mr. Morrison, of Illinois, from the Committee on Ways and Means, reported a joint resolution directing the payment of the surplus in the Treasury on the public debt. Referred to the Committee of the Whole. Mr. Hewitt, of New York, obtained leave to file a minority report.
The report which accompanies the joint resolution says: "On January 30, 1886, as shown by the official statement of the assets and liabilities of the Treasury of the United States, there was in the Treasury and United States depositories, including the amount held for the redemption of United States notes and not including minor fractional silver coin classed as assets not available, the sum of $179,689,862.24 in excess of all other liabilities than the redemption of said United States notes. It is believed that this sum is largely in excess of the sum required for the purpose for which it is held, and that a considerable part of the interest-bearing debt of the United States now payable, to the end that public moneys shall be used to lighten public burdens and not unnecessarily held to lure the agents and representatives of the people into improvident and wasteful expenditure.
Mr. Tucker, of Virginia, from the Committee on Judiciary, reported a bill providing that no person shall be held to answer for any crime whereof the punishment may be loss of liberty except on presentment or indictment of a grand jury, except in cases arising in the land or naval forces or in the militia when in actual service in time of war or public danger. Placed on the House calendar.

Mr. Ellsberry, of Ohio, from the Committee on Invalid Pensions, reported a bill granting pensions to all invalid soldiers or widows or children who are dependent upon their daily labor for support. Referred to the Committee of the Whole.
Mr. Buchanan, of New Jersey, from the Committee on Claims, reported a bill for the relief of survivors of the exploring steamer Jeannette and the wives and children of those who perished in the expedition. Placed on the private calendar.
The morning hour was consumed in the consideration of the bill to annex the northern part of Idaho Territory to the Territory of Washington, but no final action was taken.
The House then proceeded to the consideration of business on the calendar.
The bill forfeiting the unearned land grants of the Atlantic & Pacific Railroad Company was taken up on motion of Mr. Holman, of Indiana. An amendment was adopted providing that forfeited lands shall be subject to settlement under the homestead law only. A substitute offered by Mr. McRae, of Arkansas, on behalf of the minority of the committee was rejected and the bill passed without revision.
On motion of Mr. Morrison, of Illinois, it was ordered that Saturday of each week be devoted to general debate in Committee of the Whole on the state of the Union.
On motion of Mr. Morrison, the House adjourned.
Grand Army Men Meet at Wichita.—Governor Martin Present.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
WICHITA, Feb. 24. The fifth annual encampment of the Grand Army of the Republic was announced ready for business at 3 p.m. yesterday by Department Commander Stewart H. W. Lewis. On behalf of the City of Wichita, he delivered the address of greeting to the representatives of 20,000 veterans gathered together within the borders of Kansas. In words of pathetic earnestness he greeted these representatives of the Grand Army, once 1,000,000 strong, but now a remnant of 300,000. Governor Martin was introduced to the encampment, but declined to make a speech, simply thanking the comrades and telling them that business being first, there was no time for making speeches. Like the soldiers at Chattanooga, when Rosecrans was making speeches, one of whom wanted a little less talk and a little more sowbelly, Governor Martin desired the work to go on. He was received with continued rounds of applause. Reports were then read and other business transacted, after which the convention adjourned until today.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
LONDON, Feb. 24. At a meeting of the chambers of commerce in the city today, Mr. Forwood, Conservative member of Parliament from Lancashire, a prominent merchant and ship owner of Liverpool, presided. He attributed the present depression in British trade to the appreciation of gold assisted by the competition of foreign products and manufactures turned out by skilled labor improved by technical education. The Dublin chamber of commerce offered, and the Glasgow chamber seconded, a resolution against weakening the union of England and Ireland, because of the disastrous nature of the results which would come to the commercial and trading interests of Great Britain.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.

LEAVENWORTH, Feb. 24. Rev. Father Demattos, of the St. Paul Episcopalian Church of this city, whose requiem mass for the late Jardine caused so much comment, and who was censured by Bishop Vail for so doing, has resigned, claiming he could not remain in a diocese where the views of the Bishop and his own were so widely different.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
CHICAGO, Feb. 24. When the cashier at the Grand Pacific made up his weekly cash yesterday morning about 8 o'clock, he put the money, checks, and so forth, into an envelope, as he had done every morning for the last ten years, and laid it on the desk prior to taking into the private office. Going into the vault for a minute or so, he found upon his return that the envelope had mysteriously disappeared. Beneath it lay the weekly cash of the restaurant, which was untouched. The envelope contained a total amount of $1,187, of which $205 was in cash. The checks and papers came back on the noon mail; but the money is still missing and is liable to be. It is supposed that some person lounging about the hotel quietly walked behind the railing and took the package, as none of the employees are suspected.
FT. KEOGH, M. T., February 24. There is much excitement in Billings, caused by the elopement of Mrs. Richard A. Clark, wife of a respectable ranchman living near the city, with a young man named James Donaldson. The guilty parties took the western train last night for Portland. Donaldson has been working for Clark for a year past, and Mrs. Clark, who is a woman of considerable attraction, appears to have become infatuated with him. About a week ago Clark discovered undoubted evidence of their built, and hunting up Donaldson, fired at him with a charge of buckshot and nearly killed him. The young man, although filled with shot, managed to get away with his guilty partner last night. Mrs. Clark leaves behind her eight children, one of whom is a mere baby.
LITTLE ROCK, Ark., Feb. 24. Advices reached the United States Marshal's office in this city today from Howard County, this state, to the effect that Deputy United States Marshal Pope and a posse of the above county had arrested part of a gang of moonshiners in Howard and successfully raided their premises. J. S. Herdleson and J. M. Mann are the names of the men captured, while several escaped. Their rendezvous was located in the swamps twelve miles from Centerpoint, and it is thought the "woods is full of them" in that section of the State. Those taken were captured unawares and it is known that the posse who undertakes to molest this species of Arkansas people will have a dangerous job on hand.
ST. LOUIS, Feb. 24. Sheriff Harrington this morning held a consultation with Circuit Attorney Clover on a written application from James J. McBride, in behalf of John Hayes, the condemned murderer, who is sentenced to hang a week from next Friday. The application prays for an examination by jury into Hayes' mental condition, it being claimed by Mr. McBride that his client is insane. Messrs. Harrington and Clover decided to grant the request, and a jury will be procured and the investigation will take place next Friday morning at ten o'clock in the grand jury room.

MONTREAL, Que., Feb. 24. An American stranger, believed to be ex-Sheriff Davidson, of New York, a few days ago consulted a law firm here. He said he had some judgments outstanding against him and had several thousand dollars in United States bonds in his possession. After the consultation, during which he was informed that if the bonds were come by dishonestly, he could be arrested here, he left, and has not since been seen.
BLOOMINGTON, Ill., Feb. 24. The murder case of Dr. Harvey L. Harris, for the killing of George W. Barton at Raybrook last November, came up in the McLean circuit court this morning. The attorneys for the defendant presented a petition for a change of venue on the grounds that the judge, O. T. Reaves, is prejudiced against the defendant. While the petition cannot be refused by the court, it will not take the case out of the county, but merely require one of the other judges to preside at the trial.
Mr. Hewitt's Opposition to Reducing the Treasury Surplus Below $100,000,000.
Attempt to Suppress Desultory Debate on the Silver Question.
Tariff Notes.—State of the Navy.
Railroads Through the Indian Territory.
Van Wyck's Land Bill.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
WASHINGTON, Feb. 24. Mr. Hewitt, reporting the minority of the Committee on Ways and Means, yesterday submitted a report on Mr. Morrison's bill directing the payment of the surplus in the Treasury exceeding $100,000,000 in liquidation of the public debt. "The effect of the reduction," says the report, "if enacted into law will be to reduce the balance in the Treasury available for the payment of its current indebtedness and for the redemption of legal tender notes to $1,000,000, and it makes no proviso for replenishing the Treasury when the available balance shall fall below $100,000,000. The question thus presented is whether, in view of the obligations and functions of the Treasury as now defined by law, the proposed limitation on the balances now held for meeting the liabilities payable on demand is prudent and safe, in view of the pledge of the United States to redeem all its indebtedness in coin or its equivalent. The undersigned believe that such a limitation would be unwise and dangerous and at variance alike with the experience of solvent nations and of sound financial institutions. The ordinary disbursement of the Treasury may be roughly stated to amount to $1,000,000 a day. To meet this disbursement it is necessary that a reasonable working balance should be kept on hand, because at times the current expenditures largely exceed the daily receipts. Careful business firms usually carry a balance equal to one month's disbursements. Measured by this standard, and a lower one could not safely be adopted because the Secretary of the Treasury has no power to make temporary loans, the working balance in the Treasury should be about $30,000,000. That this amount is not too large will be apparent from the fact that in the pension bureau alone drafts for $10,000,000 alone will be made March 1, and the amount of the probable payment under the arrears act cannot be fixed for one specified date. . . .

The greatest care must be taken not to interfere with the flexibility of the currency, and the only feasible agency rests in the Treasury, in the power now exercised by the Secretary, to make calls for the redemption of the public debt. It is a great question whether such a power should ever have been trusted to the Government or to the discretion of an official. In other conservative commercial countries, it has been conferred on intermediate agencies in direct communication with the business interests of the people. We have no such system, and hence the Treasury has been forced to become a member of the New York clearing house, which is the financial center of the exchange of the country. The Treasury is thus practically engaged in the banking business, not only in the issue of currency, but in adopting its operations to the general requirements of trade. Dangerous as this system is, it was the outgrowth of necessity, and until some other security besides the bonded debt of the United States is devised for the issue of bank currency, the power to come to the relief of the money market in times of stringency must rest with the Treasury."
WASHINGTON, Feb. 24. Congressman Warner, of Ohio, and Burrows, of Michigan, are directing their joint efforts to secure some understanding or perfect arrangements whereby the desultory debate on the silver question may be repressed and confined hereafter to legitimate limits, as presented by some bill to be reported from the coinage committee germane to that subject. They contend that the recent practice of offering amendments to revenue bills providing for payment in silver dollars in order to obtain the floor to make silver speeches is mischievous, tending to scatter than unify the silver forces, and that therefore measures should be taken to keep their lines intact and to avoid a waste of time. These gentlemen hope to arrange to have two weeks for debate exclusively on the silver question, finally dispose of it, and allow the House to proceed to the consideration of other pressing business now in arrears. They urge that if this course shall be pursued, an adjournment can be effected at an early period in the summer months.
WASHINGTON, Feb. 24. At the meeting of the Committee of Ways and Means yesterday Mr. McKinlay, of Ohio, moved that persons interested in the pending tariff legislation be heard by the committee. Considerable discussion ensued and the Democratic members refused to consent to unlimited hearings. Finally Mr. Breckenridge, of Kentucky, offered as a substitute for Mr. McKinlay's motion a proposition limiting the time allowed for hearing oral arguments to March 12, and it was adopted, the Republicans voting in the negative and the Democrats, with the exception of one or two members, voting in favor of the substitute. The Republican members of the committee express dissatisfaction with the result, asserting that the time allowed for hearing is not sufficient to allow Representatives of the Pacific slope to get here.

WASHINGTON, Feb. 24. The members of the House Committee on Naval Affairs held an informal meeting yesterday at which the question of the rehabilitation of the Navy was discussed. Their recommendations will involve the expenditure of $8,000,000 or $10,000,000. They will recommend the completion of the monitors already begun and a liberal appropriation for naval ordnance; will advise the construction of from fifteen to twenty torpedo boats, and a large expenditure for torpedoes, and will provide for the construction of six or seven steel-belted cruisers of from 5,000 to 6,000 tons. There is a difference of opinion as to whether this work should be done in the navy yards by the Government or by contract, and both plans will probably be given a trial.
WASHINGTON, Feb. 24. The House Committee on Indian Affairs has decided to make report to the House on all bills granting to particular railroad companies right of way through the Indian Territory, notwithstanding the fact that a general bill on the subject has been favorably reported to the House. This action was taken because the members of the committee were of the opinion that some of the special bills might be acted upon by the House when a general bill of the subject would not secure a hearing. The first of theses bills, granting right of way to the Denison & Wichita railroad was today ordered to be favorably reported.
WASHINGTON, Feb. 24. The bill to confirm entries of land heretofore made under the land laws of the United States, reported yesterday by Senator Van Wyck, from the Senate Committee on Public Lands, provides that any entry heretofore in conformity with the rules, regulations, and decisions of the General Land Office at the time, shall be adjudged in the same manner as if said rules, regulations, and decisions had not been revised and modified, provided that such entry shall have been made in good faith and no charges of fraud been made against the same.
Discharged Bucket Shop Employees Cut the Telegraph Wires.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
ST. LOUIS, Feb. 24. On Saturday last a new system of giving the quotations on 'Exchange' to the various bucket shops was inaugurated. Formerly it was the custom of men in the employ of the proprietors of bucket shops to get the quotations in the hall, run to the head of the stairs, call them off to men posted on the lower floor, who would at once carry the figures to the different shops. But on Saturday wires from all the shops to the Exchange Hall were put up, and the quotations were received in all the shops simultaneously. Owing to the inauguration of this new system, six or eight men were thrown out of positions. When they were served with notice of discharge by their employers, several of them expressed a determination to get even. Yesterday morning all the wires leading from the bucket shops to the hall were found to have been cut, and the bucket shop men threatened to have their late employees arrested for the outrage. Connections, however, were effected.
He is Opposed to Wholesale Emigration of Paupers.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.

LONDON, Feb. 24. Joseph Chamberlain, President of the Local Board, was visited today by a deputation of unemployed workingmen, who stated their grievances and asked what the Government meant to do to relieve the prevailing distress. Chamberlain deprecated riots and all similar forms of disturbance to manifest the need of help. He said he was opposed to emigration as a means of relief unless the distress was chronic. This opposition was based on many grounds, not the least of which was the fact that the colonies would refuse to welcome large numbers of paupers, because among other reasons their influx would cheapen the labor market. Chamberlain added that he hoped the Government would soon be able to establish the British laborer upon the soil he tilled. Pending the accomplishment of this, he would not cease urging local boards to start relief work, such as paving and improving streets, and to furnish means and subsistence to those in absolute need.
The Remains of John B. Gough Consigned to the Grave.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
WORCESTER, Mass., Feb. 24. The closing scene in the history of John B. Gough was enacted today. From an early hour this morning the pretty little cottage, which he had christened "The Hillside," was the center of attraction for hundreds of people, not only residents, but visitors from many parts of this and other States, who had come hither to pay a last tribute of respect to the illustrious dead. At one o'clock brief services were held in the drawing room which, with the corridor and outside lawn, was packed with spectators. The participants in the services were John Wannamaker, of Philadelphia; Rev. W. M. Taylor, of Broadway Tabernacle, New York; Rev. Israel Ainsworth, of Boylston; Rev. George H. Gould, D. D.; Rev. D. O. Myers, and Anthony Comstock. The exercises comprised prayers, singing, reading of appropriate passages of scripture, and brief addresses eulogistic of the life labor of the deceased. At the close the remains were borne to Hope Cemetery, where the remains were interred in the family lot.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
CINCINNATI, Ohio, Feb. 24. Judge Goebel in the probate court yesterday announced his decision in the impeachment proceedings against Martin Brockman and Fred Hermann, directors of the city infirmary, charged with making fraudulent vouchers and various acts of malfeasance in office. He found them guilty as charged and removed them from office. They sent resignations to the mayor last week and then fled. It has been fairly well ascertained that Brockman went to Canada and Hermann to Havana. Mayor Smith refused to accept their resignations.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
AKRON, Ohio, Feb. 24. For the second time in his life, Thomas A. Edison, the wizard of Menlo Park, has taken unto himself a wife. The bride is Miss Mina Miller, daughter of Lewis Miller, and the ceremony, which was a quiet and simple one, took place at the home of the bride this morning. The ceremony was performed by Rev. E. U. Young, pastor of the First M. E. Church. Immediately after the wedding breakfast, the happy couple left for Mr. Edison's new winter cottage near Fort Myers, Florida, where the honeymoon will be spent.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.

WASHINGTON, Feb. 24. The American Institute of Civics will hold its annual meeting tomorrow evening at the Ebbit House parlors. The special subject for consideration is, "Education for citizenship and the best means for carrying forward the work." Hon. Morrison L. Waite, L. L. D., Chief Justice of the United States Supreme Court, President of the Advisory Board, will preside at this meeting. Addresses will be made by officers and members of the Advisory Board and other distinguished gentlemen.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
WASHINGTON, Feb. 24. In the absence of Representative Randall, the Speaker has delayed calling together the Committee on Rules to consider the telephone matter. It is now stated that the committee will meet tomorrow morning. A member of the committee stated that the meeting was a mere formality; that it was understood what its action would be, and Mr. Randall's presence was not necessary. The resolution of investigation will be reported favorably and adopted by the House.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
READING, Pa., Feb. 24. The annual meeting of the East Pennsylvania Conference of the Evangelical Church is in progress here today. The Conference is composed of over three hundred members, and Bishop Bowman, of Allentown, presides. The Conference will be in session about six days.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
COTTONWOOD FALLS, Kan., Feb. 24. Bazaar township, Chase County, yesterday voted $34,500 in bonds to the Chicago, Emporia & Southwestern Railway, by a vote of 3 to 1.
Career of a Despicable Villain.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
SPRINGFIELD, Mo., Feb. 26. The mysterious disappearance of Mrs. Sarah Graham, wife of George E. Graham, was partially explained yesterday by John Potter and other citizens of Brooklyn, who, under the direction of Detective Ed. C. Davis, explored a deep sinkhole or cave on the farm of Mrs. Molloy, about four miles southwest of this city, and discovered about fifty feet under the ground the nude body of a woman, which was partially decomposed. Near the body in the cave was also found the woman's clothing and a small hand satchel. Coroner Van Hoosen summoned a jury and repaired to the ghastly scene, and on examination, found that the woman's death was caused by a pistol shot that entered the right side of the breast and passed through the heart. Other wounds had evidently been inflicted on the unfortunate woman.

It is thought beyond any doubt the woman is the missing Mrs. Graham, whose husband was married to Cora Lee, an adopted daughter of Mrs. Molloy in this city, July 18 last, and was arrested on the charge of bigamy a month since and lodged in jail, where he is now confined awaiting his trial at the May term of the Circuit Court. When arrested Graham claimed that he was divorced from his former wife and that she left Fort Wayne, Indiana, with him as a mistress; that they first went to Elgin, Illinois, thence to Washington, Kansas, where he and Mrs. Molloy, who is known as a kind of temperance lecturer, engaged in the publication of a paper called the Morning and Day of Reform. The paper not proving a success, he and Mrs. Molloy came to this city and his wife returned to her people at Fort Wayne, taking their two boys, aged respectively thirteen and six years.
The latter part of last September Graham wrote to his wife at Fort Wayne, requesting her to meet him with the children at St. Louis. He also sent money to pay her fare. Mrs. Graham did as requested, and her people not learning anything of her whereabouts since then, began to suspect foul play, and made a vigorous search to find the missing woman, whose brother-in-law, T. L. Breese, came on here and caused Graham's arrest. The latter stoutly protested his innocence and stated that the last he saw of his former wife, she was standing in the Union Depot at St. Louis when he and the two children boarded a Frisco train and came to this city. Graham and his second wife reside on the Molloy farm, where the lady was found today, and when he was told of the startling discovery, he turned pale and looked down at the floor, protesting that he could not get justice here.
The case has been worked up by Detective Davis, who has acted on the theory that Graham quietly brought his wife on here, and taking her out to the farm, brutally murdered her; that he had taken the clothing from her body for the purpose of burning it to destroy the evidence of the crime, but, being near the roadside, he became frightened by the approach of some one and threw the clothing down into the cave with the body. Hundreds of people visited the scene yesterday and much excitement exists, both in town and county. Considerable talk of lynching having been heard among the people, Sheriff Donnell has placed Graham in the strongest steel cage in the jail and appointed extra deputies on guard. The remains of the murdered woman were brought to an undertaker's here last evening and the inquest will not be concluded until her relatives from Fort Wayne arrive to identify the body.
In an interview with Mr. T. L. Breese, of Fort Wayne, brother-in-law of the dead woman, he stated that George E. Graham, who is about thirty-five years old, was married to the woman, now dead, at Fort Wayne in 1871, and that Graham was sent to the penitentiary for horse stealing in 1873. While he was in prison, his wife procured a divorce, and after his release, in 1878, the two were remarried and left Fort Wayne the following year. He expresses the opinion that Graham has developed into an unscrupulous villain and that his statements regarding the disappearance of his former wife are a tissue of falsehoods.
Mrs. Molloy has not been here since the arrest of Graham, and it is stated that she is lecturing in Peoria, Illinois. It is predicted that further developments will likely implicate others besides Graham in the brutal murder.
The Bigamist and Murderer, of Springfield, Mo., Confesses His Terrible Crime.
He Gives a Detailed Account of His Treachery, Infamy, and Wife Murder.
He Exonerates Mrs. Molloy and Cora Lee,
Both of Whom Are Under Arrest as Accessories.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.

SPRINGFIELD, Mo., March 1. Mrs. Emma Molloy arrived on the early morning train yesterday and was met at the North Springfield depot by Judge Baker, who was escorting her toward the Ozark house when Sheriff Donnell stepped up and served the warrant by arresting Mrs. Molloy, and then proceeded to the Metropolitan hotel, in this city with the prisoner, who was placed under guard in room 23. She was averse to making any statement until afer she had consulted with her attorneys, Messrs. H. E. Howell, Travers Rathbun, and Judge Baker. She complained of nervous prostration and occasionally took medicine to relieve attacks of nausea. About all that could be elicited from her relative to the murder of Mrs. Sarah Graham was that she believed Graham was guilty and that the best thing he could do was to confess all and release innocent parties; that after she had stood by George and raised him up the way she had, it was hard for her to be dragged down by him in such a manner.
Deputy Sheriff Tom Cox, accompanied by a companion, went to the Molloy farm four miles southwest of town about one o'clock yesterday morning and arrested Cora Lee, Graham's second wife, and returned with her and the two boys early in the morning. The boys were turned over to the care of their aunt, Mrs. Abbie Breese, at the Southern Hotel, and Cora Lee was taken to the home of Deputy Cox, where she is now kept in custody. She seemed very much dejected and feeling keenly the situation in which she is placed, but she was not inclined to talk much and at times gave vent to her feelings in tears. She said that she did not know whom to trust; that she did not know that she could trust any one in the world now. She is about twenty years old and is apparently above the average in intelligence. As to the charge against her, she stoutly protested her innocence and entertained no doubt but that she would be acquitted.
Regarding her history and association with Mrs. Molloy and her marriage to Graham, the prisoner expressed herself in a desultory way, substantially as follows: "I first met Mrs. Molloy at Elbert, Indiana, where I lived with my two sisters, one of whom is now married, and the other, Emma Lee, is living at the Molloy place. I lived with Mrs. Molloy since I was at Elbert and she always treated me with great kindness. I was married to George E. Graham on the Molloy farm, July 18, by Rev. J. E. Plumb. I did not know that Graham had been remarried to his former wife after they were divorced before I married him. He advised me of the divorce from his former wife and pleaded repentance for having lived with her in adultery since they left Fort Wayne in 1869, until she went back from Washington, Kansas. I deny that I have wronged or mistreated in the least Graham's two little boys, and Sheriff Cox there knows how much they both think of me. The youngest is one of the brightest children I ever saw, but the great pity is that he has the very nature of his father, and if he is not carefully guarded, will follow in his footsteps. When you see George Graham this evening, ask him for me to confess all he knows about the murder of Sarah Graham. He knows I am innocent and should do this in justice."

Graham was found last night busily writing, but as a press representative entered, he got up from his seat and remarked: "Well, I'm fixing up another 'scoop' for you tonight." This proved to be the confession he had promised Saturday night, if he concluded to make one. He had heard of what Mrs. Molloy had said about him, and on being informed of his second wife's request, he appeared both surprised and worried, and began to think that they were both ready to abandon him to his fate. Then sitting down, he wrote in a smooth, lady-like hand the following note, which he asked to be taken at once to the person addressed.
"February 28, 1886.
"Mrs. Molloy: I have been getting all day a history of your movements, including the Judge Baker talk this morning. I am prepared to do you full justice, also to Cora, but you must not make an exhibition of your feline qualities against me. You cannot with impunity take part in any attack on me. Yours, as I am treated, George E. Graham."
Graham remarked when he finished the note: "That will fetch her."
The correspondent proceeded to the residence of Deputy Sheriff Williams and read the missive to Mrs. Molloy, whose very deliberate answer was: "Tell George I am powerless to help him. My property is all in the hands of Judge Baker for debt. I stood by him and thought him innocent until the dead body was found in the cave. Now I don't know what to think."
When her message was delivered to Graham, he remarked: "Well, it's just about as I expected," and then resumed his writing. He completed his confession shortly after seven o'clock, addressing it to the circuit judge and prosecuting attorney, and requested that the copy be returned to him for them early in the morning.
Graham's confession is as follows.
To Hon. W. F. Geiger, Judge Greene circuit court, and John A. Patton, Esq., prosecuting attorney circuit court:
SPRINGFIELD, Mo., March 1, 1886. Gentlemen: In order to save innocent people from the suffering entailed upon them on my account, and to curtail the length and expense of the inquest pending over the body of Sarah Graham, I come to you, gentlemen, as the highest judicial authority of the county and make a full, complete, and exact recital of all the facts in the case. For myself I have neither apologies nor excuse to offer. In behalf of Mrs. Emma Molloy and Mrs. Cora E. Graham, I wish to state most decidedly and emphatically that they are entirely and completely innocent, both morally and legally, of any knowledge of or complicity in the death of Sarah Graham. Neither of them had the most remote idea that any crime had been committed. Both of them had always acted with the utmost honesty and good faith. I am informed that both of them have turned against me and are the loudest in their denunciations, but I shall allow nothing to prevent my doing them full justice.

It will be necessary, in order to give you a clear history of this case, to trace events back to the spring of 1885, at which time the paper with which I was connected in Washington, Kansas, became financially embarrassed, and it became impossible to conduct it. Mrs. Sarah Graham and myself had never lived together as happily as we should, and perhaps might have done if each had been forbearing with the other. At this juncture we mutually agreed that she should go to Fort Wayne, Indiana, with the children and live while I would remain in Kansas and get what I could out of the paper, and support her as far as I was able. She came east and about April 1, I also went to Fort Wayne, but was there only two days, during which time I stopped with my stepmother, not being with Sarah Graham at all. From Fort Wayne I went down into Ford County, Kansas, for the purpose of locating a "claim." Not being suited there, I returned to Fort Wayne and remained about ten days, again stopping with my stepmother, though calling several times upon Sarah Graham to see the children.
I then came to Springfield, Missouri, reaching here June 1. Just before coming to Springfield, I passed a few days in Concordia, Kansas, and from that point wrote to both Mrs. Molloy and Miss Lee that I had never been remarried to Sarah Graham since the divorce in 1873. This was untrue, but both Mrs. Molloy and Miss Lee placed implicit confidence in me and believed it. In their minds, therefore, no impediment existed to my marriage with Miss Lee, which ceremony occurred July 18, 1885.
Some time in August I received a letter from Sarah Graham advising me that she knew of my marriage to Cora Lee and proposing to make things warm for me. I wrote to her denying the marriage. She replied, enclosing a published notice of the marriage and insisted that I send her money or she would expose me, but reiterating her statement that she would never live with me again. I sent her money at different times until about September 20, when I proposed to her that I would pay her a sum in a lump and assume the full care and expense of the children.
She brought the children to me at St. Louis on the evening of September 28, 1885. We remained in St. Louis until the morning of Wednesday, September 30. I endeavored to persuade her either to return to Fort Wayne or go to her uncle's in South St. Louis, and at one time she was so far persuaded that she removed all the children's clothing from her trunk and placed it in a valise, which the oldest boy and myself went up town to purchase. She changed her mind a half dozen times during the stay in St. Louis, and at the very last protested she would go with me. I was powerless to stop her, and she embarked on the same train with myself and the children. Expostulation and entreaty were of no avail. She came clear through to North Springfield with us. I had arranged with Mrs. Fay before I left St. Louis to save a room for the children at her restaurant. I did not at that time have Sarah Graham with me. I dared not leave her in the depot, and so I went back and asked what she proposed to do. She replied that she was going wherever I went. I told her she would have a good time if she followed me as I was going to walk five miles across the country. She said she guessed she could stand it if I did, evidently not believing I intended to walk. We came over to South Springfield and I took her to a restaurant for supper. I went over to the grocery store of W. L. Banks, on Walnut street. We talked quite a while about the St. Louis exposition, and I then returned to the restaurant and talked quite awhile to Sarah, urging her not to ruin me, but to return to St. Louis or go to Kansas City, where I would send her money to live upon.
She refused to listen to anything, but followed me out of the restaurant. I walked with her to the Gulf depot, and again tried to induce her to go up to Kansas City. I could do nothing with her, and I started to walk out to the Molloy farm. I thought she would never attempt to walk the five miles that night, but she followed right after me.
I left the Gulf depot about 8:30 or nine o'clock p.m., and walked the entire distance to the farm. It was probably 1:30 a.m., Thursday, October 1, when the farm pasture gate was reached. At this point I stopped and said: "Now, Sarah, I am just on the edge of the farm, and you must not go up there. It would tear up everything and could do you no possible good."

She still protested that she would go up to the house and clear Cora out. I had picked up a stick and was whittling with a knife, the blade of which was one and a half inches long. She had a small limb in her hand, and when she was so vehemently insisting that she would go up to the house and clear things out, I reminded her of a liaison she was engaged in at Elgin, Illinois. This so angered her that she struck at me with the limb she held in her hand. I threw up my hand to ward off the blow and the knife struck her in the left side of the throat. She cried out that I had killed her. I grasped her and threw her from me, and she fell violently to the ground. I leaned over her and found the blood was flowing profusely from the wound in the neck. I knew then that it was all up with me sooner or later, for I believed
I pulled the knife into the wound to its full length and then considered a long time what disposition I should make of the body. I was almost paralyzed that the deed had been done and the next moment afterwards I would have given the world to recall it. I then undressed the body and carried it to the well and dropped it in. Without a thought that the clothing would not be as secure from observation there as elsewhere, I dropped the clothing in after the body. By this time the moon had just risen. I sat by the well and pondered over the matter until the first signs of daylight began to appear, when I walked out onto the main road again and walked up the hill and past the house about one hundred feet. I then turned and came back to the house, approaching it from the west or Dorchester side, and stepped to the west bedroom window when Cora and Etta Molloy, who were sleeping together, awoke, and Cora let me in.
I changed my clothes, which were wet and muddy, for dry ones; then called Peter Hawkins, the hired man; then went and laid down on the side of the bed till breakfast was ready. I then took the light wagon and went to town after the children. I told my wife I had been to Fort Wayne after the children, and she believed me. In fact, while I was in St. Louis, I wrote her a postal dated Fort Wayne, which I presume she has now. She never knew that Sarah Graham came even to St. Louis until after W. J. O'Neil, of Brookline, called at the house on January 22, 1886, while we were in town, and explained to the older children that he had a letter from the Graham family inquiring for Sarah.
The supposed pistol wound found on the body must be attributed to some other source. There was no such wound, and I would ask that experts examine the clothing supposed to have been perforated and burned with gunpowder. The only wound inflicted was the one in the neck unless the rib was broken by the fall to the ground. The only pistol I have had for years was a thirty-eight caliber bull dog, and I left that at the house when I went away in order that the females might have some protection against Hawkins and tramps.

I wish to reiterate in the most emphatic manner the entire and complete innocence or the slightest connection in any way in the matter of Cora Lee Graham. This loving, trusting girl has remained firm and steadfast in her love and devotion to me through all this terrible affair, and it is on her account more than any other that this confession is made. She is a thoroughly good, pure woman, who has come into my life, and whatever of home I have ever had has been due to her. I have considered that after all the testimony at the inquest, there was still a "fighting chance" on a plea of not guilty; but when my fighting the case jeopardizes one far dearer than my own life, I cannot but abandon the fight. To her I commend the care of my dear children, who are as near to me as any father's children are. She is by my request their guardian and I would ask, gentlemen, that they are not sent away from her against their wishes. She loves them and they her.
My statement in reference to Mrs. Emma Molloy is done with a view to doing justice to that lady. She has long been a very near and dear friend, and I have abused and mistreated her confidence shamefully. For myself, I have nothing to ask. Through parental neglect in early years, I started life wrong and have never had stamina sufficient to steadily keep in the right track. The mistakes, errors, and crimes of my life are nearly over. With me the past is a failure and the future a hopeless blank, a leap in the dark. May God have more mercy on me than I have ever had on myself.
I make the following statement with the full recognition of all its imports. It has not been frightened out of me by any fear of mob violence (I think Sheriff Donnell will tell you I don't scare) nor by any promise or hope of reward other than I can claim legally. The only motive, as I have said, is that the proceedings may be shortened, and that justice, at any cost to myself, may be done to two women, whose love and friendship for me have well nigh proven their ruin.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
CORK, March 1. The trouble between the cattle dealers and the Cork Packet Company, which led to the boycotting of the latter by the dealers, has been amicably settled through the means of mutual concessions, and the boycotting measures adopted by the cattle dealers with such injurious effect to the line have been ordered stopped.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
PARIS, March 1. The Journal des Debats says that Lord Salisbury drew up a convention with the Porte for the cession of Crete to England on the payment of £8,000,000 and a guarantee that Greece would be prevented from taking aggressive measures against Turkey, but Mr. Gladstone hesitates to confirm the convention.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
DENVER, March 1. Senator Tabor has been charged by the Associated Press with being one of the factors in the filibustering schemes against the Republic of Honduras. Your correspondent called upon ex-Senator Tabor yesterday and asked him if he had anything to say about these newspaper charges.
"You are at liberty to say for me, and I will be glad to have you say it in your paper, that I deny the story in toto. It is almost too absurd a report for me to deny, but since the first story told seems to be growing, the charges getting to be more sweeping, I think it will be well for me to say I know nothing about any such alleged filibustering schemes. At first, it was said that an ex-United States Senator was putting up the money to carry out the scheme. I thought nothing about that, for it didn't concern me. Now that they have connected my name with it, I wish to have it made public that I enter an emphatic denial."
"Are you personally acquainted with ex-President Soto, who, it is charged, is endeavoring to again become President of the confederated Central American Republics?"

"No, I cannot say that I am. I met him in New York about two years ago. It was only a casual meeting, and nothing was said about any filibustering schemes. I was in New York several weeks this winter, but I did not see Soto nor any of his friends that were known to me. I have, or had, large property interests in Honduras, and naturally I am anxious to pick up anything concerning the country. But as to the alleged filibustering schemes, looking to the overthrow of the Government of the country—why, such an idea never entered my head. The people ought to be well enough acquainted with me to know that I am a peace-loving man. I would rather see peace in that country than war. It would be more to my personal interest. I am firmly convinced that Soto is wrongly accused in this matter. I do not believe, from all I can learn by reading, that he has any interest in the filibustering. He was for several years the President of the Republic, but was dethroned, and since that time he has been living in New York City. He is reported to be a very wealthy man, and I believe he wishes to lead a quiet and retired life."
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
Mr. Henry Stevens, the American bibliographer, died in London recently after a long and painful illness.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
ATLANTA, Ga., March 1. General Longstreet leaves here tomorrow morning for Washington, and people in a position to know whereof they speak assert that there will be music in the air when the doughty warrior reaches the National capital. About three weeks ago the General received a communication from the Comptroller's office advising him that he was in debt to the Government to the extent of $2,320 as United States Marshal, while on the other hand the Government owed him some $12,673 for fees. To this the ex-Marshal responded that the statement was eminently satisfactory and that he would be obliged to the Comptroller if he would deduct the $2,320 and remit him the odd nine thousand by return. But the watch dog of the Treasury responded that he could not do anything of the kind. The Government, he said, could not make one transaction of the two accounts, nor could it pay anything to anyone who is in debt to the Government until that debt is first paid. Hence, the functionary went on to say, General Longstreet would have to settle with the Government before it can settle with him, and he will also be required to await its very indefinite pleasure for such settlement. General Longstreet says that such a ruling is a piece of foolishness, and he is going to Washington for the express purpose of making Rome howl in the immediate vicinity of the Comptroller's office.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
LONDON, March 1. The Times says that Prince Bismarck, in conversing with a deputy regarding efforts to lure him to negotiate an international bimetallic treaty, remarked that he would not venture on unfamiliar ground until he had thoroughly surveyed the field.
Three Prisoners Burn Their Way Out of Jail in Texas By Using Candles.
Indictments in Bowie County, Texas.
Three Masked and Armed Men Rob a Store.
One of Them Shot Dead by a Clerk.

Stabbing Affray.—Extensive Defalcation at Paris, Illinois.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
LITTLE ROCK, Ark., Feb. 27. Particulars of the escape from the Morrilton jail last night of three prisoners, Lee Barnes, charged with the murder of a wheel-of-fortune man, Holman, at Plummer, a few miles this side of Morrilton about two months ago, Jord Barnes and Charles Wear, in for appropriating horse-flesh, reached this city today. Lee Barnes and Wear were chained together while Jord had his companion in crime, Collins, as his arm mate. The three who escaped slipped their shackles, but Collins was forced to remain in the house because his hands were too large to pull through the bracelets. It seems the fugitives effected their escape by burning their way out. Candles furnished the furnace, one hundred and fifty of which were consumed in the effort. It required three weeks to accomplish the task, daytime being the only time when the candle could be lighted. The jail is a wooden structure. The prisoners kept a candle under one of the logs all day until it finally charred it out, and they escaped as above described. The prisoners had been allowed to buy candles, used, as they said, to see to play cards by. Officers are starting out, but no clue as to the route of the fugitives has been ascertained.
TEXARKANA, Ark., Feb. 27. The first term of the Bowie County District Court ever held in this city convened at the new courthouse last Monday and has been in active operation throughout the week. The grand jury has been busily engaged in finding true bills against gambling and other vices, and up to date have issued thirty-eight indictments. Joseph Hanglin, who was indicted for the murder of Tom Alexander, colored, in December, 1884, was tried and acquitted, the jury remaining out only ten minutes. Bill Busick, the accused murderer of Dr. Shaw, killed at New Boston, Texas, last Saturday, will be arraigned for preliminary examination today. Shaw, who was a hard character, became involved in a dispute with James Busick in the latter's saloon last September when Shaw, without cause, drew a revolver and shot Busick through the heart. It is supposed that Dr. Shaw was killed by Bill in revenge for his brother's assassination.
BROWNWOOD, Texas, Feb. 27. A most daring robbery was committed here last night about 10 o'clock. While the clerks at A. M. Cameron & Co.'s office were posting the books, three men entered with masks over their faces, and covering the clerks with revolvers, proceeded to go through the safe, which was standing open. They then relieved the clerks of all the money they had and left, securing almost $1,500 in all. As soon as they had left, one of the clerks, Mr. Coker, fired several shots after the retreating men. One of them was struck and instantly killed, the ball taking effect in his left side and coming out of his breast, and was found in his breast pocket. The man when found had a mask on and was recognized as one Brown, a painter. No money was found on him, the other two escaping with the spoils.

LITTLE ROCK, Ark., Feb. 27. At four o'clock this morning William Christian and Peter Yast, while playing poker in Coat's saloon at the corner of Sixth and Center streets, had a misunderstanding over a deal and engaged in a fight that resulted in Christian probably fatally stabbing Yast. He cut Yast once in the back and once in the side. The injured man was carried to his house, while Christian cleared out and has not yet been apprehended.
MATTOON, Ill., Feb. 27. John Myer was tried in the Cumberland County circuit court for horse stealing. He was acquitted, the evidence showing that he himself fell into the hands of thieves, who robbed him of a gold watch, $200 in money, and got him drunk and pursued him to sell his livery team. A collection was taken up in the court room to defray his expenses.
PARIS, Ill., Feb. 27. The investigation by the city council into the affairs of the city treasurer has exposed the startling fact that he is short $8,600 in his accounts. Although the fact has been known for some time that there was a deficiency, the facts have been withheld until the charges could be made. The city will not lose anything, as the bondsmen are good for more than the amount. The shortage has been traced back into Adams' administration, the predecessor of Henry Wallace, the present incumbent.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
ST. LOUIS, Feb. 27. Phillip and Gregory Joral, aged twenty-four and seventeen years respectively, were employed by Joseph Ruprecht to dig clay in his quarry on the river Des Peres, between Barracks road and Gravois road. While eating dinner at one o'clock, yesterday, the clay bank, one hundred feet high, caved in, covering them up. About a half an hour later Ruprecht came along with some teamsters and dug them out. Phillip was badly injured and was taken to his home on Laughboro avenue, near Twelfth street, where Dr. Breight attended him. Gregory was crushed to death and his body was taken to Hoffmeister, the Carondelet undertaker at 1810 South Broadway.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
PIERCE CITY, Mo., Feb. 27. Robert Crocket, formerly a lieutenant in a Missouri regiment, a volunteer and a long time resident of this town, was assassinated by some person or persons unknown about eleven o'clock last night while on his way home, not over 150 yards from the courthouse. The deceased was literally beaten to death by some blunt instrument in the hands of some person or persons unknown.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
EASTON, Pa., Feb. 27. The wages of the four hundred employees of the Warren Foundry and Machine Company, Phillipsburg, New Jersey, will be advanced fifteen per cent, March 15. Orders have been issued to prepare the Glendin Iron Company's No. 4 furnace in South Easton for blast. The stack has been idle for several years. The Bethlehem Iron Company's No. 6 furnace will be put in blast in a few days.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
Nine bills are before Congress for right of way through the Indian Territory.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.

The western block of the Parliament buildings at Ottawa, Canada, was on fire on the 23rd. Considerable damage was done in some of the departments.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
A temperance fanatic recently entered a saloon at Shelbyville, Illinois, and turned on the faucets of the whiskey barrels. The result was the loss of $300 worth of the liquor.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
The Santa Fe reduced the rates from Missouri river points to the Pacific on the 23rd to $25 first and $17 second. The Santa Fe declared its intention to rebate under any rate the other Pacific roads might take.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
Returns from various parts of the Fifth Congressional District of Wisconsin show T. R. Rudd (Democrat), of Green Bay to have been elected by a large majority as successor to the late Congressman Joseph Rankin.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
The Berlin North German Gazette says the prosecution is imminent of numerous Germans who style themselves doctors, on the strength of diplomas purchased in America. There are 340 such doctors in Berlin alone.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
It was reported that the Archbishop of Quebec would issue a mandamus against any Catholics in his vicarate becoming Knights of Labor or members of other trade organizations. It was thought the mandamus would be disregarded.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
A meteorite fell upon a farm two miles west of Washington, D. C., on the 23rd. People in the neighborhood were startled by a loud noise, and later found a large hole in the ground with pieces of rock scattered around. The meteorite was shattered to fragments.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
The schooner David Lee, of Philadelphia, recently sank at sea. The crew was thought to have been rescued.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
Eight persons were injured recently by a powder explosion in the grocery store of Mary Wills, at Winchester, Kentucky.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
There was a general resumption in the coke regions of Pennsylvania on the 22nd. It was feared the Hungarians would cause trouble, but they placed no obstacle in the way.
The Interstate Convention Agrees Upon a Schedule.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.

COLUMBUS, Ohio, Feb. 25. The Interstate convention of coal miners met and resumed business this morning, and on application admitted West Virginia to their deliberations. The adoption was urged of the Pittsburgh scale of prices to be paid for mining in the five States represented for the year, beginning May 1 next. The scale was amended so as to cut out Mt. Olive and Springfield, Illinois, on the ground that these sections were not represented and were not at the Pittsburgh convention. The scale was then adopted. On reassembling a resolution was adopted constituting a board of arbitration consisting of two miners and two operators from each of the five States represented in the scale, to which will be referred all questions of a national character among miners and operators for adjustment, and recommending that each State select a similar board to whom all questions of State importance shall be referred. The arbitration board was selected and organized with Oscar Townsend, operator of Cleveland, president, and Christopher Evans, of New Straitsville, secretary. The board is to serve till May 1, 1887, the time to which the scale of prices provided for will extend. The convention adjourned to meet at Columbus the first Tuesday in February. The following is the revised scale of rates to go into effect May 1: Pittsburgh, 71 cents per ton; Hocking Valley, 60 cents; Indiana block, 80 cents; Indiana bituminous No. 1, 65 cents; Indiana bituminous No. 2, 75 cents; Wilmington, Illinois, 95 cents; Streator, 80 cents; Grape Creek, 75 cents; Des Moines, Iowa, 90 cents. The West Virginia Kanawha reduced prices are to be restored to 75 cents. Reynoldsville Fairmount screen coal 71 cents.
General Conviction That All the Roads are Cutting Rates.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
NEW YORK, Feb. 25. The uneasy feeling of yesterday concerning Western passenger rates has grown into a conviction that everybody is cutting. The officers of the Sunset route are figuring out their promised new tariff, which they will issue tomorrow. Rival lines ridicule this action, saying it would be nonsense for the Sunset to do anything of the kind, because they will immediately cut under its rates. The opinion prevails in some quarters that the Pacific Mail will not jeopardize the $87,000 subsidy it receives under the existing agreement by cutting before the thirty days' notice expires. Knowing ones say, however, that the Pacific Mail is an "old bird," and understands how uncertain a factor is a contract, and that it is keeping pace with the field. If the Eastern pool breaks up, it will be everybody's fight, with the Sunset in the lead on fighting facilities. Iowa roads have made the cut to $7 from Chicago to Omaha, so that now the $30 and $20 passenger rates from the Missouri river is obtained on all lines. The Baltimore & Ohio people are jubilant and claim to see in all this trouble benefit for them. An official said that the fight was sure to spread to the Eastern trunk lines. It was rumored that the freight rates had been cut again from yesterday's figures so that the discount was now 60 per cent, off on all grades of freight from $4 per hundred to $2.25; 40 per cent off on all grades from $2.25 down to $1.50 per hundred and 25 per cent, off on all grades under $1.50.
The Polish Language Not to be Allowed in Polish Prussia.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.

BERLIN, Feb. 25. The tower house of the Prussian Diet today discussed the bill relating to teachers in National schools in Polish Prussia. Dr. Von Gossler, Minister of Public Instruction and Ecclesiastical Affairs, declared that the Government was compelled to take a firm and clear stand in view of the continuous attacks of the Poles. Leniency and sympathy were impossible. The best way to assimilate the two peoples was to insist upon a common language. It was therefore necessary to have teachers in Poland thoroughly acquainted with German, and to eliminate Polish literature from the schools. Unqualified teachers would be placed in other positions where they would be more useful. No injustice was intended to vested rights. On the contrary the Government would pursue a policy of progress, not of retrogression. A long discussion ensued, the Conservatives and National Liberals supporting and the members of the center party opposing the bill.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
EL PASO, Texas, Feb. 25. Word has just been received here of the meeting between General Crook and Geronimo at San Ye ranch day before yesterday. The chief and five bucks, in consultation with General Crook, asked permission to return to the reservation unconditionally. General Crook refused, demanding an unconditional surrender. Geronimo declined to give himself up and, after consultation, left for his camp, keeping the white flag flying for several miles. Chief Nana and another are still held as hostages. Geronimo is reported to have ninety bucks besides women and children with him. No attempt will be made to follow him. It is not know what will be done.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
KANSAS CITY, Mo., Feb. 25. A special from Topeka to the Times says: "In reply to a letter of inquiry from L. A. Emerson, general freight agent of the Missouri Pacific road at St. Louis, Mo., the Board of Railroad Commissioners announce that yellow pine lumber should be classified in the schedule of freight in the same grade as white pine or soft lumber and not as hard wood." The effect of this decision will be to cheapen the cost of this lumber, which is being extensively used by the people of this State.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
MANCHESTER, N. H., Feb. 25. At noon 1,500 of the 6,250 looms in the Amos Neag [?] mills were running. A few of the strikers who returned yesterday were induced to leave today, but their places were more than filled by new recruits. Outside parties are arriving and are being employed, while some of the strikers are leaving the city. More strikers went in this afternoon. The strike is plainly on the road to a complete collapse.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
LONDON, Feb. 25. It is reported that the first outline of Mr. Gladstone's Irish proposals have been presented to his colleagues in the Cabinet, and that the Premier goes the whole length of restoring the Irish Parliament.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
CHICAGO, Feb. 25. The Western linseed oil crushers met in this city yesterday and decided to form a pool which will be known as the Consolidated Oil Company, the capital stock of which will be $300,000.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
The Queen's Proctor has decided to intervene in the Dilke case.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.

The Chinese on three ranches near Wheatland, California, were recently driven off by a mob. After their expulsion from one of their ranches, their quarters were fired.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
At the conference of labor leaders, held at Pittsburgh, Pa., it was decided to send a representative committee of working men to Washington to advocate the interests of the tariff before Congress.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
The English House of Commons, by a vote of 209 to 66, agreed to a grant of £1,200 for medals for the Canadian volunteers who suppressed the Riel rebellion. The vote was opposed by Irish Nationalists.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
Joseph T. McKee, a merchant at Woodbridge, D. T., and associate judge of the county in which he resides, is under arrest in Chicago on the charge of obtaining goods by false pretenses. His accusers are Decker & Co., dry goods merchants.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
The British Government has approved Lord Dufferin's request that a strong expedition be sent against the Shans. The British commissioners in Burmah are authorized to secure the submission of the chiefs either by bribing or fighting them.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
The Indian girls' and boys' asylum of Steamburg, near Buffalo, New York, was burned the other morning. The forty-two pupils of the institute and their preceptors barely escaped with their lives. The asylum was established thirty years ago by certain Philadelphia Quakers.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
General Hazen, chief signal service officer, is suing George Jones, the proprietor of the New York Times, to recover $10,000 damages for alleged libel, it being charged that the newspaper published libelous statements concerning the plaintiff's character as a signal service officer.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
Excitement was intense in the French Chamber of Deputies recently when a strange man excitedly drew a revolver and threw a paper toward M. Clemenceau. The stranger was immediately arrested, when he said he was an old soldier and wanted redress for his grievances.
The next article appeared on very last column on right. Many of the last word(s) on each line were either obliterated or too light to read at the beginning. Will try to figure it out where I can...MAW
Bill Passed to Allow National Bank Changes.
Van Wyck's Relief Bill.
Educational Bill Discussed.
The Hennepin Canal Bill Discussed in the House.
Getting Ready for the Silver Discussion.
The Half Gallon Tax Bill Passed After a Wrangle.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.

WASHINGTON, Feb. 25. In the Senate yesterday morning, after the transaction of routine morning business, Mr. Morrill brought up the House bill permitting National banks to change their name, location, and [?] by a vote of two-thirds of the shareholders. This bill makes the changes subject to the approval of the Comptroller of the Currency.
On motion of Mr. Hoar an amendment was made to the bill limiting the right of a bank to change its location so that it cannot change to another State, not to be more than thirty miles distant from its original location. The bill then passed.
Mr. Van Wyck called up and Senate, without debate, passed a bill for the [?] of settlers and purchasers of lands on the public domain in Nebraska and Kansas, which appropriates $250,000 to be expended for the purpose of reimbursing [?] persons and their legal representatives, who, under the land [?] settled upon or purchased lands within [?] grant made to aid in the construction of the Northern Kansas railroad, to which patents have been issued for the land, [?] against which personal decrees have been rendered by the circuit court on account of the priority of the grant to railroads.
After the passage of the bill allowing American officers to accept payment for services in Corea, the Education bill was taken up and Mr. Blair addressed the Senate in reply to the objections and criticisms made against it. He denied that the people of the South were opposed to the measure, and insisted that they favored it. It was very easy, Mr. Blair said, to criticize, but that was not the way to remedy a great evil.
Debate continued until executive session, after which the Senate adjourned.
In the House yesterday Mr. Payson, of Illinois, from the Committee on Public Lands, reported the Senate bill to quiet the titles of settlers on the Des Moines river lands in Iowa. He stated that 270,000 acres were involved in the bill. By a misconstruction of the granting act, the State of Iowa sold certain lands to which it was not entitled, and had granted certain other lands to the Des Moines Railroad and Navigation Company. This had given rise to much litigation, and the purpose of the bill was simply to allow parties who had made preemption and homestead filings on these lands to have a standing in the courts. After debate the bill passed without division.
Mr. Stone, of Missouri, from the Committee on Public Lands, reported a bill forfeiting certain lands granted to the Southern Pacific Railroad Company. Placed on the House calendar.
In the morning hour the House passed the bill to annex the northern part of the Territory of Idaho to Washington Territory.
Mr. Murphy, of Iowa, called up the House and proceeded to consider in Committee of the Whole the Hennepin Canal bill.

Mr. Murphy premised his speech in support of the bill by reading in full the report of the committee, in which are represented the arguments which impelled it to a favorable consideration of the measure. He then proceeded to emphasize the benefits of the results in the shape of cheap transportation which would follow the construction of the Hennepin canal and as an illustration of this position stated that the wheat raised in the six Western States, which were in the neighborhood of the proposed canal, could be transported to the seaboard at a saving of six cents per bushel. If the Government of the United States would do its duty and construct this canal, the people of the Northwest could save fifty per cent, over the present rate of transportation, and save enough in one year to build the canal two or three times over. The United States has formidable competitors in the Liverpool market, and if the rates of transportation were not reduced, it would soon find itself without that market.
The morning hour expired and the committee rose.
Mr. James, of New York, under instructions from the Committee on Coinage, Weights and Measures, asked leave to offer a resolution, making the bill for the free coinage of silver a continual special order from March 2, not to interfere with the revenue appropriation bills. Mr. Burrows, of Michigan, thought that some limit should be fixed to the special order. Mr. James modified the resolution so as to provide that the discussion should continue for one week. Mr. Dougherty, of Florida, objected to the resolution.
The House went in Committee of the Whole on the half gallon tax bill.
A wrangle ensued between Messrs. Brady, Wise, and Morrison, the House getting switched off to the Fitz John Porter matter. After the House got back to the subject matter, Mr. Butterworth offered the substitute suggested by him in his speech, but it was rejected. The committee then rose and reported the bill to the House and it was passed without a division and the House adjourned.
A Soldier at Fort Leavenworth Arrested for Murder.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
FORT LEAVENWORTH, Kan., Feb. 25. Sheriff Churchill some days ago received a telegram from Sheriff Lilly, of St. Clair County, Mo., requesting him to be on the lookout for a man named Henry Hilder, aged twenty-three, about six feet in height and weight about 175 pounds, and to hold him on the charge of murder. The matter was made known to Detective Yerkes, who this morning located his man in the United States army. He was a member of troop B, Third cavalry, having enlisted in the army on the 3rd inst. Sheriff Churchill and Detective Yerkes went to Fort Leavenworth this morning and arrested Hilder and brought him to the city, where he is now confined in the county jail. Hilder, after being arrested, said he had committed no murder. Some time last fall he got into a fight with a man in Illinois, and both had been pretty badly used up, and he left without learning what had become of him. He will be taken to St. Clair County as soon as Sheriff Lilly, who has been notified, arrives.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
CINCINNATI, Feb. 23. The senatorial investigating committee held a meeting yesterday afternoon without Senator Coulter, who was too unwell to sit. The question of photographing the returns of precinct A, Fourth ward, was argued at length until Mr. Follett, attorney for the Democrats, announced that in his judgment the right to photograph would be conceded. The Democratic members of the committee reluctantly accepted his advice, and Messrs. Van Cleaf and Pringle were appointed to have photographic copies made, and allowed three days' time for that purpose. Mr. Follett urged the utmost dispatch in the matter in order to relieve Mr. Dalton who, he said, had been acting throughout under legal advice.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
MARSHALL, Mo., Feb. 23. Albert and Mariah Harris, aged colored people, lived as man and wife in their earlier days in Kentucky. Thirty-seven years ago they were sold by their master and were separated during all that time. When they regained their freedom, each sought to find the other, but were unsuccessful until recently. During all that time the woman lived in this county and Albert in Kentucky. As soon as convinced that he had found the partner of his earlier life, Harris procured a marriage license and they will be married again.
A Spat in the Senate at the Close of the Discussion on the Educational Bill.
The Pension Bill in the House.
Henderson Attacks Commissioner Black.—A Warm Debate.
Sectionalism Brought to the Surface.
Warner, of Ohio, Defends the Commissioner.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
WASHINGTON, Feb. 26. In the Senate yesterday morning Mr. Hale gave notice that after Mr. George's remarks on the Education bill, he (Hale) would move for an executive session upon some matters of importance that would probably occupy the remainder of the day. It was understood that Mr. Hale referred to the nominations of Pillsbury and Chase to be collectors of internal revenue, respectively at Boston and Portland, which are reported adversely.
At two o'clock the Education Bill was laid before the Senate and Mr. George took the floor to continue his remarks in favor of the bill. During his speech quite an exciting colloquy took place between Mr. George and Mr. Morgan. The latter denied some of the inferences drawn by Mr. George from his (Mr. Morgan's) speeches on former measures before Congress, and said Mr. George's reading misrepresented him.
Mr. George: I shall read the Senator's own language, and then I shall not misrepresent you.
Mr. Morgan: It does misrepresent me.
Mr. George: If I read your own language, it will not misrepresent you.
Mr. Morgan: It does misrepresent me, and the Senator knows it.
Mr. George: It is untrue. The statement made by the Senator is simply untrue, and he knows it.
Mr. George said he saw no force in the distinction drawn by Mr. Morgan, Mr. Maxey, and other opponents of the bill, between money in the Treasury drawn from taxation and money drawn from other sources.
Mr. Allison suggested an amendment which he said he would offer at the proper time, providing that in each State in which there shall be separate schools for white and colored children, the money paid shall be apportioned and paid out for the support of such white and colored schools in the proportion that the illiteracy of white and colored persons bear to each other, as shown by the census. Mr. Allison thought the bill should be so amended as to be precisely what it was intended to be, and there should be no room left for doubt to arise when the provisions of the bill came to be applied in practice as to the propositions of the money to be applied to white and colored schools respectively. The debate here closed.

The Senate resumed consideration of the bill to provide allotments of land in severalty to the Indians. Mr. Maxey moved to strike out the clause that proposes to make citizens of the Indians who should accept lands in severalty. The motion was rejected.
Mr. Teller offered an amendment providing that the President may allow homestead settlement by citizens of the United States on each alternate quarter section with the Indians holding lands under treaties should be compensated. The assessment was rejected and the bill passed.
The joint resolution heretofore introduced by Mr. Berry was passed, requiring that the leases of the bath houses, etc., at Hot Springs, Arkansas, shall not be renewed unless the Forty-ninth Congress shall adjourn without having legislated with reference thereto.
In the morning hour yesterday the House resumed in Committee of the Whole the consideration of the Hennepin canal bill. Mr. Murphy, of Iowa, concluded his speech advocating the measure, and predicted that the latter part of the present century would be famous on account of the canals that would then be constructed. Congress should pay out the millions of dollars that were now resting in the Treasury for the Hennepin canal and other much needed public works, and this action would result in blessings upon the people.
Mr. Rowell, of Illinois, supported the bill, contending that as the canal would be a factor in the cheapening of transportation rates, it was a National enterprise, which should be undertaken by the Government.
Pending the conclusion of his remarks, the morning hour expired and the committee rose. The House then again resolved itself into Committee of the Whole, on the Pension Appropriations bill. Mr. Townshend, of Illinois, who had charge of the bill, explained its provisions. It appropriates, he said, $75,754,200, or about $15,000,000 more than was carried by the law for the current year. This increase was occasioned by the accelerated work that is being done in the Pension Office, and for this work the Commissioner of Pensions and his employees deserved commendation. No money paid out of the National Treasury accomplished more general good than the money expended by this bill. No better use could be made of the vast surplus in the Treasury than to pay it out on meritorious claims for pensions and other just dues to the soldiers.

Mr. Henderson, of Iowa, while concurring with Mr. Townshend in his general remarks upon pension matters, differed from him when he attributed the increased appropriations to the accelerated work of the Pension Office. The gentleman had failed to call attention to the fact that the Commissioner of Pensions had stated to the Committee on Appropriations that there would be a deficiency of about $6,000,000 for the current year, so that the $60,000,000 which had been appropriated for the fiscal year 1886 was confessed by the Commissioner to be insufficient to meet the requirements of the law. The average appropriation for pensions for the last six years was $77,449,000, showing that the appropriation contained in the pending bill was $1,694,800 below the averages. The country had lately been treated with a very large amount of information in regard to Arrearages. It has had a letter from the Commissioner of Pensions to the Chairman of the Committee on Appropriations, giving estimates as to what the passage of the limitation repeal would probably cost. Why the Committee on Appropriations, or its chairman, should take this load on their shoulders he was not prepared to say. The New York Democratic papers of January 29 had published the Commissioner's letter with startling head lines and commended the action of Mr. Randall in the premises. He was glad that there was a gentleman in the House so patriotic and far-seeing as to rescue the country from the danger that seemed to threaten it. Why had the letter of the Commissioner been indited and given to the country twenty-four hours in advance of the knowledge of the humble members of the Committee on Appropriations?
Mr. Randall: It did not come from the committee, or any member of the committee.
Mr. Henderson: I understand that only two copies were given out, one to the chairman of the committee, and one to the President. The gentleman disclaims it. The President is not here. It lies between the King and the cobbler, the President of the United States or the Commissioner of Pensions. The Commissioner's letter had not only been telegraphed over the country, but telegraphed with a $93,000,000 lie in its stomach. When he (Mr. Henderson) had examined the letter, he had seen that it contained on its face a repetition of $80,000,000, and he had written to the Commissioner, calling attention to the facts. Two days afterward the Commissioner had appeared before the committee and had changed front three times, until every member of the committee agreed that the point he (Mr. Henderson) had taken was correct. Then the commissioner had yielded and written a supplementary letter—a tail to the first great battery ram to fix up the blunder he had previously refused to acknowledge. The effect of the first letter had acted like magic and carried horror to certain committee rooms about the capitol. Whether it would be finally successful in intimidating any committee from meeting the patriotic requirements of the hour remained to be seen. He did not believe that it would, but the truth was finally developed that only $222,000,000 would be the expenditure arising from the limitation repeal. Even that was mere speculation. He did not believe that it would cost over $150,000,000.
Mr. Tillman, of South Carolina: Considering that the Confederate States pay about one-third of the taxes to the Federal Government for pensions and do not get back three cents of it; considering, also, that from the formation of the Government to the present time $8 a month was considered a sufficient pension for widows, can the gentlemen complain that Southern members are trying to restrain the necessarily large expenditures for pensions within the rules that prevailed heretofore.

Mr. Henderson: There is no section of this country that before God is under deeper and more profound obligations to pay every dollar of its share of that debt than the Southern States. I have not read this vote for the purpose of stirring up bad blood. The time has come when sectional lines should be dropped, and when sixty-four members of that side of the House said that $12 was too much to pay a widow, the sectional line was kept up and the bloody shirt was waved. Today the constitution is thrown in our face as a shield to cover an almost solid vote against the increase of the pension bill. Yet there is hardly a constitution of the United States to be found in that section. I state here and now as my conviction that if those gentlemen respected the constitution, as they say, they would not have control of this chamber. If they represented the constitution instead of ballot box stuffing and shotguns, they would not have control of the executive of the Nation. [Applause on the Republican side and groans on the Democratic side.] You may groan, gentlemen, but you yourselves do know, and you boast of it, too, that you will control this Government in spite of the constitution. I tell you here and now in this chamber that there are as grave crimes committed under the forms of law and the constitution as there were when Sumter was fired upon. And for one, I protest against the sectional control of this country with the constitution absolutely defeated. These are my sentiments, and I say that the gauntlet was thrown down in the vote. In closing, I desire to say that I sincerely trust that no gentlemen, especially those who were in the ranks against me, misinterpret me, for I would neither spend an eternity in hell with a Confederate than eternity in heaven with a Northern copperhead. [Laughter and applause.]
Mr. Warner, of Ohio, regretted that an opportunity had been taken to drag politics into the debate. He wanted to call the attention of the gentleman from Iowa (Mr. Henderson) to the fact that the late Commissioner of Pensions (Dudley) during the last Presidential and Congressional election had left his place in the Pension Office and gone to the State of Ohio to take charge of the election there. He had taken charge of the Republican campaign in that State, all the time drawing his salary as Commissioner of Pensions. Other officials of the Pension Bureau had been detailed to that State ostensibly on the duty of the office, but really on political business. Every Democratic pensioner had been hunted down and told that if he voted the Democratic ticket, he need not expect to get his pension. These men had filled his district.
Mr. Warner then proceeded to condemn the use of money in elections, when he was interrupted by Mr. Browne, of Indiana, with the question, "Why do you speak of money entering legislative bodies and influencing the choice of a United States Senator?"
Mr. Warner. "Let me assure my friend that he will find my record against that influence and will never find any authority from me for any such course."
In conclusion, Mr. Warner defended Commissioner Black and said that no complaint of him had been made by any soldier. More pensions had been allowed under his administration than had ever been allowed in the same time under any previous administration.
Mr. Randall said this was the first time he had ever seen partisan politics and sectionalism thrust into the debate on a pension appropriation bill. He should, perhaps, have remained silent, notwithstanding, except, whether intended or not, there might go abroad through the country the statement that the Democratic party, and more particularly the Southern element of that party, had in any way shown any hostility whatever to the payment of pensions. On the contrary, his experience had shown that the Southern element had developed a wonderful disposition—a full heart—to pension Union soldiers or widows of Union soldiers. He placed his experience against the impression carried by the speech of the gentleman from Iowa, that there was on the Democratic side any hostility to the payment of what was justly due to those who were disabled in the war of the Union.
Mr. Brown, of Indiana, defended the action of ex-Commissioner Dudley and maintained that he had never prostituted his official position to serve partisan ends.
Pending action, the committee rose. The Speaker appointed Wilkins, of Ohio, as a member of the Committee on Education in place of Curtin, of Pennsylvania, excused.
Mr. Hewitt, of New York, presented a memorial of 122 savings banks of New York asking for the repeal of the Bland Silver Bill. Referred.

Mr. Morgan, of Texas, from the Committee on Commerce, reported the bill to incorporate the Atlantic & Pacific Ship Railway.
Mr. Wheeler, of Alabama, from the Committee on Military Affairs, reported the Military Academy Appropriation bill. The estimate for 1887 is $412,075.
Mr. Blount, of Georgia, from the Committee on Post-offices and Post-roads, reported the Post -office Appropriation bill. All were referred to Committee of the Whole. Adjourned.
WASHINGTON, Feb. 26. General S. D. Sturgis, who has been station at the Black Hills since last June as Colonel of the Seventh cavalry, arrived here this morning on a brief visit, accompanied by his wife and one of his daughters. The visit is stated to be one of pleasure only, but it is understood that its real object is to enlist the support and influence of his friends in behalf of his promotion. General Sturgis is now sixty-four years of age and has served his country for thirty-five years. During the war he held high and responsible positions without (on account of certain opposition) the rank, pay, or honor to which he was entitled. He will retire from the army on June 11, and as now there are two vacancies for Brigadier General, he feels that he should be promoted previous to his retirement in order to allow him an adequate income and show a measure of appreciation for the services he has rendered his country, instead of being turned out to grass on three-fourths pay of a Colonel and allowing young men to be put into the positions of Brigadier Generals.
CHICAGO, Feb. 26. Reports reach here that notwithstanding the interdiction of the Sovereign Grand Lodge of Odd Fellows, the Patriarchal circle is growing steadily in all parts of the country. Efforts on the part of the various local lodges to carry out the orders of the Grand Lodge by expelling members of the circle from membership have in the main proven abortive, the motions to expel in the majority of cases being quickly disposed of by being laid upon the table. Eminent lawyers have rendered an opinion that the action of the Grand Lodge in changing the qualifications to membership by resolution was unconstitutional, as the constitution expressly provides that any such proposition shall be laid over for one year after having been introduced by three jurisdictions. Meanwhile the adherents of the circle declare that they will not permit themselves to be bulldozed out of the order, and say that the end of the trouble is not yet at hand.
CHICAGO, Feb. 26. The first meeting of the stockholders of the Transcontinental Aerial Navigation Company, for the purpose of organizing and electing officers, is being held here this morning. Brief particulars of this enterprise were telegraphed a few days ago. The company proposes to commence next week the construction of an immense air ship, 174 feet in length, 24 feet in width, and 22 feet in height. After a model patented by Dr. De Baussalt, a French physician of this city. One of the stockholders said this morning that the ship would be completed by the middle of June, and that on or about July 4th it would start with a number of passengers on a mid-air trip through the country.

ST. LOUIS, Feb. 26. The Ewing-Francis quo warranto case involving the mayoralty contest will be appealed from Judge Barclay's court to the Supreme Court direct. Counsel representing Mr. Ewing, George D. Reynolds, Dyer, Lee, and Ellis, and A. R. Taylor had a conference this morning, and decided to go to the court of last resort with as little delay as possible. Mayor Francis having filed his answer in the case, denying the allegations of fraud at the election in April last, the relator, Mr. Ewing, will reply and the case will then be in shape for disposing of it in the circuit court, which will be a mere formality. Steps for an appeal will then be taken and an early hearing will be asked for in the Supreme Court.
WASHINGTON, Feb. 26. Prof. Taylor, who returned from st. Louis yesterday, does not regard Prof. Weber's experiments in testing counterfeit butter as invalidating his discoveries in the same line. Prof. Taylor says that the presence of butter crystals in oleomargarine is not surprising, as the latter compound has a percentage of butter, the crystals of which would, of course, show the St. Andrew cross, but that there would also be found present in the same field the characteristics of oleomargarine crystals, making it easy to distinguish pure butter from any other fat, since in pure butter nothing but the cross would be seen.
Secretary Manning Criticizes the Morrison Tariff Measure.
The Sugar Monopoly.
The Grinding Despotism of Claus Spreckels and Its Baleful Effect in Hawaii.
Post-Office Appropriations.
Estimates All Completed and the Committee Ready to Report.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.

WASHINGTON, Feb. 25. The Secretary of the Treasury has written to Representative Morrison, Chairman of the Ways and Means Committee, in regard to the probable effect the passage of the Morrison tariff bill will have on the revenue. In his letter he says the net reduction computed on last year's importations produces a decrease of $12,000,000. In regard to the proviso limiting the maximum of duties to certain ad valorem rates, it says it leaves room for controversy on values, but values could be approximately ascertained by the customs officers. It suggests that a provision be made by which the valuation by such officers should be made final, and not leave this important question to be in after years subject to the uncertainty of trial in the courts, with consequent loss to the people. The same remarks, he says, apply to those clauses of the bill which fix the rate of duty according to the value of the article. He calls attention to the necessity of making more clear, in some cases, the exact articles to which the provisos apply. He expresses the opinion that the provisions in the tariff law relating to the component matter of the chief value leads to litigation because of the uncertainty of that term, whether applied to manufactured articles or otherwise. There are numbers of such pending bills, which involve the question, and in them the Secretary fears that the Government will be defeated. The term "earthenware," he says, is also open to misconstruction, and in a recent case has been held to mean only hollow are or made on the potter's wheel, and if this construction should prevail, glazed tile, for illustration, becomes a non-enumerated manufactured article subject to 20 per cent ad valorem duty. Attention is also called to the term "broken or granulated rice," and a suggestion made that the maximum size be stated, to avoid controversy. The Chief of the Bureau of Statistics says that of the 2,548,000,000 pounds of sugar imported into the United States during the last fiscal year, 74 per cent came from Cuba, Porto Rico, Brazil, and the British West Indies. These countries, according to latest advices, impose an export duty on sugar. If such is the fact, it is probable that 80 per cent of the sugar imported for the last year came from the countries imposing an export duty thereon. This would change the figures, in the reduction of sugar from $10,000,000 to $2,000,000, and the aggregate reduction of the duty from $20,000 to $12,000,000.
WASHINGTON, Feb. 25. In answer to a request from a sub-committee of the House Committee on Ways and Means for information concerning the working of the reciprocity treaty with the Hawaiian islands, Mr. J. E. Searles, Jr., one of the Government commissioners who visited the islands, has returned a statement of facts ascertained in connection with his visit. He says if we had made the islands a present of every dollar's worth of goods they bought from this country and collected duties on their sugars, we should have made no loss. As to the effect of the treaty on this country, Mr. Searles says that the price of refined sugar in San Francisco since the treaty went into effect has averaged twenty cents more a pound than in New York, where every pound has paid the full duty. He speaks in bitter terms of the course pursued by Claus Spreckels. For seven years he was the dictator not only of the King and Government, but of all the planters. The latter, however, during the past year, rebelled against his autocracy and are seeking to break his commercial if not political power. They have secured the possession of a small refinery in San Francisco, which they hope to operate successfully in connection with their sugar estates in the islands, but Sir Claus has determined upon their destruction, and this explains the unprecedented price at which sugar is now ruling in San Francisco, only about one cent above New York figures. In conclusion, he sums up as follows the reason why the treaty should be abrogated: First, because of the enormous loss to revenue in this country, which is practically paid out of the pockets of our tax-payers to fill the pockets of a small company of sugar planters and speculators. The production has assumed proportions never dreamed of when the treaty was made and the crop is still steadily increasing; second, it has not either directly or indirectly benefitted the consumers of sugar in this country, but has brought the product of the islands into direct competition with our own sugar producers and manufacturers; third, the treaty has not benefitted but has on the contrary injured the Sandwich Islands, demoralizing and destroying the native population and substituting Chinese and other Asiatics, while American influence in the affairs of the islands, except so far as it is exercised for the self-interests of an individual, has been weakened.

WASHINGTON, Feb. 25. The House Committee on Post-offices and Post-roads today completed the Post-office Appropriation bill, and it will be promptly reported to the House. The bill appropriates for the postal service during the next fiscal year the sum of $54,326,588, an increase of $659,579 as compared with the department estimates. The estimated revenue for the next fiscal year is $47,142,252, and the estimate of the deficiency (indefinite) is $7,443,914. The principal items of appropriations are as follows: For compensation to postmasters, $11,700,000 (appropriation for present year, $12,300,000); for compensation to clerks in post-offices, $4,150,000 (or the same as the present year appropriation); for rent, light and fuel; $495,000 (the appropriation for the present year is $490,000); for free delivery services, $4,928,531 (the appropriation for the present year, $4,485,000); for star route transportation, $5,850,000 (the appropriation for the present year is $5,900,000); steamboat, $575,000 (appropriation for the present year is $615,000); mail messenger service, $900,000 (appropriation for the present year, $975,000); mail bags and catchers, $260,000 (appropriation for present year $275,000); railroad transportation, $15,595,432 (appropriation for the present year, $14,000,000); railway postal car service, $1,808,000 (appropriation for the present year, $1,765,000); for railway post office clerks, $4,800,000 (appropriation for the present year, $4,682,000); necessary and special facilities on trunk lines (fast mail), $251,725 (appropriation for the present year, $266,764); for the manufacture of stamped envelopes, wrappers, etc., $583,000 (appropriation for the present year, $745,000); for the transportation of foreign mails, $375,000 (appropriation for the present year, $800,000); estimate for next year, $350,000. To this item the committee append the following: "If it should be decided to pay the vessels of the United States register and inland postage, then the additional sum of $75,000 should be added to the estimate." For balance due foreign countries, $100,000; the appropriation for the present year was $75,000.
WASHINGTON, Feb. 25. Among the confirmations of the Senate yesterday were the following.
Indian Agent: Joseph Emery, at Klamath, Oregon; J. B. Kinney, at Uintah, Utah.
Receivers of Public Moneys: John La Fabre, at Deadwood, Dakota; Frank Dale, at Wichita, Kansas; W. B. Brownlee, at Larned, Kansas.
Consuls: W. J. Black, of Delaware, at Nuremberg; D. J. Partello, of the District of Columbia, at Duesseldorf; Jasper Smith, of the District of Columbia, Consul at Newcastle-on-Tyne; W. H. Parker, of the District of Columbia, Consul-General at Corea.
Collector of Internal Revenue: F. S. Shields for Louisiana.
Postmasters: J. S. McCartney, Garnett, Kansas; John Wright, Sedgwick, Kansas; W. B. Meade, Oberlin, Kansas; G. B. Falconer, Minneapolis, Kansas; Dennison Howe, Fairfield, Nebraska.
Parade of the G. A. R. at Wichita.—Election of Officers.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
WICHITA, Kan., Feb. 25. Yesterday was soft and warm, but cloudy. The grand parade of the G. A. R. encampment took place at nine o'clock, after which the members convened in their hall and proceeded to business by the suspension of the rules and the election of grand officers for the ensuing year as follows.
Grand commander, C. J. McDivitt, of Abilene; senior vice, Thomas Soward, of Winfield; junior vice, J. D. Barker, of Girard; chaplain, Colonel Allen Buckner; medical director, Colonel J. M. Lewis, of Kinsley.
The following are the delegates at large, selected to attend the National encampment: C. W. Blair, George T. Anthony, J. M. Felghan, George D. Orner, A. B. Campbell.
First District: John A. Fulton, of Brown; Cy Leland, of Doniphan.
Second District: E. P. Diehl, of Olathe; George Myers, of Fort Scott.
Third District: J. M. Doney, W. P. Scholl.
Fourth District: J. N. Mercer, Council Grove; D. F. Everett, Woodson County.

Fifth District: W. A. McDonald, of Sumner; D. M. Heiser, of Barton.
Sixth District: George H. Case, of Jewell City; A. L. Voorhees, of Russell.
Seventh District: W. A. McDonald, of Sumner; D. N. Heiser, of Barton.
[Believe an error was made inasmuch as 5th & 7th show same individuals.]
The Committee on Resolutions reported the following, which was adopted.
WHEREAS, The Grand Army of the Republic being anxious to see justice done to all persons who, by their devotion to duty, aided materially in the overthrowing of the rebellion;
WHEREAS, The military telegraph was a factor of great importance in the late war; and,
WHEREAS, The men who composed the military telegraph corps and operators, line builders and repairers, and, while undergoing all the exposure and hardships incident to active service in the field, and faithfully performing all the duties equally well, while under fire in the stations or in camp; and
WHEREAS, Enlisted men skilled in telegraph, who were detailed to work the military telegraph lines were, by order of the Secretary of War, deprived of their bounties and other endowments due them as enlisted men in consequence of such detail; therefore, be it
Resolved, That we do respectfully and earnestly ask the members of Congress and the Senators from this State to secure the passage of a bill giving, first, to the employees of the telegraph corps actually on duty in the field, whether soldier or civilian, a military status commensurate with their services and that they be placed on an equal footing with soldiers in every way.
Second, That the Secretary of the Treasury be authorized and instructed to pay the detailed soldiers of the telegraph corps, or their heirs, the bounties and portions, if disabled, which are due them upon the terms of enlistment.
Resolved, That a copy of this preamble and resolutions be certified by the commander of the department and the assistant adjutant general to the members of Congress and the Senators from the State of Kansas.
Resolved, That as the encampments are not assemblies of distinguished citizens, but of veterans of the Union army, it should be obligatory upon delegates that they appear at the State encampment in the uniform of the Grand Army of the Republic.
Resolved, That the department commander be requested in the general orders to ask the post commanders in the department to send the names of all members of their posts who lost a leg or an arm in the service to James A. Neiderwood, secretary, Crippled Soldiers Association, Allegan, Rice County.
Resolved, That it is the sense of the department that no firm or firms shall hereafter be authorized to advertise themselves as headquarters for the sale of Grand Army supplies, and that all such authority heretofore granted, if any, should be revoked.
Resolved, That all post commanders in good standing in their respective posts, are entitled to vote in the encampment.
Resolved, That in making arrangements for future encampments of the department, the officers are instructed to provide tickets of admission for the delegates and alternates and other comrades entitled to membership, and that seats be reserved in the front of the hall in which the encampment meets, for such members.

Resolved, That the council of administration are hereby authorized to prepare a suitable testimonial to be presented to Post Department Commander Stewart, at the next annual encampment, in recognition of his constant and unceasing efforts for the promotion of the interests of our order during his administration.
Resolved, That the rank of post department commander be restored to John A. Martin, John C. Carpenter, W. S. Jenkins, and John Gutherie, they having lost the rank through no fault of theirs and the National encampment be so instructed.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
CHARLESTON, W. Va., Feb. 25. At a meeting of coal miners of the Kanawha and New River district, held at Coalburg, the association resolved to request the West Virginia Legislature to enact a law to pay wages to workers every two weeks in good and lawful money and make a day's work eight hours, and that the miners' convention, which meets at Columbus, Ohio, instruct all dealers that they will be boycotted if they handle coal from operators who pay miners 2½ cents a bushel or less for mining. In conversation with several operators relative to the action of the miners at Columbus or elsewhere, many fear that great trouble will arise from this as soon as trade opens in this valley. There are about 6,000 miners in the district, and should trouble come, it will be worse than four years ago.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
ST. LOUIS, Feb. 25. In the contested election case of ex-Mayor Ewing against the present mayor, D. R. Francis, which was brought before the Circuit Court last week under quo warranto proceedings to procure the opening of the ballot boxes to prove the alleged frauds, Judge Barclay today gave a decision to the effect that such result cannot be reached through quo warranto proceedings. The relator will probably take the case to the Supreme Court.
Not Very Heavy Losses, But Cattle in Poor Condition.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.

DENVER, Col., March 1. The Colorado Cattle Growers' Association has received reports from the skinners now at work on the Arkansas river, and the number of dead cattle now reported is about 2,500. The skinners estimate that the larger half of the dead cattle have been skinned, and that the total loss on the Arkansas cannot exceed 6,000 head. Reports from the Union Pacific, Burlington and Kansas Pacific show that less than 1,000 head died along those lines. These are the places where the heaviest losses have this and all previous winters taken place. Some cattle, of course, always die along the streams and water holes on the plains, but very few die in these places during the first heavy storms of the winter. The principal losses in these places occur in the spring, when cattle are poor and weak. It is believed by cattlemen to be almost certain that 10,000 would be liberal and probably too large an estimate of the losses in Colorado on the range up to the present time. But the January storm reduced the cattle in flesh, so that they are not now in admirable condition to go through cold spring storms, and no one can tell what the total season's loss will be. It is sufficient that at the present time it has not exceeded one per cent. In Wyoming and Montana the finest winter ever experienced is reported, and the losses are said to have been almost nothing. In Southern Kansas, Indian Territory, and some parts of Texas, the loss has undoubtedly been large.
He is With the President on the Removal Question.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
WASHINGTON, March 1. Senator Beck may not agree with the President on silver, but he is with him in his controversy with the Senate. The President's refusal to give up the papers for which the Senate is asking is, he thinks, a matter of policy and not of right. "These papers," he said, "are not on file; no paper is on file for which the law does not provide a place. Can the President destroy these papers if he wishes? That is the best test as to his rights. The President cannot destroy any paper which is on file in any of the departments, without rendering himself liable to punishment under the law. Suppose he should take all these papers relating to removal and make a bonfire of them, could any one stop him or punish him for it? They could not; then these papers are not on file and the Senate has no right to them; no one has any right to them but the persons who wrote them. The Senate has no right to these papers. The law says the President may remove in his discretion. The papers concern only that act of removal." Senator Beck said further that if he had been President, all these office holders, or at least those who had themselves the distribution of patronage, should have gone long ago. It is the President's duty to appoint to those offices on whose administration the success of the Government largely depends, persons who are in political sympathy with him.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
COLUMBUS, Ohio, Feb. 24. By agreement today between counsel, the Dalton habeas corpus case was carried into the circuit court and the decision of the common pleas court affirmed. Then the case was immediately appealed to the Supreme Court, being submitted upon briefs. A motion was made and granted to take the case out of its regular order for hearing. This was done for the purpose of getting a decision that will settle the law in such cases for the future. However, Clerk Dalton's arrest and commitment still stand.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
NASHVILLE, Tenn., Feb. 24. A celebrated gold brick case came up today, and Dan Davis, alias Hennessy, was formally arraigned. The bricks were brought into court and curiously examined by the thousands who surged in and out of the court room all day. After a jury was secured, an adjournment was taken until tomorrow.
The "Brotherhood of Peoples" Address Great Britain
Protesting Against the Coercion of Greece.
England the Tool of the Arch Despot Bismarck.
Chamberlain Preparing a Bolt.
The Canadian Parliament Convenes.—Exciting Session Expected.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.

LONDON, Feb. 25. A leaflet is circulating here today called "The Coercion of Greece," addressed to the people of Great Britain and Ireland, issued by "The Central Committee of the Brotherhood of Peoples, in compliance with the Greek section."
It says: "At this moment the powerful agency of England is at the beck and call of that enemy of freedom, Prince Bismarck, who is employed in the shameful task of coercing Greece to the will of Europe, or, in plain language, to the dictates of the other five despotic organizations which pretend to hold the destinies of the European people in their hands. A Prince of the royal house of Great Britain, the Duke of Edinburgh, paid by the British and Irish people, is to take command of the combined fleets which are to carry out this iniquitous work of subjugation. They talk of European peace as their great concern, these despots who have transformed Europe into an armed camp, and who have never hesitated to flood it with the blood of their own subjects on the slightest appearance of danger to their selfish ambitions." It concluded with a passionate appeal to the British and Irish people, asking in the spirit of brotherhood whether they will allow their hard-won earnings to be squandered and their blood poured out for the maintenance of a despotic principal.
It is currently reported that the chief complication of the home rule question is the attitude of Chamberlain. He is still working hard in private against Gladstone and Morley and home rule. Only a few days ago at the Devonshire Club, the Whig headquarters, he made a speech declaring that we must have one law and one State. He has a land bill all ready. He has been attempting to cultivate an alliance with a leading Parnellite. The situation is rendered critical today by the not altogether unsuccessful endeavors of several leading Whigs and two or three Radicals to reform an "Anti-Home Rule" faction. It is impossible to get the details, as the strictest secrecy is pledged, but I can affirm its existence. In the meantime Morley is winning great praise for his conduct in the House.

OTTAWA, Ont., Feb. 25. Parliament opens today and this morning the city is exhibiting symptoms of one of those spasm of life and bustle which are the necessary adjuncts to a session of the legislature. Politicians of experience do not hesitated in openly asserting that the session will be one of the most exciting in the history of Canada to the present date, and in view of the important questions which are certain to be brought forward the prophecy is not likely to prove ill founded. The Government's Northwest policy, including of course the execution of Louis Riel, will be up for consideration at an early date, and the outcome is a matter of considerable speculation. The French members, who have seceded from the Government wing, are loud in their boasts that they will succeed in uprooting Sir John McDonald's cabinet on this question, but, on the other hand, the Government whips assert that even should the French members combine their full strength against the Government, the latter will still have a majority of thirty-five in a House of 212 members, and this majority, they say, will be amply sufficient for all legislative purposes. Next to this question comes the failure of the Imperial Government to arrange a reciprocity treaty between the United States and Canada, and also the enactment of legislation for the better protection of Canadian fishermen. A Government bill will be introduced to place the government of the Northwest Territories upon a more desirable basis, with an extension of executive powers and a settlement of the grievances which are now a source of complaint. It is very probable that the Government will announce a full and general amnesty to all the prisoners who are now incarcerated for complicity in the rebellion in the Northwest, with the exception of the Fort Pitt murderers, and it is looked upon as certain that a more liberal policy of dealing with the half breeds will be inaugurated. The expenses incurred in crushing the rebellion will be announced at $10,000,000, and the Minister of Finance will announce that in consequence of a decline of several millions of dollars in the customs and excise revenue, a revision of the tariff will be necessary. He will also recommend in this connection that the duties on wines, liquors, cigars, and tobaccos be increased and that a tariff be placed on teas and coffees.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
PARIS, Feb. 25. The memoirs of the notorious Cora Pearl, queen of the demimondes, are about to be issued in this city. She claims that her father was Mr. Crouch, author of "Kathleen Mavourneen." She fled from home at the age of fourteen and commenced her career in Paris. She had as successive lovers the deceased Crown Prince of Holland, the Dukes of Morney, Gramont, and Calderousse, and other aristocrats, whose names are thinly disguised under pseudonyms in letters to her now published in the memoirs. The letters contain a melange of passion and politics. A living European celebrity paid her $400,000 to suppress a letter from him. Cora, who is now forty-four years old, lives in broken health in a small but comfortable house. She declares that her longed enjoyed income of $100,000 has been dissipated.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
LEAVENWORTH, Kan., Feb. 25. Yesterday afternoon a detachment of 112 old veterans arrived at the Soldiers' Home in charge of Colonel J. D. Thomas, Treasurer of the Central Branch National Soldiers' Home, of Dayton, Ohio. This arrival fills the home here to its fullest capacity until more rooms can be completed. The new arrivals are said to be a fine looking body of men. The reason of the transfer was the overcrowded state of the home at Dayton.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
PEORIA, Ill., Feb. 25. James Whiteley, elected city clerk of Pekin, Illinois, last fall, is a defaulter and has fled. The exact amount of his defalcation is not known. An investigation is under way. He left a note giving the combination of the safe in his office.
Close of the Meeting of the State G. A. R. at Wichita.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.

WICHITA, Kan., Feb. 26. The State encampment concluded its annual business yesterday by a public installation of the officers elect and the passage of the usual resolutions. Fully 1,500 people departed for their respective homes by the evening trains. Not to exceed 300 or 400 strangers remained over night in the city. The Woman's Relief Corps also concluded their business and their public installation at the same place and same hour. The following named ladies were elected: President, Mrs. M. R. Wickers, Sabetha; senior vice-president, Mrs. Yunkerman, Wichita; junior vice-president, Mrs. M. Barngrove, Ellinwood; secretary, Mrs. Julia A. Chase, Hiawatha; treasurer, Mrs. J. B. Slocum, Topeka; chaplain, Mrs. E. B. Aldrich, Cawker City; chairman of the council of administration, Mrs. Louise H. Brown, of Olathe. Sixteen delegates and alternates were elected to the national assembly at San Francisco.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
TORONTO, Ont., Feb. 26. The Toronto Government today introduced a bill making it a misdemeanor for any person not a member of the landlord's family to enter a barroom on Sunday, and increasing the penalties for illegal selling of liquor as follows: First offense, $50 to $100 fine; second, four months' imprisonment without the option of a fine; third offense, six months' imprisonment. For making searches the provisions of the gambling act will be applied.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
NEW YORK, Feb. 26. The body of a well dressed man about thirty-five years old was found in the river this morning. In his pockets were two cards bearing the name of W. H. Smith, one as correspondent of the New York Clipper, the other as correspondent of the Cincinnati Sporting Journal.
A Dry Goods Clerk Loved by a Millionaire's Daughter.
The Wicked Parents Spirit Her Away.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
CHICAGO, Feb. 27. The young and handsome wives, middle-aged mothers, and matronly dames, who are the participants in the "four o'clock teas," which are just now the rage in that ultra-fashionable part of the city known as Michigan boulevard, have for the last few days been regaling themselves with a very interesting and romantic piece of gossip, which, if report speaks truly, is founded upon fact. As the story runs, a young lady, daughter of the millionaire resident of one of the most palatial residences on the boulevard, and who has been very prominent in social circles, had occasion a few months ago to do some shopping in the retail store of Marshall, Field & Co. The spruce and smiling young man who waited upon her was more than usually polite and agreeable, and his Apollo-like form and pleasant demeanor made quite an impression upon the susceptible young heiress. After this first meeting her requirement at the counter over which he presided became so numerous and pressing as to necessitate almost daily visits and ere long she had mustered up sufficient courage to invite the dapper young man to visit her at her mansion. His first visit, however, was his last for the parents, having ascertained his position in life, very pointedly notified him that ne'er again would the footman in livery admit him within the portals. The course of true love, however, couldn't be crushed in this way and so a system of clandestine correspondence was inaugurated with the kitchen maid as the diplomatic Pooh Bah.

The relatives however were on the alert and so were a couple of experienced detectives, who had been retained to prevent a coup d'etat. One evening last week it became known that the servant was in possession of a note which she was waiting an opportunity to deliver to her fair young mistress. A touch of the electric bell summoned her to the library and there she was questioned and cross-questioned and badgered until finally in despair she produced the missive. It proved to be from the young man and contained final instructions regarding an elopement which had been planned for the same night. Of course, the letter never reached its destination and the young lady, thinking that her lover had proven false at the last moment, spent the night in weeping in the solitude of her chamber. Next morning when she reached the breakfast table, she found a note from her stern parent commanding her to be ready to start for Florida in two hours. There was no opportunity for communicating with her Apollo, and the eleven o'clock train bore away to Jacksonville a broken hearted damsel, while the would-be groom was cudgeling his brains to find a reason for her failure to keep the tryst. Efforts were made to keep the matter secret, but the story leaked out and the Michigan avenue feminine gossips are betting yards of crochet work against velvet picture frames and other fancy articles that there will yet be a wedding before the last rose of summer has bloomed.
A Missouri County Infested With A Committee of Doubtful Expediency.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
SEDALIA, Mo., Feb. 27. The following special from Archie, Cass County, was received last night by the Democrat. Considerable excitement has been caused here by the mysterious warnings that have been sent to several businessmen of this place. Some time ago L. J. Rosier sold his stock and building to H. T. Carr and William Rosier, and they then sold to A. J. Summers. The sales were supposed to have been made for the purpose of protecting Mr. Rosier from his creditors. A few days after Mr. Summers took possession, the following notice was found tacked on his door: "We take this mode of notifying you that there is a vigilance committee who will make it their business to wait on men who defraud their friends. There is an organized band of swindlers and robbers in this town who obtain men's names on notes by false representations. So take notice of the order from the committee." This was followed by forty-five marks, representing the names of the committee. In a few days this was followed by another, sent to G. W. Gashell, who was clerking for Summers, as follows:
Mr. G. W. Gashell: You and Dock Summers and Lawrence Rosier are hereby notified to leave town within ten days, or we will make it d d hot for you, and if we come we will attend to some other swindlers. (Signed) VIG. COM.
The sympathy of the community is with the gentlemen who are being persecuted. It is no secret that there has for several years been a vigilance committee located a few miles west of this town and the events of the past few days are credited to this committee.
Defunct Porkers to be Officially Certified in Good Condition.
Retaliation to Follow Discrimination.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.

WASHINGTON, Feb. 27. Among the bills introduced and appropriately referred in the Senate yesterday was one by Mr. Edmunds, providing for the inspection of meats for exportation, prohibiting the importation of adulterated articles of food and drink, and authorizing the President to make proclamations in certain cases. Mr. Edmunds said this bill had been reported last year from the Committee on Foreign Relations. Besides providing for the inspection of pork, etc., for exportation, it contained, he said, a section giving the President authority, whenever he was convinced that unjust discrimination was made against the admission of American products into other countries, to suspend the importation from those countries of such articles as he thought fit for the protection of the just interests of the United States. In view of what he (Mr. Edmunds) saw in the newspapers about current events in other countries touching American products on the theory that they were supposed to be disease, when the fact was that the object was to exclude them under any circumstances, he (Mr. Edmunds) thought it clear that it was time to introduce the bill again.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
ST. LOUIS, Feb. 27. Captain J. W. Miller, president of the Wichita & Colorado road, a project yet in its infancy, is in the city. Captain Miller is the gentleman under whose supervision the St. Louis, Fort Scott & Wichita road was finished. The Wichita & Colorado is now completed from Wichita westward twenty-five miles to Mt. Hope, Sedgwick County, Kansas, through a splendid agricultural region. The object point of Captain Miller's new road has not yet been decided on, but it is pretty certain it will be operated in connection with the St. Louis, Fort Scott & Wichita, which is controlled by the Missouri Pacific.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
NEW YORK, March 1. The North German Lloyd steamer Eider, which left Bremerhaven January 17, arrived here yesterday afternoon. The vessel looked as if it had been in the Polar seas. Her rigging and spars were covered with a thick coating of ice and snow. First Officer Wanske states that the voyage had been an unusually rough one, heavy seas breaking constantly over the ship and rendering the presence of the passengers on deck almost impossible. The severe storm and icy blizzard which swept over New York last week struck the Eider when off the banks of Newfoundland. A sailor was washed overboard and lost. The first officer had his fingers frozen while casting the lead. This is the longest passage the Eider has ever made between Europe and America.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
KINGMAN, Kan., March 1. A gang of five horse thieves was captured ten miles south of this city today by the sheriff of this county and his assistants. They are now in jail. They stole some ten head of horses from Mexicans in the Indian Territory. Two of the Mexicans followed them here. Sheriff McClelland and assistants encircled the thieves on the open prairie and several shots were exchanged before they surrendered. Had the thieves been at the house where they were supplied with Winchesters, there would have been bloodshed. The names of the parties taken are Morgan, Bryan, Ford, Weller, and Helse. Stolen property to the amount of about $2,000 was found in their possession.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.

EVANSVILLE, Ind., March 1. Last evening, as Hugh Oliver, aged twenty-three, an employee of the Evansville Electric Light Company, was at work replacing a screw on the "arc dynamo" with his right hand, the screw slipped, and, in endeavoring to catch it, he placed his left hand also on the dynamo, causing the electric current of 3,000 candle power to pass through and kill him.
The Transcontinental Cannibals Still at the Barbecue.—Prime Cuts Offered.
Socialistic Hungarians Make It Hot at the Coke Ovens.—The McCormick Lockout.
Threatening Demonstration and Revolvers Drawn.
English and French Workmen.—Labor News.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
SAN FRANCISCO, Feb. 26. Great excitement was created in railroad circles today by the announcement that the Atlantic & Pacific, in connection with the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe, Chicago & Alton and Pennsylvania railroads, had reduced the price of limited tickets to New York to $50. The time within which they can be used is ten days. This rate was immediately met by all the other railroad agents. Limited tickets to Chicago also came in for the cut, and were reduced to $35. Unlimited and third class tickets remain as yesterday. The Atlantic & Pacific still refrains from selling unlimited tickets at reduced rates. Much complaint is being made by agents of Eastern lines concerning the sale of unlimited tickets at cut rates. All urge the withdrawal of such tickets from the sale. The sale of limited tickets today is reported as very lively.
NEW YORK, Feb. 26. There is practically no change in railroad rates from yesterday afternoon. Commissioner Midgley, of the Southwestern Railway Association, is conferring with the executive committee of the Eastern trunk line pool in Commissioner Fink's office. Most of the railroad men say the pool will let the matter alone because, if they interfere with the Sunset, Mr. Huntington will probably open up the Chesapeake & Ohio system and bring the war into the East. All the Trunk lines between Chicago and New York have followed the Pennsylvania Central into the fight, which the latter company entered today.
CONNELLSVILLE, Pa., Feb. 26. The socialistic Hungarians caused more trouble in the coke regions this morning. A crowd assembled at Bradford and marched to the Summit and Mount Pleasant mines, forcing every coke drawer from work along the route. They were nearly all armed and fired numerous shots to intimidate the workers at the Summit and other works. The coke drawers fled through fear of violence from the mob, and in some cases left their scrapers in hot ovens to melt, fearing that if they continued work, the tipple and other buildings at the works would be destroyed. The strikers demand an advance of ten cents per oven instead of the ten per cent recently granted. At Leicester the men requested Superintendent Taggard to discharge a man who had worked during the strike. This was refused and the men all struck.

CHICAGO, Feb. 26. The strikers at McCormick's reaper factory to the number of 1,000 appeared in the vicinity of the works this morning and for the first time made a display of violence. The foreman of the works, Ward, and the engineer and gas and steam fitter were stopped while the way to the works, and during a colloquy revolvers were drawn but no shots fired. They were afterward permitted to go to the works. Police Officer Rowen, who had been sent out to the works with a good many other policemen in citizens' clothes to mix with the crowd and keep order, was accosted by a workman who wanted to know what he was doing. Some words passed and the workman, whose name is Ernest Stowman, was arrested and locked up. More police were sent out to the scene, but the crowd in a measure had dispersed.
PARIS, Feb. 26. The Socialist members of the Chamber of Deputies today joined in sending a telegram to the British workmen in the House of Commons proposing a joint international movement in the interest of laboring men. The main objects of the proposition are to secure a reduction of the hours of labor, an improvement in the sanitary condition of workshops proper, the limit of work obtained of women, etc. The telegram suggests that the British workmen join those of France and invite the workmen of America and Europe to send delegates to a convention next September to be held at some place to be hereafter decided upon.
PHILADELPHIA, Feb. 26. Archbishop Ryan, when asked today whether there had been any objections raised against the Knights of Labor by the Catholic ecclesiastical authorities of the archdiocese of Philadelphia, said: "No general approval of the Knights of Labor has been made in the archdiocese, and I personally know very little about the nature of the order. The matter rests with the pastors of churches. While the Church is opposed to secret societies, the question whether any particular organization comes within the prescribed limits is left to the clergy to determine.
MILWAUKEE, Wis., Feb. 26. The nail mill of the North Chicago Rolling Mill Company, at Bayview, which has been closed for the greater part of eight months past on account of a difference between the nailers and manufacturers as to wages, will resume operations next Monday. The union men who went out on June 1 last will go back to their old places. The scale of prices has been fixed on what is known as the Mingo basis.
NEW YORK, Feb. 26. The three cigar firms, Brown & Early, Levy Bros., and McCoy & Co., have concluded to accept the Knights of Labor label. The rates paid by the union shops are accepted.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.

CHICAGO, Feb. 26. A morning paper publishes an interview with Mr. P. D. Armour in the course of which he was asked what he proposed doing about the rates fixed on dressed meat material by Commissioner Fink of the Trunk Line pool. He replied: "We're going to fight it in the courts and at Washington. Fink's latest decision makes us pay 86 per cent over live stock rates. By arbitration two years ago, it was decided by Judge Cooley that the proper proportion over live-stock men was 75 per cent, but, in the courts we shall contend for a much lower, I cannot say, nor can I explain the process of law by which our attorneys may elect to try the cause. Our lawyers are now at Washington, and will favor the Inter-state Commerce bill, or any other bill directed against railroad discrimination."
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
RICHMOND, Virginia, Feb. 26. Both branches of the State Legislature yesterday passed the local option law.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
The pension payments during February were about $11,000,000.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
Prince Bismarck was recently reported suffering from an attack of sciatica.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
The Italian Senate by a vote of 91 to 6 has adopted a bill to equalize the land tax.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
An unknown man, about forty years of age, slipped or threw himself off the ice and went over Niagara Falls recently.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
The clearing house returns for week ended February 27 showed an average increase of 29.0. In New York the increase was 34.9.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
Governor McEnery has decided that the execution of Pat Ford and John Murphy shall take place at New Orleans on Friday, March 12.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
The municipal authorities of Paris have ordered that the name of the Deity be expunged from children's books issued by the metropolitan school committee.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
A young man named Parker was recently seriously poisoned at Columbus, Georgia, by eating an apple after he had kept it in his coat pocket along with some strychnine he was using to poison crows on his farm.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
The total value of merchandise and gold and silver exported from the United States during January last amounted to $57,959,562, against $80,532,684 in January, 1885. The total value of imports for January last was $47,398,490, against $42,221,171 in January, 1885.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
A dispatch from Oil City, Pa., says: The Derrick's field report of the February oil operations shows 280 completed wells, 3,732 barrels of new production, 33 dry holes, 269 rigs, and 337 drilling wells. This is an increase over January of 10 wells, 575 barrels of new production, 15 rigs, and 17 drilling wells.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
A Santa Fe (New Mexico) special of the 28th, says: Steven Puple, Lee Hamblett, Kid Wilson, and Robert Holt, charged with the murder of three Mexican sheep herders in the Galezo canyon, have been arrested and are in custody at Bloomfield. These are the men for whose arrest the Government offered a reward of $900.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
Restaurant and Bakery.
Fresh bread, cakes and pies always on hand, promptly delivered anywhere in the city. Nuts, candies, cigars, etc. Tables always spread with the best the market afford. Board by the day or week. The best restaurant in the city for farmers and all wanting first-class meals.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
Cowley County Stone.
Successors to WILLIAM MOORE & SONS.
Flagging, Cut Stone, Building Material.
Estimates and Price Lists Furnished on Short Notice.
Winfield, Kansas.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
Drugs and Books.
The Largest and Finest Drug House in the City.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
Fence Manufactories.
Farm and Ornamental Fencing of all kinds.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
Brotherton & Silver,
Seed and Implement House,
All kinds of FLOUR AND GARDEN SEEDS, Fresh and New.
Agricultural Implements.
A large stock at Lowest Prices and Easy Terms.
North Main Street, Winfield, Kansas.
FRANK H. GREER, Local Editor.
Local Markets.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
Skipped items in this issue. Hard to read.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.

The "Literary Union" has been organized and held its first meeting Thursday evening in the agreeable home of Mr. and Mrs. E. S. Bedilion. A. F. Hopkins is president; J. W. Spindler, vice-president; and Miss Maud Kelly, secretary. The purport is to congregate the young ladies and gentlemen of a literary turn and take up the reading and study of various authors, interspersed with varied literary exercises and music, entertaining and improving. This is a good move. Among all our giddier amusements, there should be some of solid past-time and improvement. The Union will meet every two weeks at various homes, and promises popularity.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
A handsome bevy of young men who occupied the "bald headed row" at the Opera House Friday passed this note along a whole row to the scribe, who was in the same category. "Where is the young lady not yet in her twenty-second year?" We all chipped in and raised a purse, and she went back on us so we spent it for peanuts and came alone." It meant, "C.," you know, who vented her opinion in last evening's COURIER. And they weren't dudes either—real nice young men—all members of the "Senate."
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
The preliminary examination of young Swift, the young man from near Maple City, who forged a check of $15.00 on J. T. Stinson, on the 10th of February, and presented it at J. B. Lynn's in payment for a $2.75 hat, was brought up Friday before Judge Buckman and ground all afternoon, about fifteen or twenty witnesses being put on the stand. Swift was bound over to next term of the District court with bond at $500, which he failed to get, and now languishes in durance vile.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
County Clerk Smock and his assistants, Ed. G. Gray and Frank Weaverling, have put in some hard licks on the township assessment rolls and will have them ready to turn out to the trustees Monday, when they meet to decide on a basis of valuation. Then the aggressive assessor will be abroad in the land, taking an inventory of the county. Nothing but the old man with his beheading scythe is as sure as taxes. Such is life, and it keeps getting sucher and sucher.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
The "P. S. C. Club," which, peeled of Latin, means "Pleasure Seeking Club," met Friday eve in the roomy house of Mr. and Mrs. J. W. Johnston, the guest of Master Wallie Johnston. This Club is composed of young masters and misses of that rollicking age that gets all the fun out of anything they tackle. The party last night, a dozen or more couples, was one of the jolliest, exhausting various games and amusements.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
Fred Wilber, a son of Gene Wilber, of Rock, and a grandson of Geo. L. Gale, of this city, has on exhibition at Bliss & Woods office, a sketch of a deer which he did with a pen. Fred has been taking lessons in ornamental penmanship for a short time with Prof. Inskeep, of the Commercial College, and to produce such a fine piece of workmanship speaks highly for both pupil and teacher.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.

W. F. Dorley, formerly our carriage Frank, was taken in for the wrong man at Harper the other day, by the editor of the Danville Express, who claimed Dorley threatened him if he would publish anything detrimental to the Weaver boys, recent murderers of Shearer at Danville. Dorley suffered durance vile a day, but had on the boots of one Allen and was let loose.
[Note: Article called him "Doorley." Earlier papers indicated name was "Dorley."]
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
Matrimonial indications were issued Friday to Chas. A. Munns and Henrietta E. Driggs, and E. D. W. Stout and Kate McCutcheon. Judge Gans did the cement act for the first couple, in his most gluey and symmetrical manner. In the words of the lamented Rip Van Winkle, "May you leef long and brosber."
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
Tom P. Richardson, the versatile and rustling young journalist of Wellington is in the city, looking to the spreading of his faber. Tom has been connected with Wellington journalism for years and has written many beautiful and sparkling things.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
The old wooden awning in front of Kleeman's dry goods store was annihilated under the destructive "claws" of Phil. Kleeman and Mr. Tanner, and will be replaced by a neat canvas one—one in harmony with a high-toned dry goods emporium.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
Sheriff McIntire got back from Wichita Monday with George Davis, the colored cook who purloined $4 from John Mathews. Davis is a tough one and will make things lively in the jail, where he roosted a good while once before.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
Saturday eve, at their elegant residence in Highland Park, Mr. and Mrs. H. B. Schuler entertained in a most charming manner a party of ladies and gentlemen with conversation, whist, and a choice collation.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
Gene Millard got in Friday from a week's circuit of Sumner County, making loans and examining titles for Jarvis, Conklin & Co. Gene is a rustler from "way back."
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
W. J. Wilson went to Medicine Lodge Saturday, where Mrs. Wilson and Miss Jennie Hane have been visiting Mr. and Mrs. E. H. Nixon. They return tomorrow.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
Some twenty emigrants from "way down east" got off the S. K. here last Saturday and are looking up investments and locations. The S. K. will bring many such delegations this year.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
The County Fathers, at their special meeting Tuesday, called the election for the confirmation of our County bridge law. It was called for the first Tuesday in April, a provided by the act.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
There were 229 entries of government land in Cowley County in the past year. The year before there were over 600 entries. The good land is about all taken, except an occasional fraction.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.

Wanted to rent: several good farms near Maple City. Address or call on Howe & Drury, land and loan agents, Maple City, Kansas.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
Never borrow money on real estate, either city or country property, until you have consulted with P. H. Albright & Co.
Her Chronicle of the Comings, Goings and Doings of Persons at Home and Abroad.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
John B. Holmes was down from Rock Tuesday.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
J. B. Lynn took in the village of Wellington Wednesday.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
John L. Howard and Wm. Gray were up from the Terminus Tuesday.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
Mrs. Henry Branson, of Grouse Creek near Torrance, died Tuesday.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
F. L. Branniger has returned from the west and reports things booming.
[Earlier newspapers called him "Braniger."]
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
William Thompson, of Rock P. O., is in town visiting his daughter, Miss Martha.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
C. L. McPherson, from the head of navigation, was in the metropolis Monday.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
Mrs. E. D. Garlick is again ill and her kindergarten is suspended for a few days.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
Miss Alice Stocking, formerly of this city, was married at Sullivan, Indiana, last week.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
Eliza Bowen has been appointed guardian of the minor heirs of Elisha Bowen, deceased.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
Mr. J. W. Morris, a stock dealer of Coffeyville, was in the city yesterday on business.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
Mrs. J. A. Parks is lying very low with consumption at her residence in the Third Ward.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
J. G. McGregor and P. P. Powell started out Wednesday to buy a wagon load of ducks.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
W. M. Hammack, of Illinois, is here visiting his uncle, J. P. Sterling, and seeking a location.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
J. A. Sexton, who has been employed in the mill at Elk Falls as bookkeeper, has returned to stay.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
Now it is Will B. Caton who tip-toes it in a manner exhibiting feelings elevated. It's another boy.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
D. Knox is the latest "dad" of the season: a 12 pound boy made his appearance Saturday morning.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
Mrs. Wright, the milliner, was moving her shop Tuesday into the room on West 9th next to Mrs. Kingsley.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
J. F. Martin, who ran a feed store just below the Blue Front, left with his family for Fresno, California, Tuesday.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
Dr. J. G. Evans has moved his office to the front rooms over Root's shoe store and is fitting it up in fine shape.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
Bob Farnsworth tells us that he has just received a letter stating there is two feet of snow in Central Iowa.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
D. L. Kretsinger came in from the west Tuesday, having put his Richfield Leader on its pegs in good shape.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
Sam L. Gilbert returned to Wichita Saturday, having circulated around the Queen City three or four days.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
Miss Winnie Limerick entertained very charmingly a happy party of her young friends Saturday evening.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
W. W. Berto, from Gainesville, Texas, is in the city looking around for a location and visiting his friend, Ira Kyger.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
The S. of V. desire, through THE COURIER, to thank all who so kindly assisted in their entertainment Tuesday eve.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
Mrs. Hop Shivvers and Miss Mary Shivvers got home from Wichita Friday, having spent a few days with Mrs. Tidd.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
Mrs. R. L. Walker and Mrs. L. J. Webb came down from Wichita Friday for a visit with Mr. and Mrs. Lovell H. Webb.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
Nathan Parisho was appointed trustee of Cedar township by the County Commissioners vice J. F. McDowell, resigned.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
A. W. Gray, John Fitzpatrick, and E. C. Lewis, hailing from the village at the Kaw's mouth, spent Sunday at the Brettun.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.

Miss Lizzie Wallis returned Saturday evening from a very pleasant week at Wichita, visiting Miss Clara Lynch and others.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
J. J. Carson will occupy Mrs. Andrews' house across the railroad in a short time. Mrs. Andrews and family will go to California.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
Miss Olive Sherrard, of Rock Island, Illinois, an accomplished young lady, is visiting her cousin, D. S. Sherrard, of Pleasant Valley.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
G. O. Applegate and wife have returned from an extended visit at Kokomo, Indiana. Their friends are glad to see them back.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
Ed. G. Gray—this item is stereotyped—spent Sunday in Arkansas City. Ed. likes to seek a nice, quiet, country villa for his Sunday rest.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
M. J. French, A. J. Lender, W. S. Cottrell, and W. M. Gregory, all selling Chicago wares, were among the Brettun's guests Saturday.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
Mr. and Mrs. Geo. Myers, relatives of Mr. and Mrs. J. W. Curns, returned to Ft. Scott Tuesday, after a very pleasant visit of two weeks.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
Mrs. P. G. Corkins, of Schell City, Missouri, and Mrs. C. Corkins, of Grenola, are in the city visiting their relatives, Mr. and Mrs. J. E. Jimison.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
G. W. and H. O. Winchell hung up with landlord McKibben Monday from Sandwich, Illinois. They are prospectors, father and son.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
Mr. and Mrs. W. E. Jimison's nephew, I. [J. ?] W. Corkins and family, of Schell City, Missouri, arrived here Saturday and will make this their home.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
Train Master Nixon, whose headquarters are at Wellington, passed over the road Monday eve on official inspection, returning this morning.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
Dr. Vawter, of Arkansas City, and W. B. Hall, of Winfield, have purchased ten acres of land on Main Street in Arkansas City, which they will lay out in town lots.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
Lon Whorton left Tuesday for Meade Center, on a prospective newspaper venture. Lon is a good newspaper man and can make things hum anywhere.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
Tommie Matheson gave up his voyage to Scotland, getting only to Chicago, when he came back, and is again a floury miller with Kirk & Alexander.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.

D. Knight, St. Joe; C. A. Dunham, St. Paul; G. A. Little, Warren, Ohio; James Ferguson, Smithfield, Ohio; and B. J. Ritter, Lima, Ohio; were Sunday guests at the Central.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
Eli Youngheim is home from his eastern purchasing tour, having "filled up" with a big and well-selected stock of gents' ware of every description. Eli always gets there.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
J. M. Lambert, Latham's banker, spent Friday in the Future Great. He carries an eye in a sling, but knowing his tranquil disposition, we know he hasn't "licked" anybody.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
Frank Lockwood came over from Medicine Lodge Friday, and took back three cooks from the Brettun. The Brettun got in a new lot of cooks from the east yesterday.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
W. T. Whorton, brother of our Lon, left Tuesday morning for his home, Knightstown, Indiana. He stopped here for a week's visit on his road home from a four week's California tour.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
The oldest daughter of Dr. Charlton and wife is lying very low with lung trouble. The Doctor and family have recently moved to our city from Indiana. They come highly recommended.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
D. E. Whelan, Louis Wachett, C. M. Rudolph, T. B. Patton, J. T. Hayward, L. Ackerman, O. F. Little, A. T. Grimes, and O. E. Sommerson were among the Brettun's Sunday St. Louis guests.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
The report that Jim Rennick and family were frozen to death in Kansas County is a ruse: constructed of thin air. G. H. Allen, in from Richfield only a few days ago, saw Jim as lively as ever.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
Geo. Miller moved his family back to Winfield, Friday, over the Frisco, from Cherryvale.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
George and John Dix have bought the Constanzer shop and will run a first-class meat market here.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
Judge Torrance and Frank K. Raymond are "loose" for a short period, having closed up the Chautauqua County district court docket in five days. Our court begins the first Tuesday in April.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
Billy Allison has moved his family over from Wellington and is occupying the Cole property, east 10th. The whole newspaper fraternity of the city, barring one lone printer, abide on the east side.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
R. C. Posey was over from Otter Monday. Out of his sixteen hundred head of sheep, the severe winter only turned up the toes of thirty. His care was very careful and brought his flock out in excellent trim.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
H. P. Moore is home from a few weeks in Illinois. He found things very slow there: everybody with the winter fever. He says the immigration to Kansas, and especially Cowley County, will be immense this year.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
David H. Welch and Mary McWilliams, James Liggett and Anna E. Coats are the last to take the blissful path of matrimony. The latter couple were married by Judge Gans Tuesday. They live near Dexter.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
S. Cure, of Winfield, a delegate to the encampment, called to say that he never was treated more handsomely during his stay than he was treated here, and that he only voiced the feeling of all the rest of the comrades. Wichita Eagle.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
Howard and Clausen, carpenters, say they expect a big building boom this spring as they already have several houses under way.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
J. M. Barnthouse is home from Ft. Smith, where he has arranged to put in a bottling works, a branch to his Winfield establishment.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
M. M. Scott has billed Little Maud for Burden Friday and Saturday evenings, a G. A. R. Benefit. Prof. Taylor, the blind musician, will assist.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
Judge Soward and family are now occupying the Platter residence, recently purchased by the Judge. It is one of the city's handsomest homes.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
A. F. Chase, representing the Howe Scale Company, was in the city, and took an order from Van Vleet & Sage for a scales for the city weighmasters.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
J. H. Bullene tells us the lumber business is getting brisk and that he anticipates a big trade this spring, and that lumber is advancing in price and will probably run three dollars higher on the thousand this year.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
Dr. H. A. Eberle has returned and desires to meet all his patients at the Brettun on Saturday, March 6th. He regrets very much not being able to have met his patients here last Thursday, Friday, and Saturday as per announcement.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
P. P. Powell, who has been attending the encampment at Wichita, says that our Tom Soward came nearer touching the hearts of the G. A. R. "boys" than any speaker at the encampment. Tom's enthusiasm and eloquence catches the old soldiers every time.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
Dixon, the restaurant and candy man on the corner of 8th and Main, has leased for three years the building now occupied by Wallis & Wallis, and will put in a bakery, ice cream, etc., April first, when Wallis & Wallis move to their new building on south Main.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
A. Meese was taken before Judge Buckman, last Friday, charged with horse stealing. He waived an examination and was bound over to next term of the District Court. His bond was fixed at $500, in default of which he was committed to the dark shades of the bastille.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
Dr. G. H. J. Hart, of Maple City, has sold his effects and departed. He went to Winfield and from there to Atchison and from there the general supposition is that he went to New Orleans. He was under a $200 bond to appear as a witness in the Marshall murder trial.
Arkansas City Republican.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
Agent Branham is highly tickled over the recent furnishing of the S. K. depot with a new ticket case of most convenient, roomy, and novel design. There are pegs on which can hang eight hundred different forms of tickets. It has a Yale lock and is altogether a nobby piece of furniture.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
Master Archie Olmstead played some very classical productions at the Opera House, Tuesday, among them "Harpe AEolian," by Sidney Smith, and "Students of Sorrento," by Celega. He is a remarkably fine pianist, for one of his age, and can be found at Crawford's Music House, as soloist or piano instructor.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
John Rowland, with Jarvis, Conklin & Co., went to Wellington Wednesday to take charge of a branch department in that city. Wellington will fine Mr. Rowland to be a straight forward businessman and a gentleman, one that can be relied on. We are sorry to lose John, and hope he will succeed in his new field of labor.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
Chas. S. Webster & Co., publishers of "Personal Memoirs of U. S. Grant," have notified their general agents that the 2nd volume will not be ready until about April 1st, instead of March 1st, s heretofore announced by them. This delay is caused by the preparation of an expansive index for both volumes. S. S. H.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
Henry E. Asp, of Winfield, made the Standard a pleasant call Tuesday. Mr. Asp is very enthusiastic over the future greatness of his city. He also informed us that a preliminary line had already been run on the Geuda Springs, Caldwell & Southwestern railroad, and it is expected that work will commence in the near future. Wellington Standard.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
We struck the finest thing in perfumery and handkerchief extracts this morning on our rounds that we have ever seen. They are at Brown & Son's drug store, and for something elegant for the ladies and young society gents, down anything in existence. Call and try them, and if you do not agree with us, we will be silent forever more.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.

Mr. and Mrs. G. H. Allen and Mrs. A. T. Spotswood and Misses Margaret and Mary left Tuesday for Richfield, their future home. A large number of friends saw them off, expressing deep regret at their departure. Especially demonstrative were the many young friends of Miss Margaret, among whom she was very popular.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
Sam Wells, one of Dexter's liveliest "boys," was in the city Monday and today, with a matrimonial smile bedecking his countenance. This is the second time Sam has come over en masse and failed to materialize at Gans' office. He's only waiting, blandly waiting, for the violets and the daises to bloom, which will be very shortly.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
County Commissioner Irwin, just home from a month or more at his old home, Lewis County, Missouri, reports a good immigration certain for Kansas and Cowley County from that section this spring and summer. The farmers there have tired of eking out a chary existence on forty and eighty acres of worn out land. Nothing is being done in city or county improvements—everything ancient and slow, a big contrast to the bustle and rush of Cowley County.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
Eli Youngheim's eastern purchasing tour is beginning to materialize and his Mammoth Clothing House is getting "fullern' a goat." Eli, as usual, has got there in great shape this spring, with an immense stock of the latest and nobbiest gents furnishings of all kinds. His stock of fine wear is even finer than ever and will catch all the boys, while his substantial wares are equally well selected. THE DAILY and WEEKLY COURIER will, in a few days, herald his superior bargains and attractions in big "ads."
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
A. H. Doane's frame business building, corner of Ninth & Millington, is going up and will be occupied by McGuire Bros. It would seem to be a mistake in putting up a frame building on such a valuable corner, with the grand prospect that this year shows. Before 1886 is closed very few of the old rookeries will be left on Ninth, two blocks down. Substantial buildings, anywhere for business houses, are far safer for the city and the investor. Mr. Doane will erect a fine stone block, handsome cut front, on the lot now occupied by the Schofield stable.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
Marshal McFadden is fetching the boys to time around the depot. Several boys have been making a business of hanging around and climbing over the cars when in motion. This is very dangerous business and if at any time one should fall under the train and is run over, the parents can't blame any one but themselves. Parent, keep your boys in school and they will have no time to loiter around railroads. The boys haven't any business around the depot and are only in the way of those having business. Marshal McFadden intends to use them rough when he catches them; so, boys, if you don't want trouble, you had better "let up" on this business.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.

The first Tuesday in April occurs the city election. This is a crisis in Winfield's history: a time, above all others, when the municipal government must be progressive, energetic, and wise, and with the backbone to stand by the right; with the nerve and determination to direct the city onward and upward, to the high pinnacle it is bound to attain if proper effort and wisdom is put forth. Fully five hundred voters haven't registered. The poll books are opened until ten days before the election. Waltz up and have Clerk Buckman enroll you at once, that the right of casting that wonderful little instrument, the ballot, can be exercised for the right government of the brightest, prettiest, and most promising city in Kansas. Everything rests in good government. We want men in the city council, men on the school board, and police officers that will put their shoulders to the wheel of progress, with its present magnificent impetus, and boost it on solidly and creditably. Again we say, register! And do it at once.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
Now we are to have Judge Tourgee, the greatest of American writers and lecturers. He appears at the Opera House on the 12th inst., in "A Story Teller's Story," a lecture eloquent, entertaining, and instructive. Who hasn't been enraptured by "The Fool's Errand?" one of his master productions. This is the first distinguished lecturer we have had for some months and of course he will be largely greeted, as he deserves.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
"Little Nuggets," a play on the M'liss order, by a specialty company, is dated for Winfield on April 2nd.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
J. B. Marsh, of Des Moines, Iowa; G. A. Eberbast, Clinton, Iowa; H. C. Campbell, Toledo, Ohio; H. E. Brawner, Chicago; D. H. Young, Topeka; J. P. Bartley, St Joe; A. H. McLouth, Leavenworth; A. Allen, Kansas City; J. K. Sawyer, Wichita; and Geo. C. Bullene, Rock Island, Illinois, are at the Brettun. They represent various bridge companies, and are here to bid for the erection of the Ninth avenue and Bliss & Wood bridges across the Walnut, which contract will be let at a special meeting of the city council tomorrow evening.
What Transpired at our Different Churches Sunday.
Various Religious Nuggets.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
Elder Gans filled Burden's Christian pulpit Sunday evening.
Among Rev. Sam Jones' good hits is this: "A man said to me the other night, 'Jones, I wouldn't have missed your sermon for $10,' and yet when the plate was passed around that man put in a copper cent."
Rev. Snyder preached Sunday afternoon at the schoolhouse, No. 48, three miles west of the city, to a full house. An interesting Sabbath school has been kept up at this place all winter under the superintendency of Mr. Knapp.
Mr. Reed, a graduate of Park College, a Presbyterian institution just below Leavenworth, on the Missouri, gave a history and resume of that college at the Presbyterian church Sunday morning, showing a noble work and much sacrifice. There is no tuition fee—supported entirely by voluntary contributions, from all quarters. It is doing much toward educating young people who could get it no other way.

Rev. Young, the A. M. E. minister, is still at Osage City visiting his family, and the services at this church Sunday were conducted by Deacon John Wilson. In the morning he exhorted from the first five verses of Mathew xviii, and in the evening on "Who shall be the greatest in the kingdom of heaven," based on the 21st chapter of Mathew, which he repeated from end to end. Mr. Wilson is a very practical talker, an earnest biblical student, and takes a creditable interest in religious matters.
Rev. J. M. Vawter at the Christian church preached on "The ideal man in his relation to God, to self, and his fellow man," showing from the sermon on the mount what was Christ's ideal. Everyone must have some ideal—some standard of attainment, and his ideal will be constantly growing better. Christ's ideal man was fully described in the Beatitudes. A merciful man is merciful in all things. A meek man is not one who will do nothing. Moses, the meekest man who ever lived, was one of the boldest. In this way Elder Vawter went over the entire sermon fully explaining its meaning. In the evening the sermon was directed to young men in particular, and it was shown that the world's greatest men accomplished most while they were young.
At the Presbyterian church Sunday Rev. Miller based his sermon on Genesis, 4 chap., 9 verse. "Am I my brother's keeper?" At all times we are responsible for the welfare of our brother. A man who has been fortunate looks upon his unfortunate brother and says, I am not responsible for his downfall, but how glad I am to be so comfortably situated. That man is as far from Christ as the east is from the west. We as fellow citizens are responsible for the murder of the man whose death was caused by the cars [?]. We are responsible for his murder, but not his death. We are responsible because we know there are places in this town where that can be gotten which crazes and makes a man a brute. It is our place to have the law enforced and to rid the town of these places where our brothers are liable to fall into evil.
Rev. Reider preached at the Baptist church Sunday eve, from Luke xix:10: "For the son of man has come to seek and to save that which was lost." Christ took upon himself the form of a man and while he might have called himself the Divine Power, Deity, or by some great name of which He had a right, He didn't wish to go that way; He wanted to seem as meek and lowly as it was possible for Him to be, and for this reason He called himself the son of man, and declared that He had come to seek and save the lost. Now everyone that has not accepted the Savior is lost, so those are the ones He is now seeking to save. He is seeking you and you feel it every time you have a consciousness of doing wrong. He is ready and willing to save and it only rests with you whether you will give yourself to Him and be saved: eternally saved. There were four persons baptized at the close of the services.

Rev. Kelly discoursed on "Faith, Hope, and Charity" at the Methodist Church Sunday morning, based on Cor. xiii:13. "Faith, hope, charity—these three, but the greatest of these is charity." He showed faith as the basis of all human thought and action—the fountain from which the scientists and investigators that have made the world's great progress drew their inspiration. Hope is the anchor of the soul, the rock to which we all voluntarily cling. Both are born of heaven and end only in heaven, to the true man or woman. Charity was defined as the generous spirit that rejoices in the prosperity and happiness of those around you. The man devoid of it envies his fellow, is wrapped up in self, and sees none of the delights of life. This was Rev. Kelly's last sermon in this conference year. The church has given him a unanimous call to return and he will, of course, spend his third year in the work he has so fearlessly and zealously mastered during the last two. The Methodist church was never as prosperous and harmonious as now.
The services at the United Brethren church Sunday were well attended. Sabbath School at 10 a.m. and preaching both morning and evening. Mrs. Lydia Sexton, as previously announced, occupied the pulpit of Rev. Snyder, preaching in the morning from Mat. 8:2-3, and in the evening from Isaiah 5:3-4. In the morning discourse Mrs. Sexton first noticed the awful nature and effects, and the divinely appointed manner of healing that oriental plague, leprosy. Then, after briefly noticing what she called modern or American leprosy—the sin of profanity, intemperance, lying, dancing, gambling, etc., she described the awful leprosy of sin, and the people were entreated to seek forgiveness and the cleansing in the blood of Christ as the antidote. The young man in the text came confessing his calamitous condition, and in the exercise of faith, obtained relief of the Great Physician. So the sinner was exhorted to come for health and healing. Many incidents occurring in Mrs. Sexton's long experience were related, illustrating her views. It is remarkable how much of the vigor of youth still remains, for Mrs. Sexton will soon be 87 years of age. Services will continue through the week, and the people are cordially invited to attend.
The large congregations at the Baptist church are very encouraging indeed to the pastor. One year ago there were but few young people connected with this church, and now out of nearly two hundred added to the church during the past fourteen months, there are about one hundred young ladies and gentlemen. We are glad to see these young people taking hold of christian work so earnestly. On Tuesday of this week they will meet to study the life of St. Matthew, the first of the writers of the New Testament. This class of Bible study is not confined to the membership of the church, but all are invited who wish to take up a systematic study of God's word. On Wednesday evening of this week, the pastor desires all those who have given their names for membership and have not been received by the church to be present. There are about twenty who have not yet been received by the church, whose names have been handed in. Don't fail to be there. PASTOR.
Winfield now has a Young Men's Christian Association. The young men of the Baptist Church, twenty or more, met Sunday afternoon and organized with H. A. Owen, president; Dr. Arnold, vice-president; E. R. Greer, rec. secretary; Dr. Wortman, cor. secretary; and G. A. Hunt, treasurer. The young men of the other churches will also organize. With several strong associations, all will combine and open a public reading room and library. With a band of a hundred or more of our best young men, this can be easily accomplished, and much good done the city in general. Here is the constitution and by-laws adopted:
The object of this Society is to advance the interests of our church in all its branches of work; to increase the attendance upon the regular services, particularly the prayer meetings; and especially to reach forth a helping hand to the young men and women of our community, and, if possible, interest them in our church.
The officers shall consist of president, vice-president, recording secretary, corresponding secretary, and treasurer, to be elected annually.
There shall be an executive committee consisting of five members, including the pastor, who shall have a general supervision over the society, and whose duty it shall be to take such measures as shall tend to keep up the interest in the work of the various departments composing this band.

Each member of this band shall pay into the treasury the sum of 25 cents as an initiation fee, and five cents per month afterwards; said funds to be used for the purchasing of literature, such as tracts, etc., for free distribution, as shall be directed by the committee upon tracts and free distribution of literature.
There shall be, in addition to the executive committee, the following departments, viz.
Department on visiting Hotels and Boarding Houses. It shall be the duty of those in charge of this department to visit the hotels and boarding-houses, and endeavor to secure the attendance of strangers at church, and in every way make them feel at home.
Department on Strangers at Church Services. It shall be the duty of this committee to hunt up strangers at the services, introduce themselves, and make them acquainted with the members, and especially the pastor.
Department on Meetings. This committee shall have charge of the prayer meetings in selecting leaders and subjects and making them interesting.
Department on Factories and Work-shops. Their work shall be to labor among the hands of these places and invite and encourage t heir attendance at the church.
Department of Tracts and Distribution of Literature. This provides for the purchasing of such literature for distribution as shall by judicious management tend to the study of God's Word and the consideration of the soul's welfare and safety. The pastor shall be chairman of this committee.
Department of General Missionary Work. This includes the whole band and is devoted to such work as shall advance the case of our Master.
These committees shall report their work through their chairman, once each month.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
Among the amusements in Winfield during the past winter evenings, whist has been quite popular and has attracted a considerable attention. It is a very interesting game when played skillfully by good players, and several excellent players have shown up on these occasions. Much has been said about old styles of play and the new scientific game of which Pole is the apostle.
The other evening a curious problem presented itself to four of our Winfield players, bearing upon the merits of the Pole style of play. We will call these four players A, B, C, and D, so as to not give them away.
A and C played as partners, they are experts but don't go much on Pole. B and D played against them and play by the scientific rules.
D dealt first with A to his left and hearts were trumps.
A held, hearts 1, 2; diamonds 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, q, k; spades 2, clubs 2.
B held, hearts 8, 9, 10; diamonds jack; spades 1, j, q, k; clubs 6, 7, 8, 9, 10
C held, hearts 7, j, q, k; diamonds 1, 2; spades 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9.
D held, hearts 3, 4, 5, 6; diamonds 10; spades 10; clubs 1, 3, 5, j, q, k.
A leads 2 clubs, B 6, C7 hearts, D 3 suit.
C takes and leads 1 diamonds, D 10, A 3, B jack.
C takes and leads 2 diamonds, D 10 spades, A, k suit, B 8 hearts.
B takes and leads k spades, C 3, D 4 clubs, A 2 suit.

B takes and leads 1 spades, C 4, D 5 clubs, A 2 hearts.
A takes and leads q dia., B 9 hearts, C j hearts, D j spades.
C takes and leads 5 spades, D q clubs, A 1 hearts, B j suit.
A takes and leads 9 diamonds, B 10 hearts, C q hearts, D k clubs.
C takes and leads 6 spades, D 1 clubs, A 4 diamonds, B q suit.
B takes and leads 7 clubs, C k hearts, C 3 hearts, A 5 diamonds.
C takes and leads 7 spades, D 4 hearts, A 6 diamonds, B 8 clubs.
D takes and leads 6 hearts, A 8 dia., B 10 clubs, C 9 spades.
D takes. A and C gets 7 tricks and make 1 point.
A. remarks, "One point is pretty good considering that we had so poor hands."
B answers, "I think not. Self and partner, with your hands and you with ours, would probably have made thirteen points."
Says A, "I bet you would not have got more than one point. Let us try it."
So the cards are selected and dealt in the same way by A, with the same trump, B holding the hand just held by A, C holding B's, D holding C's and A holding D's
B leads K of diamonds, C jack, D 1, A 10.
D takes and leads K hearts, A 3, B 1, C 8.
B takes and leads 2 hearts, C 9, D q, A 4.
D takes and leads jack hearts, A 5, B 2 clubs, C 10 hearts.
D takes and leads 7 hearts, A 6, B 2 spades, C 10 hearts.
D takes and leads 2 diamonds, A 3 clubs, B q suit, C 7 clubs.
B takes and having an established suit of diamonds and nothing else, takes the other seven tricks. So B and D made seven points by the Pole style of playing on the same hands with which A and B made only one point under same circumstances by the old style of playing.
We think it would be hard to find another combination of cards that the style of playing would make six points difference in one deal, and that one point difference would be far too much to count on.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
Weekly report of tardiness for week ending Feb. 26, 1886.
Department/Teacher/No. Tardinesses.
Central Building.
High, W. S. Rice, 19.
Grammar, Lou Gregg, 13.
Grammar, Lola Williams, 11.
2nd Intermediate, Sada Davis, 3.
1st Intermediate, Maude Pearson, 5.
1st Intermediate, Ivy Crane, 9.
1st Intermediate, Fannie Stretch, 2.
2nd Primary, Bertha Wallis, 7.
2nd Primary, Belle Bertram, 6.
1st Primary, Jessie Stretch, 7.

1st Primary, Mary Berkey, 6.
1st Primary, Josie Pixley, 4.
Second Ward.
2nd Intermediate, Flo Campbell, 0.
1st Intermediate, Mrs. Leavitt, 0.
2nd Primary, Clara Davenport, 0.
1st Primary, Mary Randall, –.
Third Ward.
2nd Intermediate, Ilie [?] Dickie, 2.
1st Intermediate, Mattie Gibson, 3.
2nd Primary, Mary Hamill, 9.
1st Primary, Mary Bryant, 6.
In the Central Ward Miss Bertram's room still retains the banner, having no cases of tardiness during last week. In the Second ward the three rooms reported have a clean record. In the Third Ward Miss Dickie's department had the fewest cases of tardiness for the week reported above.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
H. B. Miller, of John Tyner's grocery house, was fifty-one years old Saturday. He had passed a number of birthdays before and took it as a matter of common moment until Saturday evening, when his home was raided by as happy a little company as ever assembled anywhere, composed of Rev. and Mrs. J. H. Reider, Mr. and Mrs. Benj. Cutler, Mr. and Mrs. Roderick, Mr. and Mrs. Hefner, Mr. and Mrs. Sage, Mrs. M. Iliff, Mrs. O. Armstrong, Messrs. John Tyner, J. A. Miller, E. Jamison, J. F. Reddick, and Master Otis Cutler. Mr. Miller was completely surprised, and when the presentation of a very fine, large arm chair was made, he was "broken up" worse than ever. However, the genial life of the donors soon put him on his pins sufficiently to express his warm appreciation of the kind remembrance and the genuine friendship displayed.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
No other month can boast of as many peculiarities as little February, which went with Sunday into the yawning abyss of the past. It is the shortest month in the year and has a number of days peculiar to itself. First, it has ground-hod day, which is popularly supposed to determine and forecast the weather six weeks to follow. Then Valentine's day comes on and loads the mails with missives of love for some and ludicrous pictures for others. The young folks never forget to observe Valentine's Day. Washington's birthday follows in close proximity. And finally, once in four years, an additional day is added to keep the count correct, and the year the proper length.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.

It is the gentle springtime, says the poet, that the thoughts most quickly turn to love and matrimony. The fever has struck Cowley County with a "thud"—that word is a new coinage, one accidentally picked up in our meanderings, and thrown out without price. A double matrimonial deed was enacted in the Central Hotel parlors Saturday evening. The silken cords of love were braided around the fortunes and misfortunes of J. N. Stewart and Miss Ella Primrose, of Atlanta, and George M. Shelly, of Burden, and Miss Effie M. Cooper of Box City. The bridal party were acquaintances whom Cupid caught simultaneously, and they conceived this romance of a double wedding. Elder Vawter pronounced the ceremony.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
Many people of the east may be skeptical in regard to the perpetual sunshine of this flowery section of the country, says the Harper Sentinel, Yet on our table lies a sample of new potatoes that were raised by J. M. Bloom this year. They are as large as hulled walnuts and look as luscious and juicy as strawberries, although they may become fly blown in a short time. We will preserve them on our table as long as possible for the inspection of any of our readers who may doubt our veracity in this potato story.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
Al. and Will, the rustling mail manipulators at the post office, have spread. There are now three general deliveries, alphabetically numbered, and two clerks will disperse letters, giving more rapidity. George will soon make other changes. The boxes will run clear around to the back door, giving a back entrance and exit, with an alley clear around. This will give a little more room.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
The legislature act in relation to building and maintaining bridges in Cowley County is published elsewhere. It is of great importance to all and should be carefully read. It calls for a confirming vote of the people at a special election the first Tuesday in April.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
The young lady in the southeastern part of the city who metamorphosed as a delicate lad and made a circuit among the neighbors was a cute one. But she didn't completely fool everyone, if she did "look too sweet for anything." Real nice young lady, too.
They Meet and Agree Upon a Basis of Valuation for 1886.
Actual Cash Value.
The assessors of the several townships and cities of Cowley County, Kansas, met at the office of the County Clerk at 10 o'clock a.m. on Monday, March 1st, 1886, for the purpose of fixing a basis of assessment for the real and personal property of said county for the year 1886.
The following assessors were present.
J. W. Browning, Beaver.
J. A. Scott, Bolton.
F. M. Vaughn, Creswell.
S. H. Wells, Dexter.
R. B. Corson, Fairview.
E. Haynes, Harvey.
J. A. Cochran, Liberty.
J. H. Willis, Maple.
A. Hattery, Omnia.

D. S. Sherrard, Pleasant Valley.
C. H. Bing, Richland.
J. E. Gorham, Rock.
W. N. Day, Sheridan.
J. R. Tate, Silver Creek.
H. S. Liby, Spring Creek.
P. F. Haynes, Silver Dale.
H. McKibben, Tisdale.
H. H. Martin, Vernon.
J. C. Roberts, Walnut.
C. J. Phenis, Windsor.
James Benedict, Arkansas City.
J. S. Hunt, Winfield.
Upon motion the meeting organized by electing James Benedict Chairman and J. S. Hunt, Secretary.
The following committee was appointed to submit a basis of assessment for the consideration of the meeting: J. S. Hunt, J. R. Tate, H. H. Martin, H. S. Liby, and J. A. Cochran. Whereupon the meeting adjourned until 1 o'clock p.m.
The meeting met at 1 o'clock p.m. as per adjournment, when the committee submitted the following report.
Your committee appointed to submit a basis of assessment for real and personal property in and for Cowley County for the year 1886, beg to submit the following.
We recommend that the real and personal property in the county aforesaid, for the year aforesaid be assessed according to its actual or cash value as near as practicable. J. S. Hunt, J. R. Tate, H. H. Martin, H. S. Liby, J. A. Cochran, Committee.
The basis of assessment submitted by the committee was unanimously adopted and the meeting adjourned. James Benedict, Chairman; J. S. Hunt, Secretary.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
To follow the stereotyped style of my fellow rural writers, I will preface these few lines by remarking that we are having large and commodious weather.
As the news and immigration items around this berg are allowed to run at large in spite of the stock and hedge laws, the writer feels disposed and for some time has been predisposed to jot a few sketches.
Many inquiries have been made lately as to what the charges against Frost Zeigler and others were. Our papers mentioned the cases, but gave no particulars. As the COURIER reported in full, we add the moral: Take THE COURIER.
Our town was torn up last week by some acts of a sensational nature that are withheld from the outside world partly on account of the feelings of some respectable citizens and partly because it is hoped that there will be no repetition.

Burden lays claim to distinction for several reasons. Dropping the unexampled grit that has pushed her along in the front ranks with Southern Kansas towns, we can chronicle the fact that she was once the home of the late lamented Clarence Whistler, champion wrestler of America. She is now the home of Dr. Carver, champion shot of America, who is improving his home north of the city.
Dr. John G. Manser of this city, may with propriety come under the head of our celebrities. The Doctor's mother was a Garfield—cousin of James A. Garfield. When informed that the President was shot, Mrs. Manser was very much shocked, and like many other aged persons, began to recall his good qualities. Among others she remarked: "Abe was such a careful boy. I remember when he graduated, he came down home. He had a very fine silk hat when he came; but in order to save it, he wrapped it carefully in a silk handkerchief and wore an old hat belonging to his father. Yes, Abe was such a careful boy."
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
A mighty criminal lawyer, of small stature and massive brain, hailing from Chicago, and answering to the French cognomen of J. D. Lamercoux, Esq., was sailing around the town of Danville in full dress, clergyman style, doubled breasted coat, and head thrown back, informing all who would take the time to talk with him that he was employed to defend the Weaver boys, three of whom put six bullets into one Shearer recently on the slightest grudge, was put on a sharp rail the other night and given a mighty rough ride. When let loose and told to get, he made better time than America's great racer in her palmiest days. He hardly started on his swift retreat when a shower of decayed eggs commenced to fall all over him, on his head and back. Lamercoux ran until meeting some friends out of town. They asked him, "What's the matter?" "Matter! Matter! H l, just look at me—the matter is smeared all over me! Oh! Murder, how rank I smell." Exit Lamercoux.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
Marital certificates were granted today to Chas. Medkiff and Luetta Hon; Samuel Roseberry and Josie Abrams; Henry F. Kerns and Lura Hart. Orange blossoms begin to bloom in profusion. Verily, Gentle Annie is getting in good work.
A. D. Minor was appointed administrator of the estate of Orlan A. Kinnie, deceased.
Eliza J. Bowen has been appointed guardian of the estate of the minor heirs of Elisha Bowen, deceased.
W. A. Weaverling filled his third annual settlement as executor of the estate of D. Weaverling, deceased.
The latest victims of Cupid's darts are: H. F. Reinhart and Mary A. McConnell; Geo. M. Shelby and Effy M. Cooper; M. R. Arnett and Alice R. Marshall. They were united by Judge Gans.
Rufus Huff was appointed guardian of the estate of Lovica M. Huff, a minor.
An order has been made for the sale of real estate belonging to the minor heirs of John W. Arnett, deceased.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
On and after March 1st, 1886, the sw 1/4 of section 3, township 33, range 3, in Beaver township, owned by A. B. Story. A. H. Green, Agent.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
Sheriff McIntire went to Wichita Monday to get George Davis, a colored cook, who dropped into John Matthews' home the other evening for a friendly call and before he got out, gobbled $4 from a drawer. He had stolen some money from John before. He was arrested by telegraph and will again land in our cooler. Davis was convicted of horse stealing during Sheriff Shenneman's reign and spent a year in the pen. This offense, the folks all being at home, can't be put stronger than petty larceny, giving him a short jail sentence, if convicted.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
The three Weaver brothers, who put six bullets into a man on slight pretext, at Danville, the other day, were taken through on the S. K. last evening, for safer keeping in the Independence bastille. They have been at Wellington, but lynching was threatened, compelling a "git up and git." They are tough looking fellows, in slouch cow-boy array, and were anxious enough to get away from the unhealthy odor around the scene of their diabolical act.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
S. W. Hines and Nancy E. Parr, of Arkansas City, were married at the Probate Judge's office at five o'clock Monday eve, by Judge Gans. Just at this writing the cement has not been made, but THE COURIER's enterprise always excuses previousness. An enterprising journal can't always wait for an item to occur. We wish Mr. and Mrs. Hines a long, safe, and happy married journey.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
All desiring to get their mail on quick time will please follow these directions: Those whose last name begins with any of the letters from A to L inclusive, will form in line for the delivery window on the left side. Those whose name begins with any of the letters from M to Z will form in line for the right window. By this means you will save much confusion and get your mail with dispatch.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
The Harper Sentinel has a postal card, on which is the wonderful feat of writing 3,459 words, about Harper County's history, every letter of which is formed regularly and is legible. W. F. Hunter, a local commercial writer, was the artist. This lays all the old hens' records clear in the shade.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
Messrs. Purdy & Dukes have opened the Pacific Grotto under the post office. With the walls handsomely painted, elegant oil-cloth on the floor, and everything neat and new, it is the nobbiest lunch counter in the city, and very handily located.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
Curns & Manser are now making loans on farms, or well improved city property at lowest rates, and give the borrower the privilege of paying off on the option plan. By this arrangement the borrower is allowed to pay $200 (or any amount agreed upon) or any multiple thereof at the time any interest payment is due.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.

Last Friday week the schoolhouse a few miles north of town was broken into by some tramps, who were not satisfied with free lodging, but smashed the idea shop all to pieces, "laying out" the seats, backs, etcetera. Mr. Ol Pratt got scent of two tramps, followed them to town. On the way they ran into three more, who appeared to belong to the fraternity. The whole pile were "taken in" and then along the road another seedy fellow claimed acquaintance and he, too, was marched to the cooler—a gang of six. They had their trial today before Judge Snow. Only the two first caught, giving their cognomens as James Smith and Charles Jacobs, were convicted. The only thing against the other four was their company. There were in the fix of dog Tray. Smith and Jacobs got twenty-five dollars fine and 30 days in jail. They are tough looking customers and appear to want no better thing than the (to them) luxuries of the bastille. We need a rock pile to work these lazy "boogers" on. If they were put under a sledge hammer and over a rock pile until their fine was worked out, the wire edge would soon wear off of trampdom and the city and county get some benefit. Put them to lying in jail with nothing to do and fair hash is as good a thing as they want. They are constitutionally opposed to work and nothing but a rock pile will cure them.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
Mrs. W. A. Armstrong passed away Friday at her home in this city, after a long and patient illness. That dread disease, consumption, some months ago made early death inexorable, and sweetly resting in the stimulating faith and love that takes hold on God and heaven, she calmly waited the end. It came peacefully and acceptably. She was a lady of refinement and before this fatal disease put a ban to excessive effort, had a great ambition, and hoped much for the future. She was a native of Indiana, and was in her twenty-sixth year. October 28th, 1879, she and Mr. Armstrong were wed. Keen indeed is the grief of the husband, made all the more sensitive by the recent death of his father. No words can lift the pall of such bereavement. The funeral services were held Saturday, from the residence, conducted by Rev. J. H. Reider, of the Baptist church.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
Mr. Cutting, an aged gentleman who came here but a few weeks ago from Illinois, died Thursday in southeast Winfield. He had been afflicted with heart disease for many years and the end came suddenly. For fifty years he was a member of the Christian Church. He was interred Friday.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.

Thanks to luck, most of the shows striking Winfield this winter have been at least "fair to middling," and some of them very good. But there are a pile of poor ones in the country that are rapidly starving out. We rarely pick up a newspaper now-a-days without seeing the announcement that some operatic or dramatic company has "stranded" in some small town or city. The more of these "strandings," the better for the country in general and the operatic and dramatic business in particular. There never were so many chambermaids and shoemakers masked as actors and actresses as there are now, and any event which compels them to quit swindling the public in the "show business" is a blessing in disguise. The "combination system" is responsible for this state of affairs. As soon as a man or woman is able to make a ten line speech on the stage, he or she gets up a company and starts "on the road." The country is flooded with these abominations now, and the sheriff is the only remedial agent for the pest.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
Yes, still they go. Twas ever thus and ever it will be. Wiley Cupid's charms are irresistible. And why shouldn't they be? The latest happy victim is Dr. C. E. Pugh, one of the city's prominent young men, who arrived Friday evening on the Frisco with his bride, Miss Alice Thompson. Noiselessly the Doctor stole away to Jacksonville, Illinois, on this important mission. They were wed on Wednesday evening last, at the bride's home. A happy company of forty or more of the bride's friends were present. Miss Thompson's several visits here have made her many acquaintances and warm friends. She is refined, intelligent, and winsome. Dr. Pugh is a member of the firm of Wright & Pugh, leading physicians, and takes high rank in his profession, for his years. A deep thinker, of keen ambition and substantiality, he has a future of much promise. Dr. and Mrs. Pugh have THE COURIER's heartiest wish, with that of many friends, for the full fruition of their brightest hopes.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
The Jolly Voyagers had a good audience Friday night and seemed to tickle it very highly. The show is an indoor circus—made up of performers whom the chills of winter have driven from the enticing tent and ring. The Stirks were here last year, in their bicycle feats, with Sells Brothers. Some of the performances were first class, chief among those being the balancing and juggling acts of Flora King. Miss King failed to catch as a "charming vocalist." The burlesque prima donna was a good impersonation. "Turning the Tables" was relieved by the "boss negro eccentricities of Ed. Nixon. Nixon's clog brought out the loud, dyspeptic-killing laugh. The "invisible wire" act of the "Little Stirk wonder" and the bicycle acts of the five Stirks, little and big, showed life-long training. The giraffe business, though somewhat amusing, was thin and tiresome. Altogether, it was a good winter circus, its novelty being the highest drawing card.
[Note: At this time they still spelled "bicycle" as "bycicle." I corrected to current spelling.]
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
The Chautauqua Union held a very enjoyable meeting Friday evening in the capacious home of Mr. and Mrs. G. S. Manser. An interesting literary and musical program was rendered, notable in which were the duet by Mr. Slack and Dr. Guy, with piano accompaniment by Miss Bertha Wallis; the Chautauqua, a splendidly edited paper by Moore Tanner and a recitation by Mamie Greer. The Chautauquan sparkled all over and exhibited much natural tack and application. The genial entertainment of Mr. and Mrs. Manser made the heartiest sociability. This Union, including old and young, is one of the city's most beneficial and pleasurable societies. Its next meeting convenes in two weeks, with Mrs. Frank K. Raymond.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
A little animal of the genus "skunkibus" was discovered in a cellar in east Winfield yesterday. A brave little man with a little gun put a quietus on the little animal, but the effluvium which pervaded the air and made life a burden in the block where the noble skunk met his death, with his tail to the foe, proved that it is possible, sometimes, to be "stronger in death than in life." The man with the gun looked as though his mother-in-law had come home. Verily, the aroma was mightier than could possibly result from a collision of a car-load of decayed eggs and one of Limburger cheese.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
"I don't like poetry," said Brother Kelly, in his Sunday morning sermon; "heaven is the place for poetry—we'll get all we want there," and before he got halfway through, he had quoted two or three stanzas of rhyme, and sandwiched in poetic pictures all along. The idea of a man like Brother Kelly, an ardent lover of the refined and beautiful in nature, not liking poetry, is too queer. He does like it. True poetry is the embodiment of the highest thoughts: takes hold on heaven and softens and tranquilizes our natures. It is the diamond of literature, whether in rhyme or prose.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
Daniel Smith and wife, uncle and aunt of Rev. J. H. Snyder, of our city; J. C. Snyder, of Hackney, and M. H. Snyder of Arkansas City, are here looking at the country. They are here from Butler County, Ohio, and propose locating somewhere in this grand country. Should they obtain a satisfactory location, several others from their county propose coming also. Let them come. Seeing is believing. There must be certainly quite a thinning out in some of those older states, judging from the crowds of people daily coming in from the east.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
We have another communication from Mrs. H. P. Mansfield, which is as usual, full of interest. It is a fact that she is a correspondent of rare merit, especially in the matter of grammatical, orthographical, and punctuative accuracy, clear text and good taste in the choice of words. We never have to correct her manuscript. She sends a small assortment of orange leaves and blossoms. We turned them over to Frank, thinking he might need them sooner than any other of THE COURIER force.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.

On Feb. 8th, we brushed the dust from our No. 10's and boarded the 2:30 train for the east, Illinois, but we stopped off at Udall to see our old friend, J. O. Hawley, and, by the way, Udall is a daisy and is coming to the front at a lively rate and you can read in every man's face push, energy, and grit, and that is just what makes a town. Next day we left for Wichita and arrived there at 5 p.m. Elbowing our way through the crowd and dropping into a place to get a cigar, found that we were into a drug store with a saloon in the rear; or, at least, we supposed so as a constant stream of humanity kept pouring in and out. We very readily made up our mind that Capt. Siverd was not a resident of that town, or something would drop. Getting through with our business here, we pulled out for Kansas City. We got a seat and then cast our eyes around and spied Prof. Limerick; our county superintendent, who came to the front and took a seat with us, and a very pleasant companion we found in him. Arriving at Newton he showed up the town in great shape. We strolled into a fine restaurant and threw a big dish of select oysters in our commissary department. The train from the west got stuck in a snow bank and failed to come in; so making up a train, we pulled out, he stopping in Topeka, and on we flew, reaching Kansas City just in time to see the C. B. Q. train pulling out. We had to lay over all day and of course we took in the sights. We went up two long flights of stairs, and seating about two hundred pounds of solid humanity in a seat, waited for the mules to be hitched on to the car, when all at once a little man moved a lever and off we shot right up a tremendous hill. We soon found out the cause of our locomotion, we were on the grip.
We were on time for the next train and pulled into Quincy the next morning at 5 o'clock. Somebody waked up and saw "big daylight" coming, and consulting his watch and finding it only 5 o'clock, he said, "Daylight comes mighty all fired early in these parts." The brakeman said, "No daylight, my friend, electric light." He said, "Boys, let's smoke." We knew that we were in Illinois for it was snowing at a fearful rate. So on for Decatur we rushed and soon ran out of snow and then the great prairies stretching away as far as the eye could reach. The farms are certainly in a bad condition; fences going down and houses looking somewhat dilapidated. We were not very long in getting acquainted with the conductor, asking him why so great and good country was in that condition. His remark was, "Damfino, unless they have lost their grip." We pulled into Decatur just in time to miss the train for Sullivan, and the only chance for that day was to swing on to a freight. We got to Sullivan at sundown, and of course the calaboose stopped about 80 rods from town. I want to say right here that Sullivan isn't Winfield, and don't you forget it. I thought I had landed right in the middle of Lake Michigan, but it was only a "little" mud, pure and undefiled. We had a picnic dinner and were entertained royally during our stay there. At last we started for our sunny Kansas town, and we confess that we did hate to leave our friends behind; but the nearer we got to Winfield, the faster we wanted to go and the more we realized that we hadn't seen a real live town since we left. Winfield is truly the Queen City, the Metropolis of the West, the Beacon Light upon which the capitalists of the east are gazing in their westward travels. You bet, she is the Eli. J. W. DOUGLASS.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
The demimondes are again being peremptorily fired, on short notice. Three or four were illicitly "plying," but our officials caught on and the demi's have skipped.
The Marshal is making great improvement in our crossings, by macadamizing them with the rubble rock from the premises of new buildings. It will last. It is only a short time until Main street entire must be macadamized.
As soon as we get the city building with its "calaboose" and jail yard, every tramp that strikes Winfield will be put to pounding rock. This will be a scheme to macadamize the streets. The Marshal says he will congregate the stray rock of the city and the tramps in the jail yard and have a daily mashing match, hauling the mashed stone on to the street, as a part of the poll-tax regime.

The peace and good order in Winfield is the remark of every stranger and the admiration of every citizen. And the rustle and bustle of one of the liveliest cities in Kansas, very few occasions are ever found for arrests. The police court is almost a constant vacuum. Amid this state of things, aside from the high character of our citizens, is the result of police officials to whom duty is paramount and to whom the "standing in" business is unknown.
Marshal McFadden says people are to slow about obeying the council's orders to clear all premises of "excrementiousness" (we found that word in an old pair of pants a tramp printer accidentally left in our office). There is much filth in the alleys, cellars, and back yards that must go. This is the inevitable decree. If the filth don't go, the property owners will—before the police judge, and then $12.25 will go. Get out your renovator and prepare for the heat and malaria of summer. With a little effort Winfield can be made the cleanest city in the union. It has every advantage. Nothing but the most swinish propensities will tolerate filth in as beautiful a city as this. Clean up.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
According to the "statoots," Sheriff McIntire and Justices Buckman and Snow have drawn 36 jurors to serve at the April term of the District Court as follows.
G. W. Hosmer, Otter.
W. J. Birdzell, Pleasant Valley.
B. D. Hanna, Walnut.
J. M. Harcourt, Rock.
J. L. King, Walnut.
S. D. Akers, Windsor.
Frank Batch, Harvey.
J. D. Salmon, Dexter.
H. O. Brown, Silverdale.
D. C. Stevens, Richland.
James Nicholson, Dexter.
P. O'Brien, Cedar.
Ed I. Johnson, Sheridan.
Fountain Seacat, Pleasant Valley.
J. S. McMains, Cresswell.
J. R. Cottingham, Richland.
J. D. Guthrie, Bolton.
J. K. Hamill, Windsor.
Jack Durham, Cresswell.
Frances York, Cedar.
J. M. Graham, Walnut.
I. M. Sturtz, Bolton.
Wm. B. Hoel, Sheridan.
J. S. Mohler, Windsor.
S. A. Beach, Beaver.
J. M. Wolfe, Fairview.

R. L. Ward, Omnia.
Henry Gloves, Harvey.
J. Myrtle, Bolton
W. S. Castor, Liberty.
J. E. Roseberry, Cresswell.
C. W. Dover, Dexter.
F. S. Easton, Silverdale.
W. Drury, Dexter.
H. Chitwood, Rock.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
Now the hundreds of school urchins have the marble craze, and spring is surely here. This is a never-failing sign. With a skill and determination remarkable, they occupy, from early dawn till late at twilight, a prayerful attitude, either "flush" or "busted," but always out at the knee. He has a secret hiding place for his "marvels," specially that daisy of an agate "taw" and when the old folks tackle him on the conduct of the day, he is all innocence—not a marble around. Books, dinner, supper—everything is drowned in the enticing game, spiced with a dozen or two dares and "lickens" a day. Verily, we have all been there—and long for the days that can never return—the days of boyhood, deviltry, and unalloyed fun. If we would vent half the strategy and skill in business that used to fill our pockets with marbles and our frame with fun, we would all be millionaires. And if the urchin could possibly be induced to put in half the licks on a homely "chore" or useful task as he does in a game of marbles or in raking up various deviltry, the millennium would be proclaimed at once. Boys will be boys—and let them be. They will be men, soon enough, with huge families, with Jumbo appetites and Tom Thumb pocket books, with all the attendant vicissitudes of life, taxes, and death.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
A small audience greeted the Sons of Veterans at Manning's Opera House Tuesday eve. The Winfield Glee Club, consisting of Messrs. Buckman, Slack, Holliday, Guy, Snow, and Forsythe, captivated the audience with their best songs, accompanied by A. Olmstead on the piano, who added much to the occasion by his excellent instrumental pieces. Little Maud gave several recitations in her cute and pleasing way. Sargent Colling and squad in their silent drill showed they were masters of the art. Mrs. Flo. Williams recited "Flash," which was highly appreciated by all. The "Little Four" proved a big four, with Prof. Le Page at the piano, Harry Holbrook and Frank Conrad with their horns, and Jack Beck with his bones made novel and pleasing music. The tableau, "Crown Won and Crown in Prospect, participated in by Miss Maud Pickens, Matt Connor, and Jack Beck, was excellent. The Sons of Veterans should have had a larger house. This camp has been built up through the exertions of Capt. Pridgeon and several other zealous workers and needs encouragement by our people.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.

He dropped in our sanctum this morning for a chat
About the weather and crops and such things as that.
And finally asked, in a trembling way,
If, for spring poetry, prices we'd pay.
The force was called in—the pressman and Daniel;
The devil and Bert, and our slick jobman, Tingle.
The elm club was put to good use by the Ed.,
The girl pulled the wool from the top of his head.
The devil besmeared his nose with black ink,
He was trampled around like a man at a rink.
Her was finally slid out on the small of his back—
And up the stairs he bounded ker-whack.
No more will his soul in poetry soar;
He has passed from earth to a brighter star,
Where angels, not devils, in the sanctum sit
And spring posts are not made to "get up and git."
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
Again has Hymen conquered and nuptial solemnities have joined in heart, hand, and fortune Mr. W. R. Whitney and Miss Mary E. Hamill. The event was quietly celebrated Monday evening at the home of Mrs. M. L. Whitney, mother of the groom. It was in novel taste for its lack of formality. Only the immediate friends and relatives of the bridal pair were present, among whom were Rev. and Mrs. J. C. Miller, Mr. and Mrs. J. L. Horning, Mr. and Mrs. M. L. Robinson, and Master Roy, Mrs. N. J. Platter and little daughter, Belle, and Misses Nellie and Alice Aldrich. The ceremony was tersely and impressively pronounced by Rev. Miller, and after hearty congratulations all around, an inspection revealed a number of handsome tokens, all the more valued by coming only from intimate friends. Among the remembrances were a beautifully framed portrait of the bride's deceased uncle, Rev. J. E. Platter, by Mrs. Platter; a silver cake basket, Mr. and Mrs. M. L. Robinson; set of china hand-painted fruit plates, Mr. and Mrs. J. L. Horning; hand painted plaque, Mrs. I. W. Randall, and other elegant articles. The wedding, though without extensive display, was thoroughly enjoyable. The newly made pair start on the dual life with a future full of promise. The groom is the junior of the extensive hardware firm of Horning & Whitney, and has long stood foremost among the city's most prominent young businessmen, energetic, of close application and genial manner. The bride, for some years, has been an instructor in our city schools, is a lady of refinement and culture, and a keen ambition and independence that always accompany the truest womanhood. Mr. and Mrs. Whitney have furnished rooms in the Holmes block on South Main, where they will reside until they build a home, in the near future. Here's our hand, Billy, with the sincere and hearty wish, with those of your many warm friends, that all the brightest hopes of yourself and accomplished bride may be fully realized, in a life of unalloyed happiness, sunshine, and prosperity. And your numerous congratulators will ever pray.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
The rulers of the city met in regular bi-weekly session Monday eve, with Mayor Graham presiding, and Councilmen Connor, Jennings, Myers, Crippen, Baden, and Harter present; McDonald and Hodges absent.
The sidewalk petition of Marie A. Andrews et al was granted.
The Public Health Committee sat down on dry wells for drains, and an ordinance was ordered prohibiting drain wells or privy vaults anywhere in the city, of greater depth than eight feet.
Bills were ordered, paid as follows: B. McFadden, burying four canines, $4; city officers' salaries for Feb., $129.98; Black & Rembaugh, printing, $145.
Bills of J. P. Baden, $21.65, were referred to commissioners for payment.
The Western Union Telegraph Company was given right of way for its line to the uptown office, with the privilege of establishing said office.
Councilmen Crippen, Connor, and Harter were appointed to ascertain the boundaries of territory necessary to take into the city limits.
It was determined to put on the market simultaneously the city building and bridge bonds, $23,000, soon.
There were two bids opened for privilege of city weigh master. Capt. Lyons offered the city $25 per month, and Van Vleet & Sage, the new wholesale implement men, offered one-half the gross receipts from the scales, with a guarantee of $640 a year; no other scales to be licensed to weigh for hire in the city limits. The scales are to be the size and kind directed by the council, and be erected at once in front of 614 North Main.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
As is well known by this community, I have not made use of the papers to parade the doings and work of my church. I have rejoiced to know that other churches in this community have done and are doing a most excellent and successful work. As I have just closed my second year, I deem it prudent to say to the public what has been done by my church, and express my appreciation and gratitude to those outside of the church, who have always met me with good cheer and given my church a hearty support. One hundred and seventy-eight persons have been received into the church during the year. We have raised for church purposes $4,300.00. The church is united and harmonious; our Sabbath School has averaged 341 for the past quarter, and about three hundred for the year. The Juvenile Missionary Society, composed of boys and girls under the leadership of Mrs. A. Gridley, has raised for the support of orphan and other missionary work, $91.98. The Ladies W. F. Missionary Society has raised $98.00. The church does not owe one dollar to anyone. Next Sabbath Rev. S. R. Reese, of St. Louis Conference, will preach in the morning, and Prof. W. N. Rice in the evening. All are invited. B. KELLY.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.

Monday the K. C. & S. W. folks in a special car took the Board of County Commissioners over the line of their road, which is now finished seven feet over into the Territory. It was the official inspection before issuing the last $20,000 in bonds voted by Cowley County to this road. The examination was from Arkansas City to the Territory line, every foot of which the Commissioners found first-class. The bridge across the Arkansas river is as well and as solidly built as any in the west—will stand any of the big freshets. Cale is the name of the station established at the end of the line. The Commissioners, at a special meeting today, accepted the entire line in Cowley County, and issued the last bonds. This road has 43½ miles in this county. The S. K. has 44 miles. When the Frisco gets its branch to Geuda, it will have over fifty miles of road in Cowley, very valuable property for the county. Every agreement with the county has been fulfilled to the letter, giving one of the best railroads that traverse the west, direct and through eastern connection, with passenger and freight facilities unexcelled.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
Horrified were two of our handsomest and nattiest young society boys to have bills presented to them, Tuesday, by one of our leading dry goods firms, "To two ladies crinoline bustles, one dollar!" The boys blushed, as they rubbed their craniums and stutteringly sought an explanation. The apparent weight of family came like a thunderbolt. Hold—it's all right! The bills were receipted, the collector got his wealth and was gone, leaving the boys to ponder on the corpulency and "cuteness" of the "Castle Garden Twins," whose symmetry of form was borrowed and not returned. Ask Tom J. E. and Ed J. M. about it. They have some bustles at slaughter prices—for masquerade "stuffing"—if they can find them.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
The District Court docket begins to fill up for the April term, beginning on the 6th of April.
Susie Green files her petition for divorce from Sam Green. This is the elopement subject of the winter's romance.
Thomas McDonald vs. the A. C. Water Power Co., asking $200 damage for killing horse on the canal bridge.
Nichols, Shephard & Co. vs. R. C. Devore et al, suit to recover $700 on a promissory note.
W. H. Merritt vs. Mary I. Martin and Samuel G. Martin, suit to quiet title of the Billy Crabb farm in Pleasant Valley, another $1,000 heir having turned up.
Mary E. Harris vs. K. C. & S. W. R. R., appeal by the road from Harvey township Justice.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.

The lecture room of the Baptist church was completely packed Tuesday, over two hundred now having their names enrolled on the books of this Bible class. The life of Mathew was taken up last night and his history given by different members of the class from the time of his taking the office of tax collector of the Roman empire till his death in Ethiopia. These meetings are becoming more interesting as well as instructive week by week and it will soon be found necessary to hold them in the auditorium in order to accommodate the large number who attend. The life of the apostle Mark will be studied next Tuesday evening.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
The G. A. R. will hold a festival at the hall in New Salem on the third Friday night in March. The proceeds will be used for the benefit of needy old soldiers.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
There will be a grand festival for the benefit of the G. A. R. Post at New Salem on the evening of March 16th; all are cordially invited to attend.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
The ladies of Lone Tree gave a festival last Wednesday night, for the benefit of their pastor.
Senator Mitchell Argues for His Drastic Remedy for the Mongolian Invasion.
The Plague Spreading Eastward and Threatening Civilization.
The Telephone Scandal.
The House Adopts the Morrison Substitute Resolution.
Interesting and Sharp Debate.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
WASHINGTON, Feb. 27. In the Senate yesterday Mr. Mitchell, of Oregon, obtained the floor to deliver a speech on a bill recently introduced by him to provide for the abrogation of all treaties permitting the immigration of the Chinese to the United States. As Mr. Mitchell was about to proceed, Mr. Hale said it was so late yesterday when Mr. George completed his speech on the Education bill that he (Mr. Hale) had not thought it worthwhile to interfere with the consideration of the bill named, but now gave notice that on the completion of Mr. Mitchell's remarks, he would move that the Senate proceed to the consideration of executive business.
Mr. Mitchell then addressed the Senate. He said the people of the whole Pacific coast were today suffering from the presence of large numbers of unclean, non-assimilating, and pagan races. Impending over them and gradually extending eastward, like a cloud of wrath, the evil imperiled labor, prosperity and peace, even life itself. To exterminate the scourge heroic treatment would be necessary, and a more decided and aggressive government step than that had yet been taken would be necessary. The means of relief could not properly be availed of while preserving the present treaty stipulations with the Chinese Government. Neither could we expect within any reasonable time to secure relief by negotiation with that Government. Hence it was that the bill submitted by him (Mr. Mitchell) proposed that the States and the people of this Republic, through Congress and the Executive (or by two-thirds of Congress without the approval of the Executive), should remove the obstruction by first wiping out of existence all treaties which recognize the coming of Chinese to the United States and then absolutely prohibiting their coming, except in the case of consular and diplomatic officials.

Mr. Mitchell argued at length to show that the United States has the power to abrogate by act of Congress a treaty with a foreign nation, and that the magnitude of the evil to be remedied justified the action as proposed. Mr. Mitchell read a number of newspaper articles to show that the recent anti-Chinese disturbances in the West were not the work of an irresponsible or hoodlum element. They were the voice of honest labor, the wail of indignant toil struggling for life in the unequal contest with servile labor. The Burlingame treaty, he said, was valueless to the United States. This point the speaker enlarged upon with detail and circumstance, quoting statistics of our commerce with China in support of his contention.
Mr. Mitchell in conclusion said: "This bill, unlike our restriction acts and proposed acts, is not elastic. It is absolutely iron clad; it leaves nothing to construction; it is conclusive. It is not open to the objection of being liable to have its vitality sapped, or its efficiency destroyed by departmental or judicial decisions. No delicate questions as to conflict between act and treaty are left open for construction or determination by either court or department. The conflict that is waged on this subject—of the Asiatic occupation of this country—is as irrepressible as the conflict that resulted in the overthrow of human slavery. It is a conflict for supremacy on American soil between enlightened and honest American labor and the cheap and degraded labor of the lowest order of the Mongol—a conflict between morality and vice, order, and anarchy. Americanism and Asianism—a conflict between civilization and heathenism and Christianity and paganism—a conflict between two opposing forces, in all essential particulars, non-assimilating and repellant when considered in the relation of one to the other, as to which must and will ultimately and necessarily be driven to the wall. It does not require any peculiar prescience to determine the result of the contest if the United States Government either stands supinely by and does nothing; or but what is but little more effective for good—simply attacks the army of invaders with wooden swords and paper bullets under the pretense of conforming to the treaty stipulations and sustaining diplomatic relations."
The Education bill was taken up at the conclusion of Mr. Mitchell's address and discussion continued until executive session, after which the Senate adjourned until Monday.
In the House yesterday Mr. Morrison, of Illinois, from the Committee on Rules, reported a substitute for the Hanback and Pulitzer resolutions directing inquiry into the Pan-Electric telephone matter. The substitute is as follows.

Resolved, That a select committee, consisting of nine members of the House, be appointed, and when so appointed, the committee is hereby directed at as early a day as possible to make inquiry into any expenditure on the part of the Government incurred relative to the rights of the Bell and Pan-Electric Telephone Companies to priority of patents, said inquiry to include all organizations and companies that have sprung out of the Pan-Electric Company, or for any other purpose, and also to make full inquiry into the issuance of the stock known as the Pan-Electric telephone stock, or the stock of any other company, companies, or organizations springing out of the Pan-Electric Company, to any person or persons connected with the legislature, judicial, or executive departments of the Government of the United States; and to whom, when, and for what consideration said stock was delivered; also as to what opinions, discussions, or orders had been made by any officers connected with the Government and by whom; and all the circumstances connected therewith or arising therefrom; and said committee is further authorized and directed to ascertain any report whether either telephone company herein mentioned, or the officers, agents, or employees have in any way influenced or attempted to influence the officials or official action by or through the public press; and if such, when, by whom, and in what manner such influence was exerted, or attempted to be exerted, and what newspaper or newspapers so used or attempted to be used by them. Said committee shall have the rights to send for persons, or papers, to administer oath, to sit during the session of the House, to employ a stenographer, and incur any and all such necessary and reasonable expense as may be required for the purpose of conducting the investigation, not to exceed the sum of $1,000, which shall be paid out of the contingent fund of the House on proper voucher certified by the chairman and one other member of the committee, and may report at any time.
After brief, but excited debate, referring to which Gibson, of West Virginia, criticized Pulitzer, whom he accused of shrinking behind the columns of his newspaper to attack men instead of attacking them on the floor of the House, the resolution reported from the Committee on Rules was adopted.
Mr. Holman, of Indiana: "I call the gentlemen's attention to the fact that the gentleman from New York is not present."
Mr. Gibson: "The gentleman is not present? I cannot help that. He ought to be here. I remember that gentlemen who have lived a long life of good reputation, who, by their integrity and capacity, have won the confidence of the country, have been arraigned by an irresponsible newspaper, and the Democratic majority is rushing before the hue and cry to do that which must only do the gentleman injustice. Let the courts decide the matter. What has Congress to do with it? They say that the Attorney General some time or other got stock. I stood on the floor of this House and heard a member boast that he held hundreds of thousands of dollars of railroad stocks and would combine with railroads to clog up the courts with business, but no outcry was made against it. I see all around men who hold railroad stock and National bank note stock voting with the stock in their pockets and no outcry is made against it. The distinguished gentleman from New York (Mr. Hewitt), himself a large manufacturer, has been at work for years to revise the tariff so that his manufacturers may be more profitable." [Laughter.]
"There is a gentleman from South Carolina on the Committee on Coinage who is a member of a national bank."
Mr. Browne, of Indiana: "I want to know whether they paid for the stock?"
Mr. Gibson: "It matters not whether they paid for it or got it gratuitously. The question is, have they acted dishonestly? It is a mere begging of the question in a childish manner to talk of whether they paid for the stock. How many members own National bank stock? How many own railroad stock? If I am not misinformed, a late President of the Senate was himself counsel for one of the telephone companies who cried out against it. If I am correctly informed, the present President of the Senate is a National bank stockholder."
Mr. Cutcheon, of Michigan: "Was it presented to him?"
Mr. Gibson: "Was it presented? Does that make the fraud? It is not the manner in which the stock was come by, but whether the action was influenced by the stock. I am not standing as the champion of this administration or of these men when I acknowledge the honesty and cleanliness of the administration as equal to that of any we have ever had. I have very little regard for its politics." [Laughter and applause.]
Mr. Gibson spoke at great length in defense of the Attorney General.

Mr. Morrison: "As a friend of the officer supposed to be most affected, if anybody is to be affected by this investigation, having unlimited confidence in his honor and in his personal and official integrity, I want this resolution to pass and I want this investigation to go on."
Mr. Rogers, of Arkansas, welcomed the resolution and hoped the investigation would be made thorough and searching.
Mr. Breckinridge, of Arkansas, said he was proud to call the Attorney General his personal friend. He defended his course, declared that his skirts were perfectly clear of any wrong doing, and hoped the whole case would be investigated.
Mr. Reed, of Maine: "I appreciate the natural feeling of solemnity which has fallen on the Democratic party at the present time. To be stopped in the midst of a career which had for its motto the turning out of rascals; to be obliged to stop and consider the question whether, by some accident, instead of turning them out they had not got in, is of course painful, and I do not intend to detract from the solemnity of the occasion by discussing it prematurely. I only wish to tender, in passing, to the Democratic party, the assurance of the respectful consideration which we all have for their situation." [Loud laughter, in which the Democratic side joined.]
"It is the gentleman from West Virginia to say a few words in defense of the resolution. I think I even ought to befriend the gentleman from New York (Mr. Hewitt), who is absent, by suggesting that the gentleman from West Virginia is mistaken in supposing that the gentleman from New York is here for the purpose of building up his own industry. I think he is here for the purpose of attempting to break down other people's industries."
Mr. Morrison, of Illinois: "The gentleman is mistaken in supposing that the Democratic party is in any trouble. We propose to investigate the charges against our own people as we did those against theirs, and I trust if we find them guilty of anything unbecoming honest officials, we will not be found, as the gentlemen on the other side have been found, attempting to shield them." [Applause on the Democratic side.]
Mr. Roberts, of Arkansas, commenting upon the statement that the Attorney General did not appear in the prosecution of the suit, contended that as the Attorney General had been the published attorney of the Pan-Electric Company, professional ethics would have prevented his appearing. The resolution was then adopted without division.
Mr. Dockery, of Missouri, from the Committee on Accounts, reported back the following resolution, which was adopted.
Resolved, That the Committee on Post-offices and Post-roads is hereby empowered to ascertain whether additional legislation is necessary to prevent the monopoly of telegraphic facilities, and to secure to the Southern, Western, and Pacific States the benefits of competition between telegraph companies and to protect the people of the United States against unreasonable charges for telegraphic service.
Mr. Burnes, of Missouri, from the Committee on Appropriations, reported the immediate Deficiency bill, and it was referred to Committee of the Whole.
A Kansas City Hose Reel Gets Stuck and the Firemen and Horses
Get Terribly Roasted.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
KANSAS CITY, Mo., Feb. 27. At 11:30 o'clock last night flames were seen issuing from the planing mill at the southwest corner of Twentieth and Locust streets. In a few minutes the whole building, which was built of Georgia pine, was in flames. Before the fire could be put out, the mill and nine adjoining dwellings were burned, rendering eight families houseless and involving a loss of about $14,000. When reel No. 3, Nick Burns, foreman, and Alf Buell, driver, arrived, the line was made from Nineteenth street, and the reel started to dash down toward Twentieth street. A sewer was recently laid in Locust street and in front of the mill it had caved in somewhat, and the ground was soft and miry. The wheels of the reel stuck here, and at the same moment the flames burst from the side of the planing mill and swept across the street, encircling the horses, reel, and crew in a wall of fire. Almost as quickly as the flames had shot out, the traces of the horses were cut and they and the firemen dashed out of the flames, but not uninjured. The hands and face of Nick Burns, the foreman, were badly burned, and it is feared he may lose the use of his hands. Alf Buell, the driver, was also burned, but not badly. The horses were roasted so terribly that one of them will have to be shot, and probably both. The reel was also badly damaged. The planing mill belonged to Mitchell & Wells. The dwelling houses were occupied by laboring people, owned by Messrs. Lorie, Bucthold, and Satterlee. The fire was thought to be the work of an incendiary.
Threats of Lynching.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
SPRINGFIELD, Mo., Feb. 27. The coroner's inquest held yesterday over the nude body of the woman found Thursday in an abandoned well on the Malloy farm, and which are supposed to be the remains of Mrs. Sarah Graham, has thus far elicited startling development. Over two thousand people crowded the courthouse and the testimony was listened to with great attention. The examination of witnesses was conducted by the prosecuting attorney, John A. Patterson.

The first witness was Charlie Graham, the thirteen-year-old son of George and Sarah Graham. It will be remembered that upon the examination of George Graham a few weeks ago upon the charge of bigamy, this lad swore that the last he saw of his mother (Sarah Graham) was on the depot platform in St. Louis on September 30; that she bad himself, his younger brother, and his father goodbye there as the train moved off. At the inquest yesterday the little fellow swore that his mother came out on the train with them; that when they arrived at the city, the father took the boys from the train and left them at a boarding house, where he had made provision in advance for them, and telling them he was going to Brookline with the mother and from there to the Molloy farm, a few miles distant, and that he would return for them the next morning. The father did come for them next day and drove them to the Molloy farm, and since then he has seen nothing of his mother. When asked why he swore at the examination of the father for bigamy that his mother was not on the train, but she had remained in St. Louis, he answered that he had been instructed by his father to swear that. He described the clothes worn by his mother on the day of the trip from St. Louis, and when shown the articles of wearing apparel found in the abandoned well on the Molloy farm in company with the denuded female form, he identified each and every one. This was the sensational feature of the examination.
This testimony, with that already adduced by the detective, proves conclusively that Mrs. Sarah Graham left St. Louis on the morning of September 30 in company with her husband and two little boys, and that Mr. Graham put the boys off at Springfield and continued on the train with his wife; that they got off the train at Dorchester with the intention of walking to the Molloy farm house, two or three miles distant; that from that time nothing was known or heard of Mrs. Graham, and all trace was lost of her until the horrible discovery of the nude body and the clothing at the bottom of the well on the Molloy place, and within a few hundred yards of the house. A bullet-hole through the chemise and corset proves conclusively she was shot in the right breast. The body was then stripped stark naked and thrown into the well, and it is supposed it was the intention of the murderer to burn the clothes, but he became alarmed and threw them in the well hurriedly, and then determined to trust to luck for concealment. The remains were decomposed past identification, but that it will be proven to be the body of Sarah Graham, by the clothing, there is no doubt.
The testimony of Charles Graham and his recognition of the apparel as that of his mother are conclusive evidence to the community as to the guilt of Graham. The sister of the murdered woman, Mrs. Abbie Breese, of Fort Wayne, Indiana, will reach the city this morning, and the inquest was adjourned to await her arrival. Her testimony in identification of the clothing will be of importance, and if she recognizes it as that worn by the deceased when she left home, it will be conclusive of the body, and George Graham will occupy no enviable position. Already the air is filled with threats of lynching, and the most conservative citizens anticipate a tragic ending of this most horrible affair.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
Recap. Wm. B. Norman, Assignee of J. E. Coulter, assignor. Hackney & Asp, Attorneys for Assignee. Notice of the adjusting of accounts: creditors and all other persons interested in the estate of J. E. Coulter, assignor. To be handled April 12, 1886, at office of Clerk of the District Court, Cowley County.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
Recap. Sheriff G. H. McIntire to sell real estate to settle suit, F. M. Friend, Plaintiff, versus Wm. A. Freeman, Defendant, on Monday, March 23, 1886.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
Recap. George T. Frazier, Administrator, estate of Dewitt C. Green, deceased, to handle final settlement of estate April 5, 1886. McDonald & Webb, Attorneys.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
Recap. Forsyth & Madden, Attorney for plaintiff, attest, Ed. Pate, Clerk. Divorce Suit in District Court of Cowley County. Amanda J. Toms, Plaintiff, against Thomas N. Toms, defendant. Date: April 10, 1886.

The Gallery of M. F. Kelly Fitted Up in Artistic and Metropolitan Style.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
We all get shot occasionally—by the cameo. Nothing interests us more than to know where we can get a facsimile of ourselves that will do us justice, if not flatter. That Winfield has a Photographic Gallery absolutely unsurpassed by any outside of the large eastern metropolis, both in artistic work and fashionably furnished and roomy apartments, is now full established. The gallery of M. F. Kelly, over Wallis & Wallis', has been enlarged and elegantly re-appointed. The two front rooms have been added and handsomely furnished, making large parlors as neat and attractive as those of any private home. Beautiful carpets, mats, stands, upholstered furniture, and elaborate wall adornment make a reception room in harmony with the superior work and reputation of this gallery. Though here but little over a year, Mr. Kelly has established himself as a photographer unexcelled, as his large custom and displays fully attest. This elegantly furnished reception room, etc., has been badly needed and is the cap sheaf to a first-class gallery in every respect. Mr. Kelly's scenic effects and diversified apparatus, for any kind of photography, are ample to suit the most fastidious tastes. He turns out all kinds of work from the smallest "gem" to the imposing portrait in crayon, water colors, or oil, in a manner unexcelled and giving perfect satisfaction. Drop in and view his new apartments and elaborate display of art. And remember, when you want to "sit" for a picture highly creditable to the original and the artist, you will choose the gallery of M. F. Kelly every time. The most courteous and painstaking treatment will always greet you.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
H. I. Walck and Martha Myers, of Maple township, were granted a certificate of uncertain wedded bliss, Saturday.
Inventory filed of personal property of George Anderson, deceased.
Claim allowed of $310.70 against estate of Margaret J. Weaverling, deceased, in favor of V. A. Weaverling, executor of the estate of D. Weaverling, deceased.
Elder Gans was in Belle Plaine last night, to marry Emma Cain and a substantial young man of Sumner. The bride is a daughter of Elder Cain, Christian minister of the Plaines.
Petition has been filed for sale of real estate belonging to minor heirs of Elisha Bowen, deceased; set for hearing March 18th, at 2 p.m.
Joseph Anderson filed his bond as administrator of the estate of George Anderson, deceased; approved and letters issued. Despite the liquid elements, matrimonially the P. C. was very drouthy today.
F. J. Seeley and Martha A. Probasco are the latest victims of matrimony.
W. P. Hackney made final settlement as guardian of estate of Mary E. Lawson, a minor. Also final settlement as guardian in estate of Chas. Geer, a minor. Also final settlement as guardian of the Finly [?] heirs.
Geo. W. Robinson was appointed guardian of the above estates, vice Hackney resigned.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
Wm. Harris vs. K. C. & S. W. railroad company; George A. Harris and John Larson, ditto. The road appeals from Harvey township Justice's award of costs in damages by fire set by engine.
Amanda J. Shaff vs. Josiah J. Shaff, petition for divorce on grounds of extreme cruelty.
J. C. McMullen vs. Fred Grandy, suit for foreclosure on note of $300.
Franklin P. Smith vs. Arthur Shupe et al, suit to quiet title.
Nancy J. Arnett vs. Aaron J. Arnett, divorce petitioned. Arnett sent her to visit Missouri relatives, and then wrote her not to return—he didn't want anything more to do with her.
Justice Buckman has filed the preliminary in the Marshal murder case, over a hundred pages of legal cap. It came near requiring a dray to get it to the courthouse.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
The latest thing in the card game line, for social parties, is "drive whist," and as Winfield society is never behind it will soon be reveling in its novel mazes. It takes the place of progressive euchre, and is becoming very popular all over the East. To play the game it requires a certain number of persons, divisible by four, as in euchre. Partners are chosen as the hostess may elect, and the partners thus chosen are your partners for the evening. One hand is all that is played at any table; then the couple winning the points goes to the next table and plays a hand with the losing couple there. The number of points won or lost are scored, and the couple who wins the most points and loses the fewest are declared the champions of the evening, and carry off the first prize. The couple losing the most points, less the number won, take the second, or booby prize. Score cards must be provided in this game, so that careful record may be kept of all points won or lost.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
Recent improvements are getting the use of gas down "pat;" to a point greatly facilitating everything in light, heat, and power. Among the novel introduction to Winfield is a large gas range for the St. James Hotel, ordered through the Winfield Gas Company. It is the slickest thing in the stove line yet out. Its heat is furnished by perforated pipes, much or small as you want, each jet being governed by three cocks. Its room is ample to cook for three to give hundred people. The heat is instantaneous and even and at 46 per cent less cost than any other fuel. Then the facilities afford perfection in the culinary art that can't be equaled by any other mode. The St. James is having modern furnishings throughout and when opened for business, in a few weeks, will be a hostelry hard to beat in the state. It will have about fifty sleeping rooms, all with the neatest and most convenient furnishings.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.

A liver-colored canine of the bird persuasion pranced up and down Main street Thursday, in a mysterious way. He waded into every dog he struck and appeared to thirst for fore. He was set down as mad and probably was. Jim McLain got on his path and began to let him have cold lead. The animal didn't seem to care much for a little lead and everybody with a pop got a whack at him. Amos Snowhill, in two feet of the canine, couldn't hit him. With a bullet from McLain, one from Kraft, and a shot gun charge from somewhere else, the "dorg" ran under a building on west 8th, and ere this is walking the pearly streets of canine heaven. He had all the actions of hydrophobia. If he did have it, from the number of dogs he bit, there will be plenty of rabies and everybody had better look out.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
Do you realize that now is the time to begin "fixing up" your yards? Trees, where they are not already, should be planted now, and pruning, raking, and spading are in order. Get the mulch off your strawberry bed. Plant a few ornamental shrubs in the front yard, and rake in grass seed in those bare spots in your grass plat that you were lamenting last August. Drive small stakes a convenient distance apart and tack a lath across on top to keep folks from running across the corner. Put those three pickets on the alley fence where the dogs come in, and clean out the alley before the street commissioner does it at your expense. There is lots of this work to be done, and the sooner it is done, the better.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
It has been figured by a skillful mathematician that the earth weighs exactly 5,855,000,000,000,000 tons. It is now in order for Mr. Gould to offer the price per pound he is willing to give. Exchange.
No, Jay don't want it, says the Harper Sentinel. Just now he is scheming to buy Wichita. By the way, when we come to subtract the weight of Wichita from the weight of the world, there ain't much of the world's heft left. The figures stand thus: 5,855 tons for the world and 00,000,000,000 tons for Wichita. The sewer system is included in this calculation.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
The city election occurs the first Tuesday in April, and the city clerk must close his books ten days before the election. No person will be allowed to cast a ballot who is not registered this year, and can produce his certificate. Remember this.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
Our e. c. reports Ed. P. Greer as secretary of Winfield's Y. M. C. A. That Ed. is cultivating special piousness, in his old age, is a surprise. It appears to be Ed's time to "set 'em up."
Political, Official and Social Notes as Gathered by Our Regular
Washington Correspondent.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
The President now sees a good many people on Saturdays as well as on other days, and last Saturday the White House was very far from being deserted. A good many members were on hand, and some of them brought their constituents with them to be introduced.

The President was rather displeased, the other day, to see some of the lady correspondents standing behind the line at one of his receptions with their note books out and engaged in writing down descriptions of the clothes and appearance of the people they saw pass by. He remarked that they seemed to be taking notes just as if they were in a police court, and expressed a desire that they should not be admitted there during his receptions hereafter. Miss Cleveland, however, has not been so rigorous with them, and the note-taking was going on as usual.
I think it would be well to have some arrangement made whereby members of Congress can get better acquainted with each other. I've heard of several funny incidents that have happened from time to time when Congressmen who happened not to know their associates have made blunders, but I was told of one the other day which caused considerable mortification. One of the older members was seated in a committee room, when a new congressman, who is a member of the same committee, entered and sat down. The committee hadn't had a meeting before, but the chairman, who thought he knew all of his colleagues, took the gentleman to be a stranger—a constituent perhaps—who was making himself very much at home, and after waiting for him to introduce himself, turned around sharply and said: "My good man, if you have any business with me, I must ask you to explain it at once, as this is a private room, and a committee will meet here very soon." The new congressman looked up with surprise and inquired "whether the republican members of the committee were expected to attend the meeting? If so, he proposed to stay." This called out an explanation and an apology, but neither of the parties felt very comfortable over the incident.
I am informed that Senator Don Cameron is and has been in very poor health all this winter, and that he is contemplating a southern trip, to last until the warm weather returns to Washington. The Senator has apparently been in excellent condition during the present season, and, besides attending to his Senatorial duties with usual regularity, has devoted considerable attention to social matters. A brother Senator, who is on intimate terms with him, says he is a great sufferer from organic disorder, which gives him much annoyance at regular intervals.
"Stacks" is a game played with pennies. The players agree upon a number of coins to be stacked, then the fun begins. If the top penny on three of the piles should "head," the owner of the pile with "tail" on top would scoop in three pennies and so on down to the last penny. This game I am told is very popular with certain Senators during executive sessions when the proceedings are not very interesting.
The President yesterday evening gave a reception from 9 until 11 o'clock in honor of the officers of the army and navy, to meet the diplomatic corps. Congress and the judiciary were invited. As with the diplomatic corps reception, the members of that body are invited through the Secretary of State, the Army and Navy by the Secretaries of War and Navy respectively, and the judiciary at the hands of the Attorney General. No cards are issued for these occasions, and it is stated that it was the wish of the President that members of Congress would attend without more formal invitation than the published announcement to this effect.

Our statutes are bothering the Senators a great deal. The Peace Monument is ordered to go somewhere else, but where? George Washington, sitting unclothed in the open air, when the artist intended that he should be sheltered under the dome, is an object to excite pity; John Marshall is in an unhappy situation and cannot long remain where he is; General Rawlins must come away from his unsightly surroundings, but no one knows where to put him; Christopher Columbus has not yet been provided with a site; Grant demands the place of honor at an early day, while Hancock must have a place where all can do honor to his courage and patriotism. The necessity for a great building in which we can shrine our heroes, statesmen, patriots, and poets grows apace. L.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
The Pleasant Hour hop, at the Opera House Thursday, was made all the more enjoyable by the waxy consistency of real estate. Arthur Bangs' hacks and busses were out, evading any inconvenience from the elements. However, the attendance was smaller than usual; but pleasurable in the extreme was the occasion, twenty or more couples reveling in the mazy, with life and freedom only capable of as mutually agreeable, vivacious, and attractive a society circle as the young folks of Winfield compose. Most acceptable and enhancing was the presence of an unusual number of young married folks, who seemed to even excel the hilarity of the "single bliss" participants. The P. H. C. will probably close their dances for the season about the second week in April, with a calico or full dress party, the calico having the preference at present. These bi-weekly hops have been a delightful feature of the winter's social pastimes—with life, harmony, and genuine enjoyment surpassing any previous winter.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
Winfield wants a $50,000 appropriation to build a post office building. She also wants the world, and is about as liable to get the one as the other. She has sold acres of town lots by means of her windy misrepresentations; and the present cry as to the needs and demands of the post office would seem to indicate that the raw material for manufacturing booms was about exhausted. Wellington Monitor.
Don't fret yourself. Despite your malevolent belchings, Winfield continues to march onward and upward. Every visitor and careful investigator is ready to corroborate everything THE COURIER or anybody else has said about Winfield. All realize that geographically, progressively, railroadically, manufacturingly, and in every way Winfield is unsurpassed in present worth and future prospects, by any city in southern Kansas. She is bound to make a great city and is rapidly getting there. Just keep on your shirt, Mr. Monitor, and watch us boom—a boom surpassing the wildest dreams of every inhabitant. Au Re Voir!
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
Take a map of the United States and study it carefully; look up the surroundings of the different railroad centers of the land; compare points and places; throw away prejudice and look ahead ten years, judging (as we must) the future by the past, and candidly and honestly do you not have to admit that Winfield is the natural location, all things considered, for a large inland city? No man with an unprejudiced eye can fail to see it. And the facts bear one out in this theory, for even now, in the infancy of our state, Winfield ranks second to but one or two cities in Kansas. What will she be when Kansas shall have become full grown?
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.

Postmaster Rembaugh has word from the Postmaster General that a regular U. S. mail will be established on the Frisco railroad from Beaumont to Winfield on the 15th inst., with offices at Latham, Atlanta, Wilmot, and Floral. This will be hailed with rejoicing by the people all along this route, especially the small offices that have been entirely dependent upon star routes. And among the happy is THE DAILY COURIER, which has been sent to the towns up the road by special carrier. This will give us a direct eastern mail a day earlier than by K. C.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
Simple integrity, simple firmness, simple justice to the poor and rich alike, giving to each one his rightful dues, striving neither to over-sell nor under-buy goods or labor, incurring no debts that admit of a possible doubt of being promptly met, and luring no one else to do so—in short, carrying out in the daily life the principles of honesty and fairness—is the very best and most efficient means of benefitting the community, and the only foundation on which to build a benevolence worthy of the name.
Winfield the Future Great City of Southern Kansas.
A Neighborly View.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
THE COURIER's "Banshee" article, a few weeks ago, heralding Winfield's unrivaled prospects—a great railroad, commercial and manufacturing center—caught the full approbation of the Leon, Butler County, Quill, which copied the column article in full, and commented as follows.
When the above, from the Winfield Courier, catches the eye of Marsh Murdock, the Eagle will scream. It will flutter its wings. It will ruffle its feathers. It will resemble the fretful porcupine. It will open wide its mouth and—well, the sound of the calliope will be sweet music in comparison. Banshee will stir up the animals along the Arkansas between Hutchinson and the Indian Territory. Somewhere along the river between these points, a great city must and will be built. A city with a hundred thousand sinful, loving, hating, mammon-worshiping, and God-adoring denizens, will make and barter all sorts of fabrics and commodities. The question now is, at what point along the line indicated will this great distributing point and emporium be built? God made the country; but man builds the city. He must build it where the finger of omnipotence has indicated. He must select that point where there is an abundance of water. For a city of 100,000 people an abundance of water is as necessary as the air we breathe. He must select that point where it can be successfully drained or sewered. Whenever and wherever a village is changed into a city of 100,000 people, successful sewerage must be established or disease and death will follow. One can easily see that Banshee is no slouch. He sees that certain elements are necessary and he shows wherein Winfield possesses many of these elements. It has the finest building stone, and in greater abundance than any point in the southwest. It has already splendid stone structures, both public and private. It has nine thousand population. It has a location with abundance of water, first-class water-works, where sewerage can be established at small expense."

The Quill is right. Winfield stands unsurpassed in natural advantages. It has all the natural resources to build an empire with Winfield as its Mecca—the location, the soil, the climate, the manufacturing, and railroad advantages and a hundred sources of natural and cultured superiority. And we have the intelligence, energy, citizenship, immigration, and capital that will seize and develop this golden promise. All are fully awakened to the grand possibilities that await us.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
Previous to leaving for Key West, I will give you a few of my ideas concerning this land of orange blooms, and perpetual summer. Two weeks ago, when I was yet in Orange County, on the banks of the lovely Lake Dora, every tree, large and small, gave positive proof that Jack Frost had betrayed his trust, and killed each leaf with his frosty breath. However, the amount of damage done to old groves is not nearly as great as was at first feared, when the mercury ran down to 150 above zero, with a northwester blowing a gale which chilled the very marrow in our bones. Like all calamities the horrors increase with repetition, and certain croakers delight to put the worse side out.
Mt. Dora is the home of several families who came from Winfield, some of whom have built themselves convenient and comfortable homes, and are raising their "own vine and fig tree" under which to sit and enjoy the fruit therefrom.
Mr. Swain has a neat, convenient cottage surrounded by two and a half acres of land upon which he has bestowed the greatest care and made it really beautiful. For the comfort of his wife, his house is supplied with rain water from a tank above, and pipes carrying it into stationary sinks in every room where it is needed. Indeed, everything looks as though he had come to stay. Sam Mullen also has 2½ acres upon which he is expending all the money he can get hold of, and the result shows good taste and thorough industry. Alexander and Rhodes are running a general merchandise store on the shore of the lake and a live alligator chained to one of the timbers of the wharf.
As I had determined to see something of the state while in it, my inclination leaned towards Bartow; partly because it was where Mr. Harden and Fred Hunt cast their lots three years since, and I assure you I am very glad I did so; else I would have returned with no very favorable opinion of Florida. First, I am glad I came here, because I have made the acquaintance of an intelligent, interesting, and cultured family, which I exceedingly regret not having done while they resided in Winfield. Pitying me as a waif, Mr. Harden, with his innate hospitality, invited me to his home, and nothing has been left undone by his good wife and lovely daughters to render my stay pleasant. We ride, we ramble, we visit, and when night comes, a well-stocked book case offers a selection of choice literature which gives clear knowledge of the style of reading preferred by the inmates of that household; and when I go forth, I shall feel that their society has had a charm not soon to be forgotten.

Second. At the very northern line of the county (Polk County) I discovered that the leaves were as fresh and green on the orange trees as they were before the frost. The fruit was falling, but the appearance of the country looked more productive; the sand was blacker and there was a grass which I should think would tempt cattle. As we proceeded on the South Florida railroad, there were real live signs of Yankee thrift in nearly every town along the route, new frames were going up and unfinished buildings were conspicuous to the observer; but when we came in sight of this town, we thought it was settled by a go-ahead people sure enough. Churches with spires reaching heavenward; hotels well finished with balconies; handsome, large houses; and neat, extensive cottages; a fine courthouse; good sidewalks and a wide-awake community of about 1,000 souls, as I have since informed myself, is certain a great attraction to a tourist or home seeker.
The South Florida railroad has been in operation for a year, and the Florida Southern completed nearly as far as Fort Ogden, must, as per contract, reach its destination on Charlotte Harbor by the first of May.
Yesterday Mr. Harden took us in his carriage to Eagle Lake, one of a chain of most lovely lakes in this great lake region. The soil surrounding it is a black sand, susceptible of producing all the same tropical fruits and many of the varieties grown north, and the berries to perfection.
On the southwest side of this lake I have bought six and a half acres and shall proceed at once to have it cleared of palmetto and pines, and as fast as practicable, build myself a home in this balmy climate. Not more than a mile off is Lake McCloud, where Quincy Glass and Will Hudson are landholders, in a fine location. The South Florida railroad runs midway between the two lakes, with a depot and town staked off. The idea that Florida is all swamp, is a myth, for I am confident that all this part of the state, and as far as I have noticed, is as healthy as anywhere, judging from the rosy cheeked people who have lived here for years. There are many invalids who came from the north, most of which make the change too late. Some of the natives are yellow, but I believe they are made so by living on sweet potatoes. Irish potatoes do well, and there is no reason why there should be any material change of diet if a man has the energy to cultivate his land. Corn is raised satisfactorily; rice, oats, and sugar cane forming diet for horses and cows. And oh! What a country to raise chickens.
After I return from the gulf, accompanied by Mrs. Harden and Maj. Mansfield, I will describe the people and their customs. H. P. MANSFIELD.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
The predictions of Prof. Blake, the Kansas weather prophet, if they did make a bad miscue on the blizzard put down for Feb. 28th, seem to have hit it all right for March, taking the start as a cue. He says March will be a warm and wet month, but that the greater portion of Kansas will not have an excess of rain, and farmers here will have a fair opportunity to get their seeding and plowing done early, and it should be done as early as possible to avoid danger later in the season. He also says there will be heavy frosts in the latter part of the month and in April, and while these frosts will not be as severe as they are some springs, yet they will do considerable damage on account of the warm rains and hot sun during the latter part of February and early in March, starting vegetation prematurely. According to Mr. Blake, the equinoctial storm this year will commence early.
Grindings of the City Rulers in Special Session Last Night.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
The city council held an adjourned session Thursday, with Mayor Graham in the chair and councilmen Crippen, Myers, Connor, Jennings, Baden, and Harter, present; absent, McDonald and Hodges.

An ordinance prohibiting all unmuzzled dogs the freedom of the city; a public health ordinance, prohibiting a public health ordinance, prohibiting wells for drainage, over eight feet deep; wells for drainage, over eight feet deep; ordinance for sidewalk on Fourth and Millington streets; ordinance vacating the alley east and west in the Brettun block, were passed.
Bills ordered paid: Willis A. Ritchie, past services as city building architect, to be paid from amount received for bonds; Jos. O'Hare, telegraph message, $1, and F. L. Holbrook, work on fire department building, $6.
Bills of Willis A. Ritchie, city engineer, $21.50, and District Clerk Pate, $11.75, were referred.
Permit was given to S. E. Hunt to raise the front and back of the old Stump building, in the McDougall block.
For the purpose of consulting as to the Walnut river bridge contracts; the township board of Vernon, H. H. Martin, trustee; J. M. Householder, clerk, and Wm. Carter, treasurer, were present. The dozen bridge representatives were excluded from the chamber and the bids opened, and, after some consideration, the final consideration was set for April 12th.
The city weigh master's bond was placed at $1,000; the city clerk was instructed to execute the proper contract, and the city attorney to draw an ordinance regulating the duties and privileges of the weigh master.
It was decided to sell the city building bonds at the next regular meeting of the council, the 15th inst.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
Winfield men are to the front again with another railroad scheme. It is one of considerable magnitude, the Kansas City, Colorado & Texas railroad, with a total length of 1,500 miles and a capital stock of $30,000,000. The directors named in the charter are Capt. J. B. Nipp, Senator J. C. Long, J. L. Horning, H. D. Gans, J. H. Fazel, N. M. Powers, Jas. H. Irwin, Edwin Beeney, John Kuddiman, of Winfield, and others from abroad. Among the foreigners: L. S. Olmstead, builder of the Chicago & Alton, B. F. Beesley, J. L. Morrison, and D. H. Mitchell, old railroad men from Jacksonville, Illinois. Already capitalists and other old railroad men are seeking interest in the scheme. The capital stock is limited to $20,000 a mile. The proposed route is from Kansas City to and through the counties of Wyandotte, Johnson, Franklin, Douglass, Osage, Lyon, Morris, Chase, Marion, Dickinson, Saline, McPherson, Ellsworth, Rice, Barton, Rush, Ness, Lane, Scott, Wichita, and Greeley, to the western line of the state; thence through Colorado to Denver. A line will diverge in Osage County, and pass southwesterly through Osage, Lyon, Coffee, Greenwood, Chase, Butler, Cowley, and Sumner; thence through Indian Territory and Texas to San Antonio. Another line will branch off in Morris County and pass through Chase, Marion, Butler, Harvey, Sedgwick, and Sumner, going through Indian Territory and Texas to San Antonio.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.

R. H. White, of last summer's terrible wife-murder, now at his father-in-law's at Goreville, Illinois, is still writing letters to various individuals here, giving the officials hades for not running down the mystical murderer of his wife. He says their actions will land them in the bottomless pit of hell, and mildly alludes to numerous citizens hereabouts as dastards and liars in seeking to blacken his immaculate character. He says McIntire and Asp have bought up THE COURIER in aid of the "nigger" whom he is certain committed the murder of his wife. He tells everybody to mail their letters on the trains, for McIntire "stands in" with the postmaster and will let no letters pass. Another letter asks Brother Kenney to go into the agony of darkness and implores the capture of the perpetrator of that awful tragedy. His letters are the eruptions of a haunted mind. Every letter he writes convicts him, and are notably minus that contrite and Godly spirit he feigned while here. He should keep his mouth shut. Every time he opens it, he gets his foot in—comes a little nearer giving himself away.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
Just now while you merchants are all in a good humor with yourselves and with the rest of mankind, we want to lecture you a little. In times that are now forgotten (?) many of the businessmen of this city have been "worked for chumps" by advertising fakirs, and we want in the first place to recall to your minds the facts in connection therewith. It is only necessary to mention the bare fact and the details will recur to your mind. You have paid thousands of dollars for advertising that never did you or the city or the county a cent's worth of good and it has been paid to men who came here with some great advertising scheme for the benefit of the town. Honor bright, now, have you ever advertised with one of these foreigners and received a dollar's worth of good from it? If so, we would like to hear from it. The advertising that has paid you in every case has been that done by your papers at home. That is all. The advice we intended giving is now unnecessary. Only let us request of you that during all of this year, you will not once be taken in by any of these sharks.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
We arise to ask the WINFIELD COURIER what is the matter? Since Frank took a trip last week to see his girl, we haven't been able to make more than one or two stealings each day. And are melancholy allusions to death and the grave, the heavenly inspiration of poetry, and a whole column of religion in the middle of the week. We sincerely hope she didn't give you the bounce, old boy. Harper Graphic.
Matter enough, Charlie! You know how it is—you've been there. Haunting visions of your hoped for papa-in-law's No. twelves, with bulldog accompaniment, are not very conducive to brilliant thoughts and happy reflections, especially when you carry a conspicuous reminder of the impressive farewell. With heavy doses of quinine, however, the fever will soon be broken, when the scintillations of our father will make Bill Nye and the Graphic man throw up the sponge.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
As many as a dozen farmers, interviewed by a reporter, agree in saying that the May and Mediterranean wheat is entirely winter-killed except when sown in among stalks. Turkey wheat is also injured, but to what extent cannot now be said. The tops are dead, but there is considerable life in the roots. Newton Republican.

From numerous farmers we learn that very little wheat is frozen out in Cowley. Earlier it was feared that much had been killed, but recent developments show the roots to be all right. It is making a rapid, strong growth, and the fields will soon be a perfect mat. The wheat prospect, or that of any other crop, was never better than at present. Farmers are anticipating, from never-failing signs, the best crop year we have had for a decade.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
The city election occurs Tuesday, April 6th. The officers to be elected are: One councilman from each ward, two justices of the peace, and four members of the school board. The out-going councilmen are: W. R. McDonald, 1st ward; T. B. Myers, 2nd ward; W. J. Hodges, 3rd ward; J. N. Harter, 4th ward. The retiring members of the school board are W. D. Johnson, 1st ward; George Ordway, 2nd; W. C. Robinson, 3rd; and W. H. Smith, 4th. The principal skirmish will be over the justices and the 1st and 2nd ward councilmen. But every place to be filled is important to the welfare of a progressive and prosperous city like Winfield, and much care must be exercised in getting men who will fill them acceptably and creditably to themselves and the city.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
The Webster Literary Society met at Normal hall Thursday, and a lively time was had. The question for debate was: "Resolved, That monarchy is the safer form of Government." After a lengthy debate it was decided in favor of the negative. It was discussed by Professors Wood, J. C. Bradshaw, and W. T. Hardy, on the affirmative; J. T. Gillett, Ed. Sparks, and M. McDonald on the negative. The next was the reading of the Casket [?], a newsy sheet, edited by H. A. Owen, which contained some very good points, but woe unto the boys. The question for discussion next Thursday night is: "Resolved, That the art of printing is a greater invention than that of steam."
Her Chronicle of the Comings, Goings and Doings of Persons at Home and Abroad.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
W. H. Gray, one of the "city dads" of Udall, was in town Friday.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
W. H. H. Pittman and Marion Clark, of Kellogg, were here Friday.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
J. S. Sweet, one of Timber creek's substantial farmers, came down on the Frisco Friday.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
Oliver Brothers, of which our Ray is a member, have opened a lumber yard at Arkansas City.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
E. B. Wingate and C. Wm. Roehing, of the K. C. & S. W., were up from the Terminus Thursday.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
Miss Anna Hunt is writing in the law office of McDonald & Webb, where she will remain permanently.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
Rev. Reider went over to Burden this evening to assist tonight in a series of Baptist revival meetings.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
W. J. Wrazier [? Frazier] and E. J. McLean, two of Burden's lively young men, were circulating around the hub Friday.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
L. S. Olmstead, the Illinois railroad contractor, interested in the Midland railway, through Winfield, is at the Brettun.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
C. C. Taylor, Oscar Andrew, Wm. A. Tadball, and James P. Adair, St. Louis, left their autographs at the Brettun Thursday.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
J. L. Hon, of Tolles & Hon, Burden's hardware firm, was in the city today on his way home from a visit with his parents near Hackney.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
Miss Nellie Rodgers returned Friday from several weeks with her father at Syracuse. The family will move to that place in a month or so.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
H. B. Schuler, of the Winfield National, left on the Frisco Thursday, for a ten days' business trip to Henrietta and other places in Texas.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
J. S. Mann got home Friday from the east, having laid in a large stock of spring clothing, a stock containing all the novelties and substantials.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
M. K. Fleming, division freight agent, and John Kline, general stock agent, of the S. K., were in the city Friday on business with Agent Branham.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
R. W. Alexander, A. C. Goodrich, W. J. Flynn, M. P. Mauritius, hailing from the Kaw's mouth, were doing the city Thursday, hashing at the Brettun.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
Lemar Kretsinger, son of D. L., is now a salesman at the City Book Store. Lemar is bright and steady and will hold down such a position splendidly.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
Kingsley & Barnes, the painters and frescoers, are papering and renovating Hudson Bro.'s dandy jewelry house, and will make it bud and bloom like the flowerets of spring.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
Mrs. Bobbitt will soon erect a two-story hotel on her lots, corner of 9th and Loomis, for which J. B. Stannard, the Architect, is getting up a handsome design. It will be 35 x 70 feet.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
Mr. and Mrs. Chas E. Fuller are getting straightened around in their elegant new home on east Tenth. It is neat and novel in design and among the city's pleasantest homes.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.

W. L. Russell, a Winfield boy, now traveling for Cohn's Wichita cigar manufactory, is in the city. He has a large territory southeast and west of Wichita and is working up a good business.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
A. E. Baird is home from his eastern purchasing tour, closely followed by a big spring stock, splendidly selected, with a view to a better spring trade than ever. The New York Store is always to the front.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
Mrs. J. C. Curry, nee Ella E. Bosley, whose serial stories attracted so much appreciation in THE COURIER a few years ago, is very dangerously ill at her home in this city. Her recovery is doubtful.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
The New Kiowa Journal is responsible for the statement that dirt has commenced to fly on the Southern Kansas extension into the Territory. The surveying corps started south again from that point a few days ago.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
Money always is a fickle thing—dangerous to have around. A. B. Taylor, of the register's office, lost two ten dollar bills Wednesday, slipped from his pocket in some way, and Woods Rutherford, of Otto, lost a 20 dollar bill.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
P. H. Albright and James B. Moore have bought the four Hackney & Asp office lots, opposite the courthouse, for $8,000. They will hold them for increase of value, possibly putting up good buildings on them later in the year.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
The Santa Fe railroad authorities are contemplating lining their track with a double row of Russian Mulberry. It is said that this will give the road a perfect protection against snow drifts and prevent any future snow blockades.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
Col. J. M. Alexander is at home from the winter at Mt. Dora, Florida, looking as plump and happy as ever. He says he will erect, in conjunction with the First National, a fine business block on his lot next to Hudson Bros. The Colonel will be here all summer.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
George C. Whitson, a Winfield boy who recently took a claim in Ford County, near Garden City, has had a post office and town located on his claim, named Whitson, of which he is P. M. George's distinguishment is sudden, but will likely be borne with true Democratic fidelity.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
Samuel Roseberry, one of Beaver township's sturdy young men, and Miss Josie Abrams, daughter of Joseph Abrams, of this city, were married Wednesday at the bride's home. Both possess many promising qualities and start the blissful wedding voyage with high hopes and many well wishes.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.

If the young lady who, during the sermon at the Christian church the other night, chewed gum and reveled in the romance of a yellow-backed novel, had listened to the services, she might have learned something and made a less disgusting and ridiculous impression on those around her. H.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
Judge W. B. Halyard, father of Mrs. Chas. E. Fuller, is here from Joplin, Missouri, for a visit. He is a prominent citizen and hardware merchant of Joplin, and one of Leavenworth's earliest businessmen. Though an old Kansas, this is his first visit to this section, and of course he is highly surprised and pleased.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
Thursday was one of the meanest, dirtiest, juiciest days imaginable. Thanks to luck and a climate unsurpassed, we have few such. The rarity makes them all the tougher. It's the interlude to winter and spring. All humanity looked mad today, wore a sour visage, and a liver upside down. It takes sunshine to make happiness. Clouds and murk, never.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
Postmaster Rembaugh's new double delivery scheme, rowing the mail-inquirers on one side from "A to L" and the other side from "M to Z" worked like a charm with the rush and jam of today. It expedites things greatly. By three o'clock the two delivery clerks had the crowd satiated, so that a man could get into the office without endangering life and limb.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
Marshal McFadden caught one of the Pop boys perambulating over on S. K. freight train Friday, in violation of the ordinance made and provided therein, making a fine of five dollars and costs, with commitment until paid. Young Pop will likely languish for awhile. The marshal is determined to break up the dangerous, boyish habit of climbing on every passing train "just for a ride."
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
Capt. Siverd's sorrel-topped companion, his noble steed, was parted with Friday. The Captain has owned him since 1881, since when that steed has carried more truth, piety, and intelligence over this country than any dozen other horses. Cal. Ferguson takes him to the western plains, to stage it. The parting of the two sorrels was pathetic, both the steed and the Captain shedding bitter tears.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
S. H. Rodgers has sold his fine residence on east 10th avenue to J. B. Maybury, for $5,300. Mr. Maybury and family have been here several weeks, from Chillicothe, Ohio. He is a man of means, intelligence, and enterprise, and will make a valuable citizen. In the Rodgers residence he gets one of the best homes in the city. Mr. Rodgers, already established in business at Syracuse, out on the Santa Fe, will move his family to that place in a short time. The loss of a family so highly esteemed will cause deep regret, especially among the many warm friends of Misses Nellie and Kate, who have taken an active part in the city's social circle.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.

Albion W. Tourgee, one of the most successful and distinguished men of the day, is only little past forty, and yet has been a soldier, statesman, author, editor, and lecturer, and in each has proved himself a marvelous success. His Fool's Errand had, with the exception of Uncle Tom's Cabin, the largest sale of any American book ever published. Two years ago he was induced to enter upon the lecture platform, and here again this man of genius has proved a wonderful success. As a speaker he rarely needs notes. He is logical, earnest, and witty. His lecture at the Opera House Friday evening of next week, "A Story-Teller's Story," will be a great literary treat and of course get a big house.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
Again, after a week of mud and growing murkiness, the bright sun shines down on saint and sinner—striking very few of the latter, you know, in this city of church spires. The clear, balmy atmosphere of today was the true harbinger of spring and struck a responsive chord in every heart. A few days like this will banish the extra juice from the earth and make all nature fairly burst her waist bands in glad buoyancy. The recent rains have been great for the wheat. It is heaving upward finely and will soon cover the fields with a mat of velvety green. Farmers, city folks, and everybody anticipate big things for this year. Its promise is certainly bright.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
Word reaches us of a party who lives in the third ward attempting to scare his wife into consenting to sell their property. He and his brother put their heads together and got up a very deep plot. (?) The brother at different times would slip up to the door and jerk it violently; but when the husband or wife would go to see who was there, all would be vacancy and darkness. Strange noises would be heard about the house when the wife was along. When the husband would hear the knocking, he would show great fear and quite often he would bring his gun to bear and shoot in the direction of the disturbance. In fact, the house in different places is well peppered with shot. The wife proved to be gritty and at last ferreted out the source. It now appears that she will probably pepper the husband and brother with hot shot.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
Four families of Omaha Indians passed through the city Saturday, going to visit a month with the Poncas in the Territory. They left their reservation in Nebraska a month ago. Their coverless wagons and little ponies showed the effects of the long jaunt. They had tent poles, etc., and cast their tents every night. An Indian never sleeps in a wagon. They laid in some supplies here and excited a number of easterners, newcomers, who had never seen a noble Red Man of the forest in all his sweet scented, majestic array and unsurpassed beauty. He is the embodiment of yellow-backed romance and a curiosity to one who don't know him and his dog-eating, white-man hating propensities.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.

The census of last year shows that Cowley County had a population of 29,055; number of natives, 28,703; foreign born, 848; colored, 266; number of males, 15,923, females, 13,632; excess of males, 2,291. The number of married persons, 11,218; single, 17,516; widows, 496; widowers, 321. With the vast immigration that has poured into our famous county since the last census will increase the showing this year to at least 35,000 or 40,000. Winfield alone will show an increase of three or four thousand. This year's census will not only show a big increase in population, but in general values. Verily, we are rapidly spreading.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
The elongated while sailing across the street this morning ran squarely against a fat woman who was also in a hurry; and in the effort to pass one another, the spectators were treated to a genuine Humpty-Dumpty performance. The actions of the performers, as they danced in front of each other, were suggestive of a man trying to head a cow out of the corn. (The lady is assured that no offense is meant by the comparison.) At last the scribe did the most sensible thing under the circumstances, in standing perfectly still while the lady with the prominent avoirdupois went around him and passed on. When corpulency meets corpulency, etc.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
Winfield has hundreds of mechanics who are looking forward, this year, with bright anticipations. Mechanics are the palace builders of the world; not a stick is hewn, not a stone is shaped in all the lordly dwellings of the rich, that does not owe its beauty and richness to the mechanic. The towering spires that raise their giddy heads among the clouds depend upon the mechanic's art for their strength and symmetry. Not an edifice for devotion or business or comfort but bears the impress of their hands. How exalted is their vocation! How sublime their calling! And yet, in our midst, how many we have who look with disdain upon the man who toils for his daily bread.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
Agent Kennedy, of the Santa Fe, only refrained from snatching us bald-headed Friday through the importunities of our mother-in-law. Its single-trip tickets he's selling to California for $20—no cut-rate round trips on sale. This is cheaper than to walk. He had a big rush today for California—everybody got the tour fever, changing their mind, however, when they contemplated a ride but one way. We bare our bald pate in correction.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
There are various and many rumors as to who will fill the four vacancies in the city council. It is important that we have men of backbone, enterprise, and judgment—men who will boost the city on in the magnificent prosperity so forcibly begun. Get in men of narrow minds, no public spirit, and without a proper pride for good order and good name, and our prospects will be reversed.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
The assessors are again abroad in the land and it is in order for you to get ready to say that your watch is worth $2.50; your buggy $29, that your $20,000 stock of goods is really valued at $1,500, and that your $30 per acre farm is really worth $4 per acre. Try and get it all in below the $200 exemption and then swear to it.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
Thursday was pension day for County Clerk Smock and his deputy—the day when the pensioners acknowledge their papers to send to Topeka for their quarterly dues. The county clerk, under an old custom, makes no charges for these acknowledgments, though the law allows fifteen cents each.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
There are people in the world who are continually finding fault with their neighbors, sticking their noses into other peoples' affairs, growling, grunting, back-biting, and keeping things in a general state of cussedness. A very few of them live in Winfield. If they succeed in reaching heaven, we wish a permanent residence in Texas.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
Do you want a fortune? You do. Well, just get up a patent towel for a printing office that will wash itself as soon as it is able to stand alone. THE COURIER has five that cannot only stand alone, but are strong enough to walk a mile, and they haven't been in use but twelve years either.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
The question whether it is proper to say "thanks" or "I thank you," is at present troubling some of the great minds in Western journalism. The great difficulty has always been to get the average man to say either the one thing or the other.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
Mother Eve was curious and Papa Adam was willin'. Both, he as well as she, possessed the element of curiosity, and both "got their foot in it." Man is just as inquisitive as woman, and generally from more questionable motives.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
There is a girl in Independence ten years old who weighs nearly 300 pounds. The mother of this interesting bit of juvenile ponderosity, who is a widow, has received an offer of $75 per week to travel with her for exhibition.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
The auction criers being removed off the Ninth and Millington street square Saturday drew a big crowd down courthouse-ward. Good move.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
"The early bird catches the worm," and the sooner you come to Winfield and invest your money, the sooner you will double it.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
The three Elliott brothers, living on South Fuller street, have bought lots in Highland Park and have commenced building.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
Wellington is again talking gas works. A town so chuck full of natural gas ought to get along without special facilities.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.

A public spirited gentleman of this city says Winfield has got to have an electric light plant if he has to put it in at his own expense. We hope that it will be put in, and during this season, or at least before the evenings lengthen out in the fall. It would be a nice thing to have powerful and brilliant lights high up like suns, to illumine the streets of the city on dark nights, and then, churches, opera house, and probably some other large rooms could use the light to advantage. At least it is a splendid show and a great advertising scheme.
It is thought by some that it would supplant the gas light system and "bust up" the gas company. We hope no one will lay awake nights on that account. We believe it would be an actual benefit to the gas company. At present, so large a proportion of our citizens still cling to kerosene oil, and so small a number have been at the expense of the necessary plumbing to get gas, that as yet the receipts of the company have only about paid running expenses, to say nothing for interest or dividends on the fifty thousand dollars invested. The company has kept the price of gas down to rates lower than any other city of its size and as low as in such cities as Topeka and Leavenworth, which have ten times the consumption, for the purpose of inducing and encouraging our citizens to put in the pipes and make a market for the gas. Of course, it don't pay, but the plant is in, and when the city has grown to such dimensions as we expect, when scores of new first-class buildings are erected, with the gas pipe put in as is sure to be; when all the present good buildings have their plumbing done as is almost certain in time; when gas is used largely to run engines and cooking stoves, as is almost as certain; then will the consumption of gas in this city be sufficient to pay good dividends, even at the lower rates which are likely to follow.
The electric light would supplant both gas and kerosene oil in some places where such powerful and brilliant light would be desirable, but it would habituate our people to the use of all the light they want and cause a great many to demand better and safer lights than kerosene can afford. That will turn attention to gas lights.
Nothing can compete with kerosene at fifteen to twenty cents a gallon, for cheapness, and nothing can compete with gas where more light is needed for general purposes. Wherever in the large cities the electric lights have been put in, it has increased the demand for gas, and smaller cities which have put in electric lights, with a view of superceding gas, have afterwards revived the gas works and used a much greater amount of gas than before. The fact is, that for general use, for cheapness, safety, and little trouble, there is nothing yet discovered and probably never will be that will supply its place.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
In these agnostic days we are apt to disregard too many of the homely, old-fashioned truths which were lamps unto the feet of our fathers. The city of Vicksburg, Mississippi, is realizing painfully that curses do indeed come duly home to roost. Some years ago the better "element," by which is meant the leading whites, came to the conclusion that they must overthrow negro domination at all hazards. So, though the negroes were in a majority three to one, they formed and set going a revolution of violence and murder. Not wishing to soil their patrician hands or burden their sensitive consciences by the shooting and stabbing that was a necessary part of the program, they delegated the thugs and bummers to do it. It was well and successfully done, and great was the gain thereof. The proud Anglo-Saxon was on top and his right and power to rule was vindicated. The better element filled the offices and ran the ranch with great satisfaction, and the African, despised and cowering at the feet of his conqueror, was pointed to as an example of how the Almighty had set his seal of condemnation upon the interior race.

Time went on and the thugs and bummers began to inquire among themselves how it would feel to enjoy the fruits of victory as well as to furnish the sinews of war. And so they invaded the caucuses and conventions of the proud Anglo-Saxon with the same ruthless enterprise they had formerly exhibited upon the inferior African. The Anglo-Saxon became in turn inferior to the thug. And the offices are filled with thugs and bummers, and the treasury is ravished, and murder and robbery are rampant and unrestrained. And the better element is in a condition of slavery and subject to a more horrid tyrant than the African.
The sowing of Serpent's teeth still brings its crop of armed men who live by murder and robbery. The modern Cadmus is not fabulous. Lincoln Journal.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
One law which was passed at the recent session of the legislature is of great importance to property owners. It is in relation to the past taxes on lands or lots which are unpaid and for which the land or lots have been sold. The county treasurer is required to enter upon the tax roll in a column opposite the description of each tract or parcel of land the amount of taxes unpaid, and the date of unredeemed sale, if any, for previous years, and cause same to be published along with delinquent tax list, and the receipts given shall also show such entries. The measure is a most worthy one in that it protects the careless against themselves and many unscrupulous tax title speculators. Many a man has lost nearly his all by a little forgetfulness, which, if this law had been in effect, would have been unnecessary. It is a worthy law.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
The Wilson County Citizen comes to us this week in a bright new dress and "is a daisy." It is a nine column four page paper, printed in the highest style of the art and edited with ability. Hon. John S. Gilmore, its editor, is one of the best newspaper men in the state and Fredonia and Wilson County owe their prosperity and good fame very largely to his energy and unremitting work in their interests. Though he has been honored by his county by a seat in the legislature, which he filled with grace and honor, we have thought his services have not been half appreciated at home. He is true grit and we are glad to see this evidence of his prosperity.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
There are thirteen women holding county offices in Kansas. One of these is a county clerk, two are registers of deeds, and ten are superintendents of public instruction. Their names and the names of the counties are as follows.
County superintendents: Gertie Skeen, Barber; Magda Kilmer, Chautauqua; Sallie Hulsell, Cherokee; Mary Williams, Coffey; Mattie Worcester, Graham; Georgiana Daniels, Greenwood; A. C. Baker, Labette; Annie E. Eixon, Lyon; Gertrude E. Stevens, Sheridan; Lizzie J. Stephenson, Woodson.
Register of deeds: Jennie Patterson, Davis; A. M. Junken, Dickinson.
County clerk: Emily S. Rice, Harper.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.

Cincinnati used to be called "Hog town" because it was then the great pork packing center of the Union. Atchison has been called "Hog town," probably through envy, because its statesmen seemed to get more than Atchison's quota of the public offices; and it has been quite a pork packing place. But neither Cincinnati nor Atchison is now entitled to the name or distinction for any special reasons or characteristics. There is one city in the United States, however, the headquarters of wealth and population, the great commercial metropolis of the continent, which is preeminently entitled to the distinction; but as "Hog-town" may grate harshly on the ears of the refined denizens of that supremely swinish city, we will smooth down the appellation and call it "Swine City."
The late passage by the U. S. Senate of the bill appropriating $250,000 for a monument to Gen. Grant at Washington raised a howl of disappointment among the millionaire citizens of New York because the bill did not locate the appropriation at Riverside Park in that city. Though the bill may never become a law, it speaks in words that cannot be misunderstood that New York can never get an appropriation for the monument in that city, "hence these tears."
That city used all her influence with the Grant family, promising to build a monument costing a million dollars, if they would select the city as the final resting place of the Great General. The family made that selection, and then New Yorkers went to work to redeem that promise by sending out begging circulars and canvassing agents all over the country to raise the money as largely as possible outside of that city. The contributions derived from this source, including the munificence (?) of the citizens of New York, amount to about one hundred thousand dollars or one-tenth of the amount promised, and now they want Congress to make up the deficiency.

Two years ago Bartholdi presented to the United States his grand statue of "Liberty enlightening the world" and it was offered to New York as a monument to beautify that city of opulent swine, conditioned that it should raise the $250,000 needed for the grounds, foundation, and pedestal. It was of course accepted. The whole country was canvassed to raise the money. Kansas, with other states, responded nobly and foolishly. Topeka raised a considerable amount of money and urgent letters and circulars were sent to every town, village, and hamlet, urging the greatest activity to secure contributions from every citizen, however small and however poor the citizen. We received a lot of these appeals, and, in the most hard hearted manner, consigned them to the wastebasket, discouraged contributions, and wrote up the scheme in its true light. Now both of these schemes were good schemes, and both deserved encouragement. It is a grand thing to place such monuments in our country for the delight and education of our people who look upon them and for the pride of our country, and it is highly commendable that men of wealth should contribute of their surplus means for such purposes. It is a great attraction and inducement for the people to visit a city which has such monuments, and there spend their money and do their trading, and the city which receives such ornaments and attractions should pay for them and not tax the people outside for that purpose. New York City and its environs contain a population of nearly two million or fifty per cent greater population than the state of Kansas. In wealth she is hundreds of times greater than Kansas, and fifty thousand times greater than the city of Winfield. It has thirty men whose united fortunes are five hundred times greater than all the men in Winfield and all the property in Winfield is worth. And all this grand total of New York property has been made off from the whole country and the more attractions she has, the more money she will make off from the country.
Winfield has raised, say $40,000, to secure the location of the Methodist College. She is correspondingly liberal in other things. One million dollars for a Grant monument is no more for New York than twenty dollars would be for Winfield. Does anyone believe that Winfield would go over the country begging for money to build a twenty dollar monument in her midst? Two hundred and fifty thousand dollars for t he Bartholdi statue is no more for New York than five dollars would be for Winfield. How would Winfield look begging all over the country to raise five dollars to place a statue in Winfield. She would probably raise the whole $250,000 within her limits if she could get that grand Bartholdi statue properly set up in her midst thereby, and yet $250,000 is as much for Winfield as $12,500,000,000 would be for New York City, enough to place 50,000 such monuments as the Bartholdi. When New York goes to the country begging money with which to beautify herself and add to her attractions and wealth, even though the sum wanted is many billions of dollars instead of a million or a quarter, her people are simply a set of swine, and her city is rightly named "Swine City."
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
It is believed by many that the census returns of our county have not hitherto been full and complete and that our townships, county, and cities have missed many advantages which full and complete census returns would have secured. The officially recorded fact and the reputation of having a large population is of great advantage to the people of any township, city, or county, politically, financially, socially, and otherwise. It gives greater influence and power in the state and nation, greater dividends in the distribution of public funds, greater respect at home and abroad and greater value to all the property therein, particularly real estate. "What is your population?" is the first question asked when you offer your land for sale to a stranger. Population is a promise for schools, churches, libraries, railroads, markets, trade, and a thousand other advantages which make property valuable and life worth living. Large population gets appropriations which are denied to sparse population, gets postoffices, railroad stations, colleges, and many other advantages denied to the smaller population; are supposed to carry with them a large vote and large political power. Therefore, their friendship is cultivated by help and favors. The figures which would prove that we have the most populous, wealthy, and prosperous county would be of the greatest value to us. Then we all have a lively and laudable pride in such figures and such reputation. So THE COURIER would exhort you to use the utmost care to make your census returns full and complete. Let no man, woman, or child escape, whether guilty or not guilty.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.

Seven postmasters in the great United States receive $1.00 a year as a salary; eleven receive twenty-five cents a year; one receives nine cents; one six cents; and one five cents a year. Postmaster Stone, of Herrilla, White County, Tennessee, is the five cent man. He enjoys the distinction of receiving the smallest salary paid to any of Uncle Sam's civil servants. If there is any comfort to be gained out of the statement to the starving Democrat, in the name of the great father Andrew J., let him have it.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
The WINFIELD COURIER has taken the contract to attempt to boom that town (in print) as strongly and brilliantly as Marsh Murdock is booming Wichita through the Eagle. Millington and Greer have enthusiasm and perseverance for this work. Fredonia Citizen.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
All small, delicate crops which require hand weeding should be cleaned out at once as soon as they can be seen in the row. A delay of forty-eight hours will often double the work, and a week may entirely ruin the crop. The best time to destroy a weed is before it comes up, and the mere stirring of the surface for an inch, as soon as the ground is dry enough to work after a rain, will kill nine-tenths of the weeds that have started. Make it a rule that a weed shall never go to seed on your garden. The average farmer's garden of one-fourth of an acre ripens enough weed seeds to supply the entire farm, and it will take five years to get such a garden clean; but if clean cultivation is preserved in it, the time will come when the labor of cultivating the garden will be reduced one-half. It is not difficult to keep a garden clear of weeds if all the crops are planted in rows running the length of the garden; those that mature at the same time should be put near tog ether, and as soon as past use removed, and the land thoroughly worked with the horse cultivator and some other crop planted. I keep all the garden in use of it is only to grow Sweet Corn for the cows, and this planted as early as August 1st has tasseled and set ears and produced from each square rod enough good fodder to feed two cows a day. [From "Garden Hints," in Vick's Magazine for March.]
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
There are various reasons advanced for the hard times in many parts of the country where destitution and almost starvation is knocking at the doors of homes where women and children are absolutely in need of the necessaries of life. An exchange gives the following as one reason for the distress in many quarters.
Our annual expense for intoxicating liquor is $900,000,000. The excessive taxation which they cause is $500,000,000. Three-fourths of all the crimes and three-fourths of all the misery and poverty in the country must be charged to alcohol. Its victims annually thrown into drunkard's graves number one hundred thousand. Every year it drives out into the streets over three million little children, hungry and in rags. In short, it leaves one-third of the people so badly impoverished that they are not able to buy actual necessities of life. There is certainly an overproduction of beer and whiskey and too small a consumption of bread and meat, to say nothing of the scant supply regulated by the small demand for dry goods and clothing. Bread cost $500,000,000, meat $308,000,000, cotton and woolen goods $452,000,000. Total, $1,260,000,000. Now take this total from the $1,400,000,000, which is the total of the expenses for whiskey and beer including taxes, and it will be found that just $140,000,000 is the amount annually paid for strong drink over the above cost for bread, meat, and clothing. Is it any wonder that we have hard times, and that the liquor traffic is almost alone unparalyzed.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
Six Democratic Presidential tickets have been made since the beginning of the war.
That of 1864 was McClellan & Pendleton. McClellan is dead. Pendleton survives.
That of 1868 was Seymour and Blair. Both are dead.
That of 1772 was Greeley and Blair. Both are dead.
That of 1876 was Tilden and Hendricks. Tilden survives. Hendricks is dead.
That of 1870 was Hancock and English. Hancock is dead English survives.
That of 1684 was Cleveland and Hendricks. Cleveland survives. Hendricks is dead.
The latter was a candidate twice; therefore, seven of these candidates are dead and only four survive: Pendleton, Tilden, English, and Cleveland.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
Say what you please about the gas and wind-work of the Wichita Eagle and its editor; it is the kind of gas which shows up the advantages of a locality, stirs up its people to energy and enterprise, fills up the country with the best kind of farmers, brings in men of intelligence and wealth, and makes booming cities. Wichita owes its greatness and prosperity in a large degree to Marsh Murdock and his Eagle, a newspaper of phenomenal greatness and vigor for a city which only seventeen years ago was wild prairie, the home of the buffalo and coyote.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
Governor Martin has proclaimed Dodge City, with a population of 2,446, a city of the second class.
Newsy Notes Gathered by the "Courier's" Corps of Neighborhood Correspondents.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
Low Secrist is here from K. C., visiting his parents.
The Dexter school closed last Friday with an exhibition.
Ben Wells has been on the sick list for a few days, but is improving.
Mr. Martindale came down from Madison Saturday to accompany his wife home Sunday.
The oldest child of Anson Marsland died very suddenly last Wednesday. We did not learn the cause of his death. He was 8 years old.
Mart Branson and wife are down from Eureka, Kansas, called here by the death of his brother's wife. They will return this week.
J. R. Smith, Jr., of Winfield, spent last week with his friends in this neighborhood. Come again, Jack, you are always warmly welcomed.
Since our last writing John Radcliff has assumed the dignity of papa, and by this time is beginning to look quite fatherly. It's a healthy handsome boy.
The stormy, damp weather of the past week has been the cause of considerable sickness, as there have been several cases of pneumonia and fever in this vicinity.
Hon. J. D. Maurer's youngest child has been very sick with pneumonia; also his wife's brother is afflicted with the same disease. At the present writing they are on the mend.

Died, at her home three miles north of Dexter, on Monday evening, March 1st, Mrs. Eunice Branson, wife of Henry Branson, of pneumonia. Mrs. Branson's sickness was of short duration, but very severe, not being bedfast quite a week. She was doing well up to Saturday morning when she took a relapse and rapidly grew worse until death ended all. Her only sister, Mrs. Martindale, residing at Madison, Greenwood County, was telegraphed for, but alas! She was too late to see her sister; her spirit had departed half an hour before her arrival. Mrs. Branson was a sister of R. C. and J. D. Maurer. She was twenty-seven years of age last December. Could she have lived a few hours longer, she would have witnessed her tenth wedding anniversary, as they were married March 2nd, 1876. It was a sad blow to Henry to give her up and more sorrowful still for those little, motherless children, who need a loving mother's care more than anything in this world. But the Master calls and we must go. She leaves a husband and seven children to mourn her untimely loss, her youngest a babe two months old. She was buried Wednesday at 2 o'clock in the Dexter cemetery and was followed to the grave by a large procession of relatives and friends. The funeral was preached at the residence by Rev. N. A. Rankin, the Presbyterian minister of Dexter.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
Effie Cochran is doing the work for Mrs. John Weakly at the present.
Winfield must have been quite well represented from Walnut township Saturday.
Otho Arnold wants the public informed that he is the next to rejoice, and all because it's a girl.
Mrs. Ella Rucker and niece, Lena Rucker, were out calling Sunday evening, on Betty Bryant.
Delightful weather on sickly looking wheat, and there is enough of it in this section of the country.
Mrs. Wm. Schwartz and Mrs. Lon Bryant are daily improving, but not as rapidly as one might suppose.
Mrs. Alex Shelton must find Winfield very attractive as she has not been in these parts for two weeks. We miss you.
Miss Combs went to her school on horseback Sunday evening. The school marms have much to contend with in making their trips back and forth.
Attie Weakly has made a good showing for her first week at Grandma Weakly's, if I am correctly informed. She not only did the general house work but knit a pair of socks.
Will our good editor please tell us what has become of the Douglass extension? Don't think is coming through Walnut township or the D., M. & A., either. If not, we will not be so badly annoyed after all.
Most of Uncle Bob Weakly's boys ran out of employment last week while the weather was so inclement. Did manage however to put in some work on their orchards, but are most sick to commence plowing. Be patient, I think we will have fair weather now.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
Mr. Gardner went to Wichita last week on business.
The roads are anything but dusty in this part now.
The health is very good in this vicinity for this time of year.

Mr. Causey, of New Salem, was a Valleyite a few days ago.
Mr. Bell, of South Prairie, has moved onto W. E. Rowe's place.
James Coulter, of Kellogg, visited friends in the Valley last week.
Rev. Reese, of Winfield, was the guest of Captain Rowe last Friday and Saturday.
D. T. King is the happiest man in the Valley, and the cause is a 9 pound boy at his house.
Miss Mary Kinley, of Atlanta, formerly of Cedar Creek, visited friends in Otter last Sunday.
Commissioner Irwin has returned from his visit to Missouri. He says they have had a cold winter there.
W. E. Rowe and family have gone to Missouri on a visit. We understand they will move to Winfield on their return, to school their children.
We have heard several of the old farmers say that the peaches were all killed; and we have heard others say a cold winter for peaches. Now, who will we believe.
Mrs. Maggie Rowe visited friends in Wichita last week. Since her return home, she has been confined to her bed with rheumatism, but with the help of Dr. Brown, we hope she will be up in a few days.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
Miss Bicknell is quite sick.
Vacation in Salem school; also in Mr. Lucas' school.
J. A. Shields is off to Chautauqua County on business.
Mr. Bovee and family have moved back to their farm.
Mr. and Mrs. Lowery are keeping house by themselves.
Mrs. McClelland, of Cedarvale, was a Salem guest recently.
Wm. Claybell and children are guests under the parental roof.
Mr. Doolittle has moved onto Mr. Powers' farm; so we do not lose them.
Mrs. Claybell has been quite sick, but under the care of Doctor Stine, she is improving.
Mrs. Edgar and son, Ralph, have been quite sick with sore throat, but are well again.
Wm. Hartman is wearing a broad smile, for a bright little girl is a guest in his home.
Mr. and Mrs. Lon Grimes are entertaining a new boarder: a little cherub without wings.
All are invited to the G. A. R. festival on Friday night, March 19th. A good time is anticipated.
Mr. Vance, of Wisconsin, has returned from his trip to Geuda. He is visiting Burden friends at present.
Mrs. Swim welcomes a fine little boy to the home and hearts of herself and family. The little girls now have a brother.
Colonel Jackson and family are happy over the arrival of a stranger in their home, but it is a gentlemanly cousin from Indiana.
Geo. Rowe and family, of Cambridge, are living on the farm of J. E. Hoyland. We are acquainted with them and welcome them here.
Mrs. Lucas, Sr., received some pretty tokens of love from dear ones on her late birthday. May you see many happy returns, dear friend.

Most of the Gilmore family have been sick with a disease they call "pink eye," some kind of epizootic that goes through a family when once introduced. We hope it may not really prove epidemic.
Olivia received a pleasant visit from Mrs. Bicknell on Friday last, and was glad indeed to see her able to be out again. She attributes her rapid recovery to the skill of Drs. Stine and Manser—divides the praise equally.
S. A. Chapell and wife have moved to Winfield. Also Mr. Griever and family and J. Hoyland and family. We miss them from our circle, yet trust time will bring them back. May prosperity and happiness be with them in their new homes.
Mrs. J. W. Hoyland recently heard the sad news of the death of her aged father, John Stevenson, in Pennsylvania. He was a hard worker in the vineyard and temperance banners have been held high by him for many years.
Mr. Lucas is giving excellent satisfaction as teacher in Prairie Home district. He has a class in penmanship there and some of his pupils do well in improving. Samples shown me do the teacher and pupils both credit. He has a writing class at Salem, and thus his time is almost fully occupied.
The M. E. Society have a number of pretty things for sale in the store of Mr. Potter. The M. E. social was one of the best of the season, socially and financially, and there was more than one basket full of goodies sold after all had been served. Over fifty dollars cleared is reported.
Ms. J. J. Johnson had the pleasure of welcoming a large per cent of the ladies of the Presbyterian Aid Society to her pleasant home at the last meeting. A comforter was tied in short notice and a pile of carpet rags assumed the form of balls. The next meeting will be with Mrs. Sawyer.
The night of the freight wreck, a tramp wished to sleep in the depot but was refused, the door locked, and everything in ship shape for the night, Mr. J. M. Zike, the station agent, going to bed without the tramp's permission or company. But tramps want shelter—and breaking a glass from the depot window admitted this hero of his class—and slumber sweet, soon closed his eyes, we presume. Morning came and the tramp skipped out to seek breakfast. The broken window, locked door, and absence of Mr. Zike from his regular room in Mr. John Davis' home soon had some of the people excited and they imagined the cold form of Mr. Zike was in the depot; but innocent of the fears he was arousing, Mr. Zike had accepted the hospitality of Earnest Johnson, and the honest man that belongs to "shabby genteel" perhaps had gone on his way taking with him no money or anything but his shappy self.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
The bridge act has but few supporters around Bethel.
Born to Mr. and Mrs. Otho Arnold, a girl of legal weight, March 4th, and Otho is happy.
Oat sowing began in earnest this week. A small acreage will be sown this season.
W. S. Crowell is making preparations to move up on his sheep ranche, on Silver creek, for the summer.
G. W. Brown is constructing a hot air vegetable and plant bed, where all kinds of plants can be had in season at living prices.

Charles Wilson has moved his effects, wife and baby to his father's at Bethel, and will go to Kansas County to hunt up a location.
In my baby reckoning of a farmer "Blue Bell" says I counted one too many. What if I did, it spoke for itself a few days later.
Give it to us, Mr. Wood, your letters are very interesting and the best history of the early settlement of Cowley County I have ever seen.
R. B. Carson is circulating a petition for signatures, calling an election to vote ten thousand dollar bonds to a railroad from Ft. Smith to Winfield.
Frank Weakly has enclosed about 35 acres of land on the west side of his farm for a pasture. He used four wires, which makes a number one fence.
R. I. Hogue, formerly of this vicinity, has sold his nursery and rented his property in Hazelton, Barber County, Kansas, and will again take up his residence in old Walnut.
The muggy, moist weather of last week had a good effect on growing wheat, and if favorable from now on much of the stunted and crippled wheat will yet come out.
Mentch & Son have an immense amount of nursery stock on hand as a walk through their mammoth nursery will attest. They employ a large force and anticipate an unusually large trade this spring.
Mr. C. M. Wood, in his reminiscences of the early settlement of Cowley, in speaking of an esteemed young lady of Bethel, as a young woman, Oh! Way back in 1870; well yes, so she was; but what a trap I have got into. I entirely forgot myself.
Our assessor, J. C. Roberts, starts on his annual rounds Monday. The real estate will also be assessed this year and at the same valuation of two years ago, and yet we are told that we have increased wonderfully in wealth the past two years and taxation still as high as ever. The old farmer is taxed for what wheat and corn he may have on hand at the time of assessment, be it only enough to bread his family and feed his team through while preparing for a crop. It looks as though the old granger might as well close the shop if this thing continues much longer.
Her Chronicle of the Comings, Goings and Doings of Persons At Home and Abroad.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
W. R. McDonald is in from the west.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
C. I. Forsythe was courting in Wellington Monday.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
All stone cutters and masons please turn out Thursday night. Business of importance.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
Mr. Parkhurst, who lives just east of the mound, is happy in the possession of an eight pound boy.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
Tom J. Johnson is off for San Diego, California, where he will enter the real estate business with a brother there.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.

Dr. S. R. Marsh got out Tuesday for the first time, after a two weeks' pneumonia siege, and will soon be on the turf again.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
B. W. New, L. Herman, C. H. Pierce, J. B. Wellington, Wm. Lanpheiner, St. Louis men, were hung up with Harter & Hill Tuesday.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
Dr. M. T. Balsley, of Danville, Illinois, is a guest at the Central. He has been looking around the city for a day or two and will locate.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
The case of Albert A. Newman et al versus Josephus Kitch et ux, foreclosure of $600 mortgage, has bee filed with District Clerk Pate.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
We noticed Charley Schmidt wearing a lone, far-away look during the past few days and find that he is a widower, his wife being in Topeka.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
R. B. Phelps, one of Burden's druggists, has had his liquor permit revoked, at his own request. He says it don't pay to deal in the ardent in any way.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
S. H. Miller, one of the substantial farmers of Grand Summit, was in town Tuesday and reports that in that vicinity the winter wheat is killed over nearly half of the ground.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
Judge Soward has traded some east Winfield real estate to A. J. Thompson for the Buel lot, next to Snow's office, 9th avenue. It brought $3,000 in the trade. The Judge is putting a frame business building on it.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
E. C. Seward is spreading again. This time its an extension and remodeling of the residence next to Snow's office, into a business building. It will be occupied by Moore & Cale, the 9th avenue butchers.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
M. M. Thompson, brother to A. J., came in from Pueblo Tuesday. He's the same happy Major as of yore, when his graceful form adorned Winfield. He is now connected with the Pueblo Smeltering works.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
The reporter dropped into Baden's Monday and found R. S. Wharton baking some extra good biscuit from a new baking powder, represented by A. M. Downing. This powder is made from wheat and makes as good biscuit as we want.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
A. E. Baird, just home from the east with an immense stock of carefully selected spring goods, advertises in THE COURIER elsewhere, a grand opening for Thursday and Friday evenings, for which he is making big display and preparation.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.

John Nichols, hustled out of his old stand by the building preparations of the First National, has formed a partnership with John Mathews and moved into the First National Bank basement. The two Johns are old and thoroughly established barbers and will command a good custom.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
Marshal McCann and wife, of Flemingsburg, Kentucky, and Mrs. Newcomb and lady friend are at the Central. They were going down to South Haven on a visit and at Mulvane remained in the wrong car, coming to Winfield instead of Wellington. They will remain till the 10:38 train in the morning.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
Mr. E. D. Parsons, editor of the Leon Quill, visited THE COURIER yesterday evening. He is a live, active gentleman and gives the Quill a sharp point and fine plumage. Some articles in the Quill on the rival cities of Winfield, Wichita, Wellington, and Hutchinson have been just and pointed.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
Pitch in and work if you want to boom Winfield and keep it booming. Get your hands out of your pockets; step quick; talk quick; get a grin on your face; greet strangers heartily; throw your shoulders back; fill your lungs; act reasonable; be sensible, and above all—work for the best interest of your home like thunder.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
R. C. Guthrie, City Circular of the Wellington Daily Press, was in the city yesterday, and fell in on THE COURIER, witnessing our gas engine and other curiosities. Nibbs is a rustler and was of course captivated with the Queen City as he elbowed his way through the throngs that make our continuous life and bustle.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
Mr. Samuel Clarke, the machinist and engineer, writes us from Arkansas City, his present residence: "The steamboat company are making preparations to deck and equip their barges and as soon as complete, I expect she will take a cargo of flour for Fort Smith. Please send my COURIER down here as we cannot keep house without it."
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
James F. Martin, in his horticultural essay elsewhere in THE COURIER, gives some good pointers to our city council regarding the city's tree culture, etc., that are worthy of careful consideration. Mr. Martin has given horticulture a life-long study and has a practical knowledge that is plainly exhibited in his articles on this subject.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
J. J. Burns, president, and Thomas Donahue, treasurer, of Belle Plaine; Ben S. Henderson, attorney, of Sedan; D. J. Thayer, of Iowa, chief engineer; and Col. J. B. Cook, of Chetopa, and Frank Cox, of Stafford, directors, are at the Brettun here to hold an official meeting with Secretary Black, today. To make final arrangements to throw dirt on the D., M. & A. Everything, with the opening of spring, is very promising for the rapid construction of this line.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.

Ward Day, one of Eli Youngheim's sparkling salesmen, got word from the postoffice department, Wednesday, notifying him of his appointment as Postal Clerk on the Frisco from Beaumont to Winfield, and that he should report at the western division headquarters, Kansas City, at once, for instructions. He left on the S. K. this evening. Ward is one of Winfield's brightest young men, quick, concentrative, and courteous, and merits this position, which is one of the best runs in the western service. He will hold it down, in a first-class manner. The mail goes on the fifteenth, next Monday.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
Mr. Spotswood came in from Syracuse Thursday evening with Mrs. Spotswood and two daughters, Miss Margaret and Little Miss Mary, Mrs. G. H. Allen, and Miss Dora Hoosier. They are all from Winfield—are ladies of refinement and will be valuable additions to our society circle. Mrs. Spotswood and Mrs. Allen are the landladies of the Spotswood, and under their graceful rule, with the assistance of the genial hosts, Mr. Spotswood and Mr. Allen, the Spotswood House will be a pleasant home for the weary traveler while stopping in Richfield. Mr. Allen got in Friday with Sam Harper, who accompanied Mr. Spotswood to Syracuse, expecting to meet his mother and sisters, but was disappointed.
Richfield Leader.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
Marshal McFadden and Amos Snowhill returned, Wednesday, from Chanute, where they went as witnesses against the tool thief, Saunders, arrested here last week. He was bound over. It was near Chanute in Neosho County where the horrible Zell murder occurred—the cutting of the throats of father, mother, son, and daughter in their peaceful slumbers, the other night, an account of which our news columns give. Mr. Snowhill reports the most intense excitement and that now little doubt exists that the sixteen-year-old boy, the only one of the family escaping, was the murderer, with probably an assistant, though the boy maintains a straight denial, with a very crooked story. It was one of the most revolting murders in the state's history, and with no apparent object.
Many Points of Great Interest to People of All Classes and Conditions.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
Minutes of February meeting read, corrected, and adopted; in delegates report read trustee for master; Van Mons for Van Morse, apple manual for natural; 2 score (or 40) for 2 cases; treatise for treaty, etc.
Mr. Robertson, from committee on April meeting, reported; report filed for future action of Society.
Committee on reports of A. S. S. presented reports, and bill for $2.30 drawn on treasurer for same.
Dr. Perry read subject of discussion in February meeting of Sumner County Horticultural Society, on "What is the cause of the premature decay of our apple orchards?" some of whose members ascribed it to the propagation from root grafts. Mr. Mentch did not consider the propagation from root grafts the cause or in any way detrimental to the longevity of the apple tree.
Mr. Robertson had seen apple trees propagated by layering at 1 to 2 years old, which were planted alongside seedling apple orchards in Illinois, in early days of its settlement. Seedlings had lived no longer than the layered trees.

Mr. Thirsk: "The condition of soil and sub-soil alone makes success or failure in planting all kinds of fruits."
Mr. Mentch: "Have planted peach pits where they grew alongside of budded transplanted trees; both have gone together; did not consider the top root essential."
Mr. Sherrard: "Some other cause must be ascribed than defective stocks."
Secretary Nixon: "Considered that in our climate, when a tree is established that nine-tenths of the loss is from want of proper training in shaping the head to prevent limbs from splitting off by keeping a central stem in every tree with limbs equi-distant at the start, our orchards will not decay."
President Martin: In the C., O., H. S. in 1865, Mr. Mansfield stated that there were a series of years of failures in tree and fruit, then a series of rapid, good growth and fruitfulness."
His statement was corroborated by Dr. Warder, from his experience. He could not think that root grafts were the cause of failure; thought that soil and subsoil gave the only guide to successful planting of trees; a dry subsoil was the cause of winter killing in 1884-1885.
Mr. Robertson: "One of the finest young orchards in my neighborhood at one time is owned by Mr. Beach. It is planted on a sandy hill; it has been nearly a wreck from some cause the last two seasons."
Messrs. Thirsk and Sherrard—Considered our limestone soils, sloping from a mound, preferable for an orchard site.
Mr. Mentch—Thought a red clay subsoil excellent, stimulating trees to a good growth in all seasons.
Mr. Pierson—Thought a high location the best; the only dead trees he had were in a draw which ran diagonally across his peach orchard.
President Martin: "Nature propagates from seed, quality in fruit is at the expense of some vitality."
Mr. Pierson—Would graft Northern Spy on an old bearing tree if you want fruit in your generation. (Red Astrachan ditto, Secretary.)
Members present reported blackberry canes in fair condition.
President Martin read "What apples shall I plant," also list of forest trees and successful evergreens with him, in answer to the many question he is asked for information by our new settlers. Essay ordered printed and made a part of the minutes of Society.
Mr. Thirsk preferred the Sycamore next to the Cottonwood for quick growth on the upland; had a growth of four feet from Red Elm from seed planted last spring.
Mr. Robertson—had failed in transplanting Red Elm from bottom lands. Coffee tree and Mulberry had done well.
Dr. Perry and Mr. Pierson had heard that the Coffee tree seed was poisonous.
Mr. Mentch would not ignore the White Ash in planting; had seen the Black Walnut growing to top of hill on the north slope of hill in Pennsylvania.
Adjourned to first Saturday in April.
JACOB NIXON, Secretary.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.

Having just completed the work of grafting one thousand apple stocks for my own planting, it may not be devoid of interest to give the list of varieties with the number of each.
E. Harvest, 30; Sweet June, 30; Coopers E. White, 90; William's Favorite, 30; Maiden Blush, 60; Rambo, 18; Fall Orange, 30; Jonathan, 40; P. Redstreak, 30; Hurb Nonsuch, 30; Grimes' Golden, 50; Dominie, 30; Smith's Cider, 100; Ben Davis, 30; Winesap, 100; Rome Beauty, 100; Kansas Keeper, 100, and Missouri Pippin, 120.
This list suits me for a family and market orchard, with my present knowledge of varieties and their adaptation to our soil and climate and for the purposes above mentioned. Many persons would place other varieties instead of some of the above, or they would change the number grafted of each, while others would reduce the number of varieties for some special purpose, and again, others would increase the number of varieties. For family purposes the varieties are not too great in number and they represent all the seasons, so that with proper care you may have good apples almost the entire year.
The varieties that I believe will be most profitable for market quantities are listed. In making this list I had in view the several desirable qualities of vigor and healthfulness of a tree, early and prolific bearing, flavor, size and color of fruit, keeping qualities and their profit as market varieties. The list is about in the order of their ripening.
The reader may ask, "Why do you not buy your trees from agents instead of growing them?" Well, I know that tree agents charge from two to five times the price that stock is worth and when an order is given, the subscriber may as well make up his mind that when the trees arrive he will be sorely humbugged, either in the condition or the varieties, or, commonly, both, of the trees. Knowing these things beforehand and adhering to the dictates of my judgment, I do not yield to the silver toned persuasions of traveling hypocrites. Then the query may arise, "Why do you not do as you have advised others, go to the nearest reliable nursery and have them taken fresh from the nursery row?" It is true that I have often given this advice and now wish to renew it, for it is the very best course some persons can pursue, but being somewhat familiar with the business of growing trees, it is wiser for me and others who can to grow our own trees.
1st. Because I cut the scions from bearing trees, thus inducing early fruitfulness in addition.
2nd. I know what kinds I am growing, a matter of vital importance, the absolute certainty of which no nurseryman of extensive operations can possibly guarantee. I submit this list with the hope that it may be of some service to others desiring to plant fruit trees.
The season of planting trees has come again and with it the question of what shall we plant.

For street planting or shade trees, I would say that Soft Maple, Box Elder, and Sycamore are probably the best in our section. There are a number of other kinds that are desirable, but none are better, and but few, if any, as good as the above. The Sycamore, for some cause, is not sufficiently planted, for it is certainly a noble and desirous tree. It has not been in large supply nor much advertised by nurserymen and dealers; then while it grows rapidly on good, deep soil, it will not anywhere grow as fast as Maple or Elder. It is one of the grandest American trees. Grown single or in rows, every specimen is uniform and handsome. An avenue lined with Sycamore will in a few years be more admired than any other. It is comparatively free from insect enemies, and its trunk and branches, owing to the light color of the bark, is ornamental in winter the same as in summer. The citizens in Cincinnati have shown their appreciation of the Sycamore by using it for shading the esplanade surrounding the Davidson Fountain.
If you wish to plant for timber, I would say, plant Catalpa Speciosa or Western Catalpa, Walnut, Pecan, Ash or Osage.
In my judgment no tree is equal to the Catalpa. But one objection is urged upon it, viz: That, where standing alone or in single rows, its limbs are sometimes split from the trunk by the winds, but in timber plantations this objection is removed for they do not suffer loss in this manner. When we consider its very many good qualities, as I shall name some of them, it is of inestimable value. It is easily grown from seed and will propagate from cuttings and it is desirable to thus grow it, and no tree transplanted with less loss; grows rapidly and endures severe drought; is free from disease and insect enemies; has no thorns; stock will not eat the roots, bark or leaves; it will not sprout from the roots; in good land it will make good-sized fence posts in six to eight years; the timber is easily split and marked and is superior for wagon stuff and furniture, not being affected by wet or dry weather, and being of a rich color and fine grained, and posts made from it have been known to last two generations and still be sound when removed from the earth. For the purpose of encouraging the planting of this tree, I grow each year a quantity of the young trees and sell them at $5.00 per 1,000; that but little more than pays the expense of planting. It may be said that this is intended for a cheap advertisement, but that is not the case. I say to all grow, if possible, your own trees and some to spare to your neighbors; but by all means plant trees; and while you are planting, plant the best.
In planting and bearing trees plant only the nuts and only those that have been kept moist during the winter. Farmers needing fence posts may supply themselves by thinning out the old hedge rows and thus procure posts that last for many years.
If you wish to plant Evergreens, and I hope you do, you can rely on the following as perfectly hardy and successful here: Austrian, White Mountain, and Scotch Pines, Norway Spruce, Red Cedar, Irish Juniper and Ani Arlovites. For ornamental hedging the latter is well adapted; also the Red Cedar. In the spring of 1880 I planted in nursery rows 4,000 of the above kinds, including Hemlock, Spruce, and Balsam Fir. Every tree of the last two named varieties were killed by the drouth, while all of the other varieties were and have continued to be eminently successful.

I would call the attention of the City Council of Winfield to the importance of planting shade trees along the streets and to urge that such measures be adopted as will consummate this desirable purpose this spring. Should not property owners be required to plant trees in front of their own property or have it done by the authorities and charged to the property? The Council should take measurement once to have destroyed the stocks of eggs of the Drop worm, that being so thickly on the trees at or near the corner of Main and 10th Avenue. This insect does not spread of itself very rapidly, but rapid enough if left unchecked, to injure and destroy in a few years all of the trees in the city by denuding the trees of their leaves, which soon destroy them. J. F. MARTIN.
Note: Since writing the above, several gentlemen have expressed opinions in regard to the growth of Sycamore, which differ from those I have made above. Mr. Thirsk, also Mr. Robertson, both being old citizens whose statements in such matters are entitled to much respect owing to their experience and close observation. Mr. Thirsk has demonstrated on his farm near the mounds that the Sycamore grows as rapidly as the Maple; and Mr. Robertson states that on his upland farm it is as much at home and grows as finely as any other forest tree. J. F. M.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
Skipped Frans and Provisions reports from St. Louis, Chicago, and New York.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
NOTICE is hereby given, That at a session of the Board of Commissioners of Cowley County, Kansas, held on the 5th day of January, A. D., 1886, a petition signed by J. C. Hendrickson and others of Windsor and Silver Creek townships, asking for a view and a survey for the purpose of locating a certain county road described as follows: Commencing at or near the se corner of the sw qr of sec 34 twp 31 r 7 e in Windsor township, County of Cowley, state of Kansas, and thence west about 240 rods; thence north about 60 rods; thence west about 160 rods; thence in a northwesterly direction on the most practical route to the west bank of Grouse Creek, crossing the creek below the railroad bridge; thence under the west approach of said bridge; thence in northwesterly direction on most practical route to intersect the line between the se qr and ne qr of sec 32 of same township and range; thence west on said line to the north end of Main street in the town of Torrance; thence south on said street to Third street; thence west on said street to Ballou street; thence south on said street to the right of way of the S. K. railroad; thence west on the north side of said railroad along the right of way as near as practicable to the e line of nw qr of sec 31 same township and range; thence n to the se cor of the ne qr of the nw qr of sec 31 same township and range; thence west and northwesterly direction on more practicable route to intersect the County road at or near the se cor of the sw qr of the se qr of section 25 township 31 range 6 east in the Municipal township of Silver Creek, Cowley County, state of Kansas, was presented and granted, and that J. A. Cochran, S. G. Castor and Justus Fisher Viewers, and N. A. Haight, County Surveyor, will meet at the place of beginning of said road, on the 1st day of April, A. D., 1886, at 9 o'clock a.m. of said day, and proceed to view and survey said road and give all parties a hearing.
Done by order of the Board of Commissioners of Cowley County, Kansas.
S. J. SMOCK, County Clerk and Clerk of said Board.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
Recap. William A. Weaverling, Sole Surviving Executor of the Last Will and Testament of Daniel Weaverling, deceased, to hold final settlement April 12, 1886. His co-executrix, Margaret J. Weaverling, now deceased.

The Senate Passes the Blair Education Bill by a Vote of 35 to 11.
A Number of Amendments Adopted and Rejected.
The Dustin Case Comes Up.
The House Passes the Urgent Deficiency Bill.
Burnes, of Missouri, Explains the Appropriations.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
WASHINGTON, March 6. Among the petitions presented and referred to the Senate yesterday was one by Mr. Sewell, from the New Jersey State Board of Agriculture, praying that the Department of Agriculture be represented by a Cabinet officer.
A resolution offered by Mr. Hale was agreed to calling on the Secretary of the Navy for a variety of information concerning the Dolphin, Boston, Atlanta, and Chicago. The call includes information as to the changes from the original plans of these ships and the causes of such changes; correspondence with the naval advisory boards at various specified periods; memoranda showing when the opinion of the Attorney General as to the Dolphin was received by the Secretary of the Navy, and by whom and when and in what manner it was published; also information as to the present condition of the Dolphin, and whether she has been accepted by the department; all correspondence and information concerning the payment of reservations on the other ships armed, all opinions of the Attorney General relating thereto, and any correspondence showing that the contractor was in any difficulty when such payments were made.
On motion of Mr. Blair the Education bill was then taken up. An amendment was offered and agreed to, providing that the Secretary of the Interior should be charged with the proper administration of the law through the Commissioner of Education and that these two officers should be authorized with the approval of the President to make all needful roles and regulations not inconsistent with the provisions of the bill to carry out its provisions.
An amendment by Mr. Dolph was agreed to, requiring from each State full information as to the number of school districts in each State; also the relative number of white and colored children in the several school districts.
An amendment by Mr. Ingalls was agreed to, requiring that the annual report from each State should show the wages paid to common school teachers.
Another offered by Mr. Dolph, was agreed to, substituting the census of 1890 for that of 1880 as the basis for the distribution of the moneys of the bill, the figures of 1880 to operate till then.
Various other amendments were adopted and rejected, when the bill was read a third time and passed: yeas, 33, nays, 11.
A number of pairs were announced owing to the necessary absence of some Senators. The vote in detail is as follows.
Yeas—Berry, Blackburn, Blair, Bowen, Call, Colquitt, Conger, Cullom, Dolph, Eustis, Evarts, George, Gibson, Hoar, Jackson, Jones of Arkansas, Kenna, Logan, Mahone, Manderson, Miller of New York, Mitchell of Oregon, Morrill, Palmer, Payne, Pugh, Ransom, Riddleberger, Sawyer, Spooner, Teller, Vance, Van Wyck, Voorhees, Walthall, and Wilson of Iowa.

Nays—Cockrell, Coke, Frye, Gray, Hale, Harris, Ingalls, Jones of Nevada, Maxey, Plumb, and Wilson of Maryland.
Immediately on the passage of the bill, Mr. Edmunds moved to take up the negotiations reported by him from the Judiciary Committee expressing the sense of the Senate on the refusal of the Attorney General to send to the Senate copies of the papers called for by its resolution of January 25, 1886 (the Dustin papers). This was agreed to.
Mr. Cullom offered a resolution which on objection of Mr. Brown went over one day under the rule, directing the Secretary of the Treasury to report to the Senate whether the Territory of Utah has reimbursed the United States for moneys expended for it under the act organizing its judicial system, and if not, requesting him to withhold the compensation of the members and officers of the Utah Legislature.
Mr. Cullom said he understood that Utah was indebted to the United States to the amount of $300,000; that the Legislature had now been in session sixty days without doing anything, but the members wanted their pay.
The resolution having gone over, Mr. Cullom later in the day introduced a bill which was referred to the Committee on the Expenditures of the Public Money, directing the Secretary of the Treasury to withhold the salaries indicated and offered a resolution, which was agreed to, calling on the Secretary of the Treasury for the necessary information.
The Urgent Deficiency Appropriation bill and the Invalid Pension Appropriation bill were received from the House and referred to the Committee on Appropriations. The Senate then adjourned to Monday next.
After the call of the committees for reports of a private nature, the House yesterday morning went into Committee of the Whole on the Urgent Deficiency bill.
Mr. Burnes, of Missouri, took up and explained the provisions of the bill. The total amount carried by the bill was $634,452. Of this $5,500 was appropriated for the compensation of special agents of the treasury to examine the books of the several sub-treasuries. Part of this deficiency arose in the fiscal year ending June 30, 1885, on account of a special examination required by a defalcation in the New Orleans sub-treasury. The appropriation for the current year had become exhausted, principally because the expense of examination had become greater on account of the large amount of silver in the various sub-treasuries. Six thousand dollars was appropriated for repairs of the Treasury Department building; $12,000 to continue the propagation of food fishes in the Gulf of Mexico; $5,000 for furnishing artificial limbs to Union soldiers; and $185,000 for the fees of jurors and witnesses, caused by the extraordinary expenses attending trials in Utah Territory. There was appropriated for the armament of the four new cruisers $251,863. The first appropriation for the cruisers had been left unguarded. It had left it within the power of the Secretary of the Navy to leave the money in one bureau and take it out of that bureau after the obligations had been incurred and place it in another. Congress had steadily improved the modes and methods of making the appropriations, and from the date of the Robeson bill to the present hour legislation under the direction of the Appropriation Committee had been a fast improvement over the legislation that preceded it.

After a somewhat partisan debate, the committee rose and the bill was passed—yeas, 229; nays, 20.
The House went into Committee of the Whole on the private calendar, but soon rose, and the House after passing two private bills, took a recess.
At its evening session the House passed fifty pension bills and adjourned.
The House Committee on Naval Affairs Makes an Energetic Report
On Our Defenseless Condition.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
WASHINGTON, March 6. The House Committee on Naval Affairs has completed its report to accompany the bill providing for an increase of the naval establishment. It points out that the sea coast cities of the United States are absolutely at the mercy of a second rate naval power, and that the Government is without adequate means of defending its foreign coastwise commerce. It shows that while foreign powers are building formidable naval vessels, the United States is about at a standstill in this particular, and says: "After studying the characteristics of other nations, we find that we are not only at the mercy of foreign nations but our neighbor Brazil might exact tribute of any city along our gulf or Atlantic coast while Chili could enforce similar demands on the shores of the Pacific. The Reachuels and Aguidabas, those formidable
could steam at thirteen or fourteen knots an hour from Brazil to New York in ten days. They could with impunity pass our forts and anchor in New York harbor. But without doing this their guns could easily throw shells into New York City from off Coney Island beach. The Chilian vessel, Esmeralda, carries coal enough to enable her to steam at eight knots an hour from Chili to San Francisco without exhausting half her supply, and with her high power guns she could lie outside the Golden Gate and lay the city of San Francisco under contribution without going within the reach of its guns. The Cochran and Blanco Eucalado, other Chilian ships, are protected by nine inches of iron armor and carry batteries of six and eight inch breech loading rifles. In view of this state of affairs, the committee recommend the completion of the monitors and the building of the vessels and torpedo boats discussed in the bill already published. The committee hopes that in view of the very considerable quantity of armor required for the vessels, that
may be induced to enter upon the work of making the armor needed, and the opinion is expressed that the needed workshops will grow up along with the navy and that the arts of forging heavy steel and of building guns and ships of war will develop in America side by side. The report explains and defends the provisions of the bill submitted by the naval commission and concludes as follows: "We trust the bill may meet with the approbation of both Houses of Congress, and that its enactment into a law may, as an important step toward the creation of an efficient navy, contribute to a feeling of increased National security. At present such a feeling of security among well informed people can only come from the belief that no Nation dare attack another when it is helpless." The report is signed by every member of the committee.

The Bill as Passed by the Senate.—A Total of $79,000,000 Appropriated.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
WASHINGTON, March 6. The Education bill as it passed the Senate provides that for eight years after its passage there shall be annually appropriated from the Treasury the following sums in aid of common school education in the states and Territories and District of Columbia and Alaska: For the first year, $7,000,000; the second year, $10,000,000; the third year, $15,000,000; the fourth year, $13,000,000; the fifth year, $11,000,000; the sixth year, $9,000,000; the seventh year, $7,000,000; and the eighth year, $7.000,000; making $77,000,000, besides which there is a special appropriation of $2,000,000 to aid in the erection of schoolhouses in sparsely settled districts, making the total fund $79,000,000. The money is given to the several States and Territories "in that proportion which the whole number of persons in each, who, being of the age of ten years and over, cannot write, bears to the whole number of such persons in the United States," according to the census of 1880, until the census figures of 1890 shall be obtained, and then according to the latter figures. In States having separate schools for white and colored children, the money shall be paid out in support of such white and colored children between ten and twelve years old. No State is to receive the benefit of the act until its Governor shall file with the Secretary of the Interior a statement giving full statistics of the school system, attendance of white and colored children, amount of money expended, etc., number of schools in operation, number and compensation of teachers, etc. No State or Territory shall receive in any year from this fund more money than it has paid out the previous year from its own revenues for common schools. If any State or Territory declines to take its share of the National fund, such share is to be distributed among the States accepting the benefits of the fund. If any State or Territory misapplies the fund or fails to comply with the conditions, it loses all subsequent apportionments. Samples of all school books in use in the common schools of the States and Territories shall be filed with the Secretary of the Interior. Any State or Territory accepting the provisions of the act at the first session of its Legislature after the passage of the act shall receive its pro rata share of all previous annual appropriations. Congress reserves the right to alter or repeal the act. The bill now goes to the House of Representatives for concurrence.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
BALTIMORE, Md., March 6. The North German Lloyd steamship Weser, from Bremen, arrived here today, and brought the crew of the whaling schooner Aurora, Captain Reynolds, of New Bedford, having picked them up at sea on March 3, in latitude 38 degrees 42 minutes north, longitude 70 degrees 52 minutes west. Captain Reynolds reports that on the above date, during a heavy gale, his vessel started a plank and filled in three hours. All hands were safely taken off by the Weser.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.

LONDON, March 6. Charles Russell, the Attorney General, went today to Buckingham palace to be knighted. After waiting an hour he received word from the Queen that she was fatigued by "the duties of the drawing room," which she had been holding, and would have to postpone the ceremony. Russell withdrew from the palace in indignation. He says he will refuse the knighthood. It is believed that the Queen is irritated at his pronounced home rule views.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
ESCANABA, Michigan, March 6. The lighthouse on Sand Point Escanaba, was destroyed by fire this morning. Mrs. Mary G. Terry, the light-keeper, perished in the flames. The fire is supposed to have caught from the furnace. Robbery is also suggested, as Mrs. Terry was a woman of means and lived alone.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
WICHITA, Kan., March 5. About noon this morning a body was found dead, suspended by the neck in an outhouse in the rear of the L. Harp building on the corner of Douglas avenue and Water street. On investigation it was found to be the body of Wm. Martin, a farmer from near the vicinity of Goddard, this county. The coroner called and took possession of the body, preparing to hold an inquest. Martin's son committed suicide three months ago by taking strychnine. Now the old man follows in his wake. Germans, who claim to have known the family in Germany, say the family is inclined to insane freaks.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
LITTLE ROCK, Ark., March 5. Governor Hughes has offered a reward of $300 for the arrest of John Driver and John George, who killed Squire J. C. Flake three weeks ago near Natural Steps. The assassins are said to be in the neighborhood, but have eluded capture thus far.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
PIEDMONT, Mo., March 5. Information has been received from Van Buren, Carter County, of an accidental drowning which occurred in Current river, four miles above Van Buren. Rev. James Hardy and companion, both mounted, were about crossing the ford when two young ladies came up who wished to cross. The gentlemen each took a lady on behind him. Mr. Hardy's horse stumbled in the river and Mr. Hardy rather severely jerked the reins, when the animal reared and fell backward into the water. The young lady succeeded in escaping, but Mr. Hardy was drowned. At last accounts his body had not been found. Mr. Hardy was a young Englishman, about twenty-two years old, and was circuit rider of the Methodist Church, on the Shannon County circuit. He had been in this country about one year and was unmarried.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.

ST. PAUL, March 5. R. M. Tuttle of the Daily Pioneer of Mandan, Dakota, who is in town, says that the outlook in the West Missouri country along the Northern Pacific is encouraging. A good deal of work has been done during the winter to secure immigration from the East, and the superior advantages of that country are gradually becoming known among the thrifty farmers in the East, who desire free lands for themselves and their sons. There is every indication that the country west of the Missouri will receive a larger immigration this spring than any other section of Dakota. Its fine farming and grazing lands, excellent water and immense beds of lignite coal lying near the surface, are attracting the attention of just the kind of men that are needed.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
WASHINGTON, March 5. The Vice-Presidents of a number of State Free Trade Leagues have arrived here in response to a call issued by the American Free Trade League. At a conference to be held this afternoon resolutions will be submitted expressing dissatisfaction at the slow progress made in the direction of tariff reform, and calling upon Congress to take immediate action in the direction of tariff legislation. The plan of operations to be adopted in the interest of free trade at the Congressional elections of next fall will also be agreed upon by the conference.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
MARION, Ill., March 5. At 11:30 o'clock last night the large public school building in this city was discovered to be on fire, and as the building was altogether a wooden one and there being no apparatus in the place for extinguishing the fire, the flames were left to do their destructive work, and the house and contents are a total loss. A defective flue is assigned as the cause. Loss, $4,000; insurance, $2,800.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
ST. LOUIS, March 5. The executive committees of the Wool Growers' convention held a meeting this afternoon at the Mercantile Club. It was the first general meeting of the various committees. The elaborate posters that are to be scattered broadcast throughout the country were seen and approved of, and the report made that the mails bring in daily indications from all over the country of a large attendance at the convention next month.
Obstruct the Trial Cars in New York and Brooklyn.
Desperate Efforts To Run Cars.
One Car Gets Through in New York.—A Total Failure in Brooklyn.
The Police Stoned and the Crowd Clubbed.
The Companies' Charters in Jeopardy.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
NEW YORK, March 5. The strike of the employees on the Dry Dock Surface railroad developed into a lively contest yesterday. The reserve police force of all the precincts below Fourteenth street was detailed at the Grand street car stables early in the morning. About 11:30 o'clock Police Superintendent Murray issued an order calling the remaining policemen on the reserves in the station houses above Fourteenth street to reinforce the men already at the stables. The additional men increased the number on hand to six hundred.

A car was started out of the stable about noon. It was hailed with derision by hundreds of men on the street. Police Inspector Steers mounted the platform beside the driver and the car started. The police cleared the way until Lewis street was reached, where the first obstruction was met in the shape of a car of the Second street line, which had been placed on the track. Back of it were two trucks, and a little further on a load of coal had been dumped on the track. Another car of the Forty-second street line came along, drove on the pile of coal, and was turned across the track. The strikers greeted this with cheers and sprang into the street. Every wagon that came along was upturned and turned across the track, and the horses unhitched and driven away. The police flourished clubs, gave commands, and issued threats alternately, but in vain, as they were powerless to act. While they were standing looking on the scene, a gang added additional obstructions to those already on the track. At Varick street a car of the Forty-second street line was toppled over and fell with a crash on the track. Six cars in all were turned across the track, and the side streets were blocked with wagons waiting their turn. Two beer trucks had their wheels broken off and fell across the tracks, and on Broadway a load of coal was dumped on the track. At another point the switch plates were taken away. Further on a pile of bricks and building poles were placed on the track. The contest was practically over at this point, and orders were issued to start back to the stable.
The Crosstown line made another attempt in the afternoon to resume operations. At 1:30 p.m. the police reserves were called to the eastern terminus of the Grand street line, and Superintendent Murray and Inspector Steers were present and made preparations for the battle. At noon over 600 policemen were on the scene, and when the reserves arrived, fully 1,200 were in line. They kept the street clear, but on the north side the strikers were collected, and with thousands of the lowest classes of men from the crowded tenements of the narrow streets east of the Bowery, formed a threatening body capable of almost any form of outrage and riot. At 2:15 a car started from the stables and proceeded under an escort of fifty policemen to the starter's stand at East street. There the line of march was formed headed by Superintendent Murray and Inspector Steers. First came six platoons of police, then followed the car enclosed in a hollow square of police numbering 100. The rear was closed by six more platoons of police. The force started amid the hooting, yelling, and shouts of derision from the mob. No obstacle was met until the car reached Cannon street. There a horse car lying on its side was lifted from the track by the policemen, who formed the advance guard of the column. Thereafter the progress was slow. At Madison street the first stone was thrown and struck the side of the car in which were some minor officials of the company and a sergeant of police.

At East Broadway a large stone was placed beside the car unnoticed and the car was thrown off. This mishap was greeted with a tempest of yells from the thousands lining the streets. Oaths, hisses, calls, screams, and wild cheering made the street a perfect pandemonium of sounds. The car was lifted back on the tracks and proceeded. At Ludlow street another window was smashed and rotten eggs were thrown. At Allen street a blockade was met. Cars of the Second avenue and other lines were placed in all positions across the track. Stones again flew and another car window was broken. The obstructions were removed and again the car moved slowly on. At Eldridge street more blockades were found, and the crowd attacked the police and a general fight took place in which clubs were used with a will and the rioters were driven into the side street. Grand street merchants, alarmed, took in their stock, closed their doors, and put up their iron shutters. At the Grand street station of the Third avenue elevated road was an immense barricade of cars, wagons, and trucks. For blocks in every direction could be seen long lines of cars and trucks in inextricable confusion. All travel was suspended. It was 3:45 p.m. before the track was cleared of the many cars which had been placed crossways on the street.
From Mulberry street to Center, the rioting began again. A stone thrown against the car struck Sergeant McEver. The police lost all patience and charged the mob furiously. They clubbed right and left and succeeded in driving the rioters down the side streets. From there to Broadway the battle was waged with undiminished fury. Many were clubbed and a number of police struck with stones. Broadway was reached after a hard struggle at 3:05 p.m. Here fully 30,000 people were gathered as spectators. The hissing, hooting, and yelling was continuous, and stones continued to drop among the escort. At Wood street a pile of bricks fell as the car was passing and stopped it. They were removed, and another barricade was found and removed amid the howls of the mob. As the car went toward North river the factories on the other side poured out their thousands of employees, who met the police with execrations and reproaches. West street was the last barricade of coal wagons, beer wagons, and logs. At Dexter street a load of bricks was dumped on the track.
When the end of the route was reached, the men were allowed to rest ten minutes after their terrible march. They then returned over the same route to the stables. Very few obstacles were offered to their progress. During the trip both ways the car was obliged frequently to change from one track to another. The strikers yelled and hooted, but did not obstruct the way to any extent until the Bowery was reached. There was another barricade, but it was soon removed, and the way was clear to the stables, which were reached at 4:30. The strikers and the police left before five o'clock.
A mass meeting of the car drivers of the various lines of this city, who organized as the Empire Protective Association, who are seeking to get the same terms for the drivers of the Dry Dock, East Broadway, and Battery lines, was held last night. After nearly forty-eight hours' continuous session, the committee reported to the meeting that they considered a general "tie-up" at two o'clock today the best means of solving the difficulty and the motion being put and carried, will be put in force this morning. The Sixth avenue line drivers, after they tie up, will not again go to work unless they get $2.50 a day, the same as the Eighth avenue line; and the Seventh avenue and Broadway drivers are of the same opinion. It is an open secret that the employees of the elevated roads are waiting an order to shut down till matters are satisfactorily settled. The officers of the First brigade, First division, N. G. S. N. Y., were notified to hold their men in readiness in case of trouble.

The car drivers of the striking Crosstown lines met last night. The meeting was secret, but it was learned that addresses were made urging the men to hold together. Said one of the officers: "It took 1,200 policemen to run one car today. Does that look encouraging for the company? We have the power and will decide whether or not to tie up all the surface roads." Another officer said that not only the surface roads, but the elevated roads and the Brooklyn and Jersey City ferries would stop running.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
NEW YORK, March 5, 6 a.m.—The grand "tie-up" of all the street car lines in the city, ordered by the Executive Board of the Empire Protective Association, took place today and not a car is running. The men assembled at the barns of the companies at Forty-third street in orderly groups, prepared to march to their hall on West Fifty-second street, where they will remain during the day. There is not the least excitement.
10:45 a.m.—Up to this hour no disturbance is reported at police headquarters. Not a street car is running. No attempts have been made to send out cars. The city appears as if dead. Nothing like the present troubles has been witnessed since the worst days of the great epizootic epidemic a dozen years ago. The police force is thoroughly organized and is confident of its ability to repress promptly any riot or disorder. Every man able to put on a uniform and carry a club was ordered on duty, last night, and this morning 1,500 were held in reserve.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
NEW YORK, March 5. The drivers, conductors, stable men, and other workmen employed on the street railroad lines controlled by the Atlantic Avenue Railroad Company, of Brooklyn, quit work Wednesday afternoon and yesterday afternoon no cars were run over these routes. The lines thus affected are the Fifth avenue, Seventh avenue, Boerum place, Bergen street, Butler street, Vanderbilt avenue, and the Crosstown ferry. This suspension caused great inconvenience to businessmen living in South Brooklyn, as well as passengers arriving on the Long Island railroad. The total number of men who quit work is about twelve hundred, and a few of them gathered about each of the stables owned by the company yesterday morning, but beyond arguing with new men, generally with success, not to go to work, made no demonstration. The company was assured of police protection and some of Henry Berg's officers were present.

An effort was made to send a car over the route at four p.m., in order to save the charter of the road. The appearance of the car was met by a storm of hooting and yelling. "Deacon" Richardson was on the platform of the car, surrounded by police. The car did not make very rapid progress. It had got about fifteen feet when a big double truck was drawn up across the track and the car came to a stop. After a little trouble the truck was gout out of the way and the car proceeded. It had not gone far when it struck a pile of stones that had got on the track mysteriously. These were removed, but when the car got to the corner of Hicks and Atlantic, the crowd set a Crosstown car, which was running up, across the down track and just in front of the "deacon's" car. While this was being removed, the crowd hooted and yelled and finally lifted the front wheels from the track. When the car was placed on the track again, it was found that the crowd had cut the traces on the Crosstown car, and the policemen had to take it off and set it in the gutter. Deacon Richardson's car started again, but a large truck got in front of it. There was a big crowd on it, hooting and yelling at the occupants of the car. The policemen jumped on the truck and clubbed the men right and left until they broke and scattered in every direction. The team and truck were removed and the car passed over the route. A second attempt to run a car was not essayed. Shortly after four o'clock an attempt was made to start a car from the stables of the Fifth avenue line, but it had only got on the street when it was surrounded by a crowd and the traces cut. A quantity of railroad iron was placed on the track and no further efforts were made to run cars on that line.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
ALBANY, N. Y., March 5. The State Railroad Commission met yesterday, and as the result of Commissioner Kernan's investigation, a report was drawn up setting forth that the Dry Dock Street Railroad Company of New York City had violated the requirements of its charter in not running cars on March 2 and 3, and that the mere attempt to occasionally run a car was not sufficient, but the attempt should be continuous to supply the transportation needs of the public; that the company has no right to deprive the public of these facilities on a mere question of wages, and that there should be a law in the interest of the public, in the case of corporations and individuals engaged in public transportation and the like, to force both parties to submit to arbitration. The board decided to notify the road to resume travel upon its line in default of which the Attorney-General will be asked to take steps to forfeit its charter.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
CHICAGO, March 5. A number of labor strikes are threatened at Racine, Wisconsin, a large manufacturing center. In the city, which has a population of 21,000, are almost, if not quite, 100 manufactories, including in the list the great works of the J. I. Case threshing machine company with its varied side issues—such as the plow works, wagon shops, and tanneries, M. M. Secor's trunk factory, the Racine woolen mills, and scores of other industries. Dependent for their daily bread upon these are 4,200 mechanics, whose wives and children are as much interested in the wage question as are the workingmen.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
LITTLE ROCK, Ark., March 6. E. L. Varner, of Montgomery, Alabama, drew a draft on Joseph Morris & Co., of the same place, on Monday last, secured $500 thereon from the German Bank of this city, and made himself scarce in these parts soon thereafter. It was soon discovered that the draft was of spurious origin, but how to apprehend the forger was the question. Dispatches were sent to the authorities in all the cities throughout the section, giving an accurate description of Varner and directing the police to be on the alert for his apprehension. Today Chief Bob Ford, of this city, received a telegram from Birmingham, Alabama, informing him that his man awaited further orders, and that official left for the above city last night to bring Varner back to Arkansas and enable him to serve the State for awhile. Varner is a traveling man, or at least represents himself as such, and has a prepossessing appearance.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
MONTGOMERY, Ala., March 6. News reached this city this morning of a shocking murder at Scotts Station, on the Cincinnati, Selina & Mobile railroad, Frank Cooke, station agent, being brutally murdered. Conductor Erwin stopped at the station at one o'clock this morning. He could not get into the office and finally broke the door down and found an entrance. He found young Cooke lying on his bed dying. The top of his head was cut off. The murderers robbed the safe and his trunk and left, locking the door behind. Cooke was a young man of excellent character and universally beloved.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
RICH HILL, Mo., March 6. J. T. Pryor, formerly of Bates County, was arrested by Samuel Sixkiller, captain of the United States Indian police. The latter arrived here Thursday morning, looking for witnesses, which he found without trouble in the person of Mr. John Klons and his daughter, Mrs. Emma Pryor. James T. Pryor married the daughter of Mr. Klons about three years ago, but soon got tired of married life and decamped for parts unknown. Lately he turned up in the Indian Territory as Charles Darling and married a half-blood Cherokee Indian woman, when by some means it leaked out that he was married already. Captain Sixkiller instituted an investigation with the above result. James T. Pryor is good for three years in the pen.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
LEXINGTON, Mo., March 6. An important arrest was made last night, and one which will likely give Lafayette County a hanging bee. Some four or five months ago a miner named Xavier Miller was killed at Corder by Linn Fogel and Mike McCoy. It was an atrocious crime, without the slightest provocation. McCoy was brought in last night from Odessa, and today was indicted for murder in the first degree. Fogel has not yet been apprehended.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
WASHINGTON, Neb., March 6. Jesse Billings, aged fifty-five, a prominent wealthy farmer and stock raiser of this county and father of a large and highly respected family, has been on trial in the Circuit Court here during the present week, on the charge of forgery, the jury returning a verdict this morning fixing the punishment at two years in State's prison. The indictment charged him with the crime of forging a note for $600, purporting to have been executed by one of his wealthy neighbors, Lewis C. Morgan, now deceased. Over a hundred witnesses were examined, and the evidence against him was wholly circumstantial.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
WHEELING, W. Va., March 6. A telegram from Ceredo, Wayne County, says the intelligence has reached there from Southwestern Virginia that W. A. Witcher, well known in the western part of this State as an orator and politician, has been lynched for the murder of his wife.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
PORTLAND, Ore., March 6. About three o'clock this morning 625 Chinese at work as wood choppers and grubbers near Mount Tabor, three miles east of here, were driven out by a mob of between sixty and eighty whites, most of them masked, and marched to the ferry, whence they were conveyed to this side. It was an exact repetition of the outrage committed last Sunday night in the outskirts of Albina.
The Senate Rubs Another Day Off the Calendar Discussing Education.
The House After Sarcasm and Personality Gets to the Gist of the Pension Bill.
Breckenridge Makes an Appeal for Statesmanship in Preference to Mere Sentiment.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
WASHINGTON, March 4. In the Senate yesterday morning the President's message on the treatment of the Chinese in the West was presented and was referred to the Committee on Foreign Relations.
Messages from the President relating to the payment of the claims of Cherokee Indians and the sale of a tract of land belonging to the Sac and Fox Indians were also received and were referred to the Committee on Indian Affairs.
Mr. Frye presented a petition from citizens of New Jersey praying for legislation for the legal protection of young girls. The petition was referred to the Committee on the District of Columbia.
Mr. Evarts presented petitions from the officers and trustees of savings banks of New York State, representing 1,165,000 depositors and $437,000,000 of deposits, praying Congress to stop the coinage of the silver dollar. This was referred to the Committee on Finance.
Mr. Beck offered a resolution, which was agreed to, calling on the Secretary of the Treasury to inform the Senate how much, if any, actual payments and purchases of the principal of the public debt since July 1, 1877, have been in excess of the requirements of the law regulating the sinking fund, and how much of the existing laws can be carried out in relation to that fund from now until the $250,000,000 4½ per cent bonds mature.
Mr. Riddleberger offered a resolution, which was agreed to, requiring each Senator to report to the Senate the name of his private secretary. In introducing the resolution he said that some were holding tickets of admission to the Senate floor who would not be admitted to the parlors of gentlemen if they were known as he knew them. Such tickets were issued to people who received no pay except admission to the Senate floor to blackmail gentlemen and to libel them in their newspapers. He knew of a case in point. He knew what had been said in the House of Representatives about Eads being on the floor of that house. He asked if it were permissible for him (Riddleberger) to state that while Eads had not been on the floor of the Senate, he had henchmen there representing Republican newspapers and one a Democratic newspaper, who came to secure information on which to libel Senators.
After the adoption of the resolution, Mr. Hoar had it reconsidered and so amended as to have the names sent in to the Secretary of the Senate.

The Education bill was then taken up and Mr. Harrison spoke in advocacy of the bill and in opposition to Mr. Allison's amendment. Debate was continued by Messrs. Edmunds, Logan, and Dolph.
An amendment offered by Mr. Hoar to the amendment of Mr. Allison was agreed to, providing that in each State having separate white and colored schools, the money received by such States under the bill should be apportioned and applied in the proportion of illiteracy of the races respectively, until an equal sum per capita should have been appropriated from the National and State funds, and declaring the object of the bill to be to secure equal advantages to all children, of whatever color or race.
Mr. Dolph called for the ayes and nays on his amendment, and pending a vote the Senate went into executive session, and, when the doors reopened, adjourned.
The Speaker laid before the House the first thing yesterday morning the message of the President on the Chinese troubles, and it was read by the clerk and then referred to the Committee on Foreign Affairs.
Mr. Breckinridge, of Arkansas, from the Committee on Ways and Means, reported bills extending the provisions of the act for the immediate transportation of dutiable goods to the ports of Omaha, Key West, and Tampa.
Mr. Hatch, of Missouri, from the Committee on Agriculture, reported a bill to establish agricultural experiment stations in connection with the colleges of the several States.
Mr. Weaver, of Iowa, from the Committee on Expenditures of the Interior Department, reported back a resolution directing that committee to investigate the administration of the expenditures of the pension bureau under previous administrations, and ascertain what foundation there was for the statement in the annual report of Commissioner Black in reference to partisan management and extravagance in that bureau during the term of his predecessors. This went on the House calendar.
In the morning hour the House resumed the consideration of the bill authorizing the appointment of a commission to carry on the tests of iron, steel, and other structural metals. After a debate and pending action, the morning hour expired, and the committee rose and then the House again went into Committee of the Whole on the Pension Appropriation bill.
Mr. Butterworth, of Ohio, took the floor in order to complete the speech which he had begun yesterday. He reviewed his criticism of the Democratic party for a failure to revise the tariff in the Forty-sixth Congress, and for an attempt to prevent that revision by the Republican party in the Forty-seventh Congress. The Democratic party, he said, had failed to pass the apportionment bill, or to take action on the Geneva award, the Mormon question, or any other of the great questions before the country, which had been promptly disposed of by the Forty-seventh Congress. The anxiety of the Democratic party had always been to catch votes and not to do that which would build up the honor and credit of the country. He agreed that the Democratic arty was a great leveler, but its manner of leveling was to drag all men down.

Discussion then drifted into personalities and a general "talking back," until Mr. Breckenridge, of Kentucky, brought the debate to the subject matter in hand. He expressed himself in favor of liberal pensions and thought that it should always be the policy of the Republic to pay these generously. Having no standing army it was the policy of the Republic to say to all persons that in time of war a part of the contract was that their families should be taken care of, and that if they were disabled, they should be compensated for the loss of power to earn money. But there should be some economic and statesmanly consideration both as to persons and amount. It was not a matter of sentiment which should decide the rate, but a matter of wise calculation. He closed his speech with an eloquent peroration, descriptive of the beautiful cemetery at Lexington which contained the graves of fathers, sons, and brothers who had fallen in opposing ranks in the terrific struggle of the war, and of the peaceful lives of the descendants of those men who, though they had been divided in a sense of duty, had never been divided in their love.
"As an American representative," the speaker said, "treating of American questions, loving the American people, denying that in this a paternal government taxes should be wrung from the people, except from necessity, I shall vote my true convictions, treating with contempt any effort to intimidate, or any purpose to misconstrue." [Loud applause on the Democratic side.]
Mr. Brown, of Indiana, entered upon a vigorous defense of ex-Commissioner Dudley against the charges that he had conducted his bureau with a view to increasing partisan advantages and asserted that all the time Mr. Dudley had been in Ohio, he had not performed or assumed to perform the duties of Commissioner of Pensions. Pending further action the committee rose.
Mr. Bragg, of Wisconsin, reported the Army Appropriation bill from the Military Committee and it was referred to the Committee of the Whole.
The House then adjourned.
Mrs. Molloy and Cora Lee Taken to Bolivar.
A Canting Epistle.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.

SPRINGFIELD, Mo., March 4. Mrs. Emma Molloy and Cora Lee, in charge of Deputy Sheriffs Cox and Williams, left on the early morning train for Bolivar, at which place the prisoners were turned over to Sheriff J. G. Dollison, who will keep them in the Polk County jail until their preliminary examination begins here March 12. Before her departure Mrs. Molloy addressed rather a lengthy letter to George E. Graham, who still occupied the steel cage in the jail, here, calling him, "My poor boy," and in which she says: "No one on our side has any desire to persecute you, terribly as we have suffered in the attempt to be kind to you." She makes frequent references to the Deity, and admonishes George not to say anything that he will not be willing to meet at the bar of God, and in the closing paragraphs says to him: "I think this chapter of horror would be complete were you to be hung in the same town where I am. I have for this reason refused to speak a word in my own defense thus far and Judge Baker only wants to see justice done, and the right vindicated, and is emphatically opposed to mob violence. You, in your hot haste, did a wrong to Poor Sarah that you can never undo, and have put yourself in a position where you may tear down those who are innocent, but can never again build them up. Without the least cause you may, perhaps, impair the whole work of my life by unguarded and hasty utterances that can never be recalled. Is this a just reward for the unselfish devotion of years? I am simply holding still in God's hands. He will do right by me and I have commended you to Him. With every prayer for God's help for myself, I have still to cry 'God have mercy on George,' and I pray that He will give you true repentance. If in the fury of this gale, I go down, I have commended myself and the dear helpless children under my care to God. I have endeavored to do what good I could in the last few years and, if God deems my life work done, and it can be possible that I stand charged with the grave crime of helping to murder the mother of your innocent babies, and the law cannot protect me, I shall say, 'God's will be done.'"
It is quite possible that Mrs. Molloy may have been induced to write this letter to Graham on account of his threat to make an additional statement and throw light on some of the unsavory records made by her in connection with others. It will be remembered that when arrested last Sunday morning, Mrs. Molloy, before she had consulted her attorneys, did not hesitate to say that she believed George E. Graham guilty of the murder of his wife, and that the best thing for him to do was to confess and release the innocent parties. Now she sings in quite a different key.
Railroad and Stage Passengers in Mexico Robbed and Stripped.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
EL PASO, Texas, March 4. A freight train on the Mexican Central Road, in charge of Conductor Mart, north bound, was ditched and robbed at Kilometre, north of San Francisco station, last night by a band of sixty Mexican outlaws. The train consisted of seven cars, which were all ditched. The outlaws first robbed and then stripped completely naked all of the train hands, then tied their hands behind their backs, in which condition they had to walk into San Francisco station. Cars were broken open and a large amount of freight was taken. Troops are scouring the country in search of the band of outlaws. From a similarity of operations, it is supposed that this outrage was committed by the same band which some time ago robbed a stage in the State of Zacatecas. The stage contained, besides the driver, three men and one young lady, all belonging to the best families of Chihuahua. The outlaws robbed them of their valuables, and every particle of clothing, and in that condition allowed them to proceed in the stage. Just before leaving their victims, the robbers out of consideration for the young lady, gave the people in the stage a sheet, which they used in common as a lap robe, and thus made their way to the nearest station. Yesterday's outrage occurred in the State of Jalisco, often called the "Robbers' State," from the frequency with which lawless exploits occur in it.
A Ruffian in Kansas Hires a Man to Murder His Wife and Stepchild.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.

BELOIT, Kan., March 4. R. D. Parker, a former resident of this place, but now of Abilene, came back here yesterday evening, accompanied by a young man named Frank Dunn, whom he brought with him from the latter town to assassinate his wife and stepchild, who live here, but have been separated from Parker for some months. Dunn gave the job up to the officers at Abilene and this place, but was instructed to carry out his project, so far as shooting was concerned. He was shown by Parker the room which his wife and stepdaughter occupied, and told the location of the bed, and was to have $25 for firing five shots from a revolver through the window into the bed. Dunn fired the shots according to contract, and immediately afterward met Parker at the rendezvous agreed upon and was paid twenty dollars by him, with a promise of five dollars more if it proved that he had made a sure thing of it. Officers were concealed so near as to hear all the conversation, and this morning Parker was arrested and is now in jail. Excitement is running high, and there are many that favor a hemp necktie for the villain. But this is a law-abiding community, and the law will be allowed to take its course.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
The Russian Government has ordered the Polish poet, Krazeivski, to return to prison on May 1. The poet says that his return will soon be followed by his death, as he is now in feeble health.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
NEW YORK, March 5, 6 a.m.—The grand "tie-up" of all the street car lines in the city, ordered by the Executive Board of the Empire Protective association, took place today, and not a car is running. The men assembled at the barns of the companies at Forty-third street in orderly groups, prepared to march to their hall on West Fifty-second street, where they will remain during the day. There is not the least excitement.
10:45 a.m.—Up to this hour no disturbance is reported at police headquarters. Not a street car is running. No attempts have been made to send out cars. The city appears as if dead. Nothing like the present troubles has been witnessed since the worst days of the great epizootic epidemic a dozen years ago. The police force is thoroughly organized and is confident of its ability to repress promptly any riot or disorder. Every man able to put on a uniform and carry a club was ordered on duty, last night, and this morning 1,500 were held in reserve.
At 1:30 p.m. Police Superintendent Murray received the intelligence that the committee, which had met to consider the strike troubles, had adjourned, and that matters had been adjusted so that the men would resume at two o'clock on all the lines in this city and Brooklyn.
Commissioner O'Donnell after consultation with the executive committee took a cab and went over to Brooklyn, where he met President Richardson at the office of the Atlantic avenue line, together with the directors. President Richardson then submitted to the commissioner a statement containing the following resolution and directed to Joseph O'Donnell, chairman of the executive committee of the Empire Mutual Protective Association.
Resolved, That the Atlantic avenue railroad of Brooklyn will agree to pay a rate of two dollars per day for twelve hours as a day's work for conductors and drivers, including half an hour allowed for dinner, and after our cars are running, to submit all questions of difference between employees to Commissioner O'Donnell. It is agreed that the Dry Dock, East Broadway, and Battery lines be included in the same agreements as the Atlantic roads in Brooklyn.

On receiving this Commissioner O'Donnell at once returned to New York and went to the Central Labor Union hall on East Eighth street, where the executive committee was in session, and submitted the proposition to them, and it was accepted promptly and delegates from the different roads started at once to notify the men to be ready to start the cars at two o'clock. Car No. 196 of the Fourth avenue surface road was the first to reach the city hall. It reached the stand at 2:30 covered with brand new brooms.
At two p.m. crowds were gathered at the east side stables of the Crosstown lines at Grand and Corlear streets when a messenger came running through the street and delivered a message to the officials of the company. It was the official notification that the strike was ended and the men were ready to resume work; and it was signed by the chairman of the executive committee. The stable doors were unbarred and thrown open. The crowd understood the meaning of this and cheered. Car No. 1 rolled out of the depot and was soon adorned with new brooms and flags. It started out amid demonstrations from the crowds. It was filled with friends of the strikers. Nobody thought of paying fare, and all the way down to the post-office there was an ovation.
The strikers of the Avenue B and Avenue D cars marched to the Fourteenth street stables at 1:30 p.m., and Inspector Byrne and 100 men were there too. At 2:30 p.m. the doors were opened and the stablemen and hitchers marched in, took off their coats, and went to work. Some non-union men who had been feeding the horses retired. It was 2:47 p.m. when a bobtail car of the Avenue D line drove out into the shouting crowd and rumbled along on the first trip. Car 77 of the Avenue B line soon followed, and the normal order of things was soon restored. Car No. 1 of the Third avenue line started at 2:45 p.m., and was attended all along the route by shouts and cheers. Car No. 16 of the Sixth avenue line was the first over that road, and this, as on all the other lines as they one by one resumed, was attended by shouting. [Article ceased at this point in the middle of the word "shouting."]
The Street Car Strike in New York Exhibits Some Interesting Features.
The Attempt to Run Cars a Failure.
Blocked by Timely Dumps and Accidents.
Knights of Labor Threaten to Strike On the Entire Gould System
Unless Men Are Reinstated.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.

NEW YORK, March 4. The strike of the employees of the Dry Dock street railroad lines continues and travelers by the Grand street ferries are put to much inconvenience thereby. The hearing before the State Railroad Commission was continued yesterday morning at the company's office. Vice President Richardson made a reply to demands of the men, taking up each one separately. The company is willing to allow twelve hours to constitute a day's work including one hour for meals. All employees who work more than twelve hours are to receive extra pay. Mr. Richardson asserted that no outside organization should have the right to dictate to the company whom it should or should not employ. There was a long debate in regard to the discharge of certain men who had remained faithful to the company during the present difficulty. The superintendent replied that the company would prefer to go to pieces rather than discharge these men. The conference ended without any agreement being reached. An attempt was made to run cars during the afternoon, but the strikers put such obstacles in the way that the trial was abandoned. During the attempted progress of the test car, a huge load of barrels crossed the track in front of it. The strikers cut the rope that bound the barrels on the truck and they rolled to the street and caused delay. A coal wagon load of coal was dumped and its contents spread before the car. A car of the Grand Houston and Forty-second street line was stopped by the strikers, the harness was cut, and the car placed square across the tracks. Passengers were turned out and travel stopped. Fifty or sixty cars were finally blocked and thousands of persons were a part of the scene. Finally 120 policemen arrived and sought to protect the trial trip car. The driver held his reins steadily and maintained composure amidst the jeers and intimidation of the mob. The conductor was surrounded and dragged off the car. He disappeared and sought refuge in the company's office. Finally word came from the company to take the car back to the stable. The strikers construed this as a step toward victory and there were tumultuous shouts and the course of travel was permitted again to be resumed. Superintendent White said: "We intend to carry this thing through. We met the men half way, but they wanted too much. The trouble is not ended. I am told all the lines in Brooklyn and New York will tie up tomorrow." The strikers assert that the end is near and that it will bring victory to them. Twenty-five men who are members of the Empire Protective Association, a branch of the Knights of Labor, yesterday afternoon distributed themselves quietly along the various Brooklyn routes of street cars controlled by William Richardson. They ordered drivers and conductors to strike and as soon as ever the round trip was completed, the order was in every instance obeyed, and by six o'clock every line was tied up and all the men had left the stables in an orderly manner. The stablemen cared for the horses as usual, but it is not expected that they will be on hand in the morning. Meetings were held last night and the men decided to hold out until their demands are met. The employers have advertised for men and will never yield, they say. The New York drivers and conductors who are striking met last night and discussed the situation. A prominent labor unionist said the report that all the New York roads would tie up today was ungrounded.
SEDALIA, Mo., March 4. It is reported that the Knights of Labor of District Assembly No. 101, which takes in the entire Gould system, have determined to strike unless several of their members at Marshall, in the employ of the Texas & Pacific, who were recently discharged, are reinstated and the contract entered into for one year between the Gould management and its employees is observed to the letter. Knights of Labor claim that Receiver Brown, of the Texas & Pacific, has repudiated the contract and has repeatedly ignored the executive board of the Knights. Martin Irons, chairman of the executive committee, is at Marshall, Texas, as is also District Master-workman, Levin, and P. H. Golden. It is stated, upon reliable authority, that the demands are backed by the entire organization and that unless the discharged employees are reinstated and the contract restored, the men will all strike to enforce the demands.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.

MARYVILLE, Mo., March 4. News of a sad accident which occurred about fourteen miles northeast of this city yesterday afternoon, has just been brought here by a neighbor of the afflicted family. Mrs. Annie Findler, an estimable young lady of eighteen, whose father owns a saw mill on the Platte river, in Jefferson township, Nodaway County, Missouri, went to the river as was her wont to dip a pail of water. The bank was icy and as she swung the pail from the river, her foot slipped, and in a moment she was immersed. An older brother saw the accident from the mill and although unable to swim, ran to his sister's rescue and plunged into the icy current. He was unable to reach the struggling victim, however, and she finally sank for the last time. The brother was barely able to reach the shore in an exhausted state.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
MILES CITY, M. T., March 4. The Home Land and Cattle Company have contracted for the purchase of 17,000 head of cattle now ranging in the Panhandle country. The cattle are to be delivered at Coolidge, Kansas, and from thence will be driven on up to the company's range on the north side. This is probably not half of the number of stock which will be put on the range by this company next year, and the greater part of them will be steer cattle.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
WASHINGTON, March 4. Jacob T. Childs, of Missouri, was yesterday appointed by the President Minister Resident and Consul General of the United States at Siam. Brigadier General Alfred H. Terry was appointed by the President today Major General, vice Winfield Scott Hancock, deceased.
CINCINNATI, March 6. Mr. Isaac J. Miller, a prominent Democrat of this city, and ex-president of the Board of Councilmen, was called before the Senatorial Election Investigating Committee yesterday afternoon. He swore that just before the last Ohio Legislature passed the law taking away the police control from the mayor and giving it to a board of police commissioners, John R. McLean came to his office on Third street and offered him first $1,000, then $2,000, and finally $3,000 to say that he believed that the police commissioners would appoint better men on the police force than the Mayor would. He also offered on condition that he would make the statement to support him heartily for Mayor and to give him more money to elect him Mayor than he (Miller) would himself. These propositions were not accepted. Mr. Miller is one of the most active members of the committee of 100, a non-partisan organization formed for the purpose of securing a fair election in this city last fall. This is the first intimation of such charges against Mr. McLean and Mr. Miller's testimony has created a sensation.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
KANSAS CITY, Mo., March 6. Mr. George Soerschlor, of Kansas City, Kansas, and Alexander Beaton, of Armourdale, today filed a petition with Judge Guthrie, of Shawnee County, Kansas, asking that an order be issued restraining Governor Martin from bestowing a name upon the consolidated cities at present. The petitioners claim that they are not opposed to the consolidation but are not satisfied with the proposed name of the city. A temporary order was issued and the case will set for March 13 for further hearing.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.

NEW YORK, March 6. It was said last evening that the Presidents of the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe and the Chicago, Burlington & Quincy roads have sent letters to Mr. Huntington looking to a settlement of the transcontinental rate war. Commissioner Fink, it was also asserted, has addressed himself to Mr. Huntington for the purpose of adjusting the transcontinental matter. Railway men, however, are looking for further cuts.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
Grand Opening!
Thursday and Friday, MARCH 11 & 12.
The Most Complete Assortment of Spring and Summer Goods,
At prices lower than have ever been made on goods of equal quality.
Carpets, Rugs, Mats, Lace Curtains, And Nottingham Laces,
In great variety and
Be sure and call and see our stock BEFORE PURCHASING.
The store will be well lighted Thursday and Friday Evenings.
We invite the public to call and look through our store.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
Brotherton & Silver,
Seed and Implement House,
All kinds of FLOUR AND GARDEN SEEDS, Fresh and New.
Agricultural Implements.
A large stock at Lowest Prices and Easy Terms.
North Main Street, Winfield, Kansas.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
Farmers, please call at the New Implement House,
612 and 614 MAIN STREET,
Nearly Opposite the Brettun House,
and inspect our goods before
Purchasing Elsewhere.
The Senate Again Takes Up the Education Bill.—Some Pertinent Points.
Ingalls Arraigns Zach Montgomery for Bigotry.
Hale Defends the Negroes.
The House, After Minor Business, Takes Up the Pension Appropriation Bill.
Bland And Silver.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.

WASHINGTON, March 3. Among the petitions presented in the Senate yesterday was one by Mr. Hoar from the workingmen employed in the Government workshops since the eight-hour law of 1868 had been passed, praying compensation for overtime or a reference of their claims to some tribunal that might adjudicate the question, and whether they ought to have such compensation. Mr. Hoar said he favored the request of the petitioners, and the petition was appropriately referred.
Mr. Van Wyck, from the Committee on Pensions, reported with an amendment the House bill to increase the pensions of widows and dependent relatives of deceased soldiers and sailors. The amendment provides for an increase of the pensions of minor children from $2 to $4 a month. Mr. Van Wyck said he would ask for an early consideration by the Senate of an amendment to increase the pensions of minor children to $5 a month instead of $4, as recommended by the committee.
Mr. Logan hoped the bill would soon be taken up and passed and expressed the hope that the Arrears of Pensions bill introduced by the Senator from Kansas (Ingalls) would shortly be reported and passed.
Mr. Van Wyck said Congress ought to have passed at its last session the bill granting pensions to Mexican soldiers.
The bill reported by Mr. Van Wyck was placed on the calendar.
At one o'clock, on motion of Mr. Blair, the Senate took up the Education bill and Mr. Call addressed the Senate in opposition to Mr. Allison's amendment. He characterized it as a reflection on the States and an abandonment of one of the principles of this Government.
Mr. Saulsbury opposed the bill whether with or without the Allison amendment. If this bill should pass the Knights of Labor would soon be asking for money in the interest of laboring people who might be out of work and with just as much a right as the demand for his bill. If the Nation had a surplus, it should be used to build a navy, or the money should be returned to the people.
Mr. Ingalls said that if this money were to be distributed, all safeguards possible should be thrown about it. He wanted to know who was to administer the fund of $77,000,000. The Secretary of the Interior, the Assistant Attorney General of whose department was one Mr. Zach Montgomery, whose views about common school education Mr. Ingalls showed by reading many extracts from a book entitled "Drops from the Poisoned Fountain, Facts that are Stranger than Fiction; by Zach Montgomery of the California Bar." Among the extracts read were the following.
"We promise to prove that our boasted New England public school system as by law established throughout the length and breadth of the American Republic, is a poisonous fountain, fraught with seeds of human misery and moral death. It is a crime and pauper breeding system—a system which being conceived in crime, brought forth in crime and nurtured in crime, must of necessity propagate crime."

That bill, too, Mr. Ingalls said, was for a fund to be applied to non-sectarian schools. He then read from a speech delivered by Mr. Montgomery before a Roman Catholic Sunday School Teachers' Association of California in 1883, and said that he would do Mr. Montgomery the justice to say that he had declared the pamphlet report was incorrect, but he would read certain extracts which Mr. Montgomery had not included in the extracts which he had claimed misrepresented him. Speaking of the telegraph, the railroad, and the newspaper, the pamphlet report was:
"They are the means of spreading false rumors and moral sentiments that corrupt the minds of good Catholics in this land. Instead of reading the corrupting newspapers, teach them (the children) the truths of the church and that will save them from the whirlpool of Protestantism and heresy in all its forms. The action that Protestants entertain about the great progress made in the nineteenth century I wish you to abstain from. The Protestant theories of independence—making up our minds for ourselves on matters of religion—are false and damnable in the extreme. There is no such thing as personal freedom in religion and morality. The whole power lies with the successor of Saint Peter, Holy Pio Nono and the holy see of Rome."
These, Mr. Ingalls said, were extracts that had not been denied. Yet the bill before the Senate was to be administered on a non-sectarian basis.
Mr. Blair opposed the Allison amendment and said that Mr. Montgomery had not yet been confirmed by the Senate. If that person had been correctly reported, Mr. Blair hoped the Judiciary Committee, of which Mr. Ingalls was a member, would protect the common schools against him. Such a man, if the extracts were correct, Mr. Blair looked upon as worse to the country than the arch-fiend himself, for the people were on guard against the latter personage.
The debate was continued by Mr. Hoar and Mr. Hale. The latter, in speaking of the Southern negro, said he was in the Union army; his sympathies were with the flag; he guided the footsteps of the fleeing fugitives from Southern prisons; and when the war ended he emerged, a grim and pathetic picture, attracting the attention of American statesmen; then fell on him a tempest that, if it did not annihilate his race, might have broken his spirit; the ku-klux raiders hurried him from Virginia to Texas; the Alabama klan drove him from the polls; the midnight raiders in Louisiana hung him to the rafters of his cabin; the first citizens of Kemper County shot him down in the presence of his wife and family. New Orleans, Coushatta, and Copiah all told a story which the world would read with horror. All this time the colored man had kept on and piled plow and hoe. Now what he wanted was education. This amendment would secure it for him, while the bill as it stood would not. If the amendment failed, his (Mr. Hale's) course was clear. He would "stand or fall" with the amendment.
Mr. Allison defended his amendment. He asked the Southern Senators whether they thought the people of this country would assent that out of $58,000,000 which the bill would give the South, $40,000,000 should go to the education of the whites, while only $18,000,000 was to go for the education of the colored people, notwithstanding the fact that the illiteracy of the Southern whites was but little more than that prevailing in the Northern States. He asked whether they supposed that the bill without this amendment would endure the just criticism of Northern people with such inequitable partition of the money. He believed that this vicious proposition for the distribution of money within the States had been made to secure for the bill votes from Senators from whom they could not otherwise be secured. His amendment could not, however, be "whistled down the wind."

Mr. Logan submitted as an amendment the substance of a measure heretofore introduced by him providing for an appropriation of $10,000,000 the first year, $17,500,000 the second year, $20,000,000 the third year, $18,000,000 the fourth year, $16,000,000 the fifth year, $14,000,000 the sixth year, $12,000,000 the seventh year, $10,000,000 the eighty year, $8,000,000 the ninth year, and $6,000,000 the tenth year, when all the appropriation should close, and an amendment providing a special fund of $2,000,000 to aid in building school houses in sparsely populated districts, not more than $100 on any one house nor more than one-half the cost of the school house in any case.
The Senate then adjourned.
In the House yesterday Mr. Morrill, of Kansas, from the Committee on Invalid Pensions, reported the bill extending until July 1, 1888, the time within which applications for arrears of pensions may be filled, extending the provisions of the arrears act to special pensioners, and providing that in applications for pensions persons shall be presumed to have been sound and free from disease at the date of entering the service. The bill was referred to Committee of the Whole.
The Speaker then laid before the House the response of the Secretary of the Treasury to the Bland resolution calling for information concerning the circulation of the standard silver dollar and the policy to be pursued. The document was referred to the Committee on Coinage, Weights and Measures.
Mr. Townshend, of Illinois, said that if it were the wish of the House, he would like the morning hour to be dispensed with, in order to permit the consideration of the Pension Appropriation bill.
Mr. Bland, of Missouri, said that he had endeavored unsuccessfully yesterday to secure recognition for the purpose of moving to fix a day for the consideration of the silver bill. He would therefore insist on the morning hour every day until the Committee on Coinage, Weights and Measures was reached.
Mr. Wise, of Virginia, on behalf of the Committee on Manufactures in the morning hour called up the bill authorizing the President to appoint a commission of seven experts skilled in the investigation, production, and use of metallic substances and other structural materials to execute tests and experiments on iron, steel, and other materials used in the construction of bridges, buildings, and mechanical structures, and deduct useful rules therefrom.
After a debate the morning hour expired and the House went into Committee of the Whole on the Pension Appropriation bill.
After several members had spoken, Mr. Butterworth delivered a partisan address, attacking Democrats and Democracy in characteristic style. At the conclusion of his speech, the committee rose and the House adjourned.
The Bell Telephone Company Announces That It Will Go Out of Existence
In Indiana.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.

CHICAGO, Ill., March 3. The Central Union Telephone Company has issued the following to its patrons in Indiana: "This company announces with regret, that in view of the second decision of the Supreme Court of Indiana sustaining the validity of the law regulating telephone rentals and toll line charges, it has voted: To decline all new business in the larger cities where it is impossible to furnish service under the law without loss; to forthwith give notice of the termination at the earliest possible date of the contracts of all subscribers in such places; to make the continuance of our exchange business in small places dependent upon the possibility of continuing under the law without loss, and to appeal to the Supreme Court of the United States. This conclusion has been reached after a careful and thorough revision of the estimates which were submitted to the Committee of the Senate and the Governor of the State and upon which the oaths of its officers in pending litigation were based, showing that the company could not profitably carry on its business under the present law. Much time has been spent in an effort to devise some plan by which all its exchanges and toll lines could be continued, but to no purpose. In conclusion, the company desires to express to all of its subscribers its thanks for their patronage and especially to the majority who have felt in common with the officers the inexpediency and injustice of the law."
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
LONDON, March 3. The Parnellites occupied five hours of the time of the House of Commons last night with a question regarding the Belfast elections raised on a private bill dealing with drainage in Belfast. Sir William Harcourt, Chancellor of the Exchequer, deprecated the raising of questions of public policy on private bills. He strongly urged that domestic affairs could be settled much better in Ireland than in the House of Commons. Ultimately the previous question was voted by 200 to 84. It is rumored that the object of the Parnellites was to shelve the Churchill motion. The House agreed to Mr. Bradlaugh's motion that a Government bureau be established similar to that in the United States for the collection of labor statistics.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
INDIANAPOLIS, March 3. Federal authorities here tonight ordered the arrest of Postmaster Sims, of Edinburg, Indiana. The United States Marshal left on the night train to get him. An advertisement appeared in the Cincinnati papers recently signed "Inez Victoria La Grande, general delivery, Indianapolis," offering to send a valuable receipt for beautifying the complexion. A great many letters were received with money enclosed. They were held here and the request made through the mail to send them to lock box W. Edinburg. A special detective investigated the matter and alleges that the postmaster at Edinburg was the accomplice of the woman.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
MILWAUKEE, Wis., March 3. The rail machines in the North Chicago Rolling Mill Company's works at Bay View were not started this morning as expected, owing to the refusal of the feeders to accept the terms proposed for settlement. The plate mills are in operation and it is expected that an agreement will be reached tomorrow.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.

NEW YORK, March 3. A strike occurred yesterday among the employees of the Dry Dock, East Broadway, & Battery Railroad Company at New York, and all the cars stopped running. The cause was because the company took on new men, intending to discharge the old ones as soon as the new men understood the work.
Discovery of the Body of an Unknown in Texas.—A Dark Deed.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
SAN ANTONIO, Texas, March 3. A letter from New Berlin, Guadalupe County, dated March 3, says that the community was horrified on the discovery of an unknown corpse, which evidently had been dead six weeks. The remains were very much decomposed. A bullet hole was found in the skull, the ball having entered in the back and come out at the right eye. The clothing was good, and in a fair state of preservation, and in them was found a copy of the San Antonio Express dated January 16, a copy of the Galveston News dated January 15, and a slip of paper endorsed Charles Weeks, Liberty Hill. The pockets of his pants were turned wrong side out, indicating he had been murdered for the purpose of robbery. The only means by which the murderers may be identified is the fact that one of the jurors recognized the overcoat, having seen it on a man in company with two others en route to Lanernia. That was about the date on which the deed was committed, and the opinion prevails that his companions did it.
An American and a Mexican Killed by Apaches in Mexico.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
TOMBSTONE, Ariz., March 8. News was received here last night that a band of thirty Apaches attacked a party of travelers fifteen miles south of Nocosari, Sonora, Mexico, killing one Mexican and an American named Zess. The Indians, who it is believed belonged to Geronimo's band, then proceeded to William Brown's mine, where McMerten was killed last September, and killed Brown and his companion, James Moser. The band then started south and camped one mile south of San Pedro, where they stole eighty horses belonging to the settlers, and then went in the direction of the Sierra Madre mountains.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
HAMILTON, Mo., March 8. Andrew Lee, an uncle of Cora Lee, who is the second wife of George Graham, the wife murderer, lives near this place. Cora's father also lives with him. Mr. Lee is in every way a respectable man and is well thought of in his neighborhood. He has not seen the girls for five years and had no idea they were in such bad company. They got acquainted with Mrs. Molloy in Elgin, Illinois, working for her, and went with her to Kansas. He and Cora's brother have heard from them frequently by letter. Cora spoke of Graham as being a pious and respectable widower. Mr. Lee blames Mrs. Molloy for all the trouble and thinks Cora innocent.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.

CHIHUAHUA, Mexico, March 3. A duel with pistols between Trinidad Alvarez and Senor Paradez has just been fought in the suburbs of this city. Paradez received two wounds and it is believed will die of his injuries. The first two shots fired at Alvarez missed him, but the third struck him in the forehead, killing him instantly. Both were prominent men here. The duel was caused by a quarrel between the families of the two men, in which they had become involved. Paradez was the challenging party.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
BALTIMORE, Md., March 3. The newspaper talk created by the reading in public of Sims' poem "'Ostler Joe" led to a demand for it in this city, and the announcement that it would be recited last night at Ford's opera house by Miss Blanche Chapman attracted one of the largest audiences of the season. Fully 1,500 ladies and gentlemen enthusiastically applauded a highly dramatic rendition of the much criticized poem.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
Albert Friedlander, of the firm of A. Friedlander & Co., cloak manufacturers of New York, was arrested the other day on the complaint of Jordan, Marsh & Co., merchants of Boston, charged with defrauding that firm of $57,000 by collusion with their buyer, one Hughes, who has confessed.
The President Sends a Message to Congress With Reference to the Chinese.
He Claims They are Entitled to Protection and Indemnity for Their Losses.
The Outrages Not Committed by Americans.
Reparation Must Be Made in a Spirit of Generosity.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
WASHINGTON, March 3. The President sent the following message to Congress yesterday.
To the Senate and House of Representatives:
It is made the constitutional duty of the President to recommend to the consideration of Congress, from time to time, such measures as he judges necessary and expedient. In no matter can the necessity of this be more evident than when the good faith of the United States under the solemn obligation of treaties with foreign powers is concerned. The question of the treatment of the subjects of China sojourning within the jurisdiction of the United States presents such a matter for the urgent and earnest consideration of the executive and Congress. In my first annual message, upon the assembling of the present Congress, I adverted to this question. At the time I wrote this, the shocking occurrences at Rock Springs, in Wyoming Territory, were fresh in the minds of all and had been recently presented anew to the attention of this Government by the Chinese Minister in a note which, while not unnaturally exhibiting some misconception of our Federal system of administration in the Territories while they as yet are not in the exercise of the full measure of that sovereign self-government pertaining to the States of the Union, presents in truthful terms the main features of the cruel outrage there perpetrated upon inoffensive subjects of China.

In the investigation of the Rock Springs outbreak and the ascertainment of the facts on which the Chinese Minister's statements rest, the Chinese representatives were aided by the agents of the United States and the reports submitted, having been thus framed and recounting facts within the knowledge of witnesses on both sides possess an impartial truthfulness which could not fail to give them great impressiveness. The facts, which so far are not controverted or affected by exculpatory or mitigating testimony, show the murder of a number of Chinese subjects in September last at Rock Springs, the wounding of many others, and the spoliation of the property of all when the unhappy survivors had been driven from their habitations. There is no allegation that the victims, by any lawless or disorderly act on their part, contributed to bring about a collision. On the contrary, it appears that the law-abiding disposition of these people who were sojourners in our midst under the sanction of hospitality and express treaty obligations was made the pretext for the attack upon them. This outrage upon law and treaty engagements was committed by a lawless mob. None of the aggressors—happily for the national fame—appear by the reports to have been citizens of the United States. They were aliens, engaged in that remote district as mining laborers, who became excited against the Chinese laborers, as it would seem, because of their refusal to join them in a strike to secure higher wages. The oppression of Chinese subjects by their rivals in the competition for labor does not differ in violence and illegality from that applied to other classes of native or alien labor. All are equally under the protection of the law, and equally entitled to enjoy the benefits of assured public order.
Was there no treaty in existence referring to the rights of Chinese subjects? Did they come hither as all other strangers who voluntarily resort to this land of freedom, of self-government and of laws, here peaceably to win their bread and live their lives, there can be no question that they would be entitled still to the same measure of protection from violence and the same free forum for the redress of their grievances as any other alien. So far as the treaties between the United States and China stipulate for the treatment of the Chinese subjects actually in the United States as the citizens or subjects of the most favored nation are treated, they create no new status for them. They simply recognize and conform to a general and existing rule, applicable to all aliens alike, for none are favored above others by domestic law and none by foreign treaties unless it be the Chinese themselves in some respects. For, by the third article of the treaty of November 17, 1880, between the United States and China, it provides that: "Article 3. If Chinese laborers or Chinese of any other class, either permanent or temporarily residing in the territory of the United States, meet with ill treatment at the hands of any other persons the Government of the United States will exert all its power to devise measures for their protection and to secure them the same rights, privileges, immunities, and exemption as may be enjoyed by the subjects of the most favored nation, and to which they are entitled by treaty." This article may be held to constitute a special privilege for Chinese subjects in the United States as compared with other aliens; not that it creates any peculiar rights which others do not share, but because, in case of ill treatment of the Chinese in the United States, this Government is bound to "exert all its power to devise measures for their protection" by securing to them the rights to which, equally with any and all other foreigners, they are entitled.

Whether it is now incumbent upon the United States to amend their general laws or devise new measures in this regard, I do not consider in the present communication, but confine myself to the particular point raised by the outrage and massacre at Rock Springs. The note of the Chinese minister and the documents which accompany it give, as I believe, an unexaggerated statement of the lamentable incident and present impressively the regrettable circumstances that the proceedings, in the name of justice, for the ascertainment of the crime and fixing the responsibility therefor were a ghastly mockery of justice. So long as the Chinese minister, under his instructions, makes this the basis of an appeal to the principles and convictions of mankind, no exception can be taken. But when he goes further and taking as his precedent the action of the Chinese Government in past instances, where the lives of American citizens and their property in China have been endangered, argues a reciprocal obligation on the part of the United States to indemnify the Chinese subjects who suffered at Rock Springs, it became necessary to meet his argument and to deny most emphatically the conclusions he seeks to draw as to the existence of such a liability and the right of the Chinese Government to insist upon it.
I draw the attention of Congress to the latter part of the note of the Secretary of State of February 18, 1886, in reply to the Chinese Minister's representations, and invite especial consideration of the cogent reasons by which he reaches conclusions, that whilst the United States Government is under no obligation, whether by the express terms of its treaties with China or the principles of international law, to indemnify these Chinese subjects for losses caused by such means and under the admitted circumstances, yet that, in view of the palpable and discreditable failure of the authorities of Wyoming Territory to bring to justice the guilty parties or to assure to the sufferers an impartial forum in which to seek and obtain compensation for the losses which these subjects have incurred by lack of police protection; and considering further the entire absence of provocation or contribution on the part of the victims, the executive may be induced to bring the matter to the benevolent consideration of Congress in order that that body, in its high discretion, may direct Government aid of innocent and peaceful strangers, whose maltreatment has brought discredit upon the country with the distinct understanding that such action is in no wise to be held as a precedent, is wholly gratuitous, and is resorted to in a spirit of pure generosity toward those who are otherwise helpless. The correspondence exchanged is herewith submitted for the information of Congress. GROVER CLEVELAND. Executive Mansion, March 1, 1886.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
The associated chambers of agriculture of Great Britain have adopted a resolution favoring the imposition of import duties on foreign grain.
Attorney General Montgomery Thinks He Has Been Greatly Misrepresented.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.

WASHINGTON, March 8. Attorney-General Montgomery, law officer of the Interior Department, has written to Senator Ingalls in reply to the comments of the latter in his speech relative to Mr. Montgomery's position on the school question. In his letter Mr. Montgomery says: "I am not a little surprised to find that in order to make good your opposition to my confirmation, you appear to think it incumbent on you not to confine yourself to objecting to what I said in my pamphlet, but to many things which I never said at any time nor in any place. If the sentiments contained in the pamphlet I sent you had, in your opinion, constituted a sufficient objection to the confirmation of my appointment, you could scarcely have deemed it necessary to supplement the objection by a series of quotations from a false and anonymous pamphlet. Neither could have you have thought it necessary to so torture my card as published (first in San Francisco, August 7, 1873, and afterward in the New York Tribune July 10, 1865) either into a twelve years silence or into a partial admission on my part of the infamous utterances attributed to me, although emphatically disproved by more than a dozen unimpeachable witnesses, including two well known newspaper reporters, all of whom were present and heard what I did say on that occasion in question. I am free to admit that if I had ever uttered or entertained the infamous sentiments which you and your anonymous letter attributed to me, I would not only be unfit to hold office but unworthy the countenance of all honorable and intelligent people. If the 'no popery' cry is to be the weapon with which my opponents propose to fight me, I trust that in the future it may be an honest cry of at least seeming truth backed by as much as one reputable witness, and not resting solely on the false charges of an anonymous scribbler."
Some of the Proposals to Deal with the Unaffiliated Territory.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
WASHINGTON, March 3. Some time ago Mr. Burnes, of Missouri, introduced a bill to transform a stretch of country lying between Kansas and Texas into the Territory of Cimarron. This has been designated on the maps as "The public land strip," and has been known along the border as "No Man's Land." It has no government except such as the squatters upon it have chosen to extemporize, as occasion seemed to demand. It has not been open to settlement under any laws and the condition of society there has been of primitive quality. The small size of the public land strip has been in the way of its recognition as a Territory, especially when taken into comparison with such bodies as Texas and Kansas. The time seems to be near, however, when something must be done with this country. Besides Mr. Burnes', there is pending a proposition to annex the strip to Kansas. Mr. Hale, of Missouri, yesterday proposed another solution. The strip contains 3,590,400 acres. It was purchased from Texas at a time when that State had more domain than she could see any use for. The United States wanted it to carry out an early agreement with the Indians, by which the tribes placed on reservations were to have a runway or outlet to reach the buffalo country when they wanted to go hunting. Mr. Hale's proposition, presented in the form of a joint resolution, is to enter into negotiations with Texas to sell and cede enough of the Panhandle to make with "No Man's Land" a body large enough for a respectable territory. It is proposed to take, Texas being willing, the part of the Panhandle lying above the Canadian river. This would add 6,019,200 acres to the strip, and the Territory of Cimarron would be at least big enough to contain its name spelled out on the maps.
Leo XIII Celebrates His Anniversary By an Address to the Sacred College.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.

ROME, March 3. Pope Leo IIII celebrated the seventy-fifth anniversary of his birth yesterday and the eighth anniversary of his coronation, which falls today, by an address to the members of the Sacred College. In this His Holiness eulogized the union existing among the Cardinals and urged concord among Catholics against those seeking to corrupt and weaken the authority of the church. He deplored the oppressed condition of the Holy See as unworthy of the head of the church and incompatible with his independence. His Holiness spoke with much severity concerning the attempt to connect the Vatican with the crime of furnishing foreign enemies of Italy secret information about its military defenses, as was done recently in the case of a man on trial on the charge of having sold such information to a foreign power. During his trial the prosecution read what purported to be a letter from Vienna, in which the writer, whose name was withheld, imputed the prisoner's act to inspiration from the Vatican, which was accused of having a purpose to undermine and destroy the present Kingdom of Italy. His holiness repelled this imputation with indignation and condemned the impunity with which vulgar malignity of this kind had been employed to excite against the Vatican the hatred of the multitude.
Shocking Fatality at a Fire in Fulton, Missouri.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
FULTON, Mo., March 3. About two o'clock yesterday morning Mrs. Quisenberry's house on Nicholas street was discovered to be on fire. Neighbors hastening to the burning house heard low cries of distress and found Mrs. Quisenberry lying in the yard partly wrapped in a blanket. Water was dashed over her, but she was dead. The house was wrapped in flames and could not be saved. Mrs. Quisenberry's two sons, aged seventeen and nineteen, were missing, and a search of the ruins was instituted as soon as possible and their charred remains were found in the embers. The mother was probably trying to save them when her clothes took fire.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
SPRINGFIELD, Ohio, March 3. There is much excitement here caused by the action of the East Street Champion Reaper Works last night. There was a wholesale discharge of several hundred employees known to belong to the Knights of Labor or other trades union organizations. Whiteley, president of the company, said: "We were compelled to take this course in the cause of human liberty. So far as we have observed, the operation of this organization in other cities has been one of terror, intimidation, and violence, and it seems to be a question whether the factory shall have all or none of its employees members of the organization. We prefer to have all our men independent of all organizations, and believe such a course will be for the good of the community."
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.

CHICAGO, Ill., March 3. G. O'Hara, superintendent of the Pullman Palace Car Company, while delirious from erysipelas which affected his head, overpowered his two colored attendants this morning and, deliberately raising the window of his room in the sixth story of the Palmer House, jumped out into the rotunda. With nothing to arrest his fall, he would doubtless have been killed, but in his descent he encountered four skylights, each protected by wire netting, and passing through all these obstructions, he reached the bottom with slight injuries, so far as could be ascertained. He was able to walk, and a physician, who examined him, found some bad bruises and cuts from glass, but no broken bones.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
WASHINGTON, March 3. About forty Democratic members of the House met in caucus last night to arrange for the selection of a Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee. A resolution was adopted instructing the State delegations to select one of their number from each State to constitute the Campaign Committee. The committee so selected is charged to meet within a week and choose five of their number to act with a similar number chosen by the Democratic Senators as a Joint Executive Committee.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
WASHINGTON, March 3. The following postmasters were commissioned yesterday.
In Kansas—Elihu P. Forrey at Chandler; William Galle at Christian; George Lent at Greenwich; William Wielers at Herkimer; John Beland at St. Joseph; Andrew B. Jardine at Streator; Samuel Warnock at Sugar Valley; and David M. Lauber at Wade.
In Missouri—Washington L. Scott at Scotland.
In Nebraska—Joseph Norwood at Lavid; James Neel at Neel, Daniel L. Kennedy at Pekin.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
The report of the exhibition of 1878 has been presented to the French Chambers. It shows a deficit of 32,000,000 francs.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
The Paris Bourse was uneasy during the week ended March 6. Other European money exchanges were reported steady.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
The daily papers of the 8th were filled with strikes, boycotts, combinations, and other labor movements more or less threatening.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
One person was killed and several injured and a number of horses destroyed by an earthquake in Cosenza, Southern Italy, the other day.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
The Colorado cattle growers, in convention at Denver recently, endorsed the International Range Association and agreed to cooperate with the association.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
It was reported at Denver, Colorado, recently, that 600 miners in the employ of the Marshall Coal Company at Eler had struck on account of a reduction of wages.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
An immense conflagration broke out in the docks of the Monarch Line Steamship Company at Jersey City, New Jersey, on the morning of the 8th. Extensive damage was threatened.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
A fire recently broke out in the Ford & Shoemaker mills at Akron, Ohio, destroying the structure and many other buildings. The losses were estimated at nearly $1,000,000, partially insured.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
The clearing house returns for week ended March 6 showed an average increase of 29.6 compared with the corresponding week of last year. In New York the increase was 31.6.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
The Abbess Malegne Casepouse, while dining in the hospital of the Sisters of the Poor, at Perpignan, France, recently, was attacked and murdered by a band of ruffians. Several of the miscreants were arrested. The motive was supposed to be robbery.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
Commissioner Colman, of the Department of Agriculture, has received quite an unfavorable report on the Government tea farm at Summerville, S. C. The severe winter and protracted cold weather have stripped the tea plants of their foliage. The Commissioner is of the opinion that the experimental tea farm had better be [NOT FINISHED.]
Acquittal of a Bartender for Killing Pat Doran.
A Polish Citizen Arrested.
Trial of Anarchists.—Their Conviction Assured.
Poisoned Apples Given to a Woman.
The Impeachment of Judge Hayes of Iowa.
Difficulty of Securing a Two-Thirds Vote.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
TEXARKANA, Ark., March 3. The case of the State of Texas vs. Stanley Edwards, for the murder of Pat Doran in August last, came before the district court of Bowie County yesterday and resulted in the acquittal of the accused. It will be remembered that on the night of the 21st of said month, Pat Doran was found with his skull crushed and in a dying condition in the rear of the Gem saloon, where Edwards was employed as bartender and where he was met by Doran, when a difficulty ensued, resulting in Doran being struck and ejected from the premises. Investigation revealed facts pointing to Edwards as the murderer, which created considerable excitement, and Edwards was arrested. He gave bond and his trial was defended by the best talent of the county. The jury after a deliberation of thirty minutes returned a verdict of justifiable homicide.

SAN ANTONIO, Texas, March 3. J. Belohradsky, proprietor of the San Antonio city brewery, was arrested here this morning on a requisition from the Governor of Illinois endorsed by the Governor of Texas for the alleged embezzlement of $1,750.69 from the Polish Benevolent Society at Chicago. He was secretary of that institution in the year 1881. Henry Bah, the Illinois agent, will take his prisoner to Chicago tomorrow morning, provided a writ of habeas corpus has not been interposed in the meantime. Belohradsky stands high in the business community of San Antonio and the fact of his arrest on such a grave charge has created a great deal of surprise among his friends. The agent says the funds alleged to have been embezzled belonged to the Mema Polish society and the reason he has not been arrested sooner was because his whereabouts was unknown until recently.
BERLIN, March 3. The chief of the series of sensational socialistic treason trials which will occupy the courts for the next six weeks was commenced this morning at Mayence. The prisoners who were placed on trial were the Anarchists, Frederick and Albert Sutermeister, who are charged with conspiracy and treason against the Emperor of Germany. The principal evidence against them will come from informants with corroboration in the shape of several hundred letters from prominent Anarchists which were found at their lodgings. The trial may occupy two weeks, but the conviction of the accused is reported as a foregone conclusion.
WEATHERFORD, Texas, March 3. Today nine apples were brought to the drug store of P. W. Kindell to analyze. The purpose of the analysis was, if possible, to discover if they contained any poison. These apples were brought from the house of Mrs. Wheeler, who is sick in bed. The apples were found on the porch of Mrs. Wheeler, who started to eat one of them, but found that it had a peculiar taste and did not eat it. She then sent the apples to town to have them analyzed. The druggist who made the analysis says each apple contained about five grains of strychnine. No one can account for the apparent effort to poison Mrs. Wheeler.
DES MOINES, Iowa, March 3. The case of Judge Hayes whom it is sought to impeach for alleged failure to carry out the provisions of the prohibition laws was taken up in the House at ten o'clock this morning as a special order to be continued as such from day to day until disposed of. The general opinion is that nothing will come of the case. Party lines have so far been tightly drawn and are likely to be to the end, and in this event it would be impossible to get the necessary two-thirds vote for impeachment even if the case should ever go to the Senate.
WESTFIELD, N. J., March 3. Miss Mamie Curran, a brunette of thirteen years, is missing from her home in this place, not having been seen since last Wednesday. Fears are entertained of abduction. An anxious search is being made by citizens.
Two Fires at Atchison, Kansas.
Serious Injury to a Fireman's Assistant.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.

ATCHISON, Kan., March 3. About six o'clock last evening fire broke out in the livery stable of J. C. Call, at the corner of Sixth and Commercial streets. In less than an hour, it was completely consumed together with about thirty-five head of fine horses and all the carriages, buggies, hacks, etc. The building was a two story frame, 50 x 150 feet. The fire originated in the straw in the basement where the horses were kept, from a pipe or cigar. The firemen were promptly on hand, but were unable to be of great service on account of the poor force of the water. Frank Garrett, while assisting the firemen, was perhaps fatally injured. Call's loss is estimated at $20,000. He carried no insurance. The adjoining building was occupied by Donald Bros. drug store, where a stock of $150,000 was held. Their loss is $20,000, covered by insurance.
At five o'clock this morning a kerosene oil lamp exploded in the hardware and implement house of J. W. Lowe, causing a loss of $1,000 to the building and $5,000 to stock, both of which are partly insured.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
TORONTO, Ont., March 3. A terrible railway accident occurred last night on the Grand Junction division of the Grand Trunk railway, near Belleville. An express train crowded with passengers jumped the rails while crossing the bridge over the river Onse, and breaking through the timbers, the engine and cars fell a distance of nearly forty feet on the ice below. Many people were badly hurt, but no more than four fatally. Most of the cars took fire from upsetting stoves.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
BINGHAMTON, N. Y., March 3. On the New York, Ontario & Western railway last night, a double-header freight train broke through the bridge across the east branch of the Delaware river at Fisher's eddy, and five cars went into the river. Conductors Raymond and Smith and five brakemen cannot be found, and it is thought they are in the wreck.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
A Brazilian loan of $3,000,000 has been floated by the Rothschilds.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
Three men were found frozen to death in the streets of New York City on the morning of the 2nd.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
The laborers on the Annapolis & Baltimore Short Line railroad struck for higher wages recently.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
Cardinal Angelo Jacobini is dead. He was born at Genzano April 25, 1825, and was created a Cardinal on March 27, 1882.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
The House Committee on Public Lands by a test vote has put itself on record as in favor of the repeal of the pre-emption land law.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
The President recently informed an office-seeker that he had something else to do better than hunting offices for even his Democratic supporters.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
Two men were killed and one seriously injured by a train jumping the track at Island Pond, Vermont, while trying to force the snow blockade recently.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
J. H. Aufdemorte, the embezzling New Orleans sub-treasury clerk, has been sentenced to five years' imprisonment in the Chester (Illinois) penitentiary and to pay a fine of $5,000.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
As Dr. Blowitz, Paris correspondent of the London Times, was ascending the staircase of his home the other night a shot was fired at him by some unknown person, but missed him.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
George W. Lake has been convicted in the Richmond County (N. Y.) Court of having ruined his own illegitimate daughter, by whom he had five children, four of these being idiots.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
During a heavy gale the entire roof of the Rockland County (N. Y.) Almshouse was blown off. The building, which is a large one, contained many inmates, but none were injured.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
Citizens of Washington were reported working energetically to secure the holding of an international exposition in that city in 1892, the expense to be defrayed by the Government. A committee has been formed for the purpose by District Commissioner Webb.
Great Meeting at Albany, N. Y., Presided Over by Governor Hill.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
ALBANY, N. Y., March 4. A grand demonstration was held last evening in the Leland Opera House presided over by Governor Hill in aid of the Irish Parliamentary fund. The auditorium was thronged in every part. Many prominent citizens, including most of the Roman Catholic clergymen, were seated on the stage. Soon after eight o'clock the Governor entered, accompanied by the speakers of the evening, Alexander Sullivan, of Chicago, and Bourke Cochrane, of New York. Their appearance was greeted with long continued applause.
Governor Hill in assuming the chair said he disagreed with those who thought it improper for a public official to participate in such a demonstration as this. Congress had passed a resolution of sympathy with Greece on one occasion and he thought it equally proper to sympathize with struggling Ireland.

The Governor then introduced Sullivan, who was greeted with hearty applause. In the course of his remarks he said: "However the people of America may differ on other subjects, they all agree in supporting Ireland in her heroic struggle for liberty. America is directly interested in the struggle now going on. It was estimated as early as 1848 that the Irish in this country, then comparatively poor and few in numbers, sent £1,000,000 sterling annually to aid their kindred in Ireland against absentee landlordism. From that day until this a stream of American money has gone to aid in sustaining a Government which the American people said they would not sustain. It had been stated by many that the English Government was the most enlightened and humane in the world. America for a time lived under that Government and it was not many years before that constitution and those who administered it were swept from the country. That Government was characterized then by intolerance, brutality, and iron handed oppression, although the seat of Government was 3,000 miles away. The Irish people were simply across a little arm of the sea, where the weight of that Government was infinitely greater. England, the speaker declared, had two constitutions, one for the gaze of the world, the other which they administered in Ireland. The former was sugar-coated with liberty, and under the other an Irishman's house, popularly supposed to be his castle, could be and was ruthlessly invaded; the people were dispersed at the point of the bayonet, the utterances of the people and the press were suppressed, and other crimes were committed in the name of liberty. It was against this system of devilish ingenuity intended to stamp out Irish nationality that the Irish were in revolt. In conclusion, Mr. Sullivan reviewed the Irish land system. He declared that the Irish were not intolerant in religious matters, and cited the fact that Mr. Parnell, their leader, was not a Roman Catholic. He said: "We have given up beating each other's brains out for the love of God. We are now engaged in beating our enemy's brains out for hatred of the devil. The Irish people are entirely capable of self-government. If the English thought they were not, they should give Ireland home government in order to have them fail. England feared to fill the Government because it meant the downfall of the House of Lords."
Letters of regret were received from Secretary of the Treasury Daniel Manning, Lieutenant Governor Jones, and others. About $2,000 was subscribed by those present for the Parliamentary fund. The meeting closed with an address by Bourke Cochran, of New York.
A General Desire to Evacuate the Country.
The Canal Unreliable.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
LONDON, March 4. The debate last night in the House of Commons was interesting for the hints it gave of the desire of both parties to vacate Egypt. Colonel Duncan, a distinguished soldier, knowing the country thoroughly, declared that the Egyptians were perfectly able to govern themselves. Some of the ablest rulers he had ever known were Egyptians. Lord Charles Beresford, speaking with authority for the Navy, created a slight sensation by declaring that it was impossible to prevent the blocking of the Suez Canal by any occupation, even by possession of the country. In spite of 50,000 men it could be blocked by the enemy or by one's own men, if bribed, in the course of the afternoon watch. He said that in case of war, were he the Admiral, he should wish to block the canal himself, though he might be court-martialed. He favored the use of England's old highway around the Cape.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
CARTHAGE, Mo., March 4. Another horrible accident happened in the Lichliter mines, eight miles from here, about seven o'clock this morning, which cost Wilson Haines' life. Just after he had entered the drift, which is some eighty feet under the surface of the ground, a large rock fell on him from the roof of the drift. The boulder struck him so badly that he lived but a few minutes. Wilson Haines is the sixth man who has met a sudden and violent death in the Lichliter diggings, his brother, Lewis Haines, having been blown up by giant powder only a week ago.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.

CHICAGO, March 4. Today and tomorrow the Irishmen of the West and Northwest will appropriately observe the 106th anniversary of the birth of Robert Emmet. In this city the Hibernian and other organizations will celebrate the event by musical entertainments, balls, and lectures, and the observance will be very general. Attempts have been made to discourage the observance, on the ground that it has a tendency to lessen the interest in St. Patrick day's celebration, but they have not been successful.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
DALLAS, Texas, March 4. Grand Master Workman Golden and a sub-committee of the Knights of Labor from Abilene, called at the Texas Pacific Receiver's office today to investigate the rumor to the effect that the object in suspending operations at the Gordon coal mines was to quietly displace white labor in order to make room for convict service. The railroad authorities deny any such purpose and state that the mines have been abandoned because it did not prove profitable to work them.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
BUTTE CITY, M. T., March 4. Reports state that Montana stock has come through the winter with little or no loss, while other States and Territories have suffered very considerably. This will probably result in large accessions to our herds the coming season from ranges outside of this Territory. Montana is without doubt the boss stock country.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
HOWELL, Mich., March 4. A large number of people from different sections of the state arrived here this morning to participate in a Sanitary Convention, at which sanitary appliances and systems conducive to good health are to be discussed.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
[Milwaukee Sentinel.]
A Milwaukee blind man has written a four hundred page book. He says: "I started to write my book in 1872 and finished it in 1879, selling musical instruments in the meantime to support myself and family. We blind folks write on a paper with depressed grooves running parallel to one another. With the index finger of the left hand, we follow up the pencil point (we can't use pen and ink); and at the end of each word we cover a little blank space to put the proper distance between them. The i's and the h's, the g's and the other long letters extend above and below the grooves."
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
[Florida Medical Journal.]

When Dr. Bowling, a pioneer medical man in the South, began practice he settled in the wilds of Kentucky, where he sat in front of his cabin for six months without a call. At last he heard the clatter of a horse's hoofs and a lank, bare-footed Kentuckian appeared. "Are you a doctor? He asked. "Yes, and a good one," said Bowling. "What's the matter with that 'er foot?" the man inquired, placing his heel on the fence. The doctor examined it closely and replied: "That, sir, is erysipelas." "Ery nothin'," said the man, "a bee stung me." The doctor moved to Nashville.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
[Chicago Inter-Ocean.]
There are a number of anecdotes in circulation about the late Congressman Rankin and the brave manner in which he met death. About his last words were a joke. When the late Senator Carpenter lay dying, he showed a similar nerve. A few hours before his death, he was seized with a violent spasm and asked the doctor what it was. "It's the colon," said the doctor, referring to that portion of the anatomy bearing that name. "Then I've a little longer to live," replied Carpenter, "we never come to a full stop at a colon."
Missouri Pacific Officials Studying the Result of Receiver Brown's Unpopularity.
Knights of Labor Out On All Points of the System.
Conductors Laid Off.
The Missouri Labor Commissioner Denounces the Strikers.
Important Action Expected.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
SEDALIA, Mo., March 6. Telegrams received by the chairman of the executive board of the Knights of Labor tonight indicate that the strike on the Gould lines ordered this morning in general and that at Sedalia, St. Louis, Nevada, Holden, Jefferson City, Chamois, and Kansas City, and all points in the Indian Territory, Arkansas, Kansas, and Texas have responded to the call. The leaders of the strikers are confident that the strike will end with victory perched on their banners. The railroad officials are in consultation, but refuse to say what they intend to do. The strike is unexpected to them, and they evidently regard it as the most serious outbreak of laboring men that has occurred in the West.

ST. LOUIS, March 8. Very little can be said at present about the local situation in connection with the railroad strike. The strikers were very quiet yesterday, the most of them attending secret meetings which were held at Lightstone hall, their headquarters. Nothing is known of their proceedings, and their leaders will not talk beyond saying that they are out to stay until C. A. Hall is reinstated at Marshall, Texas, and all their other grievances are redressed. Affairs in the Missouri Pacific yard have been at a standstill. No attempt has been made to move freight trains, and as all the yard men are out, considerable difficulty has attended the making up of passenger trains. The train which left for the West last night had to be made up by officials of the road, General Superintendent Kerrigan assisting in the operation. The strikers say they will see to it that engines and postal cars are made ready for the road, so that mails shall not be detained or delayed, but they will render no assistance in making up passenger trains. Whether the company will endeavor to supply the place of the strikers by the employment of new men for this work is not known, but unless they do, there is likely to be difficulty in moving passenger trains. The Pleasant Hill accommodation train was abandoned. There was no trouble on the Iron Mountain road, all trains getting away promptly. Dispatches from outside points are few and bare of important information. The most interesting item of news comes from Sedalia, and is to the effect that the men there have local grievances, and that they contemplate a strike of their own by May 1 unless they were fully adjusted before that time. The action of Governor Brown and the Texas & Pacific road, they say, simply precipitated the strike. Some definite action is expected to be taken today by Governor Brown, and the assertion of the strikers is that unless he complies with their demands, the strike will be enlarged and made more effective by ordering out all the other Knights of Labor employed on the Gould system.
SEDALIA, Mo., March 8. The developments in the strike have been meager. The strikers are firm and say that they are prepared to stay out until the difficulty in Texas is satisfactorily adjusted. There are now two hundred and seventy-three cars in the yards at this point. Of these only ten or fifteen are loaded with perishable freight, which is beer. There are three or four cars of household goods and stock. Forty-three engines are in the round-houses and on the side tracks. The local passenger trains between St. Louis and Pleasant Hill have been abandoned, and it is rumored that all passenger trains will be abandoned by the company and that they will only run out the mail cars with the engine. The following orders were posted at the East Sedalia depot yesterday: "To all conductors and brakemen on the Kansas City section and Lexington branch: All conductors and brakemen are suspended until further notice." The same order was served on he Hannibal & Parsons section. The Brotherhoods of engineers, firemen, and brakemen have held meetings yesterday, but nothing could be learned as to what transpired. At three o'clock the grievance committee of the Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers met the executive board of the Knights of Labor, and held an executive session, the results of which were not made public. Everything is very quiet, and the property of the company is guarded by the strikers' committee to prevent any destruction or damage.

JEFFERSON CITY, Mo., March 8. The railroad strike is the absorbing topic of conversation here. The feeling is not so strong in favor of the strikers this time as it was a year ago, and several State officers condemn it as bad policy for the workmen. No trouble has occurred here, neither is any likely to take place. Labor Commissioner Kochtitzky gives his opinion to the public in the following statement, the contents of which he is familiar with and endorses. "I am surprised and pained on account of the workmen and the commerce of the country and the general good of the State to hear this morning that so many workmen at Sedalia, St. Louis, Hannibal, and so many other points, have quit work. This month a year ago Governor Marmaduke, myself, and other State officers labored effectively to get the wages of the workmen advanced, and a satisfactory agreement was made between the laborers and the railroad companies in which the wages were not only advanced but the conditions of employment were made most satisfactory by virtue of which the strike was ended, and from that day to this, the best of feeling has existed between the employees and the railroad in Missouri. It does seem to me most unwise and unjust that trouble in Massachusetts, Alaska, or Texas should disturb the good feeling and good work going on in this State. The settlement made last year is being misunderstood by the people because incorrectly represented by the press. The consequence is that suffering and bad results will come out of it. My opinion is that the majority of the men who have quit work will find that it is to their injury. The Governor entirely agrees with me that the agreement growing out of the Sedalia troubles ought to be kept by both the workmen and the railroad company, and if it were there would be no future trouble in Missouri, and he thinks the great interests involved and the good sense of the people will insure order in a day or so. Otherwise there may be serious results. The terms of the agreement do not bind the railroads to give thirty days' notice before discharging an employee, as has occasionally been stated. It required the railroads to restore to striking employees in Missouri and Kansas the same wages paid them in September, 1884."
GALVESTON, March 8. The labor troubles throughout Texas remain in status quo. There are assurances that both sides will probably attempt a coup d'etat soon. At this point the twelve local assemblies of the Knights of Labor held prolonged meetings yesterday. Sherman advices say orders have been received from the Texas Pacific management to hire unemployed laborers obtainable who are not members of the Knights of Labor, and to furnish them transportation to other points. At Denton the strikers held a long secret session and show no signs of weakening. At Palestine the Knights have detailed a guard to protect property and watch the company's shops. At Big Springs every thing is quiet. No trains came in or went out yesterday. The strike has not reached Waco, Austin, or San Antonio, but the Knights held a largely attended meeting yesterday in anticipation of today's orders.
ST. LOUIS, March 8. Alarming rumors are abroad this morning regarding the contemplated action by the Knights of Labor to force the railroads of the Gould Southwestern system to accede to their demands. It is stated that at twelve o'clock all the Knights of Labor employed by the St. Louis Bridge Company will strike in support of their already striking brethren. This will cause a total stoppage of all railroad connection between the Union Depot in this city and the relay depot in East St. Louis. No passenger nor freight cars are transferred by rail across the river. To avoid the possibility of the railroads using the ferries for transportation purposes, the central committee has, it is stated, ordered out all the men engaged by these companies and this will sever all connection with the east side of the river. The accommodation due here from Pleasant Hill has not yet arrived.
The Senate Ready to Debate Edmunds' Resolution.
The House Moving on Slowly.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
WASHINGTON, March 8. Indications point to a lively time in the Senate this week. Mr. Edmunds' report on the refusal of the Attorney General to send to the Senate copies of the papers asked for by the Senate resolution is on its calendar as the unfinished business and is expected to come up today and occupy pretty much all of the time of the Senate during the coming week, although Mr. Edmunds says it can be disposed of in three or four days. Quite a number of Senators on both sides of the chamber, however, have announced a desire to speak on the subject, and the debate is likely to be quite entertaining and probably somewhat acrimonious, as it will be partisan and more or less personal.

Senator Plumb has given notice that he will call up during the morning hour the bill for the forfeiture of certain lands granted to the State of Iowa to aid in the construction of railroads.
Senator Van Wyck has signified his purpose to press the Widows' Pension bill at the earliest possible moment.
Senator Hoar will work to secure action upon the Electoral Count bill before the end of the week.
Two appropriation bills—the Pension and the Urgent Deficiency—have passed the House, and there are now in Committee of the Whole, awaiting action, the Indian, Post-office, Military Academy, Army, Consular and Diplomatic, and District of Columbia Appropriation bills. Most of the time during the present week will be consumed in the consideration of one or more of those measures and it possible that at least one will be passed.
After the usual call of States today, the Committee on Public Buildings and Grounds will be entitled to the floor and will call up for passage a number of measures providing for the erection of public buildings throughout the country.
The Committee on Pacific Railroads will endeavor to bring before the House during the morning hour tomorrow the bill requiring the Pacific railroads to pay the cost of surveying and taking out patents for lands so as to subject them to local taxation. There are various other measures on the different calendars as unfinished business, but in view of the number of pending appropriation bills, it is not likely that any of them will reach final action during the week.
The House is behind the record of last year in the consideration of appropriations, but ahead in the committee work. The Indian bill will be the first considered.
The House Devotes the Day to Consideration of the Silver Question.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
WASHINGTON, March 8. Immediately upon assembling Saturday, the House went into Committee of the Whole on the state of the Union for a general debate.
Mr. Millard, of New York, addressed the committee on the silver question. What people wanted, he said, was some legislation which would make gold and silver equal in value and maintain that equality; some legislation which would make a silver dollar worth 100 cents. The statement was made at the time of the passage of the Bland bill that the silver dollar would be equal in value with gold. This had proved to be wrong, and the Bland dollar was now worth but eighty cents. The only way out of the difficulty was to establish an international rate between the two metals. It had been charged that the present administration was engaged in a conspiracy with the bondholders in setting aside the law. He thought that the sins of the present administration were sufficiently heavy without adding this charge to them. The free coinage of silver would bring nothing but want and misery to the homes and firesides of the American people.

Mr. Funston, of Kansas, made a speech in opposition to the suspension of silver coinage. This suspension was the demand of shylocks who already had the pound of flesh and now wished for the blood. It was the heartless demand of the rich to have the property of the poor. It was the demand of communists in gilded palaces. The United States was strong and independent and need ask no favors. It could devise as many ways of getting gold from Europe as Europe could devise to get it from this country. The monetary system of the country was not in a bad condition. The thing to do was to let it alone.
The rest of the speeches were on the silver question, until the committee rose and the House adjourned.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
WASHINGTON, March 8. The House Committee on Levees and Improvements of the Mississippi River has agreed to report favorably a bill to appropriate $3,000,000 to close gaps in and strengthen the levees of the Mississippi river for the purpose of improving and giving safety to navigation and preventing destructive floods. The money is to be expended by the Mississippi River Commission under the control of the Secretary of War.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
TEXARKANA, Ark., March 8. The trial of Esquire W. Brooks for the murder of Kenneth Yarborough, at New Boston, Texas, last July, occupied three days in the Bowie County District Court, now in session at this place. After a deliberation by the jury of several hours, a verdict of not guilty was returned. The case was a highly interesting one and attracted considerable attention, owing to the popularity of those involved. Brooks was magistrate at New Boston at the time the killing occurred, was frequently in controversy with Yarborough, who was an attorney, and claimed his clients could never receive justice in the court. From these censures bad blood was engendered, which culminated in murder. Both men were young and unmarried, the victim being the only support of a widowed mother.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
ALEXANDRIA, La., March 8. On the Long place on Bayou Rapids, about thirty miles from Alexandria, yesterday morning, about eight o'clock Robert Scott shot and killed Fred Smith. The weapon used was a double-barreled shotgun. Smith was shot in the back part of the head, and was, it is said, running from Scott when fired at. The affair grew out of previous troubles between the wives of the two. Peggy Smith, the dead man's wife, had a fracas with Scott a short time previous to the killing, which no doubt incensed him to anger. The proper affidavits have been made against Scott, who will be arrested. The matter will be sifted at the next term of the court. The parties are both colored and were sober at the time of the killing.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.

QUINCY, Ill., March 8. About ten o'clock this morning the body of Edward Hogan, foreman of an extra gang of section men on the Hannibal & St. Joe railroad, was found with his head split open in a slough on the Kirk place, four miles south of this place. The wounds on his head had evidently been made with an axe. He also had an ugly wound in his throat. He has a brother who is roadmaster on what is known as the Cameron division of the Hannibal & St. Joe, who has been notified. The body was identified by Hank Caldwell, passenger conductor of the same road. The whole affair is a mystery to the police force, but they will leave nothing undone to bring the guilty parties to justice.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
FT. WORTH, Texas, March 8. Rabbi Samfield, brother of Morris Samfield, commercial traveler for Hart Bros., Chicago, who was found dead on the track of the Texas Pacific yesterday, arrived here from Memphis, Tennessee, today. He was greatly grieved and shocked at what he learned about his brother's sad death, and was determined to bury the remains here. It is now known to be a fact that Morris Samfield committed suicide, as he had lost every cent at the gaming table. He had tried to borrow $100, and failing to do so and being unwilling to notify the house of the loss and unable to continue the journey, he ended his existence in the manner described.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
SEDALIA, Mo., March 8. Thomas Kipper, a saloon keeper, and C. H. Hartman, a dissipated character, attacked T. S. Woodward, station agent at Waterloo, Lafayette County, last night. Woodward defended himself with a hatchet and dealt Hartman three terrible blows, from the effects of which he is not expected to recover. Detective DeLong, of the Missouri Pacific Secret Service, arrested Woodward and turned him over to Deputy Sheriff Thomas, of Lexington. He will have a preliminary examination before a justice of the peace at Waterloo today.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
FORT KEOGH, M. T., March 8. Gong Gee, a Chinaman at Fort Assinaboine, committed suicide Thursday night last by shooting. He was determined to make a good job, for beside the revolver with which he committed the act he had on his person a razor and two kinds of poison. Suicides among Montana Chinamen are numerous.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
FT. KEOGH, M. T., March 8. James W. Stephens committed suicide near Lewiston last Thursday by shooting. Remorse for the murder of R. M. Hendrick, in 1881, led to the act. He was tried and acquitted of the crime, but left a written statement acknowledging that he was really the murderer of Hendrick.
Remarkable Confession of a Young Woman Arrested for Attempted Burglary.
Down Grade on the Slippery Switch.—The Skeleton in Her Father's House.
A Judge at Lamar, Mo., Equal to the Situation.
A Bigamist Pleads the Statute of Limitation.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.

SAN ANTONIO, Texas, March 4. Carrie Wallace, dressed in male attire, and William Goff were arrested early this morning by Detectives Hughes and Martin while attempting to burglarize the premises of A. Rose, on Austin street. The woman made an attempt to draw a knife from her bosom, but was prevented by the officers. Both are now in jail in default of $1,000 bonds. Both pleaded not guilty, but the woman afterwards made the following remarkable confession!
"My name is Carrie Wilson. I was born in Little Rock. My mother is dead, but my father is living in St. Louis. His name is Joseph Wallace. He drives street car No. 27 on the Fourth street line, and lives on Olive street. He got into trouble about killing a man some time ago. I was rather wild for the last seven years and my father suspected that my life was not blameless. When I became ill and left him, I was compelled to go to the hospital. When I returned home my father drove me away and told me if ever I came back home, he would kill me. My sister had also got into trouble. She had a baby, the father of whom paid her $25 to keep the matter quiet, and she made two attempts to get rid of it. Once she made a pretext of going to a store to make a purchase and asked a gentleman to hold the baby for her, which he foolishly did, and she darted out of the back door. The gentleman took the baby to the police station and its maternity was traced to my sister, who was arrested and released on bond. She had no recourse against the baby's father, because shortly after its birth he married another girl. I have traveled around considerably for a girl of nineteen. I went to Moberly, Hannibal, and Kansas City after I left home and went back to St. Louis last December I left there with Mr. Frances to come to San Antonio ostensibly to work at the Washington Home, but on arrival was taken to Lamo's bagnio, where I met Will Goff, who induced me to run off. I left and went to a house on the edge of Government Hill, and soon we moved into Vinney Hines' house. I told Vinney we were man and wife. Saturday night Goff stole a cloak and Sunday night he dared me to accompany him. I said I would not take the dare from anybody and went with him. We tried to get into Groome's store. I dressed in borrowed boy's clothes that night for the first time. I never had played the role of a burglar before on the Tuesday night we were captured. I carried a knife in the breast pocket of my coat to make a fight with in case we got in close quarters. When one of the officers caught me and felt the knife in my bosom, he got the other officers to take it away. I am sorry I got into trouble and wouldn't have gone into it if I had not been dared to. I have never stolen anything before, but I know Goff, who got me into this trouble, is a regular thief. I know a great deal more than I wish to tell you now."
LAMAR, Mo., March 4. R. Reynolds was shot a couple of days ago by J. W. West about nine miles northwest of Lamar. Reynolds died within two hours. His funeral was largely attended. The prisoner, J. W. West, was arrested and safely lodged in jail, though the people in the immediate vicinity of the murder loudly demanded his life without the expense of a trial. Today the second chapter of this tragedy was closed. Our Circuit Court being in session, the Judge summoned a special grand jury. At least ten witnesses were examined, and the special grand jury, after a deliberation of a few hours, returned into court the indictment of murder in the first degree with one count. The indictment is in the usual form and signed by Allen Warden as foreman. Public feeling against West, which at first ran high, is now moderating and West now fully understands the gravity of the situation.

GREENVILLE, Ill., March 4. Judge Watts, of the Circuit Court, decided a novel legal point today and one that has never heretofore been adjudicated in the State. A. Dougherty stands indicted for bigamy and his attorney moved to quash the indictment on the ground that as his last marriage was performed in 1882, his alleged crime was barred by the statute of limitation. The court held that as the indictment stated the defendant had continued to cohabit with his bigamous wife since the marriage, the offense was not barred and sustained the indictment.
SAN ANTONIO, Texas, March 4. Gonzales, convicted of the brutal murder of Peter Johnson at Brackett, has been sentenced to hang on April 16 next. In passing sentence the judge asked Gonzales if he had anything to say, when he created a sensation in court by asking, "If I am guilty, why in Don't you take me out and hang me right now, or in the morning?"
GREENVILLE, Ill., March 4. Contrary to expectation the grand jury returned an indictment of murder in the first degree against Dan Kimbro for killing his cousin, George May. It was thought the charge would be for a lesser offence. Kimbro, however, was released on $5,000 bail and his case continued to the September term.
A Dashing Widow Gives Clinton the Shake, When She Can't Touch the Money
Of Old Uncle Jake.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
CLINTON, Mo., March 4. Mrs. E. M. Corbit, a dashing widow of Kalamazoo, Michigan, left for home today. She arrived here Monday arrayed in the height of fashion and blazing diamonds. She came, it was said, to marry Uncle Jake Boyer, one of our wealthiest citizens. Uncle Jake is eighty-four years old. His lawyer fixed up a legal document, binding the widow, in case of marriage, to relinquish all claim to his property. The widow was so disappointed that she proclaimed the marriage off and departed.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
ST. LOUIS, March 4. Work was entirely suspended at the old Vulcan Iron Works, in Carondelet, today. The managers refused to say when they would be open, but a meeting will be held Thursday to consider the demands of the stationary engineers whose withdrawal caused the suspension of business. The engineers who are out are also arranging a meeting to be held during the week.
After the strike had ended many of the Brooklyn drivers and conductors presented themselves at the offices of Mr. Richardson in that city, but that gentleman thought it not worthwhile to start until today. The obstructions placed upon the tracks were removed, however, during the afternoon and about five o'clock the Fifth and Seventh avenue cars began running. They were followed before six o'clock by the cars of all the other lines and by night the street car travel of Brooklyn was restored to its ordinary condition.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.

NEW YORK, March 6. When the tie-up was declared off yesterday afternoon, the men on the Bleeker and Twenty-third street lines refused to resume work unless the superintendent, Thomas McLane, was at once discharged. The officers of the road replied that they had recently met all the demands of the strikers for more pay and less work, and they proposed not to discharge a faithful man without cause. The police were informed and Superintendent Murray kept the reserve of the Broadway squad at headquarters in case of trouble. Knights of Labor delegates went into conference with officers of the road at about 9:30 o'clock last night, and about midnight the committee of the Knights of Labor came from the conference room and said that no terms of any kind had been reached. Shortly after midnight, however, it was determined by the Bleeker street and Twenty-third street strikers to withdraw their demand for the dismissal of Superintendent McLane; but they now demand twelve hours' work and $2.25 therefor. The officials of the road offered $2 for twelve hours' work, which was the basis of settlement yesterday by the East Side strikers, but this was refused and the men day they will have $2.25 for twelve hours or tie up their cars again.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
The grand jury recently ignored the bills against the strikers recently locked up, charged with riot at Bradford, Pennsylvania. The costs in the case were assessed on B. F. May, the representative of the syndicate of coke manufacturers.
FRANK H. GREER, Local Editor.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
The Mammoth Clothing House of Eli Youngheim is being filled with the largest and nobbiest spring stock yet introduced in Winfield. Eli made a thorough canvass of the eastern markets and laid in a selection of the latest and nattiest gents' wear. He studies the wants of the trade and is always up with the times. From year to year, for twelve years, has Eli been the leader in the clothing trade of Winfield, and his reliability, integrity, courtesy, and universally fair dealing, with his judicious and continuous use of the press as a heralder of his attractions, have become as standard as wheat, winning the full confidence of the public. Eli will always get there.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
The quarterly official statement of the Winfield National Bank makes a remarkably fine showing for this young institution. It makes a showing of $315,563.69 in resources and $178,043.54 in individual deposits, a good increase over its last statement. Under the present experienced management The Winfield National is getting right to the front among the solidest banks of the enterprising and prosperous west.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.

Judge Tourgee presents that rare combination of a brilliant writer and a graceful, eloquent orator. His simple delivery of choice, pure English, couching deep thoughts, keen humor, and touching pathos, stamps him as one of the strongest men on the lecture platform. His anecdotes and humor are the richest and quaintest. Hear him in "A Story-Teller's Story" at the opera house Friday evening.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
Considerable mirth was excited among parties on Main street Tuesday by a young lady leading a black, wicked mule on which clung a small birl. The pilot seemed to care not a whit for the mud, but took the middle of the street and the follower of "Balaam" plodded after with a meekness not to be excelled by any mule in Cowley County.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
"How is business?" we asked of a traveling man this morning who resides here. "Business is good," he replied. "We are going to have a good trade this year. Everybody is." This is about the size of it. Everything is looking up in business. Most of the towns are doing everything in their power to draw trade. This will be a lively year in Kansas.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
The Woman's Christian Temperance Union, at its regular meeting yesterday, elected officers for the next six months as follows: Mrs. C. H. Greer, president; Mrs. E. M. Albright, Mrs. Dr. Bull and Mrs. Dr. Elder, vice presidents; Mrs. E. D. Garlick, Secretary; and Mrs. Col. McMullen, treasurer. The Union is flourishing and anticipates much effective work this year.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
The First National Bank's quarterly official statement is a magnificent showing—a good index to the prosperity and wealth of Winfield and Cowley County. It exhibits resources of very nearly half a million dollars, and individual deposits of $341,777.97. The First National is one of the state's foremost monetary institutions.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
State Architect, George Ropes, of Topeka, is at the Brettun. He was to have met Hon. Jacob Stotler, of Wellington, with another of the State Board of charities here today to inspect the State Imbecile Asylum, now getting well along toward completion. Mr. Stotler failed to get in today, but will likely come over this evening.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
The mythical, yet real chords of love and matrimony cemented the joys and prospects of C. L. White and Miss J. E. Harmon, Sunday evening, at the home of the bride's sister, Mrs. R. S. White, in northeast Winfield. Elder Gans did the cementing act, in a manner eternal and symmetrical.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
Gentle Annie got her lap full of snow Saturday night. It was a very warm snow, most too weak to stand alone. There was an inch of it and it only hung on an hour or so after the sun came up, leaving us plenty of mud and ethereal mildness.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
I have about four car loads of choice northern potatoes of the following varieties: Early Rose, Early Ohio, White Star, Hebeon Beauties, White Nachanocks, and Peach Blows. All choice stock and special prices to the trade. J. P. Baden.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.

Yes, sir: said Horning & Whitney to the reporter this morning. We are now prepared to do the finest and best plumbing found anywhere. We have an expert who will take charge of this business and we can't be beat in prices or work.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
The bright sun and gentle zephyrs of Saturday completely upset our fat man. With a confidence that takes hold on prophecy he came out in summery array—a white suit. The linen duster attachment will come next. This settles it—spring is here.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
A big "Farmers Supper" will be given at the new church at Vernon Center, in Vernon township, on Thursday evening, the 18th inst., the proceeds to go to the furnishing of the church. Admission, adults 35 cents; children from 6 to 12 years, 15 cents.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
John McGinnis from St. Louis and a thorough expert in plumbing has accepted a position with Horning & Whitney for the coming season. They say the won't be downed by anybody in good work and cheap prices.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
Her Chronicle of the Comings, Doings and Goings of Persons at Home and Abroad.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
Capt. Nipp went to Burden Sunday eve.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
A. D. Hendricks is now in the "wild west."
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
Senator Hackney went to Wellington Monday morning.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
C. L. Swarts Sundayed in the hub, A. C.'s auburn attorney.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
W. B. Norman and J. L. Stewart were down from Udall Monday.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
Cal. Swarts went east on the S. K. Monday, to Chautauqua County.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
Mrs. J. A. Park is still very low and can't possibly live but a few days.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
T. J. Johnson is thinking of taking a trip to the Pacific this coming week.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
Miss Clara Brooks is home from a week with the Misses Daniels, at Grenola.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
Miss Nina Anderson is again a saleslady in the dry goods house of S. Kleeman.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
John Moreland, one of the "solid" farmers of Dexter township, was in town Saturday.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
Goczlewski the tailor is making six fine suits for some of Arkansas City's young men.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
A. J. Snowhill left for Chanute Monday as a witness for the state against Sanderson.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.

Mr. Gregg, of the firm of Gregg & Rice, started for Portland, Indiana, Tuesday eve on business.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
C. C. Harris is in from the west. C. C. is beginning to look like himself after his sickness.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
The new town of Wingate, on the Frisco, wants a first-class blacksmith. It is a good opening.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
W. H. Thompson has returned from a short visit to Illinois. He reports things very dull there.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
J. C. Monforte has bought A. A. Abbott's interest in the carriage works of Abbott and Bishop.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
Rev. H. T. Wilson, of Lexington, Kentucky, arrived in the city Friday eve and is visiting with J. J. Carson.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
Mrs. Tom Tingle, wife of our natty job foreman, came home Sunday eve, from a two week's Harper visit.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
Dr. D. M. Johnson, from Iowa, is here and will start a drug store in the south room of the old Commercial Hotel.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
Geo. Jennings left Monday for Seattle, Washington Territory, to be gone a few days on a sight seeing expedition.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
H. W. Githens has sold his residence on east Seventh to John Bishop and will move back to Missouri in a few days.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
M. E. Dunbar, J. F. Kidwell, G. B. Darlington, and R. S. Strother, Atlanta's leading citizens, were in town Saturday.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
Thomas Stingly and Bert Chandler, from Ottawa, acquaintances of C. M. Storms, are in town looking for a location.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
Arthur McMaster is in from an inspection of the west, having decided to put in a lumber yard at Syracuse. He will go out in a week or two.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
Contractor Uhl brought with him from Cleveland Joseph Rothenbuelem, Frank Walter, and F. Maertoik, mechanics of large experience and capability.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
Drs. Park and Graham amputated a finger Saturday for Miss Martha Thompson, of Rock, who has been here sometime under the care of Dr. Park.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
Engineer Wingate has returned from his trip to Comanche County, to view the R. R. route. Messrs. Latham and Asp will wade on as far as Ashland.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
Mr. and Mrs. George Ordway returned Monday from their winter sojourn in California, having had a delightful tour, which much improved Mr. Ordway's health.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
Mr. James Tull came down from Udall Friday, spending the day with her uncle, D. Palmer, and taking the S. K. this evening to visit her parents at Cambridge.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
Mrs. Carrie Legg has rented the east part of her residence to Dr. Pugh and bride, and has moved into the west wing where she will be pleased to meet all her friends.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
Architect Ritchie took down the essentials Monday for a branch architectural rooms at Arkansas City. J. W. Ginder, who has been in the office here, has taken charge.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
A. J. Thompson has bought the interest of Capt. Huffman in the real estate business. The firm now stands Harris, Clark & Thompson, and will make things hustle this spring.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
George Bullene, nephew of our James H. Bullene, left Monday for the west, having spent four or five days here. He is from Rock Island, Illinois, and is an extensive bridge contractor.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
E. M. Hertchler returned Saturday from Indiana, where he has been visiting for two months. He says everything is dead back there, and it does him good to get back to a live city.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
A Santa Fe engineering corps of nine, under Chief M. H. Munson, were at the Central Saturday. They are getting a prospectus of the Southern Kansas extension to Winfield from Burlington and Eureka.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
Marshal McFadden left Monday eve for Chanute, where he is a witness in the State against Saunders, the party the Marshal took in here a few days ago with a set of stone cutter's tools in his possession.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
Judge J. Wade McDonald left Saturday for Denver to join his wife, who was called there a few weeks ago by the death of her father. The Judge, probably accompanied by Mrs. McDonald, will return in about ten days.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
We stumbled over a potato at G. C. Wallace's Saturday that takes the cake. Jimmie Rothrock pried up one end with a spike, we got it under our wing, and it now decorates our sanctum. It is the daddy of the potato family.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.

Mr. Frank Stall, one of Harvey township's successful farmers and stock raisers, fell in on THE COURIER company with banker Henthorn, of Burden, last Friday. He will hereafter read the Great Secular and Religious WEEKLY.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
The Cambridge News has been suspended. A. V. Wilkinson, its editor for years, has bought an interest in the material and with Sherman & Hicks will move it to Udall and start a paper there. Al is a good newspaper man and will give Udall a lively sheet.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
T. W. Crawford says he is stuck on Winfield and has a very fine selection of Estey Organs and Pianos, and will sell at a greatly reduced price, for the next thirty days. You will find him at Van Laey's, the watchmaker, two doors south of Holmes' grocery.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
Some hungry being stole 14 quarts of ketchup out of George Case's cellar in the third ward Friday. He also stole some coal. Mr. Case is willing for the party to keep the coal, but would like to have one half of the ketchup returned or he will ketch-up the possessor in short order.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
Henry Lee, just west of Winfield, has made arrangements to engage in silk culture quite extensively this season. His stock is of two kinds, those producing a double brood in the season. He will use both mulberry and Osage as food. His experiment last year was very successful.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
Sunday resters at the Brettun: John W. Parks, Nashville, Tennessee; W. W. Hunter, St. Louis; G. F. Penfield, St. Joe; R. B. McGahey, 11worth; J. Samuels and Elias Frank, Philadelphia; Jas. Colville, Rockford, Illinois; F. S. Seamon, New York; A. M. Downing, New York; and L. Kingsbaker, Quincy.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
T. T. Holmes, the rustling young Rock township farmer, has taken another branch of business, having bought the hardware and implement house of A. V. Polk, at Wilmot. Ab. Is one of the county's best young men and will succeed in any business. Of course he continues the raising of blooded stock on his fine farm.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
Dr. Chas. W. Fisk and wife have returned from Iowa. The Doctor has finished the course of the Iowa State Medical College, with extensive lectures in eastern cities, and returns fully prepared for the beginning of a professional career of great promise. Naturally studious, of keen intellect and energy, he has acquired superior knowledge and culture for one of his years.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
Mrs. E. M. Reynolds returned Friday from a month's visit to her mother in Nora Springs, Iowa, her childhood home. When she left there the 4th inst., there were fifteen inches of snow, making our Italian climate all the more glorious in comparison. Earnest began to look pretty trough from his long widowerhood and is mighty glad to have an end to it.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.

A. V. Alexander, the rustling young lumberman, was up from the Terminus Monday. He is a partner of Mr. Lamport in the Santa Fe lumber yard of this city, recently purchased. Mr. Alexander also has interests in numerous yards out on the Santa Fe and is yet extending his business. He is one of Cowley's most energetic, shrewd, and urbane young businessmen and makes a success at anything he tackles. The yard here is being extensively stocked and will do a big business this year.
The Book, Wall Paper, and General Novelty House of Warren Stone.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
Mr. Warren Stone, proprietor of the Red Front City Book Store, has been here long enough to determine on the splendid opening for a large and first-class institution in his line. His patronage has steadily grown until now a custom and reputation is established that fully warrants an extensive enlargement of stock. He has disposed of his property in Emporia and is putting the proceeds into his business here. He means to have an establishment in every way a credit to the town—one that will merit the patronage of a public that appreciates good goods, in large variety and careful selection, with low prices and universally courteous treatment. Already he has added an elaborate stock of wall paper, something in which our city has been lacking. It embraces all the latest designs, qualities and prices—to suit any taste, from the commonest to the most fastidious. A full stock of dado and transparent curtains has also been put in by Mr. Stone, which will be cut and put up to order. Also a fine line of room and picture mouldings. His stock of books and general novelties, always quite complete, is being made sufficient for the most varied demands. Coming from Emporia highly recommended, Mr. Stone has proven himself a courteous, honorable, experienced businessman, with whom it is a real pleasure to do business, and is rapidly gaining a custom and popularity in his line that will soon put him to the front.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
The reporter visited Atlanta Thursday and found things wearing a cheerful appearance. Messrs. Gilliard & Darlington, among Atlanta's leading men, have sold their general merchandise store to P. G. McDaniels, of Aurora, Missouri, who has taken possession. Gilliard and Darlington will remain there, going into other business. Wm. H. Day and R. S. Strother have formed a partnership in real estate business, and can satisfy anybody with any kind of real estate. Dr. Cunningham is erecting a very neat two-story building on the corner; a store room below and the upper part designed for a hall. A gentleman from Missouri will put a drug store in soon. C. D. Brown, the druggist, is doing a good business. Marshall Dunbar, formerly of this city, is holding a good trade in dry goods and groceries. Mr. Edwards is running a first-class blacksmith shop. Charlie Grant, the "Longfellow" of the prairie, keeps the country in livery rigs. The Commercial Hotel is run by Mr. Johnson, satisfactorily to all. A. H. Hixson is the accommodating agent for the Frisco. J. F. Kidwell is the agreeable postmaster; whether a democrat or not, we don't know. The Atlanta Lumber Company will soon erect a first-class building on Main street, where Day & Strother's land-office now stands. Atlanta has all the indications of a live business this spring.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.

There are many things that ought to be done, if done in the right way and by the right means the result will be all right and perhaps harm no one. If the right thing to do is done in the wrong way, the result may be worse than if the wrong thing is done in the right way. If in trying to prevent a disaster, a man brings it on by the means he used to prevent it, we can give him credit for good intentions; but we cannot commend his judgment. Frequently more damage is done by poor judgment than by malicious intentions. Mrs. Malony's cow started the biggest conflagration ever this country had. One of the most important things is to keep cool. It is not just the thing to set on a hay stack or powder magazine and light one's pipe when the wind is blowing. When a flood is flowing over the valley, it is not well to try to dam the water. The best way is to open the ditches and lead it off gradually until the nominal level is attained. Again, it is well to make preparations carefully before reaching the river, but we should never cross it till we reach it.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
A gentleman traveling in the interest of an eastern merchant tailoring establishment called Friday. He is a gentleman, and a genial, pleasant businessman, apparently. So far as we know, he has good goods and represents a good house. But that is neither here nor there. There was a time when for such work we were obliged to depend upon foreign houses, but that time is now past and we have three as good merchant tailors as can be found in any town or city in the west. Not only is it unfair to these men who come here to live and invest their money with us, but it is a great injury to the city. Every dollar that you send away from the city for an article that you can get here as well, is just so much toward tearing down the merchants and ruining the trade of your city. You cannot afford to buy goods away from home. It does not pay and if the habit is persevered in, it can but work an inestimable injury. Remember this when you are tempted to buy goods of foreign merchants.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
Some stilted, labored "Critic," who appears to be so captivated with what he fastidiously terms "slang," that he has been sitting up whole nights to read, ponder, and reflect on the numerous pith and point of THE DAILY COURIER, wants us to widen our vocabulary. His COURIER investigations, as a basis for his critical screed, run over the issues of a month. With one fell swoop at his mighty faber, he seeks to assassinate the dash, novelty, and vim of American language. "Critic" himself uses more "slang" in a day than THE COURIER does in a month in his conversation, but when he seizes the faber, he mounts dignity's stilts. The result is labored prosiness and prim affectation. The phrases and words coined by elevated custom and circumstances furnish most of the spirit of the English language, without disturbing or lowering its relevancy in the least.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
A young married lady of Winfield confessed that she had always despised her husband and when asked why she married him replied: "So that he will stay down town evenings and not hang around me all the time." Wellington Standard.

That's all right for that one, but what did she do with the dozen other fellows? The idea of one of Winfield's rosy-cheeked, vivacious girls only having one entranced suitor is entirely too thin. A dozen is an uncommonly small number. The Standard must have had one of Wellington's patched up, patent girls in its mind. Oh, no! Our girls, like charming queens, survey an array of masculine magnificence that would make a lonely Wellington girl tear off her old wig and swallow her store teeth with envy, and majestically take their choice.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
Cowley County produces the smartest and fattest babies, best cattle, pigs, chickens, and other livestock of any county in the state. It also has the best soil and best crops. It has the handsomest women and more of them to the square rod than any county in the world. They are of the variety, too, that can cook, wash, iron, sew on buttons, and spank the baby or entertain company in a style that surprises all newcomers. They are all under thirty-five, and can look Satan or the President square in the face without wincing. Come to Kansas, bring your wives, daughters, sisters, or aunts along and in a year you will not recognize them as the same persons, they will be so improved physically, mentally, spiritually, and otherwise. It's in the atmosphere that hovers over this, the favored spot of the foot-stool.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
A great many young men are growing up these days who will likely have often to mention the honorable place held by their ancestors. They seem to forget that honorable ancestry demands honorable successors, and that any letdown from the high mark of ancestry is rightly charged up by the public as a disgrace. A man may not have the talent of his father or grandmother, but he can always have the manhood and honorable characteristics. A man may live in poverty and still be a man in the best acceptation of the term.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
Saturday's issue of THE DAILY COURIER elicited many praises as the best daily paper ever published in a city of Winfield's size. It had over six columns of tersely written local matter, good editorial comment, six columns of general news, three columns of miscellany, and about fifteen columns of clean, readable advertisements, with a typographical beauty that would be hard to excel. Such a paper attaches big expense and midnight oil, but never fails to draw the appreciation of an enterprising public.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
The trains still continue to come in loaded plump full of people seeking homes in the Queen City and Banner County, and the beauty of it is they most all conclude to locate for no one seeking to settle in a county like this where the soil is fertile and cheap can better themselves anywhere under God's footstool. Land is plenty and cheap, yet if the people keep pouring in at the present rate, the price of land will advance at a great rate.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
Good new geese feathers at the St. James Hotel at once.

C. M. Wood's Story Continued.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
One day about the middle of November, 1869, while I was very busy daubing the cracks of our log house and preparing for the winter, I was accosted with the unusual salute: "Hello! Have you got any claims vacant around here?" My reply was, "Yes, plenty of them," and without looking around kept on at my work. "We want twenty-five or thirty claims, and want them altogether so we can have school and church and make one good neighborhood," said the speaker. Upon such a statement as this, my curiosity was somewhat aroused. I stopped work long enough to look around, when I was greeted with: "I do declare! If that ain't Cliff Wood," and who should I see but Louis Cottingham, a man with whom I had become acquainted with at Cottonwood Falls, then hailing from Emporia. He said that he was with a "gang" of Kentuckians, old friends of his, and that they required about thirty claims and had come to me for information. I told him I was very busy now, but would come down to their camp in the evening and do what I could for them. So I went down to their camp and had a long talk with them. As near as I can recollect, the party consisted of J. W. Cottingham, Frank Brown, and two or three more of the Cottingham family, with several other men I cannot call to mind now. But they were all or nearly all from the State of "Bourbon," and substantial looking men. I told them that I knew of no place in this immediate vicinity where they could find so large a number of claims together, but that I had heard glowing accounts from Grouse Creek and would recommend them to go over there and see for themselves, and on their back trip to look along Timber Creek. I saw or heard no more of these men for several day, when they came to our house, said they had been to Grouse creek; but that they did not like it as well as they did a tract of land about 7 or 8 miles up Dutch creek about the junction of Timber creek, but they said that the claims at the latter place had nearly all been taken once. I asked them if there were any dates left to show when and by whom they were taken. They said the claim signs were all old and looked as if the work had been done several months before. They asked about the rules of our "Protective Union." I said a claim could not be held over 30 days without improvements and that if they found any over 30 days old and nothing but the foundation of a house (which generally consisted of four poles laid in square form) on them, to jump on, go to work, and that they could hold them. These men went back and at once formed the nucleus of the neighborhood now called Floral and I am happy to say that they made no mistake in settling there, but some of them may have made mistakes in leaving that beautiful and rich valley.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.

Again has a bright young life, full of ambition and promise, been cut off. At 11:30 Monday the life of Mrs. J. C. Curry took its flight, amid the tears and thrilling regrets of husband, mother, sisters, brothers, and friends. With the inception of one being went out the life of two. Mrs. Curry was in her twenty-fourth year and a woman whom to know was to love. Of active mind, refined culture, and remarkably bright literary taste and ability, combined with superior practical knowledge and independence, she was blooming into a womanhood of much usefulness to the world and pride to her relatives. THE COURIER readers will readily recall the beautiful composition and situation of the serial stories of Ella E. Bosley, whose publication in this paper elicited so much interest. Not only in stories did her pen find easy and delightful vent. Her smooth composition and excellent choice of language indited many very meritable articles on various subjects. For years she was a member of THE COURIER force and by her sweet disposition, keen, productive mind, and genuine womanhood, gained the warmest friendship of her co-workers. Two years ago she was married to Mr. J. C. Curry, and bid journalism adieu. Ella E. Bosley was the daughter of James H. and Almira T. Bosley and was born at Northfield, Minnesota, in 1862, during the war. She moved with her parents to Nora Springs, Iowa, where she was educated. Six or eight years ago she accompanied her family to Cowley County. Keen indeed is this sad bereavement felt by the loving husband and relatives, from whom no words of condolence can lift the pang of their deep loss, fully felt by everyone familiar with the life that has just gone out, to bloom where eternal youth and sparkling, sterling womanhood shines with a lustre surpassing all earthly hopes and attainments. Mrs. Curry was a member of the Methodist church, from where the funeral will occur at 2 o'clock tomorrow (Tuesday) conducted by Rev. B. Kelly. The mother, sister, and brothers from Clearwater, Sedgwick County, and Kiowa, arrived Saturday evening.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
James G. Fair is worth $42,000,000, says the facetious Bob Burdette. And the whole of it, my boy, can't make him as happy as you are with the dew of youth in your heart, with the rustling branches whispering above your head, so happy you cannot speak with anything except your eyes. If you envy him, Telemachus, if you, with your brown hands and bright young face, with not a gray hair in your head or a gnawing care in your heart, with the morning sun shining upon your upturned face, with the velvet turf under your feet and the blue heavens above your head, with the blood coursing through your veins like wine, with forty or sixty years of life before you, with mirage after mirage of bright dreams and beautiful illusions and pleasant vanities making the landscape beautiful around you: if you envy this man his fifty-two millions of dollars, and his spectacles, and his gray hairs, and his wrinkles, and his old heart, you are a fool, my boy; and you are scattering ashes on the roses that grow in the morning. There is lightness in your step, my son, and color in your blood, and dreams in your heart, and all the love and beauty and freshness of the sunrise the forty-two million dollars cannot buy.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.

A month or more ago Harman Courtright, a reputable farmer of Cedar township, went down to Cedarvale and got "full." Returning home, in the "fullness" of his wisdom, he considered it his duty to paralyze with his revolver one Kaser. Flourishing his weapon around, he succeeded in completely terrorizing his victim. Courtright sobered up to learn that a warrant was out for him, for assault on Kaser with intent to kill—a penitentiary offense, if proven. Without any foolishness, he got up and got and officer H. H. Siverd was minus the subject of the warrant. Nothing was heard of Courtright, who had left all his property in the hands of his mother, until yesterday, when, through his attorneys, Forsythe & Madden, he came in and gave himself up, and plead guilty before Judge Buckman. By pleading guilty, he got the charge moderated, merely assault with intent to "lick," and got off with a small fine and costs. He went home in the forcibly expressed determination to keep his alimentary canal free from spirits, his temper down, his head clear, and his "pop" in the closet. He is a man of forty-five and was at first pretty badly scared over the probable result of his spree.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
A gentleman—we presume he is a gentleman, though he may be an ignorant jack ass, sends us a communication with reference to the Jews, whom he denounces in bitter terms because, as he says, he got swindled in a suit of clothes, bought at a clothing store in this city, recently. If the man got swindled—which we doubt very much—he should go to the store where he bought the clothes and straighten the affair there, and not send a silly personal communication to THE COURIER about a matter nobody but himself cares anything about. If the man was really swindled, perhaps he deserved to be swindled. It is likely he was one of those chaps who wants a $35 suit for $10, and after paying $10 for a suit, worth $15, he cries like a whipped cur, that he is "swindled," and not having the manhood to fight his own battles, wants a newspaper to fight them for him. So far as the Jews are concerned, we have always found them enterprising, reliable businessmen and good citizens.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
Mr. Fred Uhl, the city building contractor, is surprised at the accusation that he is importing cheap labor to Winfield. In coming here from Cleveland, Ohio, he comes for a permanent residence and means to cast his all and future with us. The three mechanics whom he brought with him are first-class workmen and also come to make Winfield their home. He says all the money derived from the erection of the city building will remain here, and the labor will all be done by home men. Winfield will get every dollar of the benefit.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
150 head of cattle to pasture. Price, 30 cents per head per month. Address, J. A. Smith, Silverdale, Kansas.
Four S. K. Cars Jump a Rail.
Five Hours Track Clearing and Badly Mashed Cars.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.

At about four o'clock Friday eve, as an extra S. K. freight train, west bound, under Conductor Parsons, was going along at about ten miles an hour, on a level track four miles east of Winfield, the axle and truck of a heavily loaded car gave way completely, letting the car down "ker-flunk." There were nineteen cars in the train, and the brake-down was about the middle. The dilapidated car and the three following it were loaded with railroad ties. The slow motion of the train, with the level track, made the damage light to what it would have been had the train been on a down grade or going under a heavy force. Three cars jumped the track and piled upon the derailed car. The track was torn up the length of two cars and the four cars were badly demolished, but no one was hurt, and the remaining cars, all valuable loaded, were not injured. The engine, with the first half of the train, came on to town and the section men here and the wreck train from Cherryvale, with its derrick, were summoned and put in all night clearing and repairing the track. The 4:58 east-bound passenger train was detained here till this morning. The cause of the wreck was an overloaded car. The cars preceding the one that broke down were three cars of emigrant stock and household goods, with their attendants.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
Yes, for a month we've discoursed on the return of our magnificent "Italian skies." With ecstatic thrills we heralded the glad tidings that King Winter had at last unfolded his arms and drawn into his bosom the lovely maiden, Queen Spring; that his icy locks had at last vanished and that no more for nine months would we feel his icy blasts; that while the people of the north and east were sitting on red hot stoves, we were here basking in the sunshine in our shirt sleeves; that as the bread is to life, so is sunny Kansas to the northern man. With an innocent faith appalling, in the light of the present frigidity, our fat man donned his white suit and linen duster and was flirting majestically with Gentle Annie. Even the mosquito and the little fly turned over, yawned, and almost came forth. Last night dissipated all springy and summery thoughts. With our frame all doubled up, a nice smattering of snow and the streets frozen into a resemblance of the ragged edge of a barbed wire fence, we take back any corn-planting, garden-hoeing, or spring fever advice that may have emitted from our sunny and over-enthusiastic faber. Spring is not here. Keep your gauze array in the old closet, your overcoat on, and your stove up for awhile yet, at least. Don't, however, dig up your oats or feel particularly uneasy about those new potatoes. The bright sun again throweth its genial rays athwart the ambient air and all nature may yet burst its waist-band in glad buoyancy with a suddenness that will be astonishing.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
Wellington isn't lying about her neighbors and doesn't have to? Marsh Murdock and the rest of Wichita's boomers are improving the few remaining days before their town sinks out of sight in the ooze of the Arkansas bottom, in doing some of the most vivid and vociferous lying that ever fell on mortal ears, always except the efforts of the race of Ananiases dwelling in the windy town in the swamps of the Walnut, who have become so hardened in their long-continued and habitual lying that it is more than a second nature to them. And don't consider it lying, either; they call it "enterprise" and "getting there, Eli!" In a lying match with Wichita and Winfield, Wellington wouldn't stand the ghost of a show. Wellington Monitor.

You're another and you know it! Standing on the pinnacle of fame, peace, and prosperity, with Wellington, Wichita, and all surrounding hamlets kneeling at her feet; with the grandest development, the grandest people, the grandest soil, the grandest buildings, the grandest railroad, commercial and educational prospects—with all these what in the nation do you think we can find to lie about? Baron Munchausen, the greatest liar the world ever saw, if brought face to face with Winfield and told to distort its beauty, prospects, and possibilities, would have sadly turned from the scene and given it up. Then we are strictly truthful in this neck o' woods, if we are gigantic climbers. We have all got our little hatchet and cannot, cannot lie! None realize Winfield's assured greatness and present superiority more forcibly than Wellington and Wichita.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
Again in another week, with its joys and sorrows, its pleasures and pains, its realizations and disappointments, nearing an end. Soon will dawn another day of rest, sweet rest. Treat yourself and your Creator well by abstaining from work. Six days work in the week is enough for any man. Drop the pen, the brief, the shovel, the plane, the hammer; lay aside all that is purely secular. Let the sweet tones of our half-dozen church bells, all resounding at once, lure you to the sanctuary—not to doze and let the sermon die away in a confused murmur. Remember the text and take home with you a clear and definite idea of the sermon. Whether saint or sinner, you will find many pithy points in the sermon, if you properly apply them. Should you hear a sermon on "charity," don't go home to slander, backbite, and abuse your neighbors. Should the subject be "Benevolence," don't go down street after church with a firmer grip on your purse strings. Should the preacher portray the beauties of :Humaneness," don't start out on Monday to be the same old hog you have always been. Should the theme be "Brotherly Love," don't let the new week find you the same old censorious, selfish, hateful cuss you have been these many years. In short, take the truth you hear and practice it, that men may know that there is power in truth to transform, refine, and elevate.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
The Imbecile Asylum is rapidly nearing completion. The fourth story, a mansard, is now going on. It will probably be ready to receive the state's imbecile and idiotic youth in six weeks or two months. Its interior arrangement is complete, with a view to large extensions, and has a capacity for one hundred and twenty-five inmates. The number now at Lawrence, awaiting removal, is forty, and the State Board of Charities already have application for a hundred and fifty more than can be accommodated by the asylum here. There are about three hundred youths in the state who want rooms in this institution. In 1887 the building will be extended to accommodate this number. It will require a force of twenty-five or more to care for the one hundred and twenty-five, this year, and the asylum will be no small source of revenue to Winfield and Cowley County. The building, on its towering Asylum Hill, has an imposing appearance and will be a great resort for sight-seers as soon as the street railway is completed, which will be in the near future.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.

The spring boom began in earnest today. Once more were we reminded of old times by the rush and push on our two principal thoroughfares. The stranger, as he tried to elbow his way through the dense throngs, was imbued with the fact that Winfield is a bustling metropolis. A large amount of produce was marketed and the merchants had a rattling trade. A newcomer, as he gazed on the network of wagons and teams and the surging humanity everywhere on Main st. and Ninth ave. said: "This is the liveliest town, by far, that I have struck in the west. The life exhibited by moving humanity on the streets is not any more indicative of prosperity than is the appearance of the people themselves—their neat dress and happy faces and their handsome rigs; and then the large amount of produce on the streets speaks loudly for the productiveness of your soil, the energy of your people, and for Winfield as a popular market and central metropolis."
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
The festive hen is doing heroic work for her country just now. The product of her labor is everywhere apparent and all humanity is reveling in boiled eggs, fried eggs, scrambled eggs, and every kind of eggs. Without the least eggs-aggeration, a million eggs must have come to town Saturday. No county on the globe can show up more prolific, patriotic, and energetic hens and untiring roosters than Cowley County. They are alike worthy the pride of their ancestors, the owners whose gardens and flower beds they inhabit and the murderous Methodist preachers. With hen fruit three dozen for a quarter, the trichinaed porcupine, the mad-eyed steer, and the bleating sheep stand a good show for antiquity. The lank frequenters of the average hash mill now wag their ears in anticipation of eggs! eggs!! eggs!!! Nothing will lay on the stomach better—except a century-old spring chicken itself.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
You have the best shoes in town, is a common expression in Bower & Ray's shoe store.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
Ladies' fine shoes and slippers a specialty at Bower & Ray's shoe store.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
Ladies, misses, and children's opera slippers at Bower & Ray's shoe store.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
Buy your boots and shoes at the bargain house, "Money saved is money earned." Bower & Ray's shoe store.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
Women's cloth shoes and slippers at Bower & Ray's shoe store.
Another Glance at the Spiritus Frumenti Condition of the County
As Officially Shown.—A Flattering Hospital Record.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.

Morality, good government, and prosperity go hand in hand. Amid the great progress and bustling life of Cowley County, its regard for law and order is conspicuous. Excelling all other counties of the state in rapid development, wealth, and happiness, it also excels in regard for and observance of the prohibitory law. The bleatings of the chronic growlers who declare that the druggists don't file half the statements and that the ardent is illicitly drunk as much as it was openly under saloon rule, count for nothing in the fact of the facts. Drunk men are as scarce as angel's visits and the opportunity to get forty-rod as intangible as the stairway to the moon. And when a drunk man is found, protruding from his nether garments can mostly be found a subterfuge under the suggestive label of "Tipacanoe for consumption and female complaints," one dose of which forever banishes the desire for another. Cowley County has stood by the prohibitory law until it has become a commonly accepted fact, with long-eared kicking propensities, big fines, and the inevitable bastille for every violator. Our streets are freed of "bums," gamblers, and sports, and our entire population has become the pride of every citizen and the comment of every stranger, giving us an enviable fame abroad. They are the best people of every clime, sober, energetic, intelligent, progressive, and frugal. The "medicine" record for February, as filed with the Probate Judge by the druggists of the county, makes a showing better than any yet appearing in THE COURIER. Here it is.
Recap only of druggists named.
Winfield: Williams, Glass, Harter, Brown.
Arkansas City: Steinberger, Fairclo, Mowry & Co., Eddy, Kellogg & Co., Brown, Balyeat & Co.
Other towns.
Woolsey, Burden; Martin, Udall; Rule, Cambridge; Phelps, Dexter; Phelps, Burden; Hooker, Burden; Taylor, Floral.
6 bottles stout and 5 of porter were sold in the county the last month.
The decrease in statements from January is 230; in whiskey, 239 pints; decrease in other drinks, 10 pints, with an increase of 171 bottles of beer. Beer appears to be coming to the front again as the panacea for all the ills and vicissitudes that beset mankind. Winfield shows a decrease of 38 statements, with an increase of 12 pints of whiskey and 11 bottles of beer versus none the month before—and a decrease of 61 pints of "other drinks." Arkansas City exhibits a decrease of 70 statements, with an increase of 27 points of whiskey, 115 bottles of beer, and a decrease of 70 bottles and pints of mixed medicine. The "Other Towns" are lions on beer and show an increase over January of 45 bottles. They show a decrease of 79 statements, representing a decrease of 64 points of corn juice and 17 bottles and pints of various liquids. The canal malaria of Arkansas City seems to be slowly dissipating. The drug stores are about the only recourse now for liquid refreshments, so the above showing is a correct index to the amount of liquor consumed in Cowley County. The lightning express orders so popularly filled in fifteen minutes by the express man have been choked off by the late law. The ardent shipped in on individual orders is exceedingly "scarce"—it takes too much time, must come in too large quantities, and at too much expense. Altogether, Cowley has much to be proud of in her magnificent prohibition record.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
Weekly report of tardiness for week ending March 5, 1886.
Department. Teacher. No. Tardinesses.
Central Building.
High, W. N. Rice, 27
Grammar, Lou Gregg, 7
Grammar, Lois Williams, 7
2nd Intermediate, Sada Davis, 4
1st Intermediate, Maude Pearson, 7
1st Intermediate, Ivy Crane, 11
1st Intermediate, Fannie Stretch, 2
2nd Primary, Bertha Wallis, 4
2nd Primary, Belle Bertram, 2

1st Primary, Jessie Stretch, 5
1st Primary, Mary Berkey, 10
1st Primary, Josie Pixley, 3
Second Ward.
2nd Intermediate, Flo Campbell, 0
1st Intermediate, Mrs. Leavitt, 4
2nd Primary, Clara Davenport, 3
1st Primary, Mary Randall, 8
Third Ward.
2nd Intermediate, Alice Dickie, 3
1st Intermediate, Mattie Gibson, 2
2nd Primary, Mrs. Flo Williams, 2
1st Primary, Mary Bryant, 2
In the Central ward the average number of tardiness per room is 7-5/12; in the second ward 3-3/4; in the third ward 2-1/4.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
This year lent commenced March 10th, and consequently Easter will fall on the 25th of April. It is not likely such an occurrence will happen again in five hundred years. Easter is governed by the moon. It is the fist Sunday after the first full moon that occurs after the vernal equinox. Now, there are in lent forty days and six Sundays, which are fast days, making forty-six days from the beginning of lent to Easter. In 1886 the vernal equinox takes place on the 30th of March at 1 o'clock in the morning, and the moon fulls on the 19th at 32 minutes before midnight. Then the first full moon after the equinox will be April 18th, which is Sunday, but when the full moon falls on Sunday, Easter is the Sunday after. This makes Easter fall on the 25th.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
Chas. A. Jarvis and Lula Scott; Michael Bacher and Mary Batten were authorized last evening to take upon themselves the responsibilities, bliss, and uncertainty of the Hymeneal vows. Mr. Bacher is fifty-six and his bride fifty-four
Erasmus Schull and Ida I. Schull, his wife, adopted through the probate court, as their own child, Frank Daniels, aged one year.
George Bryan filed sale bill showing disposition of personal property belonging to J. A. Bryan, deceased.
C. S. Grandy filed his second annual account as guardian of estate of Fred Grandy, a minor.
Petition filed for letters of administration in estate of James F. Brooks, deceased.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.

Senator Hackney, since purchasing the Rigby residence, has transformed it wonderfully, and a force of workmen are yet improving it. From a very homely, though large and imposing edifice, he has made one of the handsomest and most attractive homes in the city. Dormer windows, modern roof adornment, artistic porches, etc., have completely changed the premises. The interior has also been remodeled and now the Senator has a capacious home whose beauty and appointments are unexcelled in this city of elegant homes. Those offsets willed with appropriate statuary will complete the exterior effect.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
Davis, Creswell & Co. vs. J. S. Lyon, suit on wholesale bill of plumbing material, $532.39.
Wm. A. Weaverling, ad. of estate of Margaret J. Weaverling, deceased, vs. J. B. Rowe, replevin suit to recover $140 in personal property.
Sarah S. Avery vs. Chas. S. Avery, petition for divorce on grounds of cruelty.
Nancy A. Pearson vs. Wesley P. Pearson, divorce petitioned on ground of cruelty and non-support.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
A dark colored horse-colt one year old. Will pay a liberal reward for information leading to its recovery. Address H. S. Ireton, Seeley, Kansas.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
Ask your grocer for "T. B. Patent," "Unique," "Straight," or "Imperial" when buying flour. These brands are superior to many, equal to all, and surpassed by none.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
Call on Ed. J. McMullen & Co. for long time loans on real estate. It will pay you to borrow from us.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
Miss Sadie French is home from a two weeks visit with her parents at Olathe.
What Transpired at our Different Churches Sunday.
Various Religious Nuggets.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
Rev. Young, having returned from Osage City, filled the A. M. E. pulpit as usual, Sunday, preaching very practical and effective sermons. The A. M. E. folks have recently improved their church, in size and appearance, and are flourishing, with good membership, good congregations, and keen interest.
Sunday was the occasion of the regular quarterly communion at the Presbyterian church. Rev. Miller discoursed on Rom. xiii:18: "Owe no man anything but to love one another." It was a forcible delineation of the relations of man to man—of the love of God for man and the love of man for good, lifting up above earthly, sordid, sensual love—a broad and comprehensive interest that takes in all humanity.

The Methodist pulpit was filled Monday morning by Rev. S. R. Reece, from the St. Louis conference, Rev. Kelly being absent attending the Southern Kansas conference of Parsons. Rev. Reece discoursed on Rom. xiii:10: "Love is the fulfilling of the law." He should love to be the foundation of every true life—a broad love that takes hold of divinity and has an interest in all surrounding humanity for the possibilities of the soul to assist to right living, right doing, and right thinking. It is a very smoothly constructed sermon, showing deep thought and careful consideration. Prof. W. N. Rice, of our High School, preached a forcible sermon in the evening.
At the Baptist church Sunday morning, Rev. Reider preached from James iv:11: "Speak not evil of one another." Do not go and say anything about your brother that is detrimental to his character; or even crack a joke that will leave one's mind in a doubt as to the character of your brother. If you can't say anything good about him, don't say anything. What you say may lead some one to think that an innocent person is one of disreputable character. People saying something about character of another has created more discord than anything else in this world. Don't speak evil of your brother; if you know evil of him, keep it to yourself.
Services at the Christian Church in the morning were conducted by Rev. Vawter. Subject: "Prudence," using as a basis for his remarks, James 1:19-22. He showed that a man should be prudent in speaking, hearing, and acting. Many things are unfit to hear but all truth should be carefully investigated, and especially is prudence enjoined in speaking. Words are so like living things that they should be used prudently. By being prudent in everything we grow in grace. In the evening Rev. H. T. Wilson, of Lexington, Kentucky, occupied the pulpit, speaking from James 1:3-4. Rev. Wilson is a fluent speaker and was listened to with great interest. The house was crowded and many could not be accommodated. There will be services there tonight and on Thursday evening there will be a meeting for the young people. The usual invitations are extended.
United Brethren Church. Although the morning was very inclement, yet there was a good attendance at the Sabbath School. The pastor announced that but one Sabbath remained before conference. The official boards are to meet next Saturday afternoon. At the morning hour Mrs. Sexton occupied the pulpit, preaching a sermon of great interest from Job 21:14-15. There was one accession to the church. Mrs. Sexton preached again at night from Ezekiel 33:11. The house would not hold half the people who came, fifteen or twenty arose for the prayers of the church. These meetings are growing in interest and in power. With the addition of members, and the constantly growing interest of the congregation, the time seems to have come for this church to build a commodious house of worship. The people of our wide awake city will surely assist such an effort. Rev. Snyder announced services to be held each evening this week.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
Amos A. Thomas and Link Thomas, the brothers who got up the very boozy and breezy slugging match with a darkey at the S. K. depot Sunday eve, got $12.25 apiece before Judge Turner this morning. The darkey, being in self-defense, was not arrested.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
Marshal McFadden, donning a new suit in which Solomon in all his glory wouldn't look half so natty, lit out for Chanute Monday eve, taking to Independence the run-away boys. He goes to Chanute as a witness against the tool thief, Saunders, arrested here last week.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.

Sunday afternoon at the S. K. depot, a boozy white nigger tried to bring a colored gentleman, who works on the Imbecile Asylum, into subjection as in antebellum days, and received a fine beauty spot above his right eye with a ten-inch coupling pin, for his trouble.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
Martin Kilcoyne, aged fourteen, and Liman Raisor, thirteen, were picked up at the S. K. depot Sunday by O. S. Mahan, one of the jail assistants. The boys are bright little fellows, but pretty tough. Liman's mother is employed in an Independence photograph gallery and Martin's father is a tailor. The "kids" had started west, al a tramp, with capital of a dollar and a half, to make a stake. Marshal McFadden "got on" and stopped their little racket. They are now wards of the "jug," awaiting word from their parents. They don't appear to care a continental about going home—treat their episode with unconcerned levity.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
Link Thomas, charged with assisting in the S. K. slugging match, was discharged by Judge Turner, the evidence being insufficient.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
George Davis, the colored cook who was charged with stealing $4 from John Matthews, was discharged in Justice Buckman's court. Nobody saw him take the money and that he did couldn't be proven.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
Wm. Martney was brought up from Arkansas City Monday afternoon by Deputy U. S. Marshal Rarick, having been committed from U. S. Commissioner Bonsall's court for stealing a team of horses in the Territory last month. Rarick caught him in Ft. Reno.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
E. M. Collins, the South Main lunch counter man, was arrested in Judge Snow's court Tuesday, on complaint of J. G. Wall, charged with dispensing hard cider. The case was set for Thursday at 10 o'clock. Collins says he got his cider from the Kansas Vinegar Company at Lawrence and can produce the proof that it is number two, a medium between sweet and hard cider. He gave a $300 bond for his appearance. J. F. McMullen is his attorney.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
So you are disposed to cast mean, jealous slurs on our office towel, Brother Lindsay. Ye may well envy it! Did your Anthony Daily Republican have one half so pompous and youthful the office boys would anticipate an immediate millennium. If our towel is only twelve years old and the victim of a terribly protracted drouth, it is strong enough to walk to Anthony, and lay out, in a single round the Republican wall adornment and everything in the office. Hear the Republican's mean slur.

"A gentleman visited the Winfield COURIER office a few days ago, and while wandering around therein, feeling of things, got some ink on his hands. He was shown to a pan and proceeded to wash off the ink. Then he reached for a towel, but could find none. The devil picked up the only one in the office. It was standing in the corner. The gentleman looked at the towel and remarked: 'Good Lord, you don't wipe on that?' 'Certainly,' was the prompt response. Greer, the local editor, overheard the conversation, and came up. He was wrathy, and delivered himself to the stranger as follows: 'Look here, dang you, two hundred men have wiped on that towel, and you are the first one who has growled.' That settled it."
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
Elk Falls unearthed, Tuesday, a terrible wife murder. It has not got into the dispatches yet and from Marshal McFadden, who came through the Falls this morning, we learn the basic facts. Seven miles south of Elk Falls lived a family, parents and three children, who had shown signs of domestic warfare. For three weeks past the children have been on the farm alone and when questioned as to where their parents were, nothing could be deducted. Yesterday a neighbor discovered a fresh grave partially concealed in a field on this farm, and investigations revealed a terribly mutilated body. The children were confronted and confessed all—that their father had brained their mother to death, cut up her body, and concealed it in the smoke house a day or so and then, under cover of night, buried it in the field. He then left, telling the children that if they breathed the terrible tragedy, he would kill everyone of them; for them to keep their mouths shut and he would be back in a few days. The authorities went out from the Falls this morning to dig up the body and investigate the facts. It was the result of a family row and uncontrollable temper.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
People from the country who have pictures for enlargement will find it entirely unnecessary to send to the cheap copying houses of the east, by calling on Misses Sala & Eden, over Randall's hardware store, whose enlargements in Oil, India Ink, or Water Colors are executed in the highest excellence of the art, and guaranteed to satisfy. They also handle a good variety of picture frames, mats, and mouldings.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
Mr. Marshall McCann and bride, mentioned elsewhere as taking the wrong coach at Mulvane and coming to Winfield instead of Wellington, have a very pretty romance connected with their life. Mr. McCann and Mrs. Jennie Hurst were married this morning at Wichita, and immediately took the train for South Haven to visit the sister of the bride. The romance of the affair is that the contracting parties were born and raised in the blue grass region of Kentucky; and she, being a beautiful belle of that famous region of beautiful women and tall corn, was engaged when young to marry her present husband and then youthful lover. Something separated them and she married Mr. Hurst and moved to Wichita, where he died after raising a family. Mr. McCann, being now a wealthy gentleman in the sear and yellow leaf, but with his youthful ardor still warm for his old flame, a short time since visited Wichita, ostensibly on a business trip, purchased a beautiful residence, and this morning married the woman who had first inspired his youthful love. No wonder they got on the wrong road.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
Forty acres of land joining Winfield on the south. Two good dwellings, young orchard, two corrals, fish pond of two acres, well fenced, as good for gardening or small fruit as any on the Walnut river. Call at Ira Kyger's second hand store, 1017 Main.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
If you want loans on city or farm property at lowest rates and easiest terms, call on Ed. J. McMullen & Co., east 9th avenue. You get your money when papers are signed.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
Bargains in boots and shoes at Bower & Ray's shoe store.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
The social by the Presbyterian ladies, at the church last evening, was well attended and very enjoyable. A good sum was put into the exchequer. The enterprise and entertaining qualities of the Presbyterian folks are unexcelled.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
George T. James and Lou Jarvis, of Dexter, were married at the Probate Judge's office, this morning, by Elder J. H. Irwin. They are a fine looking couple and start off on the pebbles of matrimony with much promise.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
The Frisco freight agent informs us that all kinds of freight are received and shipped over that road, statements of others to the contrary notwithstanding.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
The great bargain house is Bower & Ray's shoe store.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
E. B. Wingate, chief engineer of the K. C. & S. W., left Wednesday for Philadelphia. And the boys do declare that E. B. is matrimonially bent and before the violets come again will be reveling in double gliss.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
Dr. M. T. Balsley, a physician from Danville, Illinois, and an old friend of Arthur Henbest, is here to locate. The Doctor will have an office in the Torrance-Fuller Block.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
Mrs. C. C. Black and Mrs. O. Branham returned Tuesday evening from a week at Medicine Lodge, visiting Mrs. Frank Lockwood.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
A. M. Tharpe and family left yesterday for Philadelphia, where they will make their permanent home.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
Wm. M. Jenkins, one of Arkansas City's bustling young attorneys, was doing the Metropolis yesterday.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
H. O. Meigs, prominent Arkansas City real estate man, was in the Eli city last evening.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
Curns & Manser are now making loans on farms, or well improved city property at lowest rates, and give the borrower the privilege of paying off on the option plan. By this arrangement the borrower is allowed to pay $200 (or any amount agreed upon) or any multiple thereof at the time any interest payment is due.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
We are highly gratified and encouraged by many of our old time subscribers throughout the county by such notices as the following from Mr. A. C. Davis, lately moved to Cambridge. "Please send the paper to me at Cambridge. It is bad enough to be so far from Winfield, but worse to be without THE COURIER, the Banner paper of the Banner State."
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
We are now ready with a stock of
Men's and Youth's Clothing,
The like of which has never been seen in this city. Our constant aim has always been besides carrying the LARGEST STOCK To improve our styles. This season we AS NEAR PERFECTION As we can hope to be. Every Garment We Sell Is artistically cut, nicely made, and in many instances equal to the best grade of custom work. In Boys' and Children's Clothing We ask you in your own interest not to buy a suit be he big or little, until you have see our goods and learned our prices.
Have revolutionized the
We are compelled and must sell them. In fact we show anything in the line of Clothing, Furnishing Goods and Hats, In all the grades, from the stout and strong material for the workingman's use, up to the finest of fabrics worn by The Favored Son of Fortune.
You are cordially invited to inspect our stock before you buy.
The Mammoth Clothier,
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
[Illustration of a Saw.]
Shovels, Saws, Axes, Hatchets, Locks, Screws, Nails, Tacks, Hinges, Buts, Bolts, Scales, Stillyards, Traps, Stones, and all kinds House Furnishing Goods. The most complete stock in the city.
Corner Tenth Avenue and Main.
Another Day Taken Up in the Senate on Education.
Logan's Amendments.—Rejection of One and Adoption of Another.
The Pension Appropriation Bill In the House.
The Bill Passed and the Vote Ordered to be Reconsidered.
Telephone Committee.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
WASHINGTON, March 5. When the Senate met yesterday, the Chair laid before the members a message from the President transmitting the annual report for 1885 of the Board of Indian Commissioners, and it was referred to the Committee on Indian Affairs.

A letter from the Secretary of the Treasury transmitting compliance with the recent Senate resolution asking information as to the amount of bonds called for payment April 1, held by the National banks, was also presented. The Secretary states that the amount of such bonds held by the United States Treasurer in trust for the National banks is $6,380,005.50. The letter was referred to the Committee on Finance.
Among the memorial presented and referred were the following: By Mr. Teller, a memorial of the Colorado Legislature urging legislation to protect the rights of settlers on public lands; by Mr. Ingalls, a memorial of the Kansas Legislature urging the enlargement of the Soldiers' Home at Leavenworth.
Mr. Sewell, from the Committee on Library, reported favorably a bill which was passed accepting from Julia Dent Grant and William H. Vanderbilt the objects of value and art presented by foreign governments to the late General Grant.
Mr. Sewell, from the Committee on Military Affairs, reported favorably the House bill for the relief of General Fitz John Porter, with a report giving the views of the majority of the committee. He added that Mr. Logan would later submit the report of the minority.
Mr. Logan gave notice that he would soon ask the Senate to take up the bill to increase the efficiency of the army.
The Education bill was then taken up and the yeas and nays taken on Mr. Dolph's amendment offered Wednesday, and it resulted as follows: Yeas, 17; nays, 28. The amendment was rejected.
Mr. Logan moved his amendment increasing the appropriation to a total amount of $136,000,000 in ten years—giving the first year $15,000,000; the second, $17,000,000; the third, $20,000,000; the fourth, $18,000,000; the fifth, $16,000,000; the sixth, $14,000,000; the seventh, $12,000,000; the eighth, $10,000,000; the ninth, $8,000,000; the tenth, $6,000.000. He spoke in support of his amendment. If this country was going to do anything for education, it should have the nerve to do some good. Before the people would get through with the educational subject, they would find that they should have expended $200,000,000, and he would not be surprised if it proved to be double that sum. What then, he asked, was the use of appropriating $7,000,000 for one year. That would accomplish nothing.
The amendment was rejected; yeas, 12; nays, 30.
Mr. Logan, then, "to see," he said, "whether our educational friends mean what they say," moved another amendment already suggested by him, appropriating $2,000,000 to aid in building schoolhouses in communities of sparse population—among people who would find it comparatively difficult to erect schoolhouses.
After some debate Mr. Logan increased the limit of expenditure under his amendment to $150 instead of $100 for each schoolhouse.
Mr. Logan's amendment was adopted and the debate for the day closed.
Mr. Platt said that owing to the desire of many Senators to express their sympathy, his colleague (Mr. Hawley) in his said affliction (the death of Mrs. Hawley), he would now move an adjournment of the Senate. This, he said, would give Senators an opportunity of attending the funeral services. The Senate then adjourned.

The Speaker laid before the House yesterday morning a communication from the Secretary of War recommending an appropriation for the payment for extra duty by enlisted men at Fortress Monroe.
Mr. Crisp, of Georgia, from the Committee on Commerce, presented the views of the minority on the bill to incorporate the Atlantic & Pacific Ship Railway Company. In this, after detailing the objects which they have to the bill, the minority say: "We regard the proposition as one granting a subsidy that may, and probably will, take from the public treasury $7,700,000 for the benefit of a private corporation located and to be operated exclusively in a foreign country, without any corresponding benefit in our country or people."
The morning hour being under the control of the Committee on Public Buildings and Grounds, bills were called up and passed providing for the erection of public buildings at Savannah, Georgia, and Peoria, Illinois.
At the expiration of the morning hour, Mr. Cannon, of Illinois, moved to lay aside the Pension Appropriation bill for the purpose of taking up the Urgent Deficiency bill. He stated that the object of his motion was that the Deficiency bill might be immediately passed in order that the work at the navy yards which had been stopped might be resumed, and the men who had been thrown out of employment might again obtain work.
The House refused—yeas, 103; nays, 148—to proceed to the consideration of the Deficiency bill and went into Committee of the Whole on the Pension Appropriation bill.
The debate was of the usual character, attacks being made on Commissioner Black and ex-Commissioner Dudley. At the close of the debate, Mr. Randall, of Pennsylvania, moved the previous question which was ordered. The ayes and nays were then taken and the bill was passed: ayes, 241. Mr. Bennett, of North Carolina, cast the only dissenting vote.
Mr. Randall moved to reconsider the vote and to table that motion, but Mr. Reed interposed with an amendment to strike out the last three words of the title. He then said that the Commissioner of Pensions had been upon the floor of the House in violation of its rules, to furnish the records of the Pension Office to gentlemen on the other side to enable them to make partisan tirades. He criticized Townshend severely for producing affidavits to blacken the character of men who could not answer here.
After much excited talk, Mr. Reed withdrew his amendment, and a motion to reconsider and lay on the table prevailed without further objection.
Mr. Grosvenor, of Ohio, said that in the heat of debate he had used language toward the gentleman from Ohio (Mr. Warner) which he wanted to have omitted from the record.
Mr. Warner desired to withdraw any objectionable language he might have used.
The Speaker announced the special committee to investigate the facts concerning the ownership of the Pan-Electric telephone stock by certain public officers as follows: Messrs. Boyce, Oates, Eden, Hall, Hale, Ranney, Miller, Hanback, and Moffitt, and the House adjourned.
Secretary Lamar Instructs the Attorney General to Contest a Certain
Land Ownership in California.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.

WASHINGTON, March 5. Secretary Lamar has requested the Attorney-General to institute suit in the name of the United States to obtain the cancellation of the patents to the State of California in 1869 under the Swamp Land act for the lands covered by lakes Kern and Buena Vista. The Secretary in his letter says: "It appears that each of these lakes is a large body of water, permanent in character. The two have an aggregate of about forty-four square miles. They are capable of being navigated and being without interstate or foreign connection, while not navigable waters of the United States, they are clearly navigable waters of the State of California. Therefore, when the United States issued patents for the lands covered by such waters, it exceeded its powers; its patents conveyed no title because it had none and are absolutely nullities of no efficacy whatever. The lakes are owned by J. B. Hoggin, the original purchaser from the State of California, who now proposed to drain them for his own purpose and to the great injury of the surrounding land owners, who use their water for irrigating purposes.
The Committee Gives a Hearing to Representatives of Industries.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
WASHINGTON, March 5. Before the Ways and Means Committee yesterday a paper was read relating the objections of the American Iron and Steel Association to the Morrison bill. It states that the association does not despair of convincing the committee that the present tariff is not in need of general revision and that such revision would seriously injure the industries of the country if it should become a law. A sub-committee of the Ways and Means Committee gave a hearing in the afternoon of several gentlemen—tobacco growers in Connecticut, New York, and Wisconsin—on the subject of a proposed clause in the tariff bill, relating to tobacco. The present law provides that leaf tobacco suitable for wrappers, of which it requires more than one hundred leaves to weigh a pound, shall pay a duty of seventy-five cents. The arguments made before the sub-committee were to the effect that the limitation of one hundred leaves to the pound shall be omitted, and the following duty should be imposed on all leaf tobacco commercially known as wrappers: Seventy-five cents per pound if not stemmed and one dollar per pound if stemmed.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
WASHINGTON, March 5. The minority report of the Committee on Commerce on the Eads bill was submitted to the House yesterday. It doubts the power of Congress under the constitution to grant a charter to a foreign corporation; calls attention to the discrimination in favor of Mexico and against the United States, and concludes as follows: "Was Congress ever before asked for such reckless legislation as this? While we have pointed out some of the many objections we have to the passage of the bill, our enumeration is by no means exhausted, and we will seek other occasions to present them to the House. We regard this proposition as one granting a subsidy that may and probably will take from the public treasury $37,500,000 for the benefit of a private corporation located or operated exclusively in a foreign country without any corresponding benefit to our country or people."
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.

DETROIT, Mich., March 5. The imported Canadian ship carpenters are being cared for by the strikers in this city and will not work. They have made affidavits that their labor was contracted for in Montreal by the agent of the Trenton ship yards. The Knights of Labor are considering whether they have sufficient cause to prosecute the company for importing contract labor. Another lot of Canadians were also expected, but have been detained at Port Huron. There are seventy of these, and the strikers will meet them before their arrival in this city and endeavor to keep them from working. The strikers feel confident of success and expect to resume work in a few days.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
NEW YORK, March 5. A dispatch from Riverhead last night says: "A large schooner was seen anchored off Rock Point, three miles out, on Monday. She rode the gale until this morning, when she was seen to break loose and drift toward the shore. Last night she was hard aground on a bar with the sea breaking over her. Her distress signals are flying, but it is impossible to get to her. The life saving crew made an unsuccessful attempt to get a line to her. Running ice makes it impossible to get a boat from or to her. It is impossible to learn her name or any particulars.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
WASHINGTON, March 5. The following nominations were sent to the Senate yesterday by the President: James C. Matthews, of New York, to be recorder of deeds in the District of Columbia, vice Frederick Douglass, resigned; William H. Gillespie to be postmaster at Dayton, Ohio; D. W. Cooper, at Bellaire, Ohio; William H. Woodall, at Huntsville, Texas; James F. Snyder, at La Grange, Indiana; Wilbur F. Goddard, at Lena, Illinois; Francis C. Sharp, at Oconto, Wisconsin; Thomas Norton, at Nebraska City, Nebraska; and Thomas J. Hudson, at Winterset, Iowa.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
EUREKA, Kan., March 5. The Commissioners of Greenwood County left this morning under escort of Deputy United States Marshal Sharritt for Topeka to be confined in jail until a levy is made to pay the bonds of the Kansas City, Emporia & Southern Railroad Company, which they have refused to do.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
COUNCIL GROVE, Kan., March 5. Calvin Cooser, who was stabbed in an affray at a lyceum at the Berlin schoolhouse in this county last week, died last night. An autopsy and a coroner's inquest was held today and eight young men of the neighborhood held for trial, one of whom did the cutting.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
WASHINGTON, March 5. Senator Coke yesterday, from the Committee on Commerce, reported favorably the bill setting apart for ten years a tract of the public land in Colorado two miles wide as a National live-stock highway.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
George Honnold is down from Newton to visit his parents. He will be here a week.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
The undersigned will sell or trade for cattle the noted stallion, Dick. Dick is five years old next May, and weighs 1,600 pounds; sound and without a blemish, and for style and action has no superior, and as a foal getter he can't be beaten in the county. Reasons for disposing of him, am too hold to handle him. Dick was shown twice in the county fair and took premiums both times; last fall over fourteen competitors. Parties wishing such a horse should not fail to see him. LEONARD STOUT, Three miles southwest of Udall, Cowley County, Kansas.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
Three imported stallions for sale cheap: One bay Clydes, 4 years old; one 3 year old Norman and one 8 year old Norman, all good breeders and sure getters. For full particulars address, A. LEWIS, Indianola, Warren County, Iowa.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
Road Notice.
NOTICE is hereby given, That at a session of the Board of Commissioners of Cowley County, Kansas, held on the 9th day of January, A. D. 1886, a petition signed by J. P. Lawyer and others of Dexter and Otter townships, asking for a view and a survey for the purpose of locating a certain county road described as follows: Commencing at the sw cor sec 23 twp 32 r 7 east, thence east on section line to se cor sw qr sec 24, thence north qr mile to nw cor sw qr sec 24, thence east on north line of s hi of se qr sec 24 and on north line of lots 25, 26, 27, 28 & 29 to nw cor of lot 30 sec 19 twp 32 s r 8 e, thence east and north on most practicable route through lots 16 and 18 to nw cor of lot 17 sec 19 twp 32 s r 8 e; thence east on north line of lot 17 to intersect the A. A. Mills county road where it crosses the north line of lot 17, sec 19 two 32 s r 8e. And also to vacate all of the A. A. Mills county road between the nw cor of lot 8 and the north line of lot 17 sec 19 twp 32 s of r 8 e was presented and granted, and that W. E. Johnston, S. B. Sherman, and E. B. Shook, viewers, and N. A. Haight, County Surveyor, will meet at the place of beginning of said road, on the 3rd day of April, A. D., 1886, at 9 o'clock a.m. of said day, and proceed to view and survey said road, and give all parties a hearing.
Done by order of the Board of Commissioners of Cowley County, Kansas.
S. J. SMOCK, County Clerk and Clerk of said Board.
Sheriff's Sales.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.

Recap: G. H. McIntire, Sheriff, to settle suit of R. S. Patterson, Plaintiff, versus John Fleming, Defendant, on Tuesday, the 16th day of March, 1886, at 10 o'clock a.m., will sell at the Flag Drug Store on lot ten in block one hundred and twenty-eight on the east side of Main Street, Winfield, to the highest bidder, for cash in hand, a stock of goods, drugs, medicines, and fixtures taken as the property of John Fleming and appraised at $797.80, and to be sold under said execution and appraisement as the property of said John Fleming.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
Recap. G. H. McIntire, to sell described goods and chattels (1 sorrel horse about eight years old, 1 four year old cow, 1 steer, yearling in spring; 2 heifers, yearlings in spring; 1 lumber wagon Schutler make, with box, sideboards and spring seat; 1 windmill and gearing; 7 shoats), all now at the farm of said defendants, in Beaver township. Sale to settle suit of S. E. Hunt, Plaintiff, versus A. A. Knox and Sophronia Knox, Defendants. Sale to take place on Monday, March 15, 1886.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
Franklin P. Smith, by Jennings & Troup, His Attorneys. Suit. Franklin P. Smith, Plaintiff, versus Arthur Shupe, Mary E. Shupe, Eva Smith, Alma Smith, Elma Smith, Bert Smith, Sarah J. Smith, William O. Mounts, Frank T. M. Smith, Oscar Smith, Wilson Walters, Elizabeth Walters and Jonathan Duncan as administrator of the estate of Charles F. Smith, deceased, Defendants. Suit concerned real estate.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
WHEREAS, on the 2nd day of March, A. D. 1886, the Board of County Commissioners of the County of Cowley, in the State of Kansas, duly made, and caused to be entered of record in the office of the County Clerk of said county, the following order to-wit:
NOW, on this 2nd day of March A. D. 1886, at a special meeting of the Board of County Commissioners of Cowley County, Kansas, duly convened, present: S. C. Smith, Chairman; and J. A. Irwin and J. D. Guthrie, Commissioners, S. J. Smock, County Clerk, and Henry E. Asp, County Attorney, there is presented to said Board of County Commissioners an act of the legislature of the State of Kansas, entitled, "An act in relation to building and maintaining bridges in Cowley County, Kansas, and to provide for levying and collecting taxes for such purposes." Approved February 18, 1886. And upon consideration of said act, it is ordered by the said Board of County Commissioners that a special election be, and is hereby called to be held in said County of Cowley, on Tuesday, the 6th day of April, A. D. 1886, for the purpose of taking the sense of the electors of said Cowley County as to whether the said act of the legislature of the State of Kansas, shall be in force in said Cowley County; and for the purpose of determining the said proposition.
And it is further ordered that the Sheriff of said county give at least twenty days' notice of said election, of the time and places of the holding thereof, by proclamation, and by publishing the same for at least twenty days in the WINFIELD COURIER, a weekly newspaper printed and published in said County of Cowley, and of general circulation therein, and being the official paper of said county, and by posting the same as written or printed handbills at each of the several voting precincts in said county, at least twenty days before the time of the holding of said election.

And it is further ordered that the votes and ballots for the said proposition shall have written or printed thereon the following words: "For the Special Bridge Act," and the ballots and votes against and proposition shall have written or printed thereon these words: "Against the Special Bridge Act."
And it is further ordered that in said proclamation the said sheriff set forth the foregoing order in full.
Done by the Board of County Commissioners of the county of Cowley, in the State of Kansas, this 2nd day of March, 1886.
County Commissioners of Cowley County, Kansas.
[Note: I skipped the Sheriff's Notice.]
Sheriff Sale.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
Recap. G. H. McIntire, Sheriff, selling property to settle suit of F. M. Friend, Plaintiff, versus Wm. A. Freeman, Defendant. To take place Monday, March 23, 1886.
Administrator's Notice of Final Settlement.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
Recap. George T. Frazier, Administrator, McDonald & Webb, Attorneys. Final settlement in the matter of estate of Dewitt C. Green, deceased, to take place April 5, 1886.
Notice by Publication.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
Recap. Forsyth & Madden, Attorneys for plaintiff. Attest, Ed Pate, Clerk. Divorce suit. Amanda J. Toms, Plaintiff, against Thomas N. Toms, Defendant. To be heard April 10, 1886.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
The right kind of a fellow is modest and mellow and generous and brave and benign,
His nature's apparent and clear and transparent, like yours, gentle reader, and mine.
He has no verbosity, no tongue tortuosity, and he never is boastful or loud;
He is gentle and quiet and plain in his diet, and never gets mad in a crowd.
He's grand and majestic, yet meek and domestic, and spends his spare evenings at home;
He's a tireless searcher for all kinds of virtue like the author and proprietor of this pome.
He don't play the fiddle, part his hair in the middle, nor dress like an Anglican dude,
When he goes to a party with Tommie and Charlie he never is noisy and rude;
He lives in frugality, and sweet conjugality, and wants pie but two times a day.
He never eats onions nor treads on your bunions nor growls when you get in his way;
He's wise and he's witty, persevering and gritty, and has a magnificent head;
He's all light and sweetness, he's thorough completeness, he's perfection, in short—
but he's dead.
Trenchant Thoughts on the Ups and Downs and Outs and Ins of Life.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.

[The following excellent essay was read before the Centennial Literary Society, Beaver township, at its meeting last Tuesday evening. As it is a meritorious production, containing many good points, we would be pleased to see it appear in Cowley County's "Eli" newspaper. PRESIDENT.]
The day which ushers us into the period of life called manhood is generally considered a bright one.
The past is lain aside to be used only in after years. A new leaf, as it were, is turned over, and we are thrown upon our own resources to battle with the world, to keep upon the common level of life or to go below, to soar above or to be sunk, perhaps, even to the lowest depths.
We feel that as our own master we must do the duty we feel we owe our maker and the world. We should not sit by waiting for something to come to us nor yet dreaming the time away.
We start out in our youth, perhaps with bright prospects, our banners and flags unfurled to the breeze, cheered with the thought that the fight will not last long nor the work be hard to accomplish. That when we shall have overcome the foes that are now before us, we can return to the bosom of our friend, repose in the dreamland of fame, and thus receive the rewards of our toil.
Yet we know it is indeed a conflict, more grand than any death dealing conflict that has ever taken place, one that should claim the most earnest attention from all persons, causing them to carve riches wherein they may place themselves not only to act upon the generations long after the curtain of their life has fallen, and the drama in which they have been actors has ended. Such is indeed the object of Life's Conflict.
We are now in the active part of this conflict. We must view the various fields of labor. The educational, the scientific, and artistic worlds are lying in all their brilliancy and power before us. We must use our own judgment in the selection of that which we, by nature, are best qualified to fill. We must know our mission and prepare ourselves accordingly; for when we join the mazy crowd in the whirl of life, we wish to have an aim in view, not to be blown hither and thither as by the winds, not to be possessed of a few dreamy ideas as many are, but a well defined path wherein we may tread, plucking the brightest jewels whereby we may decorate our minds, causing them to show forth in all their brilliancy and power, lighting up life's future with increased glow, gliding the waves that bear us on to eternity.
The sky may be starless and moonless and thick clouds may hide even the sun from view, yet there will be bright, green meadows to tread over and glorious sunshine in the beautiful beyond. There will be met those noble ones gone on before and who are now among the kings of thought who sit with a halo of light above their heads as tokens of the good they have accomplished. Possessed with the desire to follow in their footsteps, we can pass over the walks of earth as over the flowery path of an imaginary Eden, while others who do not desire this precious gem which lies at the end of the race, may trudge through weary wastes of a cursed earth.
Life's conflict is indeed sublime, it is grand, solemn, if viewed in all its bearings—those vague colossal heroes, those shadowy myths of the famous Arabian nights would fade away before it.

Have we studied this subject? Do we know what our duty is in life? Are we educating ourselves to drive out this darkness of ignorance which is hovering over the world? Are we trying to make it as an island of pearls and opals, gleaming out of a sea of emeralds? Or are we unconcerned about the future? Do we not wish to call up memories which some day will be beautiful and blessed? Do we not wish to teach those who come after us how much more pleasant it is to be able to appreciate the beauties that surround us, than of going blindly through life with the idea of selfhood, only, in view? Cannot we devote ourselves to the right, be studious and earnest, and be guided by that star in the east, whose brightness was guide to the magicians?
Our labors for the elevation of mankind may be sneered at, and men upon whose bosom we fain would have leaned our throbbing head, fall back as from a pestilence, and leave us to engage in the weary conflict alone. But the songs from the golden rafters which have been over us, even looking at all that we have done, and noting things down for our future benefit, encourage us to go on in the good work; fight the good fight of faith and reap the rewards that await the diligent.
In this golden age, we can improve the talent we possess and reap a yet richer harvest.
There are gates ajar everywhere ready to receive us if we are prepared to enter, revealing vistas of wonder and glory to captivate the mind and exalt the soul.
In the warp and woof of our daily lives are woven gold and silver threads inspiring us with fresh courage.
Not all is to be sunshine, but some will be darkness—not all day, but partly night, not all smooth sea, but occasional boisterous ocean; not all balmy breeze, but now and then a sweeping hurricane.
After pleasure, may come pain; after joy, sorrow; with victory may come defeat; but be not discouraged, for life is indeed a magic chain and these are necessary links. While we are working for the good of all in this life, our aim should be toward that upward sphere where this life is leading us, where all around is beautiful and full of glory, where nothing is perishable, but all to last forever and forever.
That we may spend years upon earth to do good for mankind is our wish, for life thus spent is indeed noble, and its sweetness we wish to enjoy.
But when our sun has set, and the gathering darkness of the last night is upon us, when the beautiful tinted and gilded clouds are casting themselves as a veil over the silver-tipped mountains, inviting us to be wrapped in the folds, and heavens clear and mellow light is streaming through the gates which stand ajar ready for us to enter, and angels are beckoning us on toward that throne of purity, and holiness, and love, we would wish for a peaceful entrance into that beautiful Land of the Leal, where angelic we will be.
The past will be forgotten with the remembrance that "it is human to err, but divine to forgive."
All hurrying of life will be at an end, life's conflict over, and the problem of life solved.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
A. B. Tuggle and Francis E. Craven, James W. Hall and Lillie Million, got the documents today to entangle them in the meshes of matrimony. Hall must now be a millionaire.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.

Elmira Brooks filed her bond and was appointed administratrix of the estate of James T. Brooks, deceased.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
W. H. H. Pitman and Grace C. Smith; Chas. S. Wing and Kate Petit; Calvin T. Smith and Hulda M. Show [?Snow] got tickets from Judge Gans today for a through trip to the Elysian fields of matrimony. We hope they have a safe, prosperous, and happy journey, returning by the heavenly route that leads to eternal bliss.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
Robert M. Andrew was allowed his demand for $84 against the estate of J. O. Spruens, deceased.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
J. C. Fuller allowed demand $350 against estate of George Anderson, deceased.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
J. R. Richards, a Rock township farmer, was in town Friday and says there is a better prospect for wheat than for three years past, being entirely free from fly, and in fine condition.
The Double Stores of J. P. Baden.
Spring Preparations.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
With the opening of spring comes the spread of J. P. Baden's Headquarters, which always stands to the front. After a thorough canvass of the big eastern marts, Mr. Baden's keen buyer, Fred Ballein, has returned and is being followed by a stock whose variety, completeness, and general desirability is unexcelled—would do credit to many of the retail establishments of cities three times our size; all the new styles in dress goods, silks, notions, and general novelties: a dry goods stock to sate the most varied tastes from the very fastidious to the unpretentious commoner. And yet the spring stock has just begun to roll in. Not the least attractive in the consideration of this mammoth stock of dry goods, clothing, boots and shoes, etc., are the universally low prices. The ladies of this city, before making any spring purchases, will take a tour through Baden's Dry Goods Emporium if they consult their own best welfare, in prices, novelty, variety, and taste.
Auxiliary to his dry goods business is Mr. Baden's grocery, produce, and creamery departments, which steadily command an enviable business, both wholesale and retail. Baden's notoriety as an extensive shipper of produce of all kinds extends to New Mexico and all along the large trunk lines. Altogether, the Headquarters of J. P. Baden does a business and reaches proportions not excelled by any wholesale and retail establishment west of Kansas City. And over all this business Mr. Baden keeps a personal supervision that constantly familiarizes him with its every detail and keeps things running with a smoothness most admirable.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.

The streets Saturday were a jam. Everybody appeared to have come forth imbued with the life and vigor of spring. Everything betokened joy and a feeling of certainty that winter had released his icy fetters and entirely given way to glorious spring. The market was crowded with produce and the stores with customers. The stranger from the dull and sleepy east caught up the inspiration of the wonderful rush of our city—that go-on-the-jump intensity that makes Judge Tourgee's cry, "Give us a Rest,"—and with wild enthusiasm exclaimed, between the bumps and edgings of the jostling crowds, "The liveliest city I ever saw! Simply beats the world, sir! In comparison to the east, it is like comparing Napoleon or your illustrious Senator Hackney to Rip Van Winkle!" And the present bustle is nothing to what we will experience as we continue to solidify. Chicago-like, with a never ending hum and surge of busy humanity, intermingled with the hum of our numerous manufacturers, the shriek and rumble of our network of great railroads, tingle of street car bells, and general metropolitan life—when our prominent citizens are compelled to have their homes in the country villas of Arkansas City, Wellington, and Wichita, with morning and evening trains, to get the quiet and rest absolutely needed to avoid the overwear and sad, early ending of life, against which last night's lecture so forcibly reminded us. The COURIER reporter is already "hedging," and has secured a "country side" in the quiet hamlet of Arkansas City, where he can spend his nocturnal hours and an occasional day where din of business will disturb his repose, and where the gentle kine and the bleating lambkin will soon graze tranquilly on the town site—a veritable "country side."
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
George T. Frazier sends us these additional pointers: "News has just been received here of a brutal murder being brought to light in the north part of Chautauqua County, ten miles south of here, on Cana Creek. From accounts the murder was committed about February 18th, but was not discovered until Tuesday. John Hogan is the murderer and the victim his wife. From an interview with his oldest child, a girl of 14, it appears that on February 18th a quarrel arose at the breakfast table between the parents, when the father, who is a vicious, ungovernable wretch, arose and struck his wife with a heavy chair, knocking her to the floor, then jumping on her until life was extinct. Then taking her lifeless body, he carried it to the smoke house and threw it in, locking the door until night; and then carrying the body to a thicket of scrub oaks, he dug a shallow hole and hid the body, telling the children if they ever told anyone about the occurrence, he would kill them too. The next morning he gave the children $10 and said he was going away and if anyone asked for him or their mother to say they had gone visiting. Thus suspicion was never entertained by anyone of the foul crime, which would have still been a secret had not a letter been received from New York from the murderer by a neighbor, requesting him to look after the children as he was about to embark for Old Ireland, his native country. He is described as a man about 5 feet 8 or 9 inches high, red whiskers, and a general "hang dog look."
On a different page in the same issue as above article, the following appeared...
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.

ELK FALLS, Kan., March 11. A horrible murder was committed two weeks ago last Friday, about seven miles south of this place, on Salt creek, and the fiendish crime was not discovered until Monday morning. A farmer, whose name is John Hogan, had a family, consisting of a wife and six children, ages from four to fourteen years. The children's story is that he had some trouble with their mother and commenced beating her with a chair, knocked her down, and then choked her. He then put the children in an outhouse and told them if they told about it he would kill them. They say that their mother was not dead when he put them in the outhouse, but after awhile he took the body out and buried it. The house is situated some distance from a neighbor's, and it was several days before anyone knew of the children being alone. When it was learned that the parents were absent, the children could not be induced to tell anything relative to the matter until this morning, when, on investigating, the body of the wife was found buried beneath the house, with but little earth covering it. These facts are obtained from neighbors who have just come in for the coroner. A day or two since a letter was received by a friend of the family, from New York, requesting them to look after the children. There was no signature to the letter. Hogan left a horse with a farmer near here, two weeks ago last Friday evening, saying he was going to Morehead, but has never returned. Word from Morehead is that he never stopped there.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
Now Winfield comes forward with a bona fide elopement, though a little tame and very rare in the fact that the hero got away with two heroines. He is the inaugurater of a new era in the elopement business. Last Monday afternoon witnessed the secret departure of a man supposed to be Wm. Crabtree, aged about thirty, and Philena Copple, living just across the Tunnel Mill ford, and her cousin, Ora May DeWitt, living six miles north of town. The girls are thirteen and fourteen years old. They had four dollars and Crabtree not a cent. They stepped out into the chilly atmosphere of the world of independence, far away from parental supervision. The next day, all being good on the turf, they set out for Douglass on foot, where they remained in moneyless bliss until yesterday, when the "fellow" of the episode "skipped," and the girls were compelled to cast themselves on a sympathizing public. The city Marshal sent them home today. Sheriff McIntire is after Crabtree, who, his brother says, is a tough citizen, has ruined several girls, and has been in the "pen." How he worked this game has not yet come to light. The girls are very penitent and the parents happy at the end of their terrible fright and suspense, though feeling keenly the unfortunate and sullying escapade.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.

Judge Tourgee must have meant Winfield when he said that in these days of western impetuosity, intensity and rush, a hamlet was founded; and before the first born had reached its teens, was a great metropolis, and before the youth had reached its maturity, a great empire was developed, crowning part of the pulsations of the world. The Judge thinks the American people, especially those in the tangent west, are gradually sapping and shortening life by over-taxation, by ambition too keen, by the ardent desire to grasp millions and fame—to conquer the world and all there is in it. He says this is an age of continuous stampede, of rush and crush until all ends in wrecked vitality and early death. He thinks circumstances and the advance of the age make the man. Daniel Webster and Henry Clay would have been ordinary men in the light of today. George Washington, with the environment and competition of this age, would never have made a record as the Father of his Country. He is in favor of practical training and knowledge instead of college learning, and is decidedly down on the cramming system of our public schools.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
H. V. Rice, of the Fort Scott Monitor (family of J. H. Rice & Sons), called on us Friday. H. V. is the blank book man and general traveling agent of that magnificent book and newspaper making establishment. At the head of the firm is Gen. J. H. Rice, a clear headed, fearless, outspoken man, who is a power in this state, and his sons are genuine rustlers of the kind which make things hum, young men of bright intelligence, fine business habits, and perfect gentlemen.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
William Wright, of Pleasant Valley, handed us some sign language today that L. F. Hadly, alias "Robinson Crusoe," is at work on at the present time. Mr. Hadly has made the Indian language and habits a study for years, and at present he is devoting his time to mastering their sign language, which he hopes to put in book form.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
A "satchel bustle" is the latest. It is for ladies. It has a compartment, room and airy, in which a night-dress, a gossamer, a comb and brush, toilet articles, a wrapper, a bottle of cologne, and a bottle of soothing syrup are easily carried. The bustle is much admired and all the rage.
Very Pleasant Meetings of the G. O. Club and Literary Union.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
The G. O. Club gave another of its very enjoyable parties last evening in the agreeable home of Miss Anna Hunt. The juicy consistency of real estate didn't interfere in the least with the attendance. Cabs were out and annihilated any weather inconvenience. Those participating in the gaiety of the evening were: Dr. and Mrs. Geo. Emerson, Mr. and Mrs. J. F. Balliet, Mr. and Mrs. E. G. Cole, Mr. and Mrs. L. H. Webb, and Mr. and Mrs. F. C. Hunt; Misses Nettie and Anna McCoy, Lizzie and Margie Wallis, Ida Ritchie, Nellie Cole, Maggie Harper, Ida Johnston, Mary Berkey, Eva Dodds, Hattie Stolp, Minnie Taylor, and Leota Gary; Messrs. C. A. Bower, A. G. Haltinwanger, Frank F. Leland, Addison Brown, Charles F. and Harry Bahntge, Otto Weile, Willis A. Ritchie, Lacey T. Tomlin, H. D. Sickafoose, G. E. Lindsley, P. S. Hills, James Lorton, Eugene Wallis, Will E. Hodges, George Schuler, and Frank H. Greer. The graceful entertainment of Miss Anna, appropriately assisted by Capt. And Mrs. Hunt, was most admirable. With various popular amusements and the merriest converse, supplemented by choice refreshments, all retired in the realization of a most delightful evening, full appreciating the genial hospitality of Miss Hunt. The G. O.'s will probably have but one or two more meetings this season. Successful indeed have been its parties during the winter, affording a very pleasurable alternate to the Pleasant Hour Club. The young ladies have certainly shown themselves adepts in the art of entertainment. The boys readily deliver the laurels.

The Literary Union, though unavoidably meeting on the same evening of the G. O., had a good attendance and an evening of much interest and profit. It met in the capacious home of Miss Lola Silliman, whose happy reception made perfect freedom and enjoyment. The program was acceptably arranged and meritable—Quartette music by Mr. and Mrs. Lewis Brown, C. I. Forsyth, and Charles Slack; a revel with Longfellow, with numerous and applicable quotations, all giving a stanza; a basso solo by Mr. Forsyth, with Miss Kelly at the instrument; essay, "The Moral Codes," N. W. Mayberry; vocal duet by Mrs. Brown and Chas. Slack; recitation by Miss Maud Kelly; duet, violin and piano, A. F. Hopkins and Miss Silliman; recitation, by Frank H. Greer. Besides those named there were present: Mr. and Mrs. H. E. Silliman, and Mrs. A. Silliman; Misses Eva Berkey, Minnie Burney, and Ora Lowry; Messrs. P. S. Hills, James Lorton, O. D. Wagner, M. A. Stewart, C. E. Webb, L. E. Barbour, and Lewin Plank. This Union certainly has a meritable object—the drawing out, in pleasant and profitable entertainment, the city's literary ability and taste. It will at once enlist the appreciation of all of a literary or musical turn. Among the city's numerous parties where "airy pleasantries" are the order, a Union of this kind is very appropriate. The next entertainment will be given in the new St. James Hotel parlors, in conjunction with a social by the Ladies Aid Society.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
In days that have recently slipped into eternal forgetfulness, Brick Pomeroy, Charles S. Finch, J. Lewis Isenburg, Tom Ritchardson, and other distinguished literary lights of the western hemisphere have written soul stirring and pathetic pen pictures that harbor of blissful and spoon refreshments, "Saturday night." While our soul in times past has soared among the green and frost bitten foliage of a summer and winter's balmy "Saturday evening," feeling that the cares and vexations of another week had come to a jumping off place, and we were permitted to let ourselves languish in the sweet embrace of our mother-in-law during the hours that we were not eating ice cream or cove oysters on toast; yet, we love our Friday night on account of the fond and blissful anticipations to be realized only twenty-four hours in the future; that we have passed through the week without being hung or disfigured, and still are in the ring; that the next day will be Saturday, that soon goes glimmering into twilight, succeeded by darkness when the fun really commences if we feel good, and that the next day will be Sunday, when we can all go to church or a skating, swimming, or fishing. These blessings all in a row commence on Friday night, touching up the electricity of the human bosom like the brass works of an eight day clock during dog days, and cold indeed is he who would not belch forth in thanksgiving to the great Giver of all for these blessings at the tail end of every week, if it don't rain. Mothers are always extremely happy on Friday night, on account of there being no school on Saturday, and the children will be permitted to be with them to make dirt and confusion all day long. The children love Friday night for the same reason, as their smiling faces as they trod home from school plainly portray the bright anticipation of childish glee and play of the morrow; the bad boy is happy also, as the schemes of the week will be put in operation on Saturday. Therefore, "our Friday night" is a great joyful night of a busy week, and, dear reader, it is at hand as we lay down our short faber, almost exhausted, over the above effort.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
County Commissioners, Capt. Smith and James A. Irwin, met in special session Friday to call the elections to vote bonds for the Independence & Southwestern railroad along its line in this county. Petitions were presented containing more than the requisite number of names, by Otter, for $17,000 in bonds; Spring Creek, $19,000; Cedar, $20,000; Liberty, $19,000; and Walnut, $10,000. The elections were called for May 1st, 1886. The city council, in recognition of petitions properly signed, will call an election in Winfield on Monday evening next, for the same date, to vote $15,000 in bonds, making the $100,000 in aid required by the Santa Fe for this extension. Arkansas City was also up, en masse, with petitions asking an election in Otter, Cedar, Spring Creek, and Liberty for exactly the same amount of bonds for a railroad from Oswego to Arkansas City, chartered by an Arkansas City company with Jim Hill at the head. Commissioner Guthrie came up at 3 o'clock. The election was called for . It will be a straight and hot contest.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
THE COURIER Poet is tired. His two effusions this week have exhausted him. And still a long suffering, patient, and christian-like community yell for more. As our poetic machine has lost its crank, we must draw on outside muse and have established this code of rates. We will be delighted to publish moral-toned poetry for twenty-five cents a line provided there are not over fifty verses in any one "outburst" of the muse written in long meter. THE COURIER has a very large circulation and poets desiring to reach the hearts of a soulless public will find no better facilities offered here than by the average paper. If you send ten lines, let it be accompanied by $2.50; if twenty lines, $5; if one hundred and sixteen lines, $29, etc., etc. Poetry with a fight in it, ten cents a line extra; spring poetry, five cents a line extra. No shelled corn takes on poetry, or will we be responsible should the poet get whipped by an outraged public after the appearance of the inspired effusion.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
Judge Albion W. Tourgee was greeted Saturday by the largest house which has ever responded to a popular lecturer in this city, being from our most cultured, critical, and appreciative citizens, and we can say that he more than satisfied their expectations, great as they were. He is not a fiery orator, but he is a very pleasing speaker, of graceful action and fine presence; his illustrations are charmingly put in, his sentences are full of interest, and he presents novel and practical truths in a manner both forcible and pleasing. His lecture on "Give Us a Rest" has made him more friends and ardent admirers in Winfield than any other lecture ever did for its author.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
The rookeries off the First National Bank corner are being set back where their unsightly presence will be less of an emetic. Fred Kropp moved two of them to lots on west 9th today, and one on Millington street, next to Bisbee's shoe shop. A little mud don't stop Fred; his caravans run just the same.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.

If you want to take a California tour, now is the time. Round trip tickets can be procured at the Santa Fe for $60, good for 90 days, and for $75, good for six months.
J. W. KENNEDY, Agent.
The Season of Sackcloth and Ashes Began Yesterday.—Ash Wednesday.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
Wednesday the Lenten Season began and will continue forty days, until Easter. This season is observed by the Roman Catholic, Protestant Episcopal, and Greek churches as commemorative of the forty-day fast of the Savior. The regulations provide that all days during Lent, with the exception of Sundays, are days of fast and abstinence, but one meal being allowed until after midday, and a small collation in the evening, and a cup of tea or coffee in the morning. Meat may be used once a day, but at the principal meals only on Mondays and Thursdays; on Thursday, except on holiday Thursdays, and Saturdays, except Saturday in Ember week and Holy Saturday. It may be used on Saturdays at the different meals. The use of eggs and lard are prohibited on Ash Wednesday and Good Friday. Those under 24 years of age and the sick, infirm, or convalescent are exempt from abstinence. Fasting should be joined with the sanctifying exercises of prayer, hearing mass, performing of the stations of the cross, reciting the rosary, attending public devotions, etc. Within the paschal time the faithful are admonished under penalty of excommunication to receive the holy Eucharist in preparation of which an humble, sincere, and contrite confession of sin is required. Paschal communication commences on Ash Wednesday and terminates on Trinity Sunday. The concluding section refers to the objection of the church to secret societies, and after stating that the Roman pontiffs have excommunicated those who have engaged in them, recites that Catholics belonging to secret societies cannot be absolved or receive the sacrament until they have renounced their connection with the same, communistic societies being also classed in the same category. The clergy are directed to instruct their congregations in relation to the sanctity of the Christian family and marriage, and on forbidden societies. The latter should be shunned and their methods and purposes held in abhorrence.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.

Judge W. M. Boyer died Tuesday last, at the home of his father-in-law, Judge Caldwell, at McPherson, of Brights disease. The Judge had been a sufferer from this disease for years and a short time ago, realizing that his end was very near, came to McPherson, to die. The remains, accompanied by W. C. Root and Ritchie Boyer, son of the Judge, came in on the Santa Fe Friday and were met by twenty-five of the Masons of the city, of which fraternity the Judge was an old member. The procession moved directly from the depot to the Union Cemetery, the Masonic procession marching to the 8th and Millington street square, where conveyances were in waiting. The body was laid beside that of his first wife, who died here ten years ago. Judge Boyer was one of the first settlers and clothiers of Winfield, and prominent in its early struggles. When he left here for Durango, five years or more ago, he was the very picture of rotund, glowing health, though about that time this fatal disease began its work, and it was partially for his health that he changed residences. Of bright and jolly disposition and keen enterprise, he made many warm friends who receive the news of his death with sad regret. The Judge was less than fifty—cut off in the meridian of life.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
At Burden, Kansas, on the 7th inst. Maria E. Childs, wife of Rev. A. W. Childs, and mother of Rev. R. C. Childs, pastor of the Burden Baptist church, passed away. Rev. Childs and wife came to Burden on the 3rd inst., to pay their son a visit, and while there, she was taken suddenly ill and died on Sabbath evening. Mrs. Childs was born in Tioga County, New York, October 12, 1821; and in the 14th year of her life, she united with the Presbyterian church. She was united in marriage to Rev. A. W. Childs Feb. 21st, 1853, and with him moved to Minnesota in the fall of 1862, and in two weeks after she united with her husband and her two daughters with the M. E. church, of which he was formerly a member. She was a devoted christian wife and mother. The funeral services were held in the Burden Baptist church before a large audience conducted by Rev. J. H. Reider, pastor of the Baptist church of this place, after which her remains were buried away in the beautiful little cemetery north of Burden.
THE P. H. C.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
The Pleasant Hour Club met Wednesday and decided to have two more regular hops and wind up the season with a big calico ball, on April 15th, giving three dances yet. It is the universal verdict of all that the club has never had as successful and thoroughly enjoyable parties throughout as this winter. And the club, in contemplating its success, doesn't fail to recognize the even superior success of its very happy and effemine [?] alternate, the G. O. Club. Socially, as in everything else, Winfield is unexcelled.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
James Mallory, principal contractor of the D. M. & A., was met by the reporter Friday and in answer to inquiries in regard to the prospects of his road, assured us that arrangements were now complete to commence throwing dirt at once. Grading will commence April 1st at Chetopa in Labette County, working west. Also at or near Kingman, working east. The work will be pushed forward as fast as money and labor will do it. Mr. Mallory said the right of way men would be in the field at once and things will boom on the D. M. & A. As to the meeting held here, he had nothing in regard to this that he wished to make public.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
John Drury, land, loan, and insurance agent of Maple City, called on us Saturday, to talk over the railroad situation, and made some very sensible suggestions which will be duly noticed in the proper place. Spring Creek township wants a railroad "bad," but she want it where it will accommodate her citizens to the greatest extent possible, and Maple City wants the depot secured to her. We hope to see these wants supplied and will help what we can. Mr. Drury is an intelligent, level-headed gentleman, and puts the situation in a forcible light.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.

E're long, the green grass will spring up by the wayside; the budding trees will don a mantle of green, and blue violets will poke their tiny heads up above mother earth and bid the whistling plow-boy good morning, while he in turning the rich and fertile soil of Cowley up to sun; the buzz of the mechanic's saw, and the din of the hardy stonemason's hammer already echo through the valley. While all this is going on, the man with a carpet-sack in one hand and a real estate circular in the other will get off our numerous railroads, and exclaim: "What a beautiful and thriving city!"
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
Why don't some enterprising citizen of Winfield build a lot of tenement houses? We don't mean a lot of high, uncomfortable, unhandy places, where a dozen or so families re crowded into one building, but, neat little three room cottages, which would rent readily at ten dollars per month. These houses would be always in demand, and would pay the builder a good return for the investment.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
Sam Jones says that a dog howls because he has fleas. This is a new light on a vexed question and puts the flea upon a plane above the helpless dog. A man can at least hit at a flea and disturb him, but a dog cannot. The wicked flea when no man pursueth has a good time with the dog. There should be a moral in this somewhere. In Winfield it is—muzzle your canine or he'll howl his last howl and "flea" into the mystic future of canine heaven.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
Truth, like justice, mercy, love is infinite, and never can be exhausted. The finite man can only approach it humbly, yet earnestly; and if he do this to the extent of his powers, he will become a truthful and honorable man. If, however, he does not bring all his powers into this service, if he neglects to train his faculties for observation, of thought, of language, if he does not resist that bias of prejudice and desire, if he does not for truth search with energy, and use scrupulous care and accurate language, he can never attain to that character.
Her Chronicle of The Comings, Goings and Doings of Persons at Home and Abroad.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
G. M. Hawkins was in from Dexter last Thursday.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
J. C. Long came in from the east last Thursday.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
J. L. Horning got home from the east Thursday.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
W. H. Gillard was down from Atlanta last evening.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
F. L. Braniger and Sam Steele took in Elk Falls Wednesday.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
H. V. Rice, of the Ft. Scott Monitor, was rustling the city Friday.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
Capt. Dressie moved his quarters to the opposite side of the room Thursday.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
Hon. C. R. Mitchell was over from Geuda, taking a hand in the railroad fun.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.

Mrs. H. L. Holmes, of Holmer, Indiana, grandmother of A. H. Doane, is here for a visit.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
A. D. Speed, "mine hose" of the Arlington, Wellington, is in the Eli City today.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
P. G. Van Vleet, of Van Fleet & Sage, our new implement firm, went to Oxford Thursday.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
Capt. Nipp and Ed P. Greer are off for two weeks, looking after things in the "wild west."
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
Senator Jennings left last Thursday for western points. He will probably be gone a week.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
W. W. Limbocker returned Thursday from Brown County, where he has been on land business.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
Judge Pyburn was up from the Terminus Friday with his little oar under his arm.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
County Commissioner Irwin is over from Cambridge. The Board has a special meeting tomorrow.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
Mayor Reiley and Councilman S. E. Lumes were here Thursday from Caldwell, on railroad business.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
Joel Mack is back from his cattle in the Territory. He reports cold, muddy times in Uncle Sam's domain.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
Our C. C. Harris and O. C. Ewert, now at Medicine Lodge, will establish a loan agency at Ashland, Clark County.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
A. D. Speed came over from Wellington Thursday to attend the interment of the remains of Judge Boyer.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
John Fisher, C. W. Williams, S. Kinsman, and John A. Moore were down from Wichita Friday, circulating around this live Metropolis.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
Some cute and appropriate individual draped the Wilson city scales in mourning, a suggestive crape hanging just over the sign "City Scales."
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
Miss March is again in her room at Mr. Cohen's store, and will be pleased to see her lady friends who wish stamping or instructions in needle work.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
Contractor Uhl cleared the ground for the City building Friday and commenced the foundation. The work will move right along now, as lively as possible.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.

Fred Wilber has on exhibition in Brown & Son's window, one of his pen sketches of a pair of horses. Fred has acquired this art under Prof. Inskeep. It is very fine.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
O. D. Wagner, of Quincy, Illinois, a cousin of the Misses Berkey, is here for a visit. Miss Rose Wagner, another cousin, came up from Arkansas City Friday afternoon and will visit a day or two.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
S. H. Mallory, of Iowa, contractor of the D. M. & A., Major Hansen, W. C. Edward, and J. C. Strang, of Larned, came in Friday to attend the official meeting of the D. M. & A. officers and directors.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
M. L. Martin has sold his Vernon farm to Mr. U. Mavetty, late from Indiana. Mr. Mavetty is a relative of Rev. Vawter and is a valuable citizen. We hope Mr. Martin will stay by us and invest again.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
The reporter dropped in at Mrs. Bobbits Friday, and labored under the impression she was running a kindergarten, there being eleven children there under the age of nine years, and a bad day for children, too.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
H. B. Schuler, of the Winfield National, is home from two weeks in Clay County, Texas. He found the grass green there and everything looking very summery. He says the cattle losses in that section during the winter were very small.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
Bert Crapster, the urbane collector of revenue at the Brettun portals, has a patent for feeding muzzled dogs without removing the muzzle. Come down with a small subsidy and you'll get his bound-to-be world-renowned mode.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
A bevy of prospectors, composed of M. Drennan, H. M. and Leon Andres, of Elyria, Ohio, and R. A. and Nelson Rodgers, of Corning, Ohio, were at the central last Wednesday. They are looking over this section for locations, and are of course captivated.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
J. S. Thompson, of our new nursery firm of Gregg, Rice & Thompson, returned Thursday from Indianapolis, accompanied by his family. He is a man of means and large business experience and will make an excellent addition to our splendid citizenship.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
City Engineer Ritchie has received a fine surveying outfit: one of the best manufactured, right from the head-manufactory, Philadelphia. It represents $275. The first instrument did not prove satisfactory so it was sent back to the house at Chicago and this one brought right from headquarters.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.

A very happy party of the young friends of Master Earnest Denning gathered at his home Wednesday to assist him in celebrating his twelfth birthday. It was a gay gathering of young folks at that age when they can extract all the unadulterated fun of any event. Master Earnest was nicely remembered by numerous tokens.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
George Osterhouse inserted a want for a hired man a few days ago. Last Friday he came rushing in and told us to take it out, stating that there had been somewhere in the neighborhood of 400 applicants, that they came filing in before daylight the next morning, and had been coming ever since. Such is the power of advertising in THE COURIER.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
The reporter dropped into the Udall Roller mills this morning, and was much pleased to find such an institution. Manager H. H. Martin showed us around. This mill has been in operation about six months and is turning out excellent work. It has a capacity of 78 barrels per day and has the latest improvements in mill machinery. Such a mill is a great credit to Udall.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
Rev. S. B. Fleming, Mayor Schiffbauer, W. D. Mowry, F. E. Lockley, George H. Cunningham, Amos Walton, N. T. Snyder, and a dozen or two other prominent lights of the Terminus were the wild and wooly besiegers of the courthouse today, during the calling of the bond elections. They tried hard to wedge in effective kicks. Their visit was as ineffective as was the attempt to defeat the signing of the petitions.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
Dressie, the news man at the post office, in moving over to the east side, has made a passage into his inner sanctuary so narrow that only a slim man could get through. We asked him why he made it so narrow. He said it was to keep out the rascally editors, for he could not trust them. As all the other editors are slim enough to get through, we consider that remark of Dressie's a vile slam on Allison.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
The reporter was asked Thursday by a delegation to name a sweet little babe of this city that is now seven months old and yet has no cognomen. We confessed that we never had any experience in such work, but would suggest that someone send in a set of names and a committee be appointed to select the proper one. That baby must have a name if we have to import it. Now, W. J., we insist that something be done. You are behind time and your train will be ditched if that baby ain't named. A railroad man should be on time. Give that baby a name.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
A. G. Haltinwanger, of Charleston, South Carolina, a young man of keen business qualities and plenty of means, has leased the rear basement room of the Farmer's Bank building and will put in a large wholesale and retail stock of cigars and tobacco. He is an experienced jobber in tobacco. He had visited Wichita and a number of western towns, and was returning home from Ft. Smith, Arkansas, when our Ed. G. Cole met him and gave him some pointers on Winfield. In a short time he came here. Winfield was the charm, and he at once determined to cast anchor.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.

The following resolutions were adopted by the Woman's Foreign Mission Society of the M. E. Church.
Mrs. Ella E. Curry, after a brief but painful illness, was called to her eternal home March 8th, 1886, aged 25 years. Sister Curry was a member of the M. E. Church for twelve years, and by her devotion and fidelity to the cause of Christ was an "epistle known and read" by those who came within the circle of her acquaintance. The deceased was one of the first members of the Woman's Foreign Missionary Society, of this city, and always took a deep interest in the cause. As a writer she had superior talent which was consecrated to her book and which often was used to edify and inspire our ladies in their public missionary meetings. The life of our sister was pure, gentle, helpful, and Christian; and we do not wonder that when the hour of dissolution was at hand, she whispered in accents both tender and trustful, "I am dying; I did not know it would be so sweet to die," and thus she passed away from friends and early ties to make one of that company "who have washed their robes and made them white in the blood of the Lamb." In view of the high esteem in which Sister Curry is held by the members of our auxiliary be it
Resolved, That we extend to her husband our sincerest sympathy and trust that he may realize that the "Lord doeth all things wisely and well," also to the boys who are left without the counsels and care of a devoted Christian mother praying that they may find in "Jesus a friend who sticketh closer than a brother."
Resolved, That we deeply sympathize with her mother and sister and trust that the consolations of grace that sustained in the hour of death may be theirs through life.
Resolved, That the Woman's Foreign Missionary Society has lost a valuable and talented member, whose loss will be keenly felt in the future; also that the M. E. Church has been bereft of one of its most faithful and consistent members; the only comfort in this hour of sadness being that our departed sister is now free from the pains of this life and has entered upon that existence which is free from sickness, or death, where "there is no night, for Jesus is the light thereof." MRS. A. GRIDLEY, President; MRS. J. S. BURNEY, Secretary.
Another Attempt to Empty the County Bastille.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
Thursday at about 7:30, Jailor Tom H. Harrod "caught on" to a scheme of the jail birds, headed by John Wilson, the "shover of the queer," taken in at Atlanta a short time ago, to break for liberty. Tom was over in the eastern part of the county. Sheriff McIntire had been suddenly called to Wellington, leaving the bastille with the night-watch, O. S. Mahon, and Deputy Sheriff, Joe Church. It was an opportune time and the birds embraced it. Tom got home just in time to get the note of his inner confident, stuck through the window, "look out." He did look out and soon heard the grating of a saw on the "major" cell grates. Giving them fifteen minutes to saw, Tom walked in on them. But Wilson was too quick for him and concealed the saw. The most thorough search failed to find it. It was evidently a very effective instrument, for in the fifteen minutes one of the iron window-bars was nearly severed. Half an hour more would have emptied the jail. Once severed at the bottom, the grates would have been jerked out in a second. The inauguraters of this scheme now revel in ball and chain.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
So you are disposed to cast mean, jealous slurs on our office towel, Brother Lindsay. Ye may well envy it! Did your Anthony Daily Republican have one half so pompous and youthful, the office boys would anticipate an immediate millennium. If our towel is only twelve years old and the victim of a terribly protracted drouth, it is strong enough to walk to Anthony, and lay out, in a single round, the Republican wall adornment and everything in the office. Hear the Republican's mean slur.
"A gentleman visited the Winfield COURIER office a few days ago and while wandering around therein, feeling of things, got some ink on his hands. He was shown to a pan and proceeded to wash off the ink. Then he reached for a towel, but could find none. The devil picked up the only one in the office. It was standing in the corner. The gentleman looked at the towel and remarked: 'Good Lord, you don't wipe on that?' 'Certainly,' was the prompt response. Greer, the local editor, overheard the conversation and came up. He was wrathy, and delivered himself to the stranger as follows: 'Look here, dang you, two hundred men have wiped on that towel, and you are the first one who has growled.' That settled it."
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
His name is pronounced Toorzha with the accent on the last syllable. We have got it from headquarters. Two or three days ago Capt. Myers was in our office talking about Judge "Torgy," when the following conversation ensued.
Editor: "Will you meet him at the depot?"
Captain: "Yes."
Editor: "Then I will write your obituary at once."
Captain: "Why?"
Editor: "Because you will call him "Torgy" to his face, and then there will be a blow and Myers will disappear in a small cloud of dust."
Captain: "What do you call him?"
Editor: "Toorzha."
Captain: "If I called him that way, I ought to be pulverized."
Since then we have heard a score of men pronounce his name variously as Toorgy, Torgee, Turgy, Turgee, Toregay, etc., but mostly with "g" hard; and the disputes have been many and warm.
Walter H. Chase called on us at noon Friday. He is the gentlemanly and active manager for the lecturer, Judge Albion W. Tourgee, and we asked him the first thing for the pronunciation of the name of his chief, with the above result.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.

Burden was captivated by our Little Maud Scott, as this, from the Enterprise asserts: "Little Maud, the child elocutionist, who gave an exhibition of her wonderful endowment of intellect last Friday and Saturday evenings at the Lyceum is without a doubt unparalleled. She has the command of language that is phenomenal. She speaks distinctly and has a good expression, and memory that is marvelous for a child of four years, and is as pretty as a picture on the wall. Prof. Taylor, the blind musician, was also a marvel in his way. He is a splendid musician and a scholar, having received a good education, and reads from raised letters very readily."
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
An Indiana pape4r has been handed us containing a letter on Cowley County by a casual visitor, which is truthful and very poetic. Here is one of its gems: "To the eye Cowley County is the real Garden of Eden, from which Adam and Eve got the grand bounce at the time that the first attempt was made to populate the globe, and old Eden has lost none of its charms, although only inhabited by savages and wild beasts for centuries past. In fact, it is probable that the country has gained much since those ancient days, as it is now called the Garden Spot of Kansas and Kansas the Garden Spot of the World."
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
Preparatory work to moving Farnsworth's lunch room is going ahead. Bob says he can't get a suitable room for love nor money and thinks he will move to Wichita. Bob is a good live man and shouldn't be allowed to leave here on account of having no business building. We don't want to lose any live men.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
T. F. Axtell and John Crane have completed arrangements to occupy the building on the corner of Main and 8th, to be vacated by Dixon, about the first of May, with a large undertaking stock, with entire equipment. They propose to conduct it on the regular metropolitan plan.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
About nine hundred voters have made themselves O. K. on the city poll books and are entitled to vote during 1886. There are about five hundred who haven't yet registered. They should do so as early as possible and prepare for the city election.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
These little cold snaps are hard on the quarrymen. All having fresh, unquarried stone exposed, stripping, as they call it, lost heavily. Being frozen, the presence of the crowbar caused it to split and shell into worthless giblets.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
As it is drawing so near that season of the year in which the insects come out, it may be interesting to some of the readers of THE COURIER to know something about the most wonderful among them—the silk worm.
Let us look back in the past. Nine hundred years B. C., silk dealers were in Tartery. In fact, this was an industry in the beginning of the Chinese history. One hundred forty years B. C., it is recorded that silk worms were grown on the leaves of the oak. Since then the mulberry, Osage orange, etc., have been used more largely.

Of late years silk culture has held an interest in the congresses of our country, and has so far developed that the government is offering inducements by furnishing trees free to mulberry growers. Men of our own state are trying to obtain a filature to induce silk growing here. Mr. I. Horner is one of the men. Although the papers speak of them, little is known by the greater portion of our people, and the silk culturist is invariably accosted with questions like these: "Do you have much trouble to keep them from flying away?" "Do they spin as they are eating and moving around?" "How do you keep the silk from tangling?" And other questions that are just as ludicrous.
The Divine Being has shown his great wisdom and his good will "to the children of men" by attending to all this.
Here is my experience. My father brought home a few cocoons obtained of Mr. I. Horner, silk culturist of Emporia, from which we obtained eggs for the hatching of several hundred worms. The egg is about the size of a pinhead and turns different colors, if good, between laying and hatching. There are two varieties used in this country, "annuals" and "bi-voltins," the latter hatching twice a year.
The first eggs hatched July 3rd. At first small and black, like "wigglers" in rain water, the worms grow lighter as they grow older. They pass through three "molts" or shedding of the skin with which they lose their heads and come out fresh and lighter in color. They grow very rapidly after each molt. They molted as follows: July 10, 14, and 19, and commenced spinning the 25th. More die during this period than any other, but I lost very few. They gradually wind themselves up in their silken shroud, allowing the thread to run from their mouth and wind it round and round themselves much as a boy winds his kite string on a stick in the form of a figure 8 and sticking them together with a glue which flows with the silk. These are the cocoons. They are valued according to the shade, pure white being first, straw color second.
After about fifteen days the moth appears, if not stifled. They come through an opening they make in the cocoon by tearing the threads, after moistening and dissolving the gum by which the worm fastens the treads together. The moth is light gray with brown stripes on the wings—which being imperfect and withered, are of no service. They fly not neither do they eat, but during their short lives they fast altogether. They have a mouth but are said to have no jaws. They lay from 30 to 300 eggs apiece and die shortly.
Now, I have given a simple sketch of a short life, and if this will induce anyone to experiment with them, I will feel repaid. If you need any counsel or help, you can obtain the same from I. Horner, of Emporia, or those around you. The silk worm is a very curious study and everyone should become acquainted with it by experience.
A tiny thread of life so frail, so small,
The lightest finger touch would be thy death.
What is thy mission? What has nature's call
Ordained to owe its finish to the breath?
Ah, yes! A silken thread has bound thee fast,
And now a gauzy veil half hides thy form,
Work on a little while, until at last
Part of a Nation's wealth surrounds a worm.
H. L. SNYDER, River View.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
EDS. COURIER: In a recent issue of your paper, you copy from an exchange an article with the above caption, showing the cost of intoxicating drinks consumed annually in the United States amounting to the enormous sum of $900,000,000, or, $140,000,000 more than is spent for bread, meat, and clothing. The object of the article is to show that three-fourths of all the crimes, misery, and poverty, and consequent hard times can be charged to alcohol. Now I have no apologies to make for king alcohol; he is probably guilty of all that is charged to him, but I respectfully submit that the article in question does not go far enough. If it had added, that of the other one-fourth of the misery and poverty in the world could be charged to that kindred vice, the use of tobacco, it would have stated the whole business in a nut-shell. Give me the money that is annually squandered for these twin vices—whiskey and tobacco—and I will feed, clothe, and educate all those who now suffer for the want of those things.
The almost universal use of the filthy, disgusting, poisonous weed is fast becoming to decent people an intolerable nuisance. Go where you will, you find God's pure air contaminated with the smoke of filthy cigars, or the stench from old, rusty, crooked pipes, strong enough to drive a dog out of a tanyard; or else your clothes are smirched with the filthy saliva ejected from the mouth of some two-legged hog. (I beg pardon of the four-legged variety.) As for me, if I must inhale the vitiated breath of either a drunkard or one saturated with tobacco, please give me the drunkard, for he is half decent between drunks, while the fellow that uses tobacco is always nasty. S. S. LINN.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
A steamboat ride on the Rhine from Coblenz and Bingen is fairly intoxicating, especially if the time of year is October, when the foliage has all turned to dusky browns and warm, deep reds. None of the bright, startling scarlets of our Sumach and Maples are to be seen. All the color is rich and subdued, with age perhaps, like the paintings by the old masters. That day could well serve as an almanac for a year, since it sampled every change of weather imaginable, with the exception of an actual thunderstorm. Yet the exception should hardly be made, for nothing was wanting but the rumbling to make it a genuine July storm. Not only did we have rain, however, we had sunshine as well. Now it was cold, again it was warm, a furious wind, and soon a dead calm, drifting clouds and a soft blue sky. The red-brown heights combined with the swift moving clouds to give us every conceivable tint and play of light, until the castles, gloomy and mysterious, appeared one after another, now brightened up by a flood of sunshine and, in a moment, rendered almost indistinguishable by the blue-black mantle. It seemed as if nature did her best to give us every opportunity possible, to make our one day equal a dozen.—From "European Notes," in Vick's Magazine for March.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
Senator Ed. Hewins, of Cedar Vale, is one of the best men for Southern Kansas we have. He is a man of great influence, power, and energy, and is always ready to work for his section. It is safe to follow his advice and help him out in his work.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
The County Commissioners met on Friday morning and received the petitions of citizens of Walnut, Liberty, Spring Creek, Cedar, and Otter townships for elections to vote on bond propositions to the Independence and Southwestern railroad. The petitions were granted and the elections were called for May 1st.
In the afternoon they met again and received petitions of citizens of Cedar, Spring Creek, Silverdale, and Cresswell townships for elections to vote on bond propositions to the Kansas State Line Railroad Company.
The principle struggle was between Winfield and Arkansas City for priority in the elections, Winfield working for the former and Arkansas City for the latter of the above sets of petitions. The Commissioners gave the precedence to the former company for the reasons hereinafter stated; but we will first remark on the positions of the individual commissioners. They were fully informed on the situation; but it is probable that two of them acted partly from the bias of location and surroundings and on the theory that though they are the representatives and guardians of the interests of the whole county, yet each is more especially the exponent of the interests of his particular district.
Capt. Smith represents the first district, and therefore Winfield, in this matter, and acted as he should have done. Commissioner Guthrie represents the second district and did all he could in the interest of Arkansas City, just as we should have done had we been in his place. Commissioner Irwin represents the 3rd district, which had no interest in the struggle, and he had no bias, so he could act impartially, as he did, and decided justly according to the facts, as every unbiased person knowing fully the situation will testify.
The facts were substantially as follows: Two months or more ago a scheme was started by Winfield people and the Santa Fe company to build a railroad direct from Winfield to Fort Smith by way of Maple City and the Caney river. A charter was then filed for such road, but it was necessary to secure the right of way through the Territory; therefore, the citizens of Winfield and the Santa Fe officers at Topeka sent W. P. Hackney to Boston and Washington. At Boston he got authority and instructions from the General officer of the Santa Fe company, and at Washington he secured the passage of a right of way section for this road by congress. Returning home with instructions he arrived more than two weeks ago and immediately got the petitions printed for the several townships above named, but had to send them to General Manager A. A. Robinson at Topeka for examination and approval before circulating. The petitions were approved and returned here Friday the 5th inst., and were circulated for signatures on Monday the 8th, in all the townships named. After these petitions were printed, some of the citizens of Arkansas City began to devise means to head it off. They hastily organized the "State Line Railroad Company" and filed their charter as late as the 5th, though they had their petitions in the field a day or two earlier. Their petitions for the townships of Spring Creek and Cedar are essentially like those of the Santa Fe for the same townships and for the same amounts and were evidently written by someone with the Santa Fe proposition before him. Our Arkansas City friends are wide awake and got up early enough to be entitled to the precedence and so Commissioner Irwin justly decided. We hope our Canal City friends will take their partial failure with the same equanimity that Winfield did when Arkansas City got away with the Western branch of the K. C. & S. W.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
Hon. Jacob Stotler, of the Wellington Press, and member of the State Board of Charities, dropped in on THE COURIER today. He was in the city for the purpose of examining, with State Architect George Ropes, the Imbecile Asylum, now nearing completion. Mr. Stotler has been wielding the quill in Kansas for the last twenty-five years and knows all about the history of this young giant State. Standing on Asylum Hill, and casting his optics on the panoramic view spread out before him, he caught a thrilling realization of the great Southwestern Metropolis and Future Great, Winfield. He finds the Asylum construction in perfect harmony with the contract of John Q. Ashton, a building first-class in every particular, with capacity for one hundred and twenty-five inmates with their attendants. The appropriation will not be exceeded and as this building is only a wing, it will be necessary to build the other wing immediately after the next session of the legislature in order to accommodate near all the pupils.
Mr. Stotler is one of the best and most valuable men of the state. Though now only in the prime of life, he is one of the early settlers, and has been prominent in the whole history of this state and in its territorial existence. He has been speaker of the House and has held other important positions, all of which he has filled with ability and honor, and has been of great service and value not only to the cities and counties of his residence, but to the state. He has richly earned honors and wealth, but he is of that unselfish turn of mind which helps others rather than himself, and men and communities have availed themselves of his valuable services in their aid without the thought that he should be compensated in any way. He has been all this time proprietor and editor of one or another of the most valuable and able newspapers in the state. Emporia owes her prosperity and opulence largely to his unselfish labors, and Wellington is now thriving under his invaluable services. Another and more grasping man who had done so much for his community and state would now be worth his scores or hundreds of thousands of dollars, but he is comparatively in moderate circumstances in the world's goods. Though he is held in high honor and highly appreciated by the people, that appreciation is not well lined with greenbacks. We are for placing him where not only his ability will be utilized, but where it will pay.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
Horticulture has not yet received much attention. Our professed florists make a monotonous show of inferior flowers, and most of the neat, bright gardens that adorn the towns belong to people of small means, who keep no gardeners and plant what their neighbors do.
But a few handsome villas where beautiful plants are never out of bloom give proof of the capabilities of the climate to surpass everything on the continent. Above all it is favorable to the Rose, which loves this cool, even temperature. There may be finer Roses "made" by eastern culture, but where else does every creature above a beggar enjoy Roses all the year round?—Vick's Magazine for March.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.

On the 28th of January, this year, there was cut down in the city of Oakland, California, an Eucalyptus Globulous, or Blue Gum, as it is commonly called in that state, which was planted early in the "fifties" by Rear Admiral McDugall. This tree was probably the oldest tree of this species in the United States, and had attained a height of nearly a hundred feet, and was 4 feet 8 inches in diameter at the butt. In the same city, there are many species of Blue and Red Gums, not as old as the above, but far taller and of stately proportions.—From "California Gleanings," in Vick's Magazine for March.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
We gather from our exchanges the following facts relating to assessment of real estate and personal property in the various counties in the state. There appears to be no attempt at uniformity in the matter, and it is only through a comparison of the different ratings and basis of assessments that we can arrive at an intelligent understanding of what ought to be.
Real estate is assessed at its true value in Coffey, Lyon, Pottawatomie, Montgomery, and Cowley counties.
At 33½ per cent at its true value in Wilson, Clay, Brown, and Jefferson, and at 40 per cent in Elk and McPherson counties.
Personal property is assessed at its true value in Saline, Lyon, Coffey, Cowley, and Pottawatomie counties. In Clay at 33_ per cent. In Elk at 40 per cent of its true value.
Cash is assessed in Greenwood and Labette at 40 per cent; in Jackson at 50 per cent. Cherokee assesses cash at its true value, and Mitchell at 75 per cent.
Notes and mortgages are assessed in Mitchell, Johnson, and Barton counties, at 50 per cent, and in Wilson at 65 per cent of their face value.
Kingman County allows the following exemptions over and above the $200 exemption, viz: 250 bushels of corn, 100 bushels of oats, 50 bushels of wheat, and 20 bushels of millet. No grain is assessable in Barton County. Sumner County allows 300 bushels of corn, 100 bushels of wheat, and 60 bushels of oats to be exempted.
Sheep are rated for assessment in Sumner County at from 10 cents to $25 each, and goats the same, while in Saline County Mexican sheep are rated at 10 to 50 cents each.
Improved land is rated in Wabaunsee County at from $1.50 to $10.00 per acre.
In Jewell County wheat is rated at 20 cents and corn at 8 cents. In Sedgwick County wheat is rated at 15 cents and corn at 7 cents, while all kinds of grain are rated in Davis County at the market price on the 1st of March.—Capital.
The above shows the inequality and injustice of the manner of assessments in vogue. It is a crying evil and we don't see why it has not been remedied long ago by additional legislation. The law is good and if assessments were all made according to it, they would be equal and just. But it is known to all assessors that each is going to make his assessments as low as he dares to, for the purpose of keeping down the taxes of his constituents, and so the conscientious and would-be law abiding assessor is in a very delicate position and in serious difficulty.

The fact is that usually no attention is paid to the law requiring all property to be assessed at its true value, but the assessors of each county get together every year and make a law for their county totally at variance with the statutes. Then each assessor makes for himself another law by which he expects to modify the rule to favor his own township. Then, having repudiated the state law, he repudiates without compunctions the law made by the assessors of his county, and even the law he made for himself, and favors some of his constituents much more than others. We can see but one remedy and that is: Make a law punishing by heavy fine and imprisonment every assessor who knowingly or negligently makes a return of a valuation less than true value, and every county commissioner or member of state board of equalization who negligently or knowingly fails to correct such illegal valuation; also providing for the prosecution of all such offenders. Such a law, it seems to us, would give each assessor confidence that other assessors would be governed by law, and that no injustice would be done his constituents by his doing the same; would give county commissioners confidence that other boards would obey the law so that they could do the same without injustice to their county; and give the state board more confidence in the returns, and make them more careful to correct inequalities justly.
The evil of unequal taxation as between counties is now great and cannot be corrected as valuations are now returned; the evil of unequal assessments as between townships of the same county is still greater and still more difficult to remedy; but the evil as between individuals and particular kinds of property is far the greatest, most crying, and most abominable. One quarter section of land not worth more than a thousand dollars is assessed at $3.00 per acre or $480.00, nearly half its real value, while another, which would sell for $10,000.00, is put on the tax rolls at $6 per acre or $960.00, less than one-tenth its value. One lot of sheep which would be high at fifty cents a head, is valued at 25 cents, while another lot worth five to fifty dollars each is valued at fifty cents a head. A horse worth less than a hundred dollars is valued at fifty, while another horse worth a thousand is valued at a hundred; and so on through the catalog.
Three men, A, B, and C have each ten thousand dollars and all invested it in property in the same township in which they all live. A buys 500 head of cattle at $20 each, which are set in the assessment rolls at $10 each, or $5,000.000, and he pays 4 per cent tax, amounting to $200. B invests in ten blooded animals at $1,000 each, which appear on the rolls at $50 each, and he pays a tax of $20. C loans his money and swears to only $2,000 in his list and pays a tax of $80. Thus on the same actual value of property B pays $20, C pays $80, and A pays $200 in taxes. This may be an exaggerated case, but is near enough to the facts in many cases to illustrate this most outrageous evil.
Our Cowley County assessors intend to destroy this worst evil this year by making the actual value the basis of all assessments. We do not expect they will make their returns according to the letter of the law, but they will adhere to its spirit in equalizing their assessments according to value. We presume they will all work on the same agreed rule so as to make the taxes just as between taxpayers throughout this county and yet not above the probable general average of the state. This is the best that they can do in the peculiar situation in which they are placed and much better than was ever done before. They have our warmest sympathies and approval, but we wish the law could force the assessors all over the state to do right according to law.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.

A few days ago a certain business house of Leavenworth sent a statement of account to a customer in an interior town requesting him to "please remit." Yesterday the following reply was received.
IN JAIL, March 4th, 1868.
I can do nothing until I get out of the clutches of the prohibitionists, and I can't tell when that will be. MIKE McCARTHY.
Mike was a Kansas druggist.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
We have a very charming communication from Rev. W. R. Kirkwood, which will duly appear in the DAILY and WEEKLY. It is prefaced by the following letter, which was not meant for the public, but we think it interesting to our citizens, as well as complimentary, so we publish it, too, and beg his pardon.
D. A. Millington, Esq. Dear Sir: Some weeks ago I received a very kind note from you inviting me to send an occasional letter for THE COURIER, and expressing the opinion that many of your readers would be glad to hear from me and my family in that way. Believe me, I appreciate the kindness. That I have not responded sooner is due to the fact that I am very busy. I have not only been doing full work as a professor in the college, but have done a large amount of preaching during the winter. With such an amount of work, it has been difficult to find time for newspaper correspondence, especially as I have not cultivated the news-letter style in the past. Remembering the gentlemanly courtesy with which I was always treated by THE COURIER and by yourself personally, it gives me pleasure to gratify your request as far as I can. With kind regards to all, I am very truly yours. W. R. KIRKWOOD.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
Our Maple City, Spring Creek, and Cedar township friends who want a railroad are reminded that they need not only an outlet one way but in several ways; that they are not likely to get but one road anyway, and that if they make a mistake in the choice between the two proposed lines, they will not get any railroad, at least not for a long time.
The Santa Fe propositions have these special merits: First, that the road will certainly be built if the bonds are voted. The A., T. & S. F. never fails to redeem its promises and that in the shortest practicable time, and it has its millions of money and the command of the money market so that it is able to build any amount of road. Second, that its road will be equivalent to several roads. It will be a direct line to Independence, Kansas City, and the east; a direct line to Winfield, Wichita, and the Western states, and to Topeka and the north; it will be a direct line to Fort Smith, Memphis, and New Orleans, furnishing the best market for their produce; it will be the shortest route to the timber regions of the Indian Territory and Arkansas and the coal fields of Kansas and Missouri. It will be worth to the people of those townships five times as much as the State Line road could be if it were built.

On the other hand it is not probable that the State Line road will ever be built. All there is to it at present is a few citizens of Arkansas City, who could not raise money enough to build the first five miles, and would not sink their money in it if they could. Their only hope is to get the Frisco company to build it. Under the law that company could not build it or aid in building it without a vote in favor of it of two-thirds of the whole stock of that company. The A. T. & S. F. holds a great deal more than one-third of the stock of that company and would vote it in the negative and thus shut down on that scheme. No one in the Frisco company wants to build it and if he did, he would be as powerless to do so as is Jim Hill. But even if it could be built as a branch of the Frisco, it would be one line of road under its management and useful in only one direction.
The fact is that all that can be effected by these state line propositions and all that their originator expected or designed to effect, is, the defeat of the Santa Fe propositions in Spring Creek and Cedar. No doubt they hope that some time in future years, some company able to raise the money, will be prevailed upon to build an east and west road along near the south line of the state, making Arkansas City a point or a terminus, and the fact that those two townships could vote them a considerable sum in aid would be one of the circumstances that could make the building of the road a future impossibility.
For this reason and for the further reason that the voting of the Santa Fe propositions would not only benefit those townships but would benefit Winfield, the bosses of the terminus want to head us off.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
There is a good deal of discussion going on about third term for state officers. It seems to us that it is good policy this year to re-nominate the whole state ticket. Two years hence, the presidential year, we can inaugurate the "two terms" plan, without creating any soreness or bad blood. At that time, if Messrs. Howe and McCabe are re-nominated now, there will be no state officers who have not held their positions at least two terms, and the whole lot can go out together. Commonwealth.

There is neither reason nor argument in the above. If it be the policy of the state or of the Republican party to give no state officer a third term, it is better that only about half of them should end their second terms at the same time. It is well that a part of them should have had two years experience in their offices rather than that all should go in green at the same time and go out ripe at the same time. It is certainly better that a part of them should have had at least two years experience. They are ex-officio members of certain state boards and it is well that they should go out alternately, a part next January and the rest two years later. This general principle has long been adopted in other offices in this state and is universally approved of so far as we have observed. For instance, the board of county commissioners, consisting of three members each holding for three years, one of whom is elected each year. Our school boards are elected one half each year for two year terms. Thus a part of these boards are new members and part are experienced. Such is undoubtedly the better way. Now we like the state officers whose second terms expire next January and give them the honor and praise of having been the best kind of officers, but we do not see any good reason that they should be made an exception in the establishment of a general rule. There will never be a time when none of us will desire to give two or three of the state officers a third term, and there never will be a time when none of them will desire it or be worthy of it. The only way to establish the rule is to establish it. There is no reason now for making exceptions to the rule which will not turn up every time with equal force in favor of others. We thought that Francis was the only man for state treasurer but when we finally broke away from him, we found another equally as good. We now think that Howe is the only man, but there is yet plenty of timber in the state equally as good and who have much stronger claims for a first term than Howe has for a third.
It was thought that Bonebrake was the only good man for state auditor and that he should be elected repeatedly, but now the same men think that the colored gentleman is just as good and should be continued forever. But there are lots of men just as well qualified and just as useful to the state, who have not yet been favored with a first term.
We believe in the rule limiting a state officer to two terms and that the Republican party ought in justice to itself to place fresh candidates on the ticket in place of all two terms.
Then we need to know who are "Republicans for revenue only" and who are Republicans anyhow. We had the fullest confidence in the Republicanism of St. John and George W. Martin, but it has appeared since as though revenue and office were the cords which bound them to the party, for when those bonds were broken both became kickers and mugwumps, one was for Glick and personal liberty and the other for himself and Cleveland.
Give us the two term limit.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
One of the greatest novelties of the age will be presented to the people of the Northwest, at the Exposition Building in Chicago during the latter part of March in the shape of a grove of bearing orange trees. This exhibit will be made in connection with an exhibit of Citrus Fruits, such as oranges and lemons from the now famous orange section of the Pacific Coast, under the auspices of the Immigration Association of Southern California. The transcontinental railroads have generously offered to bring this exhibit to Chicago free of freight. It will fill twenty cars, and twelve men will accompany it.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
If you wish to realize fully the great geographical changes and the immense increase of population which have taken place in Kansas, "Garden of the west," do not fail to secure a copy of the New Sectional Map of Kansas just issued by Rand, McNally & Co., the noted map publishers, 148-154 Monroe St., Chicago. New railroads, new county lines, a complete index of cities, towns, and villages, and as far as possible their population at the present time, all have faithful attention. We would advise some wide-awake salesman to supply the demand for the map in this vicinity, and predict for him great pecuniary success.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
We have written the following letter to a subscriber who has just moved from this county to a distant county and requests us to change the address of his paper to his new location. As we say in this letter, many things which we would like to say to many others of our subscribers, we just publish it except that we omit the names.

DEAR SIR: I thank you for your thoughtfulness and courtesy in sending us your card requesting the change of the address of your paper, especially because such courtesy is unusual. Generally when a subscriber changes his residence, he gives us no notice and THE COURIER continues to go to the old office for many months. He does not get it and refuses to pay; and the postmaster at a country postoffice rarely knows that his duty is to notify the publishers, or if he knows, he rarely attends to it.
But there is another view of this case. A very large proportion of our country subscribers want the paper continued to them right along after their time paid up has expired, intending to pay up as soon as they can. Of course we want to oblige them and keep as many good safe men of our county on our list as we can, so we continue to send it to such right along and patiently await their own good time to pay for it, though it makes us extra work in bookkeeping, extra trouble, and extra expense to look after them. It is much more profitable to us to take $1.50 in advance than to take $2.00 at the end of the year even from the best and soundest men because the advance payer gives us very little work and bother, and if we take $2.00 at the end of the year or later, the subscriber feels as though he had been punished by a fine of fifty cents, and feels resentful. But few men think of the trouble you have been to to accommodate them, and still fewer pay an old bill, enhanced by time, without angry feelings though they may not exhibit them, while the advance payer always seems to pay with pleasure. The former is apt to think our account is wrong, the latter never. The former "don't like the measly paper anyhow," the latter says it is the best paper he ever knew, and he cannot do without it; would rather do without his dinner, etc.
Now while we deem it an object to continue sending THE COURIER to a large class of subscribers in areas who desire it, because they are voters and taxpayers in this county, we have no reason for wanting to send it to a non-resident of this county without the pay in advance and do have additional reasons why we should refuse to do it, and these are that they are further off and we cannot keep track of them. They may bust up, become bankrupt, get into the penitentiary, die, or move to other parts, and we not know it for years, and in either case the debt would be a dead loss to us; or they may be perfectly alive and financially sound, but simply neglect to remit, in which case it would cost us more than it is worth to collect it. So we make it a rule never to send the paper to a subscriber out of our own county any longer than he has paid in advance.
We happen to know you, that you are all right, not likely to fall into any other bad way except that you might possibly neglect. You neglected in your letters to state the name of the postoffice from which you wanted the change made to your present office. This omission, however, did not put us to the usual inconvenience of looking through our list of this county and all the postoffices in other counties and states, aggregating 2700 names to find yours, for your letter fell into the hands of the writer, who happened to be perfectly familiar with your former address.
Your paid up time expired a month ago, or rather, Feb. 24, 1886. I have made the change as you requested, but want you to remit $1.50 soon to pay up to Feb. 24, 1887. Very Truly Yours, COURIER COMPANY.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.

Judge Torrance hands us a "Law Journal" containing a report of a case in the U. S. Circuit Court of Georgia, the decision of which is the exact reverse of Judge Brewer's decision in the Walrath case in relation to property used for brewery purposes. Judge Torrance says he has examined the matter and finds that the Georgia decision simply follows a former Michigan decision and that Cooley's "constitutional limitations" proclaims the law in the same way and contrary to the decision as laid down by Brewer.
The following is the Georgia decision.
In Well versus Calhoun, 25 Fed. Rep. 865, a bill was filed in the United States circuit court for the northern district of Georgia, for the purpose of testing the Georgia local option and prohibition law. The plaintiffs alleged, among other things, that the act was unconstitutional, because it would render wholly worthless the stock, fixtures, etc., of the brewery, and seriously interfere with the property, business, and vested interests of the complainants. The court says:
"The great complaint of this bill is, that by this law the complainants are deprived of their property, and injured in their business, etc. Nothing is better settled, by a large number of decisions of the supreme court of the United States, than that such losses and damages are not a good objection to a law. The states must have power to legislate for purposes of good order, the preservation of public health, and a thousand other objects, and it is an every-day event that some man's property is made less valuable—perhaps worthless—by the operation of laws passed by the legislature for the public good. Professions in which men make money, and devote their whole time, are declared illegal, and are broken up and destroyed, very much to the hurt and pecuniary loss of the persons concerned, and they have no redress. I allude now to the profession of the gambler. So, too, so vastly profitable business as a lottery, even though protected by a legislative grant, has been broken up by a law prohibiting its exercise, and its property and business dissipated to the winds without any remedy. So, of the oleomargarine manufactory; and so of a hundred different investments, made under laws not prohibiting them, yet rendered valueless or far less valuable by means of the operation of laws passed by the legislature for the public good, as it supposed. The whole object of the liquor traffic, and investments precisely like those of the complainants, broken up or largely crippled by prohibitory laws, has been a fruitful source of discussion before the courts, and they are all now agreed that such rights and properties as the complaints assert they are about to have injured or destroyed if this law be declared of force are not protected by the constitution of the United States (Passenger Cases, 7 How. 504; Beer Co. versus Massachusetts, 97 U. S. 25; Slaughter House Cases, 16 Wall. 120; Stone versus Mississippi, 101 U. S. 804.) This question has been before the supreme court of the United States, the court of last resort in cases of this kind, and that court uniformly and clearly held that rights of the character here set up must yield, however costly and devastating may be the evil, to the will of the legislature in its passage of laws in their judgments for the public good. It is one of the risks that every man takes in entering a business or making an investment, and he cannot complain."
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.

Arkansas City sent last week a committee to Topeka to interview the Santa Fe officials, and told them that "the State Line Railroad Company" was formed and the charter filed for and in the interest of the Santa Fe. They were somewhat nonplused when the officials promptly informed them that the Santa Fe was amply able to take care of their own affairs. And yet Arkansas City has the gall to try to procure bonds in southeast Cowley to such a trumped up corporation. The Santa Fe will build the roads for which they are asking bonds, and will not build the State Line road for them.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
Geo. W. Crane, publisher, of Topeka, has our thanks for a pamphlet copy of the laws passed at the late special session of the legislature. Any person wanting a copy may get it by sending fifty cents to Geo. W. Crane, Topeka.
Newsy Notes Gathered by the "Courier's" Corps of Neighborhood Correspondents.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
Chas. White and bride were expected at John Weakley's Sunday.
Mrs. Della Hassell goes to her new home in Lane County this week.
The Weakly [?Weakley] boys marked some hogs Saturday, also Wm. Schwantes.
Roads dry and in good condition for buggy riding in these parts.
Sunday was a most delightful, breezy day, in fact, most too delightful.
Mrs. Annie Slade has been visiting at John Weakley's for several days.
J. A. Rucker, Jr., was well entertained by several of his cousins Sunday.
Mr. Alex Shelton and daughter, of Winfield, were out at J. A. Buckner's Sunday.
Charley Bryant and wife were in Winfield quite recently. Not often you see Mrs. Bryant from home.
Mrs. Becca Lathham [?Latham], of Missouri, who has been visiting her brother, Rube White, of Winfield, was out in these parts calling on old friends lately.
Mr. Sumner, who lives at Adam Sipes', commenced boring for coal lately, and should he find it, thinks he will benefit the country more than the railroads.
Miss Howard's winter term of school expires the 2nd of April, but if I am rightly informed, she has got the spring term, and will commence teaching without any vacation.
Rumor has it there will be a wedding in these parts before these items are in print, but as we do not like Rodante's plan of writing things up before they transpired, we will wait for the result.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
Miss Dora Toombs gives us music from a new organ.
Miss Crissie Wright visited in Pleasant Valley last week.
Mrs. James McCullough visited in Pleasant Valley a few days ago.
Owing to the low prices Sam Howell will feed his cattle until the first of May.
Amos Falls has spent two days hunting for a hog that strayed away, with no clue as yet.
Grandpa Chapin was given an agreeable surprise his 83rd birthday. Those that were present report a good time.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.

To all persons owning lands on the line of the Geuda Springs, Caldwell and Western Railroad, as the same is now, or may be located, through the county of Cowley, in the State of Kansas:
You and each of you are hereby notified that the undersigned Board of County Commissioners of Cowley County, State of Kansas, will, on
The 20th DAY of APRIL, A. D. 1886,
at the point where the line of said Geuda Springs, Caldwell and Western Railroad connects with the Kansas City and Southwestern Railroad, on the southeast quarter of section No. 26 township 34, south of range No. 3 east, in said county, at the hour of 10 o'clock a.m. of said day, commence, and from day to day, Sundays excepted, proceed along the line of said road through the township of Bolton, in said county of Cowley, to the west line of said county, and lay off a route for said railroad and appraise the value of land taken from each quarter section or other lot of land, through and over which said line of railroad is now or may be located, and assess and adjudge the damages to each quarter section or other lot of land through which said railroad is now or may be located in said County. Such right of way to be one hundred feet in width, unless it shall be necessary to take more for the purpose of construction of and security of said road, for cuttings and embankments, in which event a sufficient quantity for such purposes will be taken.
County Commissioners of Cowley County, Kansas.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
WHEREAS, The Board of County Commissioners of Cowley County, in the State of Kansas, at a special meeting duly convened, on the 12th day of March, A. D. 1886, duly made and caused to be entered of record in the office of the County Clerk of said County, the following order, to-wit:
Now, on this 12th day of March, A. D. 1886, at a special meeting of the Board of County Commissioners of the County of Cowley, State of Kansas, duly convened, comes Alexander Thomson, a resident tax payer of Liberty township, in said Cowley County, and with him comes seventy other resident tax payers of said Liberty township, and present their petition in writing to the Board of County Commissioners of said County, praying that a special election be called in said township for the purpose of submitting to the qualified voters of said township a proposition for said township to subscribe to the capital stock of the Independence and Southwestern Railroad Company, to the amount of nineteen thousand dollars, and to issue the bonds of said township to the amount of nineteen thousand dollars to said Railroad Company in payment for said stock, upon the terms and conditions in said petition mentioned and described; and the said Board of County Commissioners having duly heard, examined, and considered said petition, and the evidence of witnesses introduced in support thereof, doth find:
That said petition is in writing; and that said petition is signed by more than two-fifths of the resident tax payers of said Liberty township, and is in all respects in conformity with the law, the following being a copy of said petition, (the signatures of the petitioners omitted) to-wit:
To the Honorable Board of County Commissioners of Cowley County, Kansas.

We, the undersigned, your petitioners, being resident tax payers of Liberty township, in the county of Cowley, State of Kansas, respectfully petition your honorable body to submit to the qualified electors of said Liberty township, for their acceptance or rejection at a special election to be ordered by your honorable body, under and in pursuance of the laws of the State of Kansas and an act entitled "An act to enable Counties, Townships and cities, to aid in the construction of railroads, and to repeal section 8 of chapter 39, of the laws of 1874" which took effect February 29th, 1876, and amendments thereto, the following proposition, under the terms and conditions hereinafter specified, to-wit:
Shall the township of Liberty, in the county of Cowley, in the state of Kansas, subscribe for One Hundred and Ninety shares, of One Hundred dollars each, of the capital stock of The Independence and Southwestern Railroad Company, a corporation organized and existing under the laws of the state of Kansas, and in payment therefor issue to said railroad company nineteen bonds of said Liberty township of the denomination of One Thousand dollars each? The subscription of stock and issue of bonds to be upon the following conditions, namely: As soon as said proposition shall be determined in the affirmative, by canvass of the votes cast at said election, the Board of County Commissioners of said county of Cowley, for and on behalf of said Liberty township, shall order the County Clerk to make, and the County Clerk shall make said subscription, in the name and for the use of said Liberty township for One Hundred and Ninety shares of the capital stock of said railroad company, and when the said railroad company shall have built or caused to be built, and have in operation, with cars running thereon by lease or otherwise, its said railroad into and through said township of Liberty and from the City of Winfield to the east line of the county of Cowley, on or before the 1st day of September A. D., 1887, it shall be entitled to demand, and receive the sum of Nineteen Thousand dollars of said bonds of said Liberty township upon the presentation and tender of certificates of nineteen thousands dollars of its fully paid capital stock therefor.
Provided that said railroad company shall construct a suitable depot building, side tracks, and stock yards at some point on the line of its road in the said Liberty township.
The said Board of County Commissioners shall cause such bonds to be issued, payable to the bearer at the fiscal agency of the state of Kansas, in the City of New York, thirty years after the date thereof, and bearing interest at the rate of six per cent per annum, payable annually for which interest coupons shall be attached payable at the fiscal agency aforesaid, and shall deliver the same to the said railroad company upon delivery or tender to the township treasurer of said Liberty township by said railroad company, of certificates of its shares of fully paid up capital stock, equal in amount with said bonds, dollar for dollar.
The forms of ballots to be used at said election shall be: "For the subscription of stock and issue of bonds to the Independence and Southwestern Railroad Company," and "Against the subscription of stock and issue of bonds to the Independence and Southwestern Railroad Company."

Now, therefore, pursuant to the prayer of said petition, and in compliance with the laws of the State of Kansas in such cases made and provided, and an act of the Legislature of the State of Kansas entitled "An act to enable counties, townships, and cities to aid in the construction of railroads, and to repeal section 8 of chapter 39 of the laws of 1874" which took effect February 29th, 1876, and all acts of the Legislature of the State of Kansas amendatory thereof, and supplemental thereto, it is declared and ordered by the said Board of County Commissioners that the prayer of said petitioners be, and the same is hereby granted, and that a special election be held in said Liberty township at the usual place of holding elections therein, on
SATURDAY, the first day of MAY, A. D. 1886,
and that thirty days notice of said election be given by the Sheriff of said county as hereinafter provided; and at said election the said proposition as set forth in said petition shall be submitted to the qualified voters of said Liberty township; and in case said proposition is carried at said election, and shall be determined in the affirmative by a canvass of the votes at said election, the Board of County Commissioners of said Cowley County, for, and on behalf of said Liberty township shall order the County Clerk to make, and the County Clerk shall make said subscription in the name of, and for the use of, said Liberty township for one hundred and ninety shares of the capital stock of said, The Independence and Southwestern Railroad Company, and when the said Railroad Company shall have built, or caused to be built, its said Railroad into and through said Liberty township, and from the city of Winfield in said county, to the east line of said county, on or before the first day of September, A. D. 1887, and shall have the same in operation, and have cars running thereon by lease or otherwise, it shall be entitled to demand and receive the sum of nineteen thousand dollars of said bonds of said Liberty township upon the presentation and tender of certificates of nineteen thousand dollars of its full paid capital stock therefor.
The said Board of County Commissioners shall cause such bonds to be issued, and such bonds shall be payable to bearer at the fiscal agency of the state of Kansas in the City of New York thirty years after the date thereof, and bearing interest at the rate of six per cent per annum, payable annually, for which interest coupons shall be attached to said bonds, payable at the fiscal agency aforesaid, and the said bonds shall be delivered to the said railroad company when the said railroad company shall have built or caused to be built its said line of railroad and have the same in operation as aforesaid, and shall have constructed a suitable depot building, side tracks, and stock yards at some point on the line of its road in the said Liberty township, and upon the delivery or tender to the township treasurer of said Liberty township by said railroad company of certificates of its shares of full paid capital stock equal in amount of said bonds, dollar for dollar in exchange therefor and in consideration thereof.
The ballots to be used at such special election for and against the proposition to take stock and issue bonds therefor, as above recited, shall be in the following form, to-wit: The ballot in favor of said proposition shall contain these words: "For the subscription of stock and issue of bonds to The Independence and Southwestern Railroad Company," and the ballot against said proposition shall contain these words, "Against the subscription of stock and issue of bonds to The Independence and Southwestern Railroad Company," and it is further ordered:

That the sheriff of said Cowley County make due proclamation of the holding of said election to the voters of said Liberty township, of the time and place of the building thereof by publishing the same for at least thirty days next preceding the time of the holding of said election in THE WINFIELD COURIER, a weekly newspaper published and printed in the city of Winfield, in said Cowley County, and of general circulation in said Liberty township, and that in said proclamation he set forth the foregoing order and proceedings of the said Board of County Commissioners of said Cowley County in full.
Done by the Board of County Commissioners of said Cowley County, this 12th day of March, A. L. 1886.
County Commissioners of Cowley County, Kansas.
ATTEST: S. J. SMOCK, County Clerk.
[Skipped the rest of this notice.]
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
Similar to the one for Liberty township.
Pertinent differences:
NOW, on this 12th day of March, A. D. 1886, at a special meeting of the Board of County Commissioners of the county of Cowley, state of Kansas, duly convened, comes James S. Gilkey, a resident tax payer of Spring Creek township, in said Cowley County, and with him comes eight-six other resident taxpayers of said Spring Creek township, and present their petition in writing to the Board of County Commissioners of said county, praying that a special election be called in said township for the purpose of submitting to the qualified voters of said township a proposition for said township to subscribe to the capital stock of the Independence and Southwestern Railroad Company, to the amount of Nineteen Thousand dollars, and to issue the bonds of said township to the amount of Nineteen Thousand dollars to said railroad company in payment for said stock, upon the terms and conditions in said petition mentioned and described....
Shall the township of Spring Creek, in the county of Cowley, in the State of Kansas, subscribe for One Hundred and Ninety shares, of one hundred dollars each, of the capital stock of The Independence and Southwestern Railroad Company...
Provided that said Railroad Company shall construct a suitable depot building, side tracks, and stock yards at some point on the line of its road in the said Spring Creek township...
Strikers Kill an Iron Mountain Wild Freight at De Soto.
Strikers Prevent Freight Starting West from St. Louis.
Receiver Brown Snubs the Knights.
Another Street Car Strike Threatened in New York.
Boycotting at Akron, Ohio.
Wages Increased.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.

ST. LOUIS, March 12. The critical moment in the history of the present strike, which was expected to be precipitated yesterday, was not reached, owing to the failure of the Missouri Pacific to carry out its part of the programme. The railway officials announced with a flourish of trumpets that they would resume traffic, but a survey of the situation shows that the solution of the difficulty is as far removed as ever. The progress made in the way of resumption of traffic is not sufficient so far to produce any decided change in the situation. The blockade in the yards still exists. The mills are all closing on account of lack of raw material and lack of coal and the impossibility of moving their manufactured products. The merchants are unable to receive or ship goods and the day closed with the conditions of business practically as they were Wednesday. The officials of the Missouri Pacific engaged a force of men Wednesday for the purpose of starting work yesterday, and kept the force which consisted of about fifty men, strongly guarded in their shops, but to no avail, for not a wheel could be turned. The officials confirmed their efforts to secure help, but with slight success, only a few men having been engaged.
The events of the struggle have been the conferences between the Knights and the firemen and engineers and between the railway officials and the engineers and firemen with reference to the attitude of these employees. The result of the conference between the officials and engineers and firemen was the decision of the latter that they would run the engines if asked to do so. They agreed that if the engines were run out from the roundhouse ready for service, they would take charge and would obey orders in the matter of coupling, switching, and running cars, but would do no more than was actually required by a strict construction of their duties. The brakemen, on the other hand, have taken a decided stand in favor of the employees who are out and refuse to touch a car or aid the railroad company in any way to resume operations. This step on the part of the brakemen is the most important development in the local fight. The Trades Assembly of this city, which is composed of regularly appointed delegates from all the trades unions, held a meeting and adopted resolutions recognizing the railroad strike as a struggle for the right of the working men to organize, declaring that the opposition taken by the railroad managers is inimical to the rights of workingmen and the public good and should be denounced, and expressing hearty sympathy with the strikers. Preliminary steps have been taken by various businessmen with a view to holding public meetings of the merchants and mechanics, exchanges, and other organizations to devise means to bring about a settlement of the strike and restore business to its normal condition.

Without the knowledge of the strikers yesterday morning the Missouri Pacific railway officials succeeded in starting from the city, over the Iron Mountain tracks, a freight train consisting of about seventeen cars. When it reached Carondelet, a short distance from this city, it was going at express train speed but met with no opposition until it reached De Soto, where it was boarded by Knights of Labor, who side-tracked it and afterward "killed" the engine. The Knights say they will oppose to their utmost any attempt to resume freight traffic by the road. After the engineers had announced their willingness to go to work and run their engines unless they were actually prevented from doing so, it was decided by Superintendent Kerrigan to send a freight train west, and preparations were immediately made to make up a train. After considerable of a wait a locomotive came down the track manned by Engineer Marvin and Fireman Harris, and the work of making up a train was at once begun. Superintendent Kerrigan and Trainmaster Clark were active participants. As the time for the departure approached when the train was almost ready to start, two men appeared on the scene, one of whom proved to be John L. Williams, vice president of the local executive committee of the Knights of Labor. The latter immediately entered into a low-toned communication with Engineer Marvin, and after considerable talk and evident pleading, the engineer stepped from his cab and announced that he would not take out the train. The locomotive was returned to the roundhouse. Superintendent Kerrigan stated that no further effort would be made to move trains that day, and thus ended the first effort to resume traffic on the Missouri Pacific road. The little knot of men who had collected near the engineer when they comprehended the situation and who were chiefly strikers, or their sympathizers, congratulated Mr. Williams upon his success in inducing Engineer Marvin to abandon his engine and all quietly dispersed. It cannot be definitely stated what the company will now do, but the probabilities are that further and perhaps more persistent efforts will be made today to send out trains.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
PHILADELPHIA, March 12. Referring to the strike on the Gould system, Grand Master Workman Powderly, of the Knights of Labor, said last evening: "District Assembly No. 101, of Texas, has not appealed to the general executive for advice or assistance, and the matter is in their hands as yet. We have had the question before us several days. We telegraphed to the executive committee of District Assembly 101 for information, and the reply we received differs but little from the published reports. Thinking that we might be instrumental in effecting a settlement, the following telegram was sent out last night to the receiver of the Texas & Pacific.
John C. Brown, receiver of the Texas & Pacific railway, Dallas, Texas:
PHILADELPHIA, Pa., March 11. Will you meet with a committee selected by general executive board of the Knights of Labor to arbitrate for a settlement of difficulties with the Texas & Pacific employees? T. V. POWDERLY.
"Late tonight I received the following reply.
T. V. Powderly:
DALLAS, Texas, March 11. Your message received asking me if I will meet committee selected by general executive board of the Knights of Labor for the settlement of difficulties with the Texas & Pacific employees. I beg to say that we have no difficulties with the employees of the Texas & Pacific railway, and should any arise, we are most willing, as in the past, to confer with and right any grievance shown by them to exist. The only issue between the former employees who are now strikers and not now in our service and ourselves is that they have committed depredations upon the property in our possession by disabling and interfering by intimidation and otherwise with meritorious and honest men in our service, desiring to perform the duties abandoned by the strikers. This matter we have remitted to the United States court, and the United States marshals under writ of assistance from the court are settling the trouble for us, so that I cannot see any good arbitration with a committee of Knights of Labor could accomplish. JOHN C. BROWN.

"In an editorial the Ledger advises me to go to St. Louis in order to effect a settlement. You will see by the telegrams I have shown you that it was our intention to bring about a settlement if possible. Mr. Brown has seen fit to refuse the mediation of the General Executive Board of the Knights of Labor to secure a settlement of pending difficulties by arbitration. He must now be held responsible at the bar of public opinion for rejecting the overtures of those who, having as deep an interest in the welfare and prosperity of this country as Mr. Brown can possibly have, would do everything in their power not only to set the idle wheels in motion but to keep them going. I expect that Mr. Brown would have some suggestion or idea to offer by which a termination of this trouble could be reached, and I must confess that his reply was a surprise to me. Our board had arranged to have a committee go to the scene, but if those in authority will not meet with them, no good can come from any interference on our part."
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
NEW YORK, March 12. The executive committee of the Empire Association held a conference with Jacob Sharp yesterday to settle some of the details of the demands of the men who recently struck on the Bleeker street railroad. After a long session the committee left Sharp's office in an angry mood and none of those present would say what had been the result of the conference. It may result in another tie up of all the cars on all the lines of the surface railways. Two other conferences were held afterward between him and a committee of the men. At the final one he agreed to pay $2 per day of twelve hours, and leave the matter of pay for "swings" to arbitration. This, it was thought, would end the matter, but last night the drivers said they will tie up the line this morning until Sharp not only agrees to their terms, but signs a written contract with them.
TORONTO, Ont., March 12. Affairs on the street car lock-out were unchanged yesterday morning. Three cars were sent out from different points, but they had to be withdrawn, as the strikers obstructed their passage. The company thereupon decided to suspend traffic for the day, as they said it was clear that proper protection would not be afforded them to carry out the provisions of their charter, which stipulates a half hourly service on the principal lines. The mayor has written a letter to the president of the company, denying all responsibility on the part of the city, and notifying him that he will hold the company to a strict accountability for a violation of its charter.
AKRON, Ohio, March 12. The Akron trades and labor assembly yesterday issued a circular boycotting J. F. Zeiberling & Co.'s Empire mower and reaper works, the Akron straw board works, Zeiberling, Miller & Co.'s reaper works at Doylestown, the Zeiberling milling company, Akron, and the Academy of Music of this city. The boycott is the result of a recent strike of seventy of Zeiberling's molders, information coming to the strikers today that he was about to import non-union men from Canada. Zeiberling owns the Academy of Music.

PITTSBURGH, Pa., March 12. Two hundred and fifty employees of the McIntosh, Hemphill & Co.'s extensive foundry have been notified of an advance in wages of from five to fifteen cents, to take effect April 5. This action of the firm was a surprise to the men, as no demands for an increase had been made. It is expected that other foundries in this city will follow the example of McIntosh, Hemphill & Co. The foundry trade is in better condition than for years.
CHICAGO, March 12. The matter of settling the difficulties between the Knights of Labor and a number of Chicago boot and shoe manufacturers, which commenced several days ago, is still in progress. The indications at the present time are that satisfactory arrangements will be made with all the firms against whom the boycott was issued some weeks ago.
CHICAGO, March 12. The Switchmen's Union met at their hall in Halstead street last evening. It was said that none of the switchmen connected with any of the roads in Chicago had any cause of dissatisfaction, and that the Chicago Union would not participate in any of the strikes now in progress.
The boycott against the Atlanta (Georgia) Constitution has been declared off by the Knights of Labor.
Five hundred cotton mill hands at Victory, New York, struck Thursday for an advance in wages of 25 per cent. They refused a 10 per cent raise.
Helwig's chair factory strike at Indianapolis, Indiana, was compromised by the proprietor agreeing to advance wages 20 per cent.
The East Cleveland (Ohio) Street Car Company has advanced the wages of its conductors and drivers to $1.75 a day, and made a day's work consist of twelve hours.
All is quiet at the Greenwood mines in Pulaski County, Kentucky, but it is reported that the free miners have started for the Kensee mines in Whitley County to drive the convicts out.
At a meeting of the State Assembly of the Knights of Labor of Michigan Thursday, a committee was appointed to confer with the grangers. It is thought that this will result in a fusion of the two bodies.
About one hundred and seventy-five molders and laborers in Sargent & Co.'s foundry, New Haven, Connecticut, struck Thursday morning, by orders of the organization of which they are members. They had been granted increased wages within a short time.
A compromise had been effected between the nailers and the operators of the Falcon nail works, of Niles, Ohio, and fifteen of the forty-four machines have resumed after ten months' idleness. The feeders refused to go to work, and the nailers themselves ran the machines.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
NEW YORK, March 12. Another good-sized audience greeted the third night's play in the billiard match between Vignaux and Schaefer. Last night's play was a repetition of its predecessors. Schaefer had everything his own way from the start, completing his third 600 while Vignaux made 288.
The score for the three nights stands: Schaefer, 1,800; Vignaux, 1,029.
The following is last night's score.
Schaefer: 108 0 2 0 33 49 1 1 36 70 41 90 12 9 49 26 4 23 46—600.
Vignaux: 0 1 0 26 27 2 4 7 6 18 7 28 11 57 4 22 6 21—288.

Time of game: two hours and fifteen minutes.
An Orifice Twenty-Six Feet Wide and Five Miles Long.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
Overcoming what at one time seemed almost overwhelming difficulties, the Great Western Railway Company and the engineers, Sir John Hawkshaw and Mr. Richardson, associated with Mr. Walker, the contractor, have at length completed the prodigious work of driving four miles and a quarter of tunnel beneath the mouth of the Severn, and have thus connected South Wales directly with the Great Western Railway Company's system on the Gloucestershire side of the river. They have by this means reduced the distance from London to Cardiff by thirteen miles, and the time occupied in going from Bristol to Cardiff to one and a quarter hours. Recently Sir Daniel Gooch and the staff of the works, with several ladies, including Lady Gooch, the whole numbering forty passengers, were conveyed through the tunnel from end to end in a train of saloon carriages. They took half an hour going through to Pitning, where the tunnel comes out on the English side of the Severn, and eighteen minutes in the return journey to the Roggiet Station, on the Monmouthshire side. The ordinary time to be occupied in passing through the tunnel is estimated at only ten minutes. The party, both ladies and gentlemen, thoroughly enjoyed the trip and found the atmosphere in the tunnel clear and the ventilation admirable.

The tunnel is twenty-six feet wide, twenty feet high from the rails to the crown of the arch inside the brick work, and has a double line of rails laid on longitudinal sleepers. More than a mile of it has been excavated through the hard pennant sandstone and the coal measures; half a mile through conglomerate overlying the pennant; half a mile in the shale of the coal measures with some beds of coal twelve inches thick, and the rest was through the red marl of the new red sandstone. About four and a quarter miles of actual tunneling are beneath the bed of the river and in the journey on Saturday the whole of this was found as perfectly dry as the floor of the room, the only sign of water from leakage from the once troublesome land springs being on the Monmouthshire side, near what is known as the Five Mile Four Chain Shaft, where the great spring was tapped in 1883, when this part of the works was flooded. The leakage, however, was very slight, and it will be easily stopped by calking and cement work similar in character to the plan adopted beneath the river. The cover or depth of the strata between the river bed and the crown of the tunnel has a minimum of thirty feet. At this point thee is always fifty-five feet of water over the tunnel even at low tide, while at high tide this is increased to no less than ninety-two feet. Seventy-five millions of brick have been used in lining the tunnel throughout with Staffordshire or vitrified brick set in cement. This arched crown or wall has a thickness of three feet in the deepest part of the work beneath the shoots, but as the tunnel rises from the lowest point the thickness is gradually reduced to two feet and three inches; seven hundred thousand cubic yards of material have been excavated, chiefly through rock, and from commencement to finish, the work has in all been spread over a period of twelve years, but the present contractor has been in possession of the work only five and a half years. A powerful fan, forty feet in diameter, has to be erected to complete the ventilation, and some cutting on the Gloucestershire side, together with the junction with the main lines and the doubling of portions of the line from Patchway, have to be finished before the tunnel will be opened for traffic. London Times.
Jones, of Nevada, on the Silver Question.
Price of Wheat in Liverpool.
The Dustin Matter.—Miller's Funeral.—Fitz John Porter Bill.—Confirmations.
The Indian Appropriation Bill in the House.
Weaver Advocates the Opening of Oklahoma.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
WASHINGTON, March 12. When the Senate met yesterday, Mr. Evarts presented in the open session a petition from lawyers of Albany for the confirmation of J. C. Matthews, the colored nominee for Recorder of Deeds of the District.
Among the petitions presented and referred was one by Mr. Jones, of Nevada, from the National Bimetallic Coinage Association. As its subject matter, Mr. Jones said, was of transcendent importance to the industries of the country, he would ask unanimous consent to submit a few observations on it. This having been obtained he addressed the Senate, saying that the memorial showed in a striking light the disastrous effects on the silver products of the United States of competition with India. The extraordinarily rapid development and expansion of all the resources of India since 1873 were the direct result of the use of silver money, and instead of that country being held up to this country as a warning, it should be taken as an example to guide this country. For a hundred years France alone had maintained the purity of silver with gold on the ratio of 15 ½ to 1. If that relation existed today, it would be utterly impossible for the Indies to ship bale cotton to the Western world. From the large amount of paper money in the world, all know that there is not nearly enough silver to meet the monetary wants.
Mr. Teller said the price of wheat in Liverpool during the month of November had been within one-half a cent a bushel of the price in Chicago.
The Chair suggested the debate was only allowed by unanimous consent and objection being made, the matter was dropped.
Mr. Hawley, from the Committee on Civil Service, reported adversely Mr. Vance's bill for the repeal of the civil service law. He said the committee was not unanimous. The bill was placed on the calendar.
Mr. Logan, from the minority of the Committee on Military Affairs, submitted the views of the minority on the Fitz John Porter bill. It is the same report presented by the minority in the last Congress, with the addition of Senator Logan's letter in reply to General Grant's article in the North American Review justifying the conduct of Fitz John Porter.
In the morning hour the bill for forfeiture of part of the lands granted to the State of Iowa to aid in the construction of railroads was taken up, and after debate went over.
The Chair then laid before the Senate the resolutions reported from the Judiciary Committee as to the right of the Senate to papers on file in the departments and Mr. Wilson addressed the Senate in support of the resolutions reported by the majority of the committee.
After which Senator Stanford introduced suitable resolutions regarding the death of Senator Miller, which were adopted, and after an executive session the Senate adjourned.

During the executive session the Senate adopted resolutions inviting the House of Representatives, the President, the Cabinet, the Supreme Court, and the Foreign Legations to be present on Saturday at the funeral of Senator Miller. Senator Jones of Nevada; Frye, Cullom, Butler, and Gray were appointed a committee to accompany the remains to the place of interment.
The confirmations were as follows.
Postmasters: Henry P. Grant, Helena, Arkansas; M. A. Barnett, Madison, Indiana; Alexander A. Davidson, Seymour, Indiana; Nathaniel S. Bates, Renssalaer, Indiana; Thomas E. Haynes, Franklin, Tennessee.
Register of the Land Office at Benson, Minnesota: Charles F. Wilkins.
Receiver of Public Moneys at Dardonelle, Arkansas: Henderson M. Jacoway.
When the House met yesterday Mr. Sowden, of Pennsylvania, from the Committee on Expenditures in the Navy Department, reported a resolution, which was adopted, calling on the Secretary of the Navy for a statement showing the amount of money expended in the ordnance shops at the Washington navy yard, the number of guns made, altered, and repaired, and the number of cartridges purchased, and from whom.
Mr. Hammond, of Georgia, from the Committee on Judiciary, reported back adversely a resolution directing that committee to inquire into the right of the United States to cancel patents for inventions and discoveries. This was laid on the table. Mr. Parker, of New York, obtained leave to file a minority report.
In the morning hour the House resumed consideration of the bill repealing the limitation of time with which the pension application of militiamen who were disabled while acting under orders of United States officers must be filed.
The morning hour expired without any final action and the bill was placed on the calendar as unfinished business.
The House then went into Committee of the Whole on the Indian Appropriation bill.
Mr. Weaver, of Iowa, quoted from the report of the Superintendent of Indian schools to show that at the Shilocco [Chilocco] school there was no law available to protect the schools from the incursions of Indians or the raids of cowboys. The cattlemen grazed their herds on the school farm and defied anyone who attempted to interfere with them. A race course had been laid out on the school farm and horse racing and whiskey selling had been introduced, and it was safe to say that more drunkenness could be seen at that school than at all the agencies in the Indian Territory. If this were true of the schools generally, then he pronounced the industrial schools a farce and a sham and a blot upon civilization. He then went on to advocate the opening to settlement of the Oklahoma and Cherokee strips and the reservations to the southwest of Oklahoma. Within would be 1,500,000 people there knocking at the door of Congress for admission into the sisterhood of States.
Mr. Buchanan, of New Jersey, inquired what the use of the knocking would be since the Territories that were now knocking could not get in.
"Knock and it shall be opened," quoted Mr. Weaver in reply. "It does not say that when you knock, it shall be opened."

The question, Mr. Weaver claimed, was no longer whether the red man or the white man should occupy the Cherokee strip. The white man already occupied it in violation of law. The real battle was whether the homesteader of this country should have the right to go there and build churches and schoolhouses, or whether he should be excluded by the rich foreign and domestic syndicates that were there in violation of the law.
At the conclusion of Mr. Weaver's remarks, Mr. Cutcheon, of Michigan, criticized the present administration for a failure to appoint the Oklahoma commission, declaring that the explanation assigned for this failure was an explanation that did not explain.
Mr. Peel and Mr. Rogers, of Arkansas, defended the administration.
Pending further discussion the committee rose.
On motion of Mr. Morrow, of California, a resolution was adopted authorizing the appointment of a committee of seven members to join a similar committee on the part of the Senate to accompany the remains of Senator J. F. Miller from Washington to California.
The House then adjourned.
It is Applied to the Bill to Quiet the Title of Settlers on Lands in Iowa.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
WASHINGTON, March 12. The President returned to the Senate without his approval the bill to quiet the title of settlers on the Des Moines river land in Iowa. In his veto message, after describing the nature of the proposed legislation, he says that every possible question that ought to be raised in any suit relating to these lands has been determined by the highest judicial authority, and if any substantial point remains unsettled, he believes there is no difficulty in presenting it to the proper tribunal. The President continues as follows: "It seems to me that all controversies which can hereafter arise between those claiming these lands have been fairly remitted to the State of Iowa and that t here they can be properly and safely left, and the Government through its Attorney General should not be called upon to litigate the rights of private parties. It is not pleasant to contemplate loss threatened to any party acting in good faith caused by uncertainty in the language of laws or their conflicting interpretation; and if there are any persons occupying these lands who labor under such disabilities as prevent them from appealing to the courts for a redress of their wrongs, a plain statute directed simply to a remedy of such disabilities would not be objectionable. Should there be meritorious cases of hardship and loss caused by an invitation on the part of the Government to settle upon lands apparently public, but to which no right nor lawful possession can be secured, it would be better rather to attempt a disturbance of titles already settled to ascertain such cases and do equity by compensating the proper parties through an appropriation for that purpose. Notwithstanding the fact that there may be parties in the occupancy of these lands, who suffer hardships by the application of strict legal principles to their claims, safety lies in the noninterference by Congress in matters which should be left to judicial cognizance. I am unwilling to concur in legislation, which if not an encroachment upon judicial power, trenches so closely thereon as to be of doubtful expediency, and which at the same time increases the elements that have heretofore existed and endangers vested rights."
A Distilling Gauger Loses His Intellect About Three Barrels of Rain Water.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.

CHICAGO, March 21. Neil Fredericks was taken to the Jefferson Insane Asylum this morning, a raving maniac. His affliction is due to a peculiar cause. For many years, and up to a week ago, he was a dry gauger in the employ of the United States Distilling Company, of this city. One day last week one of the Government inspectors discovered that of six barrels supposed to contain distilled water, which were about to be carted away, three were filled with full-proof spirits. The first impression of the inspector was that a fraud was about to be perpetrated, and if this had been confirmed, the distiller would have been liable to seizure. Investigation, however, showed that the casks had been rolled through the wine room where the spirits are kept, and that through carelessness on the part of Fredericks, the casks, like Buttercup's babies, had been "mixed up." The matter gave Fredericks such a shock that his mind became affected the same day, and in less than twelve hours he was a howling maniac.
All Parties Meet in Sympathy at the Dublin Mansion House.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
DUBLIN, March 12. The meeting at the Mansion House yesterday called to devise means for the relief of the distress prevalent among the poor of the city, was well attended by the distinguished people of the capital. Among those present were the Earl and Countess of Aberdeen, who drive in state from the Viceroy's residence at Dublin Castle. They were loudly cheered along the route and received with enthusiasm by the assemblage at the Mansion House. The Lord Mayor presided over the meeting. He received letters from Archbishop Walsh, Mr. Sexton, and others regretting their inability to be present and enclosing checks amounting to £400. The Earl of Aberdeen in an address expressed his sympathy with the distressed people of Ireland. Archbishop Plunkett, Bishop Donnelly, Michael Davitt, and others also spoke. A committee was also appointed to receive donations, and a resolution thanking the Lord Lieutenant for his attendance was adopted.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
WASHINGTON, March 12. It is learned that in the synopsis of Senator Vest's deposition taken privately last evening by members of the House Telephone Investigating Committee and made public by one of its members, Senator Vest was misquoted. He was reported as having said, "Mr. Garland represented to me that in his opinion the Bell patent was illegally obtained and that the Pan-Electric stock might be worth some money," whereas the stenographer's notes show that Senator Vest said: "I then conversed with Senator Garland, who stated to me that he had examined the matter very thoroughly and that he had no doubt the Pan-Electric patent was a perfectly valid one." Senator Vest also said that Mr. Casey Young old him "that the Bell patent had been procured by fraud." The error was caused by the member of the committee confusing the authorship of the two statements.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.

GAINESVILLE, Texas, March 12. Word reached here this morning of a foul murder which was committed near Lebanon, Indian Territory, about forty miles northwest of here a few days ago. One Pallard disappeared from that place some time ago and no word being received from him, an opinion prevailed that he might have been foully dealt with. A search was commenced for the missing man and on the 8th instant his body was found about two and a half miles north of Lebanon with a bullet hole through the head. Suspicion rested upon a certain party and deputy marshals have gone in pursuit. A woman, it is said, is implicated in the affair.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
The Christian (Campbellite) Church in Kentucky is to establish a theological seminary for the education of colored students.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
Porter Sherman, who entered Yale College in 1861 and remained three years, recently returned, after an absence of twenty years, to complete his course.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
Was John B. Gough right or wrong when he said recently that "a church has no right to discipline a man for getting drunk, when it does not discipline him for drinking?"
New York Observer.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
Many women school teachers in Massachusetts receive only four or five dollars a week. The explanation may be that Massachusetts has obtained all the knowledge that is to be had, and that, therefore, the occupation of the school teacher is departing. Current.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
Lorenzo Dow preached once from the text of St. Paul: "I can do all things." "No, Paul," he said, "you're wrong for once. I'll bet you five dollars you can't," and he took a five dollar bill from his pocket and laid it on his desk. He continued to read, "through our Lord Jesus Christ." "O, Paul," said he, "that's an entirely different thing; the bet is off."
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
During 1886 the Methodists of South Australia will celebrate the jubilee of the introduction of Methodism into that part of the continent. They have in South Australia 336 churches and preaching places, seventy-five ministers, and 398 local preachers, 7,829 members, and 48,000 attendants. A jubilee fund of $300,000 is to be raised to pay off church debts and start a woman's college.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
Our own recollections of school days recall none of more profit than those spent under the guidance of sensible, motherly, Christian women, who set their pupils tasks in good text-books, and then took pains to see that the meaning, not the mere language, was well mastered without too much aid from more developed minds. This any teacher fit to teach it all will see to, and we doubt whether the experience of Normal School graduates so far will not go far to show that artificial and technical equipments and methods are quite as often a hindrance as a help to successful teaching. Boston Traveller.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.

There is no end to the funny things that are seen and heard by the teachers in our public schools. Once a teacher observed a huge blot of ink on a boy's copybook. "What is that?" he demanded. "Sure, I think it's a tear, sir." "A tear! How could a tear be black?" "Sure, I think wan o' the colored boys dropped it, sir." For the comfort of children who know what it is to be "flustered," this is the laughable reply of a very bright and accomplished lady teacher who was passing a purely formal examination in physiology: "Where is the alimentary canal?" was demanded. "Really," was the pleasant reply, "I forget whether it is in Indianapolis or Illinois." San Francisco Argonaut.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
There is a place in Scotland where a certain class of people who bother office holders and the public should be sent. It is called Killiecrankie. Pittsburgh Chronicle.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
Jones (at the circus): "Hello, Smith, you here?" Smith: "Yes, I had to take care of my little boy." Jones: "Where's the boy?" Smith: "He was taken sick at the last moment and couldn't come." New York Herald.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
Never judge men by appearances. A man may look as bold as a lion, and be a Major General of militia, and yet make his wife go downstairs first when he imagines he hears burglars in the house. Philadelphia Herald.
The Senator From Alabama Discourses on Behalf of the Administration
In the Dustin Suspension Case.
He Quotes Historical Precedents in Defense.
Urgent Deficiency Bill Passed.
Indian Appropriation Bill in the House.
Cannon's Objections.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
WASHINGTON, March 10. The Chair laid before the Senate yesterday the resolutions from the Judiciary Committee concerning the relations of the President and the Senate.
Senator Pugh took the floor. He said that the President had expressed his views fully upon the subject, and the debate upon the report was made from the Judiciary Committee by the minority, and the main object he now had in addressing the Senate in reply to the Senator from Vermont was to prevent, if it was in his power, that Senator from changing the character of the question between the Senate and the President. The real character of that controversy could not be misunderstood or misrepresented, as it had arisen from facts apparent upon the records and reported by the majority of the Judiciary Committee. At the risk of incurring the displeasure of his honorable and distinguished friend, he should call a reckoning, as we ought to understand where we are and whither we are drifting, what were the facts, by which it was the duty of all of us to be guided. They were few and simple.

Senator Pugh related the facts connected with the Dustin case, and said that the Senate resolution did not call for public or official documents, but for private documents and private papers relating exclusively to an official act of the President in the suspension of Dustin as District Attorney. The inquiry proposed by the Senate was to be made with a knowledge of the fact that more than four weeks before the resolution was offered to the Senate, the term of Dustin had expired. Then what possible use could be made of the information sought? It was a pure fiction. Why, the report of the majority declared that the information was wanted to enable the Senate to discharge the great duty imposed upon it of making an inquiry as to the propriety of an official act by the President, the power to do which was expressly conferred upon him by law, to be exercised within his discretion. If they had decided the removal was improper or unwise, what would have been the effect of the decision? Could it have restored Dustin? Was he still a suspended officer awaiting the adjournment of the Senate to be restored to the duties of his office?
The Senate was today engaged in inquiring about a matter from which there could be no possible practical result. It was a moot question merely, and the Senate was turned into a moot court to discuss a purely abstract proposition. The refusal of the Attorney General to "fire" Wilks after the expiration of his term of office in obedience to the express order of the President and to send in private documents relating to the suspension of Dustin was criticized in the resolution of the majority as a violation of duty, and that violation was announced as being subversive of the principles of the Government and of good administration. An act so characterized was to make it a sufficient ground for instant impeachment. What was the relation between the President and his Cabinet officers?
Senator Pugh would let Senator Edmunds' own words answer that question. He then quotes from one of Senator Edmunds' speeches on the tenure of office act, to show that Senator Edmunds held that a cabinet officer should be a gentleman personally agreeable to the President, being one of his confidential advisers. Yet the Senate was asked to pass a resolution condemning the Attorney General for obeying the President, whose adviser he was, who stood in that relation of trust and confidence to him indicated by the quotation made from the speech of the Senator from Vermont. The Attorney General was asked by this resolution of the Senate to disregard the positive order of the President, and thereby make himself liable to instant dismissal from the Cabinet, and on the terms of that relation stated by the Senator from Vermont, President Cleveland could not, with self-respect, have held that Attorney General in his Cabinet a single moment after obeying the resolution of the Senate. Was that the way for one coordinate department of the Government to treat another? Was not that a request from this general law-making power to the Chief Magistrate of the country or his Attorney General, that would result in breaking up their relations of confidence and trust, and making the Attorney General liable to instant dismissal from the Cabinet? What did the President say about the action of the Senate asking the Attorney General for those papers?
Senator Pugh read at length from the President's message, among other things, the statement that there "has been no official papers or documents filed in his (the Attorney General's) department relating to the case within the period stated in the resolution."

He also read from the report of the minority, as bearing upon the point, a portion of an extract from the message of President Grant, in 1889, calling attention to the embarrassments likely to arise from leaving on the statute books the tenure of office act, and asking what faith the President could put in subordinates forced upon him and how such officials would be likely to serve an administration, knowing that it had no faith in them. In conclusion, Senator Pugh said his object had been to define the character of this conflict of authority between the President and the Senate, and to fortify the view that had always been taken by the Democratic party and to fortify it by authorities. Mr. Cleveland had no fear of an appeal to the people. He was responsible to them. He supposed the majority in the Senate had no fear of appealing to the people in favor of the omnipotence of the Senate. He knew the minority had none in appealing to the people upon the omnipotence of the constitution and the integrity of Mr. Cleveland's administration.
Senator Wilson, of Iowa, was recognized by the Chair, but upon the suggestion of Senator Allison, consented to permit the pending business to be temporarily laid aside until today, in order that the Senate might proceed to consider the Urgent Deficiency bill, which was then up, and an amendment recommended by the Committee on Appropriations was agreed to, appropriating $30,000 to defray the expenses of General Grant's funeral.
An item of $185,000 deficiency in the Department of Justice, gave rise to some debate.
Senators Edmunds, Ingalls, and Plumb commented on the fact that the deficiency was greater than under the Republic administration and Senators Voorhees, Beck, Cockrell, and Call defended the present administration, and insisted that extraordinary expenditures were necessary in connection with the execution of the laws in Utah.
Senator Teller said the reason why the Deficiency bill came before Congress at all was because Congress did not do its duty in making the appropriation in the first place.
Senator Edmunds said that he had heard that many of the new district attorneys had, in their zeal for "reform," brought suits without sufficient foundations, and that had probably increased the expense.
Senator Beck wanted the bill held over so that he might look into it, but a majority of the Senators wanted it passed at once, and it was accordingly passed.
The Senate then adjourned, leaving the Edmunds' resolution the unfinished business for two o'clock, Senator Wilson, of Iowa, having the floor.
Mr. Herbert, of Alabama, from the Committee on Naval Affairs, yesterday reported a bill to increase naval establishments; Committee of the Whole.
Mr. Seney, of California, from the Committee on Public Lands, reported a bill granting to the State of California 5 per cent of the actual proceeds of the sale of public lands of that State; Committee of the Whole.
Mr. Pulitzer, of New York, from the Committee on Civil Service Reform, reported adversely to the Seney bill to repeal the civil service law.
Mr. Stone, of Missouri, asked that the bill be placed on the calendar, and that he have leave to file a minority report. It was so ordered.
Mr. Rodgers, of Arkansas, from the Committee on Pacific Railroads, reported the bill requiring the Northern Pacific Railroad Company to pay the cost of surveying its lands; House calendar.
In the morning hour Mr. Morrill, of Kansas, on behalf of the Committee on Invalid Pensions, calling up a bill repealing the limitation on the time within which the pension claims of the militia men, who were disabled when acting under orders of the United States, must be filed.
Mr. Rodgers, of Arkansas, Mr. Regan, of Texas, and Mr. McMillan, of Tennessee, opposed the bill.

The morning hour having expired pending action, the House went into Committee of the Whole (Mr. Townshend, of Illinois in the chair) on the Indian Appropriation bill.
Mr. Holman, of Indiana, opposed the system of establishing day schools for Indian children.
Mr. Perkins, of Kansas, said the Indian Industrial schools had accomplished marvels in the education of Indian children.
Mr. Cutcheon, of Michigan, said the Indians should be taught the gospel of self-support.
Mr. Cannon, of Illinois, said that Congress voted more money for the subsistence of the Indians than a common laborer could earn in New York or Chicago. He wished that the Indians were being civilized, but the fact was that they are being pauperized under the present policy. When the Government took from the Indian his wild nature, it took from him what little manhood he had and made a pauper of him. If the gentlemen thought that the educational system which had been established had effected in the least the moral tone of the Indian, they were very much mistaken. The Indians did not want to be educated. Education was not fashionable with them. His remedy was to modify the treaties so as to grant land in severalty to the Indians. He would make the Indians' land inalienable for a certain length of time, and would protect them in their property. In his opinion, the man who still favored this reservation system, was rendering the future of the Indian certain—certain destruction. He then went on criticizing the President for his failure to obey the act of Congress authorizing him to appoint a commission to negotiate for the opening up of the Oklahoma land strip.
Pending further discussion the committee rose and the House adjourned.
A Battered Up Tramp Printer Sent to the County Poor House.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
JACKSON, Mich., March 11. John Gaunt, the tramp printer and eccentric character, who was arrested a few days ago for mendicancy, has been sent to the county poor house. Before the war he with two others started the Philadelphia Age. He served through the war, then came to Michigan fifteen years ago and worked as a printer. He went to Canada at the time of the Fenian excitement, and was taken for Fenian and sandbagged. He has been half crazy ever since and tramps exclusively on foot. At one time he held the position of Inspector of Customs in Philadelphia, and was quite wealthy. His wife and two grown-up children still reside in that city.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
SEDALIA, Mo., March 11. At this hour (11:30 a.m.) a committee of businessmen numbering three, has started for the Missouri Pacific yards in East Sedalia, to ascertain the true condition of affairs in connection with the suspension of freight traffic. The railway officials have announced that they will attempt to move freight trains, and the citizens committee have been invited to be present and note whether or not the strikers offer any interference. There is considerable excitement, but no trouble is anticipated. The belief is prevalent that the attempt will prove a failure, but nothing can be foreshadowed at this writing.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
SPRINGFIELD, Mo., March 11. The situation here is unchanged today. Wholesale merchants and jobbers have large consignments of freight blocked at St. Louis and other points, but all new orders will be made via Kansas City and Memphis. The Gulf announces this morning that during the strike parties having freight in St. Louis can route it via the Chicago & Alton, Kansas City & Fort Scott to this place, at the same rates as via the Frisco Line. Unless the strike extends to other roads, merchants look for no further trouble and anticipate a large increase in country orders.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
LEBANON, Pa., March 11. The employees of the West Lebanon Rolling Mill Company were recently notified that hereafter they would pay their wages only monthly instead of semi-monthly, as heretofore, but were given the privilege of taking store orders. The employees in the chain-making department protested against the new order, and have decided to quit work. They are firm in their demands, and say under no circumstances will they submit to the pernicious system of store orders.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
WASHINGTON, March 11. Senator Vest passed another bad night and is not so well today. He is now able to move about his room a little, but is still feeble. The time of his departure for the South has not been determined.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
[Philadelphia Press.]
It is related that one Thomas Nash in 1813 bequeathed fifty pounds a year to the ringers of the Abbey Church at Westminster, "on condition of their ringing on the whole peal of bells, with clappers muffled, various solemn and doleful changes on the 14th of May in every year, being the anniversary of my wedding day; and also on the anniversary of my decease to ring a grand bob-major, and merry, mirthful peals, unmuffled, in joyful commemoration of my happy release from domestic tyranny and wretchedness."
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
[Chicago Times.]
Kate Luther, of Galena, Ford County, Indiana, who is a lineal descendant of Martin Luther, had both bones of her right leg broken in a curious manner. She was standing in the snow about ankle deep, when a hound came along in a hot chase after a rabbit and ran against her. The shock scarcely staggered her, and hardly caused her pain; but when she attempted to step, she found it impossible, and investigation showed that both bones of the leg were broken.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
[Walla Walla (Wyoming Territory) Union.]

A Chinaman named Who was accidentally shot near Washtuena lake this afternoon about four o'clock as the west-bound train was passing the lake. A coyote started across the ice on the lake, when a Mr. Mauritz saw the animal and drew his revolver, a forty-five caliber Colt's, and fired at the beast. The ball struck the ice and glanced fully half a mile, striking a Chinaman working on section 3 in the left shoulder, inflicting an ugly wound.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
[San Francisco Bulletin.]
The following notice is posted conspicuously in one of Oroville's leading hotels.
WARNING: This is a United States house, and that is the only language spoken here; any guest using the words Tower for tour, root for route, sweet for suite, commercial tourist for drummer, will immediately be waited upon by a committee from Butte County's six hundred and one and given two hours in which to leave the county.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
The House Committee on Invalid Pensions has reported a bill to give a pension of $2,000 a year to the widow of Hancock.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
A negro boy, aged thirteen years, was recently lynched at Hampton Court House, South Carolina. He had brained and robbed a white woman.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
An attempt was made recently to demolish a Chinese wash house with dynamite at Portland, Oregon. The front porch only was wrecked.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
Colonel J. Phillips, of the Oregon militia, was fatally shot the other night in East Portland, Oregon. The crime was laid to the anti-Chinese element.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
The small stern-wheel steamer The Bonham, exploded her boiler near Vicksburg, Mississippi, the other day. The mate and five deck hands were blown overboard and drowned.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
A fire recently started at the Brunswick saloon and gambling house at Hot Springs, Arkansas. Before it was subdued the adjoining buildings were destroyed, the total loss amounting to $250,000.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
It was reported at Bridgeport, Connecticut, on the 12th that Hon. W. H. Barnum, chairman of the Democratic National Committee, was in a dying condition. His disease was an affection of the kidneys.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
The Postmaster General has prohibited the delivery of registered mail or the payment of money orders to Marcus E. Frazier, operating at Des Moines, Iowa, as the secretary of the Globe Mutual Life and Assessment Association.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.

It was alleged recently at Muskogee, Indian Territory, that L. C. Perryman and Effie E. Mathers, Creek delegates to Washington last winter, attempted secretly to dispose of Oklahoma. They entered into contract with S. J. Crawford, a Washington attorney, agreeing to give him a per cent, for selling the country. A premature exposure prevented the consummation of the sale.
Missouri Pacific Officials Preparing to Start Freight Trains at St. Louis.
The Attempt to be Resisted to the Point of Violence.—The Strike in Texas.
Engines Disabled by Masked Men.—Other Labor Movements.
Thousands Ready to Strike.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
ST. LOUIS, March 11. The Missouri Pacific will make a desperate effort to resume its freight traffic today, but the railway officials refuse to state where they expect to get the men to do the work. The attempt, however, is certain to be made and then it is believed a critical point will have been reached. Trade is practically at a standstill, and merchants are demanding that in one way or another the embargo should be lifted. The most important event of yesterday was the issuance of a general order by Superintendent Kerrigan notifying all the men who voluntarily quit work March 5, that they had been dropped from the list of the company's employees, and their names stricken from the pay roll, and ordering the strikers to vacate the company's premises. This request the Knights obeyed with alacrity and the shops at Summit avenue are now guarded by Detective Furlong, and a force of improvised police. An additional number of disaffected employees of the Gould system have been suspended temporarily. Last night about ten went out of the general freight office and six from the purchasing agent's office and altogether about 125 were suspended from the various departments.
It was rumored here both in the morning and late yesterday afternoon that the Wabash employees east and west had gone out, but in both instances the rumor was authoritatively denied. There is no question, however, but that the Knights are anticipating this accession to their ranks, in which event the strike will proceed eastward like a contagion. In brief, nobody appears to have any conception as to what course the strike will take, and all sorts of absurd rumors are afloat. Today, however, will mark a critical point in the strike, from which some sort of results are anticipated.
Superintendent Kerrigan's order expelling from the Missouri Pacific yards all Knights of Labor, including the delegations appointed by the Knights to guard the company's property, reads as follows.
You are hereby notified that your section in withdrawing from the employment of the Missouri Pacific Railway Company was a voluntary abandonment of the services of the company and that you are no longer in its employment and that your names have been stricken from its rolls. All such as are now about the company's premises are hereby notified that they must immediately leave the same to the end that this company may resume the traffic of the country.

Although officials will make no statement concerning the affair, it is generally believed that they are now employing new men to take the place of the strikers. It is now authoritatively stated that the Missouri Pacific Railway Company will attempt to resume the freight traffic upon its roads.
The departure of the passenger train on the Missouri Pacific last night was delayed about two hours in consequence of somebody having withdrawn the fire in the locomotives. It was expected that an effort would be made to start out freight trains last night, but up to a late hour no attempt had been made. A force of some forty new men has been employed by the company to operate their yards, and more will be engaged as rapidly as the proper men can be obtained. No official information can be got from the Knights of Labor as to how Superintendent Kerrigan's order is received or considered, but individual opinion is that if the railroad company attempts to run freight trains today, the effort will be resisted even to the point of violence. There is a feeling of great uncertainty as to what either side will do and much apprehension is felt regarding the result.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
GALVESTON, Texas, March 11. The situation in the Mallory boycott has not materially changed. The Knights of Labor employed at the Gulf City compress struck in the afternoon, but the management had anticipated the strike and other workmen took the place of the strikers within half an hour. The Knights are now out at the Taylor and Gulf City presses and it is expected that they will also withdraw from the other compressing establishments. Business about the Missouri Pacific yards is stagnated, while the Gulf, Colorado & Santa Fe road is doing a heavy freight traffic, but is hourly expecting a shut-down. The District Executive Committee of the Knights of Labor is now en route here from Fort Worth to issue final orders relative to the Mallory boycott.
PARIS, Texas, March 11. Everything is quiet here. There were no freight trains yesterday. There are four hands at work on this section. All of the other men, with the exception of those employed on one section of the road, have quit work, and the men now working may quit at any time. The day telegraph operator at the depot was suspended yesterday. The switch yard is nearly full of cars. It was rumored here yesterday that there was a broken rail east of here and that no one could be found to mend it.
PALESTINE, Texas, March 11. All freight in the yard here was delivered this morning, the Knights of Labor unloading the cars. C. F. Marshall, master workman of one branch of the Knights of Labor, issued a lengthy circular this morning, the principal point being a demand that the wages of trackmen be raised from $1.15 to $1.50 per day. This has not been laid before the authorities here as a cause of the strike. The extensive iron foundry of G. M. Dilley & Sons shut down last night, as supplies could not be brought in over the railroads. The town is very quiet.

BIG SPRINGS, Texas, March 11. Three trains arrived here yesterday and two departed. No opposition was offered by the strikers, as the presence of the United States Marshal and his posse of deputies held them in check. Colonel Jackman has issued about forty special deputy commissions to men in the company's employ, and it is thought that everything will move smoothly.
MARSHALL, Texas, March 11. The Knights of Labor have sent out circulars, asking that laboring men do not go to any point on the Texas & Pacific railway in search of work until the strike is ended, and asking laboring men of all classes to fall into line, stating that the Missouri Pacific leased and operated the lines of the Texas & Pacific, and were employing Chinese and convict labor, to the detriment of honest labor; asserting that the railroads were constantly violating the contract of March 15, 1885, and declaring that they have resolved to come to the rescue of their down-trodden brethren. The Knights call upon all employees connected with the railroads to lend their aid in driving convict and Chinese labor from the roads.
BAIRD, Texas, March 11. About four o'clock yesterday morning a part of masked men, armed with pistols, entered the roundhouse, and after placing the men in the building under guard, disabled all the freight engines in the house. A caboose with a number of men asleep on board was turned loose on a four-mile grade and a calamity was narrowly averted by one of the men awakening and applying the brakes. Sheriff Jones with six men guarded the railroad company's property here last night, and thus far everything is quiet.
FORT WORTH, Texas, March 11. Steps are being taken to have St. Louis merchants ship goods by the river to New Orleans and thence to Texas by the Texas & Pacific road, which, it is thought, can be kept open.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
PITTSBURGH, Pa., March 10. A convention of the miners of the Amalgamated Association of the fourth district is now in session at Dubois, Pa., considering the proposition to demand an advance in wages of 12½ cents per ton, and to adopt measures to introduce the eight hour system. The delegates generally favor making the demand, and assert that if it is refused, they will strike. A circular has been sent to the operators, inviting them to meet the executive committee of the miners at Dubois March 18 to arrange matters satisfactorily to all parties. About 4,000 miners are employed in the fourth district. A telegram from the Meyersdale district reports the miners still working but likely to strike at any moment for an advance. Cumberland, Irwick, Clearfield, and Huntington miners are nearly all idle, but, as the Clearfield diggers have decided in favor of arbitration, it is thought the strike will be settled in that way.

TORONTO, Ont., March 11. The street railway employees have formed a branch of the Knights of Labor, and were yesterday dismissed by the company, 800 men being thus thrown out of employment. The president of the company says that no union men will be employed. Very few cars are running. Yesterday afternoon a car was stopped by the strikers, the horses unhitched, and the car turned sideways on the track. Several coal carters backed their carts on the track and aided the strikers in their work. A tremendous crowd gathered and the police vainly endeavored to prevent the strikers from carrying out their design. One car on West Market street was sent down grade at a rattling speed and collided with another car, shattering windows and smashing up platforms. No violence was offered to drivers or conductors except in one instance, when a driver and conductor were pelted with mud.
CHICAGO, March 11. Commissioner Wicke of the Chicago freight bureau, when asked if the strike on the Gould system had affected the freight business of Chicago, replied that it had not materially as yet. He said that there was a belt of country in Missouri, Arkansas, and Texas, where, if the strike should run along until the middle of next week, it would make trouble. Freight shippers could reach points in Texas by the Illinois Central and by the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe roads. It is not the merchants, but the manufacturers, who would feel the effect of the strike. Manufacturers of plows and similar implements were the ones who would feel the effect most seriously.
TROY, N. Y., March 11. Spinners in the knitting mills at Cohens were ordered out yesterday morning by the Knights of Labor, causing a general shut down. The spinners claim that in the recent adjustment of wages, they were not given fair consideration. It looks like a long lock-out. About 5,000 operators are interested.
WOBURN, Mass., March 11. James Skinner & Co. agreed to submit to arbitration the demands of their workmen. The price list settled upon by the arbitrators will doubtless be accepted by the other shoe manufacturers here, thereby averting a strike of 2,000 employees.
TOLEDO, Ohio, March 11. The Consolidated Street Railway Company announced yesterday that it would advance the wages of their employees and reduce the hours of work. They now work sixteen hours. This action is voluntary on the part of the company.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
Every miner in the New Hampshire mine near Cumberland, Maryland, went out on a strike Wednesday.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
Five hundred and fifty miners in the Broadtop, Pa., coal district struck Thursday for an increase of wages.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
It is thought that, owing to a combination of the manufacturers, all the knitting mills in Massachusetts will be shut down.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
The Milwaukee boot and shoe makers' strike ended Thursday night and the last of the men went to work. The employees won all their points.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
The coal miners of the fourth Pennsylvania district have decided to present to the operators a scale of wages similar to the one adopted at the Columbus convention.

Arrest of a Number at Dodge City, Kansas, Under the Prohibitory Law.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
DODGE CITY, Kan., March 11. Yesterday W. B. Masterson, ex-sheriff and present deputy sheriff of Ford County, made complaints and caused warrants to be issued for the arrest of the following named persons for the violation of the prohibitory law: George B. Cox, Andrew Johnson, Constant Bryan, Hart & Haynes, Harris & Drake, Henry Sturm, Ben Daniels, Warren & Atkinson, Wright & Scott, Webster & Bond, Walter Stroeder, and Tom Marshall—making an even dozen, two of whom claim to be regular licensed druggists, while the balance are known as saloon druggists. All the places where liquors were sold, excepting the drug stores, are closed and the owners are patiently waiting for the sheriff to come along and serve his papers. The general impression is that no trouble will result from this sweeping change as the majority of the men will quietly submit to arrest and trial.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
VALPARAISO, Chili, March 11. At 1:45 o'clock yesterday morning fire broke out in the Café Comercia on Calle Esmeralda, and an entire block, including the principal shops in the city, was burned to the ground. The loss is estimated at $1,000,000. The owner of the café has been arrested on suspicion of incendiarism.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
CHICAGO, March 10. "Would you be surprised to hear," said a prominent Democratic politician this morning, "that Carter Harrison has his eye on the Democratic nomination for the Presidency two years hence? Well, it is a fact. He firmly believes that a ticket headed by Carter Harrison for President and Governor Hill or some other Eastern man for Vice President, would just sweep the country from Maine to California. Six months ago he was expressing himself as disgusted with the mayoralty and declaring that on no account would he serve another term. Now it is quietly given out that he will seek another election as a 'vindication.' As a matter of fact, however, he thinks that the cry 'five times Mayor of Chicago' would be an inspiration in the convention. Wait and see."
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
WASHINGTON, March 10. The following names have been confirmed by the Senate.
Postmasters: Stephen Belding, Washington, Indiana; G. E. Finney, Columbus, Indiana; Adolph Enfpleman, Belleville, Illinois; L. R. Bent, Worthington, Minnesota; J. H. Koop, Brainerd, Minnesota; T. P. Naughton, Munston, Wisconsin; J. T. Carwile, Buffalo. Wyoming Territory.
Miscellaneous—Charles P. Phelps, of Vermont, to be Second Secretary of Legislation at London.
Henry White, of Maryland, to be Secretary of Legation at London.
J. F. Raisin, Naval Officer, Baltimore.
T. P. Murphy, United States Attorney, Northern District of Iowa.
S. H. Brooks, Assistant Treasurer, San Francisco.

H. E. Williamson, of Mississippi, to be Indian Agent, Crow reservation, Montana.
J. T. Childs, of Missouri, Minister and Consul General to Siam.
J. D. Kennedy, of South Carolina, Consul General to Shanghai.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
KANSAS CITY, Mo., March 10. Samuel C. Shaeffer, who is now under a sentence of eight years to the penitentiary for obtaining money by fraud, and is under bonds, having obtained a right to a new trial, was arrested again last night at the Centropolis Hotel on an indictment charging him with conspiring to murder John L. Blair, the New Jersey millionaire. The indictment was found by the grand jury at Independence, and was returned yesterday noon. During the afternoon a capias was sent to the city and served on Schaeffer at the Centropolis Hotel at 5:30 o'clock last evening by Deputies Tuggles and Moore. Schaeffer was not locked up last night, but was permitted to remain at the hotel under guard. This morning he was taken to Independence by Deputy Ike Jackson. He pleaded "not guilty" to the indictment and was placed under bonds for his appearance at a future day during the present term of court.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
AUSTIN, Texas, March 10. The Capitol board today instructed the Attorney General to institute suit against E. E. Myers, of Detroit, Michigan, the Capitol architect, for alleged persistent declining to perform his duties as required by contract. The board also alleges that the plans and specifications have proved defective in many particulars. Colonel Taylor, of the Capitol syndicate, is here and says he will have the entire 3,000,000 acres of Capitol lands enclosed by January, 1887. He now has 800,000 acres enclosed and is digging wells every six miles, which thus far have proven eminently successful, water flowing from the top of each.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
CHATTANOOGA, Tenn., March 10. A gang of robbers which congregated at Dayton, Tennessee, on the line of the Cincinnati Southern railway two weeks ago, attempted to burglarize the large jewelry store of Obil & Co. and the Cincinnati Southern depot. Their plot had been revealed to the sheriff, and a dozen officers were in each building. When the thieves broke in and commenced to drill holes in the safe, officers demanded their surrender. The burglars opened fire on the sheriff's posse, and by means of the darkness, escaped without securing any booty. Fifty shots were fired, but no one was wounded. A posse is in pursuit.
The Treasurer of a Dime Savings Bank Robs It of $100,000.—He is Very Sick.
Fearful Fight on a Scaffolding.
Shocking Treatment of Pennsylvania Paupers.
Conviction for Murder in the Chickasaw Nation.
Killing of a Texas Desperado.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.

NEW BRUNSWICK, N. J., March 12. The Dime Savings Bank of this city is in trouble. Its doors were closed yesterday morning by orders of the Secretary of State. The directors positively refuse to give any information as to what the trouble is. Arthur G. Ogilvie, secretary and treasurer, it is rumored, is short in his accounts to the amount of $80,000. Mr. Ogilvie is prostrated at his home and cannot be seen. No man in the city has borne a higher reputation for financial integrity than he. Willard P. Voorhees, one of the directors and counsel for the board, returned yesterday afternoon from New York with an order from Chancellor Runyon, restraining the board from receiving deposits or paying out money and commanding them to report immediately the condition of the bank to him. The order was granted upon a petition of the directors, who assert the bank's inability to pay interest on its deposits. The last statement was made January 1, 1886. Its surplus then was $3,556.72, while its deposits amounted to $166,750. Its securities were largely in bonds and mortgages. The institution was never considered especially strong, but its credit was never questioned until the time of the failure of the National Bank of this city in August, 1854, when rumors prevailed concerning its insolvency. Investigation reveals the fact that the directors cannot be held responsible for whatever deficit may be found. While Treasurer Ogilvie was only under bonds for $5,000, it is acknowledged by counsel for the bank that the deficit is $30,000, and may reach $100,000. Mr. Ogilvie's residence is under surveillance of the police. It is thought that he will not survive the night. At the charter election last spring Lewis A. Durham, who had been city treasurer, was deposed and Arthur G. Ogilvie was chosen. On February 20, 1886, he resigned, and only with great reluctance was his resignation accepted. It is remembered now that his statement as treasurer was not sworn to and verified by the directors. The 1,250 depositors in the bank are mostly the operatives in the mills and factories of the city.
CHICAGO, March 12. Two men were busy on Marshall, Field & Co.'s new building yesterday morning, adjusting the tree derricks, and were standing on a little platform not more than six by ten feet in size and nearly 100 feet above ground, when suddenly one of them rushed at the other, who was kneeling, and struck him with his fist. The assailed party struggled to his feet, seized a hammer, and made a savage blow at the other's head. Things began to get exciting indeed, and a large crowd gathered and watched the battle. The man with the hammer was evidently furious and the other very much alarmed. The latter started to run, with his assailant, hammer in hand, after him. Round and round the narrow platform they went, the pursuer occasionally reaching for the pursued with the hammer, but always missing him. At last the pursued party turned and grappled with the other, and over the edge they went, each one clinging by only one hand and trying to shove his opponent off. After what seemed to the people collected in the street below a struggle lasting half an hour, during which it seemed as if one or the other must be dashed on the heavy stones below, other workmen succeeded in reaching them and both were carted off to the hospital.

LEBANON, Pa., March 12. On Tuesday afternoon about eighty inmates of the alms-house were seized with vomiting and severe pains. Dr. Weiss, the attending physician, pronounced it a case of wholesale poisoning. Measures were promptly taken to counteract the poison. Today most of the victims are still suffering severely from nausea and twelve of them are still in a critical condition. An investigation revealed the fact that all who drank of the coffee prepared for the noon meal were sick, and the coffee pot was found lined with a thick sediment of Paris green. The vessel holds a barrel or more, and into this some person had thrown almost four pounds of poison. The doctor is of the opinion that had it not been for the fact the poison was too strong, causing vomiting, more than half of the inmates would now be dead.
FORT SMITH, Ark., March 12. John A. Parrott, a white man, was today convicted of the murder of Harris McAdams and Lewis McAdams, father and son, at Alexander's store, near the Red river, Chickasaw Nation. The murder occurred on the 18th of last July and was a horrible affair. It grew out of a difficulty arising from building contracts. These men wee engaged in a difficulty. Parrott drew a pistol and Harris McAdams seized a hand axe, but before they could reach Parrott, the latter shot at him several times. One bullet took effect, inflicting a mortal wound. Seeing his father's life in danger, Lewis McAdams drew a pocket knife and rushed to the rescue, but Parrott turned upon him and shot him fatally. Parrott had no hope of acquittal, but offered to plead guilty to manslaughter. The district attorney would not accept that plea.
SAN ANTONIO, Texas, March 12. Several months ago, one Martin, a notorious escaped convict and desperado, and his companion, Snyder, liberated forty convicts in camp on the Brazos. Governor Ireland offered a reward of $250 for Martin's body, dead or alive. Learning that the desperado was in Gillespie County a few weeks ago, the sheriff summoned a posse of eight or ten citizens in Fredericksburg and went out to effect Martin's arrest. The desperado resisted and was killed. From McCullough, the contractor, who arrived in the city last night, it is learned that the grand jury of Gillespie County had indicted the sheriff and all of the posse who were present at the time Martin was killed. While the prosecution may cause the officers a great deal of trouble and expense, it is not at all likely that they can be convicted for a criminal act.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
ST. LOUIS, March 12. W. T. Marsh and J. A. Scott, of Rich Hill, Mo., are in the city in the interest of the St. Louis, Kansas City & Colorado railroad. This road is now in process of construction and will open up to St. Louis a rich mineral and produce country that has never had direct connection with this city. Messrs. Marsh and Scott will visit St. Louis merchants and capitalists and show them the advantages arising from the opening of this road.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
The carpenters on strike at New York for $3.50 per day gained their point.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
Ex-President Arthur was reported in precarious health at New York on the 9th.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.

A strike of about 500 men and boys took place at the Malleable iron works, Chicago, on the 9th.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
A motion to disestablish the church in Wales was defeated in the British House of Commons.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
The Fuller & Ascom Stove Company, of Troy, New York, after an eighteen months' boycott, has surrendered to the Knights of Labor.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
The report of the committee investigating the Broadway surface railroad matter in New York declared the franchise was obtained by fraud.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
A dispatch from Rome says that Archbishop Tashereau, of Quebec, and Archbishop Gibbons, of Baltimore, would be the new Cardinals.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
Ex-Senator Jerome B. Chaffee, of Colorado, died of laryngitis at the residence of his daughter, Mrs. Ulysses S. Grant, at New York on the 9th. He was sixty-one years of age.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
The President recently invited all the Washington newspaper correspondents to attend a reception in their honor. This was the first reception ever extended to newspaper correspondents by a President.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
Advices from Annam state that anarchy prevailed in that country; that bands of robbers were scouring the land; that the people were in revolt against French authority, and that the rebels had attacked the French near Hue, the capital, and were advancing in numbers upon Quintore.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
It was reported at Ashland, Kentucky, that Neal, Craft, and Ellis, who were lynched and executed for the murder of three children on Christmas eve, 1881, were really innocent of the crime. Detectives were on the track of the guilty parties, who occupied respectable positions. It will be remembered that nearly forty persons lost their lives in the attempted lynchings, the mob being fired on by the militia.
Police On an Engine Overhaul Strikers On an Engine Near Little Rock.
A Lively Shooting Follows.—A Striker Wounded.—Seven Taken Prisoners.
A Freight Train Gets Away From St. Louis.
Failure at Sedalia.—The Texas Strike.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.

LITTLE ROCK, Ark., March 13. At 10:30 o'clock yesterday morning a freight train drawn by a switch engine left the Iron Mountain depot and reached Benton, twenty-five miles south, at noon. The passenger engine which was to take the St. Louis train south was captured at the roundhouse by masked strikers and sent after the freight train. The freight train was overtaken at Benton and disabled, when the strikers started back toward Little Rock with the passenger engine. At Mable Vale, ten miles south of the city, the strikers waited on a side track for the passenger train to go by. The train came along and when the last car had passed, they threw the switch open and dashed out in the direction of Little Rock. United States Marshal Fletcher and several deputies were on the passenger train accompanied by Superintendent Wheedon. The track was cleared for the switch engine and the officers got aboard and pursued the strikers, both reaching and dashing past the depot under full headway. While crossing the bridge the pursuing engine caught and made fast to the strikers' engine, and the officers began climbing aboard, ordering the strikers to stop. They refused, and on reaching the north side of the bridge, several strikers jumped off and the officers began firing. About fifty shots were fired, and one striker named Sullivan was shot in the leg severely and was captured. Seven others besides Sullivan were captured and the officers are in pursuit of the fugitives, about eighteen in number. The captured strikers were released on bond, and last night everything was quiet, although considerable excitement prevailed.
ST. LOUIS, March 13. Yesterday morning at eleven o'clock a freight train passed through the throng of strikers, and is now presumably on its way to Kansas City via Chamois. It is probable that Superintendent Kerrigan owes the local police department the entire credit for the success with which this move was attended, for it was only by the aid of the police that the cars were put through. The train consisted of thirteen freight and two oil cars and a caboose. A regular engineer named O'Neill was at the throttle when the start was made, and Police Sergeants Campbell and Bree were in the cab, the former firing and the latter pulling the bell rope. Police and detectives manned the other parts of the train. Before the shops were reached, Engineer O'Neill was called from his post by the strikers and deserted his engine. Superintendent Kerrigan secured another engineer, who had been out of work for some time, and took the train out. The police accompanied him as far as Cheltenham, when they took the San Francisco train and returned to duty near the yards. The crowd manifested a threatening aspect while the cars were leaving the yards, and one man jumped on the train and tried to put on the brakes, but detectives frightened him off. Several accommodation trains were also out with police assistance. But few responses have been received so far to the advertisement of Superintendent Kerrigan for men, and not a striker was among the number. The freight blockade on the Frisco line has been raised, the people being allowed to move their freight. In East St. Louis and Carondelet the yards are still choked and there is no hope of relief for the present.
The only other event of the day worthy of special note was the abandonment of the Washington accommodation train which runs from here to Washington, sixty miles west, and was hauled off on Tuesday. It was concluded to restore it last evening, and it started out at six o'clock with Engineer Frank Drayer in the cab and a full load of passengers. Everything went well till it reached the Summit avenue station in the western part of the city when Drayer left the engine and the train was soon run back to the union depot and the engine taken to the roundhouse. It is said that Drayer's abandonment of his engine was voluntary, nobody having solicited him to leave it. If this is a fact, it clearly indicates that the engineers have concluded not to run freight trains.

ST. LOUIS, March 13. Authentic information was received last night that secret negotiations were begun for a settlement of the great strike. Communication between the Missouri Pacific officials and the Knights of Labor executive committee at Sedalia was established yesterday through State Labor Commissioner Kochtitzky and today there will probably be at least a slight rift in the clouds.
SEDALIA, Mo., March 13. Labor Commissioner Kochtitzky and Darwin Marmaduke arrived in this city yesterday morning and departed for home last night. The former came here to investigate the strike and was in conference several hours with the District Executive Board. He stated that the strike was deplorable to say the least and that the business interests of the country demanded imperatively that the company and its former employees should come to an agreement and permit the wheels of commerce to move. He will go to St. Louis today to confer with Mr. Hoxie. The committee has received no answer to their telegram to Mr. Kerrigan asking for a conference. An attempt was made at two o'clock yesterday afternoon to start a train. The engineer was requested by a striker to leave his engine. He deemed it dangerous business go out, as he did not know the condition of the track, and declined to go out with the engine. Another attempt was made an hour afterward, which proved a grand failure. An attempt was made a third time, when a bold striker boarded the engine, threw her wide open, and after running several hundred yards, knocked the fires out. There were three police on the engine at the time, including the chief of the railroad police. The man was arrested and placed under $500 to appear for trial before the police judge on Monday next. Twenty-five additional policemen were sworn in last night by order of the mayor, at the request of Superintendent Sibley.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
ALVAREDO, Texas, March 13. Receiver Brown of the Texas & Pacific railroad was hanged in effigy last night. A placard was attached to the breast inscribed, "Scabs, Beware." It is not known by whom the act was done. The strikers are conducting themselves quietly. Their chief amusement is base ball.
FORT WORTH, Texas, March 13. The Texas & Pacific is open from New Orleans to El Paso. It is understood here that an effort will be made to buy off the men working for that road with money furnished by the Knights of Labor in the Eastern States.
JEFFERSON, Texas, March 13. Receivers Brown and Sheldon of the Texas Pacific Railroad applied to Judge Pardee today for writs of assistance, alleging that since March 1, a large number of mechanics have refused to work upon alleged grievances without foundation; that the mayor of Marshall, Texas, has appointed forty strikers as special policemen to protect the property of the company, and that under pretense of such authority the men have armed themselves and several of them are intimidating men employed to take their places. The officers of the road feel that their lives are not safe, as a riot may be apprehended at any moment. Judge Pardee issued an order that the Marshal of the Eastern District of Texas arrest and prosecute anyone who shall interfere with the receivers.

PARIS, Texas, March 13. All the road hands are now on strike. Not a single car has been moved for several days, nor has a local freight run since Monday. An order was received yesterday by the agent to receive any and all kinds of freight, but it was countermanded today.
MARSHALL, Texas, March 13. United States Marshal Reagan arrived here this morning, swore in some deputies, and took possession of the shops. A circular was being prepared last night notifying the strikers that the shops will be opened this morning and saying that all who wish to return to work can do so provided they make affidavits that they did not leave the company's employ willingly, and that they have only desisted from work since the strike through fear of intimidation.
SPARTA, Texas, March 13. The section hands on both sections struck Wednesday evening. They demand $1.50 per day. The hands on all sections west of here on the Texas & Pacific as far as Eastland have struck.
Plumb's Bill Amended and Passed.—Weaver's Curious Bill in the House.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
WASHINGTON, March 13. In the Senate yesterday, on motion of Mr. Plumb, the consideration of the bill to forfeit part of the lands granted to the State of Iowa in aid of railroads was resumed. Mr. Plumb opposed the amendment heretofore offered by Mr. Spooner, withholding from the operation of the act certain lands as to which suit was pending in the United States Supreme Court. The bill itself, he said, provided a perfectly impartial tribunal for the settlement of the rights of all claimants. The bill was a bill for peace. He feared that the amendment might prove a Trojan horse.
After debate, Mr. Spooner's amendment was agreed to: yeas, 32; nays 13; and the bill then passed.
The Chair then placed before the Senate the resolutions reported from the Judiciary Committee on the relations between the President and the Senate, as to the right of the Senate to have papers and information relating to suspensions from office.
Mr. Kenna, of West Virginia, took the floor in opposition to the resolutions. He contended in a lengthy speech that the Senate was not entitled to call for and receive such documents and papers as come within the definition of public and official papers, as laid down by the Senator from Vermont. When Mr. Kenna finished, Senator Cullom obtained the floor and, after an executive session, the Senate adjourned.
When the House met yesterday on motion of Mr. Morrow, of California, a resolution was adopted accepting the invitation of the Senate to attend in a body the funeral services of the late Senator Miller to be held at noon today.
Mr. Caswell, of Wisconsin, offered a resolution calling on the Secretary of the Treasury for a statement of the account between the United States and the several States and Territories of the direct tax made by the act of 1861.
Mr. Weaver, of Nebraska, asked leave to offer the following preamble and resolution.

WHEREAS, Nearly every Congress embraces at least one crank, and
WHEREAS, The present Congress is no exception to this rule, and
WHEREAS, It should not be in the power of an idiot, insane man, or crank to prevent the consideration of any measure; therefore
Resolved, That the rules of this House be so amended that it shall require at least two members to object to the consideration of a bill.
The reading of the resolution was greeted with applause, but Mr. Springer, of Illinois, objected to it on the ground that it was not respectful.
Mr. Swope, of Pennsylvania, from the Committee on Invalid Pensions, reported a bill granting a pension of $2,200 a year to the widow of General W. S. Hancock. This was placed on the private calendar.
The House then went into Committee of the Whole on the private calendar.
A long discussion, which at times took a political turn, arose upon the first bill on the calendar, being one for the relief of the heirs-at-law of Cora A. Slocumb, of Louisiana. It was finally ordered reported with a favorable recommendation.
The committee then rose and a few private bills were passed.
The Speaker then announced the appointment of the following committee to accompany the remains of Senator Miller to California: Messrs. McKenna, Spriggs, Louttit, Morgan, Hepburn, Laffron, and Milliken.
The House then took a recess until 7:30 when it passed forty-five pension bills, and at 10:10 p.m. adjourned.
Resolutions Prohibiting Chinese Immigration and Adopting Boycotting.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
SACRAMENTO, March 13. The platform presented to the anti-Chinese convention demands that the Government of the United States take immediate steps to prohibit absolutely the Chinese invasion. Appeals to the people all over the country to supplant the Chinese with white labor in all instances where the former are employed, declares that the people are not in favor of any unlawful methods in getting rid of the Chinese and pronounces in favor of boycotting any persons who employ Chinese directly or indirectly or who purchase the products of the Chinese. The discussion over the boycott clause continued up to one p.m., when amid tremendous cheering, the platform as presented was adopted. Ex-Senator Sargent, who had strongly opposed the boycott clause, informed the chairman of his withdrawal from the convention.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
A dispatch from Buenos Ayres says: "The Catalinas custom house with all its contents has been destroyed by fire. The loss is $5,000,000.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.

OSAGE MISSION, Kan., March 11. Late advices from Erie, where the young butcher, Willie Sells, is confined in jail, state that there is danger of a lynching bee. The verdict of the coroner's jury did not reach the people of the neighborhood where the murder was committed until this morning, and the rumor is that the people have organized themselves and contemplate storming the jail and executing summary vengeance upon the heartless wretch. If they come they will meet with a determined resistance from the officers, who believe they are on the track of one or more accomplices in the dreadful deed. Many believe Sells to be insane from his queer words and actions. He does not as yet show any signs of weakening, and appears to be under no mental strain whatsoever. His uncle, H. H. Sells, a brother of the murdered man, had a conversation with Willie last evening and accused him point blank of being the perpetrator of the deed, but the youngster merely laughed in his face.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
BRADFORD, Pa., March 11. The preliminary hearing in the case of Thomas Christie and Horatio King, clerks in the First National Bank of this city, who are charged with embezzling over $60,000 of the banks's funds, was commenced this morning before United States Commissioner Chapman. The prosecuting witness is W. W. Bell, cashier of the bank. King had charge of the individual accounts and Christie the correspondence and remittances. It is charged that the embezzlements occurred during the month of July, 1885, and at sundry times since. They went into collusion and invented an ingenious system of cooking the accounts whereby drafts were issued on fictitious parties and credits made to appear much smaller than they really were. The money was lost in heavy speculations in oil conducted by two brokers, Johnson and Huntley, who are also under arrest. The financial standing of the bank has not been affected by the defalcation. It has a capital of one million of dollars, a surplus of two hundred thousand, and undivided property of over half a million. Both of the embezzlers are mere boys, Christie being just of age, while King is yet a minor. The former has excellent connections in this city, while the latter is the son of William K. King, one of the oldest citizens of Ceres County. It is said that two days before their arrest the boys were short on the market to the extent of 400,000 barrels of oil. They have been imprisoned in an hotel here in default of bail. The case has created an immense sensation in the county.
Execution of Patrick Ford and John Murphy for Assassinating Captain Murphy
At New Orleans.—The Convicts Attempt Suicide.—Particulars of the Crime.
The Graham Murder.
Examination of Mrs. Molloy and Cora Lee at Springfield, Missouri.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
NEW ORLEANS, March 13. Patrick Ford and John Murphy were hanged yesterday, at 1:15 p.m., for the murder of Captain A. H. Murphy, thus avenging legally one of the most sensational crimes ever known in the South. At 1:15 o'clock in the morning, service was held in the chapel by members of the St. Vincent de Paul Society. At two o'clock the men became unusually solemn, so much so that they seemed hardly able to realize that a fearful doom was awaiting them. At 2:30 a.m. Ford said he was tired, and he and Murphy went to their cells accompanied by deputy sheriffs and reporters. They entered the cells, bade all good night, and were left alone. The men appeared to be sleeping soundly.

At 7:30 a.m., when efforts to arouse them revealed their condition, they were lying on their backs. Ford was breathing very loudly, while Murphy appeared to be sleeping calmly. Efforts to arouse Ford were unavailing, but Murphy was aroused, and when asked how he felt, replied "very bad." A tremor passed over him and he again sank into unconsciousness. Two pieces of paper were found in the cell which had evidently contained belladonna. In view of the fact that the men had attempted suicide, Rev. Father O'Callahan in accordance with the rules of the Catholic Church refused to administer the last sacrament to them.
The preparations for the hanging began at 12:03 p.m., when the yard and corridors were cleared of prisoners. Both men were lying in their cots. Murphy was in the same semi-conscious state, and, although his eyes wandered in all directions, he could not understand what was going on. Only once did he return to his senses, and then he held out his hand to Ford and endeavored to shake hands with him. This was only for an instant, for he once more lost consciousness, notwithstanding the fact that the emetics administered to him caused him to vomit the poison, which was of a greenish hue. At 12:35 the arms and legs of the men were pinioned while they were still in a recumbent position. Six witnesses were sworn in by Sheriff Butler, and the death warrants were read to the senseless men. They were carried to the scaffold at 12:45 p.m.
Finding that the men were unable to sit in their chairs, the ropes were lengthened somewhat in order to reach them as they lay in a half-recumbent position on the gallows. The rain last night had caused the ropes to stretch so that when the drop fell, Murphy's feet touched the pavement and Ford's feet almost touched it. It only took a few minutes for the executioner, robed in his black domino and wire mask, to adjust the robe and black cap before he returned to his cell, followed almost instantly by a sharp "swish" of the axe as it cut the rope. Then the bodies of John Murphy and Pat Ford shot through the air to come up with a sudden jerk. The bodies were allowed to hang twenty-five minutes, and were cut down at 1:15 p.m. The same jury which witnessed the hanging received the bodies, and Assistant Coroner Jones gave a verdict of death by hanging, which had dislocated the necks of both men. The bodies will be taken charge of by the Ford family.
Sheriff Butler in an interview stated that he had taken every precaution to avoid what had happened. He had taken precautions not only against the admission of poison but also against any attempt at rescue. When the last death warrant was received, he had, without giving any reason for the act, removed everything from their cell. This was done for fear that poison or some other means of taking life might be secreted there. He also refused to allow any cigars or other luxuries to be sent them by persons outside. He said a rigid investigation would be made as to how the poison was conveyed to the men.

NEW ORLEANS, March 13. The crime for which Ford and Murphy were hanged is without parallel in the history of New Orleans. The high position of the accused and those associated with them, the boldness and audacity of the crime itself, and the social, political, and financial influences brought to bear to retard and divert justice, made the trial noted. The central figure was Judge Thomas I. Ford, late recorder of the city of New Orleans, now serving out a twenty years' sentence in the penitentiary for the part he played in the murder, who was a shrewd politician. The only thorn in his political flesh was Captain A. Murphy, also a politician, holding the position of superintendent of the public workhouse, a cousin of ex-Congressman E. John Ellis. The quarrel between these men dates back four years.
Murphy was brought before Ford, charged with some violation of law, and Ford denounced him as a hoodlum city official. Murphy responded with a challenge, which the judge declined. Murphy then posted him throughout the city as a coward, liar, thief, and proclaimed it so often that the judge finally had him indicted for criminal libel. Murphy claimed up to the day of his death that he had in his possession ample evidence to prove that Ford was a thief and embezzler. He never had the opportunity to produce this, for on the very day of his trial, on the charge of criminal libel, he was murdered in cold blood. The murder was done in broad day in a populous section of the city, in the very face of hundreds of law-abiding citizens, and the murderers walked away unknown.
On the morning of the murder, December 1, 1884, Captain Murphy was directing the labor of some fifty or sixty men at work clearing Clayborne canal. The captain was seated on the doorstep of a house, corner of Clayborne and Stone streets, with no thought of danger, when two men stepped around the corner and without a word of warning, opened fire on him. Murphy fled up the street, around the corner, followed by his assailants. At the corner he encountered two more men, placed there to intercept him, and they opened fire also. Murphy continued down Clayborne street, his pursuers increasing until no less than twelve were in hot chase. On Dumain street he was finally brought to the ground. Two of his assailants walked up, turned the body over, fired bullet after bullet into it, until life was extinct and the body a horrible sight to behold. The murderers turned from the victim and disappeared.
After investigation Judge Ford, his brother, Pat Ford, his cousin, Officers John Murphy, Buckley, Canefield, Favetto, and Bader, five officers of Judge Ford's Court, were arrested as the murderers. After a long trial, Pat Ford and John Murphy were sentenced to be hanged, but Judge Ford came forward and stated he was alone guilty of murder and Murphy and his brother were innocent. The popular verdict, however, was "It comes too late," and as Pat Ford was among the party of assassins, he was equally guilty of the murder and so the case rested.
SPRINGFIELD, Mo., March 13. The preliminary examination of Mrs. Emma Molloy and Cora Lee on the charge of murdering Mrs. Sarah Graham began here before Justices Savage and Rountree yesterday forenoon. About forty witnesses for the State were called and sworn, when an adjournment was had until 1:30 o'clock, at which time the court room was filled to its utmost capacity. A considerable part of the audience was composed of ladies, many of whom, for want of chairs, remained standing for three hours.
While the prosecuting attorney was reading the warrant sworn out by Mrs. Abbie L. Breese, charging Mrs. Molloy, Cora Lee, and George E. Graham with murdering Sarah Graham, Mrs. Molloy sat gazing intently downward as if in a deep study. Near her sat Miss Lee, who appeared equally thoughtful, both the observed of all observers.

Four witnesses were examined, the first being Isaac Hise, who swore that he was the first one let down into the well on the Molloy farm and that he found the body entirely naked, lying about ten or twelve feet northwest from the center of the bottom of the well. He declared that places in the abdomen appeared to have been cut with a knife, while some of the fingers were off at the second joint. The head and face was so much decayed that her features could not be recognized. Clothing and a lady's hand satchel were also found in the well, and a night gown with a bullet hole in the right breast side hanging to the wall about four feet above the bottom of the well. The clothing was shown to the witness and recognized by him. It is the same which, together with other articles, have been identified as having belonged to the murdered woman.
The testimony of Joe Studley and Henry Fellows, the next two witnesses, was substantially as the above.
Policeman Joseph Dodson testified that he went to the Molloy farm March 11 in company with T. L. Breese, John Potter, Constable O'Neal, Joe Phillips, and several others, visited the cave, searched it and found a lady's basque, hat, black plume, crochet needle, pair of scissors, two spools of thread and a pin, also part of a white skirt. In the pasture were found pieces of knit underwear. They looked as though they had been cut up with a pair of scissors. The first piece was found about 150 yards past and a little north of the house. Other pieces were found scattered about, mostly in the direction of the well. Finding a buggy spoke driven in the north of the well, witness thought it indicated something, and commenced searching around and found a string tied around a leaning sapling and examined the roots of the tree, but found nothing. The witness said that he had visited the Molloy farm some time in February with Mr. Breese and had found a couple of young ladies, Ora Graham, a young man named Brumley, and Charley and Roy Graham at home.
The defense objected as to whether Mr. Breese desired to converse with the boys.
Mr. Hubbard said the State wanted to prove that the boys were prevented from talking with Mr. Breese. The objection was overruled and witness continued: "Mr. Breese conversed with Cora Lee, asking her if she objected to his talking with Charlie, also what she thought of their case. She did not make a direct answer, but asked him what he thought. He told her it was thought by several that the body was about the house. This she stoutly denied. She commenced crying and the conversation stopped. Roy was sitting in Mr. Breese's lap and Charlie sat near Cora Lee at the time. Cora Lee asked to be excused and presently came back with copies of the scripture in her hand. She gave one to each of the girls, Charlie Graham, myself, and Mr. Breese, and told me to turn to the fourth chapter of John and she read two verses. Mr. Breese was attempting to talk to Roy after the reading of the scripture. I was talking to Cora Lee. She did not appear to realize I was talking, turning her attention to Roy, who was talking about his Christmas present."
At the conclusion of Dobson's testimony, court adjourned until nine o'clock this morning.
Owing to the crowded condition of the court room, the officers experienced some little trouble in keeping order, but the fact that during the proceedings when the bloody clothing of the murdered woman was being examined three ladies fainted, was scarcely noticed.
A Street Car Wrecked and Fights With the Police.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.

TORONTO, Ont., March 13. According to the instructions of the president of the street railway company, the running of the cars was left in the hands of the city commissioner, and late yesterday morning a car manned with a force of police left the stables and started out over Front street. A mob appeared before the car had proceeded very many blocks, and the street was soon completely blockaded by coal carts, express wagons, etc. The police were powerless to stop this, and the attempt to get the car through was abandoned. The mob then attacked and completely wrecked it. The driver and conductor were seized by the rioters and pretty severely hurt before being rescued by the police. The ringleaders of the mob were arrested. Owing to a renewal of the obstruction tactics, all the street cars were withdrawn between three and four o'clock in the afternoon. About 2:30 o'clock the police had hot work in clearing Young street of the crowds congregated there. They charged on the crowd repeatedly, using their batons most effectively. The crowd retaliated by throwing bricks, sticks, and stones. The police succeeded, after a half hour's hard work, in dispersing the mob, who, however, congregated around the street car stables. The police again appeared and after a severe struggle, dispersed the crowd. Then there was comparative quiet. Mayor Howland has issued a proclamation calling upon law abiding citizens to preserve the peace and not congregate on the streets.
Meantime the Mayor and Aldermen met informally, and after discussing the situation, deputations were appointed to wait upon the president of the horse car company and the strikers. The result of these conferences is, it is believed, that the strikers will return to work upon the same conditions that existed before the lock out.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
"You want to know why I gave the old fellow a dollar?" asked an ex-army officer on Friday as I questioned the propriety of the donation that he had made to a rather rough specimen of humanity who had asked for money enough to get him a dinner. I knew that my friend was no more able to be liberal in such matters than thousands of men whose first impulse is to help street beggars. He resented my implied criticism of his conduct, and after a time broke out with the question quoted above.
"The case stands this way," he said. "There are men who ask me to help them who cannot get their own consent to ask others. This is not because I am under obligations to them, but because they knew that I know the stuff they are made of. Now, this poor fellow was always down at the heel in the army, but he was an exceptionally brave man. I have seen him do a great many things that I felt at the time I could not have done. His one good quality was his capacity to do the right thing in time of battle or in time of great excitement, and I have complimented him scores of times upon deeds of uncommon bravery.
"While he was in the army his mother died, and his father made a disreputable marriage. In the very last year of the war his wife ran away with an old rival, and the boy he cared most for went to the bad. The first thing this good father did when he left the service was to use his pay and extra bounty in prolonging a disgraceful spree. He got into all sorts of trouble and disgrace, and nobody cared to have much to do with him. I found him sick and ready to die. Remembering what the man had been, and remembering the discouragements that met him when he came out of the service, I made an attempt to save him.

"I did save him in so far as preventing him from becoming a drunkard is concerned, but since the last engagement in front of Atlanta, the man has not had the spirit of a squaw. He has worked hard, but nearly always at a disadvantage. When he gets down he comes to me because he knows that I will understand that he is in need. He is the sort of a fellow, you know, who, rather than submit to any humiliation from an old comrade, would walk on the pier and jump into the lake. My heart is sorely troubled over the question of what we shall do with such men.
"There is another type of the unfortunate soldier of a higher grade than this that ought to be looked after. The young man who went into the army from the purest and highest motives, who lost his health and strength and capacity to do in the hard service of actual war, and who came out of the service saddened, proud, and high-spirited, as only a thoroughly educated soldier can be, and took up the burdens—the new burdens—of civil life without a murmur, with scarcely a hope—such a man stands for a class. There are thousands of men whose army education stimulated and cultivated a natural pride that was very great. Their experience in the army contributed also to the growth of a sensitiveness that has become morbid.
"This struggle in life since the war has not made them grumblers, but it has not blunted their sensitiveness. They have never asked for pension or for favor of any kind. Some of them are burdens to their family, or are depending for their support upon appreciative friends. They are dropping off by the hundreds every year, going down without a murmur, without any credit mark, with simply a crooked leg or an empty sleeve or an ugly scar pointing to a record of rare courage in the army. It is not strange to me that such men would rather come to an old comrade for help than to go to a soldiers' home or to the public. I can't explain it, but I can understand it, and so I gave the man a dollar." Chicago Inter Ocean.
The Strike on the Missouri Pacific Leading to the Most Gigantic Struggle.
Between Labor and Capital of Modern Times.
The Company Lays Off 5,000 Employees.
The Strike Spreading In All Directions.
Concerted Boycotts and Serious Rumors.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
ST. LOUIS, March 10. The railroad situation is serious, but it is likely to grow more alarming in its aspect and extent, as there is no present hope of a solution. This fact seems to be thoroughly understood and to be entirely appreciated by both the railroads and their employees. The generally accepted impression is that the present strike is to be made a test case and that its solution can come only through the final adjudication of the relative positions which labor and capital shall occupy in this country. The Knights of Labor insist that the railroad managers are responsible for the existing troubles and that they not only prepared themselves for this conflict, but are combined to push it to the bitterest extreme. The allegations against the railroad managers go back even as far as the placing of the Texas & Pacific in the hands of a receiver, which was done, it is claimed, in order that the road might have the protection of the United States courts.

Yesterday over 5,000 clerks, telegraph operators, yard watchmen, and others were laid off all along the Gould system, and information from important points along the line says the greatest apprehension exists among these employees, as they have no idea that the trouble will soon be at an end. At Little Rock and other points orders have been issued by the railroad officials to transfer companies to clear the yards of freight as soon as possible, that they may be locked up. These movements, coupled with the further assertion, though not authenticated, that the Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers and the Benevolent Order of Railway Conductors were in sympathy with the railroads and would stand by them, and that the engineers and locomotive firemen who were not Knights of Labor would receive half pay, at least, during their suspension while the strike lasts, indicates that the railroads are getting themselves in shape to make a lasting fight.
On the other hand the growth of the strike continues and traffic so far as Missouri, Arkansas, Kansas, and Texas are concerned, is at a standstill. The bridge hands struck last night and the rumor prevails that a further uprising of Knights may be expected at any moment. The most important rumor is that the employees of the Chicago, Burlington & Quincy at St. Joseph will inaugurate a strike on that road and that the Wabash men may also be expected to join the throng of strikers and before the trouble ends all the railroad systems of the country will be involved and the dispute will finally be reduced to a fight between railroad corporations and organized labor. The most serious move as yet made by the Knights of Labor here in attempting to gain the objects of their demands is the strike of the Bridge and Tunnel Company's employees. As the result of this, no freight from either side of the river can be transferred. Passenger trains, however, are allowed to pass over; but officials of the roads and the yardmasters are obliged to do all the switching and make up all the trains. No violence of any kind has been attempted and none is expected.
Receiver Brown publishes his side of the dispute on the Texas Pacific. To certain letters and telegrams the company received from Knights of Labor, no answer was returned, the order being ignored. The executive committee of the Knights of Labor has published a reply to the address of H. M. Hoxie, vice president of the Missouri Pacific.
ST. LOUIS, March 10. It is said here that the men on all the Chicago railroads will strike at five o'clock this afternoon.

SEDALIA, Mo., March 10. There are no new developments in the railroad strike today. The weather is very cold and the streets and railroad yards have been deserted. The officials have nothing to say and the outlook is more gloomy, if anything, than it was yesterday. Business is paralyzed and merchants are despondent. The supply of fuel in the city is small and if the strike lasts another week a coal famine is inevitable. Frederick Turner, secretary-treasurer of the Knights of Labor, who is attending a session of the general executive board in Philadelphia, telegraphed this morning for all the facts in the case and a statement of all that has transpired since the incipiency of the troubles which resulted in the great walk-out last Saturday. The executive committee complied with his request and it is very likely that Mr. Powderly and the general executive board will be on the ground to judge for themselves in two or three days. Labor Commissioner Kochtitzky also sent a message to Secretary Riley asking what were the grievances of the men. Secretary Riley answered him by mail, giving the strikers' side of the story. It has been stated that the employees of the Missouri Pacific have no grievance, but this is denied by members of the executive board, who say that skilled workmen have no grievance of any consequence, but unskilled laborers have never received the advance in wages guaranteed them by the agreement of March, 1885. They assert that these grievances have been presented to Mr. Hoxie time and time again only to be ignored by him.
KANSAS CITY, Mo., March 10. The conviction that the Missouri Pacific means to test the strength of the Knights of Labor is becoming widespread here, and the action of the officials in closing up te general offices in St. Louis, is further confirmation. It is also the belief that other systems will be brought into the fight, or will rather engage in it voluntarily in order to make the warfare on the laborers more effective. It is even thought (and the action of several firms give grounds for the belief) that manufacturers in all parts of the country will join in with the railroads. In this case it will be a veritable war of giants, and one involving the supremacy or downfall of the Knights of Labor. The men begin to realize this, and are settling down to a long, hard fight. It is not probable that the Brotherhood of Engineers will engage in the quarrel. Mr. Mord Roberts, of De Soto, Mo., a member of the grievance committee of the Iron Mountain road engineers, went to Sedalia yesterday to confer with Mr. B. W. Vedder, one of the committee of the Sedalia branch of the brotherhood. While in St. Louis he assured Mr. Kerrigan that the brotherhood would stand by the company and that his assembly had passed resolutions to that effect. There was nothing here to indicate that the employees of the Burlington would strike, as the telegrams from St. Joseph indicated that they might. Of the fifty men employed by the Burlington at this point, but four or five are Knights of Labor and the rest claim to have no grievance. It is rumored that the Burlington will discharge all Knights of Labor on the system.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.

GALVESTON, Texas, March 10. The labor troubles continue to absorb general attention. The situation has not materially changed at this point beyond the strike of a number of cotton handlers yesterday afternoon at the Taylor compress, because they discovered that the cotton was to be shipped by the Mallory line. The local agent of the Missouri Pacific railway, under orders from headquarters, laid off a number of clerks and other employees yesterday until traffic is resumed. Special telegrams report an almost general suspension of clerks and warehouse men at points on the Missouri Pacific, owing to the inability of the road to do any business. The local agent of the Missouri Pacific is receiving no freight for that company, but is taking freight for points on the Texas & Pacific Road. The Knights of Labor held another big meeting last night. They still claim that a general strike that a general strike will ensue unless the Mallory Company recognized their organization by gradually reinstating the former strikes. There is much discussion among the Knights regarding the new political party known as the "United Labor" party, the platform of which at Decatur, Illinois, is published in this morning's papers. The Knights generally favor the creation of a distinctively labor party. At Houston the effects of the strike on the Missouri Pacific re beginning to be felt. The agents along the line of the International & Great Northern road are all refusing to receive freight, and there are many idle about the streets. Only passenger trains are running now north from Houston on the Gould system.
FORT WORTH, Texas, March 10. The only new features in the strike here are the "killing" of one engine each on the Missouri Pacific and Texas Pacific roads, and general indignation at the rumor that the receivers of the Texas Pacific talk of arresting the leaders of the strike along the lines. The strikers at Big Springs forced open the roundhouse last night, drove out the guards, and disabled the only engine there. United States Marshal Jackman reached Big Springs yesterday and will attempt the running of trains today. Specials from Palestine, Denison, and other points indicate no change in the situation at Palestine. The strikers disabled the engine of an incoming freight train, and while leaving the yard, they discovered a citizen who had witnessed the killing of the engine and treated him very roughly, striking him a number of times. The people are growing impatient and uneasy over the situation, as business is at a standstill.
The Archer Brothers Lynched By a Mob For Their Terrible Crime.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
SHOALS, Ind., March 10. The notorious Archer gang, who have been confined in the county jail for several weeks past under charge of murder, expiated their horrible crime at the hands of a determined mob at 2:30 this morning. The mob marched quickly into town and directly to the jail, situated in West Shoals. When the jail was reached, the keys were demanded, which were refused, when the spokesman ordered them to go in. The front door was battered down and the iron cell doors treated likewise. After gaining entrance and spending a short time with the doomed men, they were led out in the yard adjoining the jail. But few words were exchanged. They were taken to the trees on which they were to be hanged, and afer a few questions, to which no answer was received, the word was given to haul them up. In a very few moments the three lifeless bodies of John Martin and Thomas Archer could be seen suspended in mid-air on the beautiful maple trees fronting the court house. The mob then quietly disbanded, leaving their victims in the position in which they met their doom. In a few moments after the mob had dispersed, the court yard was filled with anxious parties seeking a glimpse of their lifeless forms. The people are wild with excitement.
The reason the mob in the Archer case did not carry out their projected lynching Saturday night was that John Lynch, one of the notorious Archer gang, was expected to make a full confession, and this fact was communicated to the leaders of the mob. He has now made the promised confession, although its contents are strictly guarded by the authorities. It is understood that he tells, in detail, all the crimes committed by the gang. His story of the murder of "Anderson Bunch" says that the victim was shockingly tormented for eight hours and finally riddled with bullets. The confession will convict the entire party of murder in the first degree. Lynch promises to take the authorities over the ground where the leaders of the gang's victims are buried, and a thorough investigation of the truth of his statements will be made.

Strikers Refuse to Allow Furniture to Go by Passenger Trains.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
NEVADA, Mo., March 10. There are no new developments in the strike here since last evening. The men are all out and remain firm, and everything is quiet. Every precaution is being taken by the strikers to avoid trouble of any kind. Division Superintendent J. B. Flanders, of Harrisonville, arrived here yesterday morning on passenger train No. 126, and attempted to move one carload of household goods and stock to Sheldon on the passenger train, but his attempts were foiled by the strikers, who remained firm and would not allow the car to be moved. After the passenger train pulled out and left, the strikers had the stock all unloaded and taken to a livery stable, where they have ordered the best care to be taken of it.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
WASHINGTON, March 10. The appointment of the postmaster at Springfield, Illinois, terminates a long fight between Hon. William R. Morrison and Hon. William Springer. Morrison went into Springer's district and endeavored to take away the appointment, but Springer has finally come out on top.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
COLLINSVILLE, Ill., March 10. This morning all the Knights of Labor employed at O. B. Wilson's stock bell establishment were discharged. Knights employed elsewhere will perhaps quit work. The coal miners will hold a meeting on Thursday, the 11th inst., to organize.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
The Brunswick cotton mill at Moseley, England, was destroyed by fire recently. The loss was £60,000, and 300 hands were thrown out of employment.
The Southwest Kansas Conference Opened at McPherson.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.

McPHERSON, Kan., March 15. The third day of the Southwest Kansas Conference was opened with devotional exercises led by T. S. Hodgson, of Wichita. Bishop Walden then opened the session and N. J. Burton, F. M. Romine, Samuel McDibbon, and G. W. A. Vers were elected to elder's orders. The candidates for election were called before the Bishop and pledged that they were not using tobacco. The following named local preachers were elected to deacon's orders: R. H. Engle, Joel M. Clark, T. R. Williams, C. B. Robinson, J. H. Prock, S. A. Drummond, Samuel McKevebben, J. A. Davis, and Thomas Rockwell. Rev. Thomas Ayers of the Congregational Church was recognized and ordained elder. Rev. W. S. Morris, of Wichita, voluntarily surrendered his parchments. Mr. B. St. J. Fry, of the Central Advocate, St. Louis, addressed the conference. The committee in the case of J. Baxter reported no grounds for the charges and his character was passed. The Sunday School Union and education anniversaries were held in the afternoon and evening, and addresses were made by Dr. Hodgson, J. W. Coxe, and H. B. Ridgeway.
The Clearfield District Ordered Out.
Five Thousand Miners Affected.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
PITTSBURGH, March 15. At a meeting of the miners of the Clearfield region, at Tyrone, Pa., Saturday, it was resolved to strike for an increase of ten cents per ton. The Clearfield district includes sixty mines, employing 5,000 men, and is regarded as the pivotal branch of the entire soft coal region. The miners have all quit work and the collieries are now closed. The action taken at Saturday's meeting makes the strike general. It is estimated that 10,000 miners are engaged in the strike.
WILLIAMSTOWN, Pa., March 15. The Summit Branch Coal Company's men are still on a strike, with little probability of an early settlement. The mine is one of the largest in the State, over 1,000 hands being employed. The decrease in the company's earnings led to a 10 per cent reduction, which brought about the strike.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
NEW YORK, March 15. Nothing definite is known as to what has been done toward a compromise of the Transcontinental fight, but it is unquestioned that some sort of an understanding has been arrived at. This is evidenced by the action of the general agents at both ends of the system. In San Francisco the Western agents came to an understanding that they would not guarantee any freight rates for longer than next Saturday night, the general Eastern agents doing the same thing. It is generally agreed that while rates will be much higher than they now are, they will never be as high as they were before the war.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
CHICAGO, March 15. District Assembly 57, of the Knights of Labor, held a meeting here yesterday, and though the session was secret, a member after adjournment vouchsafed to sustain the striking employees of the McCormick Reaper Company, and to boycott the firm which is now employing nearly a full force of non-union men. It was also decided at the meeting to raise the Thompson & Taylor boycott, one of the firms using Maxwell Bros. goods, and to call out the full strength of the order in boycotting Maxwell Bros.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
WASHINGTON, March 13. In view of the newspaper reports that Geronimo, the renegade Apache chief, and his followers refused to surrender unconditionally to General Crook when they met on the border line, it is reported as somewhat strange at the War Department that no official report has been received from General Crook on the subject, and communications have been received from him, but none regarding his meeting with Geronimo. Some officials are inclined to doubt the reported result of the meeting on account of the previous unreliable reports.

Masked Men Enter an Express Car on the Chicago, Rock Island & Pacific.
Express Messenger Makes a Desperate Resistance But is Brutally Beaten to Death.
The Express Robbed of an Immense Amount.
The Robbers Escape.—Officers in Pursuit.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
CHICAGO, March 13. A Joliet, Illinois, special says one of the most daring and bloody express robberies ever perpetrated in Illinois occurred on the Chicago, Rock Island & Pacific west bound express last night between this place and Morris. The facts as learned from the baggageman are that shortly after the train, which leaves here at 12:45 a.m., had left here, he heard a rap at the baggage car door. Thinking it was the express messenger, he opened the door, and was met by masked robbers who covered him with revolvers and demanded the key to the express car. The key was given up.
One robber, who was on top of the baggage car, held a revolver on the baggageman through the transom in the roof of the car, while his confederates turned their attention to the express car. He thought they rapped at the express car door, and informed the messenger that the baggageman wanted to get in. At any rate the express car was opened and the desperadoes entered, and then occurred one of the most bloody and desperate struggles on record.
Being confronted by the murderous villains, the messenger fought for his life and the property in his possession. The interior of the express car shows that he fought the robbers from one end of the car to the other, but at last the murderous blows that they rained on his head, with an iron poker, forced him to succumb, and he was left dead in the car. The robbers then rifled his pockets for the keys to the safe, which they robbed of all its contents, variously estimated at from $25,000 to $100,000. Checks and valuable packages not containing money they left scattered about the door.
Nothing was known of the occurrence until the train reached Morris, the first stop west of here, except at the coal chute, where the train stopped to take on coal. At Morris the local express messenger rapped on the express car door as a summons. Not being answered, it was thought the messenger was asleep. Upon the door of the car being opened, the horrible evidence of the desperate struggle and the dead body of the messenger were discovered. In one hand the hero had a lock of dark-colored hair that must have been torn from the head of one of his assailants.

The news was at once telegraphed to Ottawa and Sheriff Reitz and Chief of Police Murray at once organized a posse and started on a special engine for Morris, stopping on the way at the coal chute, two miles west of here, to see if they could find where the desperadoes boarded the train. At that point snow was falling slightly and the tracks were nearly covered. A large force of officers and men from this place and Morris is now scouring the country, and it is thought the guilty men will be captured, in which event they will probably be lynched, as public opinion in this town is at fever heat and it will not be safe for the murderers to be caught here. The dead messenger was a married man and had been in the service of the United States Express Company for about ten years and was one of their most trusted employees. His home is at Chicago.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
Governor Martin has issued the following proclamation:
TOPEKA, March 12, 1886.
To the People of Kansas:
A quarter of a century ago Kansas was described as a treeless prairie. Today the State is dotted with forests. The planting and growth of trees had not only diversified and beautified the landscape, but has modified the climate, increased the rainfall, and improved the agricultural productiveness of Kansas. It is important that tree planting shall continue from year to year. Shenstone truly says that "the works of a person that builds begins immediately to decay while those of him who plants begin directly to improve." Therefore I, John A. Martin, Governor of Kansas, do hereby set apart Thursday, April 1, 1886, as Arbor day, and respectfully ask that it be observed as a general holiday. County, city, and township officers are requested to urge a general and practical observance of the day.
Done at Topeka, this 12th day of March, A. D. 1886, and of the State the twenty-sixth.
JOHN A. MARTIN, Governor.
E. B. ALLEN, Secretary of State.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
NEW YORK, March 13. The fourth night of the billiard contest between Schaefer and Vignaux drew a full house. As heretofore Schaefer had things all his own way and fairly ran away from the Frenchman. He scored over 300 points when the latter turned his first 100. When the evening's play opened Schaefer had 1,800 points to his credit as the result of the three nights work to 1,029 for Vignaux. At the close he had 2,400 to Vignaux 1,372.
In order to win Vignaux tonight has before him the enormous job of scoring 2,629 points before Schaefer can secure 600. The following is the score of last night's play.
Schaefer: 39 4 3 99 39 37 1 1 0 0 18 18 4 29 0 2 38 14 1 230 0 0 0 9 6—600.
Vignaux: 3 0 26 0 0 0 26 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 3 10 31 2 96 0 0 1 26 12—243.
Time of game: 2 hours.
Averages: Schaefer, 24; Vignaux, 10 3/24.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
NEW YORK, March 13. Mrs. Della Isidor Stewart Parnell, mother of the Irish leader, is seriously ill, and after a consultation of physicians this afternoon, it was decided to cable to her famous son to come across the Atlantic at once that he may take leave of her before she dies. She has been suffering for some time with rheumatic gout and general nervous prostration. She was not able to sit up at all Thursday, could not even take food, and had very severe pains in her chest and shoulders. Last night she was so weak that it was feared the end was near. Last night she was very weak and sinking rapidly.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
BELOIT, Kan., March 13. The preliminary examination of R. D. Parker, charged with conspiracy to murder his wife and step-daughter, which has been in progress here for the past two days, was concluded last evening and resulted in Parker being bound over to the district court and his bond being fixed at $15,000. The case was closely contested by eminent attorneys on both sides.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
County Treasurer Hollingsworth, of Vincennes, Indiana, is short $72,278.33.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
A fire at Montreal, Canada, on the 10th destroyed property amounting to $200,000.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
A conspiracy to overthrow the Mikado's Government in Japan was recently discovered and frustrated.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
Five men were killed by the explosion of the boiler of the tug John Market at Boston the other morning.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
Johnson, the American sprinter, won the Shrovetide handicap at Staffordshire, England, beating several noted English runners.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
An attempt was made to assassinate Jules Verne, the French author, at Amiens the other day. The assassin turned out to be his own nephew.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
The schooner Robert Byrom, from Portland, December 29, for Cape De Verde, is given up for lost. The crew numbered seven men, all but two of whom were natives of Cape De Verde.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
The Douglass Steamship Company's steamer Douglass ran ashore and was lost off Swatow, China, February 10. The vessel was valued at $200,000.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
The anti-prohibitionists proposed to hold a meeting at Des Moines, Iowa, on the 10th, but the military was ordered out and the meeting was declared off.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
All Mongolians passing over the Grand Trunk railway will hereafter go in bond and conductors have been ordered to see that none of them stop in Canada.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
A disastrous fire occurred recently in a flax drying house at Oets, a town of the Prussian Silesia. Several women were burned to death and many others injured.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.

The Belfast Presbytery has adopted a series of resolutions expressing loyalty to the Queen, favoring land reform, occupying ownerships, and reduced rents, and opposing local government in any shape.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
The Santa Fe reduced the second class rate from Kansas City to the Pacific to $14 on the 10th. The Southern Pacific made the rate from San Francisco to Kansas City, $5; Chicago, $10, for limited emigrant tickets. The Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe met the cut.
FRANK H. GREER, Local Editor.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
We wonder if the Marsh Murdock combination has found out that the Santa Fe railroad company is building its line from Mulvane due west? Another feather in Winfield's cap. This line is to be built directly west along the south part of Kansas to Trinidad, Colorado, and make a short line for coal from there here, besides this line will be made a part of the through line from Ft. Smith to Trinidad by way of Winfield. All will done within the next eighteen months. Come down, Marsh, and hear us howl. Oh, no, Winfield is not the coming great! Oh, no! But as a matter of fact, all outlying suburbs that crave greatness had better get off the track when we screech. We can't control ourselves. Just think, Methodist college and hundreds of students; state institution for unfortunates; grand fifty thousand dollar post office, with a full fledged Democratic postmaster; through line of railroad from here to San Francisco, to Galveston, to Memphis, and to New Orleans, while all north and east of us is made tributary to us. Do we boom? Oh, we should smile!
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
M. M. Murdock, M. W. Levy, A. W. Oliver, and N. F. Niedelander, distinguished citizens of Wichita, were in Winfield, the Great Southwest Metropolis, Monday. Hon. M. M. Murdock is the editor of the Eagle, the great heralder and promoter of Wichita's interests. He hadn't been in Winfield for some time and of course drank in the full force of the immense boom he has been reading of in THE COURIER. The object of the delegation was to confer with Senator Long and others of the Midland Railway Company as to Wichita's chance for a few of the benefits of this big trunk line from Kansas City to Colorado, via Winfield. Some years ago Winfield went to Wichita to intercede—now Wichita comes down here. Things change, you know. Winfield has more railroad magnates today than any city in Kansas, and they are making things move.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
The room next to the postoffice is already being eyed with deep forebodings by the boys. Hamilton & Pentecost, the summer refreshment connoisseurs, have leased it and will fit it up elegantly for an ice cream and confectionary parlor. It will be handsomely carpeted, lace-curtained, marble-tabled, and royal generally, and will make many a susceptible young man's heart despondently beat under a financially embarrassed and debt-worn behavior.
Tell me not if mournful numbers
That this life is but a dream,

When a girl that weighs one hundred
Gets outside a quart of cream,
And cries for more.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
In conversation with one of our leading real estate men, we inquired what state the greater part of immigration was from. He answered that the Buckeyes and Hawkeyes seemed to be the thickest; but that almost every state and territory was represented, and as a rule, it was the better class of citizens who were coming in at present and that a great many men of means were coming, drawn by the widely heralded superiority and possibilities of Winfield and Cowley County.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
Ed. G. Gray, the handsome man of the court house rats, spent Sunday in the Terminus, to pray with the down-hearted and frantic denizens of the sand hill, in railroad supplication. Ed has the happy position of "af and af," and on this ground his delicate frame came up Monday looking like it had come through a thrashing machine, the capacity of which turned out twenty thousand bushels of railroad gab and sand hill grit every five minutes.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
Some think-skinned esthete in Cowley County, who does not seem to realize that what is often stigmatized as slang, is only a terse, forcible way of expressing things in the well-understood language of the common people, goes for the Winfield COURIER, and the COURIER comes at him in a way that fully defends its vigorous vocabulary.
Abilene Gazette.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
Wichita people would kick on anything that touches codfish aristocracy. Now they want the poor milkman to deliver his milk at the door instead of ringing his bell for someone to come out and get it. Those pitiable Wichita invalids are certainly in a bad way—have a tough time to establish the tone to which they seem to aspire.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
There is beauty in the soundless shower of snow.
There is rhythm in the rattle of the hail,
But I love the merry spring,
When the pretty bluebirds sing.
And the early flowers begin to deck the vale
When the gloomy winter's gone,
And the robin on the lawn,
Is a-singing and a-wagging of his tail.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
The authorities have failed so far to get track of the Arkansas City hide thief, B. F. Scott, who wold his plunder to Whiting & Son Saturday. His departure was so precipitated that no chance was given to run him in. Cards, however, will likely catch him.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.

John McGinnis from St. Louis and a thorough expert in plumbing, has accepted a position with Horning & Whitney for the coming season. They say they won't be downed by anybody in good work and cheap prices.
Her Chronicle of the Comings, Goings and Doings of Persons at Home and Abroad.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
J. C. Long went to Olathe Monday on the S. K.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
R. A. Riggs, Burden's tinner, was in town Saturday.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
D. Rodocker is out after several days indisposition.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
J. P. Stewart, one of Udall's merchants, was down Saturday.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
Thos. Stingly, a friend of C. L. Storms, returned to Ottawa Friday.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
Landlord Weitzel is expecting to open the St. James Thursday night.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
Marion Harcourt and Gene Wilber were down from Rock Saturday.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
Frank W. Finch has accepted a position on the Visitor as city circulator.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
A. H. Doane and son Willis have been to Kansas City on a pleasure trip.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
J. S. Mann has up a daisy glass which he brought back with him from the east.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
Judge Soward is in Kansas City, laying in a stock of furniture for his home.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
J. H. Applegate and R. F. Zoules, Louisville, Kentucky, were here last Friday.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
Hon. C. R. Mitchell, of Geuda, remained over and took in Tourgee last Friday.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
Captain S. C. Smith is the recipient of a fine orange cane from a friend in Florida.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
R. A. Riggs was down from Burden, sailing around the county's metropolis Saturday.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
Capt. Dressie looked blue Monday, his wife leaving for a visit with friends in Cedarvale.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
Henry Harbaugh is of the opinion that the wheat outlook is very poor in his neighborhood.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
H. F. Hicks, of the Udall Record, was in town Friday on his way to Cambridge to see his family.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.

Roberts & Toplin, the painters, are out with their paint wagon, which is as pretty as a spring daisy.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
Baden has the sleekest thing out in the shape of an elevated cash railway in his grocery department.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
H. A. Doty went back to Kansas City Monday afternoon, after a two months' visit with his family.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
E. I. Crary, of the Palace Lunch Room, leaves for Iowa tomorrow to be gone some time on business.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
M. H. Markum, prominent in Pleasant Valley, came up to hear Tourgee last night and was highly pleased.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
S. A. Cook has in a bid for the Independence courthouse. The matter will probably be decided Monday.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
W. R. McDonald and family leave this coming week for Veteran, where they will remain during the summer.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
N. B. Sandner is wearing a broad grin Monday, over a seven pound girl. She is a daisy and N. B. is stepping high.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
Mr. John B. Holmes, of Rock, has been in town for several days. This means a big trade of some kind. He is a rustler.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
William Jones and wife, from Newark, Ohio, are here to locate. Mr. Jones is a decorator by profession, and a man of means.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
Frank Crane, a cousin of our John, arrived Saturday from Perry, Lake County, Ohio. Mr. Crane is a painter and is seeking a location.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
C. A. Bliss was out Saturday with a fine double buggy, made by Monfort & Bishop. It is as neat a buggy as can be furnished.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
C. D. Honlin has just completed putting in the St. James electric annunciator. It is the latest and finest, and put in first-class.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
Frank Anderson, the corpulent and happy dispenser of paper for S. C. Moody & Co., Kansas City, will rest his frame Sunday at the Brettun.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
Col. Copeland is coming out again after a long silence. Arkansas City announces him for the 29th inst., in one of his popular lectures.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
Mr. and Mrs. H. Barrett and Mr. and Mrs. J. L. Bowdish, of Oxford, came over to the Tourgee lecture last night, returning Saturday morning.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
C. P. Furrell, Frank Mersman, H. M. La Salle, and A. F. Chase were sailing around the city Monday from St. Louis, registered at the Brettun.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
W. D. Gilman, from the Windy Wonder up the Santa Fe, was entranced today by the life and rush of the Southwest Metropolis and Future Great.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
Mrs. E. H. Nixon and Miss Jennie Hane came over from Medicine Lodge Saturday, where Miss Hane had been visiting Mrs. Nixon for a week or so.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
Bob Farnsworth will occupy the basement under Hudson Bros.' store. A front entrance will be put in and everything fixed up in a first-class manner.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
Monfort & Bishop have just completed a daisy bus for W. P. Heath, of Douglass. The work is excellent, and shows that our home mechanics can't be beat.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
Judge J. C. Strang, of Larned, interested in the D. M. & A., is still in the city, having been here several days. The Eli city has peculiar charms for the Judge.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
Judge Beck has been quite sick for the past ten days and fears of his recovery have been sustained, but under the medical treatment of Dr. Downey, he is now much better.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
Fred Kropp tackled a big red barn Friday which was located on J. S. Hawkins' lot, just east of E. P. Greer's, and moved it on South Loomis street where E. P. Young lives.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
Our mechanical engineer, D. C. Young, spent Sunday in the pious hamlet over on Slate creek. Wellington is bristling up some with the advent of spring and hopes bright things for this year.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
Jennings and Crippen commenced the erection of a building Monday on the lot recently purchased on north Main. It will be a frame 20 x 76, and will be occupied by Stayman for a machine shop.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
Dr. L. O. Thompson, of Dundee, Michigan, called on us Monday. He has been looking over the west and over this state in particular and concludes that this city and county are those which suit him best.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
Joseph R. Mann, of the celebrated firm of R. Mann & Sons, Pennsylvania, and an old friend of P. S. Hills, is here with a view to locating. He is favorably impressed with our county and will return in April.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
Mr. S. W. Hughes was up from Beaver Monday. He brought up three hundred fruit trees of varied variety, that he sent off on the Santa Fe to his daughter in Kansas County. They were his own raising, on the nursery plan.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
The reporter noticed something hanging up in front of Whiting & Son's meat market this morning, in the shape of a pig, that is a little the fattest pig we ever saw. We should think his pig-ship hailed death as a relief.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
Laben F. Moore was prancing around Monday in ecstatic glee indicative of a "double" determination. We promised to gauge our previousness. The initials of her name, the queen of his affection, is C. E.: Cora E. Eastman. Watch for cigars.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
G. W. Miller noticed a steer tied to a wagon passing through the city this morning, that had a brand which indicated that it belonged to the Wyatt Cattle Co. Mr. Miller telephoned to Arkansas City to the company to come and get their steer.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
R. E. Wallis, Sr., is home from Richfield. He has several buildings nearing completion in that rustling burg. Richfield has taken on a growth surpassing any other of the numerous western towns. Misses Lizzie and Margie Wallis will go out to locate on their "claims" about April 1st.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
Miss Maggie Harper, mother and sister, left Monday eve to join S. D. Harper at Richfield, where they will reside. Miss Harper's lively disposition and admirable social presence will be greatly missed in the city's social circle. She carries the well wishes of many warm friends.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
Israel Martin, Eli Youngheim's lively young salesman, and P. P. Burns, of G. B. Shaw & Co.'s yards, took in the Terminus Sunday, getting home by a scratch with their scalps all right. Railroad gab greeted them on every corner, with some nice little compliments for Winfield. The boys turned the other cheek.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
S. Allison handed us some coal today, which he got from Frank Strong's ranch in Cedar township. Mr. Allison says it crops out of the banks and that one vein is two feet thick. It has the appearance of good coal and no doubt by digging down, an excellent quality can be found.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
The mail went on the Frisco Monday and now the post office will be besieged for six o'clock, through eastern mail. The route ends at Winfield, giving mail agent Ward Day, the convenience of spending his nights at home. This mail will be a big convenience, especially to the towns between here and Beaumont.

[Note: Previous references to the college to which W. R. Kirkwood moved to in Minnesota referred to it as "McAlister College." This was incorrect. The right name for this college is "Macalester College." I did not catch this error until now. MAW]
Description of the Various Amusements Indulged In By the Fun-Loving People
Of St. Paul.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
EDITORS WINFIELD COURIER: Perhaps you may care to have a little news from this great Northwest.
As my week's work in the college is now done, I am tempted to send you a letter; and if you have no room for it in the columns of your paper, there will surely be room for it in the wastebasket.
There is so much to tell that I hardly know where to begin. The weather is always available, but you have been having so much weather in Winfield of late that I am almost afraid to name it. From the statements in THE COURIER, I infer that you have been having a harder winter in Southern Kansas than we are having. Our coldest weather has not been below 30 degrees, while I see you have been as low as 18, which is harder to bear in your latitude than 30 here.
There is an element in the atmosphere in this region which enables one to sustain the cold with less suffering than would ensue from a less degree in your climate. Our peculiarity is seen in this, viz: You walk across a room and touch a metal lamp, or a person sitting in a chair; as your hand approaches the person or the lamp, you hear a sharp snap and feel the keen sting of an electric discharge. It affords a good deal of amusement. Suppose now, my grave, sedate, dignified better half sitting absorbed in a new book or magazine, heedless of anything about her. One of the boys carelessly walks across the room seemingly looking for something, now on this table, now on that, until he approaches the madam and approaches his finger to the tip of her ear—"snap!" followed by a sharp screech and a genuine laugh. Just have your wife come behind you when you are busy writing a solid editorial and snap your ear with a thread of India rubber. That will convey a good idea of the sensation of these electric snaps.

We have not had a great amount of snow—probably about two feet have fallen—but it drifts badly. For two weeks past our winter carnival has been at its height. I sent you an engraving of our St. Paul ice palace. It is a really massive and beautiful structure. The walls are about four or five feet thick. The picture is a good exhibition of its appearance. The great excitement is at night when it is lit up with colored lights. Then there are special nights when the illumination is superb. On these occasions the frost-king is supposed to "hold the fort" and to be attacked by the fire-king. Rockets, bombs, roman candles, fire works of every kind to suggest the idea of an attack, and defense, are used. The Palace is shrouded in smoke as of an actual cannonade. Then comes the charge, the repulse or triumph of the storming party, the cheers and tumult indescribable. The smoke slowly drifts away, and the crowds on the skating rinks—ice skates, none of your make-believe rollers—on the Toboggan Shutes, in the most startling uniforms, and the on looking thousands make a scene never to be forgotten. Some nights as many as four thousand people have been in the carnival procession, while from thirty to fifty thousand people have looked on the march from the sidewalks. The processions are made up of snowshoe clubs, skating clubs, Toboggan clubs, curling clubs, and I know not what all else, all in uniforms—the uniforms of their respective clubs—many masked in the most grotesque manner. For example, the "white bears," great, padded, lumbering, awkward, yet skillful, uncouth polar bears they seem, yet the jolliest, best humored bears you ever saw. This for illustration. I can't tell you the hundredth part of it.
Funny things occur on the Toboggan slides. A demure young lady from the east was out one evening with her "best beau" and a party of friends. On the slide they were using, the Toboggans making a mile in forty seconds. From four to six people usually ride on one Toboggan. The young man placed his charmer on the Toboggan just behind a gentleman, himself taking the next place so that in case of accident, he might be ready to protect her. He then told her to "take tight hold of the gentleman in front, and hold on hard."
"But, John, I'm not acquainted with him."
"Then take hold and get acquainted."
John wilted.
They started. Away the flew down the slope—she held her breath hard. They bounced over a little ice and she caught the gentleman in front by the collar and "held tight." A second more and they flew out in air, making a bound of maybe ten feet over a little rise in the track. With a little screech she grasped the front gentleman with both arms hard, and didn't let go till the machine stopped. When the party gained their feet, John said: "Well, did you get acquainted with him?" She: "You horrid thing."
I don't know the final result. It may be bad for John. I hope not.
Last evening I was in the city at a dinner party. It was very pleasant, but I am not Jenkins. The point in the reference is that I met Judge Eli Torrance, brother of your Judge Torrance. I had sent him a copy of your paper containing a description of the pathetic scene in the court room when the "Court" got hugged, and wasn't on a Toboggan either. We had a good laugh over it. It must have been a touching scene—that in your court room. I had no idea though that the court and bar of Winfield were so bashful on the one hand, or so deeply sympathetic on the other. Good boys; good boys; all of them.
But, now this carnival story has run away with me, and I have no time to tell you of other matters that I meant to name.
Let me say that as a family we remember our brief sojourn in Winfield with great pleasure, and hope to greet our kind friends there in the future. We rejoice with you in the general prosperity of your city—one of the most beautifully situated and charming cities I know; and more delightful for the people that live in it, than for the rare loveliness of its surroundings.
If the latch-string is out, you may hear from me again. W. R. K.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.

The city council of Winfield has brought upon itself the contempt of the people who created it. The town had a city building to erect, and it forthwith, through its council, gets an Ohio man to do the work, who in turn imports Ohio mechanics and workmen to assist in the construction. It is a shame that Winfield, with her excellent building stone, her certainly able architects and builders, could not construct its own edifices, give employment to its own people and help them, and thereby help every businessman man and citizen. The motto of successful and harmonious towns is "patronize home industry." Help each other. It is better to trade with one's own fellow businessmen if you know you are paying more directly, for the same amount of work—you do not do it indirectly. We always dislike to hear of one going to other cities to purchase what he can get at his home town. People should buy their dry goods, their carpets, their carriages, their furniture, and everything they can of their home people. It is business and tends to encourage a feeling of harmony and union, and encouragement whose influence in a community is invaluable. There is in it that spirit of "pulling together" which is essential to general prosperity at home. Topeka Journal.
The city council gave the contract at a considerable less than the lowest home contractor, on the representation that Mr. Uhl intended to locate permanently in Winfield—make this his home. There are lots of contractors and workmen who will promise to become permanent citizens if we will first give them a good bonus or a good job. No such promise should be taken into account. The work and business of the city should be given not to persons who promise to become citizens, but to those who have been citizens long enough to have expended much of their energies in building up Winfield, who have paid our taxes, subscribed for schemes to get railroads, colleges, and public buildings, who have helped build our churches and schoolhouses, and have expended their energies and eloquence for the town in various ways. It is unjust to such as these to tax them to give a good job to persons who have never been of any use to the city as yet and may never be in the future. What if the newcomer is all that he says he is and more too, and what if his bid is much the lowest? We say that when the city can find plenty of good contractors and good mechanics of the above named class who will compete among themselves, the city should give it to some of them, whether there were lower bids or not. The city can much better afford to pay even a thousand dollars more to men we know will make a good job and deserve it for what they have done.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
The first number of the Udall Record is at hand. Sherman, Hicks & Wilkinson, formerly manipulators of the Cambridge News, are proprietors, and A. V. Wilkinson, editor. The Record is a six column folio, neat and lively, and a credit to the bustling little city it represents. Al will make 'er move.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
Ask your grocer for "T. B. Patent," "Unique," "Straight," or "Imperial" when buying flour. These brands are superior to many, equal to all, and surpassed by none.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
Groceries at cost, a stock clean and fresh. Queensware 10 per cent below cost, and a big stock of fine vases at 50 cents on the dollar at Wallis & Wallis'.
A. J. Thompson's New Addition.—Beautiful Sites for Homes.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.

What man hasn't looked with admiring eyes on the A. J. Thompson tract of land, including about everything vacant between the city limits and the mounds. Preempting this "claim" in the pioneer days of Winfield, when everything lay entirely in the uncertain and unfathomable lap of the future, the city has gradually spread until now it has reached this tract on every side. Though just platted and placed in the hands of Harris, Clark & Thompson, under the very pretty and appropriate name of "Grand View," it is already going rapidly. No part of the city affords such desirable residence property. Embracing eighty acres between the city and the mounds and Fifth and Twelfth avenues, it certainly affords a "Grand View" of the city and must become permanently the most valuable residence portion. With a gradual slope to the business portion of The Queen City, lying on the city's principal boulevards, adjacent to the Methodist College, all in a good state of cultivation, with splendid drainage and agreeable surroundings, only ten blocks from Main street and on the street railway routes, it will at once become popular for homes. It will locate, before the summer is past, at least four hundred people, the number it will comfortably accommodate. And the residences will be of the best, those that will rapidly popularize "Grand View." In addition to "Grand View," the Southwestern Land Office still has on sale many desirable lots in Highland Park, which abuts the Methodist College grounds, and extends from there to Main street and from Fifth to Cemetery avenues. Already this tract contains many fine homes, and others are rapidly going up. Its view is commanding and very desirable for "villa" homes. We might as well remark right here, parenthetically, that the firm of Harris, Clark & Thompson stands in the van of real estate firms of Winfield and Cowley County. One of the oldest firms in the city, with a few variations in the name, and by honorable dealing, strict integrity, a watchful vision for both buyer and seller, together with a keen appreciation of judicious advertising—as their half page ad in THE COURIER attests—they have thoroughly established themselves in the public confidence. Their list of farm and city property is very large and their sales reach enviable proportions.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
Winfield is on the brink of a grand boom, gradually brought by the solid possibilities, development, and continuous enterprise of the past. We must clinch it. Everybody must put his shoulder to the wheel. He must take a lively interest in every kind of work, every scheme, in every investment, in every possible thing the tendency of which is to build up, to increase the value of property, and to make the town an industrial center, which shall give employment and opportunity to every respectable citizen who chooses to make his home among us. It is the duty of every citizen of Winfield to lend his aid to any and all enterprises that tend to the growth of our city. It is the duty of every citizen to use all means within their reach to advertise the advantages of our town. Write and send papers to your friends, to your business correspondents, communications to your old home papers, and especially manufacturing points. Winfield has all the facilities for a manufacturing town and is bound to be such if each citizen does his duty. She has a good start in this direction and must go onward and upward.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.

Our Land Slides Monday represent the biggest sale of land yet made in Cowley, six thousand acres for fifty-eight thousand dollars! Five years or more ago Dr. Mendenhall and J. E. Conklin bought at special U. S. sale this tract of land in Cedar township, for one dollar an acre. It is rough and fit for nothing but grazing excepting a patch here and there. They held it two or three years and sold it to the New Jersey Cattle Company, a corporation chartered under the laws of New Jersey. The got seven dollars an acre—a nice little profit of thirty-six thousand dollars, barring a thousand dollars or so for taxes. Now the New Jersey Cattle Company have sold the tract to Manning S. Coules, a heavy capitalist of Rich Hill, Missouri, getting $9.66½ an acre—a nice little profit of sixteen thousand dollars, with a small subtraction for taxes. C. M. Scott, at the same special U. S. sale, bought 4,000 acres in Silverdale township of the same kind of land at one dollar an acre. He has been offered eight dollars an acre and wouldn't take it.
ASK FOR $3.50.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
The stone and brick masons on the Imbecile Asylum and Methodist College, twenty or more, laid off Monday, with the request that their wages be raised from $3 to $3.50 per day—the regulation price all over the country and paid by Jim Connor and the rest of our contractors. Our laboring men are worth as much as laborers are anywhere and should have as good wages. The Asylum and College workmen are not vindictive, ask simply justice in a gentlemanly way. Contractor J. Q. Ashton was absent today, and as the request of his masons seems within the bonds of equity, he will likely grant it readily on his return.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
Sheriff F. M. Canton, of Buffalo, Wyoming Territory, arrested one Hollingburg in Wilson County, on a requisition and stopped off here to wait for the Santa Fe Monday. Hollingburg was wanted for horse stealing and numerous deviltry in Wyoming. Sunday a dispatch came from the Wilson County authorities stating that two attorneys would be at Wichita with a writ of habeas corpus to head off Canton and take his prisoner. With this "cue," the sheriff of the wild and wooly west, got a rig, took his prisoner from our jail and drove across to Florence, where he will strike the Santa Fe main line, leaving the festive lawyers to "hold the bag" at Wichita.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
N. W. Dressie, the urbane and always on hand news and notion man at the postoffice, looms up much better since moving to the east ward. He is making a splendid success of his business and has increased his stock to everything in the best periodicals, cigars and tobacco, all kinds of inks, writing paper, and various notions sold cheaply and handily. His continuous genial courtesy catches a fine trade in his line. Remember him when you want a good cigar, any kind of newspaper or magazine, or notions of any kind.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.

Marshal McFadden and assistant McLain are "popping" it to the unmuzzled canines now and numbers of them are turning their toes up to the daisies. Soon every sausage grinder in the town will have majestically protruding from its mouth, dog tails of varied colors, worth, and nationality. Canine heaven will have an immense immigration in the next few days.
Word reached Marshal McFadden, Saturday, that a colored man that works for Mr. Saunders, the sheep man, who now lives on east Eleventh avenue, had a dangerous gun of the Bull Dog persuasion in his possession, which he might do some harm with on a party whom he had taken an aversion to. The Marshal went out and got the gun, the colored man being out herding sheep, and not being in reaching distance. That colored man wants to look out or he will come next.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
Dr. Arnold has secured sufficient names to guarantee the $200 necessary to secure the Mendelssohn Quintette Concert Company, for Winfield, on Tuesday, March 30th. A number of our people have heard these great musicians and pronounce them superb, and a rarity that Winfield should and will appreciate.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
A good team of horses, with harness and buggy, good team for livery or general purpose, for sale by Jarvis, Conklin & Co.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
Buy your boots and shoes at the bargain house, "Money saved is money earned." Bower & Ray's shoe store.
What Transpired at our Different Churches Sunday.
Various Religious Nuggets.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
The ladies of the Methodist church will give a social at the St. James hotel on Thursday evening of this week. All are cordially invited. Supper from 6 to 9 p.m.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
Prof. Rice, of our high school, filled the Methodist pulpit Sunday morning, in the absence of Rev. Kelly, at conference. His sermon was on "The Redemption," and full of pith and point. The Professor showed deep research and very practical application. There were no services at this church in the evening.
Mrs. Sexton, the able and aged evangelist, gave fine discourses at the United Brethren church Sunday. She led service all last week at this church, with very good results. For a lady of her age, nearly eighty-six, she shows remarkable vigor and zest. She has filled an effective part in the world.
Rev. Miller delivered a very applicable sermon at the Presbyterian church Sunday morning on Judges vii:20-21: "The sword of the Lord and Gideon." It was a forcible showing that implicit confidence and trust in God was a sure rock of dependence, as has been plainly shown in America, which has been brought out of its every trouble and conflict by confiding and vesting faith in Him, backed by determined hands and great causes and purposes.

Rev. H. L. Wilson preached Sunday morning at the Christian Church, a very able and eloquent discourse on "Loving Faith." The main thought being that loving faith was faith expressed by word or act. In the evening he discoursed on "What Shall I do to be Saved?" Believe and be baptized was the command of the Scriptures, which the speaker impressed upon his hearers as the only way of salvation. Rev. Wilson has the gift of oratory and is a very entertaining speaker, and very liberal in his thoughts.
At the Baptist church Sunday morning Rev. Reider preached a very able sermon from Mathew x:22: "He that endureth to the end shall be saved." A man can never get to heaven by starting and then turning back. In order to be saved a person must persevere in the love of Christ, and follow him all the way through life. Five-sixths of the people of this Union have at one time or another served God Almighty, but have not served Him openly before the people; right down in their heart, they believed in the religion of Jesus Christ, but many of them have backslid, and if they die in that condition, they can never enter into the kingdom of heaven.
Sunday was truly a spring day—the starting of the first week of what can truly be called the solid initiation of Gentle Annie's love-fever, the first genuine shower of smiles with an authentic showing of permanency. The March wind, with all its keen impressiveness, whirled and twirled under a bright sky and acceptable warmth. But we have no such winds as in the days gone by, when we had to tie our stables and houses down to keep them from sailing off into space on the giant bosom of a March zephyr. Sunday, however, was a good church day and everybody, arrayed in a satisfied, happy expression and prosperous behavior, placed themselves under the sanctuary's droppings.
The scribe dropped into the A. M. E. church Sunday morning. The members of this church have recently built an addition to their church building, doubling it in size. It is now a bright and roomy building, a great improvement on the former structure. In the absence of Pastor Young, Deacon John Wilson gave a good sermon on "Faith and Humility," based on Mathew vii:5. Mr. Wilson made a very practical, pithy talk, showing how faith is the evidence of things unseen and the great power that guides us on and on, in every walk of life—the main rock of our future welfare, temporarily and spiritually. He also cited the Christ-like humility that should imbue every life with greater love man for man, with a feeling of human equality—every man your brother and every woman your sister; the humility that prompts a never tiring work for the elevation of all around you. Mr. Wilson, with a number of other earnest workers in this church, takes a deep interest in religion and morality that is very effective and admirable.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
Dr. and Mrs. George Emerson gave a most happy tea party Saturday evening to a gay bevy composed of Mr. and Mrs. J. L. Horning, Mr. and Mrs. F. C. Hunt, Mr. and Mrs. M. L. Robinson, Mr. and Mrs. A. E. Baird, Mr. and Mrs. W. J. Wilson, Mrs. E. H. Nixon, Miss Jennie Hane, Mr. W. C. Robinson, and Mr. C. F. Bahntge. The very agreeable entertainment of Mrs. Emerson always ensures great pleasure and satisfaction, and so it was Saturday evening. With a naturally lively crowd, coupled with the graceful entertainment, the evening was one of great delight.

Mr. and Mrs. Spencer Bliss were given a very happy little surprise Saturday night, in celebration of Mr. Bliss' birthday. The surprisers were Rev. and Mrs. J. H. Reider, Dr. and Mrs. F. H. Bull, Mr. and Mrs. G. H. Crippen, Mr. and Mrs. C. A. Bliss, Mr. and Mrs. E. H. Bliss, mother and sister. They left a very handsome token, a large and valuable arm chair. They took charge of the house and a very lively and enjoyable evening was spent, one that will long remain a pleasant memory to Mr. and Mrs. E. S. Bliss.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
Judge Torrance held a short adjourned session of the District Court Monday. George Ordway was examined by a committee, S. D. Pryor, J. F. McMullen, and Lovell H. Webb, and admitted to the bar. Mr. Ordway is an old attorney having been admitted to the bar, in Illinois, in 1851.
B. W. Matlack vs. John N. L. Gibson: dismissed with prejudice at plaintiff's cost.
City of Winfield vs. Henry Goldsmith: dismissed at plaintiff's cost.
Mary E. Kinney vs. John W. Kinney: divorce granted plaintiff on grounds of abandonment and inebriety. She was given custody of children and he was barred from any interest in her property, she to pay costs.
Elizabeth Schurman vs. Ferdinand Schurman: case dismissed at cost of plaintiff.
Anna N. Chenault vs. R. M. Chenault: time to make case for Supreme Court extended thirty days.
Francis J. Sessions vs. John B. Strickland: receiver's report approved and receiver allowed $126.50 for services.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
The revival effort at the United Brethren church closed Monday eve. Notwithstanding the disagreeable weather, rain, and mud of the past two weeks, the church was well filled every evening, many at times failing to get into the house. Sixteen persons united with the church. The society now number 73 and is prospering finely. It feels very much the need of a substantial, commodious church, and expects to take immediate steps in the direction of building a new church. Rev. Lydia Sexton preached some sermons of great power, and many hearts were turned in the direction of a better life. She goes from here to assist the church in Kingman. Rev. Snyder has completed another year and goes to his conference tomorrow morning.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
County Superintendent Limerick took the S. K. Monday eve to spend a few days visiting the schools in eastern Cowley. The spring terms are beginning to close and soon the pent up urchin will again ply his marbles, his fish pole, with the best of fun of all, swimming, soon at hand, with joy and freedom that fills his heart with joy and his frame with spring and summer disfigurement. The schools of the county have been very prosperous this winter and close with fine records. Prof. Limerick will give our readers a few interesting county school statistics shortly.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.

J. D. Hunt is canvassing for "The World's Wonders," a charming book of 768 pages beautifully printed and bound with 200 excellent illustrations. It gives the discoveries and adventures of all the great polar and tropical explorers, and accounts of the various races of men, animals, etc., Franklin, Kane, Hayes, Hale, Schwatka, De Long, the Greeley expedition, and many others, by J. W. Buell. This will an unusual chance to obtain a very valuable and interesting book.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
Mr. Cal. King, cashier of the First National Bank of Mason City, Illinois, is here for a visit to his old friend, Chas. E. Fuller. Mr. King is among the live, progressive young men of the east who look to a casting of their lot in the bustling west. He is delighted with the enterprise, push, and possibilities visible on every hand in Winfield. Such a city way out here in the "wild west" is a revelation to him and has given him a bad dose of the western fever.
Her Chronicle of the Comings, Goings and Doings of Persons at Home and Abroad.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
County Clerk Smock went up to Udall Tuesday.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
E. T. Byers was in the city Tuesday from Newton.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
Joe Conklin arrived on the S. K. Tuesday morning.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
J. C. Long came in on the Southern Kansas Tuesday.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
E. H. Bliss took the S. K. for Wellington Tuesday.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
A. J. Henthorn, of Burden, was in town Tuesday.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
W. J. Flood left for Richfield to seek a location Tuesday.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
Company C, K. N. G., were out on a drill Monday night.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
P. H. Bertram and Harry Jones went to Dexter Tuesday.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
Gene Wilber and Dr. Hornaday are down from Rock.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
H. M. Branson and wife were Centraled Tuesday, from Eureka.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
Willis A. Ritchie went up the Santa Fe Tuesday on business.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
J. H. Reed, the painter's little baby, is very sick with pneumonia.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
W. E. Milligan, lithographer of Topeka, was in town Tuesday.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
McGuire Bros. will move today to their new building on east 9th.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
Judge Beck is improving and is out of danger, to the joy of his friends.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.

Capt. Huffman is now with Curns & Manser in the real estate business.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
Doc Oldham was appointed guardian, Tuesday, by Judge Gans, of A. H. Oldham, a minor.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
Sam Kleeman is back from the east with an immense stock of goods of the latest style.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
Mrs. D. C. Young went to Wellington Tuesday for a visit of a week or two there and at Harper.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
A. J. Truesdale, wife and daughter, were over Tuesday from the Gem of Grouse Valley, Dexter.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
Judge J. W. McDonald returned Tuesday from Denver. His wife will remain there some time yet.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
Frank Anderson, the heavy weight paper man, took the express car for Wellington Tuesday morning.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
Mr. and Mrs. W. R. McDonald and family left Tuesday to cast lot at Veteran, for the summer.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
D. L. Kretsinger and R. E. Wallis, Sr., left again Tuesday for Richfield, to look after varied interests there.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
Joe Mooso took the S. K. Monday for Kansas City, called by the serious illness of his wife, who is visiting there.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
G. T. Drake, C. W. Haines, John J. Price, E. C. Moore were among the St. Louis Brettun banqueters Tuesday.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
Joe Harter came parading up the street Tuesday, with six fine ducks, which he says he took in down on the river.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
Now it is Watson Titus, the blacksmith, who steps high and sets up the cigars. It is a bounding boy pulling the scales at 12 pounds.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
Mrs. Mary E. Brown, t